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1.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-14, dic. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1391902

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar as características das internações de recém-nascidos em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal do extremo sul do Brasil durante um curto período de tempo. Método: Estudo observacional, com 85 neonatos, por dados secundários de pacientes internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal, nos meses de maio de 2020 a outubro de 2020. Resultados: A prevalência das internações foi do sexo masculino, com diagnóstico de prematuridade, que pesavam entre 1500g e 2499g, não receberam leite materno na primeira hora de vida, receberam visitas dos pais, colo e leite materno durante a internação. As mães tinham mais de 6 consultas de pré-natal e os bebês nasceram de cesárea. Conclusão: O atendimento prestado de forma holística, baseado na ciência e maneira humanizada aos recém-nascidos e aos pais, pode reduzir a mortalidade infantil, trazer maior segurança aos pais e confi ança na equipe assistencial, além de evitar complicações futuras no desenvolvimento infantil.


Objetivo: Evaluar las características de las hospitalizaciones de recién nacidos en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales en el extremo sur de Brasil durante un corto período de tiempo. Método: Estudio observacional, con 85 neonatos, con base en datos secundarios de pacientes hospitalizados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales, de mayo de 2020 a octubre de 2020. Resultados: La prevalencia de hospitalizaciones fue del sexo masculino, con diagnóstico de prematuridad, que pesaron entre 1500g y 2499g, no recibió leche materna en la primera hora de vida, recibió visitas de los padres, regazo y leche materna durante la hospitalización. Las madres tuvieron más de 6 consultas prenatales y los bebés nacieron por cesárea. Conclusión: La atención brindada de forma holística, basada en la ciencia y de forma humanizada a los recién nacidos y a los padres, puede reducir la mortalidad infantil, brindar mayor seguridad a los padres y confi anza en el equipo de atención, además de prevenir futuras complicaciones en el desarrollo del niño.


Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of hospitalizations of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit in the extreme south of Brazil during a short period of time. Method: Observational study, with 85 neonates, based on secondary data from patients hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, from May 2020 to October 2020. Results: The prevalence of hospitalizations was male, with a diagnosis of prematurity, who weighed between 1500g and 2499g, did not receive breast milk in the fi rst hour of life, received visits from parents, lap and breast milk during hospitalization. The mothers had more than 6 prenatal consultations and the babies were born by cesarean section. Conclusion: The care provided in a holistic way, based on science and in a humanized way to newborns and parents, can reduce infant mortality, bring greater security to parents and confidence in the care team, in addition to preventing future complications in child development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Quality of Health Care , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Humanization of Assistance , Holistic Health
2.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-13, 20221213.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369073

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Conhecer a prematuridade pela percepção das famílias de recém-nascidos internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal sob a perspectiva Transcultural. Materiais e Métodos: Pesquisa qualitativo, descritiva e exploratória. Foram realizadas Observação participante e entrevistas semiestruturadas com 16 familiares de recém-nascidos internados na unidade neonatal de uma maternidade pública do interior baiano. Utilizou-se o software Interface de R pour analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires® e análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Emergiram quatro categorias: O prematuro em suas particularidades na percepção da família; Sentimentos familiares ocasionados pela prematuridade; A espiritualidade como estratégia para significar a prematuridade; A prematuridade por meio dos cuidados profissionais. Discussões: Compreender as experiências das famílias no ambiente neonatal pode contribuir com os profissionais de saúde e instituições na reorientação às suas práticas, visando uma assistência voltada para integralidade, identificando as singularidades de cada família e o reconhecimento da diversidade cultural. Conclusão: Entender a família, em suas necessidades e cultura, colabora com uma assistência mais humana e eficaz, onde a família fará parte do planejamento e da tomada de decisão para cuidar do prematuro amplamente, respeitando o biológico, como também, fatores sociais e psicológicos, contemplando integralmente, o prematuro e sua família.


Introduction: To understand premature birth through perceptions of families with premature babies admitted to neonatal intensive care unit from a cross-cultural perspective. Materials and methods: An exploratory-descriptive qualitative study was conducted through participant observation and semi-structured interviews with 16 relatives of premature babies admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a maternity hospital in the state of Bahia. R Software was used for multidimensional analysis of texts and questionnaires and content analysis. Results: Four categories were established: premature babies with their particularities in family's perceptions; family's feelings caused by premature birth; spirituality as a strategy to give meaning to premature birth; and premature birth from professional healthcare. Discussion: Understanding the experiences of families in the neonatal environment can contribute to healthcare professionals and institutions reorienting their practices to target integrality of care by identifying the particularities of each family and recognizing their cultural diversity. Conclusions: Understanding the needs and culture of families contributes to the provision of more humane and effective care in which the family plays a part in planning and decision making on integral care of their premature baby, not only highlighting biological factors but also social and psychological factors that comprehensively involve the premature baby and their family.


Introducción: Entender la prematuridad a través de la percepción de las familias de los recién nacidos ingresados en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos desde una perspectiva transcultural. Materiales y métodos: Investigación cualitativa, descriptiva y exploratoria. A través de una observación participante, se llevaron a cabo entrevistas semiestructuradas con 16 familiares de recién nacidos prematuros hospitalizados en la unidad neonatal de un hospital materno en el estado de Bahía. Se hizo uso del software Interfaz de R para el análisis multidimensional de textos y cuestionarios, y análisis de contenido. Resultados: Se establecieron cuatro categorías: el recién nacido prematuro con sus particularidades en la percepción de la familia; sentimientos en la familia generados por la prematuridad; la espiritualidad como estrategia para darle significado a la prematuridad; la prematuridad atendida a través del cuidado profesional. Discusión: La comprensión de las experiencias de las familias en el ambiente neonatal puede contribuir a los profesionales e instituciones de salud a reorientar sus prácticas, a fin de apuntar a una atención centrada en la integralidad al identificar las particularidades de cada familia y reconocer su diversidad cultural. Conclusiones: Entender las necesidades y la cultura de las familias contribuye a prestar una atención más humana y eficaz en la que la familia hace parte de la planificación y toma de decisiones en el cuidado integral del recién nacido prematuro al no resaltar solamente los aspectos biológicos, sino también los factores sociales y psicológicos que incluyen al recién nacido prematuro y su familia de una forma integral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Family , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Transcultural Nursing
3.
Med. infant ; 29(2): 132-138, Junio 2022. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1381872

