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1.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 15(1): 35-37, 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538177

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hemicrania continua is a rare form of cephalalgia featuring a chronic and persistent headache in only one side of the head. OBJECTIVES: In this report, we present a case of a patient with hemicrania continua and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: We collected patient data through the electronic medical record. Afterward, we reviewed the literature regarding hemicrania continua and its pathophysiology and correlation with neurovascular alterations, inflammation, and SLE. RESULTS: A 42-year-old woman visited the emergency department due to worsening constant unilateral cephalalgia that had been present for the past 6 months. The patient reported a highly intense (10/10) headache in the entire left hemicrania that radiated to the left shoulder. During physical examination, she presented with nystagmus, vertigo, and aggravated cephalalgia associated to body movement and, despite having no optic nerve thickening. In addition, she had jaundice, tachycardia, and splenomegaly. Complimentary exams found deep anemia, depletion in complement system and anti-nuclear factors, suggesting a possible hemolytic anemia (AIHA) due to SLE. Treatment was initiated with hydrocortisone and prednisone, associated with amitriptyline, fluoxetine and diazepam, reaching full remission. CONCLUSION: These syndromes have aggravated each other, and possibly the explanation for the cephalalgia remission was the control of AIHA and SLE. It features a rare case in literature and thus warrants discussion.


INTRODUÇÃO: Hemicrania contínua é uma forma rara de cefaléia caracterizada por cefaleia crônica e persistente em apenas um lado da cabeça. OBJETIVOS: Neste relato apresentamos o caso de um paciente com hemicrania contínua e lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES). MÉTODOS: Coletamos dados dos pacientes por meio do prontuário eletrônico. Posteriormente, revisamos a literatura sobre a hemicrania contínua e sua fisiopatologia e correlação com alterações neurovasculares, inflamação e LES. RESULTADOS: Uma mulher de 42 anos recorreu ao serviço de urgência devido ao agravamento da cefaleia unilateral constante, presente nos últimos 6 meses. O paciente relatou cefaleia de alta intensidade (10/10) em toda a hemicrânia esquerda com irradiação para o ombro esquerdo. Ao exame físico apresentava nistagmo, vertigem e cefaléia agravada associada à movimentação corporal e, apesar de não apresentar espessamento do nervo óptico. Além disso, ela apresentava icterícia, taquicardia e esplenomegalia. Os exames complementares evidenciaram anemia profunda, depleção do sistema complemento e fatores antinucleares, sugerindo uma possível anemia hemolítica (AIHA) por LES. Iniciou-se tratamento com hidrocortisona e prednisona, associadas a amitriptilina, fluoxetina e diazepam, atingindo remissão completa. CONCLUSÃO: Essas síndromes agravaram-se mutuamente e possivelmente a explicação para a remissão da cefaléia foi o controle da AIHA e do LES. Apresenta um caso raro na literatura e, portanto, merece discussão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Headache Disorders/complications , Headache/complications , Rare Diseases/complications
2.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 15(1): 32-34, 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538271

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:Tonic pupil or Adie's pupil occurs due to parasympathetic denervation, and it is characterized by mydriasis with little or no response to light, with pupillary contraction to accommodation. It is caused by eye pathologies, such as infections, trauma, neoplasms, inflammatory diseases, and systemic diseases with autonomic dysfunction. Few cases have been reported of bilateral tonic pupils associated with migraine attacks. CASE REPORT: Our aimed to describe the case of a young female patient with a history of chronic migraine without aura, who presented acutely with bilateral pupillary mydriasis during a migraine attack, characterized as tonic pupil, and to discuss the possible causes of mydriasis during a migraine attack.


INTRODUÇÃO: A pupila tônica ou pupila de Adie ocorre devido à denervação parassimpática e é caracterizada por midríase com pouca ou nenhuma resposta à luz, com contração pupilar à acomodação. É causada por patologias oculares, como infecções, traumas, neoplasias, doenças inflamatórias e doenças sistêmicas com disfunção autonômica. Poucos casos foram relatados de pupilas tônicas bilaterais associadas a crises de enxaqueca. RELATO DE CASO: Nosso objetivo foi descrever o caso de uma paciente jovem, com história de enxaqueca crônica sem aura, que apresentou agudamente midríase pupilar bilateral durante uma crise de enxaqueca, caracterizada como pupila tônica, e discutir as possíveis causas da midríase durante uma crise de enxaqueca. ataque de enxaqueca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mydriasis/classification , Tonic Pupil/prevention & control , Pupil/physiology , Headache/diagnosis , Migraine Disorders/complications , Eye
3.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 15(1): 30-31, 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538283

ABSTRACT

The scalp is the structure that covers the skull. It is commonly affected by painful processes resulting from infestations, infectious or inflammatory diseases. This pain located in the scalp does not have well-defined clinical characteristics and is not yet included in the ICHD-3 diagnostic criteria. The authors suggest including this pain in the next classification of headaches as a headache attributed to a scalp disorder.


