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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226252, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366526

ABSTRACT

Universal health coverage is a global target included in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals agenda for 2030. Healthcare in Brazil has universal coverage through the Unified Health System (SUS), which guarantees health as basic right to the Brazilian population. Considering the principles of SUS, public oral healthcare management is a huge challenge. Aim: To identify good management practices for quality care adopted by local public oral healthcare managers and teams around Brazil. Methods: This study was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42017051639). Five databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus and Lilacs) as well as the reference lists and citations of the included publications were searched according to PRISMA guidelines. Results:A total of 30,895 references were initially found, which were evaluated according to the defined eligibility criteria. Twenty qualitative studies, eight surveys and two mixed-model studies were selected. The practices (codes) were organized into three main groups (families), and the Frequency of the Effect Size (FES) of each code was calculated. Among the 20 codes identified, the most relevant ones were: Diagnosis and Health Planning (FES=80%) and Family Health Strategy(FES=66,7). The Intensity of the Effect Size of each study was also calculated to demonstrate the individual contribution of each study to the conclusions. Conclusion: The evidence emerging from this review showed that healthcare diagnosis, planning, and performance based on the family health strategy principles were the most relevant practices adopted by public oral healthcare managers in Brazil. The widespread adoption of these practices could lead to improved oral healthcare provision and management in Brazil


Subject(s)
Humans , Unified Health System , Dental Care , Health Management , Health Policy , Brazil
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(2): 12-15, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361784

ABSTRACT

O papilomavírus humano (HPV) é a doença sexualmente transmissível mais comum em todo o mundo, mais de 150 tipos de HPV já foram identificados, sendo que 25 tipos estão associados a lesões em cavidade oral e genital. O diagnóstico e tratamento precoce das lesões por HPV são importantes para um melhor prognóstico do paciente. O presente estudo objetiva relatar o caso clínico de uma paciente com papiloma de células escamosas. Trata-se portanto de um tumor benigno, onde o tratamento consiste na remoção completa da lesão com a devida margem de segurança. Recidivas são incomuns, contudo o paciente deve manter acompanhamento odontológico periódico, e encaminhado para acompanhamento médico(AU)


Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide, with more than 150 types of HPV identified. Among types, 25 of which are associated with lesions in the oral and genital cavity. Early diagnosis and treatment of HPV lesions are important for a better patient prognosis. The study aim to report the clinical case of a patient with squamous cell papilloma. It is, therefore, a benign tumor, where treatment consists of complete removal of the lesion with the necessary safety margin. Relapses are uncommon, but the patient must maintain periodic dental care and be referred for medical follow-up(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Papilloma , Papillomaviridae , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Palate, Soft/injuries , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Dental Care
4.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220601. 114 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371021

ABSTRACT

A Organização Mundial da Saúde aponta o câncer como a segunda principal causa de morte, sendo responsável por cerca de 9,6 milhões de mortes no mundo em 2018, com aproximadamente 70% delas ocorrendo em países de baixa e média renda. No Brasil, estimativas do Instituto Nacional do Câncer para todos os tipos de câncer, no ano de 2019, foi de 634.880 casos novos. Apenas para o câncer de boca, as mesmas estimativas apontavam cerca de 14.700 casos novos da doença. O diagnóstico precoce e monitoramento deste agravo é uma preocupação dos governos em todas as esferas federativas. Por sua importância no controle da doença e na mortalidade, torna-se um grande desafio implementar medidas que possam ser efetivadas no Sistema Único de Saúde. Dada a magnitude do problema, a complexidade do agravo, toda a tecnologia necessária envolvida para o seu enfrentamento, os benefícios do diagnóstico precoce para o prognóstico e o impacto negativo do diagnóstico tardio na saúde do portador, na sociedade e no orçamento da saúde, entre outros, justifica-se a identificação de informações que facilitem o rastreamento do potencial portador de câncer de boca, desde o primeiro contato com o sistema de saúde até o seu desfecho. Objetivo: Identificar o tempo decorrido e o caminho percorrido pelos usuários portadores de câncer de boca, com diagnóstico confirmado no Centro de Especialidades Odontológicas Cidade Tiradentes, zona leste do município de São Paulo, na rede de atendimento do Sistema Único de Saúde, desde a suspeita até o diagnóstico final e tratamento, no período de 2007 a 2018. Método: Realizado a partir de dados primários obtidos através de entrevistas com os participantes ou familiares e dados secundários obtidos dos prontuários nos serviços de saúde de referência da Atenção primária, secundária e terciária, na zona leste do município de São Paulo. Resultados: Foram coletadas informações de 50 participantes. No mesmo local e período foram diagnosticados 70 casos, sendo excluídos os que não tinham informações essenciais ou autorização através do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. O tempo decorrido foi de 155,2 dias, em média, desde a suspeita na Atenção primária ao início de tratamento na Atenção terciária, sendo o tempo médio de 49,95 dias entre a suspeita e o diagnóstico final. O caminho percorrido pelos usuários teve como início de percurso as suas unidades básicas de saúde de origem, todas localizadas em território da região leste do município de São Paulo, que foram as responsáveis por levantaram as suspeitas (Atenção primária). Em seguida, foram encaminhados para o Centro de Especialidades Odontológicas Cidade Tiradentes, responsável pela biópsia e confirmação de neoplasia através de exame laboratorial (Atenção secundária). Após a confirmação, 70% dos casos tiveram como final de percurso o Centro de Alta Complexidade em Oncologia - Hospital Santa Marcelina de Itaquera, responsável pelo tratamento, também localizado na região leste do município de São Paulo (Atenção terciária). Conclusões: Os dados permitem concluir, tomando como parâmetro a lei federal que estabelece até 60 dias para início do tratamento ou cuidados paliativos a partir do diagnóstico, que o sistema de saúde da região não está dando respostas aos casos de portadores de câncer de boca em tempo adequado.


Subject(s)
Unified Health System , Mouth Neoplasms , Oral Health , Public Health , Dental Care , Health Policy
5.
Rev. ADM ; 79(3): 152-155, mayo-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378580

ABSTRACT

La llegada del COVID-19 generó diversos cambios significativos en el área de la salud y particularmente en el área odontológica, donde se priorizaron los tratamientos de urgencia relegando los procedimientos menores y atención de citas a la vía virtual. Otras modificaciones se concentraron en el uso de equipos de protección personal y logística de atención tanto para el paciente como para el profesional, siguiendo las indicaciones de las normas diseñadas para esta función; adicionalmente se hicieron adecuaciones en las áreas de recepción y práctica odontológica, y se capacitó a los profesionales en temas relativos a la enfermedad. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar las implicaciones generadas en la práctica odontológica durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en los ámbitos de triaje, infraestructura, normativa y capacitación (AU)


The arrival of COVID-19 produced a series of significant changes in the health area and particularly in the dental area where emergency treatments were prioritized, relegating minor procedures and appointment care to the virtual route, other modifications focused on the use of personal protective equipment and care logistics for both the patient and the professional following the indications of the standards designed for this function, additionally adjustments were made in the reception and dental practice areas, and professionals were trained on issues related to the disease. The objective of this article is to analyze the implications generated in dental practice during the COVID-19 pandemic in the areas of triage, infrastructure, regulations and training (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Triage , Infection Control, Dental/methods , Infrastructure , COVID-19 , Clinical Protocols , Dental Care/standards , Dental Offices , Videoconferencing , Health Human Resource Training , Interior Design and Furnishings
6.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 62-68, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361724

ABSTRACT

Próteses totais imediatas e overdentures mandibulares em carga imediata, são boas alternativas para restaurar a função e a estética. Além disso, proporcionam um fator psicológico positivo, eliminando as consequências emocionais e sociais da perda dos dentes. O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar um caso clínico, com cinco anos de acompanhamento, utilizando parâmetros clínicos e ferramentas qualitativas, para analisar o impacto na qualidade de vida do paciente e no sucesso do tratamento. Este caso clínico foi desenvolvido em um projeto assistencial da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brasil, que promove a reabilitação oral de pacientes de baixa renda com dentes severamente comprometidos. Paciente do sexo masculino, 57 anos, apresentou-se para tratamento com condição severa de saúde dental e periodontal. O plano de tratamento proposto foi a extração dos dentes remanescentes e confecção de prótese total imediata maxilar e overdenture mandibular, em carga imediata, sobre implantes. O paciente foi acompanhado periodicamente, a cada seis meses, para substituição do o´rings, conforme recomendação do fabricante. Após 5 anos, as próteses foram reembasadas com resina acrílica termopolimerizável e os componentes protéticos da overdenture foram substituídos. Em um acompanhamento qualitativo, a equipe utilizou uma entrevista narrativa, com foco nos impactos do tratamento na qualidade de vida desse paciente. Ele confirmou, em um relato em primeira pessoa, sua satisfação com o tratamento realizado e a melhora nas relações sociais, afetivas e no trabalho, mostrando como a reconquista do sorriso pode transformar a experiência pessoal do indivíduo(AU)


Immediate complete dentures and mandibular immediately loaded overdentures are good alternatives to restore function and aesthetics. Moreover, they provide positive psychological factor, eliminating the emotional and social consequences of tooth loss. The aim of this study was to report a clinical case, with five years of follow-up using clinical parameters and qualitative tools, to analyze the impact on quality of life and the success of treatment. This clinical case was developed in an assistance project of the Dental School of Federal University of Minas Gerais in Brazil, which promotes oral rehabilitation of low-income patients with severely damaged dentitions. A 57-yearold male patient presented for treatment with a severe dental and periodontal health condition. The proposed treatment plan was extraction of the remaining teeth and making maxillary immediate complete denture and mandibular immediately loaded implant-supported overdenture. The patient was monitored periodically, every six months, to replace the polymer ring ball attachment, according to the manufacturer's recommendation. After 5 years, the prostheses were relining with heat-polymerized acrylic resin and overdenture prosthetic components were replaced. In a qualitative follow-up, the team used a narrative interview, focusing on the impacts of treatment in the quality of life of this patient. He confirms, in a firstperson account, his satisfaction with the treatment performed and improvements in social and affective relations and in the work, showing how the reconquest of the smile can transform the personal experience of the individual(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dental Care , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Quality of Life , Acrylic Resins , Oral Health , Denture, Overlay
7.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(2): e27191, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368170

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Por muitos anos a saúde bucal esteve à margem das políticas públicas de saúde no Brasil. Em 2004, com a criação da Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal, houve uma proposta de reorganização do cuidado em todos os níveis de atenção no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde. Quando avalia-se a qualidade da atenção em populações específicas, a análise dos indicadores torna-se cada vez mais escassa, o que impacta diretamente no financiamento das equipes da atenção básica, já que com a ascensão do novo modelo de financiamento, o Previne Brasil (Portaria n° 2.979/2019), alteram-se algumas formas de repasse para os municípios. Objetivo:Investigar o cuidado odontológico durante a gravidez sob a ótica dos resultados do Previne Brasil, com recorte temporal dos três últimos quadrimestres do ano de 2020, no município de Belém, no Pará. Metodologia:Estudo de natureza descritiva baseado nos dados disponíveis para domínio público provenientes do Sistema de Informação da Atenção Básica. Estes dados foram tabulados no software Microsoft Excel®. A análise dos dados se deu com base no referencial teórico disponível na Scientific Electronic Library Onlinee de documentos oficiais do Ministério da Saúde. Resultados:Belém possui 23,94% de cobertura de saúde bucal, com uma população que ultrapassou um milhão de habitantes. Quando se analisa a proporção de gestantes com atendimento odontológico realizado, Belém apresentou 4%, 3% e 5% respectivamente, em cada quadrimestre de 2020. Conclusões:Os dados revelam que para alcançar um nível satisfatório no acesso e oferta de serviços odontológicos no município amazônico, deve haver um fortalecimento e expansão das políticas públicas de saúde bucal, não excluindo a atenção às linhas de cuidado presentes na Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal, como as gestantes (AU).


Introduction:For several years, oral health had been on the fringe of public policies in Brazil. In 2004, with the establishment of the National Policy for Oral Health, there had been a proposal for reorganization of care in every assistance level in the scope of the Brazilian National Health System. When the quality of assistance to specific populations is availed, the analysis of the indexes becomes increasingly scarce, what directly affects the funding of primary care teams, as with the ascension of the new model of funding, the Previne Brasil (Directive nº 2.979/2019), some forms of transfer to municipalities are changed.Objective:Investigate the dental care during pregnancy under the perspective of the results of Previne Brasil, using the time frame of the three latter four-month periods of 2020, in the city of Belém, in Pará. Methodology: Descriptive study based on the data available for public domain from the Basic Care Information System. These data were tabulated on the Microsoft Excel® software. The data analysis had been done based on the theoretical framework available at the Scientific Electronic Library Online and on official documents from the Ministry of Health. Results: Belém has 23,94% of oral health coverage, with a population that has surpassed 1 million inhabitants. When the proportion of pregnant women with dental assistance is analyzed, Belém presented 4%, 3%, and 5% respectively, in each four-month period of 2020. Conclusions:The data revealed that to reach a satisfactory level of access and supply of dental health services in the Amazonian city, there must be strengthening and expansion of oral health public policies, without excluding the attention to the care lines contained on the National Policy for Oral Health, such as the pregnant women (AU).