ABSTRACT

El programa de Diagnóstico y Tratamiento Fetal (PDTF) coordina y optimiza el cuidado prenatal y perinatal de pacientes que consultan por alguna anomalía congénita severa (ACS). El servicio de Salud Mental forma parte del equipo interdisciplinario. Objetivo:Evaluar mediante indicadores específicos (estrés en torno a la internación neonatal, depresión, ansiedad, afrontamiento y apoyo social percibido) el impacto psicológico del PDTF en madres de recién nacidos (RN) con ACS internados en Neonatología, comparándolas con un grupo de pacientes con las mismas ACS ingresados por derivación posnatal habitual (DP). Diseño: transversal, comparativo. Población: madres de niños y niñas con ACS internados en neonatología, que cumplan con los criterios de admisión, con consentimiento. Instrumentos de medición: Cuestionario de MOS de Apoyo Social Percibido, Inventario de Depresión de Beck (BDI), Inventario de ansiedad estado/rasgo (STAI), Escala de estrés parental: Unidad de cuidados intensivos (PSS: NICU), Inventario de respuestas de afrontamiento de MOOS (CRI-A). Los datos se analizaron con REDCap y stata 12.0. Resultados: muestra constituida por 83 madres. El 61% tuvo seguimiento en PDTF. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la edad (M:24a), nivel educativo(55% estudios secundarios o superiores), situación de pobreza (25%), situación conyugal(89% en pareja estable), presencia de red de apoyo(95%). En cuanto a su procedencia el 62% de las madres del PDTF y el 81% de DP provenían de CABA y el Conurbano. Tenían diagnóstico prenatal solo el 31% de las DP. Los diagnósticos más prevalentes de los niños del PDTF fueron gastroquisis (37%) y hernia diafragmática (30%), en los niños con DP cardiopatía (22%) y gastroquisis (19%). Las madres del PDTF presentaron menores niveles de depresión que las de DP. Estas últimas fueron quienes aumentaron en mayor medida su estado de ansiedad con respecto a su rasgo habitual. El apoyo social percibido fue alto en ambos grupos al igual que el afrontamiento por aproximación. Conclusiones: Las intervenciones del programa tuvieron un efecto positivo sobre la ansiedad y la depresión en las madres durante la internación neonatal. (AU)


The Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment Program ( FDTP) coordinates and optimizes prenatal and perinatal care of patients who consult for severe congenital anomalies (SCA). The Mental Health Department is part of the interdisciplinary team. Objective: To evaluate by means of specific indicators (stress around Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission, depression, anxiety, coping, and perceived social support) the psychological impact of the FDTP on mothers of newborns (NB) with SCA admitted to the NICU compared to a group of patients with the same SCA admitted through regular postnatal referral (PR). Design: cross-sectional, comparative study. Population: mothers of children with SCA admitted to the NICU who met the admission criteria and who signed informed consent. Measurement instruments: MOS Social Support Survey, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), StateTrait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (PSS: NICU), Moos Coping Responses Inventory (CRI-A). Data were analyzed using REDCap and Stata 12.0. Results: the sample consisted of 83 mothers. Sixty-one percent were followed up by the FDTP. No significant differences were found in age (M:24y), educational level (55% secondary or higher education), poverty status (25%), marital status (89% in stable relationship), or presence of support network (95%). Regarding their origin, 62% of the FDTP mothers and 81% of the PR mothers came from the city of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires. Only 31% of the PR children had a prenatal diagnosis. The most prevalent diagnoses in the FDTP children were gastroschisis (37%) and diaphragmatic hernia (30%), and in the PR children, cardiopathy (22%) and gastroschisis (19%). FDTP mothers presented with lower levels of depression than PR mothers. The latter were those who increased their state of anxiety to a greater extent compared to their usual trait. Perceived social support was high in both groups, as was coping by proxy. Conclusions: Program interventions had a positive effect on anxiety and depression in mothers during NICU admission (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Prenatal Diagnosis/psychology , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnosis , Congenital Abnormalities/psychology , Adaptation, Psychological , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Mothers/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/psychology
4.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022206, 06 abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363517

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe inflammatory disorder that can affect the whole gastrointestinal system, particularly the ileum, and is a major cause of morbidity in premature infants. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of newborns with NEC, seeking to identify the causes, evolution and severity of the disease. METHODS: The study selected 94 patients who developed NEC (cases) and 60 patients who did not develop the disease during hospitalization (controls) and presented similar clinical signs of the case group. The variables analyzed divided into maternal and neonatal. The frequency tests were applied using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0 and comparative analysis using the GraphPad Prism® 5.0 software. RESULTS: There was a higher number of prenatal consultations in cases with NEC. Newborns with NEC had shorter hospital stay, longer parenteral nutrition and antibiotics use and a predominant use of infant formula. The Bell criteria modified by Walsh and Kleigman was negatively correlated to maternal age and positively correlated to gestational age, birth weight and time of parenteral nutrition. CONCLUSION: Although being a disease of the newborn, the present study indicated that maternal characteristics may be related to its onset of NEC. Therefore, the greater number of prenatal consultations and neonatal factors such as length of stay, prolonged use of parenteral nutrition and antibiotic therapy, and formula use may influence the development of the disease.


INTRODUÇÃO: A Enterocolite Necrosante (ECN) é um grave distúrbio inflamatório que pode afetar todo o sistema gastrointestinal, em particular o íleo, é uma causa de morbiletalidade em prematuros. OBJETIVO: Delinear o perfil clínico-epidemiológico de recém-nascidos com ECN, buscando identificar as causas, modo de evolução e gravidade da doença. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados 94 pacientes que desenvolveram ECN (casos) e 60 pacientes que não desenvolveram a doença no período de internação (controles) e apresentavam sinais clínicos semelhantes do grupo caso. As variáveis analisadas foram classificadas em maternas e neonatais. Foram realizados testes de frequência usando o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) versão 21.0 e análise comparativa usando o teste programa GraphPad Prism® 5.0. RESULTADOS: Nos casos com ECN houve maior número de consultas pré-natal. Os recém-nascidos com ECN apresentaram menor tempo de internação, maior tempo de nutrição parenteral e uso de antibióticos tiveram predomínio no uso de fórmula infantil. A classificação modificada de Bell por Walsh and Kleigman apresentou correlação negativa com idade materna e positiva com idade gestacional, peso ao nascer e o tempo de nutrição parenteral. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar de ser uma doença do recém-nascido, esse estudo sugere que características maternas podem ter relação com o aparecimento da ECN. O número maior de consultas pré-natal e os fatores neonatais como o tempo de internação, uso prolongado de nutrição parenteral, antibioticoterapia e uso de fórmulas pode influenciar o desenvolvimento da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Health Profile , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
5.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 22(1): 79-86, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376213

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to compare the intrauterine and postnatal growth of preterm infants according to the Intergrowth-21st and Fenton curves. Methods: study carried out in a maternity hospital, reference in high-risk pregnancy, with preterm infants born in 2018 who were hospitalized in the neonatal units of the institution. Preterm newborns weighed at least twice after birth were included in the sample and those that were syndromic, malformed or presented fluid retention were excluded. Proportions and means were compared using Pearson's chi-square and Student's t tests for paired samples, respectively. The McNemar test was used to compare categorical variables and the Kappa test to verify the degree of agreement between birth weight classifications obtained by the curves. Results: one hundred and fifty three infants with a median gestational age of 34.4 weeks were included. The incidences of the categories of nutritional status at birth did not differ between the curves. There was perfect agreement between the curves, except when newborns born under 33 weeks of gestational age were evaluated, in which case the agreement was substantial. About 21% of the babies classified as small for gestational age (SGA) by Intergrowth-21st were adequate for gestational age (AGA) according to Fenton and, on average, 20% of cases that had postnatal growth restriction (PNGR) according to Fenton standards were categorized as adequate weight by Intergrowth-21st. Postnatal weight classifications obtained by the evaluated curves had perfect agreement. Conclusions: the differences in theclassifications found between the charts reveal the importance of choosing the growth curve for monitoring preterm infants since behaviors based on their diagnoses can impact the life of this population.


Resumo Objetivos: comparar o crescimento intrauterino e pós-natal de prematuros segundo as curvas de Intergrowth-21st e Fenton. Métodos: estudo realizado em uma maternidade de referência em gestação de alto risco com prematuros nascidos em 2018 que ficaram internados nas unidades neonatais da instituição. Foram incluídos os pré-termos pesados em pelo menos dois momentos após o nascimento e excluídos aqueles sindrômicos, malformados ou com retenção hídrica. As proporções e médias foram comparadas a partir dos testes qui-quadrado de Pearson e t de student para amostras emparelhadas, respectivamente. Já o teste de McNemar foi utilizado para comparar as variáveis categóricas e teste Kappa para verificar o grau de concordância entre as classificações de peso ao nascer obtidos pelas curvas. Resultados: foram incluídos 153 lactentes com idade gestacional mediana de 34,4 semanas. As incidências das categorias de estado nutricional ao nascer não diferiram entre as curvas. Houve concordância perfeita entre as mesmas, exceto quando se avaliou os nascidos com menos de 33 semanas, onde a concordância foi substancial. Cerca de 21% dos bebês classificados como pequenos para a idade gestacional (PIG) por Intergrowth-21st foram adequados para idade gestacional (AIG) segundo Fenton e, em média, 20% dos casos que tiveram restrição de crescimento pós-natal (RCPN) de acordo aos padrões de Fenton foram categorizados com peso adequado por Intergrowth-21st. As classificações de peso pós-natal obtidas pelas curvas avaliadas tiveram concordância perfeita. Conclusões: as diferenças de classificação encontradas revelam a importância da escolha da curva de crescimento para monitorização de prematuros visto que, condutas baseadas em seus diagnósticos, podem impactar na vida dessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Postnatal Care , Birth Weight , Infant, Premature/growth & development , Nutritional Status , Neonatal Screening , Growth Charts , Fetal Growth Retardation , Tertiary Healthcare , Brazil , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Chi-Square Distribution , Gestational Age , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Observational Study
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 212-216, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365352

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Neonates are more susceptible to drug interactions and adverse effects, and special care should be taken when prescribing medication to them. This study aimed to investigate drug usage in the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted on 98 patients at the Apollo tertiary care hospital (Bannerghatta, Bangalore, India) in a period of 6 months. The most common indications for neonatal intensive care unit admission, average number of drugs per patient, the most frequently used medication, distribution of patients based on the birth procedure, and possible drug interactions were collected from patient profiles. RESULTS: Among the patients, 52% were males and 48% were females. Notably, 38% of patients were preterm, 60% were term, and only 2% were post-term. Also, 80.6% were born by cesarean section and 19.4% were born by normal vaginal delivery. The highest mean of drug use was in the patient of 1,000-1,500 g (8.06 per patient). Preterm was the most frequent indication for admission in neonatal intensive care unit, followed by hyperbilirubinemia and then respiratory distress syndrome. The most frequently used medication was vitamin K (99%) and antibiotics followed by dextrose. In different types of antibiotics, amikacin (41%), cefoperazone+sulbactam (35%), cephalosporin (1%), ceftriaxone (0.7%), and amoxicillin (0.3%) were commonly administered. There were some possible interactions, such as aminoglycoside with furosemide and calcium gluconate. CONCLUSION: Premature birth and resulting low birth weight were the main reasons for drug prescription. High administration of antibiotics is probably an area of concern and should be seriously considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/statistics & numerical data , Drug Utilization/statistics & numerical data , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , India
7.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 543-550, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359315

ABSTRACT

Introdução: fatores de risco gestacionais podem culminar na prematuridade neonatal, que constitui um grande desafio para a saúde pública em todo o mundo, sendo uma das principais causas de mortes neonatais. Objetivo: analisar uma população de prematuros, internados em unidades neonatais em relação ao estado nutricional e à alimentação recebida. Metodologia: delineamento observacional retrospectivo, com 125 recém-nascidos prematuros de uma maternidade pública do Tocantins. Sexo, idade gestacional ao nascer, peso, comprimento e perímetro cefálico ao nascer, durante a internação e na alta, ganho de peso diário, tempo de internação e tipo de dieta recebida foram analisados por meio dos testes de Mann-Whitney, Qui-quadrado, Exato de Fisher e t-Student, Mc Nemar, Wilcoxon e Friedman, a 5% de significância, no Statistical Package for Social Sciences 20.0. Resultados: houve predomínio do sexo masculino na amostra. A prevalência de crianças muito prematuras foi maior na unidade de cuidados convencionais (UcinCo), enquanto a prevalência de crianças com muito baixo peso ao nascer foi maior na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTIN). O tempo de internação foi menor na UcinCo, sendo este menos da metade do tempo de internação na UTIN. O peso à alta e o ganho de peso foram maiores na UTIN. Observou-se declínio do estado nutricional nas duas unidades. A utilização de fórmulas comerciais foi maior na UcinCo, enquanto predominou a oferta de leite humano na UTIN. Conclusão: independentemente do tipo de dieta recebida e da unidade de terapia, as crianças declinaram de estado nutricional durante a internação.


Introduction: gestational risk factors can culminate in neonatal prematurity, which is a major public health challenge worldwide, being one of the leading causes of neonatal deaths. Objective: to analyze a population of preterm infants admitted to neonatal units in relation to nutritional status and the food received. Methodology: retrospective observational design with 125 premature newborns from a public maternity in Tocantins. Gender, gestational age at birth, weight, length and head circumference at birth, during hospitalization and at discharge, daily weight gain, length of stay and type of diet received were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney, Chi-square, Fisher exact and Student t, Mc Nemar, Wilcoxon and Friedman tests, at 5% significance, in the Statistical Package for Social Sciences 20.0. Results: there was a predominance of males in the sample. The prevalence of very premature children was higher in the conventional care unit (CCU), while the prevalence of very low birth weight children was higher in the intensive care unit (ICU). Length of stay was shorter in the CCU, which was less than half of the length of stay in the ICU. Weight at discharge and weight gain were higher in the ICU. There was a decline in nutritional status in both units. The use of commercial formulas was higher in CCU, while the supply of human milk in the ICU predominated. Conclusion: regardless of the type of diet received and the therapy unit, the children declined their nutritional status during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Sex , Body Weight , Breast Feeding , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Cephalometry , Gestational Age , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
8.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 21(supl.2): e20226560, 21 janeiro 2022. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1380378

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Conhecer as percepções das mães de recém-nascidos prematuros internados na Unidade Neonatal diante da pandemia do COVID-19. MÉTODO: Pesquisa qualitativa realizada entre junho e julho de 2020, envolvendo 12 mães de recém-nascidos prematuros internados nas unidades neonatais de uma maternidade no estado do Ceará durante a pandemia do Coronavírus. As mães foram contactadas via aplicativo WhatsApp. Para a análise textual foi utilizada a classificação hierárquica descendente realizada pelo software IRAMUTEQ. RESULTADOS: A percepção das mães estava centrada nas dificuldades enfrentadas neste período de pandemia. A palavra "não" foi fortemente apresentada no corpus do texto, evidenciando o impacto do impedimento da visita, da permanência das mães nas unidades e o fato de não poder amamentar. CONCLUSÃO: A prestação de uma assistência humanizada nas unidades neonatais não deve se limitar ao recém-nascido, sendo fundamental o apoio emocional às mães por parte da equipe de saúde.


OBJECTIVE: To know the perceptions of mothers of premature newborns hospitalized in the Neonatal Unit in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: Qualitative research carried out in June and July 2020, involving 12 mothers of premature newborns hospitalized in the neonatal units of a maternity hospital in the state of Ceará during the Coronavirus pandemic. Mothers were contacted via WhatsApp application. For the textual analysis, the descending hierarchical classification performed by the IRAMUTEQ software was used. RESULTS: The mothers' perception was centered on the difficulties faced in this pandemic period. The word "no" was strongly presented in the corpus of the text, evidencing the impact of the impediment of the visit, of the mothers' permanence in the units and the fact of not being able to breastfeed. CONCLUSION: The provision of humanized care in neonatal units should not be limited to the newborn, and emotional support for mothers by the health team is essential.


OBJETIVO: Conocer las percepciones de las madres de recién nacidos prematuros internados en unidades neonatales ante la pandemia del COVID-19. MÉTODO: Investigación cualitativa realizada en junio y julio de 2020 con la participación de 12 madres de recién nacidos prematuros internados en las unidades neonatales de una maternidad del estado de Ceará durante la pandemia del Coronavirus. Se contactó a las madres por medio de la aplicación WhatsApp. Para el análisis textual se utilizó la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente realizada en el programa de software IRAMUTEQ. RESULTADOS: La percepción de las madres se enfocó en las dificultadas que debieron enfrentar en este período de la pandemia. La palabra "no" se hizo presente en gran medida en el corpus del texto, evidenciando así el efecto de la imposibilidad de las visitas y de la permanencia de las madres en las unidades, además del hecho de no poder amamantar. CONCLUSIÓN: La prestación de atención humanizada en las unidades neonatales no debe limitarse al recién nacido, siendo fundamental el apoyo emocional a las madres por parte del equipo de salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , COVID-19 , Mothers , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Child, Hospitalized , Qualitative Research
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928860

ABSTRACT

Physiological parameter monitoring is essential to medical staff to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Monitoring in NICU includes basic vital signal monitoring and functional monitoring. Basic vital signal monitoring (including ECG, respiration, SpO2, blood pressure, temperature) is advanced and focus on study of usability, continuity and anti-interference. Functional monitoring (including respiratory function, circulatory function, cerebral function) still focus on study of monitoring precision and reliability. Meanwhile, video monitoring and artifact intelligence have presented well performance on improving monitoring precision and anti-interference. In this article, the main parameters and relevant measurement technology for monitoring critical neonates were described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Monitoring, Physiologic , Reproducibility of Results , Respiration , Technology , Vital Signs
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928638

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of improvement in antibiotic use strategy on the short-term clinical outcome of preterm infants with a gestational age of <35 weeks.@*METHODS@#The medical data were retrospectively collected from 865 preterm infants with a gestational age of <35 weeks who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016. The improved antibiotic use strategy was implemented since January 1, 2015. According to the time of implementation, the infants were divided into three groups: pre-adjustment (January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014; n=303), post-adjustment Ⅰ (January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015; n=293), and post-adjustment Ⅱ (January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016; n=269). The medical data of the three groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences among the three groups in gestational age, proportion of small-for-gestational-age infants, sex, and method of birth (P>0.05). Compared with the pre-adjustment group, the post-adjustment I and post-adjustment Ⅱ groups had a significant reduction in the rate of use of antibiotics and the duration of antibiotic use in the early postnatal period and during hospitalization (P<0.05), with a significant increase in the proportion of infants with a duration of antibiotic use of ≤3 days or 4-7 days and a significant reduction in the proportion of infants with a duration of antibiotic use of >7 days in the early postnatal period (P<0.05). Compared with the post-adjustment Ⅰ group, the post-adjustment Ⅱ group had a significant reduction in the duration of antibiotic use in the early postnatal period and during hospitalization (P<0.05), with a significant increase in the proportion of infants with a duration of antibiotic use of ≤3 days and a significant reduction in the proportion of infants with a duration of antibiotic use of 4-7 days or >7 days (P<0.05). Compared with the pre-adjustment group, the post-adjustment I and post-adjustment Ⅱ groups had significantly shorter duration of parenteral nutrition and length of hospital stay (P<0.05). There were gradual reductions in the incidence rates of grade ≥Ⅲ intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and late-onset sepsis (LOS) after the adjustment of antibiotic use strategy. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the adjustment of antibiotic use strategy had no effect on short-term adverse clinical outcomes, and antibiotic use for >7 days significantly increased the risk of adverse clinical outcomes (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is feasible to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use by the improvement in antibiotic use strategy in preterm infants with a gestational age of <35 weeks, which can also shorten the duration of parenteral nutrition and the length of hospital stay and reduce the incidence rates of grade ≥Ⅲ IVH and LOS.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/epidemiology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of Silverman-Anderson score versus Downes score in predicting respiratory failure in full-term neonates.@*METHODS@#The convenience sampling method was used to select the full-term neonates with lung diseases who were hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit from July 2020 to July 2021. According to the diagnostic criteria for neonatal respiratory failure, they were divided into a respiratory failure group (65 neonates) and a non-respiratory failure group (363 neonates). Silverman-Anderson score and Downes score were used for evaluation. The receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to compare the value of the two noninvasive scores in predicting respiratory failure in full-term neonates.@*RESULTS@#Among the 428 full-term neonates, 65 (15.2%) had respiratory failure. The Silverman-Anderson score had a significantly shorter average time spent on evaluation than the Downes score [(90±8) seconds vs (150±13) seconds; P<0.001]. The respiratory failure group had significantly higher points in both the Silverman-Anderson and Downes scores than the non-respiratory failure group (P<0.001). The Silverman-Anderson score had an AUC of 0.876 for predicting respiratory failure, with a sensitivity of 0.908, a specificity of 0.694, and a Youden index of 0.602 at the optimal cut-off value of 4.50 points. The Downes score had an AUC of 0.918 for predicting respiratory failure, with a sensitivity of 0.723, a specificity of 0.953, and a Youden index of 0.676 at the optimal cut-off value of 6.00 points. The Downes score had significantly higher AUC for predicting respiratory failure than the Silverman-Anderson score (P=0.026).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both Silverman-Anderson and Downes scores can predict the risk of respiratory failure in full-term neonates. The Silverman-Anderson score requires a shorter time for evaluation, while the Downes score has higher prediction efficiency. It is recommended to use Downes score with higher prediction efficiency in general evaluation, and the Silverman-Anderson score requiring a shorter time for evaluation can be used in emergency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Risk Factors
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928606

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the current status of unplanned readmission of neonates within 31 days after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and risk factors for readmission.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 1 561 infants discharged from the NICU, among whom 52 infants who were readmitted within 31 days were enrolled as the case group, and 104 infants who were not readmitted after discharge during the same period of time were enrolled as the control group. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the risk factors for readmission.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 561 infants, a total of 63 readmissions occurred in 52 infants, with a readmission rate of 3.33%. hyperbilirubinemia and pneumonia were the main causes for readmission, accounting for 29% (18/63) and 24% (15/63) respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that that gestational age <28 weeks, birth weight <1 500 g, multiple pregnancy, mechanical ventilation, and length of hospital stay <7 days were risk factors for readmission (OR=5.645, 5.750, 3.044, 3.331, and 1.718 respectively, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonates have a relatively high risk of readmission after discharge from the NICU. The medical staff should pay attention to risk factors for readmission and formulate targeted intervention measures, so as to reduce readmission and improve the quality of medical service.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928587

ABSTRACT

Neonatal seizures are the most common clinical manifestations of critically ill neonates and often suggest serious diseases and complicated etiologies. The precise diagnosis of this disease can optimize the use of anti-seizure medication, reduce hospital costs, and improve the long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. Currently, a few artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis and treatment systems have been developed for neonatal seizures, but there is still a lack of high-level evidence for the diagnosis and treatment value in the real world. Based on an artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis and treatment systems that has been developed for neonatal seizures, this study plans to recruit 370 neonates at a high risk of seizures from 6 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in China, in order to evaluate the effect of the system on the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of neonatal seizures in neonates with different gestational ages in the NICU. In this study, a diagnostic study protocol is used to evaluate the diagnostic value of the system, and a randomized parallel-controlled trial is designed to evaluate the effect of the system on the treatment and prognosis of neonates at a high risk of seizures. This multicenter prospective study will provide high-level evidence for the clinical application of artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis and treatment systems for neonatal seizures in the real world.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Electroencephalography/methods , Epilepsy/diagnosis , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/diagnosis , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Seizures/drug therapy
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928576

ABSTRACT

Neonatal electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring guidelines have been published by American Clinical Neurophysiology Society, and the expert consensus on neonatal amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) has also been published in China. It is difficult to strictly follow the guidelines or consensus for EEG monitoring in different levels of neonatal units due to a lack of EEG monitoring equipment and professional interpreters. The Subspecialty Group of Neonatology, Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association, established an expert group composed of professionals in neonatology, pediatric neurology, and brain electrophysiology to review published guidelines and consensuses and the articles in related fields and propose grading management recommendations for EEG monitoring in different levels of neonatal units. Based on the characteristics of video EEG and aEEG, local medical resources, and disease features, the expert group recommends that video EEG and aEEG can complement each other and can be used in different levels of neonatal units. The consensus also gives recommendations for promoting collaboration between professionals in neonatology, pediatric neurology, and brain electrophysiology and implementing remote EEG monitoring.


Subject(s)
Child , Consensus , Electroencephalography , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Neonatology , Seizures
15.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210040, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339880

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo analisar a percepção dos pais sobre as práticas de educação em saúde desenvolvidas pelos enfermeiros na Unidade Neonatal que facilitaram a aquisição de competências parentais para uma tomada de decisão fundamentada. Método estudo exploratório e descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa. Participaram 13 pais com filhos internados, pela primeira vez, em uma Unidade Neonatal portuguesa. Os dados foram colhidos entre fevereiro e agosto de 2020, por meio de grupos focais, processados no software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, através da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente e da Análise de Similitude. Resultados da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente, emergiram quatro classes: "Necessidades de informação", "Lacunas na informação", "Disponibilidade para informar"; "Práticas facilitadoras da educação em saúde". Conclusão e implicações para a prática os pais consideraram como práticas facilitadoras da educação em saúde a tecnologia digital aliada à disponibilidade dos enfermeiros para informar e explicar, bem como propiciar um ambiente empático e informal. Tal resultado pode subsidiar o desenvolvimento de intervenções de enfermagem de educação em saúde para pais na Unidade Neonatal, com recurso à tecnologia digital.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la percepción de los padres sobre las prácticas de educación en salud desarrolladas por enfermeras de la Unidad Neonatal que facilitaron la adquisición de habilidades parentales para la toma de decisiones informada. Método estudio exploratorio descriptivo, con abordaje cualitativo. Participaron 13 padres con hijos hospitalizados, por primera vez, en una Unidad Neonatal Portuguesa. Los datos fueron recolectados entre febrero y agosto de 2020, a través de grupos focales, procesados en el software Interface de R pour Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, a través de la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente y el Análisis de Similitud. Resultados surgieron cuatro clases de la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente: "Necesidades de información"; "Brechas de información"; "Disponibilidad para informar"; "Prácticas facilitadoras de la educación para la salud". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los padres consideraron prácticas facilitadoras para la educación en salud la tecnología digital combinada con la disponibilidad de enfermeras para informar y explicar, además de brindar un ambiente empático e informal. Este resultado puede apoyar el desarrollo de intervenciones de enfermería de educación para la salud para los padres en Unidad Neonatal, con el uso de tecnología digital.


Abstract Objective to analyze parents' perception of health education practices developed by nurses in a Neonatal Unit that facilitated the acquisition of parenting skills for an informed decision-making. Method this is an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study. We included 13 parents with children hospitalized for the first time in a Portuguese Neonatal Unit. Data were collected between February and August 2020, through focus groups, processed in the software Interface de R pour Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, through Descending Hierarchical Classification and Similitude Analysis. Results four classes emerged from the Descending Hierarchical Classification: "Information needs"; "Information gaps"; "Availability to inform"; "Facilitating health education practices". Conclusion and implications for practice parents considered digital technology combined with nurses' availability to inform and explain, as well as provide an empathetic and informal environment as facilitating practices for health education. These results can support health education nursing interventions for parents at the Neonatal Units using digital technology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Parents/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Health Education , Health Literacy , Nurses , Pamphlets , Communication , Decision Making , Qualitative Research , Digital Technology , Length of Stay , Nurse-Patient Relations , Nursing Care/psychology
16.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1382152

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar os fatores maternos e neonatais associados aos óbitos neonatais em maternidade de referência no sudoeste maranhense. Metodologia: estudo retrospectivo observacional, quantitativo, com análise documental em prontuários. Brasil. Selecionaram-se prontuários de 677 neonatos nascidos no próprio estabelecimento hospitalar no ano de 2016. Resultados: dos 677 prontuários de recém-nascidos admitidos, ocorreram 14,2% de óbitos e 85,8% de altas, a prematuridade foi o diagnóstico entre 42,4%, seguido de 41,9% de distúrbios respiratórios. A análise ajustada do modelo apontou que o óbito neonatal esteve associado a estatura <35cm (OR: 38,40; p<0,001) e de 35- 39cm (OR: 6,65, p<0,002), perímetro cefálico <22 cm (OR: 38,58; p<0,002) e Apgar no 5º. minuto <3 (OR: 5,91; p<0,001). Conclusão: a prematuridade e os distúrbios respiratórios foram as principais causas de internação. Há necessidade de rever o acesso aos serviços de saúde, assim como a implementação de intervenções qualificadas no pré-natal, parto e nascimento


Objective: to investigate maternal and neonatal factors associated with neonatal deaths in a reference maternity hospital in southwestern Maranhão. Method: quantitative, observational retrospective study, with documental analysis in medical records. Medical records of 677 neonates born in a hospital in southwest Maranhão, in 2016 were selected. Results: of the 677 medical records of admitted newborns, there were 14.2% of deaths and 85.8% of discharges, prematurity was the diagnosis among 42.4%, followed by 41.9% of respiratory disorders. The adjusted analysis of the model showed that neonatal death was associated with height <35cm (OR: 38.40; p<0.001) and 35-39cm (OR: 6.65, p<0.002), head circumference <22 cm (OR: 38.58; p<0.002) and Apgar in the 5th. minute <3 (OR: 5.91; p<0.001). Results: Of the 677 medical records of newborns admitted, there were 96 deaths (14.2%) and 581 discharges (85.8%), with prematurity being the most frequent diagnosis 287 (42.4%), followed by respiratory disorders 284 (41 , 9%). The adjusted analysis of the model showed that neonatal death was associated with height <35cm (OR: 38.40; p <0.001), height of 35-39cm (OR: 6.65, p <0.002), head circumference <22 cm (OR: 38.58; p <0.002) and Apgar in the 5th. minute <3 (OR: 5.91; p <0.001). Conclusion: prematurity and respiratory disorders were the main causes of hospitalization. There is a need to review access to health services, as well as the implementation of qualified interventions in prenatal care, childbirth and birth


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Infant Mortality , Risk Factors
17.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE02261, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1364245

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Compreender o coping dos profissionais de enfermagem no processo morte- morrer em neonatologia. Método Estudo qualitativo na abordagem exploratória descritiva, participaram dez profissionais da enfermagem. Histórias rememoradas dos profissionais no cuidado do processo da morte e do morrer em neonatologia foi o meio para a coleta de dados. Organização, tratamento e análise dos dados fundamentado na análise de conteúdo de Bardin e no software Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires. Resultados Emergiram duas categorias da interface da análise e os fundamentos da Teoria Motivacional de Coping de Skinner, Equipe de enfermagem e a teoria motivacional de coping na morte em neonatologia; Ação regulatória de ameaça e o enfrentamento da morte em neonatologia. As estratégias de coping da equipe de enfermagem estudada mostram que os padrões cognitivos e respostas comportamentais referem-se à própria maneira de lidar com o cotidiano do sofrimento vivenciado em família, onde os profissionais buscam informação para ultrapassar a ameaça, num enfrentamento de desamparo e de fuga do acolhimento. Conclusão Os processos autorreferenciais experienciados em situações estressantes por profissionais da enfermagem favorecem à empatia, o vínculo e a comunicação com a família de neonatos à morte. Os indicativos de fragilidade na formação mantêm-se predisponentes para as dificuldades no enfrentamento da morte-morrer.


Resumen Objetivo Comprender el coping de los profesionales de enfermería en el proceso muerte-morir en neonatología. Métodos Estudio cualitativo de enfoque exploratorio descriptivo, donde participaron diez profesionales de enfermería. Las historias contadas por los profesionales sobre el cuidado del proceso de muerte y del morir en neonatología fue el medio para la recopilación de datos. La organización, el tratamiento y el análisis de los datos fue fundamentado en el análisis de contenido de Bardin y en el software Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires. Resultados Surgieron dos categorías de la interfaz de análisis y fundamentos de la teoría motivacional de coping de Skinner: Equipo de enfermería y la teoría motivacional de coping respecto a la muerte en neonatología y Acción reguladora de amenaza y el afrontamiento a la muerte en neonatología. Las estrategias de coping del equipo de enfermería estudiado muestran que los patrones cognitivos y las respuestas de comportamiento se refieren a la propria manera de lidiar con la cotidianidad del sufrimiento vivido en familia, donde los profesionales buscan información para superar la amenaza, en un enfrentamiento de desamparo y de fuga de la acogida. Conclusión Los procesos autorreferenciales vividos en situaciones estresantes por profesionales de enfermería favorecen la empatía, el vínculo y la comunicación con la familia de neonatos a fallecer. Los indicios de fragilidad en la formación se mantienen predisponentes para las dificultades de afrontar la muerte-morir.


Abstract Objective This understanding is essential to subsidize interventions of nursing professionals in order to care for families. Method A qualitative study in descriptive exploratory approach involved ten nursing professionals. Recollected stories collected from professionals in the care of the process of death and dying in neonatology was the means for data collection. Data organization, treatment and analysis was based on Bardin's content analysis and the software Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires. Results Two categories emerged from the analysis interface and the foundations of Skinner's Motivational Theory of Coping, nursing staff and Motivational Theory of Coping in death in neonatology; Threat regulatory action and coping with death in neonatology. The coping strategies of the nursing team studied show that cognitive patterns and behavioral responses refer to the very way of dealing with the daily suffering experienced in the family, where professionals seek information to overcome the threat, a coping with helplessness and escape from welcoming. Conclusion The self-referential processes experienced in stressful situations by nursing professionals favor empathy, bonding and communication with the family of infants. The indicators of frailty in training remain predisposing to difficulties in coping with death-dying.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude to Death , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Nursing, Team , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Multidimensional Scaling Analysis
18.
Saúde Soc ; 31(1): e201010, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366021

ABSTRACT

Resumo As rigorosas medidas de segurança adotadas pelos hospitais, em decorrência da pandemia, estenderam-se também às Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatais (UTIN). Este artigo desvela, por meio de observação sistemática, as mudanças organizacionais e estruturais ancoradas na Teoria Ambientalista de Nightingale que ocorreram na UTIN de um hospital público do interior da Bahia. Observou-se a interconexão entre os Ambientes Físico, Psicológico e Social, porém, com comprometimento na comunicação e relação entre família, neonato e equipe, apresentando um viés sensível das consequências restritivas da covid-19. Salienta-se o paradoxo entre zelar pela segurança e o impedimento das práticas informativas e facilitadoras de vínculos que envolvem o trinômio mencionado. Contudo, novas estratégias emergem desse contexto, levando os profissionais a se reinventarem e ousarem na comunicação, por meio de recursos remotos antes não utilizados, destacando as tecnologias digitais.


Abstract The strict safety measures adopted in hospital environments due to the pandemic have also been extended to Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU). By means of a systematic observation and based on Nightingale's Environmental Theory, this article sought to unveil the organizational and structural changes in the NICU of a public hospital in the countryside of Bahia. Results indicate an interconnection between physical, psychological, and social environments, which were committed to the communication and relationship between family, newborn, and team, thus presenting a sensitive bias of the restrictive consequences of covid-19. These findings highlight the paradox between ensuring security and preventing informational and bond-facilitator practices that involve the aforementioned triad. From this context emerge new communication strategies leading professionals to reinvent themselves, and to dare in communication by remote resources not used before, emphasizing the use of digital technologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Family , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Communication , Biomedical Technology
19.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0085345, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374028

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Construir e validar conteúdo e aparência de um protocolo gráfico e checklist para a avaliação da segurança do paciente em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Métodos Pesquisa metodológica, desenvolvida no período de março a setembro de 2018, em duas etapas: construção do protocolo e checklist , e validação de conteúdo e aparência. Utilizou-se a técnica Delphi para avaliação das ferramentas, e o consenso entre os juízes foi mensurado pelo Coeficiente de Validade de Conteúdo. Considerou-se válido o item com mais de 80% de concordância. Resultados Os instrumentos apresentaram Coeficiente de validade de conteúdo de 0,97 na segunda rodada Delphi, para validade de conteúdo. A estimativa geral dos instrumentos para validação de aparência foi de 0,99 na Delphi II. Após inclusão de alterações sugeridas 100% dos juízes recomendaram o uso do protocolo e do checklist . Conclusão O protocolo e o checklist foram considerados válidos e sua utilização constitui importante meio para verificar as condições que comprometem o cuidado seguro ao neonato.


Resumen Objetivo Construir y validar contenido y la apariencia de un protocolo gráfico y de una checklist para la evaluación de la seguridad del paciente en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatal. Métodos Investigación metodológica, desarrollada en el período de marzo a septiembre de 2018, en dos etapas: construcción del protocolo y de una checklist , y validación de contenido y apariencia. Se utilizó la técnica Delphi para la evaluación de las herramientas y el consenso entre los jueces medido por medio del Coeficiente de Validez de Contenido. Se consideró válido el ítem con más del 80 % de consenso. Resultados Los instrumentos presentaron un Coeficiente de validez de contenido del 0,97 en la segunda ronda Delphi, para validez de contenido. La estimación general de los instrumentos para validación de la apariencia fue del 0,99 en Delphi II. Después de la inclusión de las alteraciones sugeridas, el 100 % de los jueces recomendaron el uso del protocolo y de la checklist . Conclusión El protocolo y la checklist fueron considerados válidos y su utilización constituye un medio importante para que se verifiquen las condiciones que comprometen el cuidado seguro con el neonato.


Abstract Objective To build and validate the content and appearance of a graph protocol and a checklist for patient safety assessment in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Methods This is a methodological research, developed from March to September 2018, under construction of a protocol and a checklist and content and appearance validation. The Delphi technique was used to assess the instruments, and agreement among judges was measured by the Content Validity Coefficient. The item with more than 80% agreement was considered valid. Results The instruments presented a content validity coefficient of 0.97 in the second Delphi round, for content validity. The general estimate of the appearance validation instruments was 0.99 in Delphi II. After inclusion of suggested changes, all judges recommended the use of the protocol and the checklist. Conclusion The protocol and the checklist were considered valid and its use constitutes an important means to verify the conditions that compromise a safe newborn care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Patient Safety , Time Out, Healthcare , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Guidelines as Topic , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Validation Studies as Topic
20.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE00492, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1364226

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Compreender a experiência da empatia de enfermeiras com os recém-nascidos hospitalizados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal. Métodos Pesquisa fenomenológica hermenêutica. Foram realizadas 11 entrevistas com enfermeiras de uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal, localizada em Cuiabá/Mato Grosso, Brasil. A coleta ocorreu entre maio e agosto de 2018. Os dados foram analisados de acordo com a análise temática proposta por Max van Manen. Resultados As enfermeiras interagem com diversos recém-nascidos durante seu trabalho, destas interações somente algumas ganharam a especificidade de serem significadas como empáticas. Na empatia, as enfermeiras são mobilizadas pelo significado que atribuem à experiência de ver o neonato na incubadora, dentre estes, destacam-se o sentido de ter ou não afeto materno, a leitura da expressão do choro, a carga de procedimentos dolorosos sofrida pelo recém-nascido, o tempo de internação e a identificação da dor. A conduta que as enfermeiras tiveram ao serem empáticas expressa uma centralidade afetiva com o uso do corpo que dá colo, conversa, acaricia, toca, em parte pela tentativa de suprir a ausência do afeto das mães. Conclusão Evidencia-se o trabalho subjetivo da enfermeira nos episódios de empatia, e suas potencialidades em tornar o cuidado de enfermagem humanizado para os recém-nascidos hospitalizados, bem como os desafios e limitações que a empatia pode trazer ao trabalho das enfermeiras.


Resumen Objetivo Comprender la experiencia de la empatía de enfermeras con recién nacidos hospitalizados en unidades de cuidados intensivos neonatales. Métodos Estudio fenomenológico hermenéutico. Se realizaron 11 entrevistas con enfermeras de una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatal, ubicada en Cuiabá, estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil. La recopilación de datos se llevó a cabo entre mayo y agosto de 2018. Los datos fueron analizados de acuerdo con el análisis temático propuesto por Max van Manen. Resultados Las enfermeras interactúan con varios recién nacidos durante su trabajo. De estas interacciones, solo algunas recibieron la especificidad de ser entendidas como empáticas. En la empatía, las enfermeras se sienten movilizadas por el significado que le atribuyen a la experiencia de ver al neonato en la incubadora. Entre ellos, se destaca el sentido de tener o no tener afecto materno, la lectura de la expresión del llanto, la carga de procedimientos dolorosos sufrida por el recién nacido, el tiempo de internación y la identificación del dolor. La conducta que las enfermeras adoptaron al ser empáticas expresa una centralidad afectiva con el uso del cuerpo que arropa en brazos, conversa, acaricia, toca, en parte como un intento de suplir la ausencia del afecto de las madres. Conclusión Se observa el trabajo subjetivo de las enfermeras en los episodios de empatía y su potencial de hacer que el cuidado de enfermería se vuelva humanizado para los recién nacidos hospitalizados, así como los desafíos y limitaciones que la empatía puede acarrear en el trabajo de las enfermeras.


Abstract Objective To understand the experience of nurses' empathy with newborns hospitalized in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Methods This is a hermeneutic phenomenological research. Eleven interviews were conducted with nurses from a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, located in Cuiabá/Mato Grosso, Brazil. The collection took place between May and August 2018. The data were analyzed according to the thematic analysis proposed by Max van Manen. Results Nurses interact with several newborns during their work, of these interactions only a few gained the specificity of being signified as empathic. In empathy, nurses are instructed by the meaning they attribute to the experience of seeing the newborn in the incubator, among them, the meaning of having maternal affection or not, the reading of the expression of crying, the burden of painful procedures suffered by the newborn, the time of hospitalization and the identification of pain stand out. The behavior that nurses had when they were empathic expresses an affective centrality with the use of the body that takes the baby on the lap, chat, caress, touches, partly by trying to supply the absence of mothers' affection. Conclusion It is evidenced nurses' subjective work in episodes of empathy, and its potentialities in making nursing care humanized for hospitalized newborns, as well as the challenges and limitations that empathy can bring to nurses' work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Child, Hospitalized , Neonatal Nursing , Empathy , Interviews as Topic , Clinical Competence , Nurse-Patient Relations , Nursing Care
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