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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 763-766, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376773

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Basketball is a popular sport globally, and as the development of college basketball develops, basketball injuries also tend to increase. The knee has the highest injuries and problems incidence, reducing the athlete's ability and shortening their professional career. Objective Explore the causes and characteristics of knee joint injuries in basketball players, comparing their different levels, performances, and positions. Methods 600 college basketball players were studied. Current and past injuries were collected. A questionnaire on lifestyle, behavior, and habits was also applied, and their levels of physical ability and knowledge were also evaluated. Statistical methods were employed to investigate the characteristics and causes of knee joint injuries in young athletes. Results Among knee joint injuries of adolescent basketball players, there were more medial collateral ligament injuries and meniscal injuries. The probabilities are 34.1% and 24.3%, respectively. Patellar strain and cruciate ligament injury accounted for 12.1% and 19.5%, respectively, and the probability of fracture injury was 2.4%. Conclusion The knee joint is one of the most vulnerable joints in basketball. The consequences of its injury can bring an athletic career down and have a considerable impact on athletes' physical and mental health. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O basquete é um esporte popular em todo o mundo e com o desenvolvimento do basquetebol universitário, as lesões causadas pelo basquetebol também tendem a aumentar. O joelho possui o maior índice de lesões e problemas nessa articulação também reduzem a capacidade do atleta, encurtando a sua carreira profissional. Objetivo Explorar as causas e características das lesões na articulação do joelho em jogadores de basquetebol comparando seus diferentes níveis, desempenhos e posições. Métodos 600 universitários jogadores de basquete foram estudados. Foram arquivadas as lesões atuais e pregressas. Um questionário sobre estilo de vida, comportamento e hábitos também foi aplicado; seus níveis de habilidade física e conhecimento foram avaliados. Métodos estatísticos investigaram as características e causas das lesões na articulação do joelho nos jovens atletas. Resultados Entre as lesões articulares de joelho nos jogadores adolescentes de basquete, houve mais lesões ligamentares colaterais mediais e lesões meniscais. As probabilidades são de 34,1% e 24,3%, respectivamente. A tensão patelar e a lesão do ligamento cruzado representaram 12,1% e 19,5%, respectivamente, e a probabilidade de lesão por fratura foi de 2,4%. Conclusão A articulação do joelho é uma das partes mais vulneráveis do basquetebol. As consequências de sua lesão podem acarretar o fim da carreira esportiva, tendo um impacto considerável sobre a saúde física e mental dos atletas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El baloncesto es un deporte popular en todo el mundo y con el desarrollo del baloncesto universitario, las lesiones causadas por el baloncesto también tienden a aumentar. La rodilla tiene el mayor índice de lesiones y los problemas en esta articulación también reducen la capacidad del deportista, acortando su carrera profesional. Objetivo Explorar las causas y características de las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla en jugadores de baloncesto comparando sus diferentes niveles, rendimientos y posiciones. Métodos Se estudiaron 600 jugadores de baloncesto universitario. Se presentaron las lesiones actuales y pasadas. También se aplicó un cuestionario sobre el estilo de vida, el comportamiento y los hábitos; y también se evaluaron sus niveles de capacidad física y conocimientos. Se emplearon métodos estadísticos para investigar las características y las causas de las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla en atletas jóvenes. Resultados Entre las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla de los jugadores de baloncesto adolescentes, hubo más lesiones del ligamento colateral medial y de menisco. Las probabilidades son del 34,1% y del 24,3%, respectivamente. La distensión rotuliana y la lesión del ligamento cruzado representaron el 12,1% y el 19,5%, respectivamente, y la probabilidad de lesión por fractura fue del 2,4%. Conclusión La articulación de la rodilla es una de las partes más vulnerables del baloncesto. Las consecuencias de su lesión pueden llevar al fin de una carrera deportiva, teniendo un impacto considerable en la salud física y mental de los atletas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Athletic Injuries/epidemiology , Basketball , Knee Injuries/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Life Style
3.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 139-145, jul. 22, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1380070

ABSTRACT

Actualmente se estudia la importancia de los estilos de vida sobre el sistema inmunológico. Las infecciones virales respiratorias son una causa de morbimortalidad en el adulto y pueden ocasionar cuadros graves. Una dieta balanceada, el consumo de micronutrientes y el ejercicio, presentan posibles beneficios en la evolución de estas infecciones. Se realizó una revisión narrativa utilizando revisiones bibliográficas y artículos originales obtenidos por PubMed, SciELO, HINARI y Elsevier. Los estudios describen que el consumo de suplementos vitamínicos modula la susceptibilidad a agentes patógenos debido a su actividad antioxidante y permiten el funcionamiento adecuado de la inmunidad innata y adaptativa. Acompañados a ello, los lípidos y los carbohidratos de la dieta son elementos básicos de las células del sistema inmune que, acompañado de 45 minutos de ejercicio moderado, mejoran la respuesta inmune y reducen el riesgo de infecciones virales respiratorias. El consumo de micronutrientes, el ejercicio aeróbico de moderada intensidad y la dieta balanceada son factores que disminuyen la duración de los síntomas por infecciones virales respiratorias agudas en el adulto. Sin embargo, aún se desconoce exactamente el mecanismo de acción del ejercicio en el sistema inmune


The role of lifestyles on the immune system is currently being studied. Respiratory viral infections are a cause of morbidity and mortality in adults, and can cause serious conditions. A balanced diet, consumption of micronutrients and exercise have possible benefits in the evolution of these infections. A narrative review was carried out using bibliographic reviews and original articles obtained in PubMed, SciELO, HINARI and Elsevier. Studies describe that the consumption of vitamin supplements modulates the susceptibility to pathogens due to their antioxidant activity and allows the proper functioning of innate and adaptive immunity. Along with this, lipids and carbohydrates in the diet are basic elements of the immune system cells and, accompanied with 45 minutes of moderate exercise, improve the immune response and reduce the risk of respiratory viral infections. The consumption of micronutrients, moderate intensity aerobic exercise and a balanced diet, are factors that decrease the duration of symptoms due to acute respiratory viral infections in adults. However, the exact mechanism of action of exercise on the immune system is still unknown


Subject(s)
Respiratory Tract Infections , Adult , Immunologic Factors , Life Style , Exercise , Morbidity , Life , Diet , El Salvador
4.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(1): 1-16, jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1369117

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificaros fatores relacionados à adesão ao tratamento farmacológico em idosos. Método: trata-se de estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão integrativa, realizado nas bases de dados LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web Of Science e na Biblioteca Virtual SciELO. Consideraram-se os estudos originais, disponíveis na íntegra e publicados no período de 2013 a 2018. Resultado: Localizou-se 1789 publicações, sendo que 352 eram duplicadas, permanecendo 1437. Após leitura dos títulos e resumos encontrou-se 20 artigos para leitura na íntegra e que representou a amostra final. Conclusão: A adesão ao tratamento por idosos sofre a influência de múltiplos fatores, entre eles socioeconômicos e demográficos, relacionados à condição de saúde, sistema e profissionais, relacionados ao tratamento farmacológico e de estilo de vida e comportamento. O suporte de familiares, amigos e grupos sociais de apoio mostrou-se associada à adesão, assim como percepção positiva da visão e audição, ausência de fragilidade e de declínio cognitivo.


Objetivo: Identificar factores relacionados con la adherencia al tratamiento farmacológico en ancianos. Método: se trata de un estudio bibliográfico, tipo de revisión integradora, realizado en las bases de datos LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web Of Science y en la Biblioteca Virtual SciELO. Se consideraron los estudios originales, disponibles íntegramente y publicados en el período de 2013 a 2018. Resultado: se encontraron 1789 publicaciones, de las cuales 352 fueron duplicadas, restando 1437. Luego de la lectura de títulos y resúmenes, se encontraron 20 artículos para lectura en el que representó la muestra final. Conclusión: La adherencia al tratamiento por parte de los ancianos está influenciada por múltiples factores, incluidos los socioeconómicos y demográficos, relacionados con la condición, sistema y profesionales de salud, relacionados con el tratamiento farmacológico y el estilo de vida y la conducta. Se demostró que el apoyo de familiares, amigos y grupos de apoyo social está asociado con la adherencia, así como con la percepción positiva de la visión y la audición, la ausencia de fragilidad y el deterioro cognitivo.


Objective: To identify factors related to adherence to pharmacological treatment in the aged. Method: this is a bibliographic study, type of integrative review, carried out in the databases LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web Of Science and in the Virtual Library SciELO. The original studies were considered, available in full and published in the period from 2013 to 2018. Result: 1789 publications were found, of which 352 were duplicated, remaining 1437. After reading the titles and abstracts, 20 articles were found for reading in the that represented the final sample. Conclusion: Adherence to treatment by the aged is influenced by multiple factors, including socioeconomic and demographic factors, related to the health condition, system and professionals, related to pharmacological treatment and lifestyle and behavior. The support of family, friends and social support groups was shown to be associated with adherence, as well as positive perception of vision and hearing, absence of fragility and cognitive decline.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Medication Adherence , Socioeconomic Factors , Behavior , Health Profile , Family Relations , Cognitive Dysfunction , Life Style
5.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 22(39): 23-32, junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1380255

ABSTRACT

El Trasplante de Médula ósea es actualmente, una alternativa en patologías oncológicas, que busca curación y sobrevida del paciente, los cuidados de enfermería en todas las etapas del tratamiento están encaminados a proporcionar atención oportuna y eficaz, con la finalidad de prevenir, tratar y superar complicaciones propias del proceso. La educación de los pacientes y cuidadores favorece a que el paciente aprenda a autocuidarse, a disminuir su ansiedad, a realizar cambios en su comportamiento y estilo de vida y a prevenir la no adherencia al tratamiento. El objetivo fue diseñar un programa educativo sobre los cuidados que el paciente y su familia debe conocer al ingreso y estadía en el servicio de trasplante de Médula Osea. Diseño Metodológico: la búsqueda se efectuó en bases de datos: Pubmed y Google Académico y Scielo. Se analizaron 13 artículos para el desarrollo del trabajo. Resultados: Educar a los pacientes y sus familias sobre el proceso del trasplante de Medula Osea es un gran desafío que necesita de actualización permanente del personal de enfermería. Brindar conocimientos sobre medidas preventivas y pautas que ayuden a sobrellevar este proceso, permitirá tener al paciente como un miembro activo en sus cuidados, disminuyendo su ansiedad y si es necesario realizando modificaciones en su estilo de vida[AU]


Bone Marrow Transplantation is currently an alternative in oncological pathologies, which seeks healing and patient survival, here nursing care at all stages of treatment is aimed at providing timely and effective care, in order to prevent, treat and overcome complications of the process. The education of patients and caregivers favors the patient learning to care for himself, to reduce his anxiety, to make changes in his behavior and lifestyle and to prevent non-adherence to treatment. The objective was to design an educational program on the care that the patient and his family should know during their admission and stay in the Bone Marrow Transplant Service. Methodological design: the search was carried out in the database: Pubmed and Google Scholar and Scielo. 13 articles were analyzed for the development of the work. Results: Educating patients and their families about the bone marrow transplant process is a great challenge that requires permanent updating of the nursing staff. Providing knowledge about preventive measures and guidelines to help cope with this process will allow us to have the patient as an active member in their care, reducing their anxiety and, if necessary, making changes to their lifestyle[AU]


O Transplante de Medula Óssea é atualmente uma alternativa nas patologias oncológicas, que busca a cura e a sobrevivência do paciente, aqui a assistência de enfermagem em todas as etapas do tratamento visa proporcionar uma assistência oportuna e eficaz, | 24a fim de prevenir, tratar e superar complicações do processo. A educação de pacientes e cuidadores favorece que o paciente aprenda a cuidar de si mesmo, a diminuir sua ansiedade, a realizar mudanças em seu comportamento e estilo de vida e a prevenir a não adesão ao tratamento. O objetivo foi elaborar um programa educativo sobre os cuidados que o paciente e sua família devem conhecer durante sua admissão e permanência no serviço de transplante de medula óssea. Desenho metodológico: a busca foi realizada nas bases de dados: Pubmed e Google Acadêmico e Scielo. 13 artigos foram analisados para o desenvolvimento do trabalho. Resultados: Educar os pacientes e seus familiares sobre o processo de transplante de medula óssea é um grande desafio que exige atualização permanente da equipe de enfermagem. Fornecer conhecimento sobre medidas preventivas e orientações para auxiliar no enfrentamento desse processo nos permitirá ter o paciente como um membro ativo em seu cuidado, reduzindo sua ansiedade e, se necessário, realizando mudanças em seu estilo de vida[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Bone Marrow , Patient Education as Topic , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Life Style , Nursing Care
6.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(2): 84-92, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1381411

ABSTRACT

Healthy eating habits are related to a lower prevalence of chronic diseases. Objective: Verify the relationship between eating behaviors and self-perceived health (SPH) in young, middle-aged, and older adults. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 52166 Brazilian adults aged 18 years and over. The dependent variable was positive SPH, whereas the independent variable was the eating behavior (exchanging lunch for snacks; exchanging dinner for snacks; intake of beans, ultra-processed food the previous day, fruits, vegetables, and processed juices/soft drinks). Poisson regression with robust adjustment for variance was used in the data analysis. Results: The relationship between eating behaviors and SPH was similar between genders. However, a more evident relationship was observed among young adults, regarding the age group. The consumption of fruits and vegetables was most clearly associated with SPH among the investigated behaviors. Furthermore, the higher the number of positive eating behaviors, the higher the prevalence of positive SPH in both genders and all age groups. Conclusion: The findings of this study reinforce the importance of healthy eating behaviors for health and indicate a more direct relationship between these and positive SPH in young adults and as a habit of regularly consuming fruits and vegetables(AU)


Los hábitos alimentarios positivos se relacionan con una menor prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas. Objetivo: Verificar la relación entre las conductas alimentarias y la salud auto percibida (SA) en adultos jóvenes, de mediana edad y ancianos. Materiales y métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal con 52166 adultos de 18 años o más en Brasil. La variable dependiente fue la SA positiva, mientras que la variable independiente fue la conducta alimentaria (cambio de almuerzo por refrigerio; cambio de cena por un refrigerio, consumo de frijoles, comida ultra procesada, fruta, verdura y zumos/refrescos artificiales el día anterior a la entrevista). En el análisis de datos, se utilizó la regresión de Poisson con ajuste robusto para la varianza. Resultados: La relación entre las conductas alimentarias y la SA fue similar entre los géneros, pero en relación al grupo de edad, se observó una relación más evidente en adultos jóvenes. De los comportamientos investigados, el consumo de frutas y verduras fueron los que se asociaron más claramente con la SA. Cuanto mayor es el número de conductas alimentarias positivas, mayor es la prevalencia de SA positiva, en ambos sexos y en todos los grupos de edad. Conclusión: Los hallazgos de este estudio refuerzan la importancia de un comportamiento alimentario saludable para la mejorar y mantener la salud e indican que, aparentemente, existe una relación más explícita entre éste y la SA positiva en adultos jóvenes, al igual que con el hábito de consumir frutas y verduras con frecuencia(AU)


Subject(s)
Self Concept , Feeding Behavior , Life Style , Vegetables , Diet, Healthy , Fruit
7.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(2): 48-54, abr-jun. 2022. tab, ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369112

ABSTRACT

Excesso de peso e obesidade têm aumentado no Brasil e no mundo causando grande impacto na saúde pública. O objetivo foi medir a associação do nível de atividade física, o comportamento sedentário e o tempo de sono com a composição corporal de escolares. Uma amostra por conveniência foi composta por 97 escolares participantes do Projeto Misto-Longitudinal de Crescimento, Desenvolvimento de Ilhabela, aparentemente saudáveis, 50 meninos e 47 meninas entre 9 e 11 anos (x 9,8 ± 0,7), com avaliação completa no período analisado (2015 e 2019) em estágio pré-púbere de maturação sexual. Variáveis analisadas: peso (kg); índice de massa corporal (kg/m2); adiposidade pela média de três dobras cutâneas: tríceps, subescapular e suprailíaca (mm); relação cintura quadril (cm). Nível de atividade física, comportamento sedentário e tempo de sono mensurados por acelerômetro (ActiGraph GT3X, analisado com Freedson 1998) dados em counts por minuto. Dados descritos em média (x) e desvio padrão. Normalidade dos dados obtida com o teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e para as associações utilizou-se o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman Rho (SPSS-20.0). Nível de significância adotado P < 0,05. Houve associações significativas entre comportamento sedentário, atividades físicas leve, moderada/vigorosa e as variáveis da composição corporal. Nas meninas, as associações entre o comportamento sedentário e as variáveis da composição corporal foram de maior número e intensidade nas correlações encontradas. Verificamos que meninos realizaram atividade física leve apresentando menores valores na composição corporal. As meninas realizaram pouca atividade física de moderada a vigorosa necessitando aumento desta variável para diminuir adiposidade. O tempo de sono não apresentou associação significativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adiposity , Life Style , Body Composition , Exercise , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sedentary Behavior , Sleep Quality
8.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022214, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391899

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Several strategies focused on providing healthcare to premature children have been implemented. Among them, one finds breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: Investigating the prevalence of, and factors associated with, lack of premature newborn breastfeeding at hospital discharge. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted with puerperal women and their preterm newborns in the public health network of Maceió, Brazil. Maternal information was obtained socioeconomic, obstetric, prenatal, and anthropometric data, through questionnaire application, where as information about newborns was collected in their medical records (gestational age at birth, sex, delivery method (vaginal birth or cesarean section), weight, and length at birth, and Apgar scores in the 1st and 5th minute of life), as well as information about the practice of breastfeeding at hospital discharge time. Poisson regression analysis in a hierarchical model was carried out to identify factors associated with the outcome of interest. Results were expressed in Prevalence Ratio (PR) and respective 95% Confidence Intervals (95%CI). RESULTS: 381 dyads were evaluated, 167 (43.8%) of them were not breastfeeding at hospital discharge time. Clinical complications observed in newborns (PR=2.20 95%CI 1.73-2.80), late postpartum contact between mother and child (PR=1.76 95%CI 1.34-2.31), low Apgar in the 1st minute of life (PR=1.44 95%CI 1.15-1.82), and small premature newborn (gestational age at birth <34 weeks) (PR=1.48 95%CI 1.18-1.84) were the factors associated with lack of breastfeeding. CONCLUSION: Lack of premature newborn breastfeeding at hospital discharge time was often observed in the current study and associated with birth-relevant factors.


INTRODUÇÃO: Diversas estratégias têm sido implementadas com enfoque na assistência à saúde da criança prematura, sendo a amamentação umas delas. OBJETIVO: Identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à ausência de aleitamento materno na alta hospitalar de recém-nascidos prematuros. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado na rede pública de saúde de Maceió, Brasil com puérperas e seus recém-nascidos pré-termos. Foram obtidas informações maternas sobre dados socioeconômicos, obstétricos, de pré-natal e antropométricos, por meio de questionário, informações dos recém-nascidos via consulta aos prontuários médicos (idade gestacional ao nascer, sexo da criança, via de parto (vaginal ou cesariana), peso e comprimento ao nascimento e índices de Apgar no 1º e 5º minutos de vida) e sobre a prática do aleitamento materno no momento da alta hospitalar. Análise de regressão de Poisson em modelo hierarquizado foi realizada para identificação dos fatores associados ao desfecho de interesse, com os valores expressos em Razão de Prevalência (RP) e respectivos Intervalos de Confiança de 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS: Foram avaliadas 381 díades, das quais 167 (43,8%) não estavam em aleitamento materno no momento da alta hospitalar. Intercorrências clínicas no recém-nascido (RP=2,20, IC95% 1,73-2,80), contato tardio entre mãe e filho no pós-parto (RP=1,76 IC95% 1,34-2,31), baixo Apgar no 1º minuto (RP=1,44 IC95% 1,15-1,82) e ter idade gestacional ao nascer < 34 semanas (RP=1,48 IC95% 1,18-1,84) foram fatores associados à ausência do aleitamento materno. CONCLUSÃO: A ausência de aleitamento materno na alta hospitalar de recém-nascidos prematuros foi frequente, estando associada a fatores pertinentes ao nascimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Patient Discharge , Breast Feeding , Infant, Premature , Socioeconomic Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, University , Life Style
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 244-262, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364955

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This review aimed to analyze interventions raised within primary and tertiary prevention concerning the disease's incidence, progression, and recurrence of Prostate Cancer (PCa). Priority was given to the multidisciplinary approach of PCa patients with an emphasis on modifiable risk factors. Materials and Methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature review in the following databases: Embase, Central, and Medline. We included the most recent evidence assessing cohort studies, case-control studies, clinical trials, and systematic reviews published in the last five years. We only included studies in adults and in vitro or cell culture studies. The review was limited to English and Spanish articles. Results: Preventive interventions at all levels are the cornerstone of adherence to disease treatment and progression avoidance. The relationship in terms of healthy lifestyles is related to greater survival. The risk of developing cancer is associated to different eating habits, determined by geographic variations, possibly related to different genetic susceptibilities. Discussion: PCa is the second most common cancer in men, representing a leading cause of death among men in Latin America. Prevention strategies and healthy lifestyles are associated with higher survival rates in PCa patients. Also, screening for anxiety and the presence of symptoms related to mood disorders is essential in the patient's follow-up concerning their perception of the condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prostatic Neoplasms , Mass Screening , Incidence , Risk Factors , Life Style
10.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 10-30, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372058

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son las principales causas de muerte a nivel mundial, cada año mueren más personas por esta enfermedad que por otra causa. Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes: Subcentro de salud General Vernaza cantón Salitre. Materiales y métodos: Fue de enfoque cuantitativo, observacional, descriptivo, no experimental y transversal, la población (N=200) pacientes, la muestra de 120 pacientes de 40 a 65 años de edad con problemas cardiovasculares, el instrumento fue una encuesta validada por juicio de expertos en salud. Resultados: Los factores de riesgo cardiovascular más predominantes fueron el estrés (34,2%) y el sedentarismo (16,7%); consumen cigarrillo (48,3%); consumen alcohol (45,8%), se alimentan 3 veces al día los alimentos cotidianos (71,7%); no cuidan sus porciones alimenticias (39,2%); el nivel de colesterol más frecuente entre 100 y 129 mg/dL (38,3%), no evitan alimentos fritos empanizados y cremosos(55,8%); no realizan ejercicio físico (36,7%); el estado nutricional normal abarcó un (68,3%), se sirven sus alimentos cotidianos en casa (72,5%); consumen muy frecuente carnes y pescados (80%), huevos y lácteos (70,8%), frutas y verduras (50,8%), grasas (65,8%), alcohol y café (65%), horas sentados viendo TV, móvil o portátil (54,2%) de 4 a 8 horas; condición regular para realizar actividad física (38,3%), tiempo máximo de realizar ejercicio 10 a 30 minutos (40,8%), en un solo día a la semana (65%). Conclusiones: Los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares en pacientes fueron el estrés y sedentarismo, convirtiéndose en un problema de salud pública afectando el presupuesto familiar, hospitalario y del estado(AU)


Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide More people die each year from this disease than from any other cause. Objective:Determine the risk factors cardiovascular disease in patients: General Vernaza Health Subcenter Salitre canton. Materials and methods:Focus was quantitative, observational, descriptive, non-experimental and cross-sectional, the population (N=200) patients, the sample of 120 patients from 40 to 65 years of age with cardiovascular problems, the instrument was a survey validated by the judgment of health experts. Results:The cardiovascular risk factors more predominant were stress (34.2%) and sedentary lifestyle (16.7%); smoke cigarettes (48.3%); consume alcohol (45.8%), they eat daily food 3 times a day (71.7%); they don't watch their portions food (39.2%); the most frequent cholesterol level between 100 and 129 mg/dL (38.3%), they do not avoid food breaded and creamy fried foods (55.8%); do not perform physical exercise (36.7%); normal nutritional status encompassed one (68.3%), they serve their daily meals at home (72.5%); eat meatand fish very often (80%), eggs and dairy products (70.8%), fruits and vegetables (50.8%), fats (65.8%), alcohol and coffee (65%), hours sitting watching TV, mobile or laptop (54.2%) from 4 to 8 hours; regular condition for physical activity (38.3%), maximum time to exercise 10 to 30 minutes (40.8%), on a single day a week (65%). Conclusions:The cardiovascular risk factors in patients were stress and sedentary lifestyle, becoming in a public health problem affecting higher family, hospital and state out-of-pocket costs(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Stress, Physiological , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Sedentary Behavior , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder , Diabetes Mellitus , Feeding Behavior , Life Style , Obesity
11.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 104-112, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372135

ABSTRACT

La diabetes Mellitus es un padecimiento que empieza cuando el páncreas no realiza un uso adecuado de la insulina que produce o no puede lograr producir insulina. Se descomponen en glucosa en la sangre todos los alimentos ricos en hidratos de carbono; la insulina da ayuda a la glucosa para que esta pueda ingresar en las células. Los niveles de azúcar en la sangre al no funcionar bien el páncreas suben, lo cual debe ser controlado por medio de un tratamiento médico de por vida, y lo más importante la persona debe cambiar de hábitos en su salud. Objetivo: El objetivo principal de esta investigación es definir el efecto que produce la adherencia a la insulinoterapia en los pacientes con diabetes tipo II del Hospital del Día Mariana de Jesús. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizó una investigación cuantitativa, transversal ya que se realizó una encuesta a los pacientes, la cual se procedió a la recolección y análisis e interpretación de datos. La muestra trabajada fue de 100 pacientes, los cuales fueron atendidos en el Hospital por concepto de diabetes tipo II en el área de emergencia. Resultados: Como resultado de la investigación tenemos que el 76% de los encuestados conocen sobre el tratamiento de la insulinoterapia, el 85% se rehusó a utilizar insulina cuando inició su tratamiento, el 75% ha tenido dificultad para la conservación de la insulina, el 63% considera que el uso de la insulina es riesgos, el 53% indicó haber recibido asesoría sobre los posibles efectos de la insulina, al 65% de encuestados su jornada laboral no le permite asistir a su control médico, el 72% ha sentido un desmejoro en su salud al dejar el tratamiento y el 63% de los encuestados indicó que ha abandonado en algún momento su tratamiento por temor a los efectos secundarios que dicen tener. Conclusiones: Se estableció el tipo de complicaciones que se dan en los pacientes ante la no adherencia a la insulinoterapia, uno de ellos fue, que al dejar el tratamiento los pacientes sintieron un desmejoro en su estado de salud, así también, los pacientes han abandonado el tratamiento en algún momento por miedo a los efectos secundarios que dicen tener la insulina(AU)


Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that begins when the pancreas does not make proper use of the insulin it produces or cannot achieve produce insulin. All foods rich in glucose are broken down into glucose in the blood. carbohydrates; insulin helps glucose to enter the cells cells. When the pancreas does not work well, blood sugar levels rise, which must be controlled by lifelong medical treatment, and most importantly the person must change their health habits. Objective: The main objective of this research is to define the effect produced by adherence to insulin therapy in patients with type II diabetes at Hospital del Día Mariana de Jesús. Materials and Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional investigation was used since a patient survey which proceeded to the collection and analysis and interpretation of data. The sample worked was 100 patients who were treated at the Hospital for type II diabetes concept in the emergency area. Results: Like result of the investigation we have that 76% of the respondents know about the insulin therapy treatment, 85% refused to use insulin when they started their treatment, 75% have had difficulty conserving insulin, 63% considers that the use of insulin is risky, 53% indicated having received counseling about the possible effects of insulin, 65% of those surveyed did not care about their working hours. allows them to attend their medical control, 72% have felt a deterioration in their health when leaving the treatment and 63% of those surveyed indicated that they had abandoned their treatment at some point. treatment for fear of the side effects they claim to have. Conclusions: If established the type of complications that occur in patients due to non-adherence to insulin therapy, one of them was that when leaving the treatment the patients felt a deterioration in their state of health, as well as the patients have abandoned the treatment at some point for fear of the side effects that they claim to have insulin(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Therapeutics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Insulin , Pancreas/physiopathology , Blood Glucose , Surveys and Questionnaires , Drug Therapy , Life Style
12.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 165-178, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372280

ABSTRACT

Se trata de la recopilación de información sobre estudios que reflejan la situación nutricional en Ecuador, y las comparaciones entre los percentiles ecuatorianos y los que sugiere la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Estudios refieren que este tipo de comparación difiere de las realidades de un país pues presenta diferente ubicación geográfica y por sus rasgos culturales, que difieren ancestralmente se presentan divergencias entre la alimentación, estilos de vida, bases socioeconómicas, rasgos antropométricos y otras variables que influyen y que han obligado a crear sus propios estándares de comparaciones. Objetivo: Describir la situación nutricional entre los percentiles ecuatorianos y la OMS en adolescentes de 12 años. Materiales y método: Es del tipo cualitativa, descriptiva, donde se recopila información relevante vinculada al descriptor en estudio, por eso la modalidad es tipo documental y descriptiva, transversal y observacional porque se le y observa información relevante de momento y se describe y señalan procedimientos como modelos para otras investigaciones. Resultados: Ecuador como país latinoamericano refleja una situación alimentaria y nutricional de amplio potencial productivo, de grandes oportunidades y capacidades socioeconómicas, necesarios para dar respuestas a las exigencias nutricionales de su población. Sin embargo, la información sobre el estado nutricional de la población infantil refleja el desarrollo del país, con una reducción significativa de la prevalencia de retardo de crecimiento, que prevalecen mucho más en grupos indígenas, por problemas sociales: mortalidad infantil, pobreza, indigencia y analfabetismo. Conclusiones: Estimar valores de desnutrición y sobrepeso a través de comparaciones por los percentiles internacionales (WHO) y los de Estados Unidos no reflejan la realidad de una población que difiere en todo con la de esos estándares comparativos. Por ello el esfuerzo de estudios por crear sus propios estándares nacionales es loable y muestra las realidades de una población(AU)


This is the collection of information on studies that reflect the nutritional situation in Ecuador, and comparisons between Ecuadorian percentiles and those suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO). Studies report that this type of comparison differs from the realities of a country because it has different geographical location and its cultural features, which differ ancestrally, there are divergences between food, lifestyles, socioeconomic bases, anthropometric traits and other variables that influence and that have forced to create their own standards of comparisons. Objective: To describe the nutritional situation between the Ecuadorian and WHO percentiles in 12-year-old adolescents Materials and methods: It is of the qualitative, descriptive type, where relevant information linked to the descriptor in study is collected, so the modality is documentary and descriptive, transversal and observational because relevant information is observed at the moment and procedures are described and indicated as models for another research. Results: Ecuador as a Latin American country reflects a food and nutritional situation with ample productive potential, great opportunities and socioeconomic capacities, necessary to respond to the nutritional demands of its population. However, information on the nutritional status of the child population reflects the development of the country, with a significant reduction in the prevalence of growth retardation, which is much more prevalent in indigenous groups, due to social problems: infant mortality, poverty, indigence and illiteracy. Conclusions: Estimating values of malnutrition and overweight through comparisons by the international percentiles (WHO) and those of the United States do not reflect the reality of a population that differs in everything with that of these comparative standards. That is why the effort of studies to create their own national standards is laudable and shows the realities of a population(AU)


Subject(s)
Reference Standards , Body Weights and Measures , Nutritional Status , Life Style , Nutritional Requirements , Socioeconomic Factors , World Health Organization , Prevalence , Growth and Development
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 191-201, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364978

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Physical Fitness Tests (PFTs) are part of military routines and are usually administered to applicants for the Brazilian corps member, including the civil police. Objective To identify in the literature, scientific articles aimed at assessing physical fitness of police and military personnel in Brazil, using PFTs. Methods This was a systematic review, using the PRISMA systematization, using the following search keywords "police", "military", "physical fitness test" and " PFT", in English and Portuguese. The databases used were ScienceDirect, PubMed, BVS (Lilacs) and Scielo. Only original works performed with police and military personnel in Brazil were selected, through the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results After the screening process, 11 articles were selected from a total of 1,487. Conclusions The data collected from the selected articles suggest that older age is related to a decrease in physical fitness, and better performance in the tests is related to a lower risk of comorbidities. Although high-intensity training improves physical fitness and anthropometric data, it is associated with injury rates; physically active lifestyle is associated with better flexibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Physical Fitness , Police , Exercise Test/methods , Military Personnel , Body Weights and Measures , Brazil , Exercise , Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Military Health , Life Style
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 947-950, mar. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364708

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the present perspective, some parallels are drawn between a career as a scientist in Brazil and the ability of microorganisms to form a biofilm. Do these connections really exist? Definitely the answer is YES. Over billions of years, microbial biofilms have evolved in order to form a cohesive, well-structured, organized and dynamic community, which is characterized by its resistant/resilient profile to several environmental stressors. Adapting to constant change is a necessary attribute for survival and perpetuation of all live organisms, which are key signatures present in the hereditary molecule. Brazilian scientists are faced with many stressful situations along their journey in academia, which requires constant adaptability, reorganization and, above all, resilience. Can we take some lessons from what we know about the biofilm lifestyle developed by microorganisms? The answer is yes!


Resumo Na perspectiva atual, alguns paralelos são traçados entre a carreira de cientista no Brasil e a capacidade dos microrganismos de formarem biofilme. Essas conexões realmente existem? Definitivamente a resposta é SIM. Ao longo de bilhões de anos, os biofilmes microbianos evoluíram para formar uma comunidade coesa, bem estruturada, organizada e dinâmica, que se caracteriza por seu perfil de resistência/resiliência a diversos estressores ambientais. Adaptar-se a mudanças constantes é um atributo necessário para a sobrevivência e perpetuação de todos os organismos vivos, que são assinaturas-chave presentes na molécula de hereditariedade. Nesse sentido, os cientistas brasileiros se deparam com diversas situações estressantes ao longo de suas trajetórias na academia, exigindo constante adaptabilidade, reorganização e, acima de tudo, resiliência. Podemos tirar algumas lições do que sabemos sobre o estilo de vida do biofilme desenvolvido por microrganismos? A resposta é sim!


Subject(s)
Humans , Biofilms , Life Style , Brazil
15.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(1): 43-49, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1368367

ABSTRACT

Lifestyle, psychological well-being, and body mass index of indigenous women. Introduction. Obesity is more common in women and has also been found to be present in indigenous populations. During university studies, obesity-related lifestyles are in the process of consolidation, and although this is known, research is limited to addressing physical activity and diet, ignoring other lifestyle components, such as life appreciation. Additionally, there is a need to corroborate whether psychological well-being contributes to excess weight in indigenous women. Objective. To determine whether there is an association between lifestyle, psychological well-being, and body mass index (BMI) in indigenous women. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 female Zapotec university students in Juchitán, Oaxaca, Mexico. The Psychological Well-Being Scale, the Healthy Lifestyle Scale for University Students, and a questionnaire about personal data were used. Body weight and height were measured to calculate BMI. Results. There was a negative correlation between BMI, self-acceptance (r = -0.33; p < 0.01), and life appreciation (r = -0.22; p < 0.05). Positive correlations were found between lifestyle and psychological well-being dimensions, with the strongest correlations being observed between life appreciation and purpose in life (r = 0.55) and self-acceptance (r = 0.48). The multivariable models determined that life appreciation and self-acceptance are associated with BMI. Conclusion. Life appreciation and self-acceptance are predictors of BMI and are even more strongly associated than exercise and nutrition behaviors(AU)


La obesidad es más frecuente en mujeres, aún en poblaciones indígenas. Durante los estudios universitarios, los estilos de vida relacionados con la obesidad se encuentran en proceso de consolidación, y aunque esto es conocido, las investigaciones se limitan a abordar la actividad física y la dieta, ignorando otros componentes del estilo de vida, como la apreciación por la vida. Adicionalmente, es necesario corroborar si el bienestar psicológico contribuye al exceso de peso en mujeres indígenas. Objetivo. Determinar si existe asociación entre los estilos de vida, el bienestar psicológico y el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) en mujeres indígenas. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 110 mujeres zapotecas estudiantes universitarias en Juchitán, Oaxaca, México. Se utilizó la escala de bienestar psicológico, la escala de estilos de vida saludables para estudiantes universitarias y un cuestionario sobre datos personales. Se midió el peso corporal y la estatura para calcular el IMC. Resultados. Hubo correlación negativa entre el IMC, la autoaceptación (r=-0,33; p<0,01) y la apreciación por la vida (r=-0,22; p<0,05). Se encontraron correlaciones entre las dimensiones de estilos de vida y las dimensiones de bienestar psicológico: las correlaciones más fuertes se observaron entre apreciación por la vida y propósito en la vida (r 0 0.55) y autoaceptación (r = 0.48). La apreciación por la vida y la autoaceptación son factores predictores del IMC. Conclusión. La apreciación por la vida y la autoaceptación son predictores del IMC, incluso más fuertemente asociados que el ejercicio físico y la alimentación(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Indigenous Peoples , Life Style , Obesity , Students , Universities , Body Height , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Mexico
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 1-10, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356319

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The lower frequency of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors observed in vegetarians compared to omnivores may be due to more appropriate nutrient intake according to recommendations for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Objective To compare the dietary adequacy according to the recommendations of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) in apparently healthy vegetarian (VEG) and omnivorous (OMN) men. Methods This was a cross-sectional study, conducted with apparently healthy men (44 omnivorous and 44 vegetarians, ≥ 35 years), who were assessed for daily food consumption, anthropometric data, physical exercise status, and clinical data. Multiple logistic regression was used to test the association between the type of diet and the dietary adequacy. Significant values were considered for p<0.05. Results Several clinical CV risk markers were significantly lower in VEG when compared to OMN: body mass index (BMI) (23.1 vs. 27.3 kg/m2), systolic blood pressure (119.5 vs. 129.2 mmHg), and diastolic blood pressure (75.7 vs. 83.9 mmHg). VEG presented significant lower values of blood lipids and glucose. No significant difference was observed in caloric intake; however, VEG consumed significantly more carbohydrates, dietary fibers, and polyunsaturated fats. VEG presented an adequate consumption of dietary cholesterol and saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, regardless of caloric intake and age. Conclusion VEG were more likely to consume saturated fatty acids, dietary cholesterol, and fibers according to the recommendations of NCEP, factors that may contribute to lower levels of CV risk markers than OMN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diet, Vegetarian , Recommended Dietary Allowances , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment , Eating , Fatty Acids , Life Style
17.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(1): 85-90, 17-feb-2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361682

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el cáncer escamocelular (CEC) representa el 90-95% de todos los tipos de cáncer. En México, la frecuencia de CEC bucal (CECB) se ha incrementado y presenta una incidencia entre el 1 y el 5%. El CECB se asocia con sujetos en la quinta y séptima década de la vida, el sexo masculino, positivos a tabaquismo, alcoholismo, factores genéticos, inmunosupresión, infección por virus del papiloma humano (VPH) y estilos de vida poco saludables, entre otros. El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar un caso clínico como ejemplo de las características emergentes en un paciente con CECB. Caso clínico: mujer de 38 años, con úlcera indurada, parcialmente adherida a planos profundos y dolorosa, asociada con un aumento de volumen, ubicada en vientre y borde lateral de lengua. Se realizó biopsia y con el diagnóstico histopatológico de carcinoma escamocelular invasor bien diferenciado, se procedió a determinar la presencia delVPH y resultó positivo a VPH 16. Se realizó tratamiento oncológico combinado (quirúrgico-radiación-quimioterapia), con buenos resultados para la paciente respecto a la estética y función. Conclusiones: se analizaron varios estudios que evalúan la presencia del VPH en lesiones de CECB, como un factor de riesgo que involucra con mayor frecuencia casos de pacientes jóvenes, la localización en lengua y antecedentes negativospara tabaquismo y alcoholismo frente a casos de CECB no asociados al VPH. Se requieren datos que contribuyan a dilucidar diversos aspectos aún desconocidos sobre la infección bucal por VPH y su relación con el CECB.


Background: Squamous cell cancer (SCC) represents 90-95% of all types of cancer. In Mexico, the frequency of oral SCC (OSCC) has increased, with an incidence between 1 and 5%. OSCC is associated with subjects in the 5 and 7th decade of life, males, positive for smoking, alcoholism, genetic factors, immunosuppression, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and unhealthy lifestyles, among others. Theobjectiveof thisworkwas to presenta clinical case as an example of the emerging characteristics in a patient with OSCC. Clinical case: 38-year-old female patient, with indurated ulcer, partially adhered to deep planes and painful, associated with an increase in volume, located on the belly and lateral edge of the tongue. A biopsy was performed and with the histopathological diagnosis of well differentiated invasive squamous cell carcinoma, the presence of HPV was determined, resulting positive for HPV-16. Combined cancer treatment was performed (surgical radiation-chemotherapy), with good results for the patient regarding aesthetics and function. Conclusions: We analyzed several studies evaluating the presence of HPV in lesions of OSCC, as a risk factor that involves more frequently cases of young patients, with location in tongue, and negative antecedents for smoking and alcoholism compared to cases of OSCC not associated with HPV. Data are required to help elucidate various still unknown aspects of oral HPV infection and its relationship with OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Neoplasms, Squamous Cell , Alphapapillomavirus , Intraoperative Care , Risk Factors , Cancer Pain , Social Factors , Life Style
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 68-79, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356304

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The long incubation periods of cardiovascular diseases offer opportunities for controlling risk factors. In addition, preventive interventions in childhood are more likely to succeed because lifestyle habits become ingrained as they are repeated. Objective To investigate the effects of recreational physical activities, in combination or not with a qualitative nutritional counseling, in cardiometabolic risk factors of students with dyslipidemia and abdominal obesity. Methods Students (8-14 years old) were randomly divided into three groups (n=23 each): i ) Control; ii ) PANC, students undergoing Physical Activity and Nutritional Counseling, and iii ) PA, students submitted to Physical Activity, only. Blood samples (12-h fasting) were collected for biochemical analysis and anthropometric markers were also assessed. Two-Way RM-ANOVA and Holm-Sidak's test, and Friedman ANOVA on Ranks and Dunn's test were applied. P ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. Effect sizes were evaluated by Hedges' g and Cliff's δ for normal and non-Gaussian data, respectively. Results Compared to the control group and to baseline values, both interventions caused significant average reductions in total cholesterol (11%; p <0.001), LDL-c (19%; p=0.002), and non-HDL-c (19%; p=0.003). Furthermore, students in the PANC group also experienced a significant decrease in body fat compared to baseline (p=0.005) and to control (5.2%; g=0.541). Conclusions The proposed strategies were effective to reduce cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. The low cost of these interventions allows the implementation of health care programs in schools to improve the students' quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Food and Nutrition Education , Dyslipidemias/prevention & control , Obesity, Abdominal/prevention & control , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Life Style , Quality of Life , Students , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Delivery of Health Care , Dyslipidemias/diet therapy , Adolescent Nutrition , Obesity, Abdominal/diet therapy
19.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e59078, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366713

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to estimate and measure reference values in the normal range of motion of extremity joints in females and to provide a database for the assessment of impairments related to the mobility of the joints. This observational cross-sectional study was conducted at seven major educational institutes areas of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in Pakistan from January to June 2020 with a sample size of 600 healthy females aged 15 to 45 years and divided into three groups through non-probability sampling technique. In study Instruments, an electronic Goniometer was used for the measurement of the range of motions for different joints and then those ranges were recorded. The questionnaire had two sections demographic characteristics and ROM for both upper and lower limbs. Data was analyzed using SPSS V21. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.In the result,Out of 600 participants,there was a statistically significant difference of (p < 0.001) in both upper and lower extremities motion between all the three groups for the measurements and noticeably no significant difference (p > 0.005) between group 1, 2 comparisons for the knee joint extension.To conclude, In most joints, the range of motion increases with age. The transition from group 1 to group 2 was aided by increased hormone participation in growth, an active lifestyle, and generally good health. Because of degenerative changes and joint stiffness, group 3's range of motion deteriorated, leading to a sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity. Standardized biomechanical measurements can help health practitioners, such as physiotherapists, choose appropriate therapy interventions to assess musculoskeletal disorders. To resolve the inconsistencies in the reliability and validity of goniometry values, more research is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Reference Values , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Joint/physiology , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multicenter Study , Elbow Joint/physiology , Arthrometry, Articular , Sedentary Behavior , Physical Therapists , Hip/physiology , Knee Joint/physiology , Life Style
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 131-156, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356297

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) and seminal oxidative stress are emerging measurable factors in male factor infertility, which interventions could potentially reduce. We evaluated (i) the impact of lifestyle changes combined with oral antioxidant intake on sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and static oxidation-reduction potential (sORP), and (ii) the correlation between DFI and sORP. Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective study involving 93 infertile males with a history of failed IVF/ICSI. Ten healthy male volunteers served as controls. Semen analysis was carried out according to 2010 WHO manual, whereas seminal sORP was measured using the MiOXSYS platform. SDF was assessed by sperm chromatin structure assay. Participants with DFI >15% underwent a three-month lifestyle intervention program, primarily based on diet and exercise, combined with oral antioxidant therapy using multivitamins, coenzyme Q10, omega-3, and oligo-elements. We assessed changes in semen parameters, DFI, and sORP, and compared DFI results to those of volunteers obtained two weeks apart. Spearman rank correlation tests were computed for sORP and DFI results. Results: Thirty-eight (40.8%) patients had DFI >15%, of whom 31 participated in the intervention program. A significant decrease in median DFI from 25.8% to 18.0% was seen after the intervention (P <0.0001). The mean DFI decrease was 7.2% (95% CI: 4.8-9.5%; P <0.0001), whereas it was 0.42% (95%CI; -4.8 to 5.6%) in volunteers (P <0.00001). No differences were observed in sperm parameters and sORP. Based on paired sORP and DFI data from 86 patients, no correlation was observed between sORP and DFI values (rho=0.03). Conclusion: A 3-month lifestyle intervention program combined with antioxidant therapy reduced DFI in infertile men with elevated SDF and a history of failed IVF/ICSI. A personalized lifestyle and antioxidant intervention could improve fertility of subfertile couples through a reduction in DFI, albeit controlled trials evaluating reproductive outcomes are needed before firm conclusions can be made. Trial registration number and date: clinicaltrials.gov NCT03898752, April 2, 2019.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infertility, Male/drug therapy , Antioxidants/metabolism , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Spermatozoa , Fertilization in Vitro , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Oxidative Stress , DNA Fragmentation , Life Style
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