Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 4.072
Filter
1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 31807, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553546

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O Transtorno do Espectro Autista e Transtorno Desafiante de Oposição, são desordens comumente diagnosticadas em indivíduos ainda na infância. Objetivo: Identificar possíveis fatores dificultadores no diagnóstico diferencial dos referidos transtornos. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura, a qual selecionou artigos nas bases de dados Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, periódico Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior e Periódicos Eletrônicos de Psicologia entre os meses de setembro e outubro de 2021. Para tanto, foram utilizadas as palavras chaves Transtorno do Espectro Autista, autismo, Transtorno Desafiante de Oposição, Transtorno Opositor Desafiador, diagnóstico, comorbidades, comportamentos disruptivos e dificuldades diagnósticas. Resultados: Oito artigos foram selecionados para extração de dados. O diagnóstico correto desses transtornos pode ser desafiador devido à sobreposição de sinais com outros transtornos e comorbidades, bem como à diversidade presente no espectro autista e à variedade de manifestações dos transtornos disruptivos. Além disso, a maioria dos estudos destacam os prejuízos na área da comunicação, o comprometimento na área social e os graus de severidade, como sendo características semelhantes entre os dois transtornos, podendo serem possíveis fatores que podem dificultar no diagnóstico do Transtorno do Espectro Autista e Transtorno Desafiante de Oposição, de maneira diferencial ou concomitante. Conclusões: O número de pesquisas relacionadas aos transtornos citados acima é inferior ao que se faz necessário para melhor conhecimento sobre o tema. No que diz respeito as pesquisas de materiais científicos, foram encontradas dificuldades para obtenção de estudos que estivessem de acordo com a nossa pesquisa. Com isso, faz-se necessário mais pesquisas que tentem investigar e compreender o porquê da escassez de material que estudem tais diagnósticos de maneira concomitante (AU).


Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorderare disorders commonly diagnosed in individuals in childhood. Objective:Identify possible factors that hinder the differential diagnosis of these disorders. Methodology:An integrative review of the literature was carried out, which selected articles from the Virtual Health Library databases, Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel journal and Electronic Psychology Journalsdatabases between the months of September and October 2021. To this end, the keywords Autistic Spectrum Disorder, autism, Disorder Defiant Disorder, Opposition, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, diagnosis, comorbidities, disruptive behaviors and diagnostic difficulties.Results:Eight articles were selected for data extraction. Correctly diagnosing these disorders can be challenging due to overlapping signs with other disorders and comorbidities, as well as the diversity present in the autism spectrum and the variety of manifestations of disruptive disorders. Furthermore, most studies highlight losses in the area of communication, impairment in the social area and degrees of severity, as being similar characteristics between the two disorders, and may be possible factors that can make it difficult to diagnose Autism Spectrum Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder, differentially or concomitantly. Conclusions:The number of studies related to the disorders mentioned above is lower than what is needed for a better understanding of the subject. With regard to research on scientific materials, difficulties were encountered in obtaining studies that were in accordance with our research. With this, more research is needed to try to investigate and understand the reason for the scarcity of material that studies such diagnoses concomitantly (AU).


Introducción: El Trastorno del Espectro Autista y el Trastorno Negativista Desafiante son trastornos comúnmente diagnosticados en individuos en la infancia. Objetivo: Identificar posibles factores que puedan dificultar el diagnóstico diferencial de los trastornos antes mencionados.Metodología:Se realizó una revisión integrativa de la literatura, que seleccionó artículos en las bases de datos Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, revista Coordinación para el Perfeccionamiento del Personal de Educación Superior y Revistas Electrónicas de Psicología entre septiembre y octubre de 2021. Para ello, se utilizaron las palabras clave Trastorno del espectro autista, autismo, Trastorno negativista desafiante, Trastorno negativista desafiante, diagnóstico, comorbilidades, conductas disruptivas y dificultades diagnósticas. Resultados: Se seleccionaron ocho artículos para la extracción de datos. El diagnóstico correcto de estos trastornos puede ser un desafío debido a la superposición de síntomas con otros trastornos y comorbilidades, así como a la diversidad presente en el espectro del autismo y la variedad de manifestaciones de los trastornos disruptivos. Además, la mayoría de los estudios destacan las deficiencias en el área de la comunicación, la deficiencia en el área social y los grados de gravedad, como características similares entre ambos trastornos, que pueden ser posibles factores que dificulten el diagnóstico del Trastorno del Espectro Autista y Trastorno de Oposición Desafiante, ya sea de forma diferencial o concomitante. Conclusiones: El número de estudios relacionados con los trastornos antes mencionados es inferior al necesario para una mejor comprensión del tema. En cuanto a la investigación sobre materiales científicos, se encontraron dificultades para obtener estudios que estuvieran de acuerdo con nuestra investigación. Con esto, se necesita más investigación para tratar de investigar y comprender la razón de la escasez de material que estudie dichos diagnósticos de forma concomitante (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Autistic Disorder/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnosis , Oppositional Defiant Disorder/diagnosis , Disabled Children
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (En línea) ; 43(4): 209-213, dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537564

