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1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 31-46, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011009

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a dynamic wound-healing response characterized by the agglutination of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, is known for treating gynecological diseases and liver fibrosis. Our previous studies demonstrated that long non-coding RNA H19 (H19) was markedly upregulated in fibrotic livers while its deficiency markedly reversed fibrogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which SWT influences H19 remain unclear. Thus, we established a bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced liver fibrosis model to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of SWT on various cells in the liver. Our results showed that SWT markedly improved ECM deposition and bile duct reactions in the liver. Notably, SWT relieved liver fibrosis by regulating the transcription of genes involved in the cytoskeleton remodeling, primarily in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), and influencing cytoskeleton-related angiogenesis and hepatocellular injury. This modulation collectively led to reduced ECM deposition. Through extensive bioinformatics analyses, we determined that H19 acted as a miRNA sponge and mainly inhibited miR-200, miR-211, and let7b, thereby regulating the above cellular regulatory pathways. Meanwhile, SWT reversed H19-related miRNAs and signaling pathways, diminishing ECM deposition and liver fibrosis. However, these protective effects of SWT were diminished with the overexpression of H19 in vivo. In conclusion, our study elucidates the underlying mechanisms of SWT from the perspective of H19-related signal networks and proposes a potential SWT-based therapeutic strategy for the treatment of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver/metabolism , Hepatic Stellate Cells/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 71-84, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007909

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role and molecular mechanism of exosomal miR-224-5p in colorectal cancer (CRC).@*METHODS@#The miR-224-5p expression in CRC patient tissues and cell-derived exosomes was measured by laser capture microdissection and qRT-PCR, respectively. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was used to determine the target gene of miR-224-5p. The protein expressions of p53 and unc-51 like kinase 2 (ULK2) in CRC cells were detected by western blot. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle and apoptosis. Cell proliferation was measured by CCK8 and EdU assay.@*RESULTS@#The miR-224-5p expression was upregulated in CRC tissues and increased progressively with the rise of CRC stage. CRC cells secreted extracellular miR-224-5p mainly in an exosome-dependent manner, and then miR-224-5p could be transferred to surrounding tumor cells to regulate cell proliferation in the form of autocrine or paracrine. Moreover, ULK2 was characterized as a direct target of miR-224-5p and was downregulated in CRC tissues. Interestingly, ULK2 inhibited CRC cell proliferation in a p53-dependent manner. Furthermore, exosome-derived miR-224-5p partially reversed the proliferation regulation of ULK2 on CRC cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Our findings demonstrate that exosome-transmitted miR-224-5p promotes p53-dependent cell proliferation by targeting ULK2 in CRC, which may offer promising targets for CRC prevention and therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 105-114, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007746

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a type of highly invasive breast cancer with a poor prognosis. According to new research, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a significant role in the progression of cancer. Although the role of lncRNAs in breast cancer has been well reported, few studies have focused on TNBC. This study aimed to explore the biological function and clinical significance of forkhead box C1 promoter upstream transcript (FOXCUT) in triple-negative breast cancer.@*METHODS@#Based on a bioinformatic analysis of the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database, we detected that the lncRNA FOXCUT was overexpressed in TNBC tissues, which was further validated in an external cohort of tissues from the General Surgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. The functions of FOXCUT in proliferation, migration, and invasion were detected in vitro or in vivo. Luciferase assays and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) were performed to reveal that FOXCUT acted as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for the microRNA miR-24-3p and consequently inhibited the degradation of p38.@*RESULTS@#lncRNA FOXCUT was markedly highly expressed in breast cancer, which was associated with poor prognosis in some cases. Knockdown of FOXCUT significantly inhibited cancer growth and metastasis in vitro or in vivo. Mechanistically, FOXCUT competitively bounded to miR-24-3p to prevent the degradation of p38, which might act as an oncogene in breast cancer.@*CONCLUSION@#Collectively, this research revealed a novel FOXCUT/miR-24-3p/p38 axis that affected breast cancer progression and suggested that the lncRNA FOXCUT could be a diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , MicroRNAs/metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology
4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1081-1092, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effects of miR-30e-5p on biological behaviors of colorectal cancer cells and the role of PTEN/CXCL12 axis in mediating these effects.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatic analysis was performed to explore the differential expression of miR-30e-5p between colorectal cancer tissues and normal tissues. RT-qPCR was used to detect the differential expression of miR-30e-5p in intestinal epithelial cells and colorectal cancer cells. Bioinformatics and dual luciferase assay were used to predict and validate the targeting relationship between miR-30e-5p and PTEN. Human and murine colorectal cancer cell lines were transfected with miR-30e-5p mimics, miR-30e-5p inhibitor, miR-30e-5p mimics+LV-PTEN, or miR-30e-5p inhibitor + si-PTEN. The changes in biological behaviors of the cells were detected using plate clone formation assay, CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, scratch healing and Transwell assays. PTEN and CXCL12 expressions in the cancer cells were detected by Western blotting. The effects of miR-30e-5p inhibitor on colorectal carcinogenesis and development were observed in nude mice.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformatic analysis showed that miR-30e-5p expression was significantly elevated in colorectal cancer tissues compared with the adjacent tissue (P < 0.01). Higher miR-30e-5p expression was detected in colorectal cancer cell lines than in intestinal epithelial cells (P < 0.01). Dual luciferase assay confirmed the targeting relationship between miR-30e-5p and PTEN (P < 0.05). Transfection with miR-30e-5p mimics significantly enhanced proliferation and metastasis and inhibited apoptosis of the colorectal cancer cells (P < 0.05), and co-transfection with LV-PTEN obviously reversed these changes (P < 0.05). MiR-30e-5p mimics significantly inhibited PTEN expression and enhanced CXCL12 expression in the cancer cells (P < 0.01), and miR-30e-5p inhibitor produced the opposite effect. Transfection with miR-30e-5p inhibitor caused cell cycle arrest in the cancer cells, which was reversed by co-transfection with si-PTEN (P < 0.05). In the in vivo experiments, the colorectal cancer cells transfected with miR-30e-5p inhibitor showed significantly lowered tumorigenesis.@*CONCLUSION@#Overexpression of miR-30e-5p promotes the malignant behaviors of colorectal cancer cells by downregulating PTEN to activate the CXCL12 axis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Mice, Nude , Cell Movement/physiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Luciferases/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , Chemokine CXCL12/metabolism
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 537-543, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of microRNA miR-431-5p in gastric cancer (GC) tissues and its effects on apoptosis and mitochondrial function in GC cells.@*METHODS@#The expression level of miR-431-5p in 50 clinical samples of GC tissues and paired adjacent tissues was detected using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and its correlation with the clinicopathological features of the patients was analyzed. A cultured human GC cell line (MKN-45 cells) were transfected with a miR-431-5p mimic or a negative control sequence, and the cell proliferation, apoptosis, mitochondrial number, mitochondrial potential, mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content were detected using CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, fluorescent probe label, or ATP detection kit. The changes in the expression levels of the apoptotic proteins in the cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of miR-431-5p was significantly lower in GC tissues than in the adjacent tissues (P < 0.001) and was significantly correlated with tumor differentiation (P=0.0227), T stage (P=0.0184), N stage (P=0.0005), TNM stage (P=0.0414) and vascular invasion (P=0.0107). In MKN-45 cells, overexpression of miR-431-5p obviously inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, causing also mitochondrial function impairment as shown by reduced mitochondrial number, lowered mitochondrial potential, increased mPTP opening, increased ROS production and reduced ATP content. Overexpression of miR-431-5p significantly downregulated the expression of Bcl-2 and increased the expressions of pro-apoptotic proteins p53, Bcl-2 and cleaved caspase-3 protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-431-5p is down-regulated in GC, which results in mitochondrial function impairment and promotes cell apoptosis by activating the Bax/Bcl-2/caspase3 signaling pathway, suggesting the potential role of miR-431-5p in targeted therapy for GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mitochondria/metabolism , Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore , Reactive Oxygen Species , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1291-1297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of microRNA-509-3p (miR-509-3p) on the apoptosis of atherosclerotic vascular endothelial cells.@*METHODS@#Mouse aortic endothelial cells (MAECs) were divided into normal control group, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) group, miR-509-3p overexpression group, miR-509-3p overexpression control group, miR-509-3p inhibitor + ox-LDL group, and miR-509-3p inhibitor control + ox-LDL group. MAEC were induced with 100 mg/L ox-LDL for 24 hours, and then transfected with miR-509-3p overexpression/inhibitor and corresponding control for 48 hours. The miR-509-3p expression in MAECs exposed to ox-LDL was detected using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Flow cytometry was used to detect the level of apoptosis, and cell counting kit (CCK-8) was used to detect the proliferation activity of MAECs. The direct gene targets of miR-509-3p were predicted using bioinformatics analyses and confirmed using a dual luciferase reporter assay. The expression of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein was detected by RT-qPCR and Western blotting, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal control group, miR-509-3p was significantly upregulated in ox-LDL-stimulated MAECs (1.68±0.85 vs. 1.00±0.30, t = 2.398, P < 0.05). After transfection of MAECs with miR-509-3p overexpression, the luciferase activity of the BCL2 3'UTR WT reporter gene was significantly lower than that of miR-509-3p overexpression control group (0.83±0.06 vs. 1.00±0.07, t = 4.531, P = 0.001). The luciferase activity of the BCL2 3'-UTR mutant (MUT) reporter gene was not significantly different from that of miR-509-3p overexpression control group (0.94±0.05 vs. 1.00±0.08, t = 1.414, P = 0.188). Compared with the normal control group and miR-509-3p mimics control group, the cell proliferation activity was decreased [(0.60±0.06)% vs. (1.00±0.09)%, (0.89±0.04)%, both P < 0.01], the percentage of apoptotic cells were increased [(23.46±2.02)% vs. (7.66±1.52)%, (10.40±0.78)%, both P < 0.05], and the mRNA and protein expression of Bcl-2 were significantly downregulated (Bcl-2 mRNA: 0.52±0.13 vs. 1.00±0.36, 1.10±0.19, Bcl-2 protein: 0.42±0.07 vs. 1.00±0.11, 0.93±0.10, both P < 0.01) in miR-509-3p overexpression group. Compared with the ox-LDL group, inhibition of miR-509-3p expression could increase the proliferation activity of MAECs induced by ox-LDL [(0.64±0.35)% vs. (0.34±0.20%)%, P < 0.05], and reduce the apoptosis rate [(13.59±2.22)% vs. (29.84±5.19)%, P < 0.01], and up-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in MAECs induced by ox-LDL (Bcl-2 mRNA relative expression: 0.82±0.09 vs. 0.52±0.10, Bcl-2 protein relative expression: 0.83±0.17 vs. 0.40±0.07, both P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bcl-2 was one of the target genes of miR-509-3p. miR-509-3p can reduce the proliferation activity of endothelial cells, reduce the expression of Bcl-2, and promote cell apoptosis, thereby promoting the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. Inhibition of miR-509-3p expression may be a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Endothelial Cells , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism , Apoptosis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/pharmacology , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Luciferases/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
7.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 924-938, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010807

ABSTRACT

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a crucial regulatory role in the development and progression of multiple cancers. However, the potential mechanism by which lncRNAs affect the recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer remains unclear. In the current study, the lncRNA LOC646029 was markedly downregulated in metastatic ovarian tumors compared with primary tumors. Gain- and loss-of-function assays demonstrated that LOC646029 inhibits the proliferation, invasiveness, and metastasis of ovarian cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, the downregulation of LOC646029 in metastatic ovarian tumors was strongly correlated with poor prognosis. Mechanistically, LOC646029 served as a miR-627-3p sponge to promote the expression of Sprouty-related EVH1 domain-containing protein 1, which is necessary for suppressing tumor metastasis and inhibiting KRAS signaling. Collectively, our results demonstrated that LOC646029 is involved in the progression and metastasis of ovarian cancer, which may be a potential prognostic biomarker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , RNA, Competitive Endogenous , Cell Line, Tumor , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement/genetics , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1447-1459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010600

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine whether miRNA-128-3p regulates malignant biological behavior of glioma cells by targeting KLHDC8A.@*METHODS@#Dual-luciferase reporter assays, qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to verify the targeting of miRNA-128-3p to KLHDC8A. Edu assay, flow cytometry, Transwell assay and would healing assay were used to determine the effects of changes in miRNA-128-3p and KLHDC8A expression levels on malignant behavior of glioma cells. Rescue experiment was carried out to verify that miRNA-128-3p regulated glioma cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration by targeting KLHDC8A.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of KLHDC8A was significantly increased in high-grade glioma tissue and was closely related to a poor survival outcome of the patients. Overexpression of KLHDC8A promoted glioma cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and miRNA-128-3p overexpression inhibited proliferative and metastatic capacities of glioma cells. Mechanistically, KLHDC8A expression was directly modulated by miRNA-128-3p, which, by targeting KLHDC8A, inhibited malignant behavior of glioma cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Upregulation of miRNA-128-3p inhibits uncontrolled growth of glioma cells by negatively regulating KLHDC8A expression and its downstream effectors, suggesting that the miRNA-128-3p-KLHDC8A axis may serve as a potential prognostic indicator and a therapeutic target for developing new strategies for glioma treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioma/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Up-Regulation
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 698-710, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010564

ABSTRACT

To explore the role of forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1) in the progression of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and related drug resistance, we deciphered the roles of FOXO1 and miR-506 in proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, autophagy, and temozolomide (TMZ) sensitivity in the U251 cell line using in vitro and in vivo experiments. Cell viability was tested by a cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) kit; migration and invasion were checked by the scratching assay; apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining and flow cytometry. The construction of plasmids and dual-luciferase reporter experiment were carried out to find the interaction site between FOXO1 and miR-506. Immunohistochemistry was done to check the protein level in tumors after the in vivo experiment. We found that the FOXO1-miR-506 axis suppresses GBM cell invasion and migration and promotes GBM chemosensitivity to TMZ, which was mediated by autophagy. FOXO1 upregulates miR-506 by binding to its promoter to enhance transcriptional activation. MiR-506 could downregulate E26 transformation-specific 1 (ETS1) expression by targeting its 3'-untranslated region (UTR). Interestingly, ETS1 promoted FOXO1 translocation from the nucleus to the cytosol and further suppressed the FOXO1-miR-506 axis in GBM cells. Consistently, both miR-506 inhibition and ETS1 overexpression could rescue FOXO1 overactivation-mediated TMZ chemosensitivity in mouse models. Our study demonstrated a negative feedback loop of FOXO1/miR-506/ETS1/FOXO1 in GBM in regulating invasiveness and chemosensitivity. Thus, the above axis might be a promising therapeutic target for GBM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Feedback , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioblastoma/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Temozolomide/therapeutic use , Forkhead Box Protein O1/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4887-4900, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008066

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effect of miR-23b-3p on the differentiation of goat intramuscular preadipocytes, and to confirm whether miR-23b-3p plays its roles via targeting the PDE4B gene. Based on the pre-transcriptome sequencing data obtained previously, the miR-23b-3p, which was differentially expressed in goat intramuscular adipocytes before and after differentiation, was used as an entry point. real-time quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression pattern of miR-23b-3p during the differentiation of goat intramuscular preadipocytes. The effects of miR-23b-3p on adipose differentiation and adipose differentiation marker genes were determined at the morphological and molecular levels. The downstream target genes of miR-23b-3p were determined using bioinformatics prediction as well as dual luciferase reporter assay to clarify the targeting relationship between miR-23b-3p and the predicted target genes. The results indicated that overexpression of miR-23b-3p reduced lipid droplet accumulation in goat intramuscular adipocytes, significantly down-regulated the expression levels of adipogenic marker genes AP2, C/EBPα, FASN, and LPL (P < 0.01). In addition, the expressions of C/EBPβ, DGAT2, GLUT4 and PPARγ were significantly downregulated (P < 0.05). After interfering with the expression of miR-23b-3p, lipid droplet accumulation was increased in goat intramuscular adipocytes. The expression levels of ACC, ATGL, AP2, DGAT2, GLUT4, FASN and SREBP1 were extremely significantly up-regulated (P < 0.01), and the expression levels of C/EBPβ, LPL and PPARγ were significantly up-regulated (P < 0.05). It was predicted that PDE4B might be a target gene of miR-23b-3p. The mRNA expression level of PDE4B was significantly decreased after overexpression of miR-23b-3p (P < 0.01), and the interference with miR-23b-3p significantly increased the mRNA level of PDE4B (P < 0.05). The dual luciferase reporter assay indicated that miR-23b-3p had a targeting relationship with PDE4B gene. MiR-23b-3p regulates the differentiation of goat intramuscular preadipocytes by targeting the PDE4B gene.


Subject(s)
Animals , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Goats/genetics , PPAR gamma/metabolism , Adipogenesis/genetics , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Luciferases , RNA, Messenger
11.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 837-849, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Circular RNAs (circRNAs) participate in several important pathological processes and have been used in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases. This study aimed to investigate the role of circRNAs in neural tube defects (NTDs).@*METHOD@#We characterized circRNA-associated competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks in brain tissue of low folate -induced NTDs mouse at embryonic day 13.5 by high-throughput sequencing. The expression levels of Circzfp644, miR-20-5p and Gas7 were detected by RT-PCR. Gas7 and Circzfp644 functions were determined by miRNA-mimics and inhibitors in mouse teratocarcinoma cells (F9 cells), and luciferase gene reporter assay was assessed in the F9 cells. In addition, the expression levels of Circzfp644, miR-20-5p and Gas7 were determined by Nanostring in human NTDs tissues.@*RESULTS@#We detected 57 circRNA transcripts, 16 miRNAs, and 148 mRNAs that were significantly dysregulated in NTDs brain tissues compared with their expression levels in control (normal) tissues. Circzfp644 shared miRNA response elements with the growth arrest specific 7 ( Gas7) gene and competitively bound with miR-20-5p to increase the expression of Gas7. Downregulation of Circzfp644 and Gas7 and upregulation of miR-20-5p were found in human NTD tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides new perspectives on the role of circRNAs in nervous system development and the pathogenesis of NTDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , RNA, Circular/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Neural Tube Defects/genetics , Folic Acid
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2086-2100, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Metastasis is the main cause of tumor-associated death and mainly responsible for treatment failure of breast cancer. Autophagy accelerates tumor metastasis. In our work, we aimed to investigate the possibility of microRNAs (miRNAs) which participate in the regulation of autophagy to inhibit tumor metastasis.@*METHODS@#MiRNA array and comprehensive analysis were performed to identify miRNAs which participated in the regulation of autophagy to inhibit tumor metastasis. The expression levels of miR-3653 in breast cancer tissues and cells were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. In vivo and in vitro assays were conducted to determine the function of miR-3653. The target genes of miR-3653 were detected by a dual luciferase reporter activity assay and Western blot. The relationship between miR-3653 and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was assessed by Western blot. Student's t -test was used to analyze the difference between any two groups, and the difference among multiple groups was analyzed with one-way analysis of variance and a Bonferroni post hoc test.@*RESULTS@#miR-3653 was downregulated in breast cancer cells with high metastatic ability, and high expression of miR-3653 blocked autophagic flux in breast cancer cells. Clinically, low expression of miR-3653 in breast cancer tissues (0.054 ± 0.013 vs . 0.131 ± 0.028, t  = 2.475, P  = 0.014) was positively correlated with lymph node metastasis (0.015 ± 0.004 vs . 0.078 ± 0.020, t  = 2.319, P  = 0.023) and poor prognosis ( P  < 0.001). miR-3653 ameliorated the malignant phenotypes of breast cancer cells, including proliferation, migration (MDA-MB-231: 0.353 ± 0.013 vs . 1.000 ± 0.038, t  = 16.290, P  < 0.001; MDA-MB-468: 0.200 ± 0.014 vs . 1.000 ± 0.043, t  = 17.530, P  < 0.001), invasion (MDA-MB-231: 0.723 ± 0.056 vs . 1.000 ± 0.035, t  = 4.223, P  = 0.013; MDA-MB-468: 0.222 ± 0.016 vs . 1.000 ± 0.019, t  = 31.050, P  < 0.001), and colony formation (MDA-MB-231: 0.472 ± 0.022 vs . 1.000 ± 0.022, t  = 16.620, P  < 0.001; MDA-MB-468: 0.650 ± 0.040 vs . 1.000 ± 0.098, t  = 3.297, P  = 0.030). The autophagy-associated genes autophagy-related gene 12 ( ATG12 ) and activating molecule in beclin 1-regulated autophagy protein 1 ( AMBRA1 ) are target genes of miR-3653. Further studies showed that miR-3653 inhibited EMT by targeting ATG12 and AMBRA1 .@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings suggested that miR-3653 inhibits the autophagy process by targeting ATG12 and AMBRA1 , thereby inhibiting EMT, and provided a new idea and target for the metastasis of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Autophagy/genetics , Genes, Regulator , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , Neoplasms/genetics
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2484-2495, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Excessive proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the main causes of restenosis (RS) in diabetic lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD). However, the relevant pathogenic mechanisms are poorly understood.@*METHODS@#In this study, we introduced a "two-step injury protocol" rat RS model, which started with the induction of atherosclerosis (AS) and was followed by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry staining were used to verify the form of RS. Two-step transfection was performed, with the first transfection of Lin28a followed by a second transfection of let-7c and let-7g, to explore the possible mechanism by which Lin28a exerted effects. 5-ethynyl-2΄-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Transwell assay were performed to evaluate the ability of proliferation and migration of VSMCs. Western blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to detect the expression of Lin28a protein and let-7 family members.@*RESULTS@#Using a combination of in vitro and in vivo experiments, we discovered that let-7c, let-7g, and microRNA98 (miR98) were downstream targets of Lin28a. More importantly, decreased expression of let-7c/let-7g increased Lin28a, leading to further inhibition of let-7c/let-7g. We also found an increased level of let-7d in the RS pathological condition, suggesting that it may function as a protective regulator of the Lin28a/let-7 loop by inhibiting the proliferation and migration of VSMCs.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings indicated the presence of a double-negative feedback loop consisting of Lin28a and let-7c/let-7g, which may be responsible for the vicious behavior of VSMCs in RS.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Down-Regulation , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Feedback , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Atherosclerosis
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2351-2361, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long non-coding RNA colon cancer-associated transcript 1 (CCAT1) is involved in transforming multiple cancers into malignant cancer types. Previous studies underlining the mechanisms of the functions of CCAT1 primarily focused on its decoy for miRNAs (micro RNAs). However, the regulatory mechanism of CCAT1-protein interaction associated with tumor metastasis is still largely unknown. The present study aimed to identify proteome-wide CCAT1 partners and explored the CCAT1-protein interaction mediated tumor metastasis.@*METHODS@#CCAT1-proteins complexes were purified and identified using RNA antisense purification coupled with the mass spectrometry (RAP-MS) method. The database for annotation, visualization, and integrated discovery and database for eukaryotic RNA binding proteins (EuRBPDB) websites were used to bioinformatic analyzing CCAT1 binding proteins. RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to validate CCAT1-Vimentin interaction. Transwell assay was used to evaluate the migration and invasion abilities of HeLa cells.@*RESULTS@#RAP-MS method worked well by culturing cells with nucleoside analog 4-thiouridine, and cross-linking was performed using 365 nm wavelength ultraviolet. There were 631 proteins identified, out of which about 60% were RNA binding proteins recorded by the EuRBPDB database. Vimentin was one of the CCAT1 binding proteins and participated in the tumor metastasis pathway. Knocked down vimetin ( VIM ) and rescued the downregulation by overexpressing CCAT1 demonstrated that CCAT1 could enhance tumor migration and invasion abilities by stabilizing Vimentin protein.@*CONCLUSION@#CCAT1 may bind with and stabilize Vimentin protein, thus enhancing cancer cell migration and invasion abilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , HeLa Cells , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Vimentin/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1032-1037, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009960

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) GATA3 antisense RNA 1 (GATA3-AS1) targeting miR-515-5p on the proliferation and apoptosis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells.@*METHODS@#RT-qPCR was used to determine the expression of GATA3-AS1 and miR-515-5p in the plasma of controls and ALL children. Human ALL cells Jurkat were divided into si-GATA3-AS1, si-NC, miR-NC, miR-515-5p, si-GATA3-AS1+anti-miR-NC and si-GATA3-AS1+anti-miR-515-5p groups. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cell proliferation, and flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis. The targeting relationship between GATA3-AS1 and miR-515-5p was determined by dual-luciferase reporter assay.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of GATA3-AS1 in the plasma of ALL children was significantly higher than that of controls (P <0.001), while the expression level of miR-515-5p was significantly lower than that of controls (P <0.001). Compared with the si-NC group, the cell inhibition rate, apoptosis rate, and miR-515-5p expression level in si-GATA3-AS1 group were significantly increased (P <0.001). Compared with the miR-NC group, the cell inhibition rate and apoptosis rate in miR-515-5p group were significantly increased (P <0.001). GATA3-AS1 could directly and specifically bind to miR-515-5p. Compared with the si-GATA3-AS1+anti-miR-NC group, the cell inhibition rate and apoptosis rate in si-GATA3-AS1+anti-miR-515-5p group were significantly decreased (P <0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulation of GATA3-AS1 can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of childhood ALL cells by targeting up-regulation of miR-515-5p expression.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Antagomirs/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Apoptosis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , GATA3 Transcription Factor/metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 1074-1082, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009457

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of miR-181b-5p on cells proliferation and apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by targeting paired box 9 (PAX9). Methods The relationship between expression level of PAX9 and prognosis in AML patients was analyzed by gene expression profiling interactive analysis (GEPIA) database and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Kasumi-1 and AML5 cells were transfected with empty vector (Vector group) or PAX9 (PAX9 group). The proliferation activity was detected by CCK-8 assay, and cells cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Expressions of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), cyclin B1 (CCNB1), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2) and Bcl2-associated X protein (BAX) were detected by Western blot analysis. The targeted microRNA (miRNA) by PAX9 was predicted by bioinformatics analysis, and the targeted effect was verified by luciferase reporter assay. The level of PAX9 mRNA was detected by real-time quantitative PCR, and expression of PAX9 protein was detected by Western blot analysis. Kasumi-1 and AML5 cells were transfected with miR-NC (miR-NC group) or miR-181b-5p (miR-181b-5p group). The cells were further transfected with PAX9 (miR-181b-5p combined with PAX9 group) in miR-181b-5p group. The proliferation, cycle and apoptosis of cells were detected by the above methods.Results GEPIA and TCGA databases showed that the expression of PAX9 was down-regulated in AML patients, which was correlated with poor prognosis. In Kasumi-1 and AML5 cells, compared with Vector group, proliferation activity of cells, percentage of cells in S phase, and expressions of CDK2, CCNB1 and Bcl2 proteins were decreased, while percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase, apoptosis rate and the expression of BAX protein were increased in PAX9 group. It was confirmed by double luciferase reporter assay that PAX9 was the target gene of miR-181b-5p. Compared with miR-NC group, proliferation activity of cells, percentage of cells in S phase, and expressions of CDK2, CCNB1 and Bcl2 proteins were increased, while percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase, apoptosis rate and the expression of BAX protein were decreased in miR-181b-5p group. Compared with miR-181b-5p group, proliferation activity of cells, percentage of cells in S phase, and expressions of CDK2, CCNB1 and Bcl2 proteins were decreased, while percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase, apoptosis rate and the expression of BAX protein were increased in miR-181b-5p combined with PAX9 group. Conclusion The miR-181b-5p can promote the proliferation of AML cells and delay apoptosis by inhibiting PAX9.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/pathology , Luciferases , MicroRNAs/metabolism , PAX9 Transcription Factor/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 721-728, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009423

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of sinomenine on bleomycin A5-induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in rats and the underlying mechanism. Methods MRC-5 cells were cultured and treated with sinomenine to determine its optimal concentration and time through the MTT assay. Subsequently, MRC-5 cells were incubated with 80 μmol/L sinomenine for 48 hours or transfected with miR-21 mimic/a disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif (ADAMTS-1) siRNA prior to sinomenine treatment. The expression of miR-21, ADAMTS-1, collagen type 1 (Col1) and collagen type 3 (Col3) was detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and/or Western blot analysis. Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into control group, sinomenine group and sinomenine combined with miR-21 agomir group, with 10 animals in each group. Bleomycin A5 were intratracheally administered to establish the PF model. Then, rats in control group, sinomenine group and sinomenine +miR-21 agomir group were treated with 9 g/L sodium chloride solution, sinomenine and sinomenine+miR-21 agomir, respectively. On day 28, all rats were sacrificed. HE and Masson staining was performed in pulmonary tissue. The expression of ADAMTS-1, Col1 and Col3 in pulmonary tissue were detected by qRT-PCR and/or Western blot analysis. ELISA was used to measure serum procollagen type 1 carboxyterminal propeptide (P1CP) and procollagen type 3 aminoterminal propeptide (P3NP) levels. Results Administration of sinomenine decreased miR-21 levels, up-regulated ADAMTS-1 expression, and promoted Col1 and Col3 degradation in MRC-5 cells. Importantly, interfering with the miR-21/ADAMTS-1 signaling pathway partially reversed the promotive effect of sinomenine on Col1 and Col3 degradation. Treatment of SD rats with sinomenine reduced alveolitis and PF scores, decreased serum P1CP and P3NP levels, up-regulated pulmonary ADAMTS-1 expression, and down-regulated Col1 and Col3 expression. However, these effects were reversed by miR-21 agomir. Conclusion Sinomenine promotes Col1 and Col3 degradation and inhibits PF in rats by miR-21/ADAMTS-1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Pulmonary Fibrosis/genetics , Procollagen/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Bleomycin/adverse effects , Collagen Type III/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 982-989, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Salvianolic acid A (SAA) can restore cartilage endplate cell degeneration of intervertebral discs and to identify the mechanism via regulation of micro-RNA.@*METHODS@#Cartilage endplate cells were isolated from lumbar intervertebral disc surgical samples and were treated with serum containing a series of concentrations of SAA (2, 5, and 10 ?M) for 24, 48, and 72 h to identify a proper dose and treatment time of SAA. The effect SAA on interlenkin-1β (IL-1β)-induced extracellular matrix degradation of cartilage endplate cells were analyzed by Alcian blue staining and assessment of the expression levels of ADAMTS-5, MMP3 and Col2a1. Further, the potential target miRNAs were preliminarily screened by micro-RNA sequencing combining qRT-PCR and Western blot, and then, the miRNAs mimics and inhibitors were used to verify the regulatory effect of SAA on potential target miRNAs.@*RESULTS@#The 10 μM SAA treatment for 48 h significantly enhanced the viability of cartilage endplate cells, and increased Col2a1 expression and glycosaminoglycan accumulation that were repressed by IL-1β, and reduced the effect of IL-1β on ADAMTS-5, and MMP3. Screening analysis based on micro-RNA sequencing and Venny analysis identified the downstream micro-RNAs, including miR-940 and miR-576-5p. Then, the miR-940-mimic or miR-576-5p-mimic were transfected into CEPCs. Compared with the SAA group, the expression of ADAMTS-5 and MMP3 increased significantly and the expression of COL2A1 obviously decreased after overexpression of miR-940 or miR-576-5p in CEPCs.@*CONCLUSION@#Salvianolic acid A attenuated the IL-1β-induced extracellular matrix degradation of cartilage endplate cells by targeting regulate the miR-940 and the miR-576-5p.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cartilage/metabolism , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4843-4851, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008654

ABSTRACT

To investigate the mechanism by which Cangxi Tongbi Capsules promote chondrocyte autophagy to inhibit knee osteoarthritis(KOA) progression by regulating the circRNA_0008365/miR-1271/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) pathway. The cell and animal models of KOA were established and intervened with Cangxi Tongbi Capsules, si-circRNA_0008365, si-NC, and Cangxi Tongbi Capsules combined with si-circRNA_0008365. Flow cytometry and transmission electron microscopy were employed to determine the level of apoptosis and observe autophagosomes, respectively. Western blot was employed to reveal the changes in the protein levels of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3(LC3)Ⅱ/Ⅰ, Beclin-1, selective autophagy junction protein p62/sequestosome 1, collagen Ⅱ, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 5(ADAMTS-5), and p38 MAPK. The mRNA levels of circRNA_0008365, miR-1271, collagen Ⅱ, and ADAMTS-5 were determined by qRT-PCR. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was employed to reveal the pathological changes of the cartilage tissue of the knee, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to measure the levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α). The chondrocytes treated with IL-1β showed down-regulated expression of circRNA_0008365, up-regulated expression of miR-1271 and p38 MAPK, lowered autophagy level, increased apoptosis rate, and accelerated catabolism of extracellular matrix. The intervention with Cangxi Tongbi Capsules up-regulated the expression of circRNA_0008365, down-regulated the expression of miR-1271 and p38 MAPK, increased the autophagy level, decreased the apoptosis rate, and weakened the catabolism of extracellular matrix. However, the effect of Cangxi Tongbi Capsules was suppressed after interfering with circRNA_0008365. The in vivo experiments showed that Cangxi Tongbi Capsules dose-dependently inhibited the p38 MAPK pathway, enhanced chondrocyte autophagy, and mitigated articular cartilage damage and inflammatory response, thereby inhibiting the progression of KOA in rats. This study indicated that Cangxi Tongbi Capsules promoted chondrocyte autophagy by regulating the circRNA_0008365/miR-1271/p38 MAPK pathway to inhibit the development of KOA.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Chondrocytes , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , RNA, Circular/pharmacology , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Apoptosis , Autophagy/genetics , Collagen/metabolism
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4731-4737, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008640

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the effect of matrine on tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)-induced inflammatory response in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) and explore whether the underlying mechanism was related to the miR-25-3p-mediated Krüppel-like factor 4(Klf4) pathway. The HUVEC cell inflammation model was induced by TNF-α stimulation. After 24 or 48 hours of incubation with different concentrations of matrine(0.625, 1.25, and 2.5 mmol·L~(-1)), CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell proliferation. After treatment with 2.5 mmol·L~(-1) matrine for 48 h, the expression of TNF-α, interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and Klf4 mRNA and miR-25-3p was detected by real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR, and the protein expression of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and Klf4 was detected by Western blot. The anti-miR-25-3p was transfected into HUVECs, and the effect of anti-miR-25-3p on TNF-α-induced cell proliferation and inflammatory factors was detected by the above method. The cells were further transfected with miR-25-3p and incubated with matrine to detect the changes in proliferation and expression of related inflammatory factors, miR-25-3p, and Klf4. The targeting relationship between miR-25-3p and Klf4 was verified by bioinformatics analysis and dual luciferase reporter gene assay. The results displayed that matrine could inhibit TNF-α-induced HUVEC proliferation, decrease the mRNA and protein expression of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β, increase the mRNA and protein expression of Klf4, and reduce the expression of miR-25-3p. Bioinformatics analysis showed that there were specific complementary binding sites between miR-25-3p and Klf4 sequences. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that miR-25-3p negatively regulated Klf4 expression in HUVECs by targeting. The inhibition of miR-25-3p expression can reduce TNF-α-induced cell proliferation and mRNA and protein expression of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β. MiR-25-3p overexpression could reverse the effect of matrine on TNF-α-induced cell proliferation and the mRNA and protein expression of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and Klf4. This study shows that matrine inhibits the inflammatory response induced by TNF-α in HUVECs through miR-25-3p-mediated Klf4 pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Matrines , Interleukin-6/genetics , Signal Transduction , Antagomirs , Inflammation/metabolism , Luciferases/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Apoptosis
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