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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 408-420, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007638

ABSTRACT

As pancreatic cancer (PC) is highly malignant, its patients tend to develop metastasis at an early stage and show a poor response to conventional chemotherapies. First-line chemotherapies for PC, according to current guidelines, include fluoropyrimidine- and gemcitabine-based regimens. Accumulating research on drug resistance has shown that biochemical metabolic aberrations in PC, especially those involving glycolysis and glutamine metabolism, are highly associated with chemoresistance. Additionally, lipid metabolism is a major factor in chemoresistance. However, emerging compounds that target these key metabolic pathways have the potential to overcome chemoresistance. This review summarizes how PC develops chemoresistance through aberrations in biochemical metabolism and discusses novel critical targets and pathways within cancer metabolism for new drug research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gemcitabine , Deoxycytidine/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Metabolic Reprogramming , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/drug therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1816-1823, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528777

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: To evaluate the anti-cancer effects of yeast extract on resistant cells, autophagy and necroptosis were investigated in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-resistant colorectal cancer cells. Further underlying characteristics on drug resistance were evaluated, focused on ERK-RSK-ABCG2 linkage. SNU-C5 and 5-FU resistant SNU-C5 (SNU-C5/5-FUR) colorectal cancer cells were adopted for cell viability assay and Western blotting to examine the anti-cancer effects of yeast extract. Yeast extract induced autophagy in SNU-C5 cells with increased Atg7, Atg12-5 complex, Atg16L1, and LC3 activation (LC3-II/LC3-I), but little effects in SNU-C5/5-FUR cells with increased Atg12-5 complex and Atg16L1. Both colorectal cancer cells did not show necroptosis after yeast extract treatment. Based on increased ABCG2 and RSK expression after yeast extract treatment, drug resistance mechanisms were further evaluated. As compared to wild type, SNU-C5/5-FUR cells showed more ABCG2 expression, less RSK expression, and less phosphorylation of ERK. ABCG2 inhibitor, Ko143, treatment induces following changes: 1) more sensitivity at 500 mM 5-FU, 2) augmented proliferation, and 3) less phosphorylation of ERK. These results suggest that protective autophagy in SNU-C5/5-FUR cells with increased ABCG2 expression might be candidate mechanisms for drug resistance. As the ERK responses were different from each stimulus, the feasible mechanisms among ERK-RSK-ABCG2 should be further investigated in 5-FU-resistant CRC cells.


Para evaluar los efectos anticancerígenos del extracto de levadura en células resistentes, se investigaron la autofagia y la necroptosis en células de cáncer colorrectal resistentes al 5-fluorouracilo (5-FU). Además se evaluaron otras características subyacentes de la resistencia a los medicamentos centrándose en el enlace ERK-RSK-ABCG2. Se usaron células de cáncer colorrectal SNU-C5 (SNU-C5/5-FUR) resistentes a SNU-C5 y 5- FU para el ensayo de viabilidad celular y la transferencia Western para examinar los efectos anticancerígenos del extracto de levadura. El extracto de levadura indujo autofagia en células SNU-C5 con mayor activación de Atg7, complejo Atg12-5, Atg16L1 y LC3 (LC3-II/LC3-I), pero pocos efectos en células SNU-C5/5-FUR con aumento de Atg12-5 complejo y Atg16L1. Ambas células de cáncer colorrectal no mostraron necroptosis después del tratamiento con extracto de levadura. Se evaluaron los mecanismos de resistencia a los medicamentos. en base al aumento de la expresión de ABCG2 y RSK después del tratamiento con extracto de levadura.En comparación con las de tipo salvaje, las células SNU-C5/5-FUR mostraron más expresión de ABCG2, menos expresión de RSK y menos fosforilación de ERK. El tratamiento con inhibidor de ABCG2, Ko143, induce los siguientes cambios: 1) más sensibilidad a 5-FU 500 mM, 2) proliferación aumentada y 3) menos fosforilación de ERK. Estos resultados sugieren que la autofagia protectora en células SNU-C5/5-FUR con mayor expresión de ABCG2 podría ser un mecanismo candidato para la resistencia a los medicamentos. Como las respuestas de ERK fueron diferentes de cada estímulo, los mecanismos factibles entre ERK-RSK- ABCG2 deberían investigarse más a fondo en células CCR resistentes a 5-FU.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Yeasts , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 90-kDa , Electrophoresis , Fluorouracil , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , Necroptosis
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 698-710, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010564

