Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.464
Filter
2.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 40(2)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1514477

ABSTRACT

Mediante un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo y de corte transversal se realiza una comparación entre la población penal de la Unidad de Atención Integral (UAI) 20 de diciembre y la población penal total costarricense. Hasta no hace mucho tiempo, en el ámbito penitenciario se ha experimentado un cambio importante en la morbimortalidad de las personas privadas de la libertad, pasando de un modelo casi unicausal de origen infeccioso, a procesos de etiología múltiple, con desarrollo poco predecible y alto porcentaje del gasto público sanitario. En el siguiente estudio se determina la similitud existente en prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles tanto a nivel país, sistema penitenciario nacional y UAI 20 de diciembre.


Through a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study, a comparison is made between the prison population of the Unidad de Atención Integral (UAI) 20 de diciembre and the total Costa Rican prison population. Until recently, there has been an important change in the morbimortality of persons deprived of liberty in the penitentiary environment, going from an almost unicausal model of infectious origin, to processes of multiple etiology, with little predictable development and a high percentage of public health expenditure. The following study determines the existing similarity in the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases at the country level, the national prison system and the UAI December 20.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Prisoners , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Costa Rica , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology
3.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550892

ABSTRACT

La esquizofrenia es una enfermedad que está caracterizada por su complejidad psicopatológica agravada por una frecuente asociación de enfermedades físicas como la obesidad, la intolerancia a la glucosa, la diabetes y la dislipidemia. Además, indicadores metabólicos como la glucemia, el colesterol y los triglicéridos en sangre, así como la obesidad, tienen relevancia en estos pacientes, según lo planteado en la literatura especializada sobre el tema. Por otra parte, las enfermedades físicas asociadas como los indicadores metabólicos, tienen su impacto en el sistema nervioso central con independencia de la esquizofrenia. La suma de los trastornos mentales y físicos implica la necesidad de atender ambos problemas simultáneamente y se recomienda la intervención interdisciplinaria. El protocolo de actuación para la atención de los pacientes con esquizofrenia y psicosis relacionadas en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras es un ejemplo del abordaje señalado(AU)


Schizophrenia is a disease characterized by a psychopathological complexity, aggravated by frequent association of physical diseases such as obesity, glucose intolerance, diabetes and dyslipidemia. In addition, there are other metabolic indicators such as blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides which are relevant in these patients, and the international literature has been suggested so. On the other hand, both associated physical diseases and metabolic indicators have their impact on the central nervous system in addition to schizophrenia. The sum of mental and physical disorders implies the need to address both problems simultaneously, which is why interdisciplinary intervention is recommended. Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital is an example of the action protocol for patients with schizophrenia and psychosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Schizophrenia/epidemiology , Glucose Intolerance , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Obesity/epidemiology
4.
Cienc. act. fís. (Talca, En línea) ; 24(2): 1-15, dic. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528263

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar a efetividade do monitoramento remoto da enfermagem associada a um programa multi-profissional de tratamento de obesidade na melhora dos biomarcadores cardiometabólicos e indicadores da aptidão física relacionada à saúde de adultos com obesidade acompanhados durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Estudo caracterizado como um Ensaio Clínico Pragmático, realizado em um município do Sul do Brasil, com 22 mulheres, com idade entre 18 e 50 anos, portadores de telefone celular com acesso ao aplicativo WhatsApp® durante 16 semanas. Foram realizadas avaliações pré e pós intervenção por meio de exames labo-ratoriais, capazes de determinar os biomarcadores cardiometabólicos: HDL, triglicerídeos, LDL, colesterol total, glicemia, hemoglobina glicada, insulina, Homa-IR, Homa-β, PCR-us; e de testes capazes de avaliar os níveis da aptidão física relacionada à saúde: composição corporal, aptidão cardiorrespiratória, força muscular e flexibili-dade. Os dados obtidos foram analisados através do teste t para amostras pareadas e correlacionados a partir do valor de delta absoluto de cada variável por meio da correlação de Pearson. Os resultados foram considerados significantes quando o valor de p foi < 0,05. Este estudo possui parecer favorável do Comitê Nacional de Ética em Pesquisas. Resultados: Foram observadas melhoras significativas nos níveis de glicemia, insulina, Homa-IR e HDL, bem como nos indicadores de aptidão cardiorrespiratória e força muscular. Conclusão: O monitoramento remoto da enfermagem associado a um programa multiprofissional de tratamento de obesidade é uma inter-venção efetiva na melhoria dos biomarcadores cardiometabólicos e dos indicadores da AFRS.


Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del monitoreo remoto de enfermería, en asociación con un programa multiprofesional de tratamiento de la obesidad, para mejorar los biomarcadores cardiometabólicos y los indicadores de aptitud física relacionados con la salud en adultos obesos durante la pandemia de COVID-19.Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un Ensayo Clínico Pragmático en un municipio del sur de Brasil, con la participación de 22 mujeres de edades comprendidas entre los 18 y 50 años, que contaban con teléfonos móviles con acceso a la aplicación WhatsApp® durante un período de 16 semanas. Se realizaron evaluaciones pre y postintervención mediante exámenes de laboratorio, que permitieron determinar los biomarcadores cardiometabólicos: HDL, triglicéridos, LDL, colesterol total, glucemia, hemoglobina glucosilada, insulinemia, Homa-IR, Homa-β, hs-CRP; y pruebas para evaluar los niveles de aptitud física relacionados con la salud: composición corporal, aptitud cardiorrespiratoria, fuerza muscular y flexibilidad. Los datos obtenidos se analizaron utilizando la prueba t para muestras pareadas y se correlacionaron mediante la correlación de Pearson, a partir del valor delta absoluto de cada variable. Se consideraron resultados significativos cuando el valor de p fue < 0,05. Este estudio recibió la aprobación del Comité Nacional de Ética en Investigación.Resultados: Se observaron mejoras significativas en los niveles de glucosa en sangre, insulina, Homa-IR y HDL, así como en los indicadores de aptitud cardiorrespiratoria y fuerza muscular.Conclusión: El monitoreo remoto de enfermería, en asociación con un programa multidisciplinario de tratamiento de la obesidad, resulta en una intervención eficaz para mejorar los biomarcadores cardiometabólicos y los indicadores de aptitud física relacionados con la salud.


Objective: To verify the effectiveness of remote nursing monitoring associated with a multi-professional obesity treatment program to improve cardiometabolic biomarkers and health-related physical fitness indicators in obese adults followed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The study was characterized as a Pragmatic Clinical Trial, carried out in a municipality in the south of Brazil. It involved 22 women aged between 18 and 50 years, who had cell phones with access to the WhatsApp® application for 16 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention evaluations were carried out through laboratory tests capable of determining cardiometabolic biomarkers: HDL, triglycerides, LDL, total cholesterol, glycemia, glycated hemoglobin, insulinemia, Homa-IR, Homa-β, hs-CRP. As well as tests capable of assessing the levels of physical fitness related to health: body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and flexibility. The data obtained were analyzed using the t-test for paired samples and correlated from the absolute delta value of each variable using Pearson's correlation. Results were considered significant when the p value was <0.05. This study received a favorable opinion from the National Research Ethics Committee. Results: The study observed significant improvements in blood glucose, insulin, Homa-IR and HDL levels, as well as in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength. Conclusion: Remote nursing monitoring associated with a multidisciplinary obesity treatment program is an effective intervention for improving cardiometabolic biomarkers and AFRS indicators.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , COVID-19 , Obesity/therapy , Brazil , Exercise , Obesity/epidemiology
5.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 56(1)abr. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442327

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A obesidade é uma doença multifatorial, crônica e progressiva, que afeta parcelas consideráveis da população mundial e brasileira. Estudos mostram que sociedades e ambientes com maiores níveis de racismo estrutural podem desencadear maiores níveis de prevalência de obesidade nas suas populações marginalizadas. Assim, a maior vulnerabilidade das populações de etnia preta no Brasil, decorrentes do racismo estrutural e institucional instaurado, leva a maiores índices de sobrepeso e obesidade ocasionadas pela incapacidade de tais populações garantirem a segurança alimentar. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a evolução da prevalência do sobrepeso e obesidade nas populações da etnia branca e preta no Brasil, avaliando hábitos alimentares com potencial de promover a obesidade. Além disso, buscou-se relacionar o agravamento do IMC populacional no Brasil com a etnia e o racismo estrutural presente na sociedade brasileira. Método: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo de cunho transversal. Foram selecionadas 12 questões padronizadas do inquérito VIGITEL realizados nos anos de 2011 a 2020. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva, e para comparação entre os grupos étnicos aplicou-se o teste T de Student. Resultados: Os resultados, de modo geral, evidenciam que indivíduos da etnia preta apresentam maior grau de IMC (Kg/m2) em comparação à etnia branca. Os dados de IMC entre as capitais brasileiras demonstram que tanto em 2011, quanto em 2020, as médias do índice avaliado foram maiores entre a população de etnia preta, apresentando 26,03 Kg/m2 e 27,07 Kg/m2 respectivamente, enquanto os indivíduos declarados brancos tiveram médias de 25,7 Kg/m2 e 26,45 Kg/m2 nos mesmos anos. O IMC médio nos anos de 2011 a 2020, de 25,99 Kg/m2para a etnia branca, e de 26,50 Kg/m2 para a etnia preta indicam sobrepeso no âmbito nacional. Ademais, o consumo médio de verduras e legumes foi inferior entre a etnia preta, a qual manifestou uma frequência alimentar maior no consumo de refrigerante ou suco artificial do que a etnia branca, apresentando, de um modo geral, uma alimentação de menor qualidade. Conclusão: O IMC médio e a prevalência de sobrepeso estão aumentando nas populações das capitais do Brasil, sendo tal aumento mais acentuado nas populações da etnia preta. Também se observou que as populações da etnia preta possuem uma alimentação de menor qualidade, quando comparado à alimentação da população de etnia branca (AU).


