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Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(1): 29-32, jan.-abr. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427851


A adoção da chupeta e mamadeira pelos pais podem trazer problemas no desenvolvimento craniofacial da criança. A sucção digital é outro fator influenciador da má formação da face, este pode ser antecedido pela mamadeira e chupeta. O conhecimento sobre o desenvolvimento facial correto ajuda no reconhecimento de desvios da normalidade. Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura a fim de analisar e comparar os efeitos no crescimento facial entre os hábitos deletérios e a amamentação fisiológica. Muitos registros de malformações causadas por hábitos deletérios foram encontrados. Conclui-se que a amamentação natural ainda é a melhor forma de alimentação para crianças, e nenhuma outra opção será melhor que a fisiológica, sendo aconselhável evitar o uso dos demais(AU)

The adoption of pacifiers and bottles by parents can bring problems in the child's craniofacial development. Finger sucking is another factor influencing the malformation of the face, which can be preceded by the bottle and pacifier. Knowledge about correct facial development helps in recognizing deviations from normality. A literature review was carried out in order to analyze and compare the effects on facial growth between harmful habits and physiological breastfeeding. Many records of malformations caused by deleterious habits were found. It is concluded that natural breastfeeding is still the best form of feeding for children, and no other option will be better than the physiological one, being advisable to avoid the use of the others(AU)

Breast Feeding , Pacifiers , Nursing Bottles , Face/abnormalities , Parents , Fingersucking , Malocclusion
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202102529, feb. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1412480


Introducción. La detección precoz de los trastornos del desarrollo permite aplicar acciones que mejoren su evolución y pronóstico. En nuestro país, la Prueba Nacional de Pesquisa (PRUNAPE) requiere de un profesional certificado. El Instrumento de Observación del Desarrollo Infantil (IODI) es una herramienta de vigilancia sistematizada del desarrollo que no requiere especialización para su aplicación. La utilización del IODI como herramienta de evaluación del neurodesarrollo sería de utilidad por su fácil aplicabilidad. Objetivo. Evaluar el desempeño del IODI como prueba de vigilancia de trastornos del desarrollo utilizando la PRUNAPE como patrón de oro. Población y métodos. Estudio prospectivo analítico de prueba diagnóstica. Se incluyeron de forma aleatoria pacientes de 1 mes a 4 años, cuyos padres dieron el consentimiento para participar. Se evaluó el desempeño del IODI usando la PRUNAPE como patrón de oro. Se estimaron los valores de clivaje de sensibilidad (S), especificidad (E), valores predictivos positivo y negativo (VPP y VPN), y las razones de verosimilitud positiva y negativa (RVP y RVN, respectivamente). Resultados. Se evaluaron 91 pacientes; 24 no pasaron la PRUNAPE, de los cuales 21 tampoco pasaron el IODI (sensibilidad: 87,5 %; especificidad: 79,1 %; valor predictivo positivo: 60,1 %; valor predictivo negativo: 94,6 %). Razón de verosimilitud positiva: 4,2; negativa: 0,2. Conclusión. El IODI mostró un desempeño aceptable como prueba de vigilancia de trastornos del desarrollo en comparación con la PRUNAPE.

Introduction. An early detection of developmental disorders allows to implement actions to improve their course and prognosis. In Argentina, the administration of the National Screening Test (Prueba Nacional de Pesquisa, PRUNAPE) requires a certified professional. The Child Development Observation Instrument (Instrumento de Observación del Desarrollo Infantil, IODI) is a systematized developmental surveillance tool that does not require specialization for its administration. The use of the IODI as a neurodevelopmental assessment tool would be useful because of its easy applicability. Objective. To assess the performance of the IODI as a surveillance test for developmental disorders using the PRUNAPE as a gold standard. Population and methods. Analytical, prospective study with a diagnostic test. Patients aged 1 month to 4 years, whose parents gave consent to participate, were included randomly. The IODI performance was assessed using the PRUNAPE as the gold standard. Sensitivity (S), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV), and positive and negative likelihood ratios (PLR and NLR) were estimated. Results. Ninety-one patients were assessed; 24 failed the PRUNAPE, of these, 21 also failed the IODI (S: 87.5%, Sp: 79.1%, PPV: 60.1%, NPV: 94.6%). PLR: 4.2, NLR: 0.2. Conclusion. The IODI showed an acceptable performance as a developmental disorders surveillance test compared to the PRUNAPE.

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child Development , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Parents , Argentina/epidemiology , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Hospitals, Pediatric
Curationis ; 46(1): 1-9, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427008


A conversation about sexuality is most likely to encourage healthy and positive sexual practices while reducing risky sexual behaviour among adolescents. Traditionally, sexuality is discussed in hushed tones in proverbs and is reserved for adults. On the other hand, adolescents must be well informed about their sexuality to assist them to make informed decisions about their sexual behaviour.Objectives: The study determined parents' views regarding challenges of sexual health communication among secondary school learners in the Limpopo province.Method: A qualitative, exploratory-descriptive and contextual approach was employed for the study. Fifty-six parents were purposively selected, resulting in five focus group discussions that had 8­12 members. One central question was asked, and based on the participants' responses, probing questions followed. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Trustworthiness and ethical considerations were ensured.Results: Three themes, namely communication concerns, role shifting in imparting sexuality education and poor parent­child relationships, and eight subthemes emerged from the data.Conclusion: This study identified that communication concerns influence parent­child dialogue on sexuality education. Therefore, there is a need to address factors hindering communication such as cultural barriers, role shifting in imparting sexuality education and poor parent­child relationships. This study suggests that parents should be empowered in dealing with children's sexuality.Contribution: Parents should be equipped with reproductive knowledge to enable them to talk freely about sexuality with their children. This should be complemented with broader programmes aimed at promoting sexual health education within the traditional family institution

Humans , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Sex Education , Health Risk Behaviors
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e228274, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392982


Parents are responsible for their children's health care, and their oral health-related knowledge, attitude, and habits can affect their children's oral health. Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate parents' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding their children's oral health. Methods: In this study, a sample of 398 parents of 4- to 6-year-old children completed a self-designed questionnaire. The parents' oral health-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices were assessed. Children's oral health was evaluated using decayed, missing, and filled tooth index (dmft). Data were analyzed using the SPSS version 23.0 with a p < 0.05 as statistically significant. Categorical data were reported as frequency (%), and continuous data were reported as mean ± SD. Moreover, Spearman's correlation, multiple regression, Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal Wallis test, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test were used. Results: Most of the parents had a satisfactory level of knowledge and positive attitudes regarding their children's oral health. The knowledge and attitude scores were higher among parents with higher education (p<0.001), and the knowledge score was higher among mothers (p=0.004). Also, the attitude score was correlated with the number of decayed, missed, and filled teeth of children (p=0.01, p=0.04, and p=0.007, respectively). However, there was no significant relationship between dmft and the parents' knowledge, attitudes, and practices using multiple regression. The mean dmft of children was 6.86 ± 3.56, and most of the parents had poor oral health-related practices. Conclusion: The parents' level of knowledge and attitudes were satisfactory, but they had poor oral health practices. Moreover, there was no significant relationship between children's oral health and their parents' level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Educating programs and strategies are needed to enhance parents' oral health-related attitudes and knowledge and, more importantly, change their oral health practices

