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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 407-420, 2024-04-24. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553805

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer gástrico en Colombia es la segunda neoplasia más común en hombres y la cuarta en mujeres. En los últimos años se han descrito ampliamente los beneficios del abordaje laparoscópico en el cáncer gástrico frente a sangrado, recuperación postoperatoria y complicaciones, sin afectar los resultados oncológicos. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo de pacientes llevados a gastrectomía laparoscópica en la Clínica Universitaria Colombia durante un período de diez años, entre 2013 y 2023. Se describieron los resultados perioperatorios en cuanto a estancia hospitalaria, sangrado operatorio, duración del procedimiento, complicaciones, causas de reintervención y mortalidad en los primeros 30 días. Resultados. Se incluyeron 418 pacientes, 58,9 % hombres, con una edad promedio de 60,8 años. Se documentó un tiempo quirúrgico promedio de 228,7 minutos, con un sangrado de 150 ml. La media de ganglios linfáticos resecados fue de 26,1 ± 11,4. La estancia hospitalaria en promedio fue de 4 ± 4 días, y se registraron complicaciones en 104 sujetos, con una tasa promedio de 24 %, de las cuales 29 (27,4 %) obtuvieron una clasificación Clavien-Dindo IIIB. Conclusiones. La gastrectomía por laparoscopia en un centro de alto volumen y con cirujanos experimentados en Colombia, tiene resultados perioperatorios similares a lo reportado en la literatura mundial. Aún se requiere de estudios de mayor fuerza de asociación para establecer recomendaciones sobre el uso rutinario de este abordaje en patología maligna avanzada.


Introduction. Gastric cancer in Colombia is the second most common neoplasm in men and the fourth in women. In recent years, the benefits of the laparoscopic approach in gastric cancer against bleeding, postoperative recovery com and complications have been widely described, without affecting oncological results. Methods. Retrospective observational study of patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy at the Clínica Universitaria Colombia over a period of ten years, between 2013 and 2023. Perioperative results were described in terms of hospital stay, operative bleeding, duration of the procedure, complications, causes of reintervention, and mortality in the first 30 days. Results. 418 patients were included, 58.9% men, with an average age of 60.88 years. An average surgical time of 228.7 minutes was documented, with a blood loss of 150 ml. The mean number of lymph nodes resected was 26.1 ± 11.4. The average hospital stay was 4 ± 4 days, and complications were recorded in 104 subjects, with an average rate of 24%, of which 29 (27.4%) obtained a Clavien-Dindo IIIB classification. Conclusions. Laparoscopic gastrectomy in a high-volume center and with experienced surgeons in Colombia has perioperative results similar to those reported in the world literature. Studies with greater strength of association are still required to establish recommendations on the routine use of this approach in advanced malignant pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy , Stomach Neoplasms , Mortality , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 33398, 2024 abr. 30. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553360

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A violência autoprovocada é um importante problema de saúde pública. Esse agravo produz impactos no campo da saúde do indivíduo, da família eda coletividade com desdobramentos sociais e econômicos. Objetivo:Analisar a mortalidade por violência autoprovocada em mulheres em idade fértil no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, entre os anos de 2012 e 2021. Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo ecológico com abordagem quantitativa e utiliza-se como base o estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Os dados foram coletados do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde, por meio das Informações em Saúde,nas seções de estatísticas vitais e população residente com a seleção sexo feminino e faixa etária de 10 a 49 anos.Resultados:Entre os anos de 2012 a 2021, no estado do Rio Grande do Norte,foram registrados 213 óbitos de mulheres em idade fértil por lesões autoprovocadas. Considerando o início e o final desse período, é possível destacar que a faixa etária de maior ocorrência de suicídio foi de 30 a 39 anos em 2012 e de 40 a 49 anos em 2021. Observou-se, nos anos avaliados, que as mulheres eram em sua maioria solteiras, de raça parda/preta e que a própria residência da vítima foi o local predominante para o desfecho da lesão autoprovocada. No que se refere à escolaridade e à relação do óbito com período de gravidez ou puerpério é preciso ressaltar o alto índice de "Não informada" e "Ignorada" nos registros.A taxa média de mortalidade por lesões autoprovocadas em mulheres em idade fértil entre 2012 e 2021 foi de 2,0 óbitos por cada 100.000 habitantes. Conclusões:Assim, conclui-se que o cenário da mortalidade por violência autoprovocada em mulheres em idade fértil no Rio Grande do Norte necessita de estratégias para prevenção do suicídio nessa faixa etária (AU).


Introduction: Self-inflicted injury is a major public health problem that impacts the health, social, and economic areas of individuals, their families, and society. Aim: To analyze mortality by self-inflicted injury in fertile women from the Rio Grande do Norte state between 2012 and 2021.Methodology: This ecologic and quantitative study collected vital statistics of women aged between 10 and 49 years. Data were obtained from the Health Information Systems of the Brazilian Health Informatics Department.Results: A total of 213 deaths of fertile women by self-inflicted injury were registered between 2012 and 2021. Considering the age groups, most deaths occurred between 30 and 39 years in 2012 and between 40 and 49 years in 2021. In addition, women were mostly single andwith brown or black skin color, and most of the self-inflicted injuries happened at their houses. Regarding education level and the relationship of death with pregnancy or postpartum, most registries presented a high incidence of "Not informed" or "Ignored" answers. Last, the mean mortality by self-inflicted injury in this population was 2.0 per 100,000 inhabitants between 2012 and 2021.Conclusions: Strategies must be implemented to reduce the mortality by self-inflicted injury of fertile women from the Rio Grande do Norte state (AU).


Introducción: La violencia autoinfligida es un importante problema de salud pública. Este problema tiene impactos en la salud del individuo, la familia y la comunidad con consecuencias sociales y económicas.Objetivo: Analizar la mortalidad por violencia autoinfligida en mujeres en edad fértil en el estado de Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, entre los años 2012 y 2021.Metodología: Se trata de un estudio ecológico con enfoque cuantitativo y utiliza como base el estado de Rio Grande do Norte. Los datos fueron recolectados del Departamento de Tecnologías de la Información del Sistema Único de Salud, a través de Información en Salud, en las secciones de estadísticas vitales y población residente con la selección del género femenino y rango de edad de 10 a 49 años. Resultados: Entre los años 2012 y 2021, en el estado de Rio Grande do Norte, se registraron 213 muertes de mujeres en edad fértil por lesiones autoinfligidas. Considerando el inicio y final de este periodo, es posible resaltar que el grupo etario con mayor incidencia de suicidio fue el de 30 a 39 años en 2012 y el de 40 a 49 años en 2021. Se observó, en los años evaluados, que las mujeres eran en su mayoría solteras, de raza mestiza/negra y la propia residencia de la víctima era el lugar predominante para la autolesión. En lo que respecta a la educación y la relación entre muerte y embarazo o puerperio, es necesario resaltar el alto índice de "No informados" e "Ignorados" en los registros. La tasa media de mortalidad por autolesiones en mujeres en edad fértil entre 2012 y 2021 fue de 2,0 muertes por 100.000 habitantes. Conclusiones: Así, se concluye que el escenario de mortalidad por violencia autoinfligida en mujeres en edad fértil en Rio Grande do Norte requiere estrategias para prevenir el suicidio en este rango de edad (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Suicide/statistics & numerical data , Mental Health , Violence Against Women , Health Information Systems , Public Policy , Brazil/epidemiology , Mortality , Self-Injurious Behavior/psychology , Ecological Studies
3.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 13(1): 385, abr. 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1554959

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Relacionar las complicaciones y el riesgo de muerte en pacientes neurocríticos admitidos en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) del Hospital Universitario de Caracas durante un período de 5 meses. Métodos: investigación observacional, prospectiva, descriptiva. La muestra estuvo conformada por 65 pacientes neurocríticos, ≥ 18 años, con patologías médicas o quirúrgicas, ingresados en la UCI. El análisis estadístico incluyó la determinación de frecuencias, promedios, porcentajes y medias para descripción de variables y el T de Student. Resultados: La edad promedio fue 50,98 ± 16,66 años; la población masculinarepresentó el 50,76%. Entre las complicaciones, la mayor incidencia correspondió a las no infecciosas (70,77 %) y los trastornos ácido-básicos de tipo metabólico, la anemia y las alteraciones electrolíticas fueron las más frecuentes; el 29,23% de los pacientes presentaron complicaciones infecciosas, y la neumonía asociada a ventilación mecánica fue la más frecuente (73,91 %). La comorbilidad con mayor incidencia fue hipertensión arterial sistémica (53,84%). El 90.70% requirió ventilación mecánica y el tiempo en VM fue 4.29 ± 6.43 días. La estancia en UCI fue 5.96 ± 7.72 días. El 29,23% presentó un puntaje en la escala APACHE II entre 5-9; el SAPS II presentó mayor incidencia entre los 6-21 y 22-37 puntos con (66,70%); el SOFA al ingreso se reportó < 15 puntos en 98,46% y > 15 en 1,53%. La mortalidad del grupo fue 23,08 % (n=15). Conclusiones: Las complicaciones no infecciosas predominaron sobre las infecciosas las primeras íntimamente relacionadas con la mortalida(AU)


Objective: To relate complications and the risk of death in neurocritical patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the University Hospital of Caracas during a period of 5 months. Methods: observational, prospective, descriptive research. The sample was made up of 65 neurocritical patients, ≥ 18 years old, with medical or surgical pathologies, admitted to the ICU.The statistical analysis included the determination of frequencies, averages, percentages and meansfor description of variables and Student's T.Results: The average age was 50.98 ± 16.66 years; the male population represented 50.76%. Among the complications, the highest incidence corresponded to non-infectious complications (70.77%) and metabolic acid-base disorders, anemia and electrolyte alterations were the most frequent; 29.23% of patients presented infectious complications, and pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation was the most frequent (73.91%). The comorbidity with the highest incidence was systemic arterial hypertension (53.84%), 90.70% required mechanical ventilation and the time on MV was 4.29 ± 6.43 days. The ICU stay was 5.96 ± 7.72 days. 29.23% had a score on the APACHE II scale between 5-9; SAPS II presented the highest incidence between 6-21 and 22-37 points with (66.70%); The SOFA upon admission was reported to be < 15 points in 98.46% and > 15 in 1.53%. The mortality of the group was 23.08% (n=15). Conclusions: Non-infectious complications predominated over infectious complications, the former being closely related to mortalit(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mortality , Critical Care , Anemia
4.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(1): 5-15, Marzo 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1538330

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Millones de pacientes con COVID-19 fueron internados en terapia intensiva en el mundo, la mitad desarrollaron síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda (SDRA) y recibieron ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI), con una mortalidad del 50%. Analiza-mos cómo edad, comorbilidades y complicaciones, en pacientes con COVID-19 y SDRA que recibieron VMI, se asociaron con el riesgo de morir durante su hospitalización.Métodos: Estudio de cohorte observacional, retrospectivo y multicéntrico realizado en 5 hospitales (tres privados y dos públicos universitarios) de Argentina y Chile, durante el segundo semestre de 2020.Se incluyeron pacientes >18 años con infección por SARS-CoV-2 confirmada RT-PCR, que desarrollaron SDRA y fueron asistidos con VMI durante >48 horas, durante el se-gundo semestre de 2020. Se analizaron los antecedentes, las comorbilidades más fre-cuentes (obesidad, diabetes e hipertensión), y las complicaciones shock, insuficiencia renal aguda (IRA) y neumonía asociada a la ventilación mecánica (NAV), por un lado, y las alteraciones de parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio registrados.Resultados: El 69% era varón. La incidencia de comorbilidades difirió para los diferentes grupos de edad. La mortalidad aumentó significativamente con la edad (p<0,00001). Las comorbilidades, hipertensión y diabetes, y las complicaciones de IRA y shock se asociaron significativamente con la mortalidad. En el análisis multivariado, sólo la edad mayor de 60 años, la IRA y el shock permanecieron asociados con la mortalidad. Conclusiones: El SDRA en COVID-19 es más común entre los mayores. Solo la edad >60 años, el shock y la IRA se asociaron a la mortalidad en el análisis multivariado.


Objectives: Millions of patients with COVID-19 were admitted to intensive care world-wide, half developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and received invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), with a mortality of 50%. We analyzed how age, comor-bidities and complications in patients with COVID-19 and ARDS who received IMV were associated with the risk of dying during their hospitalization.Methods: Observational, retrospective and multicenter cohort study carried out in 5 hospitals (three private and two public university hospitals) in Argentina and Chile, during the second half of 2020.Patients >18 years of age with SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed by RT-PCR, who devel-oped ARDS and were assisted with IMV for >48 hours, during the second half of 2020, were included. History, the most frequent comorbidities (obesity, diabetes and hyper-tension) and the complications of shock, acute renal failure (AKI) and pneumonia as-sociated with mechanical ventilation (VAP), on the one hand, and the alterations of re-corded clinical and laboratory parameters, were analyzed.Results: 69% were men. The incidence of comorbidities differed for different age groups. Mortality increased significantly with age (p<0.00001). Comorbidities, hyper-tension and diabetes, and complications of ARF and shock were significantly associat-ed with mortality. In the multivariate analysis, only age over 60 years, ARF and shock remained associated with mortality.Conclusions: ARDS in COVID-19 is more common among the elderly. Only age >60 years, shock and ARF were associated with mortality in the multivariate analysis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia/complications , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/complications , Shock/complications , Comorbidity , Renal Insufficiency/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Mortality , Multicenter Study
5.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(1): 67-77, Marzo 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551223

ABSTRACT

La tasa de reintubación orotraqueal luego de la extubación se registra entre un 10 a 20%. La aplicación de soportes respiratorios no-invasivos (SRNI) posterior a la extuba-ción como cánula nasal de alto-flujo, ventilación no invasiva (dos niveles de presión) y presión positiva continua en la vía aérea demostraron ser seguras y efectivas post ex-tubación. El período pre-destete representa un momento crucial en el manejo de los pa-cientes críticos ya que el fracaso de la extubación, definido como la necesidad de reintu-bación dentro de los 2 a 7 días, demostró peores resultados al aumentar la mortalidad entre un 25-50%. Esta situación conlleva al requerimiento de ventilación mecánica prolongada, neumonía asociada a la ventilación mecánica y estancias prolongadas de internación. Por lo tanto, es esencial identificar a los pacientes que se beneficiarán utilizando SRNI post extubación.


The rate of re-intubation after extubation is recorded at 10-20%. The use of non-invasive respiratory support (NIRS) post-extubation such as high-flow nasal cannula, non-invasive ventilation (bilevel pressure) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) have been shown to be safe and effective post-extubation. The pre-weaning period represents a crucial time in the management of critically ill patients, as extubation failure, defined as the need for reintubation within 2-7 days, showed worse outcomes with mortality increasing by 25-50%. This situation leads to the requirement for prolonged mechanical ventilation, ventilator-associated pneumonia and long lengths of hospital stay. Therefore, it is essential to identify patients who will benefit from NIRS post extubation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/statistics & numerical data , Airway Extubation/statistics & numerical data , Noninvasive Ventilation/statistics & numerical data , Cannula/statistics & numerical data , Intubation, Intratracheal/statistics & numerical data , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Risk Factors , Mortality , Review
6.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(1): 45-58, Marzo 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551209

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 causó una elevada mortalidad en el mundo y en el Ecuador. Esta investigación se propuso analizar el exceso de mortalidad debido a la pandemia de COVID-19 en Ecuador. Método: Estudio observacional, longitudinal, cuantitativo y descriptivo. Clasificado como estudio ecológico en el campo de la epidemiología. Este estudio se centra en la medición del exceso de mortalidad durante los años 2020, 2021 y 2022, tomando como período base el promedio de defunciones ocurridas en el intervalo de 2015 a 2019. Resultados: Ecuador, en el período de enero 2020 a octubre 2022, acumuló un exceso total de muertes de 98.915. En el año 2020, el exceso de mortalidad fue mayor a 46.374, siendo el mes de abril el valor más alto de 15.484. En el año 2021, el exceso de muertes fue de 35.859, siendo abril el mes con mayor exceso de 7.330. Y el año 2022 el exceso de mortalidad fue de 16.682, el mes con mayor exceso fue enero con 4.204. Conclusión: Se evidenció un subregistro de defunciones, así como variaciones temporales y geográficas en el exceso de mortalidad. La provincia con mayor número de fallecidos y exceso de mortalidad fue Guayas seguida de Pichincha. Los resultados proporcionan un análisis del panorama durante la emergencia sanitaria, destacando la importancia de evaluar la capacidad de respuesta de los sistemas de salud en momentos de crisis y la necesidad imperativa de implementar medidas correctivas para el futuro.


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic caused a significant mortality in the world and in Ecuador. This research aimed to analyze the excess mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador. Method: An observational, longitudinal, quantitative and descriptive study, classified as an ecological study in the field of epidemiology. This study focuses on measuring excess mortality during the years 2020, 2021 and 2022, using the average number of deaths that occurred in the period from 2015 to 2019 as the baseline. Results: From January 2020 to October 2022, Ecuador accumulated a total excess of deaths of 98,915. In 2020, the excess mortality was higher at 46,374, with the highest value occurring in April at 15,484. In 2021, the excess deaths amounted to 35,859, with April having the highest excess of 7,330. In 2022, the excess mortality was 16,682, with January recording the highest excess at 4,204. Conclusion: Evidence of underreporting of deaths, as well as temporal and geographi-cal variations in excess mortality, was observed. The province with the highest number of deaths and excess mortality was Guayas, followed by Pichincha. The results provide an analysis of the situation during the health emergency, emphasizing the importance of evaluating the healthcare system's capacity to respond during times of crisis and the imperative need to implement corrective measures for the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Systems/organization & administration , Mortality , Ecuador/epidemiology , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Health Services
7.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(1): 31-43, Marzo 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551189

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de pulmón (CP) es una enfermedad con gran impacto a nivel mundial en el número de muertes y en costos en salud. La alta incidencia y mortalidad de esta enfermedad asociada al diagnóstico tardío, y la mejoría del pronóstico ante una detección temprana, determinan que sea una patología pasible de beneficiarse mediante detección temprana. La tomografía de baja dosis de radiación (TCBD) demostró ser un método que se pue- de realizar periódicamente a un grupo de personas con alto riesgo de desarrollar CP y así reducir la mortalidad por esta enfermedad. Sin embargo, este beneficio es tal cuan- do se encuentra desarrollado bajo un programa organizado y con participación multi- disciplinaria especializada en cáncer de pulmón. Métodos: Se plantea determinar lineamientos básicos para el desarrollo de la detección temprana de cáncer de pulmón en América Latina para que pueda ser realizada en forma uniforme, con el menor riesgo y el máximo beneficio esperado. Se analizaron las principales publicaciones referidas a este tema, contemplando la diversidad de atención y acceso de América Latina. Resultado: Se desarrollan requerimientos mínimos para la implementación de un pro- grama. Discusión: El número de programas en la región es escaso y depende más de esfuerzos individuales que de políticas generales de salud. Consideramos que estos lineamien- tos pueden servir de apoyo para el desarrollo de más programas en la región y de for- ma más homogénea.


Introduction: Lung cancer (LC) is a disease with a great impact worldwide in the number of deaths and health costs. The high incidence and mortality of this disease associated with late diagnosis and the improved prognosis with early detection determine that it is a pathology that can benefit from early detection. Low radiation dose tomography (LDCT) demonstrated a method that can be performed periodically to a group of people at high risk of developing CP and thus reduce mortality from this disease. However, this benefit is such when it is developed under an organized program with multidisciplinary participation specialized in lung cancer. Methods: It is proposed to determine basic guidelines for the development of early de- tection of lung cancer in Latin America so that it can be carried out uniformly, with the lowest risk and the maximum expected benefit. The main publications referring to this topic were analyzed, considering the diversity of care and access in Latin America. Result: Minimum requirements are developed for the implementation of a program. Discussion: The number of programs in the region is small and depends more on individual efforts than on general health policies. We consider that these guidelines can serve as support for the development of more programs in the region and in a more ho- mogeneous way.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Programs and Plans , Early Detection of Cancer , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Preventive Health Services/organization & administration , Tomography/methods , Incidence , Mortality , Education, Professional , Health Policy , Latin America
8.
Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca ; 34 (1), 2024;34(1): 4-15, 20240301.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554619

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sedación es uno de los pilares fundamentales del manejo del paciente crítico internado en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva (UTI), sobre todo en aquellos que requieren Asistencia Ventilatoria Mecánica (AVM). Los fármacos que se utilizan con este propósito tienen el objetivo de lograr un adecuado nivel de conciencia en el paciente, de forma tal que se encuentre confortable y tolere la AVM. Los esquemas de sedación utilizados se encontraban basados en Benzodiacepinas, aunque, su uso no está exento de efectos adversos. El presente estudio pretende realizar una Revisión y Síntesis de la evidencia existente sobre la efectividad y seguridad del uso de dos nuevos fármacos, Propofol y Dexmedetomidina, para sedación continua en UTI y su comparación con los esque- mas tradicionales. Los Resultados respecto a la reducción de días en UTI resultó siempre significativa a favor del uso de propofol o dexmedetomidina en comparación a benzodiacepinas; lo mismo ocurrió con los días vinculados a la AVM. Estos resultados fueron encontrados en revisiones tanto de alta calidad como moderada o baja. Sin embargo, todos los estudios tuvieron en común que la calidad de la evidencia utilizada fue baja a moderada. Según la evidencia identificada, el uso de dexmedetomidina o propofol disminuiría de manera estadísticamente significativa los días de estadía en UTI y los requerimientos de AVM en pacientes adultos. Se debe tener en cuenta que la mayoría de las Revisiones encontradas fueron de calidad baja, siendo solamente 2 (dos) de calidad alta y una moderada. Es por esto último que la recomendación del uso de sedación basada en Dexmedetomidina o Propofol es condicional, ya que la calidad de la evidencia que la soporta es baja, en la mayoría de los casos.


Introductión: Sedation is one of the fundamental pillars of the management of critically ill patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), especially in those who require mechanical ventilatory assistance (MVA). The drugs used for this purpose have the objective of achieving an adequate level of consciousness in the patient, so that they are comfortable and tolerate AVM. The sedation schemes used were based on Benzodiazepines, however, their use is not free of adverse effects. The present work aims to carry out a review and synthesis of the existing evidence on the effectiveness and safety of the use of two new drugs Propofol and Dexmedetomidine for continuous sedation in ICU and its comparison with traditional regimens. The results regarding the reduction of days in ICU were always significant in favor of the use of Propofol or Dexmedetomidine compared to benzodiazepines; The same happened with the days linked to the AVM. These results were found in reviews of both high and moderate or low quality. However, what they all had in common was that the quality of the evidence used was low to moderate. According to the evidence identified, the use of Dexmedetomidine or Propofol would statistically significantly reduce the days of ICU stay and AVM requirements in adult patients. It should be taken into account that most of the reviews found were of low quality, with only 2 being of high quality, and 1 of moderate quality. It is for this last reason that the recommendation for the use of sedation based on Dexmedetomidine or Propofol is conditional, since the quality of the evidence supporting it is, for the most part, low.


Subject(s)
Deep Sedation , Midazolam , Propofol , Mortality , Critical Care , Dexmedetomidine
9.
Prensa méd. argent ; 110(1): 21-25, 20240000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552582

ABSTRACT

En este artículo tratamos de mostrar la actual realidad y problemática del cáncer de cuello uterino en la salud pública. Su repercusión en la población femenina desde temprana edad y el plan de acción para su control como política a largo plazo para disminuir su mortalidad


In this article we try to show the current reality and problems of cervical cancer in public health. Its impact on the female population from an early age and the action plan for its control as a long-term policy to reduce mortality


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Mortality , Early Detection of Cancer , Health Promotion
10.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 1-1, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010113

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There are few multi-city studies on the association between temperature and mortality in basin climates. This study was based on the Sichuan Basin in southwest China to assess the association of basin temperature with non-accidental mortality in the population and with the temperature-related mortality burden.@*METHODS@#Daily mortality data, meteorological and air pollution data were collected for four cities in the Sichuan Basin of southwest China. We used a two-stage time-series analysis to quantify the association between temperature and non-accidental mortality in each city, and a multivariate meta-analysis was performed to obtain the overall cumulative risk. The attributable fractions (AFs) were calculated to access the mortality burden attributable to non-optimal temperature. Additionally, we performed a stratified analyses by gender, age group, education level, and marital status.@*RESULTS@#A total of 751,930 non-accidental deaths were collected in our study. Overall, 10.16% of non-accidental deaths could be attributed to non-optimal temperatures. A majority of temperature-related non-accidental deaths were caused by low temperature, accounting for 9.10% (95% eCI: 5.50%, 12.19%), and heat effects accounted for only 1.06% (95% eCI: 0.76%, 1.33%). The mortality burden attributable to non-optimal temperatures was higher among those under 65 years old, females, those with a low education level, and those with an alternative marriage status.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study suggested that a significant association between non-optimal temperature and non-accidental mortality. Those under 65 years old, females, and those with a low educational level or alternative marriage status had the highest attributable burden.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Male , China/epidemiology , Cities , Cold Temperature , Hot Temperature , Mortality , Temperature , Time Factors
11.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 275-282, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013425

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Since the breakout of COVID-19 in December 2019, the virus has already affected and taken millions of lives over the past year. There is still much to learn about this disease. It has been postulated that the human kidney is a potential pathway for COVID-19 due to the presence of the ACE2 receptors found in the surfaces of kidney cells. Some studies that demonstrated acute tubular necrosis and lymphocyte infiltration among post mortem COVID-19 patients, concluding that the virus could directly damage the kidney, increasing the risk of the development of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) among patients with COVID-19. This study investigated the incidence and severity of AKI among hospitalized COVID-19 patients and the association of the degree of AKI with regards to the severity and outcomes of COVID-19 patients.@*Methods@#This was a single-center cross-sectional study retrospective chart review of COVID-19 patients who developed AKI. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the general and clinical characteristics of the patients. Frequency and proportion were used for categorical variables. Shapiro-Wilk test was used to determine the normality distribution of continuous variables. Continuous quantitative data that met the normality assumption was described using mean and standard deviation, while those that did not were described using median and range. Continuous variables which are normally distributed were compared using the One-way ANOVA, while those variables that are not normally distributed were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis H test. For categorical variables, the Chi-square test was used to compare the outcomes. If the expected percentages in the cells are less than 5%, Fisher's Exact Test was used instead.@*Results@#A total of 1441 COVID-19 in-patients from March 1, 2020 to March 1, 2021 were reviewed, 59 of whom were excluded. Among the adults with COVID-19 who developed AKI, 60% were in stage I, 10% in stage II, and 30% in stage III. The incidence of AKI among COVID-19 in-patients at Makati Medical Center was 13.10% (95% CI 11.36% - 14.99%). Among the 181 patients, 79 (43.65%, 95% CI 36.30 - 51.20) had died. The mortality rate is 22.02% for Stage I, 50% for Stage II, and 85.19% for Stage III. The median length of hospital stay was 12 days, ranging from 1 day up to 181 days. Full renal recovery on discharge was observed only in one-third of the patients. It was observed in 44.95% of those in Stage I, 27.78% of those in Stage II, and 5.56% of those in Stage III.@*Conclusion@#The study demonstrated that the incidence of AKI in hospitalized COVID-19 patients was 13.1% (95% CI 11.36% - 14.99%), which was lower than previously reported. This could be attributed to the longer study period wherein, to date, we have a better understanding of the disease and had already established a standard of care for treatment for the disease attributing to the decreased incidence of AKI among COVID-19 patients than what was initially reported. The development of AKI has a direct correlation with the degree of infection. Among patients who developed AKI, 20% required renal replacement therapy. Overall development of AKI increases the risk of mortality among hospitalized COVID-19 patients. The stage of AKI has a direct correlation with regards to mortality and has an indirect relationship with regards to renal recovery.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19 , Renal Replacement Therapy , Mortality
12.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-7, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012443

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#It is anticipated that Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) has greater risk in acquiring COVID-19 infection and poorer outcome. However, current worldwide data are conflicting. @*Objectives@#This study primarily aims to compare the outcomes of COVID-19 patients with COPD and those without COPD in terms of length of hospital stay (LOS), recovery or mortality, treatment received, and predictors of mortality.@*Methods@#This is a retrospective cohort chart review of 1,017 admitted adult COVID-19 patients from July to December 2020. Age, gender, smoking status, current control and medications for COPD, COVID-19 severity, symptoms, treatment, and outcomes of the two study groups were compared.@*Results@#Prevalence rate of COPD was 3.8%. COVID-19 patients with COPD were older (median age of 69 vs 54, p<0.001), male (87% vs 50%, p<0.001), hypertensive (72% vs 48%, p=0.004), and with tuberculosis (31% vs 11%, p=0.002). COVID-19 patients with COPD more commonly needed oxygen therapy, High Flow Nasal Cannula, Mechanical Ventilation, Tocilizumab, Convalescent Plasma Therapy and Dexamethasone, and had longer LOS. Significant risk factors for mortality are malignancy, investigational therapies, smoking, and older age. There was no difference in survival rates between the two groups.@*Conclusion@#COPD increases the risk for severe COVID-19 and lengthens LOS.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Mortality
13.
Palmas, TO; Secretaria de Estado da Saúde; 2024. 348 p. ilus..
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-TO | ID: biblio-1554242

ABSTRACT

A primeira parte do livro "Análise de Situação de Saúde" no Tocantins apresenta uma visão abrangente sobre diversos aspectos da saúde pública no estado. Ela cobre desde as condições de nascimento e o perfil da mortalidade em diferentes grupos etários, até a cobertura vacinal, destacando sucessos e desafios. Além disso, aborda a prevalência de sífilis em gestantes e casos congênitos, a mortalidade materna entre 2015 e 2022, e a saúde dos trabalhadores. Análises descritivas de acidentes de trânsito fatais, intoxicações por agrotóxicos, e o impacto da COVID-19 são também apresentadas, juntamente com uma avaliação da vigilância laboratorial e genômica durante a pandemia, e o monitoramento de eventos adversos em unidades hospitalares.


The first part of the book "Health Situation Analysis" in Tocantins provides a comprehensive overview of various aspects of public health in the state. It covers everything from birth conditions and mortality profiles across different age groups to vaccination coverage, highlighting successes and challenges. Additionally, it addresses the prevalence of syphilis in pregnant women and congenital cases, maternal mortality between 2015 and 2022, and worker health. Descriptive analyses of fatal traffic accidents, pesticide poisonings, and the impact of COVID-19 are also presented, along with an evaluation of laboratory and genomic surveillance during the pandemic, and monitoring of adverse events in hospital units.


La primera parte del libro "Análisis de la Situación de Salud" en Tocantins proporciona una visión completa de varios aspectos de la salud pública en el estado. Cubre desde las condiciones de nacimiento y los perfiles de mortalidad en diferentes grupos etarios hasta la cobertura de vacunación, destacando éxitos y desafíos. Además, aborda la prevalencia de la sífilis en mujeres embarazadas y casos congénitos, la mortalidad materna entre 2015 y 2022, y la salud de los trabajadores. También se presentan análisis descriptivos de accidentes de tráfico mortales, intoxicaciones por pesticidas y el impacto de la COVID-19, junto con una evaluación de la vigilancia laboratorial y genómica durante la pandemia, y el monitoreo de eventos adversos en unidades hospitalarias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Epidemiology/organization & administration , Health Surveillance/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology/statistics & numerical data , Mortality
14.
REVISA (Online) ; 13(1): 165-185, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532071

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a mortalidade de profissionais de saúde pelo COVID-19 no Brasil nos anos de 2020 à 2022. Metodologia: Estudo ecológico, exploratório, descritivo, comparativo e de abordagem quantitativa. Os dados foram adquiridos junto ao Sistema de Informação da Vigilância Epidemiológica da Gripe (SIVEP-Gripe) do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS) daSecretaria de Vigilância em Saúde e Ambiente (SVS) do Ministério da Saúde (MS). Resultados: Foi possível identificar o universo de 886 registros, com média e desvio-padrão (295,3±379). Foi verificado que a maior preponderância se constituiu de profissionais técnicos ou auxiliares de enfermagem com 26% (n=230), médicos 15% (n=133) e enfermeiros com 10% (n=89). O nível de formação educacional com maior preponderância foi o superior com 50% (n=443). Considerações finais: Foi possível verificar aumento na frequência de registros de mortalidade de profissionais de saúde pelo COVID-19 no recorte geográfico e histórico analisado.


Objective: To analyze the mortality of healthcare professionals due to COVID-19 in Brazil from 2020 to 2022. Methodology: Ecological, exploratory, descriptive, comparative study with a quantitative approach. The data were acquired from the Influenza Epidemiological Surveillance Information System (SIVEP-Gripe) of the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) of the Secretariat of Health and Environmental Surveillance (SVS) of the Ministry of Health (MS). Results: It was possible to identify the universe of 886 records, with mean and standard deviation (295.3±379). It was found that the greatest preponderance was made up of technical professionals or nursing assistants with 26% (n=230), doctors with 15% (n=133) and nurses with 10% (n=89). The level of educational training with the greatest preponderance was higher education with 50% (n=443). Final considerations: It was possible to verify an increase in the frequency of mortality records of health professionals due to COVID-19 in the geographical and historical area analyzed.


Objetivo: Analizar la mortalidad de los profesionales de la salud por COVID-19 en Brasil en el período de 2020 a 2022.Metodología: Estudio ecológico, exploratorio, descriptivo, comparativo, con abordaje cuantitativo. Los datos fueron adquiridos del Sistema de Información de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Influenza (SIVEP-Gripe) del Departamento de Informática del Sistema Único de Salud (DATASUS) de la Secretaría de Vigilancia en Salud y Ambiente (SVS) del Ministerio de Salud (MS).Resultados: Se logró identificar el universo de 886 registros, con media y desviación estándar (295,3±379). Se encontró que la mayor preponderancia la conformaron los profesionales técnicos o auxiliares de enfermería con un 26% (n=230), médicos con un 15% (n=133) y enfermeras con un 10% (n=89). El nivel de formación educativa con mayor preponderancia fue la educación superior con un 50% (n=443).Consideraciones finales:Se pudo verificar un aumento en la frecuencia de registros de mortalidad de los profesionales de la salud por COVID-19 en el área geográfica e histórica analizada.


Subject(s)
Health Personnel , COVID-19 , Mortality
15.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 58: 07, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536770

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of vaccines developed against covid-19 in reducing mortality in people hospitalized with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) caused by SARS-CoV-2. METHODS This is a retrospective cohort that evaluated risk factors and the effectiveness of the two-dose vaccination schedule in reducing the mortality of people hospitalized for covid-19 in the state of Paraíba from February to November 2021. The explanatory variables were vaccination status, presence of comorbidities, socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Descriptive analyses and bivariate and multivariable logistic regression were performed. RESULTS Most hospitalizations and deaths occurred until May 2021. The percentage of patients with a complete vaccination schedule was similar across patients admitted to public and private hospitals and higher in residents of less developed municipalities. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that women (OR = 0.896; 95%CI 0.830-0.967) and people admitted to private hospitals (OR = 0.756; 95%CI 0.679-0.842) were less likely to die. Presence of any comorbidity (OR = 1.627; 95%CI 1.500-1.765) and age ≥ 80 years (OR = 7.426; 95%CI 6.309-8.741) were risk factors for death. Patients with complete vaccination schedule at the time of admission were 41.7% less likely to die (OR = 0.583; 95% CI 0.501-0.679) from covid-19 in the adjusted analysis, as compared to unvaccinated patients. CONCLUSIONS The study reveals that immunization was effective in reducing the likelihood of death from covid-19. The results suggest that greater vaccination coverage in the first half of 2021 would prevent thousands of deaths in the country.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a efetividade das vacinas desenvolvidas contra a covid-19 na redução da mortalidade em pessoas internadas com síndrome respiratória aguda grave (SRAG) causada pelo SARS-CoV-2. MÉTODOS Trata-se de uma coorte retrospectiva que avaliou fatores de riscos e a efetividade do esquema vacinal com duas doses na redução da mortalidade de pessoas internadas por covid-19 no estado da Paraíba entre fevereiro e novembro de 2021. As variáveis explicativas foram situação vacinal, presença de comorbidades, características socioeconômicas e demográficas. Foram realizadas análises descritivas e regressão logística bivariada e multivariável. RESULTADOS A maior parte das internações e óbitos ocorreram até maio de 2021. O percentual de pacientes com esquema vacinal completo foi similar entre pacientes internados em hospitais públicos e privados e superior em residentes de municípios com menor desenvolvimento. A análise multivariável demonstrou que mulheres (OR = 0,896; IC95% 0,830-0,967) e pessoas internadas em hospitais privados (OR = 0,756; IC95% 0,679-0,842) apresentaram menor chance de morte. A presença de alguma comorbidade (OR = 1,627; IC95% 1,500-1,765) e idade ≥ 80 anos (OR = 7,426; IC95% 6,309-8,741) foram fatores de risco de óbito. Pacientes com esquema vacinal completo no momento da internação apresentaram uma chance 41,7% menor de morte (OR = 0,583; IC95% 0,501-0,679) por covid-19 na análise ajustada, quando comparados com pacientes não vacinados. CONCLUSÕES O estudo revela que a imunização foi efetiva na redução da chance de óbito por covid-19. Os resultados sugerem que uma maior cobertura vacinal no primeiro semestre de 2021 evitaria milhares de mortes no país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cohort Studies , Mortality , Observational Studies as Topic , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19
16.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 39(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533507

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La criptococosis meníngea es una infección oportunista universal que presenta factores pronósticos variables, especialmente en pacientes inmunosuprimidos. Objetivo: Identificar variables clínicas y paraclínicas asociadas con el desenlace, al final de la hospitalización, en pacientes con criptococosis meníngea atendidos en un hospital de tercer nivel en Bogotá, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo. La información se obtuvo por medio de registros de historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de criptococosis meníngea durante el periodo 2016-2021. Resultados: Se analizaron 54 casos, el 85,2 % de ellos de sexo masculino, con una mediana de edad de 38 años. El síntoma principal fue cefalea (74,1 %), con un promedio de duración de 30 días antes del ingreso. El 83,3 % tenía diagnóstico de VIH, con niveles de CD4 por debajo de 50 células/mm3 y recuentos elevados de carga viral. El líquido cefalorraquídeo mostró en más del 50 % hipertensión intracraneal, pleocitosis de predominio linfocitario, hiperproteinorraquia e hipoglucorraquia. El tipo de patógeno aislado más frecuente fue C. neoformans var neoformans. Las variables más prevalentes en el grupo de pacientes que fallecieron fueron la presencia de pleocitosis en LCR (p = 0,025), cultivo para hongo positivo (p = 0,02) y aislamiento C. neoformans var neoformans (p = 0,03). Discusión: La criptococosis meníngea es una patología frecuente en hombres en la cuarta década de la vida y con infección por VIH, sin embargo, los factores relacionados con la mortalidad parecen variar dependiendo de la localización geográfica. Conclusión: En nuestro estudio los factores más prevalentes fueron la presencia de pleocitosis en LCR, cultivo positivo, aislamiento de C. neoformans var neoformans.


Introduction: Meningeal cryptococcosis is a universal opportunistic infection that presents variable prognostic factors, especially in immunosuppressed patients. Objective: To identify clinical and paraclinical variables associated with the outcome at the end of hospitalization in patients with meningeal cryptococcosis treated at a tertiary care hospital in Bogotá, Colombia. Materials and methods: Descriptive observational study. The information was obtained through records of medical records of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of meningeal cryptococcosis during the period 2016-2021. Results: 54 cases were analyzed. 85,2 % men, with a median age of 38 years. The main symptom was headache (74,1 %), with an average duration of 30 days prior to admission. 83,3 % had a diagnosis of HIV, with CD4 levels below 50 cell/mm3 and high viral load counts. The cerebrospinal fluid showed in more than 50 % intracranial hypertension, pleocytosis of lymphocyte predominance, hyperprotein- orrhachia and hypoglycorrhachia. The most frequent type of pathogen isolated was C. neoformans var neoformans. And the most prevalent variables in the group of patients who died were the presence of pleocytosis in CSF (p = 0,025), culture for positive fungus (p = 0,02) and isolation of C. neoformans var neoformans (p = 0,03). Discussion: Meningeal cryptococcosis is a frequent pathology in men, in the fourth decade of life and with HIV infection, however, the factors related to mortality seem to vary depending on the geographical location. Conclusion: In our study, the most prevalent factors were the presence of pleocytosis in CSF, positive culture, isolation of C. neoformans var neoformans.


Subject(s)
Opportunistic Infections , HIV , Colombia , Cryptococcosis , Prognosis , Mortality , Observational Study
17.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e3883, 2023-12-12. tab e graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1523980

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 no excesso do risco de morrer no Brasil em 2020. Métodos: Estudo ecológico do tipo exploratório, com dados de óbitos por todas as causas de morte do Painel de Monitoramento da Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde. Calcularam-se taxas brutas e razões de taxas (RT) de mortalidade por todas as causas segundo os capítulos da causa básica de morte, sexo e faixa etária. Verificou-se associação estatística por meio do teste qui-quadrado de Mantel Haenszel quando p<0,05. Resultados: Houve aumento no risco de morrer de 13% em 2020. As regiões com maior incremento na taxa demortalidade foram Norte (RT=1,24; IC95%: 1,23-1,26), Centro-Oeste (RT=1,17; IC95%: 1,16-1,18) e Nordeste (RT=1,15; IC95%: 1,14-1,15). O excesso no risco de morrer foi maior no sexo masculino, na região Norte, por doenças infecciosas e parasitárias, incluindo a COVID-19 (RT=4,58; IC95%: 4,53-4,62), seguida de causas mal definidas (RT=1,33; IC95%: 1,32-1,34), gravidez, parto e puerpério (RT=1,17; IC95%: 1,10-1,25). Conclusão:O excesso de risco de morrer possibilitou reconhecer a magnitude e o impacto da COVID-19 no país e pode subsidiar as autoridades de saúde na organização de ações voltadas para a diminuição dos efeitos dessa emergência de saúde pública. Descritores: COVID-19; Medição de Risco; Mortalidade; Sistemas de Informação em Saúde


Objective: To analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the excess risk of dying in Brazil in 2020. Methods:An ecological study of the exploratory type conducted with data on deaths due to all causes from the Ministry of Health's Mortality Monitoring Panel. Unadjusted rates and rate ratios (RR) of all-cause mortality were calculated according to underlying cause of death, gender and age group. A statistical association was verified by means of the Mantel Haenszel chi-square test when p<0.05. Results:There was a 13% increase in the risk of dying in 2020. The regions with the highest increase in the mortality rate were North (RR=1.24; 95%CI: 1.23-1.26), Midwest (RR=1.17; 95%CI: 1.16-1.18) and Northeast (RR=1.15; 95%CI: 1.14-1.15). Excess risk of dying was higher in males, in the North region, due to infectious and parasitic diseases, including COVID-19 (RR=4.58; 95%CI: 4.53-4.62), followed by ill-defined causes (RR=1.33; 95%CI: 1.32-1.34) and by pregnancy, delivery and puerperium (RR=1.17; 95%CI: 1.10-1.25). Conclusion: Excess risk of dying allowed recognizing the magnitude and impact of COVID-19 in the country and can support health authorities in organizing actions aimed at reducing the effects of this public health emergency. Descriptors: COVID-19. Mortality. Risk Assessment. Health Information System.


Subject(s)
Mortality , Risk Assessment , Health Information Systems , COVID-19
18.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 29206, 26 dez. 2023. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524299

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A pandemia do COVID-19 foi responsável por um número significativo de mortes em todo o mundo. No Brasil, o país atingiu o terceiro lugar no ranking mundial em número de casos, em um curto período de tempo. A região nordeste por sua vez apresenta altas taxas de incidência e mortalidade. Objetivo:Analisar a mortalidade por COVID-19 na região Nordeste do Brasil entre os anos de 2020 e 2021. Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo ecológico, retrospectivo com abordagem quantitativa, utilizando dados secundários, disponíveis no Portal de Transparência do Registro Civil, considerando os registros das Semanas Epidemiológicas (SE). Foram incluídas as variáveis: quantidade de óbitos, sexo, faixa etária, estados e semana epidemiológica. Resultados:Observou-se a ocorrência de dois picos acentuados de óbito durante as SE 18ª e 30ª e 7ª e 25, nos anos de 2020 e 2021, respectivamente. O estado do Ceará manteve os maiores índices nas duas curvas, seguido da Paraíba e Sergipe. Quanto a faixa etária, a população idosa foi mais acometida e prevaleceu os óbitos entre sexo masculino. Conclusões:Os dados mostraram a magnitude da pandemia na região nordeste, fornecendo informações para subsidiar possíveis medidas sanitárias pelas autoridades competentes (AU).


Introduction:The pandemic of COVID-19 was responsible for a significant number of deaths worldwide. In Brazil, the country reached the third place in the world ranking in number of cases in a short period of time. The northeast region in turn has high incidence and mortality rates. Objective:To analyze the mortality from COVID-19 in the Northeast region of Brazil between the years 2020 and 2021. Methodology:This is an ecological, retrospective study with a quantitative approach, using secondary data available at the Civil Registry Transparency Portal, considering the records of the Epidemiological Weeks (SE). The variables were included: quantity of deaths, sex, age group, states and epidemiological week. Results: It was observed the occurrence of two sharp peaks of deaths during the SE 18th and 30th and 7th and 25th, in the years 2020 and 2021, respectively. The state of Cearamaintained the highest rates in the two curves, followed by Paraiba and Sergipe. As for the age bracket, the elderly population was more affected and male deaths prevailed.Conclusions:The data showed the magnitude of the pandemic in the northeast region, providing information to support possible health measures by the competent authorities (AU).


Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 fue responsable de un importante número de muertes en todo el mundo. En Brasil, el país alcanzó el tercer puesto del ranking mundial en número de casos en un corto periodo de tiempo. A su vez, la región del noreste presenta altas tasas de incidencia y mortalidad.Objetivo: Analizar la mortalidad por COVID-19 en la región Nordeste de Brasil entre los años 2020 y 2021. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio ecológico, retrospectivo con abordaje cuantitativo, utilizando datos secundarios, disponibles en el Portal de Transparencia del Registro Civil, considerando los registros de las Semanas Epidemiológicas (SE). Se incluyeron las variables: cantidad de muertes, género, grupo de edad, estados y semana epidemiológica. Resultados: Se observó la ocurrencia de dos picos agudos de muertes durante los días 18 y 30 y 7 y 25 de la SE, en los años 2020 y 2021, respectivamente. El estado de Ceará mantuvo las tasas más altas en las curvas, seguido de Paraíba y Sergipe. En cuanto al grupo de edad, la población anciana estaba más afectada y predominaban las muertes de hombres. Conclusiones: Los datos mostraron la magnitud de la pandemia en la región noreste, proporcionando información paraapoyar posibles medidas sanitarias por parte de las autoridades competentes (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mortality , Health Information Systems , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 17(4): 867-890, out.-dez. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532168

ABSTRACT

A doença de Chagas crônica afeta seis milhões de pessoas em regiões endêmicas, com 30 mil novos casos anuais ­ logo, espaços de divulgação científica são muito importantes para ofertar informações de qualidade à população. As iniciativas envolvendo o controle da doença de Chagas não podem se limitar às pesquisas com enfoque biológico. Este estudo objetiva apresentar um panorama sobre o processo de construção do canal Falamos de Chagas, no YouTube, sua importância para a comunicação, a informação, a educação em saúde e a mobilização social, bem como refletir sobre a qualidade de uma subamostra de vídeos do canal. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, dividido em duas fases: criação do canal e análise qualitativa dos vídeos sobre a doença disponíveis no YouTube. Observamos que existe potencial nas redes sociais, enquanto recurso de comunicação, contudo é preciso cautela, uma vez que se faz necessária a certificação da qualidade do material


Chronic Chagas disease affects six million people in endemic regions, with 30,000 new infected cases an-nually ­ thus, initiatives involving science diffusion are relevant to offer qualified information to the people. Chagas disease control initiatives cannot be limited to the level of biological focused research. This study aims to present an overview of the construction process of the YouTube channel Falando de Chagas, its importance for communication, information, health education and social mobilization, as well as to reflect on the quality of a subsample of videos present in the channel. Qualitative in nature, the study was divided into two stages: construction of the channel and qualitative analysis of videos about the disease available on YouTube. We observed that there is potential for social networks as communication resources, but caution is needed in their use, since the quality of the material needs certification


La enfermedad de Chagas crónica afecta seis millones de personas en regiones endémicas, con 30.000 nuevos casos anuales ­ los espacios de divulgación científica son muy importantes para ofrecer información a la población. Las iniciativas de control de la enfermedad de Chagas no pueden limitarse al nivel de investigación con enfoque biológico. El estudio tiene como objetivo presentar un panorama del proceso de construcción del canal Falando de Chagas, en YouTube, su importancia para la comunicación, información, educación en salud y movilización social, así como reflexionar sobre la calidad de una submuestra de videos presentes en la canal. De naturaleza cualitativa, el estudio se dividió en dos fases: construcción del canal y análisis cualitativo de videos sobre la enfermedad disponibles en YouTube. Observamos que existe potencial para las redes sociales como recurso de comunicación, sin embargo, se requiere cautela en su uso, ya que se requiere certificar la calidad del material


Subject(s)
Humans , Trypanosoma cruzi , Health Education , Chagas Disease , Mortality , Qualitative Research , Neglected Diseases , Health Communication , Social Networking
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4079, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1530188

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar el patrón temporal y estimar las tasas de mortalidad en las primeras 24 horas de vida y por causas evitables en el estado de Pernambuco en el período de 2000 a 2021. Método: estudio ecológico, teniendo como unidad de análisis el trimestre. La fuente de datos se constituyó por el Sistema de Informaciones sobre Mortalidad y el Sistema de Informaciones sobre Nacidos Vivos. El modelado de series temporales se realizó según el Modelo Autorregresivo Integrado de Promedio Móvil. Resultados: se registraron 14.462 óbitos en las primeras 24 horas de vida, siendo 11.110 (el 76,8%) evitables. Se observa para los pronósticos ( forecasts) que la tasa de mortalidad en las primeras 24 horas de vida registro una variación de 3,3 a 2,4 por 1.000 nacidos vivos, y la tasa de mortalidad por causas evitables de 2,3 a 1,8 por 1.000 nacidos vivos. Conclusión: la predicción sugirió avances en la reducción de la mortalidad en las primeras 24 horas de vida en el estado y por causas evitables. Los modelos ARIMA presentaron estimaciones satisfactorias para las tasas de mortalidad y por causas evitables en las primeras 24 horas de vida.


Objective: to analyze the temporal pattern and estimate mortality rates in the first 24 hours of life and from preventable causes in the state of Pernambuco from 2000 to 2021. Method: an ecological study, using the quarter as the unit of analysis. The data source was made up of the Mortality Information System and the Live Birth Information System. The time series modeling was conducted according to the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Model. Results: 14,462 deaths were recorded in the first 24 hours of life, 11,110 (76.8%) of which being preventable. It is observed from the forecasts that the mortality rate in the first 24 hours of life ranged from 3.3 to 2.4 per 1,000 live births, and the mortality rate from preventable causes ranged from 2.3 to 1.8 per 1,000 live births. Conclusion: the prediction suggested progress in reducing mortality in the first 24 hours of life in the state and from preventable causes. The ARIMA models presented satisfactory estimates for mortality rates and preventable causes in the first 24 hours of life.


Objetivo: analisar o padrão temporal e estimar as taxas de mortalidade nas primeiras 24 horas de vida e por causas evitáveis no estado de Pernambuco no período de 2000 a 2021. Método: estudo ecológico, tendo como unidade de análise o trimestre. A fonte de dados foi constituída pelo Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade e pelo Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos. A modelagem da série temporal foi conduzida segundo o Modelo Autorregressivo Integrado de Médias Móveis. Resultados: foram registrados 14.462 óbitos nas primeiras 24 horas de vida, sendo 11.110 (76,8%) evitáveis. Observa-se para os forecasts que a taxa de mortalidade nas primeiras 24 horas de vida variou de 3,3 a 2,4 por 1.000 nascidos vivos, e a taxa de mortalidade por causas evitáveis variou de 2,3 a 1,8 por 1.000 nascidos vivos. Conclusão: a previsão sugeriu avanços na redução da mortalidade nas primeiras 24 horas de vida no estado e por causas evitáveis. Os modelos ARIMA apresentaram estimativas satisfatórias para as taxas de mortalidade e por causas evitáveis nas primeiras 24 horas de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Brazil , Information Systems , Mortality , Cause of Death
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