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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 20240222. 75 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1531765

ABSTRACT

A doença renal crônica em estágio terminal pode levar a alterações sistêmicas que tornam o manejo clínico odontológico desses indivíduos desafiador, especialmente se os procedimentos forem invasivos. As preocupações incluem alteração do metabolismo de drogas, da resposta imunológica e do metabolismo ósseo, além do risco aumentado de sangramento e discussão sobre risco aumentado para endocardite infecciosa. O objetivo deste estudo retrospectivo foi conhecer a frequência e o tipo de complicações durante e após execução de procedimentos odontológicos em indivíduos com insuficiência renal crônica em diálise (IRC-D), atendidos no Centro de Atendimento a Pacientes Especiais (CAPE) da Faculdade de Odontologia da USP (FOUSP). Adicionalmente, comparamos a quantidade e o tipo de complicações entre os indivíduos que usaram antibiótico profilático e aqueles que não usaram, antes dos procedimentos odontológicos. Para tanto desenvolvemos um formulário específico para este estudo, no qual compilamos as informações relativas aos períodos trans e pós-operatórios de procedimentos odontológicos realizados nos pacientes com IRC em diálise. Nossa hipótese era a de que a prevalência de complicações durante e após os procedimentos odontológicos de indivíduos com IRC em diálise fosse baixa, e que ouso do antibiótico prescrito profilaticamente não interferiria na qualidade dareparação ou na incidência de complicações relacionadas aos procedimentos odontológicos. Analisamos retrospectivamente 225 prontuários de pacientes com IRC em diálise atendidos no CAPE-FOUSP desde 1990 até os dias atuais. Desse total, 130 eram pacientes do sexo masculino e do 95 do feminino. A idade média destes indivíduos foi de 48,4 anos. As principais doenças de base que levaram a ocorrência da IRC-HD foram a hipertensão arterial sistêmica (48 pacientes) e o diabetes mellitus (23 pacientes). Nos 225 pacientes, 1.390 procedimentos odontológicos foram realizados, dos quais 856 foram não invasivos, 443 invasivos e 91 tratamentos endodônticos. Dentre os procedimentos invasivos, houve 259 exodontias. Antes de 80 das 259 intervenções cirúrgicas (31%) houve a prescrição de antibiótico profilático em diferentes posologias; em 29 exodontias (11%) foram utilizados hemostáticos locais no momento da realização da sutura. Foram descritos nos prontuários 16 casos de sangramento transoperatório (6%), 5 casos de sangramento pós-operatório (2%) e 2 casos de complicação pós-operatória (0,8%), definidos como uma alveolite e uma infecção alveolar. Nossos resultados permitiram nos concluir que a incidência de complicações após exodontias é baixa e que o uso de antibiótico profilático (AP) não interferiu nessa incidência.


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Renal Dialysis , Dry Socket , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Hemorrhage
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 113-121, 20240102. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526857

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Se describe la utilidad del umbral crítico de administración (CAT por su denominación en inglés) como herramienta para la reanimación hemostática en pacientes con trauma severo y oclusión endovascular aórtica. Métodos. Revisión retrospectiva de pacientes adultos con hemorragia por trauma, con o sin oclusión endovascular aórtica (REBOA), atendidos entre enero de 2015 y junio de 2020, en un centro de trauma nivel I en Cali, Colombia. Se registraron variables demográficas, severidad del trauma, estado clínico, requerimiento transfusional, tiempo hasta CAT+ y CAT alcanzado (1, 2 ó 3). Resultados. Se incluyeron 93 pacientes, se utilizó REBOA en 36 y manejo tradicional en 57. El grupo REBOA presentó mayor volumen de sangrado (mediana de 3000 ml, RIC: 1950-3625 ml) frente al grupo control (mediana de1500 ml, RIC: 700-2975ml) (p<0,001) y mayor cantidad de glóbulos rojos transfundidos en las primeras 6 horas (mediana de 5, RIC:4-9); p=0,015 y en las primeras 24 horas (mediana de 6, RIC: 4-11); p=0,005. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en número de pacientes CAT+ entre grupos o tiempo hasta alcanzarlo. Sin embargo, el estado CAT+ durante los primeros 30 minutos de la cirugía fue mayor en grupo REBOA (24/36, 66,7 %) frente al grupo control (17/57, 29,8 %; p=0,001), teniendo este mayor tasa de mortalidad intrahospitalaria frente a los pacientes CAT-. Conclusión. El umbral crítico de administración es una herramienta útil en la reanimación hemostática de pacientes con trauma y REBOA, que podría predecir mortalidad precoz.


Introduction. The objective is to describe the utility of the Critical Administration Threshold (CAT) as a tool in hemostatic resuscitation in patients with severe trauma and REBOA. Methods. Retrospective review between January 2015 and June 2020 of adult patients with hemorrhage secondary to trauma with or without REBOA in a level I trauma center in Cali, Colombia. Demographic variables, trauma severity, clinical status, transfusion needs, time to CAT+ and number of CAT achieved (1, 2 or 3) were recorded. Results. Ninety-three patients were included, in which REBOA was used in 36 and traditional management in 57. The REBOA group had a higher bleeding volume (3000 ml), IQR: 1950-3625 ml vs the control group (1500 ml, IQR: 700-2975 ml) (p<0.001) and a higher rate of PRBC units transfused in the first 6 hours (median 5, IQR: 4-9); p=0.015 and in the first 24 hours (median 6, IQR: 4-11); p=0.005. There were no statistically significant differences in the number of CAT+ patients between groups or time to CAT+. However, CAT+ status during the first 30 minutes of surgery was higher in the REBOA Group (24/36, 66.7%) vs. the control group (17/57, 29.8%; p=0.001), having this group a higher in-hospital mortality rate vs. CAT- patients. Conclusion. CAT is a useful tool in the hemostatic resuscitation of patients with trauma and REBOA that could predict early mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta , Blood Transfusion , Balloon Occlusion , Hemorrhage
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 48-53, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of delayed bleeding after intestinal polypectomy in children, and to provide a theoretical basis for clinical surgical intervention of intestinal polyps.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 2 456 children with intestinal polyps who underwent endoscopic high-frequency electrocoagulation loop resection in the Endoscopy Center of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to December 2021. According to the presence or absence of delayed bleeding after surgery, they were divided into bleeding group with 79 children and non-bleeding group with 2 377 children. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for delayed bleeding. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to investigate the value of various indicators in predicting delayed bleeding.@*RESULTS@#Of all 2 456 children, 79 (3.22%) experienced delayed bleeding, among whom 5 children with severe delayed bleeding underwent emergency colonoscopy for hemostasis and 74 received conservative treatment, and successful hemostasis was achieved for all children. There were significant differences between the bleeding and non-bleeding groups in age, body mass index, constipation rate, location of lesion, time of endoscopic procedure, resection method (P<0.05). Children with a diameter of polyps of 6-10 mm and >20 mm were more likely to develop delayed bleeding after resection (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that endoscopic operation time, polyp diameter, and resection method were significantly associated with delayed bleeding (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the endoscopic operation time, polyp diameter, and resection method had a good value in predicting delayed bleeding after intestinal polypectomy, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.706, 0.688, and 0.627, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Endoscopic high-frequency electrocoagulation loop resection has a lower incidence of delayed bleeding in children with intestinal polyps, and the endoscopic operation time, polyp diameter, and resection method are closely associated with the occurrence of postoperative delayed bleeding.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Intestines , Hemorrhage , Intestinal Polyps/surgery , Risk Factors
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550844

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hemorragia digestiva alta tiene una elevada morbimortalidad. La endoscopía digestiva alta es el estudio de elección para su diagnóstico y tratamiento. Objetivo: Describir la conducta ante la hemorragia digestiva alta. Métodos: Para la revisión bibliográfica se consultaron artículos científicos indexados en idioma español e inglés, relacionados con la hemorragia digestiva, publicados en las bases de datos PubMed, SciELO, Medline y Cochrane, pertenecientes a autores dedicados al estudio de este tema. Desarrollo: La hemorragia digestiva alta se clasifica, según la etiología de origen, en variceal y no variceal. La mayoría de los pacientes con hemorragia digestiva alta el sangrado se autolimita. La causa más habitual es la úlcera péptica, pero en caso de sangrado masivo la etiología más frecuente es la variceal. El empleo precoz de la terlipresina en los pacientes con hemorragia digestiva alta variceal mejora el control del sangrado y disminuye la mortalidad. Se debe hacer uso de escalas validadas de estratificación del riesgo: escala de riesgo de Rockall (tiene como propósito principal predecir la mortalidad y riesgo de resangrado del paciente) y la escala de Glasgow-Blatchford). Conclusiones: Sospechar la presencia de hemorragia digestiva alta, estratificar su riesgo e instaurar el manejo inicial y apropiado constituye una prioridad para el médico de urgencia(AU)


Introduction: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding presents high morbidity and mortality. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is the study of choice for its diagnosis and treatment. Objective: To describe the management of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods: For the bibliographic review, the consultation was carried out of scientific articles indexed in Spanish and English, related to gastrointestinal bleeding, published in the databases PubMed, SciELO, Medline and Cochrane, belonging to authors dedicated to the study of this subject. Development: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is classified, according to the etiology of origin, into variceal and nonvariceal. In most patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding the bleeding as such is self-limiting. The most common cause is peptic ulcer; however, in the case of massive bleeding, the most frequent etiology is variceal. Early use of terlipressin in patients with variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding improves bleeding control and decreases mortality. Validated risk stratification scales should be used: Rockall risk scale (its main purpose is to predict patient mortality and risk of bleeding recurrence) and the Glasgow-Blatchford scale. Conclusions: Suspecting the presence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, stratifying its risk, as well as instituting initial and appropriate management, are a priority for the emergency physician(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Terlipressin/therapeutic use , Hemorrhage/etiology , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(6): 394-396, dic. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530039

ABSTRACT

Background: Hemolacria or the presence of blood in tears is a rare condition, and there are only a few cases reported in the literature. Hemolacria is associated with multiple underlying diseases, including vicarious menstruation due to extragenital endometriosis. Case report: We present a 26-year-old woman with hemolacria and abdominal pain related to her menstrual cycle. The patient was diagnosed with bilateral ovarian endometriomas. After ruling out other possible causes of hemolacria, a progestin-only treatment was applied, with improvement of the abdominal pain and complete remission of hemolacria. Conclusions: When faced with hemolacria, a thorough anamnesis and physical examination must be performed, sometimes involving more than one specialist to reach a diagnosis. Considering hemolacria is a sign of a subjacent pathology, its treatment should be specific one for the disease in each case.


Antecedentes: La hemolacria o presencia de sangre en las lágrimas es una afección poco frecuente y sólo hay unos pocos casos descritos en la literatura. La hemolacria se asocia a múltiples enfermedades subyacentes, incluida la menstruación vicaria debida a endometriosis extragenital. Caso clínico: Presentamos a una mujer de 26 años con hemolacria y dolor abdominal relacionado con su ciclo menstrual. La paciente fue diagnosticada de endometriomas ováricos bilaterales. Tras descartar otras posibles causas de hemolacria, se aplicó un tratamiento sólo con progestágenos, con mejoría del dolor abdominal y remisión completa de la hemolacria. Conclusiones: Ante una hemolacria se debe realizar una anamnesis y exploración física minuciosa, en la que a veces interviene más de un especialista para llegar al diagnóstico. Teniendo en cuenta que la hemolacria es signo de una patología subyacente, su tratamiento debe ser el específico para la enfermedad en cada caso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/etiology , Progestins/therapeutic use , Tears , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Hemorrhage , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/drug therapy
6.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 894, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451329

ABSTRACT

La fisura anal es una de las enfermedades más antiguamente descritas, la misma que, ha tenido hasta el momento múltiples tratamientos tanto médicos como quirúrgicos, existiendo controversias en su algoritmo terapéutico. Constituye una de las patologías cuyo diagnóstico y tratamiento corresponde a la Especialidad de Coloproctología, afecta a ambos sexos y a cualquier edad y puede ser aguda o crónica. Proponemos el presente Protocolo para un adecuado manejo de la patología, de manera que sirva de guía en la toma correcta de decisiones basadas en la evidencia y el consenso de quienes integramos la Unidad Técnica de Coloproctología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín.


Anal fissure is one of the oldest described diseases, which has so far had multiple medical and surgical treatments, with controversies in its therapeutic algorithm. It is one of the pathologies whose diagnosis and treatment corresponds to the Coloproctology Specialty, it affects both sexes and any age and can be acute or chronic. We propose the present Protocol for an adequate management of the pathology, so that it serves as a guide in the correct decision making based on evidence and consensus of those who integrate the Technical Unit of Coloproctology of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Anal Canal , Anus Diseases , Pruritus Ani , Colorectal Surgery , Fissure in Ano/surgery , Quality of Life , Proctoscopy , Diet , Ecuador , Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy , Hemorrhage , Analgesia
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(2): e202202692, abr. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1418619

ABSTRACT

Las anomalías vasculares de la órbita (AVO) son un grupo heterogéneo de patologías que pueden presentarse con frecuencia en el cono orbitario, la región periorbitaria o dentro de la órbita misma. Las AVO se dividen en tumores y malformaciones. Su presentación clínica más frecuente es el exoftalmos, asociado o no a alteración del eje visual. Además, pueden presentar complicaciones agudas, como hemorragia intralesional o celulitis entre las más frecuentes, y complicaciones crónicas, como ambliopía y afectación de la agudeza visual a largo plazo. La evolución de las técnicas de imágenes, el uso de nuevos fármacos y la utilización de innovadores procedimientos en radiología intervencionista han posibilitado obtener una mejora significativa en los procesos diagnósticos y terapéuticos de estos pacientes, permitiendo un diagnóstico y tratamiento preciso.


Orbital vascular anomalies (OVAs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders frequently found in the orbital cone, the periorbital region, or within the orbit itself. OVAs are divided into tumors and malformations. The most frequent clinical presentation is exophthalmos, associated or not with an alteration of the visual axis. They may also cause acute complications, being intralesional bleeding or cellulitis the most frequent, and chronic complications, such as amblyopia and long-term visual acuity impairment. The development of imaging techniques, the use of new drugs, and the implementation of innovative procedures in interventional radiology have resulted in a significant improvement in the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to these patients, essential to an accurate diagnosis and management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Exophthalmos , Vascular Malformations/therapy , Vascular Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Orbit/blood supply , Orbit/pathology , Visual Acuity , Hemorrhage/pathology
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 689-696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986838

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of transanal drainage tube (TDT) in reducing the incidence of anastomotic leak following anterior resection in patients with rectal cancer. Methods: We conducted a systematic search for relevant studies published from inception to October 2022 across multiple databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.4 software. The primary outcomes included total incidence of anastomotic leak, grade B and C anastomotic leak rates, reoperation rate, anastomotic bleeding rate, and overall complication rate. Results: Three randomized controlled trials involving 1115 patients (559 patients in the TDT group and 556 in the non-TDT group) were included. Meta-analysis showed that the total incidences of anastomotic leak and of grade B anastomotic leak were 5.5% (31/559) and 4.5% (25/559), respectively, in the TDT group and 7.9% (44/556) and 3.8% (21/556), respectively, in the non-TDT group. These differences are not statistically significant (P=0.120, P=0.560, respectively). Compared with the non-TDT group, the TDT group had a lower incidence of grade C anastomotic leak (1.6% [7/559] vs. 4.5% [25/556]) and reoperation rate (0.9% [5/559] vs. 4.3% [24/556]), but a higher incidence of anastomotic bleeding (8.2% [23/279] vs. 3.6% [10/276]). These differences were statistically significant (P=0.003, P=0.001, P=0.030, respectively). The overall complication rate was 26.5%(74/279) in the TDT group and 27.2% (75/276) in the non-TDT group. These differences are not statistically significant (P=0.860). Conclusions: TDT did not significantly reduce the total incidence of anastomotic leak but may have potential clinical benefits in preventing grade C anastomotic leak. Notably, placement of TDT may increase the anastomotic bleeding rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Rectal Neoplasms/complications , Drainage , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Reoperation/adverse effects , Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 825-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and analyze the risk factors of massive hemorrhage in patients with renal cell carcinoma and venous tumor thrombus undergoing radical nephrectomy and removal of venous tumor thrombus.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to June 2020, 241 patients with renal cancer and tumor thrombus in a single center of urology at Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent radical nephrectomy and removal of venous tumor thrombus. The relevant preoperative indicators, intraoperative conditions, and postoperative data were statistically analyzed by using statistical software of SPSS 18.0. The main end point of the study was intraoperative bleeding volume greater than 2 000 mL. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relevant influencing factors. First, single factor Logistic regression was used for preliminary screening of influencing factors, and variables with single factor Logistic regression analysis P < 0.05 were included in multivariate Logistic regression. In all statistical analyses, P < 0.05 is considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Among the 241 patients included, there were 60 cases of massive hemorrhage, 48 males and 12 females, with a median age of 62 years. The number of non-massive hemorrhage was 181. There were 136 males and 45 females, with a median age of 59 years. Univariate analysis showed that the clinical symptoms (both systemic and local symptoms, OR 2.794, 95%CI 1.087-7.181, P=0.033), surgical approach (open surgery, OR 9.365, 95%CI 4.447-19.72, P < 0.001), Mayo grade (Mayo 3-4, OR 5.257, 95%CI 2.806-10.886, P < 0.001), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score (ASA level 3, OR 2.842, 95%CI 1.338-6.036, P=0.007), preoperative hemoglobin (OR 0.978, 95%CI 0.965-0.991, P=0.001), preoperative platelet count (OR 0.996, 95%CI 0.992-1.000, P=0.037), maximum tumor thrombus width (OR 1.061, 95%CI 1.033-1.091, P < 0.001), Complicated with bland thrombus (OR 4.493, 95%CI 2.264-8.915, P < 0.001), adrenalectomy (OR 3.101, 95%CI 1.614-5.958, P=0.001), segmental resection of the inferior vena cava (OR 2.857, 95%CI 1.395-5.852, P=0.004). There was a statistically significant difference in these aspects(P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that there was a statistically significant difference in surgical approach (open surgery, OR 6.730, 95%CI 2.947-15.368;P < 0.001), Mayo grade (Mayo 3-4, OR 2.294, 95%CI 1.064-4.948, P=0.034), Complicated with bland thrombus (OR 3.236, 95%CI 1.492-7.020, P=0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#Combining the results of univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis, the surgical approach, Mayo grade, and tumor thrombus combined with conventional thrombus were associated risk factors for massive hemorrhage during surgery for renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus. Patients who undergo open surgery, high Mayo grade, and tumor thrombus combined with conventional thrombus are at a relatively higher risk of massive hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis/etiology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Thrombectomy/methods , Risk Factors , Hemorrhage
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1787-1790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters of recombinant human coagulation factor Ⅷ using myPKFiT in patients with severe hemophilia A, and provide an individualized treatment plan for patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 42 patients with severe hemophilia A who were treated with recombinant human coagulation factor Ⅷ were included from January 2021 to December 2021. myPKFiT was used to calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters of FⅧ, and the individualized treatment plan for hemophilia A patients was formulated.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 42 patients with severe hemophilia A was 31(16-50) years old, the average weight was 54.0±9.9 kg, the half-life of FⅧ was 12.05±1.6 h, the time to more than 1% of the baseline was 62.3±15.3 h, and the 0 bleeding rate after the guidance of myPKFiT was significantly increased from 39% to 49%, the Annual bleeding rate was reduced from 3.6±2.5 to 2.1±2.0, and the Annual joint bleeding rate was reduced from 3.2±2.2 to 1.9±0.9, all of which were statistically different (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Individualized therapy in patients with severe hemophilia A who were guided by myPKFiT assay of pharmacokinetics parameters can significantly reduce the annual bleeding rate and annual joint bleeding rate of patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Blood Coagulation Factors , Factor VIII/pharmacokinetics , Hemophilia A , Hemorrhage , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacokinetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 131-138, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981930

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#SAM junctional tourniquet (SJT) has been applied to control junctional hemorrhage. However, there is limited information about its safety and efficacy when applied in the axilla. This study aims to investigate the effect of SJT on respiration when used in the axilla in a swine model.@*METHODS@#Eighteen male Yorkshire swines, aged 6-month-old and weighing 55 - 72 kg, were randomized into 3 groups, with 6 in each. An axillary hemorrhage model was established by cutting a 2 mm transverse incision in the axillary artery. Hemorrhagic shock was induced by exsanguinating through the left carotid artery to achieve a controlled volume reduction of 30% of total blood volume. Vascular blocking bands were used to temporarily control axillary hemorrhage before SJT was applied. In Group I, the swine spontaneously breathed, while SJT was applied for 2 h with a pressure of 210 mmHg. In Group II, the swine were mechanically ventilated, and SJT was applied for the same duration and pressure as Group I. In Group III, the swine spontaneously breathed, but the axillary hemorrhage was controlled using vascular blocking bands without SJT compression. The amount of free blood loss was calculated in the axillary wound during the 2 h of hemostasis by SJT application or vascular blocking bands. After then, a temporary vascular shunt was performed in the 3 groups to achieve resuscitation. Pathophysiologic state of each swine was monitored for 1 h with an infusion of 400 mL of autologous whole blood and 500 mL of lactated ringer solution. Tb and T0 represent the time points before and immediate after the 30% volume-controlled hemorrhagic shock, respectively. T30, T60, T90 and T120, denote 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after T0 (hemostasis period), while T150, and T180 denote 150 and 180 min after T0 (resuscitation period). The mean arterial pressure and heart rate were monitored through the right carotid artery catheter. Blood samples were collected at each time point for the analysis of blood gas, complete cell count, serum chemistry, standard coagulation tests, etc., and thromboelastography was conducted subsequently. Movement of the left hemidiaphragm was measured by ultrasonography at Tb and T0 to assess respiration. Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation and analyzed using repeated measures of two-way analysis of variance with pairwise comparisons adjusted using the Bonferroni method. All statistical analyses were processed using GraphPad Prism software.@*RESULTS@#Compared to Tb, a statistically significant increase in the left hemidiaphragm movement at T0 was observed in Groups I and II (both p < 0.001). In Group III, the left hemidiaphragm movement remained unchanged (p = 0.660). Compared to Group I, mechanical ventilation in Group II significantly alleviated the effect of SJT application on the left hemidiaphragm movement (p < 0.001). Blood pressure and heart rate rapidly increased at T0 in all three groups. Respiratory arrest suddenly occurred in Group I after T120, which required immediate manual respiratory assistance. PaO2 in Group I decreased significantly at T120, accompanied by an increase in PaCO2 (both p < 0.001 vs. Groups II and III). Other biochemical metabolic changes were similar among groups. However, in all 3 groups, lactate and potassium increased immediately after 1 min of resuscitation concurrent with a drop in pH. The swine in Group I exhibited the most severe hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis. The coagulation function test did not show statistically significant differences among three groups at any time point. However, D-dimer levels showed a more than 16-fold increase from T120 to T180 in all groups.@*CONCLUSION@#In the swine model, SJT is effective in controlling axillary hemorrhage during both spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation is found to alleviate the restrictive effect of SJT on thoracic movement without affecting hemostatic efficiency. Therefore, mechanical ventilation could be necessary before SJT removal.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Swine , Shock, Hemorrhagic/therapy , Tourniquets , Axilla , Hemorrhage/therapy , Vascular Diseases , Respiration
12.
Journal of the Philippine Medical Association ; : 135-140, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006376

ABSTRACT

@#Massive intra operative bloodloss require sex pectant measures, efficient coordination among providers, and timely feedback to optimize outcomes. In the Philippines, case reports on massive blood loss and transfusion are lacking. This report describes a 67-year-old female who underwent elective adrenalectomy, nephrectomy, and hepaticresection, with a total intraoperative blood loss of 20 liters in a 13-hour surgery. Efficient conduct of the institution's massive transfusion protocol, multiple press or support, electrolyte and glucose correction, and anticipatory management of associated complications of hypovolemia and transfusion were important elements to successful management. The patient tolerated the surgery and was discharged well after 12 days. In theabsence of more sophisticated monitoring and management options in a low-resource setting, maximizing available means and anticipatory interventions is key.


Subject(s)
Hemorrhage
13.
The Philippine Children&rsquo ; s Medical Center Journal;(2): 1-16, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003752

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To determine the efficacy of low-dose heparin in preventing central catheter occlusion and its safety among neonates.@*Materials and Methods@#A randomized controlled trial was conducted among 42 neonates requiring peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) lines. The neonates were divided into two groups: low dose heparin (0.5 units/kg/hr =0.2 units/ml) and control group (0.5 units/ml). The efficacy outcomes were duration of catheter patency, completion of catheter use, and the presence of catheter occlusion or thrombosis. The safety outcomes include heparin complications.@*Results@#The study participants had a mean age of 17 days old at 35 weeks gestational age and mean weight of 1.97 kg. The participants given low dose heparin were 36% more likely to complete the use of central line and 12% less likely to develop catheter occlusion. Analyses showed non-statistically significant risk ratio of active bleeding, thrombocytopenia, and deranged prothrombin time in the low dose heparin group.@*Conclusion@#The use of low dose heparin (0.5 units/kg/hr = 0.2 units/ml) appears as effective as the control dose in completion of catheter use and prevention of catheter occlusion. There was also no significant difference in the adverse effects. Low dose heparin can be used as continuous infusion for preventing central line occlusion; however, it has no advantage in lowering the risk of complications.


Subject(s)
Hemorrhage
14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 963-967, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate and summarize the relevant evidence of anticoagulation and bleeding risk management in patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and provide the evidence-based basis for the management of anticoagulation and bleeding during ECMO treatment.@*METHODS@#According to the evidence "6S" pyramid model, all evidence on ECMO anticoagulation management and bleeding risk was searched in relevant databases, organizations and guideline websites at home and abroad. Evidence types included guidelines, expert consensus, systematic evaluation, Meta-analysis and original study. The search time limit was from May 31, 2012 to May 31, 2022. Two researchers with evidence-based research background conducted independent literature quality evaluation of the retrieved evidence, and the evidence that met the quality standards was extracted and summarized based on the opinions of industry experts.@*RESULTS@#A total of 315 articles were retrieved, and 13 articles were included, including 3 guidelines, 6 expert consensus, and 4 Meta-analysis. A total of 27 best evidences were summarized from 7 aspects, including the selection of ECMO anticoagulation, anticoagulation in priming, anticoagulation in operation, anticoagulation monitoring, bleeding and treatment, thrombosis and treatment, and prevention and management of terminal limb ischemia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study provides evidence-based basis for bleeding prevention and anticoagulant management in ECMO patients. It is recommended to selectively apply the best evidence after evaluating the clinical environmental conditions of medical institutions, so as to improve the prognosis of ECMO patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/adverse effects , Blood Coagulation , Hemorrhage/etiology , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 38-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969705

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effects of low- and intermediate-dose factor Ⅷ (F Ⅷ) prophylaxis in Chinese adult patients with severe hemophilia A. Methods: Thirty adult patients with severe hemophilia A who received low- (n=20) /intermediate-dose (n=10) F Ⅷ prophylaxis at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital affiliated with Nanjing University Medical College were included in the study. The annual bleeding rate (ABR), annual joint bleeding rate (AJBR), number of target joints, functional independence score of hemophilia (FISH), quality of life score, and health status score (SF-36) before and after preventive treatment were retrospectively analyzed and compared. Results: The median follow-up was 48 months. Compared with on-demand treatment, low- and intermediate-dose prophylaxis significantly reduced ABR, AJBR, and the number of target joints (P<0.05) ; the improvement in the intermediate-dose prophylaxis group was better than that in the low-dose prophylaxis group (P<0.05). Compared with on-demand treatment, the FISH score, quality of life score, and SF-36 score significantly improved in both groups (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05) . Conclusion: In Chinese adults with severe hemophilia A, low- and intermediate-dose prophylaxis can significantly reduce bleeding frequency, delay the progression of joint lesions, and improve the quality of life of patients as compared with on-demand treatment. The improvement in clinical bleeding was better with intermediate-dose prophylaxis than low-dose prophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemophilia A/drug therapy , Factor VIII/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Hemarthrosis/prevention & control , Hemorrhage/drug therapy
16.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 121-124, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970974

ABSTRACT

Viper bite envenomation represents a significant occupational hazard among agricultural workers in India. The viper bite envenomation is usually suspected when a patient presents with predominant local symptoms at the bitten site, including pain, swelling, and necrosis. Further, systemic findings such as diffuse intravascular coagulation, hypotension, and shock may alert physicians of viper bite envenomation rather than a neurotoxic snake bite. However, cerebral complications are rare in viper bites but may potentially fatal. Central nervous system involvement in a viper bite is either due to neurotoxins or hemorrhagins present in the venom, which may induce cerebral thrombosis, ischemia, infarction, and hemorrhage. Here we present a case of a previously healthy adult male who succumbed to extensive subarachnoid, intracerebral, and intraventricular hemorrhages involving bilateral cerebral hemispheres following viper snake bite envenomation. This report highlights the importance of anticipating cerebral complications in viper bite envenomation, a rare occurrence. It also emphasizes the need for early antisnake venom administration to prevent and control systemic envenomation and its complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Snake Bites/complications , Hemorrhage/etiology , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Shock , India
17.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 41-47, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970970

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To develop animal models of penetrating thoracic injuries and to observe the effects of the animal model-based training on improving the trainees' performance for emergent and urgent thoracic surgeries.@*METHODS@#With a homemade machine, animal models of lung injuries and penetrating heart injuries were produced in porcine and used for training of chest tube drainage, urgent sternotomy, and emergent thoracotomy. Coefficient of variation of abbreviated injury scale and blood loss was calculated to judge the reproducibility of animal models. Five operation teams from basic-level hospitals (group A) and five operation teams from level III hospitals (group B) were included to be trained and tested. Testing standards for the operations were established after thorough literature review, and expert questionnaires were employed to evaluate the scientificity and feasibility of the testing standards. Tests were carried out after the training. Pre- and post-training performances were compared. Post-training survey using 7-point Likert scale was taken to evaluate the feelings of the trainees to these training approaches.@*RESULTS@#Animal models of the three kinds of penetrating chest injuries were successfully established and the coefficient of variation of abbreviated injury scale and blood loss were all less than 25%. After literature review, testing standards were established, and expert questionnaire results showed that the scientific score was 7.30 ± 1.49, and the feasibility score was 7.50 ± 0.89. Post-training performance was significantly higher in both group A and group B than pre-training performance. Post-training survey showed that all the trainees felt confident in applying the operations and were generally agreed that the training procedure were very helpful in improving operation skills for thoracic penetrating injury.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Animal model-based simulation training established in the current study could improve the trainees' performance for emergent and urgent thoracic surgeries, especially of the surgical teams from basic-level hospitals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Reproducibility of Results , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Hemorrhage , Models, Animal
18.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 386-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982754

ABSTRACT

A 27-year-old female patient suffering endolymphatic sac tumor with intralabyrinthine hemorrhage was reported. The patient had hearing loss in the left ear with continuous tinnitus, and MRI showed the soft tissue shadow of endolymphatic sac. Considering that the tumor involved semicircular canal and vestibule,endolymphatic cyst tumor resection was performed by labyrinth route. After surgery, there was no cerebrospinal fluid leakage and facial nerve function was normal. More importantly, enhanced MRI of temporal bone showed no tumor recurrence 1 year after surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Endolymphatic Sac/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Labyrinth Diseases , Tinnitus , Ear Neoplasms/pathology , Bone Neoplasms , Hemorrhage
19.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 789-794, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982349

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated with acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare condition with frequently delayed diagnosis and a high mortality rate, so it is necessary to strengthen the understanding of this disease. In this study, the characteristics and treatment in 1 case of SLE complicated by AHA is reported and analyzed, and a literature review is conducted. The patient was a 29-year-old young female with a 10-year history of SLE, the main clinical manifestation was severe abdominal bleeding. Laboratory tests revealed that the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) was notably prolonged (118.20 s), and the coagulation factor VIII activity (FVIII꞉C) was extremely decreased (0.20%) with high-titer of factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitor (31.2 BU/mL). After treating with high-dose glucocorticoid, immunoglobulin, cyclophosphamide, rituximab, blood transfusion, and intravenous infusion of human coagulation FVIII, the coagulation function and coagulation FVIII꞉C were improved, and FVIII inhibitor was negative without serious adverse reactions. During the next 5-year follow-up, the patient's condition was stable and no bleeding occurred. In the case of coagulation dysfunction in SLE, especially with isolated APTT prolongation, AHA should be screened. When the therapeutic effects of glucocorticoid combined with immunosuppressants are not desirable, rituximab could be introduced.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Hemophilia A/therapy , Rituximab , Glucocorticoids , Factor VIII , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Hemorrhage/complications
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 911-915, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982150

ABSTRACT

Effective haemostatic materials can quickly control bleeding and achieve the purpose of saving patients' lives. In recent years, chitosan-based haemostatic materials have shown good haemostatic effects, but their application is limited because chitosan is almost insoluble in water. Carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials can promote hemostasis by activating red blood cells and aggregating platelets. In addition, carboxymethyl chitosan can bind with Ca2+ to activate platelets and coagulation factors, and start endogenous coagulation pathways, which can adsorb fibrinogen in plasma to promote haemostasis. In this paper, the latest research progress of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials and their haemostatic mechanism were reviewed, in order to further strengthen the understanding of the haemostatic mechanism of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials, and provide new idea for the research and clinical application of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemostatics , Chitosan/pharmacology , Hemostasis , Blood Coagulation/physiology , Hemorrhage
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