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Parents , Child , Oral Health , Health Education, Dental , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(6): 391-397, dic. 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1397709


Introducción. Los trastornos en el neurodesarrolloinfantil constituyen un 10 % de las causasde discapacidad en la niñez. La búsquedade atención médica configura itinerariosterapéuticos, entendidos como los procesos de búsqueda y atención para el cuidado de la salud, donde surgen oportunidades de diagnósticoy tratamiento. El objetivo fue explorar dichos itinerarios para comprender las oportunidades y barreras que se presentan para instaurarterapias y pautas de crianza que promuevan el neurodesarrollo. Población y métodos. Estudio cualitativomediante entrevistas en profundidad a madres y padres de niños (de junio de 2018 a noviembre de 2019). El análisis se realizó sobre la base del modelo social de la discapacidad y del de desarrollo infantil propuesto por Vygotsky. Resultados. Se realizaron 16 entrevistas.Considerando la edad de inicio de los itinerarios terapéuticos y el diagnóstico, se identificaron dos grupos: aquellos que los comenzaron desde el nacimiento hasta los 2 años (inicio precoz) y quienes lo hicieron a partir de los 3 años (inicio en la primera infancia e infancia tardía). En el primero se habilita tempranamente la búsqueda de tratamiento, mientras que en el segundo se prolongaron en el tiempo las decisiones sobre el inicio y/o el tipo de terapias. El inicio tardío se acompañó de dificultades en la escuela, períodosde incertidumbre, angustia y/o conflictosfamiliares por las complejidades de la crianza. Conclusiones. Los itinerarios terapéuticos seiniciaron en forma precoz en algunos casos y tardía en otros. El inicio de tratamientos permitióincorporar herramientas para acortar la brecha de incongruencia entre las líneas biológica y cultural de desarrollo.

Introduction. Childhood neurodevelopmental disorders account for 10% of the causes of childhood disability. The search for medical care leads to therapeutic itineraries routes taken by individuals to seek health care where diagnostic and treatment opportunities arise. Our objective was to explore these itineraries in order to understand the opportunities and barriers to the implementation of therapies and child rearing patterns promoting neurodevelopment. Population and methods. Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with children's parents (between June 2018 and November 2019). The analysis was based on the social model of disability and Vygotsky's approach to child development. Results. A total of 16 interviews were conducted. Considering the time of diagnosis and the age when the therapeutic itinerary started, 2 groups were identified: those who started from birth to 2 years old (early initiation) and those who started from 3 years old (late childhood initiation). In the first group, the search for treatment starts at an early stage, while in the other group, decisions on the initiation and/or type of treatments are prolonged over time. Late initiation was accompanied by difficulties in school, periods of uncertainty, distress and/or family conflicts due to the complexities of parenting. Conclusions. Therapeutic itineraries started early in some cases and at a later stage in others. The initiation of treatments made it possible to use tools to bridge the gap of discrepancies between the biological and cultural lines of development.

Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Disabled Children , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/etiology , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/therapy , Parents , Child Rearing , Parenting
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): 340-345, oct. 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1391190


Es frecuente observar niños pequeños jugando con un teléfono celular o una tablet. No obstante, la posibilidad de tener un dispositivo electrónico, cómo y cuándo pueden usarlo, depende de los adultos. La preocupación radica en el incremento de esta práctica en detrimento de la actividad y de la interacción social a través de la palabra y del contacto con el otro, como así también en otros aspectos de su salud (sobrepeso y alteraciones en el sueño). Aún no está del todo claro el modo en que el uso generalizado de pantallas afecta el desarrollo. Tampoco se conocen los mecanismos psicológicos y físicos que producirían estos efectos. Este escrito propone presentar una visión actual sobre el efecto de la exposición temprana a pantallas en el desarrollo integral del niño y la percepción de los padres. Sería propicio implementar proyectos de educación para padres y tutores que promuevan la adecuada estimulación de los niños en su hogar

It is common to see young children playing with a mobile phone or a tablet. However, the decision about the availability of an electronic device and how and when to use it depends on adults. The concern is the increase of such practice at the expense of activities and social interaction by talking and being in contact with others, as well as other aspects of children's health (overweight and sleep disturbances). It is yet unclear how the generalized use of screens affects development. The physical and psychological mechanisms of such effects are also unknown. The purpose of this article is to provide a current view of the effect of early exposure to screens on the comprehensive development of children and parents' perceptions. It would be conducive to implement education projects for parents and legal guardians that promote an adequate child stimulation at home.

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adult , Sleep Wake Disorders , Screen Time , Parents/psychology , Family , Educational Status
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 1163-1183, set. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1428725


A realização deste estudo teve como objetivo identificar as concepções que as mães e os pais do primeiro e do segundo ciclos do Ensino Fundamental têm sobre a Competência Social de professores de escolas públicas e privadas da região do Rio de Janeiro, Niterói e São Gonçalo. A partir de entrevistas com 16 mães, pais e responsáveis de filhos matriculados no primeiro e segundo ciclo do Ensino Fundamental, procurou-se descrever as características esperadas desses importantes agentes no processo de formação. Com uma metodologia qualitativa de análise dos discursos, a partir de um corpus criado com as entrevistas, as discussões em grupo foram aprofundadas para conceitualizar e caracterizar, segundo a visão das mães e pais, um professor competente socialmente. Pelos dados coletados, os pais valorizam especialmente a dimensão relacional, que deve ser complementar com o domínio técnico. Destaca-se nos dados coletados das mães e pais do primeiro ciclo que seus filhos não possuem maturidade suficiente para auto avaliação e determinação de temas para serem discutidos em sala, diferentemente dos pais do segundo ciclo, que imaginam um cenário ideal com o desenvolvimento dessas atividades.

