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1.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20191100. 56 p. tab, graf.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1025557

ABSTRACT

El documento contiene un conjunto de previsiones y acciones que el estado adopta permanentemente para garantizar la estabilidad y el normal funcionamiento de la institucionalidad político jurídica.


Subject(s)
Health Behavior , Risk Factors , Intersectoral Collaboration , Risk Reduction Behavior , Programming , Violence
2.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 24: 1-10, out. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1026743

ABSTRACT

This study examined the independent and combined associations of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with health risk behaviors in Brazilian adolescents. Participants were 893 adolescents (454 girls) from Curitiba, Brazil. The Youth Activity Profile questionnaire evaluated PA and the Adolescent Sedentary Questionnaire evaluated SB. The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System ( YRBS) questionnaire evaluated fruit, vegetable, alcohol, and tobacco consumption. Binary Logistic regression measured the independent and combined associations of PA and SB with risk behaviors. PA was inversely associated with low fruit (OR = 0.30; 95%CI: 0.18-0.51) and vegetable consumption (OR = 0.43; 95%CI: 0.25-0.73), and tobacco use (OR = 0.52; 95%CI: 0.29-0.89). However, PA was positively associated with mild (OR = 1.54; 95%CI: 1.08-2.19) and excessive alcohol use (OR = 1.53; 95%CI: 1.01-2.33). Higher levels of PA were associated with reduced risks of smoking and healthier eating patterns, but higher likelihood of alcohol consumption


Este estudo examinou as associações independentes e combinadas de atividade física (AF) e do comportamento sedentário (CS) com comportamentos de risco à saúde em adolescentes brasileiros. Participaram do estudo 893 adolescentes (454 meninas) de Curitiba, Brasil. O questionário Youth Activity Profile avaliou a AF e o Questionário de atividades sedentárias dos adolescentes avaliou o CS. O questionário Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS) avaliou o consumo de frutas, vegetais, álcool e tabaco. A regressão logística binária avaliou as associações independentes e combinadas de AF e CS com comportamentos de risco. AF foi inversamente associado com baixo consumo de frutas (OR = 0,30; IC95%: 0,18-0,51), de vegetais (OR = 0,43; IC95%: 0,25-0,73) e uso de tabaco (OR = 0,52; IC95%: 0,29-0,89). No entanto, a AF foi positivamente associada com uso moderado (OR = 1,54; IC95%: 1,08-2,19) e uso excessivo de álcool (OR = 1,53; IC95%: 1,01-2,33). Níveis mais altos de AF foram associados com riscos reduzidos de fumar e padrões alimentares mais saudáveis e com maior probabilidade de consumo de álcool


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Health Behavior , Adolescent , Motor Activity
3.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 23: 1-5, fev.-ago. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1026721

ABSTRACT

A noção de "Promoção da Saúde" recebe enorme atenção por parte do núcleo profissional de Educação Física. Entretanto, ela tem sido utilizada de forma indiscriminada. O ensaio pretende visibilizar a relevância de maior demarcação conceitual em torno da Promoção da Saúde e apontar as diferenças teóricas existentes. Dois aspectos são analisados: a simbiose prevenção/promoção da saúde e a abordagem dura em direção aos indivíduos e pouco crítica aos contextos e às condições de vida. À medida que os estudos se situarem teoricamente, caminhos poderão se abrir para embates e amadurecimento teórico-prático da Promoção da Saúde com repercussões nas intervenções, na formação profissional e na pesquisa na área. Estranhar o que temos feito é uma premissa nem sempre simpática, contudo é justamente este desprendimento que sinalizará amadurecimento, posicionamento, e, com divergências possíveis, proporcionará densidade conceitual e evolução ao tema Promoção da Saúde na Atividade Física e Saúde


The concept of 'Health Promotion' receives widespread attention from the field of Physical Education. Nevertheless, this concept has been indistinctly used. This essay aims to highlight the need for stricter conceptual delimitation regarding the concept of health promotion, particularly by pointing out differences in existing theories. We give particular attention to two issues: symbiosis prevention/health promotion and the limited view that behaviors are defined by individual choices ignoring the context and living conditions. We ad-vocate that these theoretical pathways need to be addressed in order to enrich discussions around the concept of Health Promotion for intervention, health education and research purposes. Challenging our current practice is not a pleasant action, however this is exactly the sign of maturation needed for dealing with existing conceptual discrepancies aimed at pushing the fields of health promotion and physical activity forward


Subject(s)
Unified Health System , Health Behavior , Motor Activity
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739856

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a daily life-based physical activity enhancement program performed by middle-aged women at risk for cardiovascular disease. METHODS: This study used a randomized control group pretest-posttest design. Middle-aged women aged 45 to 64 were recruited from two outpatient cardiology departments, and randomly assigned to an experimental group (n=28) and a control group (n=30). For the experimental group, after providing one-on-one counseling and education, we provided customized text messages to motivate them in daily life. To monitor the practice of physical activity, they also used an exercise diary and mobile pedometer for 12 weeks. Subjects' physical activities (MET-min/week) were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Their physiological data were obtained by blood tests using a portable analyzer, and the data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0/WIN program. RESULTS: There were significant differences in exercise self-efficacy, health behavior, IPAQ score, body fat, body muscle, and fasting blood sugar between the two groups. However, there were no significant differences in total cholesterol, hemoglobin A1c, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and waist-to-hip ratio. CONCLUSION: Strengthening physical activity in daily life without being limited by cost burden and time and space constraints. Therefore, it is essential to motivate middle-aged women at risk for cardiovascular disease to practice activities that are easily performed in their daily lives.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Blood Glucose , Cardiology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Counseling , Education , Fasting , Female , Health Behavior , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Lipoproteins , Motor Activity , Outpatients , Patient Education as Topic , Self Efficacy , Text Messaging , Waist-Hip Ratio
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739094

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study tries to analyze the concept of Yangsaeng in the Korean aged, with focus on nursing. METHODS: Rodgers'evolutionary approach was used to identify the common definitions, attributes, antecedents, and consequences of the Yangsaeng concept for the aged. Literature search was conducted at the NAL, NDSL, RISS, ProQuest, PubMed, AMED, and MEDLINE databases from 2004 to 2016, using the keywords “Yangsaeng,” “health promotion,” “health management,” “traditional oriental methods,” and “traditional oriental nursing.”Finally, 20 relevant articles were selected and thoroughly reviewed. RESULTS: The analysis shows that the model of Yangsaeng for the Korean aged is that of personal adaptive-capacity, totality, challenging, and coping resource and includes physical, social and psychological health and wellness. CONCLUSION: This work provides some implications on the development of nursing intervention related with Yangsaeng for the Korean aged, and suggests the implementation of such intervention in the practice of Yangsaeng for the Korean aged. Therefore, a better understanding of the Korean aged and Yangsaeng within the context of nursing can be achieved.


Subject(s)
Biological Evolution , Health Behavior , Humans , Nursing
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739040

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the level of health problems and the factors that affect health problems for concrete mixer truck divers. METHODS: The questionnaires were administered to 111 drivers in 6 Remicon workplaces located in D city and 7 Remicon workplaces located in K city from September 10 to 28, 2018. A total of 111 questionnaires were collected and 106 were used, excluding 5 incomplete ones. Data were analyzed with frequency, percentage, χ2 test, multiple logistic regression analysis by SPSS/WIN 23.0. RESULTS: The factors affecting subjective health were eating habits, sleeping hours and drinking conditions. The factors that affected chronic diseases were age, eating habits, sleep hours, and drinking conditions. The factors influencing musculoskeletal complaints were work experience, eating habits, and sleep hours. CONCLUSION: The major influencing factors of health problems were eating habits, sleeping hours. This study suggests that it is necessary to run a systematic health care program for the desirable health behaviors in the communities and industrial fields.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Delivery of Health Care , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Drinking , Eating , Health Behavior , Health Status , Logistic Models , Motor Vehicles , Musculoskeletal Diseases
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-738912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To identify factors related to physical health monitoring of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder. METHODS: A total of 172 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder registered in mental health welfare centers and rehabilitation facilities in Gwangju were recruited. Physical health monitoring was defined by two health behaviors; fasting blood tests within recent 2 years in all participants and routine medical check-ups covered by national insurance within recent 5 years in participants aged 40 years or older. Demographic and clinical characteristics including overweight, metabolic syndrome and knowledge about physical illness were compared according to physical health monitoring. RESULTS: Prevalence of overweight and metabolic syndrome were 62.8% and 40.1%, respectively. The rates of fasting blood tests and routine medical check-ups were 34.9% and 67.9%, respectively. The rates of fasting blood tests were significantly higher in general hospital and university hospital compared to mental hospital or private clinic. Rates of routine medical check-ups were significantly lower in individuals using daily rehabilitation service and smokers. Knowledge about cancer and chronic illness were significantly better in individuals receiving routine medical check-ups compared with those not receiving it. CONCLUSION: Education about physical health should be integrated to mental health service in community mental health center.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Education , Fasting , Health Behavior , Hematologic Tests , Hospitals, General , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Humans , Insurance , Mental Health , Mental Health Services , Overweight , Prevalence , Rehabilitation , Schizophrenia , Smoking
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-741530

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to develop a valid and reliable scale for the evaluation of preconception health behavior in women preparing for pregnancy. METHODS: The initial strategy included a literature review, interviews, and construction of a conceptual framework. The preliminary items were evaluated twice for content validity by experts, and modified two preliminary investigations. Participants in the 2 main investigations and the confirmation investigation were tested for reliability and validity of the preliminary scale in women preparing for pregnancy. The data were analyzed for different items exploratory and confirmatory factors. RESULTS: The 5-point Likert scale consisted of 6 factors and 27 items. The 6-factors included ‘hazardous substance factor,’ ‘medical management factor,’ ‘rest and sleep factor,’ ‘stress management factor,’ ‘information acquisition factor,’ and ‘resource preparation factor.’ Goodness of fit of the final research model was very appropriate and based on the following measures: Q=1.98, comparative fit index=.91, Tucker-lewis index=.89, standardized root mean square residual=.07, and root mean square error of approximation=.07. The criterion validity was .64. The reliability coefficient was .92 and the test-retest reliability was .61. CONCLUSION: The study findings indicate that the scale can be used for the development of nursing interventions to promote preconception health behavior in women preparing for pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Behavior Rating Scale , Female , Health Behavior , Humans , Nursing , Preconception Care , Pregnancy , Reproducibility of Results
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740987

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate the influence of family history of hypertension (FH) on hypertension prevalence, management, and healthy behaviors among Korean adults. METHODS: By using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014–2016, a cross-sectional study was performed. The study population included 8,280 individuals who underwent health examination and food frequency questionnaire were divided into two groups based on FH. Participants with one or more first-degree FH classified as having a FH. Health behaviors analyzed were low sodium intake, weight management, no smoking, non-risky drinking, and sufficient physical activity. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to compare outcome variables (hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and healthy behaviors). RESULTS: Of a total of 8,280 subjects, 3,626 (43.8%) participants had FH. Presence of a FH significantly associated with the risk of hypertension prevalence (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.01–3.04), awareness (aOR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.30–2.99), treatment (aOR, 2.61; 95% CI, 1.71–3.98), and control (aOR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.19–2.64). In contrast, FH was not significantly associated with healthy behaviors. In the subgroup analyses, the normotensives with FH were even slightly less likely to get health check-ups than those without FH (aOR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.72–0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Although those with FH showed higher prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rates, health behaviors of those with FH were not higher than those without FH. More attention should be directed to promote the healthy behaviors for management and prevention of hypertension, especially among those with FH.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drinking , Health Behavior , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Logistic Models , Motor Activity , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Smoke , Smoking , Sodium
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740986

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine whether lifestyle-related factors are associated with obesity in a selected sample of young Korean women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 822 women aged 19–39 years who participated in the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2016. Obesity status was defined as general and abdominal obesity. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between lifestyle-related factors and obesity status. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity was 20.3% for general obesity and 17.4% for abdominal obesity. There were negative associations between the energy intake/body weight ratio and general and abdominal obesity. High-risk drinking was significantly associated with general obesity (adjusted odds ratio, 1.747; 95% confidence interval, 1.112–2.745), but was not associated with abdominal obesity. CONCLUSIONS: Among young Korean women aged 19–39 years, high-risk drinking may be a risk factor for general obesity.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drinking , Female , Health Behavior , Humans , Korea , Life Style , Logistic Models , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity , Obesity, Abdominal , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Risk Factors
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the association between the management of oral health and experiences of oral health education and to investigate the influential factors of the Patient Hygiene Performance (PHP) index in an area's university students. In addition, we explored the factors that influence the PHP index and how to effectively promote oral health. METHODS: All collected data were analyzed using the χ2 test, the t-test, and multiple regression using SPSS version 23.0 for Microsoft Windows. The statistical significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: The total age of 380 participants ranged from 18 to 39 years (mean 22.22±2.43). No significant differences were found in oral health status and experiences of oral health education. CONCLUSIONS: Active national-based policies to develop regular and systematic national oral health education programs are needed.


Subject(s)
Education , Health Behavior , Health Education, Dental , Humans , Hygiene , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740478

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The health condition of old age is affected by various factors such as economic level, disease condition, and nutrition. With the aging population in Korea, the ratio of single-person households increased rapidly. Research on the health status and nutrition of the elderly in the single-person household is very insufficient. In this study, we compared the health and nutritional status of the elderly by the household type. METHODS: Data from the 2013 to 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. A total of 2,730 patients were classified into 2 groups (single-person, with family), and general, chronic disease, health behavior, nutrient intake, and food insecurity status were compared by the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Single-person households had a low economic and educational level and a higher percentage of women. In addition, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, stroke, myocardial infarction disease rate was significantly higher. Sing-person households answered that their subjective health status was bad, and their quality of life was low. As a result of analysis of the quality of the diet in the single-person, the intake of protein, calcium, iron, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin C was significantly lower. In particular, the intake of calcium was the most insufficient. Food insecurity has also been observed, including the inability to consume diverse and sufficient foods due to economic difficulties. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to the health of single-person households in elderly population and various policies should be prepared.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Chronic Disease , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Diet , Dyslipidemias , Family Characteristics , Female , Food Supply , Health Behavior , Humans , Hypertension , Iron , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Niacin , Nutrition Surveys , Nutritional Status , Obesity , Quality of Life , Riboflavin , Single Person , Stroke
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-719706

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The present study investigated the psychosocial health of disease-free breast cancer survivors who receive health examinations compared to matched non-cancer controls in a community setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used baseline data from the Health Examinee cohort, which is composed of subjects participating in health. The disease-free breast cancer survivors were defined as those who were ≥ 2 years from initial diagnosis of breast cancer who had completed treatment. Females without a history of cancer were randomly selected at 1:4 ratio by 5-year age groups, education, and household income as a comparison group. We analyzed results from the Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form (PWI-SF) as a psychosocial health measurement. RESULTS: A total of 347 survivors of breast cancer and 1,388 matched controls were included. Total scores on the PWI-SF were lower in breast cancer survivors than matched non-cancer controls (p=0.006), suggesting a lower level of psychosocial stress in breast cancer survivors. In comparison to the control group, prevalence of drinking, smoking and obesity were lower, while exercising for ≥ 150 min/wk was higher in breast cancer survivors (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that breast cancer survivors have better health behaviors than their noncancer controls. After adjusting for other sociodemographic variables, breast cancer survivors were 36% less likely to be included in the stress group (odds ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.42 to 0.98). CONCLUSION: The disease-free breast cancer survivors resuming daily life demonstrated better psychosocial health status compared to matched non-cancer controls.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Drinking , Education , Family Characteristics , Female , Health Behavior , Humans , Obesity , Prevalence , Smoke , Smoking , Survivors
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-719536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study analyzed the relationship between health behaviors and marital adjustment in multicultural couples to evaluate their health status. METHODS: Married couples (70 Korean men and their immigrant wives) completed a structured interview on health behaviors and sociodemographic factors, the Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (RDAS), and the Marital Intimacy Scale. Based on the cutoff value of the RDAS, respondents were classified into two groups: high or low dyadic adaptation groups. The collected data were compared with health behavior regarding smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise, and weight. RESULTS: The odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) by logistic regression with adjustment for age, educational level, career, occupation, length of residence in Korea, nationality, religion, age difference between couple, number of children, monthly income, and proficiency in Korean was 1.279 (1.113–1.492) for unhealthy exercise and 1.732 (1.604–1.887) for unhealthy body weight in female immigrants with low marital adjustment. In Korean husbands with low marital adjustment, the OR (95% CI) was 1.625 (1.232–2.142) for smoking and 1.327 (1.174–1.585) for unhealthy exercise. No significant relationship was found between marital intimacy and health behaviors in female immigrants or Korean husbands. CONCLUSION: More desirable health behaviors were observed in highly adapted couples. Therefore, family physicians should be concerned with marital adjustment and other associative factors to evaluate and improve multicultural couples' health status.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Body Weight , Child , Cultural Diversity , Emigrants and Immigrants , Ethnic Groups , Family Characteristics , Female , Health Behavior , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Male , Marital Status , Occupations , Odds Ratio , Physicians, Family , Smoke , Smoking , Spouses , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 27: e3090, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-991308

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to present a theoretically based conceptual framework for designing video games for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Methods: this was a methodological study that developed a conceptual framework with nine steps in view of health behavior change theories and the user-centered design approach as theoretical and methodological frameworks, respectively. Twenty-one children, aged 7 to 12 years, participated by expressing their needs and preferences related to diabetes and video games. Data were analysed following content analysis guidelines. Then, a choice of appropriate health behavioral change theories and their determinants that should be capable of influencing children's behaviors and preferences. Results: the conceptual framework proposes a video game that consists of six phases, each addressing one stage of behavioral change and specific determinants, aligned with the needs and preferences identified by the participating children. This study shows the applicability of this framework in view of each proposed phase presenting examples and the children's ideas. Conclusion: the results of this study contribute to advance the discussion on how behavioral theories and their determinants should be related to the design of creative and funny video games considering the profile of the target population as well as its needs and preferences.


RESUMO Objetivo: apresentar uma estrutura teórica conceitual para o desenvolvimento de videogames para crianças com diabetes mellitus tipo 1. Métodos: este estudo metodológico desenvolveu uma estrutura conceitual com nove etapas, baseada em teorias de mudança de comportamentos em saúde e na abordagem do desenho centrado no usuário como referencial teórico e metodológico, respectivamente. Vinte e uma crianças entre 7 a 12 anos participaram do estudo, expressando suas necessidades e preferências relacionadas ao diabetes e videogames. Os dados foram analisados de acordo com as diretrizes de análise de conteúdo. Em seguida, foram selecionadas teorias de mudança de comportamentos em saúde e seus determinantes, que pudessem ser capazes de influenciar os comportamentos e preferências das crianças. Resultados: a estrutura conceitual propõe um videogame composto por seis fases, cada uma tratando de um estágio de mudança de comportamento e com determinantes específicos, alinhados às necessidades e preferências identificadas. O estudo mostra a aplicabilidade da estrutura desenvolvida, considerando cada fase proposta, apresentando exemplos e ideias das crianças. Conclusão: os resultados da pesquisa contribuem para o avanço nas discussões de como as teorias comportamentais e seus determinantes devem estar relacionados ao desenho de videogames criativos e divertidos, considerando o perfil da população alvo, assim como suas necessidades e preferências.


RESUMEN Objetivo: presentar una estructura teórica conceptual para el desarrollo de videojuegos para niños con diabetes mellitus tipo 1. Métodos: este estudio metodológico desarrolló una estructura conceptual con nueve etapas, basada en teorías de cambio de comportamientos en salud y en el enfoque del diseño centrado en el usuario como referencial teórico y metodológico, respectivamente. Veintiún niños entre 7 y 12 años participaron del estudio, expresando sus necesidades y preferencias relacionadas a la diabetes y a los videojuegos. Los datos fueron analizados de acuerdo con las directrices del análisis de contenido. Enseguida, fueron seleccionadas las teorías de cambio de comportamientos en salud y sus determinantes, que pudieran ser capaces de influenciar los comportamientos y preferencias de los niños. Resultados: la estructura conceptual propone un videojuego compuesto por seis fases, cada una tratando de una etapa de cambio de comportamiento y con determinantes especificos, alineados a las necesidades y preferencias identificadas. El estudio muestra la aplicabilidad de la estructura desarrollada, considerando cada fase propuesta, presentando ejemplos e ideas de los niños. Conclusión: los resultados de la investigación contribuyen para el avance en las discusiones de como las teorías comportamentales y sus determinantes deben estar relacionados al diseño de videojuegos creativos y divertidos, considerando el perfil de la población objetivo, así como sus necesidades y preferencias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Pediatric Nursing/organization & administration , Video Games/trends , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/prevention & control , Health Behavior
16.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 84 f p. tab, fig.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1014918

ABSTRACT

O tempo gasto em atividade física pelos adolescentes em diferentes países é menor do que o recomendado. Considerando que o hábito da inatividade física tende a perdurar ao longo da vida e sendo também um dos principais fatores de risco ligado a diversas doenças crônicas na fase adulta, estratégias têm sido elaboradas com o objetivo de promover a atividade física. O tempo que destinamos a atividade física é diretamente influenciado pelo ambiente físico que frequentamos. Diante do exposto, o objetivo desse estudo consistiu em verificar o efeito de uma intervenção de modificação de ambiente para promoção de atividade física em adolescentes escolares. Trata-se de um ensaio randomizado controlado de base escolar com 7 escolas estaduais do município de Duque de Caxias, região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro. Participaram do estudo os alunos do 5º e 6º ano dessas escolas. As escolas foram randomizadas em dois grupos: um grupo controle (3 escolas) e um grupo intervenção (4 escolas). Nas escolas intervenção o ambiente foi alterado durante o recesso escolar visando promover aumento de atividade física no retorno às aulas. Material esportivo foi exposto aos alunos e demarcação de quadra para prática de atividade física foi feito nas escolas intervenção. A variável de desfecho foi o tempo gasto em atividade física durante a semana aferido através de questionário validado para escolares. As informações foram coletadas na linha de base no início do ano letivo e no final do ano letivo. Modelos lineares de efeitos mistos foram usados para avaliar o efeito da intervenção no tempo gasto em atividade física. Participaram do estudo 975 crianças (56,7% meninos), com idade média de 11.52 (DP 1.43). Nas turmas de 6º ano, meninos do grupo intervenção apresentaram maior chance de aumentarem o tempo gasto em atividade física após intervenção, com um OR: 1,45 (IC 95% = 1,11 - 1,89.), para os meninos comparados aos meninos do grupo controle. Entre as meninas esse valor foi de OR: 1,44 (IC 95% = 1,06 ­ 1,97). Nas turmas do 5º ano, os meninos do grupo experimental tiveram menor chance de aumentarem o tempo gasto em atividade física que o grupo controle OR: 0,56 (IC 95% = 0,42 ­ 0,76), entre as meninas não foi observada associação. Conclui-se que melhorar as condições do meio ambiente para promoção de atividade física foi eficaz para os adolescentes mais velhos. Trata-se de uma estratégia simples e barata que deve ser melhor explorada nos futuros estudos para promover o tempo gasto em atividade física em escolares. Estudos futuros devem avaliar que tipo de atividade pode ser promovida para os mais jovens


The time spent on physical activity by adolescents in different countries is lower than recommended. Considering that the habit of physical inactivity tends to last throughout life and is also one of the main risk factors linked to several chronic diseases in adulthood, strategies have been elaborated with the objective of promoting physical activity. The time we allocate to physical activity is directly influenced by the physical environment we attend. In view of the above, the objective of this study was to verify the effect of an environment modification intervention to promote physical activity in school adolescents. It is a randomized controlled trial of school base with 7 state schools in the municipality of Duque de Caxias, metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro. The students in the 5th and 6th years of these schools participated in the study. The schools were randomized into two groups: one control group (3 schools) and one intervention group (4 schools). In the intervention schools, the environment was changed during school recess, aiming to increase physical activity in the return to class. Sports material was exposed to the students and demarcation of court for physical activity practice was done in intervention schools. The outcome variable was the time spent in physical activity during the week measured through a questionnaire validated for schoolchildren. Information was collected at the baseline at the beginning of the school year and at the end of the school year. Linear models of mixed effects were used to evaluate the effect of the intervention on the time spent in physical activity. A total of 975 children (56.7% boys) participated in the study, with a mean age of 11.52 (SD 1.43). In the 6th grade groups, boys in the intervention group had a greater chance of increasing the time spent on physical activity after intervention, with an OR: 1.45 (95% CI = 1.11 - 1.89) for boys compared to the control group. Among girls, this value was OR: 1.44 (95% CI = 1.06 - 1.97). In the 5th grade, the boys in the experimental group had a lower chance of increasing the time spent in physical activity than the control group: OR 0.56 (95% CI = 0.42-0.76); observed association. It was concluded that improving the conditions of the environment for promoting physical activity was effective for older adolescents. It is a simple and inexpensive strategy that should be better explored in future studies to promote the time spent on physical activity in schoolchildren. Future studies should assess what type of activity can be promoted for younger people


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Students , Brazil , Exercise , Health Behavior , Epidemiology , Adolescent , Health Promotion , Motor Activity
17.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 26: e19997, jan.-dez. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-967840

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar as características individuais e comportamentais de enfermagem, em oficinas sociopoéticas. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, sociopoético e estatístico, desenvolvido após aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa, com graduandos de enfermagem em Curso de Autocuidado, aplicando formulário em entrevista coletiva. Participaram 20 acadêmicos de enfermagem de universidade pública no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, entre abril e maio de 2015. Resultados: a maioria é do sexo feminino, na faixa etária dos 20 aos 25 anos, de etnia branca, protestante e com renda familiar de quatro salários mínimos e residem com os pais; são solteiros e sem filhos; apenas um declarou ter comportamentos integrados de autocuidado. Conclusão: a maioria não aplica a concepção de integralidade no autocuidado, privilegiando a higiene corporal.


Objective: ito identify the individual characteristics and self-care behavior of nursing undergraduates in sociopoetic workshops. Methodology: this statistical, descriptive, sociopoetic study was conducted, after approval by the research ethics committee, by applying a form at a group meeting of twenty nursing students from a public university in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between April and May 2015. Results: most were female, single and childless, aged 20-25 years, white, Protestant, with family income of four minimum wages and lived with their parents, and only one reported integrated self-care behavior. Conclusion: most did not apply the concept of comprehensiveness to self-care, but favored body hygiene.


Objetivo: identificar las características individuales y comportamientos de enfermería, en oficinas sociopoéticas. Método: estudio descriptivo, sociopoético y estadístico, desarrollado después de la aprobación del Comité de Ética en Investigación, con estudiantes de enfermería en Curso de Autocuidado, aplicando formulario en entrevista colectiva. Participaron 20 estudiantes de enfermería de universidad pública en Río de Janeiro, Brasil, entre abril y mayo de 2015. Resultados: la mayoría es de sexo femenino, entre 20 y 25 años, de etnia blanca, protestante y con ingresos familiares de cuatro salarios mínimos y que viven con sus padres; son solteros sin hijos; solo uno declaró que tiene comportamientos integrados de autocuidado. Conclusión: la mayoría no aplica la concepción de integralidad en el autocuidado y privilegia la higiene corporal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Self Care , Students, Nursing , Education, Nursing , Brazil , Health Behavior , Epidemiology, Descriptive
18.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 24(6): 465-470, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-977850

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Regular aerobic and resistance exercises are recommended to improve functional capacity and quality of life in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: To describe the familiarity of physical education professionals with the recommendation of aerobic and resistance exercise for the elderly, and to identify associated factors. METHODS: We assessed 610 physical education professionals working in fitness academies in the city of São Paulo. Familiarity with the recommendation was assessed using a questionnaire constructed for this study. We assessed the criteria that make up the recommendation of aerobic and resistance exercise, following the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. The data analysis with statistical significance of p <0.05 was carried out using the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: The level of knowledge of physical education professionals working in fitness centers, considering fulfilment of the criteria that make up the recommendation of aerobic and resistance exercise for the elderly, was limited, attaining only 9.3% and 12.6%, respectively. Age, number of jobs, completion of a graduate program and reading of scientific papers were factors associated with familiarity with the recommendation of resistance exercise. Factors associated with familiarity with aerobic exercise recommendation were: age, number of jobs and reading of scientific papers. CONCLUSION: The level of familiarity of physical education professionals with the recommendation of aerobic and resistance exercise for older people was low, suggesting the need for better professional training to meet the demand of older people at the fitness centers in the city of Sao Paulo. Level of Evidence I; Type of Study: Therapeutic Study - Investigation of Treatment Results.


INTRODUÇÃO: A prática regular de exercícios aeróbicos e resistidos é recomendada para a melhora da capacidade funcional e da qualidade de vida de idosos. OBJETIVO: Descrever o conhecimento dos profissionais de Educação Física sobre a recomendação do exercício aeróbico e resistido para idosos e identificar os fatores associados. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 610 profissionais de Educação Física atuantes em academias de ginástica de São Paulo. O conhecimento da recomendação foi avaliado por meio de um questionário construído para este estudo. Foram avaliados os critérios que compõem a recomendação do exercício aeróbico e resistido, seguindo as diretrizes do Colégio Americano de Medicina do Esporte. A análise dos dados com significância estatística de p < 0,05 foi realizada pelo teste do qui quadrado e pela regressão logística múltipla. RESULTADOS: O conhecimento dos profissionais de Educação Física atuantes em academias, considerando todos os acertos dos critérios que compõem a recomendação do exercício aeróbico e resistido para idosos, foi baixo, sendo apenas 9,3% e 12,6%, respectivamente. Idade, quantidade de empregos, ter curso de pós-graduação finalizado e leitura de artigos científicos foram fatores associados ao conhecimento da recomendação do exercício resistido. Os fatores associados ao conhecimento da recomendação do exercício aeróbico foram idade, quantidade de empregos e leitura de artigos científicos. CONCLUSÃO: O conhecimento dos profissionais de Educação Física com relação à recomendação do exercício aeróbico e resistido para idosos foi baixo, sugerindo a necessidade de melhor capacitação profissional para atender a demanda de idosos nas academias de São Paulo. Nível de Evidência I; Tipo de Estudo: Terapêutico - Investigação dos Resultados do Tratamento


INTRODUCCIÓN: La práctica regular de ejercicios aeróbicos y resistidos es recomendada para la mejora de la capacidad funcional y calidad de vida de personas de la tercera edad. OBJETIVO: Describir el conocimiento de los profesionales de Educación Física sobre la recomendación del ejercicio aeróbico y resistido para personas de la tercera edad e identificar los factores asociados. MÉTODOS: Fueron evaluados 610 profesionales de Educación Física actuantes en gimnasios de São Paulo. El conocimiento de la recomendación fue evaluado por medio de un cuestionario construido para este estudio. Fueron evaluados los criterios que componen la recomendación del ejercicio aeróbico y resistido, siguiendo las directrices del Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte. El análisis de los datos con significancia estadística de p <0,05 fue realizado por el test del qui cuadrado y por la regresión logística múltiple. RESULTADOS: El conocimiento de los profesionales de Educación Física actuantes en gimnasios, considerando todos los aciertos de los criterios que componen la recomendación del ejercicio aeróbico y resistido para personas de la tercera edad fue bajo, siendo sólo 9,3% y 12,6%, respectivamente. La edad, cantidad de empleos, tener curso de postgrado finalizado y lectura de artículos científicos fueron factores asociados al conocimiento de la recomendación del ejercicio resistido. Los factores asociados al conocimiento de la recomendación del ejercicio aeróbico fueron edad, cantidad de empleos y lectura de artículos científicos. CONCLUSIÓN: El conocimiento de los profesionales de Educación Física con relación a la recomendación del ejercicio aeróbico y resistido para personas de la tercera edad fue bajo, sugiriendo la necesidad de una mejor capacitación profesional para atender la demanda de personas mayores en los gimnasios de São Paulo. Nivel de Evidencia I; Tipo de Estudio: Terapéutico - Investigación de los Resultados del Tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Physical Education and Training , Aged/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Professional Training , Resistance Training/methods , Quality of Life , Health Behavior , Fitness Centers
19.
ABCS health sci ; 43(3): 163-168, 20 dez 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-967915

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A autoavaliação do estado de saúde tem sido utilizada em estudos epidemiológicos e representa uma medida de estimativa do nível de saúde. OBJETIVO: Identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados a autoavaliação negativa de saúde em universitários de um curso de Educação Física. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico transversal, realizado com universitários de um curso de Educação Física. A variável dependente foi a auto avaliação de saúde e as variáveis independentes foram sexo, faixa etária, situação conjugal, tempo na universidade, atividade física de lazer, ingestão de frutas/sucos e verduras/saladas, consumo bebidas alcoólicas, índice de massa corporal, auto avaliação de tempo para relaxar e nível de estresse. Utilizou-se a estatística descritiva e as Razões de Prevalências (RP), estimadas pela regressão de Poisson, nas análises brutas e ajustadas, com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Participaram do estudo 111 universitários, com média de idade de 24,7 anos. A prevalência de autoavaliação negativa de saúde foi de 10,1%. Foram associados com maiores prevalências de autoavaliação negativa de saúde os universitários que relataram o consumo irregular de verduras/saladas (RP=9,59; IC95%=1,64-55,96), que estavam com excesso de peso (RP=3,81; IC95%=1,03-14,12), com nível de estresse negativo (RP=8,34; IC95%=2,96-23,48), por outro lado, com menor RP os estudantes de maior faixa etária (RP=0,17; IC95%=0,03-0,82). CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de autoavaliação negativa de saúde foi baixa e os fatores associados a esse desfecho relacionaram-se aos componentes relacionados a alimentação, ao estado nutricional e autoavaliação de estresse na vida.


INTRODUCTION: The self-rated health has been used in epidemiological studies and represents a measure that indicates the status health overall. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and factors associated with negative self-rated health in university students of a Physical Education course. METHODOS: Cross-sectional epidemiological study carried out with university students of a Physical Education course. The self-rated health was dependent variable and independent variables were gender, age range, marital status, college time, leisure-in-time physical activity, fruit/juice intake, vegetable/ salad intake, alcohol consumption, body mass index, selfevaluation of time to relax and stress level. The Prevalence Ratios (PR), estimated by Poisson regression, were used in the crude and adjusted analyzes, with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Participated 111 university students, with a mean age of 24.7 years. The prevalence of negative self-rated health was 10.1%. The negative perception of health was associated with the students that reported the irregular consumption of vegetables/salads (PR=9.59; 95%CI=1.64-55.96), that were body mass excess (PR=3.81; 95%CI=1.03-14.12), with negative self-evaluation of stress (PR=8.34; 95%CI=2.96-23.48) and with lower RP the students of higher age group (PR=0.17; 95%CI=0.03-0.82). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of negative self-rated health was lower and factors associated were related the foods, nutritional status and negative selfrated stress.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Physical Education and Training , Students , Health Behavior , Life Style
20.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 20(4): 532-542, July-Aug. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-958382

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was systematically review the researches in regard the association of PA of parents and the PA of their children. A literature search was performed in five databases (Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Lilacs and SciELO) using combined terms about youth, PA and social support, with restriction to publications with Brazilian sample and to English and Portuguese language. Thirteen studies were included in this review and was observed a positive association of parental PA and the PA of their children for the majority of the studies (n=11). Only two studies did not observed significant association between PA of parents and their children and, otherwise, it was not observed negative associations in the review. It was observed different associations according to the gender of both parents and children. This findings support the importance for the practice of PA by parents as encouragement for the practice of PA by their children among Brazilians. The strategies to promote the increase in practice of physical activity of children and adolescents of both genders may consider the social support as an important factor, especially in relation to the practice of PA of their parents.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi revisar sistematicamente estudos que analisaram a associação da prática de atividade física de pais e filhos. Foi realizada uma busca sistemática em cinco bases de dados (Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Lilacs e SciELO), por meio da combinação de termos sobre crianças e adolescentes, atividade física e suporte social, sendo restrita a estudos contendo amostras brasileiras e escritos em Inglês e/ou Português. Foram incluídos treze estudos na presente revisão e foi observada associação positiva da prática de atividade física de pais e filhos na maioria dos estudos (n=11). Somente dois estudos não observaram associação significativa da atividade física de pais e filhos, contudo não foram observadas associações negativas. Foram observadas diferentes associações de acordo com o gênero tanto dos pais quanto dos filhos. Estes achados ressaltam a importância da prática de atividade física dos pais como incentivo à prática de atividade física dos filhos em amostras brasileiras. Estratégias de promoção da prática de atividade física em crianças e adolescentes de ambos os sexos devem considerar o suporte social como um fator importante, especialmente a respeito da prática de atividade física dos pais.


Subject(s)
Parent-Child Relations , Motor Activity , Exercise/psychology , Health Behavior , Child Health , Adolescent Health
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