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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010334

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine (CM) diagnosis intellectualization is one of the hotspots in the research of CM modernization. The traditional CM intelligent diagnosis models transform the CM diagnosis issues into classification issues, however, it is difficult to solve the problems such as excessive or similar categories. With the development of natural language processing techniques, text generation technique has become increasingly mature. In this study, we aimed to establish the CM diagnosis generation model by transforming the CM diagnosis issues into text generation issues. The semantic context characteristic learning capacity was enhanced referring to Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (BILSTM) with Transformer as the backbone network. Meanwhile, the CM diagnosis generation model Knowledge Graph Enhanced Transformer (KGET) was established by introducing the knowledge in medical field to enhance the inferential capability. The KGET model was established based on 566 CM case texts, and was compared with the classic text generation models including Long Short-Term Memory sequence-to-sequence (LSTM-seq2seq), Bidirectional and Auto-Regression Transformer (BART), and Chinese Pre-trained Unbalanced Transformer (CPT), so as to analyze the model manifestations. Finally, the ablation experiments were performed to explore the influence of the optimized part on the KGET model. The results of Bilingual Evaluation Understudy (BLEU), Recall-Oriented Understudy for Gisting Evaluation 1 (ROUGE1), ROUGE2 and Edit distance of KGET model were 45.85, 73.93, 54.59 and 7.12, respectively in this study. Compared with LSTM-seq2seq, BART and CPT models, the KGET model was higher in BLEU, ROUGE1 and ROUGE2 by 6.00-17.09, 1.65-9.39 and 0.51-17.62, respectively, and lower in Edit distance by 0.47-3.21. The ablation experiment results revealed that introduction of BILSTM model and prior knowledge could significantly increase the model performance. Additionally, the manual assessment indicated that the CM diagnosis results of the KGET model used in this study were highly consistent with the practical diagnosis results. In conclusion, text generation technology can be effectively applied to CM diagnostic modeling. It can effectively avoid the problem of poor diagnostic performance caused by excessive and similar categories in traditional CM diagnostic classification models. CM diagnostic text generation technology has broad application prospects in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Asian People , Language , Learning
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009898

ABSTRACT

Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an emerging neuroimaging tool that reflects the activity and function of brain neurons by monitoring changes in brain oxygen metabolism based on the neurovascular coupling mechanism. It is non-invasive and convenient, especially suitable for monitoring neonatal brain function. This article provides a comprehensive review of research related to the developmental patterns of brain networks concerning language, music, and emotions in neonates using fNIRS. It also covers brain network imaging in neonatal care, resting-state brain network connectivity patterns, and characteristics of brain functional imaging in disease states of neonates using fNIRS.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Emotions , Language , Technology
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535450

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El análisis del discurso es un abordaje alternativo de investigación de sistemas de salud. Objetivo: Describir la producción científica que investiga los sistemas de salud utilizando el análisis del discurso como perspectiva teórico-metodológica. Métodos: Revisión sistemática exploratoria de literatura, que incluyó la búsqueda de textos en inglés y español en cinco bases de datos (SciELO, MEDLINE, PubMed, EBSCO y ScienceDirect). Se utilizaron los descriptores "sistema OR salud" AND "análisis OR discurso" y sus traducciones al inglés. Se incluyeron artículos originales con metodología cualitativa, revisiones sistemáticas exploratorias de la literatura, ensayos y tesis doctorales, cuya metodología o tema de revisión fuese expresamente descrita como análisis de discurso de sistemas de salud, de sus funciones o estructura organizativa, publicados en el periodo entre enero de 1994 a diciembre de 2019; se excluyeron textos con metodología cuantitativa, estudios mixtos y metaanálisis. Resultados: Se incluyó un total de 27 textos en la revisión, se describió en cuatro categorías la forma como el análisis del discurso puede ser utilizado en el estudio de los sistemas de salud: el concepto del proceso salud enfermedad, la autonomía del sujeto, los discursos de gestión y los sistemas de salud como política pública. Discusión: Los sistemas de salud son campos para el ejercicio de las relaciones de poder que construyen sujetos, configuran la autonomía del sujeto y determinan las intervenciones del proceso salud-enfermedad. Conclusiones: Esta revisión identificó que el discurso es utilizado como dispositivo de poder que configura sujetos y la forma como se interviene el proceso salud-enfermedad.


Introduction: An alternative approach to health systems research is discourse analysis. Objective: To describe the scientific production that investigates health systems using discourse analysis as a theoretical-methodological perspective. Methodology: Systematic review. The search was conducted in five databases (SciELO, MEDLINE, PubMed, EBSCO and Science Direct), in both Spanish and English. The descriptors used were "sistema OR salud" AND "análisis OR discurso", and their English equivalents. Qualitative studies, scoping reviews, essays and PhD theses, published between January 1994 and December 2019, were included; in all cases their subject was described clearly as discourse analysis of health systems, their functions or organizative structure. Results: A total of 27 texts were included in the revision; four categories describe how discourse analysis can be used in the study of health systems as well, the concept of the health-disease process, subject autonomy, management discourses, and health systems as public policy. Discussion: Health systems are fields for the exercise of power relations that construct subjects, configure the autonomy of the subject, and determine the interventions of the health-disease process. Conclusions: This review identifies that discourse is used as a device of power that configures subjects and the way in which the health-disease process is intervened.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research , Health Systems , Public Health , Review , Health Policy , Power, Psychological , Personal Autonomy , Language
6.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 1618-1632, dez. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1538290

ABSTRACT

Abordamos o problema da língua na psicanálise, apontando como esta lida com os limites nos quais esbarra em seu exercício linguageiro. Mostramos a relação entre letra, lugar e as fronteiras da língua. A partir da abordagem do exílio e do desarraigamento no campo da arte e da literatura, problematizamos o monolinguismo e situamos a importância do ato de recepção do testemunho em psicanálise. Como escutar o que escapa à representação? Apontamos a dimensão política da prática d'alíngua como via de reabitar a língua, recurso cuja escrita viabiliza novas leituras do mundo. A psicanálise encontra, assim, o desafio de fazer surgir/emergir aquilo que foi apagado/silenciado, contribuindo para a produção de novos territórios linguísticos que sejam respeitosos com a diferença e viabilizem o trânsito entre línguas. Ler com o translinguístico é uma maneira de grifar o movimento daqueles que estão à margem e fornece pistas para a reinvenção necessária do lugar de escuta.


We address the problem of language in psychoanalysis, pointing out how it deals with the limits it encounters in its language exercise. We show the relationship between letter, place, and language borders. From the approach of exile and uprooting in the field of art and literature, we problematize monolingualism and place the importance of the act of receiving testimony in psychoanalysis. How to listen to what escapes representation? We point out the political dimension of the practice of lalangue as a way to reinhabit the language, a resource whose writing enables new readings of the world. Psychoanalysis thus faces the challenge of bringing to light/emerging what has been erased/silenced, contributing to the production of new linguistic territories that are respectful of difference and make transit between languages possible. Reading with the translinguistic is a way of highlighting the movement of those who are on the margins and provides clues for the necessary reinvention of the place of listening.


Abordamos el problema de la lengua en psicoanálisis, señalando cómo lidia con los límites que encuentra en su ejercicio del lenguaje. Mostramos la relación entre letra, lugar y fronteras de la lengua. Desde el enfoque del exilio y del desarraigo en el campo del arte y la literatura, problematizamos el monolingüismo y ubicamos la importancia del acto de recibir testimonio en el psicoanálisis. ¿Cómo escuchar lo que escapa a la representación? Señalamos la dimensión política de la práctica del lenguaje como forma de rehabitar la lengua, recurso cuya escritura posibilita nuevas lecturas del mundo. El psicoanálisis enfrenta así el desafío de sacar a la luz/emerger lo borrado/silenciado, contribuyendo a la producción de nuevos territorios lingüísticos respetuosos de las diferencias y posibilitando el tránsito entre lenguas. Leer con el translingüístico es una forma de evidenciar el movimiento de los que están en los márgenes y da pistas para la necesaria reinvención del lugar de la escucha.


Subject(s)
Psychoanalysis , Psychoanalytic Interpretation , Language , Communication Barriers
7.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3857, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431824

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: elaborar, validar y evaluar un video educativo sobre estrategias de comunicación enfermero-paciente para estudiantes de la carrera de enfermería. Método: se trata de un estudio metodológico, con diseño longitudinal y análisis cuantitativo. El público objetivo cumplió las etapas de preproducción, producción, postproducción y evaluación del video. Resultados: cinco enfermeras evaluaron el storyboard del video y consideraron que la comprensión del tema, los tópicos abordados y el lenguaje utilizado eran apropiados y relevantes para el tema. Otras cinco enfermeras consideraron que la calidad de la técnica audiovisual utilizada, el ambiente simulado, la caracterización de los personajes y el desarrollo de las estrategias de comunicación enfermero-paciente estaban presentes y eran adecuados. La versión final del video fue evaluada por nueve estudiantes de enfermería que tuvieron un nivel de comprensión de los ítems igual o superior al 96%. El video presenta las siguientes estrategias: Estrategias Generales de Comunicación, Comunicación Intercultural, NURSE, Tell me more, Ask-Tell-Ask, Comunicación Terapéutica y Comunicación de Malas Noticias. Conclusión: este estudio describe la creación de un video, la validación que realizaron del mismo los expertos y la evaluación del público objetivo, quienes consideraron que es un recurso educativo importante para el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de las estrategias de comunicación. Los jueces y el público objetivo consideraron que el video era un instrumento válido para enseñar las estrategias de comunicación enfermero-paciente.


Objective: to create, validate and evaluate an educational video on nurse-patient communication strategies for undergraduate Nursing students. Method: this is a methodological study with a longitudinal design and quantitative analysis. The following stages were conducted: pre-production, production, post-production and evaluation of the video by the target population. Results: five female nurses evaluated the video storyboard and indicated understanding of the subject matter, the topics addressed and the language used as adequate and pertinent to the theme. Another five female nurses considered the following as present and desirable elements: quality of the audiovisual technique employed, simulated environment, characterization of the characters, and development of the nurse-patient communication strategies The final version of the video was evaluated by nine Nursing students that presented a level of item understanding of at least 96%. The video presents the following strategies: General communication strategies, Intercultural Communication, NURSE, Tell me more, Ask-Tell-Ask, Therapeutic Communication and Communicating Bad News. Conclusion: this study portrays the creation of a video, its validation by experts and its evaluation by the target population, which indicated it as a relevant educational resource for the teaching-learning process regarding communication strategies. Both the evaluators and the target population considered that the video is a valid instrument to teach content about the nurse-patient communication strategies.


Objetivo: construir, validar e avaliar um vídeo educativo sobre estratégias de comunicação enfermeiro-paciente para estudantes da graduação em enfermagem. Método: trata-se de um estudo metodológico, com delineamento longitudinal e análise quantitativa. Foram percorridas as etapas de pré-produção, produção, pós-produção e avaliação do vídeo pelo público-alvo. Resultados: cinco enfermeiras avaliaram o storyboard do vídeo e apontaram a compreensão do tema, os tópicos abordados e a linguagem utilizada como adequadas e pertinentes à temática. Outras cinco enfermeiras consideraram presentes e desejáveis: qualidade da técnica audiovisual empregada, ambiente simulado, caracterização das personagens e desenvolvimento das estratégias de comunicação enfermeiro-paciente. A versão final do vídeo foi avaliada por nove estudantes de enfermagem que apresentaram nível de compreensão dos itens igual ou acima de 96%. O vídeo apresenta as seguintes estratégias: Estratégias gerais de comunicação, Comunicação Intercultural, NURSE, Tell me more, Ask-Tell-Ask, Comunicação Terapêutica e Comunicação de Más Notícias. Conclusão: este estudo retrata a criação de um vídeo, sua validação por peritos e sua avaliação pelo público-alvo, que manifestaram tratar-se de um recurso educativo relevante para o processo de ensino-aprendizagem de estratégias de comunicação. Os juízes e o público alvo consideraram o vídeo como um instrumento válido para ensinar sobre as estratégias de comunicação enfermeiro-paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Students, Nursing , Communication , Instructional Film and Video , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate/methods , Language , Learning , Nurse-Patient Relations
8.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 39(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533499

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los síntomas neuropsicológicos son una preocupación importante para los pacientes con epilepsia y pueden llegar a ser muy influyentes en la percepción de calidad de vida. En el caso de la epilepsia del lóbulo temporal, existen muchas variables que influyen en el desempeño cognitivo de los pacientes, entre las más importantes se encuentran la etiología, la edad de inicio, la duración de la enfermedad y la frecuencia de crisis; sin embargo, una de las variables más importantes es la lateralidad de la epilepsia. Está claramente demostrado que los síntomas cognitivos de la epilepsia del lóbulo temporal varían en función del hemisferio cerebral afectado. Contenido: La epilepsia del lóbulo temporal es una de las principales epilepsias focales que es susceptible de manejo quirúrgico, y, en este sentido, el tipo de procedimiento también tiene una gran importancia en el desenlace cognitivo de estos pacientes. En este artículo, realizamos una revisión narrativa de la literatura, con el objetivo de describir el riesgo neuropsicológico relacionado no solamente con la epilepsia del lóbulo temporal per se, sino también con las intervenciones quirúrgicas que se realizan en pacientes refractarios a la medicación. Conclusiones: Es importante conocer los conceptos sobre las implicaciones del impacto cognitivo en los pacientes con epilepsia del lóbulo temporal antes de tomar decisiones quirúrgicas en pacientes refractarios, así como entender que el tipo de cirugía también influye en su desempeño cognitivo. Se debe buscar un equilibrio entre la libertad de crisis y las posibles secuelas neuropsicológicas posquirúrgicas.


Introduction: Neuropsychological symptoms are a major concern for patients with epilepsy and can highly influence the perception of quality of life. In the case of temporal lobe epilepsy, there are many variables that impact the cognitive performance of these people, among the most important are the etiology, the age of onset, the duration of the disease and the frequency of seizures, however, one of the most important variables is the lateralization of the seizure. It has been demonstrated that the cognitive symptoms of temporal lobe epilepsy vary depending on the affected cerebral hemisphere. Contents of the review: Temporal lobe epilepsy is one of the main focal epilepsies that is susceptible to surgical management, and the type of surgery also has great importance in the cognitive outcomes of these patients. In this article, we carry out a narrative review of the literature in order to describe the neuropsychological risk related not only to temporal lobe epilepsy per se, but also to surgical interventions performed in drug-resistant patients. Conclusions: It is important to know the concepts about the implications of cognitive impact in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy before making surgical decisions in refractory patients and to understand that the type of surgery also influences the cognitive performance of these patients. A balance must be sought between the freedom of seizures and the possible postoperative neuropsychological sequelae.


Subject(s)
Temporal Lobe , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Functional Laterality , Quality of Life , Language , Memory
9.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 39(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533505

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Entre las enfermedades neurodegenerativas se encuentra un grupo de patologías que se caracterizan por un compromiso prominente del lenguaje, denominadas usualmente afasias primarias progresivas, las cuales se subdividen en 3 tipos: variante logopénica, variante semántica y variante no fluente o agramática. Presentación del caso: Paciente con cuadro clínico que inicia a los 65 años, con disminución en la interacción social. Un par de meses después, la esposa nota que el lenguaje del paciente se torna poco fluido, habla con palabras o frases cortas, no logra decir oraciones completas, además de presentar cambios en la entonación de las palabras y alteraciones del lenguaje escrito. El paciente manifiesta que su principal limitación en el momento es el no poder expresar lo que quiere decir, y por este motivo consulta. Discusión: En el caso de este paciente, se describe inicialmente un cambio en su personalidad que no compromete su funcionalidad, sin embargo, al poco tiempo se presenta compromiso del lenguaje como síntoma prominente y que genera mayor compromiso en su calidad de vida, con pruebas neuropsicológicas y hallazgos de neuroimagen que apoyan el diagnóstico de afasia primaria progresiva (APP) variante no fluente o agramatical, con síntomas comportamentales y motores asociados. Conclusión: Las APP son un grupo de trastornos neurocognitivos cuya característica primordial es el compromiso en el lenguaje, cada variante de APP tiene unas características clínicas y criterios diagnósticos específicos que se deben conocer para lograr sospechar el diagnóstico y hacer un abordaje apropiado en el paciente.


Introduction: In the group of neurodegenerative diseases, there is a group of pathologies that are characterized by a prominent compromise of language, normally called primary progressive aphasias, these are subdivided into 3 types: logopenic variant, semantic variant and non-fluent or agrammatic variant. Case presentation: Patient with a clinical picture that begins at age 65, with decreased social interaction, a couple of months later his wife notices that his language becomes not fluent, speaks in short words or phrases, cannot say complete sentences, in addition to changes in the intonation of words and alterations in written language, the patient states that his main limitation at the moment is not being able to express what he wants to say and for this reason they consult. Discussion: In the case of this patient, a change in his personality is initially described that does not compromise his functionality, however soon after a language involvement is presented as the main symptom and the one that generates a compromise in his quality of life, with neuropsychological tests and findings on neuroimaging that supports the diagnosis of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) non-fluent or agrammatical variant, with associated behavioral and motor symptoms. Conclusion: APPs are a group of neurocognitive disorders whose primary characteristic is language impairment. Each APP variant has specific clinical characteristics and diagnostic criteria that must be known in order to suspect the diagnosis and make an appropriate approach to the patient.


Subject(s)
Neurocognitive Disorders , Dementia , Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia , Language
10.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(4): 136-140, 20230000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1512149

ABSTRACT

El lenguaje científico en Medicina estuvo dominado por la lengua francesa hasta la segunda mitad del. Siglo XIX. Desde 1950 en adelante, el idioma inglés ha adquirido paulatinamente una mayor importancia. El lenguaje médico actual se construye sobre la precisión, la corrección, la claridad y la concisión. El lenguaje no sexista, aparecido en los últimos años ha sido adoptado por universidades y ministerios para sus comunicaciones internas, pero no se ha comunicado su uso en los textos científicos y esto se debe a que choca con este último ya que agrega nuevos vocablos que dificultan la lectura. En el presente artículo se desarrolla el concepto de lenguaje científico en Medicina y la irrupción del lenguaje no sexista


The scientific language in Medicine was dominated by the French language until the second half of the XIX century. From the 1950s onwards, the English language has gradually gained in importance. Today's medical language is built on precision, correctness, clarity, and conciseness. The non-sexist language, which has appeared in recent years, has been adopted by universities and ministries for their internal communications, but its use has not been reported in scientific texts, and this is because it clashes with the latter, since it adds new words that make it difficult to the reading. This article develops the concept of scientific language in Medicine and the irruption of non-sexist language.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Medical Writing , Gender-Inclusive Policies , Language
11.
Aesthethika (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 19(1): 47-64, ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1519627

ABSTRACT

La novela Los hermanos Cuervo, del colombiano Andrés Felipe Solano, subraya, a través de la parodia, la ilusión de estabilidad de la lengua y del sujeto en la que se amalgama una violencia simbólica, naturalizada en la familia, el colegio y la ciudad. Esta subjetividad resuena en un territorio rígidamente dividido en estratos socioeconómicos, amalgamados simbólica e imaginariamente en narrativas culturales clasistas y profundamente excluyentes, organizadas en torno a la pareja de opuestos: todo o nada


The novel Los hermanos Cuervo, by the Colombian Andrés Felipe Solano, underlines, through parody, the illusion of stability of the language and of the subject in which a symbolic violence is amalgamated, naturalized in the family, school and the city. This subjectivity resonates in a territory rigidly divided into socioeconomic strata, symbolically and imaginarily amalgamated in classist and deeply exclusive cultural narratives, organized around the pair of opposites: all or nothing


Subject(s)
Humans , Sociological Factors , Social Identification , Language , Literature , Motion Pictures
12.
13.
Av. psicol. latinoam ; 41(1): 1-20, ene.-abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1428084

ABSTRACT

O desenvolvimento infantil é um campo de estudo complexo e deve ser analisado de maneira integrada, considerando os contextos nos quais a criança está in-serida. A frequência a instituições de educação infantil (iei) é indicada pela literatura internacional como um facilitador dos domínios do desenvolvimento, contudo, não há consenso nos dados brasileiros já apresentados. Pontua-se que outras variáveis do ambiente doméstico, como dispor de brinquedos e materiais variados e o tempo de interação com a mãe, possam influenciar nes-sa relação. O objetivo do estudo é comparar crianças que frequentam ou não iei em relação aos domínios do desenvolvimento, considerando grupo etário, tipo de escola e variáveis do ambiente doméstico. Participa-ram 1.843 mães de crianças de quatro a 72 meses, que responderam a um questionário sociodemográfico e ao Inventário Dimensional de Avaliação do Desenvolvi-mento Infantil. Os resultados apontaram que crianças que não frequentam iei apresentaram melhores médias nos domínios Motricidade Ampla e Linguagem Recepti-va em faixas etárias específicas. Dispor de brinquedos e materiais variados e o tempo que a mãe empregava para brincadeiras com a criança demonstraram um impacto positivo em diferentes domínios do desenvolvimento, no entanto, não houve interação com a frequência à iei. Verificou-se que quanto mais horas a mãe dispõe para brincadeiras durante a semana, melhores são as médias alcançadas em diferentes domínios do desenvolvimento de crianças de iei públicas e privadas. Discute-se o papel da educação infantil no desenvolvimento integral da criança, especialmente sobre a qualidade das iei e a necessidade de práticas baseadas em evidências.


El desarrollo infantil es un campo de estudio complejo y debe ser analizado de forma integrada, consideran-do los contextos del niño. La literatura internacional señala a la asistencia a las instituciones de educación infantil (iei) como un facilitador de los dominios del desarrollo, pero, no hay consenso en los datos brasileños. Otras variables del ambiente doméstico, como tener juguetes y materiales diferentes, y el tiempo de interacción con la madre, podrían influir en esta relación. El objetivo del estudio es comparar a los niños que asisten o no a una iei en relación a los dominios de desarrollo, considerando grupo etario, tipo de es-cuela y variables del ambiente del hogar. Participaron 1.843 madres de niños de cuatro a 72 meses, quienes respondieron un cuestionario sociodemográfico y el Inventario Dimensional para la Evaluación del Desarrollo Infantil. Los niños que no asisten a una iei tienen mejores promedios en los dominios Motricidad Gruesa y Lenguaje Receptivo en grupos de edad específicos. Tener diferentes juguetes y materiales, y el tiempo que la madre dedicaba a jugar con el niño demostró un impacto positivo en diferentes dominios, pero, no hubo interacción con la asistencia a una iei. Mientras más horas tiene la madre para jugar durante la semana, mejores son los promedios en los diferentes dominios de desarrollo de los niños con iei pública y privada. Se discute el papel de la educación inicial en el desarrollo integral, especialmente la calidad de la iei y la necesidad de prácticas basadas en evidencias.


Child development is a complex field that should be ana-lyzed comprehensively, considering children's contexts. The international literature indicates attendance to child daycare institutions (cdi) as a facilitator for child development. However, there is no consensus regarding Brazilian data. Other variables of the child's domestic environment, such as having various toys and materials and the time of interaction with the mother, may influence this relationship. This study aimed to compare children attending or not attending cdi regarding developmental domains and considering age group, type of school, and do-mestic environment variables. A total of 1.843 mothers of children aged zero to 72 months participated, answer-ing a sociodemographic questionnaire and the In-ventário Dimensional de Avaliação do Desenvolvimento Infantil (idadi). The results showed that children who did not attend cdi had better averages in Gross Motor Skills and Receptive Language domains in specific age groups. Having a variety of toys and materials and the time the mother spends playing with the child had a positive impact on different developmental domains; however, there was no interaction with attending cdi. It was found that the more hours the mother played with the child during the week, the better the averages achieved in different domains of development for chil-dren attending public or private cdi. The role of early childhood education in integral child development is discussed, especially the quality of cdi and the need for evidence-based practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Time , Child Development , Child Rearing , Growth and Development , Environment , Language , Literature , Age Groups
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007429

ABSTRACT

As a diagnostic method to guide the treatment of sinew/fascia diseases, jingjin (muscle regions of meridians) differentiation is an important component of syndrome differentiation system of acupuncture and moxibustion. In clinical practice, because of the limitations of the ideological guidance of the holistic view, the systemic and dialectical thinking and the syndrome element collection, the system of diagnosis and treatment of sinew/fascia diseases is not comprehensive. Through combing the origin of the holistic view of jingjin, the paper expounds the differentiation framework of sinew/fascia diseases from 4 aspects of differentiation, i.e. the location of disease, etiology, nature of disease and condition of disease. It suggests to construct jingjin differentiation system by taking the holistic ideas as the core, the syndrome element research as the common method and the evidence-based medicine as the theoretical basis so that the thinking of syndrome differentiation and the diagnostic approaches based on jingjin theory can be enriched.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Language , Meridians , Moxibustion , Syndrome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009284

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic etiology for two children with Neurodevelopmental disorder with hypotonia, stereotypic hand movements, and impaired language (MEDHSIL).@*METHODS@#Two children who had visited the Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital on October 15, 2021 were selected as the study subjects. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for both patients. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of their family members.@*RESULTS@#The two children were respectively found to harbor a heterozygous c.138delC (p.Ile47Serfs*42) variant and a c.833del (p.L278*) variant of the MEF2C gene. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), both variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2_Supporting).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.138delC and c.833del variants of the MEF2C gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of MEDHSIL in the two children. Above findings have enriched the mutational spectrum of the MEF2C gene and enabled genetic counseling for their families.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Family , Genetic Counseling , Language , MEF2 Transcription Factors/genetics , Muscle Hypotonia/genetics , Neurodevelopmental Disorders
16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 713-725, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010776

ABSTRACT

With the gradual maturity of sequencing technology, many microbiome studies have published, driving the emergence and advance of related analysis tools. R language is the widely used platform for microbiome data analysis for powerful functions. However, tens of thousands of R packages and numerous similar analysis tools have brought major challenges for many researchers to explore microbiome data. How to choose suitable, efficient, convenient, and easy-to-learn tools from the numerous R packages has become a problem for many microbiome researchers. We have organized 324 common R packages for microbiome analysis and classified them according to application categories (diversity, difference, biomarker, correlation and network, functional prediction, and others), which could help researchers quickly find relevant R packages for microbiome analysis. Furthermore, we systematically sorted the integrated R packages (phyloseq, microbiome, MicrobiomeAnalystR, Animalcules, microeco, and amplicon) for microbiome analysis, and summarized the advantages and limitations, which will help researchers choose the appropriate tools. Finally, we thoroughly reviewed the R packages for microbiome analysis, summarized most of the common analysis content in the microbiome, and formed the most suitable pipeline for microbiome analysis. This paper is accompanied by hundreds of examples with 10,000 lines codes in GitHub, which can help beginners to learn, also help analysts compare and test different tools. This paper systematically sorts the application of R in microbiome, providing an important theoretical basis and practical reference for the development of better microbiome tools in the future. All the code is available at GitHub github.com/taowenmicro/EasyMicrobiomeR.


Subject(s)
Software , Microbiota , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Language
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To translate the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment of voice scale(URICA-Voice) into Chinese and test its reliability and validity. Methods:The URICA-Voice scale was converted into Chinese by literal translation, cultural adjustment, expert consultation, pre-investigation, and back translation. Convenience sampling was used to recruit patients at four speech therapy centers from February to May 2022. Then the Chinese version of the scale was distributed to them, and the reliability and validity of the scale were tested after data collection. Cronbach ɑ was used to evaluate the reliability. The critical ratio method and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for item analysis. Item-level content validity, scale-level content validity, and confirmatory factor analysis were used to test the validity of the scale. Results:A total of 247 valid questionnaires were collected. ①Item analysis: the critical ratios between a high-score and low-score groups of 32 items were all statistically significant(P<0.01) and all the critical ratios were above 3.00. The Pearson correlation between 32 items and the total score was significant(P<0.01). ②Validity analysis: I-CVI=1.00, S-CVI/Ave=1.00, χ²/df=2.30, RMSEA=0.07. Except for item 9 and 23, the standardized factor loading coefficients of other items were all above 0.50. AVE of the four dimensions of the scale was all above 0.50, and the combined reliability of the four dimensions was all above 0.70. The correlation coefficients between dimensions were less than the square root of the AVE of the dimension itself. ③Reliability analysis: the Cronbach ɑ of the whole scale was 0.94, and the Cronbach ɑ of the four dimensions were 0.88, 0.92, 0.94, and 0.88 respectively. Conclusion:The Chinese version of URICA-Voice has good reliability and validity, and can be used as a specific measurement tool for evaluating the compliance of voice training in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Language , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Voice
18.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 22(1): 1-10, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444905

ABSTRACT

Numerosos estudios apuntan a las dificultades del lenguaje oral que pueden presentar las personas con discapacidad auditiva a lo largo de su desarrollo. No obstante, se conoce poco acerca del nivel de competencia pragmática que alcanzan y cómo esta área se desarrolla. En esta investigación se pretenden abordar las características pragmáticas de cuatro adultos españoles con discapacidad auditiva congénita a través del Protocolo Rápido de Evaluación Pragmática Revisado (PREP-R), que evalúa diferentes niveles de pragmática: textual, enunciativa e interactiva y, además,aporta un índice de habilidad pragmática general, específica y de base gramatical. Los participantes fueron evaluados mediante videograbaciones de muestras de lenguaje espontáneo en conversación con un familiar. Los resultados indican que, en general, los cuatro sujetos presentan un buen nivel de competencia pragmática, que se manifiesta a la hora de ajustar los actos de habla. Sin embargo, para regular su lenguaje, tienden a utilizar conductas compensatorias como: estrategias verbales que les permiten ganar tiempo extra para la construcción de sus emisiones, empleo de actos verbales y/o paraverbales compensatorios y el uso de gestos que completan su producción verbal. Estos datos indican que, aunque los participantes de este estudio presentan buenas habilidades pragmáticas, es necesario seguir desarrollando estrategias a nivel de intervención que les permitan comunicarse sin dificultades en diferentes contextos y con distintos interlocutores.


Numerous studies reveal the oral language difficulties that people with hearing loss may present throughout their development. However, little is known about the level of pragmatic competence they achieve and how this area evolves. This research aims to address the pragmatic characteristics of four Spanish adults with congenital hearing loss through Protocolo Rápido de Evaluación Pragmática -Revisado (PREP-R, which can be translated as Quick Protocol for Pragmatic Evaluation -Revised). This test assesses different levels of pragmatics: textual, enunciative, and interactional, and also provides an indicator for general, specific, and grammatically-based pragmatic ability. The participants were assessed by videotaping spontaneous speech samples in conversation with a family member. The results indicate that, in general, the four subjects present an adequate level of pragmatic competence, which is manifested in their adjustment of speech acts. Nevertheless, they show a tendency to use compensatory behaviors toregulate their speech, such as verbal strategies that allow them to gain extra time to construct their utterances, compensatory verbal and/or paraverbal acts, and gestures that complement their verbal productions. These data indicate that, although the participants of this study show good pragmatic skills, it is necessary to continue developing intervention strategies that allow them to communicate without difficulties in different contexts and with different communication partners.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Hearing Loss/congenital , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Language , Hearing Tests/methods
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e252476, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448942

ABSTRACT

Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar a vivência de trabalho precoce de adolescentes e jovens em cumprimento de medida socioeducativa, no estado da Paraíba. Os instrumentos utilizados foram um Questionário Mosquito Diagnóstico e uma Entrevista Semiestruturada. A análise foi realizada com o software Iramuteq, (Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires), através da Análise Hierárquica Descendente, que gerou seis classes: significado do trabalho; infância e escola; condições objetivas de vida; trabalho, drogas e ato infracional; consequências do trabalho infantil; e trabalho infantojuvenil. A perspectiva teórica utilizada foi a psicologia histórico-cultural e os dados discutidos a partir do conceito de vivência. Conclui-se que as vivências e situações sociais de desenvolvimento foram caracterizadas pelo trabalho precoce que oportunizou o envolvimento com atos infracionais e as instituições responsáveis pela garantia de direitos em vez de garantir a proteção social, criminalizaram por meio de medidas socioeducativas.(AU)


This article aims to analyze the experience of child labor of adolescents and youngsters that are complying a social-educational measure, in the State of Paraíba. The instruments utilized were a Questionnaire Mosquito Diagnóstico and a Semi-Structured Interview. The analysis was performed by using the Iramuteq software (Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires), by using Descending Hierarchical Analysis, which generated six classes: meaning of labor; childhood and school; objective conditions of life; labor, drugs, and act of infraction; consequences of child labor; and child labor. The theoretical perspective used was historical-cultural psychology and the data were discussed from the concept of experience. It was concluded that the experiences and social situations of development were characterized by child labor, which enabled the involvement with acts of infraction; and the institutions responsible for guaranteeing rights, instead of guaranteeing social protection, criminalized by using social-educational measures.(AU)


Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la vivencia precoz de adolescentes y jóvenes que cumplen medidas socioeducativas en el estado de Paraíba (Brasil). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron un Cuestionario Mosquito Diagnóstico y una entrevista semiestructurada. El análisis se realizó con el software Iramuteq (Interface de R pour les Multidimensionnelles Analyzes de Textes et de Questionnaires), mediante análisis jerárquico descendente, que generó seis clases: Significado del trabajo; Infancia y escuela; Condiciones objetivas de vida; Trabajo, drogas y acto de infracción; Consecuencias del trabajo infantil; y Trabajo infantojuvenil. La perspectiva teórica que se utilizó fue la psicología histórico-cultural, y los datos se discutieron desde el concepto de vivencia. Se concluye que las vivencias y situaciones sociales de desarrollo se caracterizaron por trabajo infantil que permitió la participación en infracciones y que las instituciones responsables de garantizar los derechos en lugar de la protección social los criminalizaron mediante medidas socioeducativas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Child Labor , Adolescent , Education , Personality , Play and Playthings , Poverty , Prejudice , Sex Work , Psychology , Public Policy , Punishment , Schools , Self Concept , Social Change , Social Class , Social Conditions , Social Support , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Stereotyping , Student Dropouts , Suicide, Attempted , Theft , Violence , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Work Hours , Child Abuse, Sexual , Mainstreaming, Education , Occupational Risks , Accidents, Occupational , Family , Illicit Drugs , Child, Abandoned , Child Advocacy , Child, Institutionalized , Child Welfare , Self-Injurious Behavior , Civil Rights , Family Planning Policy , Sexual Harassment , Communication , Adult , Legislation , Counseling , Crime , Dangerous Behavior , Adolescent Health , Death , Deinstitutionalization , Friends , Minors , Aggression , Human Rights Abuses , Educational Status , Employment , Health Vulnerability , Job Market , Bullying , Remuneration , Social Discrimination , Drug Trafficking , Enslaved Persons , Social Capital , Emotional Adjustment , Underage Drinking , Literacy , Help-Seeking Behavior , Self-Control , Psychiatric Rehabilitation , Psychosocial Support Systems , Work-Life Balance , Frailty , Survivorship , Recidivism , Academic Failure , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Cyberbullying , Data Analysis , Involuntary Commitment , Return to School , Sustenance , Emotional Abuse , Financial Stress , Life Course Perspective , Housing Instability , Social Vulnerability , Citizenship , Homicide , Household Work , Human Rights , Institutionalization , Juvenile Delinquency , Language , Mental Health Services
20.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e251711, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448945

ABSTRACT

As resoluções emitidas pelo Sistema Conselhos são instrumentos essenciais de orientação e promoção de práticas éticas que denotem qualidade técnica no exercício profissional da Psicologia. Dada a complexidade que envolve a elaboração de documentos psicológicos, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo identificar as principais mudanças observadas no texto da recém-publicada Resolução CFP n.º 006/2019 quando comparada à Resolução CFP n.º 007/2003, ambas referidas à elaboração de documentos psicológicos. Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva-comparativa de abordagem qualitativa, que utilizou da análise de conteúdo no tratamento e interpretação dos dados oriundos de fonte exclusivamente documental. Os resultados indicaram poucas diferenças qualitativas entre os marcos resolutivos, embora se vislumbre altamente relevante o ganho adquirido com a proibição de escritos descritivos, a exigência de referencial teórico para fundamentar o raciocínio profissional e a obrigatoriedade da devolutiva documental. Entre os achados que ganham notoriedade consta a preocupação com os princípios que regem a elaboração de documentos, cuja apresentação tautológica responde a um cenário político de retrocessos que tem favorecido o desrespeito aos direitos humanos e às minorias.(AU)


Resolutions issued by Sistema Conselhos are essential tools to guide and promote ethical and quality psychology practices. Given the complexity involved in elaborating such documents, this descriptive, qualitative research outlines the main changes in the text of the recently published CFP Resolution no. 006/2019 when compared with CFP Resolution no. 007/2003, both addressing the elaboration of psychological documents. Documentary data was investigated by content analysis. Results indicated few qualitative differences between the analyzed Resolutions, among them the prohibition of descriptive writing, the requirement for a theoretical framework to support professional reasoning, and the obligation to return documents. Concern with the principles that guide document elaboration stands out, responding to a political scenario of major setbacks regarding respect for human rights and minorities.(AU)


Las resoluciones que expide el Sistema Conselhos consisten en instrumentos fundamentales que guían y promueven prácticas éticas respecto a la calidad técnica en el ejercicio profesional de la Psicología. Dada la complejidad que implica la elaboración de documentos psicológicos, esta investigación tuvo como objetivo identificar los principales cambios observados en la Resolución CFP n.º 006/2019, de reciente publicación, en comparación con la Resolución CFP n.º 007/2003, ambas abordan la elaboración de documentos psicológicos. Se trata de una investigación descriptiva-comparativa con enfoque cualitativo, que utilizó el análisis de contenido en el tratamiento e interpretación de datos de fuente exclusivamente documental. Los resultados indicaron pocas diferencias cualitativas entre los marcos resolutivos (aunque el logro de prohibir los escritos descriptivos es muy relevante), la exigencia de un marco teórico para sostener el razonamiento profesional y la devolución obligatoria de los documentos. Entre los hallazgos que cobran notoriedad está la preocupación por los principios que rigen la elaboración de documentos, cuya presentación tautológica responde a un escenario político de retrocesos que ha favorecido la falta de respeto a los derechos humanos y las minorías.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Guidelines as Topic , Diagnosis , Expert Testimony , Organization and Administration , Patient Care Team , Personal Satisfaction , Psychological Phenomena , Psychology , Publications , Quality of Health Care , Quality of Life , Sexual Behavior , Social Class , Social Values , Transsexualism , Truth Disclosure , Vocational Guidance , Work , Writing , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Health Policy, Planning and Management , Technical Cooperation , Health Certificate , Attitude of Health Personnel , Records , International Classification of Diseases , Directory , Workload , Civil Rights , Negotiating , Communication , Newspaper Article , Vocabulary, Controlled , Statements , Government Publication , Professional Misconduct , Personal Autonomy , Enacted Statutes , Health Councils , Whistleblowing , Codes of Ethics , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Racial Groups , Documentation , Science and Technology Cooperation Agreements , Scientific Domains , Scientific Publication Ethics , Scientific and Technical Publications , Publications for Science Diffusion , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Date of Validity of Products , Research Report , Social Participation , Medical Writing , Data Accuracy , Professionalism , Forms and Records Control , Science in Literature , eHealth Strategies , Civil Society , Psychological Distress , Universal Health Care , Psychosocial Intervention , Citizenship , Document Analysis , Working Conditions , Handwriting , Humanities , Language
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