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1.
Univ. salud ; 26(2): D16-D27, mayo-agosto 2024. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553971

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pandemia por COVID-19 ha afectado significativamente la calidad de los servicios de cuidado de la salud. Objetivo: Analizar los efectos en los atributos de la calidad en salud de los servicios de atención de enfermedades diferentes a la COVID-19 en Colombia, durante el periodo 2020-2022. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron 24 artículos de alcance nacional y otros específicos de departamentos como Antioquia, Córdoba, Santander y Cundinamarca. Resultados: La pandemia por COVID-19 impactó la calidad de los servicios en la atención de enfermedades como cáncer, accidentes cerebrovasculares y de eventos como la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo. Conclusión: La calidad de la salud se vio afectada en todas sus dimensiones durante las fases de la pandemia, especialmente en la población con enfermedades crónicas y relacionadas con la salud infantil y materna. Además, se destacaron respuestas como el uso de la telemedicina y de la atención domiciliaria para contribuir a la calidad de la salud en Colombia.


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected the quality of health care services. Objective: To analyze the effects of COVID-19 on the quality of health care services focused on treating diseases other than COVID-19 in Colombia during the 2020-2022 period. Materials and methods: 24 articles were analyzed, which included some studies focused on national issues and others specific to the departments of Antioquia, Cordoba, Santander, and Cundinamarca. Results: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the quality of health services caring for diseases such as cancer, strokes, and critical circumstances like voluntary termination of pregnancy. Conclusion: All dimensions of health care were affected during the pandemic, especially impacting populations with chronic diseases and diseases related to child and maternal health. It is important to highlight that telemedicine and home care contributed to improving the quality of health in Colombia.


Introdução: A pandemia de COVID-19 afetou significativamente a qualidade dos serviços de saúde. Objetivo: Analisar os efeitos da COVID-19 nos atributos de qualidade em saúde dos serviços de atenção a outras doenças além da COVID-19 na Colômbia, durante o período 2020-2022. Materiais e métodos: foram analisados 24 artigos de âmbito nacional e outros específicos de departamentos como Antioquia, Córdoba, Santander e Cundinamarca. Resultados: A pandemia da COVID-19 impactou a qualidade dos serviços no cuidado de doenças como câncer, acidente vascular cerebral e eventos como a interrupção voluntária da gravidez. Conclusão: A qualidade da saúde foi afetada em todas as suas dimensões durante as fases da pandemia, especialmente na população com doenças crônicas e doenças relacionadas à saúde infantil e materna. Além disso, foram destacadas respostas como o uso da telemedicina e do atendimento domiciliar para contribuir para a qualidade da saúde na Colômbia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Delivery of Health Care , Health Services Accessibility
2.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 53042, Jan.-Jun. 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550250

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A violência contra idosos é um fenômeno crescente, ocasionando prejuízos à saúde, com diferentes desfechos e consequências às vítimas. A chance de idosas sofrerem-na no âmbito familiar supera a dos homens, sendo o gênero um fator de risco considerável. Objetivo: Analisar a compreensão da violência contra pessoas idosas segundo mulheres gerontes. Metodologia: Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa desenvolvida com 22 idosas de uma comunidade no estado da Paraíba, Brasil, escolhidas por conveniência. Utilizou-se para coleta de dados entrevistas semiestruturadas, processadas pelo software Iramuteq, com posterior Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: Foram evidenciadas cinco classes: ciclo de violência; rede de apoio ao idoso vítima de violência; Vivência de situações violentas; violência financeira; e simbologia da violência na sociedade, as quais denotam compreensão da violência envolvendo os diferentes tipos. Apoiam-se nos fatores da vivência familiar, cultura e outros, consubstanciando o profissional de saúde como fundamental para o desfecho. O gênero influenciou no que concerne ao olhar lançado sobre a violência física e psicológica, bem como na relevância dada às equipes de saúde para identificação de ocorrências e prevenção de possíveis danos. Conclusão: Os diversos tipos de violência contra a pessoa idosa foram reconhecidos, incluindo fatores individuais, comunitários e sociais no ciclo violento. Além disso, associaram o envelhecimento a maior suscetibilidade para sofrer violência, independente da tipologia. Destaca-se a potencialidade do serviço de saúde na assistência à pessoa idosa vítima de violência, elucidando casos e atuando precocemente para interrupção dos ciclos perpetrados, exigindo a necessidade constante de atualização profissional para lidar com situações detectadas.


Resumen Introducción: La violencia contra las personas adultas mayores es un fenómeno creciente, que causa daños a la salud, con diferentes desenlaces y consecuencias para las víctimas. La posibilidad de que las mujeres adultas mayores la sufran en el ámbito familiar supera la de los hombres, siendo el género un factor de riesgo considerable. Objetivo: Analizar la comprensión de la violencia contra las personas mayores según las mujeres adultas mayores. Metodología: Investigación descriptiva con enfoque cualitativo desarrollada con 22 mujeres adultas mayores de una comunidad en el estado de Paraíba, Brasil, elegidas por conveniencia. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, procesadas por el software Iramuteq, con posterior análisis de contenido. Resultados: Se evidenciaron cinco tipos de violencia: ciclo de la violencia, red de apoyo población adulta mayor víctima de violencia, experimentar situaciones violentas, violencia financiera y simbología de la violencia en la sociedad, que denotan la comprensión de la violencia de diferentes tipos. Estas ideas están respaldadas en los factores de la experiencia familiar, la cultura y otros, donde la persona profesional de la salud se identifica como fundamental para el cuidado y apoyo. El género influyó en la mirada lanzada sobre la violencia física y psicológica, así como en la relevancia dada a los equipos de salud para la identificación de sucesos y la prevención de posibles daños. Conclusión: Se han reconocido los diversos tipos de violencia contra las personas mayores, incluidos los factores individuales, comunitarios y sociales en el ciclo de violencia. Además, asociaron el envejecimiento con una mayor susceptibilidad a sufrir violencia, independientemente de la tipología. Destaca la potencialidad del servicio de salud en la asistencia a la persona mayor víctima de violencia, mediante la identificación de casos y la actuación temprana para la interrupción de los ciclos perpetrados. De manera que, se evidencia la necesidad constante de actualización profesional para hacer frente a situaciones detectadas.


Abstract Introduction: Violence against the elderly is a growing phenomenon, causing damage to health, with different outcomes and consequences to the victims. The possibility of elderly women suffering it in the family context surpasses that of men, with gender being a considerable risk factor. Objective: To analyze the understanding of violence against the elderly according to elderly women. Method: Descriptive research with a qualitative approach developed with 22 elderly women from a community in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, chosen for convenience. The data collection was based on semi-structured interviews, processed by the Iramuteq software, with subsequent Content Analysis. Results: Five classes of violence against the elderly were evidenced: cycle of violence; support network for the elderly victims of violence; experience of violent situations; financial violence; and symbolism of violence in society, which denote an understanding of violence involving the different types. They are based on the factors of family experience, culture, and others, placing the health professional as a fundamental element for care and support. Gender influenced the perspective on physical and psychological violence, as well as the relevance given to health teams for the identification of occurrences and the prevention of possible damage. Conclusion: The various types of violence against the elderly have been recognized, including individual, community, and social factors in the violent cycle. In addition, they associated aging with greater susceptibility to suffering violence, regardless of the typology. It highlights the potential of the health service in assisting the elderly victim of violence, elucidating cases, and acting early to interrupt the cycles perpetrated, requiring the constant need for professional updating to deal with detected situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Delivery of Health Care , Elder Abuse/statistics & numerical data , Brazil
3.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 15: 1-8, maio. 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1553644

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Mapear e analisar os potenciais desafios e estratégias na implementação da Enfermagem de Práticas Avançadas, no modelo de atendimento pré-hospitalar móvel brasileiro, a partir da experiência de outros países. Métodos: Revisão narrativa, a partir da análise da literatura sobre o tema, realizada em duas etapas: Revisão de documentos de entidades internacionais e busca de artigos nas bases nas bases Pubmed, LILACS, Scielo e no Google Scholar. Ao final, foi realizada a análise de cada desafio elencado e suas respectivas estratégias, quando aplicados ao modelo pré-hospitalar móvel brasileiro. Resultados: Os principais desafios analisados foram: compreensão do papel dos enfermeiros de práticas avançadas; a definição do escopo de práticas e das políticas de formação e qualificação; a regulamentação da atuação; a redução da resistência médica; os custos de implementação e a definição de mecanismos de remuneração. As estratégias de enfrentamento incluem: a sensibilização do público, definição do conjunto de prerrogativas e dos mecanismos de credenciamento e formação, associados a constituição de currículos potentes. Conclusão: Foram mapeados e analisados desafios e estratégias, que permitiram antecipar o cenário de aplicação da proposta da Enfermagem de Práticas Avançadas no modelo pré-hospitalar brasileiro, viabilizando proposição de ações fundamentais para a implementação e o sucesso da estratégia no país. (AU)


Objective: To map and analyze the potential challenges and strategies in the implementation of Advanced Practice Nursing in the Brazilian mobile pre-hospital care model, based on the experience of other countries. Methods: Narrative review, based on the literature on the subject, carried out in two stages: Review of documents from international organizations and search for articles in the databases Pubmed, LILACS, Scielo and Google Scholar. At the end, the analysis of each challenge listed and their respective strategies was carried out, when applied to the Brazilian mobile prehospital model. Results: The main challenges analyzed were: understanding the role of advanced practice nurses; definition of the scope of training and qualification practices and policies; the regulation of performance; the reduction of medical resistance; implementation costs and definition of remuneration mechanisms. Coping strategies include: raising public awareness, defining the set of prerogatives and mechanisms for accreditation and training, associated with building powerful curricula. Conclusion: Challenges and strategies were mapped and analyzed, which made it possible to anticipate the scenario of application of the Advanced Practice Nursing proposal in the brazilian prehospital model, enabling the proposition of fundamental actions for the implementation and success of the strategy in the country. (AU)


Objetivos: Objetivos: Mapear y analizar los potenciales desafíos y estrategias en la implementación de la Enfermería de Práctica Avanzada en el modelo de atención prehospitalaria móvil brasileña, a partir de la experiencia de otros países. Métodos: Revisión narrativa, basada en la literatura sobre el tema, realizada en dos etapas: Revisión de documentos de organismos internacionales y búsqueda de artículos en las bases de datos Pubmed, LILACS, Scielo y Google Scholar. Al final, se realizó el análisis de cada desafío listado y sus respectivas estrategias, cuando se aplicó al modelo prehospitalario móvil brasileño. Resultados: Los principales desafíos analizados fueron: comprender el papel de las enfermeras de práctica avanzada; definición del alcance de las prácticas y políticas de formación y cualificación; la regulación del desempeño; la reducción de la resistencia médica; costos de implementación y definición de mecanismos de retribución. Las estrategias de afrontamiento incluyen: sensibilizar al público, definir el conjunto de prerrogativas y mecanismos de acreditación y formación, asociados con la construcción de planes de estudio potentes. Conclusión: Se mapearon y analizaron desafíos y estrategias que permitieron anticipar el escenario de aplicación de la propuesta de Enfermería de Práctica Avanzada en el modelo prehospitalario brasileño, posibilitando la proposición de acciones fundamentales para la implementación y éxito de la estrategia en el país. (AU)


Subject(s)
Advanced Practice Nursing , Delivery of Health Care , Emergency Medical Services
4.
São Paulo; SMS; fev. 19 2024.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SMS-SP, COVISA-Producao, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1532218
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1553376

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Toxoplasmosis persists as a neglected disease and poses a challenge to public health, especially due to the risk of vertical transmission, which can lead to countless biological complications for the newborn and to psychological and emotional repercussions for the mother. Objective: To understand the perceptions and feelings of pregnant women affected by toxoplasmosis undergoing outpatient follow-up. Materials and Methods: A qualitative and exploratory study developed with 12 women with gestational toxoplasmosis undergoing specialized outpatient follow-up in a municipality from the state of Paraná, Brazil. The data were collected through semi-structured individual interviews and subjected to content analysis, supported by descending hierarchical classification. Results: The pregnant women experienced situations ranging from diagnosis and treatment to preventing the disease in the child and family. These experiences generated fear, distress and uncertainty about the disease, which were not adequately addressed during prenatal assistance in primary care. However, the pregnant women emphasized the importance of the multiprofessional team at the secondary level in monitoring and health education. Discussion: Although the pregnant women felt confident about the treatment and its implications for the child's health, discovering the diagnosis impacted their everyday lives and those of their families, especially due to lack of reliable information about toxoplasmosis and to the absence of emotional support at the primary level. Conclusions: There was a temporary scenario of disinformation among these women, who were not properly guided and supported. However, the guidelines offered in secondary health care were essential for improving knowledge and practices in health.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Toxoplasmosis , Toxoplasmosis, Congenital , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Delivery of Health Care
6.
São Paulo; s.n; 2024. 163 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553852

ABSTRACT

Ao longo da década de 1980, a epidemia do HIV atingiu um grupo populacional já marginalizado, o dos homossexuais masculinos, e instigou preconceito semelhante aos infectados com lepra, independente de classe social. A epidemia, no entanto, desencadeou o surgimento de novas ONGs, o fortalecimento de antigas, a aprovação da união civil entre pessoas do mesmo sexo, tendo mobilizado entidades de classe, pastorais da igreja, profissionais de saúde e órgãos do governo para medidas de resposta ao problema inicialmente ignorado pela sociedade (MONTEIRO; VILELLA, 2009; CECÍLIO, 2009). A empreitada pelos direitos ao tratamento e à prevenção do HIV logrou êxito principalmente com relação ao princípio da universalidade do Sistema único de Saúde (SUS). Os princípios da equidade e da integralidade, entretanto, com relação ao tratamento dos que vivem com HIV, ainda está em construção. Nosso estudo, conduzido na Casa da Aids, em São Paulo, teve por objetivos: saber que tipo de acolhimento os pacientes recebem, se eles realmente têm abertura para falar sobre seus anseios e sobre seus hábitos mais íntimos; pesquisar se o acolhimento realizado pelos profissionais da instituição consegue animá-los para a próxima ida. Queremos saber como isso pode ocorrer e também como poderia garantir vínculo e adesão ao tratamento. Como metodologia, realizamos a observação participante, tendo por base as contribuições de Bosi (1979) e Minayo (1992). Trata-se de uma técnica de coleta de informações largamente utilizada na pesquisa qualitativa, sobretudo as de cunho etnográfico. Implica no observador se colocar em relação ao campo e aos sujeitos numa atitude a um só tempo aberta e expectante, todavia com escassa ou nenhuma intervenção no processo. Foram entrevistados 11 sujeitos, 6 pacientes e 5 profissionais de saúde, todos na Casa da Aids. Utilizamos o conteúdo narrado para coletar as histórias de vida dos personagens, e fizemos as nossas narrativas sobre eles em forma de hestórias patográficas (NUNES, 2018; NUNES, 2019; SOUZA, 2003) e de historiobiografias (CRITELLI, 2013). As narrativas conferem, para qualquer usuário do sistema de saúde, uma absorção da própria vivência na doença, uma maior oportunidade daquele sujeito se apropriar do seu processo e, quiçá, transformá-lo, dentro do processo de saúde, em fonte de vida; permite ao profissional ter uma maior visão dos reais sentimentos que o sujeito que vive uma doença tem por seu tratamento; também faz com que tanto o profissional quanto o usuário tenham visão do mundo do sujeito que experencia aquele processo e com que enxerguem uma luz para melhorar a trajetória dele no sentido de controlar aquela doença. Finalmente, sugerimos algumas mudanças no fluxo do serviço de saúde, a fim de suprir a necessidade de estreitamento na relação instituição-usuário.


Throughout de 80s, the HIV epidemic reached an already marginalized population group, that of male homosexuals, and instigated similar prejudice to those infected with leprosy, regardless of social class. The epidemic, however, triggered the emergence of new NGOs, the strengthening of old ones, the approval of civil unions between the same-sex individuals, mobilizing professional associations, church, church pastoral groups, health professionals and government bodies to tackle a problem initially ignored by society (MONTEIRO; VILELLA, 2009; CECÍLIO, 2009). The advocacy for the rights to HIV treatment and prevention was particularly successful in relation to the principle of Universality of the SUS. However, the principles of Equity and Integrality concerning the treatment of those living with HIV, are still under development. Our study, conducted at Casa da AIDS, in São Paulo, had the following objectives: to find out what kind of sheltering the patients received, whether they felt comfortable to talk about their desires and their most intimate habits; research whether the support provided by the institution's professionals motivate them for subsequent visits. We sought to explore how this could happen, and also how it could ensure a connection and adherence to treatment. We proceeded with participant observation, based on the contributions of Bosi (1979) and Minayo (1992). Observation is a widely used information collection technique in qualitative research, especially in ethnographic research. It involves the observer adopting an open and expectant attitude towards the field and subjects, with minimal or no intervention in the process. Eleven subjects were interviewed, including 6 patients and 5 healthcare professionals, all at Casa da Aids. We used the narrated content collected the life stories of the characters, presenting our narratives about the characters in the form of patographic histories(NUNES, 2018; NUNES, 2019; SOUZA, 2003) and of historiobiographies (CRITELLI, 2013). Narratives provide any healthcare system user with an absorption of their own experience with the disease, offering a greater opportunity for the individual to take ownership of their process and, perhaps, transform it into a source of life within the health process. They allow professionals to gain a deeper understanding of the true feelings a person that lives with a disease has towards their treatment. Additionally, narratives enable both professionals and users to see the world from the perspective of an individual with that condition, shedding light on ways to improve their journey in controlling that illness. Finally, we suggest some changes in the healthcare services flow, in order to meet the need for a closer relationship between institution and user.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV , Delivery of Health Care , User Embracement , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Qualitative Research
7.
Rev. bras. saúde ocup ; 49: e8, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550782

ABSTRACT

Resumo A esfera das perícias comumente reduz a questão do estabelecimento do nexo de causalidade entre trabalho e saúde/doença apenas ao binômio trabalho/vida pessoal. Partindo dos pressupostos dos campos Saúde do Trabalhador (ST) e Saúde Mental Relacionada ao Trabalho (SMRT), este ensaio visa problematizar o resultado da questão, que reside na existência de dificuldades enfrentadas por trabalhadores na obtenção do nexo causal entre seus agravos/adoecimentos, cuja causalidade mais complexa se explica a partir de várias mediações pouco consideradas nos atos periciais circunscritos apenas às anamneses clínicas de cunho biomédicas pautadas nos pressupostos da Medicina do Trabalho, Higiene e Saúde Ocupacional. As formas de superação à ideia de causa-efeito passam pelo entendimento de que o processo de adoecimento é social e histórico e de que é preciso buscar mediações entre trabalho e adoecimento para elucidar sintomatologias singulares a partir da experiência do desgaste coletivo. Tal averiguação deve, ao mesmo tempo, problematizar os próprios processos de trabalho dos atores sociais envolvidos nas investigações periciais e partir das prioridades definidas pelos próprios trabalhadores que atuam como sujeitos da análise da nocividade do trabalho para a saúde.


Abstract Expert testimonies commonly reduce the establishment of causal links between work and health/illness solely to the dichotomy of work/personal life. Based on the assumptions from the fields of Workers Health and Work-Related Mental Health, this essay problematizes the results of this issue, namely the difficulties faced by workers in establishing the causal link between their ailments/illnesses, whose more complex causality is explained through several mediations that are often overlooked by the limited expert acts restricted only to clinical anamneses based on Occupational Medicine, Hygiene, and Occupational Health. Overcoming the idea of cause and effect involves understanding that the process of falling ill is social and historical, and requires exploring the mediations between work and illness to elucidate singular symptomatology based on the collective wear and tear experience. Such an investigation should simultaneously problematize the very work processes of the social actors involved in the expert investigations, starting from the priorities defined by the workers themselves who act as subjects in the analysis of work-related harm to health.


Subject(s)
Mental Health , Occupational Health , Delivery of Health Care
8.
Pan Afr. med. j ; 47(NA)2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1531985

ABSTRACT

A human resource base that ensures appropriate deployment of staff to emergencies, addressing different shock events in emergencies, without disrupting continuity of service is germane to a successful response. Consequently, the WHO Health Emergencies programme in the African Region, in collaboration with Africa Centre for Disease Control (ACDC) launched the African Volunteer Health Corps (AVoHC) and Strengthening and Utilization of Response Group for Emergencies (SURGE), an initiative aimed at ensuring a pool of timely responders. We explored the willingness of WHO staff to work in emergencies. A call for expression of interest to be part of the Elite Emergency Experts (Triple E) was published on 5th July 2022 via email and was open for 5 weeks. The responses were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and presented with graphic illustrations. A total of 1253 WHO staff, from all the six WHO regions, cutting across all cadre, applied to the call. The applicants had various trainings and experiences in emergency and have responded to mostly disease outbreaks. Two-third of the applicants were males. This paper did not explore reasons for the willingness to work in emergencies. However, contrary to fears expressed in literature that health workers would not want to work in emergencies with potential for infections, the applicants have worked mostly in infectious emergencies. Literature identified some themes on factors that could impact on willingness of health workers to work in emergencies. These include concerns for the safety of the responders and impact of partners, child and elderly care, as well as other family obligations, which emergency planners must consider in planning emergency response.


Subject(s)
Personal Health Services , Africa , Delivery of Health Care , Fear , Health Services , Occupational Groups
9.
Ethiop. j. health dev. (Online) ; 38(1): 1-20, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1551718

ABSTRACT

Background: Emerging financing strategies in the health sector have been developed to improve the impact of investments and enhance healthcare outcomes. One promising approach is Results-based Financing, which establishes a connection between financial incentives and pre-established performance targets. This innovative approach holds the potential to strengthenhealthcare delivery and strengthen overall healthcare systems.Aim:The scoping review endeavored to systematically delineate the body of evidence pertaining tofacilitators and barriers to the implementation of performance-based financing within the realm of healthcare provision in low-and middle-income nations.Methods:The review used Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and a Meta-Analysis extension for Scoping Reviews checklist to select, appraise, and report the findings. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases and grey literature published between January 2000 and March 2022. We conducted the abstract screening with two independent reviewers. We also performed full-article screening. We used the six methodological frameworks proposed by Arksey and O'Malley. The results were thematically analyzed.Results:Of the 1071 searched studies, 34 met the eligibility criteria. 41% of the studies were descriptive, 26% cross-sectional, 18% trial, and 15% cohort studies. The enabling and inhibiting factors of performance-based financing in healthcaredelivery have been identified. Moreover, the review revealed that performance-based financing's influence on service delivery is context-specific.Conclusion:The facilitators and impediments to the effectiveness of performance-based financing in enhancing service delivery are contingent upon a holistic comprehension of the contextual factors, meticulous design, and efficient execution. Factors such as the level of care facilities, presence of community-based initiatives, stakeholder involvement, and participatory design emerge as key facilitators. Conversely, barriers such as communication obstacles, inadequacies in the PBF models, and deficiencies in the healthcare workforce are recognized as inhibitors. By harnessing the insights derived from a multitude of evidence incorporated in this scrutiny, stakeholders can deftly navigate the intricacies of performance-based financing, while also considering the prospective areas for further exploration and research


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Delivery of Health Care , Health System Financing , National Health Strategies , Developing Countries , Healthcare Financing , Health Policy
10.
AlQalam Journal of Medical and Applied Sciences ; 7(1): 176-184, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1553205

ABSTRACT

Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) charter is one of the tools for ensuring quality of care in maternity services. Nigeria is a signatory to RMC charter; therefore, the charter is expected to be the standard of care. However, in Nigeria and other countries, reports of disrespectful maternity care abound; this discourages women from accessing facility-birth. Therefore, to improve the quality of care towards increase in uptake, it is expedient to assess the level of implementation of the RMC charter by key stakeholders for sustainability, impact and scale-up of charter-compliant maternity care in Nigeria. The study aims to assess the implementation of RMC charter in North-central Nigeria. The study is a mixed-method, cross-sectional study; the expected participants are key stakeholders in healthcare (Healthcare workers, Healthcare Administrators, Project Managers, Policy makers) in North-Central Nigeria (Federal Capital Territory and Kwara state). A multistage sampling technique would be used to enroll participants from 18 healthcare facilities (Primary, Private, Secondary and Tertiary) in rural and urban areas and Ministries of Health officials at local and state government levels. Expected outcomes: The study is expected to provide information on the current status of knowledge and implementation of the RMC charter in Nigeria. It would also identify the enablers and barriers to the implementation process and provide evidence for effective scale-up of the process in Nigeria. The outcomes will be widely disseminated to healthcare workers, health administrators and decision-makers in healthcare services through post-study meetings, conference presentations, journal publications and policy briefs for effective RMC charter implementation in Nigeria.


Subject(s)
Prenatal Care , Quality of Health Care , Delivery of Health Care , Standard of Care
11.
Sudan j. med. sci ; 19(1): 132-148, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1552448

ABSTRACT

Background: Sudan's history is marred by ongoing sociopolitical challenges, with deep cultural divisions fueling numerous wars. A new conflict erupted on April 15, 2023, pushing the country closer to a full-scale civil war. This war has severely crippled Sudan's already fragile healthcare system, rendering 70% of hospitals in combat zones nonoperational, causing 12,000 deaths, thousands of injuries, and leaving 11 million in dire need of healthcare. More than seven million people are displaced, half of which are children, and are facing severe health challenges, especially vulnerable groups. Heath situation is threatening with unchecked spread of outbreaks of communicable diseases that were previously controlled and marked failure in meeting the health demands of patients with noncommunicable diseases, reproductive and child health issues, and people with serious conditions that require adequate follow-up. Moreover, the projections threaten with more catastrophic consequences including famine, environmental destruction, and further displacement of people. This review article highlights the urgency of the situation and explores potential solutions to enrich global understanding of crisis management. Methods: To comprehensively assess the impact of the crisis and propose a way forward, we drew data by exploring search engines and databases such as Google, Humanitarian Agencies Websites, Google Scholer, and PubMed along with some relevant reports. The search terms included are "Sudan's war", "impact of war on healthcare systems", and "Sudan's armed conflicts". Results: More than 19 publications on the impact of the war on health in addition to periodic reports from international organizations and governmental authorities were reviewed. Conclusion: Although all publications point to the gravity of the situation and the need for prompt response, this crisis offers a unique opportunity to rebuild Sudan's struggling healthcare system with the principles of social accountability. Through domestic and international collaboration, this sector can become a model for similar nations, meeting the needs of its people and promoting sustainable development.


Subject(s)
Wounds and Injuries , Health Systems , Armed Conflicts , Delivery of Health Care , Crew Resource Management, Healthcare
12.
Mali méd. (En ligne) ; 39(1): 23-29, 2024.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1554209

ABSTRACT

Objectifs : étudier les facteurs de risque de mortalité des enfants malnutris aigus sévères (MAS) dans les 72 premières heures d'hospitalisation. Méthode : Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective sur des données d'enfants MAS de 0-59 mois, hospitalisés du 1er juin 2016 au 31 mai 2019 au CHUSourô Sanou (CHUSS) de Bobo-Dioulasso. Une régression logistiquea été réalisée pour déterminer les facteurs de risque de décès. Les variables avec un odds ratio (OR) >1, et p 3s [OR :3.55, 95%IC: 1.50-8.27], le sepsis [OR : 3.39, 95%IC: 1.33-8.50], étaient les facteurs de risque prédictifs de mortalité. Conclusion : Une formation et supervision continue du personnel soignant sur la prise en charge des urgences pédiatriques, l'utilisation du protocole OMS de prise en charge de la MAS, la disponibilité de kits d'urgence pourraient améliorer la prise en charge des MAS. Mots clés : Mortalité, précoce, MAS, BoboDioulasso


Objectives: to study risk factors for mortality in SAM children within the first 72 hours of hospitalization. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on data from 0-59-month-old SAM children hospitalized from June 1th, 2016, to May 31th, 2019, at CHUSourô Sanou of Bobo-Dioulasso. A logistic regression was performed to determine risk factors for death. Variables with odds ratio (OR) > 1, and p 3seconds [OR :3.55, 95%IC: 1.50-8.27], sepsis[OR :3.39, 95%IC: 1.33-8.50]were the risk factors predictive of mortality. Conclusion: Training and ongoing supervision of healthcare staff in the management of paediatric emergencies, the use of the WHO SAM management protocol and the availability of emergency kits could improve SAM management


Subject(s)
Child Nutrition Disorders , Delivery of Health Care , Malnutrition , Severe Acute Malnutrition
13.
Afr. j. prim. health care fam. med. (Online) ; 16(1): 1-3, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1554855

ABSTRACT

Family medicine is a relatively new discipline in the Democratic of the Congo. It was developed under South­South and Churches Collaboration with the aim of responding in a cost-efficient manner to the crisis of health practitioners in mostly Christian and protestant hospitals based in rural areas in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Subject(s)
Physicians, Family , Primary Health Care , Communicable Diseases , Costs and Cost Analysis , Delivery of Health Care , Noncommunicable Diseases , Family , Mentoring
14.
Afr. j. prim. health care fam. med. (Online) ; 16(1): 1-3, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1554856

ABSTRACT

According to the World Health Organizations (WHO) family medicine forms the bedrock upon for accessible, affordable and equitable healthcare for any country. The need for family doctors is more acute for low income countries like The Gambia. More so that The Gambian health infrastructure is suboptimal and appropriate health personnel is low. This is worsened by brain drain leading to poor health indices. Despite these challenges and more, the department of Family Medicine was accredited for training in the Gambia with improved infrastructure (at the training centre), with 7 residents. Though there are still challenges there are also opportunities and strengths. There is therefore hope that the right personnel will be produced for an improved Gambian health system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Delivery of Health Care , Health Facilities , Family Health , Family Practice
15.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 17(2): 241-245, 2024. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1554860

ABSTRACT

Background:The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious disease as it is spread by contact with infected surfaces and inhalation of droplets. Several measures have been put in place to prevent the COVID-19 infection one of which is social distancing and physical distancing. Some in-hospital continuous medical education was suspended during the pandemic.Objective of Study: The objective of the study is to investigate the impact of social distancing on In-hospital continuous professional development during the COVID-19 pandemic.Research methodology:This is a cross-sectional study conducted among doctors working in Nigeria irrespective of their cadre or location. Aself-administered online questionnaire was used to generate data for this study. There was no risk of participating in the study. Results:The respondents in this study were 62. The majority 51(82.3%) had different in-hospital continuous medical education (CME) activities during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic when there was a ban in Nigeria on the gathering of more than 20 persons; the CME activities were via Zoom video conferencing 44 (71%) App. The majority of the respondents however preferred a face-to-face (physical) meeting [40(74.2%)] and also learnt better during a face-to-face meeting [46(74.2%)]. Conclusion:CME is very important in healthcare so COVID-19 did not stop it although it went through a lot of transformation in the mode it was delivered


Subject(s)
Education, Distance , Delivery of Health Care , COVID-19 , Pandemics
16.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 40(2)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | SaludCR, LILACS | ID: biblio-1514478

ABSTRACT

La historia de los servicios médicos penitenciarios se remonta hace aproximadamente medio siglo, en la extinta Penitenciaria Nacional, donde al igual que, durante mucho tiempo estuvo a cargo de personeros de la Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social (CCSS). No es, hasta que al finalizar la década de los 80's, con el cierre del centro penal ubicado en la Isla San Lucas, se logra concretar la creación de plazas de salud propias del Ministerio de Justicia y Paz (MJP). En 1993 se logra el primer convenio interinstitucional entre la CCSS y el MJP, actualizado en 1998, el cual aún se encuentra refrendado por la Procuraduría General de la República. Actualmente, el MJP cuenta con 87 plazas asignas a puestos relacionados con servicios de salud a lo largo y ancho del territorio costarricense.


The history of prison medical services goes back approximately half a century, in the now extinct National Penitentiary, where, for a long time, it was in charge of representatives of CCSS. It is not, until at the end of the 80's, with the closure of the penal center located on San Lucas Island, the creation of health centers belonging to the Ministerio de Justicia y Paz (MJP) is achieved. In 1993, the first inter-institutional agreement between the CCSS and the MJP was reached, updated in 1998, which is still endorsed by the Attorney General's Office. Currently, the MJP has 87 positions assigned to positions related to health services throughout the Costa Rican territory.


Subject(s)
Prisons/history , Social Security , Delivery of Health Care , Prisoners/history , Costa Rica
17.
Univ. salud ; 25(3): [C18-C22], septiembre-diciembre. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531205

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Judicially demanding the right to health involves different elements and can lead to changes in continuing education programs. The current trend is to follow this pathway to access low-frequency and high-cost medications. In addition, the Constitutional Court of Costa Rica requests a technical concept from forensic doctors. Objective: To raise the need for continuous updating in specific theoretical-practical academic knowledge required by forensic doctors to guarantee the right to health services. Reflection: The training of forensic medical doctors is focused on evidence and encourages continuous education. Nevertheless, a commitment is necessary in continuing medical education programs such as literature search strategies, critical assessment of evidence, and academic practices that incorporate particular circumstances comparing them with scientific studies. These programs must take into account prevalent medications and pathologies as well as technical-scientific factors that differ in each service provider. Conclusion: A continuing education program about the interpretation and assessment of scientific evidence for proper decision making on health issues would allow medical doctors to judge existing health problems and choose a medication that is the most beneficial for a patient.


Introducción: La judicialización del derecho a la salud involucra a distintos actores y puede propiciar cambios en programas de educación continua; pues la tendencia actual es recurrir a esta vía para acceder a medicamentos de baja frecuencia y alto costo. Adicionalmente, en Costa Rica la Sala Constitucional solicita el criterio técnico a médicos forenses. Objetivo: Plantear la necesidad de actualización continua en conocimientos académicos teóricos-prácticos específicos que requiere el médico forense para garantizar el derecho a los servicios de salud. Reflexión: El médico forense cuenta con formación basada en evidencias y se incentiva su formación continua, sin embargo, es necesario un compromiso con los programas de educación médica continua: en estrategias de búsqueda de literatura, valoración crítica de la evidencia encontrada y práctica académica que incorpore las circunstancias particulares, comparándolo con los resultados de estudios científicos; tomando en cuenta medicamentos y patologías prevalentes y los factores técnico-científicos de divergencia entre los prestadores de servicios. Conclusión: Un programa de formación continua sobre interpretación y valoración de la evidencia científica para la toma de decisiones en salud, permitiría a estos especialistas responder con mejor criterio si un medicamento es el tratamiento más beneficioso para un paciente debido a sus problemas de salud.


Introdução: A judicialização do direito à saúde envolve diferentes atores e pode promover mudanças nos programas de educação continuada; porque a tendência atual é recorrer a esta via para ter acesso a medicamentos de baixa frequência e alto custo. Além disso, na Costa Rica, o Tribunal Constitucional solicita critérios técnicos aos médicos forenses. Objetivo: Levantar a necessidade de atualização contínua em conhecimentos acadêmicos teórico-práticos específicos que o médico forense necessita para garantir o direito aos serviços de saúde. Reflexão: O médico forense tem formação baseada em evidências e sua formação continuada é incentivada, porém é necessário o compromisso com programas de educação médica continuada: em estratégias de busca bibliográfica, avaliação crítica das evidências encontradas e prática acadêmica que incorpore as circunstâncias particulares , comparando-o com resultados de estudos científicos; levando em consideração medicamentos e patologias prevalentes e fatores técnico-científicos de divergência entre prestadores de serviços. Conclusão: Um programa de formação contínua sobre interpretação e avaliação de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisões em saúde, permitiria a estes especialistas responder com melhores critérios se um medicamento é o tratamento mais benéfico para um paciente devido aos seus problemas de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Delivery of Health Care , Education , Occupational Groups , Health Personnel , Education, Professional , Right to Health , Health Services Accessibility
18.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e74198, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1524801

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as repercussões da COVID-19 na vida das pessoas afetadas pela hanseníase e promover intervenções de enfrentamento aos problemas vivenciados pelos usuários. Método: estudo qualitativo do tipo pesquisa participante, realizado de dezembro de 2021 a junho de 2022 na região metropolitana de Recife em oito serviços de saúde de referência para hanseníase. Realizaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas, telemonitoramento e intervenções nos grupos de autocuidado com usuários acometidos pela hanseníase, e oficinas com profissionais e gestores. Resultados: observaram-se repercussões financeiras, no acesso aos serviços de saúde e na socialização dos usuários. As intervenções realizadas com usuários promoveram melhores práticas de conhecimento sobre a patologia, empoderamento e autocuidado. As oficinas com gestores e profissionais propiciaram a retomada e implementação de novos grupos de autocuidado, atividades comprometida na pandemia. Conclusão: a COVID-19 trouxe repercussões na situação financeira, socialização e acesso a serviços de saúde, com piora da situação de vulnerabilidade social e isolamento, já presentes no contexto da hanseníase(AU)


Objective: to analyze the repercussions of COVID-19 on the lives of people affected by leprosy and to promote interventions to cope with the problems experienced by users. Method: qualitative study of the participant research type, carried out from December 2021 to June 2022 in the metropolitan region of Recife in eight reference health services for leprosy. Semi-structured interviews, telemonitoring and interventions were carried out in self-care groups with users affected by leprosy, and workshops with professionals and managers. Results: there were financial repercussions, on access to health services and on the socialization of users. Interventions carried out with users promoted better knowledge practices about the pathology, empowerment and self-care. The workshops with managers and professionals facilitated the resumption and implementation of new self-care groups, activities compromised in the pandemic period. Conclusion: COVID-19 had repercussions on the financial situation, socialization and access to health services, with a worsening of the situation of social vulnerability and isolation, already present in the context of leprosy(AU)


Objetivo: analizar las repercusiones del COVID-19 en la vida de las personas afectadas por la lepra y promover intervenciones para el enfrentamiento de los problemas vividos por los usuarios. Método: estudio cualitativo de tipo investigación participante, realizado de diciembre de 2021 a junio de 2022 en la región metropolitana de Recife en ocho servicios sanitarios de referencia para la lepra. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, telemonitoreo e intervenciones en grupos de autocuidado junto a usuarios afectados por lepra y talleres con profesionales y gestores. Resultados: hubo repercusiones financieras en el acceso a los servicios de salud y en la socialización de los usuarios. Las intervenciones realizadas con los usuarios promovieron mejores prácticas de conocimiento sobre la patología, empoderamiento y autocuidado. Los talleres con directivos y profesionales facilitaron la reanudación e implementación de nuevos grupos de autocuidado, actividades comprometidas en la pandemia. Conclusión: el COVID-19 tuvo repercusiones en la situación económica, socialización y acceso a los servicios de salud, con empeoramiento de la situación de vulnerabilidad social y aislamiento, ya presente en el contexto de la lepra(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Delivery of Health Care , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Promotion , Leprosy , Brazil , Coping Skills
19.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 12(3): 375, dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1532384

ABSTRACT

En la actualidad Venezuela se encuentra en una crisis social y económica sin precedentes. La mortalidad materna(MM) es un indicador en salud importante, debido a que permite tener idea de la atención médica de un país; se mide a través de dos indicadores: Razón de Mortalidad Materna (RMM) y Tasa de Mortalidad Materna (TMM). Objetivo: Revisar y compararla evolución de ambos indicadores de MM desde la década de 1930 hasta la década 2000. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura y de informes técnicos de organismos gubernamentales y no gubernamentales para el análisis de la situación previa y reciente de esta situación en Venezuela. Los resultados señalan que existe una notable disminución de las cifras de MM como ha de esperarse con el mejoramiento de la tecnología desde la década de 1930 hasta el año 2000; posteriormente ocurre un retroceso de la sanidad pública con cifras comparables a la década de 1960. Concluimos que la MM ha sido desde tiempos pasados un problema constante en la salud pública; al pasar los años y gobiernos, se han implementado numerosas políticas públicas para mejorar esta situación, muchas de estas estrategias han sido fallidas debido a la falta de su continuidad y de su cumplimiento pleno.


Venezuela is currently in an unprecedented socialand economic crisis. Maternal mortality is an important health indicator because it provides an idea of a country's medical care. Maternal mortality is usually measured through two indicators: Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) and Maternal Mortality Rate. Objective: Review and compare the evolution of both healthindicators from the 1930s to 2016. Methods: A review of the literature and technical reports from governmental andnon-governmental organizations was carried out to analyze theprevious and recent situation. of this situation in Venezuela. Theresults indicate that there is a notable decrease in the figures ofmaternal mortality, as should be expected with the improvementof technology from the 1930s to the year 2000. Subsequently, there is a decline in public health with figures comparable to the1960s. We conclude that maternal mortality has been a constant problem in public health since ancient times. Over the years and governments, numerous public policies have been implementedto improve this situation. Many of these strategies have beenfailed due to lack of continuity and in the absence of its full compliance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/mortality , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Public Policy , Maternal Mortality , Maternal Death , Prenatal Care , Bacterial Infections/complications , Hospital Mortality , Delivery of Health Care
20.
Curitiba; s.n; 20231129. 215 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1551288

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Puerpério é o termo utilizado para designar o período que sucede ao parto. Trata-se, no entanto, para além de um período de tempo, um momento com características peculiares, de transformações intensas e desafiadoras, tanto de cunho pessoal, quanto para o grupo social que o experiencia conjuntamente, a família. E por considerar este grupo social como significante nesse período é que este estudo busca compreender o significado da experiência do puerpério para as famílias; bem como desenvolver uma teoria substantiva representativa que explicite esta experiência; e propor contribuições para nortear o cuidado em saúde às famílias durante o puerpério. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo interpretativista, que adotou como referencial metodológico a Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados em sua corrente Corbiniana e, como aporte teórico, a perspectiva do Interacionismo Simbólico. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre fevereiro de 2021 e dezembro de 2022, mediante construção de genogramas, ecomapas e entrevistas, realizados com 39 membros de 14 famílias que experienciavam o puerpério não patológico, distribuídas em dois grupos amostrais. Os dados foram organizados com o apoio do software NVivo®, apoiados pela construção de memorandos, diagramas, através da codificação dos dados nas seguintes etapas: aberta, axial e integrativa. Seus resultados levaram ao desenvolvimento da teoria substantiva "A experiência do puerpério para as famílias: uma travessia", representada pelo conceito central "Atravessando o puerpério", que se sustenta em 35 elementos, 9 subconceitos e 3 conceitos: "Identificando a etapa do puerpério"; "Movendo-se por mudanças intensas e desafios", e "Transformando-se no decorrer da travessia". Posteriormente à sua elaboração, a teoria passou por validação com representantes de três famílias que estavam percorrendo o puerpério. Percebeu-se que para as famílias o puerpério é singular, mas construído a partir das interações sociais que se desenvolvem ao longo da vida dos membros da família e incorre em transformações diversas, impactantes e acumulativas, tanto em nível pessoal, como social. Assim, sugere-se que a atuação dos profissionais de saúde no puerpério seja centrada na família e nas interações ocorridas dentro dela, de forma a contemplar as especificidades de cada contexto social em que as pessoas envolvidas se movem e interagem para superar a crise suscitada pela adição de seu novo integrante, conforme proposições no texto. Para viabilizar essa concepção ampliada do cuidar no puerpério, indica-se que isso aconteça através de diretrizes na formação profissional, enquanto conteúdo de disciplina/curso em áreas de concentração pertinentes, assim como, na prática por meio de educação permanente aos profissionais, bem como na construção de políticas públicas que superem um olhar do puerpério como um momento fisiológico, para integrar a percepção de seu cunho social. Almeja-se que essa construção teórica possa alcançar gestores, líderes, profissionais e famílias e que desperte o desejo de trocas profícuas em favor da melhoria da atenção à saúde às famílias em todas as ocasiões em que elas estiverem atravessando o puerpério.


Abstract: Postpartum is the term used to designate the period following childbirth. It is, nevertheless, not only a period of time, but a moment of singular characteristics, of intense and challenging transformation, both on a personal basis as for the social group experiencing it together, the family. By considering this social group as significant in this period, this study aims to understand the meaning of the postpartum experience for family members; to develop a representative substantive theory to explicate this experience; and to propose contributions to guide the healthcare of the families during postpartum. A qualitative research, of an interpretative nature, which adopted as methodological reference Corbin's Grounded Theory and, as theoretical contribution, the Symbolic Interactionism perspective. Data collection occurred between February 2021 and December 2022, through the design of genograms, ecomaps and interviews, conducted with 39 members of 14 families who experienced non-pathological postpartum, distributed into two sample groups. Data was organized using the NVivo® software, supported by the creation of memoranda, diagrams, through the coding of data in the following stages: open, axial and integrative. The results led to the development of the substantive theory "The postpartum experience for families: a journey", represented by the core concept "A journey through postpartum", which is based on 35 elements, 9 sub-concepts and 3 concepts: "Identifying the postpartum period"; "Moving through intense changes and challenges", and "Transforming oneself in the course of the journey". After its preparation, the theory was validated by representatives of three families who were going through the postpartum period. It was observed that for these families, postpartum is singular, but built from social interactions that were developed throughout the lives of the family members and results in various, impactful and cumulative transformations, both personally and socially. Accordingly, it is suggested that the work of health professionals be centered on the family and on interactions that occur within it, in order to consider the specificities of each social context in which the people involved move and interact in order to overcome any crises raised by the addition of a new member, according to the propositions of the text. To enable this expanded conception of healthcare during postpartum, this should occur through guidelines during professional training, as discipline/course content in pertinent areas of concentration, as well as during practice, through continued education for professionals, and the development of public policies overcoming the perspective of postpartum as a physiological moment, integrating the perception of its social nature. It is hoped that this theoretical construct may reach managers, leaders, professionals and families, awakening the will for fruitful exchanges in favor of improving the healthcare of families in their journey through the postpartum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Family , Family Health , Delivery of Health Care , Postpartum Period , Social Interaction , Family Support
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