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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 185-190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881006

ABSTRACT

After one-month of oral treatment with traditional Chinese medicine decoction, without using other drugs, the lung inflammatory exudate, pulmonary fibrosis and quality of life of a 61-year-old female patient with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were significantly improved. No recurrence or deterioration of the patient's condition was found within seven weeks of treatment and follow-up, and no adverse events occurred, indicating that oral Chinese medicine decoction was able to improve the pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in a patient recovering from COVID-19, but further research is still needed.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , COVID-19/virology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Exudates and Transudates , Female , Humans , Inflammation/etiology , Lung/pathology , Magnoliopsida , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): e0045, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347259

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Exudative retinal detachment occurs when fluid accumulates between the neurosensory retina and the retinal pigment epithelium. Ocular diseases or multisystem conditions such as nephrotic syndrome may lead to exudative retinal detachment. This report describes a case of nephrotic syndrome secondary to minimal change disease, anasarca and bilateral serous macular detachment in an adult patient. A 75-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with generalized edema, asthenia, and visual impairment. Medical history included a recent diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome secondary to minimal change disease, which had been controlled with corticosteroid therapy. At presentation, best corrected visual acuity was 20/100. Slit-lamp examination revealed xanthelasmas and mild bilateral eyelid edema and chemosis. Dilated fundus examination confirmed bilateral macular detachment. The patient did not respond to diuretic therapy. Ttherefore, hemodialysis was started. Two months later, visual acuity improved to 20/25 and near normal restoration of retinal anatomy was achieved, with concurrent remission of proteinuria. Exudative retinal detachment is a multifactorial condition. However, in diseases associated with severe hypoalbuminemia, such as nephrotic syndrome, low oncotic pressure in choroidal vessels and high interstitial pressure in the choroid may explain retinal detachment. Patients with chronic kidney disease carry a high risk of ophthalmic disease development. Several mechanisms that affect ocular vessels, the retina and the choroid are thought to be involved. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial to resolve the ophthalmic condition and improve overall health.


RESUMO O descolamento de retina exsudativo ocorre quando o fluido se acumula entre a retina neurossensorial e o epitélio pigmentado da retina. Patologias oculares isoladas ou doenças multissistêmicas, como a síndrome nefrótica, podem levar ao descolamento de retina exsudativo. Apresenta-se aqui o caso de um adulto com síndrome nefrótica por doença de lesões mínimas, anasarca e descolamento de retina exsudativo macular bilateral. Trata-se de um homem de 75 anos de idade, que recorreu ao serviço de urgência com edema generalizado, astenia e diminuição da acuidade visual. Os antecedentes pessoais incluíam diagnóstico recente de síndrome nefrótica secundária à doença de lesões mínimas, em uso de corticoterapia. Na apresentação, a melhor acuidade visual corrigida era 20/100. A biomicroscopia revelou xantelasmas, edema palpebral leve e quemose nos dois olhos. Fundoscopia mostrou descolamento macular bilateral. O doente iniciou diuréticos com pouca resposta clínica, tendo sido adicionada hemodiálise. Verificou-se melhora da acuidade visual para 20/25 e restauração quase total da anatomia da retina 2 meses após o início do tratamento, coincidindo com a remissão da proteinúria. A fisiopatologia dos descolamentos de retina exsudativos é multifatorial, mas, em doenças com hipoalbuminemia grave, como a síndrome nefrótica, a baixa pressão oncótica e a alta pressão intersticial na coroide podem explicar o descolamento macular exsudativo. Doentes com doença renal crônica constituem um grupo de risco para o desenvolvimento de doença ocular, envolvendo vários mecanismos que afetam vasos, retina e coroide. Uma abordagem multidisciplinar é crucial para a melhoria da doença oftalmológica e do estado geral do doente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Ophthalmoscopy , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Visual Acuity , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Exudates and Transudates , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Macula Lutea
3.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200139, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1124787

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo realizar avaliação clínica e sociodemográfica de pacientes com úlceras de perna. Método estudo transversal, quantitativo, com 105 pacientes com úlceras de perna em ambulatórios da rede pública de Niterói/RJ, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal Fluminense. Os dados foram coletados no período de janeiro a agosto de 2019, analisados por estatística descritiva e dispostos em tabelas. Resultados pacientes do sexo masculino (57,1%), de 60 a 80 anos (60%), com ensino fundamental incompleto (45,7%), renda de até 1 salário mínimo (64,8%). A maioria das lesões foi de etiologia venosa (76,2%), de tempo igual ou superior a 40 meses (54,3%), com tamanho maior que 10cm2 (53,3%), apresentando exsudato seroso (91,4%) em pequena quantidade (40%) e predominância de tecido granulado (36,2%). A dor foi um achado frequente, relacionada com a posição do membro (31,4%). Conclusão e implicações para a prática o conhecimento do perfil da população acompanhada e das características clínicas das lesões favorece a otimização do tratamento, permitindo um planejamento específico da assistência de enfermagem.


RESUMEN Objetivo realizar evaluación clínica y sociodemográfica de pacientes con úlceras de piernas. Método estudio transversal, cuantitativo, con 105 pacientes con úlceras de piernas en clínicas públicas en Niterói/RJ, aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidade Federal Fluminense. Los datos fueron recolectados de enero a agosto de 2019, analizados por estadística descriptiva y presentados en tablas. Resultados pacientes del sexo masculino (57.1%), de 60 a 80 años (60%), con educación primaria incompleta (45.7%), ingresos de hasta 1 salario mínimo (64.8%). La mayoría de las lesiones fueron de etiología venosa (76,2%), con una duración de 40 meses o más (54,3%), con un tamaño superior a 10 cm2 (53,3%), presentando exudado seroso (91,4%) en pequeña cantidad (40%) y predominio de tejido granulado (36,2%). El dolor fue un síntoma frecuente, relacionado con la posición del miembro (31,4%). Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el conocimiento del perfil de la población monitoreada y las características clínicas de las lesiones favorecen la optimización del tratamiento, lo que permite una planificación específica de la atención de enfermería.


ABSTRACT Objective to perform clinical and sociodemographic evaluation of patients with leg ulcers. Method cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed with 105 patients with leg ulcers in public outpatient clinics located in Niterói/RJ, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Medical School of Universidade Federal Fluminense. Data were collected from January to August 2019, analyzed by descriptive statistics and organized in tables. Results most were male patients (57.1%), aged between 60-80 years (60%), with incomplete primary education (45.7%) and monthly income up to 1 minimum wage (64.8%). Most ulcers were of venous etiology (76.2%), present for 40 months or more (54.3%), with size greater than 10cm2 (53.3%), having serous exudate (91.4%) in small quantity (40%) and predominance of granulation tissue (36.2%). Pain was a frequent finding, related with the leg position (31.4%). Conclusion and implications for practice the knowledge of the population profile and clinical characteristics of wounds favors treatment optimization, allowing specific nursing care planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Leg Ulcer/etiology , Pain , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors , Venous Insufficiency/complications , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Health Profile , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Edema/complications , Exudates and Transudates , Granulation Tissue , Hypertension/complications
4.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 78: 1-6, dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1179207

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasmose é uma zoonose parasitária com ampla distribuição mundial provocada pelo Toxoplasma gondii, considerado um dos protozoários mais bem sucedidos do planeta, pois infecta cerca de um terço da população mundial. Dentre as formas de transmissão, o consumo de carne mal cozida, contendo cistos, tem sido considerado um fator de risco para aquisição desta zoonose. Uma abordagem alternativa para o controle da toxoplasmose pela ingestão de carne bovina seria a sorologia dos bovinos, já que animais soropositivos albergam cistos teciduais. Contudo, a obtenção de soro para esta avaliação, nem sempre é factível, dada a dificuldade de coleta de sangue durante a linha de abate e sua ausência em cortes comerciais. O exsudato cárneo é uma alternativa para detecção de anticorpos anti - T. gondii em cortes comerciais de carne, que foi a proposta deste estudo para avaliar o desempenho dos testes de Hemaglutinação Indireta (HI) e Aglutinação Modificada (MAT) quando comparados ao ELISA usando exsudato cárneo. Este estudo mostrou que a acurácia dos testes de aglutinação não foi viável devido aos baixos índices de sensibilidade e especificidade quando comparados ao ELISA. Estes dados demonstram a importância da escolha de testes eficientes como ELISA para aplicação no controle da qualidade e inocuidade de cortes comerciais de carne bovina. (AU)


Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic zoonosis with a wide worldwide distribution caused by Toxoplasmagondii, which is considered one of the most successful protozoa on the planet, since it can infect a third of the world population. Among the forms of transmission, consumption of undercooked meat has been considered as a risk factor for the acquisition of this zoonosis. An alternative approach to toxoplasmosis control by beef ingestion could be the serological diagnosis in cattle, since seropositives animals harbor tissue cysts. However, the use of serum for this evaluation is not always feasible due to the difficulty of blood collection during slaughter and its absence in commercial beef cuts. Meat exudate is an alternative for the detection of anti-T. gondii antibodies in commercial beef cuts, which was the propose of this study to evaluate the performance of Indirect Hemagglutination (HI) and Agglutination Modified (MAT) tests compared to ELISA using meat exudates. This study showed that the agglutination tests accuracy was not viable due to low sensitivity and specificity indexes when compared to ELISA. These data demonstrate the importance of choosing accurate tests such as ELISA for application in quality control and safety of commercial beef cuts. (AU)


Subject(s)
Agglutination Tests , Toxoplasmosis , Agglutination , Exudates and Transudates , Red Meat , Food Supply , Hemagglutination
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 869-877, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011305

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of different categories of specific and general classification in canine cavitary effusions (CE), as well as their association with the underlying etiologies. The laboratorial and clinical data from 304 cases of canine CE were retrospectively assessed. In 32.9% (100 cases), at least one of the specific classification categories was established, with a subtotal predominance of neoplasia (42%), bacterial serositis (24%) and hemorrhage (16%). Neoplasia was confirmed by effusion cytology in 57.5% of the cases with histopathological confirmation. From the cases in which the specific classification was not obtained, 35.8% were classified as modified transudate, 30.4% as pure transudate, 21.1% % as exudate and 12.7% was not included in any general category. The most common causes of effusion among these cases were hypoproteinemia and/or hipoalbuminemia (HPHA) (25.8%), hepatopathy (22.5%), cardiac insufficiency (15.5%) and cytologically undetected cases of neoplasia (12.4%). In conclusion, HPHA, hepatopathy and neoplasia represents important etiologies for canine CE development. Classification of effusions, solely based on [TP] and TNCC, might be an inaccurate diagnostic tool of effusions. New laboratorial classification methods for canine CE should be researched.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência de diferentes categorias de classificação específica e geral em efusões cavitárias (EC) caninas, bem como sua associação com as etiologias subjacentes. Os dados laboratoriais e clínicos de 304 casos de EC canina foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Em 32,9% (100 casos), pelo menos uma das categorias específicas de classificação foi estabelecida, com predomínio subtotal de neoplasia (42%), serosite bacteriana (24%) e hemorragia (16%). A neoplasia foi confirmada pela citologia da efusão em 57,5% dos casos com confirmação histopatológica. Dos casos em que a classificação específica não foi obtida (204 casos), 35,8% foram classificados como transudato modificado, 30,4% como transudato puro, 21,1% como exsudato e 12,7% não foram incluídos em nenhuma categoria geral. As causas mais comuns de efusão nestes casos foram hipoproteinemia e/ou hipoalbuminemia (HPHA) (25,8%), hepatopatia (22,5%), insuficiência cardíaca (15,5%) e casos de neoplasia citologicamente não detectados (12,4%). Em conclusão, HPHA, hepatopatia e neoplasia representam importantes etiologias para o desenvolvimento da EC canina. A classificação geral de efusões, baseada exclusivamente em proteína e celularidade, pode ser uma ferramenta diagnóstica imprecisa. Novos métodos de classificação laboratorial para ECs caninas devem ser pesquisados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Pericardial Effusion/pathology , Pericardial Effusion/veterinary , Pleural Effusion/pathology , Pleural Effusion/veterinary , Ascitic Fluid/pathology , Dog Diseases , Exudates and Transudates
6.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1264293

ABSTRACT

La pleurésie est une affection fréquente en Afrique, d'origine souvent infectieuse. Le but de notre travail était d'évaluer le retentissement de la pleurésie sur les activités professionnelles. Il s'agit d'une étude transversale, réalisée dans un service de médecine physique et réadaptation fonctionnelle, sur une durée de 9 mois. Etaient inclus les patients présentant une pleurésie avec ou sans atteinte parenchymateuse, menant une activité professionnelle. Les données pleuropulmonaires, l'état psychiatrique, et les capacités professionnelles ont été étudiés. 25 patients ont été inclus, d'âge moyen de 37,4ans et le sex-ratio de 2,1. Les travailleurs de force était plus représentés (60 %). Le syndrome d'épanchement pleural persistait dans 60% des cas. (60%). L'anxio-dépression était associée chez 92% des patients. Les autres signes associés à la pleurésie sont les réveils nocturnes (56%), la somnolence diurne (40%) et la fatigue (40%). Une répercussion sur les activités professionnelles (48% ) a été notée. Les facteurs déterminants de cette reprise d'activités sont la douleur(p=0,04), l'existence de céphalées matinales (p=0,03), les réveils nocturnes (p=0,09) et la rééducation (p=0,034). Conclusion : La limitation de ces conséquences professionnelles de la pleurésie, nécessite une prise en charge de la douleur sur tous ces aspects et de l'état psychologique


Subject(s)
Exudates and Transudates , Incidence , Pleural Effusion , Pleurisy/diagnosis , Pleurisy/epidemiology , Senegal
7.
Blood Research ; : 31-37, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a hereditary chronic hemolytic anemia with several clinical consequences. Intravascular sickling of red blood cells leads to multi-organ dysfunction. Moreover, several biochemical abnormalities have been associated with SCA. Gum arabic (GA) is an edible dried gummy exudate obtained from Acacia Senegal tree. GA showed antioxidant and cytoprotective activities and demonstrated protection against hepatic, renal, and cardiac toxicities in experimental rats. We hypothesized that regular intake of GA improves renal and liver functions in patients with SCA. METHODS: Forty-seven patients (5–42 yr) carrying hemoglobin SS were recruited. The patients received 30 g/day GA for 12 weeks. Blood samples were collected before administering GA and then after 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Liver enzymes, total protein, albumin, electrolytes, urea, creatinine, and uric acid were determined in the serum. The study was approved by the Al Neelain University Institutional Review Board and Research Ethics Committee Ministry of Health. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (identifier: NCT02467257). RESULTS: GA significantly decreased direct bilirubin level [statistical significance (P-value)=0.04]. It also significantly decreased serum alanine transaminase level after 4 weeks, which was sustained till the 8th week. GA, however, had no effect on serum aspartate transaminase level. In terms of renal function, GA decreased serum urea level but the effect was not sustained after the first month. CONCLUSION: GA may alter the disease severity in SCA as demonstrated by its ability to decrease direct bilirubin and urea levels in the serum.


Subject(s)
Acacia , Alanine Transaminase , Anemia, Hemolytic , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Bilirubin , Cardiotoxicity , Creatinine , Electrolytes , Erythrocytes , Ethics Committees, Research , Exudates and Transudates , Gingiva , Gum Arabic , Hemoglobin, Sickle , Humans , Liver , Rats , Senegal , Trees , Urea , Uric Acid
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739169

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) are commonly used in the reconstruction of skin defects induced by trauma or burns. Although STSGs are used to successfully treat various wound types, donor site wounds can be challenging, and complications often develop. Therefore, optimal donor site dressings are required. In this study, we introduce an evidence base for patterns in how the discharge amount decreases over time, with the goal of providing insights into the selection of dressing materials. METHODS: Twenty patients with burns who received STSGs harvested from the thigh between January 2016 to April 2017 were prospectively reviewed. A donor site dressing with foam was changed daily. The weight of the foam dressing was measured before and after placement on the donor site. The wound area was calculated using Visi-Trak. The mean weight of the discharge amount per unit area (g/10 cm2) was calculated. RESULTS: The mean weight of the discharge amount per unit area (g/10 cm2) decreased from 3.84 to 2.02 (P < 0.05) and 1.09 (P < 0.05) on postoperative days 5 and 10, respectively. It further decreased to 0.61 by postoperative day 14. CONCLUSIONS: To prevent infections induced by donor site leakage, the use of highly-absorptive foam materials until 5 days after the operation is beneficial. Moreover, hydrocolloid or highly-absorptive foam materials can be used to promote re-epithelialization of the donor site after 5 days postoperatively. For re-epithelialization and wound protection, it is effective to use hydrocolloid materials starting on postoperative day 10.


Subject(s)
Bandages , Burns , Colloids , Exudates and Transudates , Humans , Prospective Studies , Re-Epithelialization , Skin Transplantation , Skin , Thigh , Tissue Donors , Transplants , Wounds and Injuries
9.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 63-66, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741662

ABSTRACT

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common pathogen, that causes a broad spectrum of diseases, ranging from minor skin infections to severe encephalitis and widespread infections. Acute retinal necrosis (ARN), one of the most serious manifestations of HSV infection, is defined as a rapidly progressing necrotizing retinopathy that presents discrete areas of circumferential retinal necrosis, along with signs of uveitis, vitreitis, and retinal vasculitis. We encountered a case of a female infant, born at 33 weeks of gestation with a body weight at birth of 2,080 g, who had ARN and encephalomalacia due to HSV infection. ARN associated with HSV infection should be suspected when nonspecific retinal exudates are observed in neonates, especially preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Body Weight , Encephalitis , Encephalomalacia , Exudates and Transudates , Female , Herpes Simplex , Herpesvirus 2, Human , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Necrosis , Parturition , Pregnancy , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute , Retinal Vasculitis , Retinaldehyde , Simplexvirus , Skin , Uveitis
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741314

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of ranibizumab in the routine clinical setting in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration and to analyze the associated factors for visual outcome. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of a ranibizumab regulatory post-marketing surveillance study in which 4,136 patients were enrolled and followed for 12 weeks. Change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), size of choroidal neovascularization, and the presence of hemorrhage and exudate were analyzed and the association between BCVA change and baseline characteristics were investigated. Data on ocular and systemic adverse events were collected. RESULTS: Mean BCVA improved significantly and mean BCVA change was the logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution 0.13 ± 0.01 (p < 0.001). A lower baseline BCVA and younger age were significant predictive factors for visual improvement or maintenance (≥0 lines). For greater visual acuity gain (≥3 lines), no treatment history, lower baseline BCVA, younger age, and classic-type choroidal neovascularization were significant predictive factors. No new safety signals were found. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, conducted in real-world clinical practice with a large number of neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients, visual and anatomical outcomes improved significantly after three monthly ranibizumab treatments. Treatment-naive patients had a higher chance of greater visual gain (≥3 lines) than non-naive patients.


Subject(s)
Choroidal Neovascularization , Exudates and Transudates , Hemorrhage , Humans , Macular Degeneration , Ranibizumab , Visual Acuity
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785361

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An Alveolar-pleural fistula is communication between the alveoli and the pleural space that may result in intractable pneumothorax, severe infection, respiratory failure, physical weakness, and even death.CASE: A 70-year-old male underwent right hepatectomy with a cystic mass of the liver. During the operation, peak airway pressure abruptly increased and a serous fluid was regurgitated through the endotracheal tube. Lung isolation was immediately performed with a double-lumen endotracheal tube. Approximately 1,000 ml of exudate was drained through endotracheal tube. Thoracostomy was performed at right lung. Analysis of fluid from endotracheal tube and pleural effusion consistent with parapneumonic effusion.CONCLUSIONS: We presented a case of alveolar-pleural fistula caused by pneumonia presenting with massive exudate fluid regurgitated from the endotracheal tube that was managed with bronchial suction, lung isolation, and thoracostomy and improved without surgical repair of the fistula.


Subject(s)
Aged , Exudates and Transudates , Fistula , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver , Lung , Male , One-Lung Ventilation , Pleural Effusion , Pneumonia , Pneumothorax , Respiratory Insufficiency , Suction , Thoracostomy
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788162

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify minimum data sets for oral mucous integrity-related documentation and to analyze nursing records for oral care.METHODS: To identify minimum data sets for oral status, the authors reviewed 26 assessment tools and a practical guideline for oral care. The content validity of the minimum data sets was assessed by three nurse specialists. To map the minimum data sets to nursing records, the authors examined 107 nursing records derived from 44 patients who received chemotherapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in one tertiary hospital.RESULTS: The minimum data sets were 10 elements such as location, mucositis grade, pain, hygiene, dysphagia, exudate, inflammation, difficulty speaking, and moisture. Inflammation contained two value sets: type and color. Mucositis grade, pain, dysphagia and inflammation were recorded well, accounting for a complete mapping rate of 100%. Hygiene (100%) was incompletely mapped, and there were no records for exudate (83.2%), difficulty speaking (99.1%), or moisture (88.8%).CONCLUSION: This study found that nursing records on oral mucous integrity were not sufficient and could be improved by adopting minimum data sets as identified in this study.


Subject(s)
Dataset , Deglutition Disorders , Drug Therapy , Exudates and Transudates , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Hygiene , Inflammation , Mucositis , Nursing Records , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Oral Ulcer , Specialization , Tertiary Care Centers
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760062

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In the present study, the volume of hard exudates (HEs) was quantitatively measured using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the agreement and correlation with area of HEs in fundus photography were analyzed. METHODS: The medical records of patients with diabetic macular edema who underwent focal laser treatment and were followed up more than 3 months were retrospectively evaluated. An automated customized program designed for measuring HE volume was used. The HEs in each OCT B-scan binary image were measured using 512 × 128 pixels, 6 mm × 6 mm OCT cube scans. The volume was measured by summing the segmented HEs in each 128 B-scan image. The area was measured in 6 mm x 6 mm fundus photography. The volume and area were measured before and 3 months after the treatment. The agreement of increase and decrease in HEs, and the correlation of volume and area of HEs were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients (39 eyes) were included in the study. The volume was significantly reduced from 0.07978 to 0.02565 mm³ at 3 months (p < 0.001). The area was also significantly reduced from 15.35 to 8.60 mm² at 3 months (p < 0.001). The volume was decreased in 34 eyes and increased in 5 eyes. The area was decreased in 37 eyes and increased in 2 eyes. A significant correlation between volume and area was found (p < 0.001) as well as agreement between increase and decrease in volume and area. CONCLUSIONS: In the 3-dimensional quantitative volumetric analysis, the volume and area of HEs were correlated and the direction of increase and decrease was concordant. Considering the distribution of HEs in multiple layers of the retina, volumetric analysis could be considered a substitute for the analysis of HE area.


Subject(s)
Exudates and Transudates , Humans , Macular Edema , Medical Records , Methods , Photography , Retina , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770057

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study analyzed the treatment effects of drain insertion in the posteromedial portal after an arthroscopic synovectomy and posterior septum resection for pyogenic arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2005 to December 2016, 56 cases (55 patients, 1 case of bilateral knee) were diagnosed with pyogenic arthritis and arthroscopic treatment was performed. Fourteen patients (25.0%) were identified with causative organisms. The average follow-up period was 12.3 months, and the mean age was 67.8 years old. Twenty-four cases were males and 31 cases were females. Kellgrene–Lawrence grade (K–L grade) I was 6 patients, II was 20 patients, III was 11 patients, and IV was 18 patients. Surgery was performed through six portal. The posterior septum was removed and a drainage tube was inserted from the posterior medial side to the posterior side of the joint. The Lysholm score was used after surgery for a functional evaluation. The K–L grade at the time of admission and at the last follow-up were compared for a radiological evaluation. RESULTS: The mean normalization period of the C-reactive protein was 59.8 days (6–164 days). Intravenous antibiotics were used for an average of 37.1 days. The results of the functional evaluation revealed a mean Lysholm score of 64.5 (30–98) in a total of 56 cases. Two reoperations was performed, but the treatment was completed with same method in all patients. The K–L grade was similar at the time of surgery and at the last follow-up (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The method of drain insertion in the posteromedial portal after arthroscopic synovectomy and posterior septum resection for pyogenic arthritis is an effective technique that can obtain satisfactory results by inducing proper exudate discharge.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Arthritis , Arthritis, Infectious , Arthroscopy , C-Reactive Protein , Drainage , Exudates and Transudates , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joints , Knee , Male , Methods
15.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(1): 70-72, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888190

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Recurrent idiopathic neuroretinitis is an inflammatory optic neuropathy characterized by optic nerve edema and macular star, associated with painless and recurrent episodes of visual loss, poor visual prognosis, and visual field defects related to nerve fiber layer injury. The disorder is sometimes mistaken for atypical optic neuritis. However, early diagnosis is important for visual recovery. Long-term immunosuppression has been shown to reduce the rate of recurrence and protect against severe and irreversible vision loss.


RESUMO Neurorretinite recorrente idiopática é uma neuropatia óptica inflamatória caracterizada por edema do nervo óptico e estrela macular associada a episódios recorrentes de perda visual indolor, baixo prognóstico visual e desfeitos de campo visual relacionados a injúria da camada de fibras nervosas. Essa condição pode ser confundida com neurite óptica atípica e seu correto diagnóstico é importante para o prognóstico visual, uma vez que a imunossupressão continua previne episódios recorrentes que podem levar a perda visual severa e irreversível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retinitis/diagnosis , Optic Neuritis/diagnosis , Recurrence , Retinitis/complications , Retinitis/pathology , Vision Disorders/etiology , Visual Acuity , Optic Neuritis/pathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Diagnosis, Differential , Exudates and Transudates , Visual Field Tests , Macula Lutea/metabolism , Macula Lutea/pathology
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715479

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: It is well known the advantages of scalp donor split thickness skin graft(STSG) in deep burn wound because of its scarless donor healing, and good color match in face. Inspite of the advantages of scalp as a skin donor site during split thickness skin graft some authors report the frequent postoperative folliculitis, and partial alopecia on scalp donor site. We had experienced 21 burn patients, who had full thickness skin defects caused by burn injuries, were successfully managed with scalp donor split thickness skin graft with our optimal donor management protocols. METHODS: We had 21 deep burn patients, who were managed with thin STSG from scalp donor for coverage of full thickness skin defects. The operative techniques of the harvesting scalp STSG, and scalp donor dressing care are such as followings. After the infiltration of the donor scalp area with 1:1,000,000 epinephrine diluted with saline, then usually 0.012~0.015 inch thickness skin were harvested with air driven Zimmer® dermatome. On postoperative 6days, the one layer of adhered Vaseline gauze at donor scalp site was manually removed, and the entire scalp was cleansed with water. After then the daily hair washing was continued to remove the desiccated scaly crust with thick exudate at the growing hair and follicle. RESULTS: The scalp split thickness skin graft at the recipient sites in 21 burn patients were survived completely. Ranges of patient's age were 8 months to 56. The size ranges of scalp STSG were 2×2 cm~12×15 cm. The grafted scalp donor STSG were survived in all cases. The mean epithelialization period of scalp donor was 7.2 days. The one case of transient folliculitis (5%) from the postoperative 8days was occurred, and it was disappeared slowly with vigorous daily hair washing, antiseptics and systemic antibiotics. In all cases, there was no micro-alopecia or alopecia, and scars in scalp donor after follow ups. The donor site pain was markedly disappeared within 1~2 postoperative day. The hemorrhage from the scalp donor site during operation was not noticeable. The newly growing hair at the scalp donor was noted from the 3 postoperative days by palpation or unaided eye through the Vaseline gauze dressing. The average lengths of newly growing hair shaft are 2~3 mm in postoperative 8 days, 5~6 mm in postoperative 14 days. CONCLUSION: We had successful reconstruction of postburn skin defects using scalp donor split thickness skin graft without donor scars, persistent folliculitis or alopecia on scalp donor. From the postoperative 6~7 days after harvesting the scalp donor STSG, early vigorous daily washing with water and open dressing of scalp donor site should be recommended in order to prevent folliculitis. After long-term follow ups, the scalp split skin grafted recipient sites showed reliable, and relatively good color match with surrounding skin in face and dorsum of hand.


Subject(s)
Alopecia , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Bandages , Burns , Cicatrix , Epinephrine , Exudates and Transudates , Folliculitis , Follow-Up Studies , Hair , Hand , Hemorrhage , Humans , Palpation , Petrolatum , Scalp , Skin , Tissue Donors , Transplants , Water , Wounds and Injuries
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740741

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prevalence of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is reportedly increasing in Western countries. However, its prevalence in Korea remains unknown. We investigated the diagnostic trends and clinical characteristics of EoE in Korea. METHODS: Using an endoscopic database maintained at a tertiary care center, we retrospectively reviewed the biopsy reports regarding 18 399 biopsy specimens collected from all patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and esophageal biopsy at this facility between 2006 and 2014. The presence of more than 15 eosinophils per high-power field with symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction was considered to indicate EoE. RESULTS: A total of 37 patients (male:female ratio, 29:8; mean age, 44.0 ± 13.0 years) were diagnosed with EoE. These patients presented with dysphagia (21.6%), epigastric pain (21.6%), heartburn (24.3%), and other symptoms (32.4%). Typical endoscopic appearance of EoE was noted in 33 cases (89.1%) and included linear furrows in 24 cases (64.8%), ringed esophagus in 10 cases (27.0%), and white exudates in 11 cases (29.7%). The median eosinophilic count was 25 per high-power field (interquartile range, 20–70). Notable histopathological findings included eosinophilic microabscesses in 21 cases (56.7%). The diagnosis rate of EoE was found to have increased from 2006 and to 2014 (P-value < 0.001 by the Cochran-Armitage trend test). CONCLUSIONS: The number of patients with EoE appears to have increased significantly over the 9-year period investigated, while the number of endoscopic investigations increased only marginally. Greater awareness of EoE and the role of esophageal biopsies should be considered.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Deglutition Disorders , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Eosinophilic Esophagitis , Eosinophils , Esophagus , Exudates and Transudates , Heartburn , Humans , Korea , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760067

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to verify the usefulness of Centor scores to diagnose the Group A Streptococcal pharyngitis. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The subjects of this study were 379 patients who had been examined by the rapid antigen detection test (RADT) for Group A Streptococcus. We analyzed their medical records and laboratory test results retrospectively and compared the results of Centor symptom scores with those of RADT. Then we analyzed the association of RADT, the Centor score and the laboratory test results statistically. RESULTS: There were no correlation between the RADT results and fever, cough, tonsillar enlargement, nasal symptoms, myalgia or chilling (p>0.05). In the RADT positive group, there were more patients with tonsillar exudate, neck lymph node enlargement, tenderness and pharyngeal abscess formation significantly (p<0.05). The Centor score and C-reactive protein were significantly higher in the RADT positive group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that Centor symptom scores can be used to determine which antibiotics to use. The Centor score system can help reduce medical costs and detect the problematic Group A Streptococcal pharyngitis.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Anti-Bacterial Agents , C-Reactive Protein , Cough , Decision Making , Diagnosis , Exudates and Transudates , Fever , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Medical Records , Methods , Myalgia , Neck , Pharyngitis , Retrospective Studies , Streptococcus , Streptococcus pyogenes
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758841

ABSTRACT

Respiratory inflammation is a frequent and fatal pathologic state encountered in veterinary medicine. Although diluted bee venom (dBV) has potent anti-inflammatory effects, the clinical use of dBV is limited to several chronic inflammatory diseases. The present study was designed to propose an acupoint dBV treatment as a novel therapeutic strategy for respiratory inflammatory disease. Experimental pleurisy was induced by injection of carrageenan into the left pleural space in mouse. The dBV was injected into a specific lung meridian acupoint (LU-5) or into an arbitrary non-acupoint located near the midline of the back in mouse. The inflammatory responses were evaluated by analyzing inflammatory indicators in pleural exudate. The dBV injection into the LU-5 acupoint significantly suppressed the carrageenan-induced increase of pleural exudate volume, leukocyte accumulation, and myeloperoxidase activity. Moreover, dBV acupoint treatment effectively inhibited the production of interleukin 1 beta, but not tumor necrosis factor alpha in the pleural exudate. On the other hand, dBV treatment at non-acupoint did not inhibit the inflammatory responses in carrageenan-induced pleurisy. The present results demonstrate that dBV stimulation in the LU-5 lung meridian acupoint can produce significant anti-inflammatory effects on carrageenan-induced pleurisy suggesting that dBV acupuncture may be a promising alternative medicine therapy for respiratory inflammatory diseases.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Animals , Bee Venoms , Bees , Carrageenan , Complementary Therapies , Exudates and Transudates , Hand , Inflammation , Interleukin-1beta , Leukocytes , Lung , Mice , Peroxidase , Pleurisy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Veterinary Medicine
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738476

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of rapid progression of the epiretinal membrane following intravitreal aflibercept injection in a patient with exudative age-related macular degeneration. CASE SUMMARY: An 82-year-old female presented with a complaint of decreased visual acuity in her left eye for 1 month. The initial best-corrected visual acuity was 0.2 in the left eye. Fundus examination and optical coherence tomography revealed soft drusen with retinal hemorrhage of the macula and a transparent epiretinal membrane in the left eye. Fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography showed retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) of the left eye, so intravitreal aflibercept injection was performed. One month after the first injection, intraretinal cystic macular edema decreased, while transparency of the epiretinal membrane decreased and reflectivity and thickness of the membrane increased. After two additional injections of aflibercept, RAP showed improvement, whereas the epiretinal membrane progressed. Visual acuity of the left eye decreased to 0.1 and vitrectomy of the membrane was performed. CONCLUSIONS: Careful observation for potentially rapid progression of epiretinal membrane is needed after intravitreal aflibercept injection in the management of exudate age-related macular degeneration accompanied by epiretinal membrane.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Angiography , Epiretinal Membrane , Exudates and Transudates , Female , Fluorescein Angiography , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Macular Degeneration , Macular Edema , Membranes , Retinal Hemorrhage , Retinaldehyde , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy
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