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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): e142-e146, junio 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370735

ABSTRACT

La nefronoptisis es una enfermedad renal quística, de herencia autosómica recesiva, causada por mutaciones en genes que codifican proteínas involucradas en la función de cilios primarios, lo que resulta en enfermedad renal y manifestaciones extrarrenales como degeneración retiniana y fibrosis hepática. Según la edad de desarrollo de enfermedad renal crónica terminal, se describen tres formas clínicas de presentación: infantil, juvenil y adolescente. El diagnóstico se realiza por una prueba genética positiva o una biopsia de riñón que demuestre cambios tubulointersticiales crónicos con un engrosamiento de las membranas basales tubulares. No existe hasta la actualidad una terapia curativa, por lo que el trasplante renal oportuno es determinante en cuanto al pronóstico. Se presenta un paciente de 13 meses de edad con poliuria de 3 meses de evolución, insuficiencia renal, anemia y elevación de transaminasas. Con hallazgos histológicos compatibles en la biopsia renal, se arribó al diagnóstico de nefronoptisis infantil, con afectación hepática


Nephronophthisis is an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease caused by mutations in genes that encode proteins involved in the primary cilia function, resulting in kidney disease and extrarenal manifestations such as retinal degeneration and liver fibrosis. According to the age of development of end-stage chronic kidney disease, three clinical forms of presentation are described: infantile, juvenile and adolescent. Diagnosis is made by a positive genetic test, or a kidney biopsy demonstrating chronic tubulointerstitial changes with thickening of the tubular basement membranes. At the moment there is no healing therapy, so early kidney transplant is a fundamental tool to improve prognosis.We present a 13-month old male patient with polyuria, kidney failure, anemia and elevated aminotransferases over three months. With compatible histological kidney biopsy, the diagnosis of infantile nephronophthisis with liver involvement was reached.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/genetics , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/pathology , Kidney Diseases , Kidney Failure, Chronic/genetics , Proteins , Genetic Testing
2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(1): 69-74, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360142

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) have some phenotypic overlap with seronegative myasthenia gravis (SNMG). Objective: The aim of this single center study was to assess the minimum occurrence of CMS misdiagnosed as double SNMG in a Brazilian cohort. Methods: The genetic analysis of the most common mutations in CHRNE, RAPSN, and DOK7 genes was used as the main screening tool. Results: We performed genetic analysis in 22 patients with a previous diagnosis of 'double' SNMG. In this study, one CMS patient was confirmed due to the presence of compound heterozygous variants in the CHRNE gene (c.130insG/p.Cys210Phe). Conclusions: This study confirmed that CMS due to CHNRE mutations can be mistaken for SNMG. In addition, our study estimated the prevalence of misdiagnosed CMS to be 4.5% in 'double' SNMG patients of our center. Based on our findings, genetic screening could be helpful in the diagnostic workup of patients with 'double' SNMG in whom differential diagnosis is recommended.


RESUMO Antecedentes: As síndromes miastênicas congênitas (SMC) podem ter sobreposição fenotípica com a miastenia gravis soronegativa (MG-SN). Objetivo: Estabelecer a prevalência mínima de SMC diagnosticada inicialmente como MG duplo soronegativa em uma série de casos brasileiros. Métodos: A análise genética das mutações mais comuns nos genes CHRNE, RAPSN e DOK7 foi usada como o principal exame de triagem. Resultados: Vinte e dois pacientes com diagnóstico prévio de MG-SN foram geneticamente analisados, sendo que uma paciente foi confirmada com SMC devido a presença de variante em heterozigose composta no gene CHRNE (c.130insG/p.Cys210Phe). Conclusões: O presente estudo confirma que SMC devido mutação no gene CHNRE pode ser inicialmente diagnosticada como MG-SN. O estudo estimou como 4,5% a prevalência de diagnóstico de SMC entre nossos pacientes préviamente diagnosticados como MG-SN. Com base nesse estudo, a análise genética pode ser recomendada para investigação do diagnóstico diferencial em pacientes com MG-SN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myasthenic Syndromes, Congenital/diagnosis , Myasthenic Syndromes, Congenital/genetics , Myasthenia Gravis/diagnosis , Myasthenia Gravis/genetics , Genetic Testing , Cohort Studies , Mutation
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928984

ABSTRACT

Two patients with Gitelman syndrome were admitted to the Department of Endocrinology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. The genomic DNA from the patients' peripheral blood was extracted and the whole-exome sequencing was performed to detect the possible mutations. The function of the mutation sites was analyzed by bioinformatics software. Through whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing, we have found that 2 patients with Gitelman syndrome carried compound heterozygous mutations of SLC12A3 gene, which were c.486_490delTACGGinsA, p.R943W, p.D486N, and p.R928C. Among them, c.486_490delTACGGinsA insertion deletion mutation causes frame shift and protein truncation. The p.R943W, p.D486N, and p.R928C of SLC12A3 gene were predicted to be pathogenic mutations by SIFT, PolyPhen2, and Mutation Taster. These 4 mutations were all reported, but p.R943W was first reported in Chinese population. Gitelman syndrome is rare in clinic and the rate of missed diagnosis is high. Early genetic analysis in patients with Gitelman syndrome is helpful to determine the etiology and guide the treatment.


Subject(s)
Genetic Testing , Gitelman Syndrome/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 3/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928753

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of a family with hereditary spherocytosis (HS), to clarify the cause of the disease, and to provide the basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of proband and his parents were collected, and HS-related pathogenic genovariation of the proband was detected by high throughput sequencing. Suspected pathogenic mutation sites were verified by PCR-Sanger sequencing, and the fetus were conceived by a proband mother underwent prenatal diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Clinical manifestations of the proband showed moderate anemia, mild splenomegaly, and jaundice (an indirect increase of bilirubin). The gene detection showed that the proband showed compound heterozygous mutations of SPTB gene c. 6095T > C (p.Leu2032Pro) and c. 6224A > G (p.Glu2075Gly), which was inherited from the asymptomatic mother and father, respectively. Both mutations were detected rarely in the common population. Prenatal diagnosis revealed that the fetus inherited a mutant gene of the mother.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous mutations of SPTB genes c.6095T>C (p.Leu2032Pro) and c.6224A>G (p.Glu2075Gly) were the causes of the family disease, which provides a basis for family genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis. This report is the first one found in the HGMD,1000G and EXAC database, which provides an addition to the mutation profile of the SPTB gene.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Testing , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Spectrin/genetics , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genotype characteristics of α- and β-thalassemia and the diagnostic value of hematological indexes in pregnant women in Xindu District of Chengdu.@*METHODS@#The blood routine parameters(MCV) <80 fl and (or) (MCH) <27 pg and hemoglobin electrophoresis were used to screen the pregnant women, PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization(PCR-RDB) technique was used to detect the common α- and β-thalassemia gene types in the primary screening positive population. The husbands of the diagnosed pregnant women were recalled for gene testing, and the highly suspected patients were checked by gene sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7 049 pregnant women, 1 740(24.68%) cases were positive for primary screening. 180 patients were diagnosed as thalassemia gene positive, among them, 94 cases (52.22%) of α-thalassemia were detected and six genotypes were found, in which --SEA /αα genotype was the highest (58 cases, 61.70%); 82 cases (45.56%) of β-thalassemia were detected and ten genotypes were found while CD41-42/N and CD17/N genotypes were the most common; there were 4 cases(2.22%) with α combined with β-thalassemia. Through clinical follow-up survey, there were 4 couples with the same type of thalassemia, one of them was induced labor after diagnosis of hemoglobin H disease. Receiver operating curve (ROC curve) was used to analyze the diagnostic value of hematological parameters in thalassemia positive pregnant women. The results showed that AUC(HBA2)<AUC(MCHC)<AUC(RDW-SD)<AUC(MCH)<AUC(MCV) (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The most common genotypes of α- and β-thalassemia in pregnant women in Xindu District of Chengdu were --SEA /αα, CD41-42/N, CD17/N. The blood routine indicators (HBA2、RDW-SD、MCHC、MCH、MCV) have high diagnostic value for screening of thalassemia.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotypes and prenatal diagnosis of thalassemia in couples of childbearing age in Quanzhou, Fujian Province.@*METHODS@#Blood routine and hemoglobin electrophoresis were performed for initial thalassemia screening in 76 328 couples in Quanzhou region from July 2017 to July 2020. The couples with positive initial screening results further underwent thalassemia gene test. Couples carrying homotypic thalassemia genes underwent prenatal diagnosis in the second trimester.@*RESULTS@#Among 76 328 couples of childbearing age, 1 809 couples of positive initial thalassemia screening were identified, with the positive rate about 2.37%. Further results of genetic detection of the 1 809 couples showed that 985 cases were diagnosed as α- thalassemia, of which --sea/αα was the most frequency, followed by -α3.7/αα and ααQS/αα; 296 cases were diagnosed as β-thalassemia, the most frequency mutations were 654M/N and 41-42M/N; 26 cases of compound α and β-thalassemia were detected. In addition, 3 rare cases of thalassemia were detected, including --THAI/αα, SEA-HPFH, and -α6.9/--sea. Among them, 108 couples were confirmed as homologous thalassemia, with the detection rate about 5.97%, including 96 couples of homologous α-thalassemia, 9 couples of homologous β-thalassemia, and 3 couples with one had compound α- and β-thalassemia. Among them, 17 couples with homologous α-thalassemia underwent prenatal diagnosis in the second trimester, of which 1 case of Hb Bart's Hydrops Syndrome, 3 cases of HbH disease, 9 cases of silent thalassemia or α-thalassemia minor, and 4 cases of healthy fetuses were detected. Fetal chromosome karyotype analysis showed that 16 cases were normal and 1 case diagnosed as Down syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#Thalassemia screening in pre-marital and pre-pregnancy, and prenatal diagnosis can effectively reduce the birth of children with thalassemia intermediate and thalassemia major. It is necessary to perform chromosome karyotype analysis at the same time as prenatal diagnosis of thalassemia gene in order to avoid fetus with abnormal chromosome.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Female , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928694

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence and types of thalassemia in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture.@*METHODS@#Automatic capillary electrophoresis was used to screen the thalassemia phenotypes of 22 940 blood samples of pregnant women and puerperants collected in our hospital and some other medical institutions in the prefecture during 2017-2019, among which there were 3 356 cases of Tujia ethnicity, 2 821 cases of Miao ethnicity, and 2 233 cases of Han ethnicity included, whose ethnicity were indicated. The samples with positive result would undergo further genetic testing.@*RESULTS@#There were 2 314 cases of suspicious thalassemia were screened from 22 940 cases by the electrophoresis, thus the positive rate was 10.1% (hematological phenotypes from some other institutions were not included). Specifically, there were 1 706 cases with HBA2 less than 2.5%, 255 cases with HBA2 ranged from 2.5% to 3.5%, which displayed abnormal hematology (MCV or/and MCH) or other abnormal bands, and 353 cases with HBA2>3.5%. There were 436 suspected positive patients in 2 314 suspicious samples received further thalassemia gene testing in our hospital, among them 48 cases were diagnosed with α-thalassemia, 85 cases with β-thalassemia, and 2 cases as compound type. The positive diagnosis rate of α-thalassemia gene test was 11.0%, β-thalassemia was 19.4%, and positive pregnant women was 31.0%.@*CONCLUSION@#The positive rate of thalassemia screening in Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture is roughly the same as that in other regions of Hunan. The positive predictive value of β-thalassemia screening is as high as 86%. Compared with the missed screening data, it is recommended to use hematology (MCV, MCH) method combined with capillary hemoglobin electrophoresis for thalassemia screening.


Subject(s)
Ethnicity , Female , Genetic Testing , Hemoglobin A2/analysis , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928448

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical phenotype and genetic diagnosis of an infant featuring multiple hair and hyperbilirubinemia.@*METHODS@#Conventional G-banding analysis, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the patient were conducted, G-banding analyses of peripheral blood for the infant's parents were also performed.@*RESULTS@#We investigated an infant who carries a unbalanced, maternally inherited karyotype 46, X, der (X) t (X;1) (p11.22; q21.3) in which CMA and FISH analyses disclosed a 1q21.3q44 duplication of 93.03 Mb and Xp22.33p11.22 deletion of 54.53 Mb.@*CONCLUSION@#The phenotypes of this infant can probably be attributed to the 1q21.3q44 duplication and Xp22.33p11.22 deletion, which were maternally inherited.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Genetic Testing , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Translocation, Genetic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To conduct clinical and genetic analysis of two male patients with atypical Rett syndrome.@*METHODS@#Collection of clinical data in the two patients and these parents; whole exome sequencing (WES) was used to detect the potential variants, which were verified by Sanger sequencing. X chromosome inactivation (XCI) detection is performed in the Patient 1's mother to detect the allelic expression difference of the MECP2 gene.@*RESULTS@#Patient 1, a 5-year and 10-month-old boy, had mental disorders and mild intellectual disability (ID) (IQ: 54), whose mother had ID. Patient 2 was a 9-month and 18-day-old male presented with recurrent infections, respiratory insufficiency, hypotonia and global developmental delay. WES indentified a hemizygous mutation, c.499C>T (p.R167W), in the MECP2 gene in patient 1, which was inherited from his mother. The inactivation of X chromosome is skewed, and the expression ratio of wild-type and mutant MECP2 is 100%:0. Patient 2 was found a de novo splicing mutation, c.62+2_62+3del in the MECP2 gene. They were both reported pathogenic variant related to Rett syndrome. c.499C>T (p.R167W) was defined as likely pathogenic (PS1+PM2+PP3) and c.62+2_62+3del was pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PM6) based on American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines.@*CONCLUSION@#Both the two patients were diagnosed with rare male Rett syndrome, which had atypical clinical manifestations and large difference. Above foundings have revealed novel phenotypes in Chinese male patients with Rett syndrome.


Subject(s)
Craniosynostoses , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Rett Syndrome/genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928436

ABSTRACT

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a recessive genetic disorder of motile cilia with substantial genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. Clinical features of PCD vary from one patient to another, and no single test has the sensitivity and specificity to accurately diagnose PCD. Genetic testing combined with other auxiliary tests can facilitate the confirmatory diagnosis of PCD. So far more than 40 genes have been associated with PCD, but most research have focused on common genes, which hinders our understanding of other rare PCD-genes. This review has summarized the PCD-associated genes and the corresponding characteristics of dysfunctional cilia, with an aim to provide a basis for early identification of such diseases.


Subject(s)
Cilia/genetics , Genetic Testing , Humans , Kartagener Syndrome/genetics , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with structural brain abnormalities.@*METHODS@#The karyotypes of the fetus and its parents were analyzed by conventional G-banding. Chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) was carried out to detect chromosomal microdeletion and microduplication.@*RESULTS@#No kartotypic abnormality was detected in the fetus and its parents. CMA has identified a 194 kb microduplication at Xq25 in the fetus, which encompassed exons 4-35 of the STAG2 gene and was derived from its mother.@*CONCLUSION@#The Xq25 duplication encompassing part of the STAG2 gene probably underlay the brain malformation in the fetus.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Banding , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and genetic etiology for a neonate with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS).@*METHODS@#Copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) was applied to the neonate and his parents, and the genotype-phenotype correlation was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#On the second day after birth, the neonate had presented with pathological jaundice and immunodeficiency. Cranial MRI revealed ventricular enlargement and enlargement of cisterna magna. At 3 months, the infant has presented with square face, prominent forehead, deep-set eyes, hypertelorism, palpebral fissure upward and button noses. Genetic testing showed that he had carried a 2.9 Mb deletion in 17p11.2 region, seq[GRCh37] del(17)(p11.2)(chr17:16 836 379-19 880 992). The same deletion was not found in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#SMS is mostly diagnosed in child and adulthood, but rarely in neonates. For neonates with SMS, the neurological and behavioral abnormalities have not been shown, but pathological jaundice, CNS abnormalities and immune deficiency may be the characteristics, which require attention of neonatal physicians.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , DNA Copy Number Variations , Genetic Testing , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Phenotype , Smith-Magenis Syndrome/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of two children patients with CHARGE syndrome.@*METHODS@#The clinical features of the two patients were analyzed, and potential variants were detected by Trio whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) of the probands and their parents.@*RESULTS@#Child 1 has manifested cerebellar vermis dysplasia, enlargement of cerebral ventricles, whereas child 2 manifested with infantile spasm and congenital hip dysplasia. Both children were found to harbor de novo heterozygous variants of the CHD7 gene, namely c.4015C>T (exon 17) and c.5050G>A (exon 22). Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the two variants were rated as pathogenic variants, and the related disease was CHARGE syndrome. Furthermore, child 2 was also found to harbor a novel heterozygous c.6161A>C (p.Gln2054Pro) missense variant of COL12A1 gene, which was rated as possibly pathogenic, and the associated disease was Bethlem myopathy type 2, which is partially matched with the patient' s clinical phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#The special clinical phenotypes shown by the two children harboring novel CHD7 variants have further expanded the phenotypic spectrum of CHARGE syndrome.


Subject(s)
CHARGE Syndrome/genetics , DNA Helicases/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype , Whole Exome Sequencing
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a Chinese pedigree affected with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) with myalgia as the main feature.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the patients and results of auxiliary examinations were retrospectively analyzed. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and high-throughput sequencing were used to detect potential variants. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the results.@*RESULTS@#The clinical manifestations of the proband included myalgia and elevated serum creatine kinase, which is similar to another patient from the pedigree. Genetic testing revealed that the two patients both harbored hemizygous deletions of exons 10 to 29 of the DMD gene, for which the mother was a carrier. The same deletion was not found in his father. Based on the guidelines from American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the deletion was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PP1).@*CONCLUSION@#Myalgia with elevated serum CK may be atypical clinical manifestations of BMD and may be associated with variants in the rod domain of the DMD gene. The deletion of exons 10 to 29 of the DMD gene probably underlay the BMD in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
China , Dystrophin/genetics , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Myalgia/genetics , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic analysis for 21 patients with methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) and provide genetic counseling for their families.@*METHODS@#Next generation sequencing (panel) was used to detect the pathogenic variants underlying the disease.@*RESULTS@#In total 29 variant sites of MMUT, MMAA, MMUT were identified in the 21 patients, with common variants including c.323G>A (10%), c.917C>T (10%), c.984delC (10%) of MMUT gene, and c.609G>A (45%), c.80A>G (10%) , c.567dupT (10%) of MMACHC gene. Among these, c.2000A>G of MMUT, c.298G>T of MMACHC and c.734-7A>G of MMAA gene were unreported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#Genetic testing for MMA patients can clarify the cause of the disease and provide a basis for the clinical diagnosis. Discovery of novel variants has enriched the mutational spectrum of MMA.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics , Genetic Testing , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Oxidoreductases/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928416

ABSTRACT

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease which is associated with genetic and environmental factors, though the pathogenesis is still unclear and there is also a lack of effective treatment. With the rapid advance of genetic testing techniques, over 30 genes have been associated with the disease. Some ALS patients harboring genetic variants may present unique clinical characteristics and particular mode of inheritance, but the correlation between genotype and phenotype is still not very clear. Studies have shown that research on the pathogenic genes of ALS is important for the diagnosis and selection of potential drug targets. Here the pathogenic genes of ALS, in particular the newly discovered genes, and their underlying mechanisms are reviewed. The necessity of genetic testing for ALS patients is also stressed.


Subject(s)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/genetics , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Humans , Neurodegenerative Diseases/genetics , Phenotype
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of a pediatric patient suspected for Autosomal Recessive Congenital Ichthyosis (ARCI).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the patient was analyzed. Peripheral blood samples were collected from the patient and his parents for the extraction of genomic DNA. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was then carried out. Candidate variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. A variety of bioinformatic tools including Mutation Taster, PROVEAN, and PolyPhen2 were used to predict the pathogenicity of the variants based on guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 1-month-and-7-day-old male, had presented with cutaneous erythema and fine scaling of the whole body. NGS revealed that he has harbored compound heterozygous variants c.1579G>A (p.Val527Met) (paternal) and c.923T>C (p.Leu308Pro) (maternal) of the ALOX12B gene. The former was known to be likely pathogenic, while the latter was unreported previously and categorized as "likely pathogenic" based on the ACMG guidelines. Based on the clinical and genetic findings, the patient was diagnosed with ARCI.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1579G>A and c.923T>C variants of the ALOX12B genes probably underlay the ARCI in this patient. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of ALOX12B mutations and enabled molecular diagnosis of the patient, based on which genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis may be provided.


Subject(s)
Arachidonate 12-Lipoxygenase/genetics , Child , Female , Genes, Recessive , Genetic Testing , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Ichthyosis, Lamellar/genetics , Male , Mutation , Pregnancy
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a small-for-date infant with gastrointestinal bleeding, developmental delay and thrombocytopenia (Zhu-Tokita-Takenouchi-Kim syndrome).@*METHODS@#Clinical and laboratory examinations were carried out for the patient. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detect potential variant associated with the disease. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of the child and her parents.@*RESULTS@#NGS revealed that the child has carried a heterozygous c.5751_5754del variant of the SON gene, which resulted in a frameshift p.V1918Efs*87. The same variant was detected in neither parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous variant of SON gene probably underlay the ZTTK syndrome in this child. Above finding has enriched the mutational spectrum of the SON gene and provides a basis for genetic counseling and clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Child , Family , Female , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928407

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and genetic variant in a patient with Usher syndrome.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the patient. Suspected variants were validated by Sanger sequencing of her parents and fetus.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor compound heterozygous variants c.17_18insA (p.Tyr6Ter*) and c.4095_4096insA (p.Arg1366Lys fs*38) of the PCDH15 gene (NM_033056), which were respectively inherited from her father and mother. The same variants were not detected in 100 healthy controls. Based on the guidelines of the American Society of Medical Genetics and Genomics, both variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PP4). By prenatal diagnosis, her fetus was found to carry the c.4095_4096insA variant. After birth, the child has passed neonatal hearing screening test, and no abnormal auditory and visual function was found after the first year.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants c.17_18insA (p.Tyr6Ter*) and c.4095_4096insA (p.Arg1366Lys fs*38) of the PCDH15 gene probably underlay the Usher syndrome is this proband.


Subject(s)
Cadherin Related Proteins , Cadherins/genetics , Child , China , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Usher Syndromes/genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and genetic variants in four neonates with very long chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency.@*METHODS@#Neonates with a tetradecenoylcarnitine (C14:1) concentration at above 0.4 μmol/L in newborn screening were recalled for re-testing. Four neonates were diagnosed with VLCAD deficiency by MS-MS and genetic testing, and their clinical features and genotypes were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All cases had elevated blood C14:1, and the values of first recalls were all lower than the initial test. In 2 cases, the C14:1 had dropped to the normal range. 1 case has remained at above 1 μmol/L after the reduction, and the remainder one case was slightly decreased. In total eight variants of the ADACVL genes were detected among the four neonates, which included 5 missense variants and 3 novel variants (p.Met344Val, p.Ala416Val, c.1077+6T>A). No neonate showed salient clinical manifestations.@*CONCLUSION@#Above findings have enriched the spectrum of ADACVL gene mutations and provided a valuable reference for the screening and diagnosis of VLCAD deficiency.


Subject(s)
Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase/genetics , Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase, Long-Chain , Congenital Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes , Genetic Testing , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Mitochondrial Diseases , Muscular Diseases , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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