O couro cabeludo é a estrutura que cobre o crânio. É comumente acometida por processos dolorosos decorrentes de infestações, doenças infecciosas ou inflamatórias. Essa dor localizada no couro cabeludo não possui características clínicas bem definidas e ainda não está incluída nos critérios diagnósticos da ICHD-3. Os autores sugerem incluir esta dor na próxima classificação de dores de cabeça como dor de cabeça atribuída a um distúrbio do couro cabeludo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain/complications , Scalp/growth & development , Skull/abnormalities , Disease/classification , Headache/diagnosis
4.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 15(1): 25-29, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538289

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Migraine is a chronic neurological disease, with a prevalence of 15.2% in Brazil. It is defined as an abnormal neurovascular reaction that occurs in a genetically vulnerable individual. Clinically manifests itself in recurrent episodes of headache associated with other symptoms, dependent on triggering factors. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological profile of hospital admissions of children and adolescents for migraine and other headache disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective and descriptive epidemiological study carried out with data extracted from the Brazilian Unified Health System's Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS), indexed to the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). Hospital admissions were selected based on age groups, with an emphasis on children under nine years old and adolescents between 10 and 19 years old, residing in Brazil, between July 2013 and June 2023. RESULTS: Of 93,821 hospital admissions, there were 16,149 hospitalizations (17.2%) of children and adolescents (62.5% women and 37.5% men) due to migraine and other headache disorders. There was a predominance of the age group between 15 and 19 years old (50.2%), with a higher number of cases in the Southeast region (35.9%) and of brown ethnicity (42.6%). Over 10 years, there was a progressive increase in the number of hospital admissions, reaching a peak in 2019 (1,925/16,149; 11.9%), followed by a decline in 2020 and increasing again in subsequent years. Twenty-four deaths were found (24/16,149; 0.1%), 13 men and 11 women, with a predominance in the age group of 15 to 19 years (45.8%), coming from the Northeast region (58.3 %) and of brown ethnicity (58.4%). Deaths occurred predominantly in the years 2022 and 2023 (46.6%). CONCLUSIONS: There is an increase in the number of hospital admissions of children and adolescents due to migraine and other headache disorders with a consequent increase in the number of deaths.


INTRODUÇÃO: A enxaqueca é uma doença neurológica crônica, com prevalência de 15,2% no Brasil. É definida como uma reação neurovascular anormal que ocorre em um indivíduo geneticamente vulnerável. Manifesta-se clinicamente por episódios recorrentes de cefaleia associados a outros sintomas, dependentes de fatores desencadeantes. OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico das internações hospitalares de crianças e adolescentes por enxaqueca e outras cefaleias. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo e descritivo realizado com dados extraídos do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS), indexados ao Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS). As internações hospitalares foram selecionadas com base em faixas etárias, com ênfase em crianças menores de nove anos e adolescentes entre 10 e 19 anos, residentes no Brasil, entre julho de 2013 e junho de 2023. RESULTADOS: De 93.821 internações hospitalares, ocorreram 16.149 internações (17,2%) de crianças e adolescentes (62,5% mulheres e 37,5% homens) por enxaqueca e outras cefaleias. Houve predomínio da faixa etária entre 15 e 19 anos (50,2%), com maior número de casos na região Sudeste (35,9%) e de etnia parda (42,6%). Ao longo de 10 anos, houve um aumento progressivo no número de internações hospitalares, atingindo um pico em 2019 (1.925/16.149; 11,9%), seguido de uma queda em 2020 e voltando a aumentar nos anos subsequentes. Foram encontrados 24 óbitos (24/16.149; 0,1%), 13 homens e 11 mulheres, com predomínio na faixa etária de 15 a 19 anos (45,8%), procedentes da região Nordeste (58,3%) e de cor parda. etnia (58,4%). Os óbitos ocorreram predominantemente nos anos de 2022 e 2023 (46,6%). CONCLUSÕES: Há um aumento no número de internações hospitalares de crianças e adolescentes por enxaqueca e outras cefaleias com consequente aumento no número de mortes.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Headache Disorders/complications , Headache/diagnosis , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
5.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 15(1): 13-17, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To diagnose fibromyalgia in patients with migraine and assess the quality of life of these patients. METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional study was carried out, comparing groups, in a non-randomized sample, consisting of patients diagnosed with migraine. The sample was evaluated using the Widespread Pain Index (WPI) and Symptom Severity Scale (SSS) questionnaires to diagnose fibromyalgia. Quality of life and level of depression were assessed, respectively, using the Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). RESULTS: We interviewed 100 patients (5 men and 95 women) diagnosed with migraine, with a mean age of 37.1±11.0 years, ranging from 19 to 64 years. Thirty-four patients (34%) had migraine and fibromyalgia concomitantly. Migraine predominated in females, both in the presence and absence of fibromyalgia. In both groups, there was no difference in headache characteristics. In the group with fibromyalgia, there was a predominance of allodynia and a higher PHQ-9 score (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with migraine are more predisposed to depression when there is an association with fibromyalgia


OBJETIVO: Diagnosticar fibromialgia em pacientes com enxaqueca e avaliar a qualidade de vida desses pacientes. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo prospectivo, transversal, comparando grupos, em uma amostra não randomizada, composta por pacientes com diagnóstico de enxaqueca. A amostra foi avaliada por meio dos questionários Widespread Pain Index (WPI) e Symptom Severity Scale (SSS) para diagnóstico de fibromialgia. A qualidade de vida e o nível de depressão foram avaliados, respectivamente, por meio do Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) e do Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistados 100 pacientes (5 homens e 95 mulheres) com diagnóstico de enxaqueca, com idade média de 37,1±11,0 anos, variando de 19 a 64 anos. Trinta e quatro pacientes (34%) apresentavam enxaqueca e fibromialgia concomitantemente. A enxaqueca predominou no sexo feminino, tanto na presença como na ausência de fibromialgia. Em ambos os grupos, não houve diferença nas características da dor de cabeça. No grupo com fibromialgia houve predomínio de alodinia e maior escore no PHQ-9 (p<0,001). CONCLUSÕES: Pacientes com enxaqueca estão mais predispostos à depressão quando há associação com fibromialgia


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life/psychology , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Depression/therapy , Headache/complications , Health/classification
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 83: e0008, 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535604

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A encefalomielite aguda disseminada é uma doença rara, aguda, inflamatória e desmielinizante do sistema nervoso central, presumivelmente associada, em mais de três quartos dos casos, a infecções (virais, bacterianas ou inespecíficas) e imunizações ou sem qualquer antecedente indentificável. Habitualmente, apresenta um curso monofásico com início de sintomas inespecíficos na fase prodrómica, podendo evoluir com alterações neurológicas multifocais e até à perda total da acuidade visual. Descrevemos o caso de um menino de 9 anos com quadro inicial de edema de papila causado por encefalomielite aguda disseminada devido a Bartonella henselae. Apesar da gravidade da doença, o diagnóstico e o tratamento precoce proporcionaram bons desfechos.


ABSTRACT Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a rare, acute, inflammatory, and demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Presumably associated in more than three quarters of cases by infections (viral, bacterial, or nonspecific) and immunizations or without any identifiable antecedent. It usually presents a monophasic course with onset of nonspecific symptoms in the prodromal phase and may evolve with multifocal neurological changes and even visual acuity loss. We describe a case of a 9-year-old boy with an initial picture of papillary edema caused by acute disseminated encephalomyelitis due to Bartonella henselae. Despite the severity of the disease, early diagnosis and treatment provided good outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Cat-Scratch Disease/complications , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/etiology , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Cat-Scratch Disease/drug therapy , Visual Acuity , Doxycycline/administration & dosage , Bartonella henselae , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/diagnosis , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/drug therapy , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Headache
9.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 51(2): 150-154, 20230000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1442517

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los quistes epidermoides son el tercer tumor más común del ángulo pontocerebeloso (APC). Es infrecuente detectar simultáneamente un colesteatoma infiltrativo del oído medio (OM). Caso clínico: paciente de 51 años acude a urgencias por cefalea hemicraneal intensa, pulsátil secundaria a hidrocefalia aguda, requirió ventriculostomía. En la resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) cerebral contrastada se reporta una masa en el APC sugestivo de quiste epidermoide y simultáneamente un colesteatoma infiltrativo del OM. La paciente fue intervenida primero con resección de colesteatoma del OM; en un segundo tiempo resección del quiste epidermoide del APC por vía translaberíntica. El posoperatorio la evolución clínica fue satisfactoria. Discusión: los quistes epidermoides del APC son histopatológicamente idénticos al colesteatoma del OM y pueden ser secundarios a estos. Conclusión: se debe individualizar el manejo sin descartar la posibilidad de tener las dos enfermedades de manera simultánea.


Introduction: cysts are the third most common tumor of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). It is rare to simultaneously detect an infiltrative cholesteatoma of the middle ear (OM). Clinical case: a 51-year-old patient attended the emergency department due to intense throbbing hemicranial headache secondary to acute hydrocephalus, requiring ventriculostomy. Contrast-enhanced cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reported a mass in the APC suggestive of an epidermoid cyst and simultaneously an infiltrative cholesteatoma of the OM. The patient underwent first surgery with resection of the OM cholesteatoma; in a second stage, resection of the epidermoid cyst of the APC through a translabyrinthine approach. The postoperative clinical evolution was satisfactory. Discussion: APC epidermoid cysts are histopathologically identical to OM cholesteatoma and may be secondary to them. Conclusion: management must be individualized without ruling out the possibility of having both diseases simultaneously.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ear , Epidermal Cyst , Cerebellopontine Angle , Cholesteatoma , Headache
10.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 51(2): 155-159, 20230000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1442531

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la cefalea rinogénica es secundaria al contacto permanente de la mucosa nasal y puede ser secundario a concha bullosa, si se infecta puede ser mucocele o mucopiocele. Caso clínico: paciente de 34 años con cefalea hemicraneal izquierda, dolor periocular ipsilateral, congestión y rinorrea hialina con cambios en consistencia y coloración del moco. En la tomografía computarizada (TAC) de senos paranasales (SPN) desviación septal derecha por concha bullosa izquierda, ocupación de líquido. Se sospecho mucocele y cefalea rinogénica secundaria, prueba de lidocaína positiva. Se detecto por cultivo, Eikenella corrodens. Manejo con antibiótico y posterior resolución de patología. Conclusiones: debe incluirse en el diagnóstico diferencial de cefalea y concha bullosa, realizarse endoscopia nasal y TAC de SPN. El manejo quirúrgico ha demostrado reducir la intensidad y la frecuencia de la cefalea a corto y largo plazo, y es exitoso si hay test de lidocaína positivo.


Introduction: rhinogenic headache is secondary to permanent contact with the nasal mucosa and may be secondary to concha bullosa, if infected it may be mucocele or mucopiocele. Clinical case: 34-year-old patient with left hemicranial headache, ipsilateral periocular pain, congestion, and hyaline rhinorrhea with changes in consistency and coloration of the mucus. In the computed tomography (CT) of the paranasal sinuses (SPN) right septal deviation due to left concha bullosa, fluid occupation. Mucocele and secondary rhinogenic headache were suspected, lidocaine test positive. Eikenella corrodens was detected by culture. Management with antibiotics and subsequent resolution of pathology. Conclusions: nasal endoscopy and SPN CT should be included in the differential diagnosis of headache and concha bullosa. Surgical management has been shown to reduce headache intensity and frequency in the short and long term, and is successful if there is a positive lidocaine test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Headache , Mucocele , Turbinates , Rhinorrhea , Nasal Mucosa
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(2): 213-221, jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533926

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La trombosis venosa cerebral es una causa infrecuente de enfermedad cerebrovascular que viene en aumento a nivel mundial. A pesar de ello, actualmente, en Colombia no se cuenta con estudios suficientes que nos permitan caracterizar epidemiológicamente la enfermedad en nuestra población para identificar los factores de riesgo y las complicaciones más frecuentes en nuestro medio. Objetivo. Describir las características clínicas, demográficas y radiológicas, y los factores de riesgo de una serie de pacientes con trombosis venosa cerebral de dos hospitales de Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Es un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de pacientes hospitalizados, atendidos en el servicio de neurología de dos hospitales de Bogotá desde diciembre de 2018 hasta diciembre del 2020. Resultados. Se incluyeron 33 pacientes. Las frecuencias más altas correspondieron a mujeres en edad fértil, en puerperio (n=7; 33,3 %) y pacientes con patologías autoinmunes (n=10; 30,3 %). El síntoma inicial más común fue la cefalea (n=31; 93,9 %), seguido de focalización neurológica (n=9; 27,2%) y crisis epiléptica (n=8; 24,2 %). El 51 % (n=17) de los pacientes tuvo un examen físico normal. El infarto venoso cerebral se presentó en el 21,1 % (n=7), la hemorragia subaracnoidea en el 12,1 % (n=4) y el hematoma intraparenquimatoso en el 9 % (n=3) del total de pacientes. El 60,6 % (n=20) quedó con nivel independiente en la escala funcional de Barthel. Ningún paciente falleció. Conclusiones. Se encontraron características sociodemográficas, clínicas y radiológicas similares a lo reportado en la literatura mundial. Con respecto a las diferencias, se encontró en nuestro estudio compromiso de la circulación venosa cerebral profunda en un porcentaje ligeramente mayor a lo descrito, pero sin aumento de complicaciones, ni mortalidad.


Introduction. Cerebral venous thrombosis is an uncommon cause of cerebrovascular disease, which has been increasing worldwide. In Colombia, there are not enough recent studies that allow us to determine epidemiological characteristics of the disease in our population to identify more frequent risk factors and complications according to our living conditions. Objective. To describe clinical, demographic, and radiographic characteristics, and risk factors in a cohort of patients with cerebral venous thrombosis attended at two hospitals in Colombia. Materials and methods. Retrospective descriptive study with patients treated in the hospitalization neurology service of two hospitals in Bogotá, Colombia from December 2018 to December 2020. Results. Thirty-three patients were included. There was a higher incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis in women of childbearing age in the puerperium (n=7; 33.3%) and associated with autoimmune diseases (n=10; 30.3%). The most common initial symptom was headache (n=31; 93.9 %), followed by neurological focal signs (n=9; 27.2%) and seizures (n=8; 24.2%). Fifty-one percent (n=17) of the patients had a normal physical examination. Cerebral venous infarction occurred in 21.1 % (n=7), subarachnoid hemorrhage in 12.1 % (n=4), and intraparenchymal hematoma in 9 % (n=3) of all the patients. Sixty-point six percent (n=20) of the patients had a total independent Barthel functional scale. None of those died. Conclusions. We found similar sociodemographic, clinical, and radiography characteristics to those reported in the world literature. Regarding the differences, deep cerebral venous circulation was higher than that described in previous studies but without complications increase or mortality.


Subject(s)
Venous Thrombosis , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial , Risk Factors , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Headache
12.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(1): 108-111, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420638

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dural puncture is either diagnosed by unexpectedly profound response to medication test dose or development of a postpartum postural headache. Epidural blood patch is the gold standard for treatment of PDPH when conservative management fails. However, postpartum headaches can be resistant to multiple epidural blood patches. In such cases, preexisting intracranial processes should be considered and ruled out. We report here the unique case of a pregnant patient who developed a resistant headache in the postpartum period related to an incidental intracranial aneurysm. Subsequent treatment with endovascular embolization adequately relieved her symptoms. Early surgical consultation and a multidisciplinary team approach involving neurology and neuroimaging is required for successful management of patients such as the one described here.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Post-Dural Puncture Headache/therapy , Spinal Puncture/adverse effects , Blood Patch, Epidural/methods , Postpartum Period , Anesthesiologists , Headache/etiology
14.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 14(1): 59-64, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531833

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Trigeminal neuralgia and Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache with Conjunctival injection and Tearing (SUNCT)/Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache Attacks with Cranial Autonomic Symptoms (SUNA) are characterized by similar clinical manifestations, which may lead to diagnostic confusion. However, the transformation of trigeminal neuralgia into SUNCT/SUNA is a rare phenomenon. This report describes a case of trigeminal neuralgia transformation into SUNCT/SUNA due to neurovascular compression and reviews all previously published cases of trigeminal neuralgia to SUNCT/SUNA transformation in the literature. Case presentation: A 49-year-old Thai male patient presented with progressive right facial pain for a period of three months. One year prior, he developed trigeminal neuralgia along the maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve, characterized by electrical shock-like pain in the right upper molar, exacerbated by eating. His symptoms were effectively managed with carbamazepine. Nine months later, he began experiencing recurrent electrical shock-like pain along the ophthalmic division of the right trigeminal nerve, accompanied by lacrimation, which failed to respond to continued treatment with carbamazepine. Three months prior to presentation, his symptoms evolved into SUNCT/SUNA, characterized by electrical shock-like pain in the right periorbital area and conjunctival injection, lacrimation. Neuroimaging revealed high-grade neurovascular compression of the right trigeminal nerve by the right superior cerebellar artery. The patient's symptoms resolved following microvascular decompression. Conclusion: Clinicians should be aware that patients with longer disease duration of trigeminal neuralgia who develop new neuralgic pain in the ophthalmic branch division with mild autonomic symptoms may be at risk for transformation into SUNCT/SUNA.


Introduction: Trigeminal neuralgia and Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache with Conjunctival injection and Tearing (SUNCT)/Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache Attacks with Cranial Autonomic Symptoms (SUNA) are characterized by similar clinical manifestations, which may lead to diagnostic confusion. However, the transformation of trigeminal neuralgia into SUNCT/SUNA is a rare phenomenon. This report describes a case of trigeminal neuralgia transformation into SUNCT/SUNA due to neurovascular compression and reviews all previously published cases of trigeminal neuralgia to SUNCT/SUNA transformation in the literature. Case presentation: A 49-year-old Thai male patient presented with progressive right facial pain for a period of three months. One year prior, he developed trigeminal neuralgia along the maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve, characterized by electrical shock-like pain in the right upper molar, exacerbated by eating. His symptoms were effectively managed with carbamazepine. Nine months later, he began experiencing recurrent electrical shock-like pain along the ophthalmic division of the right trigeminal nerve, accompanied by lacrimation, which failed to respond to continued treatment with carbamazepine. Three months prior to presentation, his symptoms evolved into SUNCT/SUNA, characterized by electrical shock-like pain in the right periorbital area and conjunctival injection, lacrimation. Neuroimaging revealed high-grade neurovascular compression of the right trigeminal nerve by the right superior cerebellar artery. The patient's symptoms resolved following microvascular decompression. Conclusion: Clinicians should be aware that patients with longer disease duration of trigeminal neuralgia who develop new neuralgic pain in the ophthalmic branch division with mild autonomic symptoms may be at risk for transformation into SUNCT/SUNA


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Disease/classification , Headache/diagnosis , Therapeutics/adverse effects , World Health Organization/organization & administration , Facial Pain/classification , Confusion/therapy
15.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 14(1): 54-58, 2023. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531823

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Headache is a very common complaint in doctors' offices, with primary causes being the majority in relation to secondary ones. Despite this, the identification of secondary headaches is very relevant in clinical practice, since these can be a life-threatening condition, functionality or even a reversible cause. However, imaging screening for all individuals with headache is costly and unrewarding. Therefore, it is important to know the warning signs that, together with the clinical context, lead to a more precise indication of these exams and early and well-targeted therapeutic interventions. Clinical case: This is a 60-year-old man, previously dyslipidemic and smoker, with migraine with aura reported since childhood, who underwent treatment with sodium valproate, with headache attack suppression. About 4 months before admission, he presented with an alteration in the pain pattern, amaurosis fugax in the right eye, dizziness and mild paresis and hypoesthesia in the left side of the body, primarily treated by him as migraine crises, without improvement with the use of triptans. A new outpatient investigation was carried out, which showed multiple small infarcts in the right hemisphere secondary to atheromatous plaque in the right carotid bulb with an obstruction of approximately 85%. Diagnostic and therapeutic arteriography was performed, with stent implantation, uneventfully. Conclusion: The differential diagnosis between migraine with aura and a cerebrovascular event has already been widely reported in the literature and constitutes a pitfall in the routine of headaches, since a serious and potentially disabling condition can be overlooked. The joint evaluation of the alarm signs with the global context becomes an important tool in the propaedeutics of these patients, with knowledge of this casuistry being something relevant within clinical practice.


Introdução: A cefaleia é uma queixa muito comum nos consultórios médicos, sendo as causas primárias majoritárias em relação às secundárias. Apesar disso, a identificação de cefaleias secundárias é muito relevante na prática clínica, uma vez que estas podem ser uma condição potencialmente fatal, funcional ou mesmo uma causa reversível. No entanto, o rastreio imagiológico para todos os indivíduos com cefaleias é dispendioso e pouco recompensador. Portanto, é importante conhecer os sinais de alerta que, juntamente com o contexto clínico, levam a uma indicação mais precisa destes exames e a intervenções terapêuticas precoces e bem direcionadas. Caso clínico: Trata-se de um homem de 60 anos, previamente dislipidémico e fumador, com queixa de enxaqueca com aura desde a infância, que realizou tratamento com valproato de sódio, com supressão das crises de cefaleia. Cerca de 4 meses antes da internação apresentou alteração do padrão álgico, amaurose fugaz em olho direito, tontura e leve paresia e hipoestesia no lado esquerdo do corpo, tratada por ele primariamente como crises de enxaqueca, sem melhora com o uso de triptanos. Foi realizada nova investigação ambulatorial que evidenciou múltiplos pequenos infartos no hemisfério direito secundários a placa de ateroma no bulbo carotídeo direito com obstrução de aproximadamente 85%. Foi realizada arteriografia diagnóstica e terapêutica, com implante de stent, sem intercorrências. Conclusão: O diagnóstico diferencial entre enxaqueca com aura e evento cerebrovascular já foi amplamente relatado na literatura e constitui uma armadilha na rotina das cefaleias, uma vez que uma condição grave e potencialmente incapacitante pode ser negligenciada. A avaliação conjunta dos sinais de alarme com o contexto global torna-se uma ferramenta importante na propedêutica destes pacientes, sendo o conhecimento desta casuística algo relevante dentro da prática clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Outpatients/classification , Stroke/diagnosis , Migraine with Aura/complications , Headache/classification , Migraine Disorders/prevention & control , Research/statistics & numerical data , Infarction/complications , Joints/surgery
16.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e252098, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440797

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar o risco de desenvolvimento de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (TEPT), bem como sua associação com pensamentos ou tentativas suicidas e a saúde mental de policiais militares feridos por arma de fogo, na Região Metropolitana de Belém (RMB), nos anos de 2017 a 2019. A pesquisa contou com a participação de 30 entrevistados, que responderam o Inventário Demográfico e a Lista de verificação de TEPT para o DSM-5 (PCL-5). Para análise dos dados, utilizou-se a técnica estatística Análise Exploratória de Dados e a técnica multivariada Análise de Correspondência. Os resultados revelaram a existência de risco de desenvolvimento do transtorno de forma parcial ou total em uma expressiva parcela da população entrevistada, tendo homens como maioria dos sintomáticos, com média de 38 anos, exercendo atividades operacionais e vitimados em via pública quando estavam de folga do serviço. O ferimento deixou a maioria com sequelas, com destaque para dores crônicas, limitações de locomoção e/ou mobilidade e perda parcial de um membro. E, ainda, policiais sintomáticos apresentaram comportamentos suicidas, relatando já terem pensado ou tentado tirar a própria vida. Desta forma, conclui-se que policiais militares são expostos constantemente a traumas inerentes a sua profissão. Quando há ameaça de vida, como nos casos de ferimentos por arma de fogo, são suscetíveis a sequelas físicas decorrente do ferimento, somadas a sequelas mentais tardias, como o surgimento de sintomatologias de TEPT e ideação suicida.(AU)


This study aimed to identify the risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its associations around suicidal thoughts or attempts and mental health in military police officers injured by firearms, in the Metropolitan Region of Belem (RMB), from 2017 to 2019. The research had the participation of 30 respondents who answered the Demographic Inventory and the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). For data analysis, we used the statistical technique Exploratory Data Analysis and the multivariate technique Correspondence Analysis. The results revealed the existence of risk of developing partial or total disorder in a significant portion of the interviewed population, with men as most of the symptomatic individuals, with mean age of 38 years, developing operational activities and victimized on public roads when they were off duty. The injuries left most of them with sequelae, especially chronic pain, limited locomotion and/or mobility, and partial loss of a limb. In addition, symptomatic officers showed suicidal behavior, such as reporting they had thought about or tried to take their own lives. Thus, we conclude that military policemen are constantly exposed to traumas inherent to their profession. When their lives are threatened, as in the case of firearm wounds, they are susceptible to physical sequelae resulting from the injury, in addition to late mental sequelae, such as the appearance of PTSD symptoms and suicidal ideation.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el riesgo de desarrollo de trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT) y sus asociaciones con pensamientos o tentativas suicidas y la salud mental en policías militares heridos por armamiento de fuego, en la Región Metropolitana de Belém (Brasil), en el período entre 2017 y 2019. En el estudio participaron 30 entrevistados que respondieron el Inventario Demográfico y la Lista de verificación de TEPT para el DSM-5 (PCL-5). Para el análisis de datos se utilizaron la técnica estadística Análisis Exploratoria de Datos y la técnica multivariada Análisis de Correspondencia. Los resultados revelaron que existen riesgos de desarrollo de trastorno de estrés postraumático de forma parcial o total en una expresiva parcela de la población de policías entrevistados, cuya mayoría de sintomáticos eran hombres, de 38 años en media, que ejercen actividades operacionales y fueron victimados en vía pública cuándo estaban de día libre del servicio. La lesión dejó la mayoría con secuelas, especialmente con dolores crónicos, limitaciones de locomoción y/o movilidad y la pierda parcial de un miembro. Aún los policías sintomáticos presentaran comportamiento suicida, tales como relataran qué ya pensaron o tentaron quitar la propia vida. Se concluye que los policías militaran se exponen constantemente a los traumas inherentes a su profesión. Cuando existe amenaza de vida, como en los casos de heridas por armamiento de fuego, son expuestos a secuelas físicas transcurridas de la herida, sumado a secuelas mentales tardías, como el surgimiento de sintomatologías de TEPT y la ideación suicida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pain , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Psychic Symptoms , Risk , Psychological Distress , Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Phobic Disorders , Prisons , Psychology , Runaway Behavior , Safety , Attention , Sleep Wake Disorders , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Suicide , Suicide, Attempted , Therapeutics , Violence , Behavioral Symptoms , Work Hours , Burnout, Professional , Adaptation, Psychological , Catatonia , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Occupational Health , Self-Injurious Behavior , Civil Defense , Civil Rights , Panic Disorder , Public Sector , Cognition , Efficiency, Organizational , Contusions , Crime Victims , Substance-Related Disorders , Wit and Humor , Crime , Emergency Watch , Civil Protection Program , Civil Protection , Legal Process , Death , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Aggression , Depression , Dizziness , Dreams , Alcoholism , Escape Reaction , Disease Prevention , Surveillance of the Workers Health , Surveillance of Working Environment , Mental Fatigue , Fear , Catastrophization , Medicalization , Hope , Mindfulness , Criminal Behavior , Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders , Psychological Trauma , Physical Abuse , Cortical Excitability , Work-Life Balance , Occupational Stress , Gun Violence , Disaster Risk Reduction , Kinesiophobia , Psychological Well-Being , Suicide Prevention , Accident Prevention , Guilt , Headache , Health Promotion , Homicide , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Job Satisfaction , Mental Disorders
17.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 14(4): 235-236, 30/12/2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531663

ABSTRACT

Several triggers can trigger a migraine attack, including food. By the way, food only triggers headache in migraine sufferers. The foods that most trigger headache attacks are these: cheese, chocolate, citrus fruits and some sweet fruits, such as watermelon.


Vários gatilhos podem desencadear uma crise de enxaqueca, incluindo alimentos. Aliás, a comida só provoca dor de cabeça em quem sofre de enxaqueca. Os alimentos que mais desencadeiam as crises de dor de cabeça são estes: queijo, chocolate, frutas cítricas e algumas frutas doces, como a melancia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Eating/drug effects , Fruit/adverse effects , Headache/diagnosis , Migraine Disorders/classification
18.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 14(1): 65-68, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531837

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate mast cell presence in the pericranium of Wistar rats. Methods: Five male rats of the Wistar strain were used. The animals were housed under a 12 h light cycle with ad libitum access to food and water and allowed 10 days of acclimatization before tissue sampling. The five rats were anesthetized by intraperitoneal injection of ketamine/xylazine, 10/20 mg/kg. Following aseptic preparation of the head skin, a midline longitudinal incision was made to expose the pericranium. Two samples of the pericranium were taken, one from the right and one from the left. These samples were fixed in 10% buffered formaldehyde for 24 h. After fixation, tissue samples were paraffin-embedded and sectioned at 4 µm. Then, slides were deparaffinized, stained with a concentration of 0.1% toluidine blue for 1 min, and washed with distilled water. Last, slides were photomicrographed under 400x magnification to identify mast cells. Results: Mast cells were identified in the dura mater and the five rats' pericranium. In the dura mater, mast cells were also found in these rats. We found both granulated (intact) and degranulated mast cells. Conclusion: We suggest that future preclinical studies investigating the involvement of dural mast cells and other meningeal cell populations should also include pericranium samples to explore this structure's relevance in migraine pain and other headache disorders.


Objetivo: Avaliar a presença de mastócitos no pericrânio de ratos Wistar. Métodos: Foram utilizados cinco ratos machos da linhagem Wistar. Os animais foram alojados sob um ciclo de luz de 12 horas com acesso ad libitum a comida e água e tiveram 10 dias de aclimatação antes da amostragem de tecido. Os cinco ratos foram anestesiados por injeção intraperitoneal de cetamina/xilazina, 10/20 mg/kg. Após preparação asséptica da pele da cabeça, foi feita uma incisão longitudinal na linha média para expor o pericrânio. Foram retiradas duas amostras do pericrânio, uma da direita e outra da esquerda. Essas amostras foram fixadas em formaldeído tamponado a 10% por 24 horas. Após a fixação, as amostras de tecido foram embebidas em parafina e seccionadas a 4 µm. Em seguida, as lâminas foram desparafinizadas, coradas com concentração de azul de toluidina 0,1% por 1 min e lavadas com água destilada. Por fim, as lâminas foram fotomicrografadas com aumento de 400x para identificação de mastócitos. Resultados: Foram identificados mastócitos na dura-máter e no pericrânio dos cinco ratos. Na dura-máter, mastócitos também foram encontrados nesses ratos. Encontramos mastócitos granulados (intactos) e desgranulados. Conclusão: Sugerimos que futuros estudos pré-clínicos que investiguem o envolvimento de mastócitos durais e outras populações de células meníngeas também incluam amostras de pericrânio para explorar a relevância desta estrutura na dor da enxaqueca e em outros distúrbios de cefaleia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Headache
19.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1512-1527, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426460

ABSTRACT

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne rickettsiosis. The main clinical signs and symptoms are fever, severe headache, rashes and myalgia. It is considered difficult to diagnose and underreported. The study aims to descriptively analyze the epidemiology of cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in Brazil from 2010 to 2021. This is a retrospective cohort study that statisticall analyzes the cases of spotted fever in Brazil between 2010 and 2020 through data obtained by the Information System of Notifiable Diseases. The proportions of spotted fever cases were calculated according to: sex, age, race/color, infection environment and evolution. There are 1967 cases were confirmed. The regions with the most cases were the Southeast (n%=72.24) and the South (n%=24). However, there are 4 deaths in the south while the lethality coefficient from the southeast is 47.78%. The most affected age group was 40-59 years old (n%=34.87), and 20-39 years old (n%=28.98). 71.17% of the cases are male. As for color/race, 60% of the cases are in whites. As for the infection environment, 35.23% are at home, 15.3% are at work, 26.13% are leisure places. The prevalence in males and the predominant age group 20-59 years can be linked to work activity, which leaves hem more exposed to ticks. The high numbers in adulthood can also be related to ecotourism. The lethality of the disease differs between the South and Southeast regions. One explanation for this phenomenon would be the different etiological agents, R. rickettsi, predominant in the Southeast, generating more severe clinical conditions.


A febre maculosa é uma riquetsiose transmitida por carrapatos. Os principais sinais e sintomas clínicos são febre, cefaleia intensa, erupções cutâneas e mialgia. É considerada de difícil diagnóstico e subnotificada. O estudo visa analisar descritivamente a epidemiologia dos casos de febre maculosa do Brasil no período de 2010 até 2021. Trata-se de um estudo de coorte retrospectivo que analisa estatisticamente os casos de febre maculosa no Brasil entre 2010 e 2020 por meio de dados obtidos pelo Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação. As proporções de casos de febre maculosa foram calculadas segundo: sexo, idade, raça/cor, ambiente de infecção e evolução. Foram confirmados 1967 casos. As regiões com mais casos foram Sudeste (n%= 72,24) e Sul (n%= 24). No entanto, há 4 óbitos no Sul enquanto o coeficiente de letalidade do Sudeste é de 47,78%. A faixa etária mais acometida foi de 40 a 59 anos (n%= 34,87) e de 20 a 39 anos (n%= 28,98). 71,17% dos casos são do sexo masculino. Quanto à cor/raça, 60% dos casos são de brancos. Quanto ao ambiente de contágio, 35,23% são em casa, 15,3% são no trabalho, 26,13% são locais de lazer. A prevalência no sexo masculino e a faixa etária predominante de 20 a 59 anos pode estar ligada à atividade laboral, que os deixa mais expostos aos carrapatos. Os altos números na idade adulta também podem estar relacionados ao ecoturismo. A letalidade da doença difere entre as regiões Sul e Sudeste, sendo que uma explicação para esse fenômeno seriam os diferentes agentes etiológicos,


La fiebre maculosa es una rickettsiosis transmitida por garrapatas. Los principales signos y síntomas clínicos son fiebre, cefalea intensa, erupciones cutáneas y mialgias. Se considera difícil de diagnosticar y poco notificada. El estudio tiene como objetivo analizar descriptivamente la epidemiología de los casos de fiebre manchada en Brasil en el período de 2010 a 2021. Se trata de un estudio de cohortes retrospectivo que analiza estadísticamente los casos de fiebre manchada en Brasil entre 2010 y 2020 a través de datos obtenidos del Sistema de Información de Agraves de Notificación. Se calcularon las proporciones de casos de fiebre manchada según: sexo, edad, raza/color, ambiente de infección y evolución. Se confirmaron 1967 casos. Las regiones con más casos fueron el Sudeste (n%= 72,24) y el Sur (n%= 24). Sin embargo, hubo 4 muertes en el Sur, mientras que el coeficiente de letalidad en el Sureste fue del 47,78%. El grupo de edad más afectado fue el de 40 a 59 años (n%= 34,87) y el de 20 a 39 años (n%= 28,98). El 71,17% de los casos eran varones. En cuanto al color/raza, el 60% de los casos son de raza blanca. En cuanto al entorno de la infección, el 35,23% se produce en el domicilio, el 15,3% en el trabajo y el 26,13% en lugares de ocio. La prevalencia en los hombres y el grupo de edad predominante de 20 a 59 años pueden estar relacionados con la actividad laboral, que los deja más expuestos a las garrapatas. El elevado número en la edad adulta también puede estar relacionado con el ecoturismo. La letalidad de la enfermedad difiere entre las regiones Sur y Sudeste, y una explicación para este fenómeno serían los diferentes agentes etiológicos, R. rickettsi, predominante en la región Sudeste, generando cuadros clínicos más severos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/transmission , Health Services Research/statistics & numerical data , Rural Population , Tick Infestations/parasitology , Brazil/epidemiology , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Health Information Systems/statistics & numerical data , Headache/complications
20.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 17(1): 28-32, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525888

ABSTRACT

La hipotensión intracraneal espontánea (SIH) es una patología con una incidencia anual aproximada de 5 por cada 100.000 personas al año, caracterizada clásicamente por cefalea ortostática comúnmente secundaria a una fuga espontánea de líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR), pudiendo existir a su vez una amplia gama de síntomas asociados. El diagnóstico se centra en la clínica y en hallazgos típicos en la resonancia nuclear magnética (RM), sin embargo, según diversos estudios, puede corresponder a una patología subdiagnosticada por la dificultad que ha existido en definir criterios diagnósticos universales y un manejo terapéutico estandarizado, el cual varía inicialmente entre manejo médico conservador y/o parches de sangre epidural (PHE). Reportamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 51 años quien fue atendida en el Hospital Herminda Martin de Chillán donde se realizó el diagnóstico y tratamiento sintomático con PHE.


Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a pathology with an annual incidence of approximately 5 per 100,000 people per year, classically characterized by orthostatic headache commonly secondary to a spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, and there may also be a wide range of of associated symptoms. The diagnosis is centered on the clinic and on typical findings in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), however, according to various studies, it may correspond to an underdiagnosed pathology due to the difficulty that has existed in defining universal diagnostic criteria and standardized therapeutic management. which initially varies between conservative medical management and/or epidural blood patches (PHE). We report the case of a 51-year-old female patient who was treated at the Herminda Martin de Chillán Hospital where the diagnosis and symptomatic treatment with PHE were made.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Intracranial Hypotension/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Blood Patch, Epidural , Intracranial Hypotension/therapy , Headache
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