Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.044
Filter
2.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(4): 451-459, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013810

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Evaluar el consumo de bebidas y la cantidad ingerida durante el día, reviste importancia para los profesionales de la salud, quienes participan en la educación y diseño de políticas en alimentación y nutrición, relacionadas con el bienestar de la comunidad. El objetivo del estudio fue comparar entre sexos, el gusto por el consumo de diferentes tipos de bebidas y la cantidad consumida por día. El estudio se realizó en una muestra representativa de los habitantes de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, entre los 18 y 50 años de edad. Se utilizó análisis multivariado de la varianza (MANOVA) con contraste canónico de tipo ortogonal, análisis de correspondencia múltiple con clasificación jerárquica indexada, análisis de frecuencias unidimensional y bidimensional. Se detectó diferencia significativa entre sexos en el gusto por consumir bebidas aromáticas y gaseosas dietéticas (p< 0.05), no se detectó diferencia (p> 0.05) en la cantidad de líquido consumido al día según sexo. La principal conclusión radica en que a más del 80% de los indagados les gusta consumir agua de manera frecuente, afirman conocer las recomendaciones de consumo de este líquido al día y los beneficios que aportan para el mantenimiento de la salud. El tamaño de la muestra utilizado fue de 322 personas.


ABSTRACT Evaluating daily beverage consumption is important for health professionals who participate in education and policy design related to food, nutrition, and community welfare. The objective of the study was to compare, between sexes, the preference for the consumption of different types of drinks and daily consumption. A study with a representative sample of the inhabitants of the city of Medellín, Colombia, between 18 and 50 years of age, was conducted. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) with orthogonal canonical contrast, multiple correspondence analysis with hierarchical indexed classification, and one-dimensional and two-dimensional frequency analysis was used. A significant difference between sexes was detected in the taste for consuming aromatic beverages and diet sodas (p<0.05), no difference was detected (p>0.05) in daily consumption of liquid according to sex. The main conclusion was that more than 80% of respondents liked to consume water on a frequent basis, reported knowing the recommendations for daily consumption of this liquid and the benefits it provided for maintaining health. The sample size was 322 persons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbonated Beverages , Colombia , Drinking , Feeding Behavior , Nutrition Surveys , Cross-Sectional Studies , Healthy Diet
3.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(4): 477-484, ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013813

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Validar instrumentos de medición de datos es fundamental para constituir conocimiento certero y objetivo respecto a los hábitos en ingesta alimentaria. El artículo pretende adaptar y validar para el contexto de educación superior un cuestionario que originalmente es de atención primaria, y que se transforme en un insumo válido para medir hábitos alimentarios en estudiantes universitarios. Basados en un cuestionario validado por Pino, Díaz y López en el 2011, se ajustaron las preguntas para un contexto de educación terciaria. El instrumento se aplicó a una muestra estratificada de 405 estudiantes de pregrado de una universidad perteneciente al Consejo de Rectores de Chile (CRUCH) de la región del Maule. Los datos fueron procesados mediante el paquete estadístico SPSS 20, y contó con los respectivos resguardos éticos mediante consentimiento informado firmado. Siguiendo los pertinentes análisis estadísticos para la validación del instrumento, podemos dar cuenta de un cuestionario confiable y aceptable (α= 0,815), estableciéndose 10 dimensiones con 35 preguntas. Se concluye un instrumento válido y adaptado para ser aplicado en estudiantes con el fin de identificar sus hábitos alimentarios en educación superior.


ABSTRACT Validating data measurement instruments is essential to establish accurate and objective knowledge regarding dietary habits. This article aims to adapt and validate a questionnaire to measure dietary habits originally designed for the primary care setting for use in the context of higher education. Based on a questionnaire validated by Pino, Díaz and López in 2011, the questions were adjusted for a tertiary education context. The instrument was applied to a sample of 405 undergraduate students of a university belonging to the Council of Rectors of Chile (CRUCH) of the Maule region, stratified by college year. Data were analysed using SPSS 20; signed informed consent was obtained. Following the relevant statistical analysis for the validation of an instrument, 10 dimensions with 35 questions were established. Results indicated that the instrument is trustworthy and acceptable (α= 0.815). We conclude that the instrument is a valid adaptation and can be applied to higher education students in order to identify their eating habits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chile , Nutrition Surveys , Education, Higher , Validation Studies as Topic , Feeding Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 19(2): 275-283, Apr.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013141