ABSTRACT

To explore the role of forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1) in the progression of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and related drug resistance, we deciphered the roles of FOXO1 and miR-506 in proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, autophagy, and temozolomide (TMZ) sensitivity in the U251 cell line using in vitro and in vivo experiments. Cell viability was tested by a cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) kit; migration and invasion were checked by the scratching assay; apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining and flow cytometry. The construction of plasmids and dual-luciferase reporter experiment were carried out to find the interaction site between FOXO1 and miR-506. Immunohistochemistry was done to check the protein level in tumors after the in vivo experiment. We found that the FOXO1-miR-506 axis suppresses GBM cell invasion and migration and promotes GBM chemosensitivity to TMZ, which was mediated by autophagy. FOXO1 upregulates miR-506 by binding to its promoter to enhance transcriptional activation. MiR-506 could downregulate E26 transformation-specific 1 (ETS1) expression by targeting its 3'-untranslated region (UTR). Interestingly, ETS1 promoted FOXO1 translocation from the nucleus to the cytosol and further suppressed the FOXO1-miR-506 axis in GBM cells. Consistently, both miR-506 inhibition and ETS1 overexpression could rescue FOXO1 overactivation-mediated TMZ chemosensitivity in mouse models. Our study demonstrated a negative feedback loop of FOXO1/miR-506/ETS1/FOXO1 in GBM in regulating invasiveness and chemosensitivity. Thus, the above axis might be a promising therapeutic target for GBM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Feedback , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioblastoma/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Temozolomide/therapeutic use , Forkhead Box Protein O1/metabolism
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1038-1043, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish HL-60 cells and adriamycin resistant HL-60 cells (H-60/ADR) in which the expression of homologous box gene 1 (SIX1) was inhibited, and investigate the effect of inhibiting the expression of SIX1 on the drug resistance.@*METHODS@#Lentivirus was used to transfect HL-60 and HL-60/ADR cells, and the cell lines stably inhibiting the expression of SIX1 were screened by puromycin. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the proliferation ability of cells in each group, apoptosis kit was used to detect the cell apoptosis, and real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression level of drug-resistant related genes.@*RESULTS@#HL-60 and HL-60/ADR stably transfected cell lines with down-regulation of SIX1 expression were successfully constructed. Compared with control group, the inhibition of SIX1 expression significantly inhibited the proliferation of HL-60 and HL-60/ADR cells (P <0.05), increased the apoptosis rate (P <0.05), and the sensitivity of cells to adriamycin increased after inhibition of SIX1 expression.@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of SIX1 expression can improve cell sensitivity to adriamycin, and its role in reversing drug resistance may be related to the promotion of apoptosis gene expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , HL-60 Cells , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics
5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 558-566, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of PLK1 inhibitors on osimertinib-resistant non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells and the anti-tumor effect combined with osimertinib.@*METHODS@#An osimertinib resistant NCI-H1975 cell line was induced by exposure to gradually increasing drug concentrations. Osimertinib-resistant cells were co-treated with compounds from classical tumor pathway inhibitor library and osimertinib to screen for compounds with synergistic effects with osimertinib. The Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) was used to investigate the activated signaling pathways in osimertinib-resistant cells; sulforhodamine B (SRB) staining was used to investigate the effect of PLK1 inhibitors on osimertinib-resistant cells and the synergistic effect of PLK1 inhibitors combined with osimertinib.@*RESULTS@#Osimertinib-resistance in NCI-H1975 cell (resistance index=43.45) was successfully established. The PLK1 inhibitors GSK 461364 and BI 2536 had synergistic effect with osimertinib. Compared with osimertinib-sensitive cells, PLK1 regulatory pathway and cell cycle pathway were significantly activated in osimertinib-resistant cells. In NSCLC patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutations treated with osimertinib, PLK1 mRNA levels were negatively correlated with progression free survival of patients (R=-0.62, P<0.05), indicating that excessive activation of PLK1 in NSCLC cells may cause cell resistant to osimertinib. Further in vitro experiments showed that IC50 of PLK1 inhibitors BI 6727 and GSK 461364 in osimertinib-resistant cells were lower than those in sensitive ones. Compared with the mono treatment of osimertinib, PLK1 inhibitors combined with osimertinib behaved significantly stronger effect on the proliferation of osimertinib-resistant cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PLK1 inhibitors have a synergistic effect with osimertinib on osimertinib-resistant NSCLC cells which indicates that they may have potential clinical value in the treatment of NSCLC patients with osimertinib resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Lung Neoplasms , ErbB Receptors/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Mutation , Cell Line, Tumor
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 687-694, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009793

ABSTRACT

Recent studies revealed the relationship among homologous recombination repair (HRR), androgen receptor (AR), and poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP); however, the synergy between anti-androgen enzalutamide (ENZ) and PARP inhibitor olaparib (OLA) remains unclear. Here, we showed that the synergistic effect of ENZ and OLA significantly reduced proliferation and induced apoptosis in AR-positive prostate cancer cell lines. Next-generation sequencing followed by Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses revealed the significant effects of ENZ plus OLA on nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) and apoptosis pathways. ENZ combined with OLA synergistically inhibited the NHEJ pathway by repressing DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) and X-ray repair cross complementing 4 (XRCC4). Moreover, our data showed that ENZ could enhance the response of prostate cancer cells to the combination therapy by reversing the anti-apoptotic effect of OLA through the downregulation of anti-apoptotic gene insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor ( IGF1R ) and the upregulation of pro-apoptotic gene death-associated protein kinase 1 ( DAPK1 ). Collectively, our results suggested that ENZ combined with OLA can promote prostate cancer cell apoptosis by multiple pathways other than inducing HRR defects, providing evidence for the combined use of ENZ and OLA in prostate cancer regardless of HRR gene mutation status.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Receptors, Androgen/genetics , Nitriles , Apoptosis
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 874-880, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010095

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) targeting EGFR are effective in EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, but drug resistance is inevitable. With the application and expansion of individualized and combined therapy, more and more studies have shown that combined administration of Metformin effectively solves the problem of acquired drug resistance to EGFR-TKIs in clinical treatment and prolongs the survival of patients with NSCLC. EGFR-TKIs combined with Metformin is expected to be the treatment method of choice for NSCLC patients with EGFR-TKIs resistance. This paper intends to summarize the research progress of EGFR-TKIs combined with Metformin in the treatment of EGFR-TKIs acquired resistance in NSCLC, in order to provide a new idea for the treatment of NSCLC patients with acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Metformin/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Mutation
8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 765-773, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010084

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world, and its treatment strategy is mainly surgery combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, long-term chemotherapy will result in drug resistance, which is also one of the difficulties in the treatment of lung cancer. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent and lipid peroxidation-driven non-apoptotic cell death cascade, occurring when there is an imbalance of redox homeostasis in the cell. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is key for cellular antioxidant responses. Numerous studies suggest that Nrf2 assumes an extremely important role in regulation of ferroptosis, for its various functions in iron, lipid, and amino acid metabolism, and so on. In this review, a brief overview of the research progress of ferroptosis over the past decade will be presented. In particular, the mechanism of ferroptosis and the regulation of ferroptosis by Nrf2 will be discussed, as well as the role of the Nrf2 pathway and ferroptosis in tumor drug resistance, which will provide new research directions for the treatment of drug-resistant lung cancer patients.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferroptosis , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Iron
9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 684-691, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010075

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal to epithelial transition factor (MET) gene alterations involve in the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer. MET-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been approved to treat non-small cell lung cancer with MET alterations, and resistance to these TKIs is inevitable. Molecular mechanisms of resistance to MET-TKIs are completely unclear. The review focused on potential mechanisms of MET-TKIs resistance and therapeutics strategies to delay and prevent resistance.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Mutation
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1916-1920, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010060

ABSTRACT

Iron metabolism is involved in the development and drug resistance of many malignancies, including multiple myeloma (MM). Based on recent studies on iron metabolism and MM, this paper reviews the relationship between iron metabolism and disease process of MM in terms of iron overload leading to ferroptosis in MM cells, the role of iron deficiency in oxidative respiration and proliferation of MM cells, and the interaction between ferroptosis and autophagy in the disease process. The mechanisms by which iron metabolism-related substances lead to MM cells' resistance to proteasome inhibitors (PI) through inducing redox imbalance and M2 macrophage polarization are also briefly described, aiming to provide a theoretical basis for the application of iron metabolism-related drugs to the clinical treatment of MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy , Disease Progression , Iron/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1584-1587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010010

