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1.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 15(1): 38-40, 2024. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538167

ABSTRACT

Cervical artery dissections (CAD) can occur spontaneously or as a direct result of significant trauma. Viral infections, such as SARS-CoV2, influenza, and Epstein Barr, are risk factors for spontaneous CAD. Dengue virus infections have dramatically increased in recent decades, and Brazil is one of the endemic areas. The dengue virus can cause headache and neurological complications such as encephalitis, myelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and myositis. No report has yet been found in the literature of dissection of the internal carotid artery secondary to dengue infection. Our objective is to report the case of a patient with dissection of the internal carotid artery associated with acute dengue virus infection.


As dissecções da artéria cervical (DAC) podem ocorrer espontaneamente ou como resultado direto de trauma significativo. Infecções virais, como SARS-CoV2, influenza e Epstein Barr, são fatores de risco para DAC espontânea. As infecções pelo vírus da dengue aumentaram dramaticamente nas últimas décadas, e o Brasil é uma das áreas endêmicas. O vírus da dengue pode causar dor de cabeça e complicações neurológicas como encefalite, mielite, síndrome de Guillain-Barré e miosite. Ainda não foi encontrado na literatura nenhum relato de dissecção da artéria carótida interna secundária à infecção por dengue. Nosso objetivo é relatar o caso de um paciente com dissecção da artéria carótida interna associada à infecção aguda pelo vírus da dengue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Virus Diseases/epidemiology , Dengue Virus/immunology , Carotid Artery, Internal, Dissection/classification , Dengue/diagnosis , Dissection/methods
2.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 834, 16 octubre 2023. ilus., tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526566

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. El dengue es una enfermedad infecciosa de origen viral, transmitida principalmente por el mosquito Aedes aegypti. Es un grave problema de salud pública a nivel mundial, en las Américas y en el Ecuador. OBJETIVOS. Analizar el comportamiento epidemiológico del dengue desde 1980 hasta el 2020, los factores de riesgo que mantienen la transmisión y las acciones que el país ha implementado para su prevención y control. METODOLOGÍA. Revisión bibliográfica narrativa, teniendo como fuente las páginas web de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, Ministerio de Salud Pública del Ecuador, artículos de revistas de bibliotecas virtuales e informes técnicos publicados en Google académico, Scielo, Biblioteca Virtual en Salud y PubMed. RESULTADOS. Los registros encontrados sobre presencia de casos de dengue datan de 1988 cuando se presentó la gran epidemia de dengue en Guayaquil. Posteriormente, mantiene un comportamiento endemo-epidémico. A partir del año 2000 se presentan casos de dengue grave. Su pico más alto de letalidad fue de 2,44% en el 2010. El serotipo DEN 1 es el más frecuente, pero a partir del 2000 circulan los 4 serotipos. Las acciones de prevención y control no han sido sostenidas. CONCLUSIONES. El dengue en Ecuador en los últimos cuarenta años mantiene una importante trasmisión, caracterizada por años epidémicos. No ha podido ser controlado el vector, el cual ha ido infestando más localidades. Las condicionantes climáticas y ecológicas, explican en parte la persistencia, pero la determinación más importante está dada por las inequidades sociales, falta de servicios básicos, y la poca continuidad e impacto de las medidas de prevención y control.


INTRODUCTION. Dengue is an infectious disease of viral origin, transmitted mainly by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. It is a serious public health problem worldwide, in the Americas and in Ecuador. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the epidemiological behavior of dengue fever from 1980 to 2020, the risk factors that maintain transmission and the actions that the country has implemented for its prevention and control. METHODOLOGY. Narrative bibliographic review, taking as sources the web pages of the World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization, Ministry of Public Health of Ecuador, journal articles from virtual libraries and technical reports published in Google Scholar, Scielo, Virtual Health Library and PubMed. RESULTS. The records found on the presence of dengue cases date back to 1988 when the great dengue epidemic occurred in Guayaquil. Subsequently, it maintained an endemic-epidemic behavior. Beginning in 2000, severe cases of dengue fever occurred. Its highest lethality peak was 2.44% in 2010. DEN 1 serotype is the most frequent, but since 2000 all 4 serotypes have been circulating. Prevention and control actions have not been sustained. CONCLUSIONS. Dengue in Ecuador over the last forty years has maintained an important transmission, characterized by epidemic years. It has not been possible to control the vector, which has been infesting more localities. Climatic and ecological conditions partly explain its persistence, but the most important determinant is given by social inequalities, lack of basic services, and the lack of continuity and impact of prevention and control measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Aedes , Dengue , Dengue Virus , Ecuador , Insect Vectors , Epidemiology , Severe Dengue
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1204-1222, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425455

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Arbovírus são causadores de doenças humanas, sendo que mudança ecológicas e aumento do contato humano-vetor aumenta a possibilidade de surtos. Objetivo: Detectar, identificar e caracterizar arbovírus presentes em mosquitos vetores capturados em regiões de mata próximas a Três Lagoas, MS. Metodologia: Mosquitos foram capturados utilizando armadilhas de luz em regiões de mata circunvizinha a Três Lagoas. Os mosquitos capturados foram classificados por gênero (chave morfológica) e agrupados em pools com até 20 espécimes, e utilizados através da reação de RT-PCR com posterior sequenciamento e análise filogenética. Resultados: Foram capturados 851 dos gêneros: Culex spp. (11 pools); Aedes spp. (13 pools); Haemagogus spp. (7 pools) e outros gêneros não identificados. Sequencias de vírus Dengue (DENV) foram amplificadas de 2/13 (15,38%) pools de Aedes spp. e uma sequência de vírus Mayaro (MAYV) 1/7 (7,7%) foi amplificada de pools de Haemagogus spp. As análises filogenéticas mostraram que as sequências de DENV agrupava-se no clado de DENV1 e DENV2. A sequência de MAYV agrupou-se junto a sequências de amostras de infecções humana por MAYV do grupo L. Conclusão: Estes resultados reforçam a circulação de DENV, que é causador de surtos anuais de doenças febris agudas no município, e detecção, por primeira vez na região, a circulação de MAYV, reforçando a necessidade de monitoramento viral constante nessa região.


