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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225337, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366230

ABSTRACT

Aim: To elaborate and validate an instrument for Brazilian Portuguese speakers, to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes mellitus (Dental-Diabetes). Methods: Methodological study comprising four stages: a) Elaboration of instrument; b) Content validation (computing Content Validity Index - CVI) based on Expert Committee assessment; c) Pre-test with 30 dentists, followed by assessment of suggestions by Expert Committee; d) Psychometric validation through instrument application in a sample of 127 dentists by means of the web tool e-Surv. Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate, respectively, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results: The final version of the instrument consists of 22 questions (7 on sociodemographic data and 15 querying dentists' knowledge) and those submitted for validation attained a CVI of 0.95 [95% CI 0.916-0,981], showing satisfactory internal consistency, with 0.794 Cronbach's alpha [95% CI 0.741-0.842] and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.799 [95% CI: 0.746-0.846] between the test and retest scores. Conclusions: Dental-Diabetes is a comprehensive instrument, culturally adequate and validated to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists , Diabetes Mellitus , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results
2.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(290): 8029-8044, julho.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379831

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento da população leiga sobre primeiros socorros no ambiente extra-hospitalar. Método: estudo descritivo, exploratório e quantitativo, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética sob protocolo CAAE no47763121.4.0000.5587, realizado com uma população leiga na região Norte de Mato Grosso, avaliando 150 pessoas, utilizando um questionário validado. Resultados: dos participantes; cerca de 78% souberam identificar os sinais vitais, 58% hemorragia interna e 55% hemorragia externa e 55,3% chamam o socorro após essa verificação. Em relação a queimaduras 65,3% acertaram quanto aos cuidados. Em situações de envenenamento 47% sabem que o paciente deve ser levado para emergência, e 11% sabem avaliar os riscos. Quanto ao conhecimento de realizar uma massagem cardíaca, 54% desconhecem o local correto e compressões. Em relação a prestar os primeiros socorros 84,6% não estão preparados, e 72,6% descrevem inaptos, déficit de capacitação. Conclusão: A população leiga possui conhecimento ainda precário, sugerindo cursos de primeiros socorros.(AU)


Objective: To assess the lay population's knowledge about first aid in the out-of-hospital environment. Critical, exploratory study and published protocol CAAE no47763121.587, carried out with a law in the northern region of Mato Grosso, evaluating 150 people, using the valid one method. Results: from the participants; about 78% of internal protection after the help, 58% of hemorrhage and 55.3% call this verification help. In relation to respect, 65.3% were right about care. In poisoning situations, 47% know that the patient should be taken to an emergency room, and 11% know how to assess the risks. As for the knowledge of performing a cardiac massage, 54% are unaware of the correct location and compressions. Regarding the beginning of first aid, 4.6% are not prepared, and 72.6% describe unfit, capacity deficit. Conclusion: The lay population still has precarious knowledge, suggesting first aid courses.(AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de la población general sobre primeros auxilios en el medio extrahospitalario. Estudio crítico, exploratorio y protocolo publicado CAAE no47763121.587, realizado con una ley en la región norte de Mato Grosso, evaluando 150 personas, utilizando el método válido. Resultados: de los participantes; alrededor del 78% de protección interna después de la ayuda, el 58% de hemorragia y el 55,3% llaman a esta verificación ayuda. En relación al respeto, el 65,3% acertó sobre el cuidado. En situaciones de intoxicación, el 47% sabe que el paciente debe ser llevado a urgencias y el 11% sabe evaluar los riesgos. En cuanto al conocimiento de realizar un masaje cardíaco, el 54% desconoce la ubicación correcta y las compresiones. En cuanto al inicio de los primeros auxilios, el 4,6% no está preparado y el 72,6% describe no apto, déficit de capacidad. Conclusión: La población laica aún tiene conocimientos precarios, sugiriendo cursos de primeros auxilios.(AU)


Subject(s)
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Knowledge , First Aid , Population Health
3.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(1): 8-15, jun, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1379267

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La malaria es una de las enfermedades infecciosas más importantes y para tratarla además de medicamentos, la población emplea plantas medicinales. El objetivo fue establecer los factores asociados a malaria y las plantas empleadas para su tratamiento en habitantes de Corozal. Método: Se aplicó una encuesta con preguntas sociodemográficas, de la vivienda, de conocimiento y de actitudes y las plantas medicinales empleadas para tratarla. Resultados: El 48% emplean plantas medicinales solas o con medicamentos, siendo el Gliricidia sepium (matarratón) y el Acmella oppositifolia (yuyo) las plantas más empleadas. En el 48% de las casas ha habido malaria. Por regresión logística se estableció que la malaria se asoció con conocer cómo se adquiere, consultar al médico tradicional y tener más de 15 años en Corozal. Conclusiones: Las plantas que la población de este estudio reportan no muestran evidencia científica como antimalaricos. Es importante una mayor presencia de las autoridades de salud y su trabajo conjunto con el médico tradicional para lograr estrategias más efectivas(AU)


Introduction: Malaria is one of the most important infectious disease and to treat it in addition to medicines the population uses medicinal plants. The objective was to establish the factors associated with malaria and the plants used for its treatment in inhabitants of Corozal. Method: A survey was applied with sociodemographic questions about housing, knowledge and attitudes, in addition to the medicinal plants used to treat it. Results: 48% use medicinal plants alone or with medicines, Gliricidia sepium (rat poisson) and Acmella oppositifolia (Opposite-leaf Spotflower) are the most used. In 48% of the homes there has been malaria. By logistic regression it was established that malaria was associated with knowing how it is acquired, consulting the traditional doctor and living in Corozal for more than 15 years. Conclusions: The plants that the population of this study report usimg do not show scientific evidence antimalarials. A greater presence of health authorities and their joint work with the traditional doctor for more effective strategies is important(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Plants, Medicinal , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Malaria , Antimalarials/therapeutic use , Logistic Models , Colombia/epidemiology
4.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(1): 63-71, jun, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1381296

ABSTRACT

La gestión de los residuos sanitarios requiere atención especial y todos los equipos sanitarios deben participar en la manipulación de los residuos. Se presta menos atención a la gestión de residuos sanitarios en países en vías de desarrollo y no hay evidencia sobre las prácticas de gestión de residuos sanitarios en algunas instituciones sanitarias. Este estudio se realizó para evaluar las prácticas de gestión de residuos sanitarios y los factores asociados en tres hospitales de Perú. Es un estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo y de corte transversal basado en tres establecimientos de salud. Los datos se recopilaron mediante cuestionarios y listas de verificación de observación. El (66,67%) de los trabajadores conocían sobre el manejo de los desechos biológicos. La mayoría conocía los riesgos asociados con el manejo de los mismos (95,91%). Los participantes tenían el conocimiento de que pueden evitarse las infecciones. Nueve de cada diez de los trabajadores realizaron por lo menos dos capacitaciones en la gestión del manejo de los desechos biológicos. El 95,91% conocía los códigos de colores correctos de los contenedores para diferentes flujos de desechos. En cuanto a las actitudes, 161 (94,15 %) indicó que la gestión de los desechos biológicos era importante y 162 (94,74%) estuvo de acuerdo en que era necesaria una implementación estricta para la gestión adecuada de los mismos en el establecimiento de salud. Elementos clave para mejorar las prácticas de gestión de residuos sanitarios en hospitales: promover prácticas que reduzcan el volumen de residuos generados y aseguren una adecuada segregación de residuos(AU)


Healthcare waste management requires special attention and every healthcare teams should be involved in handling of wastes. However, less attention is paid to health care waste management in developing countries and there is no evidence on health care waste management practices in some institutions providing health services. This study was conducted to assess healthcare waste management practices and associated factors in three hospitals in Peru. It is a descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study based on three health establishments. Data were collected using questionnaire and observational checklists. The (66.67%) of the workers knew about the management of biological waste. The majority knew the risks associated with handling them (95.91%). Participants were aware that infections can be prevented. Nine out of ten of the workers completed at least two trainings in the management of biological waste. 95.91% knew the correct container color codes for different waste streams. Regarding attitudes, 161 (94.15%) indicated that the management of biological waste was important and 162 (94.74%) agreed that strict implementation was necessary for proper management of biological waste in the environment health facility. Key elements to improve healthcare waste management practices in hospitals: promote practices that reduce the volume of waste generated and ensure proper waste segregation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Occupational Risks , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Medical Waste Disposal , Waste Management/methods , Environmental Hazards , Peru , Health Personnel , Hospitals
5.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 127-133, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese, French | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372962

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar a prática clínica e identificar as barreiras relacionadas à mobilização precoce em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Método: estudo observacional analítico e prospectivo que incluiu pacientes em ventilação mecânica por mais de 24 horas. Foram coletados diariamente dados clínicos, critérios de segurança, barreiras e atividades realizadas nos atendimentos de fisioterapia. Posteriormente a amostra foi dividida de acordo com a realização de sedestação à beira do leito. Utilizou-se teste T para comparação entre grupos e para associação teste Qui-quadrado ou Exato de Fischer quando necessário. Resultados: participaram 54 indivíduos com média de idade 51,33±14,85 anos e SAPSIII médio de 63,47±13,37 pontos. A mobilização foi realizada em 1356 sessões, em sua maioria atividades passivas. Nenhuma atividade fora do leito foi realizada com pacientes em ventilação mecânica. As principais barreiras foram sedação, nível de consciência e procedimentos médicos. A não sedestação à beira do leito foi associada à ausência de critérios de segurança, que impediram a mobilização, e ocorrência de óbito. Conclusão: A mobilização foi realizada na maioria das sessões, porém poucas atividades foram realizadas fora do leito. Durante o período de ventilação mecânica nenhuma atividade foi realizada fora do leito. As barreiras mais citadas foram sedação, nível de consciência e procedimentos médicos.


Purpose: characterize the clinical practice and identify barriers related to early mobilization in an Intensive Care Unit. Method: analytical and prospective observational study that included patients on mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours. Clinical data, safety criteria, barriers and activities performed in physical therapy consultations were collected on a daily basis. Subsequently, the sample was divided according to the performance of the patient sitting at the bedside. The T-test was used for comparison between groups and the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test were used when necessary. Results: a total of 54 individuals participated, with a mean age of 51.33±14.85 years and mean SAPSIII of 63.47±13.37 points. Mobilization was performed in 1356 sessions, mostly passive activities. No out-of-bed activities were performed with patients on mechanical ventilation. The main barriers were sedation, level of consciousness, and medical procedures. Failure to sit at the bedside was associated with the absence of safety criteria, which prevented mobilization, and the occurrence of death. Conclusion: Mobilization was performed in most sessions, but few activities were performed outside the bed. During the period of mechanical ventilation, no activity was performed outside the bed. The barriers most frequently mentioned were sedation, level of consciousness, and medical procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Early Ambulation , Intensive Care Units , Respiration, Artificial , Physical Therapy Modalities , Consciousness , Death , Mobility Limitation , Deep Sedation , Physical Therapists , Methods
6.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 349-355, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377377

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a type of cancer caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between awareness of cervical cancer and HPV infection and attitudes towards HPV vaccine among women aged 15-49 years. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at Karabük Training and Research Hospital, Turkey. METHODS: 500 women who visited the gynecology outpatient clinic of a public hospital between July 15 and December 31, 2019, were selected through random sampling. Data were collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire comprising nine questions (created by the researchers), the HPV and Cervical Cancer Awareness Questionnaire and the Carolina HPV Immunization Attitudes and Beliefs Scale. RESULTS: The relationship between the awareness questionnaire and the beliefs scale was explained through simple effect modeling of a structural equation. The women's knowledge score regarding cervical cancer and HPV infection was 4.69 ± 4.02 out of 15. Women were afraid of being diagnosed with cervical cancer and HPV infection, but they did not have sufficient information. They had poor information about the HPV vaccine, did not know how to obtain the vaccine and did not have enough information about its benefits and harmful effects. Women who were afraid of getting cervical cancer, and who thought that they were at risk, had more information about the HPV vaccine. CONCLUSION: Women need information about cervical cancer, HPV infection and the HPV vaccine. Midwives, nurses and physicians who provide healthcare services in gynecological follow-ups should provide information to women about the HPV vaccine and cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 331-340, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377392

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Brazil is facing increasing cycles of numbers of infected people and deaths resulting from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This situation involves a series of factors, including the behavior of the population, that can be decisive for controlling the disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the Brazilian population regarding COVID-19. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey-type study, conducted using a population sample from different Brazilian states. METHODS: A quantitative, descriptive and analytical approach was used. Sampling was done according to convenience and via snowballing. The data collection instrument was a knowledge, attitudes and practices system. RESULTS: 1,655 people from all over Brazil participated in the survey; 80% were living in the southern region and 70.15% were female. More than 90% had knowledge and good attitudes relating to the means of transmission, preventive care and symptoms associated with COVID-19, although their knowledge and attitudes were not fully reflected in daily practices, for which there was lower adherence (80%). Greater knowledge was correlated with older participants, larger number of children, female sex and marital status; better attitude, with female sex and complete higher education; and better practices, with greater age, larger number of children and female sex. CONCLUSION: A large part of the population has general knowledge about COVID-19, but not all knowledge was applied in practice. Older people, females and university graduates stood out as the best informed and most committed to controlling the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Aged , COVID-19 , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(287): 7645-7661, abr.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372585

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:identificar o conhecimento de idosos sobre acidente vascular cerebral relacionado à busca pelo atendimento emergencial. Método:revisão integrativa realizada em maio e junho de 2021,na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health, Scientific Eletronic Library Online, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS e Web of Science, empregados Descritores de Ciências da Saúde, Medical Subject Headings e termos alternativos, publicados em 2016 a 2021.Resultados:compuseram 33 artigos o corpus da revisão, categorizados em duas vertentes: os conhecimentos sobre fatores de risco, prevenção e identificação do AVC; e a busca pelo atendimento precoce no serviço de urgência e emergência. Conclusão:idosos geralmente desconhecema doença e a necessidade de busca precoce doatendimento, o que ressalta a importância de ações de promoção à saúde e orientações relacionadas ao AVC, sejam elas por meio das mídias ou de pessoas que compõem a rede de apoio(AU)


Objective: to identify the knowledge of the elderly about stroke related to the search for emergency care. Method: integrative review carried out in May and June 2021 at the Virtual Health Library, National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS and Web of Science, employees Health Sciences, Medical Subject Headings and alternative terms, published in the years 2016 to 2021. Results: the review corpus comprised 33 articles, categorized into two aspects: knowledge about risk factors, prevention and identification of stroke; and the search for early care in the urgency and emergency service. Conclusion: the elderly are generally unaware of the disease and the need to seek care early, which highlights the importance of health promotion actions and guidelines related to stroke, whether through the media or people who make up the support network.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar el conocimiento de los ancianos sobre el accidente cerebrovascular relacionado con la búsqueda de atención de emergencia. Método: revisión integradora realizada en mayo y junio de 2021 en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina e Institutos Nacionales de Salud, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS y Web of Science, empleados Ciencias de la Salud , Medical Subject Headings y términos alternativos, publicados en los años 2016 a 2021. Resultados: el corpus de revisión comprendió 33 artículos, categorizados en dos aspectos: conocimiento sobre factores de riesgo, prevención e identificación del ictus; y la búsqueda de atención temprana en el servicio de urgencias y emergencias. Conclusión: los ancianos generalmente desconocen la enfermedad y la necesidad de buscar atención temprana, lo que destaca la importancia de las acciones y directrices de promoción de la salud relacionadas con el accidente cerebrovascular, ya sea a través de los medios de comunicación o de las personas que componen la red de apoyo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Stroke , Emergencies , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/prevention & control , Ambulatory Care
9.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 201-212, 01/03/2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1370629

ABSTRACT

Objective. Develop and semantically validate an instrument to assess the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)..Methods. Validation study of an instrument to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents towards CPR, developed in three phases: (i) development of the evaluation instruments by the authors; (ii) content validation performed by 14 expert judges in the area using the content validity index for analysis; and (iii) semantic validation carried out with the participation of 30 adolescents between 11 and 13 years old. Results. In the content validation, the questions on CPR knowledge obtained a content validity index (CVI) between 0.92 and 1.00, with a general index of 0.98; and the questions about attitudes obtained an IVC between 0.85 and 1.00, with a general index also of 0.98. Regarding semantic validation, three questions were modified in the knowledge assessment instruments and five in the attitude assessment instrument. Conclusion. Semantic and content validation of the instruments studied showed that they are suitable for assessing the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents related to CPR, so their use is recommended in the evaluation of training actions in this population group.


Objetivo. Desarrollar y validar semánticamente un instrumento para evaluar los conocimientos y las actitudes de adolescentes hacia la resucitación cardiopulmonar (RCP). Métodos. Estudio de validación de un instrumento para evaluar los conocimientos y las actitudes de adolescentes hacia la RCP que se desarrolló en tres fases: (i) desarrollo de los instrumentos de evaluación por parte de los autores; (ii) validación de contenido realizada por 14 jueces expertos en el área utilizando el índice de validez de contenido para el análisis; y (iii) validación semántica realizada con la participación de 30 adolescentes, entre los 11 y 13 años. Resultados. En la validación de contenido, las preguntas sobre conocimientos de RCP obtuvieron un índice de validez de contenido (IVC) entre 0.92 y 1.00, con índice general de 0.98; y las preguntas sobre actitudes obtuvieron un IVC entre 0.85 a 1.00, con un índice general también de 0.98. En cuanto a la validación semántica, se modificaron tres preguntas en los instrumentos de evaluación de conocimientos y cinco en el instrumento de evaluación de actitudes. Conclusión. La validación semántica y de contenido de los instrumentos estudiados mostraron que son adecuados para la valoración de conocimientos y actitudes de los adolescentes relacionados con la RCP, por lo que se recomienda su uso en la evaluación de acciones formativas en este grupo poblacional.


