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1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 159-166, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394419

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The optimal rectal cancer care is achieved by a multidisciplinary approach, with a high-quality surgical resection, with complete mesorectal excision and adequate margins. New approaches like the transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) aim to achieve these goals, maximizing the sphincter preservation ratio, with good oncologic and functional results. This report describes a way to implement TaTME without a proctor, presents the first case series of this approach in a center experienced in rectal cancer, and compares the results with those of the international literature. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of the first 10 consecutive patients submitted to TaTME for rectal cancer at our institution. The primary outcomes were postoperative complications, pathological specimen quality and local recurrence rate. The results and performance were compared with the outcomes of a known structured program with proctorship and with the largest meta-analysis on this topic. Results: All patients had locally advanced cancer; therefore, all underwent neoadjuvant therapy. A total of 30% had postoperative complications, without mortality or re-admissions. In comparison with the structured training program referred, no differences were found in postoperative complications and reintervention rates, resulting in a similar quality of resection. Comparing these results with those of the largest meta-analysis on the subject, no differences in the postoperative complication rates were found, and very similar outcomes regarding anastomotic leaks and oncological quality of resection were registered. Conclusion: The results of this study validate the safety and effectiveness of our pathway regarding the implementation of the TaTME approach, highlighting the fact that it should be done in a center with proficiency in minimally invasive rectal surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Neoplasm Staging
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943034

ABSTRACT

Thanks to the new surgical approach, transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) has a better operative field exposure than laparoscopic-assisted total mesorectal excision (laTME), especially for male patients with obesity, pelvic stenosis or prostate hypertrophy. Nevertheless, whether the urogenital function and quality of life after taTME are better as compared to laTME requires further study. According to the existing studies, taTME and laTME are not significantly different in symptoms of the urology system for male patients, but some large sample clinical studies show that the incidence of urethral mechanical injury after taTME is higher. Unfortunately, there is no elaboration on that for females. The sexual function of male patients after taTME and laTME is both impaired. The sexual function of male patients will be relieved to different degrees over time, but there is no significant difference. Compared with laTME, taTME shows advantages in the sexual function for female patients. There is no significant difference in short-term urogenital system function between taTME and laTME at present. As a new surgical approach, the impact on urogenital system function after taTME is acceptable. However, whether there is a significant difference in urogenital function between taTME and laTME needs further research. In addition, functional results still need comprehensive evaluation, and preoperative baseline evaluation also needs to be enhanced. The functional evaluation for male and female should be carried out separately rather than confused. Questionnaire for evaluation of functional results also needs to be verified.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Male , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936070

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize short-term postoperative complications of transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) in the treatment of middle-low rectal cancer. Methods: A descriptive case series of cases was constructed. Clinical data of consecutive 83 patients with mid-low rectal cancer who received taTME treatment from November 2016 to April 2021 at Department of General Surgery of Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were collected. Among 83 patients, 58 (69.9%) were males, with a mean age of (61.4±11.8) years; 42 (50.6%) were low rectal cancer, 41 (49.4%) were middle rectal cancer. Short-term postoperative complication was defined as complication occurring within 30 days after operation. The complication was graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. At the same time, the morbidity of short-term postoperative complication in the first 40 patients and that in the last 43 patients were compared to understand the differences before and after passing the taTME learning curve. Results: Two patients (2.5%) were converted to laparotomy ; 78 (94.0%) completed anastomosis.While 5 (6.0%) underwent permanent stoma. The total operation time of transabdominal+ transanal procedure was (246.9±85.0) minutes, and the median intraoperative blood loss was 100 (IQR: 100) ml. Seventy-five cases (75 /78, 96.2%) underwent defunctioning stoma, including 74 cases of diverting ileostomy, 1 case of diverting transverse colostomy and 3 cases without stoma. The morbidity of complication within 30 days after operation was 38.6% (32/83), and the morbidity of complication after discharge was 8.4% (7/83). Minor complications accounted for 31.3% (26/83) and major complications accounted for 7.2% (6/83). No patient died within 30 days after operation. The incidence of anastomotic leakage was 15.4% (12/78). Eight patients (9.6%) were hospitalized again due to complications after discharge. The median postoperative hospital stay was 7 (IQR: 3) days. All the patients with minor (I-II) complications received conservative treatment. One patient with grade C anastomotic leakage was transferred to intensive care unit and received a second operation due to sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction. Two patients with paralytic ileus (Clavien-Dindo IIIa) underwent endoscopic ileus catheter placement. There were 3 patients with Clavien-Dindo III or above respiratory complications, including 1 patient with pleural effusion and ultrasound-guided puncture, 2 patients with respiratory failure who were improved and discharged after anti-infection and symptomatic treatment. One patient underwent emergency ureteral stent implantation due to urinary infection (Clavien-Dindo IIIb). The morbidity of postoperative complication in the first 40 cases was 50.0% (20/40), and that in the latter 43 cases decreased significantly (27.9%, 12/43), whose difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=4.270, P=0.039). Conclusions: The procedure of taTME has an acceptable morbidity of short-term postoperative complication in the treatment of mid-low rectal cancer. The accumulation of surgical experience plays an important role in reducing the morbidity of postoperative complication.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Proctectomy/methods , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
4.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 434-443, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356953

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: La hernioplastia inguinal es el procedimiento quirúrgico más frecuentemente realizado dentro de la Cirugía General. Se realizan anualmente 20 millones de hernioplastias; la técnica de Lichtenstein y la transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) mediante cirugía laparoscópica son las más utilzadas. Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio es valorar la factibilidad de la realización del TAPP, en un centro universitario, por parte de residentes y cirujanos jóvenes en formación. Se comparó dicho procedimiento con la técnica de Lichtenstein valorando los resultados en los primeros 30 días del posoperatorio. Las principales variables para estudiar fueron: complicaciones, dolor posoperatorio, estadía hospitalaria y costo del procedimiento. Como variables para estudiar, a largo plazo, se compararon la recidiva herniaria y el dolor crónico. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional comparando dos técnicas quirúrgicas utilizando la base de datos del Servicio con información adquirida de forma prospectiva. Se analizaron 80 pacientes, divididos en dos grupos: hernioplastia de Lichtenstein (grupo1) y hernioplastia por TAPP (grupo 2), durante el período comprendido desde mayo de 2015 hasta mayo de 2019, en dos Centros Universitarios de Montevideo Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas y Hospital Español). Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la estadía hospitalaria y complicaciones posoperatorias. El grupo del Lichtenstein presentó una recidiva herniaria. La hernioplastia laparoscópica presentó un tiempo operatorio promedio de 20 minutos más y el costo de materiales fue mayor. Si bien el dolor posoperatorio en las primeras 24 horas fue mayor en TAPP, el dolor a las 48 horas, 7días, un mes, tres meses y seis meses fue similar en ambos grupos. Conclusión: La técnica de TAPP, para la hernia inguinal primaria unilateral, es factible de ser realizada por cirujanos jóvenes o en formación, con un porcentaje de complicaciones, dolor posoperatorio y recidivas similares al Lichtenstein, aunque con un costo de materiales y tiempo operatorio levemente mayor.


ABSTRACT Background: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common procedures in general surgery. Each year, 20 million surgeries for inguinal hernia repaired are performed; the most common techniques used are the Lichtenstein procedure and the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) laparoscopic approach. Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the outcomes of the TAPP approach performed by residents and young surgeons in training in a university center. TAPP was compared with the Lichtenstein and the outcomes at 30 days were compared. The variables considered were complications, postoperative pain, length of hospital stay and procedure-related costs. The long-term variables analyzed were recurrence and chronic pain. Material and methods: We conducted an observational study comparing two surgical techniques, using prospectively acquired information from the database of our department. The cohort was made up of 80 patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair in two university-based hospitals in Montevideo, Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas and Hospital Español), between May 2015 and May 2019. The patients were divided into two groups: Lichtenstein procedure (group 1) and TAPP procedure (group 2). Results: There were no significant differences in length of hospital stay and postoperative complications. One patient in the Lichtenstein group presented hernia recurrence. Mean operative time was 20 minutes longer with laparoscopic hernia repair, and the cost of the materials was higher. Postoperative pain at 24 hours was greater in the TAPP group, but was similar at 48 hours, 7 days, one month, three months and six months in both groups. Conclusion: The use of TAPP technique for unilateral primary inguinal hernia is feasible to perform by young surgeons or surgeons in training, and the percentage of complications, postoperative pain and recurrences is similar to that of the Lichtenstein technique, although the cost of materials and operative time are slightly higher.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Costs and Cost Analysis , Chronic Pain , Herniorrhaphy , Operative Time , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Hospitals , Length of Stay , Methods
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 790-795, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357137

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the total surgical procedure time and intraoperative X-ray exposure during different techniques for fixation of transtrochanteric fractures of the femur in elderly patients, using extramedullary and intramedullary methods based on cephalic traction screws. Methods The Orthopedics and Traumatology Service from our hospital evaluated 107 patients with transtrochanteric fractures, including 34 males and 73 females, with age ranging from 61 to 101 years old. Fracture fixation was performed with a dynamic hip system (DHS) in 21 patients, a standard proximal femoral nail (PFN) in 55 subjects, and a standard gamma nail in 31 patients. All procedures were performed by the same surgeon and his team of nursing assistants, along with the same radiology technician using the same image intensifier. Total surgery time (in minutes) and X-ray emission (in centigrays [cGy]) were evaluated. Results Transtrochanteric fracture fixation with PFN provides a significantly shorter surgical time (p = 0.013) in comparison to the 2 other techniques. Intraoperative exposure to X-rays was significantly lower when using DHS (p = 0.015) as a fixation method when compared with gamma nail and PFN. Conclusion Although PFN resulted in the shortest surgical time, DHS was associated with the lowest X-ray exposure levels within the studied sample.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar e comparar o tempo total do procedimento cirúrgico e a exposição ao raio X no intraoperatório em diferentes técnicas de fixação das fraturas transtrocanterianas do fêmur em pacientes idosos, utilizando técnicas extramedulares e intramedulares baseadas em parafuso de tração cefálico. Métodos Foram avaliados no serviço de ortopedia e traumatologia do nosso hospital 107 pacientes com fraturas transtrocanterianas, sendo 34 do sexo masculino e 73 do sexo feminino, com idade mínima de 61 anos e máxima de 101 anos. As fraturas fixadas, utilizando a técnica com dynamic hip system (DHS, na sigla em inglês) somaram 21 pacientes; em 55 pacientes, foi utilizado o proximal femur nail (PFN, na sigla em inglês) standard; e em 31 idosos, foi optado pelo uso do gama nail standard. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados pelo mesmo cirurgião acompanhado de sua equipe de auxiliares de enfermagem, assim como pelo mesmo técnico de radiologia manuseando o mesmo intensificador de imagens. Foram avaliados o tempo total da cirurgia (em minutos) e a emissão de raios X medida em centigrays. Resultados A fixação das fraturas transtrocanterianas com PFN proporciona um menor tempo cirúrgico com uma diferença estatística significativa (p =0,013), quando comparada com as demais técnicas utilizadas entre os grupos envolvidos. Foi observada, também, uma menor exposição intraoperatória aos raios X (p =0,015), a qual foi estatisticamente relevante quando utilizado o DHS como método de fixação comparado com o gama nail e o PFN. Conclusão Apesar do PFN ter o menor tempo de cirurgia, a técnica do DHS se mostrou com menores níveis de exposição dentro da amostra estudada.


Subject(s)
Radiology , Surgical Procedures, Operative , X-Rays , Internal Fixators , Femoral Fractures , Operative Time , Neoplasms
6.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 30(3): 199-203, 15/09/2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369431

ABSTRACT

Introduction and objective Standardization of surgical interventions reduces complications and costs and positively impacts intra and postoperative outcomes. Implementation of the lean concept, initially proposed in the auto industry, now becomes an interesting approach in the surgical setting. We want to present the results of how percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) in a high-level center can be positively impacted by implementing the lean concept. Methods We evaluated a total of 140 PCNL procedures. Group 1 included all cases operated prior to implementing the lean concept and group 2 was composed of those operated after implementing the lean concept. We looked for all seven sources of waste to identify and modify our practice to improve efficiency and safety. We then collected intraoperative times and compared the ones prior to those after the implementation. Results After implementing the lean concept, with an average of six PCNL cases per day, a comparison was made to an equivalent number of cases prior to the lean implementation (group 1). The average total operative time for PCNL preintervention was 138 (confidence interval [CI]: 79 to 170) minutes and postlean intervention was 71.1 (CI: 43 to 157) minutes. Surgical time (cystoscopy to skin closure) was 36.1 (CI: 25 to 50) minutes prelean and 50 minutes postlean (CI: 23 to 154). For this last one, bilateral procedures were performed. Operative room turnover time was 27.8 (CI: 21 to 38) minutes prelean and 5.67 (CI: 3.5 to 12) minutes postlean. Induction time was 16.5 (CI: 5 to 55) minutes prelean and 5.4 (CI: 3.5 to 7.5) minutes postlean. Conclusion Implementation of the lean concept enables optimization of the surgical procedure, allowing hospitals to reduce costs and standardization.


Introducción y objetivo La estandarización de los procedimientos quirúrgicos reduce complicaciones, costos, y mejora resultados intra y postoperatorios. El concepto lean fue utilizado por primera vez en la industria automotriz. El presente trabajo busca implementar el concepto lean para optimizar el procedimiento de nefrolitotomía percutánea (NLP) en nuestro medio. Métodos Se realizaron 140 procedimientos de nefrolitotomía percutánea, los cuales se dividieron en 2 grupos: uno en el cual se registraron los tiempos intraoperatorios, y el segundo en que se registraron los tiempos luego de la implementación del concepto lean. Resultados Durante el período estudiado, se realizaron 70 procedimientos luego de la implementación del concepto lean, y se logró realizar un promedio de 6 procedimientos por día. Se compararon los tiempos operatorios, y se encontró un tiempo operatorio total promedio de 138 (intervalo de confianza [IC]: 79 a 170) minutos pre-lean, y de 71,1 (IC: 43 a 157) minutos post-lean. El tiempo quirúrgico (cistoscopia a cierre de piel) pre-lean fue de 36,1 (IC: 25 a 50) minutos, y el post-lean fue de 50 (IC: 23 a 154) minutos. Para este último, se trató de procedimientos bilaterales. El cambio de sala fue de 27,8 (IC: 21a 38) minutos pre-lean, y de 5,67 (IC: 3.5 a 12) minutos post-lean. El tiempo de inducción fue de 16.5 (IC: 5 a 55) minutos pre-lean, y de 5.4 (IC: 3.5 a 7.5) minutos post-lean. Conclusiones La implementación del concepto lean permite optimizar el procedimiento, con reducción de costos y estandarización del modelo de atención para cualquier centro asistencial. La movilización de los especialistas en nuestro modelo de atención permite un mayor cubrimiento poblacional de alta calidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Total Quality Management , Cystoscopy , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Organization and Administration , Process Optimization , Operative Time
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1172-1176, Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346974

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The gold standard technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is using four ports in the upper abdomen. However, this operative approach may not provide aesthetic satisfaction for some patients because of visible incision marks. This study sought to demonstrate that these incision marks can be hidden by safely changing the port locations. METHODS For patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis undergoing LC between March 2019 and March 2020, the modified bikini line approach was used. With the patient in the supine position with open legs, the first trocar (10 mm) was inserted into the abdomen through an 11-mm incision in the umbilicus. The other three trocars were placed in the abdomen at the bikini line with the help of a camera. The standard equipment for LC was then used to perform the surgery. RESULTS The modified bikini line approach to LC was used for 38 patients. Average operative time was 28.65 min, and the average hospital stay was 1.07 days. No perioperative or postoperative complications occurred. Follow-up was at 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months. Cosmetic results were satisfactory for all patients. CONCLUSIONS As an alternative to the standard LC approach, the modified bikini line technique is safe and useful in patients for whom postoperative aesthetic appearance is important. The modified approach is simple to learn and use and is effective to hide the incision marks well.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(7): 971-974, July 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346952

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the early results of robotic surgery-assisted low anterior resection for rectal cancer and transvaginal specimen extraction, regarding the operative time, operative and early postoperative complications, hospital stay, and pathological reports in a series of 10 patients. METHODS: From November 2016 to October 2019, case series study on patients diagnosed with RC was included in this study. All robotic-assisted low anterior resection of the rectum, vaginal removal of the specimen, colorectal anastomosis, and loop ileostomies were performed using the Da Vinci XI system. RESULTS: The mean age of patient was 64.8 (58-72) years. Low anterior resection was performed to seven patients, and very low anterior resection was performed to three patients. Total mesorectal excision of the rectum, transvaginal specimen extraction, transanal anastomoses, and protective ileostomy were performed in all 10 patients. The mean operative time was 275±30.50 min, and estimated blood loss was 50±10.50 mL. No patient required conversion to conventional surgery. Negative circumferential resection, proximal, and distal margins were accomplished negative. Mean number of lymph nodes harvested was 20±5.5. According to the pathological reports, all were adenocarcinoma. T1 stage was 80.0%, and T2 stage was 20.0%. Lymph node metastasis accounted for 80.0%. CONCLUSIONS: To our literature search, this is the first study reporting the early outcomes of the novel robotic surgery-assisted low anterior resection for rectal cancer and transvaginal specimen extraction by using the Da Vinci Xi system. It can be performed safely and successfully in selected patients by providing an excellent cosmetic body image, which may be important for women.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Middle Aged
9.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 188-193, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279100

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: La cirugía robótica se utiliza en múltiples especialidades quirúrgicas a nivel mundial. Objetivo: Documentar la experiencia inicial del programa de cirugía robótica en un hospital de práctica privada. Material y método: Se incluyen las primeras 500 cirugías robóticas realizadas en el Centro Médico ABC, abarcando un periodo de tres años. Se documentan especialidades involucradas así como datos transoperatorios principales. Resultados: De 500 pacientes, 367 (73.4%) fueron de sexo masculino y 133 (26.4%) de sexo femenino. Las tres cirugías más realizada fueron prostatectomía radical (269), seguido de histerectomía (64) y plastia inguinal (33). Un total de 40 médicos certificados de cinco especialidades realizaron la totalidad de los procedimientos. Conclusiones: El iniciar un programa en un centro médico privado tiene diversas implicaciones. La creación de un comité de cirugía robótica integrado por médicos especialistas certificados en cirugía robótica de cada especialidad y autoridades del hospital para la acreditación de lineamientos tanto para la certificación como la recertificación de sus médicos puede beneficiar a programas como el nuestro por crear un centro de excelencia de cirugía robótica, disminuyendo complicaciones y mejorando resultados.


Abstract Background: Robotic surgery is used in different surgical specialties worldwide. Objective: To documents the initial experience in a private hospital in the use robotic surgery in different surgical areas. Material and Methods: We included the first 500 robotic surgeries in our hospital in a 3 year period, documenting specialty and operative information. Results: Of the 500 patients, 367 (73.4%) were male and 133 (26.4%) female. The three most frequent surgeries performed were Radical Prostatectomy (269), Hysterectomy (64) an inguinal repair (33). A total of 40 certified surgeons ranging from 5 specialties performed the total number of surgeries. Conclusions: There are several implications in starting a robotic program in a private hospital setting. The creation of a robotic committee, formed by robotic certified physicians and hospital authorities, has helped in the certification process of its staff, lowering the complication rate and obtaining better surgical results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Robotic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prostatectomy/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Age Distribution , Operative Time , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgeons/statistics & numerical data , Hysterectomy/statistics & numerical data , Inguinal Canal/surgery , Mexico
10.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(2): 205-209, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249362

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A cirurgia mais comum da região cervical é a tireoidectomia. Atualmente, várias tecnologias estão disponíveis para hemostasia intraoperatória. Objetivo: Comparar o desempenho de três tecnologias (elétrica monopolar e bipolar e ultrassônica) no tempo operatório e complicações pós-operatórias. Método: Pacientes submetidos à tireoidectomia total sem tratamento prévio foram incluídos. Desenho científico usado: estudo de série prospectiva. Resultados: Foram incluídos 834 pacientes, 661 mulheres (79,3%) e 173 homens (20,7%). O diagnóstico foi de neoplasia maligna em 528 pacientes (63,3%) e de doença benigna em 306 pacientes (36,7%). O bisturi elétrico monopolar foi usado em 280 pacientes (33,6%), energia bipolar em 210 (25,2%) e ultrassônica em 344 (41,3%). O tempo operatório foi significantemente menor com bisturi ultrassônico ou bipolar quando comparado com elétrico. Em um modelo de regressão linear, sexo, diagnóstico de malignidade e tipo de energia foram significantes para duração do procedimento. Os pacientes operados com bisturi ultrassônico ou bipolar apresentaram incidência significantemente menor de hipoparatireoidismo. Conclusão: O uso do bisturi ultrassônico ou bipolar reduz de forma significante o tempo operatório e a incidência de hipoparatireoidismo transitório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Hypoparathyroidism , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Instruments , Prospective Studies , Operative Time
11.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e813, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289455

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La encía queratinizada es un componente importante del complejo mucogingival. Su ausencia puede deberse a recesiones gingivales, traumas, caries radicular, entre otras. La técnica de injerto gingival libre es considerada el estándar de oro, por ser una técnica óptima para aumentar la extensión del vestíbulo y el ancho del tejido queratinizado por sus altas tasas de éxito y predictibilidad clínica. Objetivo: El propósito de este caso clínico fue evaluar el uso de una modificación de la técnica del injerto gingival libre. Presentación de caso: El caso clínico incluyó aumento de la profundidad del vestíbulo y de la encía queratinizada en ambas zonas del sector anteroinferior, para lo cual se utilizaron las dos hemiarcadas del paladar como la zona dadora del injerto (doble injerto). El caso utilizó un doble injerto gingival libre como técnica novedosa para el aumento gingival. Después de dos meses de cicatrización, se observó reducción de la recesión gingival y un aumento notorio del ancho de la encía queratinizada. Conclusiones: La técnica modificada de doble injerto gingival libre, es una buena alternativa para aumentar el grosor de la encía queratinizada en el sector anteroinferior, además de reducir el tiempo posoperatorio y generar una cicatrización uniforme a nivel de la línea mucogingival(AU)


Introduction: Keratinized gingiva is an important component of the mucogingival complex. Its absence may be due to gingival recessions, trauma, root caries, among others. The free gingival graft technique is considered the gold standard, as it is an optimal technique to increase the extension of the vestibule and the width of the keratinized tissue due to its high success rates and clinical predictability. Objective: The purpose of this clinical case was to evaluate the use of a modification of the free gingival graft technique. Case report: The clinical case included an increase in the depth of the vestibule as well as the keratinized gingiva in both areas of the anteroinferior sector, for which the two hemiarchates of the palate were used as the graft donor area (double graft). The case used a free double gingival graft as a novel technique for gingival augmentation. After two months of healing, a reduction in the gingival recession was observed, as well as a noticeable increase in the width of the keratinized gingiva. Conclusions: The modified free double gingival graft technique is a good alternative to increase the thickness of the keratinized gingiva in the anteroinferior sector, in addition to reducing the post-operative time and generating uniform healing at the level of the mucogingival line(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Donors , Wounds and Injuries , Operative Time , Gingival Recession , Herpes Zoster
12.
Metro cienc ; 29(1 (2021): Enero- Marzo): 16-22, 2021-01-29.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222466

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El bloqueo residual se define como la debilidad muscular postoperatoria producida por un antagonismo incompleto de los relajantes neu-romusculares, siendo sus principales complicaciones las respiratorias. Actualmente, el mejor método de evaluación objetiva del bloqueo neuromuscular es el Tren de Cuatro (TOF). El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la prevalencia de bloqueo residual en la Unidad de Cuidados Postanestésicos (UCPA) en pacientes ASA I y ASA II sometidos a cirugía electiva y de emergencia bajo anestesia general en el Hospital Metropolitano. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo en 211 sujetos, donde mediante el TOF se deter-minó que la prevalencia de bloqueo residual en la UCPA fue del 8,5%, valor que se relacionó con la falta de monitorización de la función neuromuscular, determinando además que el empleo de fármacos que revierten el bloqueo neuromuscular no excluye la presencia de bloqueo residual. Se recomienda el uso rutinario de monitorización de la relajación neuromuscular para prevenir y diagnosticar el bloqueo residual, además de la administración de reversión farmacológica independientemente del tiempo quirúrgico.


ABSTRACT Residual blockade is defined as postoperative muscle weakness caused by incomplete antagonism of neuromuscular relaxants, its main complications being respiratory, currently the best method of objective evaluation of neuromuscular blockade is the Train of Four (TOF). The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of residual block in the Post Anesthesia Care Unit (UCPA) in patients with ASA I and ASA II undergoing elective and emergency surgery under general anesthesia at the Metropolitan Hospital. An observational, descrip-tive and prospective study was conducted in 211 subjects, where it was determined that the prevalence of residual block in UCPA was 8.5% with TOF, a value that was related to the lack of monitoring of neuromuscular function, also determining that the use of drugs that reverse neuromuscular blockade does not exclude the presence of residual blockade. Routine use of neuromuscular relaxation monitoring is recommended to prevent and diagnose residual block, in addition to drug reversal administration regardless of surgical time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Neuromuscular Blockade , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Relaxation , Prospective Studies , Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia , Operative Time
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(3): e360308, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248538

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate hemostasis of the ovarian arteriovenous complex (OAVC) in relation to surgical time, practicality and feasibility in three ovariohysterectomy (OH) techniques for queens. Methods The experiment was performed on 21 female cats aged between six months and seven years, randomly arranged into three groups in a completely randomized design. Group one was spayed using the conventional three-clamp technique, group two using the OAVC knotting technique, and group three using the ovarian pedicle rotation technique. The student's t-test and Tukey's test were used to compare the mean surgical times. Results The conventional technique, which uses thread wires, was more laborious and required longer execution time compared to the other two techniques. The OAVC knotting technique was the fastest and had the least blood loss. Conclusions The use of techniques that do not use synthetic materials for OAVC hemostasis was proven to be appropriate in castration projects, provided that the surgical team has sufficient training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Cats , Ovary/surgery , Hysterectomy/veterinary , Ovariectomy , Operative Time , Hemostasis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942864

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and advantages of the SILS+1 technique in the radical right hemicolectomy, by comparing the short-term efficacy, postoperative recovery of intestinal function, and stress and inflammatory response of patients with right-sided colon cancer undergoing the conventional 5-hole laparoscopic technique or the single incision plus one port laparoscopic surgery (SILS+1). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Thirty-five patients with right-sided colon cancer undergoing SILS+1 surgery at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Fujian Cancer Hospital from January 2018 to September 2020 were enrolled in the SILS+1 group. Then a total of 44 patients who underwent completely 5-hole laparoscopic right hemicolectomy at the same time were selected as the conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) group. The intraoperative observation indexes (operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and incision length) and postoperative observation indexes (time to ambulation after surgery, time to flatus, pain score in the first 3 days after surgery, hospitalization days, number of lymph node dissections, postoperative complication morbidity, and postoperative total protein, albumin and C-reaction protein) were compared between the two groups. Results: There was no conversion to laparotomy or laparoscopic-assisted surgery in both groups. All the patients successfully completed radical right hemicolectomy under total laparoscopy. There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, body mass index or tumor stage between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared with the CLS group, the SILS+1 group had shorter incision length [(5.1±0.6) cm vs. (8.5±4.1) cm, t=4.124, P=0.012], shorter time to the first ambulation (median: 27.6 h vs. 49.3 h, Z=4.386, P=0.026), and shorter time to the first flatus (median:42.8 h vs. 63.2 h, Z=13.086, P=0.012), lower postoperative pain score [postoperative 1-d: 2.0 ± 1.1 vs. 3.6 ± 0.9; postoperative 2-d: 1.4 ± 0.2 vs. 2.9±1.4; postoperative 3-d: 1.1 ± 0.1 vs. 2.3±0.3, F=49.128, P=0.003), shorter postoperative hospital stay [(9.1 ± 2.7) d vs. (11.2 ± 2.2) d, t=3.267,P=0.001], which were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). On the second day after surgery, as compared to CLS group, SILS+1 group had higher total protein level [(59.7±18.2) g/L vs. (43.0±12.3) g/L, t=2.214, P=0.003], higher albumin level [(33.6±7.3) g/L vs. (23.7±5.4) g/L, t=5.845, P<0.001], but lower C-reactive protein level [(16.3 ± 3.1) g/L vs. (63.3 ± 4.5) g/L, t=4.961, P<0.001], which were all statistically significant. There were no significant differences in the operative time, intraoperative blood loss, number of harvested lymph node, number of metastatic lymph node, and postoperative complication morbidity (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The SILS+1 technique has good operability and potential for popularization. Under the premise of radical resection, this technology not only reduces incision number and postoperative physical pain, but also speeds up postoperative recovery and shortens hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Colectomy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942492

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the treatment effect of hemifacial dysplasia by injecting transplantation of autologous dermis and fat granules in the second stage surgery for total auricle reconstruction. Methods: From March 2013 to March 2018, 57 patients with unilateral microtia and mild-to-moderate hemifacial dysplasia were divided into concurrent treatment group (32 cases, including 13 females and 19 males and aged 6-33 years old with an average age of 12.5 years) and traditional treatment group (25 cases, including 10 females and 15 males and aged 6-21 years old with an average age of 11.3 years) according to the different surgical methods. Modified Nagata method of auricular reconstruction was chosen, in the second stage surgery (cranial ear angle plasty), patients in concurrent treatment group received the treatment of hemifacial dysplasia with autologous dermal and fat injection transplantation at the same time; Patients in traditional treatment group only received cranial ear angle plasty. Statistical analysis of the two groups of patients was carried out for the average operation time, the average length of hospital stay, the incidence of common complications and postoperative satisfaction rate. SPSS 21.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean operation time of the concurrent treatment group (282.0±3.4)min was longer than that of the traditional treatment group (243.0±3.1)min, and the difference was statistically significant (t=9.884, P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the average length of stay between the the concurrent treatment group (9.4±0.3)d and the traditional treatment group(9.5±0.2)d, t=0.256, P>0.05. There were no statistically significant differences in the incidence of common surgical complications between the concurrent treatment group (12.5%, 4/32) and the traditional treatment group(12.0%, 3/25), χ2=0, P>0.05. Postoperative satisfaction rate of the concurrent treatment group(90.6%, 29/32) was significantly higher than that of the traditional treatment group(56.0%, 14/25), the difference was statistically significant (χ2=9.081, P<0.05). Conclusions: Auricular reconstruction with treatment of hemifacial dysplasia should not significantly increase the average length of stay and the incidence of common complications compared with auricular reconstruction alone. Although the operation time is slightly extended, the scheme of concurrent treatment can reduce the times of operations, save medical resources and increase the satisfaction rate of patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Congenital Microtia/surgery , Ear Auricle/surgery , Ear, External/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Operative Time , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942244

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the differences of alignment and operative time between portable accelerometer-based navigation device (PAD) and computer assisted surgery (CAS) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#Data of patients using iASSIST (a kind of PAD) and OrthoPilot (a kind of CAS) for TKA in Peking University Third Hospital from December 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively collected. The differences of preoperative general data, preoperative alignment, operative time and postoperative alignment were studied between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 82 patients were enrolled in our study, including 40 patients in the PAD group and 42 patients in the CAS group. Gender, age, body mass index (BMI), surgical side, preoperative hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle and preoperative HKA angle deviation didn't show statistically significant difference between the PAD group and the CAS group (P>0.05). Postoperative HKA angle (180.8°±2.2° vs.181.8±1.6°, t=-2.458, P=0.016) and postoperative coronal femoral-component angle (CFA, 90.6°±1.8° vs. 91.6°±1.6°, t =-2.749, P=0.007) of the PAD group were smaller than those of the CAS group, but there was no significant difference in coronal tibia-component angle (CTA, 90.0°±1.3° vs.89.6°±1.4°, t=1.335, P=0.186) between the two groups. There was no significant difference in the rate of outliers (varus or valgus > 3°) for postoperative HKA angle (10.0% vs.11.9%, χ2 =0.076, P=0.783), CFA (12.5% vs. 14.3%, χ2=0.056, P=0.813) and CTA (2.5% vs. 0%, χ2=1.063, P=0.303). There was no significant difference in the accuracy of postoperative HKA angle (2.1° vs. 2.0°, t=0.055, P=0.956), CFA (1.4° vs. 1.8°, t=-1.365, P=0.176) and CTA (1.0° vs. 1.1°, t=-0.828, P=0.410) between the two groups. The precision of postoperative HKA angle (1.1° vs. 1.3°, F=1.251, P=0.267), CFA (1.3° vs. 1.4°, F=0.817, P=0.369) and CTA (0.8° vs. 0.9°, F=0.937, P=0.336) were also not significantly different. We also didn't find statistically significant difference in operative time between the two groups [(83.4±25.6) min vs. (86.5±17.7) min, t=-0.641, P=0.524].@*CONCLUSION@#PAD and CAS had similar accuracy and precision in alignment in TKA, and there was no significant difference in operative time, which indicates that PAD has a broad application prospect in TKA.


Subject(s)
Accelerometry , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Operative Time , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Retrospective Studies , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Tibia/surgery
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921924

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the complications of tourniquet in the clinical application of lower tibiofibular fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2018 to September 2019, 33 cases of closed lower tibiofibular fractures (AO type 43A) were treated with plates and screws and were divided into two groups according to whether pueumatic tourniquet was used:16 cases in the observation group, 13 males and 3 females, aged 18 to 69 (38.8±17.0) years, the operation time after injury was (6.9±1.7) days, and tourniquet was not used during operation. There were 17 cases in the control group, 13 males and 4 females, aged from 21 to 71 (43.8±12.4) years, the operation time after injury was (6.5±1.0) days, automatic pneumatic tourniquetwas routinely used in the operation. The operation time, blood loss, postoperative swelling, pain and other complications were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Total of 33 patients were followed up for an average of 15 months. There was no significant difference in operation time and blood loss between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The fracture of lower tibiofibular segment is superficial and easy to be exposed and fixed during operation. In order to avoid tourniquet complications, it is not recommended to use air bag tourniquet routinely or minimize the application time of tourniquet.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Tourniquets , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of total hip arthroplasty with conventional instrument OCM approach and posterolateral approach in supine position.@*METHODS@#From February 2017 to January 2019, 67 patients underwent hip arthroplasty due to hip diseases, including 21 patients in the minimally invasive group, 12 males and 9 females;there were 10 cases of femoral neck fracture, 5 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 6 cases of hip osteoarthritis. In the traditional group, 46 cases were treated by traditional posterolateral approach, including 28 males and 18 females;there were 24 cases of femoral neck fracture, 12 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 10 cases of hip osteoarthritis. All patientsused biological ceramic artificial joint prosthesis. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, incision length, preoperative and postoperative creatine kinase (CK-NAC), underground activity time, hospital stay, abduction angle and anteversion angle of prosthesis were observed and compared between two groups. Harris scores before operation and 12 months after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 14 to 26(18.4±3.6) months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, postoperative anteversion and abduction angle between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two approaches of total hip arthroplasty can obtain satisfactory results.OCM approach has less damage and rapid postoperative recovery. It is a reliable surgical approach and can be popularized and used.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Head , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Supine Position , Treatment Outcome
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(5): e360502, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278107

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the use of barbed sutures over the surgical time, the leukogram, the tissue thickness in which the sutures were employed (ultrasonography), the costs, and the possible complications in bitches with pyometra submitted to ovariohysterectomy (OH). Methods Convectional 2.0 polyglyconate suture was used in the control group (CG n = 10) and 2.0 barbed polyglyconate suture in the barbed group (BG n = 10) to perform celiorrhaphy (simple continuous pattern) and subcutaneous closure (continuous intradermal pattern). Data were assessed using paired (leukogram between 24 and 48 h within the same group) and unpaired (leukogram, surgical time, tissue thickness, and costs) Student's t-test. The Fisher exact test was used to assess the occurrence of seroma between groups (p < 0.05). Results are shown as mean ± standard error of mean. Results The time spent to perform the celiorrhaphy (195.30 ± 17.37 s vs. 204 ± 16.00 s), subcutaneous closure (174.0 ± 15.86 s vs. 198.0 ± 15.62 s), and the total surgical time (24.30 ± 1.44 min vs. 23.00 ± 1.30 min) did not differ between BG and CG, respectively (p > 0.05). Leukogram at 48 h post-surgery did not differ between groups (p = 0.20). No differences were observed in the subcutaneous and the abdominal wall thickness (cm) assessed by ultrasonography at 48 h in BG (0.31 ± 0.04, 0.80 ± 0.05) and CG (0.34 ± 0.03, 0.72 ± 0.06), respectively. Similarly, 15 days post-surgery the same structures did not differ between BG (0.26 ± 0.02, 0.74 ± 0.08) and CG (0.26 ± 0.03, 0.64 ± 0.05) (p > 0.05). In one bitch from each group, a mild seroma was observed on one side of the surgical wound 48 h after surgery (p = 1.00). The procedures in which barbed sutures were used had an average additional cost of R$ 200.00 ± 11.66 (p < 0.0001). Conclusions Barbed suture has proven to be efficient and safe for abdominal and subcutaneous closure. However, considering its current high cost in addition thatthe surgical time of bitches with pyometra undergone OH was not reduced, no advantages were observed with theuse of barbed sutures for this type of surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Pyometra , Sutures , Suture Techniques , Operative Time
20.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 573-582, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155780

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The present study investigated the association between Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) and increased serum S100B level after Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (RALRP). Methods: The study included 82 consecutive patients who underwent RALRP. Serum S100B levels were determined preoperatively, after anesthesia induction, and at 30 minutes and 24 hours postoperatively. Cognitive function was assessed using neuropsychological testing preoperatively, and at 7 days and 3 months postoperatively. Results: Twenty four patients (29%) exhibited POCD 7 days after surgery, and 9 (11%) at 3 months after surgery. Serum S100B levels were significantly increased at postoperative 30 minutes and 24 hours in patients displaying POCD at postoperative 7 days (p = 0.0001 for both) and 3 months (p = 0.001 for both) compared to patients without POCD. Duration of anesthesia was also significantly longer in patients with POCD at 7 days and 3 months after surgery compared with patients without POCD (p = 0.012, p = 0.001, respectively), as was duration of Trendelenburg (p = 0.025, p = 0.002, respectively). Composite Z score in tests performed on day 7 were significantly correlated with duration of Trendelenburg and duration of anesthesia (p = 0.0001 for both). Conclusions: S100B increases after RALRP and this increase is associated with POCD development. Duration of Trendelenburg position and anesthesia contribute to the development of POCD. Trial Registry Number: Clinicaltrials.gov (N° NCT03018522).


Resumo Introdução: O presente estudo investigou a associação entre Disfunção Cognitiva Pós-Operatória (DCPO) e aumento do nível sérico de S100B após Prostatectomia Radical Laparoscópica Assistida por Robô (PRLAR). Métodos: O estudo incluiu 82 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à PRLAR. Os níveis séricos de S100B foram determinados: no pré-operatório, após indução anestésica, e aos 30 minutos e 24 horas do pós-operatório. A função cognitiva foi avaliada com testes neuropsicológicos no pré-operatório, no 7° dia pós-operatório (7 DPO) e aos 3 meses após a cirurgia (3 MPO). Resultados: Observamos 24 pacientes (29%) com DCPO no 7 DPO e 9 pacientes com DCPO (11%) após 3 meses da cirurgia. Quando comparados com os pacientes sem DCPO, os níveis séricos de S100B estavam significantemente aumentados aos 30 minutos e às 24 horas do pós-operatório nos pacientes que apresentaram DCPO no 7 DPO (p= 0,0001 para os dois momentos) e 3 meses após a cirurgia (p= 0,001 para os dois momentos) A duração anestésica também foi significantemente maior em pacientes com DCPO no 7 DPO e 3 MPO em comparação com pacientes sem DCPO (p= 0,012, p= 0,001, respectivamente), assim como a duração da posição de Trendelenburg (p= 0,025, p= 0,002, respectivamente). O escore Z composto nos testes realizados no 7 DPO foi significantemente correlacionado com a duração da posição de Trendelenburg e a duração da anestesia (p= 0,0001 para ambos). Conclusão: S100B aumenta após PRLAR e o aumento está associado ao desenvolvimento de DCPO. A duração anestésica e o tempo decorrido em posição de Trendelenburg contribuem para o desenvolvimento de DCPO. Número de registro do estudo: Clinicaltrials.gov (n° NCT03018522)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Postoperative Complications/blood , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Cognitive Dysfunction/blood , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit/blood , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prostatectomy/methods , Time Factors , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Head-Down Tilt/adverse effects , Area Under Curve , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Operative Time , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Anesthesia, General/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Neuropsychological Tests
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