This study aimed to identify the conceptions that mothers and fathers from the first and second cycles of elementary school have about the Social Competence of public and private schools teachers in the region of Rio de Janeiro, Niterói and São Gonçalo. Based on interviews with 16 mothers, fathers and guardians of children enrolled in the first and second segments of elementary school, we sought to describe the characteristics expected of these important agents in the training process. With a qualitative methodology of discourse analysis, based on a corpus created with the interviews, the group discussions were deepened to conceptualize and characterize, according to the view of mothers and fathers, a socially competent teacher. Based on the data collected, parents value the relational dimension, which must complement itself with the technical domain. It is highlighted in the data collected from mothers and fathers in the first cycle that their children are not mature enough for self-assessment and determining themes to be discussed in the classroom. Unlike the parents in the second cycle who imagine an ideal scenario with the development of these activities.

El propósito de este estudio fue identificar las concepciones que tienen las madres y los padres del primer y segundo ciclo de la escuela primaria sobre la Competencia Social de los docentes de escuelas públicas y privadas de la región de Río de Janeiro, Niterói y São Gonçalo. A partir de entrevistas con 16 padres y tutores de niños matriculados en el primer y segundo ciclo de la escuela primaria, se buscó describir las características que se esperan de estos importantes agentes en el proceso de formación. Con una metodología cualitativa de análisis del discurso, a partir de un corpus elaborado con entrevistas, se profundizaron las discusiones grupales para conceptualizar y caracterizar, según la visión de madres y padres, un docente socialmente competente. A partir de los datos recopilados, los padres valoran especialmente la dimensión relacional, que debe complementarse con el dominio técnico. Se destaca en los datos recolectados de madres y padres en el primer ciclo que sus hijos no son lo suficientemente maduros para la autoevaluarse y determinar temas a discutir en el aula, a diferencia de los padres en el segundo ciclo, quienes imaginan un escenario ideal con el desarrollo de estas actividades.

Humans , Parents , Perception , Social Skills , School Teachers , Brazil
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 20(2): 467-487, mayo-ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409613


Resumen (analítico) La pandemia derivada del covid-19 significó para madres y padres estudiantes universitarios de Manizales (Colombia) experimentar dinámicas cotidianas de simultaneidad del cuidado y de la formación académica. A partir del análisis narrativo, se presenta la configuración de un escenario que trajo consigo el entrecruzamiento de tiempos individuales, escolares y familiares, generando un entorno dual como sujetos de rendimiento. Para las universitarias la oportunidad de estar cerca de sus hijas/hijos, conocer sus actividades de aprendizaje, «verles crecer¼, configurando una maternidad no delegada, contrastada con una triple exigencia de cumplir con todo: estudio, cuidado y trabajo. Para los universitarios que no conviven con sus hijos/hijas, este escenario derivó en un debilitamiento de los vínculos por el distanciamiento social y el surgimiento de la coordinación como alternativa para el cuidado parental.

Abstract (analytical) The pandemic derived from COVID-19 implied for mothers and fathers who were university students in Manizales Colombia, experience daily dynamics of simultaneous care and academic training. The narrative analysis reveals the configuration of a scenario that brought with it the intertwining of individual, school, and family time, generating a dual environment as subjects of performance; for university students the opportunity to be close to their daughters/son, to know their learning activities, to «see them grow¼ configuring non-delegated maternity, contrasted with a triple demand to comply with everything: study, care, and work. For university students, the opportunity to be close to their daughters/sons, to know their learning activities, to "see them grow" configuring non-delegated maternity, contrasted with a triple demand to comply with everything: study, care, and work. For university students who do not live with their sons/daughters, this scenario resulted in a weakening of ties due to social distancing and the emergence of coordination as an alternative for parental care.

Resumo (analítico) A pandemia derivada do Covid-19 significou para mães e pais estudantes universitários de Manizales, Colômbia, vivenciar diariamente dinâmicas de simultaneidade de cuidado e formação acadêmica. A partir de um análise de narrativa, se revelou a configuração de um cenário que trouxe consigo a intersecção dos tempos individuais, escolar e familiar, gerando um ambiente de dualidade como sujeitos de desempenho; para as universitárias a oportunidade de estar perto de seus filhos/filhas, conhecer suas atividades de aprendizagem, «ver como crescem¼ configurando uma maternidade não delegada, em contraste com uma tripla exigência de cumprir com tudo: estudo, cuidado e trabalho; Para os universitários que não moram com os filhos/filhas, esse cenário levou ao enfraquecimento dos vínculos devido ao distanciamento social e ao surgimento da coordenação como alternativa para o cuidado parental.

Parents , Teaching , Family , Parenting , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Mothers , Time , Work , Nuclear Family
Av. psicol. latinoam ; 40(2): 1-20, may.-ago.-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1428005


O ciberbullying constitui uma realidade cada vez mais presente na vida dos mais jovens e desprotegidos, o que pode perturbar o seu desenvolvimento e bemestar. O presente estudo tem como objetivo explorar a associação entre o ciberbullying, a ideação suicida e a comunicação parentofilial nos adolescentes e jovens adultos. O estudo foi feito com uma amostra de 401 adolescentes e jovens adultos, com idades compreendidas entre os 15 e os 24 anos. Recorreu-se ao Questionário de Cibervitimização (cyvic), ao Questionário de Ideação Suicida (qis) e à Escala de Avaliação da Comunicação na Parentalidade (compa) para coleta dos dados. No que se refere à idade foram encontradas diferenças significati-vas relativamente à cibervitimização. Quanto ao número de horas de utilização da Internet foram encontradas diferenças em relação à cibervitimização, à ideação suicida e à comunicação parental da figura materna nomeadamente nas subescalas confiança/partilha e metacomunicação. Foram encontradas associações entre a cibervitimização, ideação suicida e a comunicação parental do pai e da mãe. Por fim, observou-se que a ideação suicida prediz a cibervitimização, enquanto a disponibilidade da mãe prediz a cibervitimização. É urgente que este problema de saúde seja multidisciplinarmente identificado e combatido ao mesmo ritmo com que a tecnologia se entrosa e é preponderante na vida das gerações mais novas.

El ciberacoso es una realidad cada vez más presente en la vida de personas jóvenes y desprotegidas, que puede trastornar su desarrollo y bienestar. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo explorar la asociación entre el ciberacoso, la ideación suicida y la comunicación padres-hijos en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. El estudio se realizó con una muestra de 401 adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, con edades comprendidas entre los 15 y 24 años. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó el Cuestionario de Victimización Cibernética (cyvic), el Cuestionario de Ideación Suicida (qis) y la Escala de Evaluación de la Comunicación Parental (compa). En cuanto a la edad, se encontraron diferencias significativas en la cibervictimización. Respecto al número de horas de uso de Internet, se encontraron diferencias en relación con cibervictimización, ideación suicida y comunicación parental de la figura materna, concretamente en las subescalas confianza/compartir y metacomunicación. Se hallaron asociaciones entre cibervictimización, ideación suicida y comunicación parental de padre y madre. Finalmente, se observó que la ideación suicida predice cibervictimización, a la vez que la disponibilidad materna predice ciber-victimización. Es urgente que este problema de salud sea identificado y combatido de forma multidisciplinar, al mismo ritmo que la tecnología se entrelaza y es preponderante en la vida de las generaciones más jóvenes.

Cyberbullying is a reality that is increasingly present in the lives of young and unprotected people, which can disturb their development and wellbeing. This study aimed to explore the association between cyberbullying, suicidal ideation and parent-child communication in adolescents and young adults. The study was carried out with a sample of 401 adolescents and young adults aged between 15 and 24 years. Data were collected through the Cybervictimization Questionnaire (cyvic), the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (qis) and the Parent-ing Communication Assessment Scale (compa-a). Considering age, significant differences were found related to cyber-victimization. Regarding the number of hours of Internet use, differences were found associated with cybervictimization, suicidal ideation and parental communication of the mother figure, namely in the trust/sharing and meta-communication subscales. Associations were found between cybervictimization, suicidal ideation and parental communication from the father and mother. Finally, it was observed that suicidal ideation and mother availability predict cybervictimization. It is urgent that this health problem be identified and fought in a multidisciplinary way at the same pace with which technology intertwines and is preponderant in the lives of the younger generations

Humans , Parents , Parenting , Communication , Cybernetics , Cyberbullying , Internet Use
Av. psicol. latinoam ; 40(2): 1-17, may.-ago.-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427852


O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a coparentalidade aos 24 meses da criança. Trata-se de pesquisa qualita-tiva, da qual participaram 10 famílias nucleares, com um único filho. A mãe e o pai responderam entrevista sobre sua experiência de maternidade e paternidade, res-pectivamente. Essas entrevistas foram examinadas por análise temática dedutiva, considerando os temas com-ponentes do modelo de coparentalidade de Feinberg: divisão de trabalho, acordo nos cuidados, apoio versusdepreciação coparental e gerenciamento das interações familiares. Os resultados revelaram que cuidados bási-cos e tarefas domésticas estavam sob responsabilidade predominantemente materna, enquanto o envolvimento paterno se dava sobretudo em atividades de lazer, tais como brincadeiras e passeios. Houve predomínio de relatos de satisfação quanto à divisão de trabalho. So-bre acordo nos cuidados, os participantes enfatizaram especialmente os desafios de negociar e estabelecer limites apropriados à criança aos 24 meses, visando à promoção das novas habilidades e da autorregulação infantil, bem como à prevenção de acidentes. Relatos de apoio e de depreciação coparental coexistiram nas famílias. Assim, evidenciou-se respeito de um genitor às contribuições do outro, admiração e manutenção da autoridade, embora também culpabilização, crítica e competição entre a mãe e o pai. Quanto ao gerencia-mento das interações familiares, houve predomínio de estratégias construtivas para resolução de confli-tos, com destaque às conversações entre os genitores. Discutem-se aspectos gratificantes e desafiadores da coparentalidade aos 24 meses da criança, com ênfase aos estressores normativos nessa etapa do desenvolvi-mento infantil e às potencialidades dos genitores para enfrentá-los colaborativamente.

El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la coparentalidad a los 24 meses del niño. La investigación fue cualitativa y participaron 10 familias nucleares con un solo hijo. La madre y el padre respondieron una entrevista sobre su experiencia de maternidad y paternidad, respectivamente. Estas entrevistas fueron examinadas por análisis temático deductivo, considerando los te-mas componentes del modelo de coparentalidad de Feinberg: división del trabajo, acuerdo en el cuidado, apoyo vs.depreciación coparental y manejo de las interacciones familiares. Los resultados revelaron que los cuidados básicos y las tareas del hogar eran predo-minantemente responsabilidad materna, mientras que la participación paterna se producía principalmente en actividades de ocio como juegos y salidas. Hubo predominio de relatos de satisfacción con respecto a la división del trabajo. En cuanto a la concordancia en el cuidado, los participantes destacaron los desafíos de negociar y establecer límites adecuados para el niño a los 24 meses, con el objetivo de promover nuevas habilidades y la autorregulación del niño, así como la prevención de accidentes. Coexistieron relatos de apoyo y desvalorización. Así, se evidenció el respeto de uno de los padres por las contribuciones del otro, la admiración y el mantenimiento de la autoridad, aunque también reproches, críticas y competencia entre la madre y el padre. En el manejo de las interacciones familiares, hubo predominio de estrategias constructivas para la resolución de conflictos, con énfasis en conversaciones entre padres. Se discuten los aspectos gratificantes y desafiantes de la coparentalidad de una crianza a los 24 meses de edad, con énfasis en los factores estresantes normativos en esta etapa del desarrollo y el potencial de los padres para enfrentarlos en colaboración.

The current study aimed to investigate co-parenting in children of 24 months of age. It was a qualitative study in which the participants were 10 nuclear families, each with an only child. The mother and father attended an interview about their experience of maternity and pa-ternity, respectively. These interviews were examined using the deductive thematic analysis, considering the component themes of Feinberg's co-parenting model: division of labor, childrearing agreement, support versus undermining, and joint family management. The results revealed that essential childcare and household chores were predominantly under maternal responsibility, while paternal involvement was mainly in leisure activities such as play and strolls. Reports on satisfaction regard-ing the division of labor were predominant. Concerning the childrearing agreement, the participants particularly emphasized the challenges of negotiating and setting appropriate limits for the child at 24 months, aiming to promote new skills and self-regulation in the toddlers, as well as to prevent accidents. Reports of support and undermining coexisted in the families. Thus, respect of one parent for the contributions of the other, admiration and sustaining of authority, on the one hand, and blaming, criticism, and competition between mother and father, on the other, were evidenced. Regarding joint family management, there was a predominance of constructive strategies for conflict resolution with an emphasis on conversations between parents. Rewarding and chal-lenging aspects of co-parenting at 24 months of age are discussed, highlighting the normative stressors at this stage of child development and the potential of parents to cope with them cooperatively.

