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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 94-99, 20240102. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526827

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La gastrectomía y disección ganglionar es el estándar de manejo para los pacientes con cáncer gástrico. Factores como la identificación de ganglios por el patólogo, pueden tener un impacto negativo en la estadificación y el tratamiento. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el recuento ganglionar de un espécimen quirúrgico después de una gastrectomía completa (grupo A) y de un espécimen con un fraccionamiento por grupos ganglionares (grupo B). Métodos. Estudio de una base de datos retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a gastrectomía D2 en el Servicio de Cirugía gastrointestinal de la Liga Contra el Cáncer seccional Risaralda, Pereira, Colombia. Se comparó el recuento ganglionar en especímenes quirúrgicos con y sin división ganglionar por regiones anatómicas previo a su envío a patología. Resultados. De los 94 pacientes intervenidos, 65 pertenecían al grupo A y 29 pacientes al grupo B. El promedio de ganglios fue de 24,4±8,6 y 32,4±14,4 respectivamente (p=0,004). El porcentaje de pacientes con más de 15 y de 25 ganglios fue menor en el grupo A que en el grupo B (27 vs 57, p=0,432 y 19 vs 24, p=0,014). El promedio de pacientes con una relación ganglionar menor 0,2 fue mayor en el grupo B (72,4 % vs 55,4 %, p=0,119). Conclusiones. Los resultados de nuestro estudio mostraron que una división por grupos ganglionares previo a la valoración del espécimen por el servicio de patología incrementa el recuento ganglionar y permite establecer de manera certera el pronóstico de los pacientes, teniendo un impacto positivo en su estadificación, para evitar el sobretratamiento


Introduction. A gastrectomy and lymph node dissection is the standard of management for patients with gastric cancer. Factors such as the identification of nodes by the pathologist can have a negative impact on staging and treatment. The objective of this study was to compare the lymph node count of a surgical specimen after a complete gastrectomy (group A) and of a specimen with lymph node by groups (group B). Methods. Study of a retrospective database of patients undergoing D2 gastrectomy in the Risaralda section of the Liga Contra el Cancer Gastrointestinal surgical service, Pereira, Colombia. The lymph node count was compared in surgical specimens with and without lymph node division by anatomical regions, prior to sending them to pathology. Results. Of the 94 patients who underwent surgery, 65 were from group A and 29 patients were from group B. The average number of nodes was 24.4±8.6 and 32.4±14.4, respectively (p=0.004). The percentage of patients with more than 15 and 25 nodes was lower in group A than in group B (27 vs 57, p=0.432 and 19 vs 24, p=0.014). The average number of patients with a nodal ratio less than 0.2 was higher in group B (72.4% vs 55.4%, p=0.119). Conclusions. The results of our study showed that a division by lymph node groups prior to the evaluation of the specimen by the pathology service increases the lymph node count and allows the prognosis of patients to be accurately established, having a positive impact on their staging, to avoid overtreatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Staging , Gastrectomy , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 152-161, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007681

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Highly expressed in various human cancers, circular RNA Protein Kinase C Iota (circPRKCI) has been reported to play an important role in cancer development and progression. Herein, we sought to reveal the prognostic and clinical value of circPRKCI expression in diverse human cancers.@*METHODS@#We searched the Pubmed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases from inception until May 16, 2021. The relationship between circPRKCI expression and cancer patients' survival, including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), was assessed by pooled hazard ratios (HR) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). The correlation between circPRKCI expression and clinical outcomes was evaluated using odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% CI. The data were analyzed by STATA software (version 12.0) or Review Manager (RevMan 5.3).@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 studies with 1109 patients were incorporated into our meta-analysis. The results demonstrated that high circPRKCI expression was significantly related to poor OS (HR = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.61, 2.39, P <0.001) when compared with low circPRKCI expression in diverse human cancers. However, elevated circPRKCI expression was not associated with DFS (HR = 1.34, 95% CI: 0.93, 1.95, P = 0.121). Furthermore, the patient with a higher circPRKCI expression was prone to have a larger tumor size, advanced clinical stage, and lymph node metastasis, but it was not significantly correlated with age, gender, and distant metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#Elevated circPRKCI expression was correlated with worse OS and unfavorable clinical features, suggesting a novel prognostic and predictive role of circPRKCI in diverse human cancers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Neoplasms/metabolism , Disease-Free Survival , Progression-Free Survival , Lymphatic Metastasis , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1-14, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010130

ABSTRACT

Lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) is common in mid-low rectal cancer and is also a major cause of postoperative local recurrence. Currently, there is still controversy regarding the diagnosis and treatment of LLNM in rectal cancer. This consensus, based on the "Chinese Consensus on Diagnosis and Treatment of Lateral Lymph Node Metastasis in Rectal Cancer (2019 edition)," incorporates the latest domestic and international research findings and revises aspects related to the diagnosis, treatment strategies, follow-up, and management of recurrence of LLNM in rectal cancer. A total of 42 domestic colorectal cancer experts participated in this consensus. It proposes 18 consensus statements on the diagnosis and treatment of LLNM, using the evaluation criteria of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force for grading recommendations. The aim is to standardize further the diagnostic criteria and treatment strategies for LLNM in rectal cancer. Unresolved issues in this consensus require further clinical practice and active engagement in high-quality clinical research to explore and address them progressively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Consensus , Lymph Nodes , Rectal Neoplasms , China
4.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 51 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1434026

ABSTRACT

O colangiocarcinoma (CCA) é a segunda neoplasia mais maligna do fígado que surge na árvore biliar. O CCA está associado com mau prognóstico e os principais fatores envolvidos em sua patogênese não são bem compreendidos. Os receptores tirosina quinases (RTKs), como o receptor do fator de crescimento epidérmico (EGFR), podem mediar as vias de sinalização de cálcio intracelular (Ca 2+ ), via inositol 1,4,5-trifosfato (InsP3). Eles ativam os receptores 1,4,5-trifosfato (ITPRs) e regulam o crescimento tumoral. ITPR isoforma 3 é o principal canal de liberação intracelular de Ca 2+ em colangiócitos. Os efeitos do Ca 2+ intracelular, por sua vez são mediados por proteínas de ligação de cálcio, como calmodulina e proteína A4 de ligação de cálcio S100 (S100A4). No entanto, o significado clínico patológico e biológico de EGFR, ITPR3 e S100A4 no CCA permanece obscuro. Assim, o presente trabalho investiga a imuno exprepressão dessas três proteínas em 59 pacientes diagnosticados com CCA, submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico curativo e correlaciona os dados com características clínico-patológicas e sobrevida. A alta expressão de ITPR3 foi correlacionada com os níveis de CA 19-9, estágio TNM e metástases em linfonodos (N). Além disso, a expressão de ITPR3 foi aumentada em CCA distal em comparação com ductos biliares de controle e CCAs intra-hepáticos e peri-hilares. Os escores clínicos ITPR3 e S100A4 foram significativamente correlacionados. Em resumo, a super expressão de ITPR3 pode contribuir para a progressão da CCA e pode representar um potencial alvo terapêutico. Palavras-chave: ITPRs; ITPR3; S100A4; Colangiocarcinoma; Fígado; Câncer


Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most malignant neoplasm in the liver that arises from the biliary tree. CCA is associated with a poor prognosis, and the key players involved in its pathogenesis are still not well understood. Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), can mediate intracellular calcium (Ca2+) signaling pathways via inositol 1,4,5trisphosphate (InsP3), activating inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (ITPRs) and regulating tumor growth. ITPR isoform 3 (ITPR3) is the main intracellular Ca2+ release channel in cholangiocytes. The effects of intracellular Ca2+ are mediated by calciumbinding proteins such as Calmodulin and S100 calcium-binding protein A4 (S100A4). However, the clinicopathological and biological significance of EGFR, ITPR3 and S100A4 in CCA remains unclear. Thus, the present work investigates the immunoexpression of these three proteins in 59 CCAs from patients who underwent curative surgical treatment and correlates the data with clinicopathological features and survival. High ITPR3 expression was correlated with CA 19-9 levels, TNM stage and lymph node metastasis (N). Furthermore, ITPR3 expression was increased in distal CCA compared to control bile ducts and intrahepatic and perihilar CCAs. In summary, ITPR3 overexpression could contribute to CCA progression and it may represent a potential therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholangiocarcinoma , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors , S100 Calcium-Binding Protein A4 , Liver , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Calmodulin , Inositol , Lymphatic Metastasis
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1261-1265, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012403

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of TRPS1 in salivary gland-type breast carcinoma and its clinical application. Methods: A total of 30 cases of salivary gland-type breast carcinoma diagnosed from May 2015 to November 2022 at the Department of Pathology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were collected. The expression of TRPS1 was detected by immunohistochemistry and compared with that of GATA3. TRPS1 and GATA3 expression in 24 cases of primary salivary gland carcinoma. Results: There were 10 cases of breast secretory carcinoma, aged 21-61 years (median 53.5 years), with the size ranging from 0.9-2.2 cm (median 1.6 cm), 2 of which were accompanied by axillary nodal macrometastasis. All patients were alive after 2-55 months of follow-up (median 29.5 months, mean 29.7 months). There were 20 cases of breast adenoid cystic carcinoma, aged 36-77 years (median 53.5 years), with the size ranging from 1.2-5.5 cm (median 2.5 cm), 3 of which were accompanied by axillary nodal macrometastasis. All patients were alive after 3-92 months of follow-up (median 22.5 months, mean 31.7 months), and 1 patient had lung metastasis 15 months after surgery. The medium/high expression ratio of TRPS1 in breast secretory carcinoma was 10/10, which was higher than that of GATA3 (7/10). TRPS1 was also positive in the 2 cases with lymph node metastases. The medium/high expression rate of TRPS1 in breast adenoid cystic carcinoma was 20/20, which was significantly higher than that of GATA3 (2/20). TRPS1 was highly expressed in both classic and solid subtypes, while GATA3 was only expressed in a few cases of the classic subtype. TRPS1 was also positive in 3 cases with lymph node metastases and 1 case of the pulmonary metastases. The expression level of TRPS1 was the same in 1 case before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In addition, TRPS1 was positive in parotid secretory carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. The medium/high expression rate of TRPS1 in parotid secretory carcinoma (6/6) was higher than that of GATA3 (2/6), and the medium/high expression rate of TRPS1 in parotid adenoid cystic carcinoma (17/18) was higher than that of GATA3 (2/18). Conclusions: The expression of TRPS1 is highly sensitive to salivary gland-type breast carcinoma, especially in GATA3-negative solid subtype of adenoid cystic carcinoma, which plays an important role in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Parotid Neoplasms , Lung Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Parotid Gland , Repressor Proteins
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 832-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012316

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of MSI1 and HER2 in mammary Paget's disease, and the correlation between the expression levels of MSI1 and HER2 and the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of the patients. Methods: Clinical data and paraffin-embedded specimens of 34 pairs of mammary Paget's disease and underlying breast cancer were collected at the Department of Pathology, Affiliated Lianyungang Oriental Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from March 2011 to December 2019. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of MSI1 and HER2 in mammary Paget's disease and the accompanying breast cancer, and to analyze the correlation between the expression levels of MSI1 and HER2 and their clinicopathologic features, as well as their influence on prognosis. Results: In mammary Paget's disease, the positive rate of MSI1 was 91.2% (31/34) and the positive rate of HER2 was 88.2% (30/34); the expression of MSI1 and HER2 was positively correlated (P=0.001, r=0.530). The expression of MSI1 was positively correlated with menopausal status (r=0.372, P=0.030) and lymph node metastasis (r=0.450, P=0.008). HER2 expression was positively correlated with menopausal status (r=0.436, P=0.010), and negatively correlated with ER expression (r=-0.365, P=0.034). The co-expression of MSI1 and HER2 was positively correlated with age (r=0.347, P=0.044) and menopausal status (r=0.496, P=0.003), and negatively correlated with ER expression (r=-0.461, P=0.006). Conclusions: MSI1 and HER2 are highly expressed in mammary Paget's disease and their expression levels are positively correlated. The correlation analysis between clinicopathological features and prognosis suggests that both of them may be involved in the occurrence and development of mammary Paget's disease and are potential therapeutic targets for mammary Paget's disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Paget's Disease, Mammary/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphatic Metastasis , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins
7.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 733-741, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012282

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationships between molecular types of the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) of patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC) and lymph node metastasis and other clinicopathological features. Methods: The clinical pathological information of 295 patients with EC who underwent initial inpatient surgical treatment and accepted the detection of the molecular types of TCGA with next-generation sequencing technology at Peking University People's Hospital were collected during April 2016 and May 2022. The TCGA molecular typing of EC was divided into four types: POLE-ultramutated (15 cases), high microsatellite instability (MSI-H; 50 cases), copy-number low (CNL; 175 cases), and copy-number high (CNH; 55 cases). The differences of clinical pathological features among different molecular types and the risk factors of lymph node metastasis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among 295 patients with EC, the average age was (56.9±0.6) years. (1) There was a statistically significant difference in lymph node metastasis (0, 8.0%, 10.3% and 25.5%) among the four molecular types (χ2=12.524, P=0.006). There were significant differences in age, stage, pathological type, grade (only endometrioid carcinoma), myometrium invasion, lymphatic vascular space infiltration, and estrogen receptor among the EC patients of four molecular types (all P<0.05). Among them, while in the patients with CNH type, the pathological grade was G3, the pathological type was non-endometrioid carcinoma, and the proportion of myographic infiltration depth ≥1/2 were higher (all P<0.05). (2) Univariate analysis suggested that pathological type, grade, myometrium infiltration depth, cervical interstitial infiltration, lymphatic vascular space infiltration, and progesterone receptor were all factors which significantly influence lymph node metastasis (all P<0.01); multivariate analysis suggested that the lymphatic vascular space infiltration was an independent risk factor for lymph node metastasis (OR=5.884, 95%CI: 1.633-21.211; P=0.007). (3) The factors related to lymph node metastasis were different in patients with different molecular types. In the patients with MSI-H, the non-endometrioid carcinoma of pathological type was independent risk factor for lymph node metastasis (OR=29.010, 95%CI: 2.067-407.173; P=0.012). In the patients with CNL, myometrium infiltration depth≥1/2 (OR=4.995, 95%CI: 1.225-20.376; P=0.025), lymphatic vascular space infiltration (OR=14.577, 95%CI: 3.603-58.968; P<0.001) were the independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis. While in the CNH type patients pathological type of non-endometrioid carcinoma (OR=7.451, 95%CI: 1.127-49.281; P=0.037), cervical interstitial infiltration (OR=22.938, 95%CI: 1.207-436.012; P=0.037), lymphatic vascular space infiltration (OR=9.404, 95%CI: 1.609-54.969; P=0.013), were the independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis. Conclusions: POLE-ultramutated EC patients have the lowest risk of lymph node metastasis, and CNH patients have the highest risk of lymph node metastasis. The risk factors of lymph node metastasis of different molecular types are different. According to preoperative pathological and imaging data, lymph node metastasis is more likely to occur in patients with non-endometrioid carcinoma in MSI-H and CNH type patients, and lymph node metastasis is more likely to occur in patients with myometrium infiltration depth ≥1/2 in CNL type patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Molecular Typing
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 796-800, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between preoperative platelet parameters and the clinicopathological features of differentiated thyroid cancer. Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients with thyroid tumors admitted to Zhongda Hospital affiliated to Southeast University and healthy adults with normal physical examination results in our hospital from January 2019 to December 2020, and collected their general information and preoperative blood routine data. Patients with undifferentiated thyroid cancer, diabetes, coronary heart disease, hematological diseases, kidney diseases, autoimmune diseases, genetic diseases, infectious diseases, other systemic tumors, hepatitis or cirrhosis, or those taking anticoagulants were excluded. The exclusion criteria for healthy adults were the absence of the above diseases and normal physical examination results. Differences in platelet parameters among the three groups were compared, and the correlation between clinicopathological characteristics of thyroid cancer, accompanying cervical lymph node metastasis, and platelet parameters of patients was analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of thyroid cancer with cervical lymph node metastasis. Results:A total of 117 cases of differentiated thyroid cancer were collected, including 33 males and 84 females, with an average age of (41.64±12.25) years; 46 patients had benign thyroid tumors, including 15 males and 31 females, with an average age of (41.35±12.52) years; 50 healthy adults with normal physical examination results in our hospital during the same period were also included, including 18 males and 32 females, with an average age of(42.02±9.62) years, without underlying diseases. The platelet count of the differentiated thyroid cancer group was higher than that of the benign thyroid tumor group(t=-2.219, P=0.028) and the normal control group(t=2.069, P=0.04), while the platelet distribution width of the differentiated thyroid cancer group was lower than that of the benign thyroid tumor group(t=2.238, P=0.027) and the normal control group(t=-2.618, P=0.002). These differences were statistically significant. Preoperative age ≤45 years(χ²=4.225, P=0.04), tumor diameter>1 cm(χ²=4.415, P=0.036), PLT(t=-4.018, P<0.01) increase, and PDW(t=4.568, P<0.01) decrease were significantly correlated with cervical lymph node metastasis of thyroid cancer and had statistical significance. Univariate analysis showed that age ≤45 years(OR=0.447, 95%CI 0.206-0.970, P=0.042), tumor diameter>1 cm(OR=2.3, 95%CI 1.050-5.039, P=0.037), PLT(OR=1.012, 95%CI 1.005-1.019, P=0.001), and PDW(OR=0.693, 95%CI 0.518-0.827, P<0.01) were risk factors for cervical lymph node metastasis of thyroid cancer. The results of multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that PLT(OR=1.008, 95%CI 1.001-1.016, P=0.026) and PDW(OR=0.692, 95%CI 0.564-0.848, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for thyroid cancer with cervical lymph node metastasis. Conclusion:PLT and PDW may be useful predictive factors for the differentiation of thyroid cancer malignancy and central lymph node metastasis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Neck/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Adenocarcinoma
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 160-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969819

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influence factors of poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and the predictive value of inflammatory reaction indexes including neutrophils and lymphocytes ratio (NLR), platelet and lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte and lymphocyte ratio (MLR) provision and differentiation degree, infiltration depth, lymph node metastasis number on the postoperative recurrence of ESCC. Methods: A total of 130 patients with ESCC who underwent radical resection from February 2017 to February 2019 in Nanyang Central Hospital were selected and divided into good prognosis group (66 cases) and poor prognosis group (64 cases) according to the prognostic effect. The clinical data and follow-up data were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of poor prognosis. Spearman correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between preoperative NLR, PLR and MLR with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastases. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy of NLR, PLR and MLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC. Results: Univariate analysis showed that the degree of differentiation, the degree of invasion and the number of lymph node metastasis were related to the prognoses of patients with ESCC (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastases were independent influencing factors for poor prognosis of patients with ESCC, moderate differentiation (OR=2.603, 95% CI: 1.009-6.715) or low differentiation (OR=9.909, 95% CI: 3.097-31.706), infiltrating into fibrous membrane (OR=14.331, 95% CI: 1.333-154.104) or surrounding tissue (OR=23.368, 95% CI: 1.466-372.578), the number of lymph node metastases ≥ 3 (OR=9.225, 95% CI: 1.693-50.263) indicated poor prognosis. Spearman correlation analysis showed that NLR was negatively correlated with the degree of differentiation and the number of lymph node metastases (r=-0.281, P=0.001; r=-0.257, P=0.003), PLR was negatively correlated with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastasis (r=-0.250, P=0.004; r=0.197, P=0.025; r=-0.194, P=0.027), MLR was positively correlated with the degree of differentiation and the number of lymph node metastasis (r=0.248, P=0.004; r=0.196, P=0.025). ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve of NLR, PLR and MLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 0.971, 0.925 and 0.834, respectively. The best cut-off value of NLR was 2.87. The sensitivity and specificity of NLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 90.6% and 87.9%, respectively. The optimal cut-off value of PLR was 141.75. The sensitivity and specificity for predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 92.2% and 87.9%, respectively. The best cut-off value of MLR was 0.40. The sensitivity and specificity of MLR in predicting poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were 54.7% and 100.0%, respectively. Conclusions: The degree of differentiation, the degree of invasion and the number of lymph node metastases are closely related to the poor prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. NLR, PLR and MLR can provide important information for predicting the poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Neutrophils , Lymphocytes , Blood Platelets/pathology , Inflammation , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 82-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969809

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of superior mediastinal lymph node metastases (sMLNM) in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Methods: This retrospective analysis enrolled the patients who were treated for sMLNM of MTC in our hospital from May 2012 to January 2021. All patients were suspected of sMLNM due to preoperative imaging. According to the pathological results, the patients were divided into two groups named sMLNM group and the negative superior-mediastinal-lymph-node group. We collected and analyzed the clinical features, pathological features, pre- and post-operative calcitonin (Ctn), and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels of the two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors, and receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to determine the optimal cut-off values of preoperative Ctn and preoperative CEA for predicting sMLNM. Results: Among the 94 patients, 69 cases were in the sMLNM group and 25 cases were in the non-SMLNM group. Preoperative Ctn level (P=0.003), preoperative CEA level (P=0.010), distant metastasis (P=0.022), extracapsular lymph node invasion (P=0.013), the number of central lymph node metastases (P=0.002) were related to sMLNM, but the multivariate analysis did not find any independent risk factors. The optimal threshold for predicting sMLNM by pre-operative Ctn is 1500 pg/ml and AUC is 0.759 (95% CI: 0.646, 0.872). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of diagnosis are 61.2%, 77.3%, 89.1%, 39.5%, respectively. In patients who underwent mediastinal lymph node dissection through transsternal approach, the metastatic possibility of different levels from high to low were level 2R (82.3%, 28/34), level 2L (58.8%, 20/34), level 4R (58.8%, 20/34), level 3 (23.5%, 8/34), level 4L (11.8%, 4/34). Postoperative complications occurred in 41 cases (43.6%), and there was no perioperative death in all cases. 14.8% (12/81) of the patients achieved biochemical complete response (Ctn≤12 pg/ml) one month after surgery, 5 of these patients were in sMLNM group. Conclusions: For patients who have highly suspicious sMLNM through imaging, combining with preoperative Ctn diagnosis can improve the accuracy of diagnosis, especially for patients with preoperative Ctn over 1 500 pg/ml. The superior mediastinal lymph node dissection for the primary sternotomy should include at least the superior mediastinal levels 2-4 to avoid residual lesions. The strategy of surgery needs to be cautiously performed. Although the probability of biochemical cure in sMLNM cases is low, nearly 40% of patients can still benefit from the operation at the biochemical level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/pathology , Lymph Node Excision/methods
11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 672-676, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008115

ABSTRACT

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common pathological type of thyroid cancer,accounting for 90%.Most cases of PTC are inert tumors,while a few are invasive.Cervical lymph node metastasis is one of the major manifestations of invasive PTC.Preoperative accurate prediction of cervical lymph node metastasis is of great significance for the selection of therapeutic regimen and the evaluation of prognosis.New ultrasound technology is a non-invasive,convenient,and radiation-free examination method,playing a key role in predicting the cervical lymph node metastasis of PTC.This paper reviews the research status and makes an outlook on new ultrasound technology in predicting cervical lymph node metastasis of PTC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Technology
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 219-224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of lymphatic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (LCEUS) with intra-glandular injection of contrast agent for diagnosis of central compartment lymph node metastasis of thyroid cancer.@*METHODS@#From November, 2020 to May, 2022, the patients suspected of having thyroid cancer and scheduled for biopsy at our center received both conventional ultrasound and LCEUS examinations of the central compartment lymph nodes before surgery. All the patients underwent surgical dissection of the lymph nodes. The perfusion features in LCEUS were classified as homogeneous enhancement, heterogeneous enhancement, regular/irregular ring, and non-enhancement. With pathological results as the gold standard, we compared the diagnostic ability of conventional ultrasound and LCEUS for identifying metastasis in the central compartment lymph nodes.@*RESULTS@#Forty-nine patients with 60 lymph nodes were included in the final analysis. Pathological examination reported metastasis in 34 of the lymph nodes, and 26 were benign lymph nodes. With ultrasound findings of heterogeneous enhancement, irregular ring and non-enhancement as the criteria for malignant lesions, LCEUS had a diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 97.06%, 92.31% and 95% for diagnosing metastatic lymph nodes, respectively, demonstrating its better performance than conventional ultrasound (P < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis showed that LCEUS had a significantly greater area under the curve than conventional ultrasound for diagnosing metastatic lymph nodes (94.7% [0.856-0.988] vs 78.2% [0.656-0.878], P=0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#LCEUS can enhance the display and improve the diagnostic accuracy of the central compartment lymph nodes to provide important clinical evidence for making clinical decisions on treatment of thyroid cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasonography/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , ROC Curve
13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 165-171, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971382

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a common malignant tumor of head and neck. Screening of target genes for malignant tumor therapy is one of the focuses of cancer research, with proto-oncogene and tumor suppressor gene as the breakthrough. It has become an urgent need to find the target gene related to the treatment and prognosis of LSCC.This study aims to explore the role of Lin28B and C-myc in LSCC by detecting the expressions of these two proteins and analyze the correlation between the expression of Lin28B and C-myc and clinicopathological features and prognosis of LSCC.@*METHODS@#We detected the expression of Lin28B and C-myc proteins in 102 specimens of LSCC and 90 specimens of adjacent tissues by immunochemistry, and analyzed the correlation between Lin28B and C-myc protein expressions in LSCC as well as the correlation between the expressions of the two proteins and the clinicopathological features of LSCC. At the same time, the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relation between Lin28B and C-myc protein levels with the postoperative survival rate of LSCC patients.@*RESULTS@#The protein levels of Lin28B and C-myc in the LSCC tissnes were significantly higher than those in the adjacent tissues (both P<0.05),and there was a positive correlation between the expression of Lin28B and C-myc in LSCC (r=0.476, P<0.05). The expression of Lin28B protein was closely related to age, lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, and pathological differentiation of LSCC patients (all P<0.05). while the expression of C-myc protein was closely related to lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, and pathological differentiation of LSCC patients (all P<0.05). A relevant survival analysis showed that in patients with higher level of Lin28B (P=0.001) or C-myc protein (P<0.001), the postoperative survival rate was relatively low.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lin28B and C-myc proteins are highly expressed in LSCC with a positive correlation. Furthermore, they are closely related to lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, pathological differentiation and prognosis, suggesting that both Lin28B and C-myc might be involved in the occurrence and development of LSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prognosis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 132-137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971242

ABSTRACT

Hilar splenic lymph node metastasis is one of the risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with proximal gastric cancer. Laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymph node dissection (LSPSHLD) can effectively improve the survival benefits of patients at high risk of splenic hilar lymph node metastasis. However, LSPSHLD is still a challenging surgical difficulty in radical resection of proximal gastric cancer. Moreover, improper operation can easily lead to splenic vascular injury, spleen injury and pancreatic injury and other related complications, due to the deep anatomical location of the splenic hilar region and the intricate blood vessels.Therefore, in the prevention and treatment of LSPSHLD-related complications, we should first focus on prevention, clarify the indication of surgery, and select the benefit group of LSPSHLD individually, so as to avoid the risk caused by over-dissection. Meanwhile, during the perioperative period of LSPSHLD, it is necessary to improve the cognition of related risk factors, conduct standardized and accurate operations in good surgical field exposure and correct anatomical level to avoid surrounding tissues and organs injury, and master the surgical skills and effective measures to deal with related complications, so as to improve the surgical safety of LSPSHLD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spleen/surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Lymph Node Excision/adverse effects , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 51-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971233

ABSTRACT

After the implementation of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and total mesorectal excision, lateral local recurrence becomes the major type of local recurrence after surgery in rectal cancer. Most lateral recurrence develops from enlarged lateral lymph nodes on an initial imaging study. Evidence is accumulating to support the combined use of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and lateral lymph node dissection. The accuracy of diagnosing lateral lymph node metastasis remains poor. The size of lateral lymph nodes is still the most commonly used variable with the most consistent accuracy and the cut-off value ranging from 5 to 8 mm on short axis. The morphological features, differentiation of the primary tumor, circumferential margin, extramural venous invasion, and response to chemoradiotherapy are among other risk factors to predict lateral lymph node metastasis. Planning multiple disciplinary treatment strategies for patients with suspected nodes must consider both the risk of local recurrence and distant metastasis. Total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is the most promising regimen for patients with a high risk of recurrence. Simultaneous Integrated Boost Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy seemingly improves the local control of positive lateral nodes. However, its impact on the safety of surgery in patients with no response to the treatment or regrowth of lateral nodes remains unclear. For patients with smaller nodes below the cut-off value or shrunken nodes after treatment, a close follow-up strategy must be performed to detect the recurrence early and perform a salvage surgery. For patients with stratified lateral lymph node metastasis risks, plans containing different multiple disciplinary treatments must be carefully designed for long-term survival and better quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Quality of Life , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 38-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971231

ABSTRACT

Radical gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy has been widely performed as the standard surgery for patients with gastric cancer in major medical centers in China and abroad. However, the exact extent of lymph node dissection is still controversial. In the latest version of the Japanese Gastric Cancer Treatment Guidelines, No. 14v lymph nodes (along the root of the superior mesenteric vein) are again defined as loco-regional lymph nodes, and it is clarified that distal gastric cancer presenting with infra-pyloric regional lymph node (No.6) metastasis is recommended for D2+ superior mesenteric vein (No. 14v) lymph node dissection. To explore the relevance and clinical significance of No.6 and No.14v lymphadenectomy in radical gastric cancer surgery, a review of the national and international literature revealed that No.6 lymph node metastasis was associated with No.14v lymph node metastasis, that No.6 lymph node status was a valid predictor of No.14v lymph node negative status and false negative rate, and that for gastric cancer patients with No. 14v lymph node negative and No.6 lymph node positive, the dissection of No.14v lymph node may also have some significance. The addition of No. 14v lymph node dissection in radical gastrectomy is safe, but it is more important to distinguish the patients who can benefit from it. Professor Liang Han of Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital is currently leading a multicenter, large-sample, prospective clinical trial (NCT02272894) in China, which is expected to provide higher level evidence for the clinical significance of lymph node dissection in No.14v.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymph Node Excision , Gastrectomy , Multicenter Studies as Topic
17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 113-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971186

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies have shown that lymph node metastasis only occurs in some mixed ground-glass nodules (mGGNs) which the pathological results were invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC). However, the presence of lymph node metastasis leads to the upgrading of tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and worse prognosis of the patients, so it is important to perform the necessary evaluation before surgery to guide the operation method of lymph node. The aim of this study was to find suitable clinical and radiological indicators to distinguish whether mGGNs with pathology as IAC is accompanied by lymph node metastasis, and to construct a prediction model for lymph node metastasis.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to October 2019, the patients with resected IAC appearing as mGGNs in computed tomography (CT) scan were reviewed. All the lesions were divided into two groups (with lymph node metastasis or not) according to their lymph node status. Lasso regression model analysis by applying R software was used to evaluate the relationship between clinical and radiological parameters and lymph node metastasis of mGGNs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 883 mGGNs patients were enroled in this study, among which, 12 (1.36%) showed lymph node metastasis. Lasso regression model analysis of clinical imaging information in mGGNs with lymph node metastasis showed that previous history of malignancy, mean density, mean density of solid components, burr sign and percentage of solid components were informative. Prediction model for lymph node metastasis in mGGNs was developed based on the results of Lasso regression model with area under curve=0.899.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Clinical information combined with CT imaging information can predict lymph node metastasis in mGGNs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lung Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Lymph Nodes , Population Groups
18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 22-30, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971175

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the world today, and adenocarcinoma is the most common histopathological type of lung cancer. In May 2021, World Health Organization (WHO) released the 5th edition of the WHO classification of thoracic tumors, which classifies invasive non-mucinous adenocarcinoma (INMA) into lepidic adenocarcinoma, acinar adenocarcinoma, papillary adenocarcinoma, solid adenocarcinoma, and micropapillary adenocarcinoma based on its histological characteristics. These five pathological subtypes differ in clinical features, treatment and prognosis. A complete understanding of the characteristics of these subtypes is essential for the clinical diagnosis, treatment options, and prognosis predictions of patients with lung adenocarcinoma, including recurrence and progression. This article will review the grading system, morphology, imaging prediction, lymph node metastasis, surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy of different pathological subtypes of INMA.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 202-207, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation between the mRNA levels of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and lung-specific X protein (LUNX) genes with pathological types and stages of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and their significance for prognosis.@*METHODS@#Eighty nine patients with NSCLC admitted to Huaihe Hospital of Henan University between June 2015 and June 2018 were recruited, with 55 patients with benign lung lesions admitted during the same period of time selected as the control group. The mRNA levels of BCRP and LUNX genes were detected in the peripheral blood samples from the two groups, and their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression rates of BCRP and LUNX mRNA in the NSCLC group were significantly higher compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The level of BCRP mRNA of the NSCLC patients has correlated with the degree of differentiation and TNM staging (P < 0.05), but not with gender, age, smoking, pathological types and lymph node metastasis (P > 0.05). The level of LUNX mRNA of them has correlated with the degree of differentiation, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05), but not with gender, age, smoking, and pathological types (P > 0.05). Compared with those with no expression, the overall survival rate of patients with BCRP and LUNX expression was significantly lower (P < 0.05). The degree of differentiation, TNM staging, lymph node metastasis, and expression of the BCRP and LUNX mRNA may all affect the prognosis of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of BCRP and LUNX mRNA in the peripheral blood of patients with NSCLC are significantly increased. The expression of BCRP mRNA is correlated with the degree of differentiation and TNM staging, whilst the expression of LUNX mRNA is correlated with the differentiation degree, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis. Both may be used as independent predictors for the prognosis of patients with NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Glycoproteins/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger/genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 532-538, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981895

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify whether Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) can promote metastasis of gastric cancer cells via the high-expression of induced B cell specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (Bmi-1). Methods The gastric cancer tissue specimens from 82 patients were collected for this study. The protein and gene expression level of Bmi-1 in gastric adenocarcinoma tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry and real time quantitative PCR, respectively. And meanwhile the correlation between Bmi-1 levels and pathological features, and prognosis of gastric cancer were analyzed retrospectively. Then, the GES-1 cells were transfected with pLPCX-Bmi-1 plasmid and infected with H. pylori respectively. After the Bmi-1 overexpression in GES-1 cells, the invasion ability of the GES-1 cells was detected by Transwell assay, and the cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Results The mRNA and protein of Bmi-1 expression in gastric cancer tissues were higher than tumor-adjacent tissue, and the high expression of Bmi-1 was positively correlated with tumor invasion, TNM stage, tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and H. pylori infection. When expression of Bmi-1 was up-regulated as a result of H.pylori infection or pLPCX-Bmi-1 transfection, the GES-1 cells had higher invasiveness and lower apoptosis rate with the above treatment respectively. Conclusion H. pylori infection can inhibit the apoptosis of gastric cancer cells and promote their invasion via up-regulating expression of Bmi-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Helicobacter Infections/genetics , Helicobacter pylori , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1/genetics
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