Objetivo. Desenvolver e validar semanticamente um instrumento para avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes de adolescentes para a ressuscitação cardiopulmonar (RCP). Métodos. Estudo de validação de um instrumento para avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes de adolescentes para a RCP que se desenvolveu em três fases: (i) desenvolvimento dos instrumentos de avaliação por parte dos autores; (ii) validação de conteúdo realizada por 14 juízes especialistas na área utilizando o índice de validez de conteúdo para a análise; e (iii) validação semântica realizada com a participação de 30 adolescentes de entre 11 e 13 anos. Resultados. Na validação de conteúdo, as perguntas sobre conhecimentos de RCP obtiveram um índice de validez de conteúdo (IVC) entre 0.92 e 1.00, com índice geral de 0.98; e as perguntas sobre atitudes obtiveram um IVC entre 0.85 a 1.00, com um índice geral também de 0.98. Enquanto à validação semântica, se modificaram três perguntas nos instrumentos de avaliação de conhecimentos e cinco no instrumento de avaliação de atitudes. Conclusão. A validação semântica e de conteúdo dos instrumentos estudados mostraram que são adequados para a valoração de conhecimentos e atitudes dos adolescentes relacionados com a RCP, por isso se recomenda seu uso na avaliação de ações formativas neste grupo populacional.


Subject(s)
Nursing Methodology Research , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Adolescent , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Validation Study
10.
FEMINA ; 50(3): 171-177, 20220331. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367570

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar o conhecimento das adolescentes atendidas no Ambulatório de Ginecologia sobre os métodos contraceptivos. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo quantitativo de corte transversal com adolescentes do sexo feminino, acompanhadas no Serviço de Ginecologia. A seleção foi por ordem de chegada mediante agendamento prévio. Após consulta médica, foi aplicado um questionário anônimo e estruturado sobre: características sociodemográficas; antecedentes ginecológicos; conhecimento do uso correto e indicação dos métodos contraceptivos. As variáveis foram analisadas pela estatística descritiva com medidas de tendência central e variabilidade. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: A população estudada foi composta por adolescentes com média de idade de 15,80 anos (+/- 1,3), 48,0% de etnia/cor parda, 84,0% frequentavam a escola pública e 56,0% cursavam o ensino médio. A maioria possuía conhecimento insuficiente/ausência de conhecimento e 80,0% tinham informações sobre contracepção que não envolveu a participação de um profissional de saúde, apesar de eles indicarem o uso dos métodos para a maioria dessas jovens (75,0%). A combinação do preservativo masculino e anticoncepcional oral foi referida em 25,0% das adolescentes. Conclusão: A maioria das adolescentes possuía conhecimento insuficiente/ausente sobre métodos contraceptivos, o que parece contribuir para o uso inconsistente deles. A maior prevalência do uso do preservativo masculino e do anticoncepcional oral associada à baixa participação dos profissionais de saúde como fonte de informação para o uso correto dos métodos ratifica a necessidade de políticas públicas sobre educação sexual para que as adolescentes exerçam sua sexualidade com responsabilidade e segurança.(AU)


Objective: Evaluate the knowledge of adolescents seen in the Gynecology Outpatient Clinic for Children and Youth. Methods: A quantitative transverse study was carried out with thems, regularly seen at the Gynecology Outpatient Clinic for Children and Youth. We selected participants by arrival order. After having their appointment done, we applied an anonymous and structured questionnaire containing questions regarding sociodemographics characteristics, past gynaecological history and knowledge, correct use and indications of contraceptives methods. Those variables were analysed using descriptive statistics such as central tendency and variability. The research was approved by the Ethics in Research Committee. Results: The population studied was composed of adolescents with an average age of 15.8 years (+/- 1.3), 48.0% of ethnicity/brown colour, 84.0% attended public school and 56.0% were in high school. Most of them had insufficient knowledge/lack of knowledge and 80.0% had information about contraception that did not involve the participation of a health professional, however health professionals had suggested a method of contraception for most of these young women (75.0%). The combination of male condoms and oral contraceptives were reported by 25.0% of adolescents. Conclusion: That most of the adolescents had insufficient/absent knowledge about contraceptive methods which seems to contribute to their inconsistent use. The high prevalence of the use of male condoms and oral contraceptives found in this study and low participation of health professionals as a source of information for the correct use of methods ratify the need for public policies on sex education for adolescents enjoy their sexuality responsibly and safely.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pregnancy in Adolescence/prevention & control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Contraception/methods , Adolescent Health/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Condoms , Contraceptives, Oral , Health Communication
11.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Prevención y Control de Tuberculosis. Dirección de Promoción de la Salud; 1 ed; Feb. 2022. 128 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1357755

ABSTRACT

La publicación, cuyos contenidos se agrupan en cinco sesiones: sesión 1, "Prácticas y entornos para mantener la salud respiratoria"; sesión 2, "Conociendo la tuberculosis"; sesión 3, "Prevenimos la tuberculosis"; sesión 4, "Importancia de la adherencia al tratamiento de la tuberculosis"; sesión 5 "¡Nos preparamos para nuestras visitas domiciliarias!" en el caso de la modalidad presencial y "¡Nos preparamos para acompañar a la Persona Afectada por Tuberculosis - PAT y su familia!" en la modalidad virtual. Asimismo, se plantea desde el enfoque del aprendizaje de adultos, elaborado para la modalidad presencial y modalidad virtual, a partir de una metodología activa participativa. Las sesiones consideran diversas dinámicas, cuya aplicación es flexible por lo que pueden adaptarse de acuerdo a las características de cada grupo


Subject(s)
Patient Escort Service , Respiration Disorders , Respiratory Tract Infections , Tuberculosis , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant , Community Health Workers , Patient-Centered Care , Health Promotion
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 297-304, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366052

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Standard precautions (SPs) are recommended safety measures for healthcare professionals to follow, with a view to preventing healthcare-related infections (HCRIs) and for their own protection. Inadequate adherence to these measures can lead to occurrences of occupational accidents and HCRIs. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the knowledge of and adherence to SP measures among the nursing staff of a hemodialysis service and the relationship of these variables to occurrences of work accidents with biological material. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive cross-sectional and correlational study with a quantitative approach developed in a hemodialysis clinic in Minas Gerais. METHODS: Data were collected through sociodemographic questionnaires and questionnaires on knowledge of and adherence to SPs. RESULTS: 29 professionals participated in the study. It is noteworthy that all of them had already participated in training related to SPs. However, no relationship was identified between knowledge of (15.17 points) and adherence to (71.86 points) SPs. In addition, inferential analysis showed that there was a relationship between suffering a work accident with biological material and the sociodemographic data and knowledge of and adherence to standard precautions. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the SPs that had been established did not mean mastery of the subject. Despite positive results regarding adherence, factors requiring improvement were observed. It was possible to infer the characteristics that gave rise to greater risk of occurrences of accidents at work. Thus, this study showed the importance of assessing knowledge of and adherence to SP, in order to optimize and direct continuing education towards resolving occupational exposure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Guideline Adherence , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Renal Dialysis , Infection Control/methods
13.
Femina ; 50(2): 121-128, 20220228. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366127

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o impacto das orientações médicas recebidas durante o pré-natal sobre o conhecimento adquirido de puérperas e gestantes, a respeito da importância dos principais exames solicitados para a assistência do pré-natal em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS). Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional, descritivo, com grupo de comparação. A pesquisa foi realizada na UBS Júlia Seffer, localizada no município de Ananindeua, Pará, Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada mediante a aplicação de questionário a 50 mulheres, 25 gestantes e 25 mulheres pós-parto, que tinham entre 18 e 49 anos e fizeram o pré-natal de agosto de 2019 a agosto de 2020. Resultados: Entre os dados analisados, apenas 52% das gestantes e 44% das puérperas conseguiram descrever a medição da altura uterina. Em relação ao processo educativo durante o pré-natal, pode-se evidenciar que 88% das gestantes e 72% das puérperas não estavam envolvidas em nenhuma atividade educativa. Em relação à avaliação pré-natal, apenas 32% das gestantes e 44% das mulheres pós-parto avaliaram como excelente o atendimento realizado na UBS. Conclusão: Observou-se a presença de falhas no processo educativo, que indica a necessidade de maior cuidado e investimentos na atenção primária direcionada ao cuidado e orientação das mulheres no ciclo gravídico-puerperal.(AU)


Objective: To analyze the impact of medical guidance received during prenatal care on the knowledge acquired by postpartum and pregnant women regarding the importance of the main tests requested for prenatal care in a Basic Health Unit (BHU). Methods: This is an observational, descriptive study, with comparison group. The research was conducted at UBS Júlia Seffer, located in the municipality of Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil. Data collection was performed by applying a questionnaire to 50 women, 25 pregnant and 25 postpartum women, who were between 18 and 49 years old and had prenatal care from August 2019 to August 2020. Results: Among the data analyzed, only 52% of pregnant women and 44% of puerperal women were able to describe the measurement of uterine height. Regarding the educational process during prenatal care, it can be evidenced that 88% of pregnant women and 72% of puerperal women were not involved in any educational activity. Regarding prenatal evaluation, only 32% of pregnant women and 44% of postpartum women evaluated as excellent the care provided in the BHU. Conclusion: It was observed the presence of flaws in the educational process that indicate the need for greater care and investment in primary care directed to the care and guidance of women in the gravidic-puerperal cycle.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Prenatal Education/statistics & numerical data , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Postpartum Period , Health Impact Assessment
14.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): e20226524, 14 janeiro 2022. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1359631

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: mapear, em estudos que utilizaram o Families' Importance in Nursing Care ­ Nurses' Attitudes e/ou o Family Nursing Practice Scale, os fatores associados à atitude positiva dos enfermeiros em relação às famílias dos pacientes, em distintos cenários do cuidado. MÉTODO: protocolo de scoping review, elaborado conforme as recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR), que seguirá as etapas preconizadas pelo Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Os documentos serão identificados, por três revisores independentes, nas bases de dados: PUBMED/Medline; LILACS; BVS; PsycInfo; Google Acadêmico; SCOPUS e CINAHL, utilizando-se os títulos dos instrumentos e suas siglas, que serão localizados no título e/ou resumo dos artigos. As referências dos estudos primários incluídos também serão consultadas. Após aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade, as informações pertinentes serão sistematicamente registradas e analisadas, sendo os dados apresentados de forma narrativa e tabular, de modo que atendam ao objetivo proposto


OBJECTIVE: to map the factors associated with nurses' positive attitudes toward the families of patients cared for in different healthcare settings reported by studies adopting the Families' Importance in Nursing Care ­ Nurses' Attitudes and/or Family Nursing Practice Scale. METHOD: scoping review protocol developed according to the guidelines provided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) and the steps proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Three independent reviewers will identify the documents in the following databases: PUBMED/Medline, LILACS, BVS, PsycInfo, Academic Google, SCOPUS, and CINAHL, using the instruments' titles and/or their acronyms located in the documents' titles and/or abstracts. The primary studies' references will also be consulted. After applying eligibility criteria, relevant information will be systematically recorded and analyzed. Finally, the results will be described and tabulated to meet the objective proposed.


OBJETIVO: mapear, en estudios que utilizaron el Families' Importance in Nursing Care ­ Nurses' Attitudes y/o el Family Nursing Practice Scale, los factores asociados a la actitud positiva de los enfermeros en relación a las familias de los pacientes, en distintos escenarios del cuidado. MÉTODO: protocolo de scoping review, elaborado conforme a las recomendaciones del Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR), que seguirá las etapas preconizadas por el Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Los documentos serán identificados, por tres revisores independientes, en las bases de datos: PUBMED/Medline; LILACS; BVS; PsycInfo; Google Académico; SCOPUS y CINAHL, utilizando los títulos de los instrumentos y sus siglas, que serán localizados por el título y/o resumen de los artículos. Las referencias, de los estudios primarios incluidos, también serán consultadas. Después de la aplicación de los criterios de elegibilidad, las informaciones pertinentes serán sistemáticamente registradas y analizadas; los datos serán presentados de forma narrativa y tabular, de modo que atiendan al objetivo propuesto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Professional-Family Relations , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Family Nursing , Nursing Care
15.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): e20226535, 14 janeiro 2022. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1359929

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear os instrumentos validados disponíveis na literatura para avaliação de conhecimentos e atitudes de estudantes de graduação na área da saúde sobre segurança do paciente. MÉTODO: Revisão de escopo conduzida a partir da metodologia Joanna Briggs Institute, com utilização da extensão do checklist PRISMA-ScR, nas seguintes fontes de informação: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, MEDLINE via Pubmed, COCHRANE, CINAHL, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science e Google Scholar. Serão considerados elegíveis estudos que respondam à pergunta de pesquisa, publicados em inglês, português e espanhol e que apresentem a descrição do instrumento utilizado. A seleção ocorrerá de maneira independente por dois revisores, a partir do software Rayyan. Divergências serão apreciadas por um terceiro revisor. Síntese e extração dos dados serão executadas considerando os itens de um formulário elaborado pelos autores. Os resultados serão apresentados por meio de quadro resumo, fluxograma e discussão narrativa. Registro da revisão no Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/wak7f.


OBJECTIVE: To map the validated instruments available in the literature to assess the knowledge and attitudes of undergraduate students in the health area about patient safety. METHOD: A scoping review conducted based on the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology, using the PRISMA-ScR checklist extension, in the following information sources: Virtual Health Library, MEDLINE via Pubmed, COCHRANE, CINAHL, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar. Studies that answer the research question, published in English, Portuguese and Spanish and that present a description of the instrument used will be considered eligible. Selection will take place independently by two reviewers, based on the Rayyan software. Disagreements will be appreciated by a third reviewer. Data synthesis and extraction will be performed considering the items of a form prepared by the authors. The results will be presented through a summary chart, flowchart and narrative discussion. Review record in the Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/wak7f.


OBJETIVO: Mapear los instrumentos validados disponibles en la literatura para evaluar el conocimiento y las actitudes que poseen los estudiantes universitarios del área de la salud sobre la seguridad del paciente. MÉTODO: Revisión de alcance realizada según la metodología del Joanna Briggs Institute, utilizando la extensión de la checklist PRISMA-ScR, en las siguientes fuentes de información: Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, MEDLINE a través de Pubmed, COCHRANE, CINAHL, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science y Google Scholar. Se considerarán elegibles los estudios que respondan a la pregunta de investigación, publicados en inglés, portugués y español y que presenten una descripción del instrumento utilizado. La selección se llevará a cabo de forma independiente por dos revisores mediante el software Rayyan. Un tercer revisor evaluará los desacuerdos. La síntesis y extracción de los datos se realizará considerando los ítems de un formulario elaborado por los autores. Los resultados se presentarán a través de cuadro resumen, diagrama de flujo y discusión narrativa. La revisión fue registrada en Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/wak7f.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Health Occupations , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Safety
16.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 36: e45266, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376449

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the nurses' discourses about the actions and strategies of care for the elderly with tuberculosis in primary health care services. Method: exploratory study, with qualitative approach, developed in the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraíba. Nurses working in Primary Health Care and who assisted elderly people diagnosed with tuberculosis in the municipality were included in the study. The empirical data were analyzed using the theoretical analytical device of the Discourse Analysis of the French matrix. Results: it was evidenced that the effective implementation of active search, incentives, home visits, comprehensive care for the elderly, health education and exams favor the control of the disease, in addition to the therapeutic adherence of the elderly. Final considerations: the nurses' discourses elucidated that professionals should rethink how they are producing care for the elderly, especially those with tuberculosis, because this population lacks specific attention, with their own singularities.


Objetivo: analizar los discursos de las enfermeras sobre las acciones y estrategias de atención a los ancianos con tuberculosis en los servicios de atención primaria de salud. Método: estudio exploratorio, con enfoque cualitativo, desarrollado en el municipio de João Pessoa, Paraíba. En el estudio se incluyeron enfermeras que trabajan en Atención Primaria de Salud y que asistieron a personas mayores diagnosticadas con tuberculosis en el municipio. Los datos empíricos fueron analizados utilizando el dispositivo analítico teórico del Análisis del Discurso de la matriz francesa. Resultados: se evidenció que la implementación efectiva de la búsqueda activa, incentivos, visitas domiciliarias, atención integral a los ancianos, educación para la salud y exámenes favorecen el control de la enfermedad, además de la adherencia terapéutica de los ancianos. Consideraciones finales: los discursos de las enfermeras dilucidaron que los profesionales deben repensar cómo están produciendo la atención a los ancianos, especialmente a los que tienen tuberculosis, porque esta población carece de atención específica, con sus propias singularidades.


Objetivo: analisar os discursos de enfermeiras sobre as ações e estratégias do cuidado ao idoso com tuberculose em serviços da Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: estudo exploratório, com abordagem qualitativa, desenvolvido no município de João Pessoa, Paraíba. Foram incluídos no estudo enfermeiras atuantes na Atenção Primária à Saúde e que assistiram a idosos diagnosticados com tuberculose no município. Os dados empíricos foram analisados por meio do dispositivo teórico analítico da Análise de Discurso de matriz francesa. Resultados: evidenciou-se que a implementação eficaz da busca ativa, incentivos, visitas domiciliares, cuidado integral ao idoso, educação em saúde e exames favoreceram o controle da doença, além da adesão terapêutica do idoso. Considerações finais: os discursos das enfermeiras elucidaram que os profissionais devem repensar a forma como estão produzindo o cuidado à pessoa idosa, principalmente as que têm tuberculose, pois essa população carece de atenção específica, com singularidades próprias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tuberculosis , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health of the Elderly , Primary Care Nursing
17.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 36: e44908, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376445

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar as atitudes de adolescentes escolares sobre o consumo de álcool e outras drogas. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 324 adolescentes do ensino médio de escola pública, no período de setembro a dezembro de 2018, utilizando a Escala de Representações Sociais do Consumo de Álcool e Drogas em Adolescentes. Resultados: a maioria dos adolescentes afirmou não consumir álcool (52,2%), tabaco (92,6%) ou drogas ilícitas (91,4%); os que não consumiam drogas apresentaram baixa tendência para usá-las (82,9%), enquanto que, entre os que consumiam, era elevada a tendência para manter essa conduta (77,3%). As atitudes para o consumo mostraram influência do ambiente, de amigos e de familiares, além do tipo de droga a ser consumida; a religião foi identificada como fator protetor. Conclusão: as atitudes de adolescentes escolares sobre o consumo de álcool e outras drogas indicaram que havia uma tendência de reprodução comportamental desse consumo.


Objetivo: identificar las actitudes de los adolescentes en edad escolar sobre el consumo de alcohol y otras drogas. Método: estudio transversal, realizado con 324 adolescentes de bachillerato público, de septiembre a diciembre de 2018, utilizando la Escala de Representaciones Sociales del Consumo de Alcohol y Drogas en Adolescentes. Resultados: la mayoría de los adolescentes reportaron no consumir alcohol (52,2%), tabaco (92,6%) o drogas ilícitas (91,4%); los que no consumieron drogas mostraron una baja tendencia a consumirlas (82,9%), mientras que entre los que las consumieron, la tendencia a mantener esta conducta (77,3%) fue alta. Las actitudes hacia el consumo mostraron influencia del entorno, amigos y familiares, además del tipo de droga a consumir; la religión fue identificada como un factor protector. Conclusión: las actitudes de los adolescentes escolares sobre el consumo de alcohol y otras drogas indicaron que existía una tendencia de reproducción conductual de este consumo.


Objective: to identify the attitudes of school adolescents about the consumption of alcohol and other drugs. Method: cross-sectional study, conducted with 324 adolescents from public high school, from September to December 2018, using the Scale of Social Representations of Alcohol and Drug Consumption in Adolescents. Results: most adolescents reported not consuming alcohol (52.2%), tobacco (92.6%) or illicit drugs (91.4%); those who did not use drugs showed a low trend to use them (82.9%), while among those who consumed them, the trend to maintain this conduct (77.3%) was high. Attitudes towards consumption showed influence of the environment, friends and family, in addition to the type of drug to be consumed; religion was identified as a protective factor. Conclusion: the attitudes of school adolescents about the consumption of alcohol and other drugs indicated that there was a trend of behavioral reproduction of this consumption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Substance-Related Disorders , Adolescent Health , Underage Drinking , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 36: e46643, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376464

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender a função do apoio social recebido pelas mães de recém-nascidos prematuros tardios para o aleitamento materno. Método: estudo qualitativo desenvolvido por meio de entrevistas em profundidade com 15 mães, no Sul do Brasil. Os dados foram tratados por análise teórica e ancorados no referencial teórico de Rede Social de Sanicola. Resultados: as fontes de apoio da rede primária foram membros do núcleo familiar e da rede secundária, os profissionais, agentes de saúde e membros da comunidade. Funções da rede: apoio material para os afazeres domésticos e cuidados com as demandas específicas do bebê; apoio afetivo; e informativo: manejo do aleitamento materno e intercorrências. Houve ausência de apoio às mães no domicílio pelos profissionais de saúde. Considerações finais: o apoio social recebido pelas mães de recém-nascidos prematuros tardios não incluiu a rede primária na demanda de cuidados multiprofissionais, para atender as demandas de um bebê com especificidades.


Objetivo: comprender la función del apoyo social que reciben las madres de recién nacidos prematuros tardíos para la lactancia materna. Método: estudio cualitativo desarrollado a través de entrevistas en profundidad con 15 madres en el sur de Brasil. Los datos fueron tratados mediante análisis teórico y anclados en el marco teórico de la Red Social de Sanicola. Resultados: las fuentes de apoyo de la red primaria fueron miembros del núcleo familiar y de la red secundaria, profesionales, agentes de salud y miembros de la comunidad. Funciones de red: apoyo material para las tareas domésticas y el cuidado de las demandas específicas del bebé; apoyo afectivo; e informativo: manejo de la lactancia materna y complicaciones. Los profesionales de la salud no apoyaron a las madres en el hogar. Consideraciones finales: el apoyo social recibido por las madres de recién nacidos prematuros tardíos no incluyó la red primaria en la demanda de atención multiprofesional, para satisfacer las demandas de un bebé con especificidades.


Objective: to understand the function of social support received by mothers of late premature newborns for breastfeeding. Method: qualitative study developed through in-depth interviews with 15 mothers in southern Brazil. The data were treated by theoretical analysis and anchored in the theoretical framework of Social Network of Sanicola. Results: the sources of support of the primary network were members of the family nucleus and the secondary network, professionals, health agents and community members. Network functions: material support for household tasks and care for the specific demands of the baby; affective support; and informative: breastfeeding management and complications. There was no support for mothers at home by health professionals. Final considerations: the social support received by mothers of late premature newborns did not include the primary network in the demand for multiprofessional care, to meet the demands of a baby with specificities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Breast Feeding , Infant, Premature , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Maternal Health
19.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210504, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1380312

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento dos enfermeiros recém-formados sobre as medidas das Precauções Específicas (PE). Método: Estudo transversal descritivo-exploratório, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado em um hospital privado de São Paulo, em fevereiro de 2019. Os enfermeiros foram abordados para participar da pesquisa enquanto aguardavam o início do processo seletivo para "Enfermeiro Junior". Para avaliar o conhecimento, foi utilizado um instrumento validado, contendo 29 questões de múltipla escolha, divididas em cinco eixos temáticos, sendo definida como ponto de corte a média 7,0 (de zero a 10). Para análise dos dados, foi usado o pacote estatístico R Core, e o lme4 para os modelos mistos generalizados, sendo adotado nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 190 enfermeiros recém-formados com nota geral de 5,82, sendo a maior média (7,9) no eixo "Equipamento de Proteção Individual". Nos demais eixos, as médias foram abaixo de 7,0, tendo a menor pontuação (4,35) no eixo "Cuidados com o Ambiente". Conclusão e Implicações para a prática: O estudo evidenciou déficit de conhecimento sobre as PE entre os enfermeiros recém-formados, com implicações para a segurança dos pacientes e dos profissionais de saúde, desde a prática assistencial na graduação (estágios) ao início da carreira profissional


Objective: To assess the knowledge of newly graduated nurses about Specific Precautions/Isolation measures. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive-exploratory study with a quantitative approach was conducted in a private hospital in São Paulo in February 2019. The researcher approached the nurses waiting for the "Junior Nurse" position selection process to participate in the survey. The participants answered a validated instrument with 29 multiple-choice questions, divided into five thematic categories. A score of 7.0 (from zero to 10) was defined as the cut-off point. The R Core statistical package and the lme4 for generalized mixed models were used for data analysis, with a significance level of 5%. Results: 190 newly graduated nurses participated in the study, with an overall knowledge of Specific Precautions score of 5.82, with the highest mean (7.9) in the "Personal Protective Equipment" category. In the other four categories, the nurses scored below 7.0, with the lowest score (4.35) in the "Care for the environment". Conclusion and Implications for the practice: The study showed a deficiency of Specific Precautions knowledge among newly graduated nurses, with implications for the patients' and healthcare professionals' safety from graduation practice (internship) to the beginning of their professional career


Objetivo: Evaluar los conocimientos de los enfermeros recién graduados sobre las medidas de Precauciones Específicas/aislamiento. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo-exploratorio con enfoque cuantitativo en un hospital privado de São Paulo en febrero/2019. El investigador abordó a los enfermeros que esperaban el proceso de selección del puesto de "Enfermero Junior" para que respondieran a la encuesta. Se utilizó un instrumento validado con 29 preguntas de opción múltiple, divididas en cinco categorías temáticas, y definió como punto de corte 7,0 (de cero a 10). Se utilizó el paquete estadístico R Core y el lme4 para modelos mixtos generalizados, y nivel de significación del 5%. Resultados: Participaron 190 enfermeros recién graduados con una puntuación global de 5,82, con la media más alta (7,9) en "Equipos de protección personal". En las demás categorías, las puntuaciones fueron inferiores a 7,0, siendo la más baja (4,35) la de "Cuidado del ambiente". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: El estudio mostró una deficiencia de conocimientos sobre Precauciones Específicas entre los enfermeros recién graduados, lo que tiene implicaciones para la seguridad de los pacientes y de los profesionales de la salud desde la práctica de graduación (pasantía) hasta el inicio de la carrera profesional


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Communicable Disease Control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , COVID-19/prevention & control , Nurses , Cross-Sectional Studies , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19/transmission
20.
Saúde Soc ; 31(2): e210140es, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377346

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los procesos de atención y cuidado de la salud-enfermedad en los hospitales se configuran en torno a diferentes dimensiones relacionales entre los actores implicados. En las sociedades occidentales se han naturalizado a estas instituciones como espacios que suponen una estructura vertical, dominada por la racionalidad biomédica. Este artículo se basa en la revisión de la bibliografía y muestra que las prácticas de atención y cuidado involucran distintos vínculos, saberes y emociones que configuran aspectos por fuera de lo normado desde la institución. El objetivo consiste en indagar en los procesos de atención y cuidado desarrollados en los hospitales de Latinoamérica, colocando el foco en las tensiones entre la racionalidad que impone la norma y las emociones que emergen en el proceso de trabajo. Para ello se realizó una metaetnografía, que permitió sintetizar investigaciones cualitativas y producir una nueva interpretación del problema estudiado. De este modo, se conformó un corpus de 36 artículos científicos a partir de las búsquedas en las bases de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud (BVS), PubMed, SciELO y Scopus. Los resultados muestran que las racionalidades y las emociones intervienen como dimensiones estructurales de los procesos de atención y cuidado en los hospitales.


Abstract Healthcare process that take place in hospitals are shaped around different relational dimensions between the actors involved. Western societies have naturalized these institutions as spaces of presumed vertical structure, ruled by biomedical rationality. This literature review shows that care practices entail different relations, knowledge and emotions, which configure aspects found outside the institution's standards. It investigates the healthcare processes developed in Latin America hospitals, focusing on the tensions between the rationality imposed by the norm and the emotions that emerge in the work process. For this purpose, a metaethnography was carried out to summarize qualitative research and produce new interpretations on the topic. A total 36 scientific papers was obtained by searching the BVS, PubMed, SciELO and Scopus databases. Results show that rationalities and emotions function as structural dimensions of healthcare processes in hospitals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Delivery of Health Care , Emotions , Hospital Care , Ethics , Hospitals , Ethical Review , Qualitative Research
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