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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310225, abr. 2024.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1532912

Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine
2.
Rev. arch. med. familiar gen. (En línea) ; 21(1): 21-29, mar. 2024. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553979

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La atracción, captación y retención son determinantes de una distribución equitativa de profesionales de la salud. Objetivo: describir las decisiones de formación de posgrado de egresados/as de medicina de la Universidad Nacional del Sur (UNS), y su impacto en el sistema de residencias médicas de Bahía Blanca durante el año 2023. Resultados: el 79,63% de quienes egresaron de esta universidad decidieron realizar una residencia médica, y el 51,12 % adjudicó en especialidades del Primer Nivel de Atención con una adjudicación en pediatría menor a la media nacional. La carrera de medicina local cubrió el 39,24 % de las vacantes de Bahía Blanca, y el 38% de sus graduados/as decidió formarse en otras ciudades. Ocho residencias de la ciudad quedaron sin ingresantes en el 2023. Conclusión: existe una gran proporción de egresados/as de la UNS que eligen especialidades de APS. Hay una baja adjudicación en Pediatría que contrasta con la elección de Medicina Familiar, a diferencia de las elecciones a nivel nacional. En términos generales hay un déficit en la atracción y captación de egresados/as de la UNS por parte del sistema de salud local, lo cual demanda a los sectores docentes y asistenciales nuevas estrategias para captar y atraer profesionales en área prioritarias (AU)


Introduction: Attraction, recruitment and retention are determinants of an equitable distribution of healthcare professionals. Objective: to describe the postgraduate training decisions of medical graduates from the National University of the South (UNS), and their impact on the Bahía Blanca medical residency system during the year 2023. Results: 79.63% of Those who graduated from this university decided to carry out medical residency, and 51.12% were awarded in First Level Care specialties with a pediatric award lower than the national average. The local medical career covered 39.24% of the vacancies in Bahía Blanca, and 38% of its graduates decided to train in other cities. Eight residences in the city were left without entrants in 2023. Conclusion: there is a large proportion of UNS graduates who choose APS specialties. There is a low allocation in Pediatrics that contrasts with the choice of Family Medicine, unlike the elections at the national level. In general terms, there is a deficit in the attraction and recruitment of UNS graduates by the local health system, which demands new strategies from the teaching and healthcare sectors to attract and attract professionals in priority areas (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physicians/supply & distribution , Education, Medical, Graduate , Physicians Distribution , Internship and Residency , Argentina , Job Market , Medicine
3.
Edumecentro ; 162024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550236

ABSTRACT

La epidemiología es una ciencia básica de la Salud Pública porque sus fundamentos científicos permiten la toma de decisiones en los problemas de salud. Para controlar la calidad de la formación de los profesionales y perfeccionarla, se aplica el sistema de acreditación de escenarios docentes, proceso de gran importancia que garantiza la calidad del pregrado y el posgrado. En la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara se realizó dicho proceso en la especialidad de Higiene y Epidemiología, fue utilizada la autoevaluación estratégica del escenario laboral como actividad previa. El interés de los autores es exponer el método seguido para cumplir con los requerimientos establecidos. Con la aplicación de esta matriz estratégica para lograr el estado deseado en el proceso docente de la especialidad de Higiene y Epidemiología en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara se logró una evaluación de excelente.


Epidemiology is a basic science of Public Health because its scientific foundations make possible decision-making regarding health problems. To control the training quality for professionals and improve it, the accreditation system for teaching scenarios is applied, a very important process that guarantees the quality of undergraduate and postgraduate training. At the University of Medical Sciences of Villa Clara, in the specialty of Hygiene and Epidemiology, this process was carried out; the strategic self-assessment of the work scenario as a prior activity, was used. To expose the method followed to comply with the established requirements, is the aim of the authors. By using this strategic matrix to achieve the desired state in the teaching process of the specialty of Hygiene and Epidemiology at the University of Medical Sciences of Villa Clara, an excellent evaluation was achieved.


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Education, Medical , Faculty , Accreditation , Medicine
4.
Univ. salud ; 25(3): [43-49], septiembre-diciembre. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1525693

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Iron deficiency and psychomotor developmental delay are two public health problems that cause high childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide, which can be related to social, economic, cultural and health factors that affect the environment where children and their family live. Objective: To determine the relationship between iron deficiency anemia and psychomotor development in children aged 2 to 4 years treated at the Cuyumalca Clinic, Chota. Materials and methods: Relational, cross-sectional study conducted on 48 children, who underwent hemoglobin testing through a portable hemoglobinometer and were subjected to the Psychomotor Development Test. Results: 31.2% of the children displayed some type of anemia, with the most common being moderate anemia (17.7%). On average, 10.9% showed some type of psychomotor developmental delay, including coordination (6.3%), language (8.4%), motor skills (16.7%), and overall development (12.5%). 4.2% of the children who had minor to moderate anemia showed developmental delay risks in the three assessed areas as well as in their overall development. Conclusion: There is no statistically significant relationship between iron deficiency anemia and several domains of psychomotor development, including coordination, language, motor skills as well as overall development.


Introducción: La deficiencia de hierro y las alteraciones en el desarrollo psicomotor son dos problemas de salud pública que causan una alta morbimortalidad infantil alrededor del mundo. Los estudios apuntan a que esto se relaciona con los factores sociales, económicos, culturales y sanitarios en los que el niño y su familia vive. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre anemia ferropénica y desarrollo psicomotor en niños de 2 a 4 años atendidos en el Puesto de Salud de Cuyumalca, Chota. Materiales y métodos: Estudio relacional, transversal, desarrollado con 48 niños a quienes se les realizó un dosaje de hemoglobina con hemoglobinómetro portátil y se les aplicó el Test de Desarrollo Psicomotor. Resultados: El 31,2% de niños presentaron algún tipo de anemia, siendo la anemia moderada la más frecuente (16,7%); en promedio 10,9% evidenciaron alguna alteración en el desarrollo psicomotor en coordinación (6,3%), lenguaje (8,4%), motricidad (16,7%) y desarrollo global (12,5%). El 4,2% de niños con riesgo para el desarrollo presentaron anemia leve o moderada en las tres áreas evaluadas, al igual que en el desarrollo global. Conclusión: No existe relación estadística significativa entre anemia ferropénica y desarrollo psicomotor para las áreas de coordinación, lenguaje y motricidad; además del desarrollo global.


Introdução: A deficiência de ferro e as alterações no desenvolvimento psicomotor são dois problemas de saúde pública que causam elevada morbidade e mortalidade infantil em todo o mundo. Estudos sugerem que isso está relacionado aos fatores sociais, econômicos, culturais e de saúde em que vivem a criança e sua família. Objetivo: Determinar a relação entre anemia ferropriva e desenvolvimento psicomotor em crianças de 2 a 4 anos atendidas no Posto de Saúde Cuyumalca, Chota. Materiais e métodos: Estudo relacional, transversal, desenvolvido com 48 crianças que realizaram dosagem de hemoglobina com hemoglobinômetro portátil e foi aplicado o Teste de Desenvolvimento Psicomotor. Resultados: 31,2% das crianças apresentaram algum tipo de anemia, sendo a anemia moderada a mais frequente (16,7%); em média, 10,9% apresentaram alguma alteração no desenvolvimento psicomotor na coordenação (6,3%), linguagem (8,4%), motricidade (16,7%) e desenvolvimento global (12,5%). 4,2% das crianças em risco de desenvolvimento apresentaram anemia leve ou moderada nas três áreas avaliadas, bem como no desenvolvimento global. Conclusão: Não há relação estatística significativa entre anemia ferropriva e desenvolvimento psicomotor para as áreas de coordenação, linguagem e motricidade; bem como o desenvolvimento global.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Hematologic Diseases , Medicine , Health , Public Health , Anemia
5.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 56(3)nov. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551372

ABSTRACT

Os termos médicos utilizados na morfologia eram provenientes de um nome próprio, com o intuito de homenagear os que descobriram ou apresentaram a estrutura anatômica, conhecidos como epônimos. Buscando unificar a linguagem anatômica e facilitar o processo de ensino, em 1989 foi criado o Comitê Federativo Internacional de Terminologia Anatômica (FICAT), cujo propósito era revisar os epônimos e atualizar a terminologia anatômica. Com o objetivo de apresentar os fundamentos e conhecimentos sobre a origem das terminologias anatômicas nas mídias sociais, a Liga Acadêmica de Anatomia da Universidade Federal de Alfenas (LAANAT/UNIFAL-MG), por meio do projeto de extensão "Anatomia de A a Z", divulgou conhecimentos científicos acerca da etimologia anatômica. Foram feitas postagens semanais no Instagram e no Facebook, a partir de publicações elaboradas pelos ligantes, supervisionadas pelos professores coordenadores e desenvolvidas no aplicativo Canva. Cada postagem seguiu sequen-cialmente as letras do alfabeto (de A a Z) e eram compostas da etimologia de duas estruturas anatômicas. Frente a uma análise de dados, observamos que em 23 publicações, alcançamos 712 curtidas, 194 compartilhamentos, 44 publicações salvas, 4739 contas alcançadas e 6608 impressões. A LAANAT promoveu, de forma clara e objetiva, a divulgação de conhecimentos das terminologias anatômicas ao público geral (AU).


The medical terms used in morphology were derived from proper nouns to honor those who discovered or presented the anatomical structure, known as eponyms. In 1989, anatomists founded the Federative International Program on Anatomical Terminologies (FICAT) to unify anatomical language and facilitate the teaching process by reviewing eponyms and updating nomenclature. Intending to present the fundamentals and knowledge about the origin of anatomical terminologies on social media, the Academic League of Anatomy at the Federal University of Alfenas (LAANAT/UNIFAL-MG), through the extension project "Anatomy from A to Z" disseminated scientific knowledge about anatomical etymology. Weekly posts were made on Instagram and Facebook, based on publications elaborated by the League members, supervised by the professors, and developed on the Canva application. Each post sequentially followed the letters of the alphabet (from A to Z) and consisted of the etymology of two anatomical structures. In analyzing the data, we observed that in 23 publications, we achieved 712 likes, 194 shares, 44 saved posts, 4739 reached accounts, and 6608 prints. LAANAT promoted, clearly and objectively, the dissemination of knowledge of anatomical terminologies to the general public


Subject(s)
Eponyms , Medicine , Terminology as Topic
6.
Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca ; 33 (2), 2023;33(2): 2-3, oct. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1517069

ABSTRACT

El contexto socio-cultural actual, con su vertiginoso indi¬vidualismo y cada vez más alejado de lo colectivo, nos exige ejercitar la bioética y reflexionar sobre la lógica inmunitaria y la teoría del sistema inmunitario. La división siempre fue igual: blanco/negro, el bien/el mal, anticuerpo/antígeno, normal/patológico, occidente/oriente, civilización/barbarie, gen/proteína, y la lista es inagotable. Desde la lógica inmunitaria estas asociaciones se sintetizan en el par dicotómico vertical lo propio/lo no propio, donde el cuerpo humano biologizado (o biomedicalizado) representaría lo propio, que debe protegerse de lo considerado no propio, como podría ser un microorganismo o un cáncer. ¿De qué hablamos cuando hablamos de inmunidad? Depende. En la sinopsis del libro de divulgación científica Qué es el sistema inmune, escrito por Gabriel Rabinovich y Jorge Geffner, se anuncia (2014): "Sin que nos demos cuenta, nuestro organismo es un territorio en el que día y noche se desarrollan batallas épicas. Se producen en la intimidad de nuestros tejidos, y con armas más versátiles y efectivas que ninguna de las diseñadas por la industria bélica. Las protagoniza el sistema inmune, que distingue lo propio de lo extraño, nos protege de microorganis¬mos patógenos y descarta errores en la cadena de producción de las células (1)". En otro sentido, en la solapa del libro Immunitas. Protec¬ción y negación de la vida de Roberto Espósito se lee (2009): "La inmunidad preserva la comunidad al tiempo que la debilita". La fisiología del sistema inmunológico obedece a una lógica contradictoria: "la vida busca afirmase en aquello que la niega" (2). Es decir, para sobrevivir, conservar, proliferar y potenciar lo propio, se necesita de lo extraño. ¿Quién se puede negar a proteger lo que es de uno (tu cuerpo, tu casa, tu renta, tu país)? "Lo no propio" representa la esencia de la categoría "enfermedad" y se establece como ejemplar predilecto del discurso inmunitario, habiendo evo¬lucionado en sentido común. El sentido común, la obviedad vacía, materializa las re¬presentaciones del vulgo y produce un ethos mediado por el discurso biomédico con el objetivo de cosificar y colocar a las personas bajo la órbita comercial, donde "lo no propio" y la "enfermedad" funcionan como dispositivo espectacular de valor agregado. En este sentido, Donna Haraway sostiene: "Dirijo mi atención principalmente hacia ese polimorfo y poderosos objeto de fe, conocimiento y práctica llamado sistema inmunitario. Mi tesis es que el Sistema Inmunitario es un elaborado ícono para sistemas clave de "diferenciación" simbólica y material en el capitalismo tardío. Preeminente¬mente un objeto del siglo veinte, el Sistema Inmunitario es un mapa dibujado para guiar el reconocimiento y el desconoci¬miento del sí mismo y del otro en la dialéctica de la política occidental (Haraway en Esposito, 2009)." Este rasgo esencial del Sistema Inmune (lo no propio) se encuadra en el hábito de designar a las instituciones y a los eventos culturales como conceptos médico-biológicos y calificarlos en términos de moralidad, siempre en pares dicotómicos verticales, donde lo "mejor/peor" o "superior/inferior" es el sustrato favorito para fabricar conceptos aso¬ciados a ellos, en este caso "lo propio/lo no propio" (3, 4). La naturaleza del mecanismo inmunitario es una teoría, devenida verdad, cuya atracción para el estudiantado y su facilidad para estudiarla y comprenderla proviene de la dicotomía axiológica "lo propio y lo no propio" y desde la metáfora bélica. El problema surge cuando ­televisión de por medio­ se produce el pasaje de verdades (conceptos) médicas a la comunidad, porque la sociedad y el espectáculo encuentran en el fascinante discurso médico su argumentación teórica (5). Ahora bien, imaginemos la siguiente definición: El Sistema Inmunitario se encarga de reconocer e incluir lo no propio, para interactuar con lo propio y fortalecerse. El contenido y el mecanismo fisiológico es el mismo; sólo cambió el discurso y, por ende, el significado. Lamentablemente, para que "la cosa funcione" el discurso inmunitario debe ser el de siempre: el de una batalla, y si es épica mejor.


Subject(s)
Immunity , Biological Science Disciplines , Medicine
7.
Aesthethika (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 19(2): 41-47, sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1523348

ABSTRACT

La discusión sobre la ética en torno a la inteligencia artificial y la medicina ha ganado cada vez más relevancia en el ámbito académico y público. Independientemente de los diversos enfoques, hay un hecho innegable: la práctica médica y todos los agentes involucrados, tanto profesionales como usuarios, se verán condicionados por la inteligencia artificial. En este análisis ético narrativo, basado en el cine, se aborda la condición humana y la responsabilidad hacia las generaciones futuras como elementos cruciales dentro de la discusión bioética y fundamentales para lograr una incorporación reflexiva y coherente de la inteligencia artificial en la medicina. Como conclusión, se propone que la autenticidad, la responsabilidad y el diálogo son pilares esenciales en el proceso de integración de esta tecnología


The discussion on the ethics surrounding artificial intelligence and medicine has gained increasing relevance in the academic and public sphere. Regardless of the various approaches, there is an undeniable fact: medical practice and all the agents involved, both professionals and users, will be conditioned by artificial intelligence. In this narrative ethical analysis, based on cinema, the human condition and responsibility towards future generations are addressed as crucial elements within the bioethical discussion and fundamental to achieve a thoughtful and coherent incorporation of artificial intelligence in medicine. In conclusion, it is proposed that authenticity, responsibility and dialogue are essential pillars in the process of integration of this technology


Subject(s)
Humans , Bioethics , Artificial Intelligence , Social Norms , Medicine , Motion Pictures
8.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 30(1)mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536224

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Ultrasound is very useful in the management of rheumatological pathology today. Despite this, in Colombia, progress towards its implementation is limited and entails great difficulties. This deficit is also related to the difficulties in training new human talent. In Colombia, there is no study that identifies the current status of ultrasound among rheumatologists in the country. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study where medical specialists in Rheumatology practising in Colombia were surveyed through an online form. They were asked about general aspects and for their opinion regarding ultrasound in rheumatology and, if they practiced it, they were asked about specific aspects of its application in clinical practice. Additionally, questions were asked of the rheumatologists who are part of the specialist training processes in the country. Closed multiple-choice or Likert scale assessment questions were presented as required. The main objective was to describe the current use and opinion of musculoskeletal ultrasound in Colombian rheumatologists, as well as the limitations for its implementation. Frequency measurements were performed of the categorical variables of nominal type and ordinal type. The intention was to survey all rheumatologists in the country, who according to Colombian Society of Rheumatology data for the end of 2019 totalled 186. Results: Taking into account the number of rheumatologists of the Colombian Association of Rheumatology (Asoreuma) for 2019 totalling 186, a participation of 139 specialists (74.7%) was obtained, of which 22 of the respondents performed ultrasound in their daily practice (15.8%) the majority in this group being trained in Colombian territory (80.6%). Of the 139 respondents, 64.7% have received some type of training in ultrasound, generally pre-congress courses (22.5%), EULAR courses (16.7%) and training included in their residency curriculum outside the rheumatology service (9.8%). The acceptance of ultrasound is high among rheumatologists practicing in Colombia, 75.5% consider it important or very important and 84.9% indicated that for a comprehensive rheumatology service it is important or very important to have ultrasound. From the responses, however, they consider that its use could change their behaviour frequently, and very frequently in less than half of the cases at 46.7%. Regarding the opinion on the use of ultrasound in specific pathologies, rheumatoid arthritis (77.7%) and crystal arthropathies (72.7%) were considered the highest and most important, as well as in the performance of procedures at 87%. For decision-making in the inflammatory pathology study, 60.4% would consider performing ultrasound compared to 28.8% who responded MRI. Regarding the limitations for implementation, the lack of training in the country (25.6%), followed by the lack of resources to procure equipment (17.9%) and ignorance and lack of interest on the part of the health entities (17.1%) were the most recognized. Conclusion: Musculoskeletal ultrasound is only practiced by a minority of rheumatologists practicing in Colombia, even though the majority consider it important. Its importance lies in its use to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis, crystal arthropathies and psoriatic arthropathy, as well as for the performance of procedures. More than half of the rheumatologists have received some type of training in ultrasound, usually very few hours' education and without practical or informal training, this being the main problem for its implementation.


Introducción: En la actualidad, la ecografía es de gran utilidad en el manejo de la patología reumatológica. A pesar de esto, en Colombia, los avances para su implementación son escasos y han enfrentado grandes dificultades. Este déficit también se encuentra relacionado con las complicaciones para la formación del nuevo talento humano. En Colombia no se dispone de ningún estudio en el que se identifique el estado actual de la ecografía entre los reumatólogos del país. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo de carácter transversal en el cual se encuestó, por medio de un formulario on-line, a médicos especialistas en reumatología que hacen su práctica en el territorio colombiano. Se les preguntó acerca de los aspectos generales y su opinión sobre la ecografía en la reumatología, si la practicaban, como también en torno a los aspectos específicos de su aplicación en la práctica clínica. De manera adicional, se formularon preguntas dirigidas a aquellos reumatólogos que hacen parte de los procesos de capacitación de especialistas en el país; se presentaron preguntas cerradas de opción múltiple o de valoración por escala de Likert según se requirió. El objetivo principal fue describir el uso y la opinión actual sobre la ecografía musculoesquelética en reumatólogos colombianos, así como las limitantes para su implementación. A las variables categóricas de tipo nominal y de tipo ordinal se les hicieron medidas de frecuencia. Se pretendía encuestar a la totalidad de los reumatólogos en el país, los cuales, según información de la Asociación Colombiana de Reumatología (Asoreuma) de finales del 2019, eran 186. Resultados: De acuerdo con el número de reumatólogos proporcionado por la Asoreuma, de 186 especialistas en el año 2019, se obtuvo una participación de 139 de estos (74,7%), de los cuales 22 realizaban ecografía en su práctica diaria (15,8%), siendo este grupo en su mayoría formado en Colombia (80,6%). De los 139 encuestados, el 64,7% había recibido algún tipo de estudios en ecografía, generalmente cursos precongreso (22,5%), cursos de la Liga Europea Contra el Reumatismo (EULAR) (16,7%) y formación incluida en el pensum de su residencia fuera del servicio de reumatología (9,8%). La aceptación de la ecografía es alta entre los reumatólogos que ejercen en Colombia, el 75,5% la consideraron importante o muy importante. Asimismo, el 84,9% indicó que para un servicio de reumatología integral es importante o muy importante contar con ecografía. Sin embargo, los encuestados consideraron que su uso podría llegar a cambiar su conducta de manera frecuente, y muy frecuentemente en menos de la mitad de los casos (46,7%). Con respecto a la opinión sobre el uso de la ecografía en patologías específicas, se consideró con importancia y mucha importancia en artritis reumatoide (77,7%) y artropatías por cristales (72,7%), que fueron las más altas, así como para la realizaron de procedimientos (87%). Para la toma de decisiones en estudio de patología inflamatoria, el 60,4% consideraría realizar ecografía, comparado con 28,8% que se inclina por la resonancia. En relación con las limitaciones para la implementación, la falta de entrenamiento en el país (25,6%), seguida de la carencia de recursos para la consecución del equipo (17,9%) y el desconocimiento y la falta de interés por parte de los entes de salud (17,1%) fueron las más reconocidas. Conclusiones: La ecografía musculoesquelética solamente es practicada por una minoría de los reumatólogos que ejercen en Colombia, a pesar de que la mayoría la considera importante. Su relevancia radica en su uso para tratar a los pacientes con artritis reumatoide, artropatías por cristales y por artropatía psoriásica, así como para la realización de procedimientos. Más de la mitad de los reumatólogos ha recibido algún tipo de formación en ecografía, la mayoría de las veces educación de muy pocas horas o sin entrenamiento práctico, o no formal, lo cual constituye el principal problema para su implementación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rheumatology , Ultrasonography , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Diagnosis , Health Occupations , Medicine
10.
Educ. med. super ; 37(1)mar. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1440011

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Para una práctica transfusional segura se requiere una formación en medicina transfusional. Objetivo: Determinar la manera en que se integran los contenidos y las habilidades de medicina transfusional en la formación y la especialización médica en Cuba. Métodos: Se hizo un estudio educacional, analítico, de corte transversal en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, desde marzo de 2020 hasta julio de 2021. Se realizó un análisis documental para precisar cómo se integraban los contenidos y las habilidades de medicina transfusional al currículo para la formación de médicos, a los programas de estudio del internado vertical en 26 especialidades médicas, y a 29 planes de estudio y programas de especialización en Cuba. Resultados: El currículo para la formación de médicos en Cuba no incluye medicina transfusional. La asignatura que más contribuye a la formación en esta área del saber es Sangre y Sistema inmune. Los contenidos y las habilidades de medicina transfusional solo se incluyen expresamente en nueve programas de estudio del internado vertical y en 12 planes de estudio y programas de especialización. Conclusiones: Existe una insuficiente integración de los contenidos y las habilidades de medicina transfusional en el currículo de la carrera de medicina en Cuba, situación que se manifiesta también en los programas de estudios de los internados verticales y en la mayoría de los programas de las especialidades médicas.


Introduction: Safe transfusion practice requires training in transfusion medicine. Objective: To determine the way in which transfusion medicine contents and skills are integrated into medical training and specialization in Cuba. Methods: An educational, analytical and cross-sectional study was carried out at Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, from March 2020 to July 2021. A documentary analysis was conducted to determine how transfusion medicine contents and skills were integrated into the curriculum for the training of physicians, into the study programs of the vertical internship in 26 medical specialties, as well as into 29 study plans and specialization programs in Cuba. Results: The curriculum for the training of physicians in Cuba does not include transfusion medicine. The subject that most contributes to training in this area of knowledge is Blood and Immune System. Transfusion medicine contents and skills are only expressly included in nine vertical internship study programs and in twelve study plans and specialization programs. Conclusions: There is insufficient integration of transfusion medicine contents and skills in the Cuban medical major curriculum, a situation that is also manifested in the study programs of vertical internships and in most of the medical specialties programs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Curriculum , Professional Training , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education, Medical , Education, Medical, Graduate , Health Postgraduate Programs , Medicine
11.
Espaç. saúde (Online) ; 24: 1-7, 01 mar. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427129

ABSTRACT

Apesar do ensino da medicina ser um dos mais tradicionais, o conceito de educação médica tem se desenvolvido nos últimos séculos em paralelo à evolução da medicina. Uma reflexão sobre este processo é extremamente benéfica e esclarecedora, justamente nesta fase caracterizada pelo aumento de escolas médicas e de um profundo questionamento do paradigma curricular vigente na maior parte destas instituições


Subject(s)
Virtual Reality , Augmented Reality , Medicine , Teaching
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(2): 255-258, feb. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522076

ABSTRACT

The challenges of practicing medicine in small ships on remote sites involve limited resources, lack of specialized support, and longer interactions with a patient in an isolated environment. This report describes the successful management of a patient who suffered a major injury after fell from the stairs in an expedition ship in the Southern Ocean in the Antarctic route. The patient was managed by the onboard physician for four days until the medical evacuation was possible.


Los desafíos de practicar la medicina en barcos pequeños en sitios remotos implican recursos limitados, falta de apoyo especializado e interacciones más prolongadas con el paciente en un entorno aislado. Este manuscrito describe el manejo exitoso de un paciente quien sufrió un trauma mayor producto de una caída en un barco de expedición en el Océano Austral en la ruta Antártica. El paciente fue manejado por el médico de a bordo durante cuatro días hasta que fue posible realizar la evacuación médica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Expeditions , Ships , Medicine
13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 518-525, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009913

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterized by chronic airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness. With the development of the whole-life-cycle health concept, the focus of treatment for bronchial asthma in children has gradually shifted from pharmacological control to an integrated management model of functional rehabilitation and pharmacological assistance. As a non-pharmacological integrated approach, pulmonary rehabilitation plays an equally important role in the management of childhood asthma as pharmacological treatments. Breathing techniques such as Buteyko breathing, pursed lip breathing, diaphragmatic breathing training, threshold-pressure inspiratory muscle training and yoga breathing can improve lung function indicators such as forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF) and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) in children. Comprehensive pre-exercise assessment, development of exercise prescriptions, and implementation and evaluation of exercise effects can improve physical fitness, neuromuscular coordination, and self-confidence of children with asthma. The comprehensive interventions of health education, psychological support and nutritional intervention can improve the compliance and effectiveness of rehabilitation training. This article reviews the research progress on respiratory training, physical exercise, and comprehensive interventions in the pulmonary rehabilitation of asthmatic children, to provide theoretical basis and practical guidance for the scientific and rational management of pulmonary rehabilitation of asthmatic children in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Asthma/therapy , Medicine , Exercise , Inflammation
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4789-4797, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008646

ABSTRACT

This study aims to objectively and quantitatively analyze the research status and hot spots of Chuanxiong Rhizoma and provide guidance for further research and clinical application of this herbal medicine. Firstly, the research articles involving Chuanxiong Rhizoma from 2010 to 2023 were retrieved from seven databases including Web of Science, PubMed, Medline, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, and SinoMed. Then, NoteExpress and manual reading were employed to complete the de-duplication and screening of the articles, and the annual number of publications and journals was analyzed. Finally, CiteSpace was used for systematic analysis of the research institutions, authors, and keywords, and the corresponding knowledge maps were established. After screening, 1 137 articles in Chinese and 433 articles in English were included, and the annual number of publications showed an increasing trend. Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae and Journal of Ethnopharmacology were the top Chinese and English journal in the number of publications. Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine published the most articles in Chinese and English, respectively. PENG Cheng and FENG Yi were the authors published more articles in Chinese and English. Ferulic acid, signaling pathway, mechanism, headache, ligustrazine, and apoptosis were frequent keywords. A total of 20 clusters and 30 bursts were generated. The comprehensive analysis showed that the research trends and hot spots in this field mainly focused on pharmacological components and isolation, pharmacological effects and mechanism, clinical application and efficacy, compatibility and efficacy of drug pairs, quality evaluation and control, and cultivation and germplasm improvement.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Rhizome , Publications , Medicine
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 582-586, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010243

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the rapid development of Chinese domestic surgical robot technology and the expansion of the application market, the "industry-university-research-medicine" collaborative innovation transformation mode has gradually developed and formed. Medical institutions play an important role in multi-party cooperation with enterprises, universities, and research institutes, as well as in product planning, technology research and development, achievement transformation, and personnel training. On the basis of reviewing the current situation of the development of the "industry-university-research-medicine" collaborative innovation transformation mode of domestic surgical robots, this study explores the multiple roles played by medical institutions in this mode and challenges, further putting forward corresponding recommendations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Universities , Medicine , Industry , Technology
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 487-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010225

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Digital therapy is important in treating motor system disease. The outcome of digital therapy in post-operative rehabilitation of knee anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is assessed.@*METHODS@#142 patients are treated with digital rehabilitation therapy after ACL reconstruction. Patients' pain score, joint motion, lower limb function score, anxiety score are statistically analyzed. Patients' satisfaction, device usage and adverse events are documented.@*RESULTS@#At post-operative 1st day, 8th weeks, 12th weeks, pain score are 4, 2, 1, knee joint range of motion are 55°, 110°, 143°, lower limb function score are 18, 56, 76, anxiety score are 32.5, 26, 23.5 respectively. Patients' satisfaction are 9.4. Mean duration of device usage is (177.6±38.0) minutes per week. Rehabilitation-related and device-related adverse event does not happen.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Digital therapy promotes post-operative rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Knee Joint , Lower Extremity , Medicine , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Pain
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 36-39, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of electroacupuncture at Tinghui (GB 2) and Benshen (GB 13) combined with routine rehabilitation training and simple routine rehabilitation training on abnormal auditory response in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 70 children with ASD were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 35 cases in each group. The control group was given routine rehabilitation training. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, the observation group was given electroacupuncture at Tinghui (GB 2) and Benshen (GB 13), disperse-dense wave, frequency in 2 Hz/10 Hz, 20 min each time, and 1 day off after 6 days of treatment. Both groups were treated for 12 weeks. The incidence of abnormal auditory response, the scores of childhood autism rating scale (CARS) and autism behavior checklist (ABC) were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total incidences of abnormal auditory response in the two groups and the incidences of dull and hypersensitive auditory response in the observation group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05). The total incidence of abnormal auditory response and the incidence of hypersensitive auditory response in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, CARS and ABC scores of both groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at Tinghui (GB 2) and Benshen (GB 13) combined with routine rehabilitation training can reduce the incidence of abnormal auditory response and improve the core symptoms in children with ASD, and the clinical effect is better than the simple routine rehabilitation training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Electroacupuncture , Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Acupuncture Points , Medicine , Pain
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 31-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969943

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy and safety between syndrome-differentiation acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training and simple rehabilitation training for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 children with ASD were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. In the control group, routine rehabilitation training was applied; in the observation group, syndrome-differentiation acupuncture (the main points were Baihui [GV 20], Dingshenzhen, Niesanzhen, etc., the supplementary acupoints were selected according to syndrome-differentiation) combined with rehabilitation training were applied, all the treatments were given once a day, 5-day continuous treatment with 2-day interval, 12 weeks were required. Before treatment and after 6, 12 weeks of treatment, the autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC), childhood autism rating scale (CARS) and autism behavior checklist (ABC) scores were observed, the therapeutic effect and safety were evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After 6 and 12 weeks of treatment, except for the sensory perception score after 6 weeks of treatment in the control group, the item scores and total scores of ATEC, CARS scores and ABC scores were decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05). After 6 weeks of treatment, the social score and total score of ATEC, CARS score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05); after 12 weeks of treatment, the item scores and total score of ATEC, CARS score and ABC score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the observation group was 80.0% (24/30), which was higher than 56.7% (17/30) in the control group (P<0.05). There was no serious adverse reactions in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of adverse reactions between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Syndrome-differentiation acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training could improve the core symptoms in children with ASD, especially sensory perception and social ability, and with good safety, which is superior to simple rehabilitation training.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points , Medicine
19.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 6-10, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997099

ABSTRACT

@#The history of the Department of Anatomy of the College of Medicine of the University of the Philippines can be chronicled from its humble beginnings in 1907 to its continued existence through the COVID-19 pandemic. This article briefly describes its historical development, current undertakings, and future directions in relation to its mission and vision.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Medicine , Universities
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1070-1075, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007444

ABSTRACT

The differences in the cognition on the location of "Jiaji" between Taoism and medical science are summarized through literature searching. In the medical field, "Jiaji" is generally described as "Jiaji Xue (point)", which is considered as EX-B 2, while, in Taoism, it is expressed as "Jiaji Guan (pass)", focusing on the crucial parts of the body. Medical scholars lay their attention to the distance of "Jiaji" lateral to the spine, in which "Jia" (place on both sides) is mostly considered. In comparison, the Taoists emphasize the central axis on the back of human body expressed as "Jiaji Gu (bone)" and "Jiaji Sanguan (three crucial parts)", in which, "Ji (spine)" is the key. Due to the therapeutic purposes of acupuncture, medical scholars focus on the communication of "Jiaji" with the body surface ultimately. Based on the inner perspective of Taoism, "Jiaji" is connoted to be the three-dimensional structural space located deeply inside of the body. The cognitive differences in the location of "Jiaji" between Taoism and medical science reflect the discrepancy in the cognitive dimensions and approaches to the human body between them, which provide the references for the textual research of "Jiaji" in traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine , Religious Philosophies , Acupuncture Therapy , Cognition , Communication
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