Introducción:Durante muchos años, la salud bucal estuvo al margen de las políticas de salud pública en Brasil. En 2004, con la creación de la Política Nacional de Salud Bucal, se propuso reorganizar el cuidado en todos los niveles de atención dentro del Sistema Único de Salud. Al evaluar la calidad de la atención en poblaciones específicas, el análisis de indicadores se vuelve cada vez más escaso, lo que impacta directamente en el financiamiento de los equipos de atención primaria, ya que con el surgimiento del nuevo modelo de financiamiento, Previne Brasil (Ordenanza No. 2979/2019), algunos Se modifican las formas de transferencia a los municipios.Objetivo:Investigar la atención odontológica duranteel embarazo desde la perspectiva de los resultados de Previne Brasil, con un marco temporal de los últimos tres trimestres del año 2020, en la ciudad de Belém, en el estado de Pará. Metodología:Estudio descriptivo basado en datos disponibles para el dominio público del Sistema de Información de Atención Primaria. Estos datos se tabularon en el software Microsoft Excel®. El análisis de los datos se basó en el marco teórico disponible en la Biblioteca Científica Electrónica en Línea y documentos oficiales del Ministerio de Salud. Resultados:Belém posee el 23,94% de cobertura de salud bucodental, con una población que supera un millón de habitantes. Al analizar la proporción de embarazadas con atención odontológica, Belém presentó 4%, 3% y 5%, respectivamente, en cada cuatrimestre de 2020. Conclusiones:Los datos muestran que para alcanzar un nivel satisfactorio de acceso y oferta de servicios odontológicos en el municipio amazónico, se debe fortalecer y ampliar las políticas públicas de salud bucal, sin excluir la atención a las líneas de cuidado presentes en la Política Nacional de Salud Bucal, como las mujeres embarazadas (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Primary Health Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Oral Health/education , Dental Care/instrumentation , Pregnant Women , Quality of Health Care , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Health Policy
8.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(2): e26130, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368659

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Em contexto pandêmico do COVID-19, a teleodontologia pode desempenhar um papel fundamental no cuidado de problemas de saúde bucal principalmente na identificação precoce com critérios de prioridades em casos de urgência e emergência. Através dela é possível diagnosticar e prestar atendimento às pessoas infectadas pelo SARS-CoV-2 sem colocar em risco de infecção a equipe de profissionais que prestarão os serviços.Objetivo:Analisar experiências internacionais do uso da teleodontologia no contexto da pandemia de COVID-19 e sua aplicabilidade na Atenção Primária à Saúde, destacando possíveis dificuldades de sua implementação, bem como suas potencialidades e limitações.Metodologia:Uma revisão integrativa foi conduzida mediante as seis fases preconizadas do processo de elaboração. As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados PubMed, Lilacs, Bireme, SciELO, Paho, Cochrane e Wholis no período de 14 a 20 de julho de 2020. Foram selecionados artigos que abordassem experiências internacionais, no âmbito público ou privado, do uso da teleodontologia nos protocolos de atendimento odontológico.Resultados:Seis estudos foram analisados. A revisão dos artigos destacou a importância da teleodontologia como ferramenta de saúde alternativa para antecipar diagnósticos e diminuir necessidades em saúde bucal, além de contribuir para controle de disseminação viral no contexto da pandemia do COVID-19.Conclusões:Ainda se impõe como um desafio a aplicação da teleodontologia durante a pandemia de COVID-19 na Atenção Primária à Saúde, devido aos limites estruturais e financeiros que o Sistema Único de Saúde apresenta. No entanto, a partir desta revisão integrativa e de experiências internacionais aqui estudadas, observou-se que há viabilidade de implementação da teleodontologia nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde do país (AU).


Introduction:In the COVID-19 pandemic context, teledentistry can play a fundamental role in oral health treatment, especially in early identification and priority determination of urgent and emergency cases. Through it, it is possible to diagnose and provide care to people infected with SARS-CoV-2 without putting the team of professionals who will provide the services at risk of infection.Objective:To analyze international experiences in the use of teledentistry in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and its applicability in Primary Health Care, highlighting possible difficulties in its implementation, as well as its potential and limitations.Methodology:An integrative review was conducted through the six recommended phases of the elaboration process. Searches were performed in the PubMed, Lilacs, Bireme, SciELO, Paho, Cochrane and Wholis databases, from July 14 to 20, 2020. Articles that addressed international experiences, in the public or private sphere,of the use of teledentistry in dental care protocols were selected.Results:Six studies were analyzed. The review of the articles highlighted the importance of teledentistry as an alternative health tool to anticipate diagnoses and reduce needs in oral health, in addition to contributing to the control of viral spread in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.Conclusions:The application of teledentistry during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazilian Primary Health Care is still a challenge, due to the structural and financial limits that its Unified Health System presents. However, from this integrative review and international experiences studied here, we observe that there is feasibility of implementing teledentistry in Brazilian Basic Health Units (AU).


