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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 291-298, 20240220. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532631

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Una fístula es una conexión anormal entre dos superficies epitelizadas. Cerca del 80 % de las fístulas entero-cutáneas son de origen iatrogénico secundarias a cirugía, y un menor porcentaje se relacionan con traumatismos, malignidad, enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal o isquemia. La morbilidad y las complicaciones asociadas pueden ser significativas, como la desnutrición, en la que intervienen múltiples factores. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las bases de datos de PubMed, Google Scholar y SciELO, utilizando las palabras claves descritas y se seleccionaron los artículos más relevantes de los últimos años. Resultados. La clasificación de las fístulas se basa en su anatomía, su gasto o secreción diaria y su localización. Existe una tríada clásica de las complicaciones: sepsis, desnutrición y anomalías electrolíticas. El control del gasto de la fístula, el drenaje adecuado de las colecciones y la terapia antibiótica son claves en el manejo precoz de estos pacientes. Los estudios recientes hacen hincapié en que la sepsis asociada con la desnutrición son las principales causas de mortalidad. Conclusiones. Esta condición representa una de las complicaciones de más difícil y prolongado tratamiento en cirugía abdominal y colorrectal, y se relaciona con importantes tasas de morbilidad, mortalidad y altos costos para el sistema de salud. Es necesario un tratamiento multidisciplinario basado en la reanimación con líquidos, el control de la sepsis, el soporte nutricional y el cuidado de la herida, entre otros factores.


Introduction. A fistula is an abnormal connection between two epithelialized surfaces. About 80% of enterocutaneous fistulas are of iatrogenic origin secondary to surgery, and a smaller percentage are related to trauma, malignancy, inflammatory bowel disease or ischemia. The associated morbidity and complications can be significant, such as malnutrition, in which multiple factors intervene. Methods. A literature search was carried out in the PubMed, Google Scholar and SciELO databases using the keywords described and the most relevant articles from recent years were selected. Results. The classification of fistulas is based on their anatomy, their daily secretion output, and their location. There is a classic triad of complications: sepsis, malnutrition and electrolyte abnormalities. Control of fistula output, adequate drainage of the collections and antibiotic therapy are key to the early management of these patients. Recent studies emphasize that sepsis associated with malnutrition are the main causes of mortality. Conclusions. This condition represents one of the most difficult and prolonged complications to treat in abdominal and colorectal surgery, and is related to significant rates of morbidity, mortality and high costs for the health system. Multidisciplinary treatment based on fluid resuscitation, sepsis control, nutritional support, and wound care, among other factors, is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Cutaneous Fistula , Nutritional Status , Morbidity , Intestinal Fistula , Rectal Fistula
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 97-104, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007737

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria were published to build a global consensus on nutritional diagnosis. Reduced muscle mass is a phenotypic criterion with strong evidence to support its inclusion in the GLIM consensus criteria. However, there is no consensus regarding how to accurately measure and define reduced muscle mass in clinical settings. This study aimed to investigate the optimal reference values of skeletal muscle mass index for diagnosing sarcopenia and GLIM-defined malnutrition, as well as the prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition in hospitalized cirrhotic patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was conducted on 1002 adult patients with liver cirrhosis between January 1, 2018, and February 28, 2022, at Beijing You-An Hospital, Capital Medical University. Adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of liver cirrhosis and who underwent an abdominal computed tomography (CT) examination during hospitalization were included in the study. These patients were randomly divided into a modeling group (cohort 1, 667 patients) and a validation group (cohort 2, 335 patients). In cohort 1, optimal cut-off values of skeletal muscle index at the third lumbar skeletal muscle index (L3-SMI) were determined using receiver operating characteristic analyses against in-hospital mortality in different gender groups. Next, patients in cohort 2 were screened for nutritional risk using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002), and malnutrition was diagnosed by GLIM criteria. Additionally, the reference values of reduced muscle mass in GLIM criteria were derived from the L3-SMI values from cohort 1. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between GLIM-defined malnutrition and clinical outcomes.@*RESULTS@#The optimal cut-off values of L3-SMI were 39.50 cm 2 /m 2 for male patients and 33.06 cm 2 /m 2 for female patients. Based on the cut-off values, 31.63% (68/215) of the male patients and 23.3% (28/120) of the female patients had CT-determined sarcopenia in cohort 2. The prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition in cirrhotic patients was 34.3% (115/335) and GLIM-defined malnutrition was an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis ( Wald = 6.347, P  = 0.012).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study provided reference values for skeletal muscle mass index and the prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition in hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis. These reference values will contribute to applying the GLIM criteria in cirrhotic patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Leadership , Liver Cirrhosis , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia/diagnosis
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 2024. 165 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532074

ABSTRACT

Introdução - A gestação é o fator decisório para o crescimento e desenvolvimento da criança ao longo da vida, a qual pode haver problemas ocasionados, sobretudo, pelo tabagismo materno. O ato de fumar envolve a absorção de centenas de substâncias tóxicas que influencia desde o ventre até a fase adulta, no risco de desenvolver patologias como sobrepeso e obesidade. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional de filhos de mulheres fumantes na gestação e comparar com os filhos de mulheres não fumantes durante o primeiro ano de vida. Métodos: Estudo do tipo transversal incluído em estudo epidemiológico do tipo coorte (projeto FAPESP 2015/03333-6), realizado na cidade de Araraquara e região, envolvendo gestantes atendidas em 34 Unidades Básicas de Saúde e na Maternidade Municipal "Gota de Leite". As mulheres foram acompanhadas durante a gestação e posteriormente, os respectivos filhos também foram avaliados até 12 meses de idade (binômio mãe fumante-filho: 55 e binômio mãe não fumante-filho: 960). O estado nutricional das crianças foi avaliado pelo z-escore de IMC/idade. Todas as crianças foram avaliadas imediatamente após o nascimento, e no 1º, 3º, 6º 9º e 12 º mês. O teste qui- quadrado de Pearson e t de Student foram utilizados para comparar amostras as variáveis socioeconômicas e demográficas com a variável de interesse. Para avaliar a diferença do tempo segundo o z-escore do IMC/idade aos meses 1, 3, 6, 9 e 12 e a diferença intragrupos (fumou e não fumou) foi realizada análise de variância (ANOVA) com medidas repetidas, seguida de pós-teste de Sidak. Resultados: Verificou-se: 7,7% das mulheres fumaram na gestação; em relação à idade houve diferença estatística significante entre os grupos, apresentando-se em sua maioria entre 20 a 34 anos; quanto à escolaridade, os grupos apresentaram significância estatística, e boa parte tinham escolaridade entre 9 e 11 anos de estudo; a média de renda per capita no grupo de mães fumantes foi R$ 506,45 e no grupo de mães não fumantes foi R$ 770,22 (p<0,005). Quanto as características das crianças, a média de peso e comprimento ao nascer dos filhos de mães fumantes foi de 3096,70g e 48,12cm, respectivamente, e no grupo de filhos de mães não fumantes foi de 3285,63g e 49,30cm, respectivamente (p<0,005). Verificou-se que as médias de IMC/I z-escore entre os meses 1, 3, 6, 9 e 12 no grupo filhos de mães fumantes não houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p<0,143) e no grupo de filhos de mães não fumantes houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p<0,005); e na comparação intergrupos de médias de IMC/I z-escore não houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p<0,293). Conclusão: Dessa forma conclui-se que não houve associação entre o tabagismo materno na gestação e as médias de de IMC/I entre os meses 1, 3, 6, 9 e 12, nesta população.


Introduction - Pregnancy is a decisive factor for the child's growth and development throughout life, and there can be problems caused, above all, by maternal smoking. Smoking involves the absorption of hundreds of toxic substances that influence the risk of developing pathologies such as overweight and obesity, from the womb to adulthood. Objective: To assess the nutritional status of the children of women who smoke during pregnancy and compare this with the children of women who don't smoke during the first year of life. Methods: Cross-sectional study included in a cohort epidemiological study (FAPESP project 2015/03333-6), carried out in the city of Araraquara and region, involving pregnant women treated in 34 Basic Health Units and in the Municipal Maternity "Gota de Leite". The women were monitored during pregnancy and subsequently, their children were also evaluated up to 12 months of age (smoking mother-child binomial: 55 and non-smoking mother-child binomial: 960). The children's nutritional status was assessed using the BMI/age z-score. All children were evaluated immediately after birth, and at the 1st, 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th month. Pearson's chi-square test and Student's t test were used to compare socioeconomic and demographic variables with the variable of interest. To evaluate the time difference according to the BMI/age z-score at months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 and the intragroup difference (smoked and did not smoke), analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures was performed, followed by Sidak post-test. Results: It was found that 7.7% of the women had smoked during pregnancy; with regard to age, there was a statistically significant difference between the groups, most of whom were between 20 and 34 years old; with regard to schooling, the groups were statistically significant and most had between 9 and 11 years of schooling; the average per capita income in the group of mothers who smoked was R$ 506.45 and in the group of mothers who did not smoke was R$ 770.22 (p<0.005). As for the children's characteristics, the average birth weight and length of the children of smoking mothers was 3096.70g and 48.12cm, respectively, and in the group of children of non-smoking mothers it was 3285.63g and 49.30cm, respectively (p<0.005). The mean BMI/A z-score between months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 in the group of children of smoking mothers showed no statistically significant difference (p<0.143) and in the group of children of non-smoking mothers there was a statistically significant difference (p<0.005); and in the inter-group comparison of mean BMI/A z-score there was no statistically significant difference (p<0.293). Conclusion: It follows that there was no association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and the mean BMI/A between months 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Tobacco Use Disorder , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Overweight , Obesity
4.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 37: eAPE02062, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1533335

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os fatores associados ao ganho de peso interdialítico em usuários de serviços de hemodiálise em uma Região Metropolitana do Brasil. Métodos Estudo epidemiológico transversal envolvendo 1.024 indivíduos com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise no Brasil. O ganho de peso interdialítico foi avaliado pelo percentual de ganho de peso entre uma sessão de hemodiálise e outra. As variáveis incluídas na análise de regressão logística binária foram selecionadas considerando p< 0,10 no teste bivariado. Resultados Demonstramos que ter mais anos de estudo (OR=0,537;IC 95% = 0,310-0,931; p=0,027) e sobrepeso (OR=0,661;IC 95% = 0,461-0,948; p=0,024) ou obesidade ( OR=0,387;IC 95% = 0,246-0,608; p=<0,001) reduziu as chances de os usuários apresentarem alto ganho de peso interdialítico. Usuários sem trabalho remunerado (OR=2,025; IC 95% = 1,218-3,365; p=0,007) e que não adotavam medidas para reduzir o sal (OR=1,694; IC 95% = 1,085-2,645; p=0,020) tiveram maiores chances de ganho de peso interdialítico. Conclusão Os resultados apontam para associação entre o aumento do ganho de peso interdialítico e a ausência de trabalho remunerado e a não adoção de medidas para reduzir a ingestão de sal na dieta. Portanto, o conhecimento sobre esses fatores associados pode ser uma alternativa importante para o direcionamento individualizado dessa população.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar los factores asociados al aumento de peso interdialítico en usuarios de servicios de hemodiálisis en una región metropolitana de Brasil. Métodos Estudio epidemiológico transversal que incluyó 1.024 individuos con enfermedad renal crónica en hemodiálisis en Brasil. El aumento de peso interdialítico se evaluó mediante el porcentaje de aumento de peso entre una sesión de hemodiálisis y otra. Las variables incluidas en el análisis de regresión logística binaria fueron seleccionadas considerando p< 0,10 en la prueba bivariada. Resultados Se demostró que tener más años de estudio (OR=0,537;IC 95 % = 0,310-0,931; p=0,027) y sobrepeso (OR=0,661;IC 95 % = 0,461-0,948; p=0,024) u obesidad ( OR=0,387;IC 95 % = 0,246-0,608; p=<0,001) redujo las chances de que los usuarios presenten un elevado aumento de peso interdialítico. Usuarios sin trabajo remunerado (OR=2,025; IC 95 % = 1,218-3,365; p=0,007) y que no adoptaban medidas para reducir la sal (OR=1,694; IC 95 % = 1,085-2,645; p=0,020) tuvieron más chances de aumento de peso interdialítico. Conclusión Los resultados señalan una relación entre el aumento de peso interdialítico y la ausencia de trabajo remunerado y la no adopción de medidas para reducir la ingesta de sal en la dieta. Por lo tanto, el conocimiento sobre estos factores asociados puede ser una alternativa importante para la orientación individualizada de esta población.


Abstract Objectives The study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with interdialytic weight gain in users of haemodialysis services in a metropolitan region of Brazil. Methods This is an cross-sectional epidemiological study with 1,024 individuals with chronic kidney disease on haemodialysis in Brazil. Interdialytic weight gain was evaluated by the percentage weight gain between one haemodialysis session and another. The variables included in the binary logistic regression analysis were selected by considering p< 0.10 in the bivariate test. Results We demonstrated that having more years of study (OR=0.537;CI 95% = 0.310-0.931; p=0.027) and be overweight (OR=0.661;CI 95% = 0.461-0.948; p=0.024) or obese (OR=0.387;CI 95% = 0.246-0.608; p=<0.001) reduced the chances of users having high interdialytic weight gain. Those who did not have paid work (OR=2.025;CI 95% = 1.218-3.365; p=0.007) and not adopting measures to reduce salt increased (OR=1.694;CI 95% = 1.085-2.645; p=0.020) increased the chances of interdialytic weight. Conclusion The results point to an association between the increase in interdialytic weight gain and the absence of paid work and the non-adoption of measures to reduce salt intake in the diet. Therefore, the need for knowledge about these associated factors can be an important alternative for the individual targeting of this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Body Weights and Measures , Weight Gain , Nutritional Status , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Feeding Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 24: e20220416, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to investigate the association between dietary patterns, physical activity, and body phenotypes in adolescents. Methods: this school-based cross-sectional study involved 1,022 adolescents aged ten to 19 years. Dietary patterns and body phenotypes were defined using a principal component analysis. Body phenotype was defined using anthropometry, body composition, biochemistry, sexual maturation, and dietary patterns from 19 food groups, using a food frequency questionnaire. The association between the dietary patterns and body phenotypes was assessed using a linear regression model. Results: five body phenotypes (BP1adiposity, BP2puberty, BP3biochemical, BP4muscular, BP5lipids_biochemical) and five dietary patterns (DP1ultraprocessed_foods, DP2fresh_foods, DP3bread_rice_beans, DP4culinary_preparations, DP5cakes_rice_beans) were identified. There were higher BP_adiposity scores for obese adolescents, but energy expenditure was similar for obese and non-obese adolescents. Physical activity was positively associated with BMI, BP_adiposity, and BP_puberty. We observed a negative association between DP_ultraprocessed_foods and BMI, and a positive association between DP_fresh_food. DP_fresh_foods was positively associated with BP_adiposity; DP_ultraprocessed_foods and DP_culinary_preparations were negatively associated with this phenotype. BP_biochemical was negatively associated with DP_fresh_foods. Conclusion: we identified a negative association between a dietary pattern composed mainly of ultra-processed foods, fresh foods, and BP_adiposity. These associations need to be better explored, especially in adolescents, as both dietary patterns and phenotypes were defined using multivariate analysis.


Resumo Objetivos: investigar associação entre padrão alimentar (PA), atividade física (AF) e fenótipos corporais (FC) em adolescentes. Métodos: estudo transversal de base escolar com 1.022 adolescentes de dez a 19 anos. Padrão alimentar e fenótipo corporal foram definidos por meio da análise de componentes principais. O fenótipo corporal foi definido usando antropometria, composição corporal, bioquímica e maturação sexual, e padrão alimentar a partir de 19 grupos de alimentos de um questionário de frequência alimentar. A associação entre padrão alimentar e fenótipo corporal foi avaliada por modelo de regressão linear. Resultados: foram identificados cinco fenótipos corporais (FC1adiposidade, FC2puberdade, FC3bioquímico, FC4muscular, FC5lipídios_bioquímico) e cinco padrões alimentares (PA1alimentos_ultraprocessados, PA2alimentos_frescos, PA3pão_arroz_feijão, PA4preparações_culinárias, PA5bolos_arroz_feijão). Há maiores escores de FC_adiposidade para adolescentes com obesidade, mas o gasto energético foi semelhante para adolescentes com e sem diagnóstico de obesidade. Atividade física associou-se positivamente com IMC, FC_adiposidade e FC_puberdade. Observamos associação negativa entre PA_ultraprocessados e IMC, e positiva entre PA_alimentos_frescos. PA_alimentos_frescos associou-se positivamente com FC_adiposidade; PA_ultraprocessados e PA_preparações_culinárias se associaram negativamente a este fenótipo. FC_bioquímico associou-se negativamente com PA_alimentos_frescos. Conclusão: identificamos associação negativa entre padrão alimentar composto principalmente por alimentos ultraprocessados e alimentos in natura e FC_adiposidade. Essas associações devem ser exploradas com o mesmo público em estudos futuros, principalmente em adolescentes, pois tanto o padrão alimentar quanto o fenótipo foram definidos por meio de análise multivariada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Phenotype , Exercise , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Adolescent Nutrition , Feeding Behavior , Body Composition , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sociodemographic Factors
6.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 12(3): 372, dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1531773

ABSTRACT

La presente revisión surge dada la importancia otorgada a la Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Vida (ENCOVI) de Venezuela, la edición de dicha encuesta proporciona información representativa de la situacióneconómica, social y de salud de los hogares del país. Los resultados de la encuesta permiten a investigadores y expertos analizar y comprender la magnitud de la crisis en sus diversos aspectos y sus efectos sobre la población y las condiciones de vida, lo que la convierte en una herramienta esencial para entender los problemas que enfrenta la población de Venezuela y la forma de abordarlos de manera efectiva. La ENCOVI proporciona información útil, no solo, a la sociedad civil y Organizaciones No Gubernamentales (ONGs), también a instituciones gubernamentales, al ser divulgada a través de medios de comunicación, aportando importantes insumos para el abordaje de los problemas públicos y los desafíos encada sector, permitiendo comprender las condiciones de vida en los hogares venezolanos. La investigación se basa en un diseño bibliográfico-documental, efectuando para ello 6 fases constituidas por: búsqueda, compilación, revisión, selección,organización y examen sistemático. El objetivo es describir aspectos metodológicos utilizados en la encuesta nacional de condiciones de vida desde el 2014 hasta el 2022.


The present review arises given the importance givento the National Survey of Living Conditions (ENCOVI) of Venezuela, the edition of said survey provides representative information on the economic, social and health situation ofhouseholds in the country. The results of the survey allowresearchers and experts to analyze and understand the magnitudeof the crisis in its various aspects and its effects on the populationand living conditions, which makes it an essential tool tounderstand the problems faced by the population. of Venezuelaand how to address them effectively. The ENCOVI providesuseful information, not only to civil society and NGOs, butalso to government institutions when disseminated throughthe media, providing important inputs for addressing publicproblems and challenges in each sector, allowing understandingof the conditions of life in Venezuelan homes. The research is based on a bibliographic-documentary design, carrying out6 phases consisting of: search, compilation, review, selection,organization and systematic review. The objective is to describemethodological aspects used in the national survey of livingconditions from 2014 to 2022.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Social Conditions/economics , Social Conditions/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Unified Health System , Demography , Nutritional Status , Government
7.
Ludovica pediátr ; 26(2): 28-38, dic.2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531133

ABSTRACT

La malnutrición en los pacientes hospitalizados representa un importante problema sanitario asociado a una mayor tasa de complicaciones con un incremento de la morbimortalidad


Malnutrition in hospitalized patients represents a significant health problem associated with an increased rate of complications and higher morbidity and mortality


Subject(s)
Child, Hospitalized , Enteral Nutrition , Malnutrition , Child , Nutritional Status , Protein-Energy Malnutrition
8.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550900

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ciclismo es una actividad física que se practica de forma recreativa y como actividad laboral, en base a esto los beneficios en la salud varían. Sus efectos pueden extenderse en la regulación de la expresión de citocinas proinflamatorias en la obesidad; sin embargo, se deben estudiar detalles en los indicadores clínicos asociados a otras enfermedades crónico-degenerativas. Objetivo: Identificar los cambios en los parámetros clínicos que sirven como indicadores de riesgo metabólico en personas que realizan ciclismo como ejercicio habitual y como actividad laboral. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación de diseño transversal, descriptivo en el Estado de México, México. Se formaron 3 grupos de 16 participantes provenientes de Toluca y municipios aledaños. Se realizaron mediciones de composición corporal y análisis bioquímicos para identificar las diferencias entre los grupos a través de la prueba t- student y el análisis de varianza ANOVA. Resultados: Los análisis estadísticos reportaron diferencias significativas en las concentraciones de lipoproteínas de alta densindad y triglicéridos. Para el grupo de los conductores de bicitaxi fue más favorable, se detalla como el tiempo de la actividad ayuda a mantener los parámetros de composición corporal como el porcentaje del tejido muscular y adiposo. Conclusiones: Los beneficios del ciclismo se presentaron con diferentes grados de eficiencia de acuerdo con la modalidad en la que se practican. Las variables no cambian de forma significativa en ningún grupo, pueden ser dependientes de otras variables como la alimentación(AU)


Introduction: Cycling is a physical activity, which is practiced recreationally and as a work activity. Its effects may extend to the regulation of the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in obesity; however, details should be studied in the clinical indicators associated with other chronic-degenerative diseases. Objective: To identify changes in clinical parameters that serve as indicators of metabolic risk in people who perform cycling as a regular exercise and as a work activity. Methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive design research was carried out in the State of Mexico, Mexico. Three groups of 16 participants were formed from Toluca and surrounding municipalities. Body composition measurements and biochemical analyzes were performed to identify differences between groups through Student's t test and ANOVA analysis of variance. Results: Statistical analyzes reported significant differences in HDL and triglyceride concentrations. For the group of pedicab drivers it was more favorable, it is detailed how the time of the activity helps to maintain body composition parameters such as the percentage of muscle and adipose tissue. Conclusions: The benefits of cycling were presented with different degrees of efficiency according to the modality in which they are practiced. The variables do not change significantly in any group and may be dependent on other variables such as diet(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise , Nutritional Status , Occupational Health , Metabolic Diseases/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
9.
Distúrbios Comun. (Online) ; 35(4): e60491, 31/12/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552923

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer de cavidade oral constitui lesões da superfície da mucosa oral, e, devido às sequelas da doença e de seu tratamento, frequentemente ocorrem quadros de disfagia. Quando a alimentação por via oral se torna impossibilitada, é fundamental a indicação de vias alternativas de alimentação. Objetivo: verificar a ocorrência e os fatores associados ao uso de via alternativa de alimentação após câncer de língua. Método: A busca foi conduzida por dois pesquisadores independentes nas bases de dados Medline (Pubmed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, WEB OF SCIENCE e BIREME sem restrição de idioma e localização, no período de 2010 a 2021. Para complementar e evitar viés de risco foi realizada uma busca por literatura cinza no Google Scholar. Critérios de Seleção: A revisão sistemática foi conduzida conforme as recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Foram incluídos na pesquisa estudos que obtiveram pontuação ≥ a 6 pontos segundo o protocolo para pontuação qualitativa proposto por Pithon. Resultados: Os estudos mostram que a maioria dos indivíduos com câncer oral desenvolvem uma perda significativa de peso, necessitando de intervenção. O estágio geral da doença é um preditor significativo de perda de peso crítica em pacientes em tratamento. Conclusão: A indicação de via alternativa de alimentação após câncer de língua foi de 19,3% a 68,2%, e os fatores associados a essa indicação de VAA foram o estágio geral, cirurgia associada à terapia adjuvante, má adesão ao tratamento multidisciplinar, presença de complicações e baixa sobrevida. (AU)


Introduction: Oral cavity cancer constitutes lesions on the surface of the oral mucosa and, due to the consequences of the disease and its treatment, dysphagia often occurs. When oral feeding becomes impossible, it is essential to indicate alternative feeding routes. Objective: to verify the occurrence and factors associated with the use of an alternative feeding route after tongue cancer. Method: The search was conducted by two independent researchers in the Medline (Pubmed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, WEB OF SCIENCE and BIREME databases without language and location restrictions, from 2010 to 2021. To complement and to avoid risk bias, a search for gray literature on Google Scholar was performed. Selection Criteria: The systematic review was conducted in accordance with the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Studies that scored ≥ 6 points according to the protocol for qualitative scoring proposed by Pithon. Results: Studies show that most individuals with oral cancer develop significant weight loss, requiring intervention. The overall stage of the disease is a significant predictor of critical weight loss in patients undergoing treatment. Conclusion: The indication of an alternative feeding route after tongue cancer was 19.3% to 68.2%, and the factors associated with this indication of AAV were the general stage, surgery associated with adjuvant therapy, poor adherence to multidisciplinary treatment, presence of complications and poor survival. (AU)


Introducción: El cáncer de cavidad oral constituye lesiones en la superficie de la mucosa oral y, debido a las consecuencias de la enfermedad y su tratamiento, es frecuente que se presente disfagia. Cuando la alimentación oral se hace imposible, es imprescindible la indicación de vías alternativas de alimentación. Objetivo: verificar la ocurrencia y los factores asociados al uso de una vía alternativa de alimentación después del cáncer de lengua. Método: La búsqueda fue realizada por dos investigadores independientes en las bases de datos Medline (Pubmed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, WEB OF SCIENCE y BIREME, sin restricciones de idioma y ubicación, de 2010 a 2021. Para complementar y Evitar riesgo de sesgo, se realizó una búsqueda de literatura gris en Google Scholar. Criterios de selección: La revisión sistemática se llevó a cabo de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de Elementos de informe preferidos para revisiones sistemáticas y metanálisis (PRISMA). Los estudios que puntuaron ≥ 6 puntos según el protocolo de puntuación cualitativa propuesto por Pithon et al. (2015). Resultados: Los estudios muestran que la mayoría de las personas con cáncer oral desarrollan una pérdida de peso significativa, lo que requiere intervención. El estadio general de la enfermedad es un predictor significativo de pérdida de peso crítica en pacientes que reciben tratamiento. Conclusión: La indicación de vía alternativa de alimentación tras cáncer de lengua varió del 19,3% al 68,2%, y los factores asociados a esta indicación de AAV fueron el estadio general, cirugía asociada a terapia adyuvante, mala adherencia al tratamiento multidisciplinario, presencia de complicaciones y baja supervivencia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tongue Neoplasms/complications , Enteral Nutrition , Feeding Methods , Weight Loss , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Nutritional Status
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1411-1420, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521016

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This study aims to assess the nutritional status of Aymara and non-Aymara children in Arica, comparing anthropometric measurements of boys and girls aged 4-10 to inform interventions for child health and development. We conducted a non-experimental, quantitative, cross-sectional study in Arica, Chile. The sample included 458 children, with equal representation of Aymara and non-Aymara children from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. Trained research assistants collected anthropometric data using standardized techniques. IBM SPSS statistical software was used for data analysis, including Student's t-test and the Levene test. Both Aymara and non-Aymara children showed high prevalence of overweight and obesity. Boys had a meso-endomorph somatotype, while girls had an endomorph somatotype. Among 8-year-olds, non-Aymara children had a slightly higher mean body weight (35.87, SD 4.50) compared to Aymara children (32.27, SD 4.31), but the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). However, 10-year-old Aymara girls had a significantly higher mean body mass index (22.34, SD 4.21) than non-Aymara girls (20.10, SD 3.58) (p=0.05). Regarding body fat percentage, 10-year- old non-Aymara girls had a slightly higher mean (31.01, SD 5.64) than Aymara girls (26.12, SD 5.63), but the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The study found high levels of overweight and obesity in children from northern Chile, increasing with age for both Aymara and non-Aymara groups. The somatotype patterns were consistent across both groups. Although the differences between Aymara and non-Aymara children were not statistically significant, the Aymara group showed slightly higher levels of overweight and obesity. Further research with a larger sample size is needed to confirm these results and identify potential trends. Efforts should focus on promoting healthy nutrition and physical activity to address the growing problem of overweight and obesity in this region.


Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar el estado nutricional de los niños Aymaras y no Aymaras en Arica, comparando las medidas antropométricas de niños y niñas de 4 a 10 años para informar las intervenciones para la salud y el desarrollo infantil. Realizamos un estudio no experimental, cuantitativo, de corte transversal en Arica, Chile. La muestra incluyó a 458 niños, con igual representación de niños Aymaras y no Aymaras de diversos estratos socioeconómicos. Asistentes de investigación capacitados recolectaron datos antropométricos utilizando técnicas estandarizadas. Se utilizó el software estadístico IBM SPSS para el análisis de datos, incluyendo la prueba t de Student y la prueba de Levene. Tanto los niños Aymaras como los no Aymaras presentaron una alta prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad. Los niños tenían un somatotipo meso-endomorfo, mientras que las niñas tenían un somatotipo endomorfo. Entre los niños de 8 años, los niños no Aymaras tenían un peso corporal medio ligeramente superior (35,87, DE 4,50) en comparación con los niños Aymaras (32,27, DE 4,31), pero la diferencia no fue estadísticamente significativa (p>0,05). Sin embargo, las niñas Aymaras de 10 años tenían un índice de masa corporal medio significativamente mayor (22,34, SD 4,21) que las niñas no Aymaras (20,10, SD 3,58) (p=0,05). En cuanto al porcentaje de grasa corporal, las niñas no Aymaras de 10 años tuvieron una media ligeramente superior (31,01, DE 5,64) que las niñas Aymaras (26,12, DE 5,63), pero la diferencia no fue estadísticamente significativa (p>0,05). El estudio encontró altos niveles de sobrepeso y obesidad en niños del norte de Chile, aumentando con la edad tanto para los grupos Aymaras como para los no Aymaras. Los patrones de somatotipo fueron consistentes en ambos grupos. Aunque las diferencias entre los niños Aymaras y no Aymaras no fueron estadísticamente significativas, el grupo Aymara mostró niveles ligeramente más altos de sobrepeso y obesidad. Se necesita más investigación con un tamaño de muestra más grande para confirmar estos resultados e identificar tendencias potenciales. Los esfuerzos deben centrarse en promover una nutrición saludable y la actividad física para abordar el creciente problema del sobrepeso y la obesidad en esta región.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Body Composition , Indians, South American , Anthropometry , Somatotypes , Body Height , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Chile , Adipose Tissue , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Overweight , Obesity
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(5): e202202861, oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1452095

ABSTRACT

Introducción. A nivel mundial los niños, niñas y adolescentes lideran el consumo de productos ultraprocesados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue caracterizar la ingesta de energía según el grado de procesamiento de los alimentos por grupo etario, en la población urbana mayor de 2 años de la Argentina. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal, con datos de la 2da Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud 2018-19, en una muestra probabilística polietápica de localidades urbanas de Argentina. A partir de la información recopilada con el recordatorio de 24 horas, se analizó la ingesta diaria de energía, para cada grupo etario, de 1) alimentos sin procesar o mínimamente procesados; 2) ingredientes culinarios procesados; 3) alimentos procesados, y 4) productos ultraprocesados. Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados. En 15 444 individuos mayores de 2 años, los alimentos mínimamente procesados representaron el 34,5 % de la energía diaria; los productos ultraprocesados, el 26,0 %; los alimentos procesados, el 23,0 %, y los ingredientes culinarios, el 16,6 %. El porcentaje de energía aportada por ultraprocesados es mayor en niños, niñas y adolescentes que en los adultos (p <0,01), mientras que para alimentos procesados e ingredientes culinarios la tendencia es opuesta (p <0,01). Las galletitas, los amasados de pastelería, las bebidas azucaradas y las golosinas representaron dos tercios de la energía aportada por ultraprocesados. Conclusión. Los niños, niñas y adolescentes de entornos urbanos de la Argentina presentan la mayor ingesta de energía a partir de productos ultraprocesados. Las políticas alimentarias deben contemplar la situación de cada grupo etario para promover una alimentación más saludable.


Introduction. Worldwide, children and adolescents lead the consumption of ultra-processed foods. The objective of this study was to describe the energy intake by the degree of food processing by age group in the urban population over 2 years of age in Argentina. Population and methods. Cross-sectional study based on data from the 2nd National Survey on Nutrition and Health of 2018­2019 conducted using a multistage probability sample from urban areas of Argentina. Data were collected from a 24-hour recall and were analized, for each age group, the daily energy intake from 1) unprocessed or minimally processed foods; 2) processed culinary ingredients; 3) processed foods; and 4) ultra-processed foods. A descriptive, statistical analysis was performed. Results. In 15 444 individuals older than 2 years, minimally processed foods accounted for 34.5% of daily energy; ultra-processed foods, 26.0%; processed foods, 23.0%; and culinary ingredients, 16.6%. The percentage of energy from ultra-processed foods is higher in children and adolescents than in adults (p < 0.01), while the trend is the opposite from processed foods and culinary ingredients (p < 0.01). Cookies, pastries, sweetened beverage and confectionery accounted for two-thirds of the energy contributed by ultra-processed foods. Conclusion. Children and adolescents in urban areas in Argentina showed the highest energy intake from ultra-processed. Food policies should consider the characteristics of each age group to promote a healthier diet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Energy Intake , Diet , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Food Handling
12.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(3): 180-190, sept 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1516062

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En Chile la prevalencia de obesidad total en población escolar alcanza al 31% y la obesidad severa al 10,8%. La Región de Magallanes y Antártica Chilena, es una de las más afectadas por esta epidemia. El diagnóstico nutricional confiable y una intervención oportuna pueden evitar que los niños enfermen y deterioren su calidad de vida. Objetivo: Analizar la tendencia del estado nutricional de escolares de la Región de Magallanes, según datos reportados por la Junta Nacional de Auxilio Escolar y Becas, JUNAEB, entre 2009-2019 y comparar resultados del año 2010 con un estudio propio. Materiales y métodos. Se analizó el estado nutricional de 71.334 escolares de la Región de Magallanes y Antártica Chilena por nivel educacional y variables demográficas, según información de JUNAEB. Luego se compararon los resultados de escolares de 1º básico del año 2010, obtenidos a través de dos metodologías: fuente secundaria, Encuesta JUNAEB, y fuente primaria, estudio antropométrico realizado en la misma región y año. Resultados. Según datos de JUNAEB el exceso ponderal se incrementó en escolares de la región en 4,4 % entre 2009 y 2019, el grupo más afectado fue 1º básico. En el año 2010 la prevalencia de obesidad para escolares de 1º básico según JUNAEB fue 21,8% y según estudio regional propio fue 25,7%. Conclusiones. La malnutrición por exceso afecta al 53,8% de los escolares de la Región de Magallanes y podría ser mayor, considerando que la información censal podría estar subestimando el sobrepeso y obesidad. Es urgente intervenir para evitar perpetuar esta epidemia(AU)


Introduction. In Chile the prevalence of total obesity in school population reaches 31% and severe obesity 10.8%. The Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica Region is one of the most affected by this epidemic. Reliable nutritional diagnosis and timely intervention can prevent children from getting sick and deteriorating their quality of life. Objective. To analyze the trend of nutritional status of schoolchildren in the Magallanes Region, according to data reported by the National Board of School Aid and Scholarships, JUNAEB between 2009-2019 and compare results from 2010 with our own study. Materials and methods. The nutritional status of 71,334 schoolchildren in the Magallanes Region and Chilean Antarctica was analyzed by educational level and demographic variables, according to information from JUNAEB. Then, the results of schoolchildren in 1st grade in 2010 were compared, obtained through two methods: secondary source, JUNAEB survey, and primary source, anthropometric study carried out in the same region and year. Results. According to JUNAEB data, overweight increased in school children in the region by 4.4% between 2009 and 2019, the most affected group was 1st grade. In 2010 the prevalence of obesity for 1st grade schoolchildren according to JUNAEB was 21.8% and according to our own regional study it was 25.7%. Conclusions. Excess malnutrition affects 53.8% of school children in the Magallanes Region and could be higher, considering that census information could be underestimating overweight and obesity. It is urgent to intervene to avoid perpetuating this epidemic(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Nutritional Status , Feeding Behavior , Pediatric Obesity , Malnutrition , Overweight
14.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(supl. 2): 47-57, sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1532857

ABSTRACT

Introduction. There is growing consensus globally that the consumption of ultra- processed food (UPF) can negatively affect the nutritional status of children. Objective. The present study aims to evaluate associations between the consumption of UPF and the nutritional status in a sample of Uruguayan and Brazilian preschoolers belonging to two studies: the ENDIS Study and the Pelotas 2015 Birth Cohort. Materials and methods. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis. The main outcome measure was obesity defined as BMI for age and sex ≥ +3 z-scores. The score of UPF consumption was the main exposure measured. Each positive answer of habitual intake was added up to create a UPF score ranging from zero to six or more UPF. Crude and adjusted logistic regressions were performed for the associations between UPF consumption and nutritional status in preschoolers. Results. The final sample consisted of 8,687 preschool children, 50.8% belonging to the Uruguayan study, while the remaining 49.2% belonged to the Brazilian study. Nearly 5% of the sample of young children were obese. We didn't observe a relationship between the score of UPF consumption and obesity, the odds ratio (OR) was 1.04 (95% CI, 1.00­1.09). Adjustments resulted in modest attenuation of the relationship and a lack of statistical significance. However, in children under 48 months, the score of UPF consumption was directly associated with childhood obesity. Conclusions. Results suggest that higher consumption of UPF is associated with obesity in Uruguayan and Brazilian preschool children under 4 years of age. These findings suggest that actions to reduce ultra- processed food consumption could lead to diminish obesity patterns and bring important public health benefits(AU)


Introducción. Existe creciente consenso a nivel mundial de que el consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados puede afectar negativamente el estado nutricional de los niños. Objetivo. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar asociaciones entre el consumo de ultraprocesados y el estado nutricional en una muestra de preescolares uruguayos y brasileños pertenecientes a dos estudios: el Estudio ENDIS y la Cohorte de Nacimiento de Pelotas 2015. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un análisis transversal. La principal medida de resultado fue la obesidad definida como el IMC/edad y sexo ≥ +3 puntuaciones z. La puntuación del consumo de ultraprocesados fue la principal exposición. Cada respuesta positiva de la ingesta habitual se sumó para crear una puntuación de ultraprocesados que oscilaba entre cero y seis o más. Se realizaron regresiones logísticas crudas y ajustadas. Resultados. La muestra final estuvo constituida por 8.687 niños, de los cuales el 50,8% pertenecía al estudio uruguayo, mientras que el 49,2% restante pertenecía al estudio brasileño. Casi el 5% de la muestra de niños pequeños eran obesos. No observamos relación entre la puntuación del consumo de ultraprocesados y la obesidad, el odds ratio (OR) fue de 1,04 (IC 95%, 1,00-1,09). Los ajustes dieron lugar a modesta atenuación de la relación y falta de significación estadística. Sin embargo, en menores de 48 meses la puntuación de consumo de ultraprocesados se asoció directamente con la obesidad infantil. Conclusiones. Los resultados sugieren que un mayor consumo de ultraprocesados se asocia con obesidad en prescolares uruguayos y brasileños menores de 4 años. Estos hallazgos sugieren que las acciones para reducir el consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados podrían conducir a una disminución de los patrones de obesidad y traer importantes beneficios para la salud pública(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Nutritional Status , Eating , Food, Processed , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Consensus , Child Nutrition , Obesity
15.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(supl. 2): 58-64, sept. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1532918

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Mundialmente se observaron consecuencias negativas en la salud por el aislamiento social durante la pandemia de COVID-19; el sobrepeso y la obesidad mostraron tendencias crecientes. Objetivo. Analizar los cambios en el sobrepeso, obesidad y alimentación de escolares del noroeste de México antes y después del aislamiento por COVID-19. Materiales y métodos. Se colectaron y analizaron el peso, talla y circunferencia de cintura de escolares del noroeste de México pre y post pandemia por COVID 19 (n=479 y n=820). Además, se analizaron los cambios en la alimentación en una submuestra de 203 y 179 escolares pre y post pandemia, respectivamente. Resultados. La edad promedio de los escolares en 2019 fue 8,9 ±1,75 y en el 2022 de 9,1 ± 1,54 años. Se observó un aumento de 6,2 puntos porcentuales en la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad y diferencias en la distribución de las categorías del estado nutricio (p=0,049) entre los dos periodos. También, se observaron cambios en la adiposidad central con un aumento de 3 centímetros en la circunferencia de cintura (p=0,001; 62,6 y 65,6 cm). El índice de alimentación saludable (IAS) mostró una alimentación poco saludable durante los dos periodos. Conclusiones. El aumento en las prevalencias de sobrepeso y obesidad, así como de obesidad central durante la emergencia epidemiológica, indicaron un deterioro del estado nutricio de los escolares, que coincide con los reportes en poblaciones a nivel mundial y en Latinoamérica; los resultados resultan preocupantes dada la problemática antes de la emergencia(AU)


Introduction. Negative health consequences due to social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic were observed worldwide; overweight and obesity showed increasing trends. Objective. To analyze the changes in overweight, obesity and diet of schoolchildren in northwest Mexico before and after lockdown due to COVID-19. Materials and methods. Weight, height, and waist circumference of schoolchildren (n=479 pre-pandemic and n=820 post-pandemic) were collected in public schools located in medium to high marginalization neighborhoods. In the same periods dietary data was collected from a subsample of 203 and 179 schoolchildren, respectively. Results. The average age of schoolchildren in 2019 was 8,9 ±1,75 and 9,1 ± 1,54 in 2022. An increase in percentage of 6,2 was observed in the overweight plus obesity prevalence and a significant difference in the distribution of nutritional status (p=0,049) between the two periods. In addition, changes in central adiposity were observed, with an increase of 3 centimeters in waist circumference (p=0,001; 62,6 and 65,6 cm). The healthy eating index (HAI) classified the diet of schoolchildren as unhealthy during both periods. Conclusions. The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity, as well as central adiposity is worrying given that they were already a health problem before the COVID 19 confinement(AU)


Subject(s)
Child , Nutritional Status , Pediatric Obesity , COVID-19 , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Malnutrition , Overweight , Waist Circumference , Sedentary Behavior , Pandemics , Diet, Healthy
16.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(supl. 2): 65-72, sept. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1532920

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Brazil's health system offers insights into addressing the double burden of malnutrition by proper population monitoring, coupled with local policies and national guidelines. Objective. To investigate the recent temporal trends in nutritional status indicators and its coverage of children aged two to five years from Campinas, a metropolis in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Material and methods. The analysis of time series from 2018 to 2022 were conducted by accessing data from the Brazilian Food and Nutrition Surveillance System (SISVAN) due to regression analysis. Results. The number of children aged two to five in the SISVAN registry rose from 7,300 in 2018 to 11,171 in 2022, forming the study sample. In 2018, 700 were chronically undernourished, 306 underweight, and 977 overweight; by 2022, 530 showed stunting, 457 were underweight, and 1,084 overweight. Stunting prevalence declined from 9.6% (2018) to 4.7% (2022). Underweight dropped slightly from 4.2% to 4.1% over the years and overweight, consistently the highest indicator, ranged from 13.4% (2018) to 9.7% (2022). SISVAN's coverage varied between 16.6% (2018) and 26.1% (2022), the lowest at 12.3% in 2020. The trend for stunting decreased significantly (APV: -15.01; CI95% -22.64; -6.62). Adding SISVAN's coverage variable the model slightly reduced the declining stunting trend (APV: -12.12; CI95% -13.19; -11.04). Conclusions. Coordinated efforts to address nutritional challenges, from adequate population monitoring to the interaction between local policies and national guidelines, have shown positive health outcomes(AU)


Introducción. El sistema de salud de Brasil ofrece conocimientos valiosos para abordar la doble carga de malnutrición mediante el seguimiento adecuado de la población y políticas locales y nacionales. Objetivo. Investigar las tendencias temporales recientes en indicadores nutricionales y cobertura en niños de dos a cinco años en Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron datos del SISVAN de 2018 a 2022 con regresión temporal. Resultados. Niños de dos a cinco años en el SISVAN pasaron de 7,300 en 2018 a 11,171 en 2022. En 2018, 700 estaban crónicamente desnutridos, 306 con bajo peso y 977 con sobrepeso; en 2022, 530 con retraso en el crecimiento, 457 con bajo peso y 1,084 con sobrepeso. La prevalencia del retraso en el crecimiento bajó de 9,6% a 4,7%. El bajo peso disminuyó levemente del 4,2% al 4,1% y el sobrepeso osciló del 13,4% al 9,7%. La cobertura de SISVAN varió de 16.6% a 26.1%, con un mínimo de 12.3% en 2020. La tendencia del retraso en el crecimiento disminuyó significativamente (APV: -15.01; CI95% -22.64; -6.62). La inclusión de la cobertura de SISVAN redujo levemente esta tendencia (APV: -12.12; CI95% -13.19; -11.04). Conclusiones. Coordinar esfuerzos para abordar los desafíos nutricionales, desde el seguimiento de la población hasta políticas locales y nacionales, ha tenido resultados positivos para la salud(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Nutritional Status , Food and Nutritional Surveillance , Malnutrition , Obesity
17.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz (Online) ; 82: 39114, maio 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1525580

ABSTRACT

O estado nutricional gestacional adequado constitui-se como elemento essencial para a saúde materna e fetal. Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar a associação entre determinantes sociais, quesito raça/cor e estado nutricional, em gestantes do Recôncavo da Bahia, Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico, com dados extraídos do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional no ano de 2020, referente ao estado nutricional de gestantes adultas e adolescentes dos 19 municípios do Recôncavo da Bahia. Foi utilizada a regressão quantílica para a análise do desfecho do estado nutricional de gestantes, variável exposição principal, raça/cor autorreferida e covariáveis Coeficiente de Gini (CG) e Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDHM). Foram acompanhadas 4.061 gestantes (14,35% eram adolescentes) com predominância daquelas que se autodeclararam pretas ou pardas (62,34%). Houve prevalência de excesso de peso em 53,36% das gestantes. Identificou-se associação positiva do excesso de peso com a raça/cor preta ou parda e inversamente ao CG. Este estudo revelou que o estado nutricional de gestantes é influenciado pela raça/cor preta e/ou parda e pelo CG. Tais resultados podem contribuir para o planejamento de programas e/ou projetos que incluam ações de alimentação e nutrição e visam o acompanhamento nutricional de gestantes, principalmente dos grupos socialmente vulnerabilizados. (AU)


Adequate gestational nutritional status is an essential element for maternal and fetal health. The objective of this study was to identify the association between social determinants, race/color and nutritional status in pregnant women from Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil. This ecological study, utilized data extracted from the 2020 Food and Nutrition Surveillance System, focusing on the nutritional status of adults and adolescents pregnant women across the 19 municipalities in the Recôncavo da Bahia. Quantile Regression was employed to analyze the nutritional status of pregnant women, considering the main exposure variable as self-reported race/color and covariates such as the Gini Coefficient and Human Development Index. In 2020, a total of 4,061 pregnant women were followed, with 14.35% being adolescents. The majority of pregnant women self-identified as black or brown (62.34%). The prevalence of overweight among pregnant women was 53.36%. The analysis revealed a positive association between overweight and black or brown race/color, while an inverse association was observed with the Gini Coefficient. These findings have implications for planning programs and projects that encompass food and nutrition interventions aimed at monitoring and improving the nutritional status of pregnant women, particularly those belonging to socially vulnerable groups. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Brazil , Nutritional Status , Pregnant Women , Food Insecurity , Indicators (Statistics)
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(2): e202102528, abr. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1418567

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En la Argentina, según los datos de la última Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud, 4 de cada 10 niños, niñas y adolescentes (NNyA) entre 5 y 17 años presentan exceso de peso. Objetivo. Identificar las estrategias de marketing en las páginas de Facebook® e Instagram® de las marcas de los alimentos consumidos por niñas, niños y adolescentes (NNyA), y categorizarlos según las Guías Alimentarias para la Población Argentina (GAPA). Métodos. El análisis se realizó en las publicaciones de agosto y septiembre de 2019, se identificaron aquellas dirigidas a NNyA y se categorizaron los alimentos promocionados según las GAPA. Resultados. De las 200 marcas identificadas, 111 tenían página de Facebook® y 95 de Instagram®. Las marcas que tenían página de Facebook® presentaron 65 publicaciones y las que tenían Instagram®, 64 publicaciones. Las estrategias más utilizadas fueron la imagen del producto y la interacción con los consumidores. La mitad de las páginas estaban dirigidas a NNyA. De los alimentos promocionados, 6 de cada 10 correspondieron al grupo de opcionales según las GAPA. Conclusiones. Se evidencia la importancia de monitorear la implicancia de las redes sociales en las conductas alimentarias.


Introduction. As per the National Survey on Nutrition and Health, in Argentina, 4/10 children and adolescents aged 5­17 years are overweight. Objective. To identify marketing strategies on Facebook® and Instagram® of brands of foods consumed by children and adolescents and to categorize them according to the Dietary Guidelines for the Argentine Population (GAPA). Methods. The posts made between August and September 2019 were analyzed, identifying those targeted at children and adolescents and categorizing promoted foods according to the GAPA. Results. Out of 200 brands identified, 111 had a Facebook® page and made 65 posts and 95 had an Instagram® account and made 64 posts. Product image and interaction with consumers were the more used stategies. Six out of 10 of the foods promoted corresponded to the optional group according to the GAPA. Conclusions. It is important to monitor the implications social media have on eating behaviors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Marketing/methods , Social Media , Argentina , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Food
19.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 24(1): 42-50, 21 de abril 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435058

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El estado nutricional se entiende como una condición de salud que valora patologías nutricionales como anemia y malnutrición en grupos de edades consideradas vulnerables. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la relación entre estado nutricional y anemia en la población shuar de 6 meses a 5 años de edad, de la Comunidad Shimpis, Cantón Logroño, Morona Santiago-Ecuador desde agosto 2018-agosto 2019. Métodos: El presente estudio transversal. Universo de 235 y muestra de 163 tomada del Epi Info. Los datos se obtuvieron de historias clínicas y Sistema de Vigilancia Alimentaria Nutricional. El estado nutricional se analizó con software WHO Anthro. La anemia se basó en valores de referencia de hemoglobina establecidos por Organización Mundial y Ministerio de Salud Pública. Los datos fueron tabulados en el programa estadístico SPSS 25. Se realizaron tablas simples de frecuencia y porcentaje, tablas de asociación considerando valor P<0.05 estadísticamente significativo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 163 niños, 46.0% hombres, 54% mujeres, el grupo etario predominante fue de 2-5 años con porcentaje de 56.4%. Frecuencia de anemia fue 38%. Niños con anemia y desnutrición crónica fueron: 42, con desnutrición aguda: 10, con desnutrición global: 3, con sobrepeso: 2, en eutróficos 5. Al relacionar ambas variables se obtuvo valor p estadísticamente significativo (P< 0.001). Conclusiones: el grupo etario es un factor predisponente en la alteración del estado nutricional en niños. También se observó que el estado nutricional alterado tiene mayor predisposición a presentar anemia.


Introduction: Nutritional status is a health condition that assesses nutritional pathologies such as anemia and malnutrition in vulnerable age groups. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional status and anemia in the Shuar population from 6 months to 5 years of age from the Shimpis Community, Logroño Canton, Morona Santiago-Ecuador, from August 2018-August 2019. Methods: The present cross-sectional study. A total of 235 samples and 163 samples were taken from Epi Info. The data were obtained from medical records and the Nutritional Food Surveillance System, and nutritional status was analyzed using WHO Anthro software. Anemia was based on hemoglobin reference values established by the World Organization and the Ministry of Public Health. The data were tabulated in the statistical program SPSS 25. Simple tables of frequency and percentage were made, and tables of association considering P value <0.05 were statistically significant. Results: A total of 163 children were included, 46.0% men and 54% women, and the predominant age group was 2-5 years, with a percentage of 56.4%. The anemia frequency was 38%. There were 42 children with anemia and chronic malnutrition, 10 with acute malnutrition, 3 with global malnutrition, 2 with overweight, and 5 with eutrophy. When relating both variables, a statistically significant p-value was obtained (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The age group is a predisposing factor in the alteration of nutritional status in children. It was also observed that altered nutritional status has a greater predisposition to anemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child, Preschool , Nutritional Status , Infant , Weight by Age , Body Mass Index , Anemia
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