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1.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 75-84, set.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380721

ABSTRACT

As doenças periodontais provém de processo inflamatório instalado com concomitante destruição dos tecidos de proteção e de sustentação dos dentes. Comumente evidencia-se o acometimento em caráter reversível pela gengivite e em caráter irreversível pela periodontite. Algumas ocorrências relacionadas a doenças bucais provenientes das atividades laborais desempenhadas podem ocasionar manifestações bucais com o acometimento pelas doenças periodontais. O objetivo deste artigo foi evidenciar como as atividades desempenhadas no ato da execução do trabalho podem manifestar-se em âmbito odontológico, promovendo o acometimento pelas doenças periodontais. Realizou-se estudo de revisão narrativa de literatura com busca nas bases de dados: PubMED, LILACS, Google Acadêmico e levantamento de estudos e artigos que tratavam do aparecimento de doenças periodontais em trabalhadores advindas do seu ambiente laboral. No geral, muitos problemas bucais podem advir de atividades insalubres desempenhadas no ambiente de trabalho, estas que podem afligir tanto os tecidos duros como os tecidos moles dos elementos dentais, dentre os quais pode-se constatar a instalação de cárie dentária, neoplasias orais e pigmentação do tecido gengival, entre outras intercorrências. Na hipótese de ocorrer acometimento dos tecidos moles, uma das manifestações possíveis engloba a instalação e a progressão das doenças periodontais. Concluiu-se que uma abordagem odontológica precoce e preventiva atuante no ambiente laboral é imprescindível para que seja possível evitar-se agravantes que possam causar prejuízo ao estado de saúde bucal dos trabalhadores, incluindo o estado de saúde periodontal.


Periodontal diseases come from an inflammatory process installed with concomitant destruction of the protective and supporting tissues of the teeth. Commonly, reversible involvement by gingivitis and irreversible character by periodontitis is evident. Some occurrences related to oral diseases from work activities performed can cause oral manifestations with the involvement of periodontal diseases. The objective of this article was to show how the activities performed in the execution of the work can be manifested in the dental field, promoting the involvement of periodontal diseases. A narrative review of the literature was carried out with a search in the following databases: PubMED, LILACS, Google Scholar and a survey of studies and articles dealing with the appearance of periodontal diseases in workers arising from their work environment. In general, many oral problems can result from unhealthy activities performed in the work environment, which can affect both hard and soft tissues of the dental elements, among which dental caries, oral neoplasms and pigmentation can be seen. gingival tissue, among other complications. In the event of soft tissue involvement, one of the possible manifestations includes the onset and progression of periodontal diseases. It was concluded that an early and preventive dental approach active in the work environment is essential so that it is possible to avoid aggravating factors that may harm the oral health status of workers, including the periodontal health status.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases , Workplace , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Dentistry
2.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 22(39): 15-22, junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1380254

ABSTRACT

El dolor lumbar es una enfermedad laboral frecuente en enfermería, asociado a exigencias del cargo y múltiples causas. La intensidad varía según postura y actividad física, acompañándose de limitación dolorosa del movimiento, ser localizado, referido o irradiado. Objetivo: Determinar las características demográficas y laborales del personal de enfermería que presenta dolor lumbar de un hospital público de Corrientes, capital en el año 2021. Metodología: Diseño cuantitativo, transversal, observacional. Población 170 trabajadores de enfermería del hospital. Se incluyeron aquellos con dolor lumbar y que no cursaban enfermedades crónicas o invalidantes. Los datos se recogieron mediante cuestionario de elaboración propia, validado mediante prueba piloto. Variables: edad, género, formación en enfermería, frecuencia, intensidad y duración del dolor, principal tipo de dolor, tratamiento farmacológico y no farmacológico, principal situación generadora, tipo de trabajo realizado, turno y antigüedad laboral. Resultados: Se analizaron las respuestas de 115 trabajadores con dolor lumbar; amplitud etaria 22 a 62 años, promedio 36 años; 67% mujeres. El dolor lumbar fue diario en 22%, frecuente en 35%, ocasional en 43%. Según intensidad, 13% manifestó dolor leve, 47% moderado y 40% severo. El dolor era diario en 10% de jóvenes, en 20% de adultos jóvenes, en 45% de adultos intermedios y en 59% de adultos tardíos. En duración, el 73% lo padecía en forma aguda y el 27% crónica. En localización del dolor, el 75% indicó padecer dolor localizado y 25% irradiado. Principales situaciones generadoras de lumbalgia, 51% al movilizar pacientes, 23% al permanecer de pie, 18% al trasladar objetos pesados. En la percepción del personal sobre tipo de trabajo habitual, el 41% indicó pesado y 12% muy pesado. El 86%de los encuestados utilizó AINES. Conclusión: La intensidad del dolor lumbar es menor en el personal más joven respecto a los mayores. Los más jóvenes refieren dolor localizado, los de mayor edad dolor irradiado. El principal desencadenante del dolor lumbar es la movilización de pacientes[AU]


Low back pain is a common occupational disease in nursing, associated with the demands of the position and multiple causes. Te intensity varies according to posture and physical activity, accompanied by painful limitation of movement, being localized, referred or irradiated. Objective: To determine the demographic and labor characteristics of the nursing staff that presents low back pain in a public hospital in Corrientes, capital in the year 2021. Methodology: Quantitative, cross-sectional, observational design. Population 170 hospital nursing workers. Tose with low back pain and who did not have chronic or disabling diseases were included. Te data was collected through a self-prepared questionnaire, validated through a pilot test. Variables: age, gender, nursing training, frequency, intensity and duration of pain, main type of pain, pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment, main generating situation, type of work performed, shif and work seniority. Results: Te responses of 115 workers with low back pain were analyzed; age range 22 to 62 years, average 36 years; 67% women. Low back pain was daily in 22%, frequent in 35%, occasional in 43%. According to intensity, 13% reported mild pain, 47% moderate and 40% severe. Pain was daily in 10% of youth, 20% of young adults, 45% of middle adults, and 59% of late adults. In duration, 73% suffered from it acutely and 27% chronically. In pain location, 75% indicated localized pain and 25% irradiated. Main situations that generate low back pain, 51% when moving patients, 23% when standing, 18% when moving heavy objects. In the perception of the personnel on the type of habitual work, 41% indicated heavy and 12% very heavy. 86% of those surveyed used NSAIDs. Conclusion: Te intensity of low back pain is lower in the younger staff compared to the older ones. Te youngest refer localized pain, the oldest radiated pain. Te main trigger of low back pain is the mobilization of patients[AU]


A lombalgia é uma doença ocupacional comum na enfermagem, associada às demandas do cargo e a múltiplas causas. A intensidade varia de acordo com a postura e atividade física, acompanhada de limitação dolorosa do movimento, sendo localizada, referida ou irradiada. Objetivo: Determinar as características demográfcas e laborais da equipe de enfermagem que apresenta lombalgia em um hospital público de Corrientes, capital no ano de 2021. Metodologia: Desenho quantitativo, transversal, observacional. População 170 trabalhadores de enfermagem hospitalar. Foram incluídos aqueles com lombalgia e que não possuíam doenças crônicas ou incapacitantes. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um questionário autoelaborado, validado por meio de um teste piloto. Variáveis: idade, sexo, formação do enfermeiro, frequência, intensidade e duração da dor, principal tipo de dor, tratamento farmacológico e não farmacológico, principal situação geradora, tipo de trabalho realizado, turno e antiguidade no trabalho. Resultados: Foram analisadas as respostas de 115 trabalhadores com lombalgia; faixa etária de 22 a 62 anos, média de 36 anos; 67% mulheres. A dor lombar foi diária em 22%, frequente em 35%, ocasional em 43%. De acordo com a intensidade, 13% relataram dor leve, 47% moderada e 40% intensa. A dor foi diária em 10% dos jovens, 20% dos adultos jovens, 45% dos adultos intermediários e 59% dos adultos tardios. Em duração, 73% sofriam agudamente e 27% cronicamente. Na localização da dor, 75% indicaram dor localizada e 25% irradiada. Principais situações que geram lombalgia, 51% ao movimentar pacientes, 23% ao fcar em pé, 18% ao movimentar objetos pesados. Na percepção do pessoal sobre o tipo de trabalho habitual, 41% indicaram pesado e 12% muito pesado. 86% dos entrevistados usaram AINEs. Conclusão: A intensidade da dor lombar é menor na equipe mais jovem em comparação com a mais velha. Os mais jovens referem dor localizada, os mais velhos referem dor irradiada. O principal desencadeador da lombalgia é a mobilização dos pacientes[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Occupational Risks , Demography , Low Back Pain , Hospitals, Public , Nursing Staff , Occupational Diseases , Posture , Pain Measurement
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 24-32, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357472

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies focusing on multisite musculoskeletal pain have revealed that the prevalence of multisite pain is high in general populations. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain in the last 12 months and in the last seven days, in a population-based sample and investigate its association with demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, reported morbidity and ergonomic variables. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional population-based survey in Bauru, São Paulo (Brazil). METHODS: 600 individuals were interviewed. The following data were collected: participants' characteristics, through a precoded questionnaire; physical activity level, through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; and musculoskeletal symptoms, through the Nordic questionnaire. Descriptive, bivariate and Poisson regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain was 46.5% (confidence interval, CI 42.5 to 50.5) in the last 12 months and 26.1% (CI 22.8 to 29.8) in the last seven days. The variables associated with multisite pain in the last 12 months were female sex, presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or depression, watching TV more than three times a week and working in a seated position. Formerly smoking was a protection factor. The variables associated with multisite pain in the last seven days were female sex, age group 60 years and over, low income, presence of comorbidities of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or depression and working in a seated position. CONCLUSION: There was high prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain, which was associated with demographic, socioeconomic, work-related, electronic device-related and reported morbidity variables.


Subject(s)
Musculoskeletal Pain/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/diagnosis , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3518, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365882

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo avaliar a relação entre sintomas psicopatológicos e a situação laboral de profissionais de enfermagem da Região Sudeste do Brasil, no contexto da pandemia da COVID-19. Método estudo observacional e transversal com coleta de dados virtual e por meio de snowball nos meses de abril a julho de 2020. Aplicou-se um questionário contendo dados sociodemográficos, laborais e a escala de avaliação de sintomas psicopatológicos (psicoticismo, obsessividade/compulsividade, somatização e ansiedade). Foram utilizadas estatísticas descritivas e inferenciais para a análise dos dados. Resultados entre os 532 participantes, verificou-se relação entre carga horária de trabalho semanal e psicoticismo. Todos os domínios da escala associaram-se ao constrangimento e/ou violência no percurso de trabalho e recebimento de suporte psicológico/emocional da instituição onde o indivíduo trabalha/estuda. Conclusão a faixa etária, carga horária elevada, violência vivenciada e falta de suporte psicológico durante a pandemia associaram-se com o aumento dos sintomas psicopatológicos entre os profissionais de enfermagem. Sugere-se a criação de diretrizes institucionais voltadas ao acolhimento e acompanhamento dessas demandas.


Abstract Objective to evaluate the relationship between psychopathological symptoms and the work situation of nursing professionals in the Southeast Region, Brazil, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method an observational and cross-sectional study with virtual and snowball data collection from April to July 2020. A questionnaire containing socio-demographic and labor data and the psychopathological symptoms assessment scale (psychoticism, obsessiveness/compulsivity, somatization, and anxiety) were applied. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Results among the 532 participants, there was a relationship between weekly workload and psychoticism. All domains of the scale were associated with embarrassment and/or violence in the course of work and receiving psychological/emotional support from the institution where the individual works/studies. Conclusion the age group, heavy workload, experienced violence and lack of psychological support during the pandemic were associated with increased psychopathological symptoms among nursing professionals. It is suggested the creation of institutional guidelines aimed at the reception and follow-up of these demands.


Resumen Objetivo evaluar la relación entre síntomas psicopatológicos y la situación laboral de profesionales de enfermería de la Región Sureste de Brasil, en el contexto de la pandemia de la COVID-19. Método estudio observacional y transversal con recolección de datos virtual y por medio de snowball en los meses de abril a julio de 2020. Se aplicó un cuestionario que contenía datos sociodemográficos, laborales y la escala de evaluación de síntomas psicopatológicos (psicoticismo, obsesión/compulsión, somatización y ansiedad). Fueron utilizadas estadísticas descriptivas y de inferencia para el análisis de los datos. Resultados entre los 532 participantes, se verificó una relación entre la carga horaria de trabajo semanal y el psicoticismo. Todos los dominios de la escala se asociaron con incomodidad y/o violencia, en el transcurso del trabajo y el recibimiento de soporte psicológico/emocional de la institución, en donde el individuo trabaja/estudia. Conclusión el intervalo etario, la carga horaria elevada, la violencia experimentada y la falta de soporte psicológico, durante la pandemia se asociaron con el aumento de los síntomas psicopatológicos entre los profesionales de enfermería. Se sugiere la creación de directrices institucionales dirigidas al acogimiento y acompañamiento de esas demandas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Psychopathology , COVID-19 , Mental Disorders , Nurse Practitioners , Occupational Diseases
5.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2463, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360145

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo investigar a ocorrência de queixa vocal autorreferida no uso profissional da voz em atores profissionais de teatro; correlacionar presença de queixa vocal com três protocolos de autoavaliação do impacto de uma alteração vocal: Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV), Escala de Desconforto do Trato Vocal (EDTV) e Índice de Desvantagem Vocal -10 (IDV-10); verificar quais protocolos são mais robustos à detecção do impacto de possível disfonia nessa população. Métodos Participaram 75 atores profissionais de teatro, ambos os gêneros, 18 a 64 anos. Os atores informaram a presença ou ausência de queixa vocal e responderam a três protocolos de autoavaliação: Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV), Escala de Desconforto do Trato Vocal (EDTV) e Índice de Desvantagem Vocal-10 (IDV-10). Resultados constatou-se que 25% dos atores apresentaram queixa vocal. O grupo com queixa (GCQ) apresentou maior número de sintomas vocais e maior frequência e intensidade de desconforto de trato vocal, quando comparado ao grupo sem queixa (GSQ). IDV-10 não identificou desvantagem vocal nos grupos. No GCQ, houve correlação forte entre ESV e IDV-10 e correlação muito forte entre os escores de frequência e intensidade da EDTV. No GSQ, houve correlação moderada entre ESV e EDTV, ESV e IDV-10 e correlação muito forte entre os escores de frequência e intensidade da EDTV. Conclusão neste estudo, 25% dos atores profissionais de teatro apresentaram queixa vocal. A correlação entre a queixa vocal e os protocolos foi positiva e variou de moderada à forte. No GCQ, a ESV e a EDTV foram instrumentos mais robustos na detecção do impacto de uma possível disfonia.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the occurrence of self-reported vocal complaints in the professional use of the voice in professional theater actors; analyze the correlation between the presence of vocal complaint and three self-assessment protocols of the vocal problem impact; The Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS), the Vocal Tract Discomfort (VTD) scale and the Voice Handicap Index -10 (VHI -10); verify the most robust protocols to identify dysphonia in this population. Methods The participants were 75 professional theater actors, men and women, between 18 and 64 years old. They answered to a questioner informing presence or absence of vocal complaint and to three self-assessment protocols: VoiSS, VTD and VHI-10. Results 25% of the actors presented vocal complaints. The group with vocal complaint (GwVC) had more voice symptoms and higher frequency and intensity of vocal tract discomfort than the group with no vocal complaint (GnVC). No group presented voice handicap considering the VHI-10 and a very high correlation between the VTD frequency and intensity scores. The GnVC presented moderate correlation between the VoiSS and the VTD, moderate correlation between the VoiSS and the VHI-10 and, a very high correlation between the VTD frequency and intensity scores. Conclusion In this study, 25% of professional theater actors presented vocal complaints. The correlation between vocal complaints and protocols was positive and ranged from moderate to strong. The VoiSS and the VTD were more robust identify dysphonia in the GwVC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Art , Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Voice Disorders/epidemiology , Sickness Impact Profile , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Occupational Diseases , Self Concept , Surveys and Questionnaires , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Dysphonia
6.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210076, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365222

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the frequency of occupational hazards and the criteria for their prevention among Iranian dentists. Material and Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on 187 general dentists in Kerman. The data collection tool was a questionnaire including personal information (gender, age, marital status, condition and place and years of employment, and the average of weekly working hours) and a valid and reliable questionnaire of occupational hazards, including 24 questions about occupational hazards (6 domain) and nine questions about criteria for the prevention of the risks of dentistry. The t-test, chi-square, and linear regression were used. Results 92 (49.2%) were men. The mean and standard deviation of the score of occupational hazards was 27.04±16.21 out of 96, and the criteria of prevention were 22.00±7.28 out of 36. Regression analysis showed significant correlations between single statuses, years of occupational and type of employment, weekly work hours and occupational hazards, participation in occupational injury identification courses, and hepatitis vaccination. In addition, there were significant correlations between gender, age, weekly work hours, and preventive measures. Moreover, 3.2% of dentists were in a high-risk group and 26.2% were weak in preventive measures. Conclusion A total of 32.6% of dentists are at moderate risk of occupational hazards, and 10.7% meet the prevention criteria properly. It is recommended to hold training classes to identify occupational hazards and the criteria for their prevention among dentists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Occupational Risks , Risk Factors , Dentists , Iran/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Occupational Dentistry/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Linear Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Occupational Health , Disease Prevention , Occupational Injuries
7.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE039014234, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374040

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar os danos à saúde relacionados ao trabalho de enfermeiros em um hospital universitário. Métodos Estudo transversal, quantitativo realizado com 135 enfermeiros de um hospital universitário localizado na região Sudeste do Brasil, entre os meses de dezembro de 2018 e fevereiro de 2019, com aplicação de questionários para caracterização pessoal e laboral e a Escala de Avaliação de Danos Relacionados ao Trabalho. Utilizou-se estatística descritiva e inferencial para a análise dos dados. Resultados Prevaleceu entre os enfermeiros o adoecimento físico. A avaliação para os danos psicológicos e sociais foi suportável. Os itens "distúrbios digestivos" (2,35±1,18), "mau-humor" (2,41±1,12), "dor de cabeça" (2,58±1,11), "dores no corpo" (2,81±1,15), "dores nas costas" (2,90±1,29), "alterações no sono" (2,96±1,28) e "dores nas pernas" (3,00±1,25) tiveram avaliação crítica pelos enfermeiros, o que representa risco para adoecimento. Não se identificaram associações significativas entre as variáveis pesquisadas e o adoecimento. Conclusão Os enfermeiros estão sujeitos a riscos de adoecimento relacionado ao trabalho no hospital universitário em estudo que deflagram adoecimento físico; sendo o suporte social uma provável explicação para o não adoecimento psicológico e social.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar los daños a la salud relacionados con el trabajo de enfermeros en un hospital universitario. Métodos Estudio transversal, cuantitativo realizado con 135 enfermeros de un hospital universitario ubicado en la región Sureste de Brasil, entre los meses de diciembre de 2018 y febrero de 2019, con la utilización de cuestionarios para caracterización personal y laboral y la Escala de Evaluación de Daños Relacionados con el Trabajo. Se utilizó una estadística descriptiva e inferencial para el análisis de los datos. Resultados Prevaleció entre los enfermeros la dolencia física. La evaluación para los daños psicológicos y sociales fue soportable. Los ítems "disturbios digestivos" (2,35±1,18), "malhumor" (2,41±1,12), "dolor de cabeza" (2,58±1,11), "dolores por el cuerpo" (2,81±1,15), "dolores en la espalda" (2,90±1,29), "alteraciones del sueño" (2,96±1,28) y "dolores en las piernas" (3,00±1,25) tuvieron una evaluación crítica de los enfermeros, lo que representa riesgo para la dolencia. No se identificaron asociaciones significativas entre las variables investigadas y la dolencia. Conclusión Los enfermeros están sujetos a riesgos de dolencia relacionados con el trabajo en el hospital universitario en un estudio que ocasionan dolencia física; el soporte social es una probable explicación para la no dolencia psicológica y social.


Abstract Objective To analyze the work-related health damage of nurses in a university hospital. Methods Cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted with 135 nurses from a university hospital located in the southeast region of Brazil between December 2018 and February 2019 with the application of questionnaires for personal and occupational characterization and the Work-Related Damage Assessment Scale. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Results Physical illness prevailed among nurses. Psychological and social damage were evaluated as bearable. The items "digestive disorders" (2.35±1.18), "bad mood" (2.41±1.12), "headache" (2.58±1.11), "body pain" (2.81±1.15), "back pain" (2.90±1.29), "sleep disorders" (2.96±1.28) and "leg pain" (3.00 ±1.25) had a critical evaluation by nurses, which represents a risk for illness. No significant associations between the studied variables and illness were identified. Conclusion Nurses are subject to risks for illness related to work in the university hospital under study that trigger physical illness. Social support is a likely explanation for not getting psychologically and socially ill.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Working Conditions , Occupational Health , Nurses , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment , Absenteeism , Social Factors , Hospitals, University , Occupational Diseases/classification
8.
j.tunis.ORL chir. cerv.-fac ; 47(3): 30-34, 2022. tales, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1392585

ABSTRACT

Analyser le lien entre la surdité professionnelle induite par le bruit et les caractéristiques socioprofessionnelles des travailleurs. Méthodes: C'était une étude prospective et analytique, par enquête avec évaluation audiométrique du 1er août au 30 septembre 2020, concernant 92 travailleurs des deux centrales de la Société Nationale d'Electricité de N'Djamena.Les tests de khi2et de corrélation de Pearson étaient utilisés à la recherche d'un lien entre la surdité due au bruit et les facteurs socioprofessionnels; une différence était dite statistiquement significative si p <0,05. Résultats: L'échantillon était constitué de 96% d'hommes. L'âge variait de 23 à 64 ans avec une moyenne de 38,7 ± 9,0 ans. Quarante-sept (51%) employés étaient formés sur la sécurité en milieu professionnel. Les agents de quarts représentaient 45% des cas (n=41). La durée d'exposition moyenne au bruit était de 10,8 ± 8,5 ans. Le port des équipements de protection individuelle était régulier dans 86% des cas (n =79). La surdité professionnelle a été observée dans 55% des cas (n=51). L'âge (p <10-3) et la durée d'exposition au bruit (p=0,002) étaient les facteurs associés significativement à la surdité. Conclusion: L'âge et l'ancienneté sont les facteurs prédictifs de la surdité chez les travailleurs exposés aux bruits des centrales électriques de N'Djamena.


Subject(s)
Humans , Power Plants , Genetic Testing , Precision Medicine , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Occupational Diseases
9.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 145-148, dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369929

ABSTRACT

La pandemia de COVID-19 generó en la comunidad odon- tológica argentina un profundo desconcierto e incertidumbre frente a su práctica profesional, su economía y su cuidado. Mediante un cuestionario difundido a través de redes so- ciales en octubre de 2020, se formularon preguntas vinculadas al ejercicio profesional en ese contexto y otras en las que se incluyeron variables referidas a signos de ansiedad, depresión y resiliencia. Los odontólogos presentaron signos de estrés, ansiedad, tensión emocional, dificultad para conciliar el sueño, senti- mientos de culpa y sensación de soledad. Manifestaron casi en su totalidad que su esfuerzo y el cuidado de su persona frente a este nuevo paradigma no son valorados por el sistema de salud y que se evidencia en la escasa retribución que perciben por sus prestaciones. Las conclusiones tienen el mandato del cambio pues los datos arrojados por la encuesta y el sentir manifestado con vehemencia y desolación ponen sobre la mesa la necesidad de iniciar una nueva etapa (AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic created a profound state of be- wilderment and uncertainty among dentists regarding their professional practice, economy and personal care. An online survey posted on social media in October 2020 asked ques- tions about professional practice in this context and other variables such as signs of anxiety, depression and resilience. Dentists reported signs of stress, anxiety, emotional tension, difficulty to get to sleep, and feelings of guilt and loneliness. Most of them felt that the efforts they made to do their job and ensure their personal care in this new paradigm were not valued by the healthcare system, as reflected by the low compensation for their services. From the data obtained through the survey and the feelings of vehemence and grief expressed by respondents, it is concluded there is a need for action and change (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Care/standards , Infection Control, Dental , Dentists/psychology , COVID-19 , Argentina/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Health Maintenance Organizations , Surveys and Questionnaires , Resilience, Psychological , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control
10.
Acta toxicol. argent ; 29(2): 31-40, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364283

ABSTRACT

Resumen El Plomo ha tenido una estrecha relación con el mundo artístico pictórico a través de los pigmentos utilizados por los artistas durante milenios. El íntimo contacto con sustancias químicas potencialmente peligrosas para la salud, casi siempre sin medidas de higiene y seguridad laboral, ha desarrollado en muchos casos, enfermedades laborales en estos artistas, a veces sospechadas y en otros casos, más que confirmadas. En el presente trabajo se analiza la historia de vida laboral de Miguel Angel Buonarroti, de quien se tiene registro suficiente como para establecer un nexo causal con exposición laboral al Plomo.


Abstract Lead has shown a close relationship with the fine arts'world through the pigments used by artists for thousand of years. Close contact with potentially dangerous chemical substances for health, almost always without occupational hygiene and safety measures, has produced, in many cases, occupational illnesses in these artists, sometimes suspected and in other cases, more than confirmed. In the present work, the history of Miguel Angel Buonarroti's working life is analyzed, since there is sufficient record to establish a causal link with occupational exposure to Lead.


Subject(s)
History, 15th Century , History, 16th Century , Paintings/history , Tinnitus/chemically induced , Famous Persons , Lead Poisoning/complications , Occupational Diseases/chemically induced , Paint/poisoning , Lead Poisoning, Nervous System, Adult/complications
11.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 39-45, 30 Diciembre 2021. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368273

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Existe relación entre la exposición de contaminantes en el aire y problemas respiratorios que van desde síntomas leves en vías respiratorias altas hasta enfermedades que pueden comprometer la vida de los pacientes como: neumonía, enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica y cáncer pulmonar. OBJETIVO. Registrar los síntomas respiratorios presentados por agentes civiles de tránsito expuestos a smog. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio analítico transversal. Población de 3 458 y muestra de 454 participantes entre agentes civiles de tránsito, fiscalizadores de tránsito y personal administrativo de la Agencia Metropolitana de Tránsito en el año 2021, seleccionados por muestreo aleatorio simple estratificado para los dos grupos de participantes; se aplicó un sondeo digital basado en las encuestas: European Community Respiratory Health Survey y condiciones de trabajo. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó la herramienta EPI INFO, donde se realizó pruebas estadísticas bivariadas de Chi2 y análisis multivariado como regresiones logísticas crudas y ajustadas. RESULTADOS. Se observó que la población de trabajadores operativos en vía tuvo alrededor de dos veces más riesgo de desarrollar sibilancias en comparación a la población administrativa OR=2,1 (IC 95% 1,01­4,39); el personal operativo tuvo más del doble de riesgo de desarrollar bronquitis crónica versus la población administrativa OR=2,5 (IC 95% 1,14­5,73). Los resultados fueron ajustados mediante regresión logística con variables de condiciones de trabajo y salud (p=<0,05). CONCLUSIÓN. Se registró una relación significativa entre la contaminación ambiental por smog y enfermedades respiratorias a largo plazo.


INTRODUCTION. There is a relationship between exposure to air pollutants and respiratory problems ranging from mild upper respiratory symptoms to life-threatening diseases such as pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer is evident. OBJECTIVE. To record the respiratory symptoms presented by civilian traffic officers exposed to smog. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional analytical study. Population of 3 458 and sample of 454 participants among civilian traffic agents, traffic inspectors and administrative personnel of the Metropolitan Traffic Agency in the year 2021, selected by simple stratified random sampling for the two groups of participants; a digital survey was applied based on the European Community Respiratory Health Survey and working conditions. For data analysis, the EPI INFO tool was used, where bivariate Chi2 statistical tests and multivariate analysis such as crude and adjusted logistic regressions were performed. RESULTS. It was observed that the population of operational track workers had about twice the risk of developing wheezing compared to the administrative population OR=2,1 (95% CI 1,01-4,39); operational personnel had more than twice the risk of developing chronic bronchitis versus the administrative population OR=2,5 (95% CI 1,14­5,73). Results were adjusted by logist regression with working conditions and health variables (p=<0,05). CONCLUSION. There was a significant relationship between smog pollution and long-term respiratory diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Vehicle Emissions/toxicity , Police , Air Pollution , Environmental Pollution , Traffic-Related Pollution , Bronchitis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Air , Air Pollutants , Air Contamination Effects , Asthma, Occupational , Occupational Diseases
12.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 32(4): 12-20, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1376439

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las limitaciones laborales son un punto importante a considerar en el tratamiento de la espondiloartritis axial (EspAax) dado que esta enfermedad afecta a las personas en la etapa más productiva de la vida. Objetivos: describir la situación laboral en pacientes con EspAax de Argentina, incluyendo la espondilitis anquilosante (EA) y la espondiloartritis axial no radiográfica (EspAax-nr), y evaluar los factores asociados a la pérdida de productividad laboral (PPL) en esta cohorte nacional y los factores asociados a estar empleado. Materiales y métodos: en este estudio transversal y multicéntrico se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de EA y EspAax-nr según los criterios de clasificación de la Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS 2009) y en edad laboral (≤65 años). Los objetivos principales fueron evaluar la situación laboral, el ausentismo y el presentismo, valorados por el cuestionario Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Spondyloarthritis (WPAI-SpA). Se utilizó el coeficiente de Spearman para evaluar la correlación entre las medidas de la enfermedad y la PPL. Se realizó un análisis bivariado y multivariado para evaluar los factores asociados a estar empleado. Resultados: se incluyeron 129 pacientes con EspAax, 95 (73,6 %) con EA y 34 (26,4%) con EspAax-nr. La mediana (p25-75) de edad fue de 45 (35-55) años. La duración mediana de la enfermedad fue de 62 (24-123) meses y el retraso en el diagnóstico fue de 24 (6-72) meses. Sesenta (46,5%) pacientes estaban empleados. La mediana (p25-75) de presentismo de los pacientes con EA fue del 29,6% (0-57) y del 30% (20-40) para los pacientes con EspAax-nr (p=0,02). Asimismo, la mediana (p25-75) de PPL fue del 30% en ambos grupos de pacientes. Se encontró una correlación positiva entre la PPL y las siguientes variables: ASDAS (Rho:0.60), BASDAI (Rho:0.50), BASFI (Rho:0.60), ASQoL (Rho:0.60) y ASAS health index (Rho:0.54). En el análisis bivariado, los factores asociados al desempleo fueron el diagnóstico de EA, la edad avanzada, la mayor duración de la enfermedad, las comorbilidades (hipertensión y diabetes), el menor número de años de educación, la peor calidad de vida y la menor capacidad funcional. En el análisis multivariado, una mejor función física (evaluada por BASFI) se asoció de forma independiente a estar empleado. Conclusiones: este estudio demostró que la PPL en esta cohorte nacional fue del 30% en la EspAax. Se asoció con la actividad de la enfermedad, el estado de salud, la calidad de vida y la capacidad funcional. Una mejor función física se relacionó en forma independiente con una mayor probabilidad de mantener a los pacientes con EspAax empleados.


Introduction: work disability is an important outcome in the treatment of spondyloarthritis (SpA) since this disease affects people in the most productive stage of life. Objectives: to investigate working status in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) from Argentina, including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and nonradiographic axial SpA (nr-axSpA), and to evaluate factors associated with work productivity loss (WPL) in this national cohort and factors associated with being employed. Materials and methods: patients with a diagnosis of AS and nr-axSpA according to Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS 2009) classification criteria and in working age (≤65 years) were included in this multicentric cross-sectional study. Outcomes of interest were employment status, absenteeism and presenteeism, assessed by the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Spondyloarthritis (WPAI-SpA) questionnaire. Spearman's coefficient was used to assess the correlation between disease measures and WPL. Bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed in order to evaluate factors associated with being employed. Results: 129 patients with axSpA were included, 95 (73.6%) with AS and 34 (26.4%) with nr-axSpA. Median (p25-75) age of 45 (35-55) years. Median (p25-75) disease duration was 62 (24-123) months and diagnosis delay was 24 (6-72) months. 60 (46.5%) of the patients were employed. Median (p25-75) presenteeism of AS patients was 29.6% (0-57) and 30% (20-40) for patients with EspAax-nr (p=0.02). Median (p25-75) WPL was 30% in both groups of patients. A positive correlation was found between WPL and the following variables: ASDAS (Rho:0.60), BASDAI (Rho:0.50), BASFI (Rho:0.60), ASQoL (Rho:0.60) and ASAS health index (Rho:0.54). In the bivariate analysis, the factors associated with unemployment were AS diagnosis, older age, longer disease duration, comorbidities (hypertension and diabetes), fewer years of education, worse quality of life and lower functional capacity. In the multivariate analysis, better physical function (assessed by BASFI) was independently associated with being employed. Conclusions: this study showed that WPL in this national cohort was 30% in axSpA. It was associated with disease activity, health status, quality of life and functional capacity. Better physical function was independently associated with a higher likelihood of keeping patients with axSpA employed.


Subject(s)
Axial Spondyloarthritis , Occupational Health , Occupational Diseases
13.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(supl.2): 37-47, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355758

ABSTRACT

Resumen | La minería ha tenido una gran influencia en las sociedades humanas, permeando por igual las riquezas del suelo y la cultura, lo que ha tenido profundas implicaciones para los individuos dedicados a esta labor y para los lugares en los que se lleva a cabo. En el presente artículo, se describen las características socioculturales y de sanidad, así como las enfermedades más frecuentes en las minas de oro de Marmato (Caldas) durante el siglo XIX. Las precarias condiciones de salubridad y las enfermedades tropicales infecciosas persistieron en la población durante todo el siglo.


Abstract | Mining has had a great influence on human societies permeating the riches of the soil and culture in equal proportion. This has led to profound changes in the individuals dedicated to this work and the locations where it takes place. In this historical review, we describe the socio-cultural and health characteristics, as well as the diseases associated with gold mining in Marmato (Caldas) during the 19th century. Poor salubrity conditions and tropical and infectious diseases were constant during the whole century.


Subject(s)
Environmental Salubrity , History , Tropical Medicine , Mining , Occupational Diseases
14.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 37(3): 233-240, sept. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388152

ABSTRACT

Resumen La leptospirosis es una de las zoonosis endémicas más importantes en el mundo con un aumento de la incidencia en los últimos años. En el personal militar podría ser catalogada como una enfermedad ocupacional dado sus actividades específicas en áreas rurales. Su presentación clínica es variable siendo en la mayoría de los casos una enfermedad febril autolimitada. De acuerdo con diversos factores dependientes del patógeno y del hospedero pueden presentarse manifestaciones severas de la enfermedad dentro de la cual destaca el compromiso pulmonar con una alta tasa de mortalidad. Existe evidencia del uso de esteroide sistémico como parte del tratamiento de esta complicación. Presentamos el caso de un paciente joven, militar, que debuta con síndrome de hemorragia alveolar difusa secundario a leptospirosis y presenta una excelente respuesta al tratamiento con altas dosis de metilprednisolona, con una discusión del proceso diagnóstico y aspectos fisiopatológicos de esta condición.


Leptospirosis is one of the most important endemic zoonoses in the world with an increase in incidence in recent years. In military personnel it could be classified as an occupational disease given their specific activities in rural areas. Its clinical presentation is variable being in most cases a self-limited febrile disease. According to various factors dependent on the pathogen and the host, severe manifestations of the disease may occur within which the pulmonary involvement with a high mortality rate stands out. There is evidence of systemic steroid use as part of the treatment of this complication. We present a case of a young, military patient who debuts with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage syndrome secondary to leptospirosis and presents an excellent response to treatment with high doses of methylprednisolone, with a discussion of the diagnostic process and pathophysiological aspects of this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Pulmonary Alveoli/pathology , Hemorrhage/etiology , Leptospirosis/complications , Lung Diseases/etiology , Steroids/therapeutic use , Weil Disease , Zoonoses , Tropical Zone , Leptospirosis/diagnosis , Leptospirosis/drug therapy , Military Personnel , Occupational Diseases
15.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e992, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341413

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La salud ocupacional es una actividad multidisciplinaria que promueve y protege la salud de los trabajadores. El conocimiento de las condiciones de riesgo previene los accidentes y enfermedades ocupacionales. Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de conocimientos en salud ocupacional en tenientes del Ejército del Perú. Métodos: Estudio observacional y transversal. Participaron 86 tenientes de una promoción de la Escuela de Infantería. Se realizó el Cuestionario de conocimientos en salud ocupacional. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva para las características generales y para la asociación con los conocimientos, la prueba ji cuadrado. Resultados: La edad promedio fue 28,4 años (DE=1,26; Mín.26, Máx.32), 51,16 por ciento presentaron nivel bajo de conocimientos; trabajadores que no recordaban haber recibido capacitaciones en salud ocupacional y que sufrieron accidente de trabajo tuvieron nivel bajo de conocimientos, 80 por ciento (p = 0,049) y 73,68 por ciento (p = 0,026) respectivamente. La pregunta con mayores aciertos fue sobre el examen de salud ocupacional anual con un 75,58 por ciento, y la de menor conocimiento, sobre la cobertura del seguro complementario de riesgos con un 25,58 por ciento. Conclusiones: El nivel de conocimiento predominante sobre salud ocupacional en tenientes del ejército del Perú, fue bajo, con mayores porcentajes en los que no recuerdan capacitación en salud ocupacional y los que tuvieron algún accidente laboral(AU)


Introduction: Occupational health is a multidisciplinary activity that promotes and protects the health of workers. Knowledge of risk conditions prevents occupational accidents and diseases. Objective: To determine the level of occupational health knowledge in lieutenants of the Peruvian Army. Methods: Observational and cross-sectional study. 86 lieutenants of a promotion of the Infantry School participated. The Occupational Health Knowledge Questionnaire was applied. Descriptive statistics were applied for the general characteristics and the Chi-square test for the association with knowledge. Results: Mean age 28,4 years (SD = 1,26; Min. 26, Max. 32), 51,16 percent presented a poor level of knowledge; workers who did not remember having received training in Occupational Health and who suffered a work accident, 80 percent (p = 0,049) and 73,68 percent (p = 0,026) they had a bad level respectively. The question with the highest correct answers was about the annual occupational health examination with 75,58 percent, and the one with the least knowledge about the complementary risk insurance coverage with 25,58 percent. Conclusions: The predominant level of knowledge about occupational health in lieutenants in the Peruvian army was poor, with higher percentages in those who did not remember training in occupational health and those who had an occupational accident(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidents, Occupational , Occupational Health , Insurance Coverage , Mentoring , Occupational Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
SMAD, Rev. eletrônica saúde mental alcool drog ; 17(2): 26-33, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1290022

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: avaliar profissionais da rede de cuidados em saúde mental através de sua atitude, satisfação e sobrecarga. MÉTODO: estudo transversal, com 46 profissionais das equipes da Rede de Atenção Psicossocial de uma cidade no Norte do Paraná. O questionário foi dividido em 4 partes: Caracterização sócio ocupacional; Escala de Avaliação da Satisfação da Equipe em Serviços de Saúde Mental; Escala de Avaliação do Impacto do Trabalho em Serviços de Saúde Mental; Escala de Opiniões sobre a Doença Mental. RESULTADOS: 65,8% dos profissionais, deram-se por satisfeitos com a rede de saúde mental. Em relação às condições físicas e o conforto do serviço, 53,4% não se encontraram satisfeitos, expressando possibilidade de melhora. CONCLUSÃO: a avaliação dos serviços de saúde mental é relevante quando se almeja melhorias na qualidade dos serviços ofertados.


OBJECTIVE: to evaluate professionals in the mental health care network through their satisfaction and overload. METHOD: cross-sectional study with 46 professionals from the teams of the Psychosocial Care Network in a city in Northern Paraná. The questionnaire was divided into 4 parts: Socio-occupational characterization; Rating Scale for Team Satisfaction in Mental Health Services; Scale of Assessment of the Impact of Work on Mental Health Services; Scale of Opinions on Mental Illness. RESULTS: 65.8% of the professionals were satisfied with the mental health network. Regarding the physical conditions and comfort of the service, 53.4% are not considered, expressing the possibility of improvement. CONCLUSION: the assessment of mental health services is relevant when aiming for improvements in the quality of the services offered.


OBJETIVO: evaluar a los profesionales de la red de salud mental a través de su actitud, satisfacción y sobrecarga. MÉTODO: estudio transversal con 46 profesionales de los equipos de la Red de Atención Psicosocial en una ciudad del norte de Paraná. El cuestionario se dividió en 4 partes: Caracterización sociolaboral; Escala de calificación para la satisfacción del equipo en los servicios de salud mental; Escala de evaluación del impacto del trabajo en los servicios de salud mental; Escala de opiniones sobre enfermedades mentales. RESULTADOS: el 65,8% de los profesionales se mostró satisfecho con la red de salud mental. En cuanto a las condiciones físicas y la comodidad del servicio, el 53,4% no se mostró satisfecho y expresó la posibilidad de mejora. CONCLUSIÓN: la valoración de los servicios de salud mental es relevante a la hora de buscar mejoras en la calidad de los servicios ofrecidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Personal Satisfaction , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workload , Health Personnel , Psychiatric Rehabilitation , Health Services Research , Mental Disorders , Mental Health Services , Occupational Diseases
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(2): 693-710, fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153800

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo é identificar a prevalência de ansiedade em profissionais de saúde durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Trata-se de revisão sistemática de estudos publicados em qualquer idioma em 2020. Foi realizada busca nas bases de dados Embase, LILACS e PubMed utilizando os descritores anxiety, COVID-19, health workers, e sinônimos. A estimativa da prevalência geral de ansiedade com intervalo de confiança de 95% foi calculada utilizando o modelo de efeitos aleatórios. Dos 861 registros identificados, 36 artigos foram incluídos na revisão sistemática e 35 na metanálise. A prevalência geral de ansiedade foi de 35% (IC95%: 29-40). Foi identificado maior risco de ansiedade nas mulheres em relação aos homens (Odds Ratio: 1.64 [IC95%: 1,47-1,84]), e nos enfermeiros, na comparação com médicos (Odds Ratio: 1.19 [IC95%: 1,07-1,33]). Atuar na linha de frente no combate a COVID-19, estar infectado com coronavírus e apresentar doenças crônicas também foram fatores associados com maior risco de ansiedade. Observa-se alta prevalência de ansiedade entre profissionais de saúde, com maior risco entre mulheres e enfermeiros. Há necessidade de medidas que visem sua prevenção, bem como o fornecimento de tratamento precoce e adequado aos com ansiedade moderada e grave.


Abstract This study sets out to identify the prevalence of anxiety among health professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic. It involves a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published in any language in 2020. A search was conducted in the Embase, LILACS and PubMed databases using the keywords anxiety, COVID-19, health workers, and synonyms. The estimated overall prevalence of anxiety with a 95% confidence interval was calculated using the random effects model. Of the 861 records identified, 36 articles were included in the systematic review and 35 in the meta-analysis. The overall prevalence of anxiety was 35% (95%CI: 29-40). A higher risk of anxiety was identified among women compared to men (Odds Ratio: 1.64 [95%CI: 1.47-1.84]), and in nurses, in comparison with physicians (Odds Ratio: 1.19 [95%CI: 1.07-1.33]). Being on the front line of COVID-19, being infected with coronavirus and having chronic diseases were also factors associated with a higher risk of anxiety. A high prevalence of anxiety among health professionals was observed, with higher risk among women and nurses. There is a pressing need for measures aimed at prevention of anxiety and providing early and appropriate treatment for those suffering from moderate and severe anxiety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Health Personnel , COVID-19 , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence
18.
Clinics ; 76: e2641, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the vocal self-perception of Brazilian teachers and their communication needs, vocal signs and symptoms, and voice-related lifestyles during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and, based on this information, to develop guidance materials intended for dissemination to these teachers and the general community. METHODS: An online questionnaire designed for this survey was distributed via the researchers' networks and was available for completion by any teacher, except those who were not working at the time. There were 1,253 teachers from all over Brazil, of both sexes, covering a wide age range, working at different levels of education, and most with more than ten years of experience. Descriptive and inferential analyses of the data were performed. RESULTS: On comparing the prepandemic period with the current one, participants indicated voice improvements. In contrast, they presented symptoms such as dry throat, effort in addressing remote classes, hoarseness after classes, and difficulties with the use of headphones, among others. They further indicated stress, general fatigue, impact of the pandemic on mental health, and the overlapping of many home tasks with professional tasks. Some smoked, and others hydrated insufficiently. CONCLUSION: Although teachers generally noticed voice improvements during the pandemic, a proportion of them perceived worsening of voices. Many indicated several factors in which speech-language pathologists could guide them with the aim of improving performance and comfort during remote and hybrid classes, an initiative that will positively impact not only their voice and communication but also their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Voice Disorders/therapy , Voice Disorders/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus , Occupational Diseases/therapy , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Speech Therapy , Voice Quality , Brazil , Communication , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
19.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1156859

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and analyze their associated factors in professionals from administrative sectors working predominantly in sitting position. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study with data obtained from 451 workers from a federal public institution in Southern Brazil. The dependent variable was the number of musculoskeletal symptoms in the prior 12 months, measured using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. In the analyses, 19 independent variables were investigated, divided into four categories: sociodemographic, behavioral, occupational and health characteristics. Univariate analysis and multiple Poisson regression with robust variance were performed. The independent variables were inserted into blocks with stepwise backward criterion, considering the value for Wald statistics equal to 0.20. The effect measures were expressed in a relative increase (RI) in the mean value, and the data were analyzed for a 5% significance level. RESULTS The estimated prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the prior 12 months was 90% (confidence interval - 95%CI 87-93). In the final model of regression analysis, the variables female gender (RI = 14.75%), low (RI = 100.02%) and moderate (RI = 64.06%) work ability index, use of medications (RI = 48.06%) and waist circumference at risk (RI = 15.59%) had a significant association with the increase in the mean number of symptoms; schooling with technical education acted as a protective factor, reducing the mean by 36.46%. CONCLUSIONS The high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms found and the associated factors indicate the need to propose specific actions and care for this population, such as immediate treatment of symptoms and changes in the organization and work environment, to achieve balance and harmony in the demands of prolonged sitting work and avoid its impact effect of this condition on public health.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS Estimar a prevalência de sintomas osteomusculares e analisar os fatores a eles associados em profissionais de setores administrativos que trabalham predominantemente na postura sentada. MÉTODOS Trata-se de estudo transversal com dados obtidos de 451 trabalhadores de instituição pública federal na região Sul do país. A variável dependente foi o número de sintomas osteomusculares nos últimos 12 meses, aferido utilizando-se o Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares. Foram investigadas 19 variáveis independentes, divididas em quatro categorias: características sociodemográficas, comportamentais, ocupacionais e de saúde. Foi realizada análise univariada e, na sequência, regressão múltipla de Poisson com variância robusta. As variáveis independentes foram inseridas em blocos com critério backward stepwise, considerando o valor para estatística de Wald igual a 0,20. As medidas de efeito foram expressas em aumento relativo (AR) no valor médio, sendo os dados analisados para um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS A prevalência estimada de sintomas osteomusculares nos últimos 12 meses foi de 90% (intervalo de confiança - IC95% 87-93). No modelo final da análise de regressão, as variáveis sexo feminino (AR = 14,75%), índice de capacidade para o trabalho baixo (AR = 100,02%) e moderado (AR = 64,06%), uso de medicamentos (AR = 48,06%) e circunferência da cintura em risco (AR = 15,59%) tiveram associação significativa com o aumento da média de sintomas; já a escolaridade com ensino técnico atuou como fator de proteção, reduzindo a média em 36,46%. CONCLUSÕES A alta prevalência de sintomas osteomusculares encontrada e os fatores associados indicam a necessidade de propor ações e cuidados específicos para essa população, como tratamento imediato dos sintomas e mudanças na organização e no ambiente laboral, a fim de alcançar equilíbrio e harmonia nas exigências do trabalho sentado prolongado e evitar o impacto dessa condição na saúde pública.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Administrative Personnel , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Sitting Position , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3455, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1280480

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze evidence concerning the risks of occupational illnesses to which health workers providing care to patients infected with COVID-19 are exposed. Method: integrative literature review conducted in the following online databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed), Web of Science (WoS), Excerpta Medica Data-Base (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Scopus (Elsevier). Original articles published between November 2019 and June 2020, regardless of the language written, were included. A descriptive analysis according to two categories is presented. Results: the sample is composed of 19 scientific papers. Most were cross-sectional studies with an evidence level 2C (n=17, 90%) written in English (n=16, 84%). The primary thematic axes were risk of contamination and risk of psycho-emotional illness arising from the delivery of care to patients infected with COVID-19. Conclusion: the review presents the potential effects of providing care to patients with COVID-19 on the health of workers. It also reveals the importance of interventions focused on the most prevalent occupational risks during the pandemic. The studies' level of evidence suggests a need for studies with more robust designs.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências sobre os riscos de adoecimento ocupacional aos quais estão expostos os profissionais de saúde que cuidam de pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada por meio de busca on-line nas bases de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed), Web of Science (WoS), Excerpta Medica Data-base (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) e Scopus (Elsevier). Incluíram-se artigos originais, publicados entre novembro de 2019 e junho de 2020, sem restrições de idioma. A análise descritiva dos resultados é apresentada em duas categorias. Resultados: a amostra constituiu-se de 19 produções científicas com predomínio da língua inglesa (n=16, 84%) e estudos de corte transversal, com nível de evidência 2C (n=17, 90%). Os estudos mostraram, como principais eixos temáticos, o risco de contaminação e o risco de adoecimento psicoemocional no atendimento a pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19. Conclusão: a revisão mostrou os potenciais efeitos sobre a saúde dos profissionais durante o atendimento de pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19. Evidenciou-se a importância da implementação de estratégias de intervenção focadas nos riscos ocupacionais mais prevalentes durante a pandemia. O nível de evidência dos estudos sugere a necessidade de desenvolvimento de pesquisas com delineamentos mais robustos.


Objetivo: analizar las evidencias sobre los riesgos de enfermedad ocupacional a los cuales están expuestos los profesionales de la salud que cuidan de pacientes afectados por la COVID-19. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura realizada a través de búsqueda online en las bases de datos Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed), Web of Science (WoS), Excerpta Medica Data-base (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) y Scopus (Elsevier). Fueron incluidos artículos originales, publicados entre noviembre de 2019 y junio de 2020, sin restricciones de idioma. El análisis descriptivo de los resultados se presenta en dos categorías. Resultados: la muestra fue constituida por 19 producciones científicas con predominio del idioma inglés (n=16, 84%) y estudios de corte transversal con nivel de evidencia 2C (n=17, 90%). Los estudios mostraron como principales ejes temáticos el riesgo de contaminación y riesgo de enfermedad psicoemocional, en la atención a pacientes afectados por COVID-19. Conclusión: la revisión mostró los potenciales efectos sobre la salud de los profesionales durante la atención de pacientes afectados por COVID-19. Se evidenció la importancia de implementar estrategias de intervención, enfocadas en los riesgos ocupacionales más prevalentes durante la pandemia. El nivel de evidencia de los estudios sugiere la necesidad de desarrollar investigaciones con delineamientos más robustos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Risks , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Exposure , Health Personnel , Coronavirus Infections , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
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