Introducción: En el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19, la teleodontología puede desempeñar un papel importante en el cuidado de la salud bucal, sobretodo en la detección precoz de los problemas, con criterios de prioridad en casos de urgencia y emergencia. Por medio de ella, es posible diagnosticar y brindar atención a las personas infectadas por el SARS-CoV-2 sin poner en riesgo de infección al equipo de profesionales que realizarán los servicios. Objetivo: Analizar experiencias internacionales del uso de la teleodontología en el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19 y su aplicabilidad en la atención primaria de la salud, resaltando posibles dificultades de implementación, así como sus potencialidades y limitaciones. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión integrativa a través de las seis fases recomendadas del proceso de elaboración. Las búsquedas se realizaron en las bases de datos PubMed, Lilacs, Bireme, SciELO, Paho, Cochrane y Wholis del 14 al 20 de julio de 2020. Se seleccionaron artículos que abordaran experiencias internacionales, en el ámbito público o privado, en el uso de la teleodontología en los protocolos de atención odontológica. Resultados: Se analizaron seis estudios. La revisión de los artículos destacó la importancia de la teleodontología como herramientade salud alternativa para anticipar diagnósticos y reducir necesidades en salud bucal, además de contribuir al control de la propagación viral en el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19.Conclusiones: La aplicación de la teleodontología durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la Atención Primaria de la Salud sigue siendo un desafío, debido a las limitaciones estructurales y financieras que presenta el Sistema Único de Salud. Sin embargo, a partir de esta revisión integrativa y de las experiencias internacionales aquí estudiadas, se observó que existe la posibilidad de implementar la teleodontología en las Unidades Básicas de Salud del país (AU).


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Oral Health/education , Dental Care , Teledentistry , COVID-19 , Brazil/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e53802, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363583

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a global public health challenge. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between self-perception of oral health and clinical condition among patients with CKD. This isa quanti-qualitative survey conducted in a CKD specialized service. The sample consisted of 60 patients who underwent oral examinations to have their severity of caries (DMFT) and need for dental prosthesis checked. Age, sex, time on dialysis, marital status, skin color, education and pre-existing diseases were also analyzed. Among the kidney patients who agreed to undergo the clinical examinations and showed communication skills, some were selected, and three focus groups were created, with the participation of a moderator and six to 10 kidney patients in each group. Their speeches were processed in the IRAMUTEQ software and analyzed through the similarity analysis and word cloud techniques. As for profile, the patients were aged 60.23 ± 10.87 years old; were male (73.33%); were on dialysis for 41.90 ± 56.57 months; were married (61.67%); were white (76.67%); had incomplete primary education (41.66%); had arterial hypertension (76.67%); had a DMFT index of 22.55 ± 8.39; 43.33% needed an upper complete denture; and 30.00% needed a lower complete denture. The similarity analysis revealed many doubts and uncertainties about current health services, which can be proven by the words 'no' and 'treatment'. The quanti-qualitative analysis showed a high rate of dental loss and the need for complete dentures and suggests inequities in oral health care for chronic kidney disease patients, especially in tertiary care. There was a positive representation regarding oral health, but the lexicographical analyses of the textual corpusconfirmed the self-perception of lack of dental care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Health , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Tertiary Healthcare/organization & administration , Public Health/methods , Tooth Loss/diagnosis , Dental Care/methods , Focus Groups/methods , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Qualitative Research , Diagnosis, Oral/methods , Dialysis/methods , Health Services/supply & distribution
10.
Niger. J. Dent. Res. (Online) ; 7(1): 45-52, 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1354687

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to evaluate the level of patients' compliance with recall / follow-up visits attending the dental Centre of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH).Methods: This study adopted a descriptive retrospective study of case notes retrieved from the medical records department of the dental Centre, University of Benin Teaching Hospital. The period under study covers 2019 to 2021. The data was collected by means of 1232 questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages. Results: The result showed that the participants in the age bracket of 18-40 years of age (277) complied better to recall visit in comparison with the study age distributions which are 41-65 years (218) and age above 65 years (188). As per the influence of gender on compliance of patients with post-extraction recall visits, it was observed that the male participants (288) responded better to the recall visits compared to the female participants (251). The Relationship between distance away from the hospital and compliance of patients with post-extraction recall visits was also evaluated, and it was observed that the patients closer to the hospital within 5km (442) complied better to recall revisit in comparison to the participants who were within 10km (224) from the hospital as well as the participants that were 10km & above (17). Finally, the influence of interval between procedure and recall visit was also evaluated, and the result revealed that the participants that were given 7 days of recall revisit (663) complied better compared with the participants who were given 14days duration for recall revisit (478). Conclusion: The data from this study highlighted the possible need for a paradigm shift in patient-doctor interphase especially as it concerns recall visits. Compliance to recall appointment by the patients depends largely on age, gender, distance from hospital and interval between procedures and is mainly responsible for the noncompliance of patients to recall visit


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Extraction , Dental Care , Patient Compliance , Continuity of Patient Care , Hospitals, Teaching
11.
Niger. J. Dent. Res. (Online) ; 7(1): 20-28, 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1354557

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 remains a major public health threat globally, and has challenged healthcare systems and services including oral health Objective: This study examines the key public health challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic in low resource settings. While healthcare services are learning to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic, dental care services, in particular restorative dental practice have been adversely impacted because of the closeness of caregivers to the patient's mouth as well as the generation of aerosols during most restorative procedures. This presents a challenge for low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Nigeria where weak and poor governance structures characterize healthcare systems in addition to paucity of economic resources. Another challenge in the form of COVID-19 conspiracy theories has threatened to undermine public health efforts designed to control the pandemic. Conclusion: The implementation of optimal guidelines and safety protocols for effective COVID -19 infection prevention and control is a major challenge for restorative dental care practice in low resource settings owing to paucity of key material resources and inappropriate behaviour associated with lingering doubts about COVID-19 reality among the majority of the populace. The Safer Aerosol-Free Emergent Dentistry concept offers a viable practical approach for restorative dental practice in LMICs during and in the post COVID-19 pandemic era. There is a need to deploy all resources, human and material, in the education and enlightenment of the populace regarding the reality of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure , Dental Care , Developing Countries , COVID-19 , Public Health , Dentists , General Practice, Dental
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365237

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the knowledge of pregnant women regarding their child's oral health. Material and Methods: A questionnaire was developed and the 1st section comprised sociodemographic variables. The second section contained questions about the eruption of teeth, fluoride importance, cariogenic food, and dental visits. The questionnaire was shared electronically via a link to the receptionist of the gynaecologist at different health centres of Najran to be filled by expectant mothers. The convenient sampling method was used to collect the responses. Data were presented using descriptive statistics. Results: A total of 572 pregnant women participated in this survey. Three hundred and fifteen (55.1%) knew that 1st primary tooth erupts at the age of 6 months. The majority of the respondents (n=332) agreed that toothbrushes and toothpaste could be used to clean a child's teeth; only 5.4%, 10%, and 24.5% preferred miswak, mouthwash, and toothbrush, respectively. Participants were well familiar with cariogenic food and occasionally allowed their children to take it. They have enough knowledge about fluoride toothpaste, but they were not familiar with the benefits of fluoride varnish. Almost 50% of the respondents agreed that the child should visit the dentist within six months, and 27.4% said they should visit the dentist whenever there is a problem. Conclusion: Almost 50% of participants showed a positive attitude towards most questions. However, there is a need to improve their behaviour and knowledge about many aspects of dental care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health/education , Dental Care , Pediatric Dentistry , Pregnant Women , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Eruption , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 40-46, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380533

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El objetivo de este reporte de caso es presentar una técnica simple de escisión quirúrgica de un mucocele oral en un paciente pediátrico mediante manejo conductual no farmacológico. Discusión: Este relato debe destacarse por la simpleza de la técnica, su bajo costo, menor tiempo y mayor aceptación por el paciente pediátrico. Además, se debe prestar atención a la técnica de escisión quirúrgica, enfatizando en la importancia de la selección del hilo de sutura y del análisis histológico. El mucocele es generalmente asintomático, sin embargo, en este caso la lesión afecta el habla, la masticación y autoestima del niño. Conclusión: Es competencia del odontopediatra tratar oportunamente y evitar secuelas como las encontradas en este reporte.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este reporte de caso es presentar una técnica simple de escisión quirúrgica de un mucocele oral en un paciente pediátrico mediante manejo conductual no farmacológico. Discusión: Este relato debe destacarse por la simpleza de la técnica, su bajo costo, menor tiempo y mayor aceptación por el paciente pediátrico. Además, se debe prestar atención a la técnica de escisión quirúrgica, enfatizando en la importancia de la selección del hilo de sutura y del análisis histológico. El mucocele es generalmente asintomático, sin embargo, en este caso la lesión afecta el habla, la masticación y autoestima del niño. Conclusión: Es competencia del odontopediatra tratar oportunamente y evitar secuelas como las encontradas en este reporte.


Subject(s)
Surgery, Oral , Case Reports , Dental Care , Mucocele
14.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 47-56, 2022. tab, graf, mapas
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380550

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Para orientar esse planejamento objetivou-se avaliar a cobertura e caracterizar o perfil de assistência odontológica na Atenção Primária (AP) da XIV Diretoria Regional de Saúde do Estado de São Paulo (XIV DRS). Métodos: Utilizou-se dados secundários de acesso público do Sistema de Informação em Saúde para a Atenção Básica (SISAB), do sistema e-Gestor do Ministério da Saúde e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Foram analisados dados entre 2015-19 dos 20 municípios da XIV DRS quanto à população, cobertura populacional de saúde bucal na AP, indicador de primeira consulta, tipo e quantidade de procedimentos odontológicos realizados e indicador de razão de exodontias em relação aos procedimentos odontológicos individuais. Os mapas evolutivos foram produzidos pela ferramenta Qlik Sense®. As análises descritivas e exploratórias foram realizadas por médias, desvios padrão e quartis, e comparações entre os anos foram realizadas pelos testes não paramétricos de Friedman e Nemenyi. As análises foram realizadas no programa R, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados:Não houve variação significativa da cobertura. Houve aumento no número de procedimentos odontológicos e preventivos realizados e diminuição da proporção de exodontias com relação aos procedimentos individuais. Observou-se aumento no indicador de primeira consulta, estabilizando a partir de 2017. Existe grande variabilidade entre os municípios quanto à cobertura e indicadores de acesso. Conclusão: A XIV DRS apresentou resultados ainda distantes dos preconizados pela Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal, não sendo suficientes para uma mudança no perfil de assistência odontológica da região, pautado na prevenção e promoção da saúde.


Aim: To guide this planning, the aim was to assess the coverage and characterize the profile of dental care in Primary Care of the XIV Regional Board of Health of the State of São Paulo (XIV DRS). Methods: Accessible data were collected publicly from the Health Information System for Primary Care, from the e-Gestor Ministry of Health's System and from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). From the period of 2015 to 2019, data from the 20 municipalities of the XIV DRS were analyzed regarding: population, population coverage of oral health in primary care, indicator of first dental appointment, type and number of dental procedures performed, and indicator of tooth extraction in relation to total number of individual dental procedures. The Qlik Sense® tool produced the evolutionary maps. Descriptive and exploratory analyses were performed by means, standard deviations, and quartiles, and the comparisons between years were performed by applying the nonparametric tests of Friedman and Nemenyi. Analyses were performed using the R program, considering a 5% significance level. Results: No significant variation in population coverage was observed. This study showed an increase in the number of dental and preventive procedures performed and a decrease in the proportion of tooth extractions in relation to individual procedures. An increase in the indicator of first dental appointment was identified, stabilizing from 2017 onwards. A large variability was found among municipalities in the region. Conclusion: The XIV DRS presented results that are quite different from those recommended by the National Oral Health Policy, but they were not sufficient enough to change the region's dental care profile, based on prevention and health promotion.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Oral Health , Dental Care , Universal Access to Health Care Services
15.
Brasília; Brasil. Ministério da Saúde; 2022.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1373168
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929145

ABSTRACT

Dental Caries is a kind of chronic oral disease that greatly threaten human being's health. Though dentists and researchers struggled for decades to combat this oral disease, the incidence and prevalence of dental caries remain quite high. Therefore, improving the disease management is a key issue for the whole population and life cycle management of dental caries. So clinical difficulty assessment system of caries prevention and management is established based on dental caries diagnosis and classification. Dentists should perform oral examination and establish dental records at each visit. When treatment plan is made on the base of caries risk assessment and carious lesion activity, we need to work out patient‑centered and personalized treatment planning to regain oral microecological balance, to control caries progression and to restore the structure and function of the carious teeth. And the follow-up visits are made based on personalized caries management. This expert consensus mainly discusses caries risk assessment, caries treatment difficulty assessment and dental caries treatment plan, which are the most important parts of caries management in the whole life cycle.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Dental Care , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Humans , Prevalence
17.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 441-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928255

ABSTRACT

The medical emergencies during oral diagnosis and treatment needs urgent treatment. If the emergent situations are not managed immediately and correctly, the consequences may be lethal to the patients. Due to the actuality that most of the dental clinicians are insufficient in medical first aid theoretically and practically, the Society of Stomatological Emergency, Chinese Stomatological Association organized some domestic famous dental and medical experts to write the present clinical diagnosis and treatment expert consensus on the basis of repeated discussion.The consensus aims to guide the dental clinician to take correct steps in the process of chair-side first aid in case of medical emergency, so as to reduce the risks, to prevent medical emergencies and to ensure the life safety and health of patients.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Dental Care , Emergencies , First Aid , Humans , Oral Medicine
18.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 145-148, dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369929

ABSTRACT

La pandemia de COVID-19 generó en la comunidad odon- tológica argentina un profundo desconcierto e incertidumbre frente a su práctica profesional, su economía y su cuidado. Mediante un cuestionario difundido a través de redes so- ciales en octubre de 2020, se formularon preguntas vinculadas al ejercicio profesional en ese contexto y otras en las que se incluyeron variables referidas a signos de ansiedad, depresión y resiliencia. Los odontólogos presentaron signos de estrés, ansiedad, tensión emocional, dificultad para conciliar el sueño, senti- mientos de culpa y sensación de soledad. Manifestaron casi en su totalidad que su esfuerzo y el cuidado de su persona frente a este nuevo paradigma no son valorados por el sistema de salud y que se evidencia en la escasa retribución que perciben por sus prestaciones. Las conclusiones tienen el mandato del cambio pues los datos arrojados por la encuesta y el sentir manifestado con vehemencia y desolación ponen sobre la mesa la necesidad de iniciar una nueva etapa (AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic created a profound state of be- wilderment and uncertainty among dentists regarding their professional practice, economy and personal care. An online survey posted on social media in October 2020 asked ques- tions about professional practice in this context and other variables such as signs of anxiety, depression and resilience. Dentists reported signs of stress, anxiety, emotional tension, difficulty to get to sleep, and feelings of guilt and loneliness. Most of them felt that the efforts they made to do their job and ensure their personal care in this new paradigm were not valued by the healthcare system, as reflected by the low compensation for their services. From the data obtained through the survey and the feelings of vehemence and grief expressed by respondents, it is concluded there is a need for action and change (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Care/standards , Infection Control, Dental , Dentists/psychology , COVID-19 , Argentina/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Health Maintenance Organizations , Surveys and Questionnaires , Resilience, Psychological , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control
19.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 50-55, set.-dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1291673

ABSTRACT

A pandemia gerada pelo SARS-CoV-2 gerou uma série de estudos sobre essa nova doença. Este cenário proporcionou mudanças na odontologia, modificando a forma de atendimento e a rotina do consultório. O conhecimento sobre as implicações desse vírus no sistema estomatognático pode fornecer informações valiosas no conhecimento sobre o mecanismo dessa doença na cavidade oral. Dessa forma, foi realizada uma revisão de literatura, a fim de discutir os efeitos do COVID-19 na cavidade oral. No entanto, há poucas evidências na literatura sobre a correlação da COVID-19 e manifestações orais. Pode-se concluir que o vírus possui reflexo na cavidade oral, apresentando diferentes alterações, tais como: úlceras, periodontite, alterações do paladar, infecções oportunistas, dentre outras. Ainda se faz necessária a realização de mais estudos, para compreensão dos mecanismos fisiopatológicos da doença. Além disso, o trabalho ressalta a importância do cirurgião-dentista no ambiente hospitalar, para diagnóstico e conduta no tratamento dessas manifestações na cavidade oral(AU)


The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has spawned several studies on this new disease. This scenario provided changes in Dentistry by modifying the form of care and the routine of the office. The knowledge about the implications of this virus in the stomatognathic system can provide valuable information in the knowledge about the mechanism of this disease in the oral cavity. Thus, a literature review was carried out to discuss the effects of COVID-19 on the oral cavity. However, there is little evidence in the literature about the correlation between COVID-19 and oral manifestations. It can be concluded that the virus is reflected in the oral cavity, such as ulcers, periodontitis, changes in taste, opportunistic infections, among others. Further studies are still needed to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease. Besides, the work highlights the importance of the Dental Surgeon in the hospital environment for diagnosis and management in the treatment of these manifestations in the oral cavity(AU)


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Dental Care , COVID-19 , Periodontitis , Ulcer , Opportunistic Infections , Stomatognathic System , Dentists , Mouth
20.
Rev. APS ; 24(Supl 1): 219-235, 2021-12-31.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367264

ABSTRACT

Quando focamos o acesso da população à saúde bucalna Atenção Primária à Saúde, ficamos diante de um grande desafio, que envolve garantir um serviço de qualidade, facilitado, integral e resolutivo. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a qualidade do acesso à saúde bucal na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Para isso, foi realizada, em outubro de 2020, uma revisão integrativa da literatura por meio de artigos publicados nos últimos cinco anos, disponíveis na Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde. A estratégia de busca retornou 118 artigos, desses 16 foram incluídos. As quatro categorias que emergiram da análise foram: Avaliação do acesso aos serviços odontológicos pela população e seus desafios; O impacto do acesso à saúde bucal na qualidade de vida das pessoas; Compreensão da relação do profissional com o acesso e O uso da agenda de atividades para a melhoria doacesso aos serviços de saúde bucal. Com essa análise, concluiu-se que ainda há muitos desafios a serem vencidos para que consigamos ter um acesso efetivo de qualidade à saúde bucal na APS.


When we talk about the population's access to oral health in primary health care, we are facing a major challenge, which involves ensuring a quality service that is facilitated, comprehensive, and resolute. The aim of this study was to analyze the quality of access to oral health in primary health care. For this purpose, an integrative literature review was carried out using the Virtual Health Library, through articles published in the last five years. The study was conducted in October 2020. The search strategy returned 118 articles and 16 were included. The four categories that emerged from the analysis were: Assessment of the population's access to dental services and their challenges; the impact of access to oral health on people's quality of life; understanding professionals' relationship with access; and the use of activities schedules to improve access to oral health services. It was concluded that there are still many challenges to be overcome so that we can have effective access to quality oral health in PHC.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Primary Health Care , Quality of Life , Dental Care , Equity in Access to Health Services , Dental Health Services , Effective Access to Health Services , Barriers to Access of Health Services
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