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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 792-795, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376765

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Aerobic gymnastics is an emerging sport. It develops mainly the aerobic body metabolism improving the cardiopulmonary function of the practitioner. Objective To analyze the influence of core strength training on the physical fitness of university athletes who practice aerobic gymnastics. Methods Using mathematical statistics, we studied the influence of aerobic exercise on the physical fitness of female college athletes. The fitness index test of female college aerobics athletes was performed with Excel 2007, and the obtained results were discussed. Results College female students showed significant improvement in somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, and other four factors after aerobic gymnastics exercise (P<0.05). After the practice period, female college students improved orthostatic performance, long jump, stretching in sitting forward position, 1 minute sitting, running four times round trip for 10 meters, and 800 meters. The increase was 11.16cm, 5.02cm, 8.34 times/min, 2.13s, and 9.42s. Conclusion Core training in aerobic gymnastics can strengthen the body, allowing awareness of physical training in college women. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução A ginástica aeróbica é um esporte emergente. Ela desenvolve principalmente o metabolismo aeróbico corporal aprimorando a função cardiopulmonar do praticante. Objetivo Analisar a influência no treino de fortalecimento do core sobre a aptidão física em atletas universitárias praticantes de ginástica aeróbica. Métodos Utilizando estatísticas matemáticas, estuda-se a influência do exercício aeróbico sobre a aptidão física das atletas universitárias. O teste do índice de aptidão física de atletas de aeróbica feminina de faculdades foi executado com Excel 2007 e discutiu-se os resultados obtidos. Resultados As estudantes universitárias apresentaram melhora significativa na somatização, sensibilidade interpessoal, ansiedade, e outros quatro fatores após o exercício de ginastica aeróbica (P<0,05). Após o período de prática, as estudantes universitárias tiveram melhora no desempenho ortostático, salto à distância, no alongamento em posição sentadas para frente, 1 minuto sentadas, corrida 4 vezes de ida e volta por 10 metros, e 800 metros. O aumento foi respectivamente de 11,16cm, 5,02cm, 8,34 vezes/min, 2,13s, e 9,42s. Conclusão O treino do core na ginástica aeróbica pode fortalecer o corpo, permitindo a conscientização do treino físico nas universitárias. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción La gimnasia aeróbica es un deporte emergente. Desarrolla principalmente el metabolismo corporal aeróbico mejorando la función cardiopulmonar del practicante. Objetivo Analizar la influencia del entrenamiento del core en la aptitud física en atletas universitarias que practican gimnasia aeróbica. Métodos Utilizando la estadística matemática, se estudió la influencia del ejercicio aeróbico en la aptitud física de las atletas universitarias. La prueba del índice de aptitud física de las atletas universitarias de aerobismo se realizó con Excel 2007 y se discutieron los resultados obtenidos. Resultados Las estudiantes universitarias mostraron una mejora significativa en la somatización, la sensibilidad interpersonal, la ansiedad y otros cuatro factores después del ejercicio de gimnasia aeróbica (P<0,05). Después del periodo de práctica, las estudiantes universitarias tuvieron una mejora en el rendimiento ortostático, en el salto de longitud, en el estiramiento en posición sentada hacia delante, en la posición sentada de 1 minuto, en la carrera de 4 vueltas de 10 metros y en los 800 metros. El aumento fue, respectivamente, de 11,16 cm, 5,02 cm, 8,34 veces/min, 2,13 s y 9,42 s. Conclusión El entrenamiento del core en la gimnasia aeróbica puede fortalecer el cuerpo, permitiendo la concienciación del entrenamiento físico en las estudiantes universitarias. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Body Composition/physiology , Physical Fitness/physiology , Gymnastics/physiology , Students , Universities , Exercise/physiology , Models, Theoretical
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 672-675, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376762

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Physical training is a well-known training method in competitive sports. However, in the majority of the physical training classes, the focus is still on the traditional exercises of physical conditioning as strength, speed, resistance, etc., directed for young athletes that are in the growth and development phase, without a literary base to assure actual effectiveness in the load increases for the athletic performance facing the risks in the athletes' physical proprioception. Objective Explores the effect of functional training on the physical sensibility of sports athletes. Methods The data collection method is used in the daily training of six notable athletes in a district sports school: judo, martial arts, wrestling, tennis team, swimming team, and table tennis team, adding the functional training protocol in body movement. Results The average performance of the groups before and after the experiment was collected and confronted, the difference test was performed, and the test result found P>0.05. The athletes in the experimental group not only improved the footwork speed and physical coordination, the movement speed of the footwork and the speed of the connection between movements increased significantly in the sixth week, reflecting more excellent stability and motor coordination in the movements. Proprioception is one of the essential sports qualities of the human body; it is directly related to physical qualities such as speed and strength and is also closely related to the different neural pathways. Conclusion Functional training can improve athletes' physical flexibility and motor coordination; it can also stimulate body proprioceptors, increase athletes' confidence, and make training more efficient and effective. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O treinamento físico é um método de treinamento bastante conhecido em esportes competitivos. Porém, na maioria das aulas de treinamento físico, o foco ainda está nos exercícios tradicionais de condicionamento físico como força, velocidade, resistência, etc., voltados para jovens atletas que estão em fase de crescimento e desenvolvimento, sem embasamento literário para assegurar uma real eficácia nos aumentos de carga para o desempenho atlético frente aos riscos na propriocepção física dos atletas. Objetivo Explorar o efeito do treinamento funcional na sensibilidade física de atletas esportivos. Métodos O método de coleta de dados é utilizado no treinamento diário de seis diferentes atletas especiais em uma escola de esportes distrital: judô, artes marciais, luta livre, equipe de tênis, equipe de natação e equipe de tênis de mesa, agregando o protocolo de treino funcional em movimento corporal. Resultados O desempenho médio dos grupos antes e depois do experimento foram coletados e confrontados, o teste de diferença foi realizado, sendo o resultado do teste encontrado P>0,05. Os atletas do grupo experimental não apenas melhoraram a velocidade de trabalho com os pés e a coordenação física, a velocidade do movimento do trabalho com os pés e a velocidade da conexão entre os movimentos aumentaram significativamente na sexta semana, refletindo maior estabilidade e coordenação motora nos movimentos. A propriocepção é uma das qualidades esportivas essenciais do corpo humano, não está apenas diretamente relacionada às qualidades físicas, como velocidade e força, mas também está intimamente relacionada as diferentes vias neurais. Conclusão O treinamento funcional pode melhorar a flexibilidade física e a coordenação motora dos atletas; também pode estimular os proprioceptores corporais, aumentar a confiança dos atletas e tornar o treinamento mais eficiente e eficaz. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El entrenamiento físico es un método de entrenamiento muy conocido en los deportes de competición. Sin embargo, en la mayoría de las clases de entrenamiento físico, el enfoque sigue siendo los ejercicios tradicionales de acondicionamiento físico como fuerza, velocidad, resistencia, etc., dirigidos para jóvenes atletas que están en fase de crecimiento y desarrollo, sin base literaria para asegurar una eficacia real en los aumentos de carga para el rendimiento atlético frente a los riesgos en la propiocepción física de los atletas. Objetivo Explorar el efecto del entrenamiento funcional en la sensibilidad física de los deportistas. Métodos El método de recogida de datos se utiliza en el entrenamiento diario de seis atletas especiales diferentes en una escuela deportiva distrital: judo, artes marciales, lucha, equipo de tenis, equipo de natación y equipo de tenis de mesa, añadiendo el protocolo de entrenamiento funcional en el movimiento corporal. Resultados Se recogió el rendimiento medio de los grupos antes y después del experimento y se confrontó, se realizó la prueba de la diferencia y el resultado de la prueba fue P>0,05. Los atletas del grupo experimental no sólo mejoraron la velocidad del trabajo de pies y la coordinación física, sino que la velocidad del movimiento de pies y la velocidad de la conexión entre los movimientos aumentaron significativamente en la sexta semana, lo que refleja una mayor estabilidad y coordinación motora en los movimientos. La propiocepción es una de las cualidades deportivas esenciales del cuerpo humano, no sólo está directamente relacionada con cualidades físicas como la velocidad y la fuerza, sino que también está estrechamente relacionada con las diferentes vías neuronales. Conclusión El entrenamiento funcional puede mejorar la flexibilidad física y la coordinación motora de los atletas; también puede estimular los propioceptores corporales, aumentar la confianza de los atletas y hacer que el entrenamiento sea más eficiente y eficaz. Nivel de evidencia II;Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Proprioception/physiology , Sports/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Athletes , Motor Skills/physiology
3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 253-264, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364973

ABSTRACT

Abstract The regular practice of physical exercise as a non-pharmacological treatment of arterial hypertension (AH) has been encouraged due to causing a series of physiological responses in the cardiovascular system, such as the production of vasoactive substances, including nitric oxide (NO). NO is a relaxation factor released by the endothelium, and the decrease in its bioavailability is related to coronary and arterial diseases, such as AH. This study aimed to perform an integrative literature review to elucidate the effect of physical training on NO levels in patients with AH and to establish a relationship between these levels and blood pressure (BP) control. A literature review was was performed by searching PubMed / MEDLINE, Lilacs, Scielo, Cinahl and Embase databases. The search string used was ("arterial hypertension" OR hypertension) AND (exercise OR "physical exercise" OR "aerobic exercise" OR "exercise training" or "physical activity") AND ("nitric oxide"). We included fully available controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials published in English and Portuguese languages in the last 10 years. The review consisted of 16 articles, of which 13 reported an increase in NO production after the physical training intervention, and three studies found no change. In addition, 15 studies observed a reduction in BP after the intervention. In conclusion, regular practice of physical exercises, advocating moderate intensity, can improve NO bioavailability in pre-hypertensive and hypertensive individuals, which seems to be one of the mechanisms responsible for BP reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Exercise/physiology , Hypertension/therapy , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors/metabolism , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Physical Conditioning, Human/physiology , Hypertension/metabolism
5.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 27: 1-8, fev. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357986

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the volume of participation in exercise programs offered in Primary Health Care (PHC), for 24 weeks on blood biochemical parameters of adult women. Three Basic Health Units in Rio Claro City (São Paulo) were selected and 2 exercise inter-ventions were implemented with different volumes (3 weekly sessions, 90 minutes each; 2 weekly sessions, 60 minutes each). In total, 53 participants remained until the end of the interventions. Regardless of their number of absences, they were divided into 4 groups, according to the volume of participation (calculated individually according to the duration of sessions and the number of classes held), forming groups according to quartiles: Low Volume Group (LVG; 57.62 ± 9.97 years-old), Low Medium Volume Group (LMVG; 56.31 ± 12.18 years-old), High Medium Volume Group (HMVG; 53.00 ± 10.25 years-old), and High-Volume Group (HVG; 59.69 ± 7.66 years-old). Blood biochemical parameters were dosed using the ELISA method. The Generalized Estimation Equa-tion Model was used to compare the biochemical parameters (time, group, and interaction; p ≤ 0.05). The analysis showed significant and positive time effect for low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and glycemia in all groups and for total cholesterol (TC) in LVG, LMVG and HMVG; a significant group effect for HVG on TC (higher levels compared to all other groups) and LDL (higher levels compared to LVG and LMVG). It is concluded that the physical exercise programs offered in the PHC contributed to a significant reduction in LDL and blood glucose levels, regardless of the vol-ume of participation of individuals in the programs


O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do volume de participação em programas de exercícios, ofer-tados na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS), durante 24 semanas, nos parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos de mulheres adultas. Foram selecionadas 03 Unidades Básicas de Saúde de Rio Claro-São Paulo e implementa-das 2 intervenções de exercícios com diferentes volumes (3 sessões/semana, 90 minutos cada; 2 sessões/semana, 60 minutos cada). No total, 53 participantes se mantiveram até o final das intervenções, independentemente do número de faltas foram divididos em 4 grupos, de acordo com o volume de participação (calculado con-forme a duração das sessões e a quantidade de aulas realizadas de forma individual), formando os grupos segundo os quartis: Grupo Baixo Volume (GBV; 57,62 ± 9,97 anos), Grupo Baixo Médio Volume (GBMV; 56,31 ± 12,18 anos), Grupo Médio Alto Volume (GMAV; 53,00 ± 10,25 anos) e Grupo Alto Volume (GAV; 59,69 ± 7,66 anos). Os parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos foram dosados pelo método ELISA. Foi utilizado o Modelo de Equações de Estimações Generalizadas para a comparação dos parâmetros bioquímicos (tempo, grupo e interação; p ≤ 0,05). A análise evidenciou efeito significativo favorável do tempo para lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (LDL) e glicemia em todos os grupos e para colesterol total (CT) no GVB, GBMV e GMAV; e efeito significativo do grupo para GAV no CT (maiores níveis comparado a todos os grupos) e LDL (maiores níveis comparados ao GBV e GBMV ). Conclui-se que o programa de exercício físico ofertado na APS contribuiu para a redução significativa dos níveis de LDL e glicemia, independentemente do volume de participação dos indivíduos nos programas


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Exercise/physiology , Cholesterol/blood , Primary Health Care , Time Factors , Community Participation , Exercise Therapy/methods
6.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e57942, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367680

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to analyse microbiological organisms in different locations and regions for physical activity in the city of João Pessoa, Brazil. Samples were collected on various objects used, such as: mattresses, drinking fountains, gloves, cell phones and others. The samples were collected in João Pessoa-PB, following the Standard Operating Procedure-SOP/ Microbiology of a specialized laboratory. The collection took place in the five macro-regions: North, South, East, West and Center. Foreach region samples were collected in one public place (square), a private one (gym) and one school (public or private), totaling fifteen collected sites and 450 samples. The following microorganisms were studied in all analyzed surfaces: Bacillus sp, Escherichia Coli, Klebsiella sppor Enterobacter sppand Coag. Neg. Staphylococcus.All regions had a high contamination level by some microorganism. The highest rates were found in the western, central and northern regions -96, 94 and 93% respectively. The Coag. Neg.Staphylococcus presented the highest and lowest incidence rates in the South and East regions, with 43.33 and 6.67%, respectively, as well as Klebsiella sppor Enterobacter spp, which presented high levels. It is concluded that there is a microorganisms' contamination in the most varied places and regions where physical activity practices are developed, with a predominance of Coag. Neg.Staphylococcusand Klebsiella sppor Enterobacter spp. These results lead to a warning about the hygiene importance in places for physical activity practice, especially in pandemic times (COVID-19), since almost all the evaluated surfaces were contaminated.


Subject(s)
Hygiene , Fitness Centers/supply & distribution , COVID-19/pathology , Schools/supply & distribution , Bacillus/pathogenicity , Exercise/physiology , Biological Contamination , Enterobacter/pathogenicity , Environmental Microbiology , Escherichia/pathogenicity , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Klebsiella/pathogenicity , Noxae
7.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58253, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366377

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to verify the tracking of physical activity and sedentary behavior in different domains during adolescence. This longitudinal study involved 265 subjects (boys: 52.8%) with an initial mean age of 13.9 (± 1.2) years. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were verified using a questionnaire. The achievement of ≥ 150 min. week-1of moderate-to-vigorous intensity sport and/or physical exercise for ≥ 1 month was adoptedas sufficiently active. The data were collected on 2 occasions, with an average interval of 3 years. The description of the results used the relative frequency and Binary Logistic Regression was used to estimate the crude and adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals). Current physical activity (adjusted odds ratios = 3.05; 95% confidence intervals: 1.77 -5.26) and sedentary behavior (adjusted odds ratios = 1.81; 95% confidence intervals: 1.03 -3.19) appear to be significantly influenced by previousbehavior, except for light-intensity physical activity. Only 12.8% of the participants remained sufficiently active for sport and/or physical exercise. Practice for at least one month of sport and/or physical exercise at baseline was a predictor of practice in the follow-up, both considering participation for at least one month (adjusted odds ratios = 2.81; 95% confidence intervals: 1.37 -5.79) and for four months (adjusted odds ratios = 2.47; 95% confidence intervals: 1.17 -5.24) in the follow-up. Beingsufficiently active at baseline increased the chance of being sufficiently active in the follow-up during adolescence. Interventions providing sufficient sport and/or physical exercise could positively influence the chances of practice in the future. For light-intensity physical activity interventions, strategies targeting adherence seem especially relevant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Exercise/physiology , Adolescent/physiology , Sedentary Behavior , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Sports/education , Health Behavior/physiology , Adolescent Behavior/physiology , Leisure Activities
8.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e57233, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363844

ABSTRACT

Despite numerous studies related to dehydration there is still a lack of scientific literature presenting hydration status and fluid intake of judo athletes during different periods. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate, fluid intake, hydration status and body weight changes of young judo athletes during a typical day of training in preparation period. Twenty-two young judo athletes (age: 12 ± 0.7 y, experience: 3.5 ± 1.1) voluntarily participated in this study. Hydration status and weight were examined in the morning, before and immediately after the training. All athletes trained 90 min and they consumed fluids ad libitum during the exercise. According to morning urine specific gravity (USG) values, 81.2% of the athletes were dehydrated while only 18.8% of the athletes were euhydrated. Pre-training urine measurements showed that 63.64% of the athletes presented dehydration and 77.27% of the athletes completed the training in dehydrated condition despite fluid availability during the training. Mean body weight loss during training was -0.64 ± 0.66%. It can be concluded that young judo athletes presented high prevalence of dehydration as indicated by USG values. Most of the athletes were dehydrated during a typical training day and completed the training in more dehydrated conditions compared to pre training values despite ad libitum fluid intake. It is of great importance to evaluate hydration status of the athletes before training to refrain from common practice of fluid restriction for weight loss and adverse effects of a persistent state of fluid deficit on physical and health related state.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Body Weight/physiology , Martial Arts , Drinking , Athletes , Mentoring , Organism Hydration Status/physiology , Urine/physiology , Body Weight Changes , Exercise/physiology , Prevalence , Dehydration , Drinking Behavior/physiology
9.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e59078, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366713

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to estimate and measure reference values in the normal range of motion of extremity joints in females and to provide a database for the assessment of impairments related to the mobility of the joints. This observational cross-sectional study was conducted at seven major educational institutes areas of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in Pakistan from January to June 2020 with a sample size of 600 healthy females aged 15 to 45 years and divided into three groups through non-probability sampling technique. In study Instruments, an electronic Goniometer was used for the measurement of the range of motions for different joints and then those ranges were recorded. The questionnaire had two sections demographic characteristics and ROM for both upper and lower limbs. Data was analyzed using SPSS V21. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.In the result,Out of 600 participants,there was a statistically significant difference of (p < 0.001) in both upper and lower extremities motion between all the three groups for the measurements and noticeably no significant difference (p > 0.005) between group 1, 2 comparisons for the knee joint extension.To conclude, In most joints, the range of motion increases with age. The transition from group 1 to group 2 was aided by increased hormone participation in growth, an active lifestyle, and generally good health. Because of degenerative changes and joint stiffness, group 3's range of motion deteriorated, leading to a sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity. Standardized biomechanical measurements can help health practitioners, such as physiotherapists, choose appropriate therapy interventions to assess musculoskeletal disorders. To resolve the inconsistencies in the reliability and validity of goniometry values, more research is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Reference Values , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Joint/physiology , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multicenter Study , Elbow Joint/physiology , Arthrometry, Articular , Sedentary Behavior , Physical Therapists , Hip/physiology , Knee Joint/physiology , Life Style
10.
Rev. chil. neuropsicol. (En línea) ; 16(1): 1-10, ene. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362080

ABSTRACT

Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la influencia de la práctica deportiva sobre el desempeño de las funciones ejecutivas y, a su vez, indagar si la ejecución individual y/o grupal del deporte establece diferencias en el desarrollo de estas habilidades cognitivas y las posibles relaciones asociadas a los tiempos de entrenamiento. Para esto, se estableció una metodología cuantitativa, de diseño comparativo-correlacional. La muestra estuvo conformada por 100 participantes entre 18 y 25 años de edad de ambos géneros, distribuidos en tres grupos, uno de deportes de ejecución individual, otro de deportistas de actividad grupal y un grupo control con personas sin participación en actividades deportivas. Se encontraron, por ejemplo, mayores desempeños en funciones de planeación, memoria de trabajo, control inhibitorio y subtipos de atención por parte de quienes practicaban algún tipo de deporte, independiente de la modalidad de ejecución; pese a que, para algunas funciones cognitivas el participar de un deporte grupal generaba mayores puntuaciones en las tareas propuestas y, en otras, la ventaja la presentaron los integrantes de deportes individuales. Asimismo, se pudo establecer que existe una relación entre el tiempo semanal de entrenamiento y el funcionamiento de la actividad ejecutiva; esto, permitió corroborar la influencia de la actividad deportiva sobre el funcionamiento cognitivo subyacente en los lóbulos frontales.


This research aimed to determine the influence of sports practice on the performance of executive functions and, in turn, to inquire whether the individual and/or group performance of sports establishes differences in the development of these cognitive skills and the possible associated relationships to training times. To do this, a quantitative, comparative-correlational design methodology was established. The sample consisted of 100 participants between 18 and 25 years of age of both genders, divided into three groups, one for individual sports, another for athletes with group activity, and a control group with people without participation in sports activities. For example, greater performance was found in planning functions, working memory, inhibitory control and attention subtypes by those who practiced some type of sport, independent of the execution modality; Despite the fact that, for some cognitive functions, participating in a group sport generated higher scores in the proposed tasks and, in others, the advantage was presented by the members of individual sports. Likewise, it was established that there is a relationship between weekly training time and the performance of executive activity; This allowed to corroborate the influence of sports activity on underlying cognitive functioning on the frontal lobes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sports , Exercise/physiology , Cognition/physiology , Executive Function/physiology , Frontal Lobe/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928650

ABSTRACT

Neurocognitive impairment is a group of clinical syndromes characterized by impaired cognitive function and decreased motor ability. Non-pharmacological interventions such as physical exercise have advantages in the treatment of patients with neurocognitive impairment. Multicomponent exercise is a combination of various physical exercises, including strength training, endurance training, balance training and flexibility training, that can improve gait, balance and cardiopulmonary function by increasing muscle mass, strength and endurance in people with neurocognitive impairment, while also reducing the risk of falls in elders. This article reviews the benefits of multicomponent exercise for patients with neurocognitive impairment and its evaluation methods; also describes 4 intervention programs and their clinical application, to provide evidence for clinical practice and promote the application of multicomponent exercise in patients with neurocognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Aged , Cognition , Exercise/physiology , Gait , Humans , Resistance Training
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928327

ABSTRACT

As an important exercise and energy metabolism organ of the human body, the normal maintenance of skeletal muscle mass is essential for the body to perform normal physiological functions. The autophagy-lysosome (AL) pathway is a physiological or pathological mechanism that is ubiquitous in normal and diseased cells. It plays a key role in the maintaining of protein balance, removing damaged organelles, and the stability of internal environment. The smooth progress of the autophagy process needs to go through multiple steps, which are completed under the coordinated action of multiple factors. Autophagy maintains the muscle homeostasis of a healthy body by removing cell components such as damaged myofibrils and isolated cytoplasmic proteins. Autophagy could also provide the initial energy required for cell proliferation, promote muscle regeneration and remodeling after injury. At the same time, autophagy disorder is also an important cause of age-related skeletal muscle atrophy. Autophagy could affect the response of skeletal muscle to exercise, and increasing the level of basic autophagy is beneficial to improve the adaptive response of skeletal muscle to exercise. This article summarizes the role and pathways of autophagy in the maintenance of skeletal muscle quality, in order to provide effective rehabilitation strategies for clinical prevention and treatment of muscle atrophy.


Subject(s)
Autophagy/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Humans , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Muscular Atrophy/pathology , Signal Transduction
14.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.966-973, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353818
15.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 17-24, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352899

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La actividad física insuficiente es uno de los principales problemas de salud pública a nivel global. Los patrones de conducta en los adolescentes, y el estilo de vida, podrían afectar su salud física y mental. Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer los patrones de actividad física y los comportamientos sedentarios en la población de adolescentes a nivel nacional. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, observacional, descriptivo de corte transverso, se aplicó el cuestionario de la Encuesta Global de Salud Escolar en adolescentes escolares del octavo y noveno grados del 3° ciclo de la Educación Escolar Básica y al 1°, 2° y 3° cursos de la Educación Media de 49 escuelas y colegios del país. En este estudio fueron incluidos 1.803 estudiantes de edades comprendidas entre 13 a 15 años. Resultados: El 27% de los adolescentes de 13 a 15 años de Paraguay son activos, siendo significativamente mayor en hombres que en mujeres (p-valor 0,000) y el 22% son inactivos con mayor frecuencia en mujeres que en hombres (p-valor 0,000). Se observo que el 33,5% de los adolescentes tenían comportamiento sedentario, el 43,4% de los adolescentes no utilizo el desplazamiento activo para asistir a la escuela. Los adolescentes que no participaron de las clases de educación física en la escuela representaron el15,6%. Conclusión: Si bien en un 27% los adolescentes de 13 a 15 años son activos, es preocupante el gran porcentaje de adolescentes inactivos y con comportamiento sedentario.


Introduction: Insufficient physical activity is one of the main public health problems globally. Teen behavior patterns and lifestyle may affect their physical and mental health. Objectives: The objective of this study was to know the patterns of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the adolescent population nationwide. Materials and methods: A quantitative, observational, descriptive cross-sectional study, the questionnaire of the Global School Health Survey was applied in school adolescents of the eighth and ninth grades of the 3rd cycle of Basic School Education and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd year of Secondary Education in 49 schools and colleges in the country. 1,803 students aged 13 to 15 years were included in this study. Results: 27% of adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 in Paraguay are active, being significantly higher in men than in women (p-value 0.000) and 22% are inactive more frequently in women than in men (p-value 0.000). It was observed that 33.5% of the adolescents had sedentary behavior, 43.4% of the adolescents did not use active displacement to attend school. Adolescents who did not participate in physical education classes at school accounted for 15.6%. Conclusion: Although 27% of adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 are active, the large percentage of inactive adolescents with sedentary behavior is worrying.


Subject(s)
Exercise , Sedentary Behavior , Pattern Recognition, Automated/classification , Exercise/physiology , Adolescent/physiology
16.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 311-314, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288589

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. It is a metabolic syndrome in which blood sugar levels increase due to defects in insulin secretion or impaired function, or even both defects. Object To understand the effect of diabetic patients in controlling blood sugar through physical exercise, the paper analyzes the correlation between the exercise status and physiological indicators of diabetic patients in our hospital. Methods We randomly selected 41 diabetic patients and monitored their exercise. At the same time, we check the physiological indicators of the patients after the exercise is completed and analyze the control of blood sugar by sports. Results After healthy physical exercise, the blood sugar level of diabetic patients tended to stabilize, and the glycosylated hemoglobin level decreased. The blood sugar levels of patients who did not participate in healthy physical exercises were not stable, and their glycosylated hemoglobin levels did not improve. Conclusion Healthy sports is a simple, easy, safe and effective adjuvant therapy for the prevention and treatment of diabetes, and it is worthy of clinical promotion. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução O diabetes é uma doença metabólica caracterizada por hiperglicemia. É uma síndrome metabólica em que os níveis de açúcar no sangue aumentam devido a defeitos na secreção de insulina ou função prejudicada, ou mesmo ambos os defeitos. Objetivo Para compreender os pacientes diabéticos no controle da glicemia por meio do exercício físico, o artigo analisa a correlação entre o estado de exercício e os indicadores fisiológicos de pacientes diabéticos em nosso hospital. Métodos Selecionamos aleatoriamente 41 pacientes diabéticos e monitoramos seus exercícios. Ao mesmo tempo, verificamos os indicadores fisiológicos dos pacientes após a realização do exercício e analisamos o controle da glicemia pelo esporte. Resultados Após exercícios físicos saudáveis, o nível de açúcar no sangue de pacientes diabéticos tendeu a se estabilizar e o nível de hemoglobina glicosilada diminuiu. Os níveis de açúcar no sangue dos pacientes que não praticavam exercícios físicos saudáveis não foram estáveis e os níveis de hemoglobina glicosilada não melhoraram. Conclusão O esporte saudável é uma terapia adjuvante simples, fácil, segura e eficaz para a prevenção e tratamento do diabetes e merece divulgação clínica. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción la diabetes es una enfermedad metabólica caracterizada por hiperglucemia. Es un síndrome metabólico en el que los niveles de azúcar en sangre aumentan debido a defectos en la secreción de insulina o función alterada, o incluso a ambos defectos. Objeto Para comprender a los pacientes diabéticos en el control de la glucemia a través del ejercicio físico, el trabajo analiza la correlación entre el estado de ejercicio y los indicadores fisiológicos de los pacientes diabéticos en nuestro hospital. Métodos Seleccionamos aleatoriamente a 41 pacientes diabéticos y monitoreamos su ejercicio. Al mismo tiempo, verificamos los indicadores fisiológicos de los pacientes una vez finalizado el ejercicio y analizamos el control del azúcar en sangre mediante los deportes. Resultados Después de un ejercicio físico saludable, el nivel de azúcar en sangre de los pacientes diabéticos tendió a estabilizarse y el nivel de hemoglobina glicosilada disminuyó. Los niveles de azúcar en sangre de los pacientes que no participaron en ejercicios físicos saludables no fueron estables y sus niveles de hemoglobina glicosilada no mejoraron. Conclusión El deporte saludable es una terapia adyuvante simple, fácil, segura y eficaz para la prevención y el tratamiento de la diabetes y es digno de promoción clínica. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Glucose/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Exercise/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus/blood
17.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 303-306, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288585

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction According to the 2015 National Physical Health Monitoring Report, most of the national physical health indicators have begun to rebound, but some people's physical health is still declining. Object The thesis studies the problems existing in people's physical exercise and guides the development of these people's habits. Methods Our mathematical statistics and other research methods investigate the current situation of people's physical exercise habits, and explore the factors that restrict habits from the factors that affect the formation of sports and fitness concepts. Result The proportion of people developing physical exercise habits is low. People invest less time and energy in physical exercise. Conclusion The less time and energy that people invest in physical exercise is the main reason that affects their belief in exercise and fitness and physical exercise habits. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução De acordo com o Relatório Nacional de Monitoramento de Saúde Física de 2015, a maioria dos indicadores nacionais de saúde física começou a se recuperar, mas a saúde física de algumas pessoas ainda está em declínio. Objetivo a tese estuda os problemas existentes no exercício físico das pessoas e orienta o desenvolvimento dos hábitos dessas pessoas. Métodos Nossas estatísticas matemáticas e outros métodos de pesquisa investigam a situação atual dos hábitos de exercício físico das pessoas e exploram os fatores que restringem os hábitos e os fatores que afetam a formação de conceitos de esportes e preparação física. Resultado a proporção de pessoas que desenvolvem hábitos de exercícios físicos é baixa. As pessoas investem menos tempo e energia em exercícios físicos. Conclusão O pouco tempo e energia que as pessoas investem na prática de exercícios físicos é o principal motivo que afeta sua crença na prática de exercícios e hábitos de exercício físico. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción De acuerdo con el Informe Nacional de Monitoreo de la Salud Física de 2015, la mayoría de los indicadores nacionales de salud física han comenzado a recuperarse, pero la salud física de algunas personas todavía está en declive. Objetivo la tesis estudia los problemas existentes en el ejercicio físico de las personas y orienta el desarrollo de los hábitos de estas personas. Métodos Nuestras estadísticas matemáticas y otros métodos de investigación investigan la situación actual de los hábitos de ejercicio físico de las personas y exploran los factores que restringen los hábitos y los factores que afectan la formación de conceptos deportivos y la preparación física. Resultado la proporción de personas que desarrollan hábitos de ejercicio físico es baja. La gente invierte menos tiempo y energía en el ejercicio físico. Conclusión El poco tiempo y energía que las personas invierten en la práctica de ejercicio físico es el principal motivo que incide en su creencia en la práctica de ejercicio y hábitos de ejercicio físico. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Exercise/physiology , Healthy Lifestyle , Time Factors , Models, Statistical , Habits
18.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 266-269, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288573

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction In recent years, people's physical fitness continues to show a slow decline, so the maintenance of human health is very important. Object The thesis researches the effect of student group sports and analyzes the influencing factors of student group sports. Method The thesis uses mathematical statistics to study student groups' sports activities and influencing factors. Results The student group is not satisfied with the extracurricular sports activities carried out by the school. The community has little influence on the sports behavior of the student group. Conclusion This study provides a realistic and theoretical basis for the student group to implement the school sports documents, rules and regulations, and opinions and promote the student group's physical and mental health. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução Nos últimos anos, a aptidão física das pessoas continua apresentando um lento declínio, por isso a manutenção da saúde humana é muito importante. Objetivo a tese pesquisa o efeito dos esportes coletivos de alunos e analisa os fatores que os influenciam. Método a tese usa estatística matemática para estudar as atividades esportivas e os fatores de influência dos grupos de alunos. Resultados O grupo de alunos não está satisfeito com as atividades esportivas extracurriculares realizadas pela escola. A comunidade tem pouca influência no comportamento esportivo do grupo de alunos. Conclusão Este estudo fornece uma base teórica e realista para o grupo de alunos implementar os documentos, regras e regulamentos do esporte escolar, e opiniões e promover a saúde física e mental do grupo de alunos. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción En los últimos años, la condición física de las personas continúa mostrando un lento declive, por lo que el mantenimiento de la salud humana es muy importante. Objeto La tesis investiga el efecto de los deportes de grupo de estudiantes y analiza los factores que influyen en los deportes de grupo de estudiantes. Método La tesis utiliza estadística matemática para estudiar las actividades deportivas de los grupos de estudiantes y los factores de influencia. Resultados El grupo de estudiantes no está satisfecho con las actividades deportivas extraescolares que realiza la escuela. La comunidad tiene poca influencia en el comportamiento deportivo del grupo de estudiantes. Conclusión Este estudio proporciona una base realista y teórica para que el grupo de estudiantes implemente los documentos, reglas y regulaciones y opiniones de deportes escolares y promueva la salud física y mental del grupo de estudiantes. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Promotion , Models, Theoretical
19.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 270-273, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288567

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Studies have shown that physical exercise is beneficial to people's overall physical and mental health, but few research reports on the effects of different physical exercises on people's human health. Object The paper explores the difference in human health function between people who adhere to traditional health sports and those who rarely exercise and provide a scientific basis for applying and promoting traditional health sports in TCM "prevention of disease". Methods The paper surveyed 526 people who regularly participate in physical exercises and rarely exercise. The exercise items are divided into Tai Chi/Tai Chi sword group, Health Qigong Baduanjin group, Health Qigong Wuqinxi group, and Health Qigong Yijin group. Warp group, walking/jogging group. Results There are differences in the mental indicators of the people in different exercise groups. The overall average percentage levels of and NK cells in each exercise group and the tiny exercise group are different, and the difference is statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions Persisting in physical exercise is beneficial to the balance of health and function of the population. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução Estudos têm demonstrado que o exercício físico é benéfico para a saúde física e mental geral das pessoas, mas existem poucos relatos de pesquisas sobre os efeitos dos diferentes exercícios físicos na saúde humana. Objetivo o documento explora a diferença na função da saúde humana entre pessoas que aderem aos esportes tradicionais de saúde e aqueles que raramente se exercitam e fornece uma base científica para a aplicação e promoção dos esportes tradicionais de saúde na "prevenção de doenças" da medicina tradicional chinesa. Métodos O artigo pesquisou 526 pessoas que praticam exercícios físicos regularmente e raramente praticam exercícios. Os itens de exercícios são divididos em grupo de espada Tai Chi/Tai Chi, grupo de saúde Qigong Baduanjin, grupo de saúde Qigong Wuqinxi e grupo de saúde Qigong Yijin, Grupo Wrap e grupo de caminhada/corrida. Resultados Existem diferenças nos indicadores mentais de pessoas em diferentes grupos de exercícios. Os níveis percentuais médios gerais de células NK e em cada grupo de exercícios e no pequeno grupo de exercícios são diferentes, e a diferença é estatisticamente significativa (P <0,05). Conclusão A persistência na prática de exercícios físicos é benéfica para o equilíbrio da saúde e o funcionamento da população. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Los estudios han demostrado que el ejercicio físico es beneficioso para la salud física y mental general de las personas, pero hay pocos informes de investigación sobre los efectos de diferentes ejercicios físicos en la salud humana de las personas. Objeto El documento explora la diferencia en la función de la salud humana entre las personas que se adhieren a los deportes de salud tradicionales y las que rara vez hacen ejercicio y proporciona una base científica para aplicar y promover los deportes de salud tradicionales en la "prevención de enfermedades" de la medicina tradicional china. Métodos El artículo encuestó a 526 personas que participan regularmente en ejercicios físicos y rara vez hacen ejercicio. Los elementos de ejercicio se dividen en grupo de espada de Tai Chi/Tai Chi, grupo de salud Qigong Baduanjin, grupo de salud Qigong Wuqinxi y grupo de salud Qigong Yijin. Grupo Wrap, grupo de caminar/trotar. Resultados Hay diferencias en los indicadores mentales de las personas en diferentes grupos de ejercicio. Los niveles de porcentaje promedio general de células NK y en cada grupo de ejercicio y el pequeño grupo de ejercicio son diferentes, y la diferencia es estadísticamente significativa (P <0.05). Conclusión La persistencia en el ejercicio físico es beneficiosa para el equilibrio de la salud y el funcionamiento de la población. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sports/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Mental Health , Disease Prevention , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 509-513, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288622

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Due to various uncertain and unexpected factors in life such as diseases, natural disasters, traffic accidents, and congenital disabilities, the number and proportion of lower limb amputations are still rising for many reasons, so the research on lower limb prostheses is particularly important. Objective: This work aimed to study the relationship between altitude exercise and cardiopulmonary function. Methods: A model of abnormal changes in cardiopulmonary function was established, and then 40 plateau exercisers were selected, all of whom arrived in Tibet in March 2017. The relationship between pulmonary circulation volume and internal pressure in the chest was observed and compared. The relationship between cardiopulmonary sensory reflex and exercise (high altitude) breathing and heart rate was analyzed. A comparison of the cardiopulmonary function of subjects of different genders was implemented. Moreover, the influence of different altitudes on the subjects' cardiopulmonary function and the subjects' cardiopulmonary function changes before departure and during the first, second, and third week after departure were observed and compared. Results: I. As the pressure in the thoracic cavity increased, the subjects' pulmonary circulation blood volume gradually decreased, and the decrease was most obvious in the stage of thoracic pressure −50 to 0. II. As the cardiorespiratory reflex coefficient increased, the subjects' breathing and heart rate compensatory acceleration appeared. III. Tracking and monitoring of the subjects' cardiopulmonary indicators revealed that with the increase in altitude, the subjects' average arterial pressure, respiratory frequency, and heart rate all showed an upward trend, while the blood oxygen saturation value showed a downward trend. IV. No matter how high the altitude was, the average arterial pressure, respiratory rate, and heart rate monitored of the subjects under exercise were significantly superior to the indicator values under resting state. In contrast, the blood oxygen saturation value showed the opposite trend. V. The subjects' average arterial pressure, respiration, and heart rate in the first week were higher than other periods, but the blood oxygen saturation was relatively lower. In the second and third weeks, the changes in cardiopulmonary function were relatively smooth (all P<0.05). VI. The changes in the index of the cardiopulmonary function of subjects of different genders were small (p>0.05). Conclusion: Through modeling, the results of the plateau environment on the cardiopulmonary function of the body were made clearer, and these research data provided theoretical references for the training of the sports field in the plateau area. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Contexto: devido a vários fatores incertos e inesperados da vida, como doenças, desastres naturais, acidentes de trânsito e defeitos congênitos, o número e a proporção de amputações de membros inferiores ainda estão aumentando por muitos motivos, portanto, a pesquisa sobre próteses de membros inferiores é particularmente importante. Objetivo: Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a relação entre o exercício em altitude e a função cardiopulmonar. Métodos: Um modelo de alterações anormais da função cardiopulmonar foi estabelecido e, em seguida, 40 praticantes de exercícios de platô foram selecionados, todos chegaram ao Tibete em março de 2017. A relação entre o volume de circulação pulmonar e a pressão interna no tórax foi observada e comparada. A relação entre o reflexo sensorial cardiopulmonar e a respiração do exercício (altitude) e a frequência cardíaca foi analisada. A comparação da função cardiopulmonar de indivíduos de diferentes gêneros foi implementada. Além disso, a influência de diferentes altitudes na função cardiopulmonar dos indivíduos e as mudanças na função cardiopulmonar dos indivíduos antes da partida e durante a primeira, segunda e terceira semanas após a partida foram observadas e comparadas. Resultados: I. À medida que a pressão na cavidade torácica aumentou, o volume de sangue da circulação pulmonar dos indivíduos diminuiu gradualmente, e a diminuição foi mais óbvia no estágio de pressão torácica −50 a 0. II. À medida que o coeficiente do reflexo cardiorrespiratório aumentou, a respiração dos indivíduos e a aceleração compensatória da frequência cardíaca apareceram. III. O rastreamento e o monitoramento dos indicadores cardiopulmonares dos indivíduos revelaram que, com o aumento da altitude, a pressão arterial média, a frequência respiratória e a frequência cardíaca dos indivíduos mostraram uma tendência ascendente, enquanto o valor de saturação de oxigênio no sangue mostrou uma tendência descendente. 4. Por mais alta que fosse a altitude, a pressão arterial média, a frequência respiratória e a frequência cardíaca monitoradas dos indivíduos em exercício foram significativamente superiores aos valores do indicador em repouso, enquanto o valor da saturação de oxigênio no sangue apresentou tendência oposta. V. A pressão arterial média, respiração e frequência cardíaca dos indivíduos na primeira semana foram maiores do que em outros períodos de tempo, mas a saturação de oxigênio no sangue foi relativamente menor. Na segunda e terceira semanas, as mudanças na função cardiopulmonar foram relativamente suaves (todos P <0,05). VI. As mudanças no índice de função cardiopulmonar de sujeitos de diferentes gêneros foram pequenas (p> 0,05). Conclusão: Por meio da modelagem, os resultados do ambiente de planalto sobre a função cardiopulmonar do corpo ficaram mais claros, e os dados dessas pesquisas forneceram referenciais teóricos para o treinamento do campo esportivo na área de planalto. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


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Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Exercise/physiology , Simulation Exercise/methods , Exercise Test , Altitude , Models, Cardiovascular
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