Introduction: Arboviruses cause human diseases, and ecological changes and increased human-vector contact increase the possibility of outbreaks. Objective: To detect, identify and characterize arboviruses present in mosquito vectors captured in forest regions close to Tres Lagoas, MS. Methodology: Mosquitoes were captured using light traps in forest regions surrounding Tres Lagoas. The captured mosquitoes were classified by gender (morphological key) and grouped into pools with up to 20 specimens and used through the RT-PCR reaction with subsequent sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Results: 851 of the genera were captured: Culex spp. (11 pools); Aedes spp. (13 pools); Haemagogus spp. (7 pools) and other unidentified genera. Dengue virus (DENV) sequences were amplified from 2/13 (15.38%) pools of Aedes spp. and a Mayaro virus (MAYV) sequence 1/7 (7.7%) were amplified from pools of Haemagogus spp. Phylogenetic analyzes showed that one of the DENV sequences clustered in the DENV1 and DENV2 clade. The MAYV sequence was grouped together with sequences from samples of human MAYV infections of the L group. Conclusion: These results reinforce the circulation of DENV, which causes annual outbreaks of acute febrile illnesses in the municipality, and detection, for the first time in the region, the circulation of MAYV, reinforcing the need for constant viral monitoring in this region.


Introducción: Los arbovirus causan enfermedades humanas, y los cambios ecológicos y el mayor contacto humano-vector aumentan la posibilidad de brotes. Objetivo: Detectar, identificar y caracterizar arbovirus presentes en mosquitos vectores capturados en regiones de selva próximas a Tres Lagoas, MS. Metodología: Los mosquitos fueron capturados utilizando trampas de luz en las regiones forestales que rodean Tres Lagoas. Los mosquitos capturados fueron clasificados por género (clave morfológica) y agrupados en pools de hasta 20 ejemplares, y utilizados mediante la reacción RT-PCR con posterior secuenciación y análisis filogenético. Resultados: Se capturaron 851 de los géneros: Culex spp. (11 pools); Aedes spp. (13 pools); Haemagogus spp. (7 pools) y otros géneros no identificados. Las secuencias del virus del dengue (DENV) se amplificaron a partir de 2/13 (15,38 %) grupos de Aedes spp. y una secuencia de virus Mayaro (MAYV) 1/7 (7,7%) de pools de Haemagogus spp. Los análisis filogenéticos mostraron que una de las secuencias de DENV se agrupaba en el clado DENV1 y DENV2. La secuencia de MAYV se agrupó con secuencias de muestras de infecciones humanas de MAYV del grupo L. Conclusión: Estos resultados refuerzan la circulación de DENV, causante de brotes anuales de enfermedades febriles agudas en el municipio, y la detección, por primera vez en la región, la circulación de MAYV, reforzando la necesidad de un monitoreo viral constante en esta región.


Subject(s)
Animals , Alphavirus , Aedes/classification , Culex/microbiology , Flavivirus , Mosquito Vectors/microbiology , RNA, Viral , Environmental Monitoring/instrumentation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Epidemiology/instrumentation , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue Virus , Culicidae/microbiology
4.
Philippine Journal of Health Research and Development ; (4): 61-64, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984261

ABSTRACT

@#The prevalence of dengue infection poses a great public health concern among people living in tropical and subtropical countries like the Philippines. Just recently in 2019, the Philippines had a dengue virus (DENV) outbreak where nearly half of the mortalities were children between 5 and 9 years of age, and around 73% of confirmed DENV cases were under the age of 19. Children are disproportionately affected and are considered to be highly vulnerable to severe dengue infection compared to adults due to several factors. These include: immunological differences--poorly developed immune systems, making them more susceptible to the virus; smaller body sizes and weight means that they are more likely to experience severe symptoms; and their tendency to play outdoors, make them more exposed to mosquito bites. Hence, this article provides an overview of the current understanding for the vulnerability of children to severe dengue infection compared to adults


Subject(s)
Dengue Virus , Severe Dengue
5.
rev. colomb. cienc. soc. (En linea) ; 14(1): 238-253, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1510754