Humans , Parents , Personal Satisfaction , Child Development , Child Rearing , Health Strategies , Parenting , Mothers
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 16(3): 15-25, 20220819.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391294


La malnutrición infantil es un problema de salud pública. La investigación tuvo el objetivo de determinar la asociación entre los indicadores antropométricos de los escolares (talla, peso e índice de masa corporal) y la alimentación de padres o tutores legales de los menores, en una institución educativa de la ciudad de Quito, Ecuador, durante diciembre de 2019. El estudio tuvo un enfoque cuantitativo y de tipo observacional, descriptivo y de corte transversal, en el que participaron 38 escolares con edades de 5 a 11 años (20 niños y 18 niñas) y los 32 respectivos padres o tutores legales. El 68,75% de los padres requería hacer cambios hacia una alimentación saludable, el 68,42% de los niños presentaban talla normal, el 23.68% de los niños tenía riesgo de sobrepeso. Los valores p de la prueba Tau C de Kendall fueron mayores que 0,05, no existiendo relación entre las variables estudiadas. Se concluyó que la mayoría de los padres o tutores legales requerían mejorar la calidad de su nutrición. La mayoría de los escolares tenía sobrepeso o riesgo de padecerlo; así como, talla normal. No existió asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la alimentación de los progenitores y el índice de masa corporal.

Child malnutrition is a public health problem. This research aimed to determine the association between the anthropometric indicators of schoolchildren (height, weight, and body mass index) and the nutrition of parents or legal guardians of minors, in an educational institution in the city of Quito, Ecuador, during December 2019. The study had a quantitative and observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional approach, in which 38 schoolchildren aged 5 to 11 years (20 boys and 18 girls) and 32 parents (or legal guardians) participated. 68.75% of the parents requi-red to make changes towards a healthy diet, 68.42% of the children had normal height, 23.68% of the children were at risk of being overweight. The p values of the Kendall Tau C test were greater than 0.05, with no relationship between the variables studied. It was concluded that most of the parents or legal guardians needed to improve the quality of their nutrition. Most of the schoolchildren were overweight or at risk of being overweight, as well as normal size. There was no statistically significant association between the parents' diet and body mass index

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Body Mass Index , Minors , Diet , Parents , Child Nutrition Disorders , Diet, Healthy
Curitiba; s.n; 20220808. 103 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424920


Resumo: Trata-se do desenvolvimento de tecnologia, que tem como finalidade orientar familiar e cuidadores de crianças submetidas a procedimentos cirúrgicos. O objetivo da pesquisa foi desenvolver uma tecnologia audiovisual para orientação pré e pós-operatória para familiar/cuidador de crianças submetidas a procedimentos cirúrgicos. Como método, optou-se pela pesquisa metodológica aplicada de produção tecnológica, desenvolvida em três fases e oito etapas. A primeira fase - pré-produção que incluiu a etapa 1, denominada exploratória, definiram-se o objetivo da tecnologia a ser desenvolvida, o tipo da tecnologia (vídeos em animação 2D), a elaboração do roteiro para produção dos vídeos, fundamentado na literatura científica. A segunda fase - produção, incluiu a etapa 2, referente à validação do conteúdo do roteiro por um grupo de juízes (enfermeiros, cirurgiões e anestesiologistas); a etapa 3, em que se elaborou o Storyboard; a etapa 4, correspondente à seleção de imagens e animação; a etapa 5, em que ocorreu a gravação das narrações; a etapa 6, realizada a edição dos vídeos. Na terceira fase - pós-produção, incluíram-se as etapas 7 e 8, nas quais realizaram-se as avaliações dos vídeos, pelo grupo de juízes e público-alvo. Como resultado, obtiveram-se quatro vídeo em animação 2D denominados: Conhecendo o Centro Cirúrgico; Cirurgias e Anestesia; Cuidados com a Criança antes da Cirurgia; Cuidados com a Criança depois da Cirurgia. A tecnologia desenvolvida se caracteriza como processo inovador para orientar familiar/cuidador quanto à importância dos cuidados pré e pós-operatório de cirurgias pediátricas. Promove a integração e a participação do familiar/cuidador no processo de cuidado do paciente cirúrgico pediátrico. Otimiza o processo de educação em saúde realizado por enfermeiros de Centro Cirúrgico e tem potencial para influenciar positivamente na redução de complicações nos períodos peri e pós-operatório e, consequentemente, no período de internação e nos custos para o sistema de saúde. De abrangência local, pode ser replicável para outros cenários, outras populações cirúrgicas ou especialidades.

Abstract: This is the development of technology, which aims to guide family members and caregivers of children undergoing surgical procedures. The objective of the research was to develop an audiovisual technology for pre and postoperative guidance for family members/caregivers of children undergoing surgical procedures. As a method, we opted for the applied methodological research of technological production, developed in three phases and eight stages. The first phase - pre-production that included stage 1, called exploratory, defined the objective of the technology to be developed, the type of technology (videos in 2D animation), the elaboration of the script for the production of the videos, based on the literature scientific. The second phase - production, included step 2, referring to the validation of the script content by a group of judges (nurses, surgeons and anesthesiologists); step 3, in which the Storyboard was created; step 4, corresponding to image selection and animation; step 5, in which the narration was recorded; step 6, carried out by editing the videos. In the third phase - postproduction, steps 7 and 8 were included, in which the evaluations of the videos were carried out, by the group of judges and the target audience. As a result, four videos were obtained in 2D animation called: Knowing the Surgical Center; Surgeries and Anesthesia; Child Care before Surgery; Child Care after Surgery. The technology developed is characterized as an innovative process to guide family members/caregivers on the importance of pre- and postoperative care for pediatric surgeries. It promotes the integration and participation of the family/caregiver in the care process of the pediatric surgical patient. It optimizes the health education process carried out by nurses in the Surgical Center and has the potential to positively influence the reduction of complications in the peri and postoperative periods and, consequently, in the hospitalization period and in the costs for the health system. Local in scope, it may be replicable for other scenarios, other surgical populations or specialties.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Parents , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Child , Child Care , Health Education , Educational Technology
Curitiba; s.n; 20220816. 114 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424916


Resumo: Este trabalho desenvolveu a tecnologia educativa denominada Cartilha de Orientação aos Pais da UTIP, registrada sob nº 978-65-00-49110-4 pela Câmara Brasileira do Livro, e replicável em outros serviços de saúde. Sua elaboração partiu de projeto aprovado em Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa (Protocolo nº 4.850.250), com objetivo geral - desenvolver tecnologia educativa para orientar os pais acerca da hospitalização em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica e específicos - identificar as necessidades dos pais e equipe multiprofissional sobre as informações inerentes à hospitalização da criança na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica. Trata-se de pesquisa metodológica, de produção tecnológica, elaborada em três fases: 1 - Exploratória, com levantamento da literatura e diagnóstico situacional com entrevistas dos pais e equipe multiprofissional; 2 - Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia, com elaboração textual, ilustração, layout e diagramação; e 3 - Transferência do Conhecimento, com registro do produto e disponibilização ao serviço hospitalar. Como resultados, a tecnologia educativa sintetiza diretrizes acerca de educação em saúde, aliadas aos anseios e contribuições dos pais e profissionais relativos ao conteúdo necessário para orientar o acompanhamento da criança em unidade crítica. A cartilha educativa se inicia com breve apresentação, destacando a importância da família no contexto da internação e dados relativos à admissão, seguido dos tópicos: A unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica (equipe de saúde, equipamentos, materiais e exames); Atitudes que ajudam no cuidado do seu filho; Orientações para os pais; Alguns cuidados com seu filho que você pode colaborar; e Outras informações. Inclui-se espaços destinados ao registro de sentimentos acerca do momento vivido pelos pais. A tecnologia educativa contribui para a sistematização do processo de trabalho da equipe multiprofissional, principalmente para o enfermeiro, referência para a equipe no desempenho das orientações aos pais. A cartilha é uma ferramenta de comunicação com informações essenciais para promover a educação em saúde, reduzir conflitos entre os envolvidos, acolhimento, humanização do cuidado e gerando impacto na segurança do paciente pediátrico gravemente. Ainda gera contribuição para o campo interdisciplinar, com avanço das pesquisas que envolvem informação e educação.

Abstract: This study constructed the educational technology known as The PICU Parents' Guidance Booklet, registered under No. 978-65-00-49110-4 by the Brazilian Book Chamber, and ia replicable in other health services. Its development began with a project approved by the Research Ethics Committee (Protocol No. 4,850,250), with the main goal of developing educational technology to guide parents about pediatric and specific Intensive Care Unit hospitalization and to identify the needs of parents and the multidisciplinary team about the child's hospitalization in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, and to organize the content of institutional program of hospital admission. This is a methodological research of technological production, elaborated in three phases: 1 - exploratory, with a literature review and situational diagnosis, as well as interviews with parents and the health care team; 2 - Technology Development, including textual development, illustration, layout, and diagramming; and 3 - Knowledge Transfer, including product registration and hospital availability. As a result, educational technology synthesizes health education guidelines, as well as the desires and contributions of parents and professionals regarding the content required to guide the child's follow-up in a critical unit. The educational booklet starts with a brief presentation emphasizing the importance of the family in the context of hospitalization and admission data, then proceeds on to the following topics: The pediatric intensive care unit (medical staff, equipment, supplies, and exams); Attitudes that support in your child's care; Parenting guidelines; Some child care that you can collaborate on together; and other information. It includes spaces for parents to record their feelings about the experience. The educational technology contributes to the systematization of the multidisciplinary team's work process, primarily for the nurse, who serves as a reference for the team in the performance of the guidelines to the parents. The booklet is a communication tool that contains crucial information to promote health education, reduce conflicts among those involved, welcome, humanize care, and have an impact on the safety of severely ill pediatric patients. It also contributes to the interdisciplinary field through advances in information and education research.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Parents , Patient Care Team , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Child , Educational Technology , Nursing Care
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 146-152, jul. 22, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1380071


El dolor en pediatría es un problema de salud pública que afecta al 78 % de pacientes hospitalizados y está frecuentemente asociado a punciones, por lo que es necesario un control rápido y efectivo. Existen en la actualidad estrategias psicológicas y físicas de estimulación sensorial para abordarlo. Se pretende describir el uso de estas como coadyuvantes en el manejo del dolor agudo por punción en pediatría. Se realizó una revisión narrativa de artículos originales y revisiones bibliográficas. El mecanismo del dolor involucra a las fibras C y a las fibras Aδ, que responden al dolor por punción. Entre las estrategias innovadoras se encuentra el dispositivo Buzzy®, que actúa mediante la teoría de compuerta del dolor, desviando la atención del dolor hacia un estímulo sensorial placentero (frío y vibración) que disminuye la intensidad en comparación con anestésicos locales (p < 0,001); así mismo, la realidad virtual desvía la atención del niño hacia un estímulo placentero, visual o auditivo, creando un ambiente tridimensional y produciendo analgesia por distracción en comparación al control (p < 0,05). El uso de estrategias no farmacológicas como coadyuvantes para el manejo de dolor por punción son efectivas para disminuir el dolor en el paciente pediátrico, así como el estrés y la ansiedad, tanto en los padres como en el personal de salud

Pediatric pain is a public healthcare problem present in 78 % of hospitalized patients and it is frequently associated to needles. Fast and effective controls are needed, therefore, sensory stimulation and psychological strategies have been developed. The aim of this study was to describe the use of non-pharmacological strategies as adjuvants in needle associated children pain management. A review was made searching through original articles and other reviews. Pain mechanism involves C fibers and Aδ fibers, which respond to short term needle pain. Buzzy® device is among the innovative physical strategies to relieve pain, which acts according to the pain threshold theory, diverting attention from pain to a pleasurable sensory stimulus (cold and vibration) decreasing its intensity when compared to topical anesthesia (p < 0,001). Meanwhile psychological strategies such as virtual reality divert the child's attention to a pleasant visual and auditory stimulus. It creates a tridimensional environment with an electronic device, decreasing pain while distracting the child when compared to the control group (p < 0,05). The use of innovative non-pharmacological strategies as adjuvants for needle pain management is effective decreasing children pain and reducing stress and anxiety in parents and healthcare workers

Pediatrics , Punctures , Public Health , Pain Management , Parents , Health Personnel , Needles
Más Vita ; 4(2): 50-63, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392069


La percepción de padres ante los programas de vacunación de los niños para la prevención de enfermedades, así como las campañas de información y conocimiento sobre las vacunas, motiva el interés científico por conocer y evaluar los factores relacionados al grado de conocimiento, aptitudes y fuentes de información de la población sobre las vacunas, siendo la inmunización un método que permite adquirir inmunidad contra las enfermedades comunes y mortales y reduce gastos por tratamientos para la mejoría de la salud. Objetivo: Describir la percepción de los padres sobre la vacunación infantil. Metodología: Investigación cualitativa, a través del estudio de revisión de contenido relacionado con el descriptor vacunación, donde se recopila la información de interés según su aparición en la búsqueda. El estudio está basado en el paradigma positivista con observación y registro de información relevante con el tema. Resultados: La falta de información sobre los riesgos y beneficios de la vacunación es un factor que induce a la desconfianza e inseguridad respecto a las vacunas; gran parte de los padres considera útil la vacuna, necesaria y beneficiosa pero prevalece la idea que la inmunización puede ser algo peligroso y con efectos indeseables y secuelas graves por información mediática no bién conducida. Conclusiones: Diversos estudios señalan factores que impiden que los padres de los niños cumplan con los esquemas de vacunación, entre estos la falta de información y conocimiento sobre las vacunas, que evitan las enfermedades en los menores reforzando el sistema inmunológico, así como, otra de las razones es la falta de vacunas en los centros asistenciales, que genera desinterés y dificulta el cumplimiento de los programas de vacunación, además, servicios lentos y poca empatía del personal que presta atención en los centros de salud aumentan la percepción negativa sobre la vacunación(AU)