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to investigate the relationship between the Diet Quality Index Adapted for Pregnant Women (IQDAG) and excess maternal body weight. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted with 754 adult pregnant women, in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, between 2011 and 2012. The criteria proposed by Atalah were used to classify the body mass index (BMI). Adjusted multinomial logistic regression models were employed to investigate the relationship between the IQDAG and being overweight and obese, estimating the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI95%). Results: the mean (SD) age of women was 28 (5) years, 33.4% were overweight and 25.6% obese. The pregnant women with higher scores in the IQDAG were less likely to be overweight [OR= 0.56 (CI95% = 0.37-0.85)] or obese [0.43 (0.26-0.71)]; those with higher scores in the "Fiber" [0.51 (0.33; 0.78)] and "Iron" [0.62 (0.40-0.96)] components were less likely to be overweight. However, women with higher scores in the percentage of energy from ultra-processed foods were more likely to be overweight [1.72 (1.10-2.94)] or obese [5.24 (2.80-9.80)], when compared to women with lower scores. Conclusions: poorer quality maternal diets were observed among the women who were overweight and obese during pregnancy.


Resumo Objetivos: investigar a relação entre o Índice de Qualidade da Dieta Adaptado para Gestantes (IQDAG) e o excesso de peso materno. Métodos: estudo transversal conduzido entre 754 gestantes adultas em Ribeirão Preto, SP, entre 2011 e 2012. Os critérios propostos por Atalah foram empregados para a classificação do índice de massa corporal (IMC). Modelos de regressão logística multinomial ajustados foram utilizados para investigar a relação da pontuação do IQDAG com o sobrepeso e obesidade, estimando-se o odds ratio (OR) e seu intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: a média (DP) de idade das mulheres foi de 28 (5) anos, 33,4% e 25,6% eram portadoras de sobrepeso e obesidade, respectivamente. As gestantes com maior pontuação do IQDAG apresentaram menor chance de sobrepeso [OR= 0,56 (IC95%= 0,37-0,85)] e obesidade [0,43 (0,26-0,71)]; as com maior pontuação para os componentes "Fibras" [0,51 (0,33-0,78)] e "Ferro" [0,62 (0,40-0,96)] apresentaram menor chance de sobrepeso. Em contrapartida, mulheres com maior pontuação para o percentual do valor energético proveniente dos alimentos ultraprocessados apresentaram maior chance de sobrepeso [1,72 (1,10-2,94)] e obesidade [5,24 (2,80-9,80)], quando comparadas com as mulheres com menor pontuação. Conclusões: pior qualidade da dieta materna foi observada entre as mulheres portadoras de sobrepeso e obesidade no período gestacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Nutrition Surveys , Overweight/complications , Maternal Nutrition , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Maternal and Child Health , Industrialized Foods , Obesity/complications
5.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(2): 113-120, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1003683

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo de este artículo fue caracterizar y describir la estructura socio-demográfica de los eventos alimentarios efectuados por adultos en Santiago de Chile. A partir de datos de la Encuesta de Comensalidad en Adultos de la Región Metropolitana y de un análisis estadístico descriptivo, se observó que la gran mayoría de los encuestados declara tomar desayuno (94,4%) y almuerzo (93,5), mientras que 56,9% toma once y sólo un 39,4% de la muestra declara comer al menos un snack durante el día. El consumo de estos distintos tipos de comidas se diferenció según variables socio-demográficas. A su vez se identificó que los adultos declararon mayormente comidas estructuradas, realizadas en "lugares para comer", en compañía y con una implantación horaria importante. Este artículo contribuye a la discusión sobre la modernidad alimentaria, mostrando evidencia en contra de esta teoría según la cual habría una disminución de las regulaciones sociales que pesan sobre la alimentación.