Introduction: Obesity is a multifactorial, chronic, and progressive disease that affects considerable portions of the world and Brazilian populations. Studies show that societies and environments with higher levels of structural racism can trigger higher levels of obesity prevalence in their marginalized populations. Thus, the greater vulnerability of populations of black ethnicity in Brazil, resulting from the structural and institutional racism established, leads to higher rates of overweight and obesity caused by the inability of such populations to guarantee food security. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the evolution of the prevalence of overweight and obesity in white and black populations in Brazil, evaluating eating habits with the potential to promote obesity. In addition, we aimed to relate the worsening of the populational BMI in Brazil with ethnicity and structural racism present in Brazilian society. Method: This investigation is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Twelve standardized questions from the VIGITEL survey were selected from 2011 to 2020. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and Student's T-test was applied to compare ethnic groups. Results: The results, in general, show that individuals of the black ethnic group have a higher degree of BMI (Kg/m2) compared to the white ethnic group. BMI (Kg/m2) data for Brazilian capitals show that both in 2011 and 2020, the averages of the evaluated index were higher among the black population, presenting 26.03 Kg/m2 and 27.07 Kg/m2, respectively, while individuals declared white had averages of 25.7 Kg/m2 and 26.45 Kg/m2 in the same years. The average BMI in 2011 to 2020, of 25.99 Kg/m2 for the white ethnicity, and of 26.50 Kg/m2 for the black ethnicity, indicates overweight at the national level. In addition, the average consumption of vegetables was lower among black people, which showed a higher food frequency in the consumption of soft drinks or artificial juice than the white people, presenting, in general, a lower quality diet. Conclusion: The average BMI and the prevalence of overweight are increasing in the populations of the capitals of Brazil, being this increase more accentuated in the populations of black ethnicity. It was also observed that the populations of black ethnicity have a lower quality in their diet compared to the diet of the white population (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Brazil , Ethnicity , Body Mass Index , Prevalence , Feeding Behavior , Racism , Obesity/epidemiology
6.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1450007

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La semaglutida es un fármaco que contribuye a la liberación de insulina por el páncreas y a la supresión del apetito por lo que lo convierte en un importante candidato para ser usado en el tratamiento de la diabesidad. Objetivo: Describir el efecto de la semaglutida en el tratamiento de las personas con diabesidad. Métodos: Se revisó la literatura publicada en el período comprendido de enero-febrero de 2021. Las palabras clave utilizadas fueron obesidad; diabetes mellitus; diabesidad; semaglutida; análogo del péptido similar al glucagón tipo 1. Se utilizaron como motores de búsqueda las bases de datos de Google Académico, PubMed y SciELO. Se evaluaron diferentes trabajos de revisión, investigación y páginas web que tenían menos de 10 años de publicados en idioma español, portugués o inglés, y que por el título trataban el tema de estudio. Fueron excluidos los artículos que no abordaron la relación entre diabetes y obesidad, así como el tratamiento con análogos del péptido similar al glucagón tipo 1. Esto permitió la consulta de 84 artículos, de los cuales 59 fueron referenciados. Conclusiones: El empleo de semaglutida favorece una mejor evolución en paciente con diabesidad, como complemento de una dieta y una actividad física adecuada. Al optimizar el control glucémico, contribuir a la pérdida de peso y a la mejoraría de ciertas comorbilidades, entre ellas la salud cardiovascular(AU)


Introduction: Semaglutide is a drug that contributes to the release of insulin from the pancreas and suppresses appetite, which makes it an important candidate for treating diabesity. Objective: To describe the role of semaglutide in the treatment of diabesity individuals. Methods: The necessary information to write this article was obtained in the 2022 two-month period January-February. The keywords used were obesity; Mellitus diabetes; diabesity; semaglutide; type 1 glucagon-like peptide analogue. The search engines corresponding to the Google Scholar, PubMed and SciElO databases were used. Different review, research and web pages were evaluated, which in general were published no more than 10 years ago, in Spanish, Portuguese or English and which dealt with the subject of study by title. Articles that did not address the relationship between diabetes and obesity, as well as treatment with glucagon-like peptide 1 analogues, were excluded. This allowed the consultation of 84 articles, 59 of them were referenced. Conclusions: The use of semaglutide, as a complement to a diet and physical activity appropriate to the needs of patients with diabesity, brought about several effects that favor better evolution of this health problem, by optimizing glycemic control, contributing to the loss of weight and the improvement of certain comorbidities, including cardiovascular health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor , Obesity/epidemiology
7.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 36: e220176, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521582

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To estimate the prevalence of overweight among Brazilian adults aged 20 to 59, according to sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and food consumption. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on data from a population-based survey in a major metropolitan city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, conducted between 2015-2016. Prevalences and prevalence ratios were estimated using Poisson regression; food consumption means were estimated using linear regression. Results: We analyzed data from 855 adults, 61% of whom were overweight. The prevalence of overweight was significantly higher among males, those aged 30 or older, with 8 to 11 years of education, and those who reported eating more than they should. The body mass index was significantly associated with hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, waist-to-height ratio, taking weight-loss medications, overeating, and the habit of checking labels. Overweight adults reported eating meat with visible fat and drinking soda more frequently than those not overweight. Overweight adults reported eating significantly more grams of food daily and had a higher intake of energy, total fat, saturated fats, trans fats, carbohydrates, protein, insoluble dietary fiber, sodium, and potassium. Their diets had a higher glycemic load when compared to participants who were not overweight. Conclusion: Adults with and without overweight differed in their sociodemographic, dietary, and clinical characteristics. Diet quality was similar between both groups, suggesting a need for improving dietary habits in this population regardless of body weight.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estimar a prevalência de excesso de peso entre adultos brasileiros, de 20 a 59 anos, segundo características sociodemográficas, de comportamentos relacionados à saúde e quanto ao consumo alimentar. Métodos: Estudo transversal, de pesquisa de base populacional, em uma cidade metropolitana de São Paulo - Brasil, conduzida entre os anos de 2015 e 2016. Foram estimadas as prevalências e as razões de prevalência por meio da regressão de Poisson, e as médias de consumo alimentar pelo uso da regressão linear. Resultados: Foram analisados dados referentes à 855 adultos, 61% destes apresentavam sobrepeso. A prevalência de excesso de peso foi significativamente maior entre: homens, com 30 anos ou mais, pessoas que possuíam entre 8 e 11 anos de estudo e entre aqueles que acreditavam comer mais do que deveriam. O índice de massa corporal foi significativamente associado à hipertensão, diabetes, colesterol alto, razão cintura-estatura, uso de medicamentos, comer mais do que deveria e o hábito de checar rótulos. Adultos com excesso de peso ingeriam carnes com gordura e refrigerantes em maior frequência quando comparados à adultos com peso saudável. Adultos com excesso de peso consumiam, significativamente, mais gramas de alimentos por dia e apresentaram maior ingestão de calorias, gorduras totais, saturadas e trans, carboidratos, proteína, fibras insolúveis, sódio e potássio. A dieta deles continha uma maior carga glicêmica quando comparada àqueles com peso saudável. Conclusão: Adultos com e sem excesso de peso, diferiram quanto às características sociodemográficas, dietéticas e clínicas. A qualidade da dieta foi similar em ambos os grupos, o que sugere a necessidade de melhora dos hábitos alimentares da população, independentemente do peso corporal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Behavior/physiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior/physiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Adult , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Eating/physiology , Waist-Height Ratio , Glycemic Load/physiology , Sociodemographic Factors , Hypercholesterolemia/epidemiology
8.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 36: e230030, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521584

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aims to build geographic models related to the nutritional status of adolescents and describe territories regarding the prevalence of malnutrition, overweight, and obesity, in order to spatially represent how the nutritional status of adolescents is distributed in the city. Methods Using geocoding techniques, graphic models were built using data from the SISVAN platform, as well as the addresses and nutritional status of adolescents aged 10 to 19 years in the municipality of Divinópolis, in the state of Minas Gerais (Brazil), between 2020 and 2021. Results There was a prevalence of 34% of obesity and overweight in the 2020 and 2021 samples. The graphical models showed that there is no specific pattern of points for the spread of nutritional diagnoses, but it was possible to identify areas of heat and places with a higher concentration of overweight. Underweight had a homogeneous spread and did not stand out in the formation of profiles. Conclusion Geographic tools with the adolescents' nutritional profile were successfully modeled, which have the potential to contribute to better health indicator management in the assessed territory, even with the limitations of the study.


RESUMO Objetivo Este trabalho tem como objetivo construir modelos geográficos relativos ao perfil nutricional de adolescentes e descrever territórios quanto à prevalência de déficit de peso e excesso de peso, de modo a representar espacialmente como o diagnóstico nutricional de adolescentes está distribuído na área estudada. Métodos Através da técnica de geocodificação foram construídos modelos gráficos utilizando a plataforma SISVAN, os endereços e o estado nutricional de adolescentes de 10 a 19 anos do município de Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, nos anos de 2020 e 2021. Resultados Houve prevalência de 34% de excesso de peso na amostra de 2020 e 2021. Os modelos gráficos mostraram que não há um padrão específico de pontos de propagação dos diagnósticos nutricionais, porém foi possível identificar áreas de calor e locais de maior concentração de excesso de peso. O déficit de peso teve um espalhamento homogêneo e não se destacou na formação de perfis. Conclusão Foi possível modelar ferramentas geográficas com o perfil nutricional dos adolescentes, as quais têm potencial de contribuir para a melhor gestão de indicadores de saúde no território avaliado, mesmo com as limitações do estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Brazil , Nutrition Surveys/methods , Nutritional Status/ethnology , Adolescent , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , COVID-19/complications , Obesity/epidemiology
9.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507318

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze the nutritional status and temporal trend of the coverage of Brazilian adolescents monitored in the Food and Nutritional Surveillance System in the period 2008-2019. Methods: ecological study of temporal series with SISVAN data collected from 2008 to 2019 with 45,869.266 registration. Body mass index data were collected and the registration coverage of adolescents monitored by the system was calculated. The percentage of annual variation in coverage and nutritional status was estimated using Prais-Winsten regression, with a significance level of 5%. Results: an increase in the prevalence of obesity was observed between 2008 and 2019, during this period thinness remained stable in Brazil. National coverage evolved from 9.3% in 2008 to 19.6% in 2019, with an annual variation of 9% and a statistically significant increase trend. In Brazil, obesity in this age group increased between 2008 and 2019, with an annual variation of 8.7% (CI95% = 7.8-9.6). Conclusion: modifications were observed in nutritional status suggest the occurrence of nutritional transition in the adolescents' population. The percentage of coverage available in the system has growth potential, however, the current scenario impacts on a possible insufficient analysis to support the elaboration and reorientation of public policies.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar o estado nutricional e a tendência temporal da cobertura de adolescentes brasileiros acompanhados no Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional no período de 2008-2019. Métodos: estudo ecológico de séries temporais com dados do SISVAN coletados no período de 2008 a 2019 com 45.869.266 de registos. Foram coletados dados de índice de massa corporal e calculadas as coberturas dos registros dos adolescentes acompanhados pelo sistema. Estimou-se a percentagem da variação anual da cobertura e estado nutricional pela regressão de Prais-Winsten, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: observa-se crescimento da prevalência de obesidade entre 2008 a 2019, nesse período a magreza manteve-se estável no Brasil. A cobertura nacional evoluiu de 9,3% em 2008 para 19,6% em 2019, com variação anual de 9% e tendência de aumento estatisticamente significativa. No Brasil, a obesidade nessa faixa etária apresentou um aumento entre os anos de 2008 e 2019, com uma variação anual de 8,7% (IC95%= 7,8-9,6). Conclusão: modificações observadas no estado nutricional sugerem a ocorrência da transição nutricional na população de adolescentes. O percentual de cobertura disponível no sistema tem potencial de crescimento, entretanto, o atual cenário impacta em possível análise insuficiente para subsidiar a elaboração e reorientação de políticas públicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Time Factors , Food and Nutritional Surveillance , Nutrition Surveys , Nutritional Status , Obesity/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Ecological Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 700-707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013158

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the application of China growth standard for children under 7 years of age (China standards) and World Health Organization child growth standards (WHO standards) in evaluating the prevalence of malnutrition in children aged 0-<6 years in China. Methods: The research data came from the national special program for science & technology basic resources investigation of China, named "2019-2021 survey and application of China's nutrition and health system for children aged 0-18 years". Multi-stage stratified random sampling was used to recruit 28 districts (regions) in 14 provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities across the country. Children (n=38 848) were physically measured and questionnaires were conducted in the guardians of the children. The indicators of stunting, underweight, wasting, overweight and obesity were evaluated by China standards and WHO standards respectively. Chi-square test was used to comparing the prevalence of each nutritional status between the two standards, as well as the comparison between the two standards by gender and age. Results: Among the 38 848 children, 19 650 were boys (50.6%) and 19 198 were girls (49.4%), 19 480 urban children (50.1%) and 19 368 rural children (49.9%). The stunting, underweight and wasting cases in the study population were 2 090 children (5.4%), 1 354 children (3.5%) and 1 276 children (3.3%) according to the China standards, and 1 474 children (3.8%), 701 children (1.8%) and 824 children (2.1%) according to the WHO standards, respectively; the above rates according to the China standards were slightly higher than those to the WHO standards (χ2=111.59, 213.14, and 99.99, all P<0.001). The overweight and obesity cases in the study population were 2 186 children (5.6%) and 1 153 children (3.0%) according to the China standards, and 2 210 children (5.7%) and 1 186 children (3.1%) according to the WHO standards, with no statistically significant differences (χ2=0.14 and 0.48, P=0.709 and 0.488, respectively). Compared to the results based on WHO standards, the China standards showed a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity in boys (χ2=14.95 and 5.85, P<0.001 and =0.016, respectively), and higher prevalence of overweight in girls (χ2=12.60, P<0.001); but there was no statistically significant differences in girls' obesity prevalence between the two standards (χ2=2.62, P=0.106). Conclusions: In general, the prevalence of malnutrition among children aged 0-<6 years based on China standards is slightly higher than that on WHO standards. To evaluate the nutritional status of children, it is advisable to select appropriate child growth standards based on work requirements, norms or research objectives.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Nutritional Status , Overweight/epidemiology , Thinness/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Growth Disorders/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Prevalence
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 386-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study and evaluate the association between lifestyle risk factors and CKD. Methods: Based on the baseline survey data and follow-up data (as of December 31, 2018) of the CKB study, the differences in CKD cases' area and population distributions were described. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the association between lifestyle risk factors and the risk of CKD. Results: A total of 505 147 participants, 4 920 cases of CKD were recorded in 11.26 year follow up with a incidence rate of 83.43/100 000 person-years. Glomerulonephropathy was the most common type. The incidence of CKD was higher in the urban area, men, and the elderly aged 60 years and above (87.83/100 000 person-years, 86.37/100 000 person-years, and 132.06/100 000 person-years). Current male smokers had an increased risk for CKD compared with non-smokers or occasional smokers (HR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.05-1.31). The non-obese population was used as a control group, both general obesity determined by BMI (HR=1.19, 95%CI: 1.10-1.29) and central obesity determined by waist circumference (HR=1.27, 95%CI: 1.19-1.35) were associated with higher risk for CKD. Conclusion: The risks for CKD varied with area and population in the CKB cohort study, and the risk was influenced by multiple lifestyle factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Adult , Humans , Male , Cohort Studies , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Obesity/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Life Style , Body Mass Index
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 265-270, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971015

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to compare the predictive value of six selected anthropometric indicators for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Males over 50 years of age who underwent health examinations at the Health Management Center of the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University (Changsha, China) from June to December 2020 were enrolled in this study. The characteristic data were collected, including basic anthropometric indices, lipid parameters, six anthropometric indicators, prostate-specific antigen, and total prostate volume. The odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for all anthropometric parameters and BPH were calculated using binary logistic regression. To assess the diagnostic capability of each indicator for BPH and identify the appropriate cutoff values, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the related areas under the curves (AUCs) were utilized. All six indicators had diagnostic value for BPH (all P ≤ 0.001). The visceral adiposity index (VAI; AUC: 0.797, 95% CI: 0.759-0.834) had the highest AUC and therefore the highest diagnostic value. This was followed by the cardiometabolic index (CMI; AUC: 0.792, 95% CI: 0.753-0.831), lipid accumulation product (LAP; AUC: 0.766, 95% CI: 0.723-0.809), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR; AUC: 0.660, 95% CI: 0.609-0.712), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR; AUC: 0.639, 95% CI: 0.587-0.691), and body mass index (BMI; AUC: 0.592, 95% CI: 0.540-0.643). The sensitivity of CMI was the highest (92.1%), and WHtR had the highest specificity of 94.1%. CMI consistently showed the highest OR in the binary logistic regression analysis. BMI, WHtR, WHR, VAI, CMI, and LAP all influence the occurrence of BPH in middle-aged and older men (all P ≤ 0.001), and CMI is the best predictor of BPH.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Male , Humans , Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Obesity/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology , Waist-Height Ratio , ROC Curve , Waist Circumference , Risk Factors
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 862-867, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985605

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the associations between the numbers of healthy lifestyles and overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity in adult twins in Shanghai. Methods: Based on the Shanghai Twin Registry System Phase Ⅱ survey data in 2017-2018, a case-control study was conducted to analyze the association between healthy lifestyles and obesity and further adjusted for confounders by a co-twin control study. Results: A total of 7 864 adult twins (3 932 pairs) were included. In the co-twin case-control analysis for monozygotic twins, compared with participants with 0 to 2 healthy lifestyles, those with 3 and 4 to 5 healthy lifestyles had a 49% (OR=0.51, 95%CI: 0.28-0.93) and 70% (OR=0.30, 95%CI: 0.13-0.69) lower risk of overweight/obesity, respectively, and a 17% (OR=0.83, 95%CI: 0.44-1.57) and 66% (OR=0.34, 95%CI: 0.14-0.80) lower risk of abdominal obesity, respectively. For each additional healthy lifestyle, the risk of developing overweight/obesity was reduced by 41% (OR=0.59, 95%CI: 0.42-0.85), and the risk of developing abdominal obesity was reduced by 37% (OR=0.63, 95%CI: 0.44-0.90). Conclusion: An increasing number of healthy lifestyles was associated with a marked decreased risk for both overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Healthy Lifestyle , Obesity/epidemiology , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Twins, Monozygotic
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 617-623, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985536

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the obesity-related factors among primary and middle school students in Hangzhou. Methods: A stratified random cluster sampling cross-sectional study was conducted using Hangzhou city's 2016-2020 annual school health survey data. Finally, 9 213 primary and secondary school students with complete data were selected as the research objects. The standard of Overweight and Obesity Screening for School-age Children and Adolescents (WS/T 586-2018) was used to verify students' obesity. SPSS 25.0 software was applied to conduct statistical analysis on the related factors of obesity. Results: The overall obesity detection rate among primary and middle school students in Hangzhou was 8.52%. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that inadequate sleep (OR=6.507, 95%CI: 2.371-17.861, P<0.001), 3- hours (OR=5.666, 95%CI: 2.164-14.835, P<0.001) and ≥4 hours (OR=7.530, 95%CI: 2.804-20.221, P<0.001) of watching video every day in the past week, being beaten and scolded by parents in the past week (OR=1.627, 95%CI: 1.161-2.280, P=0.005), parents often reduce students' exercise time in order to let students have more time to study in the past week (OR=3.310, 95%CI: 1.243-8.819, P=0.017), age 16-18 years old (OR=0.137, 95%CI: 0.050-0.374, P<0.001), often suffering from campus violence in the past week (OR=0.332, 95%CI: 0.141-0.783, P=0.012), 1 hour of watching video every day in the past week (OR=0.023, 95%CI: 0.006-0.083, P<0.001), sometimes having breakfast (OR=0.151, 95%CI: 0.058-0.397, P<0.001) and eating breakfast every day (OR=0.020, 95%CI: 0.005-0.065, P<0.001) in the past week, eating vegetables and fruits sometimes (OR=0.015, 95%CI: 0.010-0.023, P<0.001) and every day (OR=0.020, 95%CI: 0.008-0.053, P<0.001) in the past week, eating sweet food sometimes (OR=0.089, 95%CI: 0.035-0.227, P<0.001) and every day (OR=2.568, 95%CI: 1.632-4.041, P<0.001) in the past week, eating fried food sometimes (OR=0.274, 95%CI: 0.094-0.800, P=0.018) in the past week, and having three physical education classes every week (OR=0.156, 95%CI: 0.057-0.423, P<0.001) were the main related factors affecting the occurrence of obesity in primary and secondary school students. Conclusions: With the higher obesity prevalence among primary and middle school students in Hangzhou, parents and teachers should strengthen health education for primary and middle school students, help children develop scientific eating behavior, develop positive and healthy living habits of children, and effectively prevent overweight/obesity in primary and middle school students.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Humans , Overweight/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Obesity/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior , Students
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 679-685, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status of excess heart age and its risk factors among Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years. Methods: The study subjects were Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years who completed the heart age assessment by WeChat official account "Heart Strengthening Action" through the internet from January 2018 to April 2021. Information such as age, gender, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, total cholesterol (TC), smoking history, and diabetes history was collected. The heart age and excess heart age were calculated according to the characteristics of individual cardiovascular risk factors and the heart aging was defined as excess heart age≥5 years and 10 years respectively. The heart age and standardization rate were calculated respectively based on the population standardization of the 7th census in 2021.CA trend test was used to analyze the changing trend of excess heart age rate and population attributable risk (PAR) was used to calculate the contribution of risk factors. Results: The mean age of 429 047 subjects was (49.25±8.66) years. The male accounted for 51.17% (219 558/429 047) and the excess heart age was 7.00 (0.00, 11.00) years. The excess heart age rate defined by excess heart age≥5 years and ≥10 years was 57.02% (the standardized rate was 56.83%) and 38.02% (the standardized rate was 37.88%) respectively. With the increase of the age and number of risk factors, the excess heart age rate of the two definitions showed an upward trend according to the result of the trend test analysis (P<0.001). The top two risk factors of the PAR for excess heart age were overweight or obese and smoking. Among them, the male was smoking and overweight or obese, while the female was overweight or obese and having hypercholesterolemia. Conclusion: The excess heart age rate is high in Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years and the contribution of overweight or obese, smoking and having hypercholesterolemia ranks high.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Overweight , Hypercholesterolemia/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Obesity/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology
17.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 26(3): e007088, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1515978

ABSTRACT

Si bien para los médicos la obesidad es una palabra técnica, para muchas personas tiene la implicaría de un largo sufrimiento en relación a su cuerpo. Históricamente, la medicina tradicional se ha comportado como una barrera en la atención a las personas con exceso de peso debido a la gordofobia y a una perspectiva reduccionista pesocentrista. Es preocupante que las ciencias y prácticas de la salud aún tengan esta mirada sobre la gordura, ya que supone un sesgo que impide que las personas sean atendidas integralmente, vulnerando sus derechos en nombre de una preocupación médica y anteponiendo el descenso de peso frente a otras necesidades de los pacientes. Este artículo, si bien intenta modestamente abrir una reflexión filosófica sobre el cuerpo, la medicina hegemónica y la enfermedad, también tiene como objetivo brindar herramientas técnicas y no técnicas para abordar la obesidad desde otro lugar. En esta primera entrega, desarrollaremos el abordaje integral de la persona con cuerpo gordo. La segunda entrega estará enfocada en los tratamientos farmacológicos, no farmacológicos y quirúrgicos de la obesidad. (AI)


Although obesity is a technical word for doctors, it implies long-term suffering in relation to their bodies for many people. Historically, traditional medicine has behaved as a barrier in caring for people with excess weight due to fatphobia and aweight-centric reductionist perspective. It is worrying that health sciences and practices still have this view of fatness, sinceit implies a bias that prevents people from being thoroughly cared for, violating their rights in the name of medical concernand putting weight loss before other patients' needs. This article modestly attempts to open a philosophical reflection about the body, hegemonic medicine, and disease, while also aiming to provide technical and non-technical tools to approach obesity. In this first part, we will explain the comprehensive approach to the person with a fat body. The second part will focus on pharmacological, non-pharmacological, and surgical treatments for obesity. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Body Mass Index , Weight Prejudice/psychology , Obesity/diagnosis , Health-Disease Process , Patient Preference , Social Stigma , Weight Prejudice/prevention & control , Obesity/etiology , Obesity/physiopathology , Obesity/epidemiology
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 993-999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010158

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features of overweight and obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA)patients, and the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and disease characteristics.@*METHODS@#The demographic data, extra-articular manifestations, comorbidities, and disease activity of RA patients admitted to the Rheumatology and Immunology Department of Peking University Third Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020 were collected, and the above characteristics of overweight and obese RA patients were retrospectively analyzed. According to the WHO, BMI≥30 kg/m2 referred to obese individuals, 25≤BMI < 30 kg/m2 referred to overweight individuals, 18.5≤BMI < 25 kg/m2 referred to normal individuals, BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 referred to reduced body mass individuals. t test was used for the quantitative data in accordance with normal distribution. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for the quantitative data of non-normal distribution. The qualitative data were analyzed by chi square test. But while 1≤theoretical frequency < 5, Chi square test of corrected four grid table was used. And Fisher exact probability method was used when theoretical frequency < 1. Analyzing whether overweight or obesity was associated with comorbidities using Logistic regression adjusted confounding factors.@*RESULTS@#A total of 481 RA patients were included in this study, with an average BMI value of (23.28±3.75) kg/m2.Of the patients, 31 cases (6.5%) were with BMI < 18.5 kg/m2, 309 cases (64.2%) with 18.5≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2, amounting to 340 cases (70.7%). There were 119 overweight individuals (25≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2, 24.7%) and 22 obese individuals (BMI≥30 kg/m2, 4.6%), totaling 141 (29.3%).The proportion of the overweight and obese RA patients suffering from hypertension (57.4% vs. 39.1%, P < 0.001), diabetes (25.5% vs. 15.0%, P=0.006), hyperlipidemia (22.7% vs. 10.9%, P=0.001), fatty liver (28.4% vs. 7.4%, P < 0.001), osteoarthritis (39.0% vs. 29.4%, P=0.040) was significantly higher, and the proportion of the patients with osteoporosis(59.6% vs. 70.9%, P=0.016) and anemia (36.2% vs. 55.6%, P < 0.001) was significantly lower. However, there was no difference between the two groups in coronary heart disease (5.7% vs. 7.6%, P=0.442), cerebrovascular disease (6.4% vs. 8.8%, P=0.372) and peripheral atherosclerosis (9.2% vs. 7.6%, P=0.565).The median C-reactive protein (CRP, 1.52 mg/dL vs. 2.35 mg/dL, P=0.008), median erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, 34.0 mm/h vs. 50.0 mm/h, P=0.003), pain visual simulation score (VAS) (3.66±3.08 vs. 4.40±2.85, P=0.011), and 28 joint disease activity scores (DAS-28, 5.05±1.60 vs. 5.45±1.52, P=0.010) in the overweight and obese RA group were all lower than those in the normal and reduced weight groups. Multivariate regression analysis showed that overweight and obesity was an independent risk factor for hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and fatty liver, and had protective effects on osteoporosis and anemia.@*CONCLUSION@#In RA patients, RA disease activity is lower in overweight and obesity patients. Overweight and obesity is associated with hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidemia, but not with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Mass Index , Overweight/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension/complications , Fatty Liver/complications , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Osteoporosis/complications , Anemia
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(12): 1596-1604, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515407

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) practice reduces the adverse effects of COVID-19. PA counseling promotes healthy lifestyles and prevents cardiometabolic diseases. AIM: To assess the trend in cases of PA counseling and the cardiometabolic disease between 2012 and 2019 (before COVID-19) in a southern Chilean region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Records of Maule Region Health Service for 731.163 men, and 829.097 women aged < 10 to ≥ 65 years were analyzed. The average annual percentage change (AAPC) during the study period and the annual percentage change (APC) during intermediate periods, were calculated. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in PA counseling in women in the study period (AAPC: −13.6%). In the 2012-2017 period a significant decrease in counseling for total, men and women were observed (APC: −18.1, −16.5 and −19.1%, respectively). Obesity increased significantly in total, men and women in the 2012-2019 period (AAPC: 10.1, 8.5 and 10.7%, respectively). The same trend was observed for hypertension (AAPC: 8.1, 8.5 and 7.6% respectively) and elevated blood glucose (AAPC: 10, 11.5 and 9.6%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In the study period PA counseling decreased along with an increase in obesity, hypertension and high blood glucose. Increasing PA counseling is a mainstay in the prevention of cardiometabolic diseases and probably to prevent contagion and complement the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Metabolic Diseases/prevention & control , Metabolic Diseases/epidemiology , Blood Glucose , Exercise , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Counseling/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Hypertension , Obesity/prevention & control , Obesity/epidemiology
20.
Femina ; 50(12): 751-761, dez. 31, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414430

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar a população das gestantes em diferentes faixas etárias; avaliar desfechos maternos e neonatais em pacientes com idade materna avançada; determinar a faixa etária a partir da qual os desfechos adversos foram mais prevalentes. Métodos: Parturientes atendidas no Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo entre junho/2019 e maio/2020 foram divididas em três grupos ­ 20 a 34 anos; 35 a 39 anos; 40 anos ou mais ­ e analisadas quanto a diversas variáveis. Resultados: Entre as gestantes do Serviço, 44,2% tinham idade materna avançada. A amostra foi composta por 927 pacientes, a maioria com relacionamento conjugal estável (75,2%) e ensino de nível superior (74,7%). Independentemente do grupo etário, foram observados elevados índices de obesidade (25,9%), sobrepeso (39,7%) e cesariana (76,4%). A frequência de iteratividade, diabetes gestacional e doença hipertensiva específica da gestação foi maior a partir dos 35 anos, e a frequência de hipertensão arterial crônica foi maior a partir dos 40 anos. Neonatos de pacientes com 40 anos ou mais tiveram maiores índices de baixo peso ao nascer, óbito neonatal, Apgar de quinto minuto < 7 e necessidade de reanimação neonatal. Conclusão: Pacientes com idade materna avançada representaram porcentagem expressiva da população e tiveram maior frequência de desfechos adversos. Complicações obstétricas foram mais prevalentes a partir dos 35 anos, com destaque para diabetes gestacional e distúrbios hipertensivos. Resultados neonatais desfavoráveis, como baixo peso ao nascer e óbito neonatal, foram mais prevalentes a partir de 40 anos.


Objective: Featuring the population of pregnant women in different age groups; assessing maternal and neonatal outcomes in patients at advanced maternal age; determining the threshold age for the potential prevalence of adverse outcomes. Methods: Women in labor assisted at Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo between June/2019 and May/2020 were divided into three age groups ­ 20 to 34 years; 35 to 39 years; over 40 years ­, who were assessed for several variables. Results: 44.2% of pregnant women in this Service were at advanced maternal age. The sample counted on 927 patients, most of them declared stable marital relationships (75.2%) and College degree (74,7%). High obesity levels (25.9%), overweight (39.7%) and cesarean delivery (76.4%) were observed, regardless of age group. Maternal request was the main indication for cesarean surgery. Iteration frequency, gestational diabetes and pregnancy-specific hypertensive disease was higher from the age of 35 years, on. Chronical high blood pressure was higher in the age group over 40 years. Newborns from patients older than over 40 years presented higher low weight at birth index, neonatal death, 5th minute Apgar score < 7 and the need of neonatal resuscitation. Conclusion: Patients at advanced maternal age recorded higher obstetric adversity frequency in the age group over 35 years, with emphasis on gestational diabetes and high blood pressure. Unfavorable neonatal outcomes related to low weight at birth and neonatal death were more prevalent in the age group over 40 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Pregnant Women , Maternal Health , Hypertension/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Apgar Score , Prenatal Care , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Maternal Age , Sociodemographic Factors , Midwifery
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL