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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 28: e20220419, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1534451

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução O câncer tem impacto na vida das crianças e seus familiares. As Histórias em Quadrinhos podem ser uma estratégia de fortalecer o vínculo e a comunicação entre profissional/paciente/família. Objetivo Desenvolver e validar um material instrucional/educativo, no formato de Histórias em Quadrinhos, voltada para crianças hospitalizadas com leucemia linfóide aguda. Metodologia Estudo metodológico desenvolvido em nove etapas: elaboração do projeto de pesquisa; definição e seleção do conteúdo; adaptação da linguagem; inclusão de ilustrações; construção de um material piloto; validação do material; layout; impressão final e disponibilização. A validação ocorreu com 10 especialistas entre março e maio de 2022, utilizando-se o Instrumento de Validação de Conteúdo Educativo em Saúde. Resultados Foram elaboradas 5 Histórias em Quadrinhos, com 6 personagens principais, sendo necessárias 63 horas de trabalho. Elas foram divididas por temáticas (distúrbios gastrointestinais; cistite hemorrágica; problemas relacionados a autoestima e autoimagem; risco de infecção e dor óssea) que obtiveram Índice de Validade de Conteúdo global satisfatório entre 0,78 e 0,87. Conclusões e implicações para a prática As histórias em quadrinhos podem ser utilizadas como fonte atrativa e confiável de informações sobre a doença, servindo como apoio às informações durante a internação hospitalar e o preparo para alta.


Resumen Introducción El cáncer tiene un impacto en la vida de los niños y sus familias. Los cómics pueden ser una estrategia para fortalecer el vínculo y la comunicación entre profesional/paciente/familia. Objetivo Desarrollar y validar un material didáctico/educativo, en formato de Historietas, dirigido a niños hospitalizados con leucemia linfocítica aguda. Metodología Estudio metodológico desarrollado en nueve etapas: elaboración del proyecto de investigación; definición y selección de contenidos; adaptación lingüística; inclusión de ilustraciones; construcción de un material piloto; validación del material; disposición; impresión final y disponibilidad. La validación se realizó con 10 especialistas entre marzo y mayo de 2022, utilizando el Instrumento de Validación de Contenido de Educación en Salud. Resultados Se crearon 5 Comics, con 6 personajes principales, requiriendo 63 horas de trabajo. Fueron divididos por temas (trastornos gastrointestinales; cistitis hemorrágica; problemas relacionados con la autoestima y la autoimagen; riesgo de infección y dolor óseo) que obtuvieron un Índice de Validez de Contenido global satisfactorio entre 0,78 y 0,87. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica Los cómics pueden ser utilizados como una fuente atractiva y confiable de información sobre la enfermedad, apoyando información durante la hospitalización y preparación para el alta.


Abstract Introduction Cancer has an impact on the lives of children and their families. Comics can be a strategy to strengthen the bond and communication between professional/patient/family. Objective To develop and validate an instructional/educational material, in the format of Comics, aimed at children hospitalized with acute lymphocytic leukemia. Methodology Methodological study developed in nine stages: preparation of the research project; content definition and selection; language adaptation; inclusion of illustrations; construction of a pilot material; validation of the material; layout; final printing and availability. Validation took place with 10 specialists between March and May 2022, using the Health Education Content Validation Instrument. Results 5 Comics were created, with 6 main characters, requiring 63 hours of work. They were divided by themes (gastrointestinal disorders; hemorrhagic cystitis; problems related to self-esteem and self-image; risk of infection and bone pain) that obtained a satisfactory global Content Validity Index between 0.78 and 0.87. Conclusions and implications for practice Comics can be used as an attractive and reliable source of information about the disease, supporting information during hospitalization and preparation for discharge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Child Health , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Graphic Novels as Topic , Play and Playthings , Nausea
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(3): 281-289, July-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514162

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: This study was performed to evaluate the degree of 3-day chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in children with cancer who received highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) to ascertain the efficacy of aprepitant single-dose on dayL 1 plus granisetron and dexamethasone (DEX). Methods: This clinical trial study was conducted on 120 patients in the age range of 5 to 18 years old who received chemotherapy. Patients were divided into two groups; Group A received aprepitant at 125 mg/kg on day 1 orally, followed by 80 mg/kg daily on days 2 and 3 and Group B received a single dose of aprepitant 125 mg/kg on day 1 orally and placebo on days 2 and 3. All groups received granisetron 3 mg/m2 on day 1 and DEX on days 1 to 3. The primary and secondary endpoints were to evaluate the proportion of patients with acute, delayed and overall CINV within each group. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups for vomiting, nausea or the use of rescue therapy. The number of patients without vomiting on day 1 was similar in both groups (96.5% vs. 98.3%, respectively; p = 0.848). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, a single dose of aprepitant 125 mg/kg was as effective as administering three doses of aprepitant on 3 days. Therefore, the use of a single dose of aprepitant in combination with other standard treatment regimens to prevent CINV in children who received HEC was safe and efficacious and can be beneficial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Vomiting , Dexamethasone , Granisetron , Aprepitant , Nausea
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 493-510, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416551

ABSTRACT

A quimioterapia do câncer pode ocasionar reações adversas medicamentosas (RAM), podendo resultar de interações medicamentosas (IM) e impactar na adesão. O presente estudo relatou as RAM apresentadas por pacientes em quimioterapia (QT) e propôs estratégias de intervenções. Este trabalho foi aprovado em comité de ética (5.160.503), sendo incluídos 23 pacientes em quimioterapia (oral- VO e/ou endovenosa- EV) e todos foram entrevistados. Recebiam apenas o QTEV, 20 pacientes e 2 QTEV e VO, a maioria em tratamento paliativo (50%), predomínio de estadiamento IV, sendo as doenças mais presentes de pâncreas (27,3%), estômago (22,7%) e mama (18,2%) e esquema mais usado foi Carboplatina + Paclitaxel. As principais comorbidades foram diabetes e hipertensão arterial. As interações medicamentosas foram classificadas em graves (45%), moderadas (55%) e intencional (75%), sendo necessário introdução de medicamentos de suporte (61%). Houve RAM de maior gravidade, neutropenia, sendo necessário a suspensão temporária, e de menor gravidade náuseas. Houve um óbito relacionado a evolução de doença e, talvez, o tratamento possa ter contribuído. Ao final, foram feitas as intervenções para cada caso e validado o formulário para a consulta farmacêutica a pacientes oncológicos.


Cancer chemotherapy can cause adverse drug reactions (ADRs), which can result from drug interactions (IM) and impact adherence. The present study reported the ADRs presented by patients undergoing chemotherapy (CT) and proposed intervention strategies. This work was approved by the ethics committee (5,160,503), and 23 patients on chemotherapy (oral-VO and/or intravenous-IV) were included and all were interviewed. Only received CTIV, 20 patients and 2 CTIV and VO, most in palliative treatment (50%), predominance of stage IV, being the most common diseases of pancreas (27.3%), stomach (22.7%) and breast (18.2%) and the most used regimen was Carboplatin + Paclitaxel. The main comorbidities were diabetes and arterial hypertension. Drug interactions were classified as severe (45%), moderate (55%) and intentional (75%), requiring the introduction of supportive drugs (61%). There were more severe ADRs, neutropenia, requiring temporary suspension, and less severe nausea. There was one death related to the evolution of the disease and, perhaps, the treatment may have contributed. At the end, interventions were made for each case and the form for the pharmaceutical consultation to cancer patients was validated.


La quimioterapia contra el cáncer puede causar reacciones adversas a los medicamentos (RAM), que pueden ser consecuencia de interacciones farmacológicas (IM) y repercutir en la adherencia. El presente estudio reportó las RAM presentadas por pacientes en quimioterapia (QT) y propuso estrategias de intervención. Este trabajo fue aprobado en comité de ética (5.160.503), se incluyeron 23 pacientes en quimioterapia (oral- VO y/o endovenosa-EV) y todos fueron entrevistados. Recibieron sólo QTEV, 20 pacientes y 2 QTEV y VO, la mayoría en tratamiento paliativo (50%), predominio de estadiaje IV, siendo las enfermedades más presentes las de páncreas (27,3%), estómago (22,7%) y mama (18,2%) y el esquema más utilizado fue Carboplatino + Paclitaxel. Las principales comorbilidades fueron la diabetes y la hipertensión arterial. Las interacciones farmacológicas se clasificaron como graves (45%), moderadas (55%) e intencionadas (75%), requiriendo la introducción de fármacos de apoyo (61%). La RAM más grave fue la neutropenia, que requirió la suspensión temporal, y la menos grave las náuseas. Hubo una muerte relacionada con la evolución de la enfermedad y, tal vez, el tratamiento pudo haber contribuido. Al final, se realizaron intervenciones para cada caso y se validó el formulario de consulta farmacéutica a pacientes oncológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patients , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Palliative Care , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Carboplatin/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Interactions , Hypertension , Nausea/drug therapy , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neutropenia/drug therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 805-810, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013179

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and related factors of corticosteroid induced adrenal crisis (AC) in children with primary nephrotic syndrome (NS). Methods: Case control study. The case group included 7 children aged 1 to 18 years with NS combined with AC hospitalized in Peking University First Hospital from January 2016 to May 2021 (AC group). According to the ratio of case group: control group 1: 4, 28 children aged 1 to 18 years who were diagnosed with NS without AC during the same period were matched as controls (non-AC group). Clinical data were collected. The clinical characteristics of AC were described. The clinical parameters were compared between the 2 groups by t test, Mann-Whitney U test or Fisher's test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the cutoff values of clinical parameters for prediction of AC. Results: The AC group included 4 boys and 3 girls aged 6.9 (4.6, 10.8) years. The non-AC group included 20 boys and 8 girls aged 5.2 (3.3, 8.4) years. All AC events occurred during the relapse of NS with infection. Seven children had gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Six children had poor mental state or impaired consciousness. No significant differences in NS course, corticosteroid treatment course, corticosteroid type, steroid dosage, steroid medication interval, the proportion of gastroenteritis and fever existed between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared with the non-AC group, the duration from the onset of the relapse of NS until hospitalization in the AC group was significantly shorter (0.2 (0.1, 0.6) vs. 1.0 (0.4, 5.0) month,U=25.50, P=0.005). The 24 h urinary total protein (UTP) level was significantly higher in the AC group (193 (135, 429) vs. 81 (17, 200) mg/kg, U=27.00,P=0.036) than the non-AC group. The serum albumin level in the AC group was significantly lower((13.1±2.1) vs. (24.5±8.7) g/L,t=-6.22,P<0.001) than the non-AC group. There were significantly higher total white blood cell counts ((26±9)×109 vs. (11±5)×109/L,t=4.26,P=0.004), percentage of neutrophils (0.71±0.08 vs. 0.60±0.19,t=2.56,P=0.017) and the proportion of children with C reactive protein level≥8 mg/L (3/7 vs. 0,P=0.005) in the AC group than in the non-AC group. ROC curve analysis showed that the cutoff value of 24 h UTP was 122 mg/(kg·d) with a sensitivity of 100.0% and specificity of 70.4%. The cutoff value of serum albumin was 17.0 g/L with a sensitivity of 100.0% and specificity of 82.1%. Conclusions: Gastrointestinal symptoms and poor mental state were prominent manifestations of AC in children with NS. High 24 h UTP level, low serum albumin level, high peripheral white blood cell counts, high neutrophils percentage, and high C-reactive protein level during the early stage of NS relapse may be related to the occurrence of AC in children with NS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Male , Female , Nephrotic Syndrome/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Nausea/chemically induced , Vomiting/chemically induced , Abdominal Pain/chemically induced , Mental Processes/drug effects , China
5.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(3)jul-set. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1512587

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) are common adverse drug reactions (ADR) experienced by children undergoing treatment for cancer. New paediatric ADR Assessment Causality and Avoidability tools (LCAT and LAAT) of Liverpool are suitable for categorizing factors related to ADR prevention and improving patient care. Still, no studies to date have compared the utility and results of its application for CINV in countries with different levels of development. Objective: To investigate the utility of the Liverpool Adverse Drug Reaction Causality and Avoidability Assessment Tools (LCAT and LAAT) in assessing CINV in children. Method: Prospective observational study of CINV assessment in children aged 4 to 16 years from Alder Hey Children's Hospital (Liverpool, UK) and "Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira" (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Children (helped by the parents) completed a symptom diary during chemotherapy and for 24 hours after treatment. Information regarding underlying diagnosis, past medical history, and medications administered was collected from the patient record. Case reports were prepared, and the temporal relationship between nausea and vomiting and exposure to chemotherapy, including any strategy to prevent CINV, was recorded. The causality and avoidability were assessed with LCAT and LAAT, respectively. Results: There were 26 reports of CINV in 36 chemotherapy cycles. The causality assessment was 'definite' for 24 cases. Twenty ADRs were deemed 'definitely avoidable' and four 'not avoidable'. Selection of inappropriate therapeutic options and non-administration of antiemetic were the most common factors observed in the hospitals studied. Conclusion: The LCAT and LAAT were helpful for assessing CINV in children in two different hospitals.


Introdução: Náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia (NVIQ) são reações adversas a medicamentos (RAM) comuns em crianças em tratamento oncológico. Novas ferramentas de Avaliação de Causalidade e Evitabilidade de RAM de Liverpool (LCAT e LAAT) foram validadas e auxiliam a categorização de fatores de risco. Contudo, até o momento, nenhum estudo comparou a utilidade e os resultados de sua aplicação para NVIQ em países com diferentes níveis de desenvolvimento. Objetivo: Investigar a utilidade da LCAT e LAAT na avaliação de NVIQ. Método: Estudo observacional prospectivo com crianças de 4 a 16 anos do Alder Hey Children's Hospital (Liverpool, Reino Unido) e do Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira (Rio de Janeiro, Brasil). As crianças (ajudadas pelos pais) preencheram um diário de sintomas durante e até 24 horas após administração da quimioterapia. Informações sobre diagnóstico subjacente, história médica pregressa e medicamentos administrados foram coletadas do prontuário do paciente. Relatos de casos foram preparados e a relação temporal entre náuseas e vômitos e exposição à quimioterapia, incluindo qualquer estratégia para prevenir NVIQ, foi registrada para análise da causalidade e evitabilidade com o auxílio de LCAT e LAAT, respectivamente. Resultados: Houve 26 notificações de NVIQ em 36 ciclos de quimioterapia. A causalidade foi 'definida' para 24 casos. Foram consideradas 'definitivamente evitáveis' 20 RAM e 'não evitáveis', quatro. A seleção de opções terapêuticas inadequadas e a omissão de antieméticos foram os principais problemas evitáveis. Conclusão: O LCAT e o LAAT foram úteis para avaliar NVIQ em crianças em dois hospitais diferentes


Introducción: Las náuseas y vómitos inducidos por quimioterapia (NVIQ) son reacciones adversas a medicamentos (RAM) comunes en niños en tratamiento oncológico. Nuevas herramientas de Evaluación de Causalidad y Evitabilidad de RAM de Liverpool (LCAT y LAAT) han sido validadas y ayudan en la categorización de factores de riesgo. Sin embargo, ningún estudio ha comparado su utilidad y resultados para evaluación de NVIQ en países con diferentes niveles de desarrollo. Objetivo: Investigar la utilidad de LCAT y LAAT en la evaluación de NVIQ. Método: Estudio observacional prospectivo con niños de 4 a 16 años del Alder Hey Children's Hospital (Liverpool, Reino Unido) y del Instituto de Pediatría Martagão Gesteira (Río de Janeiro, Brasil). Los niños (ayudados por los padres) completaron un diario de síntomas durante y hasta 24 horas después de la quimioterapia. La información sobre el diagnóstico subyacente, la historia médica previa y los medicamentos se recopiló de la historia clínica médico del paciente. Se prepararon informes de casos y se registró la relación temporal entre las RAM y la exposición a la quimioterapia, incluyendo cualquier estrategia para prevenir NVIQ, para análisis de causalidad y evitabilidad con LCAT y LAAT, respectivamente. Resultados: Hubo 26 notificaciones de NVIQ en 36 ciclos de quimioterapia. La causalidad fue "definida" para 24 casos. Fueron consideradas "definitivamente evitables" 20 RAM y "no evitables", cuatro. La selección de opciones terapéuticas inadecuadas y la omisión de antieméticos fueron los principales problemas evitables. Conclusión: LCAT y LAAT fueron útiles para evaluar NVIQ en niños en dos hospitales diferentes


Subject(s)
Vomiting , Child , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Nausea , Neoplasms
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1082-1087, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of gastric antrum ultrasonography in evaluating gastric emptying after oral administration of 300 mL carbohydrates two hours before cesarean section, and to analyze the risk factors of gastric emptying in pregnant women.@*METHODS@#From August 2020 to February 2021, a total of 80 patients, aged 22-43 years, body mass index (BMI) < 35 kg/m2, gestational age≥36 weeks, falling into American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, scheduled for cesarean sections in Peking University International Hospital were recruited and divided into two groups: the intervention group (n=40)and the control group (n=40). In the intervention group, solid food was restricted after 22:00, the patients were required to take 300 mL carbohydrates two hours before cesarean section. In the control group, solid food and liquid intake were restricted after 22:00 the night before surgery. All the patients received assessment of preoperative feeling of thirst and starvation with visual analogue scale (VAS). The cross-sectional area (CSA)of gastric antrum was measured in supine position and right supine position before anesthesia, the gastric volume (GV)and the gastric volume/weight(GV/W)of the two groups was further calculated. Perlas A semi-quantitative grading assessments were performed in each patient. The blood pressure and heart rate were recorded at admission(T0), 5 minutes after anesthesia (T1), immediately after fetal delivery (T2) and at the end of the surgery (T3). The occurrence of nausea and vomiting during the operation and 24 hours after the operation were recorded.@*RESULTS@#One case in each group was excluded because the antrum was not clearly identified during the ultrasound assessments. In the semi-sitting position, the CSA was (5.07±1.73) cm2 in the intervention group vs. (5.24±1.96) cm2 in the control group, respectively; in the right lateral decubitus position, CSA was (7.32±2.17) cm2 in the intervention group vs. (7.25±2.24) cm2 in the control group, GV was (91.74±32.34) mL vs. (90.07±31.68) mL, GV/W was (1.27±0.40) mL/kg vs. (1.22±0.41) mL/kg, respectively; all the above showed no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). Perlas A semi-quantitative grading showed 0 in 20 patients (51.3%), 1 in 16 (41%), 2 in 3 (7.7%)in the intervention group and 0 in 22 (56.4%), 1 in 15 (38.5%), 2 in 2 (5.1%)in the control group, the proportion of Perlas A semi-quantitative grading showed no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). For the patients with Perlas A semi-quantitative grade 2 (3 cases in the intervention group and 2 cases in the control group), metoclopramide 0.2 mg/kg was intravenously injected before anesthesia. No aspiration case was observed in this study. The intervention group was endured less thirst and hunger (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in blood pressure and heart rate between the two groups at each time point (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of intraoperative hypotension between the two groups (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of nausea intraoperatively and postoperatively between the two groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasonography of gastric antrum can provide objective basis for evaluating gastric emptying of pregnant women perioperatively. 300 mL carbohydrates intake two hours before surgery, which does not increase GV and the risk of reflux aspiration, and is helpful in minimizing disturbance to the patient's physiological status, therefore leading to better clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Gastric Emptying/physiology , Cesarean Section , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Carbohydrates , Nausea
7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 507-512, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981048

ABSTRACT

Migraine is a highly disabling primary headache disease, accompanied by nausea, emesis, photophobia and phonophobia. Chronic migraine is usually developed from episodic migraine, and usually comorbids with anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders, further aggravating the disease burden. At present, the clinical diagnosis and treatment of migraine in China are not standard, and the migraine medical quality control evaluation system is lacking. In order to achieve standardized diagnosis and treatment of migraine, headache collaborators of Chinese Society of Neurology, based on national and international clinical research on diagnosis and treatment of migraine and combined with the current situation of China's medical system, drafted the expert consensus on the medical quality evaluation of inpatients with chronic migraine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Migraine Disorders/diagnosis , Nausea , Photophobia/diagnosis , Headache
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 743-746, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980789

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of buccal acupuncture on pain after lumbar spinal fusion.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case was eliminated). The patients in the control group were treated with routine anesthesia. On the basis of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with buccal acupuncture at bilateral back point, waist point, and sacral point for 30 min per treatment. The first acupuncture was given before anesthesia induction, and then once a day postoperation for two days, totally 3 treatments. The dosage of sufentanil, the number of remedial analgesia, and the incidence of nausea and vomiting within 48 h after surgery were compared between the two groups; rest and motion visual analogue scale (VAS) scores at 2 (T1), 8 (T2), 12 (T3), 24 (T4), and 48 (T5) h after surgery were observed; the quality of recovery-15 scale (QoR-15) at 24 and 48 h after surgery were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The dosage of sufentanil and the number of remedial analgesia within 48 h after surgery in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). There was no significant statistically difference in rest and motion VAS scores between the two groups in T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 (P>0.05). The QoR-15 scores in the observation group at 24 and 48 h after surgery were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01). The incidence of nausea in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Buccal acupuncture could reduce the amount of postoperative analgesic drugs of patients after lumbar spinal fusion, and promote early postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Sufentanil , Acupuncture Therapy , Pain Management , Pain , Nausea
9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1017-1022, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987016

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) rs671 polymorphisms and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV).@*METHODS@#A total of 90 Chinese patients with malignant tumors receiving chemotherapy for the first time were recruited in this study. The occurrence of CINV was observed within 120 h after treatment with docetaxel and cis-platinum chemotherapy (DP regimen). The data of the patients (including age, gender, tumor stage, habitual alcohol consumption, motion sickness, morning sickness, and average sleep time prior to chemotherapy) were collected through a questionnaire. ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms of the patients were analyzed using a multiple single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping, and the Hardy-Weinberg equation was used for genetic linkage analysis. The correlations between the factors including ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms and the occurrence of CINV were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of CINV was 48.9% among the patients receiving their first chemotherapy with DP regimen. Univariate analysis indicated that the genetic polymorphisms of ALDH2 rs671 were significantly correlated with the occurrence of CINV (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis indicated that ALDH2 rs671 mutation (OR: 3.019, 95% CI: 1.056-8.628, P < 0.05) and average sleep time prior to chemotherapy no longer than 6 h (OR: 2.807, 95% CI: 1.033-7.628, P < 0.05) were risk factors for CINV in patients with malignant tumors receiving the first chemotherapy with DP regimen.@*CONCLUSION@#ALDH2 gene mutation at rs671 is a risk factor contributing to the occurrence of CINV, and understanding of the underlying mechanism may help to more effectively control the occurrence of CINV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial/genetics , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Nausea/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Vomiting/genetics , Neoplasms/drug therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 705-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the misdiagnosis of area postrema syndrome (APS) manifesting as intractable nausea, vomiting and hiccups in neuromyelitis optic spectrum disease (NMOSD) and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from NMOSD patients attending the Department of Neurology at the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital between January 2019 and July 2021. SPSS25.0 was then used to analyze the manifestations, misdiagnosis, and mistreatment of APS. Results: A total of 207 patients with NMOSD were included, including 21 males and 186 females. The mean age of onset was 39±15 years (range: 5-72 years). The proportion of patients who were positive for serum aquaporin 4 antibody was 82.6% (171/207). In total, 35.7% (74/207) of the NMOSD patients experienced APS during the disease course; of these patients, 70.3% (52/74) had APS as the first symptom and 29.7% (22/74) had APS as a secondary symptom. The misdiagnosis rates for these conditions were 90.4% (47/52) and 50.0% (11/22), respectively. As the first symptom, 19.2% (10/52) of patients during APS presented only with intractable nausea, vomiting and hiccups; 80.8% (42/52) of patients experienced other neurological symptoms. The Departments of Gastroenterology and General Medicine were the departments that most frequently made the first diagnosis of APS, accounting for 54.1% and 17.6% of patients, respectively. The most common misdiagnoses related to diseases of the digestive system and the median duration of misdiagnosis was 37 days. Conclusions: APS is a common symptom of NMOSD and is associated with a high rate of misdiagnosis. Other concomitant symptoms often occur with APS. Gaining an increased awareness of this disease/syndrome, obtaining a detailed patient history, and performing physical examinations are essential if we are to reduce and avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Neuromyelitis Optica/diagnosis , Area Postrema , Retrospective Studies , Hiccup/complications , Vomiting/etiology , Nausea/etiology , Inflammation , Syndrome , Autoantibodies , Diagnostic Errors , Aquaporin 4
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 282-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TEAS) at Neiguan (PC 6) on general anesthesia under preserving spontaneous breathing in thoracoscopic lobectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients of primary lung cancer undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy were divided to an observation group (33 cases, 1 case discontinued) and a control group (33 cases). In the observation group, TEAS at Neiguan (PC 6) was used 30 min before anesthesia induction till the end of surgery. The surgery time, maximum value of partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) and minimum value of oxygen saturation (SpO2) of the two groups were recorded. The dosage of propofol, sufentanil, remifentanil and dexmedetomidine were analyzed. Separately, before induction (T0), at the start of surgery (T1), thoracic exploration (T2) and lobectomy (T3), as well as 30 min (T4) and 60 min (T5) after lobectomy, the mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), serum cortisol (Cor) and norepinephrine (NE) were measured. The time of post anesthesia care unit (PACU) stay, ambulation, flatus, chest drainage and the incidence of nausea and vomiting were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The maximum value of PETCO2, the dosage of propofol and remifentanil in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), the minimum value of SpO2 in the observation group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.01). At T1-T5, the MAP, HR, serum Cor and NE levels in the observation group were all lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The ambulation time, the time for the flatus, chest drainage time, and the incidence of nausea and vomiting in the observation group were all lower than those in the control group (P<0.001, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#For the general anesthesia under preserving spontaneous breathing in thoracoscopic surgery, TEAS at Neiguan (PC 6) relieves stress response, reduces opioids dosage and promotes postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Carbon Dioxide , Flatulence , Propofol , Remifentanil , Anesthesia, General , Nausea , Norepinephrine , Electric Stimulation
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-8, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1425805

ABSTRACT

Objective: whether gag reflex, a common problem encountered during dental procedures, is associated with the different types of the soft palate has not been addressed so far. This preliminary study sought to assess the potential association between the different types of soft palate and gag reflex. Material and Methods: one hundred dental patients were recruited. The type of soft palate was determined. Subjective (self-reported) gag reflex was recorded based on many questions and past experience and on a 0-6 VAS. Objective assessment of gag reflex was done using different maneuvers where the posterior part of the tongue and the soft palate were touched by dental mirror, and by taking impression for the upper arch. The association between the types of soft palate and the subjective and objective recorded gag reflex were statistically tested. Results: there were 53 (53%), 33 (33%) and 14 (14%) of the participants with class I, class II and class III soft palate, respectively. A significant association was found between the type of the soft palate and gag reflex in response to one of the subjective items (P= 0.039), more prominent among females (P= 0.009). Concerning the objective assessment, no significant associations were found among males. Meanwhile more females with class II and class III suffered gag reflex and/or actual gagging upon taking the impression (P = 0.001). Conclusion: this study illustrated an association between the type of soft palate and gag reflex, and its severity in females (more specifically soft palate types II and III) more than in males (AU)


Objetivo: o reflexo de vômito, um problema comum encontrado durante procedimentos odontológicos, está ou não associado aos diferentes tipos de palato mole, não foi ainda abordado até o momento. Este estudo preliminar procurou avaliar a possível associação entre os diferentes tipos de palato mole e o reflexo de vômito. Material e Métodos:cem pacientes odontológicos foram recrutados. O tipo de palato mole foi determinado. O reflexo de vômito subjetivo (auto-relatado) foi registrado com base em muitas perguntas e experiências anteriores e em um VAS de 0-6. A avaliação objetiva do reflexo de vômito foi feita por meio de diferentes manobras onde a parte posterior da língua e o palato mole foram tocados por espelho dental e por meio de moldagem da arcada superior. A associação entre os tipos de palato mole e o reflexo de vômito subjetivo e objetivo registrado foi testada estatisticamente. Resultados: houve 53 (53%), 33 (33%) e 14 (14%) participantes com palato mole classe I, classe II e classe III, respectivamente. Foi encontrada associação significativa entre o tipo de palato mole e o reflexo de vômito em resposta a um dos itens subjetivos (P= 0,039), mais proeminente no sexo feminino (P= 0,009). Em relação à avaliação objetiva, não foram encontradas associações significativas entre os homens. Enquanto isso, mais mulheres com classe II e classe III sofreram reflexo de vômito e/ou engasgo real ao receber a impressão (P = 0,001). Conclusão: este estudo ilustrou uma associação entre o tipo de palato mole e reflexo de vômito e sua gravidade em mulheres (mais especificamente palato mole tipos II e III) mais do que em homens. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Palate, Soft , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Materials , Dentistry , Nausea
13.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 57: e20230191, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1521561

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture and auriculotherapy protocol in relieving chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in cancer patients compared to the antiemetic protocol. Method: Pilot study of a pragmatic two-arm clinical trial: an acupuncture group received systemic acupuncture, auriculotherapy, and antiemetic protocol; a control group used antiemetic protocol. The sample consisted of 42 patients with cancer of the gastrointestinal system or multiple myeloma. The outcome was assessed using the Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting Assessment Tool and the patient's diary. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between groups according to the assessment of the patient's diary and the Assessment Tool of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. The patients were 60 years old on average and the groups were homogeneous, except for marital status. In the diary, there was no statistical difference between groups and sessions for days of nausea (p = 0.873) and vomiting episodes (p = 0.993). Conclusion: The protocol of acupuncture and auriculotherapy as a complementary treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting was ineffective, considering the limitations of the study.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del protocolo de acupuntura y auriculoterapia para aliviar las náuseas y los vómitos inducidos por la quimioterapia en pacientes con cáncer en comparación con el protocolo antiemético. Método: Estudio piloto tipo ensayo clínico pragmático con dos brazos: el grupo de acupuntura recibió acupuntura sistémica, auriculoterapia y protocolo antiemético, el grupo control utilizó un protocolo antiemético. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 42 pacientes con cáncer del sistema gastrointestinal o mieloma múltiple. El resultado se evaluó mediante el Instrumento de Evaluación de Náuseas y Vómitos inducidos por quimioterapia y el diario del paciente. Resultados: No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los grupos según la evaluación del diario del paciente y el Instrumento de Evaluación de náuseas y vómitos inducidos por quimioterapia. Los pacientes tenían en promedio 60 años y los grupos eran homogéneos, excepto por el estado civil. En el diario no hubo diferencia estadística entre los grupos y sesiones para los días de náuseas (p = 0,873) y episodios de vómitos (p = 0,993). Conclusión: El protocolo de acupuntura y auriculoterapia como tratamiento complementario de las náuseas y vómitos inducidos por la quimioterapia resultó ineficaz, considerando las limitaciones del estudio.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade do protocolo de acupuntura e auriculoterapia no alívio de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia em pacientes oncológicos em comparação ao protocolo antiemético. Método: Estudo piloto tipo ensaio clínico pragmático de dois braços: grupo acupuntura recebeu acupuntura sistêmica, auriculoterapia e protocolo antiemético, o grupo controle utilizou protocolo antiemético. A amostra foi composta por 42 pacientes com câncer do sistema gastrointestinal ou mieloma múltiplo. O desfecho foi avaliado pelo Instrumento de Avaliação de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia e diário do paciente. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos pela avaliação do diário do paciente e Instrumento de Avaliação de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia. Os pacientes apresentavam em média 60 anos e os grupos foram homogêneos, exceto para o estado civil. No diário, não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos e as sessões para os dias de náuseas (p = 0,873) e episódios de vômitos (p = 0,993). Conclusão: O protocolo de acupuntura e auriculoterapia como tratamento complementar de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia foi inefetivo, considerando as limitações do estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing , Acupuncture , Antineoplastic Agents , Vomiting , Nausea
14.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 57: e20230104, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1535156

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of ginger with P6 acupressure in preventing and treating chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in cancer patients. Method: A total of 172 participants were randomly divided into the control, ginger, acupressure, and joint groups, who were hospitalized in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from February and September 2022. The baseline characteristics, nausea, vomiting, and retching, benefit finding, functional living index-emesis, treatment satisfaction, and adverse reaction, were used in data collection. Results: No significant difference was found in benefit finding and adverse reactions among the four groups (P > 0.05). Ginger significantly improved delayed CINV and function living index-nausea (P < 0.05) but had no significant effect on acute CINV, retching, and delayed vomiting, functional living index-emesis, and treatment satisfaction (P>0.05). Acute nausea and retching, delayed nausea, vomiting, and retching, functional living index-emesis, and treatment satisfaction were effectively improved in the acupressure and joint groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Ginger with P6 acupressure may contribute to improving CINV in patients undergoing chemotherapy.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto del jengibre con acupresión P6 en la prevención y tratamiento de las náuseas y vómitos (nviq) inducidos por la quimioterapia en pacientes con cáncer. Método: Se dividió al azar A un total de 172 participantes en los grupos control, jengibre, acupresión y conjunto, que fueron hospitalizados en el Hospital afiliado de la universidad médica Xuzhou entre febrero y septiembre de 2022. En la recolección de datos se utilizaron las características basales: náuseas, vómitos y náuseas, hallazgo de beneficios, índice de vida funcional, satisfacción con el tratamiento y reacciones adversas. Resultados: No se encontró diferencia significativa en el hallazgo del beneficio y las reacciones adversas entre los cuatro grupos (P >0.05). El jengibre mejoró significativamente las nviq diferidas y el índice de vida funcional (nausea) de forma significativa (P < 0.05), pero no tuvo un efecto significativo en las nvi, las náuseas y el vómito diferidos, la emesis del índice de vida funcional y la satisfacción con el tratamiento (P >0.05). Las náuseas agudas y las arcadas, las náuseas, los vómitos y las arcadas tardías, la medida del índice de vida funcional y la satisfacción con el tratamiento mejoraron efectivamente en los grupos de acupresión y articulares (P < 0,05). Conclusión: El jengibre con acupresión P6 puede contribuir a mejorar las nviq en pacientes sometidos a quimioterapia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da compressão do acuponto gengibre e Neiguan na prevenção e tratamento de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia em pacientes oncológicos. Métodos: Um total de 172 pacientes hospitalizados no Hospital Afiliado da Xuzhou Medical University de fevereiro a setembro de 2022 foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupo controle, grupo gengibre, grupo acuponto e grupo combinado. A recolha de dados incluiu principalmente dados basais, pontuação de náuseas, vómitos e vómitos, sensação de benefício da doença, índice de vida funcional, satisfação com o tratamento e efeitos adversos. Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas no benefício da doença e efeitos adversos entre os quatro grupos (P >0,05). O gengibre melhorou significativamente o índice de vida funcional tardia e náusea (P < 0,05), mas não melhorou a NVI tardia e vómitos e vómitos retardados, o índice de vida funcional dos vómitos e a satisfação com o tratamento (P >0,05). Ambos os grupos de acuponto e combinação melhoraram náuseas agudas, vómitos, náuseas tardias, vómitos, vómitos, vómitos, índice de vida funcional e satisfação com o tratamento (P < 0,05). Conclusão: A acupuntura de gengibre e neiguan pode ajudar a melhorar a NVIQ em pacientes submetidos a quimioterapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupressure , Drug Therapy , Vomiting , Zingiber officinale , Nausea
15.
São Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 372-377, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377393

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Favipiravir is generally used in treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in Turkey. OBJECTIVE: To determine the side effects of favipiravir and whether it is a good treatment option. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study conducted in Atatürk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. METHODS: 357 patients who completed favipiravir treatment at the recommended dose were included. 37 patients with drug side effects and 320 patients without drug side effects were examined in two groups. RESULTS: Side effects were observed in 37 (10.36%) out of 357 patients using favipiravir. The most common side effect was liver dysfunction, in 26 (7.28%) of the patients. The following other side effects were also observed: diarrhea (1.4%), nausea (0.84%), abdominal pain (0.28%) and thrombocytopenia (0.28%). One patient (0.28%) presented both increased transaminases and nausea. CONCLUSION: In this study, it was determined that favipiravir may constitute an alternative for treating COVID-19 pneumonia given that its side effects are generally well tolerated and not serious.


Subject(s)
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/drug therapy , COVID-19/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Pyrazines , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Amides , SARS-CoV-2 , Nausea/chemically induced , Nausea/drug therapy
16.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 683-690, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940975

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of compound analgesia on ultra-pulsed fractional carbon dioxide laser (UFCL) treatment of post-burn hypertrophic s in children. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. From April 2018 to March 2020, 169 pediatric patients with post-burn hypertrophic s admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University were randomly divided into general anesthesia alone group (39 cases, 19 males and 20 females, aged 35 (21, 48) months), general anesthesia+lidocaine group (41 cases, 23 males and 18 females, aged 42 (22, 68) months), general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (41 cases, 25 males and 16 females, aged 38 (26, 52) months), and three-drug combination group with general anesthesia + lidocaine+ibuprofen suppository (48 cases, 25 males and 23 females, aged 42 (25, 60) months), and the pediatric patients in each group were treated with corresponding analgesic regimens when UFCL was used to treat s, and the pediatric patients were given comprehensive care throughout the treatment process. The pain degree of pediatric patients scar was evaluated by facial expression,legs,activity,cry,and consolability (FLACC) of children's pain behavior scale at 0 (immediately), 1, 2, and 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, respectively. At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia of postoperative pain assessment, the self-made analgesia satisfaction questionnaire was used to evaluate the satisfaction for the analgesic effect of the pediatric patients or their families, and the satisfaction rate was calculated. Within 2 h after the first operation, the occurrences of adverse reactions of the pediatric patients, such as nausea and vomiting, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, etc, were observed and recorded. Before the first treatment and 1 month after the last treatment, the Vancouver scar scale (VSS) was used to evaluate the pediatric patients scar, and the difference value between the two was calculated. Data were statistically analyzed with least significant difference test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, chi-square test and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: At 0 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of pediatric patients in general anesthesia+lidocaine group, general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group (P<0.01). The FLACC scores of the pediatric patients in anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01), and the FLACC score of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (P<0.01). At 1 and 2 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of pediatric patients in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were both significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group and general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01), and the FLACC score of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (P<0.01). At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of the pediatric patients in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group and general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01). At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the satisfactions rate with the analgesic effect in the four groups of pediatric patients or their families were 79.49% (31/39), 85.37% (35/41), 87.80% (36/41), and 97.92% (47/48), respectively. The satisfaction rate of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly higher than those in general anesthesia alone group, general anesthesia+lidocaine group, general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group. Within 2 h after the first operation, there was no significant difference in the overall comparison of adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting, headache, dizziness, and drowsiness of pediatric patients among the 4 groups (P>0.05). The VSS scores of pediatric patients before the first treatment, 1 month after the last treatment, and and the difference value between the two in the 4 groups were not significantly different (P>0.05). Conclusions: Three-drug combination for analgesia has a good effect in the treatment of hypertrophic scars after burn in pediatric patients with UFCL. Pediatric patients or their families are highly satisfied with the effect, and the treatment effect and incidence of adverse reactions are similar to other analgesic regimens, so it is recommended to be promoted in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Analgesia , Analgesics , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/pathology , Dizziness/drug therapy , Headache/drug therapy , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Lasers, Gas/therapeutic use , Lidocaine , Nausea/drug therapy , Pain/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting/drug therapy
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 369-375, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936161

ABSTRACT

Pituitary immune-related adverse events induced by programmed cell death protein 1 inhibitors in advanced lung cancer patients: A report of 3 cases SUMMARY Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) have been widely used in lung cancer treatment, but their immune-related adverse events (irAEs) require intensive attention. Pituitary irAEs, including hypophysitis and hypopituitarism, are commonly induced by cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 inhibitors, but rarely by PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. Isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH) deficiency (IAD) is a special subtype of pituitary irAEs, without any other pituitary hormone dysfunction, and with no enlargement of pituitary gland, either. Here, we described three patients with advanced lung cancer who developed IAD and other irAEs, after PD-1 inhibitor treatment. Case 1 was a 68-year-old male diagnosed with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with high expression of PD-L1. He was treated with pembrolizumab monotherapy, and developed immune-related hepatitis, which was cured by high-dose methylprednisolone [0.5-1.0 mg/(kg·d)]. Eleven months later, the patient was diagnosed with primary gastric adenocarcinoma, and was treated with apatinib, in addition to pembrolizumab. After 17 doses of pembrolizumab, he developed severe nausea and asthenia, when methylprednisolone had been stopped for 10 months. His blood tests showed severe hyponatremia (121 mmol/L, reference 137-147 mmol/L, the same below), low levels of 8:00 a.m. cortisol (< 1 μg/dL, reference 5-25 μg/dL, the same below) and ACTH (2.2 ng/L, reference 7.2-63.3 ng/L, the same below), and normal thyroid function, sex hormone and prolactin. Meanwhile, both his lung cancer and gastric cancer remained under good control. Case 2 was a 66-year-old male with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma, who was treated with a new PD-1 inhibitor, HX008, combined with chemotherapy (clinical trial number: CTR20202387). After 5 months of treatment (7 doses in total), his cancer exhibited partial response, but his nausea and vomiting suddenly exacerbated, with mild dyspnea and weakness in his lower limbs. His blood tests showed mild hyponatremia (135 mmol/L), low levels of 8:00 a.m. cortisol (4.3 μg/dL) and ACTH (1.5 ng/L), and normal thyroid function. His thoracic computed tomography revealed moderate immune-related pneumonitis simultaneously. Case 3 was a 63-year-old male with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma. He was treated with first-line sintilimab combined with chemotherapy, which resulted in partial response, with mild immune-related rash. His cancer progressed after 5 cycles of treatment, and sintilimab was discontinued. Six months later, he developed asymptomatic hypoadrenocorticism, with low level of cortisol (1.5 μg/dL) at 8:00 a.m. and unresponsive ACTH (8.0 ng/L). After being rechallenged with another PD-1 inhibitor, teslelizumab, combined with chemotherapy, he had pulmonary infection, persistent low-grade fever, moderate asthenia, and severe hyponatremia (116 mmol/L). Meanwhile, his blood levels of 8:00 a.m. cortisol and ACTH were 3.1 μg/dL and 7.2 ng/L, respectively, with normal thyroid function, sex hormone and prolactin. All of the three patients had no headache or visual disturbance. Their pituitary magnetic resonance image showed no pituitary enlargement or stalk thickening, and no dynamic changes. They were all on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with prednisone (2.5-5.0 mg/d), and resumed the PD-1 inhibitor treatment when symptoms relieved. In particular, Case 2 started with high-dose prednisone [1 mg/(kg·d)] because of simultaneous immune-related pneumonitis, and then tapered it to the HRT dose. His cortisol and ACTH levels returned to and stayed normal. However, the other two patients' hypopituitarism did not recover. In summary, these cases demonstrated that the pituitary irAEs induced by PD-1 inhibitors could present as IAD, with a large time span of onset, non-specific clinical presentation, and different recovery patterns. Clinicians should monitor patients' pituitary hormone regularly, during and at least 6 months after PD-1 inhibitor treatment, especially in patients with good oncological response to the treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/drug therapy , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/therapeutic use , B7-H1 Antigen/therapeutic use , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , Hyponatremia/drug therapy , Hypopituitarism/drug therapy , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Nausea/drug therapy , Pituitary Gland/pathology , Pneumonia , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/therapeutic use , Prolactin/therapeutic use
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 595-602, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (GID) of gastric cancer with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for postoperative GID of gastric cancer were retrieved from the following databases from the time of database establishment to December 31, 2020, including PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and China Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed). RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Using Stata16.0 software, sensitivity analysis and publication bias test were performed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 RCTs were included finally, including 1 360 patients, of which, there were 681 cases in the intervention group and 679 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of first flatus (P<0.000 01, MD =-14.52, 95%CI = [-17.31, -11.74]), the time of first bowel sound (P<0.000 01, MD =-10.50, 95%CI =[-13.99, -7.01]) and the time of first defecation (P<0.000 1, MD =-13.79, 95%CI =[-20.09, -7.50]). Meanwhile, acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of the first food intake (P<0.000 1, MD =-3.23, 95%CI = [-3.45, -3.00]) and the hospital stay (P<0.000 01, MD =-1.94, 95%CI =[-2.20, -1.69]) after gastric cancer operation, and reduced the incidences of postoperative adverse reactions, i.e. nausea and vomiting (P =0.000 3, RR =0.43, 95%CI =[0.28, 0.68]) and abdominal distention (P =0.000 5, RR =0.41, 95%CI =[0.25, 0.68]).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion can promote the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function in the patients with gastric cancer. But, for the comparison among different measures of acupuncture and moxibustion intervention, it needs more high-quality trials for a further verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Moxibustion/methods , Nausea , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Vomiting
19.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(1)jan./fev./mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370558

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia acometem cerca de 70-80% dos pacientes com câncer. Assim, é importante a utilização de um instrumento para avaliar melhor esses sintomas, visando a um tratamento mais adequado. Objetivo: Traduzir e adaptar culturalmente a escala Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis para o contexto brasileiro. Método: Estudo correlacional do tipo survey, com tradução e adaptação cultural da escala segundo o protocolo da European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer ­ Quality of Life Group (EORTC-QLG). A amostra foi constituída por 160 pacientes em tratamento quimioterápico em uma clínica de oncologia. No processo de validação, realizaram-se análises de correlação multimétodos entre os itens da escala Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis e os escores das escalas visuais numéricas de náusea e vômito com nível de p<0,05. Resultados: O autor da escala autorizou a tradução. A escala Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis e as escalas numéricas apresentaram correlações significativas (p<0,01; p<0,05), sendo que os itens que apresentaram correlação mais forte das escalas numéricas foram os que se referiram à avaliação de náusea e vômito pós-quimioterapia. Já os itens destinados à avaliação desses sintomas no momento pré-quimioterapia e ao uso da medicação antiemética e sua eficácia apresentaram associações fracas com as escalas numéricas. Conclusão: A escala Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesisapresentou-se adequada para a avaliação de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia no contexto brasileiro


Introduction: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting affects nearly 70-80% of patients with cancer. To achieve a better treatment it is important to utilize an adequate instrument to assess these symptoms. Objective:To translate and culturally adapt the Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis Scale to the Brazilian context. Method: Survey and correlational study, with the translation and cultural adaptation of the scale according to the protocol of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer ­ Quality of Life Group (EORTC-QLG). The sample consisted of 160 patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment in an oncology clinic. In the validation process, multimethod correlation analyses were carried out among the items of the Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis Scale items and the scores of the numerical visual scales of nausea and vomits at the level of p<0.05. Results: The author of the scale approved the translation process. The Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis scale and the numerical scales presented significant correlations (p<0.01; p<0.05), considering that the items presenting stronger correlation with the numerical scales were those addressing post-chemotherapy assessment of nausea and vomit. On the other hand, the items for pre-chemotherapy assessment of these symptoms and use of the antiemetic drugs and their efficacy presented weak associations with the numerical scales. Conclusion: The Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis scale was adequate for the assessment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in the Brazilian context


Introducción: Las náuseas y vómitos inducidos por la quimioterapia afectan aproximadamente al 70-80% de los pacientes con cáncer. Por lo tanto, es importante utilizar un instrumento para evaluar mejor estos síntomas, con el objetivo de un tratamiento más adecuado. Objetivo: Traducir y adaptar culturalmente la escala de Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesisal contexto brasileño. Método: Estudio correlativo del tipo de encuesta, con la traducción y adaptación cultural de la escala según el protocolo de la European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer ­ Quality of Life Group (EORTC-QLG). La muestra consistió en 160 pacientes sometidos a quimioterapia en una clínica oncológica. En el proceso de validación, se realizaron análisis de correlación multimétodos entre los elementos de la escala de Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis y las puntuaciones de las escalas visuales numéricas de náuseas y vómitos con nivel de p<0,05. Resultados: El autor de la escala autorizó la traducción. La Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis y las escalas numéricas mostraron correlaciones significativas (p<0,01; p<0,05), y los elementos que presentaron una correlación más fuerte de las escalas numéricas fueron los que se refirieron a la evaluación de las náuseas y los vómitos después de la quimioterapia. Por otro lado, los elementos destinados a la evaluación de estos síntomas en el momento anterior a la quimioterapia y el uso de medicamentos antieméticos y su eficacia presentaron asociaciones débiles con escalas numéricas. Conclusión: La Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis fue adecuada para la evaluación de náuseas y vómitos inducidos por quimioterapia en el contexto brasileño


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vomiting , Validation Study , Drug Therapy , Medical Oncology , Nausea
20.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210515, 2022. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1406769

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to synthesize the evidence available in the literature on the effects of integrative and complementary practices in nausea and vomiting treatment in pregnant women. Method: a systematic review, reported according to PRISMA and registered in PROSPERO. The search for studies was carried out in 11 databases. To assess risk of bias in randomized clinical trials, the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool (RoB 2) was used. Results: the final sample consisted of 31 articles, divided into three categories: aromatherapy, phytotherapy and acupuncture. It was observed that aromatherapy with lemon essential oil, ginger capsules, pericardial 6 point acupressure were the interventions that proved to be effective. Less than half of studies reported adverse effects, with mild and transient symptoms predominating. Most articles were classified as "some concern" in risk of bias assessment. Conclusion: the three most effective interventions to control gestational nausea and vomiting were aromatherapy, herbal medicine and acupuncture, with significant results in the assessment of individual studies.


RESUMEN Objetivo: sintetizar las evidencias disponibles en la literatura sobre los efectos de las prácticas integradoras y complementarias en el tratamiento de náuseas y vómitos en gestantes. Método: revisión sistemática, reportada según PRISMA y registrada en PROSPERO. La búsqueda de estudios se realizó en 11 bases/bases de datos. Para evaluar el riesgo de sesgo en los ensayos clínicos aleatorios, se utilizó la herramienta Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool (RoB 2). Resultados: la muestra final estuvo compuesta por 31 artículos, divididos en tres categorías: aromaterapia, fitoterapia y acupuntura. Se observó que la aromaterapia con aceite esencial de limón, las cápsulas de jengibre, la acupresión en el punto 6 del pericardio fueron las intervenciones que demostraron ser efectivas. Menos de la mitad de los estudios reportaron efectos adversos, predominando los síntomas leves y transitorios. La mayoría de los artículos se clasificaron como "cierta preocupación" en la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo. Conclusión: las tres intervenciones más efectivas para controlar las náuseas y los vómitos gestacionales fueron la aromaterapia, la fitoterapia y la acupuntura, con resultados significativos en la evaluación de los estudios individuales.


RESUMO Objetivo: sintetizar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre os efeitos das práticas integrativas e complementares no tratamento de náusea e vômito em gestantes. Método: revisão sistemática, relatada conforme o PRISMA e registrada no PROSPERO. A busca pelos estudos foi realizada em 11 bases/bancos de dados. Para avaliação do risco de viés dos ensaios clínicos randomizados, utilizou-se a ferramenta Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool (RoB 2). Resultados: a amostra final foi composta por 31 artigos, divididos em três categorias: aromaterapia, fitoterapia e acupuntura. Observou-se que a aromaterapia com óleo essencial de limão, cápsulas de gengibre, acupressão no ponto pericárdio 6 foram as intervenções que se provaram eficazes. Menos da metade dos estudos relatou efeitos adversos, sendo que predominaram sintomas de leve intensidade e transitórios. A maioria dos artigos foi classificada como "alguma preocupação" na avaliação do risco de viés. Conclusão as três intervenções mais eficazes para controle de náusea e vômito gestacional foram aromaterapia, fitoterapia e acupuntura, com resultados significativos na avaliação dos estudos individuais.


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies , Pregnancy , Nausea , Vomiting , Systematic Review
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