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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 1010-1026, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425168

ABSTRACT

A Doença Renal Crônica (DRC) é uma importante redução da função renal que causa alterações no metabolismo dos indivíduos. Para acompanhar a progressão da DRC e prevenir possíveis complicações, foi realizada uma pesquisa para avaliar o perfil sociodemográfico, bioquímico e hematológico de pacientes com Insuficiência Renal Crônica (IRC) submetidos a hemodiálise. Esta pesquisa foi quantitativa, descritiva e transversal de caráter retrospectivo, realizada por meio da análise de dados secundários contidos nos prontuários dos pacientes. A coleta de dados ocorreu no Centro de Hemodiálise da cidade de Russas, no Ceará. A amostra foi constituída por 161 pacientes com DRC, sendo 63,35% do sexo masculino e 85,71% pardos, com uma idade média de 54,39 anos. Desses, 63,97% tinham entre 2 e 10 anos de tratamento e 57,76% possuíam ensino fundamental incompleto. 19,25% residiam em Russas. Resultados: Após a hemodiálise, os resultados mostraram 44 mg/dL de Ureia, 48,44% dos pacientes com valores normais. A hemoglobina e hematócrito médios foram 11,8 g/dL e 33,7%, respectivamente, sendo que 63,35% tiveram valores reduzidos. 85,10% dos pacientes tiveram contagem de plaquetas normal, 72,04% níveis adequados de ferro e albumina, 52,79% tiveram níveis elevados de ferritina, 23,61% redução de transferrina e níveis lipídicos satisfatórios. 79,50% apresentaram níveis séricos de potássio dentro da normalidade, 12,42% de fósforo acima do normal, 85,09% de cálcio dentro dos valores normais, 39,13% de PTHi normais e 86,33% de glicose dentro dos valores considerados normais. Com base nos resultados, concluiu-se que todos os pacientes em tratamento hemodialítico apresentam diversas alterações em decorrência da DRC e do próprio processo de tratamento. Portanto, a realização de exames para avaliar ou monitorar possíveis complicações da IRC é essencial para criar estratégias e intervenções mais eficazes, que melhorem a assistência prestada a esses pacientes e, consequentemente, da qualidade e expectativa de vida dos mesmos.


Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is an important reduction in kidney function that causes changes in the metabolism of individuals. To monitor the progression of CKD and prevent possible complications, a survey was carried out to assess the sociodemographic, biochemical and hematological profile of patients with Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) undergoing hemodialysis. This research was quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional with a retrospective character, carried out through the analysis of secondary data contained in the patients' medical records. Data collection took place at the Hemodialysis Center in the city of Russas, Ceará. The sample consisted of 161 patients with CKD, 63.35% male and 85.71% brown, with an average age of 54.39 years. Of these, 63.97% had between 2 and 10 years of treatment and 57.76% had incomplete primary education. 19.25% resided in Russas. Results: After hemodialysis, the results showed 44 mg/dL of Urea, 48.44% of patients with normal values. Average hemoglobin and hematocrit were 11.8 g/dL and 33.7%, respectively, with 63.35% having reduced values. 85.10% of the patients had normal platelet counts, 72.04% had adequate levels of iron and albumin, 52.79% had high levels of ferritin, 23.61% had reduced transferrin and satisfactory lipid levels. 79.50% had serum levels of potassium within the normal range, 12.42% of phosphorus above normal, 85.09% of calcium within normal values, 39.13% of PTHi normal and 86.33% of glucose within the values considered normal. Based on the results, it was concluded that all patients on hemodialysis have several changes due to CKD and the treatment process itself. Therefore, carrying out tests to assess or monitor possible complications of CRF is essential to create more effective strategies and interventions that improve the care provided to these patients and, consequently, their quality and life expectancy.


La Enfermedad Renal Crónica (ERC) es una reducción importante de la función renal que provoca cambios en el metabolismo de los individuos. Para monitorizar la evolución de la ERC y prevenir posibles complicaciones, se realizó una encuesta para evaluar el perfil sociodemográfico, bioquímico y hematológico de los pacientes con Insuficiencia Renal Crónica (IRC) en hemodiálisis. Esta investigación fue cuantitativa, descriptiva y transversal con carácter retrospectivo, realizada a través del análisis de datos secundarios contenidos en las historias clínicas de los pacientes. La recolección de datos ocurrió en el Centro de Hemodiálisis de la ciudad de Russas, Ceará. La muestra estuvo constituida por 161 pacientes con ERC, 63,35% del sexo masculino y 85,71% pardos, con una edad media de 54,39 años. De estos, 63,97% tenían entre 2 y 10 años de tratamiento y 57,76% tenían primaria incompleta. El 19,25% residía en Russas. Resultados: Posterior a la hemodiálisis los resultados arrojaron 44 mg/dL de Urea, 48,44% de los pacientes con valores normales. La hemoglobina y el hematocrito medios fueron 11,8 g/dl y 33,7 %, respectivamente, con un 63,35 % con valores reducidos. El 85,10% de los pacientes presentaba plaquetas normales, el 72,04% presentaba niveles adecuados de hierro y albúmina, el 52,79% presentaba niveles elevados de ferritina, el 23,61% presentaba transferrina reducida y niveles satisfactorios de lípidos. El 79,50% presentaba niveles séricos de potasio dentro de la normalidad, el 12,42% de fósforo por encima de lo normal, el 85,09% de calcio dentro de los valores normales, el 39,13% de PTHi normal y el 86,33% de glucosa dentro de los valores considerados normales. Con base en los resultados, se concluyó que todos los pacientes en hemodiálisis tienen varios cambios debido a la ERC y al propio proceso de tratamiento. Por tanto, la realización de pruebas para evaluar o monitorizar las posibles complicaciones de la IRC es fundamental para crear estrategias e intervenciones más eficaces que mejoren la atención a estos pacientes y, en consecuencia, su calidad y esperanza de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Health Profile , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology , Serology , Biochemistry , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Creatinine , Data Analysis , Hematology
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2)Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424869

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a predição de suicídios entre adolescentes a partir da última década pré-pandêmica em Mato Grosso. Método: trata-se de estudo ecológico e retrospectivo. A coleta de dados ocorreu em janeiro de 2021, referente ao recorte temporal de 2009 a 2019. Utilizou-se dados secundários do Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade via Secretaria Estadual de Saúde de Mato Grosso. Para análise dos dados, utilizou-se o programa STATA 14.0. Resultados: a predição de suicídios entre os adolescentes de Mato Grosso revelou predominância do sexo masculino, cor não branca e com oito anos ou mais de escolaridade. Os suicídios em Mato Grosso apresentam estabilidade em relação ao sexo. Quanto a cor, o Centro-Oeste possui maior disparidade quando comparado ao Mato Grosso. Todavia, ambos exibem comportamentos epidemiológicos semelhantes na escolaridade. Conclusão: a partir da última década pré- pandêmica, previu o crescimento de casos de suicídios entre adolescentes em Mato Grosso, e que não se assemelha à totalidade do perfil esperado para a região Centro-Oeste.


Objective: to analyze the prediction of suicides among adolescents from the last pre-pandemic decade in Mato Grosso. Method: this is an ecological and retrospective study. Data collection took place in January 2021, referring to the time frame from 2009 to 2019. Secondary data from the Mortality Information System via the Mato Grosso State Health Department were used. For data analysis, the STATA 14.0 program was used. Results: the prediction of suicides among adolescents in Mato Grosso revealed a predominance of males, non-white and with eight or more years of schooling. Suicides in Mato Grosso show stability in relation to gender. As for color, the Midwest has greater disparity when compared to Mato Grosso. However, both exhibit similar epidemiological behavior in schooling. Conclusion: from the last pre-pandemic decade, it predicted the growth of suicide cases among adolescents in Mato Grosso, which does not resemble the entire profile expected for the Midwest region.


Objetivo: analizar la predicción de suicidios entre adolescentes de la última década pre-pandemia en Mato Grosso. Método: se trata de un estudio ecológico y retrospectivo. La recolección de datos ocurrió en enero de 2021, con referencia al período de 2009 a 2019. Se utilizaron datos secundarios del Sistema de Información de Mortalidad a través de la Secretaría de Estado de Salud de Mato Grosso. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó el programa STATA 14.0. Resultados: la predicción de suicidios entre los adolescentes de Mato Grosso reveló un predominio del sexo masculino, no blancos y con ocho o más años de escolaridad. Suicidios en Mato Grosso muestran estabilidad en relación al género. En cuanto al color, el Centro-Oeste tiene mayor disparidad en comparación con Mato Grosso. Sin embargo, ambos exhiben un comportamiento epidemiológico similar en la escolaridad. Conclusión: a partir de la última década previa a la pandemia, se predijo el crecimiento de los casos de suicidio entre los adolescentes de Mato Grosso, lo que no se asemeja a todo el perfil esperado para la región del Centro- Oeste.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Suicide/ethnology , Suicide/psychology , Mental Health , Mental Health/ethnology , Adolescent Behavior/ethnology , Students , Health Profile , Forecasting
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 813-828, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424962

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Este trabalho aborda sobre características referente aos exames citopatológicos do colo do útero em Altamira, coletado no Sistema de Informação do Câncer, dentro do período de 2014 a 2020. Observou-se também a qualidade da interpretação dos principais resultados encontrados, sobre a técnica de coleta e qualidade de exames. O objetivo é analisar o perfil epidemiológico dos exames citopatológicos do colo do útero do município. MÉTODO: A metodologia realizada foi estudo quantitativo, de corte transversal, epidemiológico, descritiva e analítico. RESULTADOS: Verificou- se um crescimento anual na taxa de cobertura do exame do preventivo no período de 2014 a 2019, que está ligado à implementação do Plano de Desenvolvimento Regional Sustentável do Xingu, e que esse crescimento mostra uma diferença estatística significativa entre a taxa de cobertura de Altamira, Pará, Brasil. Observou-se presença de falhas no preenchimento da ficha de notificação é referente ao campo da escolaridade das pacientes que não apresentam registro. Quanto a faixa etária mais frequente que realizam o exame do preventivo está entre 25 a 34 anos e as lesões intraepiteliais do colo uterino mais frequentes são: a de baixo grau que corresponde à população jovem (<34 anos) e de alto grau entre 25 a 44 anos.


OBJECTIVE: This paper deals with characteristics related to cytopathological examinations of the cervix in Altamira, collected in the Cancer Information System, within the period from 2014 to 2020. It was also observed the quality of interpretation of the main results found, on the technique collection and quality of exams. The objective is to analyze the epidemiological profile of cytopathological tests of the cervix in the city. METHOD: The methodology used was a quantitative, cross- sectional, epidemiological study, descriptive and analytical approach. RESULTS: As a result, there was an annual growth in the coverage rate of the preventive exam in the period from 2014 to 2019, which is linked to the implementation of the Xingu Sustainable Regional Development Plan, and that this growth shows a significant statistical difference between the coverage rate of Altamira, Pará, Brazil. It was observed the presence of failures in completing the notification form referring to the field of education of patients who do not have a record. As for the most frequent age group that undergoes the preventive examination, it is between 25 and 34 years old and the most frequent intraepithelial lesions of the uterine cervix are: low-grade, which corresponds to the young population (<34 years) and high-grade, between 25 and 34 years old. 44 years.


OBJETIVO: En este trabajo se abordan las características relacionadas con los exámenes citopatológicos de cérvix en Altamira, recogidos en el Sistema de Información del Cáncer, en el periodo comprendido entre 2014 y 2020. También se observó la calidad de interpretación de los principales resultados encontrados, sobre la técnica de recolección y calidad de los exámenes. El objetivo es analizar el perfil epidemiológico de los exámenes citopatológicos de cuello uterino en la ciudad. MÉTODO: La metodología utilizada fue un estudio cuantitativo, transversal, epidemiológico, de abordaje descriptivo y analítico. RESULTADOS: Como resultado, se observó un crecimiento anual de la tasa de cobertura del examen preventivo en el período de 2014 a 2019, que está vinculado a la implementación del Plan de Desarrollo Regional Sostenible Xingu, y que este crecimiento muestra una diferencia estadística significativa entre la tasa de cobertura de Altamira, Pará, Brasil. Se observó la presencia de fallas en el llenado del formulario de notificación referente al campo de la educación de los pacientes que no tienen un registro. En cuanto al grupo de edad más frecuente que se somete al examen preventivo, es entre 25 y 34 años y las lesiones intraepiteliales del cuello uterino más frecuentes son: de bajo grado, que corresponde a la población joven (<34 años) y de alto grado, entre 25 y 44 años.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Health Profile , Epidemiologic Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Women , Information Systems/instrumentation , Papanicolaou Test , Clinical Studies as Topic/methods , Cell Biology
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 30341, 26 dez. 2023. tab, maps
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524370

ABSTRACT

Introdução:AsLesões por Esforços Repetitivos/Distúrbios Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho representam um problema de saúde que acomete várias categorias de trabalhadores e apresentam relação com a organização do trabalho, o ambiente do trabalho, condições ambientais e fatores biopsicossociais. Objetivo:descrever os casos notificados de Lesões por Esforços Repetitivos/Distúrbios Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalhona Região Nordeste do Brasil, no período de 2010 a 2019.Metodologia:estudo descritivo, ecológico, de abordagem quantitativa, com dados secundários do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificações. Utilizou-se o software Statistical Package for Social Science versão 20 para a análise estatística descritiva e o software Qgisversão 3.10.7para a análise espacial. Resultados:A amostra foi composta por 14.484 notificações. Evidenciou-se que os estados da Bahia (42,0%) e Pernambuco (21,9%) foram os maiores notificadores. Verificou-se que os municípios de Salvador (15,2%) e Recife (11,5%) tiveram maior ocorrência de casos.Observou-se que a distribuição espacial dos casos deste agravoentre os municípios é desigual e concentrada. Os trabalhadores mais acometidos foram mulheres(59,6%); comfaixa etária dos 21 aos 40 anos (50,8%);comraça/cor preto/pardo (58,3%); e comensino médio completo (42,0%). Houve predomínio daocupação de alimentador de linha de produção (4,8%), trabalho formal(74,6%), sintoma de dor (91,9%)e diagnóstico delesões do ombro (31,7%). A maioria dos trabalhadores relatou afastamento do trabalho para o tratamento(65,3%), limitação e incapacidade para o exercício das tarefas (82,9%), movimentos repetitivos (88,3%) e incapacidadetemporária (66,1%).Conclusões:O Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificaçõesrepresenta um importante instrumento para caracterizar a saúde do trabalhador, mas observa-se a necessidade de melhores registros para favorecer a qualidade dos dados. Estudos neste sentido são necessários para subsidiar mais ações de vigilância e prevenção deste agravo (AU).


Introduction: Repetitive Strain Injuries/Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders represent a health problem that affects several categories of workers and are related to work organization, work environment, environmental conditions and biopsychosocial factors. Objective: to describe the reported cases of Repetitive Strain Injuries/Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Northeast Region of Brazil (2010 ­2019).Methodology: descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, with secondary data from the Information System for Notifications of Diseases. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences software version 20 was used for the descriptive statistical analysis and the Qgis software version 3.10.7 for the spatial analysis. Results:The sample consisted of 14,484 notifications. Brazilian states as Bahia 42,0% and Pernambuco 21.9% registered more notifications. Moreover, municipalitiesas Salvador 15,2% and Recife 11,5% registered more cases. It was observed that the spatial distribution of cases of this condition among municipalities is uneven and concentrated. The most affected workers were women (59.6%); aged between 21 and 40 years (50.8%), with black/brown race/color (58.3%) and with complete secondary education (42.0%). There was a predominance of the occupation of production line feeder (4.8%), formal work (74.6%), pain symptom (91.9%) anddiagnosis of shoulder injuries (31.7%). Most workers reported absence from work for treatment (65.3%), limitation and inability to perform tasks (82.9%), performing repetitive movements (88.3%) and temporary disability (66.1 %). Conclusions: System for Notifications of Diseases represents an important instrument to characterize the health of workers, but there is a need for better records to favor data quality. Studies in this sense are needed to support more surveillance and prevention actions for this condition (AU).


Introducción:Las Lesiones por Esfuerzos Repetitivos/Disturbios Osteomusculares Relacionados al Trabajo representan un problema de salud que atacan a varios trabajadores y están relacionados con:organización del trabajo, ambiente laboral, condiciones ambientales y factores biopsicosociales. Objetivo: describir los casos notificados de Lesiones por Esfuerzos Repetitivos/Disturbios Osteomusculares Relacionados al Trabajo en la Región Noreste de Brasil(2010 ­2019). Metodología: estudio descriptivo, ecológico,de abordaje cuantitativo, con datos secundarios del Sistema de Información de Agravios de Notificaciones. Se utilizó el software Statistical Package for Social Science v.20 para el análisis estadístico descriptivo y el software Qgis v.3.10.7 para el análisis espacial. Resultados: La muestra fue compuesta por 14.484 notificaciones. Los estados con más notificadores fueron Bahía, 42,0% yPernambuco 21.9%. Losmunicipios con más casos fueron Salvador 15,2% y Recife 11,5%.Se observó que la distribución espacial de los casos de este agravio entre los municipios es desigual y concentrada. Los trabajadores que más sufrieron fueron las mujeres(59,6%);rango de edad de 21 a 40 años (50,8%), raza/color negro/mestizo (58,3%) y escolaridad completa (42,0%). Se destacan la ocupación de alimentador de línea de producción (4,8%), trabajo formal (74,6%), síntomas del dolor (91,9%) y diagnóstico de lesiones en el hombro(31,7%). La mayoría de los trabajadores relató licencia médica por tratamiento (65,3%), limitación e incapacidad para el ejercicio de tareas (82,9%), realización de movimientos repetitivos (88,3%) e incapacidad temporal (66,1%). Conclusiones: el Sistema de Información de Agravios de Notificaciones representa un importante instrumento para caracterizar la salud del trabajador, sin embargo, se observa la necesidad de mejores registros para favorecer la calidad de los datos. Son necesarios estudios en este campo para subsidiar más acciones de vigilancia y prevención a esta problemática (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Occupational Health , Health Information Systems , Ecological Studies
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 32957, 26 dez. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524445

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A endometriose consiste em uma patologia ginecológica bastante prevalente emmulheres de múltiplas faixas etárias, consistindo em um desafio constante para a fertilidade, sexualidade e demais aspectos da qualidade de vida.Objetivo:Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico, formas de tratamento e os aspectos biopsicossociais associados à saúde sexual das mulheres com endometriose. Metodologia:Esta é uma revisão integrativa da literatura cujapergunta norteadorafoi "Como a endometriose influencia nos aspectos biopsicossociais inerentes ao comportamento sexual feminino?". Foi aplicada a estratégia de busca "Endometriose AND Dispareunia AND Qualidade de Vida" na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) e sua versão em inglês "EndometriosisAND DyspareuniaAND Quality of Life" na base de dados PubMed, com ofiltro"últimos10anos"aplicadoemambasasplataformas.Critérios de inclusão: estudos que abordassem mulheres cisgênero, em idade fértil,com vida sexual ativa, diagnóstico prévio de endometriose pélvica ou profunda e distúrbios ou queixas sexuais. Critério de exclusão: artigos que contemplassem mulheres em uso de psicofármacos. Resultados:Inicialmente,foram obtidos 227 artigos. Apósanálise primária, 189 estudos foram excluídos, seguindo para a etapa seguinte apenas 38. Destes, somente 15 atenderam aos critérios e foram considerados válidos para compor o presente estudo.No âmbito sexual, a endometriose pode acarretar aredução da frequência das relações, sangramentos durante ou após o coito, desinteresse em preliminares, desconforto em certas posições, términos de relacionamentos, conflitos conjugais, e, sobretudo, dispareunia.Conclusões:Diante dos prejuízos em diversos âmbitos da vida e bem-estar feminino causados pela endometriose, faz-se indispensável maior qualificação dos serviços de saúde para o diagnóstico precoce e intervenções efetivas, bem como apoio, acolhimento e acompanhamento multiprofissional contínuo. Além disso, a adaptação, compreensão e solicitude dos parceiros são fundamentais para que as mulheres sejam capazes de melhor gerenciar tais desafios (AU).


Introduction:Endometriosis is a gynecological pathology that is quite prevalent among women of multiple age groups, representing a constant challenge to fertility, sexuality, and other aspects of quality of life.Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological profile, forms of treatment and biopsychosocial aspects associated with the sexual health of women with endometriosis.Methodology:This is an integrative review of the literature whose guiding question was "How does endometriosis influence the biopsychosocial aspects inherent to female sexual behavior?". The search strategy "Endometriosis AND Dyspareunia AND Quality of Life" was applied in the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) and in the PubMed database, with the "last 10 years" filter applied on both platforms. Inclusion criteria: studies that addressed cisgender women, of childbearing age, with active sexual life, previous diagnosis of pelvic or deep endometriosis and sexual disorders or complaints. Exclusion criteria: articles that included women using psychotropic drugs. Results:Initially, 227 articles were obtained. After primary analysis, 189 studies were excluded, only 38 going on to the next stage. Of these, only 15 met the criteria and were considered valid to be part of the present study. In the sexual sphere, endometriosis can lead to a reduction in the frequency of intercourse, bleeding during or after coitus, lack of interest in foreplay, discomfort in certain positions, relationship endings, marital conflicts, and, above all, dyspareunia.Conclusions:Given the damage to various areas of life and female well-being caused by endometriosis, it is essential to improve the quality of health services for early diagnosis and effective interventions, as well as support, reception, and continuous multidisciplinary monitoring. Furthermore, adaptation, understanding and concern from partners are fundamental for women to be able to better manage such challenges (AU).


Introducción:La endometriosis esuna patología ginecológica bastante prevalente en mujeres de múltiples grupos etarios, que supone un reto constante para la fertilidad, la sexualidad y otros aspectos de la calidad de vida.Objetivo:Evaluar elperfil epidemiológico, las formas de tratamiento y los aspectos biopsicosociales asociados a la salud sexual de las mujeres con endometriosis.Metodología:Se trata de una revisión integradora cuya pregunta orientadora fue "¿Cómo influye la endometriosis en los aspectos biopsicosociales inherentes a la conducta sexual femenina?".Se aplicó la estrategia de búsqueda "Endometriosis AND Dispareunia AND Calidad de Vida" en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud (BVS) y su versión en inglés en PubMed, con el filtro "últimos 10 años" enambas plataformas. Criterios de inclusión: estudios dirigidos a mujeres cisgénero en edad fértil, con vida sexual activa, diagnóstico previo de endometriosis pélvica o profunda, y trastornos o quejas sexuales. Criteriode exclusión: artículos que incluían mujeres usuarias de psicofármacos.Resultados:Inicialmente se obtuvieron 227 artículos. Después del análisis primario, se excluyeron 189 estudios y solo 38 pasaran a la siguiente etapa. De estos, solo 15 cumplieron con los criterios y seconsideraron válidos para el presente estudio. En el ámbito sexual, la endometriosis puede provocar reducción de la frecuencia de relaciones sexuales, sangrado durante o después de las relaciones sexuales, falta de interés por los juegos previos, molestias en determinadas posiciones, rupturas, conflictos matrimoniales y, sobre todo, dispareunia.Conclusiones:Ante los daños causados por la endometriosis en diversos ámbitos de la vida y el bienestar de las mujeres, es indispensable mejorar la calidad de losservicios de salud para el diagnóstico precoz y las intervenciones efectivas, así como apoyo, acogida y seguimiento multidisciplinar continuo. Además, la adaptación, comprensión y solicitud de las parejas son fundamentales para que las mujeres puedan gestionar mejor estos desafíos (AU).


Subject(s)
Female , Quality of Life/psychology , Sexual Behavior/psychology , Women's Health , Dyspareunia/pathology , Endometriosis/pathology , Health Profile , Models, Biopsychosocial
6.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e3928, 2023-12-12. tab e graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1523982

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil clínico-epidemiológico e desfecho de pessoas idosas hospitalizados por COVID-19 no Hospital Universitário do Piauí. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo observacional, transversal, realizado com dados secundários envolvendo 137 prontuários de pacientes idosos internados por COVID-19 no HU durante o período de abril a dezembro de 2020. Os dados foram coletados nos meses de agosto e setembro de 2021. Utilizou-se um formulário formado por questões equivalentes aos dados sociodemográficos e epidemiológicos dos pacientes idosos. Os dados foram analisados utilizando o Software estatístico SPSS versão 25. Resultados Observou-se que o "uso de ventilação mecânica" (Odds Ratio: 35,96 [10,23-126,47]) e "tipo de leito de internação" (Odds Ratio: 9,40 [2,69-32,82]) foram as variáveis que melhor explicam os óbitos sendo preditoras independentes para esse desfecho. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre a quantidade de comorbidades (p=0,007), a presença de manifestações clínicas (p=0,003), a quantidade de manifestações clínicas (p=0,003) e óbito. O menor tempo de sobrevida foi associado à internação em UTI e uso de ventilação mecânica (p=0,000). Conclusão: Os resultados do estudo evidenciam que a presença de fatores de risco para a COVID-19, manifestações clínicas da doença, estavam internados em leitos de UTI, em uso de VM e os que apresentavam idade superior tiveram piores desfechos. Descritores: Perfil de saúde; Saúde do idoso; Coronavirus. COVID-19.


Objective: To describe the clinical-epidemiological profile and outcome of old people hospitalized for COVID-19 at the University Hospital of Piauí. Methods:An observational, cross-sectional study was carried out with secondary data involving 137 medical records of old patients hospitalized for COVID-19 in the UH during the period from April to December 2020. Data were collected in August and September 2021. Aform consisting of questions equivalent to the sociodemographic and epidemiological data of old patients was used. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software version 25. Results: It was observed that the "use of mechanical ventilation" (Odds Ratio: 35.96 [10.23-126.47]) and "type of hospitalization bed" (Odds Ratio: 9.40 [2.69-32.82]) were the variables that best explain the deaths being independent predictors for this outcome. There was a statistically significant association between the number of comorbidities (p=0.007), the presence of clinical manifestations (p=0.003), the number of clinical manifestations (p=0.003) and death. The shorter survival time was associated with ICU admission and use of mechanical ventilation (p=0.000). Conclusion: The results of the study show that the presence of risk factors for COVID-19, clinical manifestations of the disease, to be admitted to ICU beds, using MV and those who were older had worse outcomes. Descriptors: Health profile; Health of old people; Coronavirus. COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Health Profile , Health of the Elderly , Coronavirus , COVID-19
7.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 267-270, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528935

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cancer is a disease that emerges as a result of abnormal cell proliferation and their propensity to spread from one bodily region to another. There are over a hundred different types of cancer that impact individuals all over the world. It is difficult to identify in the early stages, but there are certain warning signals that the cells will turn malignant. Quality of life (QOL) is described by the World Health Organisation as "individuals' perception of life, values, objectives, standards, and interests within the cultural framework of the social environment in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards, and concerns." QOL assessment in health system is a multidimensional construct that can be measured by evaluating objective levels of health status filtered by the subjective perceptions and expectations of the individual. Aim and Objective: To assess socio-demographic factors and quality of life among cancer patients in tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based prospective observational study was conducted at Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital Faridkot district, Punjab (India). The study was conducted for a period of six months after getting approval from Institutional Ethical Committee (IEC). Generic instrument, SF-36 was used to assess the QOL. The study was analyzed on SPSS version 26.0 software. Descriptive and analytical analysis was used to describe the results. Results: Linear regression was conducted to see the relationship of physical functioning score with age and weight of the patients. The descriptive statistics shows the mean and standard deviation of the variable. The mean of physical functioning score was found to be (M = 27.82, SD = 15.635). The physical functioning score and age, weight of the patients in linear regression shows that the age and weight explain 17.5% Conclusion: Treatment revealed that severe and moderate activities restricted nearly half of the assessed patients, with body pain interfering with employment and routine activities. According to the findings of the current study, QOL deteriorates as the disease progresses. Cancer unquestionably has a detrimental influence on patients' quality of life, which is connected to the illness process itself, the therapy administered, and the length of the disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Profile , Neoplasms
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 286-291, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528937

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the application of proactive pro-drug therapy (TDM) at week six in users of infliximab therapy in ulcerative colitis patients and to analyze the need for further disease optimization. Method: This is a retrospective analysis that will be carried out simultaneously at the Hospital de Clínicas de Passo Fundo and at the Endoclin Diagnostic Center in the city of Passo Fundo, with secondary data collection between January 2020 and May 2022. The sample included patients from both sexes, regardless of age, who are being followed up in the services mentioned above, by signing the informed Free and Clarified Consent Term. Results: 63.2% of patients required optimization of their treatment based on the serum level assessment at week six. Conclusion: Proactive TDM performed at week six benefits patients in order to complete indications for treatment to avoid lack of drug response and complications from the disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Drug Monitoring , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies , Infliximab/therapeutic use
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 271-275, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528943

ABSTRACT

Context: Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is one of the commonest problems requiring surgery in children. More than 95% of children present during new-born period, when they are treated with leveling colostomy and are followed with pull-through surgery a few months later, once the child has gained adequate weight to withstand a major surgery. The commonest pull through surgery done is the Duhamel retro-rectal pull-through (DRPT) repair. Settings and Design: This is a retrospective study of children who presented to one unit in our institute, a tertiary care referral hospital for children less than 12 years, with HD and underwent DRPT procedure during the period between July 2017 to June 2020. The children were evaluated after three years of follow-up for fecal incontinence and constipation. The study was conducted in children diagnosed with classical segment recto-sigmoid HD who underwent surgery. The children who were diagnosed with HD other than classical segment, who underwent primary pull through surgery and who underwent other repairs for HD were excluded from the study. Results: Thirty-two children underwent DRPT procedure during the study period. Of them, five (15.6%) children were lost on follow-up and one (3.1%) child had expired in the immediate post-operative period. Twenty-six children were included in the study. The bowel function score was calculated. The mean age of definitive surgery was 4.2 years. The follow-up period was a minimum of three years. Only two children had a "good" score of eighteen and above. Nineteen children had a "fair" score of 13-17. Five children had a "poor" score of less than thirteen, and among them, two had a "very poor" score of less than nine. The mean BFS was 13.72. Conclusions: Functional outcomes following Duhamel procedure are satisfactory, with 7.7% of children are in the fringe of requiring another surgery for constipation and pseudo-incontinence. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Treatment Outcome , Colon/surgery , Hirschsprung Disease/therapy , Quality of Life , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies , Defecation
10.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1316, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1510124

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Identificar o perfil biossociodemográfico e digital das pessoas com colostomia e dos cuidadores que participaram da intervenção educativa online sobre colostomia. Método: Estudo transversal realizado com 20 pessoas com colostomia e 32 cuidadores, no período de setembro/novembro de 2020, em um centro integrado de saúde de Teresina, Piauí. Utilizaram-se instrumentos de caracterização sociodemográfica e clínica, acesso ao computador e à internet e proficiência digital básica, todos submetidos à análise estatística. Resultados: Das pessoas com colostomia e cuidadores, 60% eram do sexo masculino e 75% do feminino. Predominou a colostomia temporária (55%) de cor vermelho vivo e formato regular (80%). A maioria dos cuidadores tinha ocupação laboral (46,9%), e 8 horas/semanais eram dedicadas ao cuidado. O grau de proficiência digital foi baixo (76,9%). Conclusão: A identificação do perfil biossociodemográfico e digital dos participantes pode contribuir na adoção de estratégias educativas conforme a maturidade digital ou a necessidade de suporte para o uso de tecnologias, para otimização do cuidado em saúde e qualificação da assistência prestada.


Objective:To identify the biosociodemographic and digital profile of people with colostomy and caregivers who participated in the online educational intervention on colostomy. Method: Cross-sectional study carried out with 20 people with colostomy and 32 caregivers, in the period of September/November 2020, in an integrated health center in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Sociodemographic and clinical characterization instruments, computer and internet access, and basic digital proficiency submitted to statistical analysis were used. Results: Among people with colostomy and caregivers, 60% were male and 75% female. Temporary colostomy (55%) with bright red color and regular shape (80%) predominated. Most caregivers had a job (46.9%), and 8 hours/week were dedicated to care. The degree of digital proficiency was low (76.9%). Conclusion: The identification of the biosociodemographic and digital profile of the participants can contribute to the adoption of educational strategies according to digital maturity or the need for support for the use of technologies, to optimize health care and qualify the assistance provided.


Objetivo:Identificar el perfil biosociodemográfico y digital de personas con colostomía y cuidadores que participarían de la intervención educativa en línea sobre colostomía. Método: Estudio transversal, realizado con 20 personas con colostomía y 32 cuidadores, en el período de septiembre/noviembre de 2020, en un Centro Integrado de Salud de Teresina, Piauí. Se utilizaron instrumentos de caracterización sociodemográfica y clínica, acceso a computador e internet y competencia digital básica sometidos a análisis estadístico. Resultados: La mayoría de las personas con colostomía y cuidadores eran hombres (60%) y mujeres (75%), respectivamente. Predominó la colostomía temporal (55%) de color rojo vivo y forma regular (80%). La mayoría de los cuidadores tenían trabajo (46,9%), y se dedicaban al cuidado 8 horas/semana. El grado de competencia digital fue bajo (76,9%). Conclusión: La identificación del perfil biosociodemográfico y digital de los participantes puede contribuir para la adopción de estrategias educativas de acuerdo con la madurez digital o la necesidad de apoyo para el uso de tecnologías, para optimizar la atención en salud y calificar la asistencia brindada


Subject(s)
Colostomy/education , Patient Education as Topic , Caregivers/education , Internet-Based Intervention , Health Profile
11.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e3383, 2023-12-12. tab e graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1523910

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar as principais dificuldades durante o tratamento e pós-alta de pacientes com hanseníase atendidos na Atenção Secundária em Teresina-Piauí e seu perfil epidemiológico. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo, que identificou necessidades e levantou dados de pacientes em tratamento de hanseníase em um serviço de referência localizado em Teresina-Piauí. Resultados: Na amostra, observou-se predomínio de pacientes do sexo masculino (58,5%), casados ou em união estável (54,7%), com ensino fundamental completo (62,3%), renda de 1 a 2 salários mínimos (66,0%) e residentes em Teresina-Piauí (90,6%). A idade média dos pacientes foi 53 anos. 9,4% abandonaram o tratamento. No pós-alta, 90,6% dos pacientes apresentaram algum tipo de sequela. Notou-se que a ausência de conhecimento sobre a hanseníase retardou o acesso ao sistema de saúde. Verificou-se associação significativa entre a variável presença de sequela e alteração de sensibilidade (p=0,014). Os relatos de preconceito foram mais frequentes durante o tratamento (41,5%), em relação ao pós-alta (15,1%). Conclusão: A hanseníase ainda é uma doença negligenciada, estigmatizada e de difícil diagnóstico, sendo necessário maiores investimentos em políticas públicas para a difusão de conhecimentos sobre a doença. Descritores: Hanseníase; Terapêutica; Perfil de Saúde; Conhecimento; Estigma Social.


Objective: To identify the main difficulties and the epidemiological profile during treatment and post-discharge in patients with leprosy treated at the Secondary Care level in Teresina-Piauí.Methods: This is a cross-sectional and quantitative study that identified needs and surveyed data from patients undergoing leprosy treatment in a reference service located in Teresina-Piauí.Results: In the sample, there was predominance of male patients (58.5%), married or in a stable union (54.7%), with complete Elementary School (62.3%), incomes of 1 to 2 minimum wages (66.0%) and residents of Teresina-Piauí (90.6%). The mean age of the patients was 53years old. 9.4% abandoned the treatment. 90.6% of the patients presented some type of sequelae post-discharge. It was noticed that lack of knowledge about leprosy delayed access to the health system. A significant association was verified between the "presence of sequelae" variable and change in sensitivity (p = 0.014). The reports about prejudice were more frequent during the treatment (41.5%) than in the post-discharge period(15.1%). Conclusion: Leprosy is still a neglected, stigmatized and difficult to diagnose disease, with a need for greater investments in public policies to disseminate knowledge about the disease. Descriptors: Leprosy; Therapy; Health Profile; Knowledge; Social Stigma.


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Health Profile , Knowledge , Social Stigma , Leprosy
12.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 13(4): 232-239, out.-dez. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532363

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: HIV/syphilis coinfection is an important problem to be considered during pregnancy due to the various negative outcomes such as abortion, stillbirth, prematurity and congenital infections. The study is justified by the need to identify scientific evidence of clinical-epidemiological characteristics and vulnerabilities related to infections, factors that influence the prevalence, and if there are related health problems. The objective was to synthesize scientific evidence about sociodemographic characteristics and clinical manifestations of associated cases of syphilis and HIV. Content: this is an integrative literature review, searching the PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF and MedCarib databases, using the descriptors "HIV", "Syphilis", "Epidemiology", "Coinfection" and "Pregnant woman", combined by Boolean operators "AND" and "OR", guided by the question: what is the scientific evidence related to the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of pregnant women co-infected with HIV/syphilis? It was held from June to September 2022, including articles published in the last eight years. Nine primary articles published between 2015 and 2020 were selected. The association of infections was present in pregnant women of young adult age, non-white race/color, married, low level of education, housewives, residents of urban areas and belonging to more economically disadvantaged social classes. Conclusion: the study highlighted the importance of improving prenatal care, with the aim of reducing the risks of vertical transmission of these diseases, especially with the implementation of public policies aimed at the clinical management of co-infected pregnant women, the allocation of resources and the development of specific intervention protocols.(AU)


Justificativa e Objetivos: A coinfecção HIV/sífilis é um problema importante a ser considerado durante a gravidez devido aos diversos desfechos negativos como aborto, natimorto, prematuridade e infecções congênitas. O estudo justifica-se pela necessidade de identificar evidências científicas de características clínico-epidemiológicas e vulnerabilidades relacionadas às infecções, fatores que influenciam a prevalência e se há problemas de saúde relacionados. O objetivo foi sintetizar evidências científicas sobre características sociodemográficas e manifestações clínicas de casos associados de sífilis e HIV. Conteúdo: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, com busca nas bases de dados PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF e MedCarib, utilizando os descritores "HIV", "Syphilis", "Epidemiology", "Coinfection" e "Pregnant woman", combinados por Operadores booleanos "AND" e "OR", norteados pela questão: quais as evidências científicas relacionadas às características clínico-epidemiológicas de gestantes coinfectadas com HIV/sífilis? Foi realizado de junho a setembro de 2022, incluindo artigos publicados nos últimos oito anos. Foram selecionados nove artigos primários publicados entre 2015 e 2020. A associação das infecções esteve presente em gestantes em idade adulta jovem, raça/cor não branca, casadas, baixa escolaridade, donas de casa, residentes em zona urbana e pertencentes a classes sociais mais desfavorecidas economicamente. Conclusão: o estudo destacou a importância da melhoria da assistência pré-natal, com o objetivo de reduzir os riscos de transmissão vertical dessas doenças, especialmente com a implementação de políticas públicas voltadas ao manejo clínico das gestantes coinfectadas, à alocação de recursos e o desenvolvimento de protocolos de intervenção específicos.(AU)


Antecedentes y objetivos: La coinfección VIH/sífilis es un problema importante a considerar durante el embarazo debido a los diversos resultados negativos como aborto, muerte fetal, prematuridad e infecciones congénitas. El estudio se justifica por la necesidad de identificar evidencia científica de características clínico-epidemiológicas y vulnerabilidades relacionadas con las infecciones, factores que influyen en la prevalencia y si existen problemas de salud relacionados. El objetivo fue sintetizar evidencia científica sobre las características sociodemográficas y manifestaciones clínicas de los casos asociados de sífilis y VIH. Contenido: se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura, buscando en las bases de datos PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF y MedCarib, utilizando los descriptores "VIH", "Sífilis", "Epidemiología", "Coinfección" y "Mujer embarazada", combinados por Operadores booleanos "Y" y "O", guiados por la pregunta: ¿cuál es la evidencia científica relacionada con las características clínico- -epidemiológicas de las gestantes coinfectadas con VIH/sífilis? Se realizó de junio a septiembre de 2022, incluyendo artículos publicados en los últimos ocho años. Se seleccionaron nueve artículos primarios publicados entre 2015 y 2020. La asociación de infecciones estuvo presente en mujeres embarazadas de edad adulta joven, de raza/color no blanca, casadas, de bajo nivel educativo, amas de casa, residentes de áreas urbanas y pertenecientes a clases sociales más desfavorecidas económicamente. Conclusión: el estudio destacó la importancia de mejorar la atención prenatal, con el objetivo de reducir los riesgos de transmisión vertical de estas enfermedades, especialmente con la implementación de políticas públicas orientadas al manejo clínico de las gestantes coinfectadas, la asignación de recursos y el desarrollo de protocolos de intervención específicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Syphilis , HIV , Pregnant Women , Coinfection/epidemiology , Health Profile , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3825, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424052

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to identify the sociodemographic profile and the characteristics of interpersonal violence against older adults during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in a capital city from the Brazilian Southeast region. Method: a descriptive and exploratory research study with a cross-sectional design based on the notifications of suspected or confirmed cases of violence against older adults between March 2020 and March 2021. A univariate statistical analysis and Fisher's exact test (p<0.05) were performed. Results: a total of 2,681 notifications were recorded during the period. The main victims were individuals aged between 60 and 64 years old, female, white-skinned and with low schooling levels. The instances of violence were more frequent in the victims' homes. Physical and psychological violence predominated, through physical force/beatings and threats, respectively. Most of the aggressors were male, younger than the victims and generally their children or intimate partners. The aggressions were perpetrated more than once and were driven by generational conflicts. There was low referral to entities for the protection of older adults. Conclusion: the sociodemographic profile found evidences vulnerable victims, subjected to many types of violence, and at a potential risk against their overall health.


Resumo Objetivo: identificar o perfil sociodemográfico e as características da violência interpessoal contra a pessoa idosa no primeiro ano da pandemia COVID-19 em uma capital da região sudeste do Brasil. Método: pesquisa descritiva, exploratória, com delineamento transversal a partir da análise das notificações de casos suspeitos ou confirmados de violência contra a pessoa idosa, ocorridas entre março de 2020 e março de 2021. Foi realizada a análise estatística univariada e teste exato de Fisher (p<0,05). Resultados: houve 2681 notificações no período. As principais vítimas foram pessoas com idade entre 60 e 64 anos, do sexo feminino, brancas e com baixa escolaridade. As ocorrências tiveram maior frequência nos domicílios. As violências físicas e psicológicas foram as mais comuns, com uso de força física/espancamento e ameaça, respectivamente. O agressor era, em sua maioria, do sexo masculino, mais jovem do que a vítima, geralmente filho ou parceiro íntimo. As agressões ocorreram mais de uma vez e foram motivadas por conflitos geracionais. Houve baixo encaminhamento para órgãos de proteção a pessoa idosa. Conclusão: o perfil sociodemográfico encontrado evidencia vítimas vulneráveis, sujeitas a muitas formas de violência e com potenciais riscos à integralidade de sua saúde.


Resumen Objetivo: identificar el perfil sociodemográfico y las características de la violencia interpersonal contra los adultos mayores en el primer año de la pandemia de COVID-19 en una ciudad capital de la región sureste de Brasil. Método: investigación descriptiva, exploratoria con diseño transversal a partir del análisis de las notificaciones de casos sospechosos o confirmados de violencia contra el adulto mayor, ocurridos entre marzo de 2020 y marzo de 2021. Se realizó un análisis estadístico univariado y la prueba exacta de Fisher (p< 0,05). Resultados: hubo 2681 notificaciones en el período. Las principales víctimas fueron personas entre 60 y 64 años, de sexo femenino, blancas y con baja escolaridad. La mayoría de los casos se registró en el hogar. La violencia física y psicológica fueron las más comunes, con uso de fuerza física/golpes y amenaza, respectivamente. El agresor era generalmente del sexo masculino, más joven que la víctima, hijo o pareja. Las agresiones se produjeron más de una vez y fueron motivadas por conflictos generacionales. Hubo baja derivación a organismos de protección de adultos mayores. Conclusión: el perfil sociodemográfico obtenido revela que son víctimas vulnerables, sujetas a múltiples formas de violencia y que la integridad de su salud está en riesgo potencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Health Profile , Domestic Violence , Mandatory Reporting , Elder Abuse/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/psychology , Sociodemographic Factors
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(2): 30490, 31 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509328

ABSTRACT

Fake news é a propagação de notícias falsas disseminadas de forma intencional, que buscam induzir ao erro. Na saúde, suas repercussões são negativas devido a consequências que podem gerar no enfrentamento de condições de saúde dos indivíduos.Objetivo: Identificar os conhecimentos e práticas de profissionais de saúde com relação à fake news.Metodologia:Trata-se de pesquisa exploratória, quantitativa, cujos participantes foram profissionais de saúde de um município de médio porte no Oeste do Paraná, que responderam à instrumento de coleta de dados on-line. Os dados foram sistematizados e analisados pela estatística descritiva.Resultados:Participaram 169 profissionais que entendem Fake news como notícias falsas; se utilizam de programas jornalísticos de televisão para se informar; recebem, mais frequentemente, notícias falsas pelo whatsapp; verificam em sites confiáveis as informações; entendem que fake News trazem riscos à saúde; já atenderam pessoas acreditando em notícias falsas; sabem que criar e divulgar fake News é crime e sabem identificar notícias falsas. Conclusões:Diante da infodemia vivenciada, sugere-se a apropriação das mídias sociais para a divulgação científica comprometida com a saúde, a fim de que a sociedade possa acessar informações confiáveis baseadas em evidências científicas (AU).


Fake news is the propagation of false news spread intentionally, which seeks to mislead. In health, its repercussions are negative due to consequences that may not generate coping with the health conditions of patients.Objective:To identify the knowledge and practices of health professionals regarding fake news.Methodology:This is an exploratory, quantitative research, whose participants were health professionals from a medium-sized city in western Paraná, who responded to the online data collection instrument. Data were systematized and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: 169 professionals understand Fake news as misleading information; they keep informed through television news programs; they more often receive fake news via WhatsApp; verify information on trusted sites; understand that fake news brings health risks; they have already served people who believe in fake news; they know that creating and disseminating fake news is a crime and they know howto identify fake news.Conclusions:In view of the infodemic experienced, it is suggested the appropriation of social media for scientific dissemination is committed to health so that society can access reliable information based on scientific evidence (AU).


Las fake news son la propagación de noticias falsas difundidas de forma intencionada, que pretenden inducir a error. En salud, sus repercusiones son negativas por las consecuencias que puede generar el no afrontar las condiciones de salud de los pacientes.Objetivo:Identificar los saberes y prácticas de los profesionales de la salud frente a las fake news.Metodología:Se trata de una investigación cuantitativa, exploratoria, cuyos participantes fueron profesionales de la salud de una ciudad de mediano porte del oeste de Paraná, que respondieron al instrumento de recolección de datos en línea. Los datos fueron sistematizados y analizados mediante estadística descriptiva.Resultados:169 profesionales entienden las fake news como información engañosa; se mantienen informados a través de programas de noticias televisivos; reciben más a menudo noticias falsas a través de WhatsApp; verificar información en sitios confiables; comprender que las noticias falsas conllevan riesgos para la salud; ya han servido a personas que creen en noticias falsas; saben que crear y difundir noticias falsas es un delito y saben identificar las noticias falsas.Conclusiones:Ante la infodemia vivida, se sugiere la apropiación de las redes sociales para la divulgación científica comprometida con la salud para que la sociedad pueda acceder a información confiable basada en evidencia científica (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Education , Health Personnel , Communication , Disinformation , Health Profile , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 185-190, July-sept. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521138

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anorectal fistulas are some of the commonest surgical proctologic disorders treated by surgeons. Despite the recent introduction of various sphincter preserving techniques, the search for the optimal operation continues. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of long-term healing for the endorectal advancement flap. Methods: A retrospective review of a single surgeon experience with the endorectal advancement flap for anorectal fistulas over an 18-year period. The impact of various patient and fistula related factors were analyzed for their impact on the primary endpoint of long-term fistula healing. Results: 87 patients underwent endorectal advancement flap (Male/Female 42.5/57.5%). Median age was 41 years. Sixty-nine patients (79.3%) had anal fistula while 18 patients had rectal fistula (20.7%). An anterior based fistula was noted in 45 patients (51.7%). The most common etiology was cryptoglandular disease (87.4%). The median operative time was 75minutes (range 36-250). Postoperative septic complications were noted in 4 patients (4.6%). Fistula healing was documented in 80 patients (93%). During a median follow-up of 4 months (range 1-38, 1 patient lost to follow-up), recurrence was noted in 8 patients (9.3%), yielding an overall long-term success rate of 83.7%. The long-term healing rate was higher in patients with fistulas from cryptoglandular etiology (86.6%) compared to fistulas from other etiologies (63.6%) [p = 0.027]. Conclusions: The endorectal advancement is associated with a high healing rate, a low postoperative septic complication rate, and infrequent risk for recurrence. Long-term healing without recurrence is achieved more frequently in patients with cryptoglandular etiology of the fistula compared to patients with non-cryptoglandular etiology. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 191-198, July-sept. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521143

ABSTRACT

Stomas are essential for colorectal surgery and are widely used not only for selected cases for bowel obstructions but also in rectal cancer operations to divert stool away from low rectal anastomosis. On the other hand, complications with stomas/ stomas reversal are not uncommon. In this study, we aimed at studying the frequency and the predictors of temporary stomas being permanent, and the contributing factors of surgical stoma/stoma closure related complications. In our cohort, only about 40% of the patient closed their initially planned temporary stomas. The occurrence of intestinal leak, wound sepsis, or any type of morbidity with 30 days of operation were significant predictors of permanent stomas. In addition, alarmingly although Hartmann's procedure was uncommon in our practice, only 9% of those who underwent Hartmann's have had it reversed. Moreover, the only factor that significantly increased stoma related complications was having an end colostomy. There was a tendency toward late closure of stomas with median 8.2 months, however early closure did not correlate to complications. In conclusion, further studies are needed to delineate the low rate of stoma closure. Patients who develop postoperative complications, even wound sepsis, would be at a higher risk of living with permanent stomas. Hartmann's procedures are commonly associated with stoma problems, and reluctance to reverse the stomas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectum/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies
17.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 215-220, July-sept. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521150

ABSTRACT

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted viral diseases. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with the purpose of clinically and epidemiologically characterizing anal HPV infection in patients who attended the Benign Orificial Pathology Consultation of the Coloproctological Unit at the Dr. "Antonio María Pineda" Central University Hospital, during the period March 2022 -February 2023, by selecting 288 patients whose average age was 47.09 ± 14.61 years, being the 41-50 years old group (29.17%) and the 51-60 years old group (19.44%) the most affected groups by pathologies of the anal region, with a predominance of male (54.17%). The sociodemographic characteristics with the highest frequency included married (48.61%) and single (47.22%); secondary level of education (44.44%) and traders (18.05%) and housewives (15, 28%) as predominant occupations. The risk factors were represented by onset of sexual intercourse between 16-20 years of age (65.28%), heterosexuality (91.67%), 22.22% reported having anal sex and 5.56% oral sex. Likewise, 5.56% were reported with a history of genital HPV and 4.17% were HIV positive. In addition, 48.61% stated not to use condoms. The initial clinical diagnosis included hemorrhoidal disease (30.55%), anal fistula (25%) and anal fissure (18.05%), and one patient (1.39%) with anal HPV infection. Anal cytology results showed 8.33% flat epithelial cells with cytopathic changes suggestive of HPV infection and 1.39% squamous cells with cytopathic changes suggestive of HPV infection: 50% mild inflammatory negative for malignancy and 33.33% flat epithelial cells without atypia. In conclusion, the anal cytology investigation should continue to determine the actual frequency of anal HPV infection. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anal Canal/injuries , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Anal Canal/pathology , Health Profile
18.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 68-74, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514425

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The management of complex anal fistulae remains a topical surgical problem. The choice and success of surgical management are based on the balance between healing and continence. Although porcine dermal collagen (Permacol Collagen Paste [PCP]- Covidien plc, Gosport, Hampshire, UK) represents a new generation of non-solid biomaterials, its results in anal fistulae are mixed. Methods: A multicenter observational retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with cryptoglandular anal fistula treated in four colorectal surgery units was performed between 2015 and 2020. Clinical cure of the fistula was the main outcome measure. Adverse events and alterations in anal continence were secondary outcomes. Results: The study included 119 patients (87 males, 71.1%), with a mean age of 53 years (IR 44-65). Most patients had complex (80.6%) and recurrent (91.6%) fistulae. With the first PCP treatment, the overall cure rate was 41.2% (49 patients) and 45.4% with the second treatment (5 out of 17 patients). The mean follow-up period was 17 months (IR 5-25). Healing was not affected by the location and type of fistula, the existence or not of a cavity, the number of tracts, or the administration of prophylactic antibiotics. After the PCP treatment, no patient in the series had worsening of continence. Morbidity affected 22.7% of the patients (27), with postoperative abscesses being the most frequent adverse event. There were no statistical differences between the four hospitals studied. Conclusions: Permacol collagen paste is a safe and easily reproducible therapy for complicated anal fistulae that has moderate efficacy. The overall success rate is slightly over 40%, with no detriment to fecal continence. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Collagen/therapeutic use , Rectal Fistula/therapy , Recurrence , Swine , Health Profile , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 117-125, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514433

ABSTRACT

Objective: To characterize the sociodemographic and clinical variables of people with intestinal stomas. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 47 patients of a Specialized Rehabilitation Center (CER II/APAE) in the municipality of Três Lagoas, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Midwestern Brazil, from December 2019 to June 2020. Data was analyzed using inferential descriptive statistics (Anderson-Darling, Chi-squared, and Mann-Whitney normality tests). Results: Regarding the patients, 87.23% were from Três Lagoas, 51.06% were female, 40.43% were aged from 60 to 69 years, 59.57% were married, 53.19% were brown, 59.57% were catholic, 36.17% finished elementary school, 46.81% were retired, and 57.45% earned a monthly income below 1 minimum wage. Moreover, 61.70% had undergone terminal colostomy (61.70%), 61.70% had received guidance about its placing, 57.45% had it placed due to situations of urgency, 74.47% had a stoma installed due to a neoplasia, 38.30% were permanent, with 46.81% located in the inferior left quadrant (ILQ), 59.57% presented pasty effluent, 63.83% had a circular diameter, 53.19% had pouches with 2 pieces and 57.45%, with a flexible base, 87.23% had other adjunct equipment, and 95.74% had been trained in self-care. The most common complication was skin/peristomal irritant contact dermatitis (59,57%), and 65,95% of these cases were solved by teaching self-care. The type of stoma was significantly associated with the consistency of the effluent and the size of the protrusion (p> 0.05). Conclusion: The results found can support strategies to implement practices to promote health, develop new public policies, to provide training in self-care, and prevent and treat complications. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Enterostomy/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Stomas/statistics & numerical data , Health Profile , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 93-98, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514432

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Puerperium is defined as the period of about 6 weeks after childbirth during which the mother's reproductive organs return to their original nonpregnant condition. Perianal problems, including constipation, hemorrhoids, and fissure, are among the most common digestive complications among women in puerperium, observed in about 30 to 50 percent of women. Considering this great prevalence and the paucity of similar research in this aspect in an Indian population, the present study was done to assess the prevalence of perianal problems seen in puerperium and the risk factors associated with it. Methods: This was a prospective observational cohort study done over the span of 3 years on 902 puerperal women. A self-structured questionnaire covered detailed history and per-rectal and proctoscopy examination. Patients were followed up telephonically for regression of perianal problems post management. Results: The total prevalence of all the perianal problems in puerperium encountered in the present study, out of 902 subjects, was 36.3% (327 subjects). The perianal problems encountered were fissure in 185 patients (20.5%) followed by hemorrhoids in 110 patients (12.2%), perianal episiotomy infections in 25 patients (2.8%), and perineal tears in 7 patients (0.8%). On comparative analysis, positive family history, macrosomia, past history of perianal diseases, and second stage of labour > 50 minutes showed a higher prevalence in the perianal disease group as compared with the healthy group. Out of these, positive family history of perianal diseases (p= 0.015) and past history of perianal diseases (p= 0.016) were statistically significant. The percentage of multipara with hemorrhoids was more when compared to primipara (p= 0.01), patients who had a past history of any perianal disease have a higher chance of hemorrhoids during puerperium (p= 0.00). Patients with constipation in pregnancy have higher chance of hemorrhoids in pregnancy (p= 0.00). Patients who had a past history of any perianal disease had higher chance of fissure during puerperium (p= 0.00). A total of 27.74% of the study subjects with macrosomic babies had fissure in their puerperal period which on comparison with patients with non macrosomic babies was only 19.22%, which was statistically significant (p= 0.02). Conclusion: Constipation, hemorrhoids, and anal fissures are the most common perianal problems in postpartum period causing significant reduction in the quality of life of those afflicted with them. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Perineum/injuries , Risk Factors , Postpartum Period , Health Profile , Fissure in Ano/etiology , Hemorrhoids/etiology
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