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1.
RECIIS (Online) ; 18(1)jan.-mar. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1553570

ABSTRACT

O ensino remoto emergencial ocasionou mudanças no processo de ensino-aprendizagem, requisitando criatividade e incorporação de novas estratégias pedagógicas. Aqui, o objetivo é descrever a experiência de ensino-aprendizagem na disciplina educação em saúde, no contexto da pandemia de covid-19. Trata-se de um relato de experiência sobre o ensino remoto de educação em saúde no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva da Universidade Estadual do Ceará, no período letivo 2021.1. A disciplina foi ministrada por meio da plataforma Google Meet®, adotando-se estratégias ativas de ensino-aprendizagem. Os conteúdos mostraram--se relevantes. Ademais, a experiência promoveu a articulação teórico-prática, valorizou os saberes prévios dos pós-graduandos e estimulou a interatividade. Buscou-se superar o modelo tradicional de ensino, com vistas a propiciar autonomia e uma aprendizagem significativa. Os desafios encontrados e as possibilidades identificadas permitem a reflexão sobre a práxis docente, no que tange ao estímulo à participação e ao engajamento discente em ambiente virtual, além da incorporação de estratégias ativas de ensino, sobretudo no ensino remoto.


Emergency remote teaching caused changes in the teaching-learning process, requiring creativity and the incorporation of new pedagogical strategies. Here, the objective is to describe the teaching-learning experience in the health education discipline, in the context of the covid-19 pandemic. This is an experience report on remote teaching of health education in the postgraduate program in public health, at the Ceará State University, Brazil, in the 2021.1 academic period. The classes were given using the Google Meet® platform, adopting active teaching-learning strategies. The contents proved to be relevant. Moreover, the experience promoted theoretical-practical articulation, valued the prior knowledge of the postgraduate students and encouraged interactivity. We sought to overcome the traditional teaching model, in order to provide autonomy and a meaningful learning. The challenges experienced and the possibilities identified allow reflection on teaching practice in terms of encouraging student participation and engagement in a virtual environment, in addition to the incorporation of active teaching strategies in especially remote teaching.


La educación remota de emergencia provocó cambios en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, requiriendo creatividad y la incorporación de nuevas estrategias pedagógicas. El objetivo aquí es describir la experiencia de enseñanza-aprendizaje en la disciplina educación para la salud, en el contexto de la pandemia covid-19. Se trata de un relato de experiencia sobre la enseñanza remota de educación para la salud en el programa de posgrado en Salud Pública, de la Universidad Estadual de Ceará, en el período académico 2021.1. El curso se impartió utilizando la plataforma Google Meet®, adoptando estrategias activas de enseñanza-aprendi-zaje. Los contenidos han demonstrado ser relevantes. Además, la experiencia fomentó la articulación teó-rico-práctica, valoró los conocimientos previos de los estudiantes de posgrado y impulsó la interactividad. Buscamos superar el modelo de enseñanza tradicional, con el propósito de proporcionar autonomía y un aprendizaje significativo. Los desafíos enfrentados y las posibilidades identificadas permiten reflexionar sobre la práctica docente, en relación a incentivar la participación y el compromiso de los estudiantes en un ambiente virtual, además de la incorporación de estrategias activas en la enseñanza remota.


Subject(s)
Teaching , Health Education , Education, Distance , COVID-19 , Public Health , Education , Social Media , Learning
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 51-63, 20240102. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526804

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El uso de la inteligencia artificial (IA) en la educación ha sido objeto de una creciente atención en los últimos años. La IA se ha utilizado para mejorar la personalización del aprendizaje, la retroalimentación y la evaluación de los estudiantes. Sin embargo, también hay desafíos y limitaciones asociados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar las principales tendencias y áreas de aplicación de la inteligencia artificial en la educación, así como analizar los beneficios y limitaciones de su uso en este ámbito. Métodos. Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática que exploró el empleo de la inteligencia artificial en el ámbito educativo. Esta revisión siguió una metodología de investigación basada en la búsqueda de literatura, compuesta por cinco etapas. La investigación se realizó utilizando Scopus como fuente de consulta primaria y se empleó la herramienta VOSviewer para analizar los resultados obtenidos. Resultados. Se encontraron numerosos estudios que investigan el uso de la IA en la educación. Los resultados sugieren que la IA puede mejorar significativamente la personalización del aprendizaje, proporcionando recomendaciones de actividades y retroalimentación adaptadas a las necesidades individuales de cada estudiante. Conclusiones. A pesar de las ventajas del uso de la IA en la educación, también hay desafíos y limitaciones que deben abordarse, como la calidad de los datos utilizados por la IA, la necesidad de capacitación para educadores y estudiantes, y las preocupaciones sobre la privacidad y la seguridad de los datos de los estudiantes. Es importante seguir evaluando los efectos del uso de la IA en la educación para garantizar su uso efectivo y responsable.


Introduction. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in education has been the subject of increasing attention in recent years. AI has been used to improve personalized learning, feedback, and student assessment. However, there are also challenges and limitations. The aim of this study was to identify the main trends and areas of application of artificial intelligence in education, as well as to analyze the benefits and limitations of its use in this field. Methods. A systematic review was carried out on the use of artificial intelligence in education, using a literature search research methodology with five stages, based on the Scopus query and the tool for analyzing results with VOSviewer. Results. Numerous studies investigating the use of AI in education were found. The results suggest that AI can significantly improve personalized learning by providing activity recommendations and feedback tailored to the individual needs of each student. Conclusions. Despite the advantages of using AI in education, there are also challenges and limitations that need to be addressed, such as the quality of data used by AI, the need for training for educators and students, and concerns about the privacy and security of student data. It is important to continue evaluating the effects of AI use in education to ensure its effective and responsible use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Education , Learning , Software , Educational Measurement , Formative Feedback
3.
Psicol. USP ; 35: e220047, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1550633

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo qualitativo visou compreender a experiência de oito casais de adultos jovens em coabitação durante a pandemia de covid-19 e as repercussões do período na vida conjugal. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas, seis presenciais e duas online, com casais heterossexuais, sem filhos, que coabitavam há menos de três anos. A análise temática reflexiva gerou três temas: desafios e dificuldades na pandemia; aproximação entre o casal; ganhos e aprendizados. Níveis aumentados de estresse, insegurança e ansiedade, sensação de sobrecarga e de privação devido às medidas de distanciamento social, dificuldades na delimitação dos espaços individuais dentro de casa e aumento nos conflitos conjugais foram os principais desafios relatados. Apesar disso, o enfrentamento colaborativo resultou em maior intimidade e no fortalecimento do vínculo conjugal, aumentando o compromisso com a relação. Tais resultados ilustram como um contexto pandêmico pode impactar relacionamentos durante o início da coabitação.


Abstract This qualitative study investigated the cohabitation experience of eight young adult couples during in the pandemic and its repercussions on marital life. Semi structured interviews were conducted, six in-person and two online, with childfree heterosexual couples living together for less than three years. The reflexive thematic analysis generated three themes: pandemic-related challenges and difficulties, couple bonding, gains and learnings. Increased levels of stress, insecurity and anxiety, a sense of of overload and deprivation due to social distancing measures, difficulties in delimiting individual spaces within the home and an increase in marital conflicts were the main challenges reported. Conversely, the ability to collaboratively cope with these challenges resulted in more intimacy and strengthened the marital bond, generating greater couple commitment. These findings illustrate how pandemics can impact relationships during the beginning of cohabitation.


Resumen Este estudio cualitativo tuvo como objetivo comprender las experiencias de ocho parejas de adultos jóvenes en cohabitación en el transcurso de la pandemia del covid-19 y sus repercusiones en la vida conyugal. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, seis presenciales y dos en línea, con parejas heterosexuales, sin hijos, que vivían en cohabitación hace menos de tres años. El análisis temático reflexivo generó tres temas: desafíos y dificultades en la pandemia, acercamiento entre la pareja, conquistas y aprendizajes. El aumento de los niveles de estrés, inseguridad y ansiedad, los sentimientos de sobrecarga y privación por las medidas de distanciamiento social, las dificultades para delimitar los espacios individuales dentro del hogar y el aumento de los conflictos conyugales fueron los principales desafíos informados. Además, afrontar estos desafíos de forma colaborativa redundó en mayor intimidad y en el fortalecimiento del vínculo conyugal, repercutiendo en el aumento del compromiso con la relación. Estos resultados muestran cómo el contexto pandémico puede impactar el comienzo de la convivencia de las relaciones de pareja.


Résumé Cette étude qualitative a examiné l'expérience de cohabitation de huit jeunes couples adultes pendant la pandémie et ses répercussions sur la vie conjugale. Des entretiens semi-directifs ont été réalisés, six face-à-face et deux en ligne, auprès de couples hétérosexuels sans enfants vivant ensemble depuis moins de trois ans. L'analyse thématique réflexive a dégagé trois thèmes: les défis et difficultés liés à la pandémie, le lien du couple, les acquis et les enseignements. Des niveaux accrus de stress, d'insécurité et d'anxiété, des sentiments de surcharge et de privation dus aux mesures de distanciation sociale, des difficultés à délimiter les espaces individuels chez eux et une augmentation des conflits conjugaux sont les principaux défis signalés. Cependant, la capacité à faire face ensemble à ces défis a permis d'accroître l'intimité et de renforcer le lien conjugal, générant ainsi un plus grand engagement du couple. Ces résultats illustrent l'impact que les pandémies peuvent avoir sur les relations au début de la cohabitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Social Isolation , Marriage/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Interpersonal Relations , Anxiety , Qualitative Research , Family Conflict , Psychological Distress , Learning
4.
Edumecentro ; 162024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550232

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el desarrollo de preferencias con respecto a los estilos de aprendizaje de un estudiante universitario sufre variaciones porque la nueva era tecnológica provoca un cambio en la manera en que se aprende, dado por un punto convergente: las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación y el uso del teléfono inteligente, entre otros dispositivos digitales. Objetivo: explicar aspectos conceptuales y metodológicos que establecen la necesidad de un adecuado binomio estilos de aprendizaje-TIC en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje (PEA) de la educación superior actual. Métodos: mediante el análisis documental se revisó la bibliografía en español e inglés entre 2012 y 2022, se emplearon las bases de datos: Redalyc, Dialnet, SciELO, y Google Scholar. Las palabras clave fueron: estilos de aprendizaje, tecnologías de la información y la comunicación y proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje. Los criterios de selección se aplicaron a 145 fuentes bibliográficas identificadas inicialmente y fueron seleccionados 25 artículos. Desarrollo: se confrontaron criterios y se emitieron juicios relacionados con la necesidad de preparación de los docentes universitarios para utilizar las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje, teniendo en cuenta los estilos de aprendizaje de los estudiantes. Conclusiones: los estudiantes universitarios han desarrollado los estilos de aprendizaje en función de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación, lo cual exige la preparación docente en función de aplicar estrategias metodológicas contextualizadas para el logro de un adecuado binomio estilos de aprendizaje-Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación, que garantice un mejor ejercicio de su profesión.


Introduction: the development of preferences with respect to the learning styles of a university student, it undergoes variations because the new technological era causes a change in the way in which one learns, given by a converging point: Information and Communication Technologies and the use of the smartphone, among other e- devices. Objective: explain conceptual and methodological aspects that establish the need for an adequate binomial of learning styles-ICT in the teaching-learning process (TLP) of current higher education. Methods: through documentary analysis, the bibliography was reviewed in Spanish and English from 2012 to 2022, the databases were used: Redalyc, Dialnet, SciELO, and Google Scholar. The keywords were: learning styles, information and communication technologies and teaching-learning process. The selection criteria were applied to 145 bibliographic sources initially identified and 25 articles were selected. Development: criteria were compared, and judgments were made related to the need to prepare university teachers to use Information and Communication Technologies in the teaching-learning process, considering the learning styles of the students. Conclusions: university students have developed learning styles based on Information and Communication Technologies, which requires teacher preparation based on applying contextualized methodological strategies to achieve an adequate binomial of learning styles-Information and Communication Technologies, which guarantees a better exercise of their profession.


Subject(s)
Learning , Students , Teaching , Tics , Faculty
5.
Edumecentro ; 162024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550230

ABSTRACT

Introducción: estudiar la realidad educativa en el campo de la integración de los contenidos permite diseñar acciones para perfeccionar el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje en las universidades. Objetivo: fundamentar las bases teóricas que sustentan la integración en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje de las ciencias básicas biomédicas, así como aspectos relativos a su concepción. Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre la integración de los contenidos, se consideraron artículos originales y de revisión publicados entre 2017 y 2022 en español, portugués e inglés, en revistas nacionales e internacionales indexadas y en bases de datos reconocidas: Scopus, Scielo y Google Académico. Fueron revisados 59 artículos y se seleccionaron 23. Las palabras claves utilizadas fueron: integración, enseñanza aprendizaje y ciencias básicas biomédicas. Desarrollo: la integración de los contenidos potencia el dominio de estos, unido al desarrollo de métodos investigativos y los impactos de la ciencia, la tecnología, la sociedad y el ambiente. El logro de un profesional preparado para desempeñarse con éxito depende del proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje desarrollado por todas las asignaturas integralmente, desde lo académico, lo laboral y lo investigativo. La integración de las dimensiones esenciales: instructiva, educativa y desarrolladora promueve la motivación por el estudio y asegura la formación integral del estudiante. Conclusiones: la integración de las ciencias básicas biomédicas constituye una tarea de primer orden, el estudio y determinación de los referentes y fundamentos teórico-metodológicos que la sustentan requiere redimensionar su definición y la caracterización de integración en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje.


Introduction: studying the educational reality in the field of content integration allows us to designer actions to improve the teaching-learning process in universities. Objective: to support the theoretical bases that allows the integration in the teaching-learning process of basic biomedical sciences, as well as aspects related to its conception. Methods: a bibliographic review was carried out on the integration of the contents, original and review articles published from 2017 to 2022 in Spanish, Portuguese, and English in indexed national and international journals and in recognized databases were considered: Scopus, Scielo and Academic google. 59 articles were reviewed and 23 were selected. The key words used were integration, teaching-learning and basic biomedical sciences. Development: the integration of content enhances their mastery, together with the development of researching methods and the impacts of science, technology, society, and the environment. The achievement of a professional prepared to perform successfully depends on the teaching-learning process developed by all subjects comprehensively, from academic, work and research. The integration of the essential dimensions: instructional, educational, and developmental promotes motivation for study and ensures the comprehensive training of the student. Conclusions: the integration of basic biomedical sciences constitutes a first-order task, the study and determination of the theoretical-methodological references and foundations that support it requires resizing its definition and the characterization of integration in the teaching-learning process.


Subject(s)
Teaching , Curriculum , Education, Medical , Education, Professional , Learning
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e240735, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537142

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the opinion of the students on the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on theoretical knowledge and clinical practice in dentistry at the Piracicaba Dental School ­ FOP/UNICAMP. Methods: A questionnaire was applied using the Google Forms platform, containing 20 questions related to the impacts of the pandemic on knowledge, mental health, and clinical and laboratory practice of dentistry. The satisfaction of the students with teaching was also evaluated. A total of 120 questionnaires were analyzed using R software, through tables and graphs of absolute and relative frequencies distribution. Results: COVID-19 affected the lives of 99% students who participated in the study. Due to distance learning resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, 50% of the students considered locking or dropping out of college. Operative dentistry was the curricular component most affected by distance and lack of clinical practice. Although most students agreed that the workload of practical disciplines was or would be replaced, 95% felt some kind of deficit in clinical and laboratory practice even with the replacement of the workload. In addition, 93.3% of the students were afraid of not becoming a qualified professional due to the deficiencies on theoretical knowledge and clinical practice caused by the pandemic. Conclusions: Students showed dissatisfaction with the deficiency of clinical and laboratory practice resulting from the pandemic in operative dentistry curricular component. They reported fear and insecurity with their future professional lives. The indication of remote classes for dentistry should only be carried out in emergencies because this is an essentially practical course that suffers losses in learning


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Dentistry, Operative , COVID-19 , Learning
7.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 29: e54827, 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529189

ABSTRACT

RESUMO. Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar o conhecimento de crianças e pré-adolescentes em relação aos termos que designam as forças de caráter e compreender como percebem a expressão desses traços nos próprios comportamentos e nos de outras pessoas. Foram entrevistados 17 participantes, de oito a 13 anos (M = 10,6; DP = 1,5). Para cada força foram feitas sete perguntas, que investigavam a definição do termo e exemplos da expressão da força nos outros e nos próprios entrevistados. As entrevistas foram gravadas e transcritas para análise de conteúdo, ao fim gerando categorias para cada força. As forças descritas com maior facilidade pelos participantes e suas respectivas definições foram criatividade (capacidade de criar coisas), curiosidade e amor ao aprendizado (busca de conhecimento e novas experiências), honestidade (falar a verdade), amor (comportamento de dar carinho), bondade (ajudar e cuidar do outro), trabalho em equipe (realização de trabalhos colaborativos em brincadeiras ou atividades escolares), perdão (08 categorias a respeito de sua definição, sem destaque para alguma) e esperança (desejar acontecimento futuro). Esses achados podem tornar mais acessível o desenvolvimento e a avaliação das forças nessa faixa etária.


RESUMEN. Este estudio buscó analizar el conocimiento de niños y pre-adolescentes sobre los términos que fueron designados como fortalezas de carácter, y comprender cómo perciben estos rasgos en sus proprios comportamientos y en los de otras personas. Diecisiete participantes entre ocho y trece años fueron entrevistados (M = 10.6; SD = 1.5). Para cada fortaleza, se hicieron siete preguntas, que investigaron la definición del término y ejemplos prácticos de su expresión. Las entrevistas fueron grabadas y transcritas para el análisis de contenido, creando categorías para cada fortaleza. Las fortalezas descritas por los participantes con mayor facilidad y sus respectivas definiciones fueron: creatividad (capacidad de crear cosas), curiosidad y amor por el aprendizaje (búsqueda de conocimiento y nuevas experiencias), honestidad (decir la verdad), amor (comportamientos afectivos), amabilidad (ayudar y cuidar a los demás), trabajo en equipo (desempeño del trabajo colaborativo en juegos o actividades escolares), perdón (ocho categorías con respecto a su definición, sin énfasis en ninguna) y esperanza (deseo por un evento futuro). Estos hallazgos pueden facilitar el desarrollo y la evaluación de las fortalezas con este grupo de edad.


ABSTRACT This study aims to analyze the children and pre-adolescents' knowledge regarding terms that designate character strengths and to understand how they perceive the expression of these traits in their and other people's behavior. Seventeen participants aged eight to thirteen were interviewed (M = 10.6; SD = 1.5). For each strength, seven questions were asked, which investigated the definition and examples of the strength expression. The interviews were recorded and transcribed for content analysis, generating categories for each strength. The strengths most easily described by the participants and their respective definitions were: creativity (ability to create things), curiosity and love for learning (searching for knowledge and new experiences), honesty (speaking the truth), love (acts involving affection), kindness (helping and caring for others), teamwork (collaborative works in games or school activities), forgiveness (eight categories regarding their definition, without highlighting any) and hope (longing for a future event). These findings may make developing and evaluating character strengths in this age group more accessible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Character , Child , Comprehension , Behavior , Creativity , Education, Primary and Secondary , Exploratory Behavior , Forgiveness , Hope , Psychology, Positive/education , Group Dynamics/psychology , Learning , Love
8.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 47-54, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012452

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Folkloric claims have surrounded essential oils, including their enhancement of learning and memory through inhalational exposure. Few studies in humans have shown a benefit in cognition, albeit incremental. However, this benefit may not be entirely attributable to the essential oil aroma but may be confounded by psychological associations. We investigated rosemary, peppermint, lemon, and coffee aromas in a learning and memory model of Drosophila melanogaster to eliminate this confounder.@*Methods@#We screened for concentrations of the four treatments that are non-stimulatory for altered locomotory behavior in the flies. At these concentrations, we determined if they were chemoneutral (i.e., neither chemoattractant nor chemorepellent) to the flies. Learning and memory of the flies exposed to these aromas were determined using an Aversive Phototaxis Suppression (APS) assay.@*Results@#The aromas of rosemary, peppermint, and lemon that did not elicit altered mobility in the flies were from dilute essential oil solutions that ranged from 0.2 to 0.5% v/v; whereas for the aroma in coffee, it was at a higher concentration of 7.5% m/v. At these concentrations, the aromas used were found to be chemoneutral towards the flies. We observed no improvement in both learning and memory in the four aromas tested. While a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in learning was observed when flies were treated with the aromas of rosemary, peppermint, and coffee, a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in memory was only observed in the peppermint aroma treatment.@*Conclusion@#This study demonstrated that in the absence of psychological association, the four aromas do not enhance learning and memory


Subject(s)
Drosophila melanogaster , Learning , Memory , Rosmarinus , Mentha piperita , Citrus , Coffea
9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 267-276, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010334

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine (CM) diagnosis intellectualization is one of the hotspots in the research of CM modernization. The traditional CM intelligent diagnosis models transform the CM diagnosis issues into classification issues, however, it is difficult to solve the problems such as excessive or similar categories. With the development of natural language processing techniques, text generation technique has become increasingly mature. In this study, we aimed to establish the CM diagnosis generation model by transforming the CM diagnosis issues into text generation issues. The semantic context characteristic learning capacity was enhanced referring to Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (BILSTM) with Transformer as the backbone network. Meanwhile, the CM diagnosis generation model Knowledge Graph Enhanced Transformer (KGET) was established by introducing the knowledge in medical field to enhance the inferential capability. The KGET model was established based on 566 CM case texts, and was compared with the classic text generation models including Long Short-Term Memory sequence-to-sequence (LSTM-seq2seq), Bidirectional and Auto-Regression Transformer (BART), and Chinese Pre-trained Unbalanced Transformer (CPT), so as to analyze the model manifestations. Finally, the ablation experiments were performed to explore the influence of the optimized part on the KGET model. The results of Bilingual Evaluation Understudy (BLEU), Recall-Oriented Understudy for Gisting Evaluation 1 (ROUGE1), ROUGE2 and Edit distance of KGET model were 45.85, 73.93, 54.59 and 7.12, respectively in this study. Compared with LSTM-seq2seq, BART and CPT models, the KGET model was higher in BLEU, ROUGE1 and ROUGE2 by 6.00-17.09, 1.65-9.39 and 0.51-17.62, respectively, and lower in Edit distance by 0.47-3.21. The ablation experiment results revealed that introduction of BILSTM model and prior knowledge could significantly increase the model performance. Additionally, the manual assessment indicated that the CM diagnosis results of the KGET model used in this study were highly consistent with the practical diagnosis results. In conclusion, text generation technology can be effectively applied to CM diagnostic modeling. It can effectively avoid the problem of poor diagnostic performance caused by excessive and similar categories in traditional CM diagnostic classification models. CM diagnostic text generation technology has broad application prospects in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Asian People , Language , Learning
10.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3902, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441991

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: verificar las implicaciones de las actividades prácticas en el Laboratorio de Habilidad y Simulación relacionadas con la motivación y los sentimientos expresados por los estudiantes universitarios cuando regresan a las actividades presenciales luego del aislamiento social ocasionado por la pandemia del COVID-19. Método: estudio cuasiexperimental, con un solo grupo y del tipo pre y postest, realizado mediante una intervención educativa basada en el entrenamiento de habilidades en administración de medicamentos y venopunción, con estudiantes de medicina de una universidad pública brasileña. La muestra estuvo conformada por 47 estudiantes. Para la recolección de datos se utilizaron los instrumentos de caracterización y autopercepción de los individuos y la Escala de Motivación Situacional. Resultados: en la muestra, el 98% mencionó la falta de actividades prácticas durante la pandemia. El sentimiento descrito con mayor frecuencia fue la ansiedad. Después de realizar la actividad, hubo un cambio en la frecuencia de los sentimientos expresados, aunque no hubo un cambio significativo en los niveles de motivación. Regulación Externa (5,1 - 5,6), Regulación Identificada (6,1 - 6,4) y Motivación Intrínseca (5,6 - 6,0) presentaron resultados altos, demostrando similitud con los sentimientos relatados por los estudiantes. Conclusión: la motivación es fundamental para un aprendizaje efectivo y el uso de metodologías activas refuerza de manera efectiva las habilidades construidas en los estudiantes frente al proceso de aprendizaje.


Objective: to verify the implications of practical activities in the Skills and Simulation Laboratory on the motivation and feelings expressed by undergraduate students when returning to face-to-face activities after the social isolation caused by COVID-19 pandemic. Method: a quasi-experimental study, with a single group and of the pre- and post-test type, carried out through an educational intervention based on skills training on medication administration and venipuncture, with medical students from a Brazilian public university. The sample was comprised by 47 students. The instruments of students' characterization and self-perceived feelings and the Situational Motivation Scale were used for data collection. Results: in the sample, 98% mentioned the lack of practical activities during the pandemic. The most frequently described feeling was anxiety. After carrying out the activity, there was a change in the frequency of expressed feelings, although there was no significant change in motivational levels. External Regulation (5.1 - 5.6), Identified Regulation (6.1 - 6.4) and Intrinsic Motivation (5.6 - 6.0) presented high results, showing similarity to the feelings reported by the learners. Conclusion: motivation is essential for effective learning and the use of active methodologies reinforces skills built in an affective way in the students facing the learning process.


Objetivo: verificar as implicações das atividades práticas no Laboratório de Habilidade e Simulação relacionado à motivação e os sentimentos expressos pelos estudantes universitários quando regressam às atividades presenciais após o isolamento social causado pela pandemia da COVID-19. Método: estudo quase-experimental, com um único grupo, do tipo pré e pós-teste, realizado por meio de uma intervenção educacional baseada no treino de habilidades de administração de medicamentos e punção venosa, com estudantes de medicina de uma universidade pública brasileira. A amostra foi composta por 47 estudantes. Para a coleta de dados, foram utilizados os instrumentos de caracterização dos sujeitos e sentimentos autopercebidos pelos estudantes e a Escala de Motivação Situacional. Resultados: na amostra, 98% referiram falta de atividades práticas durante a pandemia. O sentimento mais frequentemente descrito foi a ansiedade. Após a realização da atividade, observou-se uma mudança na frequência dos sentimentos expressos, embora não se tenha verificado uma mudança significativa nos níveis motivacionais. A Regulação Externa (5,1 - 5,6), a Regulação (6,1 - 6,4) e a Motivação Intrínseca (5,6 - 6,0) apresentaram resultados elevados, demostrando semelhança com os sentimentos relatados pelos alunos. Conclusão: a motivação é essencial para uma aprendizagem eficaz e a utilização de metodologias ativas reforça as habilidades construídas de uma forma efetiva nos estudantes frente ao processo de aprendizagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical/psychology , Education, Medical , Simulation Training , COVID-19 , Learning , Motivation
11.
Univ. salud ; 25(3): [C8-C17], septiembre-diciembre. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531200

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Higher education institutions have implemented active learning approaches, such as the Flipped Classroom, to promote the education of their students. Nevertheless, there is conflicting evidence regarding the benefits derived from its implementation. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of the Flipped Classroom application in the education of university students from Health Sciences undergraduate programs. Materials and methods: A systematized narrative review of the literature published between 2012 and 2022. Pubmed, SciELo, Scopus y Web of Science were used as sources of primary articles. A revised version of the Kirkpatrick model was used to assess the effectiveness of the Flipped Classroom. Results: 34 out of the 1020 retrieved articles reached the quantitative synthesis phase. Students value positively this didactic model and acknowledge its contributions in the development of attitudes, knowledge and skills. In contrast, some studies show an increase in the workload and stress levels of students. Conclusions: The evidence suggests that Flipped Classroom is a valid didactic model for the education of Health Sciences students. Future studies should consider the effectiveness of its implementation at a long term organizational level.


Introduction: Higher education institutions have implemented active learning approaches, such as the Flipped Classroom, to promote the education of their students. Nevertheless, there is conflicting evidence regarding the benefits derived from its implementation. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of the Flipped Classroom application in the education of university students from Health Sciences undergraduate programs. Materials and methods: A systematized narrative review of the literature published between 2012 and 2022. Pubmed, SciELo, Scopus y Web of Science were used as sources of primary articles. A revised version of the Kirkpatrick model was used to assess the effectiveness of the Flipped Classroom. Results: 34 out of the 1020 retrieved articles reached the quantitative synthesis phase. Students value positively this didactic model and acknowledge its contributions in the development of attitudes, knowledge and skills. In contrast, some studies show an increase in the workload and stress levels of students. Conclusions: The evidence suggests that Flipped Classroom is a valid didactic model for the education of Health Sciences students. Future studies should consider the effectiveness of its implementation at a long term organizational level.


Introducción: Las instituciones de educación superior han implementado enfoques activos de aprendizaje como el Aula Invertida para favorecer la formación de sus estudiantes. Sin embargo, existe evidencia diversa respecto de los beneficios derivados de su implementación. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad de la aplicación del Aula Invertida en la formación de estudiantes universitarios de carreras de pregrado de las Ciencias de la Salud. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión narrativa sistematizada de la literatura publicada entre 2012 y 2022, utilizando Pubmed, SciELo, Scopus y Web of Science como fuentes de artículos primarios. Se utilizó la versión revisada del modelo de Kirkpatrick para valorar la efectividad del Aula Invertida. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 1020 artículos, 34 de ellos ingresaron a la fase de síntesis cuantitativa. Los estudiantes valoran positivamente este modelo didáctico y reconocen su aporte en el desarrollo de actitudes, conocimientos y habilidades. Algunos estudios mencionan un aumento de la carga de trabajo y niveles de estrés en los estudiantes. Conclusiones: La evidencia sugiere que Aula Invertida es un modelo didáctico válido para la formación de estudiantes de las Ciencias de la Salud. Futuros estudios deberían considerar la efectividad de su implementación a nivel organizacional y a largo plazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Psychological Phenomena , Education , Schools , Teaching , Universities , Learning , Mental Processes
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1909-1914, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528774

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: For students in schools of nursing, health sciences, and premed, a systemic anatomy textbook with minimized contents, schematics, and mnemonics may be helpful for learning an otherwise often unappealing subject. In this study, we assess the educational effect of such a textbook. Schematic drawings, anatomy comics, and easily readable text were generated for the chapters of the book (e.g., skeletal system, articular system). The book was presented without charge via a webpage (anatomy.co.kr). Nursing students who were exposed to the book and those who were not exposed were compared; a survey was administered to those who were exposed. The students who read the presented textbook were more knowledgeable than those who used other textbooks. Hours spent reading the presented textbook and scores of fill-in-the-blank questions were positively correlated. In general, the students replied that the presented textbook was helpful for learning systemic anatomy. The systemic anatomy textbook accompanies preexisting textbooks in regional anatomy, neuroanatomy, and the histology, all of which are written by the same authors. We suggest anatomy instructors generate their own books with unique style to enrich the student learning process.


Para los estudiantes de las escuelas de enfermería, ciencias de la salud y premedicina, un libro de texto de anatomía sistémica con contenidos, esquemas y mnemónicos minimizados puede ser útil para aprender un tema que de otro modo sería poco atractivo. En este estudio, evaluamos el efecto educativo de dicho libro de texto. Se generaron dibujos esquemáticos, cómics de anatomía y texto de fácil lectura para los capítulos del libro (por ejemplo, sistema esquelético, sistema articular). El libro se presentó sin costo a través de una página web (anatomy.co.kr). Se compararon los estudiantes de enfermería que estuvieron expuestos al libro y los que no estuvieron expuestos. Se administró una encuesta a quienes estuvieron expuestos. Los estudiantes que leyeron el libro de texto presentado tenían más conocimientos que aquellos que usaron otros libros de texto. Las horas dedicadas a leer el libro de texto presentado y las decenas de preguntas para completar espacios en blanco se correlacionaron positivamente. En general, los estudiantes respondieron que el libro de texto presentado fue útil para aprender anatomía sistémica. El libro de texto de anatomía sistémica acompaña a los libros de texto preexistentes de anatomía regional, neuroanatomía e histología, todos escritos por los mismos autores. Sugerimos que los instructores de anatomía generen sus propios libros con un estilo único para enriquecer el proceso de aprendizaje de los estudiantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Nursing , Books, Illustrated , Internet , Anatomy/education , Cartoons as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Learning
13.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (En línea) ; 43(4): 191-199, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551197

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la pandemia de COVID-19 indujo un cambio en nuestro sistema de salud y de educación. Los programas formativos también tuvieron que adaptarse y exigieron un cambio rápido. Objetivos: describir una experiencia educativa de enseñanza virtual/híbrida en investigación clínica, entre docentes del Servicio de Clínica de un hospital universitario y estudiantes de Medicina de una institución privada, que participaron del Programa ESIN (EStudiantes en INvestigación). Metodología: los contenidos y las estrategias educativas incluyeron las clases teóricas audiograbadas o videograbadas (asincrónicas y autoadministradas), el aprendizaje basado en proyectos, los talleres prácticos (encuentros sincrónicos virtuales y grupales), mediante la adopción de modelos de aprendizaje como el aula invertida, y la tutoría individual entre docente-estudiante. Los datos se recopilaron mediante la observación en contextos académicos, y basándonos en elementos de encuestas anónimas de satisfacción, previo consentimiento informado de los participantes. Resultados: participaron 14 estudiantes, 6 durante el año 2021 y 8 durante 2022. Todas mujeres y estudiantes de medicina (50% de cuarto año, 35% de sexto año y 15% de quinto año). Las técnicas implementadas favorecieron la participación y promovieron el aprendizaje activo, basado en proyectos. Mencionaron aspectos positivos como el enfoque académico práctico, la disponibilidad del equipo docente para atender cualquier duda, el tiempo y el entusiasmo por enseñar y fomentar la participación. Los videos teóricos resultaron útiles como herramientas de repaso, y los encuentros grupales fueron especialmente valorados, si bien los encuentros individuales fueron destacados como ayuda y apoyo previo a los congresos científicos. En general, manifestaron que fue una experiencia enriquecedora que demostró que se puede lograr lo que se creía imposible. Todas participaron activamente de al menos un congreso científico, y el 50% resultó coautora de una publicación académica. Conclusión: los estudiantes asumieron compromisos y responsabilidades, e incorporaron competencias y habilidades en la implementación y en la difusión de los proyectos. Esta experiencia educativa facilitó que el tiempo de clase pudiera optimizarse para intercambio, discusión y dudas. Los recursos producidos, las actividades desarrolladas y los contenidos abordados quedan disponibles a nivel institución. (AU)


Introduction: the COVID-19 pandemic brought about a change in our health and education system. Training programs also had to adapt and required rapid change. Objectives: to describe an educational experience of virtual/hybrid teaching in clinical research between teachers of the Clinical Service of a university hospital and medical students of a private institution who participated in the ESIN Program (Students in Research). Methodology: the contents and educational strategies included audio or videotaped lectures (asynchronous and self-administered), project-based learning, practical workshops (virtual and group synchronous meetings) by adopting learning models such as the inverted classroom, and individual tutoring between teacher and student. We gathered the data through observation in academic contexts and based on elements of anonymous satisfaction surveys, with prior informed consent of participants. Results: fourteen students participated, six in 2021 and eight in 2022. All were women and medical students (50% fourth year, 35% sixth year, and 15% fifth year). The techniques implemented favored participation and promoted active, project-based learning. They mentioned positive aspects such as the practical academic approach, the availability of the teaching team for any doubts, the time and enthusiasm for teaching, and encouraging participation. The theory videos were a valuable review tool, and team meetings received high praise even if the one-on-one meetings received much attention as help and support before the scientific congresses. In general, they stated that it was an enriching experience that showed that you can achieve what you thought impossible. All of them actively participated in at least one scientific congress, and 50% were co-authors of an academic publication. Conclusion: the students assumed commitments and responsibilities and incorporated competencies and skills in project implementation and dissemination. This educational experience helped to optimize class time for exchange, discussion, and doubts. The resources produced, the activities developed, and the contents addressed are now available at the institutional level. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Research/education , Students, Medical/psychology , Education, Distance/methods , Education, Medical/methods , Learning , Personal Satisfaction , Self Concept , Clinical Protocols , Surveys and Questionnaires , Educational Measurement/methods , Formative Feedback , COVID-19
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 31235, 26 dez. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524453

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As concepções emetodologias tradicionais vêm sendo substituídas por metodologias ativas de ensino-aprendizagem, visando uma formação que seja capaz de transformar o discente em um profissional crítico e reflexivo.Objetivo:Descrever uma nova estratégia metodológica de ensino-aprendizagem, nomeada Debate Eleitoral Simulado. Metodologia:Relato de experiência de uma disciplina obrigatória cursada em umPrograma de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Saúde Coletiva.Resultados:A metodologia do Debate Eleitoral Simuladoexige oengajamento e preparo do grupo moderador de debate. Além disso, exige também envolvimento ativo dos estudantes, pois difere de métodos de ensino tradicionais. O objetivo central foi, portanto, o desenvolvimento da autonomia e protagonismo dos estudantes, o estímulo à discussão e às argumentações pertinentes ao tema e o aprendizado consistente.Conclusões:A inovação do método de ensino incentivou a criatividade dos sujeitos na atividade, principalmente na construção de propostas e argumentos. Esse novo enfoque metodológico é dinâmico e interativo, dessa forma proporcionou uma aprendizagem consistente, efetiva e principalmente, significativa (AU).


Introduction:Traditional concepts and methodologies have been replaced by active teaching-learning methodologies, aiming at training that is capable of transforming students into critical and reflective professionals.Objective:To describe a new methodological teaching-learning strategy, named Simulated Electoral Debate.Methodology:experience report of a compulsory course taken in the Stricto Sensu Graduate Program in Public Health.Results:The Simulated Electoral Debatemethodology requires the engagement and preparation of the debate moderating group. In addition, it also requires active student involvement as it differs from traditional teaching methods. The central objective was, therefore, the development of students' autonomy and protagonism, the stimulation of discussion and argumentsrelevant on the theme and the consistent learning.Conclusions:The innovation of the teaching method encouraged the creativity of the subjects in the activity, especially in the construction of proposals and arguments. This new methodological approach isdynamic and interactive, thus providing consistent, effective and especially meaningful learning (AU).


Introducción: Los conceptos y metodologías tradicionales han sido reemplazados por metodologíasactivas de enseñanza-aprendizaje, buscando una formación capaz de transformar a los estudiantes en profesionales críticos y reflexivos. Objetivo: Describir una nueva estrategia metodológica de enseñanza-aprendizaje, denominada Debate Electoral Simulado. Metodología: informe de experiencia de un curso obligatorio realizado en el Programa de Posgrado Stricto Sensu en Salud Pública. Resultados: : La metodología Debate Electoral Simuladorequiere el compromiso y preparación del grupo moderador del debate. Además, también requiere la participación activa de los estudiantes, ya que difiere de los métodos de enseñanza tradicionales. El objetivo central era, por lo tanto, el desarrollo de la autonomía y el protagonismo de los estudiantes, el estímulo de la discusión y los argumentos pertinentes sobre el tema y el aprendizaje constante.Conclusiones: La innovación del método de enseñanza fomentó la creatividad de los sujetos en la actividad, especialmente en la construcción de propuestas y argumentos. Este nuevo enfoque metodológico es dinámico e interactivo, lo que proporciona un aprendizaje consistente, efectivo y especialmente significativo (AU).


Subject(s)
Politics , Teaching/education , Learning , Health Education
15.
Vive (El Alto) ; 6(18): 768-779, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530590

ABSTRACT

La terapia visual como tratamiento de estimulación neurofisiológica, permite el desarrollo y mejoría de las habilidades visuales; mismas que inciden de manera directa en el aprendizaje y la lectura. Objetivo. Evaluar el impacto de las terapias de estimulación visual en el rendimiento académico en niños de primer año de básica de una unidad educativa privada en Quito-Ecuador. Materiales y métodos. La investigación fue descriptiva, modalidad de intervención educativa, con alcance explicativo causal y longitudinal. Se trabajó con una muestra intencional conformada por 32 estudiantes de 5 años cumplidos, ambos sexos biológicos, que asistían a clases presenciales, no recibían terapias visuales y, contaban con el consentimiento de los padres. Un profesional especialista en salud visual ejecutó la investigación en tres fases: 1) diagnóstica: medición de las variables como pre-test; 2) aplicación de estrategias: con el despliegue del programa por seis meses para trabajar la estimulación de habilidades visuo-perceptuales y; 3) evaluación del programa tras la intervención de las variables como post - test. Resultados. Tras las terapias, el 97% de la población tuvo un impacto positivo de +60, el porcentaje de agudeza visual inferior se redujo al 0%, incrementó la agudeza visual óptima en OD (43%) y OI (47%), la estereopsis mejoró en un 84% de sujetos, las habilidades visuo-perceptuales fueron aceptables y se mejoró el rendimiento escolar. Conclusiones. Se pudo evidenciar que la estimulación de habilidades visuales a través de terapias específicas, en edades tempranas, es importante y necesaria para evitar problemas futuros en el aprendizaje.


Visual therapy as a treatment of neurophysiological stimulation, allows the development and improvement of visual skills, which have a direct impact on learning and reading. Objective. To evaluate the impact of visual stimulation therapies on the academic performance of children in the first year of elementary school in a private educational unit in Quito-Ecuador. Materials and methods. The research was descriptive, educational intervention modality, with causal and longitudinal explanatory scope. We worked with an intentional sample of 32 students of 5 years of age, both biological sexes, who attended presential classes, did not receive visual therapies and had parental consent. A professional specialist in visual health carried out the research in three phases: 1) diagnostic: measurement of the variables as a pre-test; 2) application of strategies: with the deployment of the program for six months to work on the stimulation of visual-perceptual skills and; 3) evaluation of the program after the intervention of the variables as a post-test. Results. After the therapies, 97% of the population had a positive impact of +60, the percentage of inferior visual acuity was reduced to 0%, optimal visual acuity increased in OD (43%) and OI (47%), stereopsis improved in 84% of subjects, visuo-perceptual skills were acceptable and school performance was improved. Conclusions. It could be evidenced that the stimulation of visual skills through specific therapies, at early ages, is important and necessary to avoid future learning problems.


A terapia visual como um tratamento de estimulação neurofisiológica permite o desenvolvimento e a melhoria das habilidades visuais, que têm um impacto direto no aprendizado e na leitura. Objetivo. Avaliar o impacto das terapias de estimulação visual no desempenho acadêmico de crianças no primeiro ano do ensino fundamental em uma unidade educacional privada em Quito-Equador. Materiais e métodos. A pesquisa foi descritiva, na modalidade de intervenção educacional, com um escopo explicativo causal e longitudinal. Trabalhamos com uma amostra intencional de 32 alunos de 5 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos biológicos, que frequentavam as aulas presenciais, não recebiam terapia visual e tinham o consentimento dos pais. Um profissional especialista em saúde visual realizou a pesquisa em três fases: 1) diagnóstico: mensuração das variáveis como pré-teste; 2) aplicação de estratégias: com a implantação do programa durante seis meses para trabalhar a estimulação das habilidades perceptivo-visuais e; 3) avaliação do programa após a intervenção das variáveis como pós-teste. Resultados. Após as terapias, 97% da população teve um impacto positivo de +60, a porcentagem de acuidade visual inferior foi reduzida para 0%, a acuidade visual ótima aumentou em OD (43%) e OI (47%), a estereopsia melhorou em 84% dos indivíduos, as habilidades visuo-perceptuais foram aceitáveis e o desempenho escolar melhorou. Conclusões. Foi possível demonstrar que a estimulação das habilidades visuais por meio de terapias específicas em uma idade precoce é importante e necessária para evitar futuros problemas de aprendizagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Therapeutics , Learning
16.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3857, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431824

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: elaborar, validar y evaluar un video educativo sobre estrategias de comunicación enfermero-paciente para estudiantes de la carrera de enfermería. Método: se trata de un estudio metodológico, con diseño longitudinal y análisis cuantitativo. El público objetivo cumplió las etapas de preproducción, producción, postproducción y evaluación del video. Resultados: cinco enfermeras evaluaron el storyboard del video y consideraron que la comprensión del tema, los tópicos abordados y el lenguaje utilizado eran apropiados y relevantes para el tema. Otras cinco enfermeras consideraron que la calidad de la técnica audiovisual utilizada, el ambiente simulado, la caracterización de los personajes y el desarrollo de las estrategias de comunicación enfermero-paciente estaban presentes y eran adecuados. La versión final del video fue evaluada por nueve estudiantes de enfermería que tuvieron un nivel de comprensión de los ítems igual o superior al 96%. El video presenta las siguientes estrategias: Estrategias Generales de Comunicación, Comunicación Intercultural, NURSE, Tell me more, Ask-Tell-Ask, Comunicación Terapéutica y Comunicación de Malas Noticias. Conclusión: este estudio describe la creación de un video, la validación que realizaron del mismo los expertos y la evaluación del público objetivo, quienes consideraron que es un recurso educativo importante para el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de las estrategias de comunicación. Los jueces y el público objetivo consideraron que el video era un instrumento válido para enseñar las estrategias de comunicación enfermero-paciente.


Objective: to create, validate and evaluate an educational video on nurse-patient communication strategies for undergraduate Nursing students. Method: this is a methodological study with a longitudinal design and quantitative analysis. The following stages were conducted: pre-production, production, post-production and evaluation of the video by the target population. Results: five female nurses evaluated the video storyboard and indicated understanding of the subject matter, the topics addressed and the language used as adequate and pertinent to the theme. Another five female nurses considered the following as present and desirable elements: quality of the audiovisual technique employed, simulated environment, characterization of the characters, and development of the nurse-patient communication strategies The final version of the video was evaluated by nine Nursing students that presented a level of item understanding of at least 96%. The video presents the following strategies: General communication strategies, Intercultural Communication, NURSE, Tell me more, Ask-Tell-Ask, Therapeutic Communication and Communicating Bad News. Conclusion: this study portrays the creation of a video, its validation by experts and its evaluation by the target population, which indicated it as a relevant educational resource for the teaching-learning process regarding communication strategies. Both the evaluators and the target population considered that the video is a valid instrument to teach content about the nurse-patient communication strategies.


Objetivo: construir, validar e avaliar um vídeo educativo sobre estratégias de comunicação enfermeiro-paciente para estudantes da graduação em enfermagem. Método: trata-se de um estudo metodológico, com delineamento longitudinal e análise quantitativa. Foram percorridas as etapas de pré-produção, produção, pós-produção e avaliação do vídeo pelo público-alvo. Resultados: cinco enfermeiras avaliaram o storyboard do vídeo e apontaram a compreensão do tema, os tópicos abordados e a linguagem utilizada como adequadas e pertinentes à temática. Outras cinco enfermeiras consideraram presentes e desejáveis: qualidade da técnica audiovisual empregada, ambiente simulado, caracterização das personagens e desenvolvimento das estratégias de comunicação enfermeiro-paciente. A versão final do vídeo foi avaliada por nove estudantes de enfermagem que apresentaram nível de compreensão dos itens igual ou acima de 96%. O vídeo apresenta as seguintes estratégias: Estratégias gerais de comunicação, Comunicação Intercultural, NURSE, Tell me more, Ask-Tell-Ask, Comunicação Terapêutica e Comunicação de Más Notícias. Conclusão: este estudo retrata a criação de um vídeo, sua validação por peritos e sua avaliação pelo público-alvo, que manifestaram tratar-se de um recurso educativo relevante para o processo de ensino-aprendizagem de estratégias de comunicação. Os juízes e o público alvo consideraram o vídeo como um instrumento válido para ensinar sobre as estratégias de comunicação enfermeiro-paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Students, Nursing , Communication , Instructional Film and Video , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate/methods , Language , Learning , Nurse-Patient Relations
17.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(3): 61357, 25/10/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518150

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Em 2020, a pandemia do COVID-19 mudou o cenário mundial quando a OMS declarou Emergência de Saúde Pública. Com as mudanças temporárias decorrentes da pandemia e por consequência do isolamento social, diversos setores sofreram adaptações e reajustes temporários. Pensando em reduzir os impactos, houve o retorno das aulas através do Ensino Remoto Emergencial (ERE). Com essas mudanças abruptas, o papel da família no processo de aprendizagem infantil ficou cada vez mais primordial. Objetivo: Analisar a aprendizagem de crianças do ensino infantil e fundamental da rede privada, sob a perspectiva dos pais quanto às práticas escolares remotas durante o isolamento social. Método: Estudo transversal, exploratório e de caráter quanti-qualitativo realizado a partir de um questionário contendo questões objetivas e discursivas no formato online. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa com Seres Humanos, sob o número de protocolo 4.473.160. Resultados: Os pais afirmam não terem notado dificuldade na aprendizagem das crianças e que não foi necessário fazer aquisição de aparelhos eletrônicos durante o período. Porém, houve flexibilidade curricular. Os participantes apontam que a maioria das escolas não ofereceram capacitação para utilizar os recursos digitais. E, ainda mencionam que houve mudança de humor e no comportamento das crianças. Conclusão: Em tese, o Ensino Remoto Emergencial foi necessário para a continuidade do processo de aprendizagem, contudo adversidades foram encontradas durante o curso, em virtude das escolas e das famílias não estarem preparadas para essa realidade. (AU)


Introduction: In 2020, the pandemic of COVID-19 changed the world scenario when the WHO declared a Public Health Emergency. With the temporary changes resulting from the pandemic and as a consequence of social isolation, several sectors underwent temporary adaptations and readjustments. To reduce the impact, classes have been resumed through Emergency Remote Education (ERE). With these abrupt changes, the family's role in the children's learning process became more and more primordial. Objective: To analyze the learning of children in kindergarten and elementary school in the private network, from the perspective of parents regarding remote school practices during social isolation. Method: Cross-sectional, exploratory, quantitative-qualitative study was carried out using a questionnaire containing objective and discursive questions in an online format. The research was approved by the Ethics and Research with Human Beings Committee, under protocol number 4.473.160. Results: Parents state that they did not notice any difficulty in the children's learning and that it was not necessary to make purchases of electronic devices during the period. However, there was curricular flexibility. The participants pointed out that most schools did not offer training to use digital resources. And, they also mention that there was a change in the mood and behavior of the children. Conclusion: In theory, Emergency Remote Learning was necessary for the continuity of the learning process, but adversities were encountered during the course because schools and families were not prepared for this reality. (AU)


Introducción: En 2020, la pandemia de COVID-19 cambió el escenario mundial cuando la OMS declaró Emergencia de Salud Pública. Los cambios temporales derivados de la pandemia y consecuencia del aislamiento social, varios sectores sufrieron adaptaciones y reajustes temporales. Con el fin de reducir los impactos, se reanudaron las clases a través del Aprendizaje a Distancia de Emergencia (ADE). Con estos cambios abruptos, el papel de la familia en proceso de aprendizaje de los niños se volvió cada vez más importante. Objetivo: Analizar el aprendizaje de los niños en las escuelas de infantil y primaria de la red privada, desde la perspectiva de los padres en relación a las prácticas de la escuela a distancia durante aislamiento social. Método: Estudio transversal, exploratorio y de carácter cuantitativo-cualitativo realizado a partir de un cuestionario conteniendo cuestiones objetivas y discursivas en formato online. La investigación fue aprobada por Comité de Ética e Investigación con Seres Humanos, bajo el número de protocolo 4.473.160. Resultados: Los padres afirman que no notaron dificultad en el aprendizaje de los niños y no fue necesaria adquisición de aparatos electrónicos durante período. Hubo flexibilidad curricular. Los participantes señalan que mayoría de las escuelas no ofrecían formación para utilizar los recursos digitales. También mencionan que hubo cambio de humor y en el comportamiento de los niños. Conclusión: En tesis, el ADE fue necesario para continuidad del proceso aprendizaje, sin embargo, se encontraron adversidades durante el curso, debido que las escuelas y las familias no estaban preparadas para esta realidad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Parents , Perception , Learning , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Distance , Education, Primary and Secondary , COVID-19
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1297-1303, oct. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521052

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la relación existente entre la tendencia predominante del estilo de aprendizaje, según el modelo de Felder-Silverman, evaluando el rendimiento académico parcial y final de los estudiantes que cursan la asignatura Morfología y Función I. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 231 estudiantes universitarios que ingresaron a las Facultades de Salud y Educación en el primer semestre del año 2019. Para poder evaluar el rendimiento, a los estudiantes se les aplicó el cuestionario de Índice de Estilos de Aprendizaje y se correlacionó con la nota de la prueba teórica 1, la evaluación práctica 1 y el promedio final de la asignatura. Los resultados muestran que el 53,4 % del total de estudiantes evaluados son visuales, para estos estudiantes el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman fue de -0,378 para prueba teórica (p<0,001), -0.467 para evaluación práctica (p<0,001) y -0.500 para el promedio final (p<0,001). Los estudiantes visuales tienen promedio de notas más altos en la prueba teórica y el promedio final comparado con los activos (p<0,05). Se concluyó que la tendencia predominante es el visual, para estos estudiantes existe una correlación inversa y estadísticamente significativa con el rendimiento académico. Además, presentan un promedio de notas significativamente más alto que las otras tendencias.


SUMMARY: The objective if this study was to determine the relation that exists between the predominant tendency of the learning style, according to the Felder-Silverman model, and partial and final academic performance of the students attending the subject Morphology and Function I. A transversal study was carried out among 231 college students who joined the Faculties of Health and Education during the first term of 2019. They received the Index of Learning Styles Questionnaire and it was correlated with the mark of the theoretical test n°1, the practical evaluation n° 1 and the final average of the course. Results showed that 53.4 % of the total numbers of students assessed are visual, for these pupils the Spearman correlation coefficient was -0.378 for the theoretical test (p<0.001),-0.467 for the practical evaluation (p<0.001) and -0.500 for the final average (p<0.001). Visual students have higher average marks in the theoretical test and the final average contrasted with the active ones (p<0.05). We concluded that the predominant tendency is the visual style. For these students there is an inverted and statistically significant correlation with the academic performance. Besides, they show significantly higher average marks than the other tendencies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Students , Academic Performance , Anatomy/education , Learning , Universities , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1107-1111, ago. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514329

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this research is to introduce the ideal lecture technique to the literature by explaining the anatomy of the skeletal system using the classical method, video-assisted method and 3D imaging techniques. The research was carried out with 180 students. The number of samples was determined by power analysis (a=0.05,b=0.20, effect size=0.25). Participants were pre-screened and divided into 4 groups with the closest group mean (group 1: control group: the group that did not take anatomy lessons, group 2: video-assisted anatomy education, group 3: 3D anatomy course, group 4: classical anatomy education group). The courses in the training groups were organised as 4 hours/day, 2 days/week for 5 weeks. At the end of the course, the students were re-examined and scaled to determine the difference in scores and self-efficacy between the groups. A one-way ANOVA test was performed because the data were normally distributed when comparing between groups. The mean scores were calculated as group 1=30.22±6.24, group 2=39.02±9.15, group 3=49.77±9.20 and group 4=59.28±8.95. In the post hoc comparison, in pairwise comparisons between all groups, the differences were highly significant (pgroup 3>group 2>group 1 (p<0.001). According to the results of this study, the laboratory method in skeletal anatomy teaching is the best alternative to 3D anatomy teaching.


El objetivo de esta investigación es introducir la técnica de lectura ideal en la literatura, explicando la anatomía del sistema esquelético, utilizando el método clásico, el método asistido por video y las técnicas de imágenes en 3D. La investigación se llevó a cabo con 180 estudiantes. El número de muestras se determinó mediante análisis de potencia (a=0,05, b=0,20, tamaño del efecto=0,25). Los participantes fueron preseleccionados y divididos en 4 grupos con la media de grupo más cercana (grupo 1: grupo de control: el grupo que no tomó lecciones de anatomía, grupo 2: educación de anatomía asistida por video, grupo 3: curso de anatomía 3D, grupo 4: grupo de educación en anatomía clásica). Los cursos en los grupos de formación se organizaron con 4 horas/día, 2 días/semana durante 5 semanas. Al final del curso, los estudiantes fueron reexaminados y escalados para determinar la diferencia en puntajes y autoeficacia entre los grupos. Se realizó una prueba de ANOVA de una vía debido a que los datos se distribuyeron normalmente al comparar entre grupos. Las puntuaciones medias se calcularon como grupo 1=30,22±6,24, grupo 2=39,02±9,15, grupo 3=49,77±9,20 y grupo 4=59,28±8,95. En la comparación post hoc, en comparaciones por pares entre todos los grupos, las diferencias fueron altamente significativas (pgrupo 3>grupo 2>grupo 1 (p<0,001). Según los resultados de este estudio, el método de laboratorio en la enseñanza de la anatomía esquelética es la mejor alternativa a la enseñanza de la anatomía en 3D.


Subject(s)
Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Education, Medical/methods , Video-Assisted Techniques and Procedures , Anatomy/education , Learning , Musculoskeletal System/anatomy & histology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Educational Measurement , Musculoskeletal System/diagnostic imaging
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