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1.
Diagn. tratamento ; 29(1): 5-10, jan-mar. 2024. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1551763

ABSTRACT

A escabiose é uma dermatose infecto parasitária mais prevalente no mundo, sobretudo nas regiões tropicais e em países de baixa renda. Surtos são comuns em locais de aglomeração como presídios, escolas e campos de refugiados, e tanto o atraso no diagnóstico como o tratamento inadequado são responsáveis pela propagação da doença. Este trabalho tem por objetivos destacar os principais aspectos da escabiose bem como as apresentações dermatológicas, a fim de auxiliar no diagnóstico e tratamentos precoces, tendo como foco o médico generalista. O estudo foi realizado no Departamento de Clínica de Dermatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de São Paulo (HCFMUSP), através de uma revisão de literatura com acesso aos bancos de dados eletrônicos PubMed. A escabiose é causada pelo Sarcoptes scabiei, caracterizada pelo prurido intenso e por lesões cutâneas sugestivas e localizações típicas, mas que podem variar de acordo com a faixa etária ou estados de imunossupressão. É considerada pela Organização Mundial da Saúde uma doença tropical negligenciada, podendo causar grande impacto socioeconômico e, ainda que com menor frequência, levar a complicações, muitas vezes decorrentes de infecções bacterianas secundárias, sobretudo nas formas mais graves da doença (vistas principalmente em pacientes imunossuprimidos). Por esses motivos, o reconhecimento das principais formas de apresentação clínica e sintomas associados são importantes para que o diagnóstico seja estabelecido de forma breve, possibilitando a instituição correta do tratamento e, com isso, cessando o ciclo de transmissão do ácaro.


Subject(s)
Sarcoptes scabiei , Mites , Hypersensitivity
3.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 37: e49436, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1514952

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar o rastreamento da hipersensibilidade metálica realizada pelos profissionais e estudantes de saúde durante a prática clínico-cirúrgico. Método: estudo exploratório-descritivo realizado com 228 profissionais e estudantes da área da saúde, por meio de questionário eletrônico semiestruturado, aplicado durante abril e maio de 2021, analisado por meio da estatística descritiva e da frequência de palavras. Resultados: 11,0% dos participantes realizaram a investigação sobre a hipersensibilidade metálica. 67,1% declararam que muito provavelmente poderiam incluir essa temática durante a triagem em seus atendimentos. Falta de conhecimento sobre alergia a metais e causas multifatoriais durante a prática clínico-cirúrgica foram citadas como barreiras para a implementação do rastreamento da hipersensibilidade metálica. Conclusão: pouco se evidencia o rastreamento da hipersensibilidade metálica em pacientes durante a prática clínico-cirúrgica dos profissionais e estudantes de saúde.


Objetivo: investigar el rastreo de la hipersensibilidad metálica realizada por los profesionales y estudiantes de salud durante la práctica clínico-quirúrgica. Método: estudio exploratorio-descriptivo realizado con 228 profesionales y estudiantes del área de la salud, por medio de cuestionario electrónico semiestructurado, aplicado durante abril y mayo de 2021, analizado por medio de la estadística descriptiva y de la frecuencia de palabras. Resultados: 11,0% de los participantes realizaron la investigación sobre la hipersensibilidad metálica. El 67,1% declaró que muy probablemente podrían incluir esa temática durante la selección en sus atenciones. La falta de conocimientos sobre la alergia a los metales y las causas multifactoriales durante la práctica clínico-quirúrgica se citaron como barreras para la implementación del seguimiento de la hipersensibilidad metálica. Conclusión: poco se evidencia el rastreo de la hipersensibilidad metálica en pacientes durante la práctica clínico-quirúrgica de los profesionales y estudiantes de salud.


Objective to investigate the screening of metallic hypersensitivity performed by health professionals and students during clinical-surgical practice. Method: an exploratory-descriptive study conducted with 228 health professionals and students, through a semi-structured electronic questionnaire, applied during April and May 2021, analyzed through descriptive statistics and the frequency of words. Results: 11.0% of participants conducted research on metallic hypersensitivity. 67.1% stated that they could very likely include this theme during screening in their care. Lack of knowledge about metal allergy and multifactorial causes during clinical-surgical practice were cited as barriers to the implementation of metallic hypersensitivity screening. Conclusion: there is little evidence of metallic hypersensitivity screening in patients during the clinical-surgical practice of health professionals and students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , General Surgery/instrumentation , Hypersensitivity/prevention & control , Metals/adverse effects , Patient Care Team , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
4.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532958

