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1.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 236-239, sept. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514374

ABSTRACT

A 31-year-old man is presented and is evaluated by panoramic radiography. As a finding, an extensive lesion with a cystic appearance was detected in the anterior part of the maxilla. Computed tomography shows a lesion corresponding to the characteristics of a cyst. In the histology the combination of two types of epithelium is observed, pseudostratified columnar and stratified squamous, confirming that this was a nasopalatine duct cyst.


Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 31 años, evaluado mediante radiografía panorámica. Como hallazgo se detecta una extensa lesión de aspecto quístico en la parte anterior del maxilar. En la tomografía computada se observa una lesión que corresponde a las carácterísticas de un quiste. La histología muestra una combinación de dos tipos de epitelio, pseudostratificado columnar y estratificado escamoso, confirmando que se trataba de un quiste del canal nasopalatino.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
2.
Natal; s.n; 24 ago. 2023. 134 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532149

ABSTRACT

As lesões odontogênicas epiteliais benignas constituem um grupo heterogêneo de lesões. A proteína CLIC4 atua na regulação dos processos de parada de crescimento e apoptose, participando também do processo de transdiferenciação dos fibroblastos em miofibroblastos que passam a expressar α-SMA. Além disso, a expressão de CLIC4 pode interferir no processo de transição epitélio-mesenquima (TEM) em neoplasias. Este trabalho avaliou a imunoexpressão de CLIC4, α-SMA, E-caderina e Vimentina em ameloblastomas (AM) (n = 16), ceratocistos odontogênicos (n = 20) e tumores odontogênicos adenomatóides (TOA) (n = 8). A análise da expressão imunoistoquímica das proteínas CLIC4, E-caderina e vimentina no componente epitelial das lesões e de CLIC4 e α-SMA no tecido conjuntivo foi realizada de forma semi-quantitativa por um avaliador previamente calibrado. A expressão no componente epitelial de CLIC4 foi analisada separadamente no núcleo e no citoplasma, bem como a marcação de E-caderina que foi avaliada na membrana e no citoplasma. As comparações dos percentuais de imunorreatividade em relação aos grupos estudados foram realizadas por meio dos testes não paramétricos de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney. Possíveis correlações entre a expressão de CLIC4, α-SMA, E-caderina e Vimentina foram avaliadas por meio do teste de correlação de Spearman. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5% (p < 0,05). Foram observados diferentes padrões de marcação entre os grupos analisados, observando-se que a imunoexpressão exclusivamente citoplasmática da CLIC4 no componente epitelial dos AM (p < 0,001) e TOA (p < 0,001) foi significativamente superior a dos CO, não demonstrarando significância estatística entre os AM e TOA. A imunoexpressão (nuclear e citoplasmática) da CLIC4 no revestimento epitelial CO foi significativamente superior à encontrada no componente epitelial dos AM (p < 0,001) e dos TOA (p < 0,001). A imunoexpressão estromal de CLIC4 foi significativamente superior nos AM (p = 0,009) e CO (p = 0,004) quando comparados aos TOA. A imunoexpressao de α-SMA significativamente maior em AM (p = 0,016) e CO (p = 0,034) quando comparados aos TOA. Para a imunoexpressão membranar da E-caderina em CO foi significativamente superior em comparação à encontrada nos AM (p = 0,009) e nos TOA (p = 0,024). Foi observada maior imunoexpressão de E-caderina (membranar e citoplasmática) nos COs, quando comparados aos AM (p < 0,001) e aos TOAs (p < 0,001). A expressão de Ecaderina citoplasmática foi significativamente maior nos AM e TOA (p < 0,001) quando comparados aos CO. Observou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa na imunoexpressão de vimentina entre os casos de AM e os casos de TOA (p = 0,038) e CO (p < 0,001), bem como entre o TOA e CO (p < 0,001). As correlações testadas entre os escores das proteínas estudadas evidenciou que no grupo dos AM foi possível evidenciar moderada correlação positiva e estatisticamente significativa (r = 0,527; p = 0,036) entre a expressão citoplasmática da CLIC4 e a expressão citoplasmática da E-caderina. Também foi verificada fraca correlação negativa e estatisticamente significativa (r = -0,499; p = 0,049) entre a expressão núcleo-citoplasmática da CLIC4 e a expressão citoplasmática da E-caderina nos AM. Além disso, uma moderada correlação positiva e estatisticamente significativa entre a expressão estromal da CLIC4 e a expressão da α-SMA nos AM (r = 0,648; p = 0,007) e nos CO (r = 0,541; p = 0,014). Foi observada forte correlação negativa e estatisticamente significativa (r = -0,813; p < 0,001) entre a expressão da E-caderina e a expressão da vimentina nos AM. Os resultados deste estudo sugerem um potencial envolvimento de CLIC4 no processo de transdiferenciação de miofibroblastos, e que a presença destas células é mais frequentemente associada a lesões de comportamento biológico mais agressivo como os AM e CO, além de uma possível atuação desta proteína na regulação do ciclo celular e na TEM nas lesões estudadas (AU).


Benign epithelial odontogenic lesions constitute a heterogeneous group of lesions. the CLIC4 protein acts in the regulation of growth arrest and apoptosis processes, also participating in the process of transdifferentiation of fibroblasts Into myofibroblasts that begin to express α-SMA. Furthermore, CLIC4 expression can interfere with the epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT) process in neoplasms. This work evaluated the immunoexpression of CLIC4, α-SMA, e-cadherin and vimentin in ameloblastomas (AM) (n = 16), odontogenic keratocysts (OK) (n = 20) and adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (AOT) (n = 8). The analysis of the immunohistochemical expression of the proteins CLIC4, ecadherin and vimentin in the epithelial component of the lesions and of CLIC4 and α-SMA in the connective tissue was carried out in a semi-quantitative way by a previously calibrated evaluator. Expression in the epithelial component of CLIC4 was analyzed separately in the nucleus and cytoplasm, as well as e-cadherin labeling, which was evaluated in the membrane and cytoplasm. Comparisons of the percentages of immunoreactivity in relation to the studied groups were carried out using the nonparametric kruskal-wallis and mann-whitney tests. Possible correlations between the expression of CLIC4, α-SMA, e-cadherin and vimentin were evaluated using the spearman correlation test. The significance level was set at 5% (p < 0.05). Different staining patterns were observed between the groups analyzed, observing that the exclusively cytoplasmic immunoexpression of CLIC4 in the epithelial component of AM (p < 0.001) and AOT (p < 0.001) was significantly higher than that of OK, not demonstrating statistical significance between the AM and AOT. The immunoexpression (nuclear and cytoplasmic) of CLIC4 in the co epithelial lining was significantly higher than that found in the epithelial component of AM (p < 0.001) and AOT (p < 0.001). Stromal CLIC4 immunoexpression was significantly higher in AM (p = 0.009) and OK (p = 0.004) when compared to AOT. The immunoexpression of α-SMA is significantly higher in AM (p = 0.016) and OK (p = 0.034) when compared to AOT. For e-cadherin membrane immunoexpression in co was significantly higher compared to that found in AM (p = 0.009) and AOT (p = 0.024). Greater immunoexpression of e-cadherin (membrane and cytoplasmic) was observed in OK, when compared to AM (p < 0.001) and AOT (p < 0.001). Cytoplasmic ecadherin expression was significantly higher in AM and AOT (p < 0.001) when compared to OK. A statistically significant difference in vimentin immunoexpression was observed between cases of AM and cases of AOT (p = 0.038) and OK (p < 0.001), as well as between AOT and OK (p < 0.001). The correlations tested between the scores of the proteins studied showed that in the am group it was possible to demonstrate a moderate positive and statistically significant correlation (r = 0.527; p = 0.036) between the cytoplasmic expression of clic4 and the cytoplasmic expression of e-cadherin. A weak and statistically significant negative correlation (r = -0.499; p = 0.049) was also found between the nucleus-cytoplasmic expression of clic4 and the cytoplasmic expression of e- cadherin in AM. Furthermore, a moderate positive and statistically significant correlation between the stromal expression of CLIC4 and the expression of α-SMA in AM (r = 0.648; p = 0.007) and OK (r = 0.541; p = 0.014). Additionally, a strong negative and statistically significant correlation (r = -0.813; p < 0.001) was observed between the expression of ecadherin and the expression of vimentin in AM. The results of this study suggest a potential involvement of CLIC4 in the myofibroblast transdifferentiation process, and that the presence of these cells is more frequently associated with lesions with more aggressive biological behavior such as AM and OK, in addition to a possible role of this protein in the regulation of cell cycle and EMT in the lesions studied (AU).


Subject(s)
Ameloblastoma/pathology , Odontogenic Cysts/pathology , Cadherins/metabolism , Epithelium/injuries , Vimentin/metabolism , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Myofibroblasts/pathology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
3.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 43-47, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443991

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de COG em sínfise mandibular, tratado com enucleação e osteotomia periférica. Relato de Caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 58 anos de idade, foi encaminhada para avaliação de uma lesão mandibular, apresentando-se assintomática no momento da consulta. Foi observado um leve aumento de volume vestibular na região da sínfise mandibular, sem sensibilidade ao toque. Na tomografia foi observada imagem hipodensa, multiloculada, bem delimitada, na região de sínfise, próxima as raízes dentárias e a basilar mandibular, além de um dente incluso intralesional. Foi realizada biópsia incisional e exame histopatológico, através do qual foi estabelecido o diagnóstico de COG. Como forma de tratamento, o paciente foi submetido a enucleação com curetagem de toda lesão e a osteotomia periférica, além da remoção do dente incluso. Após um ano de acompanhamento, a paciente encontra-se livre de recorrências. Conclusão: Por fim, este caso destaca a importância de um tratamento eficaz de COG com a osteotomia periférica, considerando o tamanho da lesão, suas características e sua localização, a fim de reduzir suas chances de recidiva... (AU)


The aim of this article is to report a case of COG in mandibular symphysis, treated with enucleation and peripheral osteotomy. Case Report: A 58-yearold female patient was referred for evaluation of a mandibular lesion, instrument was asymptomatic at the time of consultation. An increase in vestibular volume was observed in the region of the mandibular symphysis, without sensitivity to touch. The tomography showed a hypodense, multiloculated, well-delimited image in the symphysis region, close to tooth roots and a mandibular basilar, in addition to an intralesional impacted tooth. An incisional biopsy and histopathological examination were performed, through which the diagnosis of COG was established. As a form of treatment, the patient underwent enucleation with curettage of the entire lesion and peripheral osteotomy, in addition to removal of the impacted tooth. After a year of follow-up, the patient is free from recurrences. Conclusion: Finally, this case highlights the importance of an effective treatment of COG with peripheral osteotomy, considering the size of the lesion, its characteristics and its location, in order to reduce its chances of recurrence... (AU)


El objetivo de este artículo es reportar un caso de COG en la sínfisis mandibular, tratado con enucleación y osteotomía periférica. Caso Clínico: Paciente femenino, de 58 años de edad, fue remitida para valoración de lesión mandibular, presentándose asintomática al momento de la consulta. Se observa ligero aumento de volumen vestibular en la región de la sínfisis mandibular, sin sensibilidad al tacto. En la tomografía se observó una imagen hipodensa, multiloculada, bien delimitada en la región de la sínfisis, próxima a las raíces dentarias y la base de la mandíbula, además de un diente intralesional. Se realizó biopsia incisional y examen histopatológico, a través del cual se estableció el diagnóstico de GOC. Como forma de tratamiento, el paciente fue sometido a enucleación con curetaje de toda la lesión y osteotomía periférica, además de extracción del diente impactado. Después de un año de seguimiento, un paciente está libre de recurrencias. Conclusión: Finalmente, este caso destaca la importancia de un tratamiento efectivo de la GOC con osteotomía periférica, considerando el tamaño de la lesión, sus características y su ubicación, para reducir sus posibilidades de recurrencia... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Jaw Cysts , Maxillary Osteotomy , Odontogenic Cysts
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(2): 30-37, maio-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428047

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o odontoma é considerado como um frequente tumor odontogênico benigno, podendo ser classificado em tipo composto ou tipo complexo. O cisto dentígero é o mais comum entre os cistos odontogênicos de desenvolvimento, onde envolve a coroa da unidade dentária no nível da junção amelocementária. Há poucos estudos na literatura do encontro das duas lesões, acometendo o mesmo local na cavidade oral. O diagnóstico pode ser constituído por exame clínico e de imagem. Objetivo: apresentar um caso clínico de odontoma composto e cisto dentígero em região de parassínfise mandibular esquerda abordando as caraterísticas clínicas destas duas lesões e as adequadas formas de tratamento. Relato de caso: paciente do sexo masculino, 16 anos de idade, compareceu ao ambulatório do Centro Odontológico da Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública (Salvador, Bahia), portando encaminhamento de ortodontista, solicitando exodontia da unidade dentária 33 inclusa associada a um odontoma. Ao realizar exames físicos e imaginológicos detectou-se a hipótese diagnóstica de odontoma composto associado a unidade dentária, envolto em folículo pericoronário ou cisto dentígero. Foi realizada biópsia excisional das duas lesões e exodontia da unidade. A análise histopatológica confirmou o diagnóstico para odontoma composto associado a cisto dentígero na unidade 33. Ao acompanhamento de 03 meses, paciente apresentou neoformação óssea da região de parassínfise mandibular, mediante a análise de novos exames imaginológicos. Discussão: há poucos estudos na literatura da associação entre as duas lesões, porém relatos afirmam que o odontoma pode ser encontrado associado aos cistos odontogênicos. Por conta da falta de maiores estudos dessa associação, há escassez de recomendações terapêuticas de acordo com faixa etária e extensão do acometimento das lesões. Considerações finais: lesões comumente assintomáticas, tem o diagnóstico constituído por exame clínico e avaliação de exames de imagem(AU)


Introduction: odontoma is considered a frequent benign odontogenic tumor and can be classified as a compound or complex type. The dentigerous cyst is the most common among developmental odontogenic cysts, where it involves the crown of the dental unit at the level of the cementoenamel junction. There are few studies in the literature on the meeting of the two lesions, affecting the same site in the oral cavity. The diagnosis can be made by clinical and imaging examination. Objective: to present a clinical case of compound odontoma and dentigerous cyst in the left mandibular parasymphysis region, addressing the clinical characteristics of these two lesions and the appropriate forms of treatment. Case report: male patient, 16 years old, attended the outpatient clinic of the Centro Odontológico da Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública (Salvador, Bahia), having been referred by an orthodontist, requesting extraction of the included dental unit 33 associated with an odontoma. Upon physical and imaging examinations, the diagnostic hypothesis of a compound odontoma associated with a dental unit, surrounded by a pericoronal follicle or dentigerous cyst, was detected. Excisional biopsy of the two lesions and extraction of the unit were performed. The histopathological analysis confirmed the diagnosis of compound odontoma associated with dentigerous cyst in unit 33. At the 03-month follow-up, the patient presented bone neoformation in the mandibular parasymphysis region, through the analysis of new imaging exams. Discussion: there are few studies in the literature on the association between the two lesions, but reports state that odontoma can be found associated with odontogenic cysts. Due to the lack of further studies on this association, there is a lack of therapeutic recommendations according to age group and extent of lesion involvement. Final considerations: commonly asymptomatic lesions, the diagnosis consists of clinical examination and evaluation of imaging tests(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Dentigerous Cyst , Odontoma , Tooth Crown , Tooth Abnormalities , Dentigerous Cyst/diagnosis , Dentigerous Cyst/therapy , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Odontoma/diagnosis , Odontoma/therapy , Tooth Crown/abnormalities , Neoplasms
5.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220019, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529112

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the proliferation of epithelium (using the Ki67 index) and the polarization pattern of collagen in selected odontogenic cysts and tumours. In addition, an exploratory analysis of the effect of inflammation on the proliferation rate was done. Material and Methods: Following immunohistochemical staining, the labelling/proliferation index of Ki67 was calculated. The thickness and corresponding polarization colour of 100 juxta-epithelial picrosirius red-stained collagen fibers were assessed using linear micrometry with an eyepiece reticule under × 1000 magnification. Inflammation was graded subjectively as mild, moderate, and severe. Results: Overall Ki-67 expression was higher in the radicular cyst, Odontogenic Keratocyst, Ameloblastoma, while suprabasal Ki-67 positivity was maximum in Odontogenic Keratocyst. The stromal collagen fibers in Ameloblastoma showed predominantly green birefringence, whereas Odontogenic Keratocyst had orange birefringence. There was no significant association of inflammation with Ki-67 expression or birefringence patterns. Conclusion: The highest Ki67 expression in the radicular cyst, followed by Odontogenic Keratocyst and Ameloblastoma. Differences in the collagen maturation pattern were noted innately in five lesions studied and were further influenced by inflammatory changes. Epithelial proliferation and concomitant expression of thickness and maturity of the stromal collagen are innate features of the lesion further influenced by inflammation in various odontogenic cysts and tumours and may, in turn, guide the clinical behavior.


Subject(s)
Ameloblastoma/pathology , Odontogenic Cysts/pathology , Radicular Cyst/pathology , Collagen , Ki-67 Antigen , Birefringence , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 273-279, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981263

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the accuracy of different convolutional neural networks (CNN),representative deep learning models,in the differential diagnosis of ameloblastoma and odontogenic keratocyst,and subsequently compare the diagnosis results between models and oral radiologists. Methods A total of 1000 digital panoramic radiographs were retrospectively collected from the patients with ameloblastoma (500 radiographs) or odontogenic keratocyst (500 radiographs) in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology,Peking University School of Stomatology.Eight CNN including ResNet (18,50,101),VGG (16,19),and EfficientNet (b1,b3,b5) were selected to distinguish ameloblastoma from odontogenic keratocyst.Transfer learning was employed to train 800 panoramic radiographs in the training set through 5-fold cross validation,and 200 panoramic radiographs in the test set were used for differential diagnosis.Chi square test was performed for comparing the performance among different CNN.Furthermore,7 oral radiologists (including 2 seniors and 5 juniors) made a diagnosis on the 200 panoramic radiographs in the test set,and the diagnosis results were compared between CNN and oral radiologists. Results The eight neural network models showed the diagnostic accuracy ranging from 82.50% to 87.50%,of which EfficientNet b1 had the highest accuracy of 87.50%.There was no significant difference in the diagnostic accuracy among the CNN models (P=0.998,P=0.905).The average diagnostic accuracy of oral radiologists was (70.30±5.48)%,and there was no statistical difference in the accuracy between senior and junior oral radiologists (P=0.883).The diagnostic accuracy of CNN models was higher than that of oral radiologists (P<0.001). Conclusion Deep learning CNN can realize accurate differential diagnosis between ameloblastoma and odontogenic keratocyst with panoramic radiographs,with higher diagnostic accuracy than oral radiologists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ameloblastoma/diagnostic imaging , Deep Learning , Diagnosis, Differential , Radiography, Panoramic , Retrospective Studies , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Odontogenic Tumors
7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical effect of the surgical approach and method of transnasal fenestration under nasal endoscope for the treatment of maxillary odontogenic cyst. Methods:The clinical data of 23 cases with maxillary odontogenic cysts treated by nasal endoscopy through nasal fenestration were retrospectively analyzed. All cases underwent nasal endoscopy and CT examination before the operation. The mucosal membrane of the parietal wall of the cyst was excised through fenestration of the nasal base. The cyst fluid was removed by decompression, and the bony opening of the nasal base was trimmed and enlarged to the edge of the cyst. The intraoperative and postoperative effects were observed. Results:All cases were well exposed under the direct vision of nasal endoscope. The top wall of the cyst was removed to maximize the communication between the cyst cavity and the nasal floor. There were no complications such as nasolacrimal duct injury, turbinate atrophy, necrosis, and facial numbness. All patients were followed up for 6-12 months, and the clinical symptoms gradually disappeared after surgery. The inferior turbinate was in good shape, the cyst cavity was smooth, the cyst wall was determined, and no cyst recurrence was observed. Conclusion:The treatment of odontogenic cyst of maxilla under nasal endoscope through nasal fenestration is convenient. It has less trauma, fewer complications and a satisfactory curative effect, which is worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Maxilla , Retrospective Studies , Odontogenic Cysts/surgery , Endoscopy , Turbinates/surgery , Endoscopes
8.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-9, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1512159

ABSTRACT

Odontogenic lesions are a heterogeneous group of diseases that presents differences in their biological behavior and the occurrence of variable inductive interactions. Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC), or Gorlin's cyst, is a well-recognized example of these lesions. We describe a case of COC with AOT-like areas and highlights its morphological diversity. A 60-year-old pheoderma man presented with a large swelling in the anterior buccal region of the mandible. Panoramic radiography revealed a well-defined, unilocular, radiolucent lesion associated with important root resorption. Complete enucleation of the lesion was performed and the histopathological findings met the criteria for the diagnosis of COC, although the cyst exhibited unusual AOT-like features. The patient has been recurrence free for 6 months after surgery. COCs with AOT-like features are rare, and reflect the multipotentiality and complexity of the inductive effects of the odontogenic epithelium with the ectomesenchyme. Enucleation seems to be the most indicated treatment, similar to classical COC (AU)


As lesões odontogênicas são um grupo heterogêneo de patologias que apresentam diferenças no seu comportamento biológico, e ocorrência de interações indutivas variáveis. O cisto odontogênico calcificante (COC), ou cisto de Gorlin, é um exemplo bem conhecido destas lesões. Descrevemos um caso de COC com áreas adenomatóides e destacamos a sua diversidade morfológica. Paciente do sexo masculino, 60 anos de idade, apresentou um aumento de volume na região anterior da mandíbula. A radiografia panorâmica revelou uma lesão bem definida, unilocular e radiolúcida associada a uma reabsorção radicular importante. A enucleação completa da lesão foi realizada e os achados histopatológicos preencheram os critérios para o diagnóstico de COC, embora o cisto exibisse características adenomatóides pouco usuais. O paciente permanece livre de recidivas durante 6 meses após a cirurgia. Os COCs com características adenomatóides são raros, e refletem a multipotencialidade e complexidade dos efeitos indutivos do epitélio odontogênico com o ectomesênquima. A enucleação parece ser o tratamento mais indicado, semelhante ao COC clássico. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pathology, Oral , Surgery, Oral , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Cyst, Calcifying
9.
Rev. ADM ; 79(5): 251-256, sept.-oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426467

ABSTRACT

Introducción: a pesar de que un tercer molar no erupcionado repre- senta un riesgo de formación quística, la práctica clínica desestima el análisis histopatológico de los folículos de dichos molares. Objetivo: identificar la frecuencia de lesiones quísticas en los sacos pericoronarios de terceros molares mandibulares. Material y métodos: estudio des- criptivo, transversal, analítico y observacional, en donde se incluyeron sacos pericoronarios de terceros molares mandibulares para su análisis histopatológico, descripción de características clínico-radiográficas y su asociación con la presencia de cambios histológicos o lesiones quís- ticas. Resultados: se incluyeron 48 muestras de sacos pericoronarios, la histopatología de los sacos pericoronarios mostró que 83.3% tenían algún tipo de alteración: 13 quistes paradentales (27.1%), cuatro quistes dentígeros (8.3%), 12 folículos hiperplásicos (25.0%) y 11 folículos inflamados (22.9%). La presencia de lesiones quísticas en la población fue de 35.4%. Se detectó asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el sexo y la presencia de lesiones quísticas (p = 0.039) y entre el nivel de erupción y la presencia de cambios histológicos (p = 0.046). Con- clusiones: la frecuencia de lesiones quísticas o cambios histológicos en folículos de terceros molares mandibulares es alta, principalmente en molares parcialmente erupcionados o submucosos y sin importar la ausencia de sintomatología o alteraciones radiográficas (AU))


Introduction: although a non-erupted third molar represents a risk of cystic formation; clinical practice rejects the histopathological analysis of the follicles of said molars. Objective: identify the frequency of the histopathological changes in pericoronary sacs of mandibular third molars. Material and methods: descriptive cross- sectional, observational and analytic study, where pericoronary sacs of mandibular third molars were included for histopathological analysis, description of clinical-radiographic characteristics and their association with the presence of histological changes or cystic lesions. Results: 48 samples of pericoronary sacs were included, the histopathology of the pericoronary sacs showed 83.3% had some type of alteration: 13 paradental cysts (27.1%), four dentigerous cysts (8.3%), 12 hyperplastic follicles (25.0%) and 11 inflamed follicles (22.9%). The presence of cystic lesions in the population was 35.4%. A statistically significant association was detected between sex and the presence of cystic lesions (p = 0.039); and between the level of eruption and the presence of histological changes (p = 0.046). Conclusions: the frequency of cystic lesions or histological changes in mandibular third molar follicles is high, mainly in partially erupted or submucosal molars and regardless of the absence of symptoms or radiographic alterations (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Dentigerous Cyst/epidemiology , Odontogenic Cysts/epidemiology , Molar, Third , Odontogenic Cysts/classification , Periodontal Cyst/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Histological Techniques/methods , Dental Sac/anatomy & histology , Age and Sex Distribution , Observational Study , Mandible , Mexico
10.
Natal; s.n; 21 jun. 2022. 91 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532461

ABSTRACT

Os cistos e tumores odontogênicos, lesões que acometem o complexo maxilomandibular, podem exibir comportamento clínico-biológico mais agressivo. E a transição epitelialmesenquimal (TEM), processo pelo qual as células epiteliais perdem propriedades fenotípicas e adquirem características de células mesenquimais, incluindo maior motilidade e capacidade de invasão, através da regulação de fatores centrais de transcrição e suas vias associadas, podem fazer parte de características associadas às lesões odontogênicas. Dessa forma, o presente trabalho buscou analisar e comparar a expressão imuno-histoquímica de proteínas (Zeb1, Ecaderina, N-caderina e vimentina) envolvidas no processo de TEM, em lesões odontogênicas epiteliais benignas. A amostra consistiu em 88 casos de lesões odontogênicas, das quais compreendem 28 casos de ameloblastoma (AB), 30 de ceratocisto odontogênico (CO) e 30 de cisto dentígero (CD). Todos os espécimes submetidos à técnica imuno-histoquímica foram avaliados por microscopia de luz, e submetidos à escolha aleatória de 5 (cinco) campos, os quais foram fotografados em um aumento de 400x. A avaliação da expressão de cada marcador, a partir da análise em seu compartimento celular específico, foi feita de forma semiquantitativa, através da multiplicação dos escores associados à porcentagem de células imunomarcadas pelos escores relacionados à intensidade da coloração, sendo feita uma média dos cinco campos e o resultado definido como baixa expressão ou alta expressão, conforme metodologia utilizada. As associações foram feitas através do teste de Qui-quadrado e as correlações através do teste de correlação de Spearman. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5% (p < 0,05). Os resultados mostraram um pico de prevalência entre a 2ª e 3ª décadas de vida, em todas as lesões estudadas, com um acometimento maior em região posterior de mandíbula, e os ABs foram as lesões de maiores tamanhos, com 65% medindo acima de 2,5cm. A imuno-histoquímica evidenciou baixa expressão de Zeb1 em epitélio odontogênico das lesões estudadas, alta expressão de E-caderina e N-caderina, e uma expressão intermediária de vimentina. Quando realizada a correlação entre os marcadores, observou-se nos casos de AB uma correlação positiva e moderada entre Zeb1 nuclear e E-caderina membranar, Zeb1 citoplasmática e E-caderina membranar e entre E-caderina e vimentina citoplasmáticas. Como também uma correlação positiva moderada, nos casos de CD, entre Zeb1 nuclear e vimentina citoplasmática, e entre Zeb1 e vimentina citoplasmáticas. Logo, podemos concluir que Zeb1 pode estar atuando indiretamente nas vias responsáveis pelo crescimento e características morfológicas dessas lesões estudadas. Além disso, a expressão diferencial de E-caderina, Ncaderina e vimentina demonstraram fazer parte de um processo de TEM parcial nas lesões odontogênicas epiteliais benignas estudadas (AU).


Odontogenic cysts and tumors, lesions that affect the maxillomandibular complex, may exhibit a more aggressive clinical-biological behavior. And the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process by which epithelial cells lose phenotypic properties and acquire characteristics of mesenchymal cells, including increased motility and invasiveness, through the regulation of central transcription factors and their associated pathways, may be part of characteristics associated with odontogenic lesions. Thus, the present work sought to analyze and compare the immunohistochemical expression of proteins (Zeb1, E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin) involved in the MET process in benign epithelial odontogenic lesions. The sample consisted of 88 cases of odontogenic lesions, comprising 28 cases of ameloblastoma (AB), 30 of odontogenic keratocyst (CO) and 30 of dentigerous cyst (CD). All specimens submitted to the immunohistochemical technique were evaluated by light microscopy and submitted to the random choice of 5 (five) fields, which were photographed at a magnification of 400x. The evaluation of the expression of each marker, based on the analysis in its specific cellular compartment, was carried out in a semi-quantitative manner, through the multiplication of the scores associated with the percentage of immunostained cells by the scores related to the intensity of staining, with an average of the five fields and the result defined as low expression or high expression, according to the methodology used. The associations were made using the chi-square test and the correlations using the Spearman correlation test. The significance level was set at 5% (p < 0.05). The results showed a prevalence peak between the 2nd and 3rd decades of life, in all the lesions studied, with a greater involvement in the posterior region of the mandible, and the ABs were the largest lesions, with 65% measuring above 2, 5cm. Immunohistochemistry showed low expression of Zeb1 in the odontogenic epithelium of the lesions studied, high expression of E-cadherin, high expression of N-cadherin and an intermediate expression of vimentin. When the correlation between the markers was performed, a positive and moderate correlation was observed in the cases of AB between nuclear Zeb1 and membrane E-cadherin, cytoplasmic Zeb1 and membrane E-cadherin and between cytoplasmic E-cadherin and vimentin. As well as a moderate positive correlation, in CD cases, between nuclear Zeb1 and cytoplasmic vimentin, and between cytoplasmic Zeb1 and vimentin. Therefore, we can conclude that Zeb1 may be acting indirectly on the pathways responsible for the growth and morphological characteristics of these lesions studied. Furthermore, the differential expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin was shown to be part of a partial TEM process in the benign epithelial odontogenic lesions studied (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vimentin/metabolism , Odontogenic Cysts/pathology , Cadherins/metabolism , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Odontogenic Tumors/pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Medical Records , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Observational Study
11.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(1): 43-47, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391194

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir un caso de quiste odontogénico in- flamatorio cuya presentación imagenológica no es la habitual. Caso clínico: Acude a la clínica profesional de Pato- logía Oral de la Universidad Andrés Bello una paciente de género femenino de 13 años, sin antecedentes mórbidos, con un hallazgo radiográfico de lesión mixta ubicada entre los premolares inferiores derechos. Es derivada al posgrado de cirugía oral y maxilofacial para que le realicen una biopsia excisional de la lesión con una hipótesis diagnóstica de tumor odontogénico adenomatoide. Una vez realizado el estudio histopatológico, se define la lesión como quiste odontogénico inflamatorio, que por las características clínicas-radiográficas podría corresponder con un quiste residual de un diente tem- poral. Debido a la variabilidad en la presentación clínica e ima- genológica de las lesiones quísticas maxilofaciales, el estudio anatomopatológico es imprescindible para un correcto diag- nóstico y tratamiento (AU)


Aim: To present a case of inflammatory odontogenic cyst with unusual imaging presentation. Clinical case: A 13-year-old female patient, with no history of morbidity, with a radiographic finding of a mixed lesion located between the lower right premolars. The patient visited the professional Oral Pathology clinic of the Andrés Bello University and was referred to postgraduate oral and maxillofacial surgery for an excisional biopsy of the lesion, with a diagnostic hypothesis of adenomatoid odontogenic tu- mor. After the histopathological study, the lesion was defined as an inflammatory odontogenic cyst, which, based on clini- cal-radiographic characteristics, could be a residual cyst of a primary tooth. Due to the variability in the clinical and imaging pres- entation of maxillofacial cystic lesions, anatomopathological study is essential for correct diagnosis and treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Cyst, Calcifying/surgery , Schools, Dental , Biopsy/methods , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Clinical Diagnosis , Chile , Histological Techniques , Odontogenic Cyst, Calcifying/diagnostic imaging , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods
12.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 36-42, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392005

ABSTRACT

A Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz apresenta características com comprometimento craniofaciais que incluem carcinomas basocelulares, ceratocístos odontogênicos e fenda labial e/ou palatina. Ceratocísticos odontogênico aparecem durante as primeiras décadas de vida, mais comumente na mandíbula, associados a dentes impactados. O diagnóstico precoce possibilita a cura da lesão, minimiza as deformidades ósseas e pode ser concluído com exames como radiográfico e histopatológico. Relato de caso: Com o objetivo descrever o diagnóstico e analisar as possibilidades de tratamento das manifestações faciais da Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz será relatado um caso clínico de uma paciente infantil. A paciente tem um acompanhamento clínico multidisciplinar com geneticista, oncologista e cirurgião-dentista de 6 anos. Apresentou 5 ceratocisticos odontogênicos, carcinomas basocelulares na região do pescoço, calcificação da foice cerebral, ceratose palmo-plantar e macrocefalia. O tratamento para as lesões císticas foi a enucleação, seguida de osteotomia periférica. O defeito ósseo produzido pela enucleação de cisto mandibular foi enxertado com bloco de osso alógeno do banco de tecidos do INTO-RJ. Conclusão: Constata-se que o Cirurgião-dentista é capacitado para fazer o diagnóstico desta síndrome e encaminhar para o tratamento multidisciplinar. O enxerto alógeno é uma opção adequada de reconstrução de cavidades císticas, beneficiando pacientes do Sistema Único de Saúde... (AU)


Gorlin Goltz Syndrome has features with craniofacial involvement that include basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts, and cleft lip and/or palate. Odontogenic keratocysts appear during the first decades of life, most commonly in the mandible, associated with impacted teeth. Early diagnosis enables healing of the lesion, minimizes bone deformities and can be completed with exams such as radiographic and histopathological exams. Case report: In order to describe the diagnosis and analyze the treatment possibilities of the facial manifestations of Gorlin Goltz Syndrome, a clinical case of a child patient will be reported.The patient has a multidisciplinary clinical follow-up with a 6-year geneticist, oncologist and dental surgeon. She had 5 odontogenic keratocystic keratocysts, basal cell carcinomas in the neck region, sickle cerebral calcification, palmoplantar keratosis and macrocephaly. The treatment for cystic lesions was enucleation, followed by peripheral osteotomy. The bone defect produced by the enucleation of a mandibular cyst was grafted with an allogeneic bone block from the tissue bank of INTO-RJ. Conclusion: It is concluded that the dentist is trained to make the diagnosis of this syndrome and refer to multidisciplinary treatment. Allogeneic graft is an appropriate option for the reconstruction of cystic cavities, benefiting patients from the Unified Health System... (AU)


El Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz tiene características con compromiso craneofacial que incluyen carcinomas de células basales, queratoquistes odontogénicos y labio leporino o paladar hendido. Los queratoquistes odontogénicos aparecen durante las primeras décadas de vida, más comúnmente en la mandíbula, asociados con dientes retenidos. El diagnóstico precoz permite la curación de la lesión, minimiza las deformidades óseas y se puede concluir con exámenes como exámenes radiográficos e histopatológicos. Reporte de caso: Con el fin de describir el diagnóstico y analizar las posibilidades de tratamiento de las manifestaciones faciales del Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz, se reportará un caso clínico de un paciente infantil. El paciente tiene un seguimiento clínico multidisciplinario con un genetista, oncólogo y cirujano dentista de 6 años. Presentó 5 queratocísticos odontogénicos, carcinomas basocelulares en la región del cuello, calcificación de la hoz cerebral, queratosis palmoplantar y macrocefalia. El tratamiento de las lesiones quísticas fue la enucleación, seguida de una osteotomía periférica. El defecto óseo producido por la enucleación de un quiste mandibular se injertó con un bloque óseo alogénico del banco de tejidos de INTO-RJ. Conclusión: Parece que el odontólogo está capacitado para realizar el diagnóstico de este síndrome y derivar al tratamiento multidisciplinario. El injerto alogénico es una opción adecuada para la reconstrucción de cavidades quísticas, beneficiando a los pacientes del Sistema Único de Salud... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Osteotomy , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome , Odontogenic Cysts , Allografts , Congenital Abnormalities , Tooth, Impacted , Cleft Palate , Aftercare , Early Diagnosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 149-154, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935841

ABSTRACT

Objective: To detect the SMO mutations in odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) and to explore the mechanism behind. Methods: Patients with OKC who received treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School and Hospital of Stomatology,Peking University, from September 2012 to June 2017 were enrolled. OKC samples from 10 patients diagnosed as naevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS)-related OKC (4 females and 6 males) and 20 patients diagnosed as sporadic OKC (7 females and 13 males) were collected. Genomic DNAs were extracted from fibrous capsules and epithelial lining respectively. SMO mutations were detected and analyzed by Sanger sequencing. Results: Three SMO mutations were found in one NBCCS-associated OKC who carrying c.2081C>G (p.P694R) mutation) and two sporadic OKC who carrying c.907C>T (p.L303F) mutation and c.1247_1248delinsAA (p.G416E), respectively), among which the first two mutations were novel mutations that had not been reported before. Besides, two mutations in sporadic OKC were not paired with PTCH1 mutations. Conclusions: In addition to PTCH1 gene mutations, SMO gene mutations also exist in OKC which might be related to the development of OKC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Odontogenic Cysts/genetics , Odontogenic Tumors/genetics , Smoothened Receptor/genetics
14.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 12(1): 80-88, 2022. ilus 1 Fotografía clínica e imagenológica del paciente, ilus 2 Fotomicrografía histológica de la lesión tinción de hematoxilina y eosina, 10x, ilus 3 Procedimiento quirúrgico, ilus 4 Control postquirúrgico a 1 año, ilus 5 Esquema de descompresión de un quiste, ilus 6 Esquema de una marsupialización de un quiste
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354031

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el quiste dentígero, también conocido como quiste folicular, es la segunda forma más habitual de los quistes de la región maxilar después del quiste radicular. Tiene una incidencia del 20% con respecto a todos los quistes odontogénicos y se encuentra más en el género masculino entre los 20-40 años. El manejo conservador en lesiones quísticas de gran tamaño es indispensable para evitar defectos óseos o daño a estructuras vecinas. Sin embargo, en lesiones de menor tamaño, la enucleación continúa siendo el tratamiento de elección. Objetivo: presentar un caso clínico de un quiste dentígero y hacer una revisión de la literatura actualizada. Caso clínico: paciente masculino de 23 años que presentó aumento de volumen en zona geniana derecha y, además, en su ortopantomografía se observó una lesión en el sector de los incisivos superiores. Se realizó enucleación de la lesión, cuyo diagnóstico histológico previo fue quiste dentígero y posteriormente se obtiene una correcta regeneración ósea tras un año de seguimiento Conclusión: el manejo del quiste dentígero es variado: puede ir desde la enucleación quirúrgica hasta la descompresión y marsupialización del mismo. No obstante, todos los tratamientos actuales se basan en contrarrestar los factores de expansión quística que permiten a esta lesión alcanzar grandes tamaños intraóseos y poder causar desde rizolisis de dientes adyacentes hasta una asimetría facial como sucedió en este caso clínico.


Introduction: The dentigerous cyst, also known as a follicular cyst, is the second most common form of cysts of the maxillary region after the radicular cyst. It has an incidence of 20% with respect to all odontogenic cysts, it is found more in the male gender between 20-40 years of age. Conservative management of large cystic lesions is essential to avoid bone defects or damage to neighboring structures. However, in smaller lesions, enucleation continues to be the treatment of choice. Objective: To present a clinical case of a dentigerous cyst and to review the updated literature. Clinical case: A 23-year-old male patient who presented increased volume in the right genital area and his orthopantomography showed a lesion in the upper incisor sector. Enucleation of the lesion was performed, whose previous histological diagnosis was dentigerous cyst and later a correct bone regeneration was obtained after one year of follow-up. Conclusion: The management of the dentigerous cyst is varied, it can range from surgical enucleation to decompression and marsupialization. However, all current treatments are based on counteracting cystic expansion factors that allow this lesion to reach large intraosseous sizes and can cause from rhizolysis of adjacent teeth to facial asymmetry, as happened in this clinical case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Dentigerous Cyst , Odontogenic Cysts , Decompression
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370878

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the treatment outcome of enucleation and peripheral ostectomy with the use of Carnoy's solution for management of Odontogenic keratocyst. Material and Methods: 17 patients with OKC who reported from 2011 to 2015 were included. All the cases were treated by enucleation and peripheral ostectomy of 0.5mm followed by Carnoy's solution cauterization for 4 minutes. All patients were followed up for 4-5 years. Results: All the cases were followed-up by using serial panoramic radiography and clinical evaluation at regular intervals. No recurrence was reported in any of the cases. Conclusion: Treatment of Odontogenic keratocyst by enucleation and 0.5mm of peripheral ostectomy, followed by Carnoy's solution cauterization for 4 minutes is an effective treatment with zero recurrence rates for five years of follow-up (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o resultado do tratamento de enucleação e osteotomia periférica com o uso de solução de Carnoy para o manejo do ceratocisto odontogênico (OKC). Material e Métodos: 17 pacientes com OKC com acompanhamento de 2011 a 2015 foram incluídos. Todos os casos foram tratados através da enucleação e osteotomia periférica de 0,5 mm, seguido da cauterização com solução de Carnoy por 4 minutos. Todos os pacientes foram acompanhados por 4-5 anos. Resultados: Todos os casos foram acompanhados por meio de séries de radiografias panorâmicas e avaliação clínica em intervalos regulares. Nenhuma recorrência foi reportada em nenhum dos casos. Conclusão: O tratamento de ceratocisto odontogênico por meio da enucleação e osteotomia periférica de 0,5mm, seguido da cauterização com solução de Carnoy por 4 minutos é um tratamento efetivo com zero taxa de recorrência em um acompanhamento de 5 anos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy , Recurrence , Radiography, Panoramic , Odontogenic Cysts
16.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(4): 1-12, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348242

ABSTRACT

El queratoquiste es una lesión odontogénica benigna de comportamiento agresivo, que deriva probablemente de la lámina dental. Se localiza frecuentemente en la parte posterior del hueso mandibular en la zona del tercer molar, ángulo mandibular y puede progresar hacia la rama y el cuerpo, presentando una asociación directa con órganos dentales retenidos. Existe una amplia variedad de técnicas para el tratamiento de esta lesión, como pueden ser descompresión, marsupialización, enucleación y la resección en bloque, así como también la combinación de estas con métodos coadyuvantes. El interés en esta lesión radica por su elevado índice de recidiva que se estima en un 20-30% en la población en general, sin embargo, en la actualidad se ha optado por el uso de tratamientos conservadores como la marsupialización y la descompresión que han demostrado una mayor efectividad y menor recidiva. Es por esto que tras el tratamiento de las lesiones es importante dar un seguimiento a largo plazo. El objetivo de la publicación es presentar el reporte de un caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 21 años con un diagnóstico de queratoquiste odontogénico tratado con una técnica de descompresión durante cinco meses para su posterior enucleación quirúrgica.Se ha comprobado que el tratamiento de descompresión seguido de enucleación y acompañado de métodos coadyuvantes resulta un manejo terapéutico adecuado para los queratoquistes por demostrar su menor tasa de recidiva y su comportamiento noble con estructuras vitales vecinas. Sin embargo, en todos los casos se debe realizar un seguimiento periódico para prevenir la recurrencia de la lesión.


Introduction: Keratocyst is a benign odontogenic lesion with aggressive behavior, probably derived from the dental lamina. It is frequently located in the posterior part of the mandibular bone in the area of the third molar, mandibular angle and can progress towards the ramus and the body, presenting a direct association with retained dental organs. There is a wide variety of techniques for the treatment of this lesion, such as decompression, marsupialization, enucleation, and en bloc resection, as well as the combination of these with adjuvant methods. The interest in this lesion stems from its high recurrence rate, which is estimated to be 20-30% in the general population, however, at present the use of conservative treatments such as marsupialization and decompression has been chosen. demonstrated greater effectiveness and less recurrence. This is why after treating the lesions it is important to give a long-term follow-up.The objective of the publication is to present the report of a clinical case of a 21-year-old male patient with a diagnosis of odontogenic keratocyst treated with a decompression technique for five months for subsequent surgical enucleation.Conclusion: It has been proven that decompression treatment followed by enucleation and accompanied by adjuvant methods is an adequate therapeutic management for keratocysts as it demonstrates its lower rate of recurrence and its noble behavior with neighboring vital structures. However, in all cases, regular monitoring should be carried out to prevent recurrence of the lesion


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Odontogenic Cysts/surgery , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Decompression, Surgical
17.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(4)dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408359

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The mandibular buccal bifurcation cyst is a rare inflammatory odontogenic cyst that typically develops at the buccal region of the first or second permanent mandibular molars of children aged 6 to 15 years. The tooth involved is vital and shows an increased probing depth on the buccal surface. Radiographically, it is characterized by a unilocular radiolucent area, well circumscribed on the buccal osseous cortical, that it is difficult to visualize on periapical radiography. The diagnosis is primarily clinical and radiographic, and the treatment is usually the cystic enucleation without extraction of the tooth. Objective: To report a case of spontaneous involution of a unilateral mandibular buccal bifurcation cyst. Case presentation: This report describes the clinical and radiographic characteristics of an unusual case of unilateral buccal bifurcation cyst in a 6-year-old patient, presenting as a slight expansion in the buccal region of the first permanent mandibular molar. The treatment of choice was the clinical and radiographic follow-up due to the spontaneous involution of the cyst. There were no recurrences during follow-up and the tooth remained vital and erupted normally. Conclusions: The possibility of spontaneous involution is a characteristic that must always be observed, in order to avoid unnecessary surgical procedures.(AU)


Introducción: El quiste de bifurcación bucal mandibular es un quiste odontogénico inflamatorio poco frecuente que, en general, se desarrolla en la región bucal de primeros y segundos molares mandibulares permanentes en niños de 6-15 años. El diente involucrado es vital y muestra una mayor profundidad de sondeo en la superficie bucal. Radiográficamente, se caracteriza por un área radiolúcida unilocular, bien circunscrita en la cortical ósea bucal, que es difícil de visualizar en la radiografía periapical. El diagnóstico es principalmente clínico y radiográfico y el tratamiento suele ser la enucleación quística sin extracción del diente. Objetivo: Informar un caso de involución espontánea de un quiste de bifurcación vestibular mandibular unilateral. Presentación del caso: Caso inusual de quiste de bifurcación bucal unilateral en un paciente de 6 años, que se presenta como una ligera expansión de la región vestibular del primer molar mandibular permanente. El tratamiento de elección fue el seguimiento clínico y radiográfico debido a la involución espontánea del quiste. No hubo recurrencias durante el seguimiento y el diente permaneció vital y brotó normalmente. Conclusiones: La posibilidad de involución espontánea es una característica que siempre se debe observar para evitar procedimientos quirúrgicos innecesarios(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Research Report
18.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 81(4): 540-544, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389804

ABSTRACT

Los queratoquistes maxilares son frecuentes en pacientes con síndrome de Gorlin. Su tratamiento es debatido por su alta tendencia a la recidiva. En los últimos años la cirugía endoscópica nasosinusal ha adquirido importancia en el manejo de esta patología. Exponemos en caso de un varón de 16 años afecto de este síndrome con queratoquistes maxilares donde se realiza un abordaje combinado, endonasal y transoral.


Maxillary keratocysts are frequent in Gorlin Syndrome patients. Its treatment is discussed due to the high tendency to recurrence. In the last years the sinonasal endoscopic surgery has become an important tool in the management of this pathology. We report a 16 years old boy with Gorlin Syndrome and maxillary keratocysts treated with a trans-nasal endoscopic and intra-oral combined approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/surgery , Maxillary Diseases/surgery , Odontogenic Cysts/surgery , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Endoscopy/methods
19.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(4): 39-43, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391279

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O cisto odontogênico glandular (COG) é um cisto odontogênico de desenvolvimento raro com potencial para agressividade e alta recorrência. Inicialmente denominado cisto sialodontogênico, por acreditarem que sua etiologia estaria possivelmente associada às glândulas salivares, posteriormente foi proposto o nome de COG e enfatizada a origem odontogênica para o mesmo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar e discutir um caso de COG, analisando-se os aspectos clínicos, imaginológico e histológicos, discutindo com dados provenientes da literatura. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 22 anos, com diversas patologias de desenvolvimento dentário, cuja lesão localizava-se na região posterior da mandíbula associada a unidades dentárias não vitais simulando sinais de cisto radicular, foi realizada abordagem cirúrgica para extração dos dentes 36 e 37, curetagem da lesão e posterior acompanhamento de 5 anos sem recidiva. Considerações finais: O caso clínico demonstrou um COG que, pelas suas características clínicas e radiográficas, assemelhava-se a um cisto radicular em um paciente que apresentava alterações no desenvolvimento das unidades dentárias, contudo o laudo histopatológico foi fundamental para a elucidação diagnóstica e terapêutica adequada... (AU)


Introduction: Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is a rare developing odontogenic cyst with potential for aggressiveness and high recurrence. Initially called sialodontogenic cyst, as they believed that its etiology was possibly associated with salivary glands, the name of COG was later proposed and its odontogenic origin was emphasized. The objective of this work was to report and discuss a case of COG, analyzing the clinical, imaging and histological aspects, discussing with data from the literature. Case report: Male patient, 22 years old, with several pathologies of dental development, whose lesion was located in the posterior region of the mandible associated with non-vital dental units simulating signs of radicular cyst, a surgical approach was performed to extract the teeth 36 and 37, curettage of the lesion and subsequent follow-up of 5 years without recurrence. Final considerations: The clinical case demonstrated a COG that, due to its clinical and radiographic characteristics, resembled a radicular cyst in a patient who presented alterations in the development of dental units, however the histopathological report was essential for the proper diagnostic and therapeutic elucidation... (AU)


Introducción: El quiste odontogénico glandular (GOC) es un quiste odontogénico en desarrollo poco común con potencial de agresividad y alta recurrencia. Inicialmente denominado quiste sialodontogénico, ya que creían que su etiología posiblemente estaba asociada a glándulas salivales, posteriormente se propuso el nombre COG y se enfatizó su origen odontogénico. El objetivo de este trabajo fue informar y discutir un caso de COG, analizando los aspectos clínicos, imagenológicos e histológicos, discutiendo con datos de la literatura. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 22 años con diversas patologías del desarrollo dental, cuya lesión se localizó en la región posterior de la mandíbula asociada a unidades dentales no vitales simulando signos de quiste radicular, se realizó un abordaje quirúrgico para extraer el dientes 36 y 37, curetaje de la lesión y seguimiento posterior de 5 años sin recidiva. Consideraciones finales: El caso clínico mostró un COG que por sus características clínicas y radiográficas se asemejaba a un quiste radicular en un paciente que presentaba alteraciones en el desarrollo de las unidades dentales, sin embargo el informe histopatológico fue fundamental para el adecuado esclarecimiento diagnóstico y terapêutico... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Jaw Cysts , Odontogenic Cysts , Diagnosis, Differential , Growth and Development
20.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 21-24, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284111

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os cistos radiculares são as lesões císticas mais comuns nos maxilares. Eles surgem dos Restos Epiteliais de Malassez, presos no ligamento periodontal e podem ser ativados por um processo inflamatório na região pulpar. Geralmente são descobertos em exames radiográficos de rotina, apresentando-se como uma imagem radiolúcida, bem delimitada, envolvendo o periápice de um ou mais dentes. Objetivo: apresentar o tratamento de um extenso cisto radicular, em região de maxila, com acompanhamento de 18 meses. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 49 anos, foi encaminhada para avaliação e tratamento na Clínica Odontológica da Faculdade Sete Lagoas (FACSETE), apresentando lesão extensa em região maxilar anterior direita ao exame radiográfico. Ao exame clínico, observou-se leve assimetria facial e ausência de sintomas dolorosos. Tomografia computadorizada, punção aspirativa e biópsia incisional foram utilizadas para se chegar ao diagnóstico compatível com cisto radicular. Optou-se por uma técnica conservadora, em que foi realizada a descompressão da lesão. Após 05 meses de tratamento, um novo procedimento cirúrgico foi realizado para enuclear o restante da patologia. Conclusão: a descompressão, com utilização de cânula, é um tratamento auxiliar fácil, conservador, eficaz e reduz a morbidade causada por diferentes cistos odontogênicos(AU)


Introduction: root cysts are the most common cystic lesions in the jaw. They arise from the Epithelial Remains of Malassez, trapped in the periodontal ligament and can be activated by an inflammatory process in the pulp region. They are usually discovered in routine radiographic examinations, presenting as a well-defined radiolucent image involving the periapex of one or more teeth. Objective: to present the treatment of an extensive root cyst, in the maxillary region, with a follow-up of 18 months. Case report: A 49-year-old female patient was referred for evaluation and treatment at the Dental Clinic of Faculdade Sete Lagoas (FACSETE), with an extensive lesion in the right anterior maxillary region on radiographic examination. On clinical examination, mild facial asymmetry and absence of painful symptoms were observed. Computed tomography, aspiration puncture and incisional biopsy were used to reach a diagnosis compatible with radicular cyst. We opted for a conservative technique, in which the lesion was decompressed. After 05 months of treatment, a new surgical procedure was performed to enucleate the rest of the pathology. Conclusion: decompression, using a cannula, is an easy, conservative, effective auxiliary treatment and reduces the morbidity caused by different odontogenic cysts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Radicular Cyst , Decompression , Periodontal Ligament , Odontogenic Cysts , Radicular Cyst/surgery , Radicular Cyst/diagnosis , Radicular Cyst/therapy , Radicular Cyst/diagnostic imaging
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