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: el dengue es una enfermedad transmitida por un vector presente en regiones tropicales y que ha tenido un aumento de casos a nivel mundial. El objetivo fue determinar el nivel de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas que tienen las familias sobre el dengue en un sector de la ciudad de Villavicencio, Colombia. Métodos: estudio cuantitativo, observacional descriptivo, transversal. Muestreo probabilístico bietápico y estratificado, con n = 306 familias. Instrumento encuesta sociodemográfica, instrumento Conocimientos Actitudes y Practicas validado para Colombia. Análisis con estadística descriptiva y de correspondencia múltiples, procesamiento de información por SPSS Vr.22. Resultados: sexo: predomina mujeres (65 %), la edad promedio 47 años, en promedio 4 habitantes por vivienda, nivel de escolaridad básica secundaria finalizada (28,1 %), técnico (13,1 %) universitario (18 %). Conocimiento del dengue, indicaron que era una enfermedad muy grave (84 %), que era transmitida por un zancudo (37,6 %) y que el síntoma principal era fiebre (89,9 %). Realizaban medidas de prevención como fumigar (14,9 %), lavar el tanque una vez por semana (39,9 %), cuando las personas se enferman de dengue reconocían la principal actividad como llevarlos al médico (58,2 %), se encontró que en un 3,2 % de la población se presentaron casos de dengue, hay correspondencia entre mayor estudio y nivel socioeconómico, mejores conocimiento y control de la enfermedad en las familias. Conclusiones: las familias tienen los conocimientos necesarios para emplear medidas de prevención, pero no tienen actitudes frente a la enfermedad y no realizan las prácticas suficientes para lograr prevenirlo.


Background: Dengue is a disease transmitted by a vector present in tropical regions and has had an increase in cases worldwide. The objective was to determine the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices that families have about dengue in a sector of the city of Villavicencio, Colombia. Methods: quantitative, descriptive, cross sectional observational study. Two-stage and stratified probability sampling, with n = 306 families. Sociodemographic survey instrument, validated CAP instrument for Colombia. Analysis with descriptive statistics and multiple correspondence, information processing by SPSS Vr.22. Results: Sex: women predominate (65%), average age 47 years, on average 4 inhabitants per household, level of basic secondary schooling completed (28.1%), technical (13.1%) university (18%). Knowledge of dengue, indicated that it was a very serious disease (84%), that it was transmitted by a mosquito (37.6%) and that the main symptom was fever (89.9%). They carried out prevention measures such as: spraying (14.9%), washing the tank once a week (39.9%), when people fell ill with dengue, they recognized the main activity as taking them to the doctor (58.2%), It was found that in 3.2% of the population, dengue cases occurred, there is a correspondence between greater study and socioeconomic level, better knowledge and control of the disease in families. Conclusions: families have the necessary knowledge to use prevention measures, but they do not have attitudes towards the disease and they do not carry out enough practices to prevent it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Dengue , Dengue Virus
6.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(4): [434-441], oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424343

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Determinar el rendimiento diagnóstico de la prueba rápida SD dengue DUO (Inyecta) para la detección de NS1, IgM e IgG en comparación con la prueba de ELISA. Materiales y métodos. Es una evaluación de prueba diagnóstica que incluyó 286 muestras de suero de pacientes con sintomatología atribuible a dengue de zonas endémicas del Perú. Las muestras se analizaron por ELISA y la prueba rápida SD dengue DUO (Inyecta) para IgM, NS1 e IgG en el Instituto de Investigación Nutricional en Lima. Resultados. La sensibilidad de la prueba rápida fue de 68% para NS1 e IgM, y 86% para IgG, mejorando este parámetro a 75% y 81% para NS1 e IgM, respectivamente, en los tres primeros días. La especificidad para los tres analitos fue mayor a 87%. La concordancia de los resultados obtenidos medidos por el coeficiente Kappa para los tres analitos fue buena y no se encontró reacción cruzada con otros arbovirus. Conclusiones. La prueba rápida SD Dengue DUO permite detectar con una adecuada sensibilidad y especificidad NS1, IgM e IgG. La sensibilidad para IgM y NS1 aumenta cuando se detecta en los tres primeros días de síntomas, por lo que se recomienda su implementación en los centros de primer nivel de atención para un diagnóstico temprano y oportuno.


Objectives . To assess the diagnostic performance of the SD dengue DUO rapid test (Inyecta) for the detection of NS1, IgM and IgG in comparison to the ELISA test. Materials and methods . This is a diagnostic test evaluation that included 286 serum samples from patients with symptomatology attributable to dengue from endemic areas of Peru. The samples were analyzed by ELISA and the SD dengue DUO rapid test (Inyecta) for IgM, NS1 and IgG at the Instituto de Investigación Nutricional in Lima. Results . The sensitivity of the rapid test was 68.0% for NS1 and IgM, and 86.0% for IgG, improving to 75.0% and 81.0% for NS1 and IgM, respectively, during the first three days. The specificity for all three analytes was greater than 87.0%. The concordance of the results, measured by the Kappa coefficient for the three analytes, was good and no cross-reaction with other arboviruses was found. Conclusions . The SD dengue DUO rapid test allows detection of NS1, IgM and IgG with adequate sensitivity and specificity. Sensitivity for IgM and NS1 increases when detected during the first three days of symptoms. Therefore, we recommend its implementation in primary care centers for early and timely diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Immunoglobulin M , Dengue , Dengue Virus , Antigens , Signs and Symptoms , Immunoglobulin G , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 412-420, jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392668

ABSTRACT

El dengue es una enfermedad infecciosa ocasionada por alguno de los cuatro serotipos del virus análogo, que se transmite a los humanos a través de la picadura de mosquitos infectados del género Aedes Objetivo: Identificar la prevalencia del virus de dengue y los factores de riesgo en los pacientes que asistieron a las unidades de salud del cantón Esmeraldas en el 2019. Materiales y Métodos: La investigación se enmarca dentro del diseño de investigación no experimental, de tipo retrospectivo, descriptivo, basado en la información de pacientes con diagnóstico de dengue positivo atendidos en las unidades de Salud del cantón Esmeraldas en el 2019.Resultados: En este estudio se encontró a 247 pacientes registrados con diagnóstico presuntivo de dengue, los cuales tomamos como población, se excluyeron a 4 muestras de pacientes, no procesadas, y a 121 muestras de pacientes con resultado negativo, quedándonos 121 muestras de pacientes con diagnóstico de dengue confirmadas, tomando a esta cantidad de pacientes como muestra para nuestro estudio, lo que representa el 49% como prevalencia de virus del dengue en pacientes que asistieron a las unidades de salud del cantón Esmeraldas durante el 2019.Conclusión: La prevalencia de dengue en pacientes que asistieron a las unidades de salud del cantón Esmeraldas es del 49%, la edad que más predomino fue la comprendida entre los 5 y 9 años, un número significativo de pacientes, provienen de la parroquia Simón Plata Torres, sectores con falta de infraestructura de servicios básicos, jardines y patios con malezas y vegetación, arbustos y árboles que rodean a las viviendas, aumentando las posibilidades de cría de mosquitos vectores de esta afección(AU)


Dengue is an infectious disease caused by one of the four serotypes of the analogous virus, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes of the genus Aedes Objective: To identify the prevalence of dengue virus and risk factors in the patients who attended the health units of the Esmeraldas canton in 2019. Materials and Methods: The research is part of the non-experimental, retrospective, descriptive research design, based on the information of patients with a positive dengue diagnosis. treated in the health units of the Esmeraldas canton in 2019. Results: In this study, 247 registered patients with a presumptive diagnosis of dengue were found, which we took as a population, 4 samples of patients, not processed, and 121 samples were excluded. of patients with a negative result, leaving us with 121 samples of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of dengue, taking to this number of patients as a sample for our study, which represents 49% as the prevalence of dengue virus in patients who attended the health units of the Esmeraldas canton during 2019. Conclusion: The prevalence of dengue in patients who attended the health units of the Esmeraldas canton is 49%, the most predominant age was between 5 and 9 years, a significant number of patients come from the Simón Plata Torres parish, sectors with a lack of basic services infrastructure, gardens and patios with weeds and vegetation, bushes and trees that surround the houses, increasing the chances of breeding mosquito vectors of this condition(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Patients , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Dengue Virus , Health Centers , Communicable Diseases , Aedes , Mosquito Vectors
8.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 40-45, maio 05,2022. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370563

ABSTRACT

Introduction: dengue is a most common mosquito-borne viral disease in the Americas and tropical countries. Objective: in this work, mice were hyperimmunized with DENV 4 antigen to produce monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Methodology: DENV 4 (GenBank KC806069) was inoculated in C6/36 cell monolayers cultivated in Leibovitz's 15 medium supplemented with 5% fetal bovine serum and incubated at 28 oC. The virus stock was submitted to concentration and ultracentrifugation and stored at -80 oC until use (VC DENV 4). Balb/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with 50µg of DENV-4 and successive intraperitoneal injections of 25 µg of VCDENV 4 with Freund's incomplete adjuvant were performed. The spleen cells were fused to SP2/0 myeloma cells with PEG 1540 and distributed in 96-well microplates with Iscove's modified medium with Hipoxantina­Aminopterina­Timidina. Hybridoma screening by indirect ELISA showed positive results for six mAbs, and their characterization was performed by Western blotting and Indirect Immunofluorescence (IFI) techniques. Results: the six mAbs showed strong recognition of prM (24/29 kDa), and minor reaction to E protein (66 kDa), E/E protein dimer (105 kDa), and NS1 (49 kDa) protein in two mAbs. The use of mAbs anti-prM as a diagnostic tool using IFI has been demonstrated to detect DENV-4 antigen in infected cells or tissues. Conclusion: DENV 4 generate mAbs with strong reactivity to prM with potential use to confirm the presence of DENV 4 antigen in tissues or infected cells.


Introdução: a dengue é uma doença viral transmitida por mosquitos comumente das Américas e países tropicais. Objetivo: neste trabalho, camundongos foram hiperimunizados com antígeno DENV 4 para produzir anticorpos monoclonais (mAbs). Metodologia: DENV 4 (GenBank KC806069) foi inoculado em monocamadas de células C6 / 36 cultivadas em meio Leibovitz 15 suplementado com 5% de soro fetal bovino e incubadas a 28oC. O estoque viral foi submetido à concentração, ultracentrifugação e armazenado a -80 oC (VC DENV 4). Camundongos Balb / c foram injetados intraperitonealmente com 50 µg de VC DENV-4 e injeções intraperitoneais sucessivas de 25 µg de antigeno com adjuvante incompleto de Freund. As células do baço foram misturadas a células SP2/0 com PEG 1540 e distribuídas em microplacas de 96 poços com meio Iscove Modificado em presença de Hipoxantina ­ Aminopterina ­ Timidina. A triagem de hibridomas por ELISA indireto apresentou resultados positivos para seis mAbs, e sua caracterização foi realizada por técnicas de Western blotting e Imunofluorescência Indireta (IFI). Resultados: os seis mAbs mostraram forte reconhecimento de prM (24/29 kDa) e reação menor à proteína E (66 kDa), dímero de proteína E / E (105 kDa) e proteína NS1 (49 kDa) em dois mAbs. O uso de mAbs anti-prM como uma ferramenta de diagnóstico utilizando IFI demonstrou eficacia em detectar o antígeno DENV-4 em células ou tecidos infectados. Conclusão: o mAbs produzidos para DENV 4 demonstraram uma forte reatividade contra prM, e poderiam ser uma ferramenta de uso potencial no diagnóstico de DENV 4 .


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dengue/immunology , Dengue Virus/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/biosynthesis , Antigens, Viral/administration & dosage , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Mice, Inbred BALB C
9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18802, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403736

ABSTRACT

Abstract The flavonoids and xanthones present in the ethanol extracts of leaves and stems of Fridericia samydoides showed that anti-dengue activities in vitro were investigated qualitatively by liquid chromatography-ultraviolet-mass spectrometry in series. Nineteen flavones and fifteen xanthones were detected and characterized on the basis of their fragmentation pattern in the positive and negative ion mode tandem mass spectrometry spectra and ultraviolet bands. Acacetin, chrysin, vitexin, isovitexin, orientin, isoorientin, mangiferin, 2'-O-trans-caffeoylmangiferin, 2'-O-trans-coumaroylmangiferin and 2'-O-trans-cinnamoylmangiferin were identified by comparison with authentic samples. The other compounds detected were tentatively assigned by analysis of the spectral data and by comparison with literature reports. In addition, it performed the fractionation of the leaves extract leading to the isolation of mangiferin, isovitexin and isoorientin. All extracts and isolated compounds inhibited the Dengue virus replication cycle with EC50 less than 25.0 µg/mL for extracts and 272.5, 85.6 and 79.3 µg/mL for mangiferin, isovitexin and isoorientin, respectively.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/agonists , Bignoniaceae/adverse effects , Dengue Virus , Xanthones/agonists , Mass Spectrometry/methods , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
10.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 23(4): 398-406, 2022. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1396551

ABSTRACT

: Dengue is still a public health problem in tropical countries. This disease, which had almost disappeared in some areas of the world, has become re-emergent in certain parts of the world including Africa.The aim of this study is to determine the seroprevalence and evolution of Dengue virus (DENV) infection from 2020 to 2021 at the Hospital Saint Camille de Ouagadougou (HOSCO), Burkina Faso. Methodology: This was a descriptive analytical study of patients seen in general practice with febrile syndrome referred for serological diagnosis of Dengue at the HOSCO laboratory over a period of 2 years (January 1, 2020 ­ December 31, 2021). The "Dengue Duo (AgNS1/IgM/IgG)" kit from SD Bioline was used for the rapid diagnosis through the detection of NS1 antigen and IgM/IgG antibodies in plasma. Data were analysed with SPSS version 20.0 software. Association between demographic data and prevalence of DENV infection was determined by Chisquare test and odds ratio (with 95% confidence interval). P value less than 0.05 was considered statistical significance. Results: A total of 2957 patients aged 0-94 years were referred for serological diagnosis of DENV infection at the HOSCO laboratory over the period 2020-2021, comprising 56.3% females and 43.7% males. The overall prevalence of acute DENV infection (NS1Ag positive) was 5.4% (159/2957), with 2.4% (41/1700) in 2020 and 9.4% (118/1257) in 2021 (OR=4.192, 95% CI=2.915-6.028, p<0.0001). The prevalence of acute DENV infection of 7.0% (91/1292) in the males was significantly higher than 4.1% (68/1665) in the females (OR=1.779, 95% CI=1.288-2.458, p=0.0005), and also significantly higher in age groups 20-29 years (7.6%), 10-19 years (6.9%) and 40-49 years (5.8%) than other age groups (X 2=14.928, p=0.0107). The overall prevalence of DENV IgM and IgG antibodies was 3.2% and 37.3% respectively. The prevalence of DENV IgG antibodies was significantly higher in males (44.0%) than females (32.1%) (OR=1.667, 95%CI=1.434-1.938, p<0.0001) and in age groups 30-39 (43.4%), 40-49 (44.0%) and >50 years (49.3%) than other age groups (X2=121.0, p<0.0001), indicating that past exposure to DENV infection is higher among males and older age groups. The peak of DENV infection was between October and November with 84.3% (134/159) of NS1Ag positivity occurring during this period. Conclusion: The present study reports a high prevalence of acute Dengue virus infection in patients from October to November. To eradicate Dengue which has become a tropical silent epidemic, interventions such as vector control, availability of and accessibility to diagnostic tests, and good therapeutic management are of great importance


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology , Dengue Virus , Burkina Faso , Seizures, Febrile , Dengue
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 716-721, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935449

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the incidence of dengue fever and E gene evolution of dengue virus in Guangzhou in 2020 and understand the local epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever and spreading of dengue virus. Methods: The information of dengue fever cases in Guangzhou in 2020 was collected from Notifiable Infectious Disease System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention Information System. Serum samples from the cases were detected by real-time PCR. The E gene was sequenced and analyzed. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed using software MEGA 5.05. The statistical analysis was conducted using software SPSS 20.0. Results: A total of 33 dengue fever cases were reported in Guangzhou in 2020, including 31 (93.94%) imported cases and 2 (6.06%) local cases. Compared with the data during 2016 to 2019, the number of cases, overall incidence and local incidence all decreased with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The imported cases from Southeast Asia constituted 90.32% (28/31) of imported cases. The E gene sequences and the phylogenetic trees of imported and local cases demonstrated close relationship with the virus sequences from Southeast Asian, and they were less homologous with the sequences of dengue virus isolated in Guangzhou in previous years. Conclusions: The incidence of dengue in Guangzhou in 2020 was significantly affected by the imported cases, especially those from Southeast Asian countries. The study result demonstrated that dengue fever was not endemic in Guangzhou and it was caused by imported ones.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue Virus/genetics , Disease Outbreaks , Evolution, Molecular , Genotype , Phylogeny
12.
Rev. patol. trop ; 51(1): 63-72, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411459

ABSTRACT

Dengue is a worldwide spread arboviral disease. Huánuco region is an endemic area for dengue. Understanding the influence of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) in dengue endemic areas can provide important insight for improving public health policies. The purpose of this study was to understand the KAP about dengue in the marginal urban city of Tingo Maria, district of Rupa-Rupa, a rain forest area in Huánuco region and its association with positive serology for dengue. An analytical, retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out in which a randomized sample of 112 people were evaluated using a semi structured questionnaire and tested for IgG against dengue virus. Most participants recruited were from marginal urban settlements. The median age was 38 years and 64% were female. A bivariate analysis showed an association between educational level and serological positivity. Over 95% of participants with only primary school education had a positive serological test for dengue. No statistical significances were found between attitudes towards dengue control initiatives (p=0.221), preventive practices against dengue (p=0.773), and the level of knowledge about dengue (p=0.073). Although attitudes, preventive practices and level of knowledge were not related to positive serology in dengue cases, educational level showed an association with serological positivity for dengue.


Subject(s)
Immunoglobulin G , Serologic Tests , Dengue , Dengue Virus
13.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(6)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409431

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome hemofagocítico se presenta como un cuadro clínico grave, provocado por una respuesta inadecuada del sistema inmunológico a un desencadenante infeccioso, neoplásico, reumatológico o metabólico, que origina una reacción inflamatoria no controlada; presenta una incidencia baja pero la letalidad sin el manejo adecuado es muy elevada. Objetivo: Destacar la importancia de diagnóstico oportuno del síndrome hemofagocítico en pacientes con dengue que presentan evolución tórpida. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 7 años de edad, con dengue grave dado por shock, hepatomegalia con elevación de transaminasas, con mala evolución clínica, quien cumple criterios de Síndrome hemofagocítico. Recibió manejo con inmunomoduladores con evolución satisfactoria. Conclusiones: Es importante considerar el Síndrome hemofagocítico como causa ante enfermedades con evolución tórpida a pesar de tener un manejo médico correcto(AU)


Introduction: Hemophagocytic syndrome is a severe clinical picture with an uncontrolled inflammatory reaction caused by an inadequate immune system response to an infectious, neoplastic, rheumatological, or metabolic trigger. The syndrome has low incidence but high fatality when the management is not adequate. Objective: To highlight the importance of a prompt diagnosis of hemophagocytic syndrome in patients with dengue who present a torpid evolution. Case presentation: Seven-year-old patient with severe dengue caused by shock, hepatomegaly with elevated transaminase levels and poor clinical evolution who meets hemophagocytic syndrome criteria. The patient had satisfactory progression after receiving immunomodulatory treatment. Conclusions: Hemophagocytic syndrome must be considered as a cause of pathologies in dengue patients with torpid evolution, even when correct medical management is made(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Clinical Evolution , Severe Dengue , Dengue Virus , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Immunologic Factors
15.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(3): e2029, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347519

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dengue es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por el virus del dengue. Es un problema complejo tanto por su magnitud como por los elementos que hay que tener presentes para su control. En la situación actual de nuestra Región, esta realidad constituye un reto para el control del mosquito vector, y, por tanto, de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Caracterizar a esta enfermedad y demostrar la necesidad de realizar acciones comunitarias para control del dengue y su prevención. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de documentos de sociedades científicas dedicadas a la Epidemiologia en la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud (BVS) con límite de fecha de abril de 2015 a abril de 2020, e incluyendo artículos tanto en inglés como en español. Se localizaron 262 estudios finalmente se seleccionaron 20. Conclusiones: En el futuro se espera la aparición de cepas productoras de una mayor viremia por la diversidad genética del virus, con casos clínicos más complicados; se está ante una enfermedad que ofrece un reto a los médicos, de ahí la importancia de trabajar en su prevención para evitar la propagación de la enfermedad en nuestra población(AU)


Introduction: Dengue is an infectious disease caused by the dengue virus. It is a complex problem both because of its magnitude and because of the elements that must be taken into account to its control. In our region current situation, this reality constitutes a challenge for the control of the mosquito vector, and therefore, of the disease. Objective: To describe this disease and to demonstrate the need for community actions to control dengue and its prevention. Methods: A systematic review of documents from scientific societies dedicated to Epidemiology was carried out in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) with a date limit from April 2015 to April 2020, and including articles in both English and Spanish. Two hundred sixty-two studies were located, finally 20 were selected. Conclusions: In the future, the appearance of strains producing higher viremia due to the genetic diversity of the virus is expected, with more complicated clinical cases. We are facing a disease that offers a challenge to doctors, hence the importance of working on its prevention to avoid the spread of the disease in our population(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aedes , Vector Control of Diseases , Dengue/prevention & control , Dengue Virus
16.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(2): e551, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347496

ABSTRACT

El dengue es la infección trasmitida por vectores con mayor impacto en carga de enfermedad, económica y social a nivel mundial, con más de 3,6 billones de personas en riesgo de infección. Sus manifestaciones son variables, caracterizadas en su mayoría por síndrome febril con riesgo de sangrado, choque y muerte. El compromiso pulmonar es infrecuente, siendo el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda una complicación inesperada, aunque informada, asociada a un mal pronóstico. Se presenta un paciente sin antecedentes relevantes de importancia, con focalización pulmonar severa asociado a infección por el virus dengue. En el caso presentado se descartaron procesos infecciosos bacterianos u otros agentes causales de síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda, lo que sumado a las características clínicas de ingreso, zona de ocurrencia del caso considerada como endémica, curso clínico, paraclínico y la franca positividad de las pruebas para dengue así como la seroconversión de estas, a pesar de no haber sido realizadas pruebas moleculares, se consideró como el agente causal más probable el virus dengue. Todo esto lleva a recomendar siempre considerarlo como potencial agente causal, lo que permite así un diagnóstico y manejo óptimos(AU)


Dengue is the vector-borne infection with the greatest impact on disease, economic and social burden worldwide, with more than 3.6 billion people under risk of contagion. Its manifestations are varied, most of them characterized by febrile syndrome with a risk of bleeding, shock and death. Pulmonary involvement is infrequent, and acute respiratory distress syndrome is an unexpected complication, though it has been reported in association to a bad prognosis. A case is presented of a male patient without relevant antecedents of interest, with severe pulmonary focalization associated to dengue virus infection. Bacterial infectious processes and other causative agents of acute respiratory distress syndrome were ruled out. In view of the patient's clinical status at admission, the endemicity of the patient's area of residence, the clinical and paraclinical course, and the obvious positivity of the dengue tests performed and their seroconversion, despite not having conducted molecular tests, it was concluded that the most probable causative agent was dengue virus. Therefore, it is recommended that dengue infection always be considered as a potential causative agent of acute respiratory distress syndrome, thus contributing to optimal diagnosis and management(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Endemic Diseases , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Dengue Virus , Prognosis , Cost of Illness , Seroconversion
17.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(2): 247-259, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339264

ABSTRACT

Abstract | Introduction: Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) cause morbidity and mortality in humans and domestic animals worldwide. The percentage of population immunity or susceptibility to these viruses in Ecuador is unknown. Objectives: To investigate the proportion of Ecuadorian populations with IgG antibodies (Abs) (past exposure/immunity) and IgM Abs (current exposure) against flaviviruses and alphaviruses and to study the activity of these viruses in Ecuador. Materials and methods: During 2009-2011, we conducted a serosurvey for selected arboviruses in humans (n=1,842), equines (n=149), and sentinel hamsters (n=84) at two coastal locations and one in the Amazon basin (Eastern Ecuador) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and hemagglutination inhibition test. Results: From 20.63% to 63.61% of humans showed IgG-antibodies for the flaviviruses: Dengue virus (DENV), yellow fever virus (YFV) Saint Louis encephalitis virus, and West Nile virus (WNV); from 4.67% to 8.63% showed IgG-Abs for the alphaviruses: Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, eastern equine encephalitis virus, and western equine encephalitis virus. IgM-Abs were found for DENV and WNV. Equines and hamsters showed antibodies to alphaviruses in all locations; two hamsters seroconverted to YFV in the Amazonia. Conclusions: The results show a YFV vaccination history and suggest the activity of arboviruses not included in the current surveillance scheme. Enhanced arbovirus and mosquito surveillance, as well as continued YFV vaccination and evaluation of its coverage/ effectiveness, are recommended.


Resumen | Introducción. Los virus transmitidos por artrópodos (arbovirus) causan morbilidad y mortalidad en humanos y animales domésticos mundialmente. Se desconoce el porcentaje de inmunidad o vulnerabilidad de la población ecuatoriana ante estos virus. Objetivos. Investigar la proporción de poblaciones ecuatorianas con anticuerpos IgG (exposición o inmunidad pasada) y anticuerpos IgM (exposición reciente) contra flavivirus y alfavirus, e investigar su actividad en Ecuador. Materiales y métodos. Entre 2009 y 2011, se llevó a cabo una encuesta serológica para arbovirus en humanos (n=1.842), equinos (n=149) y hámsters centinela (n=84) en dos localidades costeras y en una en la Amazonía, utilizando la prueba ELISA (Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay) y la prueba de inhibición de la hemaglutinación. Resultados. Entre el 20,63 y el 63,61 % de los humanos registraron IgG contra el virus del dengue (DENV), el de la fiebre amarilla (YFV), el de la encefalitis de San Luis y el del Nilo Occidental (WNV); entre 4,67 y 8,63 % tenían IgG para los virus de la encefalitis equina venezolana, de la encefalitis equina del este y de la encefalitis equina del oeste. Se encontró IgM para DENV y WNV. En los equinos y en los hámsters se encontraron anticuerpos contra alfavirus en todas las localidades muestreadas; dos hámsters mostraron seroconversión a YFV en la Amazonía. Conclusiones. Los resultados del estudio evidenciaron los antecedentes de vacunación contra el YFV y sugieren la actividad de arbovirus no incluidos en el esquema de vigilancia actual. Se recomienda ampliar la vigilancia de arbovirus y mosquitos, continuar con la vacunación contra el YFV, y evaluar su cobertura y efectividad.


Subject(s)
Arboviruses , West Nile virus , Yellow fever virus , Dengue Virus , Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine , Encephalitis Virus, Venezuelan Equine
19.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 5(2): [ 57-67], Ene-Abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358711

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Aedes spp. y la dinámica del virus del dengue está altamente influenciada por factores ambientales. Una relación detallada entre el clima y la enfermedad en los períodos inter e intra-epidémicos podrían beneficiar la vigilancia del dengue para optimizar la preparación y las políticas adecuadas de control de vectores. Métodos: se analizaron los informes de casos de dengue y las variables climáticas en Santo Domingo, República Dominicana, para determinar la correlación del período 2012- 2018 y los diferentes tiempos de retraso. Se llevó a cabo un análisis de regresión de dichas variables para comprender mejor las relaciones entre las tasas de incidencia del dengue y los cambios climáticos. Resultados: durante los brotes epidémicos, la temperatura (r = 0.73, p <0.001) y la humedad relativa (r = -0.2, p = 0.009) se correlacionan significativamente con la incidencia del dengue con un retraso de 9 semanas, el análisis de regresión muestra que la temperatura media (b = 62.401, p < 0.001), precipitación (b = 2.810, p <0.001) y humedad relativa (b = -5.462, p = 0.025) fueron predictores significativos. Durante los períodos inter-epidémico, la temperatura (r = 0.23, p <0.001) tuvo una correlación significativa con la incidencia del dengue con un retraso de 7 semanas, la humedad relativa (b = 1.454, p <0.05) y la temperatura media (b = 5.14, p <0.01) son predictores significativos de la cantidad de casos de dengue. La precipitación no se correlacionó significativamente con la incidencia del dengue. Conclusiones: existe una relación no lineal entre los factores climáticos y la incidencia del dengue. La infección por dengue depende del clima, y la temperatura parece jugar un papel importante en los factores climáticos.


Introduction: Aedes spp. and Dengue Virus dynamics are highly influenced by environmental factors. A detailed relationship between climate and disease in inter and intra-epidemic periods may benefit dengue surveillance, preparedness, and adequate vector control policies. Methods: Dengue case reports and climatic variables in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, were analyzed for climate variables correlation from the period 2012-2018 and varying lag times. Regression analysis of climatic variables was carried out to better understand significant correlations between dengue incidence rates and changes in climate. Results: During epidemic outbreaks, temperature (r = 0.73, p < 0.001) and relative humidity (r = -0.22, p = 0.009) demonstrated a significant correlation with dengue incidence. Our regression analysis demonstrates an increase 62.4 cases for each degree Celsius increased with a 9-week-lag. Regression analysis also demonstrated mean temperature (b= 62.401, p < 0.001), precipitation (b = 2.810, p < 0.001), and relative humidity (b = -5.462, p = 0.025) to be significant predictors. During inter-epidemic periods, temperature (r = 0.23, p < 0.001) had a significant correlation with dengue incidence with a 7-week-lag, which demonstrates that relative humidity (b = 1.454, p < 0.05), and mean temperature (b = 5.14, p < 0.01) are significant predictors of the quantity of dengue cases. Precipitation did not significantly correlate with dengue incidence. Conclusions: A non-linear relationship between climatic factors and dengue incidence exists in the Dominican Republic. Dengue infection is climate-dependent and temperature seems to play a significant role in climatic factors


Subject(s)
Disease Transmission, Infectious , Dengue Virus , Climate , Dominican Republic
20.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(1): e573, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280324

ABSTRACT

. Introducción: El dengue es la enfermedad viral transmitida por mosquitos de más rápida propagación en el mundo. A pesar de la alta incidencia de la enfermedad no existe tratamiento antiviral efectivo ni vacuna aprobada para su uso contra esta infección. La planta Ageratina havanensis ha sido ampliamente utilizada por nuestra cultura popular y en otros países debido a sus diversas propiedades biológicas. Objetivo: Evaluar la actividad antiviral de cuatro extractos provenientes de Ageratina havanensis y dos flavonoides aislados de dicha planta frente al virus dengue 2. Métodos: La pesquisa primaria de actividad antiviral de cada extracto y flavonoide se realizó mediante el ensayo de detección de la productividad vírica, y se evaluó la acción virucida de los extractos etanólico de tallo y butanólico de hoja. Resultados: Todos los extractos inhibieron la replicación viral al evidenciarse disminución del número de placas de lisis, sin embargo, no se evidenció disminución del título infectivo viral en el ensayo virucida. El tratamiento con la sakuranetina mostró valores de inhibición de la productividad viral entre 61-91 por ciento, y para la 7-metoxiaromadendrina se registraron valores de reducción viral entre 64-86 por ciento. Conclusiones: Los extractos y flavonoides aislados de Ageratina havanensis mostraron acción antiviral. Los extractos etanólico de tallo y butanólico de hojas no poseen acción virucida sobre la cepa viral empleada. El presente trabajo constituye el primer informe respecto a la evaluación de extractos y compuestos aislados de A. havanensis frente al virus dengue(AU)


Introduction: Dengue is the fastest spreading mosquito-borne viral disease worldwide. Despite its high incidence, no effective antiviral treatment or vaccine has been approved for use against this infection. The plant Ageratina havanensis has been widely used in our folk culture and in other countries due to its various biological properties. Objective: Evaluate the antiviral activity of four extracts from Ageratina havanensis and two flavonoids isolated from that plant against the dengue 2 virus. Methods: Primary screening of the antiviral activity of each extract and flavonoid was conducted by viral productivity detection assay, and an evaluation was carried out of the virucidal action of the stem ethanolic extract and the leaf butanolic extract. Results: All the extracts inhibited viral replication by a reduction in the number of lysis plates. However, no evidence was found of a reduced viral infective titer in the virucidal assay. Treatment with sakuranetin achieved viral productivity inhibition values of 61 percent-91 percent, whereas 7-methoxyaromadendrin obtained viral reduction values of 64 percent-86 percent Conclusions: The extracts and flavonoids isolated from Ageratina havanensis displayed antiviral activity. The stem ethanolic extract and the leaf butanolic extract do not have a virucidal action against the viral strain used. The paper is the first report about the effect of extracts and compounds isolated from A. havanensis against the dengue virus(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning Transmission , Ageratina , Dengue , Dengue Virus
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