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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb.. 02, 2024. 34 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1532108

ABSTRACT

Estos lineamientos técnicos han sido elaborados con la participación de representantes de los diferentes actores e instituciones del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud, incluyendo distintas especialidades y disciplinas como infectología, neonatología, pediatría, salud pública y enfermería. Y el propósito es de proveer al equipo local de control de infecciones, una guía adecuada para la identificación, control y prevención de las infecciones hospitalarias asociadas a la atención del neonato


These technical guidelines have been developed with the participation of representatives of the different actors and institutions of the National Integrated Health System, including different specialties and disciplines such as infectology, neonatology, pediatrics, public health and nursing. And the purpose is to provide the local infection control team with adequate guidance for the identification, control and prevention of hospital infections associated with neonatal care


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , El Salvador , Infections
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 12, 2024. 33 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1532115

ABSTRACT

Las infecciones asociadas a la atención en salud (IAAS), son infecciones locales o sistémicas contraídas durante la hospitalización o durante la atención ambulatoria en los servicios de salud, que se constituyen en un problema de salud pública importante debido a la frecuencia con que se producen, la morbilidad y mortalidad que provocan y la carga que imponen a los pacientes, al personal de salud y a los sistemas de salud. Los presentes lineamientos técnicos establecen las disposiciones necesarias para el manejo seguro de dispositivos invasivos y del sitio quirúrgico, con la finalidad de fortalecer las intervenciones del personal de salud, en los establecimientos de salud del SNIS, evitar errores durante la atención, detectar oportunamente factores de riesgo relacionados con el uso y mantenimiento de los dispositivos e incidir inmediatamente en ellos, mejorando la calidad de atención y reduciendo las tasas de incidencia de morbimortalidad relacionada al uso y mantenimiento de los mismos


Infections associated with health care (IAAS) are local or systemic infections contracted during hospitalization or during outpatient health care, which constitute a major public health problem because of the frequency with which they occur, the morbidity and mortality they cause and the burden they impose on patients, health personnel and health systems. These technical guidelines establish the necessary provisions for the safe management of invasive devices and the surgical site, with the aim of strengthening the interventions of health personnel, in the health facilities of the SNIS, avoid errors during care, detect timely risk factors related to the use and maintenance of the devices and immediately affect them, improving the quality of care and reducing the incidence of morbidity and mortality related to their use and maintenance


Subject(s)
Equipment and Supplies , Infections , El Salvador
3.
REVISA (Online) ; 13(1): 114-122, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531983

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar o conhecimento de profissionais de saúde presentes em unidades básicas de saúde (UBS's) sobre o HTLV e as condutas tomadas em caso de infecção. Método:pesquisa quantitativa transversal de abordagem exploratória, sendo realizada por meio de entrevista, com preenchimento de formulário via Google Forms. Realizada em julho de 2023. Resultados:estudo composto por 33 profissionais de saúde, dentre os quais 39% afirmaram desconhecer o HTLV. Essa informação é preocupante, considerando que uma unidade de saúde representa a principal porta de entrada paraos indivíduos em busca de atendimento à saúde. A maioria expressiva, representando 70%, demonstrou conhecimento sobre os meios de prevenção da doença. Porém, a vacinação não foi identificada pela maioria como um método de prevenção, destacando uma percepção menos difundida sobre o papel da vacina nesse contexto. Conclusão:é crucial divulgar pesquisas sobre o tema, criando oportunidades estratégicas para aprimorar tanto a compreensão clínica quanto a empatia no atendimento aos portadores do HTLV, contribuindo assim para a melhoria do diagnóstico, tratamento e qualidade assistencia


Objective:To investigate the knowledge of health professionals present in primary health care units (BHUs) about HTLV and the procedures taken in case of infection. Method:cross-sectional quantitative research with an exploratory approach, carried out through interviews, filling out a form via Google Forms. Carried out in July 2023. Results:study composed of 33 health professionals, of which 39% said they were unaware of HTLV. This information is worrying, considering that a health unit represents the main gateway for individuals seeking health care. The significant majority, representing 70%, demonstrated knowledge about the means of preventing the disease. However, vaccination was not identified by the majority as a prevention method, highlighting a less widespread perception about the role of the vaccine in this context. Conclusion:it is crucial to disseminate research on the topic, creating strategic opportunities to improve both clinical understanding and empathy in the care of HTLV carriers, thus contributing to the improvement of diagnosis, treatment and quality of care.


Objective:To investigate the knowledge of health professionals present in primary health care units (BHUs) about HTLV and the procedures taken in case of infection. Method:cross-sectional quantitative research with an exploratory approach, carried out through interviews, filling out a form via Google Forms. Carried out in July 2023. Results:study composed of 33 health professionals, of which 39% said they were unaware of HTLV. This information is worrying, considering that a health unit represents the main gateway for individuals seeking health care. The significant majority, representing 70%, demonstrated knowledge about the means of preventing the disease. However, vaccination was not identified by the majority as a prevention method, highlighting a less widespread perception about the role of the vaccine in this context. Conclusion:it is crucial to disseminate research on the topic, creating strategic opportunities to improve both clinical understanding and empathy in the care of HTLV carriers, thus contributing to the improvement of diagnosis, treatment and quality of care.


Subject(s)
Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Human T-lymphotropic virus 2 , Primary Health Care , Infections
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 781-789, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529949

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to compare the cure rate recovery time and Merle d'Aubigné-Postel functional (MAPF) score after single-stage surgery (C1T) or two-stage surgery (C2T) to treat prosthetic infections of the hip considering sociodemographic and clinical features of the patients. Materials and Methods The present retrospective study occurred in a single center from 2011 to 2014 with 37 studied cases including 26 treated with C1T and 11 with C2T. We compared the cure rate recovery time and MAPF score in the two groups as well as the sociodemographic and clinical features of the patients. We also considered surgical complications and the most common infectious agents. Results The C1T group had a faster functional recovery than the C2T group but there were no significant differences in the cure rate surgical complications or MAPF score. However C1T group patients were significantly younger which may have influenced the outcomes. Staphylococcus spp. was the most common infectious agent (62%). Conclusion Although C2T appears superior regarding infection cure C1T may be preferable for faster functional recovery. However it is critical to consider individual patient characteristics when choosing treatment. Further research with a larger sample size is required to confirm these results.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a taxa de cura, o tempo de recuperação e a pontuação na escala funcional de Merle d'Aubigné-Postel (EFMA) entre a cirurgia em tempo único (C1T) e a cirurgia em dois tempos (C2T) no tratamento de infecções protéticas do quadril, considerando as características sociodemográficas e clínicas dos pacientes. Materiais e Métodos Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo num único centro, entre 2011 e 2014, com um total de 37 casos estudados, sendo 26 tratados com C1T e 11 com C2T. Foram comparadas a taxa de cura, o tempo de recuperação e a pontuação EFMA entre os dois grupos, bem como as características sociodemográficas e clínicas dos pacientes. Foram também consideradas as complicações cirúrgicas e o agente infeccioso mais comum. Resultados O grupo C1T teve uma recuperação funcional mais rápida do que o grupo C2T, mas não houve diferenças significativas na taxa de cura, nas complicações cirúrgicas ou na pontuação EFMA. No entanto, o grupo C1T era significativamente mais jovem, o que pode ter influenciado os resultados. Staphylococcus spp. foi o agente infeccioso mais comum (62%). Conclusão Embora a C2T pareça ser superior em termos de cura de infecção, a C1T pode ser preferível para uma recuperação funcional mais rápida. No entanto, as características individuais dos pacientes devem ser consideradas na escolha do tratamento. São necessárias mais pesquisas com um tamanho de amostra maior para confirmar estes resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reoperation , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Prosthesis , Infections
6.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 38-45, jun. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1512030

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar la epidemiología de la infección post osteosíntesis a través de cultivos de fluidos sonicados en los pacientes del Hospital Universitario de Caracas en el período comprendido entre noviembre 2021-noviembre 2022. Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo, serie de casos, a través de la revisión de historias médicas de todos los casos que acudieron con diagnóstico de infección post osteosíntesis a fin de determinar cuál agente causal fue el más común, factores de riesgo asociados y tratamiento de elección. Se incluyeron 10 pacientes, 70% de sexo masculino y edad promedio de 40,6±17,9 años. Los gérmenes aislados en el cultivo convencional fueron el SAMS, SAMR, Enterobacter cloacae, Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo (10,0% cada uno), el 60,0% de los cultivos en esta modalidad fueron negativos, en el cultivo de fluidos por baño de ultrasonido, el germen más frecuente fue el SAMR en el 30% de los casos, seguido del SAMS con 20%, en menor medida un caso de Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo y una infección polimicrobiana compuesta por K. pneumoniae, E. cloacae y Enterococo sp. El tratamiento médico consistió en antibioticoterapia vía endovenosa, se realizó de acuerdo al antibiograma obtenido del cultivo, el más empleado fue la cefazolina en 30% (en casos de SAMS), seguido de la vancomicina + meropenem y la vancomicina aislada en 20%. Todos los pacientes cumplieron tratamiento al menos por 4 semanas con evolución satisfactoria(AU)


The objective of this work is to determine the epidemiology of post-osteosynthesis infection through sonicated fluid cultures in patients at the Hospital Universitario de Caracas in the period between November 2021 and November 2022. An observational study of type, series of cases, through the review of the medical records of all the cases that presented with a diagnosis of post-osteosynthesis infection in order to determine which causative agent was the most common, associated risk factors and treatment of choice. 10 patients were included, 70% male and mean age 40.6 ± 17.9 years. The germs isolated in the conventional culture were SAMS, SAMR, Enterobacter cloacae, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (10.0% each), 60.0% of the cultures in this modality were negative, in the culture of fluids by bath of On ultrasound, the most frequent germ was MRSA in 30% of cases, followed by SAMS with 20%, to a lesser extent a case of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and a polymicrobial infection made up of K. pneumoniae, E. cloacae and Enterococcus sp. The medical treatment consisted of intravenous antibiotic therapy, it was carried out according to the antibiogram obtained from the culture, the most used was cefazolin in 30% (in cases of SAMS), followed by vancomycin + meropenem and vancomycin alone in 20%. All patients complied with treatment for at least 4 weeks with satisfactory evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Postoperative Care , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Infections/epidemiology , Enterobacter cloacae
7.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 07, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1434833

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 13/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 13/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
8.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mayo, 07, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1434836

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 15/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 15/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
9.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mayo, 07, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1434837

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 16/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 16/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
10.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mayo, 07, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1434840

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 17/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 17/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
11.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mayo, 28, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1435397

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 18/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 18/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
12.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mayo,28,2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1435403

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 19/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 19/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
13.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mayo,30,2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1435406

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 20/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 20/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
14.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mayo, 05, 2023. 106 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1435420

ABSTRACT

El trabajo desarrollado en los laboratorios, es importante no solo por su rol en el diagnóstico de las enfermedades transmisibles como la tuberculosis, sino también en el control de la evolución del tratamiento de los pacientes, así como la evaluación epidemiológica y operacional. Tiene como función principal, la detección de fuentes de infección tuberculosa a través de métodos como pruebas moleculares, cultivo, baciloscopia y prueba de flujo lateral para lipoarabinomanano (LF-LAM). La elección de la técnica más conveniente y su estandarización permite la obtención de resultados comparables a lo largo de todo el país, además de facilitar la capacitación, así como la ampliación de la cobertura. El propósito de los presentes lineamientos, es proporcionar al personal de laboratorio clínico del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud (SNIS) y de otras instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud, información sobre los procedimientos técnicos aplicables para el diagnóstico bacteriológico de la tuberculosis


The work carried out in the laboratories is important not only for its role in the diagnosis of communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, but also in the control of the evolution of the treatment of patients, as well as the epidemiological and operational evaluation. Its main function is to detect sources of tuberculosis infection through methods such as molecular tests, culture, bacilloscopy and lateral flow test for lipoarabinomanan (LF-LAM). The choice of the most appropriate technique and its standardization allows for comparable results throughout the country, in addition to facilitating training, as well as expanding coverage. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide clinical laboratory staff with


Subject(s)
Humans , Tuberculosis , Diagnosis , Laboratories, Clinical , Patients , Communicable Diseases , El Salvador , Infections , Laboratories
15.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr- 02, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1425994

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 10/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 10/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
16.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 03, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1425998

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 11/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 11/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
17.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 08, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1426001

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 12/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 12/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
18.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 29, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1424787

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 09/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 09/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
19.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 01, 2023. 22 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1418436

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 08/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Situación epidemiológica de Infección respiratoria aguda. Situación epidemiológica de Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Situación epidemiológica de Enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 08/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Zika and chikungunya epidemiological situation. Epidemiological situation of acute respiratory infection. Epidemiological situation of pneumonias. Sentinel surveillance of respiratory viruses. Rotavirus sentinel surveillance. Epidemiological situation of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Disaster Warning , Notification , El Salvador , Infections
20.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(1): 66-71, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421544

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Hyperglycemia occurs in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) due to chemotherapeutic agents and may be stress-induced. Given the potential impact of hyperglycemia on the clinical outcomes of ALL patients, we sought to determine the association of hyperglycemia with the development of infectious complications. Methods This is a retrospective cohort involving adult Filipino ALL patients admitted at a tertiary referral center. Patients were stratified according to blood glucose levels and infections were classified into microbiologically and clinically defined infections. Logistic regression was performed to determine whether hyperglycemia was associated with the development of infectious complications. Results Of the 174 patients admitted for ALL, only 76 patients (44%) underwent blood glucose monitoring and were thus included in this study. Hyperglycemia was observed in 64 patients (84.21%). Infectious complications were seen in 56 patients (73.68%), of whom 37 patients (48.68%) had microbiologically defined infections and 19 (25%) had clinically defined infections. The respiratory tract was the most common site of infection and gram-negative bacteria were the predominant isolates. Hyperglycemia significantly increased the likelihood of infectious complications, particularly at blood glucose levels ≥ 200 mg/dL. Conclusion Hyperglycemia is associated with an increased likelihood of infectious complications in Filipino ALL patients. With sepsis being one of the main causes of mortality in this population, our study provides compelling evidence for us to consider routine blood glucose monitoring in order to manage and potentially decrease the occurrence of infections in these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Hyperglycemia , Sepsis , Infections
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