ABSTRACT The objective of this article was to characterize and describe the socio-demographic structure of eating events carried out by adults in Santiago, Chile. Based on data from the Survey of Commensality in Adults of the Metropolitan Region and a descriptive statistical analysis, it was observed that the majority of adults report eating breakfast (94.4%) and lunch (93.5%), while only 56.9% have a teatime and 39.4 % declare eat snacks in the day. Eating these different types of meals differed according to socio-demographic variables. In addition, it was observed that adults report having structured meals, in places designated for eating, with others during specific times. This article contributes to the discussion on alimentary modernity, showing evidence against this theory according to which there would be a decrease in social regulations that influence eating habits.


Subject(s)
Social Behavior , Nutrition Surveys , Adult , Feeding Behavior , Meals , Sociological Factors , Chile
6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(1): 18-23, feb. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-985389

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Analizar la opinión de los adolescentes sobre alimentos saludables y no saludables. Estudio transversal con adolescentes de escuelas públicas y privadas. Métodos. La muestra se estratificó en tres etapas: escuela, clase y alumno, resultando en 1507 adolescentes estudiados. Los adolescentes respondieron sobre alimentos saludables y no saludables. Resultados: 995 adolescentes respondieron al cuestionario de forma completa. Los adolescentes concordaron con los beneficios de las frutas para la salud. Hubo discordancia entre las respuestas de los estudiantes de escuelas públicas y privadas sobre los maleficios de los saladitos ultraprocesados y las papas fritas para la salud; estudiantes de la red privada de enseñanza, así como del sexo femenino concordaron que las gaseosas ayudan a engordar y provocan obesidad, mientras que los de la red pública discreparon; adolescentes de escuelas privadas, de sexo femenino y grupo de edad de 15 a 17 años discreparon que carnes rojas y grasas protegen contra enfermedades del corazón. Conclusión: Los adolescentes de las escuelas de la red privada de enseñanza parecen presentar una mejor percepción acerca de los refrescos y carnes y sus maleficios a la salud, como aquellos que presentaron la mayor edad y del sexo femenino.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze adolescents' opinion on healthy and unhealthy foods. We conducted a cross-sectional study involving adolescents from public and private schools. Methods: The sample was stratified in three stages: school, class and student, resulting in 1507 surveyed adolescents. The adolescents answered questions on healthy and unhealthy foods. Results: A total of 995 adolescents answered the questionnaire and were considered for analysis. By and large, adolescents agreed on the benefits of fruits for health. There was disagreement between responses of public versus private school students with regard to the health risks of processed salty snacks and French fries; private school students, as well as females, agreed that soft drinks contribute to weight gain and obesity, while those belonging to the public schools disagreed; adolescents from private schools, female and adolescents aged 15 to 17 years disagreed that red and fatty meats protect against heart diseases. Conclusion: Adolescents from private versus public schools, females compared to males, and who were older demonstrated a better understanding of the negative health effects of soft drinks and meat consumption


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutrition Surveys , Adolescent , Whole Foods , Healthy Diet , Schools
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740559

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Management of the metabolic risk factors in diabetes patients is essential for preventing or delaying diabetic complications. This study compared the levels of the metabolic risk factors in diabetes patients according to the income levels, and examined the secular trends in recent decades. METHODS: The data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998 ~ 2014 were used. The diabetes patients were divided into three groups based on their household income levels. General information was obtained through self-administered questionnaires, and the blood biomarkers and blood pressure data were obtained from a health examination. Multivariable linear regression models were used to compare the metabolic biomarker levels according to the household income levels, adjusting for potential confounding factors. RESULTS: The fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, and blood lipid (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglyceride) levels were similar in the three groups. During the survey period of 16 years, the blood pressure showed a significant decreasing trend with time in all groups (p < 0.001). In contrast, the fasting blood glucose (p = 0.004), total cholesterol (p < 0.001), and LDL-cholesterol levels (p = 0.007) decreased significantly, and the HDL-cholesterol level (p < 0.001) increased significantly in the highest-income groups. In the lowest-income group, the fasting blood glucose (p = 0.02), total cholesterol (p < 0.001), and triglyceride (p = 0.003) levels showed a significant decreasing trend over time. On the other hand, the middle-income group showed no significant change in any of the metabolic risk factors except for blood pressure. CONCLUSION: The level of management of metabolic risk factors according to the income level of Korean diabetes patients was similar. On the other hand, the highest- and lowest-income groups showed positive trends of management of these factors during 16 years of observation, whereas the middle-income group did not show any improvement.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Cholesterol , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Family Characteristics , Fasting , Hand , Humans , Korea , Linear Models , Lipoproteins , Nutrition Surveys , Risk Factors , Triglycerides
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740558

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the nutrient intake and dietary habits based on breakfast consumption in Korean adolescents. METHODS: The data of the 2013 ~ 2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were used in this study. The analysis included 1,281 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. The subjects were divided into two groups (EBF: eating breakfast, n = 911; SBF: skipping breakfast, n = 370). RESULTS: The EBF group was significantly younger than the SBF group. In addition, the EBF group had a significantly lower frequency of skipping dinner than the SBF group. The EBF group consumed significantly higher levels of most nutrients except for vitamin A than the SBF group. The percent of nutrient intake under the EAR (estimated average requirements) in the EBF group were also significantly lower than that in the SBF group. Moreover, the NAR (nutrient adequacy ratio) and MAR (mean adequacy ratio) of the EBF group were significantly higher than those of the SBP group. The intake of cereal, sugars and sweeteners, vegetables, and eggs in the EBF group was significantly higher than that in the SBF group. CONCLUSION: The habit of skipping breakfast in adolescents leads to a decrease in the total nutrient intake and imbalanced dietary habits. Breakfast consumption in adolescence is very important. Therefore, more studies will be needed to develop nutrition education systematically in Korean adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Breakfast , Carbohydrates , Ear , Eating , Edible Grain , Education , Eggs , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Korea , Meals , Nutrition Surveys , Ovum , Sweetening Agents , Vegetables , Vitamin A
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740557

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between caffeine intake and metabolic syndrome in Korean adults using the 2013 ~ 2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (KNHANES). METHODS: The caffeine database (DB) developed by Food and Drug Safety Assessment Agency in 2014 was used to estimate the caffeine consumption. The food and beverage consumption of the 24 hr recall data of 2013 ~ 2016 KNHANES were matched to items in the caffeine DB and the daily caffeine intakes of the individuals were calculated. The sample was limited to non-pregnant healthy adults aged 19 years and older, who were not taking any medication for disease treatment. RESULTS: The average daily caffeine intake was 41.97 mg, and the daily intake of caffeine of 97% of the participants was from coffee, teas, soft drinks, and other beverages. Multivariate analysis showed that the caffeine intake did not affect metabolic syndrome, hypertension, low HDL-cholesterol, and abdominal obesity. Diabetes and hypertriglyceridemia, however, were 0.76 (95% CI: 0.63 ~ 0.93), and 0.87 (95% CI: 0.77 ~ 0.98) in third quintile (Q3), and 0.66 (95% CI: 0.53 ~ 0.82) and 0.83 (95% CI: 0.73 ~ 0.94) in fourth quintile (Q4) compared to Q1, respectively. Therefore, caffeine intake of 3.66 ~ 45.81 mg per day is related to a lower risk of diabetes and hypertriglyceridemia. CONCLUSION: The study showed that adequate caffeine intake (approximately 45 mg) was associated with a lower prevalence of diabetes and hypertriglyceridemia. Therefore, it can be used as a guideline for the adequate level of caffeine intake for maintaining health.


Subject(s)
Adult , Beverages , Caffeine , Carbonated Beverages , Coffee , Humans , Hypertension , Hypertriglyceridemia , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity, Abdominal , Prevalence , Tea
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740549

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the food and nutrient intake of Korean elderly according to the anxiety and depressive condition using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES) from 2013 to 2015. METHODS: The participants were 3,504 elderly people over 65 years of age (1,523 in men and, 1,981 in women). The dietary information was analyzed using the 24-hour recall data. The anxiety and depressive state was assessed using the self-reported scale EQ-5D in the quality of life dimension. The subjects were divided into the anxiety · depression group (AD) and non-anxiety · depression group (NAD) according to their anxiety and depressive conditions. RESULTS: In the male elderly, the AD group had a significantly lower education and economic level and higher proportion in living alone than the NAD group. The percentage of eating lunch and dinner alone in the male AD group was higher than that of the NAD group. The female AD group showed less a lower frequency of dinner than the NAD group. The male AD group had a lower consumption of total foods, fish and shellfishes, seaweeds, mushrooms, oils and fats, and seasonings than the NAD group. With regard to the nutrient intake, the male elderly NAD group had more sufficient nutrient intakes than the AD group. In particular, the daily intakes of dietary fiber, riboflavin, niacin, potassium and iron were significantly lower in the AD group. To compare with the nutrient density of the two groups, the vitamin C and niacin intakes were lower in the AD group than in the NAD group. Overall, the nutritional status of the male AD group was significantly lower than that of the NAD group. Meanwhile, the female elderly had showed a smaller difference in nutrient intake according to their anxiety and depressive condition. CONCLUSION: These results of this study show that more nutritional education and emotional support are needed to improve the nutritional status and health of the male elderly with anxiety or depression.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Aged , Anxiety , Ascorbic Acid , Depression , Dietary Fiber , Eating , Education , Fats , Female , Humans , Iron , Korea , Lunch , Male , Meals , NAD , Niacin , Nutrition Surveys , Nutritional Status , Oils , Potassium , Quality of Life , Riboflavin , Seasons , Shellfish
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740548

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the dietary life and nutritional status of Korean elementary school students according to breakfast frequency and to clarify the relationship between breakfast frequency of elementary school students and parental dietary and social environmental factors. METHODS: This study used data from the 2013 ~ 2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI). The subjects were 1,325 elementary school students aged 6 to 11 years old. Subjects were categorized into two groups: a skipping breakfast group (ate breakfast 0 ~ 4 times per week), eating breakfast group (ate breakfast 5 ~ 7 times per week) by sex and grade (lower grade: 1st ~ 3rd/upper grade: 4 th ~ 6 th). RESULTS: Among upper grade boys and girls, the skipping breakfast group had a higher rate of childhood obesity than the eating breakfast group. In lower grade boys, the mothers of the skipping breakfast group had higher rates of economic activity and eating breakfast alone without family members than the mothers of the eating breakfast group. For lower grade boys and girls and upper grade boys, the skipping breakfast group had a higher rate of parents who did not eat breakfast than the eating breakfast group. The energy intake of the breakfast consumed by all subjects was less than 25% of the Estimated Energy Requirements (EER). Moreover, for upper grade boys and girls, the skipping breakfast group had a higher rate of subjects whose daily intake was below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for iron than the eating breakfast group. CONCLUSION: Breakfast frequency of elementary school students was related to childhood obesity. The frequency of eating breakfast among elementary school students was related to the dietary life factors of parents such as breakfast frequency and dietary condition. Intake for breakfast was less than 25% of the EER, while the skipping breakfast group had a higher rate of subjects whose daily intake was below the EAR for iron than the eating breakfast group. Therefore, it is necessary to consider diverse forms of policy support such as opening nutrition education programs for parents and practicing morning meals at school for elementary school students to provide regular and balanced breakfasts.


Subject(s)
Breakfast , Ear , Eating , Education , Energy Intake , Female , Humans , Iron , Korea , Mothers , Nutrition Surveys , Nutritional Status , Parents , Pediatric Obesity , Social Environment
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740546

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined dietary and health characteristics of the young-old and the old-old by food security status. METHODS: The study used data from the 6th (2013 ~ 2015) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The study subjects consisted of 3,948 subjects, of whom 2,445 were the young-old (aged 65 to 74 years) and 1,503 were the old-old (aged 75 years and over). Food security status was evaluated using an 18-item questionnaire. Energy intake, nutrient densities, and prevalence of insufficient nutrient intake were assessed. Food intake was evaluated in terms of the number of food group servings. Dietary behaviors and health status were also assessed. RESULTS: The prevalence of food insecurity among the young-old and the old-old was 10.0% and 11.6%, respectively. Among the young-old, the food insecure group had a significantly higher level of prevalence of insufficient intake for all the nutrients (protein, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C, calcium, phosphorous, and iron) assessed in this study compared with the food secure group. In case of the old-old, significant differences were found only for four nutrients (protein, riboflavin, niacin, and phosphorus) in the prevalence of insufficient nutrient intake between the food secure and the food insecure groups. Kinds of food groups with significantly different numbers of servings by food security status were dissimilar between the two age groups. In both the age groups, the food insecure group consumed a significantly lower number of servings in meat·fish·eggs·legumes and fruits than the food secure group; grains and vegetables intake in the young-old and oils·sweets intake in the old-old differed in the number of servings by food security status. Among the young-old, the prevalence of chewing difficulties in the food insecure group was significantly higher than that of the food secure group, while among the old-old, no significant differences were found by food security status. CONCLUSION: Dietary and health characteristics of the young-old and the old-old differed by food security status. Such differences were more apparent in the young-old than the old-old. Therefore, it is suggested that food and nutrition assistant programs should be designed with consideration of the differences.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Diet , Eating , Energy Intake , Food Supply , Fruit , Humans , Korea , Mastication , Niacin , Nutrition Surveys , Prevalence , Riboflavin , Vegetables , Vitamin A
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740478

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The health condition of old age is affected by various factors such as economic level, disease condition, and nutrition. With the aging population in Korea, the ratio of single-person households increased rapidly. Research on the health status and nutrition of the elderly in the single-person household is very insufficient. In this study, we compared the health and nutritional status of the elderly by the household type. METHODS: Data from the 2013 to 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. A total of 2,730 patients were classified into 2 groups (single-person, with family), and general, chronic disease, health behavior, nutrient intake, and food insecurity status were compared by the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Single-person households had a low economic and educational level and a higher percentage of women. In addition, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, stroke, myocardial infarction disease rate was significantly higher. Sing-person households answered that their subjective health status was bad, and their quality of life was low. As a result of analysis of the quality of the diet in the single-person, the intake of protein, calcium, iron, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin C was significantly lower. In particular, the intake of calcium was the most insufficient. Food insecurity has also been observed, including the inability to consume diverse and sufficient foods due to economic difficulties. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to the health of single-person households in elderly population and various policies should be prepared.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Chronic Disease , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Diet , Dyslipidemias , Family Characteristics , Female , Food Supply , Health Behavior , Humans , Hypertension , Iron , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Niacin , Nutrition Surveys , Nutritional Status , Obesity , Quality of Life , Riboflavin , Single Person , Stroke
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740355

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze risk factors for positional vertigo (PV) and the influence thereof on daily life and subjective quality-of-life (QoL). SUBJECT ANDMETHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data of the 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The study population consisted of 1,274 individuals aged >40 years for whom complete dizziness-related data were available. Blood and urine tests were performed, and nutritional intake, QoL, and subjective health status were measured using a questionnaire. The associations between PV and blood/urine test data and nutritional intake were evaluated via multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A history of PV within the previous year was reported by 98 individuals (7.7%). Advanced age and female gender were both significantly associated with such a history. Serum hemoglobin, creatinine, and triglyceride levels correlated significantly with a history of PV. Carotene, vitamin A, and vitamin B2 intakes were significantly lower in individuals with PV. Multivariate analysis revealed that only age was significantly associated with a history of PV (p=0.003). Although subjective health status score was not significantly lower in subjects with PV, subjective impairments in mobility, self-care, the performance of usual activities, and anxiety/depression were more prominent in individuals with PV. A fall history and limitations of activity were also significantly higher in individuals with PV (p < 0.001 and p=0.003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Age was a risk factor for PV, which affected most QoL parameters, fall frequency, and the performance of normal activities.


Subject(s)
Carotenoids , Creatinine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Dizziness , Female , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Nutrition Surveys , Riboflavin , Risk Factors , Self Care , Triglycerides , Vertigo , Vitamin A
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739804

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has been recommended as a diagnostic test for prediabetes and diabetes. Here, we evaluated the level of agreement between diagnoses based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) versus HbA1c levels and determined optimal HbA1c cutoff values for these diseases in youth and young adults. METHODS: The study included 7,332 subjects (n=4,129, aged 10 to 19 years in youth group; and n=3,203 aged 20 to 29 years in young adult group) from the 2011 to 2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Prediabetes and diabetes were defined as 100 to 125 mg/dL (impaired fasting glucose [IFG]) and ≥126 mg/dL for FPG (diabetes mellitus [DM] by FPG [DMFPG]), and 5.7% to 6.4% and ≥6.5% for HbA1c, respectively. RESULTS: In the youth group, 32.5% with IFG had an HbA1c level of 5.7% to 6.4%, and 72.2% with DMFPG had an HbA1c ≥6.5%. In the young adult group, 27.5% with IFG had an HbA1c level of 5.7% to 6.4%, and 66.6% with DMFPG had an HbA1c ≥6.5%. Kappa coefficients for agreement between the FPG and HbA1c results were 0.12 for the youth group and 0.19 for the young adult group. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the optimal HbA1c cutoff for IFG and DMFPG were 5.6% and 5.9% in youths and 5.5% and 5.8% in young adults, respectively. CONCLUSION: Usefulness of HbA1c for diagnosis of IFG and DMFPG in Koreans aged <30 years remains to be determined due to discrepancies between the results of glucose- and HbA1c-based tests. Additional testing might be warranted at lower HbA1c levels to detect IFG and DMFPG in this age group.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Fasting , Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Korea , Nutrition Surveys , Plasma , Prediabetic State , ROC Curve , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739794

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) are increasingly used as substitutes for bisphenol A (BPA), an environmental obesogen. However, health effects of BPF and BPS remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated the associations of BPA, BPF, and BPS with obesity in children and adolescents. METHODS: We used data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 to 2014, a nationally representative study. We included 745 participants aged 6 to 17 years old. General obesity was defined based on the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention body mass index-for-age growth charts for the United States. Abdominal obesity was defined as waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5. RESULTS: After adjustment for demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors, and urinary creatinine levels, the odds ratio of general obesity comparing the highest with lowest quartile of urinary bisphenol levels was 1.74 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92 to 3.31) for BPA, 1.54 (95% CI, 1.02 to 2.32) for BPF, and 1.36 (95% CI, 0.53 to 3.51) for BPS. Moreover, the associations were stronger in boys than in girls for BPA and BPF. Similar results were observed for abdominal obesity. CONCLUSION: This study for the first time showed that exposure to BPF, a commonly used substitute for BPA, was positively associated with higher risk of obesity in children and adolescents. The association of BPA and BPF with general and abdominal obesity was primarily observed in boys, suggesting a possible sex difference. Further investigations on the underlying mechanisms are needed.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Creatinine , Female , Growth Charts , Humans , Life Style , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity , Obesity, Abdominal , Odds Ratio , Sex Characteristics , United States
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739792

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A number of studies have reported future prevalence estimates for diabetes mellitus (DM), but these studies have been limited for the Korean population. The present study aimed to construct a forecasting model that includes risk factors for type 2 DM using individual- and national-level data for Korean adults to produce prevalence estimates for the year 2030. METHODS: Time series data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and national statistics from 2005 to 2013 were used. The study subjects were 13,908 male and 18,697 female adults aged 30 years or older who were free of liver cirrhosis. Stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to select significant factors associated with DM prevalence. RESULTS: The results showed that survey year, age, sex, marital, educational, or occupational status, the presence of obesity or hypertension, smoking status, alcohol consumption, sleep duration, psychological distress or depression, and fertility rate significantly contributed to the 8-year trend in DM prevalence (P < 0.05). Based on sex-specific forecasting models that included the above factors, DM prevalence for the year 2030 was predicted to be 29.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 27.6% to 30.8%) in men and 19.7% (95% CI, 18.2% to 21.2%) in women. CONCLUSION: The present study projected a two-fold increase in the prevalence of DM in 2030 compared with that for the years 2013 and 2014 in Korean adults. Modifiable factors contributing to this increase in DM prevalence, such as obesity, smoking, and psychological factors, may require attention in order to reduce national and individual costs associated with DM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alcohol Drinking , Birth Rate , Depression , Diabetes Mellitus , Employment , Female , Forecasting , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Liver Cirrhosis , Logistic Models , Male , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity , Prevalence , Psychology , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740802

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was performed to analyze the levels of blood pressure and to identify good or poor blood pressure control (BPC) groups among hypertension patients. The study was based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI and VII) conducted from 2013 to 2016. METHODS: The sociodemographic and clinical data of 4,151 Korean hypertension patients aged 20-79 years and who were taking antihypertensive medications was extracted from the KNHANES VI and VII database. Descriptive statistics for complex samples and a decision-tree analysis were performed using the SPSS WIN 24.0 program. RESULTS: The mean age was 62.46±0.21 years. The mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 128.07±0.28mmHg, and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 76.99±0.21mmHg. 71.9% of participants showed normal blood pressure (SBP <140mmHg and DBP <90mmHg). From the decision-trees analysis, the characteristics of participants related to good BPC group were presented with 9 different pathways same as those from the poor BPC group. Good or poor BPC groups were classified according to the patients' characteristics such as age, living status, occupation, education, hypertension diagnosis period, numbers of comorbidity, perceived health status, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, alcohol drinking per month, and depressive mood. Total cholesterol level (<201mg/dL or ≥201mg/dL cutoff point) was the most significant predictor of the participants' BPC group. CONCLUSION: This decision-tree model with the 18 different pathways can form a basis for the screening of hypertension patients with good or poor BPC in either clinical or community settings.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Blood Pressure , Cholesterol , Comorbidity , Diagnosis , Education , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Mass Screening , Nutrition Surveys , Occupations
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In order to aid the development of practical oral health improvement programs for adults, this study examined whether a correlation exists between oral health indices assessed by experts and self-perceived oral health status. METHODS: Raw data from the second year (2013–2015) of the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Among those surveyed, adults over the age of 19 were designated as research subjects. RESULTS: The DT indices, prosthetics indices, and Community Periodontal indices were higher when the subjective oral health status was “Bad.” CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrated the consistency between subjective and objective oral health status. Thus, self-perceived oral health status is a reliable index to evaluate adult oral health projects for improving the quality of life of adults, improving their oral health, and evaluating future oral health services.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dental Caries , Dental Prosthesis , Humans , Korea , Nutrition Surveys , Oral Health , Periodontal Index , Quality of Life , Research Subjects
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-738869

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The definition of sarcopenia focuses on muscle mass and function. Sarcopenic obesity is the relative excess of fat tissue with decreased muscle mass. We examined the association between cigarette smoking and sarcopenia according to obesity in middle-aged and elderly Koreans. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 9,385 subjects (age ≥50 years) based on data from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2008–2011). Smoking groups were categorized by smoking status and the number of cigarettes smoked daily. Sarcopenia was defined as weight-adjusted appendicular skeletal muscle mass of 2 standard deviations below the sex-specific mean for young adults. Obesity was defined as fat mass ≥30% for men and ≥40% for women. Subjects were categorized into three groups: sarcopenic obese (SO), sarcopenic non-obese (SNO), and normal. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between smoking and SNO and SO. RESULTS: Among men, current smokers were more associated with SNO than never-smokers (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 3.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09–10.26). However, there was no significant association between smoking status and SNO in women or SO in either sex. Among current smokers, moderate smokers (11–20 cigarettes/d) were more likely to be SNO (adjusted OR, 5.81; 95% CI, 1.12–30.31) and heavy smokers (>20 cigarettes/d) were more likely to be SO (adjusted OR, 9.53; 95% CI, 1.65–55.01) than light smokers (<11 cigarettes/d). CONCLUSION: In men, smoking was positively associated with SNO, and heavy smokers were more likely to be SO than light smokers.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity , Odds Ratio , Sarcopenia , Smoke , Smoking , Tobacco Products , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL