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1.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530143

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares ateroescleróticas están en el nivel máximo de las enfermedades que afectan tanto a mujeres como a hombres adultos mayores en todo el mundo. Objetivo: Evaluar las posibles diferencias de sexo y tipo de enfermedad aterosclerótica, en pacientes mayores de 60 años, fallecidos por enfermedad cardiovascular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 237 adultos mayores, fallecidos por enfermedad cardiovascular, perteneciente a tres áreas de salud del municipio Santiago de Cuba, en el período de enero a diciembre de 2021 Se analizaron variables socio-demográficas y clínicas. La información fue procesada y analizada mediante estadística descriptiva. Se sistematizó la información con el paquete estadístico versión 22 y Excel. Resultados: Existieron diferencias significativas en los factores de riesgos de tabaquismo y alcoholismo con una mayor frecuencia en la población masculina, la obesidad, el sedentarismo y la diabetes mellitus fue más relevante en las mujeres, con similar comportamiento en el infarto agudo de miocardio y la enfermedad cerebrovascular. Conclusiones: La mortalidad generada por las enfermedades cardiovasculares, en la población de adultos mayores, es similar para ambos sexos la presencia de factores de riesgo evidenciaron la misma frecuencia para la mortalidad por enfermedad del corazón y cerebrovascular(AU)


Introduction: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are at the highest level of diseases that affect both older women and men worldwide. Objective: To evaluate the possible differences of sex and type of atherosclerotic disease in patients over 60 years of age who died of cardiovascular disease. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 237 older adults who died from cardiovascular disease, belonging to three health areas of Santiago de Cuba municipality, from January to December 2021. Sociodemographic and clinical variables were analyzed. The information was processed and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The information was systematized with the statistical package version 22 and Excel. Results: There were significant differences in the risk factors of smoking and alcoholism with a higher frequency in the male population, obesity, sedentary lifestyle. Diabetes mellitus was more relevant in females, with similar behavior for acute myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular disease. Conclusions: The mortality generated by cardiovascular diseases, in the population of older adults, is similar in both sexes. The presence of risk factors showed the same frequency for mortality from heart disease and cerebrovascular disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Risk Factors , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Aged , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530141

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La presencia de factores de riesgo cardiovascular agrava el pronóstico de los pacientes con artritis psoriásica. Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes con diagnóstico de artritis psoriásica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, en el Servicio de Reumatología del Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras, en el período de enero de 2021 a abril de 2022. Se recogieron variables demográficas, clínicas y hemoquímicas relacionadas con la enfermedad, así como el score de riesgo de Framingham y la evaluación de aterosclerosis carotídea subclínica. Resultados: Se incluyeron 89 pacientes con edad media de 56,3 ± 11,8 años, 69,7 por ciento del sexo femenino 48,3 por ciento con evolución mayor de 10 años y 77,5 por ciento con afectación periférica. La actividad de la enfermedad por el índice ASDAS fue alta (55,1 por ciento) igual que por BASDAI (68,5 por ciento). Los factores de riesgo cardiovascular más frecuentes fueron: dislipidemia (61,8 por ciento), obesidad (59,6 por ciento) hipertensión arterial (50,6 por ciento). La obesidad, la diabetes y la hipertensión arterial fueron mayores en pacientes con elevada actividad de la enfermedad. La aterosclerosis carotídea fue mayor en pacientes con tabaquismo, diabetes y dislipidemia. El 39,3 por ciento presentó grosor íntima media aumentado, y el 27,0 por ciento con presencia de placa carotídea. En pacientes con aterosclerosis carotídea el 25,7 por ciento fue considerado como riesgo bajo por Framingham. Conclusiones: Los factores de riesgo cardiovascular se presentaron con una frecuencia elevada, asociado a la aterosclerosis subclínica, a la actividad inflamatoria y a una subestimación de riesgo por la escala de Framingham(AU)


Introduction: The presence of cardiovascular risk factors aggravates the prognosis of patients with psoriatic arthritis. Objective: To determine cardiovascular risk factors in patients diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the Rheumatology Service of Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital from January 2021 to April 2022. Demographic, clinical, and hemochemical variables related to the disease were collected, as well as Framingham risk score and he evaluation of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis. Results: Eighty nine patients with mean age of 56.3 ± 11.8 years were included, 69.7percent female, 48.3percent with evolution older than 10 years and 77.5percent with peripheral involvement. Disease activity by ASDAS index was high (55.1percent), the same as by BASDAI (68.5percent). The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were dyslipidemia (61.8percent), obesity (59.6percent) and arterial hypertension (50.6percent). Obesity, diabetes and arterial hypertension were higher in patients with high disease activity. Carotid atherosclerosis was higher in patients with smoking habits, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. 39.3percent showed increased intima media thickness and 27.0% had carotid plaque. In patients with carotid atherosclerosis, 25.7percent were considered low risk by Framingham. Conclusions: Cardiovascular risk factors occurred with high frequency, associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, inflammatory activity and underestimation of risk by the Framingham scale(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthritis, Psoriatic/diagnosis , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536340

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En Cuba y en el resto del mundo, las enfermedades cardiovasculares son reconocidas como un problema de salud pública mayúsculo y creciente, que provoca una alta mortalidad. Objetivo: Diseñar un modelo predictivo para estimar el riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular basado en técnicas de inteligencia artificial. Métodos: La fuente de datos fue una cohorte prospectiva que incluyó 1633 pacientes, seguidos durante 10 años, fue utilizada la herramienta de minería de datos Weka, se emplearon técnicas de selección de atributos para obtener un subconjunto más reducido de variables significativas, para generar los modelos fueron aplicados: el algoritmo de reglas JRip y el meta algoritmo Attribute Selected Classifier, usando como clasificadores el J48 y el Multilayer Perceptron. Se compararon los modelos obtenidos y se aplicaron las métricas más usadas para clases desbalanceadas. Resultados: El atributo más significativo fue el antecedente de hipertensión arterial, seguido por el colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad y de baja densidad, la proteína c reactiva de alta sensibilidad y la tensión arterial sistólica, de estos atributos se derivaron todas las reglas de predicción, los algoritmos fueron efectivos para generar el modelo, el mejor desempeño fue con el Multilayer Perceptron, con una tasa de verdaderos positivos del 95,2 por ciento un área bajo la curva ROC de 0,987 en la validación cruzada. Conclusiones: Fue diseñado un modelo predictivo mediante técnicas de inteligencia artificial, lo que constituye un valioso recurso orientado a la prevención de las enfermedades cardiovasculares en la atención primaria de salud(AU)


Introduction: In Cuba and in the rest of the world, cardiovascular diseases are recognized as a major and growing public health problem, which causes high mortality. Objective: To design a predictive model to estimate the risk of cardiovascular disease based on artificial intelligence techniques. Methods: The data source was a prospective cohort including 1633 patients, followed for 10 years. The data mining tool Weka was used and attribute selection techniques were employed to obtain a smaller subset of significant variables. To generate the models, the rule algorithm JRip and the meta-algorithm Attribute Selected Classifier were applied, using J48 and Multilayer Perceptron as classifiers. The obtained models were compared and the most used metrics for unbalanced classes were applied. Results: The most significant attribute was history of arterial hypertension, followed by high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high sensitivity c-reactive protein and systolic blood pressure; all the prediction rules were derived from these attributes. The algorithms were effective to generate the model. The best performance was obtained using the Multilayer Perceptron, with a true positive rate of 95.2percent and an area under the ROC curve of 0.987 in the cross validation. Conclusions: A predictive model was designed using artificial intelligence techniques; it is a valuable resource oriented to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in primary health care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Artificial Intelligence , Prospective Studies , Data Mining/methods , Forecasting/methods , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cuba
4.
Medisan ; 27(4)ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1514561

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En el contexto del envejecimiento saludable, la prevención de las enfermedades cardiovasculares es un desafío. Objetivo: Diseñar una escala, basada en factores de riesgo identificados, para la predicción de la mortalidad por afección cardiovascular en ancianos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico, observacional y retrospectivo, de tipo caso-control, que incluyó a 536 ancianos mayores de 60 años de edad pertenecientes a 3 áreas de salud (policlínicos Ramón López Peña, Municipal y 28 de Septiembre) del municipio de Santiago de Cuba, durante el 2021. La escala se derivó del análisis de regresión logística binaria de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular identificados. Resultados: En la medida que aumentó el puntaje de la escala, se incrementó el porcentaje de pacientes fallecidos. El área bajo la curva fue de 0,836 (p= 0,000) y en la prueba de bondad de ajuste de Hosmer-Lemeshow se obtuvo p= 1,000. Conclusiones: La escala propuesta permitió predecir la mortalidad por afección cardiovascular en adultos mayores, con muy buena capacidad de discriminación y calibración.


Introduction: In the context of healthy aging, the prevention of cardiovascular diseases is a challenge. Objective: To design a scale, based on identified risk factors, for predicting mortality due to cardiovascular affection in elderly. Methods: An analytic, observational and retrospective case-control study was carried out that included 536 elderly over 60 years, belonging to 3 health areas (Ramón López Peña, Municipal and 28 de Septiembre polyclinics) from Santiago de Cuba municipality, during 2021. The scale was derived from the analysis of binary logistical regression of the identified cardiovascular risk factors. Results: As the score of the scale increased, the percentage of dead patients increased. The area under the curve was of 0.836 (p = 0.000) and in the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was obtained p = 1.000. Conclusions: The proposed scale allowed predicting mortality due to cardiovascular affection in elderly, with very good discrimination capacity and calibration.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Aged
5.
J. Health NPEPS ; 8(1): e10656, jan - jun, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1512665

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar a incidência, fatores de risco e desfechos associados ao infarto agudo do miocárdio sem obstrução de artérias coronárias (myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries ­ MINOCA). Método: estudo de coorte prospectivo em prontuários clínicos num hospital terciário do extremo Sul catarinense. Foram incluídos pacientes diagnosticados com infarto agudo do miocárdico (IAM) submetidos a estudo hemodinâmico nos anos de 2017 e 2018. Resultados: ao analisar 445 prontuários, observou-se a ocorrência de MINOCA em 28 pacientes (6,3%). Comparando o grupo MINOCA com o grupo IAM obstrutivo, os pacientes do grupo MINOCA eram mais jovens, com média de 54 anos (DP ± 14; p=0,007), tinham menor incidência de tabagismo (2 versus 156, p<0,001), hipertensão arterial (10 versus 242; p=0,002), menor tempo médio (dias) de internação hospitalar (5,79 ± 3,05 versus 7,49 ± 5,20; p= 0,02) e menos admissões em unidade de tratamento intensivo (5 versus 212; p=0,002). Conclusão: a incidência de MINOCA estimada dentre o total de IAM no Sul de Santa Catarina foi de 6,3% [IC 95]. Os pacientes do grupo MINOCA tiveram menor prevalência de comorbidades, melhor evolução intra-hospitalar e melhor desfecho.


Objective: to identify the incidence, risk factors and outcomes associated with myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). Method: it is a with prospective cohort study data collection from medical records data. Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) that went through hemodynamic study in 2017 and 2018 were included. Results: when analyzing 445 medical records, the occurrence of MINOCA was observed in 28 patients (6.3%). Comparing the MINOCA group with the obstructive AMI group, patients in the MINOCA group were younger, with a mean age of 54 years (SD ± 14; p=0.007), had a lower incidence of smoking (2 versus 156, p<0.001), hypertension (10 versus 242; p=0.002), shorter mean length of hospital stay (days) (5.79 ± 3.05 versus 7.49 ± 5.20; p= 0.02) and fewer admissions to intensive care unit (5 versus 212; p=0.002). Conclusion: the estimated incidence of MINOCA among the total number of AMI in southern Santa Catarina was 6.3% [CI 95]. Patients in the MINOCA group had a lower prevalence of comorbidities, better in-hospital evolution and better outcome.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Coronary Occlusion , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction
6.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 137-144, Junio 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443590

ABSTRACT

Los informes de laboratorio tienen impacto en las decisiones médicas. El ayuno es un factor preanalítico "controlable" que influye en los distintos parámetros bioquímicos. El objetivo del presente trabajo es poner en discusión la realización en pediatría de análisis clínicos con la indicación de un ayuno fisiológico , analizando resultados obtenidos por diferentes autores y evaluando las diferencias clínicas encontradas según los criterios de calidad establecidos por el laboratorio de Química Clínica. La mayoría de los individuos durante el día se encuentran en estado postprandial. Los resultados del perfil lipídico en ayunas no representan las concentraciones reales promedios de los lípidos plasmáticos de un paciente. El ayuno no sería crítico en la etapa de pesquisa , pero puede ser relevante para establecer un diagnóstico certero o inicio de tratamiento. En el caso de la glucemia si se indica en el control rutinario del paciente, y no hay sospecha de alteraciones en el metabolismo de los hidratos de carbono la glucemia sin ayuno puede ser solicitada comparando la misma con valores de corte adecuado. Las diferentes guías nacionales e internacionales recomiendan que la elección de la métrica para la evaluación, control y seguimiento de pacientes con diagnóstico de diabetes se realicen según el objetivo terapéutico. En los trabajos analizados, observamos que varios parámetros bioquímicos presentaron diferencias estadísticas, aunque las diferencias clínicas no fueron relevantes y permanecieron dentro de los intervalos de referencia. El factor limitante para evaluar parámetros bioquímicos sin ayuno es la falta de valores de referencia adecuados. Hay evidencia suficiente para que tanto el perfil lipídico, la glucemia como el resto de los parámetros bioquímicos del laboratorio de química clínica, sean solicitados con la indicación de un ayuno fisiológico de 2, 4 o 6 horas, dependiendo siempre del motivo de consulta y/o la edad del paciente. Es esencial extender la evaluación a otros analitos en población pediátrica, así como evaluar nuevos puntos de corte para parámetros bioquímicos sin ayuno (AU)


Laboratory reports have an impact on medical decision-making. Fasting is a "controllable" preanalytical factor that influences the different biochemical parameters. The aim of this study is to discuss the performance of clinical analyses in pediatrics with the indication of physiological fasting, analyzing results obtained in different disciplines, and evaluating the clinical differences found according to the quality criteria established by the clinical chemistry laboratory. During the day, most patients are in a postprandial state. Fasting lipid profile results do not represent the actual average plasma lipid concentrations of a patient. Fasting would not be critical in the screening stage, but it may be relevant to establish an accurate diagnosis or initiate treatment. Regarding glycemia, if it is indicated in the routine control of the patient and there is no suspicion of alterations in carbohydrate metabolism, non-fasting glycemia can be requested, comparing it with adequate cut-off values. Different national and international guidelines recommend that the choice of metrics for the evaluation, control, and follow-up of patients with diabetes should be made according to the therapeutic objective. In the studies analyzed, we found that several biochemical parameters presented statistical differences, although the clinical differences were not relevant and remained within the reference range. The limiting factor in the evaluation of biochemical parameters without fasting is the lack of adequate reference values. There is sufficient evidence that the lipid profile, glycemia, and the remaining biochemical parameters of the clinical chemistry laboratory should be requested with the indication of a physiological fast of 2, 4, or 6 hours, always depending on the reason for consultation and/or the patient's age. It is essential to extend the evaluation to other analytes in the pediatric population, as well as to evaluate new cut-off points for biochemical parameters without fasting (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Fasting/blood , Clinical Chemistry Tests/methods , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Pediatrics , Postprandial Period , Hyperlipidemias/diagnosis
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1508245

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome metabólico es una situación clínica compleja que se asocia a un incremento de la morbilidad y mortalidad. Los elementos que lo componen aumentan el riesgo de diabetes mellitus tipo II y enfermedad cardiovascular. Objetivo: Determinar el comportamiento del síndrome metabólico en el adulto mayor vinculado a los programas de actividad física comunitaria del proyecto Lindo Amanecer del municipio Arroyo Naranjo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. El universo de estudio lo constituyeron 120 adultos mayores, de los que se entrevistaron a 106, en el período de abril a octubre de 2018. Se siguieron los criterios del Adult Treatment Panel III para el diagnóstico de síndrome metabólico. Las variables descriptivas se expresaron en porcientos y para la comparación de variables en estudio se utilizó el método estadístico de ji al cuadrado. Resultados: Los resultados obtenidos mostraron un 41,51 por ciento de personas con síndrome metabólico, predominaron las personas de 70 y más años de edad (54,54 por ciento y el sexo femenino (93,18 por ciento). El 100 por ciento tuvieron cifras de presión arterial ≥ 130/85 mmHg. El 100 por ciento de los pacientes desconocían su enfermedad. Conclusiones: Se encontró predominio en los pacientes con síndrome metabólico del sexo femenino y del grupo de edad de 70 y más años. El diagnóstico a nivel de la Atención Primaria de Salud es deficiente. Se asocia a la hipertensión arterial, obesidad abdominal y al riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular(AU)


Introduction: Metabolic syndrome is a complex clinical situation associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality. The elements that mark it up increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Objective: To determine the behavior of metabolic syndrome in elderly adults involved in the community physical activity programs of the Lindo Amanecer project in the municipality of Arroyo Naranjo. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out. The study universe was made up of 120 elderly adults, 106 of which were interviewed in the period from April to October 2018. The Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome were followed. The descriptive variables were expressed in percentages and, for the comparison of variables under study, the chi-square statistical method was used. Results: The obtained results showed 41.51percent of people with metabolic syndrome, with a predominance of people aged 70 years and older (54.54percent) and the female sex (93.18percent). One hundred percent had blood pressure values over or equal to 130/85 mmHg. One hundred percent of the patients did not have any knowledge of their disease. Conclusions: In patients with metabolic syndrome, the predominance corresponded to the female sex, as well as the age group of 70 years and older. Diagnosis at the primary healthcare level is deficient. It is associated with arterial hypertension, abdominal obesity and the risk of cardiovascular disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Insulin Resistance , Exercise , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors
8.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236639, 01 jan 2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1442731

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar o atendimento de infartados submetidos à angioplastia antes e durante a pandemia da COVID-19. MÉTODO: Pesquisa transversal, de abordagem retrospectiva, com 498 pacientes, por meio de prontuários eletrônicos e físicos, referente a atendimentos antes e durante a pandemia, no serviço de hemodinâmica de hospital de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. Dados analisados por estatística descritiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS: Em 2019, pré-pandemia, realizaram-se 157 procedimentos de intervenção coronária percutânea. Em 2020, início da pandemia, 166 procedimentos, aumento de 5,73%. Em 2021, ocorreram 175 procedimentos, acréscimo de 11,46% em comparação a 2019. CONCLUSÃO: Houve aumento no número de procedimentos de ATC, em 11,46% de 2019 a 2021, com consequente elevação da assistência de enfermagem e multiprofissional durante a pandemia da COVID-19.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the care provided to infarcted patients submitted to angioplasty before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: Cross-sectional research, with a retrospective approach, conducted with 498 patients through the assessment of electronic and physical medical records, referring to care provided before and during the pandemic in the hemodynamics clinic of a reference hospital for cardiovascular diseases. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used. RESULTS: In 2019, pre-pandemic period, 157 percutaneous coronary angioplasties were performed. In 2020, at the pandemic's beginning, 166 procedures were performed ­ an increase of 5.73%. In 2021, there were 175 procedures ­an increase of 11.46% compared to 2019. CONCLUSION: There was an increase in percutaneous coronary angioplasties by 11.46% from 2019 to 2021, with a consequent increase in nursing and multidisciplinary care during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Angioplasty , COVID-19 , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Heart Disease Risk Factors
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1521945

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de los factores del síndrome metabólico en el riesgo cardiovascular en pobladores del distrito de Ayacucho en Perú. Método: Enfoque cuantitativo, diseño correlacional causal. La muestra fue de 140 pobladores mayores de 18 años a quienes se les realizó el dosaje serológico y se tomaron las medidas antropométricas necesarias mediante el uso de equipos biomédicos calibrados y específicos para cada parámetro. Se utilizó como instrumento la Tabla de cálculo de Síndrome Metabólico (ALAD) y la tabla de Framinghan. Resultados: Se determinó que el Síndrome Metabólico incide significativamente (0,000) en el Riesgo Cardiovascular con un J2= 15,432 (1) y una influencia de 16,8 por ciento enfatizado por el coeficiente de Pseudo-R2 Nagelkerke. Conclusión: Se concluye que el síndrome metabólico incide en el riesgo cardiovascular de los pobladores evaluados, debido a que presentaron niveles bajo de colesterol HDL, triglicéridos altos, un incremento de perímetro abdominal y hábitos de fumar, siendo estos factores determinantes para incrementar el riesgo cardiovascular (AU)


Objective: To determine the incidence of metabolic syndrome factors on cardiovascular risk in inhabitants of the district of Ayacucho in Peru. Methods: Quantitative approach, causal correlational design. The sample consisted of 140 inhabitants over 18 years of age who underwent serological dosage and the necessary anthropometric measurements were taken using calibrated and specific biomedical equipment for each parameter. The Metabolic Syndrome Calculation Table (ALAD) and the Framinghan table were used as instruments. Results: It was determined that the Metabolic Syndrome has a significant influence (0.000) on Cardiovascular Risk with a J2= 15.432 (1) and an influence of 16.8 percent emphasized by the Pseudo-R2 Nagelkerke coefficient. Conclusion: It is concluded that the metabolic syndrome has an impact on the cardiovascular risk of the population evaluated, because they presented low HDL cholesterol levels, high triglycerides, an increase in abdominal perimeter and smoking habits, these being determining factors to increase cardiovascular risk(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Triglycerides/analysis , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Obesity, Abdominal/etiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Life Style , Cholesterol, HDL/analysis , Peru
10.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 34: e3401, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440393

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Devido à pandemia da COVID-19, os projetos de orientação de atividade física (AF) tiveram que adaptar suas atuações para o formato remoto. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos de uma intervenção remota de AF no risco cardiovascular e na aptidão física em participantes desses projetos. Para isso, 29 participantes do Projeto Exercício e Coração (66±5 anos) foram orientados a realizar, 2 caminhadas, 1 videoaula de exercícios aeróbicos e 2 videoaulas de exercícios de força muscular por semana, sendo cada atividade realizada por 30 min e em intensidade moderada. No início e após 8 semanas, foram medidos marcadores de risco cardiovascular e de aptidão física, que foram comparados por testes t-student ou Wilcoxon, considerando-se p≤0,05. Comparando-se as avaliações pré e pós-intervenção, houve redução da circunferência da cintura (95,9±11,3 vs. 94,7±11,3 cm, p=0,013) e aumento da capacidade cardiorrespiratória (117±21 vs. 123±23 passos, p=0,019), da força dos membros superiores (23±6 vs. 25±6 repetições, p=0,003), da resistência abdominal (20±9 vs. 22±10 repetições, p=0,002) e da aptidão física geral (-0,04±3,55 vs. 1,30±4,10, p=0,000). Em conclusão, a intervenção remota aumentou a aptidão física geral, aumentando a capacidade cardiorrespiratória, a força e a resistência muscular, além de reduzir a obesidade central.


ABSTRACT Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the projects that offer guidance for physical activity (PA) had to be adapted to the remote format. This study aimed at assessing the effects of a remote PA intervention on the cardiovascular risk and physical fitness of the individuals engaged in these projects. Thus, 29 participants of the Brazilian project known as Projeto Exercício e Coração (Exercise and Heart Project) (66±5 years) were instructed to perform 2 walking sessions, 1 aerobic exercise video class and 2 muscle strength video classes per week with each activity lasting 30 min and performed at moderate intensity. At baseline (pre) and after 8 weeks (post), markers of cardiovascular risk and physical fitness were evaluated and compared by using paired t-tests or Wilcoxon signed rank tests considering p≤0.05. When comparing pre- and post-intervention evaluations, there was a significant reduction in waist circumference (95.9±11.3 vs. 94.7±11.3 cm, p=0.013) and significant increases in cardiorespiratory fitness (117±21 vs. 123±23 steps, p=0.019), upper limb strength (23±6 vs. 25±6 repetitions, p=0.003), abdominal endurance (20±9 vs. 22±10 repetitions, p= 0.002) and overall physical fitness (-0.04±3.55 vs. 1.30±4.10, p=0.000). In conclusion, the remote intervention improved general physical fitness, increasing cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and endurance, in addition to reducing central obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged/physiology , Exercise , Physical Fitness/physiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Exercise/physiology , Muscle Strength , Obesity, Abdominal , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology , Internet-Based Intervention/trends
11.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 57: 24, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1432163

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To determine neck circumference (NC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) cut-off points as predictors of obesity and cardiovascular risk in adolescents. METHODS Cross-sectional study developed with a subsample of 634 adolescents aged 18 and 19 years belonging to the third phase of the "RPS" cohort (Ribeirão Preto, Pelotas and São Luís) carried out in 2016. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was identified to assess the predictive capacity of NC and WHtR in relation to the percentage of body fat (%BF), obtained by air displacement plethysmography (ADP), and the cardiovascular risk estimated by the Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY). RESULTS The prevalence of obesity by %BF was 7.6% in males and 39.4% in females (p-value <0.001), and the high PDAY risk was 13.8% and 10.9%, respectively. For males, NC cut-off point was 44.0 cm and the AUCs were 0.70 (95%CI 0.58-0.83) to predict obesity and 0.71 (95%CI 0.62-0.80) to predict high cardiovascular risk; for females, NC cut-off point was 40 cm and the AUCs were 0.75 (95%CI 0.69-0.80) and 0.63 (95%CI 0.53-0.73), respectively. WHtR cut-off point was 0.50 for both sexes; for males, the AUCs to predict obesity and high risk according to PDAY were 0.90 (95%CI 0.80-0.99) and 0.73 (95%CI 0.63-0.82), respectively; for females, they were 0.87 (95%CI 0.83-0.90) and 0.55 (95%CI 0.45-0.65), respectively. CONCLUSION WHtR and NC are good discriminators to assess obesity and cardiovascular risk in adolescents, especially in males.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Determinar os pontos de corte da circunferência do pescoço (CP) e da relação cintura-estatura (RCEst) para a predição da obesidade e do risco cardiovascular em adolescentes. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal desenvolvido com uma subamostra de 634 adolescentes de 18 e 19 anos de idade pertencentes à terceira fase da coorte "RPS" (Ribeirão Preto, Pelotas e São Luís) realizada em 2016. Identificou-se a área sob a curva ROC (AUC) para avaliar a capacidade preditiva da CP e RCE em relação ao percentual de gordura corporal (%GC), obtido pela pletismografia por deslocamento de ar (PDA), e do risco cardiovascular estimado pelo Phatobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY). RESULTADOS A prevalência de obesidade pelo %GC foi de 7,6% no sexo masculino e 39,4% no sexo feminino (p-valor < 0,001) e o alto risco para PDAY foi de 13,8% e 10,9%, respectivamente. Para a CP, o ponto de corte identificado para o sexo masculino foi de 44,0 cm e as AUC foram de 0,70 (IC95% 0,58-0,83) para predição de obesidade e de 0,71 (IC95% 0,62-0,80) para predição do alto risco cardiovascular; e para o sexo feminino foi de 40 cm e as AUC foram de 0,75 (IC95% 0,69-0,80) e de 0,63 (IC95% 0,53-0,73), respectivamente. Para a RCEst, o ponto de corte identificado foi de 0,50 para ambos os sexos e as AUC para a predição da obesidade e do alto risco segundo o PDAY foram de 0,90 (IC95% 0,80-0,99) e 0,73 (IC95% 0,63-0,82), respectivamente, para o sexo masculino; e de 0,87 (IC95% 0,83-0,90) e 0,55 (IC95% 0,45-0,65), respectivamente, para o sexo feminino. CONCLUSÃO RCEst e CP como bons discriminadores para avaliar a obesidade e risco cardiovascular em adolescentes, especialmente no sexo masculino.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Anthropometry , Adolescent , Waist-Height Ratio , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Neck , Obesity
12.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 18: 68339, 2023. ^etab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531902

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A síndrome metabólica é um conjunto de desordens metabólicas, consideradas fatores de risco cardiovascular. Estima-se que indivíduos com síndrome metabólica apresentam probabilidade três vezes maior de desenvolver doenças cardiovasculares. O status inadequado de vitamina D tem apresentado múltiplos mecanismos fisiopatológicos que sugerem um envolvimento no desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares. Objetivo: avaliar a associação entre o status de vitamina D e o risco de doenças cardiovasculares em indivíduos com síndrome metabólica. Métodos: Estudo do tipo transversal realizado com 161 indivíduos adultos, diagnosticados com síndrome metabólica. Foram realizadas as medidas antropométricas, pressão arterial, e as análises bioquímicas, incluindo a dosagem de 25(OH)D no soro. O critério estabelecido para classificação do status de 25(OH)D foi deficiente < 20 ng/mL; insuficiente≤ 29 ng/mL e suficiente ≥ 30 ng/mL. Ademais, avaliou-se o risco absoluto de desenvolver doenças cardiovasculares usando o Escore de Risco de Framingham. Resultados: A mediana da concentração de 25(OH)D foi 29,7 (21-34) ng/mL, indicando status de 25(OH)D insuficiente na população. Não houve associação entre status de vitamina D e o risco cardiovascular em indivíduos com síndrome metabólica (p > 0,05). Conclusão: Não se observou associação entre status 25(OH)D inadequado e maior risco cardiovascular nos indivíduos com síndrome metabólica. Entretanto,esses resultados reforçam a importância do monitoramento clínico para prevenir os impactos da hipovitaminose D nos indivíduos com síndrome metabólica e o desenvolvimento de novos estudos para avaliar a relação entre status de 25(OH)D e risco cardiovascular.


Introduction: Metabolic syndrome is a set of metabolic disorders that are considered cardiovascular risk factors. It is estimated that individuals with metabolic syndrome are three times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease. Inadequate vitamin D status has shown multiple pathophysiological mechanisms that suggest an involvement in the development of cardiovascular disease. Objective: To evaluate the association between vitamin D status and the risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals with metabolic syndrome. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with 161 adult individuals diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and biochemical analyzes were performed, including serum 25(OH)D status. The established criterion for classifying 25(OH)D status was deficient < 20 ng/mL; insufficient ≤ 29 ng/mL and sufficient ≥ 30 ng/mL. Furthermore, the absolute risk of developing cardiovascular disease was assessed using the Framingham Risk Score. Results: The mean 25(OH)D concentration was 29.7 (21-34) ng/mL, indicating insufficient 25(OH)D status in the population. There was no association between vitamin D status and cardiovascular risk in subjects with metabolic syndrome (p > 0.05). Conclusion: There was no association between inadequate 25(OH)D status and increased cardiovascular risk in individuals with metabolic syndrome. However, these results reinforce the importance of clinical monitoring to prevent the impacts of hypovitaminosis D in individuals with metabolic syndrome and the development of new studies to assess the relationship between 25(OH)D status and cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency , Metabolic Syndrome , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2023. 88 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436712

ABSTRACT

Obesity and overweight result in metabolic changes that build up as risk factors for the development of the main non-communicable diseases. Among these alterations, dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CDV) and is expressed in elevated plasma levels of triacylglycerols, cholesterol, and low-density-lipoprotein (LDL, VLDL) and decreased plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Passiflora tenuifila Killip is a native passion fruit species of the Brazilian Midwest region and is a good source of proanthocyanidins and dietary fibers. Proanthocyanidins are a class of phenolic compounds that are attributed with improving lipoprotein profile properties, translated as improved LDL/HDL ratio. Fibers are fermented by the gut microbiota and produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), also involved in the regulation of energetic metabolism.. A 30-consecutive-day-long intervention with lyophilized P. tenuifila flour was performed in eutrophic and obese subjects. Passion fruit ingestion increased fecal production of acetate, key SCFA in the modulation of lipid metabolism; reduced body fat percentage in all subjects; and reduced total cholesterol (TC) of subjects who presented basal CT > 130 mg/dL. After the intervention, plasma lipidomic analysis detected 44 statistically significant lipids, regardless of BMI. Considering the study population with altered TC, reduced levels of glycerophospholipids were observed, a lipid class studied for their involvement in CVD. The intake of P. tenuifila contributed to the improvement in cardiovascular risk markers and acts on lipid metabolism. These effects may be due to synergic action between the bioactive compounds in the fruit. Still, other studies are necessary to identify mechanisms related to the action of bioactives of P. tenuifila, which can be better directed by this lipidomic approach


A obesidade e o sobrepeso são preocupações resultam em alterações metabólicas que se acumulam como fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento a longo prazo das principais doenças crônicas não transmissíveis. Dentre essas alterações, a dislipidemia um importante fator de risco para doenças cardiovasculares (DCV), expressa em níveis plasmáticos elevados de triacilgliceróis, colesterol e das lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (VLDL, LDL), e níveis diminuídos da lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL). Passiflora tenuifila Killip é uma espécie de maracujá nativa da região Centro-Oeste brasileira, e é uma boa fonte de proantocianidinas e fibras alimentares. As proantocianidinas são compostos fenólicos com reportados efeitos na melhora do perfil de lipoproteínas, traduzida como a relação LDL/HDL. As fibras são fermentadas pela microbiota intestinal e produzem ácidos graxos de cadeia curta (AGCC), metabólitos também envolvidos na regulação do metabolismo energético.. Assim, a lipidômica não-target é aplicada como ferramenta exploratória neste estudo: uma intervenção de 30 dias consecutivos de ingestão de P. tenuifila na forma de farinha liofilizada em indivíduos eutróficos e obesos. O consumo do maracujá promoveu aumento da produção fecal de acetato, AGCC importante na modulação do metabolismo lipídico; a redução do percentual de gordura corporal em todos os indivíduos; e redução do colesterol total (CT) para os indivíduos com CT > 130 mg/dL. A análise lipidômica do plasma detectou 44 lipídios estatisticamente relevantes, independentemente do IMC, após a intervenção. Considerando a população do estudo com CT alterado, foi observada uma redução de glicerofosfolipídios, classe de lipídios estudada pelo seu envolvimento em DCV. Assim, a ingestão de P. tenuifila contribui para a melhora nos marcadores de risco cardiovascular e atua no metabolismo lipídico. Estes efeitos podem ser decorrentes de sinergia entre os diversos compostos bioativos do fruto. Ainda, outros estudos são necessários para identificar mecanismos relacionados a ação dos bioativos da P. tenuifila e estes podem ser mais bem direcionados pela lipidômica


Subject(s)
Passiflora/adverse effects , Lipidomics/instrumentation , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Obesity/complications , Dyslipidemias/pathology
14.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 131 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1427028

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As doenças cardiovasculares são o principal problema de saúde pública em todo o mundo. Portanto, a avaliação do risco cardiovascular, com a identificação de seus fatores de risco e de proteção e de suas trajetórias ao longo do tempo são importantes para a proposição, a consolidação e a implementação de medidas de prevenção da ocorrência de doenças cardiovasculares. Objetivo geral: Analisar a trajetória e os determinantes do alto risco cardiovascular de 30 anos em participantes da Coorte de Universidades Mineiras (Estudo CUME). Métodos: Inicialmente, foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura e, em seguida, dois estudos de coorte prospectiva. A) Artigo 1 ­ revisão integrativa da literatura sobre a estimação do alto risco cardiovascular e seus fatores associados, realizada nas bases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online, Web of Science, Excerpta Medica Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature e no portal Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde; B) Artigo 2 ­ Coorte aberta prospectiva desenvolvida com 2.854 participantes do Estudo CUME, que é uma pesquisa multicêntrica conduzida com egressos de sete instituições públicas federais de ensino superior do Estado de Minas Gerais desde 2016. A incidência do alto risco cardiovascular de 30 anos foi calculada usando o escore de Framingham e seus determinantes foram estimados usando análise multivariada hierárquica pela técnica de regressão de Cox; C) Artigo 3 ­ Estudo prospectivo fechado desenvolvido com 1.286 participantes da CUME, que responderam ao questionário da linha de base em 2016, aos questionários de seguimento de dois anos (2018) e de quatro anos (2020). O risco cardiovascular foi avaliado com o escore de Framingham de 30 anos. A identificação das trajetórias do risco cardiovascular foi realizada com a técnica de modelagem de crescimento de classe latente com o uso do modelo normal censurado. A análise dos fatores independentemente associados a cada uma das trajetórias foi conduzida com a técnica de regressão logística multinominal. Resultados: Artigo 1 ­ foram selecionados 13 artigos com um ou mais fatores associados ao alto risco cardiovascular, segundo o escore de Framingham de 10 anos. Nenhum artigo investigou os fatores associados ao alto risco cardiovascular de 30 anos. Artigo 2 ­ após média de 2,62 anos de seguimento, a incidência do alto risco cardiovascular de 30 anos foi 8,1 casos/1.000 pessoas-ano no sexo feminino e 20,2 casos/1.000 pessoas-ano no sexo masculino. Sexo masculino (Hazard Ratio ­ HR: 2,34; IC 95%: 1,58 - 3,46), trabalhar (HR: 2,13; IC 95%: 1,13 - 3,99), alto consumo de alimentos processados (HR: 2,44; 95% CI: 1,21 - 4,90) e ser ativo fisicamente (HR: 0,63; IC 95%: 0,41 - 0,98) se associaram independentemente ao alto risco cardiovascular de 30 anos; Artigo 3 - Três trajetórias de risco cardiovascular de 30 anos foram identificadas: Baixo-Baixo (68,3%), Médio-Médio (26,2%) e Alto-Alto (5,5%). Ao longo do tempo, o risco cardiovascular apresentou discreto aumento para a trajetória Baixo-Baixo (2,9%), moderado aumento para a trajetória Médio-Médio (7,6%) e elevado aumento para a trajetória Alto-Alto (13%). O sexo masculino, viver em união estável, ter consumos moderado e alto de alimentos ultraprocessados se associaram positivamente às trajetórias de risco cardiovascular Médio-Médio e Alto-Alto. Ainda, ter formação profissional fora da área da saúde e estar trabalhando se associaram positivamente à trajetória de risco cardiovascular Médio-Médio, enquanto ser ativo fisicamente se associou negativamente à trajetória de risco cardiovascular Alto-Alto. Conclusão: Poucos estudos foram conduzidos para avaliar o alto risco cardiovascular de 30 anos, sendo que em nenhum deles foram estimados fatores associados ao desfecho. Nossos achados científicos indicaram que praticar atividade física reduz a incidência do alto risco cardiovascular de 30 anos. Homens, pessoas que trabalham e com consumo elevado de alimentos processados devem ser monitorados com maior cautela, pois apresentaram maior susceptibilidade de ocorrência do alto risco cardiovascular de 30 anos. Adultos jovens e com melhor situação socioeconômica possuem uma trajetória de baixo risco cardiovascular de 30 anos, entretanto, há uma tendência de piora desta trajetória ao longo do tempo devido aos maus hábitos de vida. Dessa forma, é essencial a implementação de estratégias de prevenção para evitar o adoecimento cardiovascular.


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the main public health problem worldwide. Therefore, the assessment of cardiovascular risk, with the identification of its risk and protection factors and their trajectories over time, are important for proposing, consolidating and implementing measures to prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. General objective: To analyze the 30-year trajectory and determinants of high cardiovascular risk in participants of the Cohort of Universities of Minas Gerais (CUME Study). Methods: Initially, an integrative literature review was performed, followed by two prospective cohort studies. A) Article 1 ­ integrative review of the literature on the estimation of high cardiovascular risk and its associated factors, carried out in the databases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online, Web of Science, Excerpta Medica Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and the Virtual Health Library portal; B) Article 2 ­ Prospective open cohort developed with 2,854 participants of the CUME Study, which is a multicenter research conducted with graduates from seven federal public institutions of higher education in the State of Minas Gerais since 2016. The incidence of high cardiovascular risk at 30 years was calculated using the Framingham score and its determinants were estimated using hierarchical multivariate analysis by the Cox regression technique; C) Article 3 ­ Prospective closed study developed with 1,286 participants from CUME, who answered the baseline questionnaire in 2016, the two-year follow-up questionnaire in 2018 and the four-year follow-up questionnaire in 2020. The risk Cardiovascular was assessed using the 30-year Framingham score. The identification of cardiovascular risk trajectories was performed using the latent class growth modeling technique using the normal censored model. The analysis of the factors independently associated with each of the trajectories was conducted using the multinomial logistic regression technique. Results: Article 1 ­ 13 articles were selected with one or more factors associated with high cardiovascular risk, according to the Framingham score over 10 years. No article investigated the factors associated with 30-year high cardiovascular risk. Article 2 ­ After an average of 2.62 years of follow-up, the incidence of high cardiovascular risk at 30 years was 8.1 cases/1,000 person-years in females and 20.2 cases/1,000 person-years in males. Male sex (Hazard Ratio ­ HR: 2.34; 95% CI: 1.58 - 3.46), work (HR: 2.13; 95% CI: 1.13 - 3.99), high food intake processed foods (HR: 2.44; 95% CI: 1.21 - 4.90) and being physically active (HR: 0.63; 95% CI: 0.41 - 0.98) were independently associated with high cardiovascular risk 30 years old; Article 3 - Three 30-year cardiovascular risk trajectories were identified: Low-Low (68.3%), Medium-Medium (26.2%) and High-High (5.5%). Over time, cardiovascular risk showed a slight increase for the Low-Low trajectory (2.9%), a moderate increase for the Medium-Medium trajectory (7.6%) and a high increase for the High-High trajectory (13%). Being male, living in a stable relationship, having moderate and high consumption of ultra-processed foods were positively associated with Medium-Medium and High-High cardiovascular risk trajectories. Also, having professional training outside the health area and being working were positively associated with the Medium-Medium cardiovascular risk trajectory, while being physically active was negatively associated with the High-High cardiovascular risk trajectory. Conclusion: Few studies were conducted to assess the 30-year high cardiovascular risk, and none of them estimated factors associated with the outcome. Our scientific findings indicated that practicing physical activity reduces the incidence of 30-year high cardiovascular risk. Men, people who work and with a high consumption of processed foods should be monitored with greater caution, as they were more susceptible to the occurrence of the high cardiovascular risk of 30 years. Young adults with better socioeconomic status have a 30-year trajectory of low cardiovascular risk, however, there is a tendency for this trajectory to worsen over time due to bad lifestyle habits. Thus, it is essential to implement prevention strategies to avoid cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Proportional Hazards Models , Longitudinal Studies , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Academic Dissertation , Life Course Perspective
15.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 32(1): e2022669, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430313

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) in the Brazilian adult population based on the 2019 National Health Survey. Methods: this was a population-based cross-sectional study (n = 77,494); prevalence and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of ideal CVH (seven metrics achieved simultaneously) and by individual metrics (four behavioral and three biological metrics), as defined by the American Heart Association, were estimated. Results: only 0.5% (95%CI 0.4;0.6) of the study population presented ideal CVH, with higher prevalence among those with higher level of education (1.3%; 95%CI 0.9;1.6) and residents in urban areas (0.6%; 95%CI 0.5;0.7); the prevalence of behavioral and biological metrics was 0.7% (95%CI 0.6;0.8) and 63.3% (95%CI 62.7;63.9) respectively. Conclusion: the prevalence of ideal CVH was very low, highlighting the need for public policies aimed at promotion, surveillance and CVH care in the Brazilian adult population.


Objetivo: analizar la prevalencia de salud cardiovascular (SCV) ideal en la población adulta brasileña con base en la Encuesta Nacional de Salud de 2019. Métodos: estudio transversal de base poblacional (n = 77.495). Según lo propuesto por la Asociación Americana del Corazón, la prevalencia y los intervalos de confianza del 95% (IC95%) del SCV ideal se estimaron globalmente (siete metas alcanzadas simultáneamente) y por metas individuales (cuatro metas de comportamiento y tres metas). Se calculó la prevalencia de las metas por variables sociodemográficas. Resultados: sólo el 0,5% (IC95% 0,4;0,6) de la población presentó SCV ideal, siendo más frecuente en aquellos con educación superior (1,3%; IC95% 0,9;1,6) y entre los residentes de áreas urbanas (0,6%; IC95%0,5;0,7). La prevalencia de las metas de comportamiento y biológicas fue de 0,7% (IC95% 0,6;0,8) y 63,3% (IC95% 62,7;63,9), respectivamente. Conclusión: la prevalencia de SCV ideal en adultos brasileños es muy baja, destacando la necesidad de políticas públicas para la promoción, vigilancia y atención a la SCV en la población adulta brasileña.


Objetivo: analisar a prevalência de saúde cardiovascular (SCV) ideal na população adulta brasileira. Métodos: estudo transversal com base na Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde de 2019 (n = 77.494); foram estimadas as prevalências e respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%) de SCV ideal (sete metas alcançadas simultaneamente) e por metas individuais (quatro metas comportamentais; três biológicas), conforme propõe a Associação Americana do Coração. Resultados: apenas 0,5% (IC95% 0,4;0,6) da população estudada apresentou SCV ideal, observando-se maior prevalência entre aqueles com maior escolaridade (1,3%; IC95% 0,9;1,6) e os residentes em áreas urbanas (0,6%; IC95% 0,5;0,7); as prevalências das metas comportamentais e biológicas foram de 0,7% (IC95% 0,6;0,8) e 63,3% (IC95% 62,7;63,9) respectivamente. Conclusão: a prevalência de SCV ideal foi muito baixa, evidenciando a necessidade de políticas públicas para promoção, vigilância e atenção à SCV na população adulta brasileira.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Population Studies in Public Health , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Behavior , Health Status Indicators , Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data
16.
Journal de la Faculté de Médecine d'Oran ; 6(2): 787-794, 2023. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1415031

ABSTRACT

Introduction-Le diabète est un véritable problème de santé publique du fait de ses nombreuses complications potentielles, notamment cardiovasculaires. Notre objectif était de décrire le profil clinico-biologique chez une population de diabé tique type 2 et d'étudier la relation entre l'équilibre glycémique et les anomalies lipidiques avec les complications micro et macroangiopathiques. Matériels et méthodes -Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective portant sur 341 pa tients diabétiques type 2.Les données ont été analysées par le logiciel IBM® SPSS statis tics 20.0. Seules, les associations significatives (p ≤ 5%) étaient retenues. Résultats - quatre-vingt deux pourcent et demi des patients ont un taux d'HbA1c ≥7 %. Plus de 60 % ont une dyslipidémie. Cinquante deux pourcent des patients ont un taux du LDLc ≤ 1 g/l, et 64,4 % ont un taux du Non-HDLc >1g/l. Environ 66 % des patients ont une hypertension artérielle. quarante pourcent des patients ont présenté une macroangio pathie et 66,8 % une microangiopathie (p=0,0001). L'analyse par régression logistique, a montré que l'HbA1c est le paramètre biologique le plus associé aux complications macroangiopathiques (p=0,008), alors que pour les complications micro-angiopathiques, l'HTA était le seul facteur associé (p = 0,03). Pour la cardiopathie ischémique, la dyslipi démie et l'HTA étaient les facteurs les plus associés. Conclusion -Notre étude a montré une fréquence élevée des complications micro et macroangiopathiques et des anomalies lipidiques, ainsi qu'un très mauvais équilibre glycémique. L'HbA1c, la dyslipidémie et l'HTA sont les facteurs les plus associés au risque cardiovasculaire.


Background-Diabetes is a real health public problem because of its many potential complications, particularly the cardiovascular ones.The aim of this work was to describe the clinical and biological profile in type 2 diabetic population, then to study the relationship between glycemic control and lipid abnormalities with micro and macro vascular complications. Methods - It was about a retrospective study of 341 type 2 diabetes patients' with an average age of 60.1 ± 11.71 years.The IBM® SPSS statistics 20.0 software was used for analyzing data. Only significant associations (p ≤ 5%) were retained. Results -An HbA1c level ≥7% was observed in 82,5% of patients, More than 60% have dyslipidemia. 52,8% of them have an LDLc level ≤ 1 g/l, and 64,4% have a Non-HDLc level >1g/l. Sixty-six percent of patients have high blood pressure. The macrovascular disorders were observed on 30,9% of patients and microvascular ones on 66,8% of them (p = 0.0001).The logistic regression analysis showed that HbA1c was the most significant biological parameter (p=0,008). while for micro-vascular complications, high blood pressure was the only associated factor (p = 0.03). For ischemic heart disease, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure were the most associated factors. Conclusion - this study showed a high frequency of micro and macrovascular complications, lipid abnormalities and a very poor glycemic control. The elevation of HbA1c level, the high blood pressure and dyslipidemia are the most associated factors with a high cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Public Health , Retrospective Studies , Receptors, Proteinase-Activated , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Dyslipidemias , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Glycemic Control , Hypertension
17.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 16(2): 5046-5057, 2023. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1425733

ABSTRACT

Contexte & objectif. Les modifications lipidiques chez les enfants obèses en Afrique noire sont peu documentées. Les objectifs de la présente étude étaient de déterminer chez les adolescents obèses le profil lipidique, et analyser les associations entre quelques paramètres anthropométriques et lipidiques. Méthodes. L'étude transversale a été réalisée à Brazzaville auprès de 82 adolescents âgés de 11 à 18 ans, répartis en 45 sujets obèses, 17 en état de surpoids et 20 poids normal. Des mesures de la taille, du poids, du tour de taille, des plis cutanés sous-scapulaire et tricipital ont été effectuées. Des prélèvements sanguins ont permis de déterminer les concentrations en cholestérol total, cholestérol-LDL, cholestérol-HDL et triglycérides. Résultats. Les concentrations lipidiques notées chez les adolescents obèses étaient significativement supérieures à celles des sujets de poids normal : cholestérol total, 1,70 vs 1,59g/L ; cholestérol-LDL, 1,03 vs 0,88g/L ; triglycérides, 1,18 vs 0,86. Par contre, celles du cholestérol-HDL étaient significativement inférieures : 0,42 vs 0,51g/L. Une corrélation positive a été retrouvée entre le rapport tour de taille/taille et le cholestérol-HDL (r=0,75 ; p=0,031). Conclusion. Nos résultats soulignent la nécessité de renforcer la prise en charge des enfants obèses afin de prévenir les facteurs de risque potentiels des maladies cardiovasculaires à l'âge adulte


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adolescent Health , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Blood , Pediatric Obesity
18.
JEMDSA (Online) ; 28(1): 18-28, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427874

ABSTRACT

Background Obesity is a well-documented risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with increasing evidence to suggest visceral adiposity as a greater risk factor for CVD than body mass index (BMI). Objectives To determine a relationship between hypertension (HPT) and anthropometry in people living with diabetes (PLWD) in an HIV endemic area. Methods This was a retrospective study analysing data captured from standardised clinic sheets from the DM clinic at the Harry Gwala Regional Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019. Results Data from 957 PLWD were used for the study, the majority of whom had T2DM (811; 86.2%). Approximately one-sixth of the cohort had HIV infection (146; 15.3%). There was no significant difference in HPT prevalence between the HIV-uninfected (77.9%) and PLWD who had HIV (PLWDHIV) (78.1%). Multivariate analysis revealed females with increased waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WTHR) were 57.8 (95% CI 3.04­1096.33) (p = 0.007) and 87.2 (95% CI 4.88­1558.28) (p = 0.002) times more likely to be hypertensive respectively. By contrast, only BMI in males was associated with HPT with a AOR 5.294 (95% CI 1.54 - 18.22) (p = 0.008). HIV status was non-contributory to anthropometry in predicting HPT in PLWD. Conclusion Our study found that anthropometric indices are not all equal predictors of HPT. The authors advocate for local guidance on gender-specific cut-offs on anthropometry in PLWD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases , Anthropometry , Diabetes Mellitus , Waist Circumference , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Waist-Height Ratio , Hypertension
19.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 5-11, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003627

ABSTRACT

Background@#Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of deaths among adults in the Philippines, and this is true also among older persons aged 60 years and above. Identification of risk factors and diseases that lead to cardiovascular mortality among the elderly is important to have an impact on longevity.@*Objective@#This study aimed to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and specific cardiovascular risk factors among older persons in the Philippines.@*Methods@#A cross sectional design was used, with data taken from the results of the 8th Philippine National Nutrition Survey (NNS) Clinical and Health Survey done in 2013. Although there is a more recent survey, only the 2013 data is complete and available for secondary analyses.@*Results@#There were 1,835 older persons who were participants in the 8th Philippine NNS who had complete clinical data. The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome was 52.6% in this population with the distribution of the components as follows: 33.5% have elevated waist circumference; 59.25 had elevated BP >130/85 mm Hg; 30.1% had fasting blood glucose ≥100 mg/dL (includes prediabetes and diabetes); 63% have low HDL, and 39% have elevated triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL. The results for other cardiovascular diseases and risk factors are as follows: 44% had hypertension using the criterion of the JNC VII report (BP ≥140/90 mm Hg); 85% had LDL cholesterol ≥100 mg/dL; 31% are current alcohol drinkers; 22% are current smokers; 53.7% have low physical activity; and 82% have an unhealthy diet.@*Conclusions@#Fifty-two percent (52%) of older Filipinos have metabolic syndrome and have a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, foremost of which are elevated LDL-cholesterol at 85%, hypertension at 44% based on JNC VII, approximately 10% with diabetes mellitus, but with a double burden of overweight/obesity and undernutrition. This data can help plan for public health approaches to improve quality of life and increase longevity of Filipinos.


Subject(s)
Metabolic Syndrome , Heart Disease Risk Factors
20.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 41(3): 165-169, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423688

ABSTRACT

Introducción: 25% de personas con hiperinsulinismo desarrolla diabetes 3-5 años luego del primer diagnóstico y 70% lo hará en el resto de la vida. Intervenir los niveles de glicemia desde que se detecta hiperinsulinemia evita la progresión a diabetes y restaura el metabolismo glicémico. Objetivos: Determinar la prevalencia de hiperinsulinismo patológico post-carga de glucosa (HPPG) y su relación con factores de riesgo cardiovascular en adultos 100 UI/ml a las 2 horas), sexo, hipertensión arterial, dislipidemia, malnutrición por exceso, sedentarismo, tabaquismo, ateromatosis e infarto miocárdico documentado. Con STATA 17 se calculó la prevalencia de variables en población general y según categoría de HPPG y se evaluó la significancia con prueba exacta de Fisher. Se compararon medias con ANOVA y t-test con nivel de significancia <0,05. Se usó regresión binomial para estimar Razón de Prevalencia e intervalos de confianza en variables cuantitativas y cualitativas. Resultados: la prevalencia de HPPG fue 41%. La edad promedio 37,5 años, el sexo masculino 52,9%, la hipertensión-arterial 40,5% y la dislipidemia 74,4%. Al comparar las poblaciones con y sin HPPG existieron diferencia estadísticamente significativa en las variables dislipidemia, hipertensión-arterial, malnutrición por exceso y sexo-masculino. La razón de prevalencia alcanzó a un 62%, 37%, 59% y 20% respectivamente. Conclusión: Se encontró una alta prevalencia de HPPG. Los factores de riesgo asociados a ella fueron dislipidemia, hipertensión arterial, malnutrición por exceso y sexo masculino. Esto sugiere que encontrar HPPG puede ser de utilidad para detectar precozmente a la población con un mayor riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular.


Introduction: 25% of people with hyperinsulinism develop diabetes 3-5 years after the first diagnosis and 70% will do so in the rest of their lives. To control glycemia levels as soon as hyperinsulinemia is detected, progression to diabetes is prevented and glycemic metabolism is restored. Aim: To determine the prevalence of post-glucose load pathological hyperinsulinism (HPPG) and its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors in adults 100 uIU/ ml at 2 hours), sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, excess malnutrition due to, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, documented atheromatosis and myocardial infarction. The prevalence of variables in the general population was calculated and, in relation to the HPPG category, significance is evaluated with Fisher's exact test. Finally means are compared with ANOVA and t-test. With significance level <0.05. Binomial regression was used to estimate the prevalence ratio and confidence intervals in quantitative and qualitative variables. Statistical analysis was performed with the STATA 17 software. Results: HPPG prevalence was 41%, mean age 37.5 years, male sex 52.9%, arterial hypertension 40.5% and dyslipidemia 74.4%. Un relation to the presence of HPPG a statistically significant difference in the variables dyslipidemia, arterial hypertension, malnutrition due to excess and male sex was found. The prevalence ratios were 62%, 37%, 59% and 20%, respectively. Conclusion: A high prevalence of HPPG was found. Risk factors associated to HPPG were dyslipidemia, arterial hypertension, malnutrition due to excess and male sex. Thus, HPPG can play a role in the early detection of a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in the general population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hyperinsulinism/etiology , Blood Glucose , Insulin Resistance , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Hyperinsulinism/complications , Hypoglycemia
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