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1.
Estima (Online) ; 22: e1419, JAN - DEZ 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555737

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o risco de Lesão por Pressão em pessoas acamadas assistidas pela Estratégia Saúde da Família. Método: Estudo transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 62 pacientes. A coleta de dados sucedeu-se por meio de questionário semiestruturado com dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e a avaliação do risco de Lesão por Pressão por meio da Escala de Braden. Os dados foram analisados pelo softwareestatístico Statistical Package for Social Science, versão 20.0. Resultados: Prevaleceram os pacientes do sexo feminino (61,3 %), cor branca (43,5%), viúvos (35,5%), aposentados (66,1%) e não alfabetizados (62,9%). O principal motivo de estar acamado foi devido a sequelas do Acidente Vascular Encefálico (35,5%). Evidenciou-se prevalência de risco muito alto em 59,7% das pessoas acamadas. Conclusão: O risco para Lesão por Pressão foi elevado, e a identificação dos fatores de risco é necessária e pode contribuir para estratégias preventivas ou redutoras deste agravo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Pressure Ulcer , National Health Strategies
2.
RECIIS (Online) ; 18(1)jan.-mar. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1553559

ABSTRACT

O estudo apresentado neste artigo objetivou descrever a produção científica entre 2012 e 2022 sobre o cuidado médico na Atenção Primária à Saúde a mulheres em situação de violência. Trata-se de um estudo bibliométrico e descritivo de abordagem quantitativa, a partir de publicações indexadas na base de dados Web of Science mediante o uso dos descritores "Violence Against Women", "Medical Care", "Primary Health Care". Diante do que foi analisado, é perceptível uma falta de priorização de estratégias de cuidados pelos serviços de saúde, apesar de uma produção científica consideravelmente importante, bem como uma falta de atuação de alguns nichos dos profissionais de saúde. O desenho metodológico permitiu um mapeamento do perfil dos estudos voltados para a temática, assim como a necessidade de estudos sobre intervenções multidisciplinares, em especial o cuidado médico, na Atenção Primária à Saúde, a mulheres em situação de violência.


The study presented in this article aimed to describe the scientific production between 2012 and 2022 on medical care in Primary Health Care for women in situations of violence. This is a bibliometric and descriptive study of quantitative approach, from publications indexed in the Web of Science database through the use of the follow descriptors: "Violence Against Women", "Medical Care", "Primary Health Care". In the light of what has been analyzed, it is visible a lack of prioritisation of care strategies by the health services, despite a considerably important scientific production, as well as a lack of action by certain niches of health professionals. The methodological design made it possible to map out the profile of studies on the subject, as well as the need for studies on multidisciplinary interventions, especially the medical care by health services in Primary Health Care for women in situations of violence.


El estudio presentado en este artículo tuvo como objetivo describir la producción científica entre 2012 y 2022 sobre el cuidado médico en la Atención Primaria de Salud a mujeres en situación de violencia. Se trata de un estudio bibliométrico y descriptivo con enfoque cuantitativo, basado en publicaciones indexadas en la base de datos Web of Science utilizando el descriptores "Violence Against Women", "Medical Care", "Primary Health Care". Frente a lo analizado, es notoria una falta de priorización de las estrategias de atención por parte de los servicios de salud, a pesar de una producción científica considerable y importante, así como de una falta de actuación de determinados nichos de profesionales de la salud. El diseño metodológico permitió mapear el perfil de los estudios acerca del tema, así como la necesidad de estudios sobre intervenciones multidisciplinarias, especialmente el cuidado médico en los servicios de salud de la Atención Primaria de Salud a mujeres en situación de violencia.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Women's Health Services , Bibliometrics , Comprehensive Health Care , Violence Against Women , Health Services , National Health Strategies , Public Health , Aggression , Public Reporting of Healthcare Data
3.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 27(308): 10112-10115, fev.2024. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1537511

ABSTRACT

Analisar como a pesquisa é vivenciada pelos enfermeiros da Estratégia Saúde da Família. Método: pesquisa com abordagem qualitativa, descritiva e exploratória realizada junto aos enfermeiros do município de Maceió, Alagoas. Resultado: o município consta com 86 enfermeiros na Estratégia, sendo todos do sexo feminino. Desses, 10 foram submetidos a entrevista semiestruturada onde foi possível a elaboração de cinco categorias: a pesquisa e a vivência na Estratégia, a pesquisa e a economia, a pesquisa e a família, a pesquisa e à docência e a pesquisa e o crescimento profissional. Conclui-se que o enfermeiro precisa se apropriar da pesquisa científica e utilizá-la no seu campo de trabalho, principalmente na Saúde Pública, pois grande parte das pesquisas realizadas por estes profissionais ainda estão concentradas na docência, nos cursos de especializações, mestrados e doutorados.(AU)


To analyze how research is experienced by nurses in the Family Health Strategy. Method: research with a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory approach carried out with nurses from the city of Maceio, Alagoas. Result: the municipality has 86 nurses in the Strategy, all being female. Of these, 10 were subjected to a semi-structured interview where it was possible to create five categories: research and experience in Strategy, research and economics, research and family, research and teaching and research and professional growth. It is concluded that nurses need to take ownership of scientific research and use it in your field of work, mainly in Public Health, as much of the research carried out by these professionals is still concentrated in teaching in specialization, master's and doctoral courses.(AU)


Analizar cómo es vivida la investigación por enfermeros en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia. Método: investigación con enfoque cualitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio realizada con enfermeros de la ciudad de Maceió, Alagoas. Resultado: el municipio cuenta con 86 enfermeras en la Estrategia, todas mujeres. De ellos, 10 fueron sometidos a una entrevista semiestructurada donde fue posible crear cinco categorías: investigación y experiencia en Estrategia, investigación y economía, investigación y familia, investigación y docencia e investigación y crecimiento profesional. Se concluye que el enfermero necesita apropiarse de la investigación científica y utilizarla en su campo de trabajo, especialmente en Salud Pública, pues gran parte de la investigación realizada por estos profesionales aún se concentra en la docencia, cursos de especialización, maestrías y doctorados.(AU)


Subject(s)
National Health Strategies , Nursing Research , Nursing
4.
Ethiop. j. health dev. (Online) ; 38(1): 1-20, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1551718

ABSTRACT

Background: Emerging financing strategies in the health sector have been developed to improve the impact of investments and enhance healthcare outcomes. One promising approach is Results-based Financing, which establishes a connection between financial incentives and pre-established performance targets. This innovative approach holds the potential to strengthenhealthcare delivery and strengthen overall healthcare systems.Aim:The scoping review endeavored to systematically delineate the body of evidence pertaining tofacilitators and barriers to the implementation of performance-based financing within the realm of healthcare provision in low-and middle-income nations.Methods:The review used Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and a Meta-Analysis extension for Scoping Reviews checklist to select, appraise, and report the findings. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases and grey literature published between January 2000 and March 2022. We conducted the abstract screening with two independent reviewers. We also performed full-article screening. We used the six methodological frameworks proposed by Arksey and O'Malley. The results were thematically analyzed.Results:Of the 1071 searched studies, 34 met the eligibility criteria. 41% of the studies were descriptive, 26% cross-sectional, 18% trial, and 15% cohort studies. The enabling and inhibiting factors of performance-based financing in healthcaredelivery have been identified. Moreover, the review revealed that performance-based financing's influence on service delivery is context-specific.Conclusion:The facilitators and impediments to the effectiveness of performance-based financing in enhancing service delivery are contingent upon a holistic comprehension of the contextual factors, meticulous design, and efficient execution. Factors such as the level of care facilities, presence of community-based initiatives, stakeholder involvement, and participatory design emerge as key facilitators. Conversely, barriers such as communication obstacles, inadequacies in the PBF models, and deficiencies in the healthcare workforce are recognized as inhibitors. By harnessing the insights derived from a multitude of evidence incorporated in this scrutiny, stakeholders can deftly navigate the intricacies of performance-based financing, while also considering the prospective areas for further exploration and research


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Delivery of Health Care , Health System Financing , National Health Strategies , Developing Countries , Healthcare Financing , Health Policy
5.
Bénin Médical ; 69: 44-51, 2024. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1554655

ABSTRACT

Introduction : la Chimioprévention du Paludisme Saisonnier (CPS) est une intervention pouvant réduire la survenue des cas de paludisme chez les enfants de 3 à 59 mois. L'objectif de cette étude était de mesurer la couverture de la CPS chez les enfants de 3 à 59 mois pendant la campagne (juillet à octobre 2023) vivant dans la zone d'intervention au Bénin. Matériels et méthodes : une étude enquête transversale descriptive et analytique a été conduite du 30 novembre au 14 décembre 2023. Un échantillonnage en grappe à trois degrés a permis de tiré au sort 3573 en milieux urbain et rural dans 172 Zones de Dénombrements (ZD) réparties dans les 15 communes d'intervention. Résultats : l'enquête a révélé que 87,3% des enfants ciblés ont été touchés par la campagne de CPS 2023. Sur les quatre passages, la couverture complète était respectivement de 84,4%, 81,7%, 77,7% et 62,2%. La couverture complète pour les douze doses était de 59,8%. Conclusion : la couverture en CPS a diminué au fur et à mesure des doses. Les refus persistent et proviennent des personnes clés des ménages qui décident de l'accès aux soins. Le plan de communication et les stratégies de déploiement de la CPS doit être investigué et renforcé en vue d'améliorer la couverture.


Introduction: Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) is an intervention that can reduce the occurrence of malaria in children aged 3-59 months. The study aimed to measure the coverage of SMC among children aged 3 to 59 months from July to October 2023 living in the intervention zone in Benin. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from 30 November to 14 December 2023. Three-stage sampling was used to randomly select 3573 people in urban and rural areas in 172 enumeration zones (ED) in the 15 intervention municipalities. Results: Of the targeted children, 87.3% of had been reached by the 2023 CPS campaign Over the four rounds, full coverage was 84.4%, 81.7%, 77.7% and 62.2% respectively. Full coverage for the twelve doses was 59.8%. Conclusion: The SMC coverage decreased with each dose and varied across areas. The SMC communication plan and implementation needs to be strengthened to improve coverage


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Malaria , National Health Strategies , Health Services Coverage , Prevalence , Disease Prevention , National Health Programs
6.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 58: e20230228, 2024. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1550652

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify weaknesses in the continuity of care for preterm infants discharged from a neonatal unit, based on the perspective of professionals in the family health strategy. Method: Qualitative research, carried out with 16 professionals from four health regions in a capital city in the center-west of Brazil. Data collection took place from October to December 2020, through semi-structured, individual, and in-person interviews. Data underwent content analysis, supported by the concept of continuity of care. Results: The analysis consisted of three categories: Challenges for care in the unit and referral to specialized services; weak interactions between the preterm baby's family and health professionals; Information: essential aspect for the connection between health professionals and the family of the preterm newborn. Conclusion: Health services are shown to be fragile in terms of the dimensions of continuity of care, contributing to the discontinuity of care for preterm children.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar debilidades en la continuidad de la atención al recién nacido prematuro egresado de una unidad neonatal, desde la perspectiva de los profesionales de la estrategia de salud de la familia. Método: Investigación cualitativa, realizada con 16 profesionales de cuatro regiones sanitarias de una capital del centro-oeste de Brasil. La recolección de datos se realizó de octubre a diciembre de 2020, mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas, individuales y presenciales. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis de contenido, sustentado en el concepto de continuidad de la atención. Resultados: Tres categorías comprendieron el análisis: Desafíos para la atención en la unidad y derivación a servicios especializados; Interacciones débiles entre la familia del bebé prematuro y los profesionales de la salud; Información: aspecto esencial para la vinculación entre los profesionales de la salud y la familia del recién nacido prematuro. Conclusión: Los servicios de salud son frágiles en términos de continuidad de la atención, lo que contribuye a la discontinuidad de la atención a los niños nacidos prematuros.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar as fragilidades para a continuidade do cuidado ao pré-termo egresso de unidade neonatal, a partir da perspectiva de profissionais da estratégia saúde da família. Método: Pesquisa qualitativa, realizada junto a 16 profissionais de quatro regionais de saúde de uma capital do centro-oeste do Brasil. A coleta dos dados ocorreu nos meses de outubro a dezembro de 2020, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas, individuais e presenciais. Os dados foram submetidos à analise de conteúdo, sustentada pelo conceito da continuidade do cuidado. Resultados: Três categorias compuseram a análise: Desafios para o atendimento na unidade e para o encaminhamento aos serviços especializados; Interações frágeis entre família do pré-termo e profissionais de saúde; Informação: aspecto essencial para a conexão entre profissionais de saúde e família do recém-nascido pré-termo. Conclusão: Os serviços de saúde mostram-se frágeis quanto às dimensões da continuidade do cuidado colaborando para a descontinuidade da atenção à criança nascida pré-termo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , National Health Strategies , Infant, Premature , Continuity of Patient Care , Patient Discharge , Health Personnel
7.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e71389, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1437983

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: analisar a qualidade de vida no trabalho (QVT) na Estratégia Saúde da Família durante o período pandêmico e identificar na visão dos trabalhadores sugestões para promoção da qualidade de vida no ambiente laboral. Métodos: estudo transversal e quantitativo, realizado entre outubro de 2020 a junho de 2021 nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde de Palmas, capital do Tocantins, Brasil. Investigou-se o perfil sociodemográfico, a QVT por meio do Quality of Working Life Questionnaire (QOLWQbref) e sugestões para sua melhoria. Resultados: a QVT foi satisfatória para 91,96% dos 112 participantes, com níveis médios a altos em todos os domínios. Aqueles que não consideravam o trabalho estressante alcançaram melhor QVT. Entre as 113 sugestões para promoção da QVT, destacaram-se aspectos relacionados à Condições de Trabalho (29,19%) e Relacionamento na Equipe (19,46%). Conclusão: apesar da pandemia, a maioria dos participantes avaliaram QVT como satisfatória. As sugestões dos trabalhadores podem colaborar para manutenção e melhoria da QVT, protegendo a saúde do trabalhador(AU)


Objective: to analyze the quality of life at work QoWL in the Family Health Strategy during the pandemic period and to identify suggestions for promoting quality of life in the work environment from the workers' point of view. Methods: quantitative study, carried out between October/2020 and June/2021 in the Primary Care Units of a Palmas, capital in Tocantins, Brazil. The sociodemographic profile, QoWL through the Quality of Working Life Questionnaire (QoWLQ-bref) and suggestions for its improvement were investigated. Results: the QoWL was satisfactory for 91.96% of the 112 participants, with medium to high levels in all domains. Those who did not consider work stressful achieved better QoWL. Of the 113 suggestions for promoting QoWL, aspects related to Working Conditions (29.19%) and Team Relationships (19.46%) stood out. Conclusion: despite the pandemic, most participants rated QoWL as satisfactory. Workers' suggestions can collaborate to maintain and improve QoWL, protecting workers' health(AU)


Objetivo: analizar la calidad de vida en el trabajo (CVT) en la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia durante el período pandémico e identificar sugerencias para la promoción de la calidad de vida en el ambiente laboral desde la perspectiva de los trabajadores. Métodos: estudio cuantitativo, realizado entre octubre/2020 y junio/2021 en las Unidades Básicas de Salud de Palmas, capital del Tocantins, Brasil. Se investigó el perfil sociodemográfico, la CVL a través del Cuestionario de Calidad de Vida Laboral - Quality of Working Life Questionnaire (QoWLQ-bref) y sugerencias para su mejora. Resultados: la CVL fue satisfactoria para el 91,96% de los 112 participantes, cuyos niveles fueron de medios a altos en todos los dominios. Aquellos que no consideraban el trabajo estresante lograron mejor CVT. De las 113 sugerencias para promover la CVT, se destacaron aspectos relacionados con las Condiciones de Trabajo (29,19%) y las Relaciones de Equipo (19,46%). Conclusión: a pesar de la pandemia, la mayoría de los participantes calificaron la CVT como satisfactoria. Las sugerencias de los trabajadores pueden colaborar para mantener y mejorar la CVT, protegiendo la salud de los trabajadores(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , National Health Strategies , Occupational Health , Health Personnel/psychology , Working Conditions , Health Centers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , COVID-19
8.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e59345, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436319

ABSTRACT

O Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família (NASF) incorporou diversas especialidades não contempladas nas equipes mínimas da Estratégia Saúde da Família, dentre eles, a fonoaudiologia. O NASF organizava-se em apoio matricial, um referencial teórico-metodológico vinculado aos ideais do SUS, da saúde coletiva e da Reforma Sanitária Brasileira. Após a revisão da Política Nacional de Atenção Básica (PNAB) em 2017, inicia-se o processo de omissão do apoio matricial para o NASF e a falta de clareza do papel e da cobertura desses Núcleos. No ano de 2019, o Previne Brasil, que institui o novo financiamento da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS), extinguiu o financiamento específico para os NASF, fazendo com que a sua continuidade nos municípios fique ameaçada e o seu processo de trabalho seja completamente modificado, esvaziando o seu caráter de apoio matricial. Diante desse cenário, a presente comunicação objetiva, à luz da literatura, discutir os possíveis impactos do Previne Brasil para o trabalho e a educação da fonoaudiologia na APS. Assim, são abordados no texto: os aspectos históricos da Saúde da Família no Brasil; os avanços para a prática fonoaudiológica após a implantação do NASF; o desmonte sofrido pelo NASF após a revisão da PNAB e a instituição do Previne Brasil; e a necessidade do reposicionamento da fonoaudiologia na sociedade e no setor saúde, aproximando-se das entidades que lutam pela defesa da vida, por meio da democratização da saúde, do Estado e da sociedade, assim como encampa o movimento pela Reforma Sanitária Brasileira. (AU)


The Family Health (FH) Support Centers incorporated various specialties not included in the minimum teams of the Family Health Strategy, among them, speech-language-hearing professionals. FH Support Centers organization is based on team cooperation, a theoretical-methodological framework linked to the ideals of SUS, public health, and the Brazilian Health Reform. The review of the National Primary Care Policy (PNAB) in 2017 began the process of omitting team cooperation in FH Support Centers and made unclear the role and coverage of these Centers. In 2019, Previne Brasil, which instituted the new funding for Primary Health Care (PHC), ended specific funding for FH Support Centers, threatening their continuity in the municipalities, completely changing their work process, and emptying its character of team cooperation. Hence, this communication aims, in light of the literature, to discuss the possible impacts of Previne Brasil on the work and education of speech-language-hearing sciences in PHC. Thus, the following are discussed in the text: the historical aspects of Family Health in Brazil; advances in speech-language-hearing practice after the implementation of FH Support Centers; the dismantling of FH Support Centers after the PNAB review and the establishment of Previne Brasil; and the need to reposition speech-language-hearing sciences in society and in the health sector, approaching entities that fight for the defense of life through the democratization of health, the state, and the society, as well as the Brazilian Health Reform movement. (AU)


El Centro de Apoyo a la Salud de la Familia (NASF) incorporó varias especialidades no incluidas en los equipos mínimos de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia, entre ellas, la fonoaudiología. El NASF se organizó en soporte matricial, marco teórico-metodológico vinculado a los ideales del SUS, la salud colectiva y la Reforma Sanitaria Brasileña. Luego de la revisión de la Política Nacional de Atención Primaria (PNAB) en 2017, se inició el proceso de omisión de soporte matricial para los NASF y se inició la falta de claridad del rol y cobertura de estos Centros. En 2019, Previne Brasil, que instituyó la nueva financiación para la Atención Primaria de Salud (APS), puso fin a la financiación específica de los NASF, lo que provocó que su continuidad en los municipios se viera amenazada y su proceso de trabajo se modificara por completo, vaciándolo de su carácter de matriz. Frente a ese escenario, esta comunicación tiene como objetivo, a la luz de la literatura, discutir los posibles impactos del Previne Brasil para el trabajo y la enseñanza de la fonoaudiología en la APS. Así, en el texto se discuten: los aspectos históricos de la Salud de la Familia en Brasil; avances en la práctica de la fonoaudiología después de la implementación de la NASF; el desmantelamiento sufrido por el NASF tras la revisión del PNAB y la constitución de Previne Brasil; y la necesidad de reposicionar la fonoaudiología en la sociedad y en el sector de la salud, acercándose a las entidades que luchan por la defensa de la vida, a través de la democratización de la salud, del Estado y de la sociedad, así como del movimiento por la Reforma de la Salud Brasileña. (AU)


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , National Health Strategies , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Brazil , Health Policy
9.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 158-179, maio 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1434432

ABSTRACT

A depressão pode ser desenvolvida, agravada e/ou prevenida em função de alguns fatores como suporte familiar e motivos para viver, além da possibilidade de ser concebida como traço e estado depressivo. O objetivo principal desta pesquisa foi testar um modelo teórico preditivo (path analysis) do suporte familiar sobre traço/estado depressivo e sobre os motivos para viver, em uma amostra de 123 participantes, composta por dois grupos: pacientes do CAPS-AD e da ESF e, posteriormente, verificar as diferenças desses aspectos na amostra estudada. Foram aplicados uma ficha sociodemográfica, a Escala Baptista de Depressão - Adulto (EBADEP-A), Inventário de Percepção de Suporte Familiar (IPSF), Escala de Traço e Estado Depressivo (ETED) e Escala Brasileira de Motivos para Viver (BEMVIVER). O resultado da path analysis indicou que os motivos para viver são explicados pelo estado e traço depressivo e pelo suporte familiar. Os pacientes do CAPS-AD, tinham maiores níveis de sintomatologia depressiva e estado depressivo do que o grupo do ESF. Pacientes do ESF apresentaram médias maiores de suporte familiar e motivos para viver. Conclui-se que investir em estratégias que potencializem os motivos para viver e o suporte familiar podem reduzir os riscos de sintomatologia depressiva.


Depression can be developed, worsened and/or prevented depending on some factors such as: family support and reasons for living, in addition to the possibility of being conceived with a depressive trait and state. The main objective of this research was to test a predictive theoretical model (path analysis) of family support on the depressive trait/state and reasons for living, in a sample of 123 participants, composed of two groups: patients from the Psychosocial Care Center- Alcohol and Drugs (CAPS-AD) and the Family Health Strategy (ESF) and verify the differences of these aspects in the studied sample. A sociodemographic form, the Baptista Depression Scale -Adult (EBADEP-A), the Perceived Family Support Inventory (IPSF), Trait and Depressive State Scale (DTS) and the Brazilian Scale of Reasons to Live (BEMVIVER) were applied. The result of the path analysis indicated that the reasons for living are explained by the depressive state and trait and family support. CAPS-AD patients had higher levels of depressive symptoms and depressive state than the ESF group. ESF patients presented higher means of family support and reasons to live. It is concluded that investing in strategies that enhance the reasons to live and family support can reduce the risks of depressive symptoms.


La Depresión puede desarrollarse, agravarse y prevenirse dependiendo de factores como: apoyo familiar y razones para vivir, además puede de ser concebido con un rasgo y estado depresivo. El objetivo de esta investigación fue probar un modelo teórico predictivo del apoyo familiar sobre el rasgo/estado depresivo y las razones de vivir y verificar las diferencias de esos aspectos en la muestra estudiada, de 123 participantes compuesta por dos grupos: pacientes del Centro de Atención Psicosocial - Alcohol y Drogas (CAPS-AD) y la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia (ESF). Se aplicó un formulario sociodemográfico, Escala de Depresión de Baptista - Adulto (EBADEP-A), Inventario de Apoyo Familiar Percibido (IPSF), Escala de Rasgo y Estado Depresivo (DTS), Escala Brasileña de Razones para Vivir (BEMVIVER). El resultado del análisis indicó que las razones para vivir a ser explicadas por el estado y rasgo depresivo y por el apoyo familiar. Los pacientes CAPS-AD tenían niveles más altos de síntomas y estado depresivo que el grupo ESF. Los pacientes ESF presentaron mayores medios de apoyo familiar y razones para vivir. Se concluye que invertir en estrategias que potencien estas razones y apoyo familiar puede en la reducción de los riesgos de síntomas depresivos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Primary Health Care , Social Support , Secondary Care , Family , Depression , National Health Strategies , Life Change Events
11.
s.l; International Cancer Control Partnership; abr. 2023. 24 p. tab.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426573

ABSTRACT

NCDs are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in Suriname, as is the case in most of the countries in the world. At the UN High Level Meeting in September 2011, Suriname endorsed the UN resolution on NCDs, immediately after which the government assigned a special budget to the MOH to support prevention and control activities in the area of NCDs. This illustrates that the government takes up its own responsibility in the fight against the epidemic of NCDs. One of the first priorities has been the development of this National Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs which provides a framework for a coordinated and integrated approach during the coming years in the fight against NCDs in our country. The elements of the NCD plan focus on public awareness of the NCD burden, healthy lifestyle promotion, health systems strengthening, strengthening of the legal framework, strengthening of surveillance and operational research and the strengthening of monitoring and evaluation systems. For the coming years the priority NCDs namely cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease which account for 60% of mortality nationwide will be targeted. Another priority health area which also will be included is mental health and substance abuse. The fight against NCDs cannot be successful without a strong intersectoral collaboration which is crucial for healthy lifestyle promotion and risk factor reduction. This plan calls for a collective effort through the establishment of structured intersectoral cooperation with other ministries, private sector and civil society. Periodic evaluations are an essential part of the fight of all diseases and specifically of NCDs which require more complex interventions than the communicable diseases. This NCD plan is a dynamic document which will be periodically revised in order to enable us to keep on track towards the goals set. As health sector and as a nation we have to join hands, be accountable and share responsibility to be able to really tackle the burden of NCDs. We owe it to the next generation.


Subject(s)
Humans , National Health Strategies , Risk Factors , Noncommunicable Diseases/prevention & control , Health Promotion , Suriname/epidemiology
12.
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; 20230406. 272 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427210

ABSTRACT

Quando pensamos no Estudo Multicêntrico, pensamos no científico e no popular (de povo, de tradição, de memória e experiência), em diálogo nos territórios da Atenção Básica em Saúde do país. Como prevenir e promover saúde em meio a uma doença que ocupou quase todos os espaços da vida social? A covid-19 estava nas conversas sérias da ciência, no jornal das televisões, nas mensagens de Whatsapp™, nas orientações dos profissionais da saúde, nas trocas de receitas caseiras, no debate político. Assim, iniciamos com a pergunta: como a população está "traduzindo" as orientações médico-científicas, como estão se prevenindo e, ao mesmo tempo, estão se informando sobre a pandemia? Foram convidados a fazer parte do estudo os alunos, docentes e coordenadores do Mestrado Profissional em Saúde da Família ­ PROFSAÚDE, sendo um projeto estruturante do Programa, que deu origem ao grupo de pesquisa do CNPq "Territórios, Modelagens e Práticas em Saúde da Família". O estudo envolveu 21 instituições da Rede, de todas as regiões do país, com a aplicação em 128 Unidades Básicas de Saúde, nos 88 municípios de atuação dos mestrandos no país. Assim, participaram mais de 200 alunos e, pelo menos, 100 docentes e orientadores, tendo sido entrevistadas 7.085 famílias. Foi um verdadeiro mutirão nacional, enriquecido com as nuances locais e regionais. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que a dinâmica territorial que aproxima as ações de saúde à vida das pessoas foi fundamental no enfrentamento e na mitigação de impactos de emergências sanitárias como a pandemia da covid-19. O estudo multicêntrico desenvolvido pelo Programa reitera a grande capilaridade da Rede PROFSÁUDE no território nacional, na produção de conhecimento técnico e científico para o aprimoramento da Estratégia de Saúde da Família e confirma seu compromisso com a formação de profissionais de saúde e com o fortalecimento do Sistema Único de Saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Education, Continuing , Learning Health System , National Health Strategies , Public Health , Education, Public Health Professional , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Interprofessional Education
13.
Tempus (Brasília) ; 16(4): 183-198, abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426076

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do artigo foi analisar o perfil sociodemográfico e de formação acadêmica dos enfermeiros atuantes na Atenção Primária à Saúde no Distrito Federal. Os dados são oriundos da pesquisa "Práticas de Enfermagem no Contexto da Atenção Primária à Saúde: estudo nacional de métodos mistos"; foram coletados por questionário eletrônico e analisados pelo Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Responderam ao questionário 329 enfermeiros incluídos pelos critérios de atuação em equipes de saúde da família ou cargos de gestão da atenção primária há pelo menos dois anos, que aceitaram participar do estudo nacional que originou os dados. Foram excluídos enfermeiros residentes, de licença de qualquer natureza ou que tenham recusado a participação. O estudo mostrou perfil sociodemográfico majoritariamente feminino, de meia idade, maioria de pessoas negras/pardas, casadas, católicas. A maioria dos profissionais não nasceu no município onde trabalha, mas optou por nele residir, e atua há 12 anos ou mais. Quanto à formação, a maior parte é graduada em instituições de ensino privadas brasileiras, com grande contingente de especialistas e quantidade reduzida de mestres, doutores e pós doutores. Nota-se influência da formação histórica e social da profissão no perfil da categoria, atravessada por questões elitistas, sexistas e racistas, interligadas às práticas de enfermagem, à estruturação do mundo do trabalho e ao reconhecimento social da profissional. Portanto, é necessário romper com o paradigma sociocultural e histórico excludente da formação profissional, para o progresso da autonomia, do reconhecimento e da valorização profissional. (AU)


The objective of the article was to analyze the sociodemographic profile and academic background of nurses working in Primary Health Care in the Federal District. Data come from the research "Nursing Practices in the Context of Primary Health Care: national study of mixed methods"; were collected by electronic questionnaire and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. The questionnaire was answered by 329 nurses included according to the criteria of working in family health teams or in primary care management positions for at least two years, who agreed to participate in the national study that originated the data. Resident nurses, nurses on leave of any kind or those who refused to participate were excluded. The study showed a sociodemographic profile that was mostly female, middle-aged, mostly black/brown, married, Catholic. Most professionals were not born in the municipality where they work, but chose to live there, and have been working there for 12 years or more. As for training, the majority graduated from Brazilian private educational institutions, with a large contingent of specialists and a small number of masters, doctors and post-doctors. The influence of the profession's historical and social formation on the category's profile is noted, crossed by elitist, sexist and racist issues, interconnected with nursing practices, the structuring of the world of work and the social recognition of the professional. Therefore, it is necessary to break with the sociocultural and historical paradigm that excludes professional training, for the progress of autonomy, recognition and professional valuation. (AU)


El objetivo del artículo fue analizar el perfil sociodemográfico y la formación académica de los enfermeros que actúan en la Atención Primaria de Salud del Distrito Federal. Los datos provienen de la investigación "Prácticas de Enfermería en el Contexto de la Atención Primaria de Salud: estudio nacional de métodos mixtos"; fueron recogidos por cuestionario electrónico y analizados utilizando el Paquete Estadístico para las Ciencias Sociales. El cuestionario fue respondido por 329 enfermeros incluidos según el criterio de actuar en equipos de salud de la familia o en cargos de gestión de la atención primaria durante al menos dos años, que aceptaron participar en el estudio nacional que originó los datos. Se excluyeron las enfermeras residentes, las enfermeras con licencia de cualquier tipo o las que se negaron a participar. El estudio mostró un perfil sociodemográfico mayoritariamente femenino, de mediana edad, mayoritariamente negro/moreno, casado, católico. La mayoría de los profesionales no nacieron en el municipio donde trabajan, sino que eligieron vivir allí y tienen 12 años o más trabajando allí. En cuanto a la formación, la mayoría se graduó en instituciones educativas privadas brasileñas, con un gran contingente de especialistas y un pequeño número de maestros, doctores y posdoctorados. Se nota la influencia de la formación histórica y social de la profesión en el perfil de la categoría, atravesada por cuestiones elitistas, sexistas y racistas, interconectadas con las prácticas de enfermería, la estructuración del mundo del trabajo y el reconocimiento social del profesional. Por tanto, es necesario romper con el paradigma sociocultural e histórico que excluye la formación profesional, para el progreso de la autonomía, el reconocimiento y la valoración profesional. (AU)


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Work , National Health Strategies , Nursing
14.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-7, mar. 20, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1516445

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as características e potencialidades no cuidado em saúde mental com adolescentes durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Estudo de abordagem qualitativa realizado com 22 profissionais da saúde. Os dados foram coletados a partir de entrevistas semiestruturadas e observação participante, sendo analisados por meio da análise de conteúdo. Resultados: As características no cuidado com adolescentes foram a identificação do profissional com a fase da adolescência, o uso da comunicação informal e o maior vínculo do adolescente com o território e menor estigma. Já em relação às potencialidades, foram pontuadas maior tempo disponível para atendimento e suporte emocional destinado aos profissionais. Conclusão: Ressalta aos gestores de saúde a importância de articular novas formas de cuidado aos adolescentes, uma vez que esses jovens pouco frequentam os serviços e serão adultos com potencial repercussão na saúde mental. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the characteristics and potential of mental health care for adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Study with a qualitative approach carried out with 22 health professionals. Data were collected from semistructured interviews and participant observation, being analyzed through content analysis. Results: The characteristics of caring for adolescents were the identification of the professional with the stage of adolescence, the use of informal communication and the greater bond between the adolescent and the territory and less stigma. Regarding potential, more time available for care and emotional support for professionals. Conclusion: It emphasizes to health managers the importance of articulating new forms of care for adolescents, since these young people rarely attend services and will be adults with potential repercussions on mental health. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar las características y potencialidades de la atención en salud mental para adolescentes durante la pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio con abordaje cualitativo realizado con 22 profesionales de la salud. Los datos fueron recolectados a partir de entrevistas semiestructuradas y observación participante, siendo analizados mediante análisis de contenido. Resultados: Las características de la atención al adolescente fueron la identificación del profesional con la etapa de la adolescencia, el uso de la comunicación informal, mayor vínculo del adolescente con el territorio y menor estigma. En cuanto al potencial, se puntuó más tiempo disponible para la atención y apoyo emocional a los profesionales. Conclusión: Enfatiza a los gestores de salud la importancia de articular nuevas formas de atención a los adolescentes, ya que estos jóvenes rara vez asisten a los servicios y serán adultos con potenciales repercusiones en la salud mental. (AU)


Subject(s)
Mental Health , National Health Strategies , Adolescent , Pandemics , COVID-19
15.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-7, mar. 20, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525068

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as percepções de enfermeiras sobre a Monitorização Residencial da Pressão Arterial no contexto da Atenção Primária à Saúde. Métodos: estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado em sete Unidades de Saúde da Família de Belém, Pará, com participação de 14 enfermeiras, que atuavam no Programa HiperDia. A coleta de dados ocorreu nos meses de janeiro a março de 2017, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas individuais, empregando roteiro elaborado pelos pesquisadores. As entrevistas foram gravadas, transcritas e submetidas à técnica de análise de conteúdo. Resultados: emergiram quatro categorias temáticas, abordando os conhecimentos sobre a Monitorização Residencial da Pressão Arterial, as práticas e estratégias no manejo da pessoa com hipertensão, a importância da monitorização, os recursos e métodos para o diagnóstico da doença e as dificuldades na execução dessa monitorização. Conclusão: as enfermeiras reconheceram a importância da Monitorização Residencial da Pressão Arterial nas ações empreendidas por suas equipes, destacando a aplicação desse método na prevenção de complicações da hipertensão. Todavia, ressaltaram que a efetividade perpassa pelo uso de aparelho adequado, não disponível nos serviços. (AU)


Objective: to analyze nurses' perceptions about Home Blood Pressure Monitoring in the context of Primary Health Care. Methods: a descriptive, qualitative study, carried out in seven Family Health Care Units in Belém, Pará, in which 14 nurses, who worked in the HiperDia Program participated. Data collection was conducted from January to March 2017, through individual semi-structured interviews, using a script prepared by the researchers. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and submitted to content analysis technical procedures. Results: four thematic categories emerged, addressing knowledge about Home Blood Pressure Monitoring, the proceedings, and strategies in the management of people with hypertension, the importance of monitoring, the resources and methods for diagnosing the disease, and the difficulties in carrying out this monitoring. Conclusion: the nurses acknowledged the relevance of Home Blood Pressure Monitoring in the actions carried out by their teams, highlighting the use of this method in preventing complications of hypertension. However, they emphasized that effectiveness involves the use of an adequate device, which is not available in the services. (AU)


Objetivo: analizar las percepciones de las enfermeras sobre el Monitoreo Domiciliario de la Presión Arterial en el contexto de la Atención Primaria de Salud. Métodos: estudio descriptivo y cualitativo realizado en siete Unidades de Salud Familiar en Belém, Pará, con la participación de 14 enfermeras que trabajaron en el Programa HiperDia. La recopilación de datos tuvo lugar entre enero y marzo de 2017, mediante entrevistas individuales semiestructuradas, utilizando un guion preparado por los investigadores. Las entrevistas fueron grabadas, transcritas y sometidas a la técnica de análisis de contenido. Resultados: surgieron cuatro categorías temáticas, abordando el conocimiento sobre el control de la presión arterial en el domicilio, las prácticas y estrategias en el manejo de la persona con hipertensión, la importancia del monitoreo, los recursos y métodos para el diagnóstico de la enfermedad y las dificultades para realizar este monitoreo. Conclusión: las enfermeras reconocen la importancia del Monitoreo Domiciliario de la Presión Arterial en las acciones llevadas a cabo por sus equipos, subrayando la aplicación de este método en la prevención de las complicaciones de la hipertensión. No obstante, resaltaron que la eficacia requiere el uso de aparatos adecuados, que no están disponibles en los servicios. (AU)


Subject(s)
Hypertension , Primary Health Care , National Health Strategies , Environmental Monitoring , Nursing Care
16.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440500

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las Investigaciones en Servicios y Sistemas de Salud constituyen un componente esencial para lograr mayor eficiencia y efectividad del sistema de salud, sin embargo, su utilización es insuficiente. Objetivo: Desarrollar una estrategia para la gestión de las Investigaciones en Servicios y Sistemas de Salud. Métodos: Se realizó una intervención organizacional en la Dirección de Ciencia e Innovación Tecnológica de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara, desde el año 2017 hasta marzo de 2020. Participaron 52 directivos de Asistencia Médica Provincial, metodólogos, vicedirectores docentes y 46 profesionales que cursaron maestrías. La investigación se llevó a cabo en tres etapas: La primera, el diagnóstico organizacional para identificar las principales problemáticas en la gestión de los servicios, la segunda, dedicada a los talleres metodológicos sobre la Investigación en Servicios y Sistemas de Salud y la tercera, correspondió a la evaluación de los resultados mediante el registro de proyectos en este campo, y los aportes de las tesis de maestrías, respecto a la solución de los problemas identificados en los servicios de salud. Las técnicas utilizadas fueron: La observación, la entrevista, la revisión de documentos, el grupo focal y la lluvia de ideas. Resultados: Se identificaron 221 proyectos de investigación en este campo, y la ejecución y evaluación de 46 tesis de maestrías, con resultados satisfactorios en la solución de las problemáticas de salud estudiadas. Conclusiones: La estrategia desarrollada posibilitó la gestión de proyectos de investigación en Servicios y Sistemas de Salud, y la ejecución de tesis de maestrías para solucionar problemas prioritarios.


Introduction: investigations in Health Systems and Services constitute an essential component to achieve greater efficiency and effectiveness; however, its use is still insufficient. Objective: to develop a strategy for managing investigations in Health Systems and Services. Methods: an organizational intervention was carried out in the Directorate of Science and Technological Innovation at the University of Medical Sciences of Villa Clara, from 2017 to March 2020. Fifty-two managers of the Provincial Medical Assistance, methodologists, teaching vice-directors and forty-six professionals who took master's degrees participated. The investigation was carried out in three stages; the first, referring to the organizational diagnosis to identify the main problems in the management of services; the second, dedicated to methodological workshops on Investigations in Health Systems and Services and the third ones, corresponded to the evaluation of the results, through the registration of projects in this field and the contributions of the master's theses, regarding the solution of the identified problems. Observation, interview, document review, focus group and brainstorming were the techniques used. Results: a number of 221 research projects were identified in this field, as well as the execution and evaluation of 46 master's theses, with satisfactory results in the solution of the health problems studied. Conclusions: the developed strategy made possible the management of research projects in Health Systems and Services, and the execution of master's theses to solve priority problems.


Subject(s)
National Health Strategies , Peer Review, Research , Knowledge Management for Health Research , Learning Health System , Health Services Accessibility
17.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023228, 14 fev. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518563

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Syphilis is a health problem and an issue for maternal and child health. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of congenital syphilis (CS) and its relationship with the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in the state of Pernambuco, between 2009-2018. METHODS: Observational analytical retrospective study with secondary data provided by the Brazilian National Notifiable Diseases System of the Ministry of Health on syphilis infection during pregnancy, congenital syphilis, and FHS coverage information, made available on the e-Gestor AB platform, between 2009-2018. Microsoft Office Excel, JASP 0.14.1.0 and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 25 programs, and Shapiro-Wilk test, Spearman, and Chi-Squared test were used for the organization and analysis of sociodemographic and clinical variables. RESULTS: 11,519 cases of CS were reported in Pernambuco between 2009-2018, with a 12% increase in the FHS coverage rate in the state and 376% growth in the detection rate of CS per thousand live births in the analyzed period. Of the maternal sociodemographic characteristics, there was a higher occurrence of infection in women aged 20 to 29 years (52.76%), black (77.53), and incomplete elementary school or no education (49.56%). In 90.29% of the cases, recent congenital syphilis was identified as the final diagnosis. The analysis also revealed that the greater the FHS coverage in the state, the greater the amount of inadequately performed treatments. CONCLUSION: The analysis of CS cases related to the FHS point to weaknesses in the control and proper treatment of the disease, especially in Black women with low education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Syphilis, Congenital/epidemiology , National Health Strategies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Health Information Systems
18.
s.l; Ministry of Health & Social Security; Feb. 3, 2023. 76 p. tab.
Non-conventional in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426282

ABSTRACT

Government has accepted the fact that HEALTH is much more than the prevention or reduction of disease, but is a resource for national productivity and development. As such investments in ensuring, a healthy population is an asset for national development. It is for this reason that Government re-affirms its strong commitment to providing better health care to all Grenadians. The National Strategic Plan for Health 2016-2025 provides the framework that will guide the efforts of the Ministry of Health and Social Security (MOHSSSSSS) and its partners over the next ten years. It reflects the Ministry's fundamental belief that health is a basic human right and as a result no one should be denied access to health care. Consequently, one of the overarching goals of this strategic plan is ensure that health services are made available, accessible and affordable to all people without discrimination. Like many other developing countries, Grenada continues to be challenged by meeting the demands for health care services to its citizens. Chronic non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Life style and food choices are the main contributing factors of the disease profile and pose a significant challenge to the delivery of secondary care due to the escalating cost associated with the management of these diseases. This requires the Ministry of Health to place greater emphasis on prevention and health promotion. Notwithstanding the fact, every citizen must however accept responsibility for his/her individual health outcomes. Recently, Grenada has also been experiencing the outbreaks of new and re-emerging communicable diseases, which have been linked to climate change factors. It behooves us therefore to take necessary steps to protect and maintain our environment for our future generations. The Plan further reflects the belief that health fundamentally affects individual productivity and is therefore a critical input for long-term development of the country. To this end, we have set out our major priorities and therefore in concert with the private sector, we will heighten our focus and continue to promote health and wellness among our citizens.


Subject(s)
Humans , National Health Strategies , Health Infrastructure , Health Management , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Social Determinants of Health , Health Promotion , Grenada , Health Information Systems , Healthcare Financing
19.
Afr. j. disabil. (Online) ; 12: 1-12, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1415942

ABSTRACT

Background: People with disabilities are a large, disadvantaged minority, comprising approximately 12% of the population. The South African government has ratified international and regional disability treaties but deals with disability rights within general anti-discrimination legislation. There are no specific frameworks to monitor justice for people with disabilities. The study aims to inform further development of disability inclusive mechanisms relating to crises including pandemics. Objectives: This study explored the perceptions of South Africans with disabilities, to understand their experiences during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), focussing on socioeconomic, well-being and human rights aspects. Method: An online survey tool generated quantitative and qualitative data. Widespread publicity and broad recruitment were achieved through project partners networks. Participants responded via mobile phone and/or online platforms. Results: Nearly 2000 people responded, representing different genders, impairments, races, socio-economic status, education and ages. Findings include: (1) negative economic and emotional impacts, (2) a lack of inclusive and accessible information, (3) reduced access to services, (4) uncertainty about government and non-government agencies' support and (5) exacerbation of pre-existing disadvantages. These findings echo international predictions of COVID-19 disproportionally impacting people with disabilities. Conclusion: The evidence reveals that people with disabilities in South Africa experienced many negative impacts of the pandemic. Strategies to control the virus largely ignored attending to human rights and socioeconomic well-being of this marginalised group. Contribution: The evidence will inform the development of the national monitoring framework, recognised by the South African Government and emphasised by the United Nations as necessary to ensure the realisation of the rights of people with disabilities during future crises including pandemics.


Subject(s)
Social Justice , National Health Strategies , Disabled Persons , Economic Status , COVID-19 , Human Rights , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cell Phone , Pandemics
20.
S. Afr. J. Inf. Manag. ; 25(1): 1-7, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1532391

ABSTRACT

Background: The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic literature review of the role of social trust in health information exchange on social network sites (SNSs). In the light of the confusion and panic about health information leading to and during the worldwide lockdown, in an attempt to control the spread and symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Although the sharing of health information on SNS did not start during the COVID-19 lockdown, the concerns about health information interchange were highlighted during the lockdown. Objectives: This study investigates the nature of the association between health information exchange and social trust and how social trust has influenced health information exchange from 2005 to 2021. Method: In line with the purpose of the study, the researcher applied a systematic literature review to review conference articles, accredited journal articles and book chapters. The review process involved a rigorous procedure towards a definition of review protocol, extraction of articles, formulation of selection criteria and the review itself. Results: This study reveals a transactional interplay between the constructs of social trust (benevolence, integrity and competence) and social network site user roles (information seeker, information passer and information giver). Conclusion: In summary, the researcher argues that public health officials would benefit from setting up an SNS that proactively provides health information. The health information exchange experience should be designed in a way that takes into account how social trust can be used to moderate health information exchange in the SNS by different types.


Subject(s)
National Health Strategies , Health Information Exchange , COVID-19 , Trust
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