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1.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 30(1): 24-31, 20240000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551309

ABSTRACT

Pivoting Brow Lift es una nueva opción terapéutica cuyas ventajas son tres mínimas incisiones, prácticamente imperceptibles, bien aceptadas por pacientes de todas las edades, sexo y incluso pacientes calvos. Una incisión se realiza en la región temporal y otra dentro del cuero cabelludo en la región medio frontal o en una arruga en pacientes calvos. La disección en región frontal es sub-perióstica, muchas veces llega a la punta nasal para reposicionarla. La disección en la región temporal se realiza entre las hojas superficiales y profundas extendiéndose hasta el tarso y canto externo del ojo; en la región palpebral la disección se realiza entre la piel y el musculo. La fijación son dos puntos externos en el cuero cabelludo y unos papeles adherentes. Los puntos del cuero cabelludo se retiran a los 14 días. Evita las complejas fijaciones que se realizan actualmente con tornillos, puntos internos o Endotime. La sencillez del procedimiento hace que este se pueda realizar entre 30 y 45 minutos, con anestesia local y sedación; esto permite lograr una mayor seguridad operatoria. Se han documentado pacientes tratados hace 9 años donde se demuestra la duración en el tiempo. El bajo índice de complicaciones y la alta satisfacción de los pacientes documentadas en encuestas hace que este procedimiento pueda ser considerado como una nueva opción terapéutica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rejuvenation/physiology , Carbon Dioxide/therapeutic use , Blepharoplasty/methods , Laser Therapy/methods
2.
Rev. ADM ; 80(5): 292-297, sept.-oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532061

ABSTRACT

La resorción ósea alveolar suele dar lugar a que las inserciones de la mucosa interfieran para la construcción, estabilidad y retención de una prótesis removible, una opción que permite modificar este tejido se obtiene por medio de una vestibuloplastia. Actualmente se puede favorecer la cicatrización de heridas utilizando láser de alta potencia aplicado a procedimientos quirúrgicos orales. Se realiza reporte de caso en paciente femenino a la que se realizó procedimiento de vestibuloplastia con láser de Er,Cr:YSGG, utilizando de forma postoperatoria gel de quitosano en nanotransportador biomolécula EPX. Se observa una cicatrización rápida y favorable al combinar ambas terapéuticas, además al utilizar productos con quitosano se disminuye el riesgo de la necrosis de fibroblastos gingivales humanos como recientemente se reportó en el uso de colutorios de clorhexidina (AU)


Alveolar bone resorption often results in mucosal insertions interfering with the construction, stability and retention of a removable prosthesis, an option to modify this tissue is obtained by means of vestibuloplasty. Currently, wound healing can be promoted by using high power laser applied to oral surgical procedures. A case report of a female patient who underwent a vestibuloplasty procedure with laser Er,Cr:YSGG, using chitosan gel with EPX biomolecule nanocarriers postoperatively. A fast and favorable healing is observed when combining both therapeutics, besides, when using products with chitosan, the risk of necrosis of human gingival fibroblasts is reduced, as recently reported in the use of chlorhexidine mouthwashes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Nanotechnology/methods , Laser Therapy/methods , Lasers, Solid-State , Chitosan
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(2): 38-45, maio-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428055

ABSTRACT

É sabido que a cavidade oral é a porta de entrada para muitos microrganismos e que possui alguns gêneros de bactérias que quando se associam ou proliferam em excesso, com a falta de higienização correta, fatores ambientais e imunológicos podem causar danos em algumas partes dos dentes como no tecido pulpar e canais radiculares. Neste sentido, a endodontia tem sido capaz de tratar pessoas com problemas dentários em fases muito precoces como as medidas profiláticas até casos infeciosos que afetam a polpa dos dentes causando as lesões perirradiculares que são infecções causadas por microrganismos, Para tanto, é necessário que a odontologia ofereça transformações positivas por meio de técnicas que sejam mais previsíveis para os tratamentos. A literatura tem indicado o uso da laserterapia como técnica auxiliar para o tratamento endodôntico pelo seu potencial mínimo invasivo, preciso e eficaz em menor tempo de cura de patologias orais como as lesões perirradiculares. Este estudo pretendeu abordar a importância da laserterapia sobre as variáveis patológicas de pacientes com lesão perirradiculares. Para realiza-lo foi necessário buscar na literatura estudos que associem este tipo de tratamento e sua eficiência no tratamento desta patologia. Para realizar esta pesquisa foi necessário buscar dados na literatura que tratam sobre o tema para investigar o tempo indicado ao tratamento com a laserterapia bem como o estágio em que as lesões podem ser tratadas com auxílio deste método. Corroborando com o estudo apresentamos um caso clínico(AU)


It is known that the oral cavity is the gateway to many microorganisms and that it has some genera of bacteria that when they associate or proliferate in excess, with the lack of correct hygiene, environmental and immunological factors can cause damage in some parts of the teeth such as in pulp tissue and root canals. In this sense, endodontics has been able to treat people with dental problems at very early stages such as prophylactic measures to infectious cases that affect the pulp of teeth causing perirradicular lesions that are infections caused by microorganisms, therefore, it is necessary that dentistry offer positive transformations through techniques that are more predictable for treatments. The literature has indicated the use of laser therapy as an auxiliary technique for endodontic treatment for its minimal invasive, precise and effective potential in shorter time of cure of oral pathologies such as perirradicular lesions. This study aimed to address the importance of laser therapy on the pathological variables of patients with perirradicular lesions. To accomplish this, it was necessary to seek studies in the literature that associate this type of treatment and its efficiency in the treatment of this pathology. To carry out this research it was necessary to seek data in the literature that deal with the subject to investigate the time indicated for treatment with laser therapy as well as the stage at which lesions can be treated with the aid of this method. Corroborating the study, we present a clinical case(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Root Canal Therapy , Laser Therapy , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity/injuries , Dental Pulp Diseases , Microbiota , Mouth/microbiology
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(2): 136-141, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440351

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to carry out an integrative review of the use of diode lasers in the treatment of oral fibrous hyperplasia in order to observe surgical efficacy, healing process, and main microscopic findings. The following databases-PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scopus, Web of Science, and gray literature-were searched without regard to the time of year or language. Diode laser treatment cases described in case reports and case series were included, but those who did not undergo microscopic analysis to confirm the diagnosis or who did not provide postoperative information were excluded. Twelve studies (64 patients) were included. Prevalence was observed for females (68.75 %, n=44). In view of the diagnosis, there was a prevalence of focal fibrous hyperplasia (79.68 %, n=51), followed by inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (20.31 %, n=13). For surgical removal, a diode laser was used with a wavelength ranging from 808 to 960 nm, in continuous mode, and an average power of 2830 mW. In general, there were no intercurrences in the trans and postoperative periods and wound healing occurred by second intention, with excellent evolution. High-powered diode lasers can be an excellent therapeutic option for oral hyperplastic lesions. Long-term clinical trials should be conducted to determine laser setting parameters in various oral lesions.


El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión integradora sobre el uso del láser de diodo en el tratamiento de la hiperplasia fibrosa oral, con el fin de visualizar la eficacia quirúrgica, el patrón de cicatrización y el análisis de los principales resultados microscópicos. Se realizó una búsqueda sin restricciones de año e idioma en PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scopus, Web of Science y literatura gris. Se incluyeron reportes de casos y series de casos que brindaron información sobre pacientes diagnosticados con lesiones hiperplásicas orales tratados con láser de diodo, excluyendo aquellos a los que no se les había realizado análisis microscópico para confirmar el diagnóstico, así como aquellos que no brindaron información postoperatoria. Se incluyeron doce estudios (64 pacientes). Se observó prevalencia en el sexo femenino (68,75 %, n=44). Ante el diagnóstico, predominó la hyperplasia fibrosa focal (79,68 %, n=51), seguida de la hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatoria (20,31 %, n=13). Para la remoción quirúrgica se utilizó un láser de diodo con una longitud de onda de 808 a 960 nm, en modo continuo, y una potencia promedio de 2830 mW. En general, no hubo intercurrencias en el trans y postoperatorio y la cicatrización de la herida ocurrió por segunda intención, con excelente evolución. El uso de láseres de diodo de alta potencia puede ser una excelente alternativa terapéutica para las lesiones hiperplásicas orales. Se deben realizar más estudios clínicos a largo plazo para determinar los parámetros de ajuste del láser en diferentes lesiones orales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Surgical Procedures , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia/surgery , Laser Therapy
5.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(1): 57-61, jan.-abr. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427956

ABSTRACT

Nas cirurgias odontológicas é possível que ocorra alguns acidentes ou complicações que podem interferir no dia a dia do paciente. A lesão do nervo alveolar inferior é uma complicação decorrente de cirurgias orais que podem causar um distúrbio de sensibilidade transitória ou persistente, na região do lábio inferior e na região delimitada do forame mentoniano e hemi-arco da mucosa. O diagnóstico da parestesia pode ser feito através de testes mecanoceptivos e nocioceptivos em que o profissional escolherá para qual melhor se adapte no paciente. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi abordar por meio de uma revisão de literatura as formas de diagnóstico e tratamento da parestesia do nervo alveolar inferior decorrentes de cirurgias orais. As bases de dados utilizadas para confecção desta revisão são encontradas nas bibliotecas virtuais eletrônicas: BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde), LILACS (Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde) e Pubmed. Como critério de inclusão foram selecionados artigos publicados de 2012 a 2022 em língua inglesa, portuguesa e espanhola. Após a leitura do título e resumo dos resultados da pesquisa e aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão dentre eles foram excluídos 883, pois não se enquadravam no nosso critério de inclusão. No final, foram selecionados 13 estudos por meio de base de dados, que serviram de base para esta revisão. Concluímos que as formas de tratamento para a parestesia na literatura, são um pouco escassas e conflitantes, mas relata que o uso da laserterapia e acupuntura tem sido uma forma de tratamento com um bom índice de sucesso, e para os casos que não sejam suficientes tais tratamentos, pode-se optar por uma cirurgia(AU)


In dental surgeries it is possible to have some accidents or complications that can interfere with the patient's day. Injury to the inferior alveolar nerve is a complication resulting from oral surgeries that can cause a disturbance of sensitivity that can be transient or persistent in the region of the lower lip and in the delimited region of the mental foramen and hemiarch of the mucosa. The diagnosis of paresthesia can be made through mechanoceptive and nocioceptive tests that the professional will choose, which best suits the patient. The objective of the present work is to approach, through a literature review, the forms of diagnosis and treatment aimed at inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia resulting from oral surgeries. The databases used for this review are found in the virtual electronic libraries: VHL (Virtual Health Library), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences) and Pubmed. As inclusion criteria, articles published from 2012 to 2022 in English, Portuguese and Spanish were selected. After reading the title and summary of the research results and applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 883 were excluded, as they did not meet our inclusion criteria. In the end, 13 studies were selected from the database, which served as the basis for this review. We conclude that the forms of treatment for paresthesia in the literature are a little scarce and conflicting, but it reports that the use of laser therapy and acupuncture has been a form of treatment with a good success rate, and for cases that are not enough, such treatments, one can opt for surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Paresthesia , Oral Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Mandibular Nerve Injuries/diagnosis , Mandibular Nerve Injuries/therapy , Acupuncture , Laser Therapy , Trigeminal Nerve Injuries , Trigeminal Nerve Injuries/diagnosis , Trigeminal Nerve Injuries/therapy , Mandibular Nerve Injuries , Mandibular Nerve
6.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440523

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental prospectivo para evaluar la utilidad de la laserterapia en el tratamiento de la gonartrosis, en el Servicio de Rehabilitación Integral del Policlínico Docente «Camilo Cienfuegos», de Zuluetas, Villa Clara. De un universo de 76 pacientes diagnosticados por Ortopedia con gonartrosis, se tomó una muestra de 60, distribuidos al azar en dos grupos equitativos, el grupo de estudio recibió tratamiento con laserterapia y el grupo control con calor infrarrojo; se evaluó la intensidad del dolor según la escala visual, y se practicó un examen físico que incluía la medición de los ángulos de movimiento de la articulación de la rodilla y su capacidad funcional. Se realizó un segundo examen para evaluar su utilidad. Se comprobó que ambas modalidades terapéuticas aportaron beneficios, con resultados significativamente superiores en los pacientes atendidos con laserterapia.


A prospective, quasi-experimental study was carried out to evaluate the usefulness of laser therapy in the treatment of gonarthrosis, in the comprehensive rehabilitation service at «Camilo Cienfuegos» Teaching Polyclinic in Zuluetas, Villa Clara. A sample of 60 patients randomly distributed into two equitable groups was taken from a universe of 76 patients diagnosed with gonarthrosis in the Orthopaedic service, the study group received treatment with laser therapy and the control ones with infrared heat; pain intensity was evaluated according to the visual scale and a physical examination was performed including measurement of the knee joint angles and its functional capacity. A second exam was conducted to assess its usefulness. We found that both therapeutic modalities have benefits in the treatment of gonarthrosis, with significantly better results in patients treated with laser therapy.


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis, Knee , Laser Therapy
7.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510903

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO: Sentar-se por muito tempo e um estilo de vida sedentário podem resultar em encurtamento dos isquiotibiais. Um declínio na atividade física regular pode levar a uma diminuição da flexibilidade do músculo em um adulto mais jovem. Aumentar a flexibilidade dos músculos isquiotibiais pode diminuir as possibilidades de lesões e prevenir a dor lombar. A aplicação da terapia a laser de alta intensidade (TLAI) tem demonstrado inúmeros benefícios para diversas condições. No entanto, até o momento, não hápesquisas publicadassobre a eficácia dessaterapia para melhorar o comprimento dos músculos isquiotibiais em adultos jovens saudáveis. Este artigo descreve o protocolo de estudo para investigar os benefícios do TLAI no tratamento da rigidez muscular dos isquiotibiais em adultos jovens. MÉTODOS: 136 indivíduos jovens saudáveis serão recrutados, pelo método de amostragem intencional, para participar de um estudo randomizado, simplescego e controlado por simulação. Os participantes recrutados serão divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, o grupo TLAIativo e o grupo TLAI placebo. A duração do tratamento será de 8 a 10 minutos por sessão em ambos os membros inferiores, em dias alternados, durante duas semanas. O teste de extensão ativa do joelho e o teste de sentar e tocar são as medidas de resultado que serão registradas na linha de base, no final do período pós-intervenção de 2 semanas. O valor de p ≤0,05 será considerado estatisticamente significativo. DISCUSSÃO: Os resultados do estudo fornecerão os dados para determinar se aTLAI seria uma futura intervenção não farmacológica não invasiva para reduzir a tensão muscular dos isquiotibiais em adultos jovens. REGISTRO DE ENSAIO: Registro de Ensaios Clínicos NCT05077761.


BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting and a sedentary lifestyle may result in hamstring shortness. A decline in regular physical activity could lead to a decrease in the flexibility of the muscle in a younger adult. Increasing hamstring muscle flexibility could decrease the possibility of injuries and prevent low back pain. The application of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) has proved to be innumerable benefits for many conditions. However, to date, no published research is available on the effectiveness of this therapy in improving hamstring muscle length in healthy young adults. This article describes the study protocol for investigating the benefits of HILT in treating hamstring muscle tightness among young adults. METHODS: 136 healthy young individuals will be recruited, by purposive sampling method, to participate in a randomized, single-blinded, sham-controlled study. Recruited participants will be randomly divided into two groups, the active HILT group, and the sham HILT group. The treatment duration will be 8-10 minutes per session, on both lower limbs, for alternate days a week, for two weeks. The active knee extension test and sit-toe and touch test are the outcome measures that will be recorded at baseline, end of the 2-week post-intervention period. The p-value ≤0.05 will be considered statistically significant. DISCUSSION: The study findings will provide the data to determine whether HILT would be a future non-pharmacological non-invasive intervention to reduce hamstring muscle tightness among young adults. TRIAL REGISTRY: Clinical Trials Registry NCT05077761.


Subject(s)
Laser Therapy , Pliability , Hamstring Muscles
8.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 56-65, jan.-abr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411283

ABSTRACT

Search knowledge dentist front surgeon to low intensity laser through a questionnaire. They were selected randomly in the city of Juiz de Fora and region 91 Dental Surgeons of Minas Gerais. These employees were sent during the months from July to October 2013, a standard form printed with questions about laser education assessment of low intensity. Of the 91 participants, 42 (46.2%) were female and 49 (53.8%) were male. Fifty-seven (62.6%) had dental public institution of higher education; 32 (35.2%) attended a private institution and 2 (2.2%) did not report this data. Eighty-nine dentists reported the time of graduation, and this varied with a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 38 years of training, the average being 11 years and this is the standard deviation of 10.7. The age of these professionals is on average thirty-five years, ranging from twenty-two years to sixty-five years of age and the standard deviation of this is 10.8. The distribution according to academic title was: 35 dentists (38.5%) had a degree in dentistry; 13 (14.3%) were specialists; 14 (15.4%) had master's and 4 (4.4%) doctorate. 25 (27.5%) did not report the academic title. The most relevant mentioned specialties were general practitioner, endodontics and implantology. We can conclude that the Juiz de Fora dentist - MG and region makes little use of laser therapy and this is mainly due to little knowledge acquired at the undergraduate and graduate education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge , Low-Level Light Therapy , Dentists , Laser Therapy
9.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 141 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509350

ABSTRACT

O câncer de cabeça e pescoço (CCP) é uma das principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade em todo mundo. Cirurgia, radioterapia (RT) e quimioterapia (QT) são os principais tratamentos empregados. Contudo, pacientes submetidos a RT e QT podem apresentar complicações como mucosite oral (MO). A terapêutica mais recomendada para MO é a fotobiomodulação (FTBM). Há diversas escalas para graduação da MO, entretanto elas apresentam limitações quando aplicadas em pacientes com CCP. Por esse motivo, foi desenvolvido uma revisão da literatura para descrever as escalas mais utilizadas e apontar as limitações. Microrganismos podem agravar a cicatrização da MO. Diante disso, a terapia fotodinâmica antimicrobiana (aPDT), poderia complementar a ação da FTBM. Assim, foi realizado estudo comparativo entre o uso da FTBM isolada e FTBM + aPDT no tratamento da MO. Mudanças no microbioma oral induzidas pela RT e seu papel no agravamento das complicações, como MO, vem sendo descrito. Em razão disso, amostras da cavidade oral dos pacientes com CCP foram coletadas com swab antes da RT (T0), entre 12 e 16 Grays (Gy) (T1), entre 30 e 36 Gy (T2) e acima de 60 Gy (T3) para caracterização molecular por meio da amplificação e sequenciamento das regiões v1-v2 do gene 16S rRNA. As escalas da World Health Organization - WHO, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group - RTOG e National Cancer Institute ­ NCI foram as mais utilizadas e todas apresentaram limitações associadas principalmente com a dificuldade de diferenciar entre os sinais e sintomas da MO e os do tumor, como por exemplo a disfagia. O estudo comparativo (FTBM isolada X FTBM + aPDT) foi composto por 14 pacientes, com câncer de boca e orofaringe submetidos a RT e QT concomitantes, com 6 pacientes no grupo FTBM isolada e 8 no grupo FTBM + aPDT. A média de redução no tamanho da MO no grupo intervenção foi de 0,70 cm2 (±0,35) e 0,30 cm2 (±1,10) no grupo controle. A média de duração foi de 18,37 dias (±12,12) para o grupo intervenção e 23 dias (±14,78) para o grupo controle. O grupo intervenção teve redução média de 3,40 pontos na escala de dor (±2,44), enquanto o grupo controle teve 0,17 (±2,28). O estudo prospectivo que avaliou o microbioma oral (filo e gênero) ao longo da RT foi composto por 49 pacientes com CCP. Intrigantemente não foi observado diferença no microbioma oral dos pacientes que apresentaram MO (n=31) daqueles que não apresentaram (n=18). Interessantemente foi observado ao final da RT (T3) diminuição de Porphyromonas (p=<0.0001), Prevotella (p=0.010), Fusobacterium (p=<0.0001), gêneros associados ao câncer. Não há uma escala ideal para a avaliação da mucosite oral em pacientes com CCP. A mensuração das lesões de MO associada aos dados de dor e duração da MO pode ser uma forma mais eficaz de avaliação. A combinação de FTBM + aPDT parece ser uma abordagem promissora para descontaminar lesões de MO. Não foi observado diferença no microbioma oral de pacientes com e sem MO. Mudanças na composição do microbioma oral foram observadas durante a RT.


Head and neck cancer (HNC) is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Surgery, radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT) are the main treatments used. However, patients undergoing RT and CT may present complications such as oral mucositis (OM). The most recommended therapy for OM is photobiomodulation (PBM-T). There are several scales for grading OM, however they have limitations when applied to patients with HNC. For this reason, a literature review was developed to describe the most used scales and point out the limitations. Microorganisms can aggravate OM healing. Therefore, antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) could complement the action of PBM-T. Thus, a comparative study was carried out between the use of PBM-T alone and PBM-T + aPDT in the treatment of OM. RT-induced changes in the oral microbiome and its role in worsening complications such as OM have been described. For this reason, samples from the oral cavity of patients with HNC were collected with a swab before RT (T0), between 12 and 16 Grays (Gy) (T1), between 30 and 36 Gy (T2) and above 60 Gy (T3) for molecular characterization through amplification and sequencing of regions v1-v2 of the 16S rRNA gene. The World Health Organization - WHO, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group - RTOG and National Cancer Institute - NCI scales were the most used and all had limitations mainly associated with the difficulty of differentiating between the signs and symptoms of OM and those of the tumor, such as example dysphagia. The comparative study (isolated PBM-T X PBM-T + aPDT) consisted of 14 patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer who underwent concomitant RT and CT, with 6 patients in the isolated PBM-T group and 8 in the PBM-T + aPDT group. The mean reduction in OM size in the intervention group was 0.70 cm2 (±0.35) and 0.30 cm2 (±1.10) in the control group. The mean duration was 18.37 days (±12.12) for the intervention group and 23 days (±14.78) for the control group. The intervention group had an average reduction of 3.40 points on the pain scale (±2.44), while the control group had 0.17 (±2.28). The prospective study that evaluated the oral microbiome (phylum and genus) during RT consisted of 49 patients with HNC. Intriguingly, no difference was observed in the oral microbiome of patients who had OM (n=31) and those who did not (n=18). Interestingly, a decrease in Porphyromonas (p=<0.0001), Prevotella (p=0.010), Fusobacterium (p=<0.0001) was observed at the end of RT (T3), genera associated with cancer. There is no ideal scale for assessing oral mucositis in patients with HNC. Measurement of OM lesions associated with data on pain and duration of OM may be a more effective form of evaluation. The combination of PBM- T + aPDT appears to be a promising approach to decontaminate OM lesions. No difference was observed in the oral microbiome of patients with and without OM. Changes in oral microbiome composition were observed during RT.


Subject(s)
Radiotherapy , Mucositis , Laser Therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220144, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529118

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare and evaluate the clinical efficacy of diode laser and cryosurgery for treating melanin pigmentation of gingiva. Material and Methods: A total of twenty-five subjects with physiological gingival pigmentation on the facial aspect of both maxillary and mandibular anterior arches (50 sites), both male and female, with an average age ranging from 18-35 years, participated in the study. The sites were randomly divided into Group I: depigmentation by Laser and Group II: depigmentation by Cryosurgery. The following parameters were assessed for the evaluation of treatment results: Melanin Oral Pigmentation Index (PI), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain evaluation and Healing index (HI). The data collected was statistically evaluated. Results: On intergroup comparison, there was no statistical difference in the score from baseline (p>0.05); however, a statistically significant difference was seen at the end of 1 year (p<0.05). Moreover, 57-60% of arches showed recurrence of pigmentation in the laser group whereas; only 12.7-17% recurrence was seen in the cryosurgery group at the end of the first year. Conclusion: Treatment of gingival hyperpigmentation with laser and cryosurgery shows a marked improvement of gingival pigmentation in both groups, but the cryosurgery depigmentation sites showed more sustainability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Hyperpigmentation/surgery , Laser Therapy/methods , Gingival Diseases , Melanins , Visual Analog Scale
11.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 422023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1521947

ABSTRACT

Introducción: De acuerdo con el avance científico y tecnológico de la sociedad, se van implementando nuevas y mejoradas técnicas en la práctica dental, que están destinadas a ofrecer tratamientos efectivos, más rápidos, conservadores y que reduzcan los niveles de miedo y ansiedad en los pacientes. Objetivo: Interpretar los beneficios de emplear laserterapia en el campo odontológico, mediante una revisión bibliográfica. Métodos: Estudio del nivel exploratorio, auxiliado por la hermenéutica para interpretar la revisión bibliográfica ejecutada. Correspondió al tipo observacional, transversal, descriptivo y retrospectivo. Las búsquedas se efectuaron en las bases de datos: Lilacs, Pubmed, Sciencedirect y se buscaron estudios clínicos aleatorizados. Resultados: Se encontraron 252 artículos, de los cuales fueron seleccionados 7 de acuerdo con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se percibieron resultados favorables sobre el láser en las especialidades de cirugía, endodoncia, periodoncia y patología oral, en comparación con las terapias consideradas como gold standard, lo que demuestra que el uso del láser es mejor o igual de efectivo que los tratamientos convencionales, ya que reduce el nivel de tiempo en las intervenciones, en tratamientos quirúrgicos evita el sangrado y el uso de sutura en algunos casos, además de que bien aceptado para pacientes porque también evita la presencia de dolor al aplicarlo. Conclusiones: Usando láser para intervenciones odontológicas se puede obtener una mejoría o al menos el mismo resultado que aplicando técnicas convencionales, lo que comprueba que es viable su uso(AU)


Introduction: In accordance with the scientific and technological progress of society, new and improved techniques are being implemented in dental practice that are aimed at offering effective, faster, and more conservative treatments that reduce the levels of fear and anxiety in patients. Objective: To interpret the benefits of using laser therapy in the dental field by means of a review of the literature. Methods: This was an exploratory study, aided by hermeneutics to interpret the literature review. It was observational, cross-sectional, descriptive, and retrospective. The searches were carried out in the following databases: Lilacs, Pubmed, Sciencedirect and randomized clinical studies were searched. Results: 252 articles were found, of which 7 were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Favorable results were found on laser in the specialties of surgery, endodontics, periodontics, and oral pathology, in comparison with therapies considered as gold standard. thus, demonstrating that the use of laser is better or equally effective than conventional treatments, since it reduces the level of time in interventions, in surgical treatments it avoids bleeding and the use of suture in some cases, besides being well accepted for patients because it also avoids the presence of pain when applying it. Conclusions: Using laser for dental interventions an improvement can be obtained or at least the same result as applying conventional techniques, which proves that its use is feasible (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Laser Therapy/methods , Databases, Bibliographic , Dentistry , Hermeneutics
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 281-285, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970995

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the optimal timing of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients presenting benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). A retrospective analysis was conducted based on the perioperative and postoperative outcome data of 1212 patients who underwent HoLEP in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital (Shanghai, China) between January 2009 and December 2018. According to the preoperative International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), all patients whom we analyzed were divided into Group A (IPSS of 8-18) and Group B (IPSS of 19-35). Peri- and postoperative outcome data were obtained during the 1-year follow-up. IPSS changes were the main postoperative outcomes. The postoperative IPSS, quality of life, peak urinary flow rate, postvoid residual, and overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) improved significantly. The IPSS improved further in the group with severe LUTS symptoms, but the postoperative IPSS was still higher than that in the moderate LUTS group. OABSSs showing moderate and severe cases after follow-up were more frequent in Group B (9.1%) than in Group A (5.2%) (P < 0.05). There were no significant intergroup differences in the intraoperative American Society of Anesthesiologists or hospitalization expense scores, and the medication costs, as well as the total costs, were significantly higher in Group B. In this retrospective study, HoLEP was an effective treatment for symptomatic BPH. For patients with LUTS, earlier surgery in patients with moderate severity may result in a marginally better 12-month IPSS than that in men with severe symptoms.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Holmium , Quality of Life , China , Treatment Outcome , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 150-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970199

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the value of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for excimer laser ablation (ELA) combined with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in treating lower limb arteriosclerotic obliterans (ASO). Methods: As a prospective case series study, patients who underwent ELA combined with DCB for lower limb ASO with the guidance of IVUS from September 2021 to March 2022 at Department of Vascular Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were enrolled prospectively. Lesion characteristics, procedure-related outcomes and complications were collected. The therapy outcomes were compared with baseline data by paired t test. Results: There were 8 males and 2 females, aged (72.0±5.9) years (range: 61 to 81 years). Of all the 11 lesions, there were 8 lesions in superficial femoral artery and 3 in popliteal artery. The lesion length was (7.0±2.4) cm (range: 3.2 to 9.8 cm). There were 4 chronic totally occlusion and 7 severe stenosis. All patients underwent the operation successfully. The technical success rate was 10/11. Bailout stenting was performed in one lesion because of flow-limiting dissection. Four lesions were grade 3 to 4 in peripheral artery calcium score system, and 9 lesions with calcification arc≥180°. Larger diameter drug-coated balloons were selected in 5 lesions after measurement of intravascular ultrasound. The follow-up time was (6.0±1.9) months (range: 3 to 9 months). The ankle-brachial index of the patient was significantly improved immediately after surgery (0.97±0.13 vs. 0.48±0.18, t=-7.60, P<0.01) and at 3 months after surgery (0.95±0.12 vs. 0.48±0.18, t=-7.17, P<0.01). The 3-month primary patency rate was 11/11, the target lesion reintervention was 0 and ulcer healing rate was 3/4. Conclusion: IVUS assisted ELA in the treatment of lower limb artery lesions is safe and effective in early stage.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Laser Therapy , Lower Extremity , Ultrasonography , Femoral Artery , Ultrasonography, Interventional
14.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(2): 57-62, Dec. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427698

ABSTRACT

Introdução: trauma de mordedura ou úlcera traumática é uma lesão aguda da mucosa oral que tem como etiologia um trauma mecânico ou irritação no tecido mole afetado. Objetivo: relatar um tratamento multidisciplinar de trauma por mordedura autoinflingida em lábio inferior. Relato do caso: paciente com 17 anos de idade, sexo masculino, paraplégico, ficou acamado devido às limitações neuromotoras e, de forma involuntária e reflexa, realizava a mordedura dos lábios. Essa movimentação traumatizava a região do lábio inferior causando a úlcera traumática, que não cicatrizava. Inicialmente foi instalado um protetor bucal de etil vinil acetato, mas o paciente não se adaptou. Então, foi realizado três sessões de laserterapia (fotobiomodulação), semanalmente e de forma pontual, ao longo da úlcera traumática, nas radiações vermelha e infravermelha (660nm; 808nm; 100mW; 2J/cm2 ­ Laser DUO MMO), aliado às bandagens elásticas (o método Therapy Taping®) para evitar a invaginação para cavidade bucal, afastando o lábio inferior dos dentes a fim de evitar o trauma da mucosa oral. Conclusão: a apresentação desse relato demonstrou algumas possibilidades de tratamento de uma lesão traumática, sendo o seu manejo ainda um grande desafio clínico na Odontologia e em especial para pacientes com deficiências motoras e ou cognitivas.


Introduction: bite trauma or traumatic ulcer is an acute injury of the oral mucosa whose etiology is mechanical trauma or irritation of the affected soft tissue. Objective: to report a multidisciplinary treatment of self-inflicted lower lip trauma. Case report: 17-year-old male patient, paraplegic, was bedridden due to neuromotor limitations and, involuntary and reflexive, bit the lips. This movement traumatized the region of the lower lip causing the traumatic ulcer, which did not heal. Initially, an ethyl vinyl acetate mouthguard was installed, but the patient did not adapt. Then, three sessions of laser therapy (photobiomodulation) was performed weekly and point, along the traumatic ulcer, in red and infrared radiation (660nm; 808nm; 100mW; 2J/cm2 ­ Laser DUO MMO), combined with elastic bandages (the Therapy Taping® method) to prevent invagination into the oral cavity, to move the lower lip away from his teeth in order to avoid trauma to the oral mucosa. Conclusion: the presentation of this report demonstrated some possibilities for the treatment of a traumatic injury, and its management is still a major clinical challenge in Dentistry, especially for patients with motor and/or cognitive impairments.


Subject(s)
Male , Adolescent , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Laser Therapy , Disabled Persons , Mouth Protectors
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(3): 644-649, 20221229. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416826

ABSTRACT

Introdução: diversos estudos têm destacado a relevância do colágeno no contexto do reparo tecidual, em especial, sob influência de diferentes terapias biomoduladoras. A análise do colágeno tem sido realizada mediante diferentes abordagens metodológicas, entre as quais se destacam as análises semiquantitativa e histomorfométrica. Objetivos: O presente estudo Objetivou comparar os Resultados de dois tipos de análise acerca da presença de fibras colágenas na matriz extracelular durante a cicatrização cutânea, em ferimentos fotobiomodulados. Metodologia: vinte ratos machos Wistar, foram submetidos à indução de uma ferida cutânea padronizada dorsal e divididos em dois grupos, Controle (GC) e Fotobiomodulado com laser (GL). Os períodos de morte corresponderam ao 5º. e 10º. dias. As secções histológicas foram coradas com Sírius vermelho para análise semiquantitativa e histomorfométrica do colágeno. Resultados: dois parâmetros foram utilizados para comparar o desfecho primário, um critério de grandeza quantitativa em porcentagem (área de colágeno), e o segundo critério semiquantitativo, com grandezas conferidas de acordo com escores que variaram de leve a intenso. Não foram observados Resultados divergentes entre os dois tipos de análise. No 5º. dia, independente do tipo de análise, constatou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o grupo controle e o submetido à Fotobiomodulação (p<0,05), embora tal efeito tenha sido considerado pequeno. Conclusão: estes dados sugerem que ambos os métodos de análise foram capazes de reproduzir Resultados semelhantes, cabendo ao pesquisador eleger aquele que melhor se adeque ao escopo de sua pesquisa.


Introduction: several studies highlighted the relevance of collagen in the context of wound healing, especially under the influence of different biomodulatory therapies. Collagen analysis has been performed using different methodological approaches, among which semi-quantitative and histomorphometric analyzes stand out. The present study aimed to compare the Results of two methods of analysis regarding the presence of collagen fibers in the extracellular matrix during wound healing, in photobiomodulated wounds. Methods: twenty male Wistar rats were submitted to the induction of a standardized dorsal skin wound and divided into two groups, Control (GC) and Laser Photobiomodulated (GL). The periods of death corresponded to the 5th. and 10th. days. Histological sections were stained with Sirius red for semiquantitative and histomorphometric analysis of collagen. Results: two parameters were used to compare the primary outcome, a quantitative magnitude criterion in percentage (collagen area), and the second semiquantitative criterion, with magnitudes conferred according to scores that varied from mild to severe. No divergent Results were observed between the two types of analysis. On the 5th. day, regardless of the type of analysis, there was a statistically significant difference between the control group and the group submitted to Photobiomodulation (p<0.05), although this effect was considered small. Conclusion:these data suggest that both analysis methods were able to reproduce similar Results, leaving the researcher to choose the one that best fits the scope of his research.


Subject(s)
Male , Rats , Wound Healing , Collagen , Rats, Wistar , Laser Therapy , Evaluation Studies as Topic
16.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 892-900, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399500

ABSTRACT

As Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PICs) apresentam-se como métodos coadjuvantes, auxiliando na obtenção de sucesso em determinados tratamentos clínicos e/ou cirúrgicos, atuando na prevenção, auxiliando na cura e no equilíbrio psicossomático com a finalidade de reestabelecer concordância entre mente e corpo. O Conselho Federal de Odontologia (CFO) regulamentou práticas como acupuntura, hipnose, terapia floral e fitoterapia, entretanto, suas aplicabilidades dependem da emissão de uma habilitação e seu devido registro no Conselho (Resolução CFO 82/2008). Para a Odontologia, as PICs proporcionam novas ferramentas para exercer um atendimento integral do ser humano. Neste trabalho, propõe-se fazer uma revisão de literatura sobre as PICs e Odontologia. Esta revisão de literatura foi realizada por meio de busca de artigos na base de dados Scielo, PubMed e Scholar Google no período de 2000 a 2021. Foram encontrados artigos sobre as seguintes PICs atuando conjuntamente com a Odontologia: terapias florais, acupuntura, hipnodontia, ozonioterapia, laserterapia, fitoterapia, homeopatia e odontologia antroposófica. Essas práticas apresentam grande valia, pois promovem o bem-estar sem causar dano ao indivíduo, apresentando poucos ou nenhum efeito colateral possibilitando maior segurança aos pacientes, além de favorecer a relação entre paciente e cirurgião-dentista, otimizando o tempo de trabalho no consultório odontológico e reduzindo custos.


Integrative and Complementary Practices (PICs) are presented as supporting methods, helping to achieve success in certain clinical and/or surgical treatments, acting in prevention, assisting in healing and psychosomatic balance in order to reestablish agreement between mind and body. . The Federal Council of Dentistry (CFO) has regulated practices such as acupuncture, hypnosis, floral therapy and herbal medicine, however, their applicability depends on the issuance of a license and its proper registration with the Council (Resolution CFO 82/2008). For Dentistry, PICs provide new tools to provide comprehensive care to human beings. In this work, we propose to review the literature on PICs and Dentistry. This literature review was carried out by searching articles in the Scielo, PubMed and Scholar Google databases from 2000 to 2021. Articles were found on the following PICs working together with Dentistry: floral therapies, acupuncture, hypnodontics, ozone therapy , laser therapy, phytotherapy, homeopathy and anthroposophic dentistry. These practices are of great value, as they promote well-being without causing harm to the individual, presenting few or no side effects, allowing greater safety for patients, in addition to favoring the relationship between patient and dentist, optimizing working time in the dental office and reducing costs.


Las Prácticas Integrativas y Complementarias (PIC) se presentan como métodos coadyuvantes, ayudando a obtener el éxito en determinados tratamientos clínicos y/o quirúrgicos, actuando en la prevención, ayudando en la cura y en el equilibrio psicosomático con el fin de restablecer la concordancia entre mente y cuerpo. El Consejo Federal de Odontología (CFO) ha regulado prácticas como la acupuntura, la hipnosis, la terapia floral y la fitoterapia, sin embargo, su aplicabilidad depende de la emisión de un título y su correcto registro en el Consejo (Resolución CFO 82/2008). Para la odontología, los PIC aportan nuevas herramientas para la atención integral del ser humano. En este trabajo, nos proponemos hacer una revisión bibliográfica sobre los PIC y la Odontología. Esta revisión bibliográfica se realizó mediante la búsqueda de artículos en las bases de datos Scielo, PubMed y Scholar Google desde el año 2000 hasta el 2021. Se encontraron artículos sobre los siguientes CFP que actúan conjuntamente con la Odontología: terapias florales, acupuntura, hipnodoncia, ozonoterapia, terapia láser, fitoterapia, homeopatía y odontología antroposófica. Estas prácticas tienen un gran valor porque promueven el bienestar sin causar daño al individuo, presentando pocos o ningún efecto secundario, proporcionando mayor seguridad a los pacientes, y favoreciendo la relación entre el paciente y el dentista, optimizando el tiempo de trabajo en el consultorio y reduciendo los costos.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Dentistry/methods , Dentists/education , Anthroposophy/history , Anxiety/therapy , Complementary Therapies/methods , Acupuncture Therapy/instrumentation , Laser Therapy/instrumentation , Ozone Therapy , Floral Therapy , Hypnosis/instrumentation , Phytotherapy/instrumentation
17.
Medisan ; 26(4)jul.-ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405825

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El conocimiento sobre laserterapia es necesario en los profesionales de las especialidades médicas y estomatológicas, a fin de emplearla apropiadamente en los pacientes. Objetivo: Identificar la necesidad de conocimientos sobre laserterapia en profesionales de estomatología. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal, desde marzo de 2020 hasta abril de 2021, en 60 profesionales del Servicio de Estomatología del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, en quienes se aplicó una encuesta cuyas respuestas fueron catalogadas en adecuadas e inadecuadas. Asimismo, se utilizaron métodos empíricos y estadísticos para el análisis de los resultados. Resultados: La mayoría de los encuestados habían obtenido los conocimientos en la formación de pregrado; asimismo, se obtuvo un porcentaje superior de respuestas adecuadas en cuanto a las propiedades de la terapia con láser, las precauciones para su aplicación y las contraindicaciones relacionadas con el tratamiento quirúrgico. Al analizar el conocimiento según categoría profesional, se pudo comprobar que los especialistas poseían una noción más adecuada acerca del tema que el resto de los participantes en la investigación. Conclusiones: Los profesionales mostraron conocimientos insuficientes para aplicar la laserterapia; por ende, se requiere trazar una estrategia de superación que posibilite capacitarles en tan importante tema.


Introduction: Knowledge on lasertherapy is necessary in professionals of medical and stomatological specialities, so as to use them properly in patients. Objective: To identify the scarce knowledge on lasertherapy in stomatology professionals. Methods: A descriptive and crossed-sectional study was carried out from March 2020 to April, 2021, in 60 professionals in the stomatological service from Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, in whom a survey was applied and their answers were classified as adequate or inadequate. Likewise, empiric and statistics methods were used for the analysis of results. Results: Most of the surveyed professionals had acquired knowlegde during their pre-degree training, in the same way, a higher percentage of adequate answers was obtained regarding the properties of therapy with laser, meassures for its use, and contraindications related to surgical treatment. When analizing knowledge according to professional categories, it could be proven that specialists had a more adequate notion on the topic than the rest of participants in the study. Conclusions: Professional showed scarce knowledge on to use lasertherapy; so, it is required to elaborate a training estrategy to prepare them in such an important topic.


Subject(s)
Dentists , Laser Therapy , Oral Medicine
18.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(2): 1100821, may.-ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417552

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: La leucoplasia oral es el desorden maligno de la mucosa bucal más prevalente a nivel global y su manejo clínico sigue siendo un desafío. Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática para determinar la eficacia clínica de la terapia fotodinámica mediada por ácido 5-aminolevulínico tópico como una alternativa de quimio-prevención para las diferen- tes formas clínicas de la leucoplasia oral. Materiales y métodos: Empleando términos MeSH, se realizó una búsqueda exhaustiva en diferentes bases digi- tales de ensayos clínicos publicados en inglés en los últimos 30 años acerca del uso de la terapia fotodinámica mediada por ácido 5-aminolevulínico tópico como fotosensibilizador, y radiación láser de baja intensidad o luz LED como posibles fuentes de iluminación. Resultados: La revisión sistematizada que aplicó la guía PRISMA mostró una eficacia del 88,6% para este modo de fototerapia en el manejo de leucoplasias orales, con un 60,7% de respuesta completa y 27,9% de respuesta parcial. Además, el tamaño de efecto fue mayor para las formas clíni- cas homogéneas con cambios displásicos, independientemen- te del tipo de fuente de luz. La ausencia de respuesta fue del 11,4%, pero la evidencia empleada en este análisis fue mo- derada. Conclusión: La terapia fotodinámica mediada por áci- do 5-aminolevulínico tópico parece ser una alternativa útil en el manejo onco-preventivo de lesiones de leucoplasia oral. Sin embargo, es recomendable ejecutar ensayos clínicos controla- dos y aleatorizados con metodologías homogéneas que per- mitan generar un meta-análisis con un alto nivel de evidencia


Aim: Oral leukoplakia is globally the most prevalent ma- lignant disorder of the oral mucosa and its clinical manage- ment remains a challenge. A systematic review was carried out to determine the clinical efficacy of photodynamic therapy mediated by topical 5-aminolevulinic acid as an alternative for chemoprevention in the different clinical forms of oral leu- koplakia. Materials and methods: Using MeSH terms, an ex- haustive search was carried out in different digital databases of clinical trials published in English in the last 30 years on the use of photodynamic therapy mediated by topical 5-ami- nolevulinic acid as a photosensitizer, and low-intensity laser radiation or LED light as possible lighting sources. Results: The systematized review using PRISMA guide- lines showed an efficacy of 88.6% for this mode of photother- apy in the management of oral leukoplakias, based on 60.7% of complete response and 27.9% of partial response. In addi- tion, the effect size was larger in homogeneous clinical forms with dysplastic changes, regardless of the type of light source. There was an 11.4% of absence of response, but the evidence used in this analysis was moderate. Conclusion: Photodynamic therapy mediated by topical 5-aminolevulinic acid seems to be a useful alternative in the onco-preventive management of oral leukoplakia lesions. However, it is recommendable to perform controlled and ran- domized clinical trials with homogeneous methodologies that allow the generation of a meta-analysis with a high level of evidence (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Photochemotherapy/methods , Leukoplakia, Oral/drug therapy , Aminolevulinic Acid , Leukoplakia, Oral/prevention & control , Treatment Outcome , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Laser Therapy/methods
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 203-206, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389839

ABSTRACT

Resumen El neurofibroma laríngeo es poco frecuente, representa menos del 0,1% de las neoplasias benignas de la laringe. Puede presentarse aislado, o más comúnmente asociado a neurofibromatosis tipo I. Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 40 años, ya diagnosticado de neurofibromatosis tipo I, que presenta masa supraglótica submucosa asintomática, diagnosticada como hallazgo casual en una intubación por una cirugía previa programada.


Abstract Laryngeal neurofibroma is rare, representing less than 0.1% of benign tumors of the larynx. It can occur in isolation or more commonly associated with type I neurofibromatosis. The case of a 40-year-old male patient, already diagnosed with type I neurofibromatosis, is presented with an asymptomatic submucosal supraglottic mass, diagnosed as a chance finding in intubation due to a previous scheduled surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neurofibromatosis 1/diagnostic imaging , Larynx/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Laser Therapy/methods
20.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 25(288): 7826-7840, maio.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372446

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Avaliar a eficácia dos protocolos de aplicação transcutânea do Intravenous Laser Irradiation of Blood 30' e 60', sobre os efeitos adversos no tecido hematopoiético por agentes quimioterápicos antineoplásicos endovenosos em adultos. Método. Ensaio clínico, randomizado e unicego, realizado em serviço ambulatorial de quimioterapia de hospital público do estado de São Paulo realizado de abril de 2018 a março de 2019. A amostra constituiu de 55 pacientes com tumores sólidos, a partir do segundo ciclo de tratamento com fármacos endovenosos citotóxicos para o tecido hematopoiético. O comprimento de onda utilizado foi de 660 nm, por via transcutânea, sob artéria radial. Resultado. Comparado ao tipo de hemocomponente, obtivemos, respectivamente aos protocolos do Intravenous Laser Irradiation of Blood 30' e 60': hemoglobina (85%; 86%), plaquetas (100%; 100%) e neutrófilos (95%; 92%). Conclusão. Considerou-se ambos os protocolos eficazes e, portanto, sugere-se implantá-los em unidades de quimioterapia(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the protocols for transcutaneous application of the Intravenous Laser Irradiation of Blood 30' and 60', on the adverse effects on hematopoietic tissue by intravenous antineoplastic chemotherapeutic agents in adults. Method. Clinical, randomized and single-blind trial, carried out in an outpatient chemotherapy service of a public hospital in the state of São Paulo, carried out from April 2018 to March 2019. The sample consisted of 55 patients with solid tumors, from the second cycle of treatment with cytotoxic intravenous drugs for hematopoietic tissue. The wavelength used was 660 nm, transcutaneously, under the radial artery. Result. Compared to the type of blood component, we obtained, respectively from the Intravenous Laser Irradiation of Blood 30' and 60' protocols: hemoglobin (85%; 86%), platelets (100%; 100%) and neutrophils (95%; 92%). Conclusion. Both protocols were considered effective and, therefore, it is suggested to implant them in chemotherapy units.(AU)


Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad de los protocolos de aplicación transcutánea de Irradiación Láser Intravenosa de Sangre 30' y 60', sobre los efectos adversos sobre el tejido hematopoyético por agentes quimioterápicos antineoplásicos intravenosos en adultos. Método. Ensayo clínico, aleatorizado y simple ciego, realizado en un servicio de quimioterapia ambulatoria de un hospital público del estado de São Paulo, realizado de abril de 2018 a marzo de 2019. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 55 pacientes con tumores sólidos, del segundo ciclo. del tratamiento con fármacos intravenosos citotóxicos para el tejido hematopoyético. La longitud de onda utilizada fue de 660 nm, por vía transcutánea, bajo la arteria radial. Resultado. En comparación con el tipo de componente sanguíneo, obtuvimos, respectivamente, de los protocolos de Irradiación Intravenosa con Láser de Sangre 30' y 60': hemoglobina (85%; 86%), plaquetas (100%; 100%) y neutrófilos (95%; 92%). %). Conclusión. Ambos os protocolos se consideraron efectivos, por lo que se sugiere implantarlos en las unidades de quimioterapia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Laser Therapy/nursing , Hematopoietic System , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Clinical Protocols , Treatment Outcome
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