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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(3): 410-436, mayo 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538165

ABSTRACT

In the indigenous peoples Tu'un savi and Mé'pháá of the mountain region of guerrero, allopathic medicine and traditional herbal medicine are used, due to this, we consider that dialogues of knowledge should be established between the practitioners of both medicines. We collaborated with 46 individuals to discuss the forms of using medicinal species, preparing treatments, and using allopathic medicine. Through semi-structured and in-depthinterviews, 121 plant species were recorded, with which more than 40 diseases are treated, which are distributed in the digestive, muscular, respiratory, and urinary systems:chronic-degenerative and cultural diseases. The dialogue of knowledge between specialists in traditional medicine and allopathic doctors could contribute to the development of their own health project, with which a regional ethnodevelopment plan could be created.


En los pueblos indígenas Tu'un savi y Mé'pháá de la montaña de Guerrero se utiliza la medicina alopática y la medicina tradicional herbolaria, debido a ello, consideramos que deberían establecerse diálogos de saberes entre los practicantes de ambas medicinas. Se trabajó con 46 colaboradores, con los cuales se dialogó acerca de las formas de uso de las especies medicinales, preparación de los tratamientos y utilización de l a medicina alopática. A través de entrevistas semiestructuradas y a profundidad se registraron 121 especies de plantas, con las que se tratan más de 40 enfermedades, las cuales están distribuidas en los sistemas digestivo, respiratorio y urinario; también se atienden enfermedades crónico - degenerativas y culturales. El diálogo de saberes entre especialistas de la medicina tradicional y médicos alópatas podría contribuir a la elaboración de un proyecto de salud propio, con el cual se podría crear un plan de e tnodesarrollo regional


Subject(s)
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ethnology , Medicine, Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Indigenous Peoples , Mexico
2.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 15: 1-7, maio. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1553946

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as práticas de cuidado desenvolvidas para atender às necessidades de saúde de homens em atenção domiciliar. Métodos: Pesquisa observacional e qualitativa, realizada com 34 cuidadores e 24 homens assistidos pelo serviço de atenção domiciliar do município de João Pessoa. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de um roteiro com variáveis sociodemográficas e perguntas abertas. A Análise Crítica do Discurso foi utilizada como método de análise, com destaque para os significados representacional e identificacional dos discursos. Resultados: As práticas de cuidado e necessidades de saúde foram apontadas com base na relação hegemônica entre os atores do cuidado, associação do cuidado ao processo de trabalho informal, atuação da família, da atividade corresponsabilizada, e prática da autonomia e autocuidado. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se um cuidado multifacetado e executado por diversos atores com suporte de equipes multiprofissionais de atenção domiciliar. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the care practices developed to meet the health needs of men in home care. Methods: Observational and qualitative research, carried out with 34 caregivers and 24 men assisted by the home care service in the city of João Pessoa. Data collection was performed through a script with sociodemographic variables and open questions. Critical Discourse Analysis was used as a method of analysis, with emphasis on the representational and identificational meanings of the discourses. The research was approved according to the opinion number 1.829.326. Results: Care practices and health needs were identified based on the hegemonic relationship between the care actors, association of care with the informal work process, family activities and co-responsibility activities, and the practice of autonomy and self-care. Conclusion: There was evidence of a multifaceted care performed by different subjects with the support of multidisciplinary home care teams. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar las prácticas asistenciales desarrolladas para satisfacer las necesidades de salud de los hombres en la atención domiciliaria. Métodos: Investigación observacional y cualitativa, realizada con 34 cuidadores y 24 hombres asistidos por el servicio de atención domiciliaria en la ciudad de João Pessoa. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante un guión con variables sociodemográficas y preguntas abiertas. Se utilizó el Análisis Crítico del Discurso como método de análisis, con énfasis en los significados representativos e identificativos de los discursos. La investigación fue aprobada de acuerdo al dictamen número 1.829.326. Resultados: Se identificaron prácticas de cuidado y necesidades de salud a partir de la relación hegemónica entre los actores del cuidado, la asociación del cuidado con el proceso de trabajo informal, las actividades familiares y de corresponsabilidad, y la práctica de la autonomía y el autocuidado. Conclusión: Se evidenció una atención multifacética realizada por diferentes sujetos con el apoyo de equipos multidisciplinares de atención domiciliaria. (AU)


Subject(s)
Men's Health , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Caregivers , Knowledge , Home Care Services , Home Nursing
3.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13154, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1552747

ABSTRACT

Objective: to understand how the Covid-19 pandemic has interfered with the self-care and lifestyle of university students. Method: exploratory descriptive research carried out with nursing students from four higher education institutions in the state of Paraná. Data were collected using an electronic form available on Google Forms; those of a quantitative nature were subjected to descriptive and inferential analysis, and the answers to open questions analyzed using the Iramuteq Software. Results: 58 nursing students participated in the study, the majority of whom were female (82.76%), with an average age of 22 years, the majority lived with their family. Statistically significant association was observed between Age and "Made friends during remote classes"; Sex and "substance use"; and Year of graduation with eating habits and "Made friends during remote classes". Conclusion: the pandemic especially influenced eating habits, self-care, sleep quality and alcohol and tobacco use among nursing students.


Objetivos:comprender cómo la pandemia de Covid-19 ha interferido en el autocuidado y estilo de vida de los estudiantes universitarios. Método: investigación descriptiva exploratoria realizada con estudiantes de enfermería de cuatro instituciones de educación superior del estado de Paraná. Los datos fueron recopilados mediante un formulario electrónico disponible en Google Forms; los de carácter cuantitativo fueron sometidos a análisis descriptivo e inferencial, y las respuestas a preguntas abiertas analizadas mediante el Software Iramuteq. Resultados: Participaron del estudio 58 estudiantes de enfermería, la mayoría del sexo femenino (82,76%), con una edad promedio de 22 años, la mayoría vivía con su familia. Se observó asociación estadísticamente significativa entre Edad y "Hizo amigos durante las clases remotas"; Sexo y "consumo de sustancias"; y Año de graduación con hábitos alimentarios y "Hice amigos durante clases remotas". Conclusión: la pandemia influyó especialmente en los hábitos alimentarios, el autocuidado, la calidad del sueño y el consumo de alcohol y tabaco entre los estudiantes de enfermería.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , COVID-19 , Life Style
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e240735, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537142

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the opinion of the students on the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on theoretical knowledge and clinical practice in dentistry at the Piracicaba Dental School ­ FOP/UNICAMP. Methods: A questionnaire was applied using the Google Forms platform, containing 20 questions related to the impacts of the pandemic on knowledge, mental health, and clinical and laboratory practice of dentistry. The satisfaction of the students with teaching was also evaluated. A total of 120 questionnaires were analyzed using R software, through tables and graphs of absolute and relative frequencies distribution. Results: COVID-19 affected the lives of 99% students who participated in the study. Due to distance learning resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, 50% of the students considered locking or dropping out of college. Operative dentistry was the curricular component most affected by distance and lack of clinical practice. Although most students agreed that the workload of practical disciplines was or would be replaced, 95% felt some kind of deficit in clinical and laboratory practice even with the replacement of the workload. In addition, 93.3% of the students were afraid of not becoming a qualified professional due to the deficiencies on theoretical knowledge and clinical practice caused by the pandemic. Conclusions: Students showed dissatisfaction with the deficiency of clinical and laboratory practice resulting from the pandemic in operative dentistry curricular component. They reported fear and insecurity with their future professional lives. The indication of remote classes for dentistry should only be carried out in emergencies because this is an essentially practical course that suffers losses in learning


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Dentistry, Operative , COVID-19 , Learning
5.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e230011, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535007

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To review the literature unprecedentedly to identify the dentistry students' knowledge of pediatric patients who suffered violence. Material and Methods: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, LILACS, SciELO, Google Scholar, and OpenGrey electronic databases up to November 2021. The "Grey Literature" was verified through Google Scholar and Open Grey searches to avoid any selection bias. There was no restriction on the date of publication or language. Results: The systematic search yielded 2.756 studies in the first selection phase, but only twenty-two articles were included. All selected articles were published between 1998 and 2021 and used a questionnaire to evaluate the dentistry students' knowledge regarding child maltreatment cases. Brazil was the country that had the most studies included (10 articles). Despite the majority of the students presenting insufficient knowledge about child maltreatment, evidence from this research showed that every form of approach by professionals toward child maltreatment should be considered important. Conclusion: Therefore, there are deficiencies regarding the teaching-learning methodology, reinforcing the need for improvements in Dentistry undergraduate curricula.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Students, Dental , Violence/psychology , Child Abuse, Sexual/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Study Characteristics
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess dentists' knowledge from Minas Gerais, Brazil, about dentoalveolar trauma (DT) and their experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and Methods: An online questionnaire with 34 questions was applied to collect personal data, professional training, self-assessment of experience/knowledge about DT, experience in care provided during the social distancing, and knowledge/conduct. The specific responses were evaluated based on the guidelines of the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT). Descriptive analysis and Pearson's chi-square test were performed. The level of significance was set at p≤0.05. Results: Most professionals (97.7%) had received information on DT, and only 4.6% of the participants considered their knowledge poor or very poor. However, 92.7% felt the need for more information on the subject. Regarding experiences during the pandemic, 55.7% provided trauma care during that period. Forty percent of the consultations were performed in person, and 33.3% of the professionals noted an increase in cases during the pandemic; 56.6% reported that the frequency did not change. The overall mean number of correct answers about DT was 5.29±2.11, indicating an acceptable level of knowledge. The mean percentage of hits for the specific questions was 44.1%. Conclusion: Although the level of knowledge of the dentists evaluated was acceptable, some aspects were deficient, with the need for more information about the IADT guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Containment of Biohazards , COVID-19/transmission , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 2024. 163 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553852

ABSTRACT

Ao longo da década de 1980, a epidemia do HIV atingiu um grupo populacional já marginalizado, o dos homossexuais masculinos, e instigou preconceito semelhante aos infectados com lepra, independente de classe social. A epidemia, no entanto, desencadeou o surgimento de novas ONGs, o fortalecimento de antigas, a aprovação da união civil entre pessoas do mesmo sexo, tendo mobilizado entidades de classe, pastorais da igreja, profissionais de saúde e órgãos do governo para medidas de resposta ao problema inicialmente ignorado pela sociedade (MONTEIRO; VILELLA, 2009; CECÍLIO, 2009). A empreitada pelos direitos ao tratamento e à prevenção do HIV logrou êxito principalmente com relação ao princípio da universalidade do Sistema único de Saúde (SUS). Os princípios da equidade e da integralidade, entretanto, com relação ao tratamento dos que vivem com HIV, ainda está em construção. Nosso estudo, conduzido na Casa da Aids, em São Paulo, teve por objetivos: saber que tipo de acolhimento os pacientes recebem, se eles realmente têm abertura para falar sobre seus anseios e sobre seus hábitos mais íntimos; pesquisar se o acolhimento realizado pelos profissionais da instituição consegue animá-los para a próxima ida. Queremos saber como isso pode ocorrer e também como poderia garantir vínculo e adesão ao tratamento. Como metodologia, realizamos a observação participante, tendo por base as contribuições de Bosi (1979) e Minayo (1992). Trata-se de uma técnica de coleta de informações largamente utilizada na pesquisa qualitativa, sobretudo as de cunho etnográfico. Implica no observador se colocar em relação ao campo e aos sujeitos numa atitude a um só tempo aberta e expectante, todavia com escassa ou nenhuma intervenção no processo. Foram entrevistados 11 sujeitos, 6 pacientes e 5 profissionais de saúde, todos na Casa da Aids. Utilizamos o conteúdo narrado para coletar as histórias de vida dos personagens, e fizemos as nossas narrativas sobre eles em forma de hestórias patográficas (NUNES, 2018; NUNES, 2019; SOUZA, 2003) e de historiobiografias (CRITELLI, 2013). As narrativas conferem, para qualquer usuário do sistema de saúde, uma absorção da própria vivência na doença, uma maior oportunidade daquele sujeito se apropriar do seu processo e, quiçá, transformá-lo, dentro do processo de saúde, em fonte de vida; permite ao profissional ter uma maior visão dos reais sentimentos que o sujeito que vive uma doença tem por seu tratamento; também faz com que tanto o profissional quanto o usuário tenham visão do mundo do sujeito que experencia aquele processo e com que enxerguem uma luz para melhorar a trajetória dele no sentido de controlar aquela doença. Finalmente, sugerimos algumas mudanças no fluxo do serviço de saúde, a fim de suprir a necessidade de estreitamento na relação instituição-usuário.


Throughout de 80s, the HIV epidemic reached an already marginalized population group, that of male homosexuals, and instigated similar prejudice to those infected with leprosy, regardless of social class. The epidemic, however, triggered the emergence of new NGOs, the strengthening of old ones, the approval of civil unions between the same-sex individuals, mobilizing professional associations, church, church pastoral groups, health professionals and government bodies to tackle a problem initially ignored by society (MONTEIRO; VILELLA, 2009; CECÍLIO, 2009). The advocacy for the rights to HIV treatment and prevention was particularly successful in relation to the principle of Universality of the SUS. However, the principles of Equity and Integrality concerning the treatment of those living with HIV, are still under development. Our study, conducted at Casa da AIDS, in São Paulo, had the following objectives: to find out what kind of sheltering the patients received, whether they felt comfortable to talk about their desires and their most intimate habits; research whether the support provided by the institution's professionals motivate them for subsequent visits. We sought to explore how this could happen, and also how it could ensure a connection and adherence to treatment. We proceeded with participant observation, based on the contributions of Bosi (1979) and Minayo (1992). Observation is a widely used information collection technique in qualitative research, especially in ethnographic research. It involves the observer adopting an open and expectant attitude towards the field and subjects, with minimal or no intervention in the process. Eleven subjects were interviewed, including 6 patients and 5 healthcare professionals, all at Casa da Aids. We used the narrated content collected the life stories of the characters, presenting our narratives about the characters in the form of patographic histories(NUNES, 2018; NUNES, 2019; SOUZA, 2003) and of historiobiographies (CRITELLI, 2013). Narratives provide any healthcare system user with an absorption of their own experience with the disease, offering a greater opportunity for the individual to take ownership of their process and, perhaps, transform it into a source of life within the health process. They allow professionals to gain a deeper understanding of the true feelings a person that lives with a disease has towards their treatment. Additionally, narratives enable both professionals and users to see the world from the perspective of an individual with that condition, shedding light on ways to improve their journey in controlling that illness. Finally, we suggest some changes in the healthcare services flow, in order to meet the need for a closer relationship between institution and user.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV , Delivery of Health Care , User Embracement , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Qualitative Research
8.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13174, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1554323

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre os desafios da gestão menstrual. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, BVS, SciELO e Mendeley, utilizando os descritores "Menstruação", "Produtos de Higiene Menstrual" e "Saúde", para responder à questão norteadora "Quais são as dificuldades e os impactos encontrados pelas pessoas na gestão de suas menstruações?". Resultados: foram incluídos dezessete estudos os quais permitiram a construção de infográfico, que destacou como principais desafios da gestão menstrual.: barreiras culturais e sociais, acesso a produtos de higiene menstrual, infraestrutura e ambientes adequados, educação e conscientização, e impacto na saúde e bem-estar. Considerações finais: barreiras culturais, falta de educação menstrual e acesso limitado a produtos e infraestrutura prejudicam a saúde e o bem-estar das mulheres, impactando suas atividades diárias, no âmbito escolar e/ou profissional. Reconhecer essas questões é crucial para a proposição de intervenções e políticas públicas.


Objective: To analyze the available evidence in the literature regarding the challenges of menstrual management. Method: Integrative literature review conducted in the PubMed, BVS, SciELO, and Mendeley databases, using the keywords "Menstruation," "Menstrual Hygiene Products," and "Health," to answer the guiding question "What are the difficulties and impacts encountered by individuals in managing their menstruation?" Results: Seventeen studies were included, allowing the construction of an infographic that highlighted the main challenges of menstrual management: cultural and social barriers, access to menstrual hygiene products, adequate infrastructure and environments, education and awareness, and health and well-being impact. Final considerations:cultural barriers, lack of menstrual education, and limited access to products and infrastructure negatively impact women's health and well-being, affecting their daily activities, both in educational and/or professional settings. Recognizing these issues is crucial for proposing interventions and public policies.


Objetivos:analizar las evidencias disponibles en la literatura sobre los desafíos de la gestión menstrual. Método: revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos PubMed, BVS, SciELO y Mendeley, utilizando los descriptores "Menstruación", "Productos de Higiene Menstrual" y "Salud", para responder a la pregunta guía "¿Cuáles son las dificultades y los impactos encontrados por las personas en la gestión de sus menstruaciones?". Resultados: se incluyeron diecisiete estudios que permitieron la construcción de un infográfico, que destacó como principales desafíos de la gestión menstrual: barreras culturales y sociales, acceso a productos de higiene menstrual, infraestructura y entornos adecuados, educación y concienciación, e impacto en la salud y el bienestar. Consideraciones finales: barreras culturales, falta de educación y acceso limitado afectan la salud y bienestar femenino, impactando actividades diarias y profesionales. Reconocer estas cuestiones es crucial para proponer intervenciones y políticas públicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Education
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220108, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529144

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To study the frequency of self-medication and knowledge about out-of-counter drugs during the COVID-19 pandemic in a group of Iranian dental students. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among dental undergraduates from September 2021 to November 2021 after receiving ethical clearance from the Kerman Medical University Ethical Committee. A valid and reliable questionnaire, consisting of demographic data and questions about self-medication and knowledge about out-of-counter drugs, was sent to participants via E-mail. Data was analyzed by SPSS 26 software by using a t-test. The P-value was considered at a 0.05% significant level. Results: A total of 88 students participated in the study with a mean age of 21.39±3.71 years. Prevalence of self-medication was found in 53.4%. The most common cause for self-medication was headache. Acetaminophen was the most commonly used medicine for self-medication. Females had more self-medication than males, but there was no significant differences. There was no significant differences between entering year to university and self-medication. Younger students had significantly more self-medication (p=0.007). Knowledge about out-of-counter drugs was moderate. Conclusion: Moderate self-medication as noticed. The out-of-counter drugs were the most used. Although out-of-counter drugs seem relatively safe, their improper use can cause serious side effects. Dental students need to be educated regarding appropriate safe medication and out-of-counter drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Self Medication , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Nonprescription Drugs , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control , Iran
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e230065, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the level of oral cancer awareness and risk factors perception and the relationship between this awareness and the sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics. Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted among rural and urban residents in Lagos State, Nigeria. A multi-stage random sampling method was utilized. The sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of respondents, as well as their knowledge about oral cancer risk factors, were assessed with a validated questionnaire. The bivariate association was done using an independent t-test and one-way ANOVA. Multivariate regression was used to determine the association between predictor variables and oral cancer knowledge scores. The statistical significance level is set at p<0.05. Results: 590 participants between 18 and 82 years (mean age 34.5 ±13.7) completed the survey. The prevalence of cigarette smoking was 25.7%, of which 16 (1.5%) were heavy smokers (20+ cigarettes per day). The prevalence of alcohol consumption was 66.1%, with 57 (9.7%) being heavy drinkers, consuming drinks for 5-7 days of the week. A high proportion of the respondents (>60%) exhibited gaps in their knowledge of oral cancer. Uneducated participants had lower oral cancer knowledge than those with >12 years of formal education (aOR = 5.347; 95% CI: 4.987-6.240). Participants who were smokers had lower oral cancer knowledge compared with non-smokers (aOR = 3.341; 95% CI: 2.147-4.783); Participants who consumed alcohol had more deficient oral cancer knowledge compared with non-drinkers (aOR = 1.699; 95% CI: 1.087-2.655); While heavy smokers aOR = 4.023; 95% CI: 3.615-4.825) and heavy drinkers aOR = 4.331; 95% CI: 3.158-5.939) had lower oral cancer knowledge compared with those who did not abuse both substances. Conclusion: A high proportion of the respondents exhibited gaps in their knowledge of oral cancer in their responses. Delayed diagnosis of oral cancer can be reduced by increasing the awareness and knowledge of the populace about risk factors and also in the recognition of its signs and symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tobacco Use Disorder , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Risk Factors , Alcoholism , Sociodemographic Factors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Nigeria/epidemiology
12.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 17(1): 49-55, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1525504

ABSTRACT

Background:The emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a highly contagious disease that causes viral respiratory illness, has changed the lifestyle of humans worldwide. Dental practitioners and patients are at high risk of infection during their routine practice due to their exposure to saliva, blood, and droplet production.Aim:To gain insight into the patient's viewpoint regarding the practice, altitude, and knowledge of COVID-19 and its transmission and cross-infection in dental clinics.Methods:This was cross­sectional analytic survey in dentistry during the COVID-19 pandemic. Aself-administered close-ended questionnaire consisting of 32 variables was distributed among the study participants. The data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25. The level of significance was p ≤ 0.05. Results:The age of the participants varied from 20 - 58 years, with a mean age of 34.6 ±5. The majority (89.3%) felt COVID-19 was a highly contagious disease, while 50.0% of the respondents believed that the most common route of COVID-19 transmission in dentistry is through aerosols. The majority, 78.6%, recorded good knowledge of infection control following the COVID-19 outbreak. The number of married patients who had good knowledge of cross-infection control was 118, which was statistically significant.Conclusion:From the study, it is evident that the patients possess a good range of knowledge in both preventive and cross-infection protocols to follow during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the same cannot be said about the practice


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
13.
Sudan j. med. sci ; 19(1): 90-97, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1552435

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a global pandemic caused by SARS_COV2. The symptoms of covid-19 include: fever, dyspnea, fatigue, a recent loss of smell and taste, sore throat, cough, and cutaneous lesions. In addition, some skin manifestations were reported to be associated with COVID-19. Methods: The study design is a descriptive cross-sectional hospital-based study. The study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge and practice about skin manifestations of COVID-19 among doctors working at Khartoum dermatology and venereology teaching hospital. A self-administrated questionnaire was used for data collection after an informed consent was taken. Results: Among 140 doctors working in the dermatology and venereology teaching hospital, 75.7% of the doctors had knowledge that COVID-19 can present with skin manifestations. The study results showed that about half of the participants have poor knowledge about COVID-19 skin manifestations while 25% have no knowledge, and that 35 (25%) doctors have good knowledge. From a total of 140 doctors; 46.4% reported that when patients present with COVID-19 skin lesions, they will isolate them in separate rooms and call the epidemiology center, whereas, 61 doctors (43.6%) did not know if they have a protocol for COVID-19 suspected cases. This study reported a significant association between job category and level of knowledge toward COVID-19 skin manifestations measured by Chi-square test, the P-value was 0.003 (significant at 0.05), and the same significant association was found between the year of rotation and knowledge. Conclusion: Half of the doctors covered by this study had poor knowledge about COVID-19 skin manifestations, and therefore, educating doctors in dermatology hospitals about skin manifestations of COVID-19 is recommended, besides clear and precise guidelines and protocols for diagnosis and management.


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Skin Manifestations , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , COVID-19
15.
Distúrbios Comun. (Online) ; 35(4): e62835, 31/12/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552821

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O avanço das tecnologias auditivas tem ajudado crianças com deficiência auditiva a ouvir, mas é necessário acompanhar o desenvolvimento das habilidades auditivas e de linguagem oral. Objetivo: O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o conhecimento de fonoaudiólogos brasileiros sobre a bateria EARS, que apresenta nove protocolos de avaliação do desenvolvimento das habilidades auditivas e de linguagem oral. Método: Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo e qualitativo, transversal descritivo. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio do formulário Google Forms em ambiente digital. O questionário foi composto por 13 questões, sendo quatro sobre o perfil do profissional e nove sobre seu conhecimento e/ou uso de protocolos dos propostos pela bateria EARS. Responderam a este estudo 67 participantes. Resultados: Desse total, 70% atuam diretamente na terapia fonoaudiológica, 41% atendem tanto em serviço privado como público. 97% consideram importante o uso de protocolos de avaliação e monitoramento das habilidades auditivas e de linguagem oral e 92% sentem falta de protocolos validados. Com relação ao uso dos protocolos da bateria EARS, constatou-se que os mais comuns são o MUSS, o MAIS, o GASP e o MTP. Conclusão: Os testes que os fonoaudiólogos brasileiros mais adotam são o MUSS, o MAIS, o GASP e o MPT. A maioria usa mais de um protocolo na avaliação, no monitoramento e mesmo na reabilitação. No entanto, nota-se que ainda há carência de protocolos validados para contemplar as etapas de desenvolvimento das habilidades auditivas e de linguagem oral de crianças com deficiência auditiva. AU)


Introduction: The advancement of hearing technologies has helped hearing-impaired children to hear, but it is necessary to monitor the development of hearing and oral language skills. Objective: The objective of this article is to analyze the knowledge of Brazilian speech therapists about the EARS battery, which presents nine protocols for evaluating the development of auditory and oral language skills. Method: This is a quantitative and qualitative, cross-sectional, descriptive study. Data collection was carried out using the Google Forms in a digital environment. The questionnaire consisted of 13 questions, four about the professional's profile and nine about their knowledge and/or use of protocols proposed by the EARS battery. 67 participants responded to this study. Results: Of this total, 70% work directly in speech therapy, 41% work in both private and public services. 97% consider it important to use protocols for evaluating and monitoring auditory and oral language skills and 92% feel that validated protocols are lacking. Regarding the use of EARS battery protocols, it was found that the most common are MUSS, MAIS, GASP and MTP. Conclusion: The tests that Brazilian speech therapists most adopt are the MUSS, MAIS, GASP and MPT. Most use more than one protocol in assessment, monitoring and even rehabilitation. However, it is noted that there is still a lack of validated protocols to cover the stages of development of auditory and oral language skills in children with hearing impairment. (AU)


Introducción: Los avances tecnológicos relacionados con las tecnologías auditivas han ayudado a los niños con pérdida auditiva a oier mejor, sin embargo es necesario monitorear el desarrollo de las habilidades auditivas y del lenguaje oral. Objetivo: Este artículo trata de un análisis del conocimiento de los fonoaudiólogos brasileños sobre la Batería EARS, que presenta nueve protocolos para evaluar el desarrollo de las habilidades auditivas y la percepción del habla en niños con pérdida auditiva que utilizan dispositivos de amplificación de sonido e implantes cocleares. Método: Se trata de un estudio transversal descriptivo cuantitativo y cualitativo. La recojida de datos se realizó mediante el formulario Google Forms en un entorno digital. El cuestionario constaba de 13 preguntas, siendo cuatro de libre elección y relacionadas con el perfil del profesional y nueve relacionadas con el uso de protocolos y el conocimiento y/o el uso de protocolos propuestos por la Batería EARS. En este estudio participaron 67 encuestados. Resultados: De este total el 70% actuan directamente en terapia fonoaudiologica y el 41 % atienden tanto en el servicio público como privado. El 97% consideran importante el uso de protocolos de evaluación y seguimiento de las habilidades auditivas y del lenguage oral y el 92% afirman que faltan protocolos válidos. Con relación al uso de los protocolos de bateria EARS, se llegó a la conclusión que los más usuales son el MUSS, el MAIS, el GASP y el MTP. Conclusión: Las pruebas más utilizadas por los fonoaudiólogos brasileños son MUSS, MAIS y GASP y MTP. La gran mayoria utiliza mas de un protocolo en la evaluación y seguimiento y en la rabilitación, sin embargo se nota que faltan protocolos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Guidelines as Topic , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Collection , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cochlear Implants , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hearing Loss/therapy , Language Therapy/methods
16.
Distúrbios Comun. (Online) ; 35(4): e61762, 31/12/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552982

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O momento para introdução de alimentação via oral plena em neonatos é desafiador. Protocolos auxiliam nesse processo utilizando majoritariamente avaliações subjetivas, porém, estudos apontam a importância de incluir critérios objetivos. Objetivo: Analisar a visão da equipe de Fonoaudiologia sobre utilização de protocolos e construção de raciocínio clínico na introdução via oral em uma unidade neonatal. Método: Pesquisa qualitativa, analítica, exploratória. Coleta de dados por meio de grupos focais e por questionário de perfil sociodemográfico e técnico-científico dos participantes. Resultados: Participaram três preceptoras e três residentes entre 25 e 39 anos, de diferentes etnias, formadas entre um e 16 anos, de dois a 12 anos atuando em Neonatologia. Possuem aprimoramentos, cursos e três realizaram especialização. Emergiram dos grupos focais cinco categorias de análise: formação especializada como reflexo das necessidades de saúde da população; processo de construção da competência para assistência em neonatologia baseado nas diretrizes da Iniciativa Hospital Amigo da Criança; alinhamento das condutas da equipe e melhor acompanhamento da evolução dos casos; dificuldade na aplicação do protocolo no processo de trabalho; e, sugestões de incrementos ao protocolo baseados em diretrizes institucionais. Conclusão: A equipe utiliza protocolo institucional embasado na literatura, ao qual se sugere adicionar critérios objetivos para melhores resultados assistenciais e aprimorar o processo de ensino- aprendizagem das residentes. (AU)


Introduction: Identifying the moment to introduce full oral administration in neonates is challenging. Protocols assist in this process using mostly subjective assessments; however, studies demonstrate the importance of including objective criteria. Objective: To analyze the view of the Speech Therapy team on the use of protocols and construction of clinical reasoning in oral introduction in a neonatal unit. Method: Qualitative, analytical, exploratory research. Data collection through focus groups and a socio-demographic and technical-scientific profile questionnaire of the participants. Results: Three preceptors and three residents between 25 and 39 years old, of different ethnicities, graduated between one and 16 years, from two to 12 years working in Neonatology, participated. They have improvements, courses and three completed postgraduate studies. Five categories of analysis emerged from the focus groups: specialized training as a reflection of the population's health needs; competence building process for assistance in neonatology based on the guidelines of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative; alignment of the team's conduct and better monitoring of the evolution of cases; difficulty in applying the protocol in the work process; and suggestions for increments to the protocol based on institutional guidelines. Conclusion: The team uses an institutional protocol based on the literature. It is suggested to add objective criteria for better results, helping residents to learn. (AU)


Introducción: el momento de introducir la administración oral completa en neonatos es un desafío. Los protocolos ayudan en este proceso utilizando evaluaciones mayoritariamente subjetivas, sin embargo, los estudios señalan la importancia de incluir criterios objetivos. Objetivo: Analizar la visión del equipo de Fonoaudiología sobre el uso de protocolos y construcción del razonamiento clínico en la introducción oral en una unidad neonatal. Método: Investigación cualitativa, analítica, exploratoria. Recopilación de datos a través de grupos focales y cuestionario de perfil sociodemográfico y técnico-científico de los participantes. Resultados: Participaron tres preceptores y tres residentes entre 25 y 39 años, de diferentes etnias, egresados entre uno y 16 años, de dos a 12 años trabajando en Neonatología. Cuentan con mejoras, cursos y tres estudios de posgrado terminados. De los grupos focales surgieron cinco categorías de análisis: la formación especializada como reflejo de las necesidades de salud de la población; proceso de construcción de competencias para la asistencia en neonatología a partir de los lineamientos de la Iniciativa Hospital Amigo del Ninõ; alineación de la conducta del equipo y mejor seguimiento de la evolución de los casos; dificultad en la aplicación del protocolo en el proceso de trabajo; y, sugerencias para incrementos al protocolo basados en lineamientos institucionales. Conclusión: : El equipo utiliza un protocolo institucional basado en la literatura, al que se sugiere agregar criterios objetivos para mejores resultados de atención y mejorar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de los residentes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Enteral Nutrition , Guidelines as Topic , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Clinical Reasoning , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Health Personnel , Qualitative Research
17.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33368, 26 dez. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524292

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As Práticas Integrativas e Complementares em Saúde integram práticas e saberes milenares aos conhecimentos biomédicos ocidentais atuais. Dentro do Sistema Único de Saúde, especificamentena Atenção Primária, o principal local de atuação das referidas práticasé nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde.Objetivo:Avaliaro uso destas práticas nas Unidades Básicas do município de Mossoró/Rio Grande do Norte.Metodologia:Realizou-se um estudo descritivo transversal com abordagem quantitativa com gerentes de Unidades Básicas de Saúdede Mossoró. Foram utilizadosdoisquestionários: um para avaliar o conhecimento dos gerentes das Unidades Básicas acerca daspráticas integrativase outro para avaliar o seu usoe processo deimplementação. Os dados foram coletados através da aplicação dequestionários de forma online por meio da ferramenta Google Forms.Resultados:Vinte e três gerentesque,no estudo totalizou um percentual de 48,9%,responderamos questionários. A maioria dos entrevistados demonstrouconhecimentos sobreas Práticas,dasquaispodemos citar como sendoas mais conhecidas:acupuntura, meditação e fitoterapia. Apenas 17,4% das Unidades Básicas de Saúdeofertamas mesmas, sendo a fitoterapia a principal. A aplicação destasé realizada, majoritariamente,por enfermeiros, sendo saúde mental e dores musculares as indicações mais comuns. A falha na tentativa de implantação destas práticasfoi atribuídaà falta de capacitação profissional e recursos, enquanto a sua interrupçãose deudevidoà escassez de material e à pandemia da COVID-19. Conclusões:Este estudo encontrou uma baixa prevalência nas referidas práticasna cidade deMossoró. Destaca-se a necessidade de qualificação e capacitação dos profissionais da Atenção Primária à Saúdeem Práticas Integrativas e Complementares, bem como melhor gestão dos recursos para efetiva implementação no município, vistosua importância nos cuidados de saúde integral e prevenção de doenças (AU).


Introduction:Integrative and Complementary Health Practices integrate ancient practices and wisdom with current western biomedical knowledge. Within theUnified Health System, specifically in Primary Health Care, the main place where these practicesare applied is in Basic Health Units.Objective:To evaluate the use of these practicesin the Basic Units from the municipality of Mossoró/Rio Grande do Norte.Methodology:A cross-sectional and descriptive study with a quantitative approach was carried out with Basic Health Unit managers from Mossoró. Two questionnaires were used: one to assess the Basic Unit managers' knowledge aboutintegrative practices; and the other to evaluate their use and implementation process. The data were collected by applying questionnaires online using the Google Forms tool. Results:Twenty-three managers, who totaled a percentage of 48.9% in the study, answered the questionnaires. Most of the participants showed knowledge about the Practices, among which wecan mention the following as the best known: Acupuncture, Meditation and Herbal Medicine. Only 17.4% of the Basic Health Units offerthese practices, with Phytotherapy as the main one. Their application of these is mostly in charge of nurses, with mental health and muscle pain as the most common indications. Failure in the attempt to implement these practices was attributed to lack of professional training and resources, whereas their interruption was due to shortage of materials and to the COVID-19 pandemic.Conclusions:This study found a low prevalence of these practicesin the city of Mossoró. The need for qualification and training of thePrimary Health Care professionals inIntegrative and Complementary Practicesis highlighted, as well as better management of resources for effective implementation in the municipality, given their importance in terms of comprehensive health care and disease prevention (AU).


Introducción: Las Prácticas Integradoras y Complementarias de Salud integran prácticas y saberes milenarios con conocimientos biomédicos occidentales actuales. En el ámbito del Sistema Único de Salud, específicamente en Atención Primaria, el principal lugar en el que seaplican estas prácticasson las Unidades Básicas de Salud. Objetivo: Evaluar el uso de estas prácticas en Unidades Básicas delmunicipio de Mossoró/Rio Grande do Norte. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal con enfoque cuantitativo con los gerentes de Unidades Básicas de Mossoró. Se utilizaron dos cuestionarios: uno para evaluar el conocimiento de los gerentesde Unidades Básicas sobre prácticas integradoras; y otro para evaluar su uso y proceso de implementación. Los datos se recopilaron aplicando los cuestionarios en línea a través de la herramienta Google Forms. Resultados: Veintitrésgerentesrespondieron los cuestionarios, que en el estudio sumaron un porcentaje del 48,9%. La mayoría de los entrevistados demostró conocimientos sobre las Prácticas, entre las que podemos mencionar como las más conocidas: Acupuntura, Meditación y Fitoterapia.Solo el 17,4% de las Unidades Básicas ofrecenestas prácticas, con Fitoterapia como la principal. En su mayoría, estas prácticas son aplicadas por enfermeras, con salud mental y dolores musculares como las indicaciones más habituales. El fracaso en el intento de implementar estas prácticas se atribuyó a falta de formación profesional y de recursos, mientras que su interrupción se debió a escasez de materiales y a la pandemia de COVID-19. Conclusiones: Este estudio detectóuna baja prevalencia de estas prácticas en la ciudad de Mossoró.Se destaca la necesidad de cualificación y formación de los profesionales de Atención Primaria de la Salud en Prácticas Integradorasy Complementarias, así como mejor gestión de los recursos para efectiva implementación en el municipio,dada su importancia para el cuidado de la salud integral y la prevención de enfermedades (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Unified Health System , Complementary Therapies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Integral Healthcare Practice , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Comprehensive Health Care
18.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4019, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1515329

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mapear las expresiones y medidas para combatir el edadismo contra las personas mayores en los servicios de salud. Método: revisión de alcance de estudios primarios en inglés, español y portugués, sin delimitación temporal, recopilados de 14 bases de datos. Dos revisores independientes realizaron de forma ciega la selección de títulos, resúmenes y texto completo, el corpus estuvo compuesto por 41 artículos. La extracción de datos se realizó por pares. Los datos se presentaron en resúmenes narrativos y cuadros. Resultados: las expresiones de edadismo se manifiestan a nivel interpersonal, mediante imágenes y actitudes que deprecian, infravaloran la vida y deslegitiman las necesidades de las personas mayores, y a nivel institucional, por medio de barreras para acceder a los servicios de salud, que provocan falta de atención y descuido. Las medidas para combatirlo consisten en intervenciones educativas y ampliación de los canales de comunicación entre las personas mayores, los profesionales de la salud y gestores. Conclusión: los resultados pueden hacer que los profesionales de la salud estén atentos a la (falta de) atención debido al sesgo etario y sensibilizarlos para que enfrenten el edadismo mediante la adquisición del conocimiento científico. Hay lagunas de conocimiento tanto en el análisis del fenómeno en el contexto del Sistema Único de Salud como sobre las expresiones implícitas de edadismo.


Objective: to map the expressions of ageism directed to older adults in health services and the respective coping measures. Method: a scoping review of primary studies in English, Spanish and Portuguese, without time delimitation and collected from 14 databases. Selection of the titles, abstracts and full text was in charge of two independent and blinded reviewers, totaling a corpus comprised by 41 articles. Data extraction was performed by pairs. The data were presented in narrative summaries and charts. Results: the ageism expressions are understood at the interpersonal level through images and attitudes that depreciate, devalue life and delegitimize older adults' needs, as well as at the institutional level, which confers barriers to accessing health services, generating non-assistance and neglect. The coping measures consist of educational interventions and expansion of communication channels between aged people, health professionals and managers. Conclusion: the results may make health professionals vigilant for care/neglect guided by age bias and sensitive for coping with ageism by obtaining diverse scientific knowledge. The analysis of the phenomenon in the Unified Health System context constitutes a knowledge gap, as well as the implicit ageism expressions.


Objetivo: mapear as expressões e medidas de enfrentamento do ageísmo direcionado às pessoas idosas em serviços de saúde. Método: revisão de escopo de estudos primários em inglês, espanhol e português, sem delimitação temporal, coletados em 14 bases de dados. A seleção dos títulos, resumos e texto completo foi realizada por dois revisores independentes e às cegas, totalizando corpus de 41 artigos. A extração dos dados foi realizada por pares. Os dados foram apresentados em resumos narrativos e quadros. Resultados: expressões de ageísmo estão compreendidas no nível interpessoal, por meio de imagens e atitudes que depreciam, desvalorizam a vida e deslegitimam as necessidades das pessoas idosas, e o nível institucional, que confere barreiras ao acesso dos serviços de saúde, gerando desassistência e descuidado. As medidas de enfrentamento consistem em intervenções educativas e ampliação dos canais de comunicação entre pessoas idosas, profissionais da saúde e gestores. Conclusão: os resultados poderão tornar os profissionais da saúde vigilantes para o (des)cuidado guiado pelo viés de idade e sensíveis para o enfrentamento do ageísmo pela obtenção de conhecimentos científicos. A análise do fenômeno no contexto do Sistema Único da Saúde constitui lacuna do conhecimento, bem como as expressões implícitas do ageísmo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Adaptation, Psychological , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Communication , Ageism
19.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1324, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1511473

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:avaliar o conhecimento, a atitude e a prática (CAP) de gestantes sobre incontinência urinária (IU), identificar a prevalência de IU durante a gestação, avaliar seu impacto na qualidade de vida (QV) e identificar os fatores associados ao CAP inadequados em relação à IU. Metodologia: Estudo observacional realizado de maio a novembro de 2019 na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará. Utilizaram-se dois instrumentos para coleta de dados: um para avaliação sociodemográfica, obstétrica e de perdas urinárias e outro para avaliação do CAP sobre IU. Resultados: Participaram 237 gestantes. A prevalência de IU foi de 49,3% e observou-se baixo impacto na QV. A maioria apresentou conhecimento (89,6%) e prática inadequados tanto para prevenir (89,2%) quanto para tratar (78,8%) a IU. Identificaram-se baixos percentuais de acerto relacionados ao conhecimento sobre fatores de risco (46,8%), prevenção (43,8%) e tratamento da IU (42,8%). Apesar disso, a atitude foi considerada adequada para a maioria das mulheres (98,5%). Ausência de orientação sobre o preparo do períneo para o parto durante o pré-natal (p = 0,019), baixa escolaridade (p < 0,001), casos mais leves de IU (p = 0,027) e gestação de alto risco (p = 0,004) associaram-se a prática inadequada. Conclusão: o conhecimento sobre causas, prevenção e tratamento da IU é insuficiente e interfere no manejo dessa condição.perineum for childbirth during prenatal care (p = 0.019), low education (p < 0.001), milder cases of UI (p = 0.027) and high-risk pregnancy (p = 0.004) were associated with inappropriate practice. Conclusions: knowledge about the causes, prevention and treatment of UI is insufficient and interferes with the management of this condition.


Objectives:To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of pregnant women about urinary incontinence (UI), identify the prevalence of UI, assess its impact on quality of life (QoL) and identify factors associated with inadequate KAP in relation to UI. Methodology: Observational study carried out from May to November 2019 in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Two instruments were used for data collection: one for sociodemographic, obstetric and urinary loss assessment and another for KAP assessment on UI. Results: 237 pregnant women participated. The prevalence of UI was 49.3% and a low impact on QoL was observed. Most had knowledge (89.6%) and inadequate practice both to prevent (89.2%) and to treat (78.8%). Low percentages of correct answers were identified related to knowledge about risk factors (46.8%), prevention (43.8%) and treatment of UI (42.8%). Despite this, the attitude was considered adequate for most women (98.5%). Absence of guidance on preparation of the perineum for childbirth during prenatal care (p = 0.019), low education (p < 0.001), milder cases of UI (p = 0.027) and high-risk pregnancy (p = 0.004) were associated with inappropriate practice. Conclusions: knowledge about the causes, prevention and treatment of UI is insufficient and interferes with the management of this condition.


Objetivos:evaluar el conocimiento, la actitud y la práctica (CAP) de las gestantes sobre la incontinencia urinaria (IU), identificar la prevalencia de la IU, evaluar su impacto en la calidad de vida (CV) e identificar los factores asociados a una PAC inadecuada en relación con la IU. Metodología: estudio observacional realizado de mayo a noviembre de 2019 en la ciudad de Fortaleza/CE. Se utilizaron dos instrumentos para la recolección de datos: uno para la evaluación sociodemográfica, obstétrica y de pérdidas urinarias y otro para la evaluación del CAP en la IU. Resultados: Participaron 237 gestantes. La prevalencia de IU fue del 49,3% y se observó un bajo impacto en la CV. La mayoría tenía conocimiento (89,6%) y práctica inadecuada tanto para prevenir (89,2%) como para tratar (78,8%). Se identificaron bajos porcentajes de aciertos relacionados con el conocimiento sobre factores de riesgo (46,8%), prevención (43,8%) y tratamiento de la IU (42,8%). A pesar de ello, la actitud fue considerada adecuada por la mayoría de las mujeres (98,5%). La ausencia de orientación sobre la preparación del perineo para el parto durante el control prenatal (p = 0,019), la baja escolaridad (p < 0,001), los casos más leves de IU (p = 0,027) y el embarazo de alto riesgo (p = 0,004) se asociaron con una atención inadecuada. práctica. Conclusión: el conocimiento sobre las causas, la prevención y el tratamiento de la IU es insuficiente e interfiere con el manejo de esta condición.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Enterostomal Therapy
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4028, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1522038

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: sintetizar la evidencia disponible relacionada con el acceso y las prácticas de higiene menstrual en América Latina y el Caribe. Método: revisión de alcance de la literatura con protocolo de investigación registrado en el Open Science Framework, realizada en las bases de datos bibliográficas: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science y Portal Regional da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva simple y análisis temático. Resultados: se incluyeron 15 publicaciones, la mayoría de las cuales trataban sobre adolescentes en Brasil: 12 artículos, dos informes técnicos y una monografía de trabajo de conclusión de curso. Como temas recurrentes en las publicaciones se destacan: acceso a condiciones dignas para el manejo de la higiene menstrual; necesidad de acceso a información sobre el manejo de la higiene menstrual; y prácticas para el manejo de la higiene menstrual. Conclusión: adolescentes informan dificultades para acceder a baños, agua y materiales absorbentes, y falta de información sobre la salud menstrual, incluso en las escuelas, lo que lleva al ausentismo escolar. De esta manera, las lagunas en la literatura científica latinoamericana revelan desigualdades y diversidad en las experiencias menstruales interseccionadas por categorías como género, clase social y etnia.


Objective: to synthesize available evidence related to menstrual hygiene access and practices in Latin America and the Caribbean. Method: literature scoping review with research protocol registered in the Open Science Framework, carried out in the bibliographic databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Portal Regional da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. Results: 15 publications were included, the majority of which addressed adolescents in Brazil: 12 articles, two technical reports and a course conclusion monograph. As recurring themes in the publications, the following stand out: Access to dignified conditions for managing menstrual hygiene; Need for access to information on menstrual hygiene management; and Practices for managing menstrual hygiene. Conclusion: adolescents report difficulties in accessing toilets, water and absorbent materials, and lack of information about menstrual health, including in schools, leading to school absenteeism. Thus, gaps in the Latin American scientific literature reveal inequalities and diversity in menstrual experiences intersected by categories such as gender, social class and ethnicity


Objetivo: sintetizar evidências disponíveis relacionadas ao acesso e práticas de higiene menstrual na América Latina e Caribe. Método: revisão de escopo da literatura com protocolo de pesquisa registrado no Open Science Framework, realizada nas bases de dados bibliográficas: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e Portal Regional da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva simples e análise temática. Resultados: foram incluídas 15 publicações, cuja maioria abordava adolescentes no Brasil: 12 artigos, dois relatórios técnicos e uma monografia de trabalho de conclusão de curso. Como temas recorrentes nas publicações, destacam-se: acesso a condições dignas para o manejo da higiene menstrual; necessidade de acesso à informação sobre manejo da higiene menstrual; e práticas para manejo da higiene menstrual. Conclusão: adolescentes relatam dificuldades de acesso a sanitários, água e materiais absorventes, e falta de informação sobre saúde menstrual, inclusive nas escolas, levando ao absenteísmo escolar. Assim, lacunas na literatura científica latino-americana revelam desigualdades e diversidade nas experiências menstruais interseccionadas por categorias como gênero, classe social e etnia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Hygiene , Cross-Sectional Studies , Menstrual Hygiene Products , Menstruation
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