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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 16-20, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361986

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura e discutir os mais atuais conceitos sobre abordagem conservadora de lesões cariosas profundas, facilitando o manejo clínico. Para que essa abordagem conservadora seja implementada, é imprescindível que se conheça a composição estrutural e funcional do biofilme para, assim, entender a evolução da doença cárie que acomete a estrutura dentária. No entanto, quando se trata de um dente com lesão de cárie ativa com grande comprometimento de esmalte e dentina, procedimentos operatórios mais invasivos e restauradores podem ser necessários, mesmo que fundamentados na maior preservação possível de estrutura dentária. As evidências mais atuais encontradas na literatura recomendam a remoção seletiva do tecido cariado que consiste na dentina infectada, ou seja, clinicamente amolecida, e restauração definitiva na mesma sessão. Portanto, desde que o dente apresente vitalidade pulpar clinicamente confirmada, acredita-se que a preservação estratégica da dentina, poderá aumentar as chances de sucesso no tratamento, evitando possível exposição da polpa dentária. Adicionalmente, ao optar por práticas conservadoras no contexto da Odontologia de mínima intervenção, resultará em um significativo aumento na longevidade das restaurações sempre associando promoção de saúde ao paciente(AU)


This paper aims to conduct a literature review and discuss the most current concepts on conservative approach to deep carious lesions in permanent posterior teeth, facilitating clinical management. For this conservative approach to be implemented, it is essential to know the structural and functional composition of the biofilm in order to understand the evolution of the caries disease that affects the dental structure. However, when it comes to a tooth with an active caries lesion with major enamel and dentin compromise, more invasive and restorative surgical procedures may be necessary, even if based on the greatest possible preservation of the dental structure. The most current findings in the literature recommend the selective removal of carious tissue consisting of infected dentin, that is, clinically softened, and definitive restoration in the same session. Therefore, as long as the tooth has clinically confirmed pulp vitality, it is believed that the strategic preservation of dentin may increase the chances of successful treatment, avoiding possible exposure of the dental pulp. Additionally, when opting for conservative practices in the context of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, it will result in a significant increase in the longevity of restorations, always associating health promotion to the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Enamel , Dental Plaque , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin
2.
Rev. ADM ; 79(4): 204-208, jul.-ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395675

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la caries es una enfermedad compleja que afecta a cualquier edad. La prevalencia es mayor en la primera dentición, sobre todo en población con baja percepción económica. El fluoruro diamino de plata (FDP) al 38% ha sido utilizado como una alter- nativa de tratamiento para esta enfermedad. Funciona como una solución remineralizante y cariostática. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto remineralizante del FDP al 38% en dentina afectada por lesiones de caries en molares temporales. Material y métodos: estudio clínico, epidemiológico, descriptivo, longitudinal y experimental. Se llevó a cabo en molares de primera dentición de niños de tres a cinco años de edad. Los niños seleccionados tenían molares con lesiones cariosas dentinarias, Pitts las denomina D3. No se incluyeron niños con dientes que presentaron patologías pulpares irreversibles. La aplicación del FDP al 38% la efectuó un operador entrenado para esta finalidad. Se utilizaron los criterios de Nyvad para determinar el grado de dureza de la dentina y con ello deducir su remineraliza- ción. Se observó la permanencia de la remineralización efectuada por un periodo de cinco meses. Resultado y conclusión: el FDP es un compuesto eficaz en 91% de los casos en un periodo de cinco meses o más (AU)


Introduction: dental caries is a complex disease that affects any age. The prevalence is higher in primary dentition, especially in a population with low economic perception. 38% silver diamine fluoride (FDP) has been used as an alternative treatment for this disease. It works as a remineralizing and cariostatic solution. Objective: to evaluate the remineralizing effect of 38% FDP on dentin affected by dental caries, in temporary molars. Material and methods: clinical, epidemiological, descriptive, longitudinal and experimental study. It was carried out in temporary molars of children between three and five years of age. The selected children presented molars with dental carious lesions, Pitts calls them D3. Children with teeth that presented irreversible pulp pathologies were not included. The application of the FDP to 38% was carried out by an operator trained for this purpose. The Nyvad criteria were used to determine the degree of hardness of the dentin and thereby deduce its remineralization. The permanence of the remineralization carried out was observed for a period of five months. Result and conclusion: the FDP is an effective compound in 91% of the cases, in a period of five months or more (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Silver Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Caries , Fluorides/therapeutic use , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dentin/drug effects , Diamines/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 20-27, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361506

ABSTRACT

Los sistemas cementantes han mejorado notablemente, los objetivos que persiguen los nuevos cementos es que la adhesión sea duradera y conseguir siempre que sea posible una interface cerrada con un sellado perfecto. Se han podido desarrollar nuevas técnicas y nuevos materiales de cementación que han ido perfeccionando la unión del material restaurador al diente. En el presente estudio se compara la fuerza de adhesión a dentina de cementos de autograbado y cementos de grabado total para comprobar los efectos positivos en el grabado de la dentina. Para el estudio se utilizaron dos cementos a base de resina (RelyX U200 Clicker 3M y RelyX Ultimate 3M). Se encapsularon 40 molares en acrílico en dos grupos de 20 muestras para la aplicación de dos sistemas cementantes de autograbado (grupo 1) y de grabado total (grupo 2), respectivamente, se desgastaron hasta descubrir la dentina; siguiendo las especificaciones del fabricante se colocó el cemento en cada grupo, y después se sometieron a pruebas de cizalla en una máquina de ensayo universal Instron. La medida expresada en megapascales (MPa) fue: grupo 1 = 7.5569 y grupo 2 = 12.6444. En este caso fueron analizados dos grupos, tomándose la primera significancia bilateral. Se realiza la prueba en t de Student, con 95% de intervalo de confianza en la diferencia, demostrando así que el cemento RelyX Ultimate 3M tiene mayor fuerza de adhesión que el cemento RelyX U200 Clicker 3M. Nuestra investigación fue factible y llegamos a nuestro propósito, en el cual comprobamos la mayor adhesión de cementos de grabado total, los cuales son sometidos a un previo tratamiento del diente (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Acid Etching, Dental , Cementation , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Shear Strength , Tensile Strength , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dentin/drug effects
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of a noval radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure glow discharge (RF-APGD) plasma jet on crosslinking of dentin collagen.@*METHODS@#(1) Twenty intact third molars were collected. The middle dentin discs were prepared for each tooth by low-speed water-cooled Isomet saw, and then immersed in 10% (mass fraction) H3PO4 solution for 16 h to obtain fully demine-ralized dentin collagen. The twenty dentin discs were then randomly divided into five groups. The control group was untreated while the four experimental groups were treated by plasma jet with gas temperature of 4 ℃ for different times (20 s, 30 s, 40 s, and 50 s). The structure and crosslinking degree of dentin collagen were characterized by attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The surface morphology of demineralized dentin was observed by scanning electron microscope, and the microstructure was observed by transmission electron microscope. (2) Fourty non-caries third molars were collected to prepare 5 g fine dentin powder, then completely demineralized with 10% H3PO4 solution. The control group was untreated, while the four experimental groups were treated by plasma jet for 20 s, 30 s, 40 s and 50 s. The crosslinking degree of each group was determined by ninhydrin colorimetric method. (3) Forty intact third molars were collected to obtain dentin strips. Only two central symmetrical dentin strips (nasty 80) were taken from each tooth and immersed in 10% H3PO4 solution for 16 h to obtain fully demineralized dentin collagen. Eighty dentine collagen fiber strips were randomly divided into five groups. The control group was untreated and the axial surfaces of dentin collagen fiber strips in the expe-rimental groups were treated with the plasma jet for 20 s, 30 s, 40 s and 50 s. The ultimate tensile strength of dentin was measured by universal mechanical machine.@*RESULTS@#(1) The surface morphology of demineralized dentin observed by scanning electron microscope showed that the network structure of collagen fibers on the surface of demineralized dentin treated with the plasma jet for 20 s, 30 s and 40 s could maintain the uncollapsed three-dimensional structure, and part of the microstructure was destroyed after plasma jet treated for 50 s. After being treated by plasma jet for 20 s, 30 s and 40 s, the three-dimensional structure was uncollapsed, and the typical periodic transverse pattern of natural type Ⅰ collagen fiber could be seen. The results of infrared spectra showed that the secondary conformation of dentin collagen fibers was the same as that of the control group after being treated with the plasma jet, and the intensity of amide band was significantly increased after being treated for 30 s and 40 s. (2) The results of ninhydrin crosslinking test showed that the crosslinking ratio of dentin collagen treated by plasma jet for 30 s and 40 s was the highest, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). (3) The results of dentin ultimate tensile strength showed that the control group was (1.67±0.24) MPa, and the plasma jet treated 20 s, 30 s, 40 s and 50 s groups were (4.21±0.15) MPa, (7.06±0.30) MPa, (7.32±0.27) MPa, and (6.87±0.17) MPa, which were significantly different from that of the control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The novel RF-APGD plasma jet treatment can promote the crosslinking degree of demineralized dentin collagen and improve their ultimate tensile strength.


Subject(s)
Collagen , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Tensile Strength
5.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 173-181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935845

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of hydroxyapatite (HA) based agents on the bonding properties of universal adhesive with different application modes, and to provide evidence for the use of adhesives after desensitization treatment. Methods: Sixty impacted third molars were extracted and selected (acquired from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University). Four third molars were used to prepare 1 mm thick dentin disks and treated with 1% citric acid to simulate sensitive tooth models. The dentin surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) after treating with no desensitization (control group), desensitized by HA based toothpaste Biorepair and Dontodent Sensitive respectively (desensitizing toothpaste A group and B group), or HA paste treatment (desensitizing paste group ) (n=2 per group). The remaining teeth were selected to expose the mid-coronal dentin and establish dentin sensitivity models. Then, the specimens were divided into 4 former groups and received corresponding treatment. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups, and intermediately strong universal adhesive (G-Premio Bond) was applied on the desensitized dentin by either etch-and-rinse mode or self-etch mode. Resin-dentin slice specimens (n=4 per subgroup), microtensile specimens (n=20 per subgroup) and slice specimens (n=6 per subgroup) were prepared. The microstructure and nanoleakage of the adhesive interfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The microtensile strength (bond strength) and fracture mode were tested and recorded. The water permeability of the adhesive interface was observed by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). Results: SEM showed that desensitizing toothpaste and desensitizing paste could partially or entirely occlude most of the dentin tubules. For the etch-and-rinse mode, the bond strength of specimens treated with toothpaste A [(40.98±4.60) MPa], toothpaste B [(40.89±4.64) MPa] and HA paste [(41.48±3.65) MPa] was significantly higher than that of the control group [(38.58±4.28) MPa] (F=3.89,P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in bond strength among the 4 subgroups for self-etch modes (F=0.48,P>0.05). After desensitization, the bond strength of the control group and desensitizing groups in the self-etch mode was significantly higher than that in the etch-and-rinse mode (P<0.05). The overall fracture modes were mixed failure and interfacial failure in the control group and desensitizing groups. SEM showed speckled silver-stained particles deposited along the bottom of the hybrid layer on the bond interface of etch-and-rinse mode, and there were few silver-stained particles deposited on the bond interface of self-etch mode. LSCM showed continuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of etch-and-rinse mode subgroups and discontinuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of self-etch mode subgroups. Conclusions: HA based desensitizers have no adverse effect on the bond strength of intermediately strong universal adhesive and show good bonding performance accompanied with the self-etch mode.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Durapatite , Humans , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements , Tensile Strength
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929135

ABSTRACT

Therapeutic dentin regeneration remains difficult to achieve, and a majority of the attention has been given to anabolic strategies to promote dentinogenesis directly, whereas, the available literature is insufficient to understand the role of inflammation and inflammatory complement system on dentinogenesis. The aim of this study is to determine the role of complement C5a receptor (C5aR) in regulating dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) differentiation and in vivo dentin regeneration. Human DPSCs were subjected to odontogenic differentiation in osteogenic media treated with the C5aR agonist and C5aR antagonist. In vivo dentin formation was evaluated using the dentin injury/pulp-capping model of the C5a-deficient and wild-type mice. In vitro results demonstrate that C5aR inhibition caused a substantial reduction in odontogenic DPSCs differentiation markers such as DMP-1 and DSPP, while the C5aR activation increased these key odontogenic genes compared to control. A reparative dentin formation using the C5a-deficient mice shows that dentin regeneration is significantly reduced in the C5a-deficient mice. These data suggest a positive role of C5aR in the odontogenic DPSCs differentiation and tertiary/reparative dentin formation. This study addresses a novel regulatory pathway and a therapeutic approach for improving the efficiency of dentin regeneration in affected teeth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Complement C5a/metabolism , Dental Pulp/physiology , Dentin , Mice , Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a , Stem Cells
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Root canal therapy is the most effective and common method for pulpitis and periapical periodontitis. During the root canal preparation, chemical irrigation plays a key role. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the widely used irrigation fluid, may impact the bonding strength between dentin and restorative material meanwhile sterilization and dissolving. Therefore, it's important to explore the influence of NaOCl on the adhesion between dentin and restoration materials to ensure clinical efficacy. This study aims to explore the effect of NaOCl on dentine adhesion and evaluate the effect of dentine adhesion induced by sodium erythorbate (ERY), and to provide clinical guidance on dentin bonding after root canal therapy.@*METHODS@#Seventy freshly complete extracted human third molars aged 18-33 years old, without caries and restorations were selected. A diamond saw was used under running water to achieve dentine fragments which were divided into 10 groups with 14 fragments in each group: 2 control [deionized water (DW)±10% ERY] and 8 experimental groups (0.5%, 1%, 2.5%, and 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY). The dentine specimens in the control group (treated with DW) and the experimental groups (treated with 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl) were immersed for 20 min using corresponding solutions which were renewed every 5 min. The other 5 groups were immersed in 10% ERY for 5 min after an initial washing with DW for 1 min. Then, we selected 4 dentine fragments from all 14 fragments in each group and the numbers and diameters of opening dentinal tubules were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other 10 dentine fragments from each group were used to make adhesive samples by using self-etch adhesive wand composite resin. All the above adhesive samples were sectioned perpendicular to the bonded interface into 20 slabs with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm×1 mm using a diamond saw under the cooling water, and then the morphology of 10 slabs in each group's bonding interface was observed from aspects of formation of resin tags, depth of tags in dentin, and formation of hybrid layer under SEM. The other 10 slabs of each group's microtensile bond strength and failure modes were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules gradually increased with the rise of concentration of NaOCl solution (all P<0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules increased after using ERY, but without significant difference (all P>0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, the scores of formation of resin tags under SEM gradually increased with the increase of concentration of NaOCl solution, while the score in the 5.25% NaOCl group decreased significantly compared with the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (all P>0.05). The scores of length of the tags under SEM in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than the scores of DW, 0.5% NaOCl, and 1% NaOCl groups (all P<0.05), and it was also higher than the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group, but without significant difference (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (P>0.05). The scores of formation of hybrid layer under SEM in the 2.5% NaOCl and 5.25% NaOCl groups significantly decreased compared with the score of the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). Microtensile bond strength was greater in the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, but lower in the 5.25% NaOCl group than that in the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). The incidence of type "Adhesive" of failure modes in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than that in other groups (all P<0.05), while the incidence of type "Adhesive" in the 5.25% NaOCl+10% ERY group was lower than that in the 5.25% NaOCl group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The bonding strength to dentine increases with the increase of NaOCl concentration when the concentration lower than 2.5%; whereas it is decreased at a higher concentration (such as 5.25%). 10% ERY has a definite recovery effect on attenuated bonding strength to 5.25% NaOCl-treated dentine.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Ascorbic Acid , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Diamond/pharmacology , Humans , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Tensile Strength , Water/pharmacology , Young Adult
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210112, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386810

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in arresting dentin caries lesions when applied under different concentrations and times. Material and Methods: Forty-two bovine blocks were selected and fixed in 24-well plates. Each well received a mixed bacterial inoculum added to the culture medium with 5% sucrose. The plates were incubated in microaerophilia (7 days) for caries formation, confirmed by micro-CT (M1). SDF was applied over the carious lesions for different times and concentrations (n=6): SDF 30% - immediate removal, 1 minute and 3 minutes; SDF 38%, - immediate removal, 1 minute and 3 minutes. The group without treatment was the control. Then, the samples were again scanned by micro-CT (M2) and submitted to a second cariogenic challenge for 21 days. Then, a final scan was performed (M3). Results: Mean pH at the culture medium and lesion depth were compared using Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests. 38% SDF showed the lowest metabolic activity of the biofilm. All 38% groups and 30% 1 and 3 minutes did not show an increase in mean lesion depth comparing M3 with M1. However, only 30% 3 minutes and 38% 1 and 3 minutes showed a significant reduction of lesion depth. Conclusion: The minimum application time of 30% SDF to arrest dentin caries lesion was 1 minute, while 38% SDF arrested with application and immediate removal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Remineralization , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dentin , Diamines/chemistry , Fluorides/chemistry , Silver/therapeutic use , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biofilms , X-Ray Microtomography/instrumentation
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352726

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of immediate dentin sealing (IDS) and mechanical methods for removing the temporary cement on the bond strength between dentin and resin cements. Material and Methods: Bovine incisors were ground until dentin exposure and divided according to two factors: "dentin surface treatment"' - cleaning with manual dental excavator (DE), with Robinson bristle brush and pumice paste (PP) or IDS application with Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB+PP) or Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) plus cleaning with PP; and "resin cement" - Self-adhesive (RelyX U200) or conventional cement with self-etching adhesive (Multilink Automix). Simulating provisional restoration, acrylic resin plates were cemented onto the dentin surface (with or without IDS) with a non-eugenol temporary cement, and stored in distilled water (37 ºC; 7 days). The acrylic plates were removed, the dentin surface was cleaned (PP or DE), and starch tubes were positioned on the dentin where the resin cements were applied. After 24 h, the specimens were submitted to a microshear test (wire-loop method). Results: Two-way analysis of variance showed statistically significant influence of dentine surface treatments (p< 0.001) and resin cement (p= 0.001) in the bond strength values. The IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7.24 MPa) and IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6.40 MPa) groups presented higher values when compared to cleaning with DE (DE/U200= 4.60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1.45 MPa) and PP (PP/U200= 3.74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3.14 MPa). Statistical difference was also found between the cements when dental excavator treatment was used (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). The IDS/SBU+PP protocol presented a higher percentage of cohesive failures. The micrographs showed differences in dentin surface characteristics among the groups. Conclusion: Immediate dentin sealing increased the bond strength of the resin cements to dentin compared to mechanical cleaning only, regardless the resin cement. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do selamento dentinário imediato (IDS) e dos métodos mecânicos de remoção do cimento provisório na resistência de união entre dentina e cimentos resinosos. Materiais e Métodos: Incisivos bovinos foram desgastados até a exposição da dentina e divididos de acordo com dois fatores: "tratamento da superfície dentinária" - limpeza com cureta dentária manual (DE), com escova de cerdas Robinson e pasta de pedra-pomes (PP) ou aplicação de IDS com Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB +PP) ou Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) mais limpeza com PP; e "cimento resinoso" - autoadesivo (RelyX U200) ou cimento convencional com adesivo autocondicionante (Multilink Automix). Simulando a restauração provisória, placas de resina acrílica foram cimentadas na superfície dentinária (com ou sem IDS) com um cimento provisório sem eugenol e armazenadas em água destilada (37 ºC; 7 dias). As placas de acrílico foram removidas, a superfície dentinária foi limpa (PP ou DE) e tubos de amido foram posicionados na dentina onde os cimentos resinosos foram aplicados. Após 24 h, os corpos-de-prova foram submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento (método wire-loop). Resultados: A análise de variância de dois fatores mostrou influência estatisticamente significativa dos tratamentos de superfície dentinária (p< 0,001) e cimento resinoso (p= 0,001) nos valores de resistência de união. Os grupos IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7,24 MPa) e IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6,40 MPa) apresentaram valores maiores quando comparados à limpeza com DE (DE/U200= 4,60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1,45 MPa) e PP (PP/U200= 3,74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3,14 MPa). Uma diferença estatística também foi encontrada entre os cimentos quando o tratamento com cureta dentária foi usado (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). O protocolo IDS/SBU+PP apresentou maior percentual de falhas coesivas. As micrografias mostraram diferenças nas características da superfície dentinária entre os grupos. Conclusão: O selamento dentinário imediato aumentou a resistência de união dos cimentos resinosos à dentina em comparação com a limpeza mecânica apenas, independentemente do cimento resinoso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Cattle , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363628

ABSTRACT

Objective: The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of diode laser irradiation (980 nm) and warm air drying (50°C) on shear bond strength between Lithium di-silicate (IPS e.max; Ivoclar) and human dentin using both (Etch & Rinse) adhesive, Adper™ Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) and (Self-etch) adhesive, Single Bond UniversalTM(3M ESPE) before adhesive polymerization. Material and Methods: 54 sound lower molars were sectioned to obtain flat dentinal surfaces. Specimens were divided into 2 equal groups (n=27): Group 1 (ER) and Group 2 (SE) according to bonding approach. Each subgroup was subdivided according to dentin surface treatment into 3 equal subgroups (n=9): Control (Co), Diode laser irradiation (L) and Warm air drying (W). All specimens were adhesively cemented to IPS e.max® CAD discs using RelyX™ Ultimate Clicker™(3M ESPE) resin cement. Samples were then subjected to pre-loading in a thermodynamic manner. All samples were tested for shear bond strength using computer-controlled material testing machine. Data analysis was performed using two-way (ANOVA) (p< 0.05) followed by pair-wise Tukey's post-hoc tests. Results: In (SE) group, the subgroup (W) had the highest shear bond strength values followed by (Co) subgroup and the least was (L) subgroup with statistically significant difference. As for (ER) group, the subgroup (W) had the highest shear bond strength values followed by (Co) subgroup and the least was (L) subgroup with no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Warm air drying for (SE) bonding approach increased shear bond strength of Lithium di-silicate to human dentin and can be introduced as a new effective protocol.(AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo do estudo atual é avaliar o efeito da radiação do laser de diodo (980nm) e secagem de ar quente (50°C) na resistência ao cisalhamento entre dissilicati de Lítio (IPS e.max; Ivoclar) e a dentina humana usando ambos modelos de adesivos (condicionamento total) Adper™ Single Bond e (auto-condicionante) Single Bond Universal™ (3M ESPE), Single Bond UniversalTM (3M ESPE) antes da fotopolimerização. Material e Métodos: 54 segundos molares inferiores foram selecionados para obter superfícies dentinárias planas. Os espécimes foram divididos em 2 grupos iguais (n=27): grupo 1 (ER) e grupo 2 (SE) de acordo com protocolo de adesividade. Cada grupo foi subdividido de acordo com o tratamento de superfície dentro de 3 subgrupos iguais (n=9): Controle (co), irradiação com laser de diodo (L) e secagem com ar quente (W). Todos os espécimes foram adesivamente cimentados a discos de IPS emax CAD usando RelyX Ultimate Clicker (3M ESPE) cimento resinoso. As amostras foram então submetidas a pré-carregamento de forma termodinâmica. Todas as amostras foram testadas para resistência a cisalhamento usando máquina de teste de materiais controlados por computador. A análise de dados foi realizada usando ANOVA dois fatores (p<0.05) seguindo por testes de Tukey pareado como test post-hoc. Resultados: No grupo (SE), o subgrupo (W) apresentou maiores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento seguindo o subgrupo (Co) é o menor foi o subgrupo (L) com diferença estatisticamente significativa. Já para o grupo (Er), o subgrupo (W) apresentou os maiores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento seguido do grupo (Co) e o menor foi o subgrupo (L) sem diferença estatisticamente significante. Conclusão: a secagem com ar quente para a abordagem de adesividade (Se) aumentou a resistência ao cisalhamento do dissilicato de lítio à dentina humana e poderia ser introduzido como um novo e eficaz protocolo(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Shear Strength , Dentin , Lasers, Solid-State
11.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367388

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of STMP as biomimetic analog of dentin matrix on the dentin bond strength submitted to artificial cariogenic challenge over time. Material and Methods: The total number of teeth used in the experiment was 60 teeth, which were divided into 6 groups (n = 10). Of these total amount, 10 teeth were not submitted to the artificial cariogenic challenge (ACC), serving as control group (Sound Dentin - SD) while the other 50 were submitted to an ACC (7d/37ºC), being treated with treatment solutions according to each group: SD- deionized water/sound dentin, CD- deionized water/ artificial caries dentin, GIII- STMP, GIV- STMP + Ca(OH)2, GV- STMP + NaF, and GVI- NaF. After treatments (24h), the specimens were restored (Adper Single Bond Universal + Filtek Z250), to obtain resin­dentin sticks with a cross sectional area of 0.8mm2, approximately. Two-third of these sticks were stored in artificial saliva (37°C) for analyzes after 6 and 12 months. The 1/3 remains were subjected to µTBS test (baseline). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (p<0.05). Results: In general, the highest µTBS values were obtained in sound condition (SD), while the artificial caries condition (CD) determined minimum values. Groups treated with NaF (with or without STMP- GV and GVI) were not able to improve adhesion over time. Only the use of STMP + Ca(OH)2(GIV) improved the µTBS compared to the others caries-challenged dentin after 1 year. The adhesive failure pattern was predominant in all time. Conclusion: The use of the STMP associated with Ca(OH)2 seems to be a viable therapeutic strategy conciliating the biomimetizing capacity to the adhesive process satisfactorily even its performance is not superior to initial condition (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do STMP como análogo biomimético da matriz dentinária na resistência de união à dentina submetida a desafio cariogênico artificial ao longo do tempo. Material e Métodos:foram utilizados um total de 60 dentes neste experimento, os quais foram divididos em 6 grupos (n = 10). Desse total, 10 dentes não foram submetidos ao desafio cariogênico artificial (DCA), servindo como grupo controle (Dentina Hígida - DH) enquanto os outros 50 foram submetidos ao DCA (7d / 37ºC), sendo tratados com soluções de tratamento específicas para cada grupo: DH- água deionizada / dentina hígida, DC- água deionizada / dentina submetida ao DCA, GIII- STMP, GIV- STMP + Ca(OH)2, GV- STMP + NaF e GVI- NaF. Após os tratamentos (24h), os corpos-de-prova foram restaurados (Adper Single Bond Universal + Filtek Z250), para obtenção de palitos de resina-dentina com área transversal de aproximadamente 0,8mm2. Dois terços desses palitos foram armazenados em saliva artificial (37°C) para análises após 6 e 12 meses. Os outros 1/3 foram submetidos ao teste µTBS (baseline). Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA a dois fatores e testes de Tukey (p <0,05). Resultados:Em geral, os maiores valores de µTBS foram obtidos em condição hígidas (DH), enquanto a condição subtmetidas ao DCA determinou os menores valores. Os grupos tratados com NaF (com ou sem STMP associado -GV e GVI) não foram capazes de melhorar a resistência de união, ao longo do tempo. Somente o uso de STMP + Ca (OH)2(GIV) melhorou o µTBS em comparação com as outras condições desafiadas por cárie após 1 ano. O padrão de falha adesiva foi predominante em todos os tempos. Conclusão: O uso do STMP associado ao Ca (OH)2 parece ser uma estratégia terapêutica viável conciliando a capacidade biomimetizante ao processo adesivo de forma satisfatória mesmo que seu desempenho não seja superior à condição inicial.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Protease Inhibitors , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367395

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the influence of calcium lactate and sodium fluoride mouthwashes on enamel microhardness and dentin permeability during in-office bleaching. Material and Methods: For the microhardness evaluation, enamel blocks were randomly submitted to different treatments associated with in-office bleaching agent using 40% hydrogen peroxide (Opalescence Boost PF 40%/ Ultradent; 3 sessions x 40-minute each) (n = 10): 1) Control: application of bleaching agent; 2) Calcium lactate: 1-minute immersion before bleaching treatment; 3) Sodium fluoride: immersion for 1 minute before bleaching treatment; 4) Calcium lactate + sodium fluoride: 1 minute immersion in calcium lactate solution, followed by 1 minute immersion in sodium fluoride before bleaching treatment. Dentin discs received the same treatment protocols (n = 10) to evaluate permeability. Knoop microhardness and dentin permeability assessments were performed twice (at baseline and 48 hours after the end of bleaching treatment). Results: The generalized linear model considering the design of repeated measures over time showed that there was no significant difference between treatments (p = 0.9577) and between assessments (p = 0.3267) regarding Knoop microhardness. Kruskal Wallis and Dunn tests showed that calcium lactate immersion before bleaching treatment provided higher dentin permeability than other groups (p = 0.0009). Conclusion: The use of sodium fluoride solution and calcium lactate in association with in-office bleaching treatment did not influence the microhardness of tooth enamel, although calcium lactate may increase dentin permeability. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou a influência dos enxaguatórios bucais com lactato de cálcio e fluoreto de sódio na microdureza do esmalte e na permeabilidade da dentina durante o clareamento em consultório. Material e Métodos: Para avaliação da microdureza, blocos de esmalte foram submetidos aleatoriamente a diferentes tratamentos associados a agente clareador em consultório com peróxido de hidrogênio 40% (Opalescence Boost PF 40% / Ultradent; 3 sessões x 40 minutos cada) (n = 10): 1) Controle: aplicação de agente clareador; 2) Lactato de cálcio: imersão de 1 minuto antes do tratamento clareador; 3) Fluoreto de sódio: imersão por 1 minuto antes do tratamento clareador; 4) Lactato de cálcio + fluoreto de sódio: 1 minuto de imersão em solução de lactato de cálcio, seguido de 1 minuto de imersão em fluoreto de sódio antes do tratamento clareador. Os discos de dentina receberam os mesmos protocolos de tratamento (n = 10) para avaliar a permeabilidade. As avaliações da microdureza Knoop e da permeabilidade dentinária foram realizadas duas vezes (no início do estudo e 48 horas após o término do tratamento clareador). Resultados: O modelo linear generalizado considerando o delineamento de medidas repetidas ao longo do tempo mostrou que não houve diferença significativa entre os tratamentos (p = 0,9577) e entre as avaliações (p = 0,3267) em relação à microdureza Knoop. Os testes de Kruskal Wallis e Dunn mostraram que a imersão de lactato de cálcio antes do tratamento clareador proporcionou maior permeabilidade dentinária do que os outros grupos (p = 0,0009). Conclusão: O uso de fluoreto de sódio e lactato de cálcio associado ao clareamento em consultório não influenciou a microdureza do esmalte dentário, embora o lactato de cálcio possa aumentar a permeabilidade dentinária (AU)


Subject(s)
Sodium Fluoride , Tooth Bleaching , Calcarea Lactica , Dentin , Hardness Tests
13.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 66(1): 48-51, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380370

ABSTRACT

Los dientes animales de las diferentes especies (hu- mano, equino, cerdo, etc.) están constituidos histológi- camente por cuatro tejidos fundamentales. Ellos son: esmalte, dentina, cemento y pulpa dental. Su compo- sición, estructura, morfología y tamaño son disímiles para cada género. Según numerosas investigaciones, los dientes de bovino serían los de elección por ser de fácil obtención y por tener muy pocas, o ninguna, diferencias tanto a nivel macro como microscópico con respecto a los dientes humanos. El objetivo de la presente revisión es aportar información actualizada acerca de las características histológicas de los tejidos dentarios bovinos y profundizar el conocimiento de las similitudes y diferencias de los dientes bovinos y humanos dando soporte a otros estudios compa- rativos y promoviendo la utilización de las piezas dentarias bovinas en trabajos de investigación en odontología (AU)


The animal teeth of the different species (human, equine, pig, etc.) are histologically constituted by four fundamental tissues: enamel, dentin, cement and dental pulp. Their composition, structure, morphology and size are dissimilar for each gender. According to numerous investigations, bovine teeth would be the ones of choice because they are easy to obtain and have very few or no differences, both at the macro and microscopic levels, with respect to human teeth. The objective of this review is to provide updated information about the histological characteristics of bovine dental tissues and deepen the knowledge of the similarities and differences between bovine and human teeth, supporting other comparative studies and promoting the use of bovine dental pieces in research work in dentistry (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Cattle , Dental Research , Dental Cementum/anatomy & histology , Dental Enamel/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp/anatomy & histology , Dentin/anatomy & histology
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1373090

ABSTRACT

Objective: This in vitro study evaluated the effect of neolignan-containing solutions on dentin biomodification previously applied to the bonding procedure in adhesive restorations. Material and Methods: Neolignans, dehydrodieugenol B­CP1 and dehydrodieugenol B methyl ether­CP2, were isolated from Nectandra leucanthaand two aqueous solutions containing 0.13% neolignans, 0.2% propylene glycol and 3.0% ethanol were prepared. Bovine teeth were ground flat to obtain 2-mm thick specimens which received resin composite restorations (N=10). The neolignan solutions were applied before the bonding procedure (60 s). Experimental groups were: control, untreated group, 0.12% chlorhexidine gel, 0.13% CP1 solution, and 0.13% CP2 solution. A push-out bond strength test was conducted (0.5 mm/min). Bovine tooth sections (0.5×1.7×7.0 mm) were also obtained to assess the modulus of elasticity and mass change after treatment (N=15). A three-point bending test evaluated the elastic modulus of fully demineralized dentine beams after immersion in the solutions. The data were statistically analyzed (α = 0.05). Results: The bond strength of the restorations to dentin was significantly improved by the treatment with neolignan-containing solutions, irrespective of the evaluation time (p<0.05). After 6 months, a significant reduction in the bond strength was observed in the groups treated with the solutions (p>0.05), but the means were significantly higher than the control groups (p<0.05). The elastic modulus of demineralized dentin was significantly improved after the treatment with the solutions (p<0.05). All groups lost mass weight. Conclusion: The solutions improved the in vitro longevity of bonded restorations, possibly due to the dentin biomodification effect of the neolignans.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo in vitro avaliou o efeito de soluções contendo neolignanas na biomodificação da dentina aplicadas previamente à restaurações adesivas. Material e Métodos: Neolignanas, desidrodieugenol B­CP1 e éter metílico de desidrodieugenol B-CP2, foram isolados da espécie Nectandra leucantha e duas soluções aquosas contendo 0,13% de neolignanos, 0,2% de propilenoglicol e 3,0% de etanol foram preparadas. Dentes bovinos foram lixados para obter espécimes de 2 mm de espessura e preparos cavitários restaurados com resina composta (N=10). As soluções foram aplicadas em dentina antes do procedimento adesivo (60 s). Os grupos experimentais foram: controle, grupo não tratado, gel de clorexidina 0,12%, solução de CP1 a 0,13% e solução de CP2 a 0,13%. Foi realizado o teste de resistência de união push-out (0,5 mm/min). O módulo de elasticidade e a alteração de massa após tratamento da dentina (0,5×1,7×7,0 mm) foram também avaliados em teste de flexão de três pontos (N=15). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente (α=0,05). Resultados: A resistência de união das restaurações à dentina melhorou significativamente com o tratamento com as soluções, independentemente do tempo de avaliação (p<0,05). Após 6 meses, foi observada redução significativa da resistência de união nos grupos tratados com as soluções (p>0,05), com médias significativamente maiores do que nos grupos controle (p<0,05). O módulo de elasticidade da dentina desmineralizada aumentou significativamente após tratamento com as soluções (p<0,05). Todos os grupos perderam massa, independentemente do tratamento. Conclusão: As soluções melhoraram in vitroa longevidade das restaurações adesivas, possivelmente devido ao efeito biomodificador da dentina das neolignanas(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Plants, Medicinal , Lignans , Collagen Type I , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1373117

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the ability of different separating mediums to prevent adhesion between provisional restorations and hybridized dentin surfaces when used with the Immediate Dentin Sealing technique (IDS). Material and Methods: 120 extracted human teeth ­ 40 premolars and 80 molars ­ were selected to integrate acrylics samples separated into 4 different groups (n=10) according to the separating medium used for IDS protection. Forty samples were made of three teeth mounted in a self-cure acrylic resin block (Jet, Classic, São Paulo, Brazil) arranged side by side, simulating the positioning and proximal contacts present in the dental arch between the second premolar, first molar and second molar. A standard dental preparation for ultra-thin occlusal veneer was performed and complete occlusal dentin exposure was achieved by selective removal of the occlusal enamel with a high-speed conical round burr (Code: 1801.4138 FG, KG Sorensen, Medical Burs Ind. e Com. de Pontas e Brocas Cirúrgicas Ltda, São Paulo, Brazil). Dentin hybridization were performed on the control group and 3 different groups of separating mediums (n=10): PC­commercial provisional separating agent (Pro-V Coat, Bisco, Schaumburg, USA); GG­glycerin gel (K-Y Gel; Johnson & Johnson Industry and Commerce LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil); PJ­petroleum jelly (Rioquímica, São Paulo, Brazil). Provisionalization were manufactured on the prepared teeth. After 2 weeks, the tensile test was performed, and the analysis of the failure pattern was performed by 3D laser confocal microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The data were analyzed with the 1-way ANOVA and the Tukey test (α = 0.05). Results: Significantly lower tensile strength values were found for the commercial provisional separating agent (30.39 ± 10.01 N) compared to others (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The commercial provisional separating agent showed greater effectiveness on protecting hybridized dentin against the provisional restorations (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a capacidade de diferentes agentes isolantes em prevenir a adesão entre as restaurações provisórias e a superfícies de dentina hibridizadas quando usados com a técnica do Selamento Dentinário Imediato (IDS). Material e Métodos: 120 dentes humanos extraídos - 40 pré-molares e 80 molares - foram selecionados para integrar as amostras de acrílico divididas em 4 grupos diferentes (n = 10) de acordo com o meio de separação usado para proteção IDS. Foram confeccionadas 40 amostras de três dentes montados em um bloco de resina acrílica autopolimerizável (Jet, Classic, São Paulo, Brasil) dispostos lado a lado, simulando o posicionamento e os contatos proximais presentes na arcada dentária entre o segundo pré-molar, primeiro molar e segundo molar. Um preparo dentário padrão para laminado oclusal ultrafino foi realizado e a exposição completa da dentina oclusal foi obtida pela remoção seletiva do esmalte oclusal com uma broca cônica arredondada de alta rotação (Código: 1801.4138 FG, KG Sorensen, Medical Burs Ind. E Com. de Pontas e Brocas Cirúrgicas Ltda, São Paulo, Brasil). A hibridização da dentina foi realizada no grupo controle e em 3 grupos diferentes de agentes isolantes (n = 10): PC - agente de separação provisório comercial (Pro-V Coat, Bisco, Schaumburg, EUA); GG ­ gel de glicerina (K-Y Gel; Johnson & Johnson Industry and Commerce LTDA, São Paulo, Brasil); PJ ­ vaselina (Rioquímica, São Paulo, Brasil). As restaurações provisórias foram fabricadas nos dentes preparados. Após 2 semanas, foi realizado o teste de tração, e a análise do padrão de falha foi realizada por microscopia confocal a laser 3D e Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV). Os dados foram analisados com a ANOVA de 1 fator e o teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Resultados: Valores de resistência à tração significativamente menores foram encontrados para o agente separador provisório comercial (30,39 ± 10,01 N) em comparação com os demais (p < 0,05). Conclusão: O agente separador provisório comercial mostrou maior eficácia para a proteção da dentina hibridizada contra as restaurações provisórias (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Restoration, Temporary , Dentin
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20210058, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377170

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Endodontically treated teeth are usually affected by extensive structure loss requiring the use of intraradicular posts to provide retention and restoration. Objective: An in vitro assessment was performed on the bonding of glass fiber posts to the root dentin. Material and method: Ninety (n = 10) single bovine roots were used in a 3 x 3 x 3 factorial study with subdivided plots: post customization varying the presence and type of resin (without customization, conventional resin, and Bulk Fill resin), light-curing device (Valo, Radii-Cal, Rainbow), and root third (cervical, middle, and apical). Result: For the customization factor, Tukey's test (5%) showed the superiority of the Bulk Fill (8.16 MPa) and Z350 (7.40 MPa) groups compared to the control group (4.92 MPa), without differing from each other. All light-curing devices differed, showing the superiority of Valo (9.36 MPa), Radii (6.96 MPa) as an intermediate, and the inferiority of Rainbow (4.17 MPa). The cervical root third (7.81 MPa) was superior, the apical third was inferior (5.80 MPa), and the middle third (6.88 MPa) was an intermediate without differing from the others. Conclusion: The customization of glass fiber posts increases the bond strength to the root dentin, regardless of the resin used. There was a compromise in the apical third and when using light-curing devices with lower light intensity.


Introdução: Dentes com extensa perda de estrutura podem comprometer a retenção das restaurações ao remanescente dental, onde pinos intraradiculares são indicados. Objetivo: Avaliou-se in vitro a união de pinos de fibra de vidro à dentina radicular em função de diferentes modos de reanatomização, fotopolimerizadores e regionalização radicular. Material e método: Noventa (n=10) raízes bovinas uniradiculares foram usadas num estudo fatorial 3 x 3 x 3 com parcelas subdivididas: Reanatomização do pino, variando a presença e tipo de resina (Sem reanatomização, Resina Convencional e Resina Bulkfill); Fotopolimerizador (Valo, Radii-cal, Rainbow); e Terço radicular (cervical, médio e apical). Resultado: O teste de Tukey (5%) evidenciou para o Fator Reanatomização superioridade dos grupos BulkFill (8.16MPa) e Z350 (7.40MPa) ao grupo Controle (4.92MPa), sem diferirem entre si. Todos os fotopolimerizadores diferiram entre si, com superioridade de Valo (9.36MPa), Radii (6.96MPa) intermediário, e inferioridade de Raiwbow (4.17MPa). O terço radicular cervical (7.81MPa) foi superior e o apical inferior (5.80MPa), com o terço médio (6.88MPa) intermediário e sem diferir dos demais. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a reanatomização de pinos de fibra de vidro aumenta a resistência de união à dentina radicular, independentemente da resina utilizada, havendo prejuízo no terço apical e quando são empregados fotopolimerizadores com menor intensidade luminosa.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Cattle , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements , Dentin , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Photoinitiators, Dental
17.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210445, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253016

ABSTRACT

Aim. To evaluate the bond durability of two universal adhesives; mild and ultra-mild in both etch-and-rinse and self-etch modes after simulated in-vitro degradation by long-term water storage or thermocycling. Methods. A total of 144 specimens were used in this study; 120 specimens (prepared from 30 teeth) for microshear bond strength testing and fracture mode assessment, and 24 specimens for scanning electron microscopic evaluation (prepared from 24 teeth). Specimens were prepared from 54 recently extracted caries free third molars and randomly divided into 12 groups, according to the adhesive treatment (All Bond or Scotchbond Universal), etching mode (etch-andrinse or self-etch) and aging method (thermocycling or water storage). Each tooth was sectioned mesio-distally into two halves exposing free dentin surface for bonding where dentin substrate 1 mm below the dentino-enamel junction was used. After adhesive application and composite build up, specimens were tested in shear mode after storing in distilled water at 37˚C for 24 hours or 1 year, or after being thermocycled between 5 and 55 °C for 10,000 cycles (n=10). Microshear bond strength (µSBS) was tested using a universal testing machine. Adhesive-dentin interface was examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM) (n=2). Data were analyzed using 3 way AN0VA and pairwise comparisons was performed using Bonferroni correction at significance level of α ≤0.05. Results. Statistical analysis revealed non-significant difference for etching mode in both adhesives (p=0.596). After aging, the bond strength was only reduced in Scotchbond Universal after one year of water storage in both modes (p<0.001). SEM evaluation revealed intact hybrid layer and longer resin tags for etch-and-rinse mode than selfetch mode of both adhesives. Conclusion. The bond strength of universal adhesives is not affected by the etching mode, however its durability was shown to be material dependent


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dentin
18.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210328, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253738

ABSTRACT

Aim: The in vitro study evaluated the effect of different concentrations of green tea extract solution (GT) on the bonding durability of etch-and-rinse adhesive system to caries dentin affected (CAD). Methods: Dentinal surfaces of human third molars were polished and submitted to a microbiological caries induction protocol for 14 days. After removal of the infected dentin layer, the samples were randomly divided into 4 groups (n= 10), according to the concentration of GT solution applied in CAD, after acid etching: 0.05%; 0.2%; 2% and NT (no treatment ­ control). After application of a etch-and-rinse adhesive system (Adper Single Bond 2, 3M ESPE), composite resin restorations were performed on the dentin. After 24 hours, the resin-dentin blocks were sectioned 1mm2 specimens, which were subjected to the microtensile test immediately or after 6 months of storage in water. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA for randomized blocks and Tukey test (α= 5%). Results: There was no effect of double interaction (p= 0.934). The application of 0.2% GT promoted a statistically significant increase in dentin bond strength values in comparison to the condition where GT was not used (p=0.012). There was a significant decrease of bond strength after 6 months of storage, regardless of dentin pretreatment (p = 0.007). The G test identified that there was no statistical difference regarding failure mode (p= 0.326). Conclusion: The concentration of 0.2% improved the bond strength of an etch-and-rinse adhesive system to caries affected dentin, however, none of dentin pretreatments could prevent the decrease in bond strength over time


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Camellia sinensis , Dental Caries , Dentin
19.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219342, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253927

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and the characteristics of the adhesive interface of Scotchbond Universal - SU ­ etch-and-rise mode (3M ESPE) and Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose - MP (3M ESPE) to dentin over time. Methods: Class I cavity preparations were performed in 60 human molars that were randomly divided according to the dentin bonding system (DBS) used (n=30): (1) Acid conditioning + SU and (2) Acid conditioning + MP. For bonding strength (BS) analysis, 30 teeth (n = 15) were sectioned into sticks and submitted to the microtensile test in a universal testing machine after 24 hours and 12 months. The adhesive interface of the others 30 teeth was analyzed in a confocal microscope after 24 hours and 12 months. The data of µTBS were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). Results: SU presented the lowest DBS compared to MP (p=0.000). Time did not influenced DBS for both adhesive systems (p=0.177). Confocal microscopy analysis showed no cracks between both adhesive systems tested. Conclusion: The results indicate that MP - µTBS showed a better performance compared to SU in total-etch mode


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Microscopy, Confocal , Dentin , Methacrylates
20.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211194, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253930

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ethanol-conditioned dentin on endodontic sealer penetration into dentinal tubules by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Methods: Forty human maxillary anterior teeth were instrumented and divided into four groups (n = 10) according to the drying methods: 1) wet: vacuum only, 2) paper points: vacuum + absorbent paper points, (3) 70% ethanol: 70% ethanol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points, and (4) 100% ethanol: 100% ethanol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points. All root canals were filled with resin-based endodontic sealer. Four sections from each third (cervical, middle, and apical) were examined by CLSM. Root canal wall perimeter infiltrated by sealer, maximum depth of sealer penetration, percentage of penetrated area, and fluorescence intensity of rhodamine B were measured. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance and Tukey's tests (α = 0.05). Results: No statistical difference was found when percentage of root canal wall coverage infiltrated by sealer were compared. The groups in which ethanol solutions were used presented greater depth of sealer penetration, higher percentage of penetrated area, and higher fluorescence intensity of rhodamine B (p< 0.05) when compared with the wet and paper point groups. Overall, 100% ethanol produced better results than 70% ethanol, except for rhodamine B intensity (cervical third). In addition, the absorbent paper points drying method behaved better than did vacuum only group, except for rhodamine B intensity (apical third). Conclusion: Ethanol-conditioned dentin improved the penetration of resin-based sealer into dentinal tubules, especially at the concentration of 100%


Subject(s)
Humans , Wettability , Microscopy, Confocal , Resin Cements , Dentin , Ethanol , Endodontics
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