ABSTRACT

La amiloidosis siempre ha representado un desafío diagnóstico. En el año 2020, el Grupo de Estudio de Amiloidosis (GEA), confeccionó la Guía de Práctica Clínica para el Diagnóstico de Amiloidosis. Nuevas líneas de investigación se han desarrollado posteriormente. Esta revisión narrativa tiene como intención explorar el estado del arte en el diagnóstico de la amiloidosis. En pacientes con amiloidosis se recomienda la tipificación de la proteína mediante espectrometría de masa, técnica de difícil ejecución por requerir de microdisectores láser para la preparación de la muestra. Algunas publicaciones recientes proponen otros métodos para obtener la muestra de amiloide que se va a analizar, permitiendo prescindir de la microdisección. Por otra parte, en pacientes con Amiloidosis ATTR confirmada, la recomendación de secuenciar el gen amiloidogénico se encontraba destinada a los casos sospechosos de ATTR hereditaria (ATTRv,), pero actualmente esta se ha extendido a todos los pacientes sin importar la edad. En lo que respecta a los estudios complementarios orientados al diagnóstico de compromiso cardíaco, se ha propuesto el uso de la inteligencia artificial para su interpretación, permitiendo la detección temprana de la enfermedad y el correcto diagnóstico diferencial. Para el diagnóstico de neuropatía, las últimas publicaciones proponen el uso de la cadena ligera de neurofilamento sérica, que también podría resultar un indicador útil para seguimiento. Finalmente, con referencia a la amiloidosis AL, la comunidad científica se encuentra interesada en definir qué características determinan el carácter amiloidogénico de las cadenas livianas. La N-glicosilación de dichas proteínas impresiona ser uno de los determinantes en cuestión. (AU)


Amyloidosis has always represented a diagnostic challenge. In 2020, the Amyloidosis Study Group (ASG) developed the "Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis of Amyloidosis". New lines of research have subsequently emerged. This narrative review aims to explore the state of the art in the diagnosis of amyloidosis diagnosis. In patients with amyloidosis, protein typing by mass spectrometry is recommended, a technique hard to perform because it requires laser microdissection for sample preparation. Recent publications propose other methods to obtain the amyloid sample to be analyzed, making it possible to dispense with microdissection. On the other hand, in patients with confirmed TTR amyloidosis (aTTR), the recommendation to sequence the amyloidogenic gene was intended for suspected cases of hereditary aTTR but has now been extended to all patients regardless of age. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Amyloidosis/diagnosis , Mass Spectrometry , Biopsy , Glycosylation , Artificial Intelligence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Diagnosis, Differential , Electrocardiography , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
3.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 31(113): 48-54, 20230000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1527473

ABSTRACT

Está demostrado en diversos estudios que los avances en el diagnóstico microbiológico reducen el tiempo de entrega de resultados y poseen un impacto clínico eviden-te. Hoy en día, las técnicas basadas en amplificación de ácidos nucleicos nos permiten hacer diagnóstico direc-tamente de la muestra y sumar la posibilidad de detectar más de un agente. Esto impacta tanto en el control de la multiresistencia (MR) como en el inicio de una terapéuti-ca apropiada. La implementación de un sistema de PCR múltiple rápido para neumonía puede ser útil en áreas crí-ticas, donde son frecuentes las infecciones respiratorias agudas (IRA) y el tiempo es un condicionante del éxito terapéutico. El objetivo de nuestro proyecto fue evaluar la implementación del diagnóstico sindrómico rápido por PCR múltiple para neumonía en el manejo del tratamiento de IRA en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. La con-ducta terapéutica fue la variable relevante. Este nuevo diagnóstico nos proporcionó una herramienta ágil, con un tiempo de respuesta de tres a cuatro horas. La ausencia o presencia de genes de resistencia y el microorganismo identificado fueron lo que condujo a la conducta terapéuti-ca acertada en el 75% de los casos. Constituyó una herra-mienta importante para el control de la multirresistencia bacteriana y aumentó la oportunidad de éxito terapéutico


It has been shown in various studies that advances in microbiological diagnosis reduce the delivery time of results and have an evident clinical impact. Today, techniques based on nucleic acid amplification allow us to diagnose directly from the sample and add the possibility of detecting more than one agent. This impacts both the control of MR and the initiation of appropriate therapy. The implementation of a rapid multiplex PCR system for pneumonia can be useful in critical areas where acute respiratory infections (ARI) are frequent and time is a determining factor for therapeutic success. The objective of our project was to evaluate the implementation of rapid syndromic diagnosis by multiple PCR for pneumonia in the management of ARI treatment in an Intensive Care Unit. The therapeutic behavior was the relevant variable. This new diagnosis provided us with an agile tool, with a response time of 3 to 4 hours. The absence or presence of resistance genes and the identified microorganism was what led to the correct therapeutic approach in 75% of the cases. It constituted an important tool for the control of bacterial multiresistance and increased the opportunity for therapeutic success.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Homeopathic Therapeutic Approaches , Early Diagnosis , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction
4.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e66263, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1434202

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mapear os protocolos assistenciais utilizados por enfermeiros para identificação precoce da sepse no ambiente hospitalar. Método: trata-se de uma revisão de escopo ancorada nas recomendações do Joanna Briggs Institute, desenvolvida em sete bases de dados. A busca e seleção ocorreu em 17 de julho de 2021, utilizando os descritores: sepse, protocolos de enfermagem, avaliação de enfermagem e cuidados de enfermagem. Resultados: a amostra foi composta de seis estudos, destacaram-se os protocolos implementados por projetos de melhoria de qualidade e utilização sistemas eletrônicos de alerta para deterioração clínica. Conclusão: protocolos assistenciais impulsionam a aderência dos profissionais às recomendações oficiais para o manejo da sepse no ambiente hospitalar e o desenvolvimento de cuidados de enfermagem baseados em evidências, contribuindo para melhorar os indicadores de qualidade e reduzir a mortalidade entre pacientes com sepse(AU)


Objective: to map the care protocols used by nurses for the early identification of sepsis in the hospital environment. Method: this is a scope review anchored in the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute, developed in seven databases. The search and selection took place on July 17, 2021, using the descriptors: sepsis, nursing protocols, nursing assessment and nursing care. Results: the sample consisted of six studies, highlighting the protocols implemented by quality improvement projects and the use of electronic warning systems for clinical deterioration. Conclusion: care protocols boost professionals' adherence to official recommendations for the management of sepsis in the hospital environment and the development of evidence-based nursing care, contributing to improve quality indicators and reduce mortality among patients with sepsis(AU)


Objetivo: mapear los protocolos de atención utilizados por las enfermeras para identificar de forma temprana la sepsis en el ambiente hospitalario. Método: se trata de una revisión de alcance anclada en las recomendaciones del Instituto Joanna Briggs, desarrollada en siete bases de datos. La búsqueda y selección se realizó el 17 de julio de 2021, utilizando los descriptores: sepsis, protocolos de enfermería, evaluación de enfermería y cuidados de enfermería. Resultados: la muestra estuvo compuesta por seis estudios, se destacaron los protocolos implementados por los proyectos de mejora de la calidad y utilización de sistemas electrónicos de alerta con respecto al deterioro clínico. Conclusión: los protocolos asistenciales impulsan la adherencia de los profesionales a las recomendaciones oficiales para el manejo de la sepsis en el ámbito hospitalario y el desarrollo de cuidados de enfermería basados en evidencias, contribuyendo a mejorar los indicadores de calidad y reducir la mortalidad entre los pacientes con sepsis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sepsis/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Quality Improvement , Nursing Assessment/standards , Sepsis/nursing , Evidence-Based Nursing , Hospitals , Nurses
5.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(3): 60822, 25/10/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526063

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Com base na necessidade do diagnóstico audiológico e da intervenção precoce na vida de uma criança com perda auditiva, faz-se necessário a elaboração de protocolos de avaliação auditiva que forneçam o maior número de informações. Objetivo: Analisar um programa de saúde auditiva infantil com relação à adesão à triagem auditiva e procedimentos de diagnóstico. Metodologia: Pesquisa de caráter transversal com análise quantitativa. Realizado em três etapas: 1ª etapa: triagem auditiva de neonatos de alojamento conjunto; 2ª etapa: reteste das falhas; 3ª etapa: diagnóstico audiológico dos lactentes que falharam nas etapas anteriores com a utilização do Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Estado Estável (PEAEE) em conjunto com o Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Tronco Encefálico (PEATE). Resultados: Em 2019, 1.898 neonatos foram triados e destes, 287 (15.2%) falharam na primeira testagem em pelo menos uma orelha. Um total de 197 (10.3%) foram retestados e 14 (0,73%) falharam em pelo menos uma orelha. Dez (0,52%) neonatos retornaram para diagnóstico compondo uma amostra homogênea de neonatos nascidos a termo. Um neonato apresentou perda auditiva unilateral. O tempo necessário para coleta de dados no PEAEE foi de 20 minutos. Conclusão: O PEAEE pode ser considerado uma alternativa a ser utilizado na bateria de testes na avaliação audiológica infantil, juntamente com outros procedimentos, utilizando-se do princípio de verificação cruzada e adicionando uma informação valiosa, especialmente com relação às baixas frequências. (AU)


Introduction: Based on the need for audiological diagnosis and intervention as soon as possible in the life of a child with hearing loss, it is necessary to elaborate of hearing evaluation protocols with high efficiency, which provide the greatest amount of information. Aim: To analyze a pediatric hearing health program regarding their adherence to hearing screening, failure rates, and diagnostic procedures. Method: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study, and consisted of tree stages: Performed in three steps: 1st step: hearing screening of rooming-in neonates; 2nd stage: retest of failures; 3rd stage: audiological diagnosis of infants who failed in the previous stages using the Steady State Response (ASSR) together with the Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (BERA). Results: In 2019, 1,898 infants were submitted to the program, of whom 287 (15.2%) failed the screening in at least one of the ears. A total of 197 (10.3%) infants attended the retest and 14 (0.73%) failed the TOAE in at least one of the ears. Ten (0.52%) infants returned for diagnosis. The sample was homogeneously full-term children. One child showed unilateral HL. The average amount of time required to collect information in the ASSR was 20 minutes. Conclusion: For diagnosis, ASSR can be an alternative to be used in the battery of examinations in pediatric hearing assessment along with the other procedures, using the cross-check principle and adding valuable information, especially regarding the low frequencies. (AU)


Introducción: En base a la necesidad de diagnóstico audiológico e intervención lo antes posibles en la vida de un niño con pérdida auditiva, es necesario elaborar protocolos de evaluación auditiva de alta eficiencia, que proporcionan la mayor cantidad de información. Objetivo: Analizar un programa de salud auditiva infantil en cuanto a la adherencia al tamizaje auditivo, tasa de fracaso y procedimientos diagnósticos. Metodología: Investigación transversal con análisis cuantitativo, Realizado en tres pasos: 1er paso: tamizaje auditivo de los neonatos en alojamiento conjunto; 2ª etapa: retest de fallas; 3ª etapa: diagnóstico audiológico de los lactantes que fracasaron en las etapas anteriores utilizando el Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Estado Estacionario junto con el Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Tallo Cerebral. Resultados: Em 2019, se cribaron 1,898 neonatos y de estos, 287 (15,2%) no pasaron la primera prueba en al menos un oído. Un total de 197 (10,3) fueron reevaluados y 14 (0,73%) fallaron en al menos un oído. Diez (0,52%) neonatos regresaron para diagnóstico, conformando una muestra homogénea de neonatos a término, con una edad gestacional media de 39 semanas y dos días. Un neonato tuvo pérdida auditiva unilateral. El tiempo de recogida de los resultados en el ASSR fue de 20 min. Conclusión: Para el diagnóstico, la ASSR puede considerarse una alternativa para ser utilizada en la batería de pruebas en la evaluación audiológica infantil, junto con otros procedimientos, utilizando el principio de verificación cruzada y agregando información valiosa, especialmente en lo que se refiere a las bajas frecuencia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Neonatal Screening/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Early Diagnosis , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hearing Loss/etiology
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 724-731, 20230906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511129

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Un biomarcador se define como una alteración molecular presente en el desarrollo de la patogénesis del cáncer, que puede ser utilizada para el diagnóstico temprano de la enfermedad. La medición del biomarcador se hace por medio de diversas técnicas, como bioquímica, inmunohistoquímica o biología molecular, en diferentes tipos de muestras, como tejido, sangre periférica y orina. El biomarcador ideal será aquel que sea válido y específico a la vez, que sea no invasivo, barato y fácilmente detectable. El uso de biomarcadores para la detección temprana del cáncer debe seguir un desarrollo ordenado y sistemático antes de introducirlos en la práctica clínica. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda exhaustiva en las bases de datos de PubMed y Embase, seleccionando los artículos pertinentes para revisarlos acorde a la temática específica de interés. Resultados. Se propone la sistematización del desarrollo de biomarcadores en cinco grandes fases, las cuales tienen la característica de ser ordenadas desde las evidencias más tempranas hasta las fases finales de su estudio. Conclusiones. El correcto desarrollo de biomarcadores hace posible la introducción de intervenciones terapéuticas en el ámbito de la prevención secundaria del cáncer.


Introduction. A biomarker can be defined as a molecular alteration present in the development of cancer pathogenesis which can be used for early diagnosis of the disease. The measurement of the biomarker can be carried out through various techniques such as biochemistry, immunohistochemistry, molecular biology, in different types of samples such as tissue, peripheral blood, and urine. The ideal biomarker will be one that is valid and specific while is non-invasive, cheap, and easily detectable. The use of biomarkers for the early detection of cancer must follow an orderly and systematic development before introducing them into clinical practice. Methods. An exhaustive search was performed in PubMed and Embase databases, selecting the relevant articles according to the specific topic of interest. Results. Systematization of the development of biomarkers in five large phases is proposed, which has the characteristic of being ordered from the earliest evidence to the final phases of their study. Conclusions. The correct development of biomarkers makes possible the introduction of therapeutic interventions in the field of secondary prevention of cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Early Diagnosis , Secondary Prevention , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions
7.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516333

ABSTRACT

A doença COVID-19, que se tornou uma pandemia em pouco espaço de tempo, apresenta uma ameaça grave para a saúde global. As condições bucais de pacientes com COVID-19 foram analisadas em vários estudos. Diante disso, observou-se que diversas manifestações bucais foram encontradas nesses pacientes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma revisão de literatura sistemática sobre as manifestações bucais que podem estar associadas à doença COVID-19. A pesquisa foi realizada por meio de uma revisão sistemática nas bases de dados Bireme, PubMed e SciELO, no período de 30 de abril de 2021 a 11 de maio de 2023. A busca utilizou os descritores "COVID-19", "coronavirus" e "oral manifestations". Foram utilizados como critério de inclusão a presença do artigo completo disponível na íntegra e publicado nos anos de 2020 a 2023 e excluídos aqueles que não relatavam alguma manifestação da COVID-19 ou que não abordavam formas de tratamento. Foram incluídos 19 artigos. As informações foram compiladas de forma a compreender a importância de se investigar as manifestações orais em decorrência dessa doença, devido a sua importância internacional dadas às suas circunstâncias devastadoras. Concluiu-se que é notável a importância da anamnese e o exame intraoral para diagnosticar as manifestações orais nos pacientes sob suspeita ou confirmados com a COVID-19, e o diagnóstico precoce das alterações é fundamental para assegurar um suporte adequado ao paciente acometido. Mais estudos são necessários para comprovar a associação direta entre a COVID-19 e as manifestações orais relatadas.


COVID-19, which has become a pandemic in a short time, poses a serious threat to global health. The oral conditions of patients with COVID-19 have been analyzed in several studies. Therefore, it was observed that several manifestations were found in these patients. The objective of the work is to carry out a systematic literature review on the oral manifestations that may be associated with the disease COVID-19. The research was carried out through a systematic review in the databases Bireme, PubMed and SciELO, from April 30, 2021 o May 11, 2023. The search using the descriptors "COVID-19", "coronavirus" and "Oral manifestations". Inclusion criteria were the presence of the full article available in full and published in 2020 and 2023. Articles that did not report any manifestation of COVID-19 or those that did not address forms of treatment were excluded. 19 articles were included. The information was compiled in order to understand the importance of investigating oral manifestations as a result of this disease, due to its international importance given to its devastating entities. It was concluded that the importance of anamnesis and intraoral examination for the diagnosis of oral manifestations in patients suspected or confirmed with COVID-19 is remarkable, and the early diagnosis of alterations is essential to ensure adequate support for the affected patient. Further studies are needed to prove the direct association between COVID-19 and the reported oral manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/complications , Mouth Diseases/virology , Early Diagnosis , Systematic Review , SARS-CoV-2 , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis
8.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(2): [113-127], jun2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437560

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) es la tercera causa de muerte en todo el mundo. Sin embargo, ante la falta de herramientas diagnósticas precisas en el primer nivel de atención médica, como la espirometría, es difícil determinar la prevalen-cia real de la EPOC.Por otro lado, la falta de una definición clara y precisa de las exacerbaciones de la EPOC hace que se subestime su impacto en la salud pública; habitualmente, los pacien-tes con EPOC que cursan una exacerbación retrasan la búsqueda de atención médica inmediata porque se acostumbran al deterioro asociado a la enfermedad o lo confun-den con cambios por la edad avanzada. Esto puede provocar un aumento de la mor-bilidad y la mortalidad, asimismo, mayor utilización de los recursos sanitarios y mayor carga económica. Por lo tanto, es importante sensibilizar sobre la importancia del diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento adecuado de las exacerbaciones de la EPOC, del mismo modo que el mayor conocimiento público de los síntomas, las causas y los factores de riesgo de la EPOC. Con ello, se podrán aplicar estrategias de prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento más eficaces que mejoren la calidad de vida de los pacientes y disminuyan la carga de la enfermedad para la sociedad.Esta revisión ofrece un análisis crítico de la definición más reciente y esboza las impli-caciones del comportamiento de las exacerbaciones, su impacto en los distintos ám-bitos del sistema sanitario, así como en las diferentes esferas de la vida de los pacien-tes con EPOC. (AU)


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common disease and the third leading cause of death worldwide. However, due to the lack of accurate diagnostic tools at the first level of care, such as spirometry, the true prevalence of COPD is difficult to determine.In addition, the lack of a clear definition of COPD exacerbations means that its pub-lic health impact is underestimated. Patients with COPD often do not seek immediate medical attention because they become used to the deterioration associated with the disease. This can lead to increased patient morbidity and mortality, as well as increased utilization of healthcare resources and higher economic costs. Therefore, it is important to promote greater awareness of the importance of early di-agnosis and proper management of COPD exacerbations, as well as increased public awareness of COPD symptoms, etiologic agents, and risk factors.By better understanding COPD exacerbations, more effective prevention, diagnosis and treatment strategies can be implemented to improve the quality of life of patients and reduce the burden of the disease on society.This review aims to provide a critical analysis of the most recent definition and to out-line the implications of the behavior of COPD exacerbations and their impact on the dif-ferent settings of the health care system, as well as on the different spheres of patients' lives. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Early Diagnosis , Mexico
9.
Hansen. int ; 48: 1-6, 07 jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, HANSEN, HANSENIASE, SESSP-ILSLPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1436175

ABSTRACT

A hanseníase é uma doença infecciosa, transmissível, de caráter crônico, com potencial grau de incapacidade, que ainda persiste como problema de saúde pública no Brasil. A demora e a falta de conhecimento técnico para realizar o diagnóstico resulta em inúmeros prejuízos aos pacientes acometidos pela doença, sendo que, a prevenção das incapacidades está relacionada diretamente com o diagnóstico precoce da doença. Com a finalidade de evitar a negligência diagnóstica e o desenvolvimento de incapacidades físicas, ressaltamos a importância do conhecimento técnico sobre o diagnóstico e o manejo da hanseníase por profissionais da saúde em qualquer nível de atenção à saúde ou especialidade.


Hansen is an infectious disease, transmissible, of a chronic nature, with serious potential for disability, which still persists as a public health problem in Brazil. The delay and the lack of technical knowledge to carry out the diagnosis with numerous prejudices to the patients affected by the disease, since the prevention of disabilities is directly related to the early diagnosis of the disease. In order to avoid diagnostic negligence and the development of physical disabilities, we highlight the importance of technical knowledge about the diagnosis and management of training by health professionals at any level of health care or special care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Primary Health Care , Disease Prevention , Leprosy, Multibacillary/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Education, Continuing , Neglected Diseases , Leprosy/complications , Leprosy/prevention & control
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(2): 289-299, 20230303. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425202

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La fuga anastomótica es la complicación más grave del tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer de colon por su alta morbimortalidad. El diagnóstico evidente, manifestado por la salida de contenido intestinal por drenajes o la herida quirúrgica, ocurre tardíamente (entre el 6º y 8º día). El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar la variación de los valores de la proteína C reactiva postoperatoria para hacer un diagnóstico precoz. Métodos. Estudio observacional, analítico, retrospectivo, de una cohorte de pacientes con neoplasia, en quienes se realizó cirugía oncológica con anastomosis intestinal, entre enero de 2019 y diciembre de 2021. Se midieron los valores en sangre de proteína C reactiva postoperatoria (1°, 3° y 5° días). Resultados. Se compararon 225 casos operados que no presentaron fuga con 45 casos con fuga. En los casos sin fuga, el valor de proteína C reactiva al 3º día fue de 148 mg/l y al 5º día de 71 mg/l, mientras en los casos con fuga, los valores fueron de 228,24 mg/l y 228,04 mg/l, respectivamente (p<0,05). Para un valor de 197 mg/l al 3º día la sensibilidad fue de 77 % y para un valor de 120 mg/l al 5º día la sensibilidad fue de 84 %. Conclusión. El mejor resultado de proteína C reactiva postoperatoria para detectar precozmente la fuga anastomótica se observó al 5º día. El valor de 127 mg/l tuvo la mejor sensibilidad, especificidad y valor predictivo negativo, lo cual permitiría el diagnóstico temprano y manejo oportuno de esta complicación


Introduction. Anastomotic leak is the most serious complication of surgical treatment of colon cancer due to its high morbidity and mortality. The obvious diagnosis manifested by the exit of intestinal content through drains or the operative wound, occurs late (between the 6th and 8th day). The objective of this work was to study the postoperative C-reactive protein values to make an early diagnosis. Methods. Observational, analytical, retrospective study of a cohort of patients undergoing colorectal surgery for neoplasia, between January 2019 and December 2021, who underwent oncological surgery with intestinal anastomosis and measured CRP blood values on 1st, 3rd and 5th post-operative days. Results. Two-hundred-twenty-five operated cases that did not present leaks were compared with 45 cases with leaks, with CRP values on the 3rd and 5th day of 148mg/l and 71mg/l in cases without leakage and CRP values of 228.24mg/l and 228.04 mg/l in cases with leakage on the 3rd and 5th day, respectively (p<0.05), CRP value of 197mg/l on the 3rd day has a sensitivity of 77%; CRP value of 120mg/l on the 5th day, has a sensitivity of 84%. Conclusions. The best result for CPR to early diagnosis of anastomotic leak was observed on the 5th day, having the value of 127 mg/l the best sensitivity, specificity and NPV, which would allow early diagnosis and timely management


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Early Diagnosis , Anastomotic Leak , Postoperative Complications , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colorectal Neoplasms
12.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 23-29, jan.-abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411182

ABSTRACT

A inteligência artificial é proveniente do setor de informática e consta de tecnologia com mecanismo oriundo de softwares, que é capaz de propiciar benefícios por intermédio do recurso da sua utilização em todos campos da sociedade. No setor saúde seu emprego tem se mostrado satisfatório, inclusive na área odontológica. No geral, na área da saúde pode-se aperfeiçoar e aprimorar a abordagem realizada preventivamente, uma vez que se pode proferir diagnósticos precocemente, obtendo melhor desfecho para os tratamentos. O objetivo do presente artigo foi investigar como o emprego da inteligência artificial pode agir e auxiliar no transcorrer dos procedimentos odontológicos. Os diagnósticos precoces são requisitados também a nível odontológico, almejando com essa aparatologia minimizar eventuais falhas nos tratamentos. Em âmbito odontológico pode-se dispor desse recurso nas áreas de Diagnóstico Bucal, Ortodontia, Dentística e Radiologia Odontológica. Concluiu-se que com o uso da inteligência artificial pode-se obter melhor desfecho nos tratamentos odontológicos realizados, concomitantemente sendo viável a racionalização do tempo gasto nos tratamentos e uma melhor confortabilidade aos pacientes e aos cirurgiões dentistas que estão em atendimento.


Artificial intelligence comes from the information technology sector and consists of technology with a mechanism derived from software, which is capable of providing benefits through the resource of its use in all fields of society. In the health sector, its use has been satisfactory, including in the dental field. In general, in the health area, the approach carried out preventively can be improved and improved, since diagnoses can be made early, obtaining a better outcome for the treatments. The objective of this article was to investigate how the use of artificial intelligence can act and help in the course of dental procedures. Early diagnoses are also required at the dental level, aiming with this apparatus to minimize eventual failures in treatments. In the dental field, this resource can be made available in the areas of Oral Diagnosis, Orthodontics, Dentistry and Dental Radiology. It was concluded that with the use of artificial intelligence, a better outcome can be obtained in the dental treatments performed, concomitantly being viable the rationalization of the time spent in the treatments and a better comfort to the patients and to the dentists who are in attendance.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Oral Health , Dentistry , Early Diagnosis
13.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 26(1cont): 37-44, jan.-jun. 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1426591

ABSTRACT

O trabalho foi realizado em uma fazenda de exploração leiteira em Castrolanda, no município de Castro ­ PR. O sistema de manejo é free-stall, com 220 vacas da raça Holandesa com RHA305 de 6.740 litros. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 18 vacas de pré-parto, 4 dias antes da data prevista para o parto; e nos dias 4, 7 e 12 pós-parto, mediante punção venosa coccígea, utilizando-se SnapTest digital Ketovet®, constituindo 72 amostras, no período de fevereiro a maio de 2020. Em 4 vacas o BHB do sangue total apresentou-se acima do limite para cetose subclínica no quarto dia após o parto e 17 apresentaram-se acima do limite no sétimo dia, declinando em seguida, principalmente devido às intervenções clínicas. As médias e desvios-padrão foram: D - 4: 0,89 ± 0,257061; D 4: 1,05 ± 0,283279; D 7: 1,81 ± 0,456131; e D 12: 1,19 ± 0,437762. O benefício do monitoramento de BHB foi a imediata intervenção clínica, evitando-se a severidade por instalação de quadro clínico e as enfermidades concomitantes.(AU)


The study was carried out on a dairy farm in Castrolanda, in the county of Castro - PR. The management system is free stall, with 220 Holstein cows with RHA305 of 6,740 liters. Blood samples were collected from 18 pre-calving cows, 4 days before the expected date of calving; and on days 4, 7 and 12 postpartum, by means of coccygeal venipuncture, using SnapTest digital Ketovet®, constituting 72 samples, from February to May 2020. In 4 cows the BHB of whole blood was shown above the limit for subclinical ketosis on the fourth day after delivery and 17 presented above the limit on the seventh day, then declining mainly due to clinical interventions. The means and standard deviations were D -4: 0.89 ± 0.257061; D 4: 1.05 ± 0.283279; D 7: 1.81 ± 0.456131; and D 12: 1.19 ± 0.437762. The benefit of monitoring BHB was immediate clinical intervention, avoiding clinical ketosis and concomitant illnesses.(AU)


El estudio se realizó en una explotación lechera de Castrolanda, en la comarca de Castro - PR. El sistema de manejo es estabulación libre, con 220 vacas Holstein con RHA305 de 6.740 litros. Se recogieron muestras de sangre de 18 vacas pre- parto, 4 días antes de la fecha prevista de parto; y en los días 4, 7 y 12 postparto, mediante venopunción coccígea, utilizando SnapTest digital Ketovet®, constituyendo 72 muestras, desde febrero a mayo de 2020. En 4 vacas la BHB de sangre total se mostró por encima del límite para cetosis subclínica en el cuarto día después del parto y 17 presentaron por encima del límite en el séptimo día, disminuyendo después debido principalmente a intervenciones clínicas. Las medias y desviaciones estándar fueron D -4: 0,89 ± 0,257061; D 4: 1,05 ± 0,283279; D 7: 1,81 ± 0,456131; y D 12: 1,19 ± 0,437762. El beneficio de monitorizar la BHB fue la intervención clínica inmediata, evitando la cetosis clínica y las enfermedades concomitantes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle/physiology , Ketone Bodies/analysis , Ketosis/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis
14.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 94(2): e218, 2023. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1520118

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el retraimiento del lactante es un signo de riesgo de desviaciones en el desarrollo y la salud mental infantil asociado a perturbaciones sostenidas en la interacción padres-bebé. Para este estudio se amplió la formación de un grupo de pediatras, médicos de familia y otros profesionales del primer nivel de un centro de salud de una zona de alta vulnerabildad social en una perspectiva interdisciplinaria del impacto de las interacciones tempranas en el neurodesarrollo y en la salud psicoemocional de los primeros años de vida, junto con la aplicación de un instrumento validado internacionalmente para la detección de retraimiento (escala ADBB, Alarme Détresse Bébé, Guedeney 2001) y estrategias para promover las habilidades sociales del lactante durante el control pediátrico. Objetivo: el estudio fue para evaluar el efecto de este abordaje en el seguimiento pediátrico de un grupo de lactantes a través de la detección de retraimiento y en comparación con otro grupo atendido en el mismo centro de salud sin el abordaje propuesto. Material y métodos: se realizó la detección de retraimiento con ADBB a 101 lactantes de 2 a 11 meses filmados en controles pediátricos durante 2016-2017 en un centro de salud pública de Montevideo. De total, 58 tuvieron seguimiento pediátrico con cuatro pediatras y una médica de familia con el abordaje propuesto y fueron evaluados con ADBB en dos tiempos, entre los 2 y 5 meses y entre los 8 y 11 meses de edad. Los 43 restantes acudieron al control pediátrico habitual en el centro de salud y fueron evaluados con ADBB entre los 8 y 11 meses. Todos los lactantes fueron evaluados con ADBB por expertos independientes. Resultados: de los 58 lactantes atendidos con el abordaje propuesto, 22% presentó retraimiento entre los 2 y 5 meses, y 14% entre los 8 y 11 meses. En el grupo atendido en los controles pediátricos regulares sin el abordaje propuesto, se detectó 53% de retraimiento entre los 8 y 11 meses de edad (p <0,001). Conclusiones: La detección precoz de retraimiento junto con estrategias para la promoción de las habilidades sociales del lactante durante el segui- miento pediátrico podría favorecer una perspectiva más integral y preventiva de la salud, incidiendo en el cuidado del neurodesarrollo y de la salud mental infantil desde el primer nivel.


Introduction: infant withdrawal is a sign of risk for deviations in child development and mental health associated with sustained disturbances in parent-infant interaction. For this study, a group of pediatricians, family doctors and other professionals of the Primary Care Level of a health center in an area of high social vulnerability was trained including an interdisciplinary perspective regarding the impact of early interactions on the neurodevelopment and psychological and emotional health of the first years of life. Similarly, we applied an internationally validated instrument for the detection of withdrawal (ADBB scale, Alarme Détresse Bébé, Guedeney 2001) and strategies to promote infant social skills during the pediatric check-ups. Objective: the study was to evaluate the effect of this approach in the pediatric follow-up of a group of infants through the detection of withdrawal and to compare it with another group assisted in the same center that did not receive the same approach. Material and methods: withdrawal with ADBB was detected in 101 infants aged 2 to 11 months filmed in pediatric controls during 2016-2017 in a public health center in Montevideo. In total, 58 had pediatric follow-up with four pediatricians and one family physician using the approach proposed in this study and were evaluated with ADBB in two stages, between 2 and 5 months and between 8 and 11 months of age. The remaining 43 attended the usual pediatric control at the health center and were evaluated with ADBB between 8 and 11 months. All infants were evaluated with ADBB by independent experts. Results: of the 58 infants treated with the approach proposed in this study, 22% presented withdrawal between 2 and 5 months, and 14% between 8 and 11 months. In the group attended in regular pediatric check-ups without using the proposed approach, 53% of withdrawal was detected between 8 and 11 months of age (p <0.001). Conclusions: the early detection of withdrawal to gether with strategies for the promotion of infant social skills during pediatric follow-up could favor a more comprehensive and preventive health perspective and enable practitioners to focus on the children neurodevelopmental and mental health from primary care assistance.


Introduccion: a abstinencia infantil é um sinal de risco para os desvios no desenvolvimento infantil e na saúde mental associados a distúrbios sustenta- dos na interação pais-bebê. Para este estudo, expandiuse a formação de um grupo de pediatras, médicos de família e outros profissionais do primeiro nível de um centro de saúde numa área de alta vulnerabilidade social, utilizando uma perspectiva interdisciplinar do impacto das interações precoces no neurodesenvolvimento e na saúde psicoemocional dos primeiros anos de vida, juntamente com a aplicação de um instrumento validado internacio- nalmente para a detecção de abstinência (escala ADBB, Alarme Détresse Bébé, Guedeney 2001) e estratégias para promover habilidades sociais infan- tis durante o controle pediátrico. Objetivo: do estudo foi avaliar o efeito dessa abordagem no acompanhamento pediátrico de um grupo de lactentes por meio da detecção de abstinência e comparálo com outro grupo atendido no mesmo centro de saúde, más sem utilizar a abordagem proposta. Material e Métodos: a abstinência com ADBB foi detectada em 101 lactentes com idades entre 2 e 11 meses filmados em controles pediátricos durante 2016-2017 num Centro de Saúde Pública em Montevidéu. No total, 58 tiveram acompanhamento pediátrico com quatro pediatras e um médico de família e receberam a abordagem proposta e foram avaliados com o ADBB em dois estágios, entre 2 e 5 meses e entre 8 e 11 meses de idade. Os 43 restantes compareceram ao controle pediátrico habitual no centro de saúde e foram avaliados com ADBB entre 8 e 11 meses. Todos os lactentes foram avaliados com o ADBB por especialistas independentes. Resultados: dos 58 lactentes tratados com a abordagem proposta, 22% apresentaram abstinência entre 2 e 5 meses e 14% entre 8 e 11 meses. No grupo atendido em check-ups pediátricos regulares sem a abordagem proposta, 53% de desistência (retraimiento) foi detectada entre 8 e 11 meses de idade (p <0,001). Conclusões: a detecção precoce da abstinência, aliada a estratégias de promoção de habilidades sociais infantis durante o acompanhamento pediá- trico, poderia favorecer uma perspectiva de saúde mais abrangente e preventiva, com foco no cuidado do neurodesenvolvimento e da saúde mental infantil desde o primeiro nível de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Social Isolation , Social Skills , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/diagnosis , Parent-Child Relations , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Vulnerable Populations , Early Diagnosis , Sociodemographic Factors
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210180, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448796

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To establish cephalometric norms in primary dentition among males and females using novel customized Comprehensive Cephalometric Growth (CCG) Analysis. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 67 subjects with a mean age of 5.5 yrs. Digital lateral cephalometric radiographs were obtained using Planmeca Pro One. The digital images were then transferred to Nemoceph software. Craniofacial Growth (CCG) Analysis was configured in the software with five sub-groups. This sub-grouping was done such that related components were grouped together and comprehensively; it would provide an assessment of every component of the craniofacial region that could be affected either by treatment maneuver or growth process. The same was used for the cephalometric analysis and to determine the cephalometric norms in the primary dentition. Results: Certain linear measurements were higher among males when compared to females. However, most measurements remained similar among males and females during this age group. The CCG analysis provided a comprehensive knowledge of the craniofacial parameters during the growth process. Conclusion: The cephalometric norms during primary dentition thus established using Comprehensive Craniofacial Growth analysis would provide the data for early diagnosis and treatment planning in interceptive orthodontic treatment procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tooth, Deciduous/anatomy & histology , Anthropometry/instrumentation , Cephalometry/instrumentation , Dentofacial Deformities , Radiographic Image Enhancement/instrumentation , Early Diagnosis
16.
J. Public Health Africa (Online) ; 14(11)2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1527515

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective: Congenital dislocation of the hip is a malformation of the lower limbs that could be complicated by a disabling physical handicap with long-term psychological and social repercussions if detected late. This study aims to describe the screening for congenital hip dislocation and to investigate the association between the occurrence of this anomaly and possible risk factors in Morocco. Methods: The study was based on the exploitation of the records of children treated at the trauma and orthopedics department of the Mohammed VI University Hospital in Marrakech, Morocco. It concerned 160 cases with a 5-year follow-up from January 2016 to March 2021. Results: The results of the study showed that 56.7% of the affected children had a bilateral dislocation and 25.8% of the cases had a left-sided dislocation. The malformation occurred more frequently in females 69.2%. A familial disposition to the malformation was found in about 22% of the cases. The diagnosis was late (at walking age) in 61% of children following the onset of lameness with or without pain in 91% of children. In 41.87% of the hips, the reduction was surgical, with 28% failure dominated by acetabular dysplasia in 11%. Conclusion: The risk factors for congenital hip dislocation identified in our setting were dominated by sex, primiparity, consanguineous marriage, and the presence of a family history of dislocation. Communication of risk factors specific to our setting to healthcare personnel will allow them to guide the diagnosis and increase vigilance in the at-risk population for management that prevents the development of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Early Diagnosis , Hip Dislocation, Congenital , Pregnant Women
17.
Rev. Anesth.-Réanim. Med. Urg. Toxicol. ; 15(1): 46-48, 2023. figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1438428

ABSTRACT

La triade bronchectasies, sinusites et situs inversus caractérisent le syndrome de Kartagener. Sa transmission est autosomique récessive. Le cas de cette jeune fille de 19 ans que nous rapportons permet de déterminer la place de l'imagerie dans la démarche diagnostique de cette pathologie. La patiente présentait un syndrome clinique respiratoire récidivant depuis sa naissance. Le diagnostic a été posé par l'examen scannographique. L'évolution de la maladie dépend de la précocité du diagnostic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Situs Inversus , Kartagener Syndrome , Dyspnea , Early Diagnosis
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1155-1165, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980839

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHC). Early diagnosis of HCC remains the key to improve the prognosis. In recent years, with the promotion of the concept of precision medicine and more in-depth analysis of the biological mechanism underlying HCC, new diagnostic methods, including emerging serum markers, liquid biopsies, molecular diagnosis, and advances in imaging (novel contrast agents and radiomics), have emerged one after another. Herein, we reviewed and analyzed scientific advances in the early diagnosis of HCC and discussed their application and shortcomings. This review aimed to provide a reference for scientific research and clinical practice of HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Early Diagnosis , Precision Medicine
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 159-165, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971054

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of basal luteinizing hormone (LH) level combined with uterine volume measurement in the early diagnosis of central precocious puberty (CPP) in girls with different Tanner stages.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the girls who presented with breast development before the age of 8 years and attended the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2017 to September 2022. According to the results of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist test, the girls with peak LH ≥5.0 IU/L and peak LH/follicle stimulating hormone ≥0.6 were enrolled as the positive group, and the other girls were enrolled as the negative group. The two groups were compared in terms of the basal LH level and uterine volume. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze their value in the early diagnosis of CPP.@*RESULTS@#For the girls with Tanner B2 and B3 stages, the positive group had significantly higher basal LH level and uterine volume than the negative group (P<0.05). The basal LH level had an optimal cut-off value of 0.325 IU/L and 0.505 IU/L respectively in the diagnosis of Tanner stage B2/B3 CPP, while uterine volume had an optimal cut-off value of 1.639 mL and 2.158 mL respectively. Basal LH level combined with uterine volume measurement had a significantly larger area under the ROC curve than uterine volume measurement alone (P<0.001), but with no significant difference compared with that of basal LH level measurement alone (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Basal LH level combined with uterine volume measurement is valuable in the early diagnosis of CPP in girls with different Tanner stages, which provides a basis and guiding significance for clinical diagnosis of CPP.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Early Diagnosis , Luteinizing Hormone/chemistry , Puberty, Precocious/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Uterus/pathology
20.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1115-1123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985520

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease is a major threat to human health and has become the leading cause of death worldwide; therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are of great value. Due to its miniaturization, integration, and ease of operation, microfluidic technology enables the rapid, multi-target detection of cardiovascular disease markers and significantly facilitates the early and rapid diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. This article reviews the research progress of microfluidics in cardiovascular disease detection, analyzes its advantages and weaknesses in the rapid detection of protein, lipid, and nucleic acid biomarkers, hopes to provide a reference to promote the quick detection technology of cardiovascular disease, and thus proposes new considerations for the early management of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microfluidics , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Early Diagnosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL