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1.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 161-171, jan.-abr. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411402

ABSTRACT

A remoção cirúrgica dos terceiros molares é um procedimento comumente realizado por cirurgiões bucomaxilos, e acidentes e complicações podem estar relacionados a esse procedimento. A fratura mandibular é um acidente incomum, mas que apresenta grande potencial de gerar morbidade aos pacientes. Diante disso, evidencia-se a importância de uma abordagem precoce após o trauma, bem como o acompanhamento posterior e a determinação correta do tratamento. Nesse sentido, este estudo objetiva investigar na literatura os protocolos existentes de tratamentos de fraturas mandibulares transoperatórias associadas à exodontia de terceiros molares inferiores. Para isso, foi realizada uma revisão de literatura sistemática, de caráter exploratório e descritivo, na base de dados Pubmed através dos descritores mandibular fracture, extraction e treatment. As buscas foram realizadas com restrição de tempo de 2016 a 2021. Dos 18 artigos compatíveis à proposta, 6 artigos passaram pelos critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Desses, a análise da maioria dos autores é clara em se referir às exodontias de terceiros molares como fator para fraturas mandibulares e mencionar qual protocolo de atendimento seguir, caso aconteça a fratura. Conclui-se que a redução fechada ou aberta são possibilidades de abordagem, entretanto existe uma preferência, pela redução aberta por acesso extraoral ou intrabucal com fixação interna rígida, visto que, ela elimina o período de bloqueio maxilomandibular, facilitando o retorno à função.


Surgical removal of third molars is a common procedure performed by bucomaxilos surgeons, and accidents and complications can be related to this procedure. Mandibular fracture is an uncommon accident, but it has great potential to generate morbidity in patients. Because of this, the importance of an early approach after trauma is evident, as well as the subsequent follow-up and correct determination of treatment. In this sense, this objective is to investigate in the literature the existing protocols for the treatment of transverse mandibular fractures associated with the extraction of lower third molars. To this end, a systematic exploratory and descriptive literature review were conducted in the Pubmed database using the descriptors mandibular fracture, extraction and treatment. The searches were performed with a time restriction from 2016 to 2021. Of the 18 articles compatible with the proposal, 6 articles passed the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Of these, the analysis of most authors is clear in referring to third molar extractions as a factor for mandibular fractures and mentioning which treatment protocol to follow if a fracture occurs. It is concluded that closed or open reduction are possible approaches, however there is a preference for open reduction by extraoral or intraoral access with rigid internal fixation, since it eliminates the period of maxillomandibular block, facilitating the return to function.


Subject(s)
Surgery, Oral , Clinical Protocols , Mandibular Fractures , Molar, Third
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-9, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435164

ABSTRACT

Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonography in diagnosis of tempromandibular joint soft tissue injury after mandibular osteosynthesis. Material and Methods: ten male patients (20 joint) with age ranged between 20-28 years were collected from those attending the outpatient clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Al-Kuwait Hospital, Sana'a University. Patients were divided into two groups according to the number of fracture line in the mandible. All patients were randomly assigned to diagnosis of the soft tissue changes of temporomandibular joint by either ultrasonography or magnetic resonance image preoperatively, after 2 weeks and 3 months postoperatively. Results: preoperatively, there was moderate agreement between ultrasonography and magnetic resonance image in the diagnosis of abnormal findings in both groups, the difference was not statistically significant. In group I, ultrasonography of the temporomandibular joint didn't detect any abnormal findings after mandibular osteosynthesis, meanwhile, magnetic resonance image recorded abnormal findings 40% and 20% after 2 weeks and 3 months respectively. In group II, the diagnosis of abnormal findings was the same (80%) pre and postoperatively by using magnetic resonance image however, the percent ofabnormal findings was reduced from 60% preoperatively to 40% postoperatively by using ultrasonography. Conclusion: the ultrasonographic image was not able to identify or diagnosis the disc position changes after indirect trauma. However, it had to some extent a role in the identification and diagnosis of effusion in temporomandibular joint. (AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo consistiu em avaliar a eficácia da ultrassonografia no diagnóstico de lesões nos tecidos moles da articulação temporomandibular após a osteossíntese mandibular. Material e Métodos: dez pacientes do sexo masculino (no total de 20 indivíduos) de idades entre 20 e 28 anos foram selecionados do serviço ambulatorial do Departamento de Cirurgia Oral e Maxilo-facial, Hospital Al-Kuwait, Universidade de Sana'a. Os indivíduos incluídos foram distribuídos em dois grupos, de acordo com o número de linhas de fratura presentes na mandíbula. Todos os pacientes foram aleatoriamente alocados e divididos, com base no diagnóstico das alterações dos tecidos moles da articulação temporomandibular por ultrassonografia ou ressonância magnética no pré-operatório e em intervalos de 2 semanas e 3 meses no pós-operatório. Resultados: no pré-operatório, houve uma concordância moderada entre a ultrassonografia e a ressonância magnética no diagnóstico de achados anormais em ambos os grupos; a diferença não foi estatisticamente significativa. No grupo I, a ultrassonografia da articulação temporomandibular não revelou quaisquer achados anormais após a osteossíntese mandibular, enquanto a ressonância magnética registou achados anormais em 40% e 20% dos casos após 2 semanas e 3 meses, respectivamente. No grupo II, o diagnóstico das anormalidades por ressonância magnética foi o mesmo (80%) no pré e pós-operatório; contudo, a percentagem de casos anormais por ultrassonografia foi reduzida de 60% no pré-operatório para 40% no pós-operatório. Conclusão: a imagem ultrassonográfica não foi capaz de detectar alterações de posição do disco após trauma indireto. Entretanto, em certa medida, contribuiu para a identificação e diagnóstico de efusão na articulação temporomandibular (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint , Wounds and Injuries , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography , Mandibular Fractures
3.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 13(1): 79-90, 20230000. ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425221

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las heridas por proyectil de arma de fuego en la región craneofacial provocan daños funcionales devastadoras y deformidades estéticas, que se suman al trauma psicológico al momento del regreso a la vida cotidiana de un paciente. Por esta razón, la reconstrucción adecuada es esencial para una rehabilitación integral. La fijación externa es un método de reducción cerrada de fracturas que implica el uso de tornillos para manipular segmentos sueltos de hueso, que luego se fijan mediante conexiones externas. Es importante recalcar que las fracturas mandibulares causadas por proyectil de arma de fuego son un reto para este tipo de tratamiento. Objetivo: presentar el caso de un paciente con fractura mandibular por proyectil de arma de fuego tratado con fijadores externos y revisión de la literatura sobre este tipo de tratamiento. Caso clínico: paciente masculino de 19 años que presentó fractura de rama mandibular izquierda causado por proyectil de arma de fuego; la fractura se manejó mediante la colocación de fijación intermaxilar con arcos barra tipo Erich y fijación externa durante 3 meses. Como parte del resultado, el paciente presentó una correcta oclusión dentaria y mantiene sus movimientos mandibulares sin ninguna limitación. Esto demuestra que la reducción cerrada y fijación externa debe mantenerse en el arsenal terapéutico debido a sus adecuados resultados comprobados en la literatura y en este caso. Ahora bien, aunque la reducción abierta y fijación interna con material de osteosíntesis hace parte del manejo idóneo para todo tipo de fractura, todos los casos requieren ser individualizados.


Background: wounds from a frearm projectile in the craniofacial region cause devastating functional damage and aesthetic deformities, along with psychological trauma when returning to daily life. This is why proper reconstruction is essential for comprehensive rehabilitation. External fxation is a method of closed fracture reduction that involves the use of screws to manipulate loose segments of bone that are then fxed using external connections. Objective: to present the case of a patient with a mandibular fracture caused by a frearm projectile treated with external fixators and review the literature. Clinical case: a 19-year-old male patient who presented a fracture of the left mandibular ramus caused by a frearm projectile, the fracture was managed by placing intermaxillary fxation with Erich-type bar arches and external fixation for 3 months. The patient presented a correct dental occlusion and maintains his mandibular movements without any limitation. Conclusion: mandibular fractures caused by frearm projectiles are a challenge for treatment. Open reduction and internal fixation with osteosynthesis material is the ideal management for all types of fractures, however, all cases must be individualized, and it must be considered that closed reduction and external fxation must remain in our therapeutic arsenal due to their adequate results verifed in the literature and in our case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , External Fixators , Mandibular Fractures , Therapeutics , Wounds, Gunshot
4.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 290-296, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to analyze the application value of a modified tragus edge incision and transmasseteric anteroparotid approach to condyle reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Condyle reconstruction was performed in 16 patients (9 females and 7 males) with modified tragus edge incision and transmasseteric anteroparotid approach. After regular follow-up, the function of condyle reconstruction was evaluated by clinical indicators, such as parotid salivary fistula, facial nerve function, mouth opening, occlusal relationship, and facial scar. The morphology of rib graft rib cartilage was evaluated by imaging indicators, such as panoramic radiography, CT, and three-dimensional CT image reconstruction.@*RESULTS@#At 6-36 months postoperative follow-up, all patients had good recovery of facial appearance, concealed incisional scar, no parotid salivary fistula, good mouth opening, and occlusion. One case had temporary facial paralysis and recovered after treatment. Radiographic evaluation further showed that costochondral graft survived in normal anatomic locations.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The modified tragus edge incision and transmasseteric anteroparotid approach can effectively reduce parotid salivary fistula and facial nerve injury in condylar reconstruction. The surgical field was clearly exposed, and the incision scar was concealed without increasing the incidence of other complications. Thus, this approach is worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 17-23, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381053

ABSTRACT

O nervo mandibular V3 é a terceira divisão do nervo trigêmeo, apresenta fibras motoras e sensitivas, sendo a ramificação mista deste nervo. Seus ramos eferentes são responsáveis pela motricidade dos músculos mastigatórios, inerva os músculos milo-hióideo, ventre anterior do digástrico, tensor do véu palatino e tensor do tímpano. Suas fibras aferentes são responsáveis pela sensibilidade da região inferior da face e cavidade oral, dentes inferiores, parte da língua e propriocepção da cápsula da articulação temporomandibular ATM. O objetivo deste estudo é explanar as possíveis lesões no nervo mandibular, suas ramificações e estruturas adjacentes no caso de fraturas na mandíbula, colaborando com informações detalhadas para posterior estudo de acadêmicos e cirurgiões dentistas. Foi realizada uma pesquisa de campo, exploratória e descritiva, com abordagem quanti-qualitativa, para descrição e análise do trajeto do V3 até a sua chegada no osso mandibular, assim como de estruturas que compõem a topografia adjacente a mesma utilizando uma hemiface intacta de um cadáver do sexo masculino no Laboratório de Anatomia Humana das Faculdades Nova Esperança, na cidade de João Pessoa. Devido à proximidade do nervo mandibular com o processo coronoide, fraturas nesta parte do osso mandíbula, podem ocasionar lesões no V3, além de traumas no osso temporal, e consequentemente de todo o gânglio trigeminal. Além destas, estruturas adjacentes como a glândula parótida, artérias maxilar e facial, ATM, e os nervos alveolar inferior, mentual e lingual, podem ser lesionadas em uma fratura mandibular. As lesões nestes nervos, podem resultar em redução grave da qualidade de vida e dor crônica, gerando desconfortos para o paciente. Diante do exposto fica evidente a importância de conhecer a anatomia topográfica da mandíbula e suas estruturas vasculonervosas, seu trajeto e a localização. Houve dificuldade na discussão devido à escassez da literatura em relação à temática proposta. Dessa forma, é necessário motivar novos estudos sobre a temática a fim de ampliar o conhecimento dos profissionais de saúde e estimular novas técnicas para diagnóstico precoce e melhorar os resultados terapêuticos, impactando positivamente na sobrevida de pacientes com fraturas de mandibulares(AU)


The mandibular nerve V3 is the third division of the trigeminal nerve, has motor and sensory fibers, being the mixed branch of this nerve. Its efferent branches are responsible for the motricity of the masticatory muscles, innervating the mylohyoid muscles, anterior belly of the digastric, soft palate tensor and tympanic tensor. Its afferent fibers are responsible for the sensitivity of the lower face and oral cavity, lower teeth, part of the tongue and proprioception of the capsule of the temporomandibular joint TMJ. The aim of this study is to explain the possible injuries to the mandibular nerve, its ramifications and adjacent structures in the case of mandible fractures, collaborating with detailed information for further study by academics and dentists. A field research, exploratory and descriptive, with a quantitative-qualitative approach, was carried out to describe and analyze the path of the V3 until its arrival in the mandibular bone, as well as structures that make up the topography adjacent to it using na intact hemiface of a male cadaver at the Human Anatomy Laboratory of Faculdades Nova Esperança, in João Pessoa city. Due to the proximity of the mandibular nerve with the coronoid process, fractures in this part of the mandible bone can cause injuries to the V3, in addition to trauma to the temporal bone, and consequently to the entire trigeminal ganglion. In addition to these, adjacent structures such as the parotid gland, maxillary and facial arteries, TMJ, and the inferior alveolar, mental and lingual nerves can be injured in a mandibular fracture. Damage to these nerves can result in severely reduced quality of life and chronic pain, causing discomfort for the patient. Given the above, the importance of knowing the topographic anatomy of the mandible and its vascular-nervous structures, its path and location is evident. There was difficulty in the discussion due to the scarcity of literature regarding the proposed theme. Thus, it is necessary to motivate further studies on the subject in order to expand the knowledge of health professionals and encourage new techniques for early diagnosis and improve therapeutic results, positively impacting the survival of patients with mandibular fractures(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Trigeminal Nerve Injuries , Mandibular Nerve Injuries , Mandibular Fractures , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Mandibular Nerve , Mandibular Nerve/anatomy & histology
6.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(5): 1-7, nov. 23, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437172

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Mandibular fractures are the most common facial fractures affecting various anatomical sites of the mandible. Among the various mandibular fractures, management of condylar fractures remains a challenging task for surgeons. Case Report: We report the case of a 28 year old male patient who presented with pain in the chin and restricted mouth opening. Computed tomography revealed a sagittal fracture of the right condylar head with medial displacement of the fractured fragments. Management of diacapitular fractures includes open reduction and internal fixation of the right condyle using a single lag-screw. Results: The postoperative outcomes were favorable, where normal mandibular movements, desired dental occlusion and exact positioning of the condyle with rigid fixation were established thereby maintaining the shape of the condyle. Conclusion: Use of single lag screw fixation is highly recommended as it greatly supports the stabilized fracture fragments and also aid in prevention of fracture fragment rotation medially.


Introducción: Las fracturas mandibulares son las fracturas faciales más comunes que afectan a diversos sitios anatómicos de la mandíbula. Entre las diversas fracturas mandibulares, el manejo de las fracturas condilares sigue siendo una tarea desafiante para los cirujanos. Reporte del Caso: Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 28 años que consultó por dolor en el mentón y restricción de la apertura de la boca. La tomografía computarizada reveló una fractura sagital de la cabeza condilar derecha con desplazamiento medial de los fragmentos fracturados. El tratamiento de las fracturas diacapitulares incluye la reducción abierta y la fijación interna del cóndilo derecho con un solo tirafondo. Resultados: Los resultados postoperatorios fueron favorables, donde se establecieron los movimientos mandibulares normales, la oclusión dentaria deseada y el posicionamiento exacto del cóndilo con fijación rígida manteniendo así la forma del cóndilo. Conclusión: Se recomienda encarecidamente el uso de una fijación con un solo tornillo de tracción, ya que soporta en gran medida los fragmentos de fractura estabilizados y también ayuda a prevenir la rotación medial de los fragmentos de fractura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Fracture Fixation/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Mandibular Condyle/injuries , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Mandibular Condyle/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Fractures/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441507

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La región maxilofacial es vulnerable al trauma. Se utilizan herramientas para evaluar la gravedad del trauma maxilofacial. Objetivo: Caracterizar el comportamiento y gravedad del trauma maxilofacial en los pacientes atendidos en el servicio de urgencias de cirugía maxilofacial del Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García". Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal en pacientes que acudieron al servicio de urgencias de cirugía maxilofacial del Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García", desde septiembre de 2018 hasta marzo de 2021. El universo fue de 57 pacientes. Se aplicó la escala de severidad de lesiones faciales. Variables analizadas: edad, sexo, etiología, diagnósticos, exámenes complementarios, gravedad del trauma maxilofacial, procederes terapéuticos inmediatos. Resultados: Prevaleció la fractura mandibular como diagnóstico (66,7 por ciento). La etiología más frecuente fue la violencia interpersonal (29,8 por ciento). Predominó la gravedad leve del trauma maxilofacial (71,9 por ciento). La extracción de cuerpos extraños de la vía aérea, tracción lingual, inserción de cánula orofaríngea, intubación orotraqueal (5,3 por ciento), y sutura (64,9 por ciento), fueron los procederes terapéuticos inmediatos más utilizados. Conclusiones: Prevalecen los pacientes del sexo masculino y del grupo de edad de 19 a 30 años. Predomina la fractura mandibular como diagnóstico. Los exámenes complementarios más utilizados son, la tomografía computarizada, el hemograma completo y el coagulograma. Impera la violencia interpersonal como etiología. Prevalece la gravedad leve del trauma maxilofacial. Los procederes terapéuticos inmediatos más empleados son, extracción de cuerpos extraños de la vía aérea, tracción lingual, inserción de cánula orofaríngea, intubación orotraqueal y sutura(AU)


Introduction: The maxillofacial region is vulnerable to trauma. Tools are used to assess the severity of maxillofacial trauma. Objective: To characterize maxillofacial trauma and its severity in patients cared for at the maxillofacial surgery emergency department of General Calixto García University Hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive and observational study was carried out in patients attending the maxillofacial surgery emergency department at General Calixto García University Hospital, from September 2018 to March 2021. The study universe was 57 patients. The facial injury severity scale was applied. The analyzed variables were age, sex, etiology, diagnoses, complementary examinations, severity of maxillofacial trauma, immediate therapeutic procedures. Results: Mandibular fracture prevailed as a diagnosis (66.7 percent). The most frequent etiology was interpersonal violence (29.8 percent). Mild severity of maxillofacial trauma predominated (71.9 percent). Extraction of foreign bodies from the airway, tongue traction, insertion of oropharyngeal cannula, orotracheal intubation (5.3 percent) and suturing (64.9 percent) were the most frequently used immediate therapeutic procedures. Conclusions: There is a prevalence of male patients and the age group 19 to 30 years. Mandibular fracture predominates as a diagnosis. The most frequently used complementary tests are computed tomography, complete blood count and coagulogram. Interpersonal violence prevails as an etiology. Mild severity of maxillofacial trauma prevails. The most commonly used immediate therapeutic procedures are extraction of foreign bodies from the airway, tongue traction, insertion of oropharyngeal cannula, orotracheal intubation and suturing(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Facial Injuries/epidemiology , Mandibular Fractures/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 151-155, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928491

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The aim of this study is to evaluate the application value of virtual surgical planning in the management of mandibular condylar fractures and to provide a reliable reference.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective randomized controlled study and recruited 50 patients requiring surgical treatment for their mandibular condylar fractures. The inclusion criteria were patients (1) diagnosed with a condylar fracture by two clinically experienced doctors and required surgical treatment; (2) have given consent for the surgical treatment; and (3) had no contraindications to the surgery. Patients were excluded from this study if: (1) they were diagnosed with a non-dislocated or only slightly dislocated condylar fracture; (2) the comminuted condylar fracture was too severe to be treated with internal reduction and fixation; or (3) patients could not complete follow-up for 3 months. There were 33 male and 17 female patients with 33 unilateral condylar fractures and 17 bilateral condylar fractures included. The 50 patients were randomly (random number) divided into control group (25 patients with 35 sides of condylar fractures) and experimental group (25 patients with 32 sides of condylar fractures). Virtual surgical planning was used in the experimental group, but only clinical experience was used in the control group. The patients were followed up for 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after operation. Variables including the rate of perfect reduction by radiological analysis, the average distance of deviation between preoperative and postoperative CT measurements using Geomagic software and postoperative clinical examinations (e.g., mouth opening, occlusion) were investigated for outcome measurement. SPSS 19 was adopted for data analysis.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was 180.60 min in the experimental group and 223.2 min in the control group. One week postoperatively, CT images showed that the anatomic reduction rate was 90.63% (29/32) in the experimental group and 68.57% (24/35) in the control group, revealing significant difference (X2 = 4.919, p = 0.027). Geomagic comparative analysis revealed that the average distance of deviation was also much smaller in the experimental group than that in the control group (0.639 mm vs. 0.995 mm; t = 3.824, p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggest that virtual surgical planning can assist surgeons in surgical procedures, reduce operative time, and improve the anatomic reduction rate & accuracy, and thus of value in the diagnosis and treatment of condylar fractures.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Comminuted , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 49-53, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928483

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The main aim is to provide clinical reference for the application of mini suture anchor in the reduction and fixation of displaced temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc with intracapsular condylar fracture.@*METHODS@#From October 2018 to October 2019, 21 patients (31 sides) with intracapsular condylar fractures and articular disc displacement from West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University were included. The selection criteria were: (1) mandibular condylar fractures accompanied by displacement of the TMJ disc, confirmed by clinical examination, CT scan and other auxiliary examinations; (2) indication for surgical treatment; (3) no surgical contraindications; (4) no previous history of surgery in the operative area; (5) no facial nerve injury before the surgery; (6) informed consent to participate in the research program and (7) complete data. Patients without surgical treatment were excluded. The employed patients were followed up at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after operation. Outcomes were assessed by success rate of operation, TMJ function and radiological examination results at 3 months after operation. Data were expressed as number and percent and analyzed using SPSS 19.0.@*RESULTS@#All the surgical procedures were completed successfully and all the articular discs were firmly attached to the condyles. The articular disc sufficiently covered the condylar head after the fixation. The fixation remained stable when the mandible was moved in each direction by the surgeons. No complications occurred. The functions of the TMJ were well-recovered postoperatively in most cases. CT scan revealed that the screws were completely embedded in the bone without loosening or displacement.@*CONCLUSION@#Mini suture anchor can provide satisfactory stabilization for the reduced articular disc and also promote the recovery of TMJ functions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Mandible , Mandibular Condyle , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Suture Anchors , Temporomandibular Joint Disc/surgery
10.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 361-363, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362099

ABSTRACT

The displacement of the mandibular condyle into the cranial fossa is an uncommon event; when it occurs, there is a need for immediate and multidisciplinary surgical intervention. Due to its rare advent, there is still no consolidated service dynamics, as this condition has not yet been described in a sedimented way in the literature databases. In the present article, we performed a literature review of condylar dislocation for the intracranial fossa described in the past 10 years in the PubMed and Lilacs search databases.


Subject(s)
Cranial Fossa, Middle/surgery , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Temporomandibular Joint/surgery , Joint Dislocations/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Condyle/injuries , Mandibular Fractures/diagnostic imaging
11.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 190-202, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373406

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir una serie de casos de fracturas de cóndilo mandibular resueltas por abordaje intraoral y asistencia video-endoscópica. Casos clínicos: Se presentan 3 casos de pacientes con fracturas de cóndilo mandibular unilateral. Dos casos presen- tan un segundo trazo de fractura parasinfisiaria asociada. El tratamiento realizado fue la reducción abierta y la fijación in- terna de todas las fracturas por abordaje oral. Se realizaron controles clínicos y tomográficos mediatos y a distancia (AU)


Aim: To present the experience with a series of cases re- solved by an intraoral approach and video-endoscopic assis- tance for the management of mandibular condyle fractures. Clinical cases: Three cases of patients with unilater- al mandibular condyle fractures are presented. Two of the cases presented a second line of associated parasymphyseal fracture. The treatment performed was open reduction and internal fixation of all fractures by oral approach. Mid-term and long-term clinical and tomographic follow-ups were per- formed, with favorable results (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Endoscopy/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Mandibular Condyle/injuries , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Video Recording , Mandibular Condyle/surgery
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211443, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253787

ABSTRACT

Aim: The mandible is regarded as a frequently fractured bone in patients who present with maxillofacial trauma accounting for almost 15.5% to 59% of all facial fractures. Managing condylar trauma has remained to be a point of contention amongst experts, regardless of the advances in surgical modalities and methodologies, and the treatment plan is often determined by the preference and the experience of the surgeon. There exist various approaches in the literature, each with its own specific benefits and drawbacks. With this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of post-operative complications in patients who experienced ORIF by means of the retromandibular approach, by comparing the outcomes of one group having undergone transparotid surgery, with another that underwent retroparotid surgery. Methods: An experimental trial was undertaken. Convenience sampling was done from among the cases of condylar neck and base fracture visiting the department of OMFS, Dow University of Health Sciences from January 2017 to December 2019. An overall 26 patients were divided into 2 groups of 13 members each; one was managed using Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) by means of a retromandibular transparotid approach while the other group was treated with ORIF by means of a retromandibular retroparotid approach. A 6 month follow-up was done to assess range of active motion, occlusion, and complications such as deviation/deflection, neural injury, infections, sialocele, salivary fistulae and Frey's syndrome in both groups. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of inter-incisal opening, right and left lateral movements, or protrusion. One patient in the retroparotid group had deviation on mouth opening (7.69%), while one in the transparotid group reported with infection (7.69%), and 2 developed post operative seromas (15.38%). None had persisting facial nerve palsy at 6 months. Conclusion: We find no significant disparity between the 2 approaches at a follow-up of 6 months; therefore, the primary determining factor for selection of either technique is surgeon preference and appropriate case selection


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral Surgical Procedures , Mandibular Condyle , Mandibular Fractures
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211615, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253932

ABSTRACT

Aim: Maxillofacial fractures occur frequently in the general population, and sports-related fractures represent some of these cases. However, few studies have been carried out in Brazilian populations aimed at sports-related maxillofacial fractures. This study assessed the demographic and fracture characteristics of patients with sports-related maxillofacial fractures who were seen at a Brazilian trauma care center. Methods: Medical records of patients with a history of sports-related maxillofacial fractures treated between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. Personal data, fracture characteristics, sport type, treatment performed and need for hospitalization were collected. The data were subjected to statistical analyses with likelihood ratio test using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 25.0 (p ≤ 0.050). Results: Forty cases (4.96% of the total) of facial fractures were included. The mean age was 24.9 (± 9.8) years, with a predominance of males (92.5%). The use of protective equipment was rare. The most frequently involved sport modality was soccer (47.5%), followed by cycling (27.5%). The most frequent fracture location was nose (45%), followed by mandible (25%) and zygomatic complex (17.5%). Soccer was responsible for most nose fractures (61.1%), while cycling caused the majority of mandibular fractures (60%). Conservative treatment predominated (60%). There was only a significant difference between fracture location and the need for hospitalization (p = 0.021). Conclusion: Patients with sportsrelated maxillofacial fractures were typically young adult males, the injury was more often located in the nose and mandible and related to soccer or cycling. The use of protective equipment must be reinforced


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Athletic Injuries , Zygomatic Fractures , Fractures, Bone , Mandibular Fractures , Nasal Bone
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219912, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1254429

ABSTRACT

Aim: Evaluation of the reliability of 3D computed tomography (3D-CT) in the diagnosis of mandibular fractures. Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative and qualitative study was carried out, through the application of a questionnaire for 70 professionals in the area of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology. 3D-CT images of mandibular fractures were delivered to the interviewees along with a questionnaire. Participants answered about the number of traces, the region and the type of fracture. The correct diagnosis, that is, the expected answer, was based on the reports of a specialist in oral and maxillofacial radiology after viewing the images in the axial, sagittal and coronal sections. The resulting data from the interviewees was compared with the expected answer and then, the data was analyzed statistically. Results: In the sample 56.9% were between 22 and 30 years old, 52.8% were oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMF), 34.7% were residents in OMF surgery and 12.5% OMF radiologists. Each professional answered 15 questions (related to five patients) and 50.8% of the total of these was answered correctly. Specialists in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology correctly answered 53.9%. Interviewees with experience between 6 and 10 years correctly answered 58.2%. In identifying fracture traces, 46.1% of the questions were answered correctly. In terms of location, 5.6% of interviewees answered wrongly while 14.2% answered wrongly regarding classification. Conclusion: 3D computed tomography did not prove to be a reliable image for diagnosing mandibular fractures when used alone. This made necessary an association with axial, sagittal and coronal tomographic sections


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Surveys and Questionnaires , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mandibular Fractures
15.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 42-46, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283885

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Por sua posição na face, a mandíbula é frequentemente atingida pelos traumas, surgindo em algumas estatísticas como o osso fraturado com maior incidência em face. Em fraturas de mandíbulas atróficas o tratamento conservador, com fixação intermaxilar não costuma ser uma opção viável pela falta de dentes e pequena área de contato ósseo existente. Dessa forma, a redução aberta e fixação interna estável tem sido o tratamento de escolha sempre que a condição do paciente permitir. Objetivo: relatar um caso de osteossíntese de fratura de mandíbula atrófica por acesso extraoral. Relato de caso: Paciente 64 anos, faioderma, sexo feminino, procurou o serviço de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial da Universidade Federal da Bahia apresentando traumatismo facial por queda da própria altura, referindo severas queixas álgicas espontâneas em região mandibular. Ao exame físico notou-se edentulismo total em ambas as arcadas, edema, hematoma e degrau ósseo á palpação em região de corpo de mandíbula a direita, alémde mobilidade atípica a manipulação da mandíbula. Ao exame de imagem notou-se sinais de fratura em corpo mandibular direito e côndilo esquerdo. O tratamento instituído foiconservador para a fratura de côndilo e cirúrgico para a fratura de corpo, o acesso foi extraoral ea fixação rígida foi realizada com placa e parafusos dos dispositivos Load-Bearing. Considerações finais: A paciente não apresentou quaisquer déficits funcionais pós-procedimento cirúrgico, sendo o tratamento abertocom fixação interna estável bastante promissor por restabelecer a união de focos fraturados e deslocados, proporcionando estabilidade da fratura e conforto imediato para a paciente(AU)


Introduction: Due to its position on the face, the jaw is frequently affected by trauma, appearing in some statistics as the fractured bone with a higher incidence in the face. In fractures of atrophic jaws, conservative treatment, with intermaxillary fixation, is not usually a viable option due to the lack of teeth and small area of existing bone contact. Thus, open reduction and stable internal fixation have been the treatment of choice whenever the patient's condition permits. Objective: to report a case of osteosynthesis of atrophic mandible fracture through extraoral access. Case report: Patient 64-year-old, female, sought the service of Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology at the Federal University of Bahia presenting facial trauma due to falling from his own height, referring to severe spontaneous pain complaints in the mandibular region. On physical examination, total edentulism was noted in both arches, edema, hematoma and bone step on palpation in the right jaw body region, in addition to atypical mobility in the jaw manipulation. On imaging examination, signs of fracture were noted in the right mandibular body and left condyle. The treatment instituted was conservative for condyle fracture and surgical for body fracture, access was extraoral and rigid fixation was performed with plate and screws of the Load-Bearing devices. Final considerations: The patient did not presente any functional deficits after the surgical procedure, and the open treatment with stable internal fixation is very promising for restoring the union of fractured and displaced foci, providing fracture stability and immediate comfort for the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Mandibular Fractures , Atrophy , Jaw, Edentulous , Mandible/surgery
16.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 351-361, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388830

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las fracturas de cóndilo presentan una alta incidencia dentro de las fracturas de mandíbula. Son principalmente tratadas por reducción abierta y fijación interna mediante elementos de osteosíntesis (ORIF) o por reducción cerrada (CR) con fijación máxilo-mandibular (MMF). El tratamiento asistido por endoscopio de estas fracturas, ofrece una alternativa y complemento quirúrgico a las limitaciones que se pueden presentar en la ORIF clásica. Objetivo: Describir la técnica de reducción quirúrgica asistida por endoscopio mediante acceso transoral y acceso retromandibular, como complemento a la técnica quirúrgica convencional para el tratamiento de fracturas de cóndilo mandibular, evaluando criterios clínicos en una serie de casos operados por esta técnica. Materiales y Método: Estudio descriptivo de presentación de serie de casos de pacientes con fractura de cóndilo, tratados con reducción quirúrgica asistida por endoscopio mediante accesos transoral y retromandibular, entre los años 2017 y 2018. Resultados: De los siete pacientes operados, un 85,7% presentó una función mandibular normal, un 100% presentó una función motora neurológica facial normal y un 71,4% no presentó dolor posoperatorio en el control de los 6 meses. Todos los pacientes recuperaron la oclusión que tenían de forma previa a la fractura mandibular. No se reportaron casos que tuvieran la necesidad de reintervención quirúrgica. Conclusiones: La reducción quirúrgica asistida por endoscopio para las fracturas de cóndilo mandibular es una técnica que ofrece un complemento a la técnica quirúrgica convencional, permitiendo mayor visibilidad de las estructuras, menor morbilidad quirúrgica y complicaciones mínimas en relación a las técnicas convencionales descritas.


Introduction: Condyle fractures have a high incidence within jaw fractures. They are mainly treated by open reduction and internal fixation with osteosynthesis elements (ORIF), or by closed reduction (CR) with maxillomandibular fixation (MMF). Endoscopic-assisted treatment of these fractures offers an alternative and surgical complement to the limitations that can occur in classic ORIF. Aim: To describe the technique of endoscope-assisted surgical reduction using transoral access and retromandibular access, as a complement to the conventional surgical technique for the treatment of mandibular condyle fractures, evaluating clinical criteria in a series of cases operated by this technique. Materials and Method: Descriptive study of case series presentation of patients with condyle fracture, treated with endoscopic assisted surgical reduction by transoral and retromandibular access, between the years 2017 and 2018. Results: Of the seven patients operated on, 85.7% presented normal jaw function, 100% presented normal facial neurological motor function, and 71.4% presented no postoperative pain at the 6-month control. All patients recovered the occlusion they had prior to the mandibular fracture. There were no reported cases in need of surgical reintervention. Conclusions: Endoscope-assisted surgical reduction for mandibular condyle fractures is a technique that offers a complement to the conventional surgical technique, allowing greater visibility of the structures, less surgical morbidity and minimal complications in relation to the conventional techniques described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Endoscopy/methods , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Mandibular Condyle/injuries , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Mandibular Fractures/diagnosis
17.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(1): e2949, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156423

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Facial injuries are a common occurrence at the emergency room. Treatment for this type of trauma is complex in terms of re-establishing good oral and facial function, plus aesthetics. Objective: This paper aims to report a clinical case of aesthetic and functional rehabilitation using triamcinolone in a patient affected on the face by a fireworks explosion. Case report: A 26-year-old man was admitted to the oral and maxillofacial surgery service of the Sergipe Urgency Hospital presenting trauma after the explosion of a "Firework rocket" in his face. The patient had extensive soft tissue injury in gingival mucosa, right labial commissure, and tongue. There was also inferior incisive avulsion and dentoalveolar fracture. His clinical and tomographic evaluation presented comminuted mandibular fracture. After eighteen days he was discharged and sent to the dentistry service of the Federal University of Sergipe for aesthetic and functional rehabilitation of his facial damages. Two months later, the patient attended a University dental service to begin aesthetic and postoperative functional rehabilitation. First, the necrotic bone was removed, following intralesional infiltration of hexacetonide triamcinolone 20mg/mL into the scar of the labial region and the commissure of the lips was performed. Each application was performed after twenty days of interval. Later, lingual frenectomy and glossosplasty were done for improving his lingual mobility and then hexacetonide triamcinolone 20mg/mL infiltrations were also done in the tongue base in the following sessions. Conclusions: After five infiltrations, it was observed an improvement in the scar appearance and texture, which also had a lower contracture, as well as a lingual motricity improvement(AU)


Introducción: Las lesiones faciales son frecuentes en el servicio de emergencia. El tratamiento para este tipo de trauma es complejo en términos de restablecer una buena función bucal y facial, además de la estética. Objetivo: Reportar un caso clínico de rehabilitación estética y funcional a través del uso de hexacetónido de triamcinolona en un paciente afectado por una explosión de fuegos artificiales en su rostro. Caso clínico: Hombre de 26 años ingresado en el servicio de cirugía oral y maxilofacial del Hospital de Urgencia de Sergipe por presentar un traumatismo después de la explosión contra su rostro de un cohete de fuegos artificiales. El paciente tenía una lesión extensa de partes blandas en la mucosa gingival, comisura labial derecha y lengua. También hubo avulsión incisiva inferior y fractura dentoalveolar. A través de la evaluación clínica y de tomografía, fue posible observar fragmentación múltiple ósea en el sitio de la fractura, compatible con fractura mandibular conminuta. Después de dieciocho días fue dado de alta y enviado al servicio de odontología de la Universidad Federal de Sergipe para la rehabilitación estética y funcional de sus daños faciales. Dos meses después, el paciente asistió al servicio dental de la universidad para comenzar la rehabilitación funcional estética y posoperatoria. Primero, se retiró el hueso necrótico, luego se realizó la infiltración intralesional de hexacetónido de triamcinolona 20 mg/mL en la cicatriz de la región labial y se realizó la comisura de los labios; con un intervalo de 20 días entre cada aplicación. Posteriormente, se realizaron frenectomía lingual y glososplastia, para mejorar su movilidad lingual, y luego se realizaron infiltraciones de 20 mg/mL de hexacetónido de triamcinolona en la base de la lengua en las sesiones siguientes. Comentarios principales: Después de cinco infiltraciones se observó una mejora en el aspecto y la textura de la cicatriz, que también tenía una contractura más baja, así como una mejora de la motricidad lingual(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Triamcinolone/therapeutic use , Explosions/prevention & control , Facial Injuries/diagnosis , Mandibular Fractures/therapy , Plastic Surgery Procedures/rehabilitation , Emergency Service, Hospital
18.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(4): e0221, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287878

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to evaluate the occurrence of loss of sensitivity of the inferior alveolar nerve, and to monitor the remission of this change in patients with mandibular fractures subjected to surgical treatment. Methods: patients with mandibular fractures, surgically treated within one year, were prospectively evaluated. Data regarding etiology, fracture location, type and displacement, and surgical access, were obtained. The tactile and thermal tests were applied at eighteen points in the mental region, within a period of six months. Statistical tests were applied to compare the categories of variables and the period of observation (p ≤ 0.050). Results: during the study, 37 patients were included. There were 24 bilateral and 13 unilateral fractures. Sensory changes occurred in 56.8% of the patients in the preoperative period, in 83.8% of the patients, in the postoperative period, and 35.1% of the patients presented complete remission during the final period of the study. Conclusion: sensory changes occurred in about half of the patients, due to the fracture, increasing greatly in the postoperative period, with complete remission in about one third of the cases. The fracture type, degree of displacement and surgical access type influenced the occurrence of sensory alterations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Somatosensory Disorders/etiology , Mandibular Fractures/complications , Mandibular Nerve/physiopathology , Remission, Spontaneous , Prospective Studies , Jaw Fractures/surgery
19.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284362

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O trauma decorrente de causas externas é um problema de saúde em várias regiões do mundo. Além de altos índices de mortalidade e morbidade, os traumas de face resultam em impactos estéticos, estruturais e psicológicos na vida do indivíduo e na sociedade, gerando, também, um alto custo com gastos hospitalares. Objetivo: Relatar o caso de um paciente com trauma de face por acidente ciclístico, com alterações na funcionalidade do sistema estomatognático. Metodologia: Foi realizada avaliação fonoaudiológica por meio do Protocolo de Avaliação Preliminar (PAP), para observação do aspecto das estruturas orais, funções do sistema estomatognático, voz e reflexos protetivos de vias aéreas superiores. Na sequência, foi aplicado o Protocolo de Avaliação do Risco para Disfagia (PARD), para avaliação direta da deglutição. Resultados: Na avaliação dos órgãos fonoarticulatórios foi observado alterações de sensibilidade, mobilidade e redução significativa de força. Na avaliação direta da deglutição foi observada dificuldade na captação do alimento, escape anterior de alimento, elevação laríngea reduzida e múltiplas deglutições. Conclusão: O paciente foi classificado com Disfagia Orofaríngea leve a moderada, mantendo dieta via oral com consistência adaptada e orientação para continuidade de terapia fonoaudiológica. Devido ao alto número de casos semelhantes ao relatado nos hospitais de urgência e emergência, constata-se a necessidade de avaliação do sistema estomatognático para promover a melhor abordagem aos pacientes com trauma de face


Introduction: Trauma due to external causes is a health problem in several regions of the world. In addition to high rates of mortality and morbidity, facial traumas result in aesthetic, structural and psychological impacts on the individual's life and on society, also generating a high cost of hospital expenses. Objective: Report the case of a patient with facial trauma due to a cycling accident, with changes in the functionality of the stomatognathic system. Methodology: Speech therapy evaluation was carried out through the Preliminary Evaluation Protocol, to observe the appearance of oral structures, functions of the stomatognathic system, voice and protective reflexes of the upper airways. Then, the Risk Assessment Protocol for Dysphagia was applied, for direct swallowing assessment. Results: In the evaluation of Organs phonoarticulatory organs, changes in sensitivity, mobility and significant reduction in strength were observed. In the direct evaluation of swallowing, difficulty in capturing food, previous escape of food, reduced laryngeal elevation and multiple swallowing were observed. Conclusion: The patient was classified with Mild to Moderate Oropharyngeal Dysphagia, maintaining an oral diet with consistency adapted and guidance for continuing speech therapy. Due to the high number of cases similar to that reported in urgent and emergency hospitals, there is a need to evaluate the stomatognathic system to promote the best approach to patients with facial trauma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Stomatognathic System/injuries , Deglutition Disorders , Facial Injuries , Deglutition Disorders/rehabilitation , Glasgow Coma Scale , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Mandibular Fractures
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202581, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155375

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Understanding the cause, severity, and elapsed time for the restoration of the functions of maxillofacial injuries can contribute to the establishment of clinical priorities aiming at effective treatment and further prevention of facial trauma. The objective of this study was to understand the factors associated with the restoration of mastication, ocular, and nasal functions in the face of trauma victims, estimating their recovery time after surgical treatment. We analyzed 114 medical records of patients treated at the Hospital Montenegro, who attended follow-up consultations for up to 180 days. For analysis of the recovery time, we performed survival analysis, followed by COX analysis. We observed that half of the patients recovered their functions within 20 days. The average time for recovery from trauma in the zygomatic-orbital-malar-nasal complex was 11 days, and in the maxillary-mandibular complex, 21 days (HR: 1.5 [0.99 2.3], p = 0.055). Although functional reestablishment has reached high rates after the surgical approach, it is necessary to analyze the failing cases, as well as the economic impacts and the prevention strategies associated with facial trauma, to improve the service to the population.


RESUMO O entendimento da causa, da gravidade e do tempo decorrido para o restabelecimento das funções de lesões maxilofaciais pode contribuir para o estabelecimento de prioridades clínicas objetivando o efetivo tratamento e prevenção dos traumatismos de face. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi compreender quais os fatores associados ao restabelecimento das funções mastigatórias, oculares e nasais em vítimas de trauma de face, estimando o tempo para recuperação das funções, após o tratamento cirúrgico. Foram analisados 114 prontuários de pacientes atendidos no Hospital de Montenegro que compareceram às consultas de acompanhamento por até 180 dias. Para a análise do tempo para a recuperação, foi realizada a análise de sobrevida, seguida da análise de COX. Observou-se que metade dos pacientes recuperaram as funções em até 20 dias, sendo que o tempo médio para recuperação dos traumas no complexo zigomático-orbitário-malar-nasal foi de 11 dias e do complexo maxilo - mandibular de 21 dias (HR: 1,5 (0,99 - 2,3) p=0,055). Embora o restabelecimento das funções tenha atingido taxas elevadas após abordagem cirúrgicas, faz-se necessária a análise dos casos de insucessos bem como os impactos econômicos e as estratégias de prevenção associados aos traumas de face a fim de qualificar o serviço prestado à população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Orbital Fractures/surgery , Skull Fractures/surgery , Zygomatic Fractures/surgery , Facial Bones/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Maxillary Fractures/surgery , Nasal Bone/surgery , Orbital Fractures/etiology , Orbital Fractures/epidemiology , Skull Fractures/etiology , Skull Fractures/epidemiology , Zygomatic Fractures/etiology , Zygomatic Fractures/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Facial Bones/surgery , Mandibular Fractures/etiology , Mandibular Fractures/epidemiology , Maxillary Fractures/etiology , Maxillary Fractures/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Nasal Bone/injuries
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