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1.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 28(1)mar. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550545

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer conlleva a una mortalidad de hasta 12 % en los pacientes trasplantados, y se considera la tercera causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en los receptores, al ser estos susceptibles a desarrollar enfermedades oncoproliferativas, a largo plazo. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de neoplasias en receptores de trasplante renal. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y longitudinal que incluyó 15 receptores de trasplante renal funcionante, con diagnóstico de neoplasias malignas en diferentes localizaciones en el período comprendido entre enero de 2017 y junio de 2023 en el servicio de Nefrología del Hospital Universitario Clínico-Quirúrgico «Arnaldo Milián Castro» de Santa Clara, Villa Clara. Resultados: Predominaron los hombres y el color de piel blanca: 53,3 % y 73,3% respectivamente, con tiempo postrasplante superior a tres años en 12 pacientes (80 %). El antecedente de exposición al citomegalovirus representó el 80 %; la infección bacteriana de la vía respiratoria y digestiva fue la más frecuente. Conclusiones: La neoplasia intraepitelial cervicouterina, la de colon con metástasis hepática y las cerebrales resultaron las más frecuentes, y fueron tratadas con cirugía, quimioterapias o ambas, según los criterios quirúrgicos en cada caso; no obstante, la mortalidad fue elevada. La estirpe neoplásica preponderante fue la neoplasia intraepitelial cervical en un 26,6 %. La mortalidad fue alta y la supervivencia fue menor en el sexo masculino, sin rebasar los dos años posteriores al diagnóstico.


Introduction: cancer entails a mortality of up to 12 % in transplanted patients and is considered the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality in recipients who are susceptible to develop oncoproliferative diseases in the long term. Objective: to describe the incidence of neoplasms in renal transplant recipients. Methods: we carried out a descriptive and longitudinal study including 15 functioning renal transplant recipients who were diagnosed with malignant neoplasms in different locations in the Nephrology service at "Arnaldo Milián Castro" Clinical and Surgical University Hospital in Santa Clara, Villa Clara between January 2017 and June 2023. Results: males and white skin color predominated: 53.3 % and 73.3% respectively, with post-transplant time greater than three years in 12 patients (80 %). The history of cytomegalovirus exposure represented 80 %; bacterial infection of the respiratory and digestive tracts was the most frequent. Conclusions: cervicouterine intraepithelial neoplasia, colon cancer with liver and brain metastases were the most frequent and treated with surgery chemotherapies or both according to the surgical criteria in each case; however, mortality was elevated. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia predominated in a 26.6 %. Mortality was high and survival was lower in males, without exceeding two years after the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Kidney Transplantation , Kidney Neoplasms , Nephrology
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 268-279, 20240220. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532620

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En Colombia, solo un 24 % de los pacientes en lista recibieron un trasplante renal, la mayoría de donante cadavérico. Para la asignación de órganos se considera el HLA A-B-DR, pero la evidencia reciente sugiere que el HLA A-B no está asociado con los desenlaces del trasplante. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la relevancia del HLA A-B-DR en la sobrevida del injerto de los receptores de trasplante renal. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo que incluyó pacientes trasplantados renales con donante cadavérico en Colombiana de Trasplantes, desde 2008 a 2023. Se aplicó un propensity score matching (PSM) para ajustar las covariables en grupos de comparación por compatibilidad y se evaluó la relación del HLA A-B-DR con la sobrevida del injerto renal por medio de la prueba de log rank y la regresión de Cox. Resultados. Se identificaron 1337 pacientes transplantados renales, de los cuales fueron mujeres un 38,7 %, con mediana de edad de 47 años y de índice de masa corporal de 23,8 kg/m2. Tras ajustar por PSM las covariables para los grupos de comparación, la compatibilidad del HLA A-B no se relacionó significativamente con la pérdida del injerto, con HR de 0,99 (IC95% 0,71-1,37) para HLA A y 0,75 (IC95% 0,55-1,02) para HLA B. Solo la compatibilidad por HLA DR fue significativa para pérdida del injerto con un HR de 0,67 (IC95% 0,46-0,98). Conclusión. Este estudio sugiere que la compatibilidad del HLA A-B no influye significativamente en la pérdida del injerto, mientras que la compatibilidad del HLA DR sí mejora la sobrevida del injerto en trasplante renal con donante cadavérico


Introduction. In Colombia, only 24% of patients on the waiting list received a renal transplant, most of them from cadaveric donors. HLA A-B-DR is considered for organ allocation, but recent evidence suggests that HLA A-B is not associated with transplant outcomes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relevance of HLA A-B-DR on graft survival in kidney transplant recipients. Methods. Retrospective cohort study that included kidney transplant recipients with a cadaveric donor in Colombiana de Trasplantes from 2008 to 2023. A propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to adjust the covariates in comparison groups for compatibility, and the relationship of HLA A-B-DR with kidney graft survival was evaluated using the log rank test and Cox regression. Results. A total of 1337 kidney transplant patients were identified; of those, 38.7% were female, with median age of 47 years, and BMI 23.8 kg/m2. After adjusting the covariates with PSM for the comparison groups, HLA A-B matching was not significantly related to graft loss, with HR of 0.99 (95% CI 0.71-1.37) and 0.75 (95% CI 0.55-1.02), respectively. Only HLA DR matching was significant for graft loss with an HR of 0.67 (95% CI 0.46-0.98). Conclusions. This study suggests that HLA A-B matching does not significantly influence graft loss, whereas HLA DR matching does improve graft survival in renal transplantation with a cadaveric donor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Graft Rejection , HLA Antigens , Survival Analysis , Organ Transplantation , Propensity Score
3.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 68-73, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013419

