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1.
Con-ciencia (La Paz) ; 9(2): [1-20], nov. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348981

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la resistencia a los antimicrobianos plantea una amenaza para la salud pública a nivel mundial. Las infecciones por bacterias ESKAPE representan mayores problemas de resistencia, debido a que pueden presentar más de un mecanismo de resistencia y además tienen la facultad de transmitirlo. En Bolivia no existen artículos publicados que muestren la multirresistencia de bacterias ESKAPE en hospitales de tercer nivel. OBJETIVO: describir el perfil de sensibilidad y resistencia antimicrobiana de las bacterias ESKAPE aisladas en todas las unidades de internación del Hospital Del Norte durante la gestión 2019. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: estudio observacional, descriptivo, incluyó 836 aislamientos obtenidos de enero a diciembre del 2019 provenientes de pacientes internados en todas las unidades del Hospital del Norte. Se empleó el sistema WHONET y las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, género, tipo de muestra, sala de internación, perfil de sensibilidad y resistencia de cada uno de los microorganismos en estudio. RESULTADOS: Se elaboró y describió el perfil de sensibilidad y resistencia antimicrobiana de las bacterias ESKAPE, encontrándose que los Enterobacterales tienen mayor frecuencia, siendo Escherichia coli el patógeno más prevalente; se determinó que existe mayor frecuencia en pacientes adultos, con mayor prevalencia en el género femenino. La frecuencia por tipo de muestra se observa que los tres primeros lugares lo ocupan las muestras de orina, vías respiratorias bajas y abscesos. Los servicios de Terapia intensiva, Medicina Interna y Cirugía son las áreas más críticas. Se obtuvieron los porcentajes de resistencia que presentan cada uno de los microorganismos estudiados según sala de internación. Los principales mecanismos de resistencia fenotípica encontrados en este estudio, son BLEE y MRSA. CONCLUSIONES: los resultados obtenidos demuestran que el mapa epidemiológico de resistencia antimicrobiana del Hospital del Norte, presenta porcentajes más altos en relación a los mapas epidemiológicos similares de otros hospitales en Latinoamérica.


INTRODUCTION: antimicrobial resistance raises a serious threat to health worldwide. Infections by ESKAPE bacteria represent major resistance problems, since they can present more than one resistance mechanism and also have the ability to transmit other bacteria. In Bolivia, unfortunately, there are no Bolivian authors who have published articles explaining the multi-resistance of ESKAPE Bacteria in third level hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To describe the antimicrobial sensitivity and resistance profile of ESKAPE bacteria isolated in all inpatient units of Hospital Del Norte in 2019. MATERIAL AND METHODS: observational, descriptive study, included 836 isolates obtained from January to December 2019 from patients hospitalized in all units of Hospital del Norte. WHONET software was used and the variables studied were: age, gender, type of sample, hospitalization room and resistance profile of each of the microorganisms under study. RESULTS: the antimicrobial sensitivity and resistance profile of each ESKAPE bacteria was elaborated and described, and it was found that Enterobacteriaceae have a higher frequency, with Escherichia coli is being the most prevalent pathogen; it was determined that there is a higher frequency in adult patients, with a higher prevalence in the female gender. The frequency by type of sample shows that the first three places are occupied by urine, lower respiratory tract and abscess samples. Intensive care, internal medicine, and surgery services are the most critical areas. The percentages of resistance were obtained for each of the microorganisms studied according to the hospitalization room. ESBL and MRSA are the main phenotypic resistance mechanism found in the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: the results obtained show that the epidemiological map of antimicrobial resistance at Hospital del Norte presents higher percentages in relation to similar epidemiological maps of other hospitals in Latin America.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Escherichia coli , Inpatients , Public Health , Internal Medicine
2.
Infectio ; 25(3): 193-196, jul.-set. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250092

ABSTRACT

Resumen El constante aumento de Enterobacterales productores de carbapenemasas (CPE) se constituye en un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial, por el impacto generado en la mortalidad de los pacientes. El tracto gastrointestinal es el principal reservorio de este tipo de microorganismos, por lo cual, la colonización rectal se convierte en un importante factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de posteriores infecciones. Una de las estrategias de vigilancia epidemiológica activa, es la búsqueda de pacientes colonizados, a través de cultivos de tamización para detectar estos microrganismos multirresistentes. Reportamos el caso de un paciente, con historia de sepsis de origen pulmonar, colonizado por Klebsiella pneumoniae con coproducción de carbapenemasas NDM + KPC y Escherichia coli con carbapenemasa NDM. Este hallazgo es cada vez más frecuente, lo cual implica un reto en su detección y diagnóstico. Se describen características del paciente, procedimientos realizados y hallazgos microbiológicos.


Abstract The constant increase in carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) constitutes a public health problem worldwide, due to the impact generated on the mortality of patients. The gastrointestinal tract is the main reservoir for this microorganism, which is why, rectal colonization becomes an important risk factor for the development of subsequent infections. One of the active epidemiological surveillance strategies is the search for colonized patients through screening cultures, to detect these multi-resistant microorganisms. We report the case of a patient, with a history of sepsis of pulmonary origin, colonized by Klebsiella pneumoniae with co-production of NDM + KPC carbapenemases and NDM carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli. This finding is more and more frequent, which implies a challenge in its detection and diagnosis. Patient characteristics, procedures performed and microbiological findings are described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Enterobacteriaceae , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae , Sepsis , Gastrointestinal Tract , Escherichia coli , Infections , Klebsiella pneumoniae
3.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(2): e577, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347481

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las cepas de Escherichia coli productoras de β-lactamasas de espectro extendido son patógenos multirresistentes y una de las bacterias que más contribuyen con la resistencia antibiótica bacteriana en la clínica. Sin embargo, se aíslan cada vez con más frecuencia de ambientes naturales, tales como los ecosistemas acuáticos en los cuales se emplea como un indicador de contaminación fecal. Objetivo: Evaluar la susceptibilidad a los antibióticos y la producción de enzimas ß-lactamasas de espectro extendido de aislados de Escherichia coli procedentes de ecosistemas dulceacuícolas de La Habana. Métodos: Se analizaron 43 aislados de E. coli provenientes de los ríos Almendares, Quibú y Luyanó de La Habana. Se determinó la susceptibilidad a 18 antibióticos y la producción fenotípica de ß-lactamasas de espectro extendido según las normas del Instituto de Estándares para el Laboratorio Clínico. La detección molecular de las enzimas se realizó mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa. Se calculó el índice de multirresistencia a los antibióticos y los patrones de resistencia de cada aislado de E. coli- ß-lactamasas de espectro extendido. Resultados: El 65 por ciento de los aislados de E. coli fueron resistentes al menos a un antibiótico y el 35 por ciento fueron sensibles a todos los antibióticos. El fenotipo ß-lactamasas de espectro extendido fue detectado en siete aislados; de estos, cuatro fueron portadores del gen bla CTX-M-1 y tres presentaron bla TEM. El 37 por ciento de los aislados de E. coli mostraron valores de índices de multirresistencia a los antibióticos menores que 0,22; el 16 por ciento de 0,22; el 9,3 por ciento mayor que 0,5; y el 5 por ciento mayor que 0,7. Los aislados de E. coli-BLEE mostraron corresistencia a las familias de las tetraciclinas, quinolonas, aminoglucósidos y macrólidos. Conclusiones: La presencia de aislados ambientales multirresistentes de E. coli productores de ß-lactamasas de espectro extendido en ecosistemas dulceacuícolas de La Habana destaca la necesidad de implementar estrategias de control para prevenir la diseminación de estos aislados en los ambientes naturales(AU)


Introduction: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains are multiresistant pathogens and one of the bacteria contributing most greatly to bacterial antibiotic resistance in clinical practice. However, they are increasingly isolated from natural environments, such as aquatic ecosystems, where they are used as fecal pollution indicators. Objective: Evaluate antibiotic susceptibility and extended-spectrum ß-lactamase enzyme production in Escherichia coli isolates from freshwater ecosystems in Havana. Methods: An analysis was conducted of 43 E. coli isolates from the rivers Almendares, Quibú and Luyanó in Havana. Determination was made of susceptibility to 18 antibiotics and phenotypic production of extended-spectrum ß-lactamases according to standards from the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Molecular detection of the enzymes was performed by polymerase chain reaction. Estimation was carried out of the antibiotic multiresistance index and the resistance patterns of each extended-spectrum E. coli ß-lactamase isolate. Results: Of the E. coli isolates studied, 65 percent were resistant to at least one antibiotic, whereas 35 percent were sensitive to all antibiotics. The extended-spectrum ß-lactamase phenotype was detected in seven isolates, of which four were carriers of the gene bla CTX-M-1 and three contained bla TEM. 37 percent of the E. coli isolates displayed antibiotic multiresistance index values below 0.22, 16 percent of 0.22, 9.3 percent above 0.5 and 5 percent above 0.7. ESBL E. coli isolates displayed co-resistance to the families tetracyclines, quinolones, aminoglycosides and macrolides. Conclusions: The presence of multiresistant extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing environmental E. coli isolates in Havana freshwater ecosystems highlights the need to implement control strategies aimed at preventing the spread of these isolates in natural environments(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ecosystem , Disease Susceptibility , Environmental Pollution , Escherichia coli , Fresh Water , Reference Standards , Pollution Indicators
4.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 85-92, July. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283600

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonribosomal peptide synthases (NRPS) can synthesize functionally diverse bioactive peptides by incorporating nonproteinogenic amino acids, offering a rich source of new drug leads. The bacterium Escherichia coli is a well-characterized production host and a promising candidate for the synthesis of nonribosomal peptides, but only limited bioprocess engineering has been reported for such molecules. We therefore developed a medium and optimized process parameters using the design of experiments (DoE) approach. RESULTS: We found that glycerol is not suitable as a carbon source for rhabdopeptide production, at least for the NRPS used for this study. Alternative carbon sources from the tricarboxylic acid cycle achieved much higher yields. DoE was used to optimize the pH and temperature in a stirred-tank reactor, revealing that optimal growth and optimal production required substantially different conditions. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a chemically defined adapted M9 medium matching the performance of complex medium (lysogeny broth) in terms of product concentration. The maximum yield in the reactor under optimized conditions was 126 mg L-1, representing a 31-fold increase compared to the first shaking-flask experiments with M9 medium and glycerol as the carbon source. Conditions that promoted cell growth tended to inhibit NRPS productivity. The challenge was therefore to find a compromise between these factors as the basis for further process development.


Subject(s)
Peptide Synthases/metabolism , Bioreactors/microbiology , Escherichia coli , Temperature , Biotechnology , Carbon/metabolism , Models, Statistical , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Bioengineering , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
5.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 10-14, 30 junio 2021. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292684

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Las infecciones del tracto urinario son causa de mayor morbilidad en la población adulta y afectan con frecuencia a la mujer. Al ser un problema prevalente, fue fundamental realizar estudios sobre perfiles de susceptibilidad locales para establecer medidas de vigilancia y control de uso de antibióticos. OBJETIVO. Determinar el perfil de farmacorresistencia microbiana en adultos con infección del tracto urinario. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio descriptivo, transversal. La población fue de 437 urocultivos y una muestra de 176 positivos con su antibiograma, realizados en el laboratorio del Hospital Básico de Sangolquí entre enero de 2017 hasta abril de 2018. Los criterios de inclusión fueron: pacientes mayores de 15 años de edad de ambos sexos, ambulatorios y hospitalizados, que presentaron urocultivos positivos definidos por una cuenta mayor a 100 000 Unidades Formadoras de Colonia. RESULTADOS. Del 40,27% (176; 437) de urocultivos positivos, la bacteria aislada con frecuencia fue Escherichia coli. 69,31% (122; 176), con resistencia a ampicilina 77,97% (92; 118), trimetropim-sulfametoxazole 62,26% (66; 106), norfloxacino 37,50% (42; 112), ciprofloxacino 35,65 % (41; 115), ampicilina/sulbactam 32,20% (38; 118) y con susceptibilidad a: fosfomicina, ceftriaxona, amikacina y nitrofurantoina. CONCLUSIÓN. Se determinó el perfil de farmacorresistencia microbiana en adultos con infección del tracto urinario; donde Escherichia coli. fue aislada con frecuencia, con susceptibilidad favorable para nitrofurantoína y fosfomicina.


INTRODUCTION. Urinary tract infections are the cause of greater morbidity in the adult population and it often affects women. As it is a prevalent problem, it was essential to carry out studies on local susceptibility profiles to establish surveillance measures and control of antibiotic use. OBJECTIVE. To determine the microbial drug resistance profile in adults with urinary tract infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Descriptive, cross-sectional study. The population was 437 urine cultures and a sample of 176 positive with their antibiogram, carried out in the laboratory of the Hospital Básico de Sangolquí between january 2017 and april 2018. Inclusion criteria were: patients older than 15 years of age of both sexes, ambulatory and hospitalized, who presented positive urine cultures defined by a count greater than 100 000 Colony Forming Units. RESULTS. Of the 40,27% (176; 437) of positive urine cultures, the bacterium frequently isolated was Escherichia coli. 69,31% (122; 176), with resistance to ampicillin 77,97% (92; 118), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole 62,26% (66; 106), norfloxacin 37,50% (42; 112), ciprofloxacin 35,65% (41; 115), ampicillin / sulbactam 32,20% (38; 118) and with susceptibility to: fosfomycin, ceftriaxone, amikacin and nitrofurantoin. CONCLUSION. The microbial drug resistance profile was determined in adults with urinary tract infection; where Escherichia coli. was frequently isolated, with favorable susceptibility to nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Urinary Tract , Urinary Tract Infections , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Staphylococcus , Bacteriuria , Ampicillin Resistance , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Escherichia coli
6.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 88-94, May. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343452

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Large amounts of b-alanine are required in fine chemical and pharmaceutical synthesis and other fields. Profitable and green methods are required for the industrial production of b-alanine. RESULTS: Replacing endogenous panD of Escherichia coli with heterologous CgpanD from Corynebacterium glutamicum enabled b-alanine synthesis of 0.67 g/L by strain B0016-082BB. Overexpressing CgpanD on both plasmids and chromosomes to enhance the rate-limiting step improved the b-alanine titer to 4.25 g/L in strain B0016-083BB/pPL451-panD with a slighter metabolic burden. Growth factors were introduced by addition of yeast extract, and 6.65 g/L of b-alanine was synthesized by strain B0016- 083BB/pPL451-panD in the M9-3Y medium. CONCLUSIONS: Enhancement of the rate-limiting steps in the b-alanine biosynthetic pathway, recruitment of the temperature-sensitive inducible pL promoter, and optimization of the fermentation process could efficiently increase b-alanine production in E. coli.


Subject(s)
beta-Alanine/biosynthesis , Temperature , Escherichia coli , Fermentation
7.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 1-9, Mar. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Phospholipase D (PLD) is used as the biocatalyst for phosphatidylserine (PS) production. In general, PLD was expressed in insoluble form in Escherichia coli. High-level soluble expression of PLD with high activity in E. coli is very important for industrial production of PLD. RESULTS: Streptomyces chromofuscus PLD coding gene was codon-optimized, cloned without signal peptide, and expressed in E. coli. The optimal recombinant E. coli pET-28a+PLD/BL21(DE3) was constructed with pET-28a without His-tag. The highest PLD activity reached 104.28 ± 2.67 U/mL in a 250-mL shake flask after systematical optimization. The highest PLD activity elevated to 122.94 ± 1.49 U/mL by feeding lactose and inducing at 20 C after scaling up to a 5.0-L fermenter. Substituting the mixed carbon source with 1.0 % (w/v) of cheap dextrin and adding a feeding medium could still attain a PLD activity of 105. 81 ± 2.72 U/mL in a 5.0-L fermenter. Fish peptone from the waste of fish processing and dextrin from the starch are both very cheap, which were found to benefit the soluble PLD expression. CONCLUSIONS: After combinatorial optimization, the high-level soluble expression of PLD was fulfilled in E. coli. The high PLD activity along with cheap medium obtained at the fermenter level can completely meet the requirements of industrial production of PLD.


Subject(s)
Phospholipases/metabolism , Streptomyces/enzymology , Solubility , Streptomyces/genetics , Temperature , Codon , Combinatorial Chemistry Techniques , Escherichia coli
8.
Infectio ; 25(1): 67-70, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1154406

ABSTRACT

Resumen La infección por enterobacterias desencadena usualmente síntomas gastrointestinales caracterizados por vómito, diarrea y dolor abdominal, de severidad y curso variable. El compromiso extraintestinal esta descrito, inclusive sin las manifestaciones gastrointestinales clásicas lo que favorece diagnósticos y tratamientos tardíos pudiendo llegar a ser incapacitantes y letales. El síndrome de Ekiri, también denominado síndrome de encefalopatía letal tóxico, se caracteriza por una disfunción aguda del sistema nervioso central secundaria a infección por enterobacterias las cuales favorecen el desarrollo de microtrombos a nivel cerebral con inflamación mediada por el factor de necrosis tumoral α e IL- 1β y disfunción de la barrera hematoencefálica con una alta tasa de mortalidad. Dentro de nuestro conocimiento, presentamos el primer caso reportado en Colombia sobre el síndrome de Ekiri.


Abstract Gastrointestinal infection usually manifests with nausea, vomit and abdominal pain, all of them wit course and variable severity. Extrainstestinal compromise is described, even without gastrointestinal symptoms, what causes a delay on diagnosis and treatment, worsening the prognosis. Ekiri syndrome, also known as lethal toxic encephalopathy is characterized by an acute neurological dysfunction secondary to enterobacterial infection which favor thrombi development and local inflammation mediated by tumor necrosis factor alpha and IL-1β with blood brain barrier dysfunction and high mortality. As we know, we present the first Ekiri syndrome case reported in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Brain Diseases , Syndrome , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , Diarrhea , Enterobacteriaceae Infections , Escherichia coli , Nausea
9.
Infectio ; 25(1): 33-38, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1154399

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Aislar STEC en las heces del ganado bovino en el municipio de Ulloa, Valle del Cauca y detectar factores de virulencia asociados con la patogénesis. Materiales y métodos: Se tomaron 21 muestras provenientes de bovinos, las cuales fueron tomadas directamente del recto del animal mediante hisopos. Las muestras se procesaron hasta obtener colonias puras a las cuales se les evaluó la presencia de los genes stx1, stx2, eae, saa y hlyA mediante PCR y posteriormente, se evaluó el efecto citotóxico de las muestras positivas sobre células Vero (ATCC-CCL-81.4). Resultados: De las 21 muestras de heces de bovinos,12 presentaron bacterias con uno o ambos genes stx. Se obtuvieron 106 aislamientos totales de STEC y se observaron diferencias en cuanto a la presencia y ausencia de los genes de virulencia evaluados en los aislamientos de cada bovino, obteniendo cinco combinaciones de genes. 48 aislamientos presentaron únicamente el gen stx2 y 58 presentaron tanto el gen stx1 como el gen stx2; de los 106 aislamientos, se detectaron 44 con el gen hlyA y 57 con el gen saa. Conclusiones: Todos los sobrenadantes de STEC analizados mostraron actividad citotóxica sobre las células Vero, mientras que en ausencia de STEC las células formaron monocapa después de 48 h de incubación. Este trabajo es el primer reporte en Colombia que aporta información sobre la presencia de STEC en el ganado bovino, la presencia de factores de virulencia y el potencial efecto citotóxico que poseen estas cepas nativas.


Abstract Objective: To isolate STEC in stool samples from cattle in Ulloa, Valle del Cauca, and to detect virulence factors associated with its pathogenesis. Materials and methods: We took 21 samples from cattle, which were taken directly from the rectum of the animal using swabs. The samples were processed until obtaining pure colonies and evaluated for the presence of the stx1, stx2, eae, saa and hlyA genes by PCR. Afterward, the cytotoxic effect of positive samples were evaluated on Vero cells (ATCC-CCL- 81.4). Results: We observed that from the 21 stools samples, 12 presented bacteria with one or both stx genes. A total of 106 isolates of STEC were obtained and differences among each other were observed regarding the presence and absence of the virulence genes, obtaining five combinations of genes. We found that 48 isolates presented only stx2 gene and 58 presented both the stx1 and stx2 gene. Regarding the other virulence genes, the hlyA gene was detected in 44 isolates and the saa gene was detected in 57 isolates. Conclusions: All the STEC supernatants showed cytotoxic activity on Vero cells, while in its absence the cells formed monolayer after 48 h of incubation. This work is the first report in Colombia that provides information about the presence of STEC in stool cattle, virulence genes and its potential cytotoxic effect in native strains.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Shiga Toxin , Escherichia coli , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli , Feces , Livestock , Bacteria , Virulence , Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 487-494, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1248939

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different periods of pre-slaughter fasting (F1: 2 to 24 hours and F2: 48 to 72 hours) on the counts of hygiene indicator microorganisms and the presence of Salmonella spp. in carcasses of bullfrogs. Two different stages of the slaughter process were analyzed: after bleeding (A) and after the final carcasses cleaning (B). Samples from each fasting period were analyzed to count hygiene indicator microorganisms (n=30) and Salmonella spp. (n=140). For aerobic mesophilic microorganisms, the variation in fasting periods caused a reduction of 0.69 log10 CFU / g (P<0.05) in F2 when compared to F1 at point B of the slaughter. Coliforms at 35º C and Escherichia coli showed no differences (P >0.05) between the fasting analyzed periods. Considering the presence of E. coli, it was observed that F2 resulted in a reduction of 30% (P<0.05) positivity on point B. For Salmonella spp., the results showed that F2 contributed to an 11.5% reduction in the presence of this bacteria at point B. (P<0.05). Therefore, it is concluded that 48 to 72 hours of pre-slaughter fasting resulted in a positive impact on the microbiological quality of bullfrog carcasses.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência de diferentes períodos de jejum pré-abate (F1: duas a 24 horas e F2: 48 a 72 horas) nas contagens de micro-organismos indicadores de higiene e na presença de Salmonella spp. em carcaças de rãs-touro. Foram analisadas duas etapas do processo de abate: após a sangria (A) e após a toalete final da carcaça (B). As amostras de cada período de jejum foram utilizadas para contagem de indicadores de higiene (n = 30) e Salmonella spp. (n = 140). Para aeróbios mesófilos, a variação no tempo de jejum causou uma redução de 0,69 log10 UFC/g (P<0,05) em F2 quando comparado a F1 na etapa B do abate. Os coliformes a 35ºC e Escherichia coli não apresentaram diferenças (P>0,05) entre os dois períodos de jejum analisados. Considerando a presença de E. coli, F2 resultou em uma redução de 30% (P<0,05) de positividade na etapa B. Para Salmonella spp., os resultados mostraram que F2 contribuiu para uma redução de 11,5% na presença desse micro-organismo na etapa B. Portanto, conclui-se que 48 a 72 horas de jejum pré-abate tiveram um impacto positivo na qualidade microbiológica das carcaças de rã-touro.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rana catesbeiana/microbiology , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Food Hygiene , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Food Safety , Fasting , Animal Culling
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2748-2758, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156772

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la infección urinaria en el embarazo constituye uno de los principales problemas de salud, que influyen de forma directa en el desarrollo del embarazo y el parto. Objetivo: caracterizar las gestantes con infección urinaria, pertenecientes al área de salud del Policlínico Universitario "Ángel Machaco Ameijeiras" de Guanabacoa, La Habana, Cuba, de enero 2019 a enero 2020. Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo y de corte transversal en 129 gestantes del área de salud y periodo de tiempo antes definidos. La información se obtuvo de las historias clínicas individuales. Las principales variables a medir fueron: edad materna, germen causal, modificaciones cervicales, y complicaciones prenatales y post natales más frecuentes. Resultados: predominó la infección urinaria en 52 pacientes (40,31 %), el grupo de edades de 26-30 años fue el más representado, con 47 casos (36,43 %), las modificaciones cervicales estuvieron presentes en 35 pacientes (67,30 %) y el germen causal más frecuente fue el staphylococcus ssp en 22 pacientes (42,30 %) y valor P=0,01. La presencia de bajo peso/ crecimiento intrauterino retardado se representó en 18 pacientes (34,61%). Conclusiones: se caracterizó las gestantes incluidas en el estudio, predominó la existencia de infección urinaria y el bajo peso fue la complicación más representada (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: the urinary infection in pregnancy is one of the main health problems, influencing in a straight way in pregnancy development and childbirth. Objective: to characterize pregnant women with urinary infection belonging to the health are of the University Polyclinic "Ángel Machaco Ameijeiras" of Guanabacoa, La Habana, Cuba, from January 2019 to January 2020. Materials and methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 129 pregnant women of the aforementioned health area during the period herein declared. The information was gathered from the individual medical records. The main variables measured were: maternal age, causal germ, cervical modifications and more frequent prenatal and postnatal complications. Results: urinary infection predominated in 52 patients (40.31 %); the 26-30 age group was the most represented one, with 47 cases (36.43 %); cervical modifications were present in 35 patients (67.30 %); and the most frequent causal germ was the Staphylococcus ssp., in 22 patients (42.30 %), P value=0.01. Low weight/IUGR was present in 18 patients (34.61 %). Conclusions: pregnant women included in the study were characterized, predominating the existence of urinary infection. Low weight was the most represented complication (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Urinary Tract Infections/etiology , Vaginal Diseases , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Pregnant Women , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Escherichia coli
12.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 42(1): 29-36, jan./jun. 2021. Tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247833

ABSTRACT

The population interest for fish consumption has increased, mainly due to several beneficial nutritional properties presented by this food. In this context, oriental culinary also brings different eating habits as consume raw food, such as sashimi. A relevant food contaminant of fecal origin is Escherichia coli, able to become potentially harmful, when it acquires virulence factors, as Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC). This study aimed to evaluate 30 samples of salmon sashimi regarding the presence of E. coli, as well as perform the genotypic characterization of virulence factors associated with STEC. Three samples were collected from 10 different restaurants, specialized in Japanese culinary in the city of Londrina - PR. The E. coli identification was performed using the Colilert® chromogenic substrate technique and biochemical tests, and for the investigation of virulence genes, stx1 and stx2, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used. Among the 30 samples analyzed, 15 (50%) presented contamination by E. coli. However, in no sample were detected virulence factors associated with STEC. Although human diseases associated with STEC are poorly described in Brazil, it is possible to verify that fish, mainly those consumed raw, are potential transmitters of E. coli to humans. This can compromise the food safety of these products and, thus, characterize them as unsuitable for consumption. Therefore, it is necessary the adoption of preventive measures of contamination by E. coli in products intended to human consumption, beyond more research that can verify the potential of STEC as a fish contaminant. (AU)


O interesse da população pelo consumo de peixe tem aumentado, principalmente devido às diversas propriedades nutricionais benéficas apresentadas por este alimento. Neste contexto, a culinária oriental também traz diferentes hábitos alimentares, como consumir alimentos crus, tais como o sashimi. Um relevante contaminante alimentar de origem fecal é Escherichia coli, capaz de tornarse potencialmente danosa ao adquirir fatores de virulência, como E. coli produtora de toxina Shiga (STEC). Este estudo objetivou avaliar 30 amostras de sashimi de salmão quanto à presença de E. coli, bem como realizar a caracterização genotípica de fatores de virulência associados com STEC. Três amostras foram coletadas de 10 diferentes restaurantes especializados em culinária japonesa da cidade de Londrina - PR. A identificação de E. coli foi realizada utilizando a técnica de substrato cromogênico Colilert® e testes bioquímicos, e para a investigação dos genes de virulência, stx1 e stx2, a reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) foi utilizada. Dentre as 30 amostras analisadas, 15 (50%) apresentaram contaminação por E. coli. Contudo, em nenhuma das amostras foram detectados fatores de virulência associados com STEC. Embora as doenças humanas associadas com STEC sejam pouco descritas no Brasil, é possível verificar que os peixes, principalmente aqueles consumidos crus, são potenciais transmissores de E. coli aos humanos. Isto pode comprometer a segurança alimentar destes produtos e, assim, caracterizá-los como impróprios para o consumo. Portanto, é necessária a adoção de medidas preventivas de contaminação por E. coli nos produtos destinados ao consumo humano, além de mais pesquisas que possam verificar o potencial de STEC como um contaminante de peixes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Restaurants , Salmon , Escherichia coli , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli , Raw Foods , Food
13.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 22(4): 515-525, 2021.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1342281

ABSTRACT

Background: Pig production in Uganda is highly constrained by rampant piglet mortalities with diarrhea being a key feature. The present study was conducted to determine possible involvement of Escherichia coli (E. coli) as agents of diarrhea in piglets and elucidate the factors for their spread and virulence, towards development of mitigation strategies in the smallholder pig value chains in Uganda. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study carried out from January to August 2020 on pre- and post-weaned piglets from households in Kayunga and Mityana districts of Central Uganda, selected by snowballing method to redundancy. Data about herd management and risk factors for colibacillosis were collected from selected farmers in the two districts. A total of 179 faecal samples were collected from randomly selected neonatal and pre-weaning piglets for bacteriological isolation of Escherichia coli. Virulence (enterotoxin and fimbrial) genes from the isolates were detected by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. Results: From the 179 faecal samples, a total of 158 (88.3%) E. coli isolates were obtained. Virulence gene markers were detected in 18.4% (29/158) of the isolates. Among the investigated genes encoding for enterotoxin production, STb was the most prevalent (16/158, 10.13%), followed by STa (12/158, 7.59%), while gene for LT was not detected. The gene coding for F4 adhesin was the only one detected while F18 adhesin was not detected from the isolates. On multiple logistic regression analysis, only tertiary educational level (OR=0.141; 95% CI=0.30-0.666; p=0.013) and infrequent use of antibiotics (OR=0.231, 95% CI=0.062-0.859; p=0.029) among the farmers, were the two factors significantly protective of the piglets from diarrhoea. Conclusion: This study reports a high prevalence of enterotoxin gene markers among E. coli isolates in piglets and revealed the potential role of these bacteria in the aetiology of piglet diarrhoea and mortalities in Uganda. Additionally, this study identified risk factors that can be useful in formulating treatment and control strategies of infection caused by these bacteria. Further studies are needed to identify more adhesins these E. coli isolates employ for intestinal colonization, a step that will help inform vaccine development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Virulence Factors , Diarrhea , Escherichia coli , Uganda
14.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020200, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142404

ABSTRACT

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare variant of chronic pyelonephritis. It is characterized by progressive parenchymal destruction caused by chronic renal obstruction due to calculus, stricture, or rarely tumor, resulting in kidney function loss. Herein, we describe the case of a 36-year-old female who presented with left loin pain, left lower limb pain, and dysuria. On contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT), multiple abscesses and an obstructive staghorn calculus were depicted in the left kidney with the classical appearance of "Bear Paw Sign." An abscess with calculi was also present within the left psoas muscle. Though psoas muscle abscess in association with XGP was described, a ureteric fistula and calculi within the psoas muscle have not yet been reported in the literature. Left nephrostomy was performed, which came out to be positive for E. coli on culture. The patient underwent left nephrectomy, and the histopathological report of the surgical specimen confirmed XGP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urinary Tract Infections , Pyelonephritis, Xanthogranulomatous/pathology , Psoas Muscles/abnormalities , Escherichia coli , Staghorn Calculi
15.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200301, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278443

ABSTRACT

Abstract Rhamnolipid is a potent biodegradable surfactant, which frequently used in pharmaceutical and environmental industries, such as enhanced oil recovery and bioremediation. This study aims to engineer Escherichia coli for the heterologous host production of rhamnolipid, to characterize the rhamnolipid product, and to optimize the production using autoinduction medium and POME (palm oil mill effluent). The construction of genes involved in rhamnolipid biosynthesis was designed in two plasmids, pPM RHLAB (mono-rhamnolipid production plasmid) and pPM RHLABC (di-rhamnolipid production plasmid). The characterization of rhamnolipid congeners and activity using high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) and critical micelle concentration (CMC). In order to estimate rhamnolipid yield, an oil spreading test was performed. HRMS and CMC result show E. coli pPM RHLAB mainly produced mono-rhamnolipid (Rha-C14:2) with 900 mg/L and 35.4 mN/m of CMC and surface tension value, whereas E. coli pPM RHLABC mainly produced di-rhamnolipid (Rha-Rha-C10) with 300 mg/L and 34.3 mN/m of CMC and surface tension value, respectively. The optimum condition to produce rhamnolipid was at 20 h cultivation time, 37 oC, and pH 7. In this condition, the maximum rhamnolipid yield of 1245.68 mg/L using autoinduction medium and 318.42 mg/L using 20% (v/v) of POME. In conclusion, the characteristics of the rhamnolipid by recombinant E. coli is very promising to be used in industries as the most economical way of producing rhamnolipid.


Subject(s)
Palm Oil , Escherichia coli , Electromagnetic Phenomena , Glycosylation
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281089

ABSTRACT

La fosfomicina es un antibiótico natural, que actúa sobre la síntesis de la pared celular, con actividad bactericida y de amplio espectro. En este trabajo se evaluó la sensibilidad in vitro de aislados de Escherichia coli (E. coli), incluidos aquellos que producen Beta Lactamasa de Espectro Extendido (BLEE) obtenidos a partir de urocultivos, tomados en diferentes lapsos de colección de datos, en personas de ambos sexos. Fueron incluidos 260 muestras de orina con desarrollo de E. coli provenientes de pacientes que concurrieron al Laboratorio San Roque. El aislamiento e identificación bacteriana se realizó según métodos convencionales y la sensibilidad a los antimicrobianos por el método de difusión de disco. Para la detección de la sensibilidad frente a fosfomicina fueron utilizados discos de 200 µg con el agregado de 50 µg de glucosa 6-fosfato. Se observó frente a los antibióticos evaluados mayor sensibilidad a fosfomicina (98,5%) y nitrofurantoína (97,7%). Ciprofloxacina, trimetoprima y la combinación sulfametoxazol/trimetoprima exhibieron frente a los mismos aislados sensibilidad menor y muy similar entre ellos, con 64,2%, 61,2% y 61,2% respectivamente. En 44 (16,9%) de los aislados de E. coli se detectó la presencia de BLEE y es destacable la alta sensibilidad que mostraron fosfomicina y nitrofurantoína, aún frente a los aislados BLEE positivos, con frecuencias de 90,9% y 93,2%, respectivamente. En resumen, la alta sensibilidad demostrada en el presente estudio por E. coli ante la fosfomicina, abre la posibilidad de considerar a este antibiótico de primera elección en las infecciones urinarias bajas, aún en los casos de gérmenes productores de BLEE, en la población de nuestro país.


Fosfomycin is a natural antibiotic, which acts on the synthesis of the cell wall, with broad spectrum bactericidal activity. In this study, the in vitro sensitivity of Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolates was evaluated, including those that produce Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) obtained from urine cultures taken at different data collection times, in people of both sexes. Were included 260 urine samples with development of E. coli from patients who attended the San Roque laboratory. Bacterian isolation and identification was carried out according to conventional methods and antimicrobial sensitivity by the disk diffusion method. For detection of sensitivity to fosfomycin, 200 µg discs were used with the addition of 50 µg of glucose 6-phosphate. A greater sensitivity for fosfomycin (98.5%) and nitrofurantoin (97.7%) was observed against the evaluated antibiotics. Ciprofloxacin, trimethoprim and the sulfamethoxazole / trimethoprim combination exhibited in front of the same isolated lower sensitivity and very similar among them, with 64.2%, 61.2% and 61.2% respectively. In 44 (16.9%) of the E. coli isolates the presence of ESBL was detected and the high sensitivity shown by fosfomycin and nitrofurantoin is noteworthy, even compared to the positive ESBL isolates, with frequencies of 90.9% and 93,2%, respectively. In summary, the high sensitivity demonstrated in the present study by E. coli to fosfomycin opens the possibility of considering this first-choice antibiotic in lower urinary infections, even in ESBL-producing germs, in the population of our country.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli , Fosfomycin , Nitrofurantoin , Ciprofloxacin , Anti-Bacterial Agents
17.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 17-26, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1145877

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: verificar a demanda de hemoculturas, aspirados traqueais e uroculturas realizadas no HU-UNIVASF/ EBSERH e a prevalência dos microrganismos identificados no período de janeiro a junho de 2016. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo documental com abordagem quantitativa. Resultados: o setor de microbiologia realizou 488 hemoculturas, 427 uroculturas e 197 aspirados traqueais. A positividade de hemoculturas mostrou-se entre 10,9 à 25,7%, e o percentual de contaminações variou de 6,8 à 14,0%. Os microrganismos mais prevalência nas hemoculturas foram Staphylococcus epidermidis (23,7%), Staphylococcus aureus (19,3%) e Klebisiella pneumoniae (9,6%). Nas uroculturas foram Klebisiella pneumoniae (23,1%), Candida sp. (13,5%) e Escherichia coli (12,5%). Nos aspirados traqueais foram Acinetobacter baumannii (29,2%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26,6%) e Staphylococcus aureus (16,2%). Conclusão: a cultura mais solicitada foi hemocultura. A bactéria mais prevalente nas hemoculturas foi Staphylococcus epidermidis, nos aspirados traqueais Acinetobacter baumannii e nas uroculturas Klebisiella pneumoniae


Objective: the study's purpose has been to verify the demand for blood cultures, tracheal aspirates and urine cultures performed at a University Hospital from the Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (HU-UNIVASF/EBSERH), as well as the predominance of microorganisms identified over the period from January to June 2016. Methods: it is a retrospective documentary study with a quantitative approach. Results: the microbiology sector carried out 488 blood cultures, 427 urine cultures and 197 tracheal aspirates. The positivity of blood cultures was between 10.9 and 25.7%, and the percentage of contaminations ranged from 6.8 to 14.0%. The most prevalent microorganisms in blood cultures were Staphylococcus epidermidis (23.7%), Staphylococcus aureus (19.3%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (9.6%). In urine cultures were Klebsiella pneumoniae (23.1%), Candida sp. (13.5%) and Escherichia coli (12.5%). In tracheal aspirates were Acinetobacter baumannii (29.2%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26.6%) and Staphylococcus aureus (16.2%). Conclusion: the most requested culture was blood culture. The most prevalent bacterium in blood cultures was Staphylococcus epidermidis, in tracheal aspirates was Acinetobacter baumannii, and in urine cultures was Klebsiella pneumoniae


Objetivo: el propósito del trabajo es verificar la demanda de hemocultivos, aspirados traqueales y urocultivos realizados en el Hospital Universitário de la Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (HU-UNIVASF/ EBSERH) y la prevalencia de los microorganismos identificados en el período de enero a junio de 2016. Métodos: este trabajo es un estudio retrospectivo documental con abordaje cuantitativo. Resultados: el sector de microbiología realizó 488 hemocultivos, 427 urocultivos y 197 aspirados traqueales. La positividad de hemocultivos se mostró entre el 10,9 al 25,7%, y el porcentaje de contaminaciones varía de 6,8 a 14,0%. Los microorganismos más prevalentes en los hemocultivos fueron Staphylococcus epidermidis (23,7%), Staphylococcus aureus (19,3%) y Klebsiella pneumoniae (9,6%). En los urocultivos fueron Klebisiella pneumoniae (23,1%), Candida sp. (13,5%) y Escherichia coli (12,5%). En los aspirados traqueales fueron Acinetobacter baumannii (29,2%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26,6%) y Staphylococcus aureus (16,2%). Conclusión: la cultura más solicitada fue hemocultivo. La bacteria más prevalente en los hemocultivos fue Staphylococcus epidermidis, en los aspirados traqueales, Acinetobacter baumannii y en los urocultivos, Klebisiella pneumoniae


Subject(s)
Urine/microbiology , Cross Infection/microbiology , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Bacteriological Techniques/methods , Blood Culture , Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Prevalence , Acinetobacter baumannii , Escherichia coli , Hospitals, University , Klebsiella pneumoniae
18.
Med. lab ; 25(2): 535-546, 2021. tabs, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342897

ABSTRACT

El síndrome hemolítico urémico (SHU) típico en adultos es una patología infrecuente. En la literatura se encuentran pocos reportes, y se ha documentado principalmente en la población pediátrica. Esta entidad se caracteriza por ser una microangiopatía trombótica (MAT) que compromete de manera característica los riñones. Es causada usualmente por la infección por Escherichia coli productora de toxina Shiga (STEC), específicamente el serotipo O157:H7. En Colombia no existen casos reportados sobre esta condición en adultos, lo cual llama la atención, pero puede deberse en parte a las dificultades en su diagnóstico, al no tenerse fácil acceso a algunas de las pruebas que orientan hacia esta enfermedad y confirman el diagnóstico. Se reporta el caso de una mujer adulta mayor colombiana, quien consultó por deposiciones diarreicas y hematoquecia, con el posterior desarrollo de trombocitopenia severa, lesión renal aguda, y evidencia de equinocitos y esquistocitos en extendido de sangre periférica, lo que llevó a sospechar una MAT. Se le solicitó FilmArray® gastrointestinal, el cual fue positivo para STEC, confirmando así el diagnóstico de un SHU típico. Se presenta también una breve revisión del tema de una entidad que requiere un diagnóstico temprano y certero que permita brindar un tratamiento eficaz y oportuno


The classic or typical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in adults is a rare disease. Few reports are found in the literature, and it has mainly been documented in the pediatric population. This condition is a form of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), which characteristically compromises the kidneys. It is mainly caused by infection with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), specifically the O157:H7 serotype. In Colombia there are no reports on this condition in adults, and may be due in part to difficulties in its diagnosis, as there is not easy access to some of the tests that guide towards this condition and confirm the diagnosis. The case of an elderly Colombian woman is reported, who presented diarrhea and hematochezia, and subsequently developed severe thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury, with evidence of echinocytes and schistocytes in peripheral blood smears, which led to suspect TMA. A gastrointestinal FilmArray™ was ordered, which was positive for STEC, thus confirming the diagnosis of a typical HUS. A brief literature review is also presented, which covers general concepts of a condition that requires an early and accurate diagnosis in order to provide an effective and timely treatment


Subject(s)
Thrombotic Microangiopathies , Thrombocytopenia , Shiga Toxin , Diarrhea , Escherichia coli , Acute Kidney Injury , Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome , Anemia, Hemolytic
19.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200106, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1154774

ABSTRACT

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) isolated from avian cellulitis lesions produces a toxin, named Escherichia coli vacuolating factor (ECVF), that causes cell vacuolization and induces inflammatory response in broiler chicken. Methods We investigated the intracellular activities of ECVF in avian fibroblasts using fluorescence staining, electron microscopy, MTT and LDH measurements. As ECVF act specifically in avian cells, we performed blotting assay followed by mass spectrometry to better understand its initial intracellular protein recognition. Results ECVF induced actin contraction, mitochondrial damage and membrane permeability alterations. Ultrastructural analysis showed intracellular alterations, as nuclear lobulation and the presence of degraded structures inside the vacuoles. Moreover, ECVF induced cell death in fibroblasts. ECVF-biotin associates to at least two proteins only in avian cell lysates: alpha-actinin 4 and vinculin, both involved in cytoskeleton structure. Conclusion These findings demonstrated that ECVF plays an important role in avian cellulitis, markedly in initial steps of infection. Taken together, the results place this toxin as a target for drug and/or vaccine development, instead of the use of large amounts antibiotics.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Vacuoles , Actin Cytoskeleton , Chickens , Actins , Escherichia coli , Fibroblasts , Cellulitis
20.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06831, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1250487

ABSTRACT

Avian colibacillosis is an acute and globally occurring infectious disease of domestic and wild birds caused by Escherichia coli, and it is associated with considerable economic losses mainly due to the morbidity and mortality associated. The present study aimed to describe the pathological, bacteriological and immunohistochemical aspects of avian colibacillosis in broiler chickens of Mozambique. Forty-nine broiler chicken presented anorexia, decreased weight gain, ataxia, diarrhea, dyspnea, and death in a clinical course of 3-5 days. The birds were raised in five farms (small, medium and large farms) with manual and automatic breeding system, with flocks ranging from 100 to 20,000 birds. At the necropsy, all birds had poor body condition, and the pericardium and the Glisson's capsule of all avian exhibited different degrees of adherence often associated with severe fibrin deposition. The thoracic and abdominal air sacs were thickened and adhered to the costal wall. Mild, moderate or marked hepatomegaly associated with white pinpoint multifocal areas (100%, 49/49) and mild to moderate splenomegaly in 75.5% (37/49) with a mottled surface were observed. The lungs and kidney were enlarged and reddish. Histologically, a multiorgan fibrinoheterophilic polyserositis was observed in 75.5% of the cases (37/49), which were characterized by inflammatory infiltrates composed mainly of degenerative heterophils, macrophages and plasma cells, associated with fibrin deposits and intermixed by coccobacillary bacterial basophilic aggregates. These affected mainly the pericardium (28.6%, 14/49), the pleura (18.4%, 9/49), the Glisson's capsule (10.2%, 5/49), the ventriculus (10.2, 5/33), and the proventriculus (8.2%, 4/49) serosa. Multifocal to coalescing areas of coagulative necrosis associated with similar inflammatory cells were observed mainly in the spleen (28.6%, 14/49), liver (24.5%, 12/49), and intestines (22.4%, 11/49). A similar infiltrate was also observed affecting the the lungs (16.3%, 8/49), the kidney (16.3%, 8/49) and the myocardium (14.3%, 7/49). Isolation and identification of E. coli was obtained in 12 cases through bacterial culture. Some organs (2 cases of each farms) were selected and submitted to immunohistochemistry anti-E. coli, and a positive stain was observed in all tested cases in liver (3/3), heart (4/4), spleen (1/1), lungs (4/4), intestines (4/4), bursa of Fabricius (1/1), ventriculus (1/1), and proventriculus (1/1) tissue sections. These results demonstrate that E. coli was the cause of mortality in these birds. Therefore, biosecurity and management measures should be employed to prevent and control the disease occurrence in Mozambique's poultry farming.(AU)


A colibacilose aviária é uma doença aguda de ocorrência mundial que acomete aves domésticas e silvestres, causada por Escherichia coli e resulta em perdas econômicas consideráveis devido à elevada morbidade e mortalidade das aves. O presente estudo teve o objetivo de descrever os aspectos patológicos, bacteriológicos e imuno-histoquímicos de colibacilose aviária em frangos de corte de Moçambique. Um total de 49 frangos de corte apresentaram anorexia, baixo ganho de peso, ataxia, diarreia, dispneia e morte em um curso clínico de 3 a 5 dias. As aves eram provenientes de 5 granjas (pequenas, média e grandes), com sistema de criação manual e automático, com rebanhos que variavam de 100 a 20.000 aves. À necropsia, todas as aves exibiam condição corporal ruim a caquética, além de pericárdio e cápsula de Glisson de todas aves (100%; n=49) com diferentes graus de aderência e deposição de fibrina de forma difusa acentuada. Os sacos aéreos torácicos e abdominais estavam espessados e aderidos à parede costal. Foi observado ainda hepatomegalia discreta, moderada a severa frequentemente associada com áreas multifocais puntiformes brancacentas (100%; 49/49), e esplenomegalia discreta a moderada, associado a áreas multifocais moteadas (75,5%; 37/49). Os pulmões e rins estavam aumentados e com coloração avermelhada. Histologicamente, observou-se majoritariamente serosite fibrinoheterofílica em 75,5% dos casos (37/49), caracterizadas por infiltrado inflamatório composto por heterófilos degenerados, macrófagos, linfócitos e plasmócitos, com deposição de fibrina entremeada por uma miríade de estruturas bacterianas cocobacilares. Esta lesão foi observada principalmente em pericárdio (28,6%; 14/49), pleura (18,4%; 9/49), cápsula de Glisson (10,2%; 5/49), ventrículo (10,2; 5/33) e em proventrículo (8,2%; 4/49). Áreas multifocais a coalescentes de necrose de coagulação associada a infiltrado inflamatório semelhante ao descrito foi observado principalmente no baço (28,6%; 14/49), fígado (24.5%; 12/49), e intestinos (8,2%; 4/49). Um infiltrado inflamatório semelhante também foi visualizado em pulmões (16,3%; 8/49), rins (16,3%; 8/49) e miocárdio (14,3%; 7/49), Colônias puras de E. coli foram identificadas e isoladas em 12 casos. Alguns órgãos (2 de cada granja) foram submetidos ao exame imuno-histoquímico anti-E. coli e marcação positiva foi visualizada em todos casos testados, como em fígado (3/3), coração (4/4), baço (1/1), pulmão (4/4), intestinos (4/4), bursa de Fabricius (1/1), rim (1/1), ventrículo (1/1) e proventrículo (1/1). Estes resultados demonstram que E. coli foi a causa de morte destas aves. Sendo assim, a adoção de boas medidas de biosseguridade e de manejo são indispensáveis para a prevenção e controle da ocorrência da doença nas granjas de frango de corte de Moçambique.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Poultry , Weights and Measures , Immunohistochemistry , Chickens/microbiology , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Weight Gain , Mortality , Bacterial Structures/pathogenicity
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