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Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1852-1862, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528792


SUMMARY: The primary aim was to gather available data published after the 2000s, on cardiovascular fitness in normal weight and obese children and adolescents. Based on the data, the secondary aims were to identify the most used outcomes and to determine the differences in cardiovascular fitness in the mentioned populations. Following PRISMA recommendations, multiple databases were searched: Google Scholar, PubMed, Cochrane Library, ProQuest, and Research Gate, with additional inclusion criteria: original study published in English, normal weight and obese children and adolescents as participant sample, studies that have assessed cardiovascular fitness parameters, and studies with participant's nutrition state. A total of 19 studies, with a total of 4,988 included participants (both obese and normal weight) were identified, with the most common participants have presented better results in terms of BMI, BF%, VO2max, VO2peak and METs, while the HR values are inconsistently presented. Despite deficiencies the study deficiency in the last two decades, there are differences in the mentioned populations. Further studies should focus on including the technology that reaches teens and families for overweight and obesity prevention and advancements in standard measurements for juvenile overweight and obesity, as well as for the creation, adaption, and validation of measuring instruments. As good framework for future directions, there is a need for more concise and unified measurements of cardiovascular fitness parameters in normally weight and obese children and adolescents.

El objetivo principal fue recopilar datos disponibles publicados después de la década del 2000 sobre la condición cardiovascular en niños y adolescentes con peso normal y obesos. En base a estos datos, los objetivos secundarios fueron identificar los resultados más utilizados y determinar las diferencias en la condición cardiovascular en las poblaciones mencionadas. Siguiendo las recomendaciones de PRISMA, se realizaron búsquedas en múltiples bases de datos: Google Scholar, PubMed, Cochrane Library, ProQuest y Research Gate, con criterios de inclusión adicionales: estudio original publicado en inglés, niños y adolescentes con peso normal y obesidad como muestra participante, estudios que hayan evaluado enfermedades cardiovasculares, parámetros de condición física y estudios con el estado nutricional de los participantes. Se identificaron un total de 19 estudios, con un total de 4.988 participantes incluidos (tanto obesos como con peso normal), siendo las variables más comunes: IMC, %BF, VO2máx, VO2pico, FC, PAD, PAS y MET. Generalmente, los participantes con peso normal han presentado mejores resultados en términos de IMC, %BF, VO2máx, VO2peak y MET, mientras que los valores de FC se presentan de manera inconsistente. Independientemente de la deficiencia de estudios en las últimas dos décadas, existen diferencias en las poblaciones mencionadas. Estudios futuros deberían centrarse en incluir tecnología que llegue a adolescentes y familias para la prevención del sobrepeso y la obesidad y avances en las mediciones estándar del sobrepeso y la obesidad juvenil, así como para la creación, adaptación y validación de instrumentos de medición. Como buen marco para direcciones futuras, se necesitan mediciones más concisas y unificadas de los parámetros de la condición cardiovascular en niños y adolescentes con peso normal y obesos.

Humans , Child , Adolescent , Body Weight , Exercise , Heart Rate , Physical Endurance , Overweight
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0172, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394831


ABSTRACT Introduction: The unregulated development in the current life pattern has strengthened obesity among adolescents, and this problem is becoming more serious. Objective: Compare the impact of two exercise methods on the physical health of obese adolescents. Methods: 24 obese adolescents (12 females; BMI>30% ± 3%; age concentrated between 10 and 16 years) were selected and divided into group I and group II for a 4-week experimental study, and changes in physical fitness and function were recorded. Results: After four weeks of aerobic exercise control (group I), waist circumference, hip circumference, skinfold thickness, and abdominal fold thickness were significantly reduced in boys (p<0.05), and girls' body shape indicators were significantly altered (p<0.05). After four weeks of aerobic exercise combined with resistance training (group II), the effects of weight, BMI, and body size were significant in boys and girls. Conclusion: Aerobic exercise can effectively improve the physical problems of obese adolescents. Under the same external conditions, the effect of aerobic exercise was shown to be more effective when combined with resistance training in the physical improvement of the analyzed group. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.

RESUMO Introdução: O desenvolvimento desregrado no padrão de vida atual fortaleceu a obesidade entre os adolescentes e esse problema está se tornando cada vez mais grave. Objetivo: Comparar o impacto entre dois métodos de exercício na saúde física de adolescentes obesos. Métodos: Foram selecionados 24 adolescentes obesos (12 mulheres; IMC>30% ± 3%; idade concentrada entre 10 e 16 anos) e divididos no grupo I e no grupo II para um estudo experimental de 4 semanas, sendo registradas as alterações no condicionamento e função física. Resultados: Após 4 semanas de controle de exercício aeróbico (grupo I), a circunferência da cintura, circunferência do quadril, espessura da dobra cutânea e espessura da dobra abdominal foram significativamente reduzidas em meninos (p<0,05), e os indicadores de forma corporal das meninas foram significativamente alterados (p<0,05). Após 4 semanas de exercício aeróbico combinado com treinamento de resistência (grupo II), os efeitos do peso, IMC e tamanho do corpo foram significativos em meninos e meninas. Conclusão: O exercício aeróbico pode melhorar efetivamente os problemas físicos dos adolescentes obesos. Sob as mesmas condições externas, o efeito do exercício aeróbico demonstrou-se mais eficaz quando aliado ao treinamento de resistência na melhoria física do grupo analisado. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

RESUMEN Introducción: El desarrollo desordenado en el patrón de vida actual ha potenciado la obesidad entre los adolescentes y este problema es cada vez más grave. Objetivo: Comparar el impacto de dos métodos de ejercicio en la salud física de adolescentes obesos. Métodos: Se seleccionaron 24 adolescentes obesos (12 mujeres; IMC>30% ± 3%; edad concentrada entre 10 y 16 años) y se dividieron en el grupo I y el grupo II para un estudio experimental de 4 semanas, y se registraron los cambios en la aptitud física y la función. Resultados: Después de 4 semanas de control de ejercicio aeróbico (grupo I), la circunferencia de la cintura, la circunferencia de la cadera, el grosor de los pliegues cutáneos y el grosor de los pliegues abdominales se redujeron significativamente en los niños (p<0,05), y los indicadores de la forma corporal de las niñas se alteraron significativamente (p<0,05). Tras 4 semanas de ejercicio aeróbico combinado con entrenamiento de resistencia (grupo II), los efectos del peso, el IMC y el tamaño corporal fueron significativos en chicos y chicas. Conclusión: El ejercicio aeróbico puede mejorar eficazmente los problemas físicos de los adolescentes obesos. En las mismas condiciones externas, el efecto del ejercicio aeróbico se mostró más eficaz cuando se combinó con el entrenamiento de resistencia en la mejora física del grupo analizado. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Exercise Therapy/methods , Obesity/therapy , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Inspiratory Capacity , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0168, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394832


ABSTRACT Introduction: Several programs to encourage physical activity has been encouraged to reduce the sedentary lifestyle in China. Running is among them because it has potentially positive effects on cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia, in addition to the intrinsic psychological and social benefits of outdoor sports. Objective: Explore the protective effect of running on the cardiac system by analyzing strategies for cultivating exercise health awareness. Methods: A group of ten healthy volunteers, five women aged 25-35 years, underwent a 45-minute running program, performed four times a week for three weeks. Data collected by spirometry and cardiac monitoring were collected, treated, compared, and discussed. This paper introduced the concept of subjective exercise intensity to find the best analysis and judgment of Cardiac Function. Finally, a quantitative investigation involving the analysis of 315 questionnaires explored the current status of sports health awareness in running fans. Results: Heart rate amplitude during running remained in the range of 120-160, belonging to the normal heart rate range for the surveyed audience. In most cases, women's heart rate was higher than men's (P<0.05). The exercise intensity was fixed at a frequency below the value of 16, which is a slightly strenuous stage, and the relative exercise intensity was controlled between 50% and 71.5%. Conclusion: Running has a good cardiac protective effect, and its followers are highly aware of sports health. Due to the beneficial effect of sports practice, its dissemination is recommended as a form of physical and social therapeutic activity. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.

RESUMO Introdução: Com o intuito de reduzir o índice de sedentarismo na China, diversos programas de incentivo à atividade física foram estimulados. A corrida está dentre eles pois tem potenciais efeitos positivos nas doenças cardiovasculares, hipertensão arterial, diabetes mellitus e hipercolesterolemia, além dos benefícios psicológicos e sociais intrínsecos na prática esportiva ao ar livre. Objetivo: Explorar o efeito protetor da corrida no sistema cardíaco analisando as estratégias para a cultura da consciência sanitária do exercício. Métodos: Um grupo de dez voluntários saudáveis, com cinco mulheres e idade entre 25 a 35 anos foram submetidos a um programa de corrida por 45 minutos, realizado quatro vezes por semana, durante três semanas. Dados coletados por espirometria e monitoramento cardíaco foram coletados, tratados, comparados e discutidos. Este artigo introduziu o conceito de intensidade de exercício subjetivo para encontrar a melhor análise e julgamento da Função Cardíaca. Por fim, uma investigação quantitativa envolvendo a análise de 315 questionários explorou a situação atual da conscientização em saúde esportiva em adeptos da corrida. Resultados: A amplitude de frequência cardíaca durante a corrida manteve-se na faixa de 120-160, pertencente à faixa normal de frequência cardíaca ao público pesquisado. A frequência cardíaca das mulheres foi maior do que a dos homens na maioria dos casos (P<0,05). A intensidade do exercício fixou-se numa frequência inferior ao valor de 16, que é um estágio ligeiramente extenuante, e a intensidade relativa do exercício ficou controlada entre 50% e 71,5%. Conclusão: A corrida apresenta um bom efeito protetor cardíaco, seus adeptos possuem elevada conscientização da saúde esportiva. Devido ao efeito salutar da prática esportiva, recomenda-se a sua divulgação como forma de atividade terapêutica física e social. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

RESUMEN Introducción: Con el fin de reducir el estilo de vida sedentario en China, se han estimulado varios programas para fomentar la actividad física. La carrera se encuentra entre ellos porque tiene potenciales efectos positivos sobre las enfermedades cardiovasculares, la hipertensión, la diabetes mellitus y la hipercolesterolemia, además de los beneficios psicológicos y sociales intrínsecos del deporte al aire libre. Objetivo: Explorar el efecto protector de correr sobre el sistema cardíaco analizando las estrategias para cultivar la conciencia de la salud del ejercicio. Métodos: Un grupo de diez voluntarios sanos, cinco mujeres, con edades comprendidas entre los 25 y los 35 años, fueron sometidos a un programa de carrera durante 45 minutos, realizado cuatro veces por semana durante tres semanas. Los datos recogidos por la espirometría y la monitorización cardíaca fueron recogidos, tratados, comparados y discutidos. Este trabajo introdujo el concepto de intensidad subjetiva del ejercicio para encontrar el mejor análisis y juicio de la Función Cardíaca. Por último, una investigación cuantitativa que incluyó el análisis de 315 cuestionarios exploró el estado actual de la conciencia de la salud deportiva en los aficionados a las carreras. Resultados: La amplitud de la frecuencia cardíaca durante la carrera se mantuvo en el rango de 120-160, perteneciendo al rango de frecuencia cardíaca normal para el público encuestado. La frecuencia cardíaca de las mujeres fue mayor que la de los hombres en la mayoría de los casos (P<0,05). La intensidad del ejercicio se fijó en una frecuencia inferior al valor de 16, que es una etapa ligeramente agotadora, y la intensidad relativa del ejercicio se controló entre el 50% y el 71,5%. Conclusión: La acción de correr presenta un buen efecto cardioprotector, sus adeptos poseen alta conciencia de la salud deportiva. Debido al efecto saludable de la práctica deportiva, se recomienda su difusión como forma de actividad terapéutica física y social. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypercholesterolemia/prevention & control
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0156, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394836


ABSTRACT Introduction: Due to academic pressure, many college students feel unmotivated to exercise, leading to serious obesity problems. One of the effective resources for weight loss is high-intensity interval training, but there is no extensive research on the effect on this specific group. Objective: To explore the impact of high-intensity interval training on body fat index (BFI) in college students, analyzing the scientific basis and safety of this exercise training through heart rate indicators. Methods: Two experimental groups, MICT (moderate-intensity continuous training) and HIIT (high-intensity interval training), were compared. The HIIT group used stationary bicycles, according to the high-intensity interval training method. MICT is a moderate-intensity continuous training method, so the load was half that of the HIIT group. Results: The IGC of women after training was 22.81±2.87, the IGC was significantly reduced, and there was a very significant difference; the IGC of men after training was 22.74±2.12, the IGC was significantly reduced, and they very significant difference. This shows that the exercises have a good effect on weight loss. Conclusion: HIIT training is more effective, both in time and strength of adherence. It has a good effect on improving cardiopulmonary function, and optimizing IGC are strongly impacted. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.

RESUMO Introdução: Devido à pressão acadêmica, muitos estudantes universitários sentem-se desmotivados para o exercício, acarretando a sérios problemas de obesidade. Um dos recursos eficazes para a perda de peso é o treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade, porém não há pesquisas amplas sobre o efeito nesse grupo específico. Objetivo: Explorar o impacto do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade no índice de gordura corporal (IGC) dos estudantes universitários, analisando o embasamento científico e a segurança desse treinamento de exercício através dos indicadores de frequência cardíaca. Métodos: Dois grupos experimentais MICT (treinamento contínuo de intensidade moderada) e HIIT (treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade) foram comparados. O grupo HIIT utilizou bicicletas estacionárias, de acordo com o método de treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade. MICT é um método de treinamento contínuo de intensidade moderada, portanto a carga foi a metade do grupo HIIT. Resultados: O IGC das mulheres após o treinamento foi de 22,81±2,87, o IGC foi significativamente reduzido e houve uma diferença muito significativa, o IGC dos homens após o treinamento foi de 22,74±2,12, o IGC foi significativamente reduzido e houve uma diferença muito significativa. Isso mostra que os exercícios têm um bom efeito na perda de peso. Conclusão: O treinamento HIIT é mais eficaz, tanto em tempo quanto na resistência da adesão. Tem um bom efeito de melhora na função cardiopulmonar, sendo a otimização do IGC fortemente impactada. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

RESUMEN Introducción: Debido a la presión académica, muchos estudiantes universitarios se sienten desmotivados para hacer ejercicio, lo que conduce a graves problemas de obesidad. Uno de los recursos efectivos para la pérdida de peso es el entrenamiento de intervalos de alta intensidad, sin embargo, no hay amplias investigaciones sobre el efecto en este grupo específico. Objetivo: Explorar el impacto del entrenamiento interválico de alta intensidad en el índice de grasa corporal (IGC) de estudiantes universitarios, analizando la base científica y la seguridad de este entrenamiento de ejercicio a través de indicadores de frecuencia cardíaca. Métodos: Se compararon dos grupos experimentales MICT (entrenamiento continuo de intensidad moderada) y HIIT (entrenamiento por intervalos de alta intensidad). El grupo HIIT utilizó bicicletas fijas, según el método de entrenamiento por intervalos de alta intensidad. El MICT es un método de entrenamiento continuo de intensidad moderada, por lo que la carga era la mitad que la del grupo HIIT. Resultados: El IGC de las mujeres después del entrenamiento fue de 22,81±2,87, el IGC se redujo significativamente y hubo una diferencia muy significativa, el IGC de los hombres después del entrenamiento fue de 22,74±2,12, el IGC se redujo significativamente y hubo una diferencia muy significativa. Esto demuestra que los ejercicios tienen un buen efecto en la pérdida de peso. Conclusión: El entrenamiento HIIT es más efectivo, tanto en tiempo como en resistencia a la adherencia. Tiene un buen efecto de mejora de la función cardiopulmonar, con un fuerte impacto en la optimización del IGC. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

Humans , Male , Female , Students , Body Mass Index , High-Intensity Interval Training , Heart Rate/physiology , Universities
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(4): 426-433, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447630


Abstract Background Few trials have examined the efficacy of esmolol to attenuate hemodynamic and respiratory responses during extubation. However, the most appropriate dose of esmolol and an optimal protocol for administering this beta-blocker are uncertain. Methods Ninety patients ASA physical status I, II, and III (aged 18-60 years) scheduled to procedures with general anesthesia and tracheal extubation were selected. Patients were randomized into esmolol and placebo group to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a single bolus dose of esmolol (2 on cardiorespiratory responses during the peri-extubation period. The primary outcome was the rate of tachycardia during extubation. Results The rate of tachycardia was significantly lower in esmolol-treated patients compared to placebo-treated patients (2.2% vs. 48.9%, relative risk (RR): 0.04, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 0.01 to 0.32, p= 0.002). The rate of hypertension was also significantly lower in the esmolol group (4.4% vs. 31.1%, RR: 0.14, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.6, p= 0.004). Esmolol-treated patients were associated with higher extubation quality compared to patients who received placebo (p< 0.001), with an approximately two-fold increase in the rate of patients without cough (91.1%) in the esmolol group compared to the placebo group (46.7%). The rate of bucking was approximately 5-fold lower in the esmolol group (8.9% vs. 44.5%, respectively, RR: 0.20 (95% CI, 0.1 to 0.5, p= 0.002, with an NNT of 2.8). Conclusion A single bolus dose of esmolol is an effective and safe therapeutic strategy to attenuate cardiorespiratory responses during the peri-extubation period.

Humans , Propanolamines/therapeutic use , Propanolamines/pharmacology , Hypertension/ethnology , Hypertension/drug therapy , Tachycardia/ethnology , Tachycardia/prevention & control , Tachycardia/drug therapy , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/pharmacology , Airway Extubation/adverse effects , Heart Rate , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 422023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1508230


Introducción: El CrossFit representa un paradigma interesante del fitness para los profesionales del ejercicio y la medicina deportiva. No obstante, aún se desconoce si el ritmo de repetición influye en las respuestas cardiovasculares y la percepción del esfuerzo en este tipo de entrenamiento físico. Objetivo: Relacionar el ritmo de repetición del CrossFit WOD Karen con la frecuencia cardíaca y el esfuerzo percibido en sujetos físicamente activos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-correlacional de enfoque cuantitativo a una muestra no probabilística de 20 sujetos. Durante la aplicación de la prueba WOD Karen y el test Course-Navette, la frecuencia cardíaca se monitoreó a través de pulsómetros Polar H7; el esfuerzo percibido se valoró con la escala de Borg CR-10 y el ritmo de repetición se calculó mediante una ecuación matemática. Los datos se analizaron con el paquete estadístico PSPP y se empleó el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: La intensidad relativa del entrenamiento (r = -0,67) y la percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo (r = -0,68) se relacionan negativamente en las mujeres. En ambos sexos no existió significación (p < 0,05). Conclusión: Las mujeres con un ritmo de repetición más rápido presentaron una frecuencia cardíaca y un esfuerzo percibido más bajo(AU)

Introduction: CrossFit represents an interesting fitness paradigm for exercise and sports medicine professionals. However, it is still unknown whether the repetition rate of this type of physical training influences cardiovascular responses and perceived exertion. Objective: To find the relation between the repetition rate of the CrossFit WOD Karen to heart rate and the perceived exertion in physically active subjects. Methods: A descriptive-correlational study with a quantitative approach was performed with a non-probabilistic sample of 20 subjects. During the application of the WOD Karen test and the Course-Navette test, heart rate was monitored with pulsometers; perceived exertion was assessed through the Borg CR-10 scale and repetition rate was calculated using a mathematical equation. Data were analyzed with the PSPP statistical package and the Spearman's correlation coefficient was used. Results: Relative training intensity (r = -0.67) and subjective perception of effort (r = -0.68) were negatively related in women. In both genders there was no significance (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Women with a faster repetition rate had a lower heart rate and lower perceived exertion(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Heart Rate , Sports Medicine/education , Public Health/education , Epidemiology, Descriptive
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 36: e36102, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421466


Abstract Introduction Multiple studies have shown the effects of prone (PP), supine (SP) and kangaroo (KP) positions on clinical and physiological outcomes in preterm newborns, but none compared these three types of positioning between them. Objective To investigate the influence of these positionings on heart rate, respiratory rate, peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and alertness status in clinically stable preterm newborns (NBs) admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit. Methods In a randomized clinical trial, clinically stable NBs with gestational ages from 30 to 37 weeks who were breathing spontaneously were allocated in three positioning groups: PP, SP and KP. Heart rate, breathing frequency, SpO2 and alertness status were evaluated immediately before and after 30 minutes of positioning. Results In all, 66 NBs were assessed (corrected age: 35.48 ± 1.94 weeks; weight: 1840.14 ± 361.09 g), (PP: n = 22; SP: n = 23; KP: n = 21). NBs in the PP group showed a significant improvement in peripheral SpO2 (97.18 ± 2.16 vs 95.47 ± 2.93 vs 95.57 ± 2.95, p = 0.03) compared with the SP and KP groups. Conclusion In clinically stable preterm NBs, the PP was associated with better peripheral oxygen saturation than the SP or KP. In addition, there was a reduction in heart rate within prone position group and in the KP group there was an increase in the number of NBs in the deep sleep classification.

Resumo Introdução Vários estudos têm demonstrado os efeitos das posições prona (PP), supina (SP) e canguru (KP) sobre os resul-tados clínicos e fisiológicos em recém-nascidos prematuros, mas nenhum comparou esses três tipos de posicionamento. Objetivo Investigar a influência desses posicionamentos na frequência cardíaca, frequência respiratória, saturação periférica de oxigênio (SpO2) e estado de alerta em recém-nascidos pré-termo (RN) clinicamente estáveis internados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Métodos Em um ensaio clínico randomizado, RN clinicamente estáveis com idade gestacional de 30 a 37 semanas e respirando espontaneamente foram alocados em três grupos de posicionamento: PP, SP e KP. Frequência cardíaca e respiratória, SpO2 e estado de alerta foram avaliados imediatamente antes e após 30 minutos de posicionamento. Resultados Ao todo, foram avaliados 66 RNs (idade corrigida: 35,48 ± 1,94 semanas; peso: 1840,14 ± 361,09 g), (PP: n = 22; SP: n = 23; KP: n = 21). Os RNs do grupo PP apresentaram melhora significativa na SpO2 periférica (97,18 ± 2,16 vs 95,47 ± 2,93 vs 95,57 ± 2,95, p = 0,03) em comparação aos grupos SP e KP. Conclusão Em RN prematuros clinicamente estáveis, o PP foi associado à melhor saturação periférica de oxigênio do que o SP ou KP. Além disso, houve redução da frequência cardíaca no grupo de posição prona e no grupo KP houve aumento do número de RNs na classificação sono profundo.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Physical Therapy Modalities , Patient Positioning , Respiratory Care Units , Respiratory Therapy , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Heart Rate
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 1-10, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981596


Objective Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist with sedative and analgesic properties but without respiratory depression effect and has been widely used in perioperative anesthesia. Here we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on maintaining perioperative hemodynamic stability in elderly patients.Methods PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Data were searched for randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) on the application of dexmedetomidine in maintaining perioperative hemodynamic stability in elderly patients from their inception to September, 2021. The standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were employed to analyze the data. The random-effect model was used for the potential clinical inconsistency.Results A total of 12 RCTs with 833 elderly patients (dexmedetomidine group, 546 patients; control group, 287 patients) were included. There was no significant increase in perioperative heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in the dexmedetomidine group before and during the operation. In addition, the variations of hemodynamic indexes including HR, MAP, SBP (systolic blood pressure), and DBP were significantly lower in the dexmedetomidine group compared with the control group (HR: SMD = -0.87, 95% CI: -1.13 to -0.62; MAP: SMD = -1.12, 95% CI: -1.60 to -0.63; SBP: SMD = -1.27, 95% CI: -2.26 to -0.27; DBP: SMD = -0.96, 95% CI: -1.33 to -0.59). Subgroup analysis found that with the prolongation of 1.0 μg/kg dexmedetomidine infusion, the patient's heart rate declined in a time-dependent way.Conclusion Dexmedetomidine provides more stable hemodynamics during perioperative period in elderly patients. However, further well-conducted trials are required to assess the effective and safer doses of dexmedetomidine in elderly patients.

Humans , Aged , Dexmedetomidine/adverse effects , Hemodynamics , Hypnotics and Sedatives/pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Heart Rate
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 529-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981572


As one of the standard electrophysiological signals in the human body, the photoplethysmography contains detailed information about the blood microcirculation and has been commonly used in various medical scenarios, where the accurate detection of the pulse waveform and quantification of its morphological characteristics are essential steps. In this paper, a modular pulse wave preprocessing and analysis system is developed based on the principles of design patterns. The system designs each part of the preprocessing and analysis process as independent functional modules to be compatible and reusable. In addition, the detection process of the pulse waveform is improved, and a new waveform detection algorithm composed of screening-checking-deciding is proposed. It is verified that the algorithm has a practical design for each module, high accuracy of waveform recognition and high anti-interference capability. The modular pulse wave preprocessing and analysis software system developed in this paper can meet the individual preprocessing requirements for various pulse wave application studies under different platforms. The proposed novel algorithm with high accuracy also provides a new idea for the pulse wave analysis process.

Humans , Systems Analysis , Algorithms , Software , Heart Rate , Microcirculation
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 43-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971301


OBJECTIVE@#To use the low-cost anesthesia monitor for realizing anesthesia depth monitoring, effectively assist anesthesiologists in diagnosis and reduce the cost of anesthesia operation.@*METHODS@#Propose a monitoring method of anesthesia depth based on artificial intelligence. The monitoring method is designed based on convolutional neural network (CNN) and long and short-term memory (LSTM) network. The input data of the model include electrocardiogram (ECG) and pulse wave photoplethysmography (PPG) recorded in the anesthesia monitor, as well as heart rate variability (HRV) calculated from ECG, The output of the model is in three states of anesthesia induction, anesthesia maintenance and anesthesia awakening.@*RESULTS@#The accuracy of anesthesia depth monitoring model under transfer learning is 94.1%, which is better than all comparison methods.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The accuracy of this study meets the needs of perioperative anesthesia depth monitoring and the study reduces the operation cost.

Artificial Intelligence , Neural Networks, Computer , Heart Rate , Electrocardiography , Photoplethysmography/methods , Anesthesia
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 488-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986880


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association between short-term exposure to indoor total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) and nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) among young female adults.@*METHODS@#This panel study recruited 50 young females from one university in Beijing, China from December 2021 to April 2022. All the participants underwent two sequential visits. During each visit, real time indoor TVOC concentration was monitored using an indoor air quality detector. The real time levels of indoor temperature, relative humidity, noise, carbon dioxide and fine particulate matter were monitored using a temperature and humidity meter, a noise meter, a carbon dioxide meter and a particulate counter, respectively. HRV parameters were measured using a 12-lead Holter. Mixed-effects models were used to evaluate the association between the TVOC and HRV parameters and establish the exposure-response relationships, and two-pollutant models were applied to examine the robustness of the results.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the 50 female subjects was (22.5±2.3) years, and the mean body mass index was (20.4±1.9) kg/m2. During this study, the median (interquartile range) of indoor TVOC concentrations was 0.069 (0.046) mg/m3, the median (interquartile range) of indoor temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide concentration, noise level and fine particulate matter concentration were 24.3 (2.7) ℃, 38.5% (15.0%), 0.1% (0.1%), 52.7 (5.8) dB(A) and 10.3 (21.5) μg/m3, respectively. Short-term exposure to indoor TVOC was associated with significant changes in time-domain and frequency-domain HRV parameters, and the exposure metric for most HRV parameters with the most significant changes was 1 h-moving average. Along with a 0.01 mg/m3 increment in 1 h-moving average concentration of indoor TVOC, this study observed decreases of 1.89% (95%CI: -2.28%, -1.50%) in standard deviation of all normal to normal intervals (SDNN), 1.92% (95%CI: -2.32%, -1.51%) in standard deviation of average normal to normal intervals (SDANN), 0.64% (95%CI: -1.13%, -0.14%) in percentage of adjacent NN intervals differing by more than 50 ms (pNN50), 3.52% (95%CI: -4.30%, -2.74%) in total power (TP), 5.01% (95%CI: -6.21%, -3.79%) in very low frequency (VLF) power, and 4.36% (95%CI: -5.16%, -3.55%) in low frequency (LF) power. The exposure-response curves showed that indoor TVOC was negatively correlated with SDNN, SDANN, TP, and VLF when the concentration exceeded 0.1 mg/m3. The two-pollutant models indicated that the results were generally robust after controlling indoor noise and fine particulate matter.@*CONCLUSION@#Short-term exposure to indoor TVOC was associated with significant negative changes in nocturnal HRV of young women. This study provides an important scientific basis for relevant prevention and control measures.

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Air Pollutants/analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Volatile Organic Compounds/analysis , Carbon Dioxide , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Environmental Pollutants
Singapore medical journal ; : 430-433, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984204


INTRODUCTION@#MyDiagnostick is an atrial fibrillation (AF) screening tool that has been validated in the Caucasian population in the primary care setting.@*METHODS@#In our study, we compared MyDiagnostick with manual pulse check for AF screening in the community setting.@*RESULTS@#In our cohort of 671 candidates from a multi-ethnic Asian population, AF prevalence was found to be 1.78%. Of 12 candidates, 6 (50.0%) had a previous history of AF and another 6 (50.0%) were newly diagnosed with AF. Candidates found to have AF during the screening were older (72.0 ± 11.7 years vs. 56.0 ± 13.0 years, P < 0.0001) and had a higher CHADSVASC risk score (2.9 ± 1.5 vs. 1.5 ± 1.1, P = 0.0001). MyDiagnostick had a sensitivity of 100.0% and a specificity of 96.2%. In comparison, manual pulse check had a sensitivity of 83.3% and a specificity of 98.9%.@*CONCLUSION@#MyDiagnostick is a simple AF screening device that can be reliably used by non-specialist professionals in the community setting. Its sensitivity and specificity are comparable and validated across various studies performed in different population cohorts.

Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Heart Rate , Sensitivity and Specificity , Risk Factors , Electrocardiography , Mass Screening
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 268-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982226


To comprehensively evaluate the human body's respiratory, circular metabolism and other functions, and to diagnose lung disease, an accurate and reliable pulmonary function test (PFT) is developed. The system is divided into two parts:hardware and software. It realizes the collection of respiratory, pulse oxygen, carbon dioxide, oxygen and other signals, and draws flow-volume curve (FV curve), volume-time curve (VT curve), respiratory waveform, pulse wave, carbon dioxide and oxygen waveform in real time on the upper computer of the PFT system, and conducts signal processing and parameter calculation for each signal. The experimental results prove that the system is safe and reliable, it can accurately measure the basic functions of human body, and provide reliable parameters, and has good application prospects.

Humans , Carbon Dioxide , Respiratory Function Tests , Oxygen , Heart Rate
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 258-263, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982224


Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia, and its diagnosis is interfered by many factors. In order to achieve applicability in diagnosis and improve the level of automatic analysis of atrial fibrillation to the level of experts, the automatic detection of atrial fibrillation is very important. This study proposes an automatic detection algorithm for atrial fibrillation based on BP neural network (back propagation network) and support vector machine (SVM). The electrocardiogram (ECG) segments in the MIT-BIH atrial fibrillation database are divided into 10, 32, 64, and 128 heartbeats, respectively, and the Lorentz value, Shannon entropy, K-S test value and exponential moving average value are calculated. These four characteristic parameters are used as the input of SVM and BP neural network for classification and testing, and the label given by experts in the MIT-BIH atrial fibrillation database is used as the reference output. Among them, the use of atrial fibrillation in the MIT-BIH database, the first 18 cases of data are used as the training set, and the last 7 cases of data are used as the test set. The results show that the accuracy rate of 92% is obtained in the classification of 10 heartbeats, and the accuracy rate of 98% is obtained in the latter three categories. The sensitivity and specificity are both above 97.7%, which has certain applicability. Further validation and improvement in clinical ECG data will be done in next study.

Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Support Vector Machine , Heart Rate , Algorithms , Neural Networks, Computer , Electrocardiography
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982221


As a new energy source for atrial fibrillation ablation, electric pulse ablation has higher tissue selectivity and biosafety, so it has a great application prospect. At present, there is very limited research on multi-electrode simulated ablation of histological electrical pulse. In this study, a circular multi-electrode ablation model of pulmonary vein will be built on COMSOL5.5 platform for simulation research. The results show that when the voltage amplitude reaches about 900 V, it can make some positions achieve transmural ablation, and the depth of continuous ablation area formed can reach 3 mm when the voltage amplitude reaches 1 200 V. When the distance between catheter electrode and myocardial tissue is increased to 2 mm, a voltage of at least 2 000 V is required to make the depth of continuous ablation area reach 3 mm. Through the simulation of electric pulse ablation with ring electrode, the research results of this project can provide reference for the voltage selection in the clinical application of electric pulse ablation.

Humans , Heart Rate , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Electrodes , Catheter Ablation , Electricity
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1195-1199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010925


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of pulse infusion index (PPI) in the short-term prognosis of patients with sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI).@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of patients with sepsis-induced AKI admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 2021 to December 2022 were enrolled. The basic information of the patients were collect, including age, gender, site of infection, underlying disease, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) at admission, as well as the use of mechanical ventilation and vasoactive drugs, and norepinephrine (NE) dosage. Laboratory indicators, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score and PPI within 24 hours of admission were also recorded, and the patient's prognosis during ICU hospitalization was also recorded. The differences in clinical data between the patients of two groups with different prognosis were compared. Spearman correlation method was used to analyze the correlation between PPI and SOFA score. Binary multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen independent risk factors for death during ICU hospitalization in sepsis patients with AKI. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to evaluate the predictive value of PPI for the short-term prognosis of patients with sepsis-induced AKI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 102 patients with sepsis-induced AKI were enrolled, of which 70 patients in the survival group and 32 patients in the death group, with ICU mortality of 31.4. Compared with the survival group, SOFA score, HR, procalcitonin (PCT), serum creatinine (SCr), and NE dosage in the death group were significantly increased [SOFA score: 11.22±2.48 vs. 8.56±2.01, HR (bpm): 103.80±12.47 vs. 97.41±9.73, PCT (μg/L): 9.22 (5.24, 17.84) vs. 6.19 (3.86, 7.71), SCr (μmol/L): 163.2 (104.7, 307.9) vs. 125.5 (89.3, 221.0), Lac (mmol/L): 2.81 (1.95, 4.22) vs. 2.13 (1.74, 2.89), NE usage (μg×kg-1×min-1): 0.7 (0.4, 1.1) vs. 0.5 (0.2, 0.6), all P < 0.05], while PPI was significantly lower than that in survival group [0.83 (0.42, 1.55) vs. 1.70 (1.14, 2.20), P < 0.01]. Spearman correlation analysis showed that based on SOFA score, PPI was closely related to the severity of patients with sepsis-induced AKI (r = -0.328, P < 0.05). Binary multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that PPI [odds ratio (OR) = 0.590, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.361-0.966, P = 0.002], SOFA score (OR = 1.406, 95%CI was 1.280-1.545, P < 0.001), PCT (OR = 2.061, 95%CI was 1.267-3.350, P = 0.006) were independent risk factors of the short-term prognosis of patients with sepsis-induced AKI. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of PPI for death during ICU hospitalization in patients with sepsis-induced AKI was 0.779 (95%CI was 0.686-0.855, P < 0.001), which superior to PCT (AUC = 0.677, 95%CI was 0.577-0.766, P = 0.004), and similar to SOFA score (AUC = 0.794, 95%CI was 0.703-0.868, P < 0.001). When the cut-off value of PPI was 0.72, the sensitivity was 50.0%, and the specificity was 97.1%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PPI has a good predictive value for the short-term prognosis of patients with sepsis-induced AKI during ICU hospitalization.

Humans , Heart Rate , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sepsis/complications , Prognosis , Procalcitonin , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Intensive Care Units
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1577-1590, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010636


Respiration protocols have been developed to manipulate mental states, including their use for therapeutic purposes. In this systematic review, we discuss evidence that respiration may play a fundamental role in coordinating neural activity, behavior, and emotion. The main findings are: (1) respiration affects the neural activity of a wide variety of regions in the brain; (2) respiration modulates different frequency ranges in the brain's dynamics; (3) different respiration protocols (spontaneous, hyperventilation, slow or resonance respiration) yield different neural and mental effects; and (4) the effects of respiration on the brain are related to concurrent modulation of biochemical (oxygen delivery, pH) and physiological (cerebral blood flow, heart rate variability) variables. We conclude that respiration may be an integral rhythm of the brain's neural activity. This provides an intimate connection of respiration with neuro-mental features like emotion. A respiratory-neuro-mental connection holds the promise for a brain-based therapeutic usage of respiration in mental disorders.

Humans , Respiration , Brain , Hyperventilation , Heart Rate/physiology , Lung
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 27-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970103


This study was designed to investigate the cardiovascular effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the caudal ventrolateral medulla (CVLM) of anesthetized rats and its mechanism. Different doses of SO2 (2, 20, 200 pmol) or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF) were injected into the CVLM unilaterally or bilaterally, and the effects of SO2 on blood pressure and heart rate of rats were observed. In order to explore the possible mechanisms of SO2 in the CVLM, different signal pathway blockers were injected into the CVLM before the treatment with SO2 (20 pmol). The results showed that unilateral or bilateral microinjection of SO2 reduced blood pressure and heart rate in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.01). Moreover, compared with unilateral injection of SO2 (2 pmol), bilateral injection of 2 pmol SO2 produced a greater reduction in blood pressure. Local pre-injection of the glutamate receptor blocker kynurenic acid (Kyn, 5 nmol) or soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ, 1 pmol) into the CVLM attenuated the inhibitory effects of SO2 on both blood pressure and heart rate. However, local pre-injection of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor NG-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10 nmol) only attenuated the inhibitory effect of SO2 on heart rate but not blood pressure. In conclusion, SO2 in rat CVLM has cardiovascular inhibitory effects, and its mechanism is related to the glutamate receptor and NOS/cGMP signal pathways.

Animals , Rats , Heart Rate , Sulfur Dioxide , Blood Pressure , Cyclic GMP , Receptors, Glutamate
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 980-986, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008156


Visually induced motion sickness(VIMS)is the major barrier to be broken in the development of virtual reality(VR)technology,which seriously affects the progress in the VR industry.Therefore,the detection and evaluation of VIMS has become a hot research topic nowadays.We review the progress in physiological assessment of VIMS in VR based on several physiological indicators,including electroencephalogram(EEG),postural sway,eye movements,heart rate variability,and skin electrical signals,and summarize the available therapies,aiming to provide an outlook on the future research directions of VIMS.

Humans , Motion Sickness/diagnosis , Virtual Reality , Heart Rate
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1139-1147, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007457


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects on the heart rate variability (HRV) and the expression of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in the model rats of irritable bowel syndrome with predominant diarrhea (IBS-D) rats complicated with anxiety between moxibustion of "biaoben acupoint combination" and that of "conventional acupoint combination".@*METHODS@#Of 50 healthy SPF female SD rats, aged 3 months, 8 rats were selected randomly as a blank group, and the rest rats were prepared to be the model of IBS-D complicated with anxiety. Twenty-four rats after successfully modeled were randomized into a model group, a conventional acupoint combination group (convention group) and a biaoben acupoint combination group (biaoben group), 8 rats in each one. In the convention group, moxibustion was delivered at "Tianshu" (ST 25), "Zusanli"(ST 36) and "Shangjuxu"(ST 37); and in the biaoben group, moxibustion was applied to "Neiguan" (PC 6), "Zusanli" (ST 36), and "Guanyuan" (CV 4). One session of moxibustion took 20 min, once daily, for 14 days in total. Before and after intervention, the body mass and fecal moisture content were compared in the rats of each group; using abdominal wall withdrawal reflex, the visceral hypersensitivity was evaluated; with elevated plus maze (EPM) and light-dark box (LDB), the anxiety conditions were assessed. After intervention, HRV was compared among groups, the ultrastructure of intestinal mucosa was observed under the transmission electron microscope in the rats of each group, and ANP expression in the myocardial tissue was detected using Western blot method and immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Before the intervention, compared with the blank group, the body mass and visceral pain threshold of rats were reduced in the model group, the convention group and the biaoben group (P<0.05), fecal moisture content and AWR scores (at the dilatation pressure of 40, 60 and 80 mm Hg, 1 mm Hg ≈ 0.133 kPa) were elevated (P<0.05); and time in the open arm, the open arm entry number and the total movement distance (EPM), the time spent in the light compartment, the number of dark to light transitions and the total transition distance (LDB) were decreased (P<0.05). After the intervention, compared with the blank group, in the model group, the body mass, visceral pain threshold, standard diviation of NN intervals (SDNN) and root mean square of successive RR interval differences (RMSSD) were dropped (P<0.05), fecal moisture content, AWR scores (the dilation pressures of 40, 60 and 80 mm Hg), LF/HF and ANP expression were increased (P<0.05), the time in open arm, the open arm entry number and the total movement distance (EPM), the time spent in the light compartment, the number of dark to light transitions and the total transition distance (LDB) were decreased (P<0.05). When compared with the model group, in the convention group and the biaoben group, the body mass, visceral pain threshold, SDNN and RMSSD were increased (P<0.05), fecal moisture content, AWR scores (the dilation pressures of 60 and 80 mm Hg), LF/HF and ANP expression were dropped (P<0.05), the time in open arm, the open arm entry number and the total movement distance (EPM), the time spent in the light compartment, the number of dark to light transitions and the total transition distance (LDB) were increased (P<0.05). In the biaoben group, compared with the convention group, the body mass, visceral pain threshold, SDNN and RMSSD were elevated (P<0.05), fecal moisture content, AWR score (the dilation pressure of 80 mm Hg), LF/HF and ANP expression were decreased (P<0.05), the time in open arm, the open arm entry number and the total movement distance (EPM), the time spent in the light compartment, the number of dark to light transitions and the total transition distance (LDB) were increased (P<0.05). The epithelial cells of the intestinal mucosa showed a normal morphology in the blank group, the tight junction of the cells was disrupted and the junction was loose in the model group; the tight junction was imperfect in the convention group, but it was intact in the biaoben group.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the conventional acupoint combination, moxibustion of biaoben acupoint combination is more effective on the symptoms of IBS-D complicated with anxiety in the model rats. The effect mechanism may be related to attenuating anxiety-like negative emotions, positively regulating HRV, stabilizing IBS-D intestinal mucosal barrier and down-regulating the expression of ANP in myocardium.

Rats , Female , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Moxibustion/methods , Heart Rate , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/therapy