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a common plasma cell malignancy, accounting for the second largest hematological malignancy. Proteasome inhibitors represented by bortezomib (BTZ) have been the main treatment for patients with newly diagnosed and relapsed or refractory myeloma in nearly two decades. Although BTZ has improved the prognosis of MM patients, MM remains incurable in most patients, mainly because MM cells become resistant to BTZ. This review is to better understand the mechanism of MM resistance to BTZ and explore possible new therapeutic strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Proteasome Inhibitors/pharmacology , Prognosis , Plasma Cells/pathology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1579-1583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010009

ABSTRACT

BCR-ABLT315I mutation is the main mechanism of resistance to the first and second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Ponatinib as the third generation TKI has been found that can significantly improve the prognosis of CML patients with T315I mutation. However, the latest report has discovered that the T315I compound mutant is even resistant to ponatinib, which aroused the enthusiasm of research on the mechanism of CML resistance and targeted therapy once again. Previous studies have shown that TKI combined with other targeted drugs is effective to CML patients with drug resistance or relapse due to T315I mutation. The latest research has found that the allosteric inhibitor asciminib combined with TKI therapy is equally effective to CML patients with T315I compound mutant, but the specific mechanism is not yet clarified. This review will focus on the latest research progress of therapy for CML with BCR-ABLT315I mutation, hoping to provide reference for researching new drugs and improve therapy for treating CML with T315I mutation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Mutation , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 517-524, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970488

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer(CRC) has made great progress, but chemoresistance is still one of the main reasons for reducing the survival rate of patients with colorectal cancer. Therefore, ameliorating chemotherapy resis-tance is an urgent problem to be solved. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regulatory role and related molecular mechanisms of hydroxysafflor yellow A(HSYA) in colorectal cancer cell proliferation, migration, and 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) chemoresistance. In this study, HCT116 and HT-29 cells were used as research subjects. Firstly, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay and colony formation assay were used to detect and analyze the effect of HSYA on the proliferation of CRC cells. Secondly, the effect of HSYA on the cell cycle in CRC cells was analyzed by cell cycle assay. Furthermore, the effect of HSYA on the migration of CRC cells was analyzed by wound-healing assay and Transwell assay. Based on the above, the influences of HSYA on 5-FU chemoresistance of CRC cells and related molecular mechanisms were explored and analyzed. The results showed that HSYA significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration of CRC cells, and arrested the cell cycle in G_0/G_1 phase. In addition, HSYA significantly ameliorated the chemoresistance of CRC cells to 5-FU. The results of acridine orange staining and Western blot showed that the autophagy activity of CRC cells in the HSYA and 5-FU combined treatment group was significantly higher than that in the 5-FU single drug treatment group. As compared with the 5-FU single drug treatment group, the phosphorylation levels of protein kinase B(Akt) and mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) in the HSYA and 5-FU combined treatment group were significantly reduced, indicating that the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in the combined treatment group was down-regulated in CRC cells. In conclusion, HSYA may upregulate autophagy activity through the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of CRC cells and ameliorating the chemoresistance to 5-FU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Line, Tumor , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Autophagy , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy
14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 245-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982154

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations are the most common driver mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To prolong the survival of the patients, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) resistance in NSCLC is a major challenge that needs to be addressed urgently, and this study focuses on investigating the mechanism of cigarette smoke (CS) induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.@*METHODS@#PC-9 and A549 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 1 µmol/L Gefitinib for 4 h and 10% cigarette smoke extract (CSE) for 48 h. Western blot was used to detect Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) protein expressions; DCFH-DA probe was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS); CCK-8 kit was used to detect cell activity, and EdU was used to detect cell proliferation ability. Sirt3 overexpression plasmid (OV-Sirt3) was transfected in PC-9 and A549 cells and treated with 1 µmol/L Gefitinib for 4 h and 10% CSE for 48 h after N-acetylcysteine (NAC) action. The expressions of Sirt3 and SOD2 were detected by Western blot; the ROS level in the cells was detected by DCFH-DA probe, and the cell activity was detected by CCK-8.@*RESULTS@#CSE induced an increase in the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of both PC-9 and A549 cells to Gefitinib (P<0.01) and enhanced the proliferation of PC-9 and A549 cells, suggesting that CS induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC. ROS was involved in CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance (P<0.05). CSE induced low expressions of Sirt3 and SOD2 (P<0.01), and Sirt3/SOD2 was associated with poor prognosis in lung cancer patients (P<0.05). OV-Sirt3 in PC-9 and A549 cells reversed CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance (P<0.05) and significantly reduced ROS production. NAC reversed CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance in PC-9 and A549 cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ROS/Sirt3/SOD2 pathway is involved in CS-induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gefitinib/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Sirtuin 3/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cigarette Smoking , Sincalide/therapeutic use , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 685-692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the differential expressions of miR-451, ABCB1 and ABCC2 in drug-sensitive leukemia cell line K562 and drug-resistant cell line K562/A02, and explore the regulatory relationship between miR-451 and the expressions of ABCB1 and ABCC2 , and the mechanism of miR-451 involved in drug resistance in leukemia.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 assay was used to detect the drug resistance of K562/A02 and K562 cells. Quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the differential expressions of miR-451 in K562 and K562/A02 cells. MiR-451 mimic and negative control (miR-NC), miR-451 inhibitor and negative control (miR-inNC) were transfected into K562 and K562/A02 cells respectively, then qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of mRNA and protein of ABCB1 and ABCC2 in K562 and K562/A02 cells and the transfected groups.@*RESULTS@#The drug resistance of K562/A02 cells to adriamycin was 177 times higher than that of its parent cell line K562. Compared with K562 cells, the expression of miR-451 in K562/A02 cells was significantly higher (P <0.001), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of ABCB1 and ABCC2 in K562/A02 cells were significantly higher than those in K562 cells (P <0.001). After transfected with miR-451 inhibitor, the expression of miR-451 was significantly down-regulated in K562/A02 cells (P <0.001), the sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs was significantly enhanced (P <0.05), and the mRNA and protein expressions of ABCB1 and ABCC2 were significantly decreased (P <0.01). After transfected with miR-451 mimic, the expression of miR-451 was significantly upregulated in K562 cells (P <0.001), and the mRNA and protein expressions of ABCB1 and ABCC2 were significantly increased (P <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#There are significant differences in the expressions of miR-451, ABCB1 and ABCC2 between the drug-sensitive leukemia cell line K562 and drug-resistant cell line K562/A02, which suggests that miR-451 may affect the drug resistance of leukemia cells by regulating the expression of ABCB1 and ABCC2.


Subject(s)
Humans , K562 Cells , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Drug Resistance, Multiple/genetics , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Leukemia/genetics , RNA, Messenger
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 585-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982099

ABSTRACT

The treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was revolutionized with the advent of the first-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), but drug resistance developed during treatment, leading to the development of the second-generation (dasatinib, nilotinib, and bosutinib) and third-generation (ponatinib) TKI. Compared with previous treatment regimens, specific TKI can significantly improve the response rate, overall survival rate and prognosis of CML. Only a few patients with BCR-ABL mutation are insensitive to the second-generation TKIs, so it is suggested to select the second-generation TKIs for patients with specific mutations. For patients with other mutations and without mutations, the second-generation TKI should be selected according to the patient's medical history, while the third-generation TKIs should be selected for mutations that are insensitive to the second-generation TKIs, such as T315I mutation that is sensitive to ponatinib. Due to different BCR-ABL mutations in patients with different sensitivity to the second and third-generation TKIs, this paper will review the latest research progress of the efficacy of the second and third-generation TKIs in CML patients with BCR-ABL mutations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Dasatinib/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of ARID5B gene and resistance to methotrexate (MTX) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 144 children with ALL who were treated in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 2015 to November 2021 were enrolled and divided into MTX resistant group and non-MTX resistant group, with 72 cases in each group. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technology was used to measure the SNP of ARID5B gene in all children and analyze its correlation with MTX resistant.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the genotype and gene frequency of rs7923074, rs10821936, rs6479778, and rs2893881 between MTX resistant group and non-MTX resistant group (P>0.05). The frequency of C/C genotype in the MTX resistant group was significantly higher than that in the non-MTX resistant group, while the frequency of T/T genotype was opposite (P<0.05). The frequency of C allele in the MTX resistant group was significantly higher than that in the non-MTX resistant group, while the frequency of T allele was opposite (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ARID5B gene rs4948488 TT genotype and T allele frequency were risk factors for MTX resistant in ALL children (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The SNP of ARID5B gene is associated with MTX resistant in ALL children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Methotrexate , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2360-2367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981312

ABSTRACT

This study explored the effect and underlying mechanism of Stellera chamaejasme extract(SCE) on multidrug resistance of breast cancer. The chemotherapy-sensitive breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and adriamycin(ADR)-resistant cell line MCF-7/ADR were used as experimental subjects. MTT assay was used to detect cell proliferation activity. Pi staining was used to detect the cell cycle. 4',6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole, dihydrochloride(DAPI) staining and flow cytometry were used to detect apoptosis. Dansylcadaverine(MDC) staining and GFP-LC3B-Mcherry adenovirus transfection were used to detect autophagy. The protein expression of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-9, caspase-3, LC3B, p62, and Beclin-1 was detected by Western blot. The results showed that SCE could significantly inhibit the proliferation of both sensitive and resistant breast cancer cell lines. The drug resistance factor was 0.53, which was significantly lower than 59 of ADR. Meanwhile, the proportion of sensitive/resistant cells in the G_0/G_1 phase increased significantly after SCE treatment. In addition, DAPI staining showed that a series of apoptosis phenomena such as nuclear pyknosis, staining deepening, and nuclear fragmentation appeared in sensitive/resistant cell lines after SCE administration. Moreover, the results of flow cytometry double staining showed that the proportion of apoptotic cells in sensitive/resistant cell lines increased significantly after SCE administration. Besides, Western blot showed that the protein expression levels of caspase-3, caspase-9, and Bcl-2 significantly decreased and the expression level of Bax protein significantly increased in both breast cancer cell lines after SCE administration. Furthermore, SCE could also increase the positive fluorescent spots after MDC staining and yellow fluorescent spots after GFP-LC3B-mcherry transfection, and up-regulate the expression levels of autophagy-related proteins LC3B-Ⅱ, p62, and Beclin-1 in breast cancer cells. In summary, SCE may play the role of anti-multidrug resistance by blocking the cell cycle of breast cancer multidrug-resistant cells, blocking autophagy flow, and ultimately interfering with the apoptosis resistance of drug-resistant cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , MCF-7 Cells , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , Beclin-1/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Proliferation
19.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 207-220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971481

ABSTRACT

A series of chemotherapeutic drugs that induce DNA damage, such as cisplatin (DDP), are standard clinical treatments for ovarian cancer, testicular cancer, and other diseases that lack effective targeted drug therapy. Drug resistance is one of the main factors limiting their application. Sensitizers can overcome the drug resistance of tumor cells, thereby enhancing the antitumor activity of chemotherapeutic drugs. In this study, we aimed to identify marketable drugs that could be potential chemotherapy sensitizers and explore the underlying mechanisms. We found that the alcohol withdrawal drug disulfiram (DSF) could significantly enhance the antitumor activity of DDP. JC-1 staining, propidium iodide (PI) staining, and western blotting confirmed that the combination of DSF and DDP could enhance the apoptosis of tumor cells. Subsequent RNA sequencing combined with Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) pathway enrichment analysis and cell biology studies such as immunofluorescence suggested an underlying mechanism: DSF makes cells more vulnerable to DNA damage by inhibiting the Fanconi anemia (FA) repair pathway, exerting a sensitizing effect to DNA damaging agents including platinum chemotherapy drugs. Thus, our study illustrated the potential mechanism of action of DSF in enhancing the antitumor effect of DDP. This might provide an effective and safe solution for combating DDP resistance in clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Disulfiram/pharmacology , Testicular Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fanconi Anemia/drug therapy , Alcoholism/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Line, Tumor , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/drug therapy , Apoptosis , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cell Proliferation
20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 52-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971179

ABSTRACT

As one of the most common malignant tumors, lung cancer poses a serious threat to human life and health. The platinum-based drug cisplatin (DDP) is used as the first-line treatment for lung cancer. The poor prognosis of lung cancer is mostly due to developed resistance to cisplatin, which poses a serious treatment challenge. The mechanism of cisplatin resistance is complex and unclear. Numerous studies have shown that DNA methylation plays a crucial role in the emergence of lung cancer cisplatin resistance. DNA hypermethylation results in the deactivation of numerous drug resistance genes and tumor suppressor genes through a change in chromatin conformation. Finding new therapeutic targets and indicators to predict the therapeutic effect can be aided by elucidating the complex mechanism. In order to discover novel strategies to overcome cisplatin resistance in lung cancer, this paper discusses DNA methylation-mediated cisplatin resistance and offers an overview of current demethylation procedures.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , DNA Methylation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Lung Neoplasms/pathology
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