ABSTRACT

@#Identical or Monozygotic twin kidney transplant usually possess an excellent immunological match and provide the opportunity to minimize or even avoid immunosuppression toxicity. However, there are concerns regarding disease recurrence among end stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients with an unknown etiology. Together with the risk of inherent, familial disease affecting donors and recipients alike, more invasive tests such as a pretransplant biopsy are being considered to ascertain renal prognosis. A 30-year-old female, known case of CKD Stage 5D from an unknown etiology, with secondary hyperparathyroidism and heart failure, presented at our OPD for kidney transplantation. Her donor is her identical twin who is asymptomatic and denies comorbidities. The recipient discloses a previous history of blood transfusion. Immunological workup revealed the following: matched blood type, zero HLA mismatch, negative T-cell tissue crossmatch but with a positive Class I HLA antigen screen. Antibody specificity revealed the presence of donor specific antibodies (DSA). After workup completion, the patient underwent a right kidney transplant with a preimplantation wedge biopsy on the donor kidney. Immediate graft function was noted post operatively. The wedge biopsy revealed a thinned glomerular basement membrane, consistent with Thin Basement Membrane Nephropathy (TBMN). The patient was started on immunosuppression and prophylaxis during the duration of the post operative period without any complications. Five months post-transplant, both the recipient and donor maintain an adequate renal function without any signs of allograft rejection. In this case report, we have demonstrated that TBMN may serve as a viable donor for a presumed monozygous twin kidney transplantation. When a live donor with TBMN is being considered, a thorough work-up and identification of high-risk features are essential to exclude other progressive renal diseases during the pretransplant evaluation.


Subject(s)
Kidney Transplantation , Glomerulonephritis
4.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 32(1): e1356, dic. 26, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531667

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad renal crónica incluye diversos tratamientos, el trasplante renal es el procedimiento electivo debido a la mejora de la calidad de vida y la supervivencia frente a otros tratamientos. El paciente experimenta situaciones abrumadoras por la complejidad que implica la adaptación. Objetivo: comparar la percepción de calidad de vida postrasplante en la etapa temprana y tardía en cuatro dimensiones. Metodología: estudio con enfoque cualitativo, aplicación del diseño fenomenológico con alcance de saturación de categorías. La calidad de vida se enfocó en cuatro dimensiones: bienestar físico, bienestar emocional, relaciones interpersonales y bienestar material. Se utilizó la herramienta Atlas ti V.20 para capturar datos, evaluar y visualizar las relaciones entre entrevistas para crear redes semánticas. Resultados: se entrevistó a 10 personas sobre su percepción de calidad de vida posterior al trasplante renal en la etapa temprana y tardía, independientemente de su situación funcional, social, psicológica y económica. Conclusiones: la calidad de vida percibida en las personas receptoras de trasplante renal son el constructor de sus actividades y su reintegración a ellas, preservando hechos como el mantenimiento de su estado de salud, vínculo de sus relaciones y producción laboral. Estudiar dicha percepción ampliada en las dimensiones estudiadas describen mejor el estado progresivo en la recuperación... (AU)


Introduction: Chronic kidney disease includes various treatments, Kidney Transplantation is the elective procedure, due to the improvement in quality of life and survival compared to other treatments. The patient experiences overwhelming situations due to the complexity that adaptation implies. Objective: To compare the perception of quality of life after transplantation in the early and late stages in four dimensions. Methodology: Study with a qualitative approach, application of the phenomenological design with a scope of saturation of categories, it is worth mentioning that the quality of life was focused on four dimensions: physical well-being, emotional well-being, interpersonal relationships and material well-being. The tool Atlas ti V.20 was used to capture data, evaluate and visualize the relationships between interviews to create semantic networks. Results: 10 patients were interviewed about the perception of quality-of-life post-transplant improvement in early and late stages, regardless of their functional, social, psychological and economic situation; Conclusions: The perceived quality of life in kidney transplant recipients is the construct of their activities and their reintegration into them, preserving facts such as the maintenance of their state of health, the bond of their relationships and labor production. Studying this expanded perception in the dimensions studied better describe the progressive state in recovery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Perception , Quality of Life , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
5.
J. nurs. health ; 13(3): 13323963, dez. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1538098

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar os gastos do próprio bolso das pessoas com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise em seis serviços de terapia de substituição renal da metade sul do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Método: estudo descritivo quantitativo, originado de uma macropesquisa, realizado com usuários em hemodiálise, atendidos em seis serviços de terapia renal substitutiva da metade sul do Rio Grande do Sul. As variáveis coletadas do questionário estruturado tiverama finalidade de identificar os gastos do próprio bolso dos usuários. Os dados foram analisados utilizando os softwares Epidata e Stata. Resultados: a maioria dos 336 usuários era sexo masculino, entre 60 e79 anos, com salários-mínimos entre um e dois. Os maiores gastos do próprio bolso encontrados foram o pagamento pelos medicamentos necessários para o tratamento. Conclusões: mesmo com benefícios do sistema de saúde e políticas necessitavam recorrer aos próprios recursos para garantir saúde e uma vida digna.


Objective: to report the out-of-pocket expenses of people with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis in six renal replacement therapy services in the southern half of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Method: quantitative descriptive studycarried out with hemodialysis users, served in six replacement renal therapy services from the southern half of Rio Grande do Sul. The variables collected from the structured questionnaire had the purpose of identifying the spending of users' own pockets. The data were analyzed using Epidata and Stata software.Results: the majority of the 336 users were male, between 60 and 79 years old, with minimum wages between one and two. The biggest out-of-pocket expenses found were paying for the medicines needed for treatment. Conclusions: even with benefits from the health system and policies, they needed to resort to their own resources to guarantee health and a dignified life.


Objetivo: reportar gastos de bolsillo de personas con enfermedad renal crónica en tratamiento de hemodiálisis en seis servicios de terapia de reemplazo renal en la mitad sur de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Método: estudio descriptivo cuantitativo, originado a partir de una macroinvestigación, realizada con usuarios de hemodiálisis, atendidos en seis servicios de terapia renal de reemplazo. Las variables recolectadas del cuestionario estructurado tenían el propósito de identificarel gasto de los usuarios. Los datos se analizaron utilizando el software Epidata y Stata. Resultados: la mayoría de los 336 usuarios eran hombres, entre 60 y 79 años, con salarios mínimos entre uno y dos. Los mayores gastos de bolsillo encontrados fueron el pago de los medicamentos necesarios para el tratamiento. Conclusiones: incluso con beneficios del sistema y las políticas de salud, necesitaban recurrir a recursos propios para garantizar la salud y una vida digna.


Subject(s)
Health Expenditures , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
6.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3822, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424050

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to evaluate the use of a renal health application by kidney transplant recipients. Method: a retrospective, observational study with a sample composed of individuals registered in the kidney transplant section of the application from July of 2018 to April of 2021. Demographic data, data entry, time of use, weight, blood pressure, blood glucose, creatinine, medication schedules, appointments, and tests were the variables collected. Descriptive analysis of the data was performed. Results: eight hundred and twenty-three downloads of the application were identified, and 12.3% of those were registered as kidney transplant recipients, the majority from southeastern Brazil (44.9%), 36±11 years old, and female (59.1%). Of the sample, 35.1% entered information such as creatinine (62%), weight (58.2%), and blood pressure (51.8%). Most used the application for one day (63.3%) and 13.9% for more than one hundred days. Those who used it for more than one day (36.7%) recorded weight (69%), medication intake (65.5%) and creatinine (62%), and scheduled appointments (69%). Conclusion: the kidney transplant recipient section of the Renal Health application generated interest in the young population, but showed low adherence throughout the assessed months. These results offer a relevant perspective on the implementation of mHealth technologies in kidney transplantation.


Resumo Objetivo: avaliar o uso do aplicativo Renal Health por transplantados renais. Método: estudo observacional retrospectivo com amostra composta por usuários que realizaram cadastro na seção para transplantados renais do aplicativo de julho de 2018 a abril de 2021. Foram coletadas as seguintes variáveis: dados demográficos, inserção de dados, tempo de uso, registros de peso, pressão arterial, glicemia, creatinina, horários das medicações, consultas e exames. Realizou-se análise descritiva dos dados. Resultados: houve 1.823 downloads do aplicativo e 12,3% cadastraram-se na seção para transplantados renais, a maioria do Sudeste do Brasil (44,9%), com 36±11 anos e do sexo feminino (59,1%). Da amostra, 35,1% inseriram informações como creatinina (62%), peso (58,2%) e pressão arterial (51,8%). A maioria utilizou o aplicativo por um dia (63,3%) e 13,9% por mais de cem dias. Os que utilizaram por mais de um dia (36,7%), inseriram peso (69%), agendaram consultas (69%), medicações (65,5%) e creatinina (62%). Conclusão: a seção para transplantados renais do aplicativo Renal Health despertou interesse na população jovem, mas apresentou baixa adesão ao longo dos meses avaliados. Esses resultados oferecem perspectiva relevante na implementação de tecnologias mHealth no transplante renal.


Resumen Objetivo: evaluar el uso de la aplicación Renal Health por parte de los receptores de trasplante renal. Método: estudio observacional retrospectivo con una muestra compuesta por usuarios que se registraron en la sección de trasplantados renales dentro de la aplicación desde julio de 2018 hasta abril de 2021. Se recolectaron las siguientes variables: datos demográficos, ingreso de datos, tiempo de uso, registros de peso, presión arterial, glucosa en sangre, creatinina, esquemas de medicación, consultas y exámenes. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos. Resultados: Ocurrieron 1.823 descargas de la aplicación y 12,3% se registró en la sección de trasplantados, la mayoría del sudeste de Brasil (44,9%), con edad de 36±11 años y del sexo femenino (59,1%). De la muestra, 35,1% ingresó información como: creatinina (62%), peso (58,2%) y presión arterial (51,8%). La mayoría utilizó la aplicación durante un día (63,3%) y el 13,9% más de cien días. Quienes lo usaron por más de un día (36,7%), agregaron peso (69%), programación de consultas (69%), medicación (65,5%) y creatinina (62%). Conclusión: la sección para trasplantados renales de la aplicación Renal Health despertó interés en la población joven, pero mostró baja adherencia en los meses evaluados. Estos resultados ofrecen una perspectiva relevante en la implementación de tecnologías mHealth en el trasplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Education as Topic , Kidney Transplantation/education , Kidney Transplantation/rehabilitation , Nephrology Nursing , Mobile Applications
7.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 921, 16 octubre 2023. ilus., tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526591

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La nefropatía por poliomavirus BK resulta un problema emergente en el trasplante renal, pues contribuye a la pérdida temprana de los injertos renales. OBJETIVO. Caracterizar clínicamente a los pacientes trasplantados renales con nefropatía por poliomavirus BK. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, realizado en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el período 2013-2022, se obtuvo una base de datos anonimizada, 479 pacientes trasplantados renales, de estos se identificaron 37 pacientes que corresponde a un 7,7% con nefropatía por poliomavirus BK, se realizó un análisis con el programa estadístico SPSS v26®. RESULTADOS. La población estuvo caracterizada por pacientes del sexo masculino (56,8%), con una edad media de 48,2 años, el donante cadavérico fue el más frecuente (94,5%), la mayor parte del tratamiento de la nefropatía por poliomavirus BK consistió en cambio de micofenolato sódico a everolimus y se mantuvo con 50% de Tacrolimus y Prednisona (40,5%); al valorar el cambio de los valores de creatinina, los niveles más elevados fueros a los 12 meses cuando la pérdida renal fue temprana (p: 0,042), y de la misma manera a los 12 meses, fueron más elevados los niveles de creatinina cuando el diagnóstico histopatológico fue Nefropatía por Poliomavirus Clase 3 (p: 0,01). DISCUSIÓN. La prevalencia de la nefropatía se mantuvo por debajo del 10% reportado a nivel global, la creatinina empeoró en pacientes con pérdida temprana del injerto renal y con una clase patológica avanzada, hecho reportado en la fisiopatología de la enfermedad. CONCLUSIÓN. La pérdida del injerto renal temprano presentó una creatinina más alta que la tardía. Es recomendable un tamizaje adecuado para la detección temprana del virus BK siendo crucial para prevenir el deterioro de la función renal y limitar la posterior pérdida del injerto.


INTRODUCTION: BK polyomavirus nephropathy is emerging as a significant concern in kidney transplantation, as it contributes to the early loss of renal grafts. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clinically characterize renal transplant recipients with BK polyomavirus nephropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational and descriptive study was conducted at Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital during the period of 2013 to 2022. An anonymized database comprising 479 renal transplant patients was utilized. Among these, 37 patients, constituting 7.7%, were identified with BK polyomavirus nephropathy. Data analysis was performed using the statistical program SPSS v26®. RESULTS: The study population was predominantly composed of male patients (56.8%) with a mean age of 48.2 years. Deceased donors accounted for the majority (94.5%) of cases. The primary approach for managing BK polyomavirus nephropathy involved transitioning from mycophenolate sodium to everolimus, alongside maintaining a regimen of 50% tacrolimus and 40.5% prednisone. When assessing changes in creatinine values, the highest levels were observed at 12 months, coinciding with early renal loss (p: 0.042). Similarly, at the 12-month mark, elevated creatinine levels were associated with a histopathological diagnosis of Polyomavirus nephropathy Class 3 (p: 0.01). DISCUSSION: The prevalence of nephropathy remained below the globally reported threshold of 10%. Creatinine levels worsened in patients experiencing early graft loss and an advanced pathological classification, aligning with established disease pathophysiology. CONCLUSION: Early renal graft loss was associated with higher creatinine levels compared to delayed loss. Adequate screening for early detection of BK virus is recommended, as it plays a crucial role in preventing renal function deterioration and limiting subsequent graft loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Kidney Transplantation , BK Virus , Viral Load , Creatinine , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Immunosuppressive Agents , Tissue Donors , Polyomavirus , Ecuador , Kidney Diseases
8.
Goiânia; SES-GO; out. 2023. 1-19 p. graf, tab, quad.(Estatística geral de doação e transplantes de orgãos - Goiás).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1515946

ABSTRACT

Estatística geral de doação e transplantes de orgãos - Goiás que tem como objetivo transcrever em números os resultados de todo o trabalho executado pela Gerência de Transplantes em Goiás


General statistics on organ donation and transplants - Goiás which aims to transcribe into numbers the results of all the work carried out by the Transplant Management in Goiás


Subject(s)
Transplants/statistics & numerical data , Bone Marrow Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Liver Transplantation/statistics & numerical data
9.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 689-696, 20230906. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511119

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trasplante es la mejor opción de tratamiento para los pacientes con enfermedad renal terminal, sin embargo, existe discrepancia entre las listas de espera y la disponibilidad de órganos a partir de la donación cadavérica. Buscando aumentar el número de órganos disponibles se implementó el trasplante con donante vivo. A partir de la introducción de técnicas mínimamente invasivas para la nefrectomía, el donante vivo ha logrado cifras cercanas al 50 % de los trasplantes realizados en muchas instituciones, debido a los beneficios propios del procedimiento. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los resultados después de la incorporación del procedimiento totalmente laparoscópico en nuestra institución. Métodos. Se hizo un análisis retrospectivo de las características de los pacientes llevados a nefrectomía para obtención de injerto por técnica totalmente laparoscópica y los resultados en un solo centro en Cali, Colombia, desde noviembre de 2019 hasta octubre de 2022. Los datos fueron obtenidos mediante la revisión de las historias clínicas electrónicas. Resultados. Se realizaron 78 nefrectomías para obtención de injerto con técnica totalmente laparoscópica. El tiempo operatorio promedio fue de 152 minutos, el sangrado promedio fue de 12 ml, la estancia hospitalaria promedio del donante fue de 2,8 días. La tasa de complicaciones fue de 7,6 % (4 pacientes con complicación Clavien-Dindo I y 2 pacientes Clavien-Dindo IIIb). No se presentó ningún caso de mortalidad. Conclusiones. La técnica totalmente laparoscópica resulta ser una técnica segura con baja tasa de morbilidad y excelentes beneficios para los donantes.


Introduction. Kidney transplant is the best treatment option for end-stage renal disease. However, the discrepancy between waiting lists and the availability of organs from cadaveric donation is well known. Organ transplantation with a living donor was implemented to increase the number of organs available. Since the introduction of minimally invasive techniques for nephrectomy, living donors have achieved figures close to 50% of transplants performed in many institutions due to the procedure's benefits. In our country, the experiences described are from the hand-assisted technique. This is the first description after incorporating the laparoscopic procedure. Methods. A retrospective analysis of the characteristics and results of all patients undergoing nephrectomy to obtain a graft using a laparoscopic technique was carried at a single center in Cali, Colombia, from November 2019 to October 2022. The electronic medical records were reviewed to obtain the data. Results. Seventy-eight nephrectomies were performed to obtain a graft with a laparoscopic technique. The mean operating time was 152 minutes, the average bleeding was 12 cc, and the average hospital stay was 2.8 days. The complication rate was 7.6% (four patients with Clavien-Dindo I complication and two Clavien-Dindo IIIb patients). There were no cases of mortality. Conclusions. The laparoscopic technique is safe, with a low morbidity rate and excellent benefits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Laparoscopy , Nephrectomy , Transplantation , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
10.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 825, 30 Junio 2023. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451750

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La enfermedad renal crónica es definida como la pérdida progresiva, permanente e irreversible de la función renal, uno de los tratamientos es el trasplante renal el mismo que aumenta la calidad de vida de los pacientes que presentan esta patología, sin embargo, a pesar de ser uno de las mejores terapias no está exento de complicaciones especialmente las que se presentan posterior al acto quirúrgico ya que afectan al buen funcionamiento del injerto y afecta la supervivencia del mismo. OBJETIVO. Determinar la prevalencia de complicaciones clínicas y quirúrgicas en el postrasplante renal inmediato con el fin de identificar las principales complicaciones que ocasionan mayor deterioro en la función renal a corto plazo. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS. Estudio Observacional descriptivo transversal, de pacientes trasplantados que se encuentran en seguimiento desde enero del 2015 hasta diciembre del 2018 en el servicio de Trasplante renal del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín. La muestra será los 211 pacientes trasplantados de donante cadavérico. Los análisis se realizaron con el paquete estadístico IBM SPSS versión 25, para lo cual se empleó estadísticas descriptivas, utilizando tablas y representando los valores absolutos y relativos de las variables cualitativas, así como medidas de tendencia central y de variabilidad para las variables cuantitativas. RESULTADOS. Se estudiaron 193 pacientes trasplantados de los cuales el 49.66% tuvieron complicaciones, de los mismos el 33.16% fueron complicaciones clínicas y 16,5% complicaciones quirúrgicas; de las clínicas la infección de tracto urinario fueron las más prevalentes con 15%, seguida por el rechazo agudo 6,7%, las infecciones por virus poliomavirus BK fueron un porcentaje de 6,2%, la necrosis tubular aguda el 3,16% terminando con el rechazo hiperagudo en el 1,5% y la toxicidad por calcineurínicos 1,04%. Mientras tanto las complicaciones quirúrgicas las urológicas son las más prevalentes 8,8% seguida por las colecciones liquidas con el 6,74% finalmente la trombosis vascular con el 1,04%. CONCLUSIONES. Las complicaciones más prevalentes son las clínicas vs las quirúrgicas, afectando de igual forma la función renal al año sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa.


INTRODUCTION. Chronic kidney disease is defined as the progressive, permanent and irreversible loss of renal function, one of the treatments is renal transplantation, which increases the quality of life of patients with this pathology, however, despite being one of the best therapies, it is not free of complications, especially those that occur after surgery, since they affect the proper functioning of the graft and affect its survival. OBJECTIVE. To determine the prevalence of clinical and surgical complications in immediate post-renal transplantation in order to identify the main complications that cause greater deterioration in short-term renal function. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Cross-sectional descriptive observational study, of transplanted patients under follow-up from January 2015 to December 2018 in the Renal Transplant service of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín. The sample will be the 211 cadaveric donor transplanted patients. The analyses were performed with the IBM SPSS version 25 statistical package, for which descriptive statistics were used, using tables and representing the absolute and relative values of qualitative variables, as well as measures of central tendency and variability for quantitative variables. RESULTS. We studied 193 transplanted patients of whom 49.66% had complications, of which 33. Of the clinical complications, urinary tract infection was the most prevalent with 15%, followed by acute rejection 6.7%, polyomavirus BK infections were 6.2%, acute tubular necrosis 3.16%, ending with hyperacute rejection in 1.5% and calcineurin toxicity 1.04%. Meanwhile, urological surgical complications are the most prevalent 8.8% followed by liquid collections with 6.74% and finally vascular thrombosis with 1.04%. CONCLUSIONS. The most prevalent complications are clinical vs. surgical, affecting renal function at one year with no statistically significant difference.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Lymphocele , Kidney Transplantation , Venous Thrombosis , Urinoma , Graft Rejection , Mortality , Ecuador , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Immunosuppressive Agents , Kidney Function Tests
11.
Goiânia; SES-GO; maio 2023. 1-19 p. graf., tab., quad..(Estatística geral de doação de orgãos - Goiás).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1428868

ABSTRACT

Esta Estatística Geral de Doação e Transplantes de Órgãos - Goiás tem como objetivo transcrever em números os resultados de todo o trabalho executado pela Gerência de Transplantes em Goiás de janeiro a abril de 2023


This General Statistics of Organ Donation and Transplantation - Goiás aims to transcribe in numbers the results of all the work carried out by the Transplant Management in Goiás from January to April 2023


Subject(s)
Humans , Organ Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Liver Transplantation/statistics & numerical data
12.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(2): 323-329, 20230303. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425207

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La pandemia por COVID-19 ha causado la muerte de 6,5 millones de personas en el mundo y la donación de órganos se ha visto ampliamente afectada, reflejándose en una disminución importante en el número de trasplantes. Colombia no ha sido ajena a dicha problemática. Ante este desafío, el Instituto Nacional de Salud ha permitido tomar donantes cadavéricos con reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcripción reversa (RT-PCR) positiva para Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), sin enfermedad activa. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir una serie de pacientes trasplantados de riñón con donantes cadavéricos con RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 positivo y sus principales desenlaces clínicos. Métodos. Serie de casos de pacientes que fueron llevados a trasplante renal con donante cadavérico con SARS-CoV-2 positivo, sin enfermedad activa, entre mayo y agosto de 2022. Se recolectaron las variables demográficas y clínicas y se evaluó la infección y la mortalidad asociada a SARS-CoV-2 en un mes de seguimiento. Resultados. Un total de 5 receptores de trasplante renal con 5 donantes cadavéricos SARS-CoV-2 positivos fueron evaluados. No se presentó mortalidad ni pérdida del injerto renal. Se registraron dos casos de función retardada del injerto y un caso de rechazo agudo. Ninguno de los pacientes presentó RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 positiva en el seguimiento posterior al trasplante. Conclusión. Con nuestra serie de casos mostramos que el trasplante de riñón proveniente de donante cadavérico con prueba positiva para RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2, sin evidencia de enfermedad COVID-19 activa, es un procedimiento seguro y una estrategia eficaz para aumentar el número de donantes en pandemia


Introduction. Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have caused the death of 6.5 million of people worldwide. The organ donation was extremely affected reflecting in the number of transplants. Colombia has not been immune to this problem. Facing this challenge, the National Institute of Health (Instituto Nacional de Salud, INS) allowed to assign cadaveric donors with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive without COVID-19. We aim to describe a case series of kidney transplant patients with RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 positive cadaveric donors, and their main clinical outcomes. Methods. A case series of five patients who underwent kidney transplantation of cadaveric donors with positive RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 during the study period from May to august of 2022. Demographics and clinical characteristics were collected from the institutional medical records, and we evaluated the mortality and infection associated with SARS-CoV-2. Results. A total of five kidney transplant recipients and five cadaveric donors with positive RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 were described in the present study. There were not mortality reported and none of the patients had graft loss. Two cases of delayed graft function and one case of acute kidney rejection were documented. None of the patients had positive RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 in the follow-up. Conclusion. Our series demonstrated that the kidney transplant of cadaveric donors with positive RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 without clinical evidence of active COVID-19 disease is a safe procedure and an efficient strategy to increase donors during a pandemic


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Coronavirus Infections , Donor Selection , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Pandemics
13.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023217, 14 fev. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516686

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease is a worldwide public health problem, because of its association with an elevated risk of mortality, low quality of life, and prohibitive cost to the health system. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors that might influence the kidney transplantation technical registry. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of descriptive analysis conducted in six dialysis health care centers in the south of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Patients over 18 years of age were included in this study in 2016 and 2017. The demographic and clinical variables were subjected to Pearson's chi-square test using Stata Software for statistical analysis. Research approved by the Ethics Committee 1386385. RESULTS: Of 314 participants, 228 (72.6%) were not on the kidney transplantation technical registry. The medical and non-medical factors with statistical significance were age (p<0.01), income (p<0.01), having children (p=0.01), time since diagnosis (p=0.01), and time on hemodialysis (p=0.01). CONCLUSION: There is a substantial proportion of 72.6% of hemodialysis patients not registered on the kidney transplantation technical registry. The identification of factors that influence the kidney transplantation technical registry contributes both theoretically and to healthcare management, by the health team and government who can direct strategies towards the most appropriate health care. Health professionals should be aware of the impact of these factors and how the factors might pose a risk of complications that make it impossible to register on the kidney transplantation waiting list.


INTRODUÇÃO: A doença renal crônica é um problema de saúde pública mundial, pois está associada ao alto risco de mortalidade, baixa qualidade de vida e elevado custo ao sistema de saúde. OBJETIVO: Identificar os possíveis fatores que podem influenciar o acesso ao cadastro técnico para transplante renal. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal de análise descritiva realizado em seis serviços de diálise da Metade Sul do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Participaram desse estudo pacientes maiores de 18 anos nos anos de 2016 e 2017. As variáveis demográficas e clínicas foram submetidas ao teste qui-quadrado de Pearson utilizando o Software Stata para a análise estatística. Pesquisa aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética 1.386385. RESULTADOS: dos 314 pacientes em hemodiálise 228 (72,6%) não estavam no cadastro técnico para transplante renal. Os fatores clínicos e não clínicos que apresentaram significância estatística foram: idade (p<0,01), renda (p<0,01) possuir filhos (p=0,01), tempo de diagnóstico (p=0,01) e tempo em hemodiálise (p=0,01). CONCLUSÃO: Há uma proporção substancial de 72,6% pacientes em hemodiálise que não estão no cadastro técnico para transplante renal. A identificação dos fatores que influenciam no cadastro contribui tanto gerencial quanto teoricamente pois, possibilita que a equipe de saúde e os gestores possam direcionar estratégias para o cuidado em saúde mais adequado. Os profissionais de saúde devem estar cientes do impacto que esses fatores exercem e que podem oferecer risco de complicações que inviabilizem o cadastro técnico para transplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Waiting Lists , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital
14.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene, 06, 2023. 69 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1411695

ABSTRACT

En El Salvador las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles se han incrementado progresivamente en las últimas décadas, actualmente ocupan un lugar relevante en la ocurrencia de morbilidad y mortalidad en la población. El aparecimiento de nuevos casos, sumado a la alta cifra de los ya existentes, ha producido un incremento en la demanda de servicios de salud, tanto de atenciones ambulatorias, como de hospitalizaciones. Como parte esencial de este esfuerzo y con participación de especialistas del MINSAL y del ISSS, se han actualizado los protocolos médicos para el trasplante de riñón que fueron elaborados en el año 2019. EL presente documento contiene la inclusión de nuevos criterios, con los que se ha actualizado el contenido técnico, en relación con los procedimientos médicos que regirán la realización de los procesos de trasplante renal en la red de hospitales del SNIS, involucrados en la donación y trasplante con donantes vivos y que proporcionarán a pacientes que los reciban, la oportunidad de una mejor calidad de vida


In El Salvador, chronic noncommunicable diseases have increased progressively in recent decades, currently occupying a relevant place in the occurrence of morbidity and mortality in the population. The appearance of new cases, added to the high number of existing ones, has produced an increase in the demand for health services, both for outpatient care and hospitalizations. As an essential part of this effort and with the participation of MINSAL and ISSS specialists, the medical protocols for kidney transplantation that were prepared in 2019 have been updated. This document contains the inclusion of new criteria, with which has updated the technical content, in relation to the medical procedures that will govern the performance of kidney transplant processes in the SNIS network of hospitals, involved in donation and transplantation with living donors and that will provide patients who receive them, the opportunity of a better quality of life


Subject(s)
Kidney Transplantation , Guidelines as Topic , Living Donors , Transplants , Gift Giving , El Salvador , Ambulatory Care
15.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 799-804, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013178

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the influence of steroid withdrawal protection strategy on height growth in pediatric patients after kidney transplantation. Methods: The prospective cohort study enrolled 40 stage 5 chronic kidney disease children receiving kidney transplantation from July 2017 to September 2022 at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center. Based on the primary preoperative disease, patients with immune abnormality-associated glomerular diseases or unknown causes were assigned to the steroid maintenance group, in which patients received steroid tapering within 3 months after surgery to a maintenance dose of 2.5 to 5.0 mg/d. While patients with hereditary kidney disease or congenital urinary malformations were assigned to the steroid withdrawal group, in which patients had steroids tapered off within 3 months. The characteristics of height catch-up growth and clinical data were compared between the 2 groups at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after kidney transplantation. T-test, repeated measurement of variance analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, and Fisher exact test were used for the comparison between the 2 groups. Results: Among the 40 children, 17 were males, 23 were females, 25 were in the steroid withdraw group ((7.8±2.8) years old when receiving kidney transplantation) and 15 cases were in the steroid maintenance group ((7.6±3.5) years old when receiving kidney transplantation). The study population was followed up for (26±12) months. The total dose per unit body weight of steroids in the steroid withdrawal group was lower than that in the steroid maintenance group ((0.13±0.06) vs. (0.36±0.19) mg/(kg·d), t=5.83, P<0.001). The height catch-up rate (ΔHtSDS) in the first year after kidney transplantation in the steroid withdraw and steroid maintenance groups was 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) and 0.4 (0.1, 1.0), respectively; in the second year, the ΔHtSDS in the steroid withdraw group was significantly higher than that in the steroid maintenance group (1.1 (0.2, 1.7) vs. 0.3 (0, 0.8), U=28.00, P=0.039). The HtSDS in the steroid withdrawal group at the five follow-up time points was -2.5±0.8, -2.0±0.8, -1.5±0.8, -1.3±0.9 and -0.5±0.3, respectively, while in the steroid maintenance was -2.4±1.3, -2.2±1.1, -2.0±1.0, -1.8±1.0 and -1.6±1.0, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in HtSDS at different follow-up time points in both 2 groups (F=19.81, P<0.01), but no statistical differences in overall impact between the 2 groups (F=1.13, P=0.204). The steroid treatment was interaction with the increase of follow-up time (F=3.62, P=0.009). At the 24th month after transplantation, the HtSDS in the steroid withdrawal group was significantly higher than that in the steroid maintenance group (P=0.047). Six patients in the steroid withdrawal group experienced antibody-mediated immune rejection (AMR), while 3 did in the steroid maintenance group. Moreover, there was no significant difference in AMR between the two groups (χ2=0.06, P=0.814). Conclusion: The steroid withdrawal protection strategy favors the height catch-up growth in pediatric patients after kidney transplantation and does not increase the risk of postoperative antibody-mediated immune rejection.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Female , Child, Preschool , Kidney Transplantation , Prospective Studies , Steroids/therapeutic use , Antibodies , Body Weight
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1026-1036, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980887

ABSTRACT

With the rapid aging of the global population posing a serious problem, frailty, a non-specific state that reflects physiological senescence rather than aging in time, has become more widely addressed by researchers in various medical fields. A high prevalence of frailty is found among kidney transplant (KT) candidates and recipients. Therefore, their frailty has become a research hotspot in the field of transplantation. However, current studies mainly focus on the cross-sectional survey of the incidence of frailty among KT candidates and recipients and the relationship between frailty and transplantation. Research on the pathogenesis and intervention is scattered, and relevant review literature is scarce. Exploring the pathogenesis of frailty in KT candidates and recipients and determining effective intervention measures may reduce waiting list mortality and improve the long-term quality of life of KT recipients. Therefore, this review explains the pathogenesis and intervention measures for frailty in KT candidates and recipients to provide a reference for the formulation of effective intervention strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Frailty/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Quality of Life , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Transplant Recipients
17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971506

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes of graft loss in kidney transplant recipients.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 135 recipients with graft loss after renal transplantation in the Eighth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 1, 2002 to January 1, 2022.@*RESULTS@#A total of 135 kidney transplant recipients experienced graft failure. The causes of graft loss included graft rejection (70 cases, 51.8%), death of the recipients with functional graft (37 cases, 27.4%), surgical complications (12 cases, 8.9%), drug toxicity (4 cases, 3.0%), carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infection (4 cases, 3.0%), polyoma BK virus-related nephropathy (3 cases, 2.2%), primary nonfunctioning kidney (2 cases, 1.5%), recurrence of primary disease (2 cases, 1.5%), and prerenal acute renal failure (1 case, 0.7%).@*CONCLUSION@#The main cause of graft loss after renal transplantation is graft rejection, and the secondary cause is death of the recipient with functional graft, and other reasons can be rare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Graft Rejection , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
18.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 32(3): 81-85, 2023. tab
Article in English | COLNAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1518285

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Kidney transplant has improved in the last decades due to new technologies and surgical techniques. However, there are still multiple complications associated with this procedure, which can affect the function and viability of the kidney graft. Our aim was to describe the incidence of urological, vascular, and infectious complications in the 1st month after the procedure. Methods: A cross-sectional and retrospective study was carried out. Records of all patients who underwent kidney transplant from 2007 to 2017 were reviewed and data of demographic and surgical variables as well as information of vascular, urological, and infectious complications during the 1st post-operative month were registered and analyzed. Results: A total of 243 patients that required kidney transplant were assessed. The most common chronic kidney disease etiologies were: idiopathic (25.5%), glomerulopathies (24.7%), and hypertension (23.5%). Seventy patients (28.8%) presented a complication, of which 31 were urological, 27 were infectious, and 12 were vascular. In each category, the most frequent complications were the perirenal hematoma, the urinary tract infection, and renal artery stenosis, respectively. Conclusions: The prevalence of complications found in our center is similar to that reported in the literature and it is significant. It is important for medical personnel to be aware of this data to have a high level of suspicion and make an active search, as an early diagnosis and treatment of these pathologies are crucial to avoid graft loss


Introducción: El trasplante renal ha mejorado en las últimas décadas gracias a las nuevas tecnologías y técnicas quirúrgicas. Sin embargo, aún existen múltiples complicaciones asociadas a este procedimiento, que pueden afectar la función y viabilidad del injerto renal. Nuestro objetivo fue describir la incidencia de complicaciones urológicas, vasculares e infecciosas en el primer mes tras el procedimiento. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de corte transversal. Se revisaron los expedientes de todos los pacientes que se sometieron a trasplante renal desde 2007 hasta 2017 y se registraron y analizaron datos de variables demográficas y quirúrgicas, así como información de complicaciones vasculares, urológicas e infecciosas durante el primer mes postoperatorio. Resultados: Se evaluaron un total de 243 pacientes que requirieron trasplante renal. Las etiologías de enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) más frecuentes fueron: idiopática (25,5%), glomerulopatías (24,7%) e hipertensión arterial (23,5%). 70 pacientes (28,8%) presentaron alguna complicación, de los cuales 31 fueron urológicos, 27 infecciosos y 12 vasculares. En cada categoría las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron el hematoma perirrenal, la infección del tracto urinario y la estenosis de la arteria renal respectivamente. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de complicaciones encontrada en nuestro centro es similar a la reportada en la literatura y es significativa. Es importante que el personal médico conozca estos datos para tener un alto nivel de sospecha y realizar una búsqueda activa, ya que el diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz de estas patologías es fundamental para evitar la pérdida del injerto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects
19.
Clin. biomed. res ; 43(2): 116-135, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517476

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Immunosuppressants (ISS) are the most crucial tools used in the therapeutic regimens of transplant recipients. Nevertheless, these drugs are not the only ones adopted by patients; therefore, knowing the possible drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between immunosuppressants and other drugs commonly used in kidney transplant recipients is essential to ensure the effectiveness and safety of treatments. In this way, the objective is analyzing the DDIs between the immunosuppressants and other commonly used medications on kidney transplant adult recipients with active medical records undergoing post-transplant follow-up for 4.4 years (mean). Methods: First, we performed a cross-sectional study based on patients' records, in which the patient's profile and drugs used were examined, and after we analyzed DDIs by the Micromedex Drug Interactions® database. Results: We analyzed 176 patients with a mean age of 47.6(± 12.5); most were male (67.7%), and the majority received a kidney from a deceased donor (81.4%). Patients were exposed to 15.0 (± 5.4) different medicines after the transplantation, and 7.4 (± 4.0) of these medicines were simultaneous. After analyzing the DDIs according to the severity of interaction, documentation quality interaction effect, clinical management and probable interaction mechanism, the most frequent interaction was with tacrolimus, classified as moderate, and the 3 major causes of interaction occurred with azathioprine according to the Micromedex database. The primary medicines involved with immunosuppressant interactions were proton pump inhibitors, ranitidine, domperidone, amlodipine, enalapril, allopurinol, cyclobenzaprine, amitriptyline, fluoxetine, and ciprofloxacin. These DDIs' effects were related to, mainly, increase their immunosuppressant activity. Conclusion: Although the immunosuppressants analyzed lacked many clinical DDIs significance with other medicines, the healthcare team needs to monitor their DDIs' effects to prevent and minimize side effects in transplanted recipients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Kidney Transplantation , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/epidemiology , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Drug Monitoring/methods , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacokinetics
20.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1512052

ABSTRACT

No período de pós Transplante Renal (TxR) o uso de imunossupressores é indicado. Seu uso crônico se associa a alterações endocrinometabólicas e do estado nutricional. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional de pacientes com Doenças Renais Crônicas (DRC) submetidos ao transplante renal. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado com pessoas que vivem com a DRC, submetidas ao TxR, no período mínimo de 6 (seis) meses. Coletou-se dados socioeconômicos, demográficos, antecedentes clínicos e antropométricos. Feita análise estatística dos dados e determinada a média e desvio padrão das variáveis numéricas. Verificou-se a normalidade dos dados pelo teste de Shapiro Wilk. Para variáveis não-paramétricas, foi aplicado teste de U-Mann-Whitney. Para variáveis categóricas, foi realizada análise descritiva. A comparação foi feita por Qui-quadrado de Pearson ou teste Exato de Fisher. Foi adotado p<0,05. Resultados: Ao avaliar 52 pacientes observou-se interação significativa entre o sexo feminino e o ganho de peso (p=0,02). A eutrofia foi prevalente segundo o Índice de massa corporal IMC (48,08%), entretanto, a adequação da CB, CMB e AMBC apontou relevantes percentuais de desnutrição. Aumento da incidência de diabetes (5,77% vs 30,77%) e de dislipidemia (3,85% vs 17,31%) no período pós TxR. Conclusão: O ganho de peso se associou significativamente ao sexo feminino. Verificou-se que mesmo diante da prevalência de eutrofia ao avaliar o IMC, a desnutrição foi presente ao se classificar as adequações das circunferências corporais


In the period after Renal Transplantation (KTx) the use of immunosuppressants is indicated, their chronic use is associated with endocrine-metabolic alterations and nutritional status. Objective: Evaluate the nutritional status of patients with Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) after kidney transplantation. Method: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out with people living with CKD, submitted to KTx, for a minimum period of 6 (six) months. Data on socioeconomic, demographic, clinical and anthropometric background were collected. Statistical analysis of the data was performed and the mean and standard deviation of numerical variables were determined. Data normality was verified by the Shapiro Wilk test. For non-parametric variables, U-Mann-Whitney´s test was applied. For categorical variables, descriptive analysis was performed. Comparison was performed using Pearson's chi-square or Fisher's test. The results were discussed at the 5% level of significance. Results: When assessing 52 patients, a significant interaction was observed between female gender and weight gain. (p=0,02). Eutrophy was prevalent according to BMI(48,08%) However, the adequacy of the MAC, MAMC and AMA presented relevant percentages of malnutrition. Increased incidence of diabetes (5,77% vs 30,77%) and dyslipidemia (3,85% vs 17,31%) in the period after KTx. Conclusion: The weight gain was significantly associated with female gender. It was found that even in the face of the prevalence of eutrophy when assessing BMI, malnutrition was present when classifying the adequacy of body circumferences


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Kidney Transplantation , Postoperative Period , Weight Gain , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects
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