The perception of parents regarding the vaccination programs for children for the prevention of diseases, as well as the information and knowledge campaigns about vaccines, motivates the scientific interest in knowing and evaluating the factors related to the degree of knowledge, aptitudes and sources of information for the population about vaccines, immunization being a method that allows acquiring immunity against common and deadly diseases and reduces expenses for treatments to improve health. Objective: To describe the perception of parents about childhood vaccination. Materials and Methods Qualitative research, through a content review study related to the vaccination descriptor, where the information of interest is compiled according to its appearance in the search. The study is based on the positivist paradigm with observation and recording of information relevant to the subject. Results: The lack of information about the risks and benefits of vaccination is a factor that induces mistrust and insecurity regarding vaccines; A large part of the parents considers the vaccine useful, necessary and beneficial, but the idea prevails that immunization can be something dangerous and with undesirable effects and serious sequelae due to misguided media information. Conclusnios: Various studies point to factors that prevent parents of children from complying with vaccination schedules, including lack of information and knowledge about vaccines, which prevent diseases in minors by strengthening the immune system, as well as another of The reasons are the lack of vaccines in health centers, which generates disinterest and makes it difficult to comply with vaccination programs, in addition, slow services and little empathy of the personnel who provide care in health centers increase the negative perception about vaccination(AU)

Parents , Perception , Immunization Schedule , Vaccination , Health Centers , Disease , Disease Prevention
Odontol. vital ; (36)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386460


Resumen Introducción: Diversos estudios han demostrado que los padres aún no cuentan con el conocimiento suficiente sobre el uso de pastas dentales que deben consumir sus hijos. Muchos de ellos desconocen desde que edad se debe empezar con el uso de pastas dentales, la cantidad exacta que se debe colocar en el cepillo y sobre todo con qué frecuencia se deben cepillar. Objetivo: Asociar el nivel de conocimiento de los padres sobre el uso de pastas dentales con las características asociadas a la ingesta estimada de fluoruro en niños entre los 6 meses a 8 años de Lima Metropolitana y Callao. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo y transversal. Se realizó el cuestionario a 264 padres de familia residentes en Lima Metropolitana y Callao durante los meses de julio a septiembre del 2020. Se calcularon las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Para el análisis bivariado, se utilizó la prueba de Chi cuadrado de El nivel de significancia estadística fue de 0.05. Resultados: Se observa que el 52.94% de los padres, así como el 60.41% de las madres presentan un nivel medio de conocimiento sobre el uso de pastas dentales con flúor. Además, se obtuvo que el 56.25% de los padres que afirmaron que sus hijos no se enjuagan con agua después del cepillado presentan un nivel alto de conocimiento sobre el uso de pastas dentales con flúor. Conclusión: Se obtuvo que el 57.58% de los padres tenían un nivel medio de conocimiento sobre el uso de pastas dentales con flúor. Se encontró asociación entre el nivel de conocimiento sobre el uso de pastas dentales con flúor y las características asociadas a la ingesta estimada de fluoruro.

Abstract Introduction: Various studies have shown that parents still do not have sufficient knowledge about the use of toothpastes that their children should consume. Many of them do not know from what age to start using toothpastes, the exact amount to be placed on the brush and especially how often they should be brushed. Aim: To associate the level of knowledge of parents about the use of toothpastes with the characteristics associated with the estimated intake of fluoride in children between 6 months to 8 years of Metropolitan Lima and Callao. Materials and methods: An observational, descriptive, and crosssectional study. The questionnaire was carried out on 264 parents residing in Metropolitan Lima and Callao during the months of July to September 2020. The absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. For the bivariate analysis, the Chi-square test of the level of statistical significance was used was 0.05. Results: It is observed that 52.94% of the fathers, as well as 60.41% of the mothers present a medium level of knowledge about the use of fluoride toothpastes. In addition, it was found that 56.25% of parents who stated that their children do not rinse with water after brushing have a high level of knowledge about the use of fluoride toothpastes. Conclusion: It was found that the 57.58% of parents had a median level of knowledge about the use of fluoride toothpastes. An association was found between the level of knowledge about the use of fluoride toothpastes and the characteristics associated with the estimated fluoride intake.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Toothpastes/therapeutic use , Fluoride Poisoning , Fluorosis, Dental , Parents , Peru
Rev. chil. infectol ; 39(3): 273-286, jun. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407794


INTRODUCCIÓN: A pesar de la probada eficacia y seguridad de las vacunas contra la COVID-19, la cobertura de vacunación pediátrica sigue siendo baja en muchos países. Aún existen dudas y temores en los padres sobre la vacunación en sus hijos bajo 12 años de edad. OBJETIVO: Evaluar las percepciones e intención de los padres de vacunar a sus hijos bajo 12 años en Perú. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio transversal analítico, a partir de una encuesta que recopiló la percepción de los padres sobre el riesgo de contagio por COVID-19, necesidad de vacunación y desarrollo de eventos adversos por la vacuna en niños bajo 12 años. Evaluamos los factores asociados a la intención de vacunación mediante razones de prevalencia crudas (RPc) y ajustadas (RPa) con intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC 95%). RESULTADOS: El 83,5% de los padres tenían la intención de vacunar a sus hijos bajo 12 años. En el análisis multivariado, los factores asociados a una disminución de la intención de vacunación fueron pensar que la vacuna no es necesaria (RPa: 0,65; IC 95% 0,44 - 0,94), que no protegería (RPa: 0,14; IC 95% 0,03 - 0,63), que no sería segura (RPa: 0,80; IC 95% 0,70 - 0,92) y que ocasionaría efectos negativos a largo plazo (RPa: 0,92; IC 95% 0,85 - 1,00). Por otro lado, residir en la Selva (RPa: 1,09; IC 95%: 1,03-1,15) o en la Sierra (RPa: 1,06; IC 95%: 1,00-1,11) se asoció a una mayor prevalencia de intención. CONCLUSIONES: En Perú, un 16,5% de padres no vacunaría a sus hijos bajo 12 años, ya que perciben que la vacuna no es necesaria y no protegería contra la COVID-19, además de tener la preocupación de posibles eventos adversos.

BACKGROUND: Despite the proven efficacy and safety of COVID-19 vaccines, pediatric vaccination coverage remains low in many countries. There are still doubts and fears in parents about vaccination in their children under 12 years of age. AIM: To evaluate the perceptions and intention of parents to vaccinate their children under 12 years of age. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study based on an online survey that evaluated the parents' perceptions regarding the risk of COVID-19 infection, the need for a vaccine, and the vaccine adverse events in their children under 12 years. We assessed the factors associated with the intention to vaccinate through crude (cPR) and adjusted prevalence rates (aPR), with confidence interval of 95% (CI 95%). RESULTS: 83.5% of respondents had the intention to vaccinate their children under 12 years of age. In the multivariate analysis, the factors associated with a decrease in the intention to vaccinate were to believe that the vaccine was not necessary (aPR 0.65; 95% CI 0.44 - 0.94), that it would not protect (aPR: 0.14; 95% CI 0.03 - 0.63), it would not be safe (aPR: 0.80; 95% CI 0.70 - 0.92) and it would cause long-term side effects (aPR: 0.92; 95% CI 0.85 - 1.00). On the other hand, living on the highlands or jungle was associated with an increase in the intention. CONCLUSION: In Peru, 16.5% of parents would not vaccinate their children under 12 years of age, because they perceived that the vaccine was not necessary and would not protect against COVID-19. In addition, they expressed concerns about the development of possible adverse events.

Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Intention , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19/prevention & control , Parents , Perception , Peru/epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(2): 126-132, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386075


OBJETIVO: Investigar a saúde mental de pais com filhos pequenos durante a pandemia de COVID-19. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados questionários elaborados pelo Google Forms, no qual foram aplicados os dados sociodemográficos, e as escalas EADS-21, IES-R, PSQI-BR e WHOQOL-BREF. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no software estatístico SPSS 21.0 para Windows. Para descrição da amostra, foram utilizadas análises descritivas. Em todos os testes, foi considerada a significância estatística de 0,05. Os 327 participantes foram divididos em três grupos: voluntários sem filhos (Grupo 1), com filhos entre 0 e 6 anos (Grupo 2) e com filhos de 7 anos ou mais (Grupo 3), dos quais todos eram residentes da região Sul do Brasil. RESULTADOS: Os grupos com maior vulnerabilidade em relação à sua saúde mental é o de participantes sem filhos e com filhos de 0 a 6 anos, com maiores escores para as escalas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse, e estresse pós-traumático, em comparação com o grupo com filhos de 7 anos ou mais. CONCLUSÕES: Mesmo que os dados mostrem que todos os grupos estão dentro da normalidade para as escalas aplicadas, faz-se necessário atentar para a saúde mental da população em maior sofrimento psíquico, seja a partir de estratégias desenvolvidas por profissionais de rede de saúde (SUS) e/ou da assistência social (SUAS), seja por projetos municipais/estaduais na busca pela promoção da saúde mental na rede.

OBJECTIVE: Explore the mental health of parents with young children during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We used questionnaires prepared by Google Forms, applying sociodemographic data, and also the EADS-21, IES-R, PSQI-BR and WHOQOL-BREF scales were applied. Statistical analyzes were performed using SPSS 21.0 statistical software for Windows. To describe the sample, descriptive analyzes were used. In all tests, a statistical significance of 0.05 was considered. Of the 327 participants, they were divided into three groups: volunteers without children (Group 1), with children aged 0 to 6 years (Group 2), and with children aged 7 or over (Group 3). All volunteers were residents from South of Brazil. RESULTS: The groups with the greatest vulnerability in relation to their mental health are those of participants without children and parents with children aged 0 to 6 years, with higher scores for the depression, anxiety and stress, and post traumatic stress symptoms, compared to parents with children aged from 7 years or more. CONCLUSION: even though the data show that all groups are within the normal range for the scales applied, it is necessary to pay attention to the mental health of the population in greater psychological distress, either from strategies developed by health professionals (SUS) and/or or social assistance (SUAS), either by municipal/state projects in the search for the promotion of mental health.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Parents/psychology , Social Isolation/psychology , Mental Health , Pandemics , COVID-19/prevention & control , Anxiety/psychology , Parent-Child Relations , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Depression , Patient Health Questionnaire , Sociodemographic Factors , Manifest Anxiety Scale
Rev. SPAGESP ; 23(1): 103-116, jan.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356773


RESUMO O uso das mídias digitais por bebês é um fenômeno recente. Algumas evidências apontam para associações do uso de telas na primeira infância e desfechos adversos no desenvolvimento. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar o processo de construção, implementação e avaliação do estudo-piloto de uma intervenção educativa para pais, profissionais da saúde e educadores sobre uso de mídias digitais na primeira infância. A intervenção segue o modelo de educação continuada, consistiu em quatro encontros presenciais no formato expositivo seguido de discussão em grupo e foi avaliada em termos da aprendizagem dos participantes e satisfação com o curso. Participaram 16 pessoas, majoritariamente profissionais de saúde e educação. Os resultados indicaram melhora significativa nos conhecimentos do tema e satisfação com a intervenção, sendo discutidos de forma a subsidiar o desenvolvimento de novas intervenções sobre a temática.

ABSTRACT The use of digital media by babies is a recent phenomenon. Some evidence highlights associations between the use of screens in early childhood and adverse developmental outcomes. This study aims to report the development, implementation, and evaluation processes of an educational intervention for parents, health professionals, and educators on the use of digital media in early childhood. The intervention follows the model of continuing education, with four face-to-face meetings and presentations followed by group discussions. It was evaluated by participants' learning and satisfaction with the course. Sixteen people participated, mostly health and education professionals. The results indicate a significant improvement in participants’ knowledge and high satisfaction rates. Findings are discussed to support the development of new interventions on the subject.

RESUMEN El uso de medios digitales por parte de los bebés es un fenómeno reciente. Algunas evidencias apuntan asociaciones entre el uso de pantallas en la primera infancia y los resultados adversos del desarrollo. El objetivo del presente estudio es presentar el proceso de construcción, implementación y evaluación del estudio piloto de una intervención educativa para padres, profesionales de la salud y educadores sobre el uso de medios digitales en la primera infancia. La intervención sigue el modelo de educación continua y consistió en cuatro reuniones presenciales en formato expositivo, seguidas de discusión grupal y aún fue evaluada en términos del aprendizaje y satisfacción de los participantes con el curso. Participaron 16 personas, en su mayoría identificadas como profesionales de la salud y de la educación. Los resultados indicaron una mejora significativa en el conocimiento del tema y satisfacción con la intervención, siendo discutida con el fin de apoyar el desarrollo de nuevas intervenciones sobre el tema.

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Parents , Child Development , Growth and Development , Video-Audio Media , Learning