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Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529142


Abstract Objective: To investigate the usefulness, reliability, quality, and content of Portuguese-language YouTube videos on COVID-19. Material and Methods: Three keywords selected on Google Trends were searched on YouTube, and the 60 first videos listed with each term were analyzed. Two calibrated researchers evaluated the reliability (DISCERN Modified Scale), the quality (Global Quality Score - GQS), and the usefulness of videos for the users (COVID-19 Specific Score - CSS). The number of views, likes, and engagement were also analyzed. The data were evaluated by the Mann-Whitney test and Spearman correlation (α=5%). Results: 59 videos were included. The average scores of quality, reliability, and usefulness were 3.0 (±1.1), 3.2 (± 0.8), and 1.5 (± 0.9), respectively. Two-thirds of the videos (64.4%) had low/moderate quality, and the majority (76.2%) were about signs and symptoms. The numbers of views (p=0.005), likes (p=0.006), and engagement (p=0.014) were significantly higher in moderate/good quality videos. The number of comments (p=0.007), duration of videos (p=0.004), and the DISCERN score (p<0.001) were significantly higher in videos made by health professionals. The general quality of the videos was positively correlated to the CSS scores, number of views, likes, and engagement (p<0.05). Conclusion: Most videos had moderate quality and reliability and low usefulness for the users.

Health Communication , Data Accuracy , Internet-Based Intervention , COVID-19/prevention & control , Video Recording , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dentists , Social Networking , Observational Study
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550595


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the impact of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) and confounding factors on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) according to the perception of 8 to 10-year-old children and their parents/caregivers. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study including 403 students aged 8-10 years was carried out, in which OHRQoL was measured using the Child Perceptions Questionnaire administered to both children and parents/caregivers. The diagnosis of MIH was performed according to the previously proposed index. Dental caries experience, malocclusion, and sociodemographic factors were evaluated as confounders. Cluster analysis and Poisson regression with robust variance (p<0.05) were performed. Results: The prevalence of MIH was 13.4%. Parents/caregivers of children with MIH in incisors showed a higher impact prevalence in the emotional well-being domain (PR=1.92; 95%CI=1.16-3.19). Children with hypoplasia had a higher prevalence of negative impact on OHRQoL in the oral symptoms domain (PR=1.51; 95%CI=1.03-2.23). According to the perception of parents/caregivers, dental caries experience had a negative impact on the quality of life of students in the emotional well-being domain (PR=4.19; 95%CI=1.06-16.49) and in the total questionnaire score (PR=3.21; 95%CI=1.06-9.71). Conclusion: According to the perception of parents/caregivers, children with MIH in incisors showed a greater impact on OHRQoL. Additionally, the presence of hypoplasia affected the self-perception of OHRQoL in children, and caries experience influenced the OHRQoL of children, as perceived by parents/caregivers.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Quality of Life , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia , Molar Hypomineralization/epidemiology , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Observational Study
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 8(1): [9], 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551342


Objective: To evaluate the clinical response of patients with cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia after endoscopic sinus surgery at the Dr. Robert Reid Cabral Children's Hospital from September 2021 to February 2022. Methods: An ambispective, cross-sectional, observational case series study was conducted, where the study population was made up of patients with cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia at the Dr. Robert Reid Cabral children's hospital during the study period. Inclusion criteria: Patients older than 6 years with a confirmed diagnosis of cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia (Genetic test with 2 homozygous mutations, positives electrolytes in sweat), severe respiratory symptoms of CRS that did not improve with conventional treatment and underwent endoscopic surgery for sinuses. Results: Of a total of 41 patients, only 10 met the inclusion criteria, the most prevalent age range was 14 to 18 years. Both CF and PCD patients decreased the frequency of CRS symptoms. After ENC, there were discrete changes in lung function, and only patients with severe to moderate disease increased % of FEV1. Most of the patients did not require admission after surgery. The most common germ found in nasopharyngeal and sputum cultures in preoperative patients was Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 86%; after ESS there was a significant increase in MRSA colonization in both CF and PCD patients. More than 50% of postoperative patients improved their quality of life, so endoscopic sinus surgery is effective in this population in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis.

Objetivo: Evaluar la respuesta clínica de los pacientes con fibrosis quística y discinesia ciliar primaria posterior a la cirugía endoscópica de senos paranasales en el Hospital Infantil Dr. Robert Reid Cabral en el período septiembre 2021 a febrero 2022. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional tipo serie de casos, de corte transversal y ambispectivo, donde la población estudiada estuvo conformada por los pacientes con fibrosis quística y discinesia ciliar primaria del hospital infantil Dr. Robert Reid Cabral en el período de estudio. Criterios de inclusión: Pacientes mayores de 6 años con diagnóstico confirmado de fibrosis quística y discinesia ciliar primaria (Prueba genética con 2 mutaciones homocigotas, electrolitos en sudor positivos), síntomas respiratorios severos de RSC que no mejoraron con tratamiento convencional y sometidos a la cirugía endoscópica de senos paranasales. Resultados: De un total de 41 pacientes, sólo 10 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, el rango de edad más prevalente fue de 14 a 18 años. Tanto los pacientes con FQ como los de DCP disminuyeron la frecuencia de los síntomas de RSC. Posterior a la CEN hubo cambios discretos en la función pulmonar, y sólo los pacientes con enfermedad grave a moderada aumentaron el % de FEV1. La mayoría de los pacientes no ameritaron ingresos posterior a la cirugía. El germen más común encontrado en los cultivos nasofaríngeo y esputo en los pacientes preoperatorios fue la Pseudomonas aeruginosa en el 86%, luego de la CEN hubo un aumento significativo de la colonización por MRSA tanto en los pacientes con FQ como en los de DCP. Más del 50% de los pacientes postquirúrgicos mejoraron su calidad de vida, por lo que la cirugía endoscópica de senos paranasales es efectiva en dicha población en el tratamiento de la rinosinusitis crónica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Sinusitis , Ciliary Motility Disorders , Cystic Fibrosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases , Quality of Life , Observational Study
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 32620, 26 dez. 2023. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524464


Introdução:Sabe-se que a busca pela estética é algo cada vez mais crescente. Dentre os procedimentos mais procurados na odontologia estética, destaca-se o clareamento dental de consultório. Diante disso, ainda são poucos os estudos que avaliam os efeitos dos agentes clareadores de diferentes pHs na efetividade clareadora e na sensibilidade dentária.Objetivo:Avaliar a sensibilidade dentária e a eficácia clareadora de géis clareadores à base de peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% com diferentes pHs.Metodologia:Trata-se de um relato de três casos, descritivo e observacional, do tipo boca dividida (split-mouth) para cada estratégia clareadora (gel clareador com pH básico e gel clareador com pH ácido). Foram avaliados três pacientes de25, 26e 27anos de idade.Realizou-se registro de cor por meio da escala VITAClassical e avaliação da sensibilidade dentária pela escala visual analógica. Resultados:Todos os pacientes avaliados apresentaram cor A3 no registro de cor inicial e, após o clareamento dental,atingiram a cor A1. Todos relataram uma maior sensibilidade no hemiarco direito (local onde foi aplicada o gel clareador Whiteness HP que possui pH ácido. Dois pacientes relataram sensibilidade dentária no hemiarco esquerdo em que foi aplicado o gel clareador de pH básico. Conclusões:Observa-se a eficácia clínica dos géis clareadores de consultório à base de peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% na estabilidade de cor após o tratamento clareador, independente do seu pH. Ademais, nota-se que o gel clareador de pH básico promoveu menor sensibilidade pós-operatória (AU).

Introduction:It is known that the search for aesthetics is something increasingly growing. Among the most sought-after procedures in cosmetic dentistry, in-office tooth bleaching stands out. Therefore, there are still few studies that evaluate the effects of bleaching agents ofdifferent pHs on bleaching effectiveness and tooth sensitivity.Objective:To evaluate tooth sensitivity and bleaching efficacy of 35% hydrogen peroxide-based tooth bleaching gels with different pHs.Methodology:This is a report of three cases, descriptive and observational, of the split-mouth type for each bleaching strategy (bleaching gel with basic pH and bleaching gel with acidic pH). Three patients aged 25, 26 and 27 years were evaluated. Color registration was performed using the VITA Classical scale and tooth sensitivity was evaluated using the visual analogue scale.Results:All evaluated patients presented color A3 in the initial color registration and, after tooth bleaching, reached color A1. All reported greater sensitivity in the right hemi-arch (place where the Whiteness HP bleaching gel with an acid pH was applied. Two patients reported tooth sensitivity in the left hemi-arch where the basic pH bleaching gel was applied.Conclusions:The clinical efficacy of in-office tooth bleaching gels based on 35% hydrogen peroxide in terms of color stability after bleaching treatment is observed, regardless of its pH. In addition, it is noted that the basic pH bleaching gel promoted less postoperative sensitivity (AU).

Introducción: Se sabe que la búsqueda de la estética es algo cada vez más creciente. Entre los procedimientos más populares en odontología estética, se destaca el blanqueamiento dental en consultorio. Ante esto, aún existen pocos estudios que evalúen los efectos de agentes blanqueadores de diferentes pHs sobre la efectividad del blanqueamiento y la sensibilidad dental.Objetivo: Evaluar la sensibilidad dental y la eficacia blanqueadora de geles blanqueadores a base de peróxido de hidrógeno al 35 % con diferentes pH. Metodología: Este es un reporte de tres casos, descriptivo y observacional, del tipo boca partida para cada estrategia de blanqueamiento (gel blanqueador con pH básico y gel blanqueador con pH ácido). Se evaluaron tres pacientes de 25, 26 y 27 años. El registro de color se realizó con la escala clásica VITA y la sensibilidad dental se evaluó con la escala analógica visual.Resultados: Todos los pacientes evaluados presentaron color A3 en el registro de color inicial y, después del blanqueamiento dental, alcanzaron el color A1. Todos refirieron mayor sensibilidad en la hemiarcada derecha (lugar donde se aplicó el gel blanqueador de pH ácido Whiteness HP). Dos pacientes refirieron sensibilidad dental en la hemiarcadaizquierda donde se aplicó el gel blanqueador de pH básico.Conclusiones: Se observala eficacia clínica de los geles blanqueadores de consultorio a base de peróxido de hidrógeno al 35% en cuanto a la estabilidad del color tras el tratamiento blanqueador, independientemente de su pH. Además, se observa que el gel blanqueador de pH básico promovió una menor sensibilidad postoperatoria (AU).

Humans , Adult , Color , Dentin Sensitivity/complications , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Hydrogen Peroxide , Treatment Outcome , Observational Study , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536335


Introducción: Múltiples investigaciones demuestran el efecto teratogénico de la diabetes mellitus durante el embarazo, considerada causa frecuente de morbilidad fetal. Objetivo: Describir las características del producto de la concepción de mujeres con diabetes pregestacional o gestacional, atendidas en el Hospital Provincial Comandante Ciro Redondo García, de Artemisa. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, en la Provincia Artemisa, Cuba, en el período de febrero 2016 a febrero 2018, en 316 mujeres con diabetes mellitus durante su gestación. La información se obtuvo mediante revisión documental y entrevista, conservando los datos en hoja de cálculo Excel. Resultados: El 69,9 por ciento de las pacientes diabéticas estudiadas presentaron morbilidades en su descendencia, entre las que predominaron los defectos congénitos en 139 casos; 34 neonatos macrosómicos; 21 pretérminos; 9 con retardo del crecimiento intrauterino y 5 fallecidos antes del año de vida. La diabetes, tanto pregestacional como gestacional, se relacionó con afecciones en la descendencia; sin embargo, un control preconcepcional adecuado de la enfermedad redujo el riesgo de tener hijos afectados. Los defectos congénitos fueron la alteración más frecuente cuando la madre padecía diabetes pregestacional. Si la diabetes materna era gestacional los hijos presentaron con frecuencia macrosomía y otras anomalías asociadas. Conclusiones: Alrededor de 70 de cada 100 mujeres diabéticas presentan morbilidades en su descendencia. Si la diabetes materna no es controlada antes de la concepción, estas morbilidades en sus hijos son predominantemente defectos congénitos con posible origen disruptivo, mientras que la diabetes gestacional se relaciona más con recién nacidos macrosómicos(AU)

Introduction: Multiple investigations show the teratogenic effect of diabetes mellitus during pregnancy, being considered a frequent cause of fetal morbidity. Objective: To describe the characteristics of the offspring of women with pregestacional or gestational diabetes who received attention at the Hospital Provincial Comandante Ciro Redondo García of Artemisa. Methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in Artemisa Province, Cuba, in the period from February 2016 to February 2018, with 316 pregnant women with diabetes mellitus. The information was obtained through documentary review and interview; the data were kept in an Excel spreadsheet. Results: 69.9 percent of the studied diabetic patients presented morbidities in their offspring, among which congenital defects predominated, accounting for 139 cases; 34 were macrosomic neonates; 21 were preterm; 9 presented intrauterine growth retardation; and 5 died within one year of life. Diabetes, both pregestational and gestational, was associated with conditions in the offspring; however, adequate preconception control of the disease reduced the risk for having affected children. Congenital defects were the most frequent alteration when the mother had pregestational diabetes. If maternal diabetes was gestational, the offspring frequently presented macrosomia and other associated anomalies. Conclusions: About 70 out of 100 diabetic women present morbidities in their offspring. If maternal diabetes is not controlled before conception, these morbidities in their offspring are predominantly congenital defects with a possible disruptive origin, while gestational diabetes is more related to macrosomic newborns(AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Congenital Abnormalities/etiology , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536339


Introducción: El carcinoma basocelular es un tumor de invasión local de crecimiento; se origina en las células epidérmicas de los folículos pilosos o las células basales de la epidermis, cuando se localizan en zona de alto riesgo en la cara tienen un mayor índice de recurrencia tumoral y de invasión a estructuras adyacentes y subyacentes. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la aplicación del HeberFERON en pacientes con carcinoma basocelular en zona de alto riesgo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo en pacientes con diagnóstico clínico, dermatoscópico e histopatológico de carcinoma basocelular en zona de alto riesgo, tratados con HeberFERON en la consulta del Policlínico Centro de Sancti Spíritus desde el 12 de enero de 2016 hasta el 25 de marzo de 2022. La muestra quedó conformada por 62 pacientes Las principales variables estudiadas fueron la respuesta al tratamiento y los eventos adversos. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, el área urbana, fototipocutáneo III y la edad mayor de 40 años. La localización más frecuente fue la nasal; el subtipo clínico el nódulo ulcerativo; el histológico, el sólido; el tumor primitivo y menor de 2 cm; la respuesta al tratamiento fue completa en la mayoría de los pacientes. Los eventos adversos más comunes fueron dolor y ardor en el sitio de inyección, edema y eritema perilesional, fiebre y cefalea. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes tratados con HeberFERON tuvieron una respuesta completa, los eventos adversos fueron los descritos en la literatura por el uso de interferones, sin cambio en la actitud farmacológica(AU)

Introduction: Basal cell carcinoma is a growing and locally invasive tumor; it originates in the epidermal cells of hair follicles or the basal cells of the epidermis. When located in a high-risk facial zone, they present a higher rate of tumor recurrence and invasion to adjacent and underlying structures. Objective: To evaluate the results of HeberFERON application in patients with basal cell carcinoma on a high-risk zone. Methods: An observational, descriptive and prospective study was conducted in patients with a clinical, dermatoscopic and histopathological diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma on a high-risk zone, treated with HeberFERON in the consultation of Policlínico Centro of Sancti Spíritus, from January 12, 2016 to March 25, 2022. The sample was made up of 62 patients. The main variables studied were response to treatment and adverse events. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex, the urban area, skin phototype III and age over 40 years. The most frequent localization was nasal; the clinical subtype, ulcerative nodule; the histological subtype, solid. The response to treatment was complete in most patients. The most common adverse events were pain and burning at the injection site, perilesional erythema and edema, fever and headache. Conclusions: Most patients treated with HeberFERON had a complete response; the adverse events were those described in the literature due to the use of interferons, with no change in pharmacological behavior(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/drug therapy , Interferons/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536336


Introducción: El impacto psicológico de la pandemia en la población varía de acuerdo al tipo de afección, por el significado que implica a la persona y sus características. Objetivos: Determinar el riesgo de depresión, ansiedad, estrés y suicidio en pacientes en aislamiento por contacto de casos sospechosos de COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio observacional transversal en pacientes en aislamiento domiciliario por contacto de casos sospechosos de COVID-19, Policlínico José Martí Pérez del municipio Gibara, de noviembre del 2020 a febrero del 2021. El universo fue 417 pacientes, de ellos 399 fue la muestra mediante un muestreo no probabilístico y cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se recolectó a través de test que evaluaron las alteraciones psicológicas. La información recogida fue almacenada en una base de datos, y se procesó mediante la utilización del paquete estadístico SPSS 17. Resultados: Predominaron pacientes aislados por contacto directo (194/48,62 por ciento) y en aislamiento por más a 10 días (203/50,89 por ciento). El ser contacto de cualquier tipo de paciente sospechoso de COVID-19 se relacionó con riesgo de depresión (OR: 1,81; IC 95 por ciento: 1,38-2,38), pero no con la ansiedad (OR: 1,05; IC 95 por ciento 0,88-1,25). El estrés no presentó significación estadística (p = 0,341) en relación al tiempo en aislamiento. La ideación suicida estuvo presente en 25 pacientes, relacionándose con el riesgo de sufrirla (OR: 1,39; IC 95 por ciento: 1,03-1,88) en pacientes contactos directos. Conclusiones: Durante el aislamiento, los pacientes presentaron ansiedad como principal alteración psicológica, al estar en contacto con pacientes positivos de COVID-19. Esta situación se relaciona estrechamente con el riesgo de sufrir depresión y presentar idea suicida(AU)

Introduction: The pandemic's psychological impact of the on the population varies depending on the type of condition, according to the meaning that it implies to the person and its characteristics. Objectives: To determine the risk of depression, anxiety, stress and suicide in patients in isolation due to contact with suspected cases of COVID-19. Methods: A cross-sectional and observational study was carried out with patients in home isolation due to contact with suspected cases of COVID-19. The patients belonged to the Policlínico José Martí Pérez, Gibara Municipality, from November 2020 to February 2021. From a study universe of 417 patients, 399 were selected by nonprobabilistic sampling, apart from the fact that they met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The psychological alterations were evaluated through the application of a test. The collected information was stored in a database and processed using the SPSS 17 statistical package. Results: There was a predominance of patients isolated due to direct contact (194/48, 62 percent) and in isolation for more than 10 days (203/50, 89 percent). Having been in contact with any type of patient suspected of COVID-19 was associated with risk of depression (OR: 1.81; 95 percentI: 1.38-2.38), but not with anxiety (OR: 1.05; 95 percent CI: 0.88-1.25). Stress was not statistically significant (p = 0.341) in relation to the isolation time. Suicidal ideation was present in 25 patients, being related, in patients who were direct contact, to the risk of suffering from the disease (OR: 1.39; 95 percent I: 1.03-1.88). Conclusions: During isolation, patients presented anxiety as the main psychological alteration, since they had been in contact with COVID-19 positive patients. This situation is closely related to the risk of suffering depression and presenting suicidal ideation(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety/psychology , Suicide/psychology , Depression/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 33(2): 153-161, 14 de agosto del 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451571


Introducción: La biopsia selectiva del ganglio centinela (BSGC) en cáncer de mama es el método estándar para estadificación axilar en pacientes con axila clínicamente negativa. Estudios indican evitar linfadenectomía axilar en pacientes con BSGC negativas incluyendo aquellos que recibieron previamente quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTN). El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar la eficacia de la BSGC en detectar ganglios centinela posterior QTN en un instituto oncológico de referencia en Ecuador. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico y retrospectivo, realizado en Hospital SOLCA Guayaquil, durante el período enero 2015 a diciembre 2020. Se evaluaron 81 pacientes con cáncer de mama con axila clínicamente negativa que recibieron QTN previo a cirugía. Las variables son biopsia de ganglio centinela, quimioterapia neoadyuvante, precisión diagnóstica y estadificación axilar. Se consideró el Odds Ratio del 95%, con una P<0.05. Resultados: De 81 pacientes operados, 52 pacientes recibieron BSGC con muestreo detectándose ganglio centinela en 92.3% de los casos. El porcentaje de falsos negativos es 21.7% posterior a QTN. Los 29 pacientes restantes recibieron linfadenectomía axilar. Conclusión: La BSGC es efectiva para detectar el ganglio centinela en pacientes con cáncer de mama y axila clínicamente negativa, incluso después de la quimioterapia neoadyuvante. Sin embargo, existe un riesgo significativo de falsos negativos después de la QTN, lo que puede llevar a la necesidad de realizar una linfadenectomía axilar adicional para una evaluación más precisa de la estadificación axilar.

Introduction: Selective sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in breast cancer is the standard method for axillary staging in patients with clinically negative axilla. Studies indicate avoiding axillary lymphadenectomy in patients with negative SLNB, including those who previously received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NQT). This study aims to determine the efficacy of SLNB in detecting sentinel lymph nodes after QTN in a reference cancer institute in Ecuador. Materials and Methods: An observational, analytical, and retrospective study was conducted at Hospital SOLCA Guayaquil from January 2015 to December 2020. Eighty-one clinically negative axillary breast cancer patients who received CTN before surgery were evaluated. The variables are sentinel node biopsy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, diagnostic accuracy, and axillary staging. An odds ratio of 95% was considered, with P <0.05. Results: Of 81 operated patients, 52 received SLNB, with sampling detecting sentinel nodes in 92.3% of the cases. The percentage of false negatives is 21.7% after QTN. The remaining 29 patients received axillary lymphadenectomy. Conclusion: SLNB effectively detects the sentinel node in patients with clinically negative breast and axillary cancer, even after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, there is a significant risk of false negatives after CTN, which may lead to the need to perform additional axillary lymphadenectomy for a more accurate assessment of axillary staging.

Humans , Adult , Biopsy , Sentinel Lymph Node , Lymph Node Excision , General Surgery , Breast Neoplasms , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Observational Study
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 136(2): 4-12, jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551237


Introducción. El shock séptico es la manifestación más grave de sepsis con tasas de letalidad que pueden llegar hasta el 80%. En los últimos años, ha cobrado relevancia la diferencia arteriovenosa de dióxido de carbono, por su implicación teórica en el metabolismo anaerobio y su significado respecto del normal funcionamiento celular. Por lo antes mencionado, creemos necesario realizar un estudio que nos permita establecer la utilidad de la diferencia arteriovenosa de dióxido de carbono en el paciente con shock séptico de la unidad de cuidados intensivos, como medida indirecta de la perfusión tisular y de la utilización de oxígeno por los tejidos, que nos permita establecer un diagnóstico precoz y el pronóstico de los pacientes críticamente enfermos. Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. Muestra de veintiocho pacientes adultos. Resultados. Como se ha registrado en otras series, la mayor parte de los pacientes afectados por shock séptico, en nuestro estudio, fueron hombres mayores de 65 años, con al menos una comorbilidad, siendo el principal sitio de infección el respiratorio (67,9%), asociado a una alta tasa de mortalidad (67%). Conclusiones. Los pacientes con diferencia arteriovenosa de PCO2 mayor a 6 mmHg tienen un riesgo aumentado de muerte de 3,2 veces. (AU)

Introduction. Septic shock is the most serious manifestation of sepsis with mortality rates that can reach up to 80%. In recent years, the arteriovenous carbon dioxide difference has gained relevance, due to its theoretical implication in anaerobic metabolism and its significance with respect to normal cell function. Due to the aforementioned, we believe it is necessary to carry out a study that allows us to establish the usefulness of the arteriovenous carbon dioxide difference in the patient with septic shock in the intensive care unit as an indirect measure of tissue perfusion and utilization. of oxygen through the tissues, which allows us to establish an early diagnosis and prognosis of critically ill patients. Methods. Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. Sample of 28 adult patients. Results. As has been reported in other series, most of the patients affected by septic shock in our study were men over 65 years of age, with at least one comorbidity, the main site of infection being respiratory (67.9%), associated with a high mortality rate (67%) Conclusions. Patients with an arteriovenous PCO2 difference greater than 6 mmHg have a 3.2-fold increased risk of death. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Shock, Septic/mortality , Carbon Dioxide/blood , Blood Gas Analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 90-97, jun 22, 2023. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443288


Introdução: as parasitoses intestinais são doenças que apresentam um problema de saúde mundial, causando grandes problemas nutricionais, onde sua ocorrência varia de acordo com o clima de cada região e condições socioeconômicas. Regiões que apresentam climas trópicos com umidade, altos índices de chuvas e temperaturas elevadas associadas com a falta de informações sobre as enteroparasitoses merecem atenção. Objetivo: o presente trabalho buscou avaliar os tipos de enteroparasitoses entre os anos de 2018 a 2020 em uma parcela da população de um município da Amazônia Ocidental, mais especificamente, (i) avaliar os tipos de enteroparasitoses que acometem a população entre os períodos de inundação e estiagem; (ii) avaliar a influência das enteroparasitoses em indivíduos de acordo com o gênero e a faixa etária ao longo de três anos. Metodologia: as coletas de dados foram realizadas entre os anos de 2018 a 2020, por meio de análises de planilhas concedidas pelo laboratório de análises clinicas LABSUL. Resultados: foram avaliados 4236 exames de fezes, sendo que apenas 1396 foram positivos para enteroparasitoses. Dos quais a maior parte foi causada por protozoários (58,69%) que acometeram principalmente Mulheres, jovens e crianças nos períodos de inundação. Conclusão: diante disso, os dados demonstraram que as enteroparasitoses acometem com frequência uma parcela da população local. Além de trazer informações que podem reforçar a necessidade da implementação do sistema de saneamento básico, juntamente com campanhas de conscientização populacional a respeito das vias de contaminação e da forma de propagação dessas infecções.

Introduction: intestinal parasites are diseases that present a worldwide health problem, causing major nutritional problems, where their occurrence varies according to the climate of each region and socioeconomic conditions. Regions that have tropical climates with humidity, high levels of rainfall and high temperatures associated with a lack of information on entero-parasitosis deserve attention. Objective: the present work sought to evaluate the types of intestinal parasites between the years 2018 to 2020 in a portion of the population of a municipality in the Western Amazon, more specifically, (i) to evaluate the types of entero-parasitosis that affect the population between periods of flooding and drought; (ii) to evaluate the influence of entero-parasitosis in individuals according to gender and age group over three years. Methodology: data collection was carried out between the years 2018 to 2020, through analysis of spreadsheets provided by the clinical analysis laboratory LABSUL. Results: 4236 stool exams were evaluated, of which only 1396 were positive for entero-parasitosis. Most of which were caused by protozoa (58.69%) that mainly affected women, young people and children during flood periods. Conclusion: in view of this, the data showed that intestinal parasites frequently affect a portion of the local population. In addition to bringing information that can reinforce the need to implement the basic sanitation system, together with population awareness campaigns regarding the routes of contamination and the way in which these infections spread.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Parasitic Diseases , Parasitology , Helminthiasis , Seasons , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536315


Introducción: La infertilidad afecta hasta un 15 por ciento de las parejas en edad reproductiva en el mundo y es uno de los factores que inciden en la baja natalidad de Cuba. Antes del 2016 no existían consultas de infertilidad en todos los municipios y era bajo el número de embarazos logrados, lo que motivó la decisión de extenderlas a todos los municipios del país. Objetivo: Describir los resultados de las consultas municipales de infertilidad en los primeros cuatro años de su implementación (2017-2020). Métodos: Estudio observacional transversal de casos, atendidos en las 82 consultas municipales de infertilidad existentes antes del 2016 y después de su generalización a todos los municipios del país. Resultados: En las consultas municipales han sido atendidas 81,3 por ciento de las parejas infértiles que lo demandan, se incrementó el número de consultas ofrecidas de 24 215 en el año 2016 a 140 183 en el 2020. En ese período se elevó en 10 por ciento los embarazos obtenidos, 63,5 por ciento de los logrados en todos los niveles de atención. Conclusiones: Las consultas municipales incrementaron sus resultados entre el año 2017 al 2020 y los nacimientos obtenidos pueden ser considerados como una contribución del sector salud a reducir la baja natalidad que experimenta el país(AU)

Introduction: Infertility affects up to 15percent of couples of reproductive age in the world and is one of the factors affecting the low birth rate in Cuba. Before 2016, infertility consultations did not exist in all municipalities and the number of pregnancies achieved was low, which motivated the decision to extend them to all municipalities in the country. Aim: To describe the results of municipal infertility consultations in the first four years of their implementation (2017-2020). Methods: Cross-sectional observational study of cases, attended in the 82 municipal infertility consultations existing before 2016 and after their generalization to all municipalities in the country. Results: 81.3percent of the infertile couples requesting treatment were attended in the municipal consultations. The number of consultations offered increased from 24 215 in 2016 to 140 183 in 2020. In that period, pregnancies obtained increased by 10 percent, 63.5 percent of those achieved at all levels of care. Conclusions: Municipal consultations increased their results from 2017 to 2020 and the births obtained can be considered as a contribution of the health sector to reduce the low birth rate experienced by the country(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Birth Rate/trends , Infertility/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536313


Introducción: El suicidio está entre las tres primeras causas de muerte en el grupo de adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, su incidencia no ha descendido en el presente siglo. Objetivo: Valorar algunos indicadores relevantes del programa de atención a la conducta suicida en adolescentes. Métodos: Investigación en sistema y servicios de salud con diseño de estudio observacional descriptivo en tres áreas de salud del municipio Cienfuegos: áreas V, VII y VIII, de enero a septiembre del 2019. El universo fue de 46 profesionales de los Equipos de Salud Mental y Equipo Básicos de Salud. Se utilizaron como instrumentos dos encuestas, diseñadas y validadas por criterio de experto. Fueron seleccionados 6 indicadores en las dimensiones estructura y proceso y 4 en resultado. Se utilizó una media ponderada para procesar los datos. Resultados: Los indicadores valorados de regular fueron: en la estructura: capacitación de los recursos humanos y capacidad técnica del personal; en el proceso: confección de las historias clínicas, diseminación del programa en las unidades de salud y su verificación y las modalidades terapéuticas; y en resultado: la participación del equipo de salud mental en las investigaciones relacionadas con la conducta suicida. Conclusiones: Existe un grupo de deficiencias que conlleva a que el cumplimiento del programa de atención a la conducta suicida en adolescentes sea valorado como regular, en las tres áreas de salud del municipio Cienfuegos estudiadas(AU)

Introduction: Suicide is among the first three causes of death in the group of adolescents and young adults; its incidence has not decreased in the present century. Objective: To assess some relevant indicators of the adolescent suicidal behavior care program. Methods: Research in health system and services with descriptive observational study design in health areas V, VII and VIII of Cienfuegos municipality from January to September 2019. The universe was 46 professionals of the Mental Health Teams and Basic Health Team. Two surveys were used as instruments, designed and validated by expert criteria. Six indicators were selected in the structure and process dimensions and four in outcome. A weighted average was used to process the data. Results: The indicators rated as fair were: in the structure: training of human resources and technical aptitude of personnel; in the process: preparation of clinical histories, dissemination of the program in health units and its verification and therapeutic modalities; and in the outcome: participation of the mental health team in research related to suicidal behavior. Conclusions: There is a group of deficiencies that leads to the fact that compliance with the program of attention to suicidal behavior in adolescents is valued as regular in the three health areas of the Cienfuegos municipality studied(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Primary Health Care , Suicide/psychology , Suicide, Attempted/prevention & control , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
Educ. med. super ; 37(2)jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1528531


Introducción: El Movimiento de Alumnos Ayudantes "Frank País" constituye una valiosa cantera de investigadores. Sin embargo, estas potencialidades no siempre generan tal resultado, lo cual torna necesario monitorizar sistemáticamente dicha actividad. Objetivo: Caracterizar la actividad investigativa de los alumnos ayudantes en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Victoria de Girón". Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, en una muestra probabilística estratificada de 131 sujetos. El análisis estadístico fue descriptivo. Se empleó la prueba ji al cuadrado de Pearson y el coeficiente V de Cramer. Resultados: Los estudiantes en el quinto año académico, de las 12 habilidades investigativas exploradas, en 8 alcanzaron las mayores cifras en cuanto a los que expresaron dominarlas. El área clínica fue la de principal interés investigativo (50,4 %); esta variable se asoció con el tipo de especialidad de la ayudantía (p < 0,001; V = 0,710). El 53,4 % de los educandos refirió estar vinculado a la investigación científica, lo cual presentó asociación estadística (p < 0,001; 0,6 ≤ V < 0,8) con las variables: antigüedad en el movimiento de alumnos ayudantes, autopercepción de su importancia en la formación profesional, la autoevaluación de la preparación en ella, incorporación a un proyecto de investigación, pertenencia al Grupo Científico Estudiantil e interés por practicarla en el posgrado. Pocos se encontraban vinculados a proyectos de investigación (n = 22), al Grupo Científico Estudiantil (n = 37) y a la publicación científica (n = 22). Conclusiones: En los alumnos ayudantes de esta facultad se observa una insuficiente actividad en investigación científica.

Introduction: "Frank País" Student Teachers Movement is a valuable pool of researchers. However, these potentialities do not always produce such outcomes; therefore, systematic monitoring of this activity is necessary. Objective: To characterize the research activity of student teachers at Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Victoria de Girón". Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with a stratified probabilistic sample of 131 subjects. The statistical analysis was descriptive. Pearson's chi-squared test and Cramer's V coefficient were used. Results: Of the 12 explored research skills, fifth academic year students expressed that they mastered 8 of them, in which they reached the highest figures. The clinical area received the main interest in research (50.4 %); this variable was associated with the type of specialty of the student teachers (p<0.001; V=0.710). 53.4 % of the students reported that they were involved in scientific research, a condition statistically associated (p<0.001; 0.6≤V<0.8) with the variables service time in the student teachers movement, perception of its importance in self-professional training, self-assessment of training for it, recent involvement into a research project, membership in the students' scientific group, and interest in practicing the specialty during the postgraduate stage. Few of them were involved in research projects (n=22), the students' scientific group (n=37), or participated in scientific publication (n=22). Conclusions: Insufficient activity in scientific research is observed among the student teachers of this medical school.

Humans , Research/education , Scientific Publication Indicators , Scientific and Technical Publications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Bibliometrics , Observational Study , Academic Success
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 15(1): 39-51, Abril/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1437940


Objetivo: A depressão resistente ao tratamento (DRT) é uma preocupação primária no Brasil devido à sua natureza onerosa e complexa, enquanto o diagnóstico e o tratamento geralmente são desafiadores. O presente manuscrito apresenta os resultados clínicos de um ano de acompanhamento em pacientes com DRT em tratamento padrão (SOC) no subgrupo brasileiro do estudo de Depressão Resistente ao Tratamento na América Latina (TRAL). Métodos: Essa fase longitudinal do estudo TRAL tinha como meta caracterizar alterações nos resultados clínicos e outras variáveis de interesse (p. ex., qualidade de vida, incapacidade) em um ano de acompanhamento em pacientes com DRT em 10 centros no Brasil. Os pacientes incluídos tinham diagnóstico clínico de DRT com base nos critérios DSM-5 e confirmado por MINI. A Escala de Depressão de Montgomery-Asberg (MADRS) era usada para avaliar a gravidade da doença e os resultados clínicos. Outras escalas de depressão e instrumentos classificados pelo paciente eram usadas para medir resultados correlacionados. Resultados: Cento e cinquenta e oito pacientes com DRT, na maioria mulheres (84,4%) com idade média de 48,55 anos, foram incluídos na análise. Apenas 31,4% dos pacientes apresentaram uma resposta clinicamente significativa, 10,3% tiveram recidiva e 26,7% alcançaram remissão, conforme medido pela MADRS no final do estudo (EOS). Aproximadamente 55% dos pacientes apresentavam depressão grave/moderadamente grave no EOS. Problemas de mobilidade, cuidados pessoais, problemas nas atividades usuais e dor e desconforto foram relatados pela maioria dos pacientes no EOS, assim como comprometimento marcado/extremo das atividades no trabalho/escola e da vida social/das atividades de lazer no EOS. Conclusões: Os resultados clínicos alcançados atualmente ainda são notavelmente insatisfatórios para DRT. Portanto, o envolvimento de todas as partes interessadas é essencial para implementar protocolos de tratamento mais eficazes no Brasil.

Objective: Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is a primary concern in Brazil due to its burdensome and complex nature, while diagnosis and treatment is often challenging. The current manuscript presents the clinical outcomes in a one-year follow-up of TRD patients under Standard-of-care (SOC) in the Brazilian subset of the Treatment-Resistant Depression in America Latina (TRAL) study. Methods: This longitudinal phase of TRAL aimed to characterize changes in the clinical outcomes and other variables of interest (e.g. quality of life, disability) in a one-year follow-up of TRD patients in 10 centers in Brazil. Included patients were clinically diagnosed with TRD based on DSM-5 criteria and confirmed by MINI. Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) was used to assess disease severity and clinical outcomes. Other depression scales and patient rated instruments were used to measure correlated outcomes. Results: One hundred fifty-eight TRD patients, mostly female (84.4%), averaging 48.55 years, were included in the analysis. Only 31.4% of the patients showed a clinically significant response, 10.3% had a relapse and 26.7% achieved remission, as measured through MADRS at end-of-study (EOS). Almost 55% of the patients showed moderately severe/severe depression at EOS. Mobility issues, self-care, problems with usual activities and pain and discomfort were reported by the majority of the patients at EOS, as well as marked/extreme disruption of school/work and social life/leisure activities at EOS. Conclusions: Currently achieved clinical outcomes are still remarkably unsatisfactory for TRD. Therefore, the involvement of all relevant stakeholders is essential to implement more effective treatment protocols in Brazil.

Multicenter Study , Depressive Disorder, Major , Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant , Observational Study
Educ. med. super ; 37(1)mar. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1514075


Introducción: La superación en enfermería debe estar dirigida hacia los problemas profesionales, lo cual le permite elevar la calidad de su desempeño pedagógico y asistencial. Objetivo: Caracterizar el proceso de superación profesional del personal de enfermería del Hospital Pediátrico Docente Provincial Dr. Eduardo Agramonte Piña de Camagüey. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo y transversal en el Hospital Pediátrico Docente Provincial Dr. Eduardo Agramonte Piña entre enero y junio de 2022. La muestra quedó conformada por 272 enfermeros que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Las variables estudiadas fueron: sexo y grupo etario, años de experiencia laboral, categorías de pregrado hasta la licenciatura, actividades de superación de posgrado, profesionales vinculados a la docencia y participación en actividades científicas a los distintos niveles. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante la aplicación de una encuesta y la revisión del registro del personal de la institución, y se procesaron mediante el programa SPSS versión 26.0 en computadora Pentium V. Resultados: Predominaron los profesionales entre 20 y 29 años (29,0 por ciento), del sexo femenino (92,7 por ciento), con menos de 5 años de experiencia profesional (25 por ciento), en su mayoría licenciados (62,1 por ciento), que no contaban con actividades de superación de posgrado (64,3 por cierto). Solo el 3,3 por ciento tenía categoría docente y participación en eventos científicos a nivel de base (9,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: La superación profesional del personal de enfermería analizado es insuficiente, por lo que se deben diseñar e implementar estrategias de capacitación que den respuesta a esta problemática(AU)

Introduction: Professional improvement in nursing should be directed towards professional problems, which allows to raise the quality of its pedagogical and care performance. Objective: To characterize the professional development process of the nursing staff at Hospital Pediátrico Docente Provincial Dr. Eduardo Agramonte Piña, in Camagüey. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was carried out at Hospital Pediátrico Docente Provincial Dr. Eduardo Agramonte Piña during January and June 2022. The sample consisted of 272 nurses who met the inclusion criteria. The variables studied were sex and age group, years of work experience, categories from undergraduate to bachelor's degree, postgraduate training activities, professionals linked to teaching, and participation in scientific activities at different levels. The data were obtained by applying a survey and reviewing the institution's personnel registry, as well as processed using the SPSS program (version 26.0) on a Pentium V computer. Results: There was a predominance of professionals between 20 and 29 years of age (29.0 percent), of the female sex (92.7 percent), with less than 5 years of professional experience (25 percent), mostly bachelor's graduates (62.1 percent), and with no postgraduate training activities (64.3 percent). Only 3.3 percent had a teaching rank and participated in scientific events at the institutional level (9.9 percent). Conclusions: Professional improvement of the analyzed nursing staff is insufficient; therefore, training strategies should be designed and implemented to respond to this problem (AU)

Humans , Professional Training , Nursing Staff/education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515255


Introducción: La infección de herida quirúrgica causa altas tasas de morbilidad y repercute sobre los índices de mortalidad. Constituye la primera infección intrahospitalaria entre pacientes quirúrgicos del total de infecciones nosocomiales y la primera entre los pacientes quirúrgicos. Existen factores de riesgo como la clasificación ASA, la diabetes mellitus, la hipertensión arterial y los días de estancia hospitalaria, los cuales influyen en su desarrollo. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de infecciones de sitio quirúrgico por cirugías realizadas en el Hospital Dr. Carlos Canseco de Tampico, ciudad del estado mexicano de Tamaulipas. Métodos: Diseño observacional, analítico, transversal y retrospectivo de 54 pacientes con diagnóstico de infección de sitio quirúrgico. Las variables de estudio se clasificaron como dependientes (género, edad, lugar de origen, días de estancia hospitalaria, peso, índice de masa corporal) e independientes (diagnóstico, procedimiento quirúrgico realizado y clasificación ASA otorgada). Resultados: La población de 40 a 50 años fue la más afectada, con mayor predominancia sobre el género femenino. La Clasificación ASA II y III presentaron mayor prevalencia de infección de sitio quirúrgico, sobre todo en cirugías electivas (28 por ciento). Mientras mayor fue la estancia hospitalaria, mayor fue la probabilidad de desarrollar infección de sitio quirúrgico. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de infección en el sitio quirúrgico en pacientes operados por los distintos servicios quirúrgicos no es similar a la reportada por otros autores. La Clasificación ASA II y III presentaron infección del sitio quirúrgico con más frecuencia, mientras que la comorbilidad más llamativa de este estudio fue el índice de masa corporal como factor de riesgo que no debe pasar desapercibido(AU)

Introduction: Surgical wound infection causes high morbidity rates and impacts mortality rates. It is the first in-hospital infection among surgical patients of all nosocomial infections and the first among surgical patients. There are risk factors that influence its development, such as the ASA classification, diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension and days of hospital stay. Objective: To determine the prevalence of surgical site infections from surgeries performed at Hospital Dr. Carlos Canseco, of Tampico, a city in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional and retrospective study was carried out with 54 patients with a diagnosis of surgical site infection. The study variables were classified as dependent variables (gender, age, place of origin, days of hospital stay, weight and body mass index) and independent variables (diagnosis, surgical procedure performed, and given ASA classification). Results: The population aged 40 to 50 years was the most affected, with a greater predominance of the female gender. ASA classification II and III had a higher prevalence of surgical site infection, above all in elective surgeries (28 %). The longer the hospital stay, the higher the probability of developing surgical site infection. Conclusions: The prevalence of surgical site infection in patients operated on by the different surgical services is not similar to that reported by other authors. ASA Classification II and III presented surgical site infection more frequently, while the most remarkable comorbidity in this study was body mass index as a risk factor that should not go unnoticed(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515253


Introducción: El colangiocarcinoma constituye la neoplasia de la vía biliar más frecuente, la cual es responsable de una alta morbimortalidad. Objetivo: Determinar la morbilidad y la mortalidad por colangiocarcinoma extrahepático en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y observacional de pacientes que ingresaron en el Servicio de Cirugía General con diagnóstico de colangiocarcinoma extrahepático entre septiembre de 2018 y enero del 2022. El universo estuvo conformado por 21 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se utilizaron métodos estadísticos descriptivos y cálculos con valores porcentuales. Resultados: La mayor incidencia de los pacientes fueron del sexo masculino y blancos, con el 71,4 por ciento y el 85,7 por ciento respectivamente. Predominó el adenocarcinoma como variedad histológica con un 85,7 por ciento, así como el colangiocarcinoma proximal y la variante esclerosante de su clasificación. El 71,4 por ciento de los pacientes egresaron vivos y con una cirugía con finalidad curativa. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes fueron masculinos, de color blanco y de procedencia rural. Los hallazgos más frecuentes fueron la localización proximal y la variante esclerosante. A más de la mitad de los pacientes se les realizó procedimiento de Hess y Whipple con finalidad curativa. La fuga biliar, el adenocarcinoma como tipo histológico y el estado al egreso vivo prevaleció en todos los pacientes(AU)

Introduction: Cholangiocarcinoma is the most frequent biliary tract neoplasm responsible for high morbidity and mortality. Objective: To determine morbidity and mortality due to extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in the surgery service of Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech. Methods: A descriptive, prospective and observational study was carried out with patients admitted to the general surgery service with a diagnosis of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma between September 2018 and January 2022. The study universe consisted of 21 patients who met the inclusion criteria. Descriptive statistical methods and calculations with percentage values were used. Results: The highest incidence of patients were male and white-skinned, accounting for 71.4 percent and 85.7 percent, respectively. Adenocarcinoma predominated as histological variety, representing 85.7 percent, together with proximal cholangiocarcinoma and the sclerosing variant of its classification. 71.4 percent of the patients were discharged alive and after curative surgery. Conclusions: Most of the patients were male, white-skinned and from rural origin. The most frequent findings were a proximal location and the sclerosing variant. Over half the patients underwent Hess and Whipple procedure with curative purpose. Biliary leakage, adenocarcinoma as histologic type, and the condition of alive at discharge prevailed in all patients(AU)

Humans , Biliary Tract Neoplasms/etiology , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Cholangiocarcinoma/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1508248


Introducción: Un Índice de Masa Corporal superior de 30 kg/m2, al inicio de la gestación, se asocia con incremento de riesgo para presentar afecciones materno-fetales. Objetivo: Describir las principales complicaciones maternas o fetales asociadas a la obesidad en gestantes del municipio Artemisa. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal, en Artemisa, en el 2016. De las 832 gestantes captadas, se seleccionaron 179 con Índice de Masa Corporal > 25 kg/m2 desde la etapa preconcepcional o en la captación del embarazo. Mediante revisión documental se obtuvo la información de interés: tipo de obesidad y complicaciones materno-fetales. Resultados: De las gestantes del estudio, 21,5 por ciento (179 de 832) iniciaron el embarazo con un Índice de Masa Corporal > 25 kg/m2; 61,5 por ciento110 de 179) padecían obesidad combinada con hipertensión arterial y/o diabetes. La frecuencia de complicaciones aumentó con la presencia de estas enfermedades asociadas. Las principales morbilidades maternas fueron: partos vaginales con complicaciones obstétricas, anemia, cesáreas, preeclampsia y diabetes gestacional. El 50 por ciento de las participantes tuvo descendencia afectada. Cuando la obesidad materna se acompañaba de hipertensión arterial, con frecuencia se observaron recién nacidos pretérmino. Si las obesas padecían diabetes pregestacional los defectos congénitos mayores resultaron las morbilidades predominantes en su descendencia. No se encontró asociación entre sobrepeso preconcepcional e incremento del riesgo de afecciones fetales. Conclusiones: Alrededor de 20 de cada 100 mujeres inician el embarazo con sobrepeso u obesidad, con un incremento del riesgo de complicaciones materno-fetales proporcional al aumento del Índice de Masa Corporal y a la gravedad con la que se presenta esta enfermedad. Este riesgo es mayor cuando la obesidad se combina con otras morbilidades maternas(AU)

Introduction: A body mass index higher than 30 kg/m2, at the beginning of pregnancy, is associated with an increased risk of presenting maternal-fetal conditions. Objective: To describe the main maternal or fetal complications associated with obesity in pregnant women from Artemisa Municipality. Methods: An observational and cross-sectional study was conducted in Artemisa in 2016. Of the 832 pregnant women, 179 with body mass index higher than 25 kg/m2 from the preconception stage or at the time of pregnancy were selected. Through documentary review, information of interest was obtained: type of obesity and maternal-fetal complications. Results: Of the pregnant women under study, 21.5 percent(179 of 832) started their pregnancy with a body mass index higher than 25 kg/m2, while 61.5 percent (110 of 179) suffered from obesity combined with arterial hypertension and/or diabetes. The frequency of complications increased with the presence of these associated diseases. The main maternal morbidities were vaginal deliveries with obstetric complications, anemia, cesarean sections, preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. 50 percent of the participants had affected offspring. When maternal obesity was accompanied by arterial hypertension, preterm newborns were frequently observed. If obese women had pregestational diabetes, major congenital defects were the predominant morbidities in their offspring. No association was found between preconceptional overweight and increased risk of fetal conditions. Conclusions: About twenty out of a hundred women start pregnancy with overweight or obesity, with an increased risk for maternal-fetal complications proportional to the increase in body mass index and the severity with which this disease is manifested. This risk is higher when obesity is combined with other maternal morbidities(AU)

Pregnancy Complications , Body Mass Index , Obesity, Maternal/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study , Obesity, Maternal/complications
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 49(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441854


Introducción: Los adultos mayores tienen problemas de salud propios y condiciones socioeconómicas que les afectan directamente. La identificación de dichos determinantes permite realizar adecuadas intervenciones. Objetivo: Estimar las desigualdades socioeconómicas y la salud de los adultos mayores en Perú. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, utilizando como fuente secundaria la Encuesta Demografía y de Salud Familiar 2014 y 2019. Resultados: La muestra de adultos mayores durante los años 2014 y 2019 fue de 4703 y 6112, respectivamente. La mayoría estaba entre los 60 a 70 años de edad (representando el 57 por ciento el año 2014 y el 57,2 por ciento el año 2019), tenían educación primaria (45,9 por ciento y 40,4 por ciento), sin nivel educativo (18,1 por ciento y 13,8 por ciento, estado civil casado (52,4 por ciento 45,2 por ciento), área de residencia urbana (71,3 por ciento y 77,5 por ciento), pertenecían al quintil extremadamente pobre y pobre (38,8 por ciento y 38,1 por ciento) y tenían algún seguro de salud (75 por ciento y 83,1 por ciento). Para los años 2014 y 2019 la proporción de adultos mayores con hipertensión arterial fue de 39,1 por ciento y 37,7 por ciento, con diabetes mellitus 8,2 por ciento y 11,3 por ciento y con obesidad (Índice de Masa Corporal- IMC > = 30) 13,2 por ciento y 15 por ciento, respectivamente. Entre los adultos mayores encuestados con diabetes mellitus se presentó un incremento de la población urbana en el año 2019 con diferencia significativa (p < 0,05) con respecto al año 2014. Conclusiones: La equidad y las desigualdades son determinantes para que existan poblaciones más vulnerables que otras a nivel social, económico y de salud, principalmente en los adultos mayores(AU)

Introduction: Older adults have their own health problems and socio-economic conditions that affect them directly. The identification of these determinants allows for appropriate interventions. Objective: To estimate socioeconomic inequalities and the health of older adults in Peru. Methods: An observational study was conducted, using the 2014 and 2019 Demographic and Family Health Survey as a secondary source. Results: The sample of older adults during the years 2014 and 2019 was 4703 and 6112, respectively. The majority were between 60 and 70 years of age (representing 57percent in 2014 and 57.2percent in 2019), had primary education (45.9percent and 40.4percent), no education (18.1percent and 13.8percent), married as marital status (52.4percent and 45.2percent), urban area of residence (71.3percent and 77.5percent), belonged to the extremely poor and poor quintile (38.8percent and 38.1percent) and had some health insurance (75percent and 83.1percent). For the years 2014 and 2019, the proportion of older adults with hypertension was 39.1percent and 37.7percentith diabetes mellitus 8.2percent and 11.3percentnd with obesity (Body Mass Index- BMI >=30) 13.2percent and 15percent, respectively. Among the older adults surveyed with diabetes mellitus, there was an increase in the urban population in 2019 with a significant difference (p < 0.05) compared to 2014. Conclusions: Equity and inequalities are determinants for the existence of populations that are more vulnerable than others at the social, economic and health levels, especially in older adults(AU)

Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Socioeconomic Factors , Health Equity , Peru , Observational Study
Rev. méd. hered ; 34(1): 20-26, ene. - mar. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1442072


Objetivos: Identificar los factores asociados a la anemia en niños menores de cinco años de edad del distrito de La Libertad, Huaraz, Ancash. Material y métodos: Estudio de tipo cuantitativo, observacional, serie de casos comparativa, retrospectiva. Cuya población de estudio fueron los niños menores de cinco años de edad del distrito de La Libertad, Huaraz, 2019. El muestreo fue de tipo probabilístico. Se recolectaron datos de la historia clínica en torno a los factores intrínsecos y extrínsecos para anemia. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio para determinar los factores asociados. Se analizó la información en hojas de cálculo del software Microsoft Excel 2013® y en el programa estadístico IBM SPSS Statistics 22. Resultados: Predominó el nivel de anemia moderado con 30%. Tanto el sexo masculino (OR=3,66; IC 95%: 1,65-8,08) y la edad mayor de 1 año (OR=13,99; IC 95%: 3,07-63,77) fueron factores intrínsecos asociados a la mayor frecuencia de anemia (p<0,05). Respecto a los factores extrínsecos, el pertenecer a un caserío diferente a Cajamarquilla (OR=3,63; IC 95%: 1,44-9,16) y el no contar con servicios básicos completos (OR=2,72; IC 95%: 1,24-5,97) se asociaron también a un incrementado número de casos (p<0,05). Conclusiones: Los factores asociados a una mayor frecuencia de casos de anemia fueron el sexo masculino, la edad mayor de 1 año, el pertenecer a un caserío diferente a Cajamarquilla y el no contar con servicios básicos completos.

SUMMARY Objectives: To identify associated factors to anemia in children under five years of age in La Libertad District, Huaraz, Ancash. Methods: It is a quantitative, observational, comparative case series, retrospective study. The population was children under five years of age in La Libertad District, Huaraz, 2019. The sampling was Probabilistic. Medical history data were collected around intrinsic and extrinsic factors for anemia. An exploratory analysis was performed to determine the associated factors. The information was analyzed in Microsoft Excel 2013 software spreadsheets® and in IBM SPSS Statistics 22 program. Results: The level of moderate anemia prevailed with 30%. Both males (OR=3.66; CI 95%: 1.65-8.08) and age older than 1 year (OR=13.99; 95% CI: 3.07-63.77) were intrinsic factors associated with the higher frequency of anemia (p<0.05). Regarding the extrinsic factors, belonging to a hamlet different to Cajamarquilla (OR=3.63; CI 95%: 1.44-9.16) and not having complete basic services (OR=2.72; CI 95%: 1.24-5.97) were also associated with a higher number of cases (p<0.05). Conclusions: The factors associated with a higher frequency of anemia cases were male sex, age over 1 year, belonging to a hamlet different to Cajamarquilla and not having complete basic services.

Humans , Child, Preschool , Peru , Child , Risk Factors , Anemia , Observational Study