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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 20240222. 89 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1531864

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo investigar o uso de duas técnicas de instrumentação do canal radicular no tratamento endodôntico de molares decíduos. As técnicas aplicadas foram instrumentação manual convencional, com o uso de limas K manuais de aço inoxidável, e instrumentação reciprocante, um tipo de instrumentação mecanizada que aplica instrumentos acionados a motor introduzidos no canal enquanto realizam movimentos de rotação alternada. Assim, foi realizado um ensaio clínico randomizado com acompanhamento de 24 meses, comparando os resultados obtidos com as duas técnicas. Esta tese é composta por dois estudos relacionados ao tema principal: (I) um ensaio clínico randomizado (ECR) com 24 meses de acompanhamento avaliando o sucesso do tratamento endodôntico, (II) um estudo aninhado no ECR avaliando fatores associados ao tempo de instrumentação, desconforto e dor pós-operatória no tratamento endodôntico de molares decíduos. O principal objetivo do ECR (I) foi comparar a taxa de sucesso da instrumentação reciprocante à instrumentação manual convencional no tratamento endodôntico de molares decíduos após 24 meses. Como desfecho primário, o sucesso do tratamento após 24 meses foi avaliado por exame clínico e radiográfico. Outros desfechos secundários também foram analisados, tais como: tempo de instrumentação, qualidade da obturação, desconforto após o tratamento e dor pósoperatória. O estudo aninhado ao ECR (II) teve como objetivo analisar os dados disponíveis do ECR observando uma possível associação entre a técnica de instrumentação e outras variáveis (relacionadas às crianças e aos dentes), no tempo de instrumentação e na ocorrência de dor pós-operatória no tratamento endodôntico de molares decíduos. Como resultados principais, observou-se que ambas as técnicas forneceram resultados semelhantes quanto à taxa de sucesso do tratamento endodôntico após 24 meses de acompanhamento. Não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante entre as técnicas. Também foi observado que, na dentição decídua, o tipo de técnica de instrumentação aplicada influencia no tempo de instrumentação; por outro lado, não parece estar relacionado à ocorrência de dor pós-operatória. Em conclusão, não há diferenças em termos de sucesso no tratamento endodôntico de molares decíduos instrumentados pela técnica manual ou reciprocante.


Subject(s)
Endodontics
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e243355, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1551649

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to perform an in vitro comparative analysis of the antifungal activity of different calcium silicate-based endodontic sealers against three fungal species. Methods: The antifungal properties of three calcium silicate-based sealers were tested: Bio-C Sealer, Cambiar a Sealer Plus BC, and MTA-Fillapex. Two commonly used sealers were used as controls: AH Plus and Endomethasone. An agar diffusion test was performed to analyze the antifungal activity of the sealers against Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, and a mixed microbial culture medium. The results were analyzed using ANOVA (p <0.05). Results: Endomethasone exhibited the highest inhibition against all strains examined, maintaining a consistent level of inhibition throughout 7 days. MTA-Fillapex demonstrated the best performance among the calcium silicate-based sealers for the three fungal species (p < 0.05), maintaining stable values over the 7 days, surpassing that of Endomethasone. Nevertheless, MTA-Fillapex only exhibited antimicrobial effect against the mixed culture for the first 24 hours, and no antimicrobial activity was observed at 48 hours, being surpassed by all tested sealers (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Of all silicate-based sealers tested, only MTA-Fillapex exhibited promising antifungal activity. Nevertheless, care must be taken when extrapolating these results, as MTA-Fillapex exhibited poor antimicrobial activity when tested in mixed microbial cultures


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Silicate Cement , Bacteria , Candida albicans , Candida glabrata , Candida tropicalis , Endodontics , Antifungal Agents/analysis
3.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 25(3): 67-81, Sep.-Dec. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1529070

ABSTRACT

Abstract To compare the physicochemical composition of 4 MTAs commercially available in Latin America. ProRoot MTA (Dentsply, USA), MTA Angelus (Angelus, Brazil), MTA Flow (Ultradent, USA), and MTA Viarden (Viarden, Mexico) were physically and chemically compared. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images were obtained from the MTA powder and the prepared presentations. Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) analyses were performed by triplicate, to calculate the mass proportion of calcium (Ca), silicon (Si), the Ca/Si proportion among the 4 brands. Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) were conducted (50ºC-1000ºC), and mass loss and inflection points were calculated for each material. Statistical differences for Ca and Si content were determined by ANOVA (p<0.05). SEM images showed evident differences in the appearance of both the powder and the prepared MTAs among brands. Angelus MTA showed cubic prisms not observed in the other 3 brands. ProRoot MTA and MTA Flow showed similar homogeneous structures. MTA Viarden was the less homogeneous, with random structures (>15um). When comparing the mass proportions of Ca and Si between the 4 powder samples, MTA Viarden showed a significantly lower proportions of both elements when compared with the other brands (p<0.005). TGA análisis showed a similar behavior for ProRoot MTA, MTA Angelus and MTA Flow, with less than 2% mass loss when the 1000C temperature was reached. MTA Viarden showed a mass loss of 9,94% before the 700C, indicating the presence of different content sensible to temperature degradation. The analyzed MTAs demonstrated to vary significantly in their chemical composition and physical characteristics. Clinicians must be aware of the differences between different brands of a same material, and future research should focus on the clinical implications of these differences.


Resumen Comparar la composición fisicoquímica de 4 MTA disponibles comercialmente en América Latina. Se compararon física y químicamente ProRoot MTA (Dentsply, EE. UU.), MTA Angelus (Angelus, Brasil), MTA Flow (Ultradent, EE. UU.) y MTA Viarden (Viarden, México). Se obtuvieron imágenes de microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM) del polvo de MTA y de las presentaciones preparadas. Los análisis de espectroscopía de dispersión de energía de rayos X (EDS) se realizaron por triplicado para calcular la proporción de masa de calcio (Ca), silicio (Si), la proporción Ca/Si entre las 4 marcas. Se realizaron análisis termogravimétricos (TGA) (50ºC-1000ºC), y se calcularon las pérdidas de masa y los puntos de inflexión para cada material. Las diferencias estadísticas para el contenido de Ca y Si se determinaron mediante ANOVA (p<0,05). Los análisis SEM mostraron diferencias evidentes en la apariencia tanto del polvo como las preparaciones de los MTA, entre las diferentes marcas. MTA Angelus mostró prismas cúbicos no observados en las otras 3 marcas. ProRoot MTA y MTA Flow mostraron estructuras homogéneas similares. MTA Viarden fue el menos homogéneo, con estructuras aleatorias (>15um). Al comparar las proporciones de masa de Ca y Si entre las 4 muestras de polvo, MTA Viarden mostró proporciones significativamente más bajas de ambos elementos en comparación con las otras marcas (p<0,005). El análisis TGA mostró un comportamiento similar para ProRoot MTA, MTA Angelus y MTA Flow, con menos del 2 % de pérdida de masa al alcanzar los 1000 °C de temperatura. El MTA Viarden mostró una pérdida de masa de 9,94% antes de los 700 °C, indicando la presencia de diferentes contenidos sensibles a la degradación por temperatura. Los MTA analizados demostraron diferencias significativas en su composición química y características físicas. Los clínicos deben ser conscientes de las diferencias entre las diferentes marcas de un mismo material, y futuras investigaciones deben enfocarse en las implicaciones clínicas de estas diferencias.


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Ceramics/analysis , Endodontics , Biocompatible Materials
4.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(2): 26-32, abr./jun 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537546

ABSTRACT

O retratamento endodôntico é uma intervenção executada em um dente que já apresenta um tratamento realizado anteriormente que foi mal sucedido clínica e/ou radiograficamente. O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de relatar um caso de retratamento endodôntico na clínica de Atenção Básica III da Faculdade de Odontologia de Pernambuco devido ao desconforto estético do incisivo lateral superior que estava fraturado e necessitando de prótese fixa. Após anamnese, exames extra e intra-oral e exames radiográficos, constatou-se o canal do dente 12 havia sido tratado endodonticamente há aproximadamente quatro anos. A remoção da gutta percha contaminada foi realizada com as limas rotatórias EasyLogic RT® 25mm sequência 30.10 torque 4N e 900 RPM, 25.08 torque 4Ne 900 RPM. Após remoção da guta-percha, realizou-se o protocolo de irrigação com solução de hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5% (Biodinâmic). A odontometria foi realizada com localizador apical e confirmada por radiografia periapical e o repreparo do canal radicular confeccionado com a Lima EasyLogic 2® de número 35.06 e posterior irrigação com a solução de Labarraque. Nesse momento, o paciente relatou dor e após aspiração com sugador endodôntico, notou-se sangramento abundante, correspondendo ao extravasamento do hipoclorito de sódio (Enfizema por hipoclorito de sódio. O paciente foi medicado com Amoxacilina 875mg de 12 em 12 horas durante sete dias, Predisin 20mg ­ Corticóide - um comprimido pela manhã por 4 dias e Nimesulida 100mg de 12 em 12 horas durante 5 dias. Após 24 horas o paciente não relatou dor nem edema. Na segunda sessão, 10 dias após o acidente, a obturação foi realizada com cone único de guta-percha 35.06 HBassi (Easy, associado ao cimento Bio C Sealer Fillapex (Angelus®). Concluiu-se que a conduta terapêutica imediata instituída para este caso, foi efetiva para o controle da dor e prevenção de complicações adicionais após injeção acidental de hipoclorito de sódio.


Endodontic retreatment is an intervention performed on a tooth that already has a previously performed treatment that was clinically and/ or radiographically unsuccessful. The objective of this study was to report a case of endodontic retreatment at the Primary Care Clinic III of the Faculty of Dentistry of Pernambuco due to the aesthetic discomfort of the maxillary lateral incisor that was fractured and required a fixed prosthesis. After anamnesis, extra and intraoral exams and radiographic exams, it was found that the root canal of tooth 12 had been endodontically treated for approximately four years. Removal of contaminated gutta percha with those performed with EasyLogic RT® 25mm rotary files sequence 30.10 torque 4N and 900 RPM, 25.08 torque 4N and 900 RPM. After removing the gutta-percha, the irrigation protocol was performed with a 2.5% sodium hypochlorite solution (Biodynamic). Odontometry was performed with an apex locator and confirmed by periapical radiography and root canal re-preparation made with EasyLogic 2® File number 35.06 and subsequent irrigation with Labarraque's solution. At that moment, the patient reported pain and after aspiration with an endodontic sucker, there was profuse bleeding, corresponding to sodium hypochlorite extravasation (Sodium hypochlorite emphysema. The patient was medicated with Amoxicillin 875mg every 12 hours for seven days, Predisin 20mg - Corticosteroid - one tablet in the morning for 4 days and Nimesulide 100mg every 12 hours for 5 days. After 24 hours the patient did not report pain or swelling. In the second session, 10 days after the accident, the filling was performed with a single cone of gutta-percha 35.06 HBassi (Easy, associated with Bio C Sealer Fillapex cement (Angelus®). It was concluded that the immediate therapeutic approach instituted for this case was effective for pain control and prevention of complications. additional doses after accidental injection of sodium hypochlorite.


El retratamiento endodóntico es una intervención que se realiza sobre un diente que ya tiene un tratamiento realizado previamente que resultó clínica y/o radiográficamente fallido. El objetivo de este estudio fue relatar un caso de retratamiento endodóntico en la Clínica de Atención Básica III de la Facultad de Odontología de Pernambuco debido a la incomodidad estética del incisivo lateral maxilar que estaba fracturado y requirió prótesis fija. Después de anamnesis, exámenes extraorales, intraorales y exámenes radiográficos, se encontró que el conducto radicular del diente 12 había sido tratado endodónticamente durante aproximadamente cuatro años. Eliminación de gutapercha contaminada con las realizadas con limas rotatorias EasyLogic RT® 25mm secuencia 30.10 torque 4N y 900 RPM, 25.08 torque 4N y 900 RPM. Tras retirar la gutapercha, se realizó el protocolo de irrigación con una solución de hipoclorito de sodio al 2,5% (Biodynamic). Se realizó odontometría con localizador de ápices y se confirmó mediante radiografía periapical y repreparación del conducto radicular realizada con EasyLogic 2® File número 35.06 y posterior irrigación con solución de Labarraque. En ese momento el paciente refirió dolor y luego de aspiración con ventosa endodóntica presentó sangrado profuso, correspondiente a extravasación de hipoclorito de sodio (Enfisema por hipoclorito de sodio. El paciente fue medicado con Amoxicilina 875mg cada 12 horas por siete días. Predisin 20mg - Corticosteroide - una tableta por la mañana por 4 días y Nimesulida 100mg cada 12 horas por 5 días, luego de 24 horas el paciente no refirió dolor ni hinchazón, en la segunda sesión, 10 días después del accidente, se realizó el relleno con un solo cono de gutapercha 35.06 HBassi (Easy, asociado al cemento Bio C Sealer Fillapex (Angelus®). Se concluyó que el abordaje terapéutico inmediato instituido para este caso fue eficaz para el control del dolor y la prevención de complicaciones. dosis adicionales después de accidente inyección de hipoclorito de sodio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retreatment , Endodontics , Amoxicillin/administration & dosage
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1089-1094, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514362

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The mandibular first molar (MFM) commonly presents two roots with two canals in the mesial root and one or two canals in the distal root. However, morphological variations have been described in different populations, which must be considered when planning endodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to analyze the internal and external morphology of the MFM in a Chilean sub-population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. An in vivo cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study was conducted using CBCT exams from 351 right and left MFM. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics using the Chi- Square test for categorical variables, Fisher's exact test, the Mann-Whitney U non-parametric test for two independent samples, and the Wilcoxon non-parametric test for related samples. Of the total sample, 1 root was observed in 2.27 % of the cases, 2 roots in 93.73 %, and 3 roots in 4 %. In relation to the number of canals, 71.23 % of the MFM showed 3 root canals, 16.81 % 4 canals, 9.69 % 2 canals, and 2.28 % 1 canal. Of all the studied cases, 2.3 % had a C-shaped anatomy. In terms of morphology, using Zhang's classification, variant 3 was observed in 71.23 %, variant 4 in 12.82 %, variant 1 in 9.67 %, variant 6 in 4 %, and variant 8 in 2.28 %. In conclusion, the morphology of the MFM is variable in a Chilean sub-population, and these variations must be considered before and during endodontic therapy. CBCT proved to be an effective tool for the in vivo study of tooth morphology.


El primer molar mandibular (MFM) comúnmente presenta dos raíces con dos canales en la raíz mesial y uno o dos canales en la raíz distal. Sin embargo, se han descrito variaciones morfológicas en distintas poblaciones, las que se deben tener en consideración al momento de planificar el tratamiento endodóntico. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la morfología interna y externa del MFM en una sub población chilena mediante el uso de imágenes de tomografía computarizada Cone Beam (CBCT). Se realizó un estudio transversal, descriptivo y observacional in vivo empleando exámenes CBCT de 351 MFM tanto derechos como izquierdos. Los datos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva empleando la prueba Chi-Cuadrado para variables categóricas, el test exacto de Fisher, la prueba no paramétrica de U-Mann-Whitney para dos muestras independientes y la prueba no paramétrica de Wilcoxon para muestras relacionadas. Del total de la muestra se observó 1 raíz en un 2.27 % de los casos, 2 raíces en 93.73 % y 3 raíces en un 4 %. En relación al número de canales un 71.23 % de los MFM mostraron 3 canales radiculares, un 16.81 % 4 canales, un 9.69 % 2 canales y un 2.28 % 1 canal. Del total de los casos estudiados un 2.3 % se presentó anatomía en forma de C. En relación a la morfología, empleando la clasificación de Zhang, se observó en un 71.23 % la variante tipo 3, en un 12.82 % la variante tipo 4, en un 9.67 % la variante tipo 1, en un 4 % variante tipo 6 y en un 2,28 % variante tipo 8. En conclusión, la morfología del MFM es variable en una subpoblación chilena y estas variaciones deben ser consideradas antes y durante la terapia endodóntica. El CBCT demostró ser una herramienta eficaz para el estudio in vivo de la morfología dentaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endodontics , Molar/anatomy & histology
6.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1526602

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar do conhecimento dos alunos de odontologia sobre os protocolos de atendimento para as urgências endodônticas. Método: 182 alunos dos últimos anos do curso de Odontologia do Centro Universitário Doutor Leão Sampaio, responderam a um questionário contendo perguntas referente ao protocolo adotado em casos de urgência de origem endodôntica. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Qui-quadrado de Pearson (p<0,05). Resultados: foram observadas diferenças entre a conduta relata pelos alunos do quarto e quinto ano de graduação quanto a indicação da incisão para drenagem em abscesso periapical agudo submucoso (evoluído), indicação de antibióticos nos casos de flare-up e indicação de antibióticos na dor com edema póstratamento endodôntico. A prescrição de antibióticos foi excessiva para os casos de dor entre consultas (flareup) e dor no pós-operatória. Para as patologias da polpa, a maioria dos alunos indicou protocolos de urgência recomendados na literatura. Conclusão: os resultados indicam a necessidade de melhoria dos programas de treinamento dos alunos em urgências endodônticas, principalmente quanto aos protocolos farmacológicos. (AU)


Objective: to evaluate the knowledge of dentistry students about care protocols for endodontic emergencies. Method: 182 students from the last years of the Dentistry course at Doctor Leão Sampaio University Center answered a questionnaire containing questions regarding the protocol adopted in urgent cases of endodontic origin. Data were analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square test (p<0.05). Results: differences were observed between the conduct reported by fourth- and fifth-year undergraduate students regarding the indication of incision for drainage in submucosal acute periapical abscess (evolved), indication of antibiotics in cases of flare-up and indication of antibiotics in pain with edema after endodontic treatment. The prescription of antibiotics was excessive for cases of pain between appointments (flare-up) and postoperative pain. For pulp pathologies, most students indicated emergency protocols recommended in the literature. Conclusion: the results indicate the need to improve student training programs in endodontic emergencies, especially regarding pharmacological protocols. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Emergency Treatment , Endodontics , Drug Prescriptions , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Pulp Diseases/therapy , Education, Dental
7.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110811, mayo-ago. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532448

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar los hábitos de medicación sistémica de odontólogos especialistas y no especialistas en endodoncia ante diferentes patologías pulpares previos al tratamiento en- dodóntico en Argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se diseñó una encuesta para evaluar la prescripción de antibióticos, tipo de antibióticos, tiempo de prescripción, indicación de antinflamatorios no es- teroides y esteroides ante diferentes patologías pulpares. Se envió a 635 odontólogos especialistas y no especialistas en endodoncia a través de SurveyMonkey. Por medio de la prue- ba de Chi cuadrado se evaluaron las diferencias de medica- ción entre los grupos estudiados. Resultados: En pulpitis se medicó con antibióticos en el 3,48% de los casos y con antinflamatorios en un 62,60%. En necrosis pulpar sin fístula no se indicó ninguna medica- ción en un 64,47% de los casos, seguido de antibióticos en un 24,56%. En necrosis con fístula, el 52,38% no indicó nin- guna medicación, seguido de medicación con antibióticos en un 35,49%. En periodontitis apical aguda la principal medica- ción fue con antinflamatorios (52,79%), seguido de antibió- ticos (32,87%); y en el absceso alveolar agudo, un 57,10% indicó antibióticos seguido de antinflamatorios. El antibiótico de elección fue la penicilina en un 65,23% de los casos, y en caso de alergia a la misma, el antibiótico elegido fue azitromi- cina (30,12%). El tiempo de prescripción fue de 7 días. En la comparación entre especialistas y no especialistas hubo dife- rencias estadísticamente significativas para pulpitis y necrosis con fístula (p<0,01) y no las hubo entre necrosis sin fístula, periodontitis apical aguda y absceso alveolar agudo (p> 0,05). Conclusiones: La penicilina fue el antibiótico de elec- ción de la mayoría de los odontólogos argentinos encuestados junto al ibuprofeno como anti-inflamatorio. Existiría una so- bremedicación en patologías endodónticas que podría contri- buir a la resistencia microbiana a los antibióticos (AU)


Aim: Determine the systemic medication habits of den- tists specialists and non-specialists in endodontists in differ- ent pulp pathologies prior to root canal treatment in Argen- tina. Materials and methods: A survey was designed to evaluate the prescription of antibiotics, the type of antibiotics, prescription time, indication of non-steroidal anti-inflamma- tory drugs in different pulp pathologies. It was sent to 635 general dentists and endodontic specialists via SurveyMon- key. A Chi-square test was made to evaluate the differences in medication between the studied groups. Results: In pulpitis, antibiotics were prescribed in 3.48% of cases and anti-inflammatories in 62.60%. In pul- pal necrosis without fistula, no medication was indicated in 64.47% of cases, followed by antibiotics in 24.56%. In ne- crosis with fistula, 52.38% did not indicate any medication, followed by medication with antibiotics in 35.49%. In acute apical periodontitis the main medication was anti-inflamma-tories (52.79%), followed by antibiotics (32.87%); and for acute alveolar abscess, 57.10% indicated antibiotics, fol- lowed by anti-inflammatories. The antibiotic of choice was penicillin in 65.23% of the cases, and in case of allergy to it, the chosen antibiotic was azithromycin (30.12%). The prescription time was 7 days. In the comparison between specialists and non-specialists, there were significant dif- ferences for pulpitis and necrosis with fistula (p<0.01) and there were no significant differences between necrosis without fistula, acute apical periodontitis and acute alveo- lar abscess (p>0.05). Conclusions: Penicillin was the antibiotic of choice for the majority of the surveyed Argentine dentists, as well as ibuprofen as an anti-inflammatory drug. These could reflect an overmedication in endodontics pathologies that could con- tribute to microbial resistance to antibiotics (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Penicillins/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Diseases/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Specialties, Dental/standards , Chi-Square Distribution , Administration, Oral , Surveys and Questionnaires , Endodontics/trends
8.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 60(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530095

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las piezas dentarias luego de tratamiento de endodoncia aumentan su susceptibilidad a la fractura, lo que está asociado, principalmente, con la pérdida de la estructura dental. Objetivo: Evaluar in vitro, la resistencia a la fractura de premolares superiores con tratamientos de endodoncia mediante acceso tradicional, conservador y conservador Ninja, con restauración provisoria y final. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo de diseño experimental longitudinal con 42 premolares superiores donados, separados en 3 grupos según el tipo de acceso de endodoncia a aplicarse y luego cada uno en dos subgrupos según el tipo de restauración, y un grupo control, al cual no se le realiza endodoncia. Luego de realizar el tratamiento y la restauración, se evaluó la resistencia a la fractura mediante carga compresiva oblicua (45°), en una máquina de carga universal. Las cargas requeridas para la fractura se registraron en newtons y fueron comparadas estadísticamente. Resultados: Las piezas tratadas mediante acceso conservador Ninja con restauración provisoria y final, requirieron una carga promedio para la fractura de 513,45 N y 638,13 N, respectivamente. Fuerzas significativamente mayores a las resistencias ofrecidas por los otros tratamientos con p 0,05. Conclusiones: En la endodoncia in vitro, el diseño del acceso a la cavidad, tipo conservador Ninja, afectó significativamente la resistencia a la fractura de los premolares superiores, adquiriendo un comportamiento biomecánico similar al de las piezas control(AU)


Introduction: Tooth pieces, after endodontic treatment, increase their susceptibility to fracture, a phenomenon mainly associated with loss of tooth structure. Objective: To evaluate, in vitro, the resistance to fracture of upper premolars with endodontic treatment by traditional, conservative and conservative ninja access, with temporary and final restoration. Methods: A prospective study of longitudinal experimental design was carried out with 42 donated upper premolars, separated into three groups, according to the type of endodontic access to be applied; in turn, each was then divided into two subgroups, according to the type of restoration, and a control group, not performed endodontic treatment. After treatment and restoration, fracture resistance was evaluated using oblique compressive loading (45°) in a universal loading machine. The loads required for fracture were recorded in newtons and statistically compared. Results: The parts treated by conservative ninja access with provisional and final restoration required an average fracture load of 513.45 N and 638.13 N, respectively; this forces were significantly higher than the resistance values offered by the other treatments, with p < 0.05. Likewise, there were no significant differences in the resistance values obtained between the cases of conservative access and traditional access, nor when comparing the types of applied restoration, with P<0.05. Conclusions: In in vitro endodontics, the design of the access to the cavity of conservative ninja type significantly affected the resistance to fracture of the upper premolars, acquiring a biomechanical behavior similar to that of the control pieces(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Endodontics/methods
9.
Univ. salud ; 25(1): D1-D5, ene.-abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1424736

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La prevalencia de periodontitis apical en dientes con tratamiento endodóntico oscila entre el 35 y el 60%, se ha encontrado una fuerte asociación con respecto al grado de inflamación sistémica generada por la periodontitis apical, como por ejemplo altos niveles de citoquinas proinflamatorias, proteína C reactiva e interleuquina 6; estudios refieren que un tratamiento endodóntico adecuado puede reducir los niveles de proteína C reactiva en individuos sanos y con periodontitis apical. Objetivo: Evaluar la frecuencia de periodontitis apical en una población adulta colombiana seleccionada y su correlación con la calidad del tratamiento endodóntico. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional analítico de corte transversal, se determinó la frecuencia de periodontitis apical en 318 CBCT (Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico), de pacientes de una subpoblación de Bucaramanga y Medellín y evaluó la asociación de la calidad del tratamiento endodóntico con el estado periapical. Resultados: Sólo el 37,66% de los dientes evaluados fueron considerados sanos; el 44,81% se clasificaron como tratamiento endodóntico adecuado. La calidad del tratamiento endodóntico influyó significativamente en la condición del periodonto apical. Conclusiones: Los tratamientos evaluados presentaron alta frecuencia de periodontitis apical, la cual se asoció en buena parte a la alta frecuencia de tratamientos endodónticos inadecuados.


Introduction: The prevalence of apical periodontitis in teeth with endodontic treatment ranges between 35% and 60%, and a strong association has been found with respect to high levels of systemic inflammation markers (pro-inflammatory cytokines, protein C-reactive and interleukin 6) caused by apical periodontitis. Studies have shown that an adequate endodontic treatment can reduce C-reactive protein levels in healthy individuals and those with apical periodontitis. Objective: To evaluate the frequency of apical periodontitis in a selected Colombian adult population and its correlation with the quality of endodontic treatment. Materials and methods: Observational, analytical, cross-sectional study. The frequency of apical periodontitis was determined in 318 CBCTs of patients from Bucaramanga and Medellin, and the association between quality of endodontic treatment and periapical status was analyzed. Results: Only 37.66% of the observed teeth were considered healthy, whereas 44.81% were classified as teeth with appropriate endodontic treatment. Quality of endodontic treatment significantly affected the condition of the apical periodontium. Conclusions: The analyzed treatments had a high apical periodontitis frequency, which was associated with a high frequency of inadequate endodontic treatments.


Introdução: A prevalência de periodontite apical em dentes com tratamento endodôntico varia entre 35 e 60 %, uma forte associação foi encontrada com relação ao grau de inflamação sistêmica gerada pela periodontite apical, como altos níveis de citocinas pró-inflamatórias, proteína C reativa e interleucina 6; estudos relatam que o tratamento endodôntico adequado pode reduzir os níveis de proteína C-reativa em indivíduos saudáveis ​​e naqueles com periodontite apical. Objetivo: Avaliar a frequência da periodontite apical em uma população adulta colombiana selecionada e sua correlação com a qualidade do tratamento endodôntico. Materiais e métodos: Estudo transversal analítico observacional; a frequência de periodontite apical foi determinada em 318 CBCT de pacientes de uma subpopulação de Bucaramanga e Medellín, foi avaliada a associação da qualidade do tratamento endodôntico com o estado periapical. Resultados: Apenas 37,66% dos dentes avaliados foram considerados saudáveis, 44,81% dos dentes foram classificados como tratamento endodôntico adequado. A qualidade do tratamento endodôntico influenciou significativamente a condição do periodonto apical. Conclusões: Os tratamentos avaliados apresentaram alta frequência de periodontite apical, que foi amplamente associada à alta frequência de tratamentos endodônticos inadequados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentistry , Periapical Diseases , Periapical Periodontitis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Endodontics
10.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 418-433, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415098

ABSTRACT

Os traumatismos dentários representam um problema de saúde pública devido à alta prevalência e impacto psicossocial, sendo muito frequentes em crianças podendo resultar em necrose pulpar e culminar na rizogênese incompleta de dentes permanentes. Nestes casos de traumatismos em dentes permanentes com rizogênese incompleta e necrose pulpar, o tratamento mais indicado pela literatura é a apicificação, sendo um tratamento complexo e longo. Considerando a importância deste tema, o objetivo deste trabalho é relatar o caso de um paciente com traumatismo dental e necrose pulpar, que acarretou a interrupção do desenvolvimento completo e adequado do ápice dentário, sendo necessária a intervenção por meio da técnica de apicificação e o acompanhamento a longo prazo. O caso trata-se de uma menina em que um traumatismo dentário acarretou fratura de um incisivo central superior com formação radicular incompleta, comprometendo tanto a estética quanto a vitalidade do dente. Foi realizado o tratamento endodôntico com apicificação e posteriormente ao plug apical de MTA. O dente foi restaurado definitivamente com resina composta e realizado acompanhamento do paciente. Nas consultas de acompanhamento houve ausência de sintomatologia dolorosa e satisfação da paciente com a aparência atual. Sendo assim, a apicificação apresenta-se como uma ótima alternativa para dentes com rizogênese incompleta e necrose pulpar, embora longo houve uma melhora estética e satisfação do paciente.


Dental trauma represents a public health problem due to its high prevalence and psychosocial impact, being very frequent in children and can result in pulp necrosis and culminate in incomplete root formation of permanent teeth. In these cases of trauma to permanent teeth with incomplete root formation and pulp necrosis, the most indicated treatment in the literature is apexification, which is a complex and long treatment. Considering the importance of this topic, the objective of this work is to report the case of a patient with dental trauma and pulp necrosis, which caused the interruption of the complete and adequate development of the dental apex, requiring intervention through the apexification technique and follow-up. long-term. The case is about a girl in which a dental trauma resulted in a fracture of a maxillary central incisor with incomplete root formation, compromising both the esthetics and the vitality of the tooth. Endodontic treatment was performed with apexification and then apical MTA plug. The tooth was definitively restored with composite resin and the patient was followed up. In the follow- up consultations, there was no painful symptomatology and the patient was satisfied with her current appearance. Thus, the apexification presents itself as a great alternative for teeth with incomplete root formation and pulp necrosis, although in the long run there was an aesthetic improvement and patient satisfaction.


Los traumatismos dentales representan un problema de salud pública debido a su alta prevalencia e impacto psicosocial, siendo muy frecuentes en niños y pudiendo dar lugar a necrosis pulpar y culminar en la formación incompleta de la raíz de los dientes permanentes. En estos casos de traumatismos en dientes permanentes con formación radicular incompleta y necrosis pulpar, el tratamiento más indicado en la literatura es la apexificación, que es un tratamiento complejo y largo. Considerando la importancia de este tema, el objetivo de este trabajo es relatar el caso de una paciente con traumatismo dentario y necrosis pulpar, que causó la interrupción del desarrollo completo y adecuado del ápice dentario, requiriendo intervención a través de la técnica de apexificación y seguimiento. a largo plazo. Se trata de una niña en la que un traumatismo dental provocó la fractura de un incisivo central maxilar con formación radicular incompleta, comprometiendo tanto la estética como la vitalidad del diente. Se realizó tratamiento endodóntico con apexificación y posterior taponamiento apical con MTA. El diente fue restaurado definitivamente con resina compuesta y el paciente fue sometido a seguimiento. En las consultas de seguimiento, no había sintomatología dolorosa y la paciente estaba satisfecha con su aspecto actual. Así, la apexificación se presenta como una gran alternativa para dientes con formación radicular incompleta y necrosis pulpar, aunque a la larga se produjo una mejoría estética y satisfacción de la paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Dentition, Permanent , Endodontics/instrumentation , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Patient Satisfaction , Composite Resins , Dental Pulp Necrosis/diagnosis , Dentists , Esthetics , Apexification/instrumentation , Regenerative Endodontics , Case Reports as Topic
11.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1)Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415642

ABSTRACT

As calcificações pulpares provocam alterações morfológicas no interior dos canais radiculares que dificultam o tratamento endodôntico. Para solucionar essa dificuldade, a ferramenta Endoguide ou Endodontia Guiada foi desenvolvida para a resolução de casos complexos. Esta pesquisa objetivou descrever as aplicações da ferramenta Endoguide no tratamento de canais calcificados na endodontia. Todas as buscas foram realizadas por um único pesquisador na base de dados PubMed/MEDLINE e busca manual utilizando os descritores "Endodontics", "Digital", "Cone beam", "Guided". Foram considerados elegíveis os artigos publicados entre 2010 e 2022 e excluídos os estudos cuja publicação não foi obtida na íntegra e ainda aqueles em que os resultados não apresentaram embasamento teórico e prático suficientes para que pudessem ser incluídos no trabalho. Após as buscas, foram encontrados 47 artigos, selecionados inicialmente pelo título e resumos, excluindo as duplicatas. Ao final, a leitura completa e coleta de dados foi realizada em 6 artigos. As informações relevantes dos artigos selecionados foram transcritas em forma de quadro para sumarizar os achados. A endodontia guiada pode ser uma excelente alternativa para tratamentos de casos complexos, necessitando um investimento financeiro mínimo no consultório, pois os equipamentos de captura de imagem, planejamento virtual e de guias podem ser realizados em laboratórios capacitados. Assim, concluímos que o emprego da Endoguide como ferramenta no tratamento de canais calcificados se mostrou bem-sucedido e sua utilização não requer um conhecimento amplo, podendo ser usada por profissionais menos experientes.


Pulp calcifications cause morphological changes inside the root canals that make endodontic treatment difficult. To solve this difficulty, the tool Endoguide or Guided Endodontics was developed to solve complex cases. This research aimed to describe the applications of the Endoguide tool in the treatment of calcified root canals in endodontics. All searches were performed by a single researcher in the PubMed/MEDLINE database and manual search using the descriptors "Endodontics", "Digital", "Cone beam", "Guided". Articles published between 2010 and 2022 were considered eligible, and studies whose publication was not obtained in full text were excluded, as well as those in which the results did not have sufficient theoretical and practical basis for them to be included in the study. After the searches, 47 articles were found, initially selected by title and abstract, excluding duplicates. In the end, the complete reading and data collection was performed with 6 articles. Relevant information from the selected articles was transcribed for a table to summarize the findings. Guided endodontics can be an excellent alternative for treating complex cases, requiring minimal financial investment in the office, as image capture equipment, virtual planning and guides can be performed in trained laboratories. Thus, we conclude that the use of Endoguide as a tool in the treatment of calcified canals proved to be successful and its use does not require extensive knowledge and can be used by less experienced professionals.


Las calcificaciones pulpares provocan cambios morfológicos en el interior de los conductos radiculares que dificultan el tratamiento endodóntico. Para solventar esta dificultad se desarrolló la herramienta Endoguide o Endodoncia Guiada para resolver casos complejos. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir las aplicaciones de la herramienta Endoguide en el tratamiento de conductos radiculares calcificados en endodoncia. Todas las búsquedas fueron realizadas por un único investigador en la base de datos PubMed/MEDLINE y búsqueda manual utilizando los descriptores "Endodontics", "Digital", "Cone beam", "Guided". Se consideraron elegibles los artículos publicados entre 2010 y 2022, y se excluyeron los estudios cuya publicación no se obtuvo a texto completo, así como aquellos en los que los resultados no tenían suficiente base teórica y práctica para ser incluidos en el estudio. Tras las búsquedas, se encontraron 47 artículos, seleccionados inicialmente por título y resumen, excluyendo los duplicados. Al final, se realizó la lectura completa y la recogida de datos con 6 artículos. La información relevante de los artículos seleccionados se transcribió para elaborar una tabla que resumiera los hallazgos. La endodoncia guiada puede ser una excelente alternativa para el tratamiento de casos complejos, requiriendo una mínima inversión financiera en el consultorio, ya que los equipos de captura de imágenes, la planificación virtual y las guías pueden realizarse en laboratorios capacitados. Así, concluimos que el uso de la Endoguía como herramienta en el tratamiento de conductos calcificados demostró ser exitoso y su uso no requiere de grandes conocimientos y puede ser utilizado por profesionales menos experimentados.


Subject(s)
Technology/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Calcification , Endodontics , Technology , Software/trends , Equipment and Supplies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431048

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the perception and self-confidence of Dental interns regarding endodontic treatment performed on patients. Material and Methods: A total of 111 dental interns from 5 different educational institutes of a state in South India participated in a questionnaire-based survey. The questionnaire consisted of 12 questions related to root canal procedures performed on patients. Analysis was done using SPSS version 17.0. Results: Sixty-five interns (59%) performed less than 10 root canal treatments on patients during the course of the internship. Twenty-eight interns (25% of the intern population) took up more than 10 root canal treatment cases, whereas only 18 interns (16%) did not perform the treatment on patients and answered the questionnaire based on their experience with extracted teeth model work. Only five interns out of 111 were 'Very confident' and 22 were 'Confident' in performing the root canal treatment. Conclusion: The present study indicates that the self-perceived confidence level among dental interns can affect their clinical performance. It also recommends additional hands-on workshops, problem-based learning and clinical guidance for the dental interns to become more confident with the root canal procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy/psychology , Social Perception , Students, Dental/psychology , Trust/psychology , Endodontics , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Problem-Based Learning/methods
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238670, Jan.-Dec. 2023. il
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1436822

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the influence of two methods of agitation of endodontics irrigants, by diffusion of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] through the dentinal tubules, measuring the pH of the medium where they were kept. Methods: Twenty mandibular incisors were prepared using a WaveOne Gold Large file, in a reciprocating movement, and then divided into (n = 10): gutta-percha cone (GPC) or Easy Clean system (ECS) agitation of 1% sodium hypochlorite and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The specimens were filled with Ca(OH)2 paste, placed in flasks with 4 mL of deionized water, and stored in an incubator. The pH was read using a digital pH meter immediately after storage (T0), after 7 (T1), 14 (T2), 21 (T3), and 35 (T4) days. Results: Statistical difference between groups was observed regardless of the day pH was measured (p < 0.01). From T2 on, ECS presented higher pH values in comparison with GPC, with significant difference (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Agitation of endodontic irrigants with ECS enhances the Ca(OH)2 diffusion, providing higher pH values, from the 14th day on, when compared with GPC


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants , Sodium Hypochlorite , Calcium Hydroxide , Endodontics
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-9, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413593

ABSTRACT

Although much progress has been obtained in terms of the Endodontic treatment, the literature shows that true success can be only achieved with adequate coronal seal to avoid bacterial contamination, and protect the tooth structure from fracture. There are many options available to the clinician to restore the endodontically treated tooth; however, there is not much evidence available on what alternative is better than another. This review will critically present the current knowledge on restorative choices, including posts and endocrowns, showing advantages and disadvantages of different treatment forms. With this knowledge, we will also introduce the concept of biomimetics to endodontically treated teeth, and how the nature of their remaining tooth structure can benefit from this approach. This concept entails the use of mechanisms and biologically produced materials to restore a tooth in a way that would mimic its natural structure, with the purpose of achieving better long-term prognosis (AU)


Embora tenha se obtido progresso em relação ao tratamento endodôntico, a literatura mostra que o sucesso real só pode ser atingido com o selamento coronal adequado, para evitar-se a contaminação bacteriana e proteger-se a estrutura dental de fraturas. Há muitas opções disponíveis para o clínico para a restauração do dente tratado endodonticamente; entretanto, não há muita evidência disponível sobre qual alternativa é melhor que a outra. Esta revisão apresentará criticamente o conhecimento atual sobre opções restauradoras, incluindo retentores intraradiculares e endocrowns, mostrando vantagens e desvantagens das diferentes formas de tratamento. Com esse conhecimento, também introduziremos o conceito de biomimética, uma vez que dentes tratados endodonticamente, devido a natureza de sua estrutura dental remanescente, podem se beneficiar desta abordagem. Esse conceito envolve o uso de mecanismos e materiais produzidos biologicamente para restaurar um dente de forma a imitar a estrutura natural, com o objetivo de alcançar melhor prognóstico de longo-prazo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth , Biomimetics , Endodontics , Fractures, Bone
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237338, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1397295

ABSTRACT

Aim: Endocrown restorations are commonly used to rehabilitate endodontically treated posterior teeth and their use is well-founded in these cases. However, to date, there is little scientific evidence of their behavior in anterior teeth. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the compressive strength of upper central incisors teeth, restored with glass-ceramic total crowns by the conventional anatomical core technique, and compare them to teeth restored with endocrowns with and without the presence of ferrule. Methods: Thirty teeth were randomly distributed into three groups: GE2 - endocrown group with 2 mm ferrule, GE0 - endocrown group without a ferrule, and GC - conventional crown with intraradicular post group. Crowns were cemented and teeth submitted to the 45o compression test until the fracture happened. Fractured specimens were analyzed to determine the fracture pattern. Descriptive analysis of the variables was performed and one-way analysis of variance was utilized to analyze the data for significant differences at p < 0.05. Results: The results of the control group (284.5 ± 201.05N) showed the highest fracture resistance value, followed by the 2mm group (274.54 ± 199.43N) and by the 0mm group (263.81 ± 80.05N). There was no statistically significant difference between all the groups (p = 0.964). Conclusions: The absence of a cervical enamel necklace favored a debonding of the pieces and endodontically treated anterior teeth could be restored with endocrown, which could be considered a conservative and viable treatment option


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Endodontics , Flexural Strength
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e236508, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1398929

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the resistance of the union between a glass fiber post and radicular dentine after cleaning the root with 17% EDTA and filling with different endodontic cements. Methods: Forty uniradicular bovine incisors were removed to obtain root lengths of 18 mm. Endodontic treatment was performed on all roots using different filling cements (zinc oxide and eugenol-based, OZE; cement based on epoxy resin, AH) and cleaning solutions (saline, SA or EDTA), which made it possible to obtain four groups: OZESA, OZEEDTA, AHSA and AHEDTA. Subsequently, 12 mm of filling material was removed from the roots, and they were prepared to receive fiber posts luted with resin cement. To execute the mechanical cycles (2x106 cycles, 90 N, 4 Hz), coronal reconstruction was performed with a silicon matrix. The roots were then sliced (2-mm thick) to perform the push-out test. The results were analyzed using analysis of variance (one factor and two factors) and Tukey's test (α=0,05). Results: Bond strength (Mpa) was significantly higher for OZEEDTA (9,18) and AHEDTA (8,70) than for OZESA (6,06) AHSA (8,7). OZEEDTA also presented the highest values in the cervical region (15,18) but was significantly lower in the apical region (2,99). However, AHEDTA had a homogeneous bond strength in all thirds. Conclusion: Regardless of the endodontic cement used, EDTA was used as an irrigating solution, culminating in a higher bond strength between the glass fiber post and dentin


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Efficacy , Edetic Acid , Tooth, Nonvital , Endodontics
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 74-79, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971307

ABSTRACT

As imaging technology develops rapidly, dynamic and static guided technology is widely used in many medical fields now. In order to improve the success rate, reduce surgical complications and improve future prognosis, domestic and foreign experts have introduced digital navigation technology into apical surgery. With the help of digital navigation technology, apical lesions can be easily located and the scope of osteotomy can be limited, which can make the surgery be completed accurately, especially in complex clinical cases. This study overviews the clinical use and research progress of dynamic and static guided technology in apical surgery, summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of this technique as well as looks forward to its future.


Subject(s)
Technology , Endodontics , Diagnostic Imaging
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-11, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523867

ABSTRACT

Foraminal enlargement has been recommended to optimize the disinfection of infected root canals, although some authors still claim that the foramen should be kept in its original shape and position. This study aimed to evaluate morphological alterations of apical foramen after foraminal enlargement through a systematic review. An electronic search was conducted until April 2022. Ex vivo studies evaluating influence of foraminal enlargement in the morphologic changes of apical foramen were included. Studies without a control group or available full text were excluded. Foraminal deformation and area increase were considered as primary outcomes. Risk-of-bias assessment was performed according to a modified Joanna Briggs Institute's Checklist. From 702 studies retrieved, five were eligible. Most studies used single-rooted teeth, and rotary systems for instrumentation ranging from ­ 2 mm to + 1 mm to the apex. All studies found increased major foramen deformation after foraminal enlargement. Among four studies that evaluated foraminal area, all found increased area after foraminal enlargement. Insufficient data for touched/untouched walls by instruments and dentinal microcrack formation was observed. A low risk of bias was found. Foraminal enlargement during root canal preparation seems to increase deformation and major apical foramen area. Future investigations with standardized methodologies are encouraged (AU)


A ampliação foraminal tem sido recomendada para otimizar a desinfecção de canais radiculares infectados, embora alguns autores ainda afirmem que o forame deve ser mantido em sua forma e posição originais. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar alterações morfológicas do forame apical após ampliação foraminal por meio de uma revisão sistemática. Uma busca eletrônica foi realizada até abril de 2022. Foram incluídos estudos ex vivo que avaliaram a influência da ampliação foraminal nas alterações morfológicas do forame apical. Foram excluídos estudos sem grupo controle ou com texto completo indisponível. A deformação foraminal e o aumento da área foram considerados desfechos primários. A avaliação do risco de viés foi realizada de acordo com uma lista de verificação modificada do Instituto Joanna Briggs. Dos 702 registros recuperados, cinco foram elegíveis. A maioria dos estudos utilizou dentes unirradiculares e sistemas rotatórios para instrumentação, com comprimento de trabalho variando de ­ 2 mm a + 1 mm até o ápice. Todos os estudos encontraram aumento da deformação do forame maior após ampliação foraminal. Dos quatro estudos que avaliaram a área foraminal, todos encontraram aumento de área após alargamento foraminal. Foram observados dados insuficientes para paredes tocadas/intocadas pelos instrumentos e formação de microfissuras dentinárias. Um baixo risco de viés foi encontrado. A ampliação foraminal durante o preparo do canal radicular parece aumentar a deformação e a área do forame apical. Futuras investigações com metodologias padronizadas são incentivadas (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Therapy , Root Canal Preparation , Tooth Apex , Endodontics
19.
Arq. odontol ; 59: 106-113, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1518971

ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy to determine the root canal length, in vitro,of both the electronic apex locator (M2) and the autostop (AS - M3) functions of the Endus Duo Gnatus endodontic motor (Gnatus, São Paulo, SP, Brazil). Methods: Thirty extracted human single-rooted premolars had their root canal lengths (TLs) up to the apical foramen determined using the Endus Duo Gnatus in two ways: (1) In the stainless steel (SS) control group, the measurement was obtained using a stainless steel hand instrument with the electronic locator mode (M2 function) connected to a stainless-steel hand instrument (K-file #15). In the NiTi rotary instrument (NiTi RI) intervention group, the measurement was obtained during the instrumentation (M3 function) of the root canals with a nickel-titanium rotary instrument (Hyflex CM: Coltene Whaledent, Cuyahoga Falls, OH, USA), size 25/.06. The NiTi manually used instrument (NiTi MUI) Intervention group performed the measurement in locator mode using a Hyflex instrument, placed to true length manually. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA followed by the Tukey post-hoc test with a significance level of p < 0.05. Results: The true mean length and standard deviation (SD) of the standardized root canals were 18.40 ± 2.14mm, while the mean lengths and standard deviations (SD) were 18.29 ± 1.89mm, 18.22 ± 1.85mm, and 17.24 ± 2.09mm for the SS, NiTi RI, and NiTi MUI groups, respectively. However, data from the NiTi MUI Intervention group indicated shorter root canal lengths when compared to the SS control group and the NiTi RI Intervention group values, and were significantly shorter than the true canal length (p < 0.001). Conclusions:The use of the motor in NiTi RI Intervention group showed acceptable results. However, the NiTi MUI Intervention group resulted in unacceptable short measurements.


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia na determinação do comprimento do canal radicular, in vitro, das funções localizador eletrônico foraminal (M2) e auto-parada durante a instrumentação (M3) do motor endodôntico Endus Duo Gnatus ( Gnatus, São Paulo, SP, Brasil). Métodos: Trinta pré-molares humanos uniradiculares extraídos tiveram seus comprimentos de canais radiculares (CRTs) até o forame apical determinados usando o Endus Duo Gnatus de duas maneiras: (1) No grupo controle de aço inoxidável (SS), a medida foi obtida usando um instrumento manual de aço inoxidável com modo de localização eletrônica foraminal (função M2) conectado a um instrumento manual de aço inoxidável (lima tipo K #15). No grupo intervenção instrumento rotatório NiTi (NiTi RI), a medida foi obtida durante a instrumentação (função M3) dos canais radiculares com instrumento rotatório de níquel-titânio (Hyflex CM: Coltene Whaledent, Cuyahoga Falls, OH, EUA), tamanho 25/.06. O grupo de intervenção NiTi instrumento usado manualmente (NiTi MUI) realizou a medição no modo localizador foraminal usando um instrumento Hyflex, colocado manualmente no comprimento real do dente. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio de ANOVA seguida do teste post-hoc de Tukey com nível de significância de p < 0,05. Resultados: Os comprimentos reais médios dos dentes e desvios-padrão (DP) dos canais radiculares padronizados foram 18,40 ± 2,14 mm, enquanto os comprimentos médios e desvios- padrão (DP) foram 18,29 ± 1,89 mm, 18,22 ± 1,85 mm e 17,24 ± 2,09 mm para os grupos SS, NiTi RI e NiTi MUI, respectivamente. No entanto, os dados do grupo de intervenção NiTi MUI indicaram comprimentos de canais radiculares mais curtos quando comparados aos valores do grupo controle SS e do grupo de intervenção NiTi RI, e foram significativamente mais curtos que o comprimento real do canal (p < 0,001). Conclusões: A utilização do motor no grupo Intervenção NiTi RI apresentou resultados aceitáveis. No entanto, o grupo de intervenção NiTi MUI resultou em medições curtas inaceitáveis.


Subject(s)
Weights and Measures , Dental Equipment , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics
20.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39037, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428172

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the effects of ultrasonic activation (US) associated to glycolic acid (GA) on smear layer, dentin structure and bond strength (BS) of filling/restorative material to root dentin. The roots were used for antimicrobial activity, dentin structure and BS evaluation, being distributed into seven groups, according to irrigation protocols: G1:DW+US; G2:17% EDTA; G3:QMix; G4:17% GA; G5:17% EDTA+US; G6:QMix+US; G7:17% GA+US. Scanning electronic microscopy, transmission electronic microscopy and push-out were performed, with specific statistical analysis for each evaluation. The highest smear layer removal occured in Groups 6 and 7 (p<0.05), and the largest collagen dispersion in Group 7, being similar to Group 2 and 5 (p>0.05). The highest BS of filling and restorative material occurred in Groups 6 and 7, and Groups 5, 6 and 7, respectively, being similars between them (p>0.05). The use of GA+US promoted effective smear layer removal and dentin structure preservation, improving the BS of filling/restorative material to root dentin.


Subject(s)
Acids , Edetic Acid , Endodontics
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