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: própolis é a substância resinosa que as abelhas coletam de plantas para a construção de suas colmeias. O objetivo dessa revisão foi ressaltar a importância do diagnóstico de dermatite de contato relacionada com própolis e aspectos clínicos relevantes dessa doença. Métodos: revisão narrativa da literatura realizada através da pesquisa nas bases de dados National Library of Medicine (PubMed) e Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO). Resultados: foram encontrados 246 artigos e, após o processo de seleção e leitura, foram incluídas 32 publicações. Conclusões: a hipersensibilidade tardia ao própolis é de extrema importância pois a prevalência dessa alergia é crescente em diversas partes do mundo. Precisamos de estudos nacionais para avaliar nossa realidade. A comprovação de alta prevalência em nosso meio permitirá a inclusão desta substância em outras baterias de testes de contato em nosso país


Aims: propolis is the resinous substance that bees collect from plants to build their hives. The aim of this review was to highlight the importance of diagnosing propolis-related contact dermatitis and relevant clinical aspects of this disease. Methods: narrative literature review carried out by searching the National Library of Medicine (PubMed) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) databases. Results: a total of 246 articles were found and, after the selection and reading process, 32 publications were included. Conclusions: delayed-type hypersensitivity to propolis is extremely important because the prevalence of this allergy is increasing in various parts of the world. We need national studies to assess our reality. Proof of the high prevalence in our country will allow this substance to be included in other patch tests series in our country


Subject(s)
Patch Tests , Dermatitis, Contact , Propolis , Hypersensitivity
5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 526-530, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009914

ABSTRACT

Desensitization therapy for iodinated contrast media (ICM) aims to induce drug tolerance in patients with a history of severe allergic reactions to ICM in a short time. Currently, there is no widely accepted consensus on inducing desensitization to avoid severe allergic responses to ICM. The clinically successful cases have shown that prophylactic use of antihistamines and glucocorticoids can increase the desensitization effect; repeatedly desensitizing and gradually increasing the dose can be conducive to establishing better tolerance to ICM. Most desensitization effects, including stress resistance, can endure 24-48 h. The mechanisms of desensitization therapy remain unclear, the initial dose, administration interval and dose gradient are largely based on clinical experiences and the reaction of patients. This article reviews the current research progress on ICM-related allergies, desensitization methods and related mechanisms, as well as the benefits and hazards of desensitization, to provide a reference for desensitization treatment of hypersensitivity to ICM .


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Consensus , Glucocorticoids , Hypersensitivity
6.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1225-1233, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#As the use of iodinated contrast media has become more widely with advances in imaging, several guidelines have suggested that anxiety increases the risk of acute adverse reactions associated with iodinated contrast media. This study aims to evaluate the impact of anxiety on the occurrence of acute adverse reactions (AAR) to iodinated contrast media in patients undergoing contrast-enhanced CT examinations.@*METHODS@#Inpatients who underwent contrast-enhanced CT examinations at the Third Xiangya Hospital between February and October 2021 were prospectively recruited. Prior to the imaging examinations, all patients completed the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 (GAD-7) assessment before the imaging examinations to determine the severity of anxiety, which was categorized as mild, moderate, or severe. Based on the occurrence of AAR, patients were classified into an AAR group and a non-AAR group. The difference in anxiety was compared between the 2 groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors associated with AAR. To ensure comparability between the 2 groups, propensity score matching (PSM) was utilized to align the clinical characteristics. Subsequently, the difference in anxiety within the matched groups was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The study comprised 880 patients, with 80 patients in the AAR group and 800 patients in the non-AAR group. There was a significant difference in proportion of patients with mild-severe anxiety between the 2 groups (75% in the AAR group and 36% in the non-AAR group, P<0.001). Additionally, differences were also observed in occupation, income, underlying diseases, and allergy history (all P<0.001). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that patients' income, allergy history, and anxiety were independent risk factors for AAR to iodinated contrast media (all P<0.05). Following PSM, each matched group included 66 cases, and no significant differences in clinical characteristics were observed between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). However, the proportion of patients with mild-severe anxiety remained significantly higher in the AAR group compared to the non-AAR group (75% in the AAR group and 31% in the non-AAR group, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Anxiety is associated with an increased risk of AAR to iodinated contrast media in patients undergoing contrast-enhanced CT examinations, suggesting the clinical importance of screening for anxiety before imaging examinations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Risk Factors , Anxiety , Hypersensitivity/etiology , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 73-79, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the influencing factors for asthma management and asthma control level in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 202 children with a confirmed diagnosis of asthma were enrolled. The questionnaire of asthma control level and family management was used to investigate the influencing factors for asthma control level and the indicators of family management. The awareness of childhood asthma and its management was analyzed among the parents, as well as the influence on asthma control level in children, and the association between them was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-complete control group, the complete control group had significantly longer course of asthma and treatment time (P<0.05). The proportions of asthma attacks ≥3 times and aerosol treatment for asthma attacks >3 times in one year in the complete control group were significantly lower than those in the non-complete control group (P<0.05). The complete control group had a significantly lower proportion of children with frequent respiratory infection, wheezing during respiratory infection, or a family history of allergic diseases (P<0.05). The parents in the complete control group had significantly stronger awareness of short-term escalation to asthma medication after respiratory infection and significantly enhanced management of maintenance medication (P<0.05). Compared with the complete control group, the non-complete control group had a significantly higher proportion of children with abnormal pulmonary function at the initial stage (P<0.05). The level of asthma control in children was associated with short-term escalation to asthma medication during respiratory infection and initial lung function (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The level of asthma control in children is closely associated with the severity of asthma and the comprehensive management of childhood asthma. Early treatment and family management, especially escalation to asthma medication during the early stage of respiratory infection, are of great importance in asthma control. Citation:Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics, 2023, 25(1): 73-79.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Asthma/diagnosis , Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Lung , Respiratory Tract Infections , Parents , Respiratory Sounds
8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1823-1839, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010656

ABSTRACT

Breathing is an intrinsic natural behavior and physiological process that maintains life. The rhythmic exchange of gases regulates the delicate balance of chemical constituents within an organism throughout its lifespan. However, chronic airway diseases, including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, affect millions of people worldwide. Pathological airway conditions can disrupt respiration, causing asphyxia, cardiac arrest, and potential death. The innervation of the respiratory tract and the action of the immune system confer robust airway surveillance and protection against environmental irritants and pathogens. However, aberrant activation of the immune system or sensitization of the nervous system can contribute to the development of autoimmune airway disorders. Transient receptor potential ion channels and voltage-gated Na+ channels play critical roles in sensing noxious stimuli within the respiratory tract and interacting with the immune system to generate neurogenic inflammation and airway hypersensitivity. Although recent studies have revealed the involvement of nociceptor neurons in airway diseases, the further neural circuitry underlying airway protection remains elusive. Unraveling the mechanism underpinning neural circuit regulation in the airway may provide precise therapeutic strategies and valuable insights into the management of airway diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Neurons , Respiration , Hypersensitivity , Reflex
9.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 552-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981898

ABSTRACT

Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) are the "mirror cells" of Th2 cells. Although the total cell number of ILC2s is far less than that of CD4+ Th2 cells in the body, the activated ILC2s have a more powerful biological activity than CD4+ Th2 cells and can rapidly enhanced Th2-cell inflammatory reaction. It plays an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic respiratory diseases. The transmitters that activate ILC2s include inflammatory cytokines (IL-33, IL-25, TSLP, IL-4, IL-9), lipid transmitters (prostaglandins, leukotrienes), and other activating transmitters (ICOS, Complement C3a, neuropeptide receptor, vasoactive intestinal peptide and calcitonin gene-related peptide, etc). Activated ILC2s produce large amounts of IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-13, and amphiregulin and other inflammatory mediators, and induce airway hyperresponsiveness, mucus secretion and airway remodeling and other respiratory allergic reactions. Therefore, respiratory allergic diseases, especially steroid-dependent asthma, could be treated potentially by inhibiting the activation of ILC2s. Hereby, we summarized the immunobiology of ILC2s, the initiation of ILC2s in allergic inflammation, the relationship between ILC2s and respiratory allergic diseases, and the recent advances in biological agents targeted by ILC2s.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity, Innate , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-9 , Lymphocytes , Hypersensitivity , Cytokines , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Inflammation
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 489-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980749

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of acupuncture on neurologic function and serum inflammatory factors in patients after thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke (AIS).@*METHODS@#A total of 102 AIS patients with onset to treatment time (OTT) ≤3 h were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 51 cases each group. In the control group, thrombolysis and conventional medical treatment were applied. On the basis of the treatment as the control group, acupuncture at Shuigou (GV 26), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Neiguan (PC 6), etc. was applied in the observation group, 30 min each time, once a day. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. Before and after treatment, the scores of National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS), modified Rankin scale (mRS), modified Barthel index (MBI) and serum level of homocysteine (Hcy), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were compared, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of NIHSS, mRS and serum level of Hcy, hs-CRP were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.05), while the MBI scores were increased (P<0.05) in the two groups. The scores of NIHSS, mRS and serum level of Hcy, hs-CRP in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01), the MBI score in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01). The total effective rate was 88.2% (45/51) in the observation group, which was superior to 70.6% (36/51) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could promote the recovery of neurologic function in patients after thrombolysis in AIS, improve the ability of daily living, which may be related to reducing the level of inflammatory factors, thus inhibiting inflammatory response and improving cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , United States , Ischemic Stroke , C-Reactive Protein , Acupuncture Therapy , Inflammation , Homocysteine , Hypersensitivity , Thrombolytic Therapy
11.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(4): 551-552, out.dez.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509548
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 283-291, out.2022. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400238

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a via de nascimento tem sido considerada como um possível fator de risco para a ocorrência de doenças alérgicas em crianças e adolescentes, sendo este um dado preocupante, tendo em vista o aumento da prevalência dessas afecções no mundo.Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre o nascimento por cesárea e o desenvolvimento de doenças alérgicas em crianças e adolescentes. Metodologia: revisão sistemática com metanálise de estudos indexados nas bases de dados PubMed, Science Direct e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, com uso dos descritores em saúde: "cesarean section", "hypersensitivity", "allergic rhinitis", "asthma", "atopic dermatitis", "food allergy", "child", "adolescent". A qualidade dos estudos foi avaliada através da ferramenta Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies ­ (QATQS). Resultados: foram incluídos 23 trabalhos na revisão e 21 foram selecionados para metanálise. A prevalência de cesárea variou de 7,8% a 50,8% e a prevalência de doenças alérgicas esteve entre 0,77% e 42,5% na população nascida por essa via. Observou-se uma associação positiva entre parto por cesárea e presença de rinite alérgica (OR=1,30; IC95%: 1,18-1,43) e asma (OR=1,44; IC95%: 1,38-1,49), não sendo encontrada associação significante entre a cesariana e o desenvolvimento de dermatite atópica (OR=1,02; IC95%: 0,96-1,09) ou alergia alimentar (OR=0,99; IC95%: 0,82-1,19). Conclusão: o nascimento pela via de parto cirúrgico pode estar contribuindo com o aumento do número de casos de alergias na população pediátrica e, ainda que haja heterogeneidades entre os estudos analisados, existem riscos que devem ser levados em conta na análise dessa relação em futuros trabalhos que investiguem essa problemática.


Introduction: the route of birth has been considered as a possible risk factor for the occurrence of allergic diseases in children and adolescents, which is a worrying fact, given the increasing prevalence of these conditions in the world. Objective: to analyze the association between cesarean birth and the development of allergic diseases in children and adolescents. Methodology: systematic review with meta-analysis of studies indexed in the PubMed, Science Direct and Virtual Health Library databases, using the health descriptors: "cesarean section", "hypersensitivity", "allergic rhinitis", "asthma", "atopic dermatitis", "food allergy", "child", "adolescent". The quality of studies was assessed using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies ­ (QATQS). Results: 23 papers were included in the review, and 21 were selected for meta-analysis. The prevalence of cesarean sections varied from 7.8% to 50.8%, and the prevalence of allergic diseases was between 0.77% and 42.5% in the population born through this route. A positive association was observed between cesarean delivery and the presence of allergic rhinitis (OR = 1.30; 95% CI: 1.18-1.43) and asthma (OR = 1.44; 95% CI: 1.38-1,49), with no significant association between cesarean section and the development of atopic dermatitis (OR = 1.02; 95% CI: 0.96-1.09) or food allergy (OR = 0.99; 95% CI: 0.82-1.19). Conclusion: birth through surgical delivery may be contributing to the increase in the number of cases of allergies in the pediatric population and, although there are heterogeneities between the studies analyzed, there are risks that must be taken into account when analyzing this relationship in future works to investigate this issue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cesarean Section , Child , Adolescent , Hypersensitivity , Asthma , Rhinitis, Allergic
13.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386584

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim was to determine the prevalence and types of the allergies present among dental professionals in Costa Rica. We performed a cross-sectional study on 664 dentists who completed a self-reported questionnaire. A descriptive cross-sectional study with inferential analysis was carried out. Dentists reported allergies prior to studying dentistry in 39% of cases, 36% reported chronic illnesses, and 61% of the dentists reported first-degree relatives with some type of allergic reaction. Different allergies had a similar prevalence among the dental professionals (ranging between 19%-26%), all allergic manifestations occurred within the first 120 minutes after exposure. The average time of exposure to dentistry-related environments was 16 years (95% CI) among all the dentists surveyed. There is a positive correlation between the presence of a chronic illness and the predisposition to develop allergic reactions among dentists. In addition, there is a directly proportional relationship between age, time of exposure to dental environments, and the risk of developing allergic conditions to dental materials. The main adverse reactions reported due to exposure to dental materials, medicines and/or food were gastrointestinal, skin, and respiratory problems.


Resumen El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la prevalencia y tipo de alergias presentes entre los odontólogos en Costa Rica. Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo en 664 dentistas que completaron un cuestionario, utilizando análisis inferencial para el procesamiento de los resultados. Los odontólogos reportaron alergias previo a estudiar odontología en un 39% de los casos, el 36% informó enfermedades crónicas y el 61% de los dentistas mencionó tener familiares en primer grado que habían presentado algún tipo de reacción alérgica. Diferentes tipos de alergias tuvieron una prevalencia similar entre los odontólogos (oscilando entre el 19% y el 26%), todas las manifestaciones alérgicas ocurrieron dentro de los primeros 120 minutos después de la exposición al alergeno. El tiempo medio de exposición a entornos relacionados con la odontología fue de 16 años (IC del 95%) entre todos los dentistas encuestados. Existe una correlación positiva entre la presencia de una enfermedad crónica y la predisposición a desarrollar reacciones alérgicas entre los dentistas. Además, existe una relación directamente proporcional entre edad, tiempo de exposición a entornos dentales, y el riesgo de desarrollar reacciones alérgicas a los materiales dentales. Las principales reacciones adversas notificadas posterior a la exposición a materiales dentales, medicamentos y/o alimentos fueron problemas gastrointestinales, cutáneos y respiratorios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Materials , Dentistry , Hypersensitivity , Occupational Health , Costa Rica
14.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 107 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1379519

ABSTRACT

A hipersensibilidade dentinária (HD) é uma condição dolorosa que afeta negativamente a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos. Ainda não existe, contudo, um tratamento considerado padrão-ouro para mitigar a dor aguda gerada por esta condição. Sendo assim, os objetivos deste estudo foram: 1. Verificar os efeitos de um biovidro experimental na permeabilidade dentinária (PD, por meio da condutância hidráulica) e na perda de superfície dentinária (PS, determinada com perfilometria óptica); 2. Analisar os efeitos da associação do biovidro com a terapia de fotobiomodulação na diferenciação funcional de células pulpares, indicando potencial para formação de dentina terciária e, assim, oclusão biológica dos túbulos dentinários. Para a primeira fase do estudo, 48 discos de dentina coronária (1 mm de espessura, n=12) foram usados para PD e 48 fragmentos de dentina radicular (3 mm × 3 mm, n=12) para PS, que foram avaliadas em 3 momentos: pós-EDTA (5 min em solução de EDTA 17%); pós-tratamento (C: água destilada; BV: pasta de biovidro experimental; NP: pasta de profilaxia Nupro; CXT: verniz Clinpro XT); e pós-ciclagem (solução de ácido cítrico 0,3% por 5 min, seguido de 60 min imersão em saliva humana, 4 ×/dia, 5 dias. A escovação foi realizada 2 ×/dia por 15 s, com 1,5 N e um dentifrício fluoretado padrão pasta - exposição total de 2 min). Imagens de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV, n=3) foram obtidas pós-tratamento e pós-ciclagem para análise qualitativa. Imagens adicionais do pó de biovidro e análise por espectroscopia por energia dispersiva (EDS) foram realizadas para caracterizar a partícula. Na segunda fase, os mesmos tratamentos foram testados, associados ou não à terapia de fotobiomodulação [PBM - laser de diodo de fosfeto de índio-gálio-alumínio, InGAlP, (660 nm, 0,028 cm2, 20 mW, 0,71 W/cm2, 5 J/cm2) 7 s, modo contínuo, pontual e em contato], quanto à diferenciação funcional de células da polpa dentária humana, utilizando o ensaio de vermelho de Alizarina. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística adequada, considerando =0,05. Para PD e PS, não houve diferença significativa pós-EDTA (p>0,05). Pós-tratamento, todos os grupos apresentaram PD menor do que C (p<0,05), sem diferir significativamente entre eles. Para PS, C, BV e NP não diferiram significativamente, apresentando valores menores que CXT (p<0,05). Após a ciclagem, C permaneceu com a maior PD (p<0,05). O CXT apresentou o menor PD, não diferindo do NP (p =0,86) que não diferiu de BV (p=0,193). Para C e BV, a PD foi maior pós-ciclagem do que pós-tratamento (p<0,05). Para NP e CXT, esses tempos experimentais não diferiram (p>0,05). Pós-ciclagem, os grupos C, BV e NP não diferiram significativamente quanto à PS, sendo maiores do que CXT (p<0,05). As imagens de MEV mostraram oclusão dos túbulos dentinários por meio da formação de uma camada sobre os espécimes de dentina após a aplicação dos tratamentos, com exceção do grupo controle. Pós-ciclagem, houve remoção parcial dessa camada. Em relação à formação de nódulos mineralizados, no tempo de 7 dias, não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos experimentais (p=0,397). No tempo de 14 dias, o grupo BV apresentou maior potencial de mineralização, diferindo estatisticamente do controle negativo -MEM (p<0,05), mas não diferindo dos demais grupos. Após 21 dias, os grupos BV, Meio de Diferenciação (controle positivo), BV + PBM e CXT apresentaram maior potencial de mineralização, sem diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre si. Conclui-se que BV foi capaz de reduzir a permeabilidade dentinária após a aplicação, com um efeito reduzido após a ciclagem, mas não protegeu a dentina contra o desgaste dental erosivo. Além disso, o BV apresentou potencial de formação de nódulos mineralizados após 14 e 21 dias, porém a PBM não melhorou a sua performance.


Subject(s)
Hypersensitivity
15.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(2): 214-224, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400202

ABSTRACT

A urticária aguda é uma causa frequente de consulta com alergistas, caracterizada por urticas e/ou angioedema. Embora autolimitada e benigna, pode causar desconforto significativo e raramente representar uma doença sistêmica grave ou reação alérgica com risco de vida. Nesta revisão, elaborada pelo Departamento Científico de Urticária da Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia, foram abordadas as principais questões referentes ao tema para auxiliar o médico especialista e generalista.


Acute urticaria is a frequent cause of consultations with allergists, being characterized by wheals and/or angioedema. Although self-limited and benign, it may cause significant discomfort and uncommonly represent a serious systemic disease or life-threatening allergic reaction. In this review prepared by the Urticaria Scientific Department of the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology, the main questions about this topic are addressed to help specialists and general practitioners.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urticaria , Epinephrine , Milk Hypersensitivity , Egg Hypersensitivity , Drug Hypersensitivity , Shellfish Hypersensitivity , Nut and Peanut Hypersensitivity , Histamine H1 Antagonists , Anaphylaxis , Spider Bites , Physicians , Societies, Medical , Therapeutics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Sweet Syndrome , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Hypereosinophilic Syndrome , Schnitzler Syndrome , Mastocytosis, Cutaneous , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Erythema , Angioedemas, Hereditary , Food Hypersensitivity , Allergists , Hypersensitivity , Angioedema
16.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(2): 285-291, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400223

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The home environment is one of the most favorable spaces for the development of mites because of its low light, humidity, and temperature. Thus, it contributes to the growing cases of allergies among atopic individuals. Objective: To investigate the faunal profile of house dust mites in the city of Rio de Janeiro and the allergenic potential in this region. Methods: Thirty dust samples were collected from homes in the city of Rio de Janeiro, and the species found were classified according to their morphology, family, and genus by classification key. For the collection region, the total protein level was assessed by the Lowry method and electrophoresis under denaturing conditions (SDSPAGE). Results: There was a predominance of Pyroglyphidae mites, accounting for 84.9% of samples; Tyrophagus putrescentiae accounted for 8%, Blomia tropicalis for 6%, Cheyletus malaccensis for 1%, and Acarus siro for 0.1%. The allergen protein content of the samples was the following: group 1 ­ 25 kDa (Der 1, Der p 1, and Blo t 1), group 2 ­ 15 kDa (Der f 2, Der 2, Tyr p 2, and Blo t 2), and group 3 ­ 29-30 kDa (Der f 3 and Blo t 3), which indicates that people in this region are susceptible to sensitization to these mites. Conclusion: Knowledge of the mite fauna in the region under study allows the guidance of health care professionals to perform skin tests for specific mites and conduct treatment according to the pool of mite extracts containing antigens, making immunotherapy more effective.


Introdução: O ambiente domiciliar é um dos espaços favoráveis para o desenvolvimento de ácaros, tendo em vista a baixa luminosidade, umidade e temperatura, o que contribui para os crescentes casos de alergias em indivíduos atópicos. Objetivo: Investigar o perfil faunístico dos ácaros na cidade do Rio de Janeiro e o potencial alergêncio para essa região. Métodos: Foram coletadas 30 amostras de poeira em residências na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, e as espécies encontradas foram classificadas quanto à morfologia, família e o gênero por chave de classificação. Para as regiões das coletas, a carga total de proteínas contendo os alérgenos foi determinada pelo método de Lowry e eletroforese em condições desnaturantes (SDS-PAGE). Resultados: Os resultados mostram a predominância de 84,9% de ácaros da família Pyroglyphidae; para os demais ácaros o percentual corresponde a 8% Tyrophagus putrescentiae, 6% Blomia tropicalis, 1% Cheyletus malaccensis, e 0,1% de Acarus siro. O conteúdo proteico alergêncio constituinte das amostras foram, grupo 1: 25 kDa (Der 1, Der p 1 e Blo t 1); grupo 2: 15 kDa (Der f 2, Der 2, Tyr p 2 e Blo t 2); e para o grupo 3: 29-30 kDa (Der f 3 e Blo t 3), o que indica uma região passível à sensibilização de indivíduos por estes ácaros. Conclusão: O conhecimento da acarofauna nas regiões em estudo permite orientar a comunidade médica quanto à realização de testes cutâneos, além da terapêutica a partir do pool de extratos de ácaros contendo os antígenos, a fim de tornar a imunoterapia mais eficaz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pyroglyphidae , Dust , Hypersensitivity , Mites , Therapeutics , Skin Tests , Allergens , Residence Characteristics , Diagnosis , Home Environment , Humidity , Immunotherapy
17.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(1): 4-48, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400091

ABSTRACT

A alergia ocular, também conhecida como conjuntivite alérgica (CA), é uma reação de hipersensibilidade mediada por imunoglobulina E (IgE) do olho desencadeada por aeroalérgenos, principalmente ácaros da poeira doméstica e pólen de gramíneas. Os sintomas geralmente consistem em prurido ocular ou periocular, lacrimejamento e olhos vermelhos que podem estar presentes durante todo o ano ou sazonalmente. A alergia ocular tem frequência elevada, é subdiagnosticada e pode ser debilitante para o paciente. É potencialmente danosa para a visão, nos casos em que ocasiona cicatrização corneana grave, e na maioria dos pacientes associa-se a outros quadros alérgicos, principalmente rinite, asma e dermatite atópica. É classificada em conjuntivite alérgica perene, conjuntivite alérgica sazonal, ceratoconjuntivite atópica e ceratoconjuntivite vernal. O diagnóstico procura evidenciar o agente etiológico e a confirmação se dá pela realização do teste de provocação conjuntival. O tratamento baseia-se em evitar o contato com os desencadeantes, lubrificação, anti-histamínicos tópicos, estabilizadores de mastócitos, imunossupressores e imunoterapia específica com o objetivo de obter o controle e prevenir as complicações da doença.


Ocular allergy, also known as allergic conjunctivitis, is an immunoglobulin E-mediated hypersensitivity reaction of the eye triggered by airborne allergens, primarily house dust mites and grass pollen. Symptoms usually consist of ocular or periocular itching, watery eyes, and red eyes that may be present year-round or seasonally. Ocular allergy has a high frequency, is underdiagnosed, and can be debilitating for the patient. It is potentially harmful to vision in cases of severe corneal scarring, and in most patients, it is associated with other allergic conditions, especially rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis. It is classified as perennial allergic conjunctivitis, seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, and vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Diagnosis seeks to identify the etiologic agent, and confirmation is given by conjunctival provocation testing. Treatment is based on avoiding contact with triggers, lubrication, topical antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers, immunosuppressants, and specific immunotherapy with the aim of achieving control and preventing disease complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Conjunctivitis, Allergic , Diagnosis , Keratoconjunctivitis , Patients , Plants, Medicinal , Pruritus , Psychotherapy , Asthma , Signs and Symptoms , Societies, Medical , Vision, Ocular , Climate Change , Conjunctivitis, Allergic/complications , Conjunctivitis, Allergic/epidemiology , Complementary Therapies , Immunoglobulin E , Serologic Tests , Skin Tests , Allergens , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Probiotics , Acupuncture , Pyroglyphidae , Dermatitis, Atopic , Environmental Pollution , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Omalizumab , Mast Cell Stabilizers , Histamine Antagonists , Hypersensitivity , Immunosuppressive Agents , Immunotherapy , Medicine, Ayurvedic , Mites
18.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(1): 49-57, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400098

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: A incidência das doenças alérgicas cresceu nas últimas décadas. Na tentativa de conter o aumento da alergia alimentar (AA) ao longo dos anos, estratégias de prevenção vêm sendo implementadas. Para promover um melhor entendimento dos dilemas que permeiam a introdução alimentar no primeiro ano de vida, esse artigo trata de uma revisão bibliográfica narrativa sobre a introdução dos alimentos complementares no primeiro ano de vida e possíveis associações com a prevenção primária da alergia alimentar. Fonte dos dados: Publicações relevantes foram pesquisadas nas bases de dados Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PubMed, Guidelines International Network, National Guidelines Clearinghouse e revisadas recomendações do guia e do consenso nacional de alergia alimentar. Resultados: Estudos observacionais diversos e ensaios clínicos randomizados estão disponíveis, bem como recomendações publicadas por organizações científicas; no entanto, de qualidade variável. Foram consideradas as recomendações de diretrizes de prática clínica classificadas como de alta qualidade e publicações recentes ainda não categorizadas de forma sistemática em sua qualidade, mas internacionalmente reconhecidas como relevantes para a atenção primária. Conclusão: Até o momento, não há evidências consistentes de que a introdução precoce, antes dos 6 meses, dos alimentos alergênicos, contribua para a prevenção de alergia a alimentos na população geral.


Objective: The incidence of allergic diseases has increased in recent decades. In an attempt to contain the increase in food allergy (AA) over the years, prevention strategies have been implemented. To promote a better understanding of the dilemmas that permeate the introduction of food in the first year of life, this article deals with a narrative literature review on the introduction of complementary foods in the first year of life and possible associations with the primary prevention of food allergy. Data source: Relevant publications were searched in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PubMed, Guidelines International Network, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, and revised recommendations from the national food allergy guide and consensus. Results: Several observational studies and randomized controlled trials are available, as well as recommendations. published by scientific organizations; however, of variable quality. Recommendations from clinical practice guidelines classified as high quality and recent publications not yet systematically categorized in their quality, but internationally recognized as relevant to primary care, were considered. Conclusion: To date, there is no consistent evidence that the early introduction, before 6 months, of allergenic foods contributes to the prevention of food allergy in the general population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Food Hypersensitivity , Infant Food , Primary Health Care , Primary Prevention , Societies, Medical , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Incidence , MEDLINE , Health Strategies , Guidelines as Topic , PubMed , Alkalies , Allergy and Immunology , Food , Hypersensitivity
19.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(1): 63-70, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400104

ABSTRACT

Os anestésicos locais são essenciais em diversos procedimentos médicos e odontológicos. Funcionam estabilizando as membranas neuronais e inibindo a transmissão de impulsos neurais, o que permite a realização desses procedimentos com mais segurança e sem dor. As reações adversas a drogas são definidas pela Organização Mundial da Saúde como todos os efeitos nocivos, não intencionais e indesejáveis de uma medicação, que ocorrem em doses usadas para prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento. As reações de hipersensibilidade são reações adversas do tipo B, imprevisíveis, que clinicamente se assemelham a reações alérgicas e podem ou não envolver um mecanismo imune. As reações de hipersensibilidade verdadeiras aos anestésicos locais são raras, apesar de superestimadas. Nesta revisão destacamos a necessidade de uma avaliação completa dos pacientes com suspeita de reação alérgica aos anestésicos locais, incluindo a investigação de outros possíveis alérgenos que tenham sido utilizados no procedimento, como analgésicos, antibióticos e látex. A estratégia de investigação e seleção de pacientes para testes deve se basear na história clínica. Dessa forma, poderemos fornecer orientações mais assertivas e seguras aos pacientes.


Local anesthetics are essential in many medical and dental procedures. They work by stabilizing neuronal membranes and inhibiting the transmission of neural impulses, which allows these procedures to be performed more safely and without pain. Adverse drug reactions are defined by the World Health Organization as all harmful, unintended and undesirable effects of a medication, which occur at doses used for prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Hypersensitivity reactions are unpredictable type B adverse reactions that clinically resemble allergic reactions and may or may not involve an immune mechanism. True hypersensitivity reactions to local anesthetics are rare, although overestimated. In this review, we highlight the need for a thorough evaluation of patients with suspected allergic reaction to local anesthetics, including investigation of other possible allergens that may have been used in the procedure, such as analgesics, antibiotics and latex. The investigation strategy and patient selection for testing should be based on clinical history. In this way, we will be able to provide more assertive and safe guidelines to patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hypersensitivity , Anesthetics, Local , Patients , Safety , Therapeutics , Allergens , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Latex Hypersensitivity , Diagnosis, Differential , Analgesics , Anti-Bacterial Agents
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(1): 1-13, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360090

ABSTRACT

Abstract In recent decades, an alarming increase in the number of sporotrichosis cases has been reported in southern and southeastern Brazil, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro, has been considered a long-term hyperendemic condition associated with feline transmission. According to phenotypic classifications, the Sporothrix species recovered from cats were classified as S. brasiliensis in 96.5% of the studied cases. This finding has also been demonstrated in humans, which confirms the zoonotic transmission associated with this predominant species in Brazil. The zoonotic transmission of the fungus and its important virulence in the context of the hyperendemic situation in Rio de Janeiro have changed the approach to the disease, which in its classic form was restricted to certain professional groups and very specific regions in the Brazilian territory, into a public health challenge of scientific interest. Its atypical manifestations and hypersensitivity reactions are increasingly frequent, constituting a new sporotrichosis aspect, which deserves attention from the medical community, as well as from other health professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Sporothrix , Cat Diseases/epidemiology , Hypersensitivity , Brazil/epidemiology
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