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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 34798, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553615

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A saúde bucal é um aspecto que não deve ser subestimado pelos pacientes, principalmente se considerar que as infecções odontogênicas podem levar a quadros graves, incluindo complicações cervicotorácicas, como Mediastinite e cervicofaciais, como Angina de Ludwig. Para tanto, é imprescindível que os profissionais da odontologia saibam reconhecer os principais sinais e sintomas dessas infecções, sua evolução, conhecer as complicações associadas e qual o manejo adequado. Objetivo: Assim, é objetivo deste trabalho, relatar, discutir um caso clínico de uma infecção odontogênica grave que acarretou em complicação cervical, com trajeto em direção ao mediastino, necessitando manejo multidisciplinar, e explorar os principais aspectos desse quadro e a conduta necessária, que exige, no mínimo, intervenção cirúrgica, antibioticoterapia e manutenção das vias aéreas. Relato de caso: O caso trata de um paciente com infecção odontogênica, iniciada como uma pericoronarite do dente 38 semieruptado, que evoluiu para a área cervical, demandando imediata drenagem nesta região pois encaminhava-se para uma mediastinite. Após a drenagem cervical e antibioticoterapia e, assim que houve redução do trismo, foi removido o dente 38, evoluindo para a cura.Conclusões:As infecções odontogênicas, principalmente as que acometem os espaços fasciais e cervicais profundos, são potencialmente graves e devem ter suas principais manifestações clínicas entre os domínios de conhecimento dos profissionais Bucomaxilofaciais, pois necessitam de diagnóstico preciso, manejo rápido e tratamento adequado e precoce, considerando a velocidade com que podem evoluir (AU).


Introduction: Oral healthis an aspect that should not be underestimated by patients, especially considering that dental infections can lead to serious symptoms, including cervicothoracic complications, such as Mediastinitis and cervicofacial complications, such as Ludwig's Angina. Therefore, it is essential that dental professionals know how to recognize the main signs and symptoms of these infections, their evolution, know the associated complications and appropriate management.Objective: Thus, this work aims to report and discuss a clinical case of a serious odontogenic infection that resulted in a cervical complication, with a path towards the mediastinum, requiring multidisciplinary management, and to explore the main aspects of this condition and the necessary conduct, which requires, at least, surgical intervention, antibiotic therapy and airway maintenance.Case report: The case concerns a patient with odontogenic infection, which began as pericoronitis of semi-erupted tooth 38, which progressed to the cervical area, requiring immediate drainage in this region as it was heading towards mediastinitis. After cervical drainage and antibiotic therapy and, as soon as the trismus was reduced, tooth 38 was removed, progressing towards healing.Conclusions: Odontogenic infections, especially those that affect the fascial and deep cervical spaces, are potentially serious and should have their main clinical manifestations among the domains of knowledge ofOral and Maxillofacial professionals, as they require accurate diagnosis, rapid management and adequate and early treatment, considering the speed at which they can evolve (AU).


Introducción: La salud bucal es un aspecto que los pacientes no deben subestimar, especialmente considerando que las infecciones odontógenas pueden derivar en afecciones graves, incluidas complicaciones cervicotorácicas, como la mediastinitis, y complicaciones cervicofaciales, como la angina de Ludwig.Para ello, es fundamental que los profesionales odontológicos sepan reconocer las principales señalesy síntomas de estas infecciones, su evolución, conocer las complicaciones asociadas y el manejo adecuado.Objetivo: Así,el objetivo de este trabajo es reportar y discutir un caso clínico de infección odontogénica grave que resultó en una complicación cervical, con trayecto hacia el mediastino, que requirió manejo multidisciplinario, y explorar los principales aspectos de esta condicióny las medidas necesarias, que requiere, como mínimo, intervención quirúrgica, terapia con antibióticos y mantenimiento de las vías respiratorias.Reporte de caso: El caso se trata de un paciente con una infección odontogénica, que comenzó como pericoronaritis del diente 38 semi-erupcionado, la cual progresó hacia la zona cervical, requiriendo drenaje inmediato en esta región ya que se encaminaba para una mediastinitis.Después del drenaje cervical y la terapia antibiótica y, una vez reducido el trismo, se extrajo el diente 38, evolucijjonando hacia la cura.Conclusiones: Las infecciones odontogénicas, especialmente aquellas que afectan los espacios fasciales y cervicales profundos, son potencialmente graves y deben tener sus principales manifestaciones clínicas entre los dominios del conocimiento de los profesionales Orales y Maxilofaciales, pues requieren de un diagnóstico certero, un manejo rápido y un tratamiento adecuado y temprano, considerando la velocidad a la que pueden evolucionar (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Drainage/instrumentation , Infection Control, Dental , Ludwig's Angina/pathology , Mediastinitis , Osteomyelitis , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/instrumentation , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
2.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 34(3): 27-28, sept. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552496

ABSTRACT

Las fistulas colo-cutáneas de origen diverticular son poco frecuentes, máxime en ausencia de cirugía o drenaje percutáneo previos. Presentamos una mujer de 90 años con una sigmoitis complicada con una colección abdominal perforada hacia el retroperitoneo y la región glútea. (AU)


Colocutaneous fistulas of diverticular origin are rare, especially in the absence of prior surgery or percutaneous drainage. We report the case of a 90-year-old woman with sigmoitis and a perforated abdominal collection in the retroperitoneum and gluteal region. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Intestinal Fistula/surgery , Intestinal Fistula/etiology , Diverticulitis, Colonic/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Drainage , Intestinal Fistula/diagnosis
3.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 335-345, sept. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514373

ABSTRACT

La sialoadenitis crónica esclerosante puede extenderse desde una sialoadenitis focal hasta una cirrosis completa de la glándula. Aparece entre los 40 y 70 años de edad y afecta principalmente a la glándula submandibular. Se asocia con sialolitos y agentes infecciosos inespecíficos. La causa más frecuente de sialolitiasis es la formación de cálculos macroscópicamente visibles en una glándula salival o en su conducto excretor, de los cuales el 80 % al 90 % provienen de la glándula submandibular. Esta predilección probablemente se deba a que su conducto excretor es más largo, más ancho y tiene un ángulo casi vertical contra la gravedad, contribuyendo así a la estasis salival. Además, la secreción semimucosa de la misma es más viscosa. El sitio principal de ubicación de los litos en el conducto submandibular es la región hiliar con un 57 %. La sintomatología típica de la sialolitiasis es el cólico con tumefacción de la glándula y los dolores posprandiales. Reportamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 55 años, quien ingresa al servicio de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial del Hospital General Balbuena de la Ciudad de México por presentar un aumento de volumen en la región submandibular izquierda de consistencia dura y dolorosa a la palpación de 15 días de evolución, acompañada de aumento de temperatura en la zona compatible con un absceso. Los estudios de imagen reportan un sialolito en la región hiliar del conducto submandibular de 2,0 x 1,7 x 1,0 cm. Debido a su localización y tamaño, el tratamiento ideal en estos casos es la escisión de la glándula junto con el lito previo drenaje del absceso e inicio de terapia antibiótica doble.


Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis can range from focal sialadenitis to complete cirrhosis of the gland. It appears between 40 and 70 years of age and mainly affects the submandibular gland. It is associated with sialoliths and nonspecific infectious agents. The most common cause of sialolithiasis is the formation of macroscopically visible stones in a salivary gland or its excretory duct, of which 80 % to 90 % come from the submandibular gland. This predilection isprobably due to the fact that their excretory duct is longer, wider and has an almost vertical angle against gravity, thus contributing to salivary stasis. In addition, the semimucous secretion of it is more viscous. The main location of the stones in the submandibular duct is the hilar region with 57 %. The typical symptomatology of sialolithiasis is colic with swelling of the gland and postprandial pain. We report the case of a 55-year-old male patient, who was admitted to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Service of the Hospital General Balbuena in Mexico City due to an increase in volumen in the left submandibular region that was hard and painful on palpation of 15 days of evolution, accompanied by increased temperature in the area compatible with an abscess. Imaging studies report a 2.0 x 1.7 x 1.0 cm sialolith in the submandibular duct hilar region. Due to its location and size, the ideal treatment in these cases is excision of the gland together with the stone previous drainage of the abscess and initiation of dual antibiotic therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sialadenitis/diagnostic imaging , Submandibular Gland/surgery , Tuberculosis, Oral/diagnostic imaging , Sialadenitis/drug therapy , Tuberculosis, Oral/drug therapy , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Clindamycin/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Drainage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 624-631, 20230906. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509696

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tejido mamario accesorio es una anomalía congénita que se presenta en el 2-6 % de la población femenina. En este tejido se pueden desarrollar las mismas patologías que en la mama normal. El manejo curativo es la resección quirúrgica. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los resultados de la técnica de resección vía abierta de tejido mamario accesorio con dren vs sin dren. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional tipo cohorte retrospectivo, teniendo en cuenta dos grupos de pacientes con tejido mamario accesorio: a uno de ellos se les realizó resección quirúrgica mediante técnica abierta con dren y al otro grupo sin dren. Además, se incluyó un brazo prospectivo donde se evaluó la calidad de vida y la satisfacción de las pacientes con el resultado posoperatorio mediante el uso de la herramienta Breast-Q. Resultados. Se recolectó la información de 82 pacientes, la mayoría mujeres; 22 se intervinieron con técnica con dren y 60 con técnica sin dren. 13,6 % de los pacientes presentaron complicaciones tempranas, siendo la infección de sitio operatorio la más frecuente (36,4 %). En general, las complicaciones fueron más comunes en el grupo con dren (40,9 % vs 3,4 %), con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p=0,000). La calidad de vida fue similar en ambos grupos. Conclusiones. Los pacientes a quienes se les realizó resección de mama supernumeraria y se dejó un sistema de drenaje en el lecho de disección presentaron más complicaciones posoperatorias que las pacientes a quienes no se les dejó dren


Introduction. Accessory breast tissue is a congenital anomaly that occurs in 2-6% of the female population. It can develop the same pathologies that in the normal breast. The curative management of this pathology is surgical resection. The objective of this study was to compare the results of the accessory breast tissue open resection technique with a drain vs without a drain. Methods. An observational retrospective cohort study was conducted considering two groups of patients with accessory breast tissue: one of them underwent surgical resection using an open technique with a drain and the other group without a drain. In addition, a prospective arm where the quality of life and satisfaction of the patients with the postoperative result was evaluated by the Breast-Q tool. Results. Eighty-two patients were included, most of them women; 22 were operated with open technique with drain and 60 without drain. 13.6% of patients presented early complications, with surgical site infection being the most frequent (36.4%) and, in general, complications were more common in the group with drain (40.9% vs 3.4%) with a statistically significant difference (p=0.000). Quality of life was similar in both groups.Conclusions. Patients who undergo supernumerary breast resection and leaving drainage in the dissection bed present more postoperative complications compared to those without drain


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Breast Diseases , Drainage , General Surgery , Breast , Choristoma
5.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236616, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1416550

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: mapear os cuidados de enfermagem empregados aos pacientes adultos com drenagem torácica internados em terapia intensiva. MÉTODO: scoping review a ser conduzida conforme o Joanna Briggs Institute, com a seguinte questão de pesquisa: "quais são os cuidados de enfermagem indicados aos pacientes adultos com drenagem torácica internados em terapia intensiva?". A busca será desenvolvida em cinco bases de dados: Pubmed, Scopus, Embase, BVS e Web of Science, e os achados serão geridos com o auxílio do software Rayyan. Serão incluídos estudos quantitativos e qualitativos, artigos de revisão, dissertações, teses, diretrizes clínicas e protocolos terapêuticos sobre a temática, incluindo a literatura cinzenta. Será descrito o número total de fontes de evidência encontradas e selecionadas. Através de uma narrativa, será detalhado o processo de decisão da inclusão dos estudos. Os principais achados deverão estar descritos em consonância com o objetivo e os resultados relacionados à questão de pesquisa.


OBJECTIVE: to map nursing care employed to adult patients with chest drainage admitted to intensive care. METHOD: scoping review to be conducted according to the Joanna Briggs Institute, with the following research question: "What are the nursing cares indicated to adult patients with chest drainage admitted to intensive care?". The search will be developed in five databases: Pubmed, Scopus, Embase, BVS and Web of Science, and the findings will be managed with the support of Rayyan software. Quantitative and qualitative studies, review articles, dissertations, theses, clinical guidelines and therapeutic protocols on the subject will be included, including gray literature. The total number of sources of evidence found and selected will be described. Through a narrative, the decision-making process of the inclusion of the studies will be detailed. The main findings must be described in line with the objective and the results related to the research question.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Drainage/nursing , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Pleural Cavity , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care
6.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 952023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515282

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La inflamación de la pleura desencadenada por bacterias y mediada por citocinas, aumenta la permeabilidad vascular y produce vasodilatación, lo cual genera desequilibrio entre la producción de líquido pleural y su capacidad de reabsorción por eficientes mecanismos fisiológicos. La condición anterior conduce al desarrollo de derrame pleural paraneumónico. Objetivo: Exponer la importancia de la correlación fisiopatológica y diagnóstica con los pilares fundamentales de actuación terapéutica en el derrame pleural paraneumónico. Métodos: Revisión en PubMed y Google Scholar de artículos publicados hasta abril de 2021 que abordaran el derrame pleural paraneumónico, su fisiopatología, elementos diagnósticos, tanto clínicos como resultados del estudio del líquido pleural, pruebas de imágenes, y estrategias terapéuticas. Análisis y síntesis de la información: El progreso de una infección pulmonar y la producción de una invasión de gérmenes al espacio pleural favorece la activación de mecanismos que conllevan al acúmulo de fluido, depósito de fibrina y formación de septos. Este proceso patológico se traduce en manifestaciones clínicas, cambios en los valores citoquímicos y resultados microbiológicos en el líquido pleural, que acompañados de signos radiológicos y ecográficos en el tórax, guían la aplicación oportuna de los pilares de tratamiento del derrame pleural paraneumónico. Conclusiones: Ante un derrame pleural paraneumónico, con tabiques o partículas en suspensión en la ecografía de tórax, hallazgo de fibrina, líquido turbio o pus en el proceder de colocación del drenaje de tórax, resulta necesario iniciar fibrinólisis intrapleural. Cuando el tratamiento con fibrinolíticos intrapleurales falla, la cirugía video-toracoscópica es el procedimiento quirúrgico de elección(AU)


Introduction: The inflammation of the pleura triggered by bacteria and mediated by cytokines, increases vascular permeability and produces vasodilation, which generates imbalance between the production of pleural fluid and its resorption capacity by efficient physiological mechanisms. The above condition leads to the development of parapneumonic pleural effusion. Objective: To expose the importance of the pathophysiological and diagnostic correlation with the fundamental pillars of therapeutic action in parapneumonic pleural effusion. Methods: Review in PubMed and Google Scholar of articles published until April 2021 that addressed parapneumonic pleural effusion, its pathophysiology, diagnostic elements, both clinical and results of the pleural fluid study, imaging tests, and therapeutic strategies. Analysis and synthesis of information: The progress of a lung infection and the production of an invasion of germs into the pleural space favors the activation of mechanisms that lead to the accumulation of fluid, fibrin deposition and formation of septa. This pathological process results in clinical manifestations, changes in cytochemical values and microbiological results in the pleural fluid, which accompanied by radiological and ultrasound signs in the chest, guide the timely application of the pillars of treatment of parapneumonic pleural effusion. Conclusions: In the event of a parapneumonic pleural effusion, with septums or particles in suspension on chest ultrasound, finding fibrin, turbid fluid or pus in the procedure of placement of the chest drain, it is necessary to initiate intrapleural fibrinolytic. When treatment with intrapleural fibrinolytics fails, video-thoracoscopic surgery is the surgical procedure of choice(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pleural Effusion/classification , Pleural Effusion/physiopathology , Pleural Effusion/drug therapy , Pleural Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Drainage/instrumentation , Anti-Bacterial Agents
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523941

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de esta presentación es dar a conocer el manejo de la miositis piógena del músculo obturador interno en un paciente pediátrico que fue tratado mediante un drenaje percutáneo guiado por ecografía. Se trata de un niño de 5 años de edad, con manifestaciones clínicas y valores de laboratorio de infección muscular profunda en el obturador interno. Se identificó específicamente con resonancia magnética, es un área de difícil acceso quirúrgico, por lo cual se realizó un tratamiento percutáneo guiado por ecografía que permitió drenar el contenido purulento de la zona afectada. La resonancia magnética hizo posible lograr un diagnóstico más acertado en los casos de infección piógena temprana y, a su vez, decidir la vía de abordaje más adecuada. En ocasiones, se puede optar por la guía ecográfica con la cual se evita el abordaje quirúrgico formal y así disminuyen las complicaciones de la herida y la mayor morbimortalidad. La adición de procedimientos percutáneos guiados por imágenes es una herramienta muy útil para tratar enfermedades infecciosas y una gran ayuda para el ortopedista. Nivel de Evidencia: V


The objective of this case report is to present the management of a case of pyogenic myositis of the obturator muscle in a pediatric patient using ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage. The patient is a 5-year-old pediatric patient with clinical and laboratory manifestations of deep muscular infection at the obturator level, an area of difficult surgical access, for which the least invasive treatment possible was used to drain purulent content from the affected area. The use of magnetic resonance imaging studies allows for a more accurate diagnosis in cases of early pyogenic infection, as well as determining the most effective approach to treatment. In some cases, ultrasound guidance can be used to avoid a formal surgical approach, reducing wound complications and morbidity and mortality. The addition of image-guided percutaneous procedures is a very useful tool for the treatment of infectious diseases and a great help to the orthopedist. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Drainage , Ultrasonography , Pyomyositis , Hip , Muscles
8.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 952023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515283

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los neumatoceles y las bulas pulmonares son lesiones que se observan en los niños casi siempre asociadas a neumonías infecciosas, aunque sus causas pueden ser diversas. La importancia clínica de estos procesos radica en el peligro de crecimiento progresivo, que puede comprometer las funciones respiratoria y cardiovascular. Objetivo: Describir las experiencias derivadas del proceso de diagnóstico por imágenes y del tratamiento invasivo de casos atendidos. Presentación de los casos: Desde finales de 2021 y durante un período de un año, se atendieron, en la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos del Hospital Pediátrico Universitario de Cienfuegos, cinco niños con neumonías extensas, que desarrollaron bulas de gran tamaño varios días después del tratamiento antimicrobiano adecuado. Estas necesitaron drenaje y aspiración percutáneos debido a su magnitud y a la presencia de síntomas cardiovasculares. Conclusiones: Las bulas que aparecieron como complicación de la neumonía en el niño pueden presentarse con una frecuencia no despreciable, y hay que mantenerse atentos a su evolución, porque, a diferencia de los neumatoceles, pueden crecer progresivamente y comprometer las funciones respiratoria y cardiovascular. El drenaje percutáneo y aspiración continua por cinco días resultó un método seguro y eficaz para tratar estos procesos(AU)


Introduction: Pneumoatoceles and pulmonary bullae are lesions that are observed in children almost always associated with infectious pneumonia, although their causes may be diverse. The clinical importance of these processes lies in the danger of progressive growth, which can compromise respiratory and cardiovascular functions. Objective: To describe the experiences derived from the imaging process and the invasive treatment of treated cases. Presentation of the cases: Since the end of 2021 and for a period of one year, five children with extensive pneumonia were treated in the pediatric intensive care unit of the University Pediatric Hospital of Cienfuegos, who developed large bullae several days after appropriate antimicrobial treatment. The bullae required percutaneous drainage and aspiration due to their magnitude and the presence of cardiovascular symptoms. Conclusions: The bulla that appeared as a complication of pneumonia in the child can occur with a not negligible frequency, and it is necessary to be attentive to their evolution, because, unlike pneumoatoceles, can grow progressively and compromise respiratory and cardiovascular functions. Percutaneous drainage and continuous aspiration for five days was a safe and effective method to treat these processes(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pleural Effusion/drug therapy , Pneumonia/complications , Pneumonia/diagnostic imaging , Asthenia/etiology , Tachycardia/complications , Residence Characteristics , Blister/etiology , Back Pain , Cough , Thoracentesis/methods , COVID-19 , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Drainage/instrumentation , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use , Anemia
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 795-801, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009933

ABSTRACT

Hidradenitis suppurative is a chronic, refractory and recurrent dermatological disease. The disease should be managed by targeted surgical intervention on the basis of medical treatment. Currently, the surgical treatment methods include local treatments like incision and drainage, unroofing, laser therapy, intense pulsed light therapy, photodynamic therapy, as well as complete lesion resection such as skin-tissue saving excision with electrosurgical peeling and extended excision. The clearance range, therapeutic effect, postoperative complications, and recurrence risk vary among the different treatment methods. Local treatments cause less damage, but have high recurrence rates, and are mainly for mild to moderate hidradenitis suppurative patients. Complete lesion resections have relatively low recurrence rates, but may bring more surgical injuries, and postoperative reconstructions are needed, which are mainly for moderate to severe hidradenitis suppurative patients. In this article, the surgical treatment principles and various surgical treatment methods of hidradenitis suppurative are reviewed, to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of this disease in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hidradenitis Suppurativa/complications , Hidradenitis/complications , Drainage , Postoperative Complications , Skin
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 833-838, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate efficacy between arthroscopic popliteal cyst drainage and arthroscopic popliteal cyst resection.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to June 2021, 54 patients with popliteal cyst (Rausching-Lindgren gradeⅠto Ⅲ) were treated with arthroscopic surgery. There were 24 males and 30 females. The age ranged from 44 to 72 years old, with a mean of (62.67±6.08) years old. The course of the disease ranged from 1 to 72 months, with a mean of(15±14) months. Twenty-four patients (group A) were underwent arthroscopic internal drainage of popliteal cyst. Thirty patients (group B) were underwent arthroscopic resection of popliteal cyst. Preoperative main symptoms included knee pain, swelling, walking pain, popliteal swelling, popliteal mass and so on. After 1, 3, 6 months and 1, 2 years of surgery, routine outpatient follow-up was conducted to observe and compare the surgical time, bleeding volume, preoperative and postoperative visual analog scale (VAS), knee Lysholm score, and complications between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed at one stage after operation. All 54 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 6 months to 2 years, with an average of (13.89±4.29) months. There was no intraoperative vascular or nerve injury. Operation time and intraoperative blood loss of the two groups:group A of (62.08±9.55) min and (8.00±1.69) ml, group B of (69.50±6.99) min and (8.70±2.00) ml. Popliteal pain, swelling, limitation of flexion and extension were significantly relieved after operation. VAS before and one month after operation between two groups:group A of 5.38±1.21 and 2.63±0.71, group B of 5.60±1.26 and 2.80±0.81. Lysholm scores of knee joint before and 6 months after operation:group A of 62.59±4.99 and 89.74±2.90, group B of 63.87±3.23 and 89.02±2.35. Knee joint function improved significantly in both groups. In group A, 4 cases had popliteal cyst at 3 months after operation, and 2 cases had small isolated cyst at 1 year after operation. There was no recurrence of cyst in group B.@*CONCLUSION@#The results between two arthroscopic treatments of popliteal cyst are satisfactory, and there is no significant difference in the amount of blood loss, safety, postoperative pain VAS score and knee function recovery. It is suggested that arthroscopic resection of the cyst wall should be performed when the technique is mature, especially for large cysts and septal cysts.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Popliteal Cyst/surgery , Drainage , Cysts , Knee Joint/surgery , Pain
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 70-73, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the development of a multifunctional and multipoint fixed support drainage device for the digestive tract, as well as the effect of its application on animal experimental models and patients.@*METHODS@#The digestive tract multifunctional and multipoint fixed support drainage device is designed according to the requirements of the various gastrointestinal surgery and interventional procedures. It has metal flaps and airbags to achieve multi point fixation. The cuffs and shears are used to achieve endoscopic removal. And through different tube diameters and lengths, surgeons can achieve different surgical purposes.@*RESULTS@#A multifunctional and multipoint fixed support drainage device for the digestive tract was successfully designed and developed. The application experiment of the winged pancreatico-intestinal supporting drainage tube on animal models and patients, showed lower drainage fluid amylase level, faster amylase recovery speed, and better perioperative safety.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The support drainage device has the characteristics of simple operation, firm fixation, and good controllability of removal. It is an ideal choice among support drainage tubes in gastrointestinal surgery and interventional operations.


Subject(s)
Drainage , Gastrointestinal Tract , Endoscopy
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 556-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985808

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis is one of the common surgical acute abdominal diseases. Since people first recognized acute pancreatitis in the middle of the nineteenth century, a diversified minimally invasive treatment model with standardization has been formed today. According to the main line of surgical intervention of acute pancreatitis treatment,this period can be roughly divided into five stages:exploration stage, conservative treatment stage, pancreatectomy stage, debridement and drainage of the pancreatic necrotic tissue stage, and minimally invasive treatment as the first choice led by the multidisciplinary team mode stage. Throughout history, the evolution and progress of surgical intervention strategies for acute pancreatitis cannot be separated from the progress of science and technology, the update of treatment concepts and the further understanding of the pathogenesis. This article will summarize the surgical characteristics of acute pancreatitis treatment at each stage to explain the development of surgical treatment of acute pancreatitis,to help investigate the development of surgical treatment of acute pancreatitis in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Treatment Outcome , Debridement , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/pathology , Drainage
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 168-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970201

ABSTRACT

Axillary arch is the most common type of axillary muscle fiber variation, with about 10.8% incidence in the Chinese population. Its natural forms are varied and fluid, with different starting points and terminations, and clinicians frequently lack recognition. Under commonly applicated sentinel lymph node biopsy, the axillary arch has been endowed with more clinical significance. The fabric of axillary arch will not only block lymphatic drainage in axilla and unclear anatomical level of axillary dissection, but also compress the axillary neurovascular bundle, causing upper limb venous thrombosis, lymphedema and nerve entrapment. The intumescent axillary arch may also show abnormal axillary bulge. In addition to finding axillary arch during cadaveric study and operation, several of imaging methods availably diagnose axillary arch preoperative, which can create new way for detection of axillary arch and extension of the surgical plan of sentinel lymph node biopsy. Although embryology and comparative anatomy have been used to explain the origin of the axillary arch, most of the ideas are still hypotheses and need further study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Axilla , Clinical Relevance , Asian People , Drainage , Lymph Node Excision
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 156-161, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970200

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the safety and efficacy of the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication in treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis empyema. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2020, 122 cases of tuberculous empyema treated by decortication in Department of Surgery, Wuhan Pulmonary Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, including 100 males and 22 females, aged(M(IQR)) 29.5(28.0) years (range: 13 to 70 years). According to the surgical approach and drug resistance, patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis who underwent uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication were included in group A (n=22), and those who underwent thoracotomy decortication were included in group B (n=28). Drug-sensitive patients who underwent uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication were included in group C (n=72). There was no statistical difference in the baseline data of the three groups (P>0.05). The operation, early postoperative recovery, and prognosis-related indicators were compared among three groups by Kruskal-Wallis test and χ2 test by Mann-Whitney U test and Bonferroni method between groups A and B, groups A and C. Results: The intraoperative blood loss of group A, group B, and group C was 200(475) ml, 300(200) ml, and 225(300) ml, respectively. There was no significant difference in intraoperative hemorrhage (H=2.74, P=0.254) and treatment outcome (χ2=4.76, P=0.575) among the three groups. Compared with group B, the operation time of group A (302.5(187.5) minutes vs. 200.0(60.0) minutes, U=171.0, P=0.007) and postoperative pulmonary reexpansion duration (4.5(3.0) months vs. 3.0 (2.2) months, U=146.5, P=0.032) were longer, and the postoperative drainage duration (9.5(7.8) days vs. 13.0(10.0) days, U=410.0, P=0.044), and the postoperative hospitalization time (12.0(7.8) days vs. 14.5(4.8) days, U=462.2, P=0.020) were shorter. There was no significant difference in complications between group A and group B (63.6%(14/22) vs. 71.4%(20/28), χ2=0.34, P=0.558). Compared with group C, the postoperative drainage duration of group A (9.5(7.8) days vs. 7.0(4.0) days, U=543.5, P=0.031), the postoperative hospitalization time (12.0(7.8) days vs. 9.0(4.0) days, U=533.0, P=0.031) and postoperative pulmonary reexpansion duration (4.5(3.0) months vs. 3.0(2.0) months, U=961.5, P=0.001) were longer. The operation time (302.5(187.5) minutes vs. 242.5(188.8) minutes, U=670.5, P=0.278), and complications (63.6%(14/22) vs. 40.3%(29/72), χ2=3.70, P=0.054) were not different between group A and group C. Conclusions: For drug-resistant tuberculous empyema, the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication can achieve the same good therapeutic effect as drug-sensitive tuberculous empyema, and it is as safe as thoracotomy. At the same time, it has the advantage of minimally invasive and can accelerate the early postoperative recovery of patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Empyema, Tuberculous/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Drainage , Blood Loss, Surgical , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 13-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970166

ABSTRACT

Infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN) is the main surgical indication of acute pancreatitis. Minimally invasive debridement has become the mainstream surgical strategy of IPN,and it is only preserved for IPN patients who are not response for adequate non-surgical treatment. Transluminal or retroperitoneal drainage is preferred,and appropriate debridement can be performed. At present,it is reported that video assisted transluminal,trans-abdominal and retroperitoneal approaches can effectively control IPN infection. However,in terms of reducing pancreatic leakage and other complications,surgical and endoscopic transgastric debridement may be the future direction in the treatment of IPN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Acute Disease , Debridement/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Drainage/methods , Intraabdominal Infections/complications , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 273-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969834

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the causes and management of long-term persistent pelvic presacral space infection. Methods: Clinical data of 10 patients with persistent presacral infection admitted to the Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2015 to October 2020 were collected. Different surgical approaches were used to treat the presacral infection according to the patients' initial surgical procedures. Results: Among the 10 patients, there were 2 cases of presacral recurrent infection due to rectal leak after radiotherapy for cervical cancer, 3 cases of presacral recurrent infection due to rectal leak after radiotherapy for rectal cancer Dixons, and 5 cases of presacral recurrent infection of sinus tract after adjuvant radiotherapy for rectal cancer Miles. Of the 5 patients with leaky bowel, 4 had complete resection of the ruptured nonfunctional bowel and complete debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision with a large tipped omentum filling the presacral space; 1 had continuous drainage of the anal canal and complete debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision. 5 post-Miles patients all had debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision combined with an abdominal incision. The nine patients with healed presacral infection recovered from surgery in 26 to 210 days, with a median time of 55 days. Conclusions: Anterior sacral infections in patients with leaky gut are caused by residual bowel secretion of intestinal fluid into the anterior sacral space, and in post-Miles patients by residual anterior sacral foreign bodies. An anterior sacral caudal transverse arc incision combined with an abdominal incision is an effective surgical approach for complete debridement of anterior sacral recalcitrant infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reinfection , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Drainage , Anal Canal/surgery , Pelvic Infection
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 45-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969741

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of the anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) suffered from perioperative pericardial tamponade during atrial fibrillation catheter ablation and uninterrupted dabigatran. Methods: A total of 20 patients with pericardial tamponade, who underwent AF catheter ablation with uninterrupted dabigatran in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to August 2021, were included in this retrospective analysis. The clinical characteristics of enrolled patients, information of catheter ablation procedures, pericardial tamponade management, perioperative complications, the timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of anticoagulation were analyzed. Results: All patients underwent pericardiocentesis and pericardial effusion drainage was successful in all patients. The average drainage volume was (427.8±527.4) ml. Seven cases were treated with idarucizumab, of which 1 patient received surgical repair. The average timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of anticoagulation in 19 patients without surgical repair was (1.4±0.7) and (0.8±0.4) days, respectively. No new bleeding, embolism and death were reported during hospitalization and within 30 days following hospital discharge. Time of removal of pericardial drainage catheter, restart of anticoagulation and hospital stay were similar between patients treated with idarucizumab or not. Conclusion: It is safe and reasonable to remove pericardial drainage catheter and restart anticoagulation as soon as possible during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation with uninterrupted dabigatran independent of the idarucizumab use or not in case of confirmed hemostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Dabigatran/therapeutic use , Cardiac Tamponade/complications , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Drainage/adverse effects , Catheter Ablation , Catheters/adverse effects
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1254-1258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of one- stage bilateral video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for resection of bilateral multiple pulmonary nodules (BMPNs).@*METHODS@#We analyzed the clinical characteristics, pathological features, perioperative outcomes and follow-up data of 41 patients with BMPNs undergoing one-stage bilateral VATS from July, 2011 to August, 2021.@*RESULTS@#One-stage bilateral VATS was performed uneventfully in 40 of the patients, and conversion to open surgery occurred in 1 case. The surgical approaches included bilateral lobectomy (4.9%), lobar-sublobar resection (36.6%) and sublobar-sublobar resection (58.5%) with a mean operative time of 196.3±54.5 min, a mean blood loss of 224.6±139.5 mL, a mean thoracic drainage duration of 4.7±1.1 days and a mean hospital stay of 14±3.8 days. Pathological examination revealed bilateral primary lung cancer in 15 cases, unilateral primary lung cancer in 21 cases and bilateral benign lesions in 5 cases. A total of 112 pulmonary nodules were resected, including 67 malignant and 45 benign lesions. Postoperative complications included pulmonary infection (5 cases), respiratory failure (2 cases), asthma attack (2 cases), atrial fibrillation (2 cases), and drug-induced liver injury (1 case). No perioperative death occurred in these patients, who had a 1-year survival rate of 97.6%.@*CONCLUSION@#With appropriate preoperative screening and perioperative management, one-stage bilateral VATS is feasible and safe for resection of BMPNs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Feasibility Studies , Postoperative Complications , Drainage
19.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 565-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986928

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment experiences and prognostic factors for descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 22 patients with DNM diagnosed and treated in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2016 to August 2022, including 16 males and 6 females, aged 29-79 years. After admission, all patients underwent CT scanning of the maxillofacial, cervical, and thoracic regions to confirm their diagnoses. Emergency incision and drainage were performed. The neck incision was treated with continuous vacuum sealing drainage. According to the prognoses, the patients were divided into cure group and death group, and the prognostic factors were analyzed. SPSS 25.0 software was used to analyze the clinical data. Rusults: The main complaints were dysphagia (45.5%, 10/22) and dyspnea (50.0%, 11/22). Odontogenic infection accounted for 45.5% (10/22) and oropharyngeal infection accounted for 54.5% (12/22). There were 16 cases in the cured group and 6 cases in the death group, with a total mortality rate of 27.3%. The mortality rates of DNM typeⅠand typeⅡwere respectively 16.7% and 40%. Compared with the cured group, the death group had higher incidences for diabetes, coronary heart disease and septic shock (all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences between the cure group and the death group in procalcitonin level (50.43 (137.64) ng/ml vs 2.92 (6.33) ng/ml, M(IQR), Z=3.023, P<0.05) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) score (16.10±2.40 vs 6.75±3.19, t=6.524, P<0.05). Conclution: DNM is rare, with high mortality, high incidence of septic shock, and the increased procalcitonin level and APACHE Ⅱ score combined diabetes and coronary heart disease are the poor prognostic factors for DNM. Early incision and drainage combined with continuous vacuum sealing drainage technique is a better way to treat DNM.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Mediastinitis/diagnosis , Shock, Septic/complications , Retrospective Studies , Procalcitonin , Prognosis , Drainage/adverse effects , Necrosis/therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 689-696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986838

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of transanal drainage tube (TDT) in reducing the incidence of anastomotic leak following anterior resection in patients with rectal cancer. Methods: We conducted a systematic search for relevant studies published from inception to October 2022 across multiple databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.4 software. The primary outcomes included total incidence of anastomotic leak, grade B and C anastomotic leak rates, reoperation rate, anastomotic bleeding rate, and overall complication rate. Results: Three randomized controlled trials involving 1115 patients (559 patients in the TDT group and 556 in the non-TDT group) were included. Meta-analysis showed that the total incidences of anastomotic leak and of grade B anastomotic leak were 5.5% (31/559) and 4.5% (25/559), respectively, in the TDT group and 7.9% (44/556) and 3.8% (21/556), respectively, in the non-TDT group. These differences are not statistically significant (P=0.120, P=0.560, respectively). Compared with the non-TDT group, the TDT group had a lower incidence of grade C anastomotic leak (1.6% [7/559] vs. 4.5% [25/556]) and reoperation rate (0.9% [5/559] vs. 4.3% [24/556]), but a higher incidence of anastomotic bleeding (8.2% [23/279] vs. 3.6% [10/276]). These differences were statistically significant (P=0.003, P=0.001, P=0.030, respectively). The overall complication rate was 26.5%(74/279) in the TDT group and 27.2% (75/276) in the non-TDT group. These differences are not statistically significant (P=0.860). Conclusions: TDT did not significantly reduce the total incidence of anastomotic leak but may have potential clinical benefits in preventing grade C anastomotic leak. Notably, placement of TDT may increase the anastomotic bleeding rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Rectal Neoplasms/complications , Drainage , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Reoperation/adverse effects , Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies
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