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1.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 269-275, jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407921

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad diverticular (ED) es una patología prevalente. Su incidencia ha aumentado, sin embargo, no se cuenta con publicaciones nacionales al respecto. Objetivo: Realizar un análisis de los egresos hospitalarios, edad de presentación, cirugías y letalidad por ED a nivel nacional entre el año 2003 y 2013. Materiales y Método: Se diseñó un estudio en base a datos publicados por la dirección y estadística e información de salud (DEIS) de Chile, entre los años 2003 y 2013. Se calcularon tasas de egreso hospitalarios por año, tasa de ED ajustada por sexo, tasas de intervención quirúrgica y letalidad. Resultados: El total de egresos hospitalarios presentó un alza desde 2.023 hasta 4.172 casos. La tasa de egresos por ED, en el total de la población, presentó un alza de 20 a 33 pacientes por cada 100.000 habitantes. La tasa de egresos hospitalarios presentó un alza de 173 hasta 327 pacientes por cada 100.000 egresos. La edad de presentación disminuyó de 62 a 58 años promedio. En cuanto a las cirugías, disminuyeron de 25% a 17%. La letalidad, es mayor sobre los 60 años y en el subgrupo que requiere cirugía. Discusión: Los resultados concuerdan con la literatura, se presenta un alza de hospitalizaciones, menor edad, menor requerimientos quirúrgicos y mayor letalidad en grupos etarios más avanzados. Conclusión: La enfermedad diverticular es una patología en aumento, desde el punto de vista hospitalario esto se hace evidente ante el crecimiento sostenido de egresos en el período estudiado.


Introduction: Diverticular disease (DD) is a prevalent pathology with multiple clinical manifestations. Its worldwide incidence has increased, however, there are no national publications in this regard. Aim: The objective of this study is to carry out an analysis of hospital discharges, age of presentation, surgeries and fatality due to DD from national data collected between 2003 and 2013. Materials and Method: A study was designed based on data from the management website and statistics and health information (DEIS) for Chile between 2003 and 2013. Hospital discharge rates per year, DD rate adjusted for sex, rates of surgical intervention and fatality were calculated. Results: The total of hospital discharges showed an increase from 2.023 to 4.172 cases. The discharge rate for DD in the total population increased from 20 to 33 patients per 100.000 inhabitants. The hospital discharge rate increased from 173 to 327 patients per 100.000 discharges. The age of presentation decreased from an average 62 to 58 years. Regarding surgeries, they decreased from 25% to 17%. Regarding mortality, it is higher over 60 years and in the surgical versus non-surgical subgroup. Discussion: These results are consistent with the literature; there is an increase in hospitalizations, lower age, lower surgical requirements and higher mortality in more advanced age groups. Conclusión: Diverticular disease is an increasing disease in the inpatient setting over the 10-year period studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Colon/surgery , Diverticular Diseases/physiopathology , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Mortality , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
2.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 81(4): 483-493, dic. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389814

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las enfermedades otorrinolaringológicas presentan una alta prevalencia en la población, lo que obliga continuamente a estudiar sus características epidemiológicas. Una forma de estimarlo a nivel país es a través de los egresos hospitalarios. Objetivo: Describir las principales causas de egresos hospitalarios por enfermedades otorrinolaringológicas a nivel nacional durante el año 2018. Material y Método: Estudio transversal donde se describen las distintas frecuencias de las principales causas de egresos hospitalarios por causa otorrinolaringológica en todo Chile durante el año 2018. Datos obtenidos del Departamento de Estadísticas e Información en Salud (DEIS). Resultados: Se incluyeron 64.715 egresos con una mediana de edad de 22 años. Las patologías con mayor cantidad de egresos fueron la enfermedad crónica de amígdalas y adenoides (28,4%), patología rinosinusal (23,3%), neoplasias de cabeza y cuello (15,2%) y oído (7,8%). Conclusión: La enfermedad crónica de amígdalas y adenoides persiste como la patología con más egresos. Emergen en importancia enfermedades neoplásicas y diagnósticos relacionados con mejora de calidad de vida. Existen errores de codificación de diagnósticos que requieren discusión dentro de la especialidad para mejorar la calidad del registro.


Abstract Introduction: Otolaryngological diseases have a high prevalence in the population, creating the need to continuously study their epidemiological characteristics. One way to estimate prevalence at the country level, is to check hospital discharges. Aim: To describe the main causes of hospital discharges due to otolaryngological diseases at the Chilean level during 2018. Material and Method: Cross-sectional study describing the different frequencies of the main causes of hospital discharge due to otolaryngological diseases throughout Chile during 2018. Data obtained from the Department of Health Statistics and Information (DEIS). Results: 64,715 discharges were included with a median age of 22 years. The pathologies with the highest number of discharges were chronic tonsil and adenoids Disease (28.4%), rhinosinusal (23.3%), head and neck neoplasms (15.2%) and ear (7.8%). Conclusion: Chronic tonsil and adenoids disease persists as the pathology with the most discharges. Neoplastic diseases and diagnoses related to improvement of quality of life emerge in importance. There are errors in the coding of diagnoses that require discussion within the specialty to improve the quality of the registry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/epidemiology , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Adenoids , Chi-Square Distribution , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369231

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia por Covid-19 ha generado cambios en la atención de salud nacional, observándose en este período cambios en las causas de egresos hospitalarios (EH). OBJETIVO: Analizar el impacto del brote de Covid-19 en las causas de EH por enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso Central (ESNC) en población pediátrica durante el primer año de pandemia. MÉTODO: Estudio transversal. Análisis de base de datos del Departamento de Estadística e Información en Salud en pacientes de 0 a 18 años, comparando años 2019 y 2020. RESULTADOS: En 2020 se redujeron EH por ESNC en un 39% comparado con 2019. Disminuyeron principalmente los EH por secuelas de enfermedades inflamatorias SNC, parálisis cerebral, migraña y paraplejia/cuadriplejia, aumentando los EH por isquemia cerebral transitoria, enfermedades desmielinizantes SNC y polineuropatía inflamatoria. El número EH por ESNC mensual se correlacionó con el número de casos Covid-19 (rho -0.774, p0.003) y con la movilidad mensual del país (rho 0.928, p 0.001). CONCLUSIONES: El impacto del brote Covid-19 se asoció con reducción de EH por ESNC, disminuyeron EH por patologías crónicas y aumentaron causas agudas.


INTRODUCTION: The Covid-19 pandemic has been associated with modifications in national health care, with changes in causes of hospital discharges (HD) in this period. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of the Covid-19 outbreak on causes of HD due to Central Nervous System Diseases (CNSD) in pediatric population during the first year of pandemic. METHOD: Cross-sectional study. Analysis of database of the Department of Statistics and Health Information in patients aged 0 to 18 years, comparing 2019 and 2020. RESULTS: In 2020, HD due to CNSD were reduced in 39% compared to 2019. HD causes that mainly decreased were inflammatory CNS disease sequelae, cerebral palsy, migraine and paraplegia/cuadriplegia. The HD that increased were transient cerebral ischemia, CNS demyelinating diseases and inflammatory polyneuropathy. The monthly HD due to CNSD number was correlated with the number of Covid-19 cases (rho -0.774, p0.003) and with the country's monthly mobility (rho 0.928, p 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Covid-19 pandemic was associated with a reduction in HD due to CNSD, with decrease of EH due to chronic pathologies and increase of acute diseases


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Central Nervous System Diseases , COVID-19 , Pediatrics , Chile/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics
4.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 37(1): 17-25, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388129

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: En Chile, el funcionamiento de las Centrales Termoeléctricas de Carbón (CTEC) representan un problema de salud pública debido a las consecuencias sanitarias que tienen en la población. Se han notificado daños en el sistema respiratorio. Materiales y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio ecológico, para evaluar los egresos hospitalarios de las personas que viven en las ciudades donde operan las CTEC (Tocopilla y Huasco), se comparó con una ciudad de control sin CTEC (Caldera), las comunas evaluadas tienen condiciones sociodemográficas similares. Se calcularon las tasas de morbilidad y tasas de morbilidad estandarizadas (SMR). RESULTADOS: La tasa de morbilidad por enfermedades respiratorias en Tocopilla (2016) fue de 152,5 por 10.000 habitantes (habs) y para Huasco es de 135,2 por 10.000 habs. En la ciudad control, Caldera, la tasa es de 40,9 por 10.000 habs. Además, los habitantes de Tocopilla tienen 2,42 más riesgo de padecer bronquitis o bronquiolitis, 90% más riesgo de presentar enfermedades crónicas de las vías respiratorias bajas y 2,14 veces más riesgo de enfermar por asma. En Huasco, la población tiene 2,49 veces más riesgo de padecer enfermedades de las vías respiratorias inferiores con respecto a la región y 3,19 veces más riesgo de presentar asma. CONCLUSIONES: El asma y la bronquitis, son las patologías que mostraron mayores riesgos en las ciudades de Tocopilla y Huasco. Nuestros hallazgos son similares a otras investigaciones realizadas en comunidades expuestas a centrales termoeléctricas de carbón. Es necesario tomar medidas urgentes para proteger la salud de la población.


INTRODUCTION: In Chile, coal-fired power plants (CTEC) operate represents public health problems due to the health consequences for the population. Damage to the respiratory system is reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ecological study to evaluate hospital discharges in people living in cities where CTEC operates (Tocopilla and Huasco) were compared to a control city without CTEC (Caldera), all of them with similar sociodemographic conditions. Morbidity rates and Standardized Morbidity Ratios (SMR) were calculated. RESULTS: The respiratory disease morbidity rate in Tocopilla (2016) was 152.5 per 10,000 inhabitants (habs) and for Huasco it is 135.2 per 10,000 inhabitants. In the control city, Caldera, the rate is 40.9 per 10,000 habs. In addition, the inhabitants of Tocopilla have a 2.42 times increased risk of bronchitis or bronchiolitis, 90% higher risk of chronic lower respiratory diseases and 2.14 times more risk of asthma sickness. In Huasco, the population is 2.49 times more at risk of lower respiratory diseases compared to the region and 3.19 times more at risk of asthma. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma and bronchitis are the pathologies that showed the greatest risks in the cities of Tocopilla and Huasco. Our findings are similar to other research conducted in communities exposed to coal-fired power plants. Urgent action is needed to protect the health of the population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Power Plants , Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Carbon , Environmental Pollutants/adverse effects , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Respiratory Tract Diseases/etiology , Chile/epidemiology , Risk , Age Distribution , Ecological Studies , Particulate Matter/adverse effects
5.
Dolor ; 31(73): 10-14, ene. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362741

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dolor crónico no oncológico (DCNO) es un tema de salud pública con alta prevalencia en Chile. Existe evidencia sobre la necesidad de abordaje multidisciplinario por profesionales capacitados. El año 2013 se crea el policlínico de DCNO por la especialidad de fisiatría, coordinando atención con anestesista para intervencionismo. El Objetivo de este trabajo es conocer las características clínicas de los usuarios en control en policlínico de DCNO. Material y Método: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, observacional. Desde la base de datos de usuarios atendidos entre inicios del 2013 y mayo 2018 de policlínico DCNO del Servicio de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación del HHHA; se recogen variables como: sexo, edad, etnia, previsión, ruralidad, diagnóstico ingreso, intensidad dolor (según NRS), tratamiento farmacológico, entre otras. Para manejo estadístico se utiliza planilla Excel, con pruebas paramétricas (promedio, mínimo, máximo), tablas y gráficos. Resultados: Los usuarios en control en el periodo fueron 125, con un 67,2% de mujeres y una mediana de edad de 55,5 años (mínimo 12, máximo 88). El 58,4% tenía como previsión Fonasa B, 83.2% presenta domicilio urbano, 16% etnia mapuche. El mayor número de ingresos ocurrió el año 2017. Las derivaciones provienen de especialidades médicas (25,6%), quirúrgicas (29,6%), fisiatría (24,8%). Según tipo de dolor, el 49,6% es nociceptivo, 32% neuropático y 18,4% mixto. Al ingreso, la intensidad fue 90% severa y 10% moderada (según NRS). Los principales diagnósticos de ingreso fueron 44,8% patología de columna, 27,2% patología neurológica, 12,8% fibromialgia y 15,2% otras. Al ingreso mayoría de los usuarios usaba paracetamol, tramadol gotas o comprimidos; actualmente 23% recibe metadona, 8% parches buprenorfina, 20% paracetamol, 27,2% tramadol en gotas/comprimidos y 23,2% pregabalina/ gabapentina. En el 51,2% se requirió cambio de terapia; en el 79,7% por analgesia insuficiente y 20,3% por reacción adversa a medicamentos. Se realizó derivación a intervencionismo en 21 usuarios. 15 usuarios fueron dados de alta de policlínico DCNO (12%). Conclusiones: Estos datos servirán para futuras investigaciones y medir impacto de nuestras intervenciones. Se presenta como desafío aumentar recursos de la unidad, demostrar beneficio de atención interdisciplinaria y bajar costos para la institución.


Introduction: Non-oncological chronic pain (NOCP) is a public health issue with high prevalence in Chile. There is evidence of the need for a multidisciplinary approach by trained professionals. In 2013, the NOCP polyclinic was created for the specialty of physiatry, coordinating care with anesthesiologist for interventionism. The objective of this work is to know the clinical characteristics of users in control in NOCP polyclinic. Material and Methods: Retrospective, descriptive, observational study. From the database of users attended between the beginning of 2013 and May 2018, from the NOCP polyclinic of the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Service of the HHHA; variables such as: sex, age, ethnicity, foresight, rurality, income diagnosis, pain intensity (according to NRS), and pharmacological treatment, among others are collected. For statistical management Excel spreadsheet isused, with parametric tests (average, minimum, maximum), tables and graphs. Results: The users in control in the period were 125, with 67.2% of women, a median age of 55.5 years (minimum 12, maximum 88). 58.4% had Fonasa B as a forecast, 83.2% have an urban address, 16% Mapuche ethnicity. The highest number of admissions occurred in 2017. The referrals come from medical specialties (25.6%), surgical specialties (29.6%), and physiatry (24.8%). According to type of pain, 49.6% is nociceptive, 32% neuropathic and 18.4% mixed. At admission, the intensity was 90% severe and 10% moderate (according to NRS). The main diagnoses of admission were 44.8% spinal pathology, 27.2% neurological pathology, 12.8% fibromyalgia and 15.2% others. On admission, most users used paracetamol, tramadol drops or tablets; currently 23% receive methadone, 8% patches buprenorphine, 20% paracetamol, 27.2% tramadol in drops / tablets and 23.2% pregabalin / gabapentin. In 51.2%, therapy change was required; in 79.7% due to insufficient analgesia and 20.3% due to adverse drug reaction. A derivation to interventionism was carried out in 21 users. 15 users were discharged from polyclinic DCNO (12%). Conclusions: These data will serve for future research and measure the impact of our interventions. It is a challenge to increase the resources of the unit, demonstrate the benefit of interdisciplinary attention and lower costs for the institution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Chronic Pain/epidemiology , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Public Health , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Age and Sex Distribution , Chronic Pain/drug therapy , Health Services Research
6.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e58386, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356130

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: a hanseníase é uma doença infectocontagiosa que prevalece como problema de saúde pública no Brasil. Objetivo: descrever o perfil sociodemográfico, de tratamento e clínico de pacientes que concluíram o tratamento poliquimioterápico para a hanseníase. Método: estudo transversal, desenvolvido de novembro de 2017 a fevereiro de 2018 no município de Natal. A população-alvo foi constituída por 113 indivíduos cadastrados no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação e a amostra por 90, que foram notificados para a hanseníase e concluíram o tratamento poliquimioterápico, selecionados por sorteio. Os dados foram coletados por formulário, tabulados e analisados pelo SPSS 21. Quanto ao teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, não se observou uma distribuição de normalidade dos achados, optando-se por trabalhar com testes não paramétricos: qui-quadrado de Pearson (ou exato de Fisher) e o teste de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: predominaram indivíduos do sexo feminino, até 59 anos, com baixa renda, baixo grau de escolaridade, tratados nos centros de referência e classificados como paucibacilares. Conclusão: as condições de vulnerabilidade associada à predominância de casos tratados nos centros de referência reforçam a necessidade de organização da atenção básica para acompanhamento dos casos de hanseníase.


RESUMEN Introducción: la lepra es una enfermedad infectocontagiosa que prevalece como problema de salud pública en Brasil. Objetivo: describir el perfil sociodemográfico, de tratamiento y clínico de pacientes que concluyeron el tratamiento poliquimioterapéutico para la lepra. Método: estudio transversal, desarrollado de noviembre de 2017 a febrero de 2018 en el municipio de Natal. La población objetivo fue constituida por 113 individuos registrados en el Sistema de Información de Agravios de Notificación y la muestra por 90, que fueron notificados para la lepra y concluyeron el tratamiento poliquimioterapéutico, seleccionados por sorteo. Los datos fueron recogidos por formulario, tabulados y analizados por el SPSS 21. En cuanto a la prueba de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, no se observó una distribución de normalidad de los hallazgos, optándose por trabajar con pruebas no paramétricas: chi-cuadrado de Pearson (o exacta de Fisher) y la prueba de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: predominaron individuos del sexo femenino, hasta 59 años, con bajos ingresos, bajo grado de escolaridad, tratados en los centros de referencia y clasificados como paucibacilares. Conclusión: las condiciones de vulnerabilidad asociadas al predominio de casos tratados en los centros de referencia refuerzan la necesidad de organizar la atención básica para el seguimiento de los casos de lepra.


ABSTRACT Introduction: leprosy is an infectious and contagious disease that persists as a public health problem in Brazil. Objective: to describe the sociodemographic, treatment and clinical profile of patients who completed polychemotherapy treatment for leprosy. Method: cross-sectional study developed from November 2017 to February 2018 in the city of Natal. The target population consisted of 113 individuals registered in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases, and the sample consisted of 90, who were reported for leprosy and completed the multidrug therapy, selected by drawing lots. Data were collected using a form, tabulated and analyzed using SPSS 21. In the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, non-normal distribution of the findings was found, and thus non-parametric tests were used, namely, Pearson's chi-square (or exact Fisher test) and the Mann-Whitney test. Results: there was a predominance of female individuals, up to 59 years old, with low income, low level of education, treated in reference centers and cases classified as paucibacillary. Conclusion: the conditions of vulnerability associated with the predominance of cases treated in reference centers reinforce the need to organize primary care in order to monitor leprosy cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Drug Therapy, Combination , Leprosy/nursing , Primary Health Care , Health Profile , Leprosy, Tuberculoid/nursing , Chronic Disease/drug therapy , Communicable Diseases/classification , Diagnosis , Health Services Needs and Demand , Mycobacterium leprae
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e181060, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350238

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to describe the frequency of potential drug prescribing omissions (PPOs) for elderly patients at the time of hospital discharge and to compare the frequency PPOs among different medical specialities. This cross-sectional study examined data from elderly patients when they were admitted for >24 h to a northeastern Brazil teaching hospital during June-December 2016. Were included in the study 227 patients, of whom 36.9% had at least one PPO. The highest number of PPOs was identified among those with at least 5 prescribed drugs. In total, 153 PPOs were identified at hospital discharge. In most cases (78.4%), patients were not evaluated by the specialist physician.The most commonly identified PPOs on discharge were: the omission of statin therapy in cases of diabetes mellitus plus one or more cardiovascular-associated factor; calcium and vitamin D supplements in patients with known osteoporosis; and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in cases of chronic heart failure. The results of this study suggest that the frequency of prescribing omissions PPOs during patient discharge was high. This can be avoided by the careful evaluation by prescribers with experience in certain specialties where several prescribed omissions would be common.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patient Discharge/standards , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Physicians , Drug Prescriptions/standards , Prescription Drug Misuse/statistics & numerical data , Potentially Inappropriate Medication List/classification , Health Services for the Aged/supply & distribution , Health Services for the Aged/ethics , Hospitals , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Patient Safety/standards , Geriatrics/classification
8.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S9-S15, set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138643

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La infección por el coronavirus SARS-CoV2 (COVID 19), causal de la pandemia actual, ha significado a nivel mundial la hospitalización simultánea de múltiples pacientes poniendo a prueba la infraestructura hospitalaria y la capacidad de reacción del personal de salud. Una de las estrategias para el manejo es la reconversión de camas y servicios clínicos. OBJETIVOS: presentar experiencia de un equipo ginecológico en el manejo integral de pacientes no gineco-obstétricas con COVID 19, durante el mes de junio de 2020 en un hospital público de la Región Metropolitana. MÉTODOS: Estudio de corte transversal observacional, descriptivo. Se consideró el total de pacientes adultos hombres y mujeres sin patología gineco-obstétrica con COVID 19 ingresados al puerperio del Hospital Santiago Oriente, obteniéndose datos clínicos y demográficos a través del registro interno de la unidad y del sistema de información de red asistencial. RESULTADOS: Ingresaron 82 pacientes, 32 mujeres y 50 hombres, promedio de edad 64. El promedio de días de hospitalización fue 5, con diagnóstico de ingreso principal neumonía viral por COVID-19. Las comorbilidades frecuentes fueron hipertensión arterial sistémica y diabetes mellitus. La complicación más frecuente fue el tromboembolismo pulmonar agudo. Hubo una alta cobertura de entrega de información vía telefónica a familiares. De los 82 ingresos, 54 pacientes egresaron a su domicilio. El resto a otras unidades dentro de la institución, centros de menor complejidad o residencias sanitarias. Una paciente sexo femenino de 75 años fallece a causa de descompensación de patologias de base secundario a neumonia por Staphylococus aereus. En ella, se descarta la infección por COVID 19 dado tres exámenes por reacción de polimerasa en cadena negativos realizado antes y durante su hospitalización. CONCLUSIONES: Esta experiencia constituyó un desafío para todo el equipo de salud gineco-obstétrico, considerando que nos enfrentamos a otro tipo de pacientes y a una patología nueva. Los resultados médicos son promisorios, la experiencia humana y sentido de trabajo en equipo fue extraordinario.


INTRODUCTION: The infection by the SARS-CoV2 coronavirus (COVID 19), the cause of the current pandemic we are experiencing, has meant the simultaneous hospitalization of many patients worldwide, putting the hospital infrastructure and the reaction capacity of health personnel to the test. One of the management strategies is the reconversion of clinical services. OBJECTIVES: present the experience of a gynecological team in the comprehensive management of non-gyneco-obstetric patients with COVID 19, during the month of June 2020 in a public hospital in the Metropolitan Region. METHODS: descriptive, observational cross-sectional study. The total number of patients admitted to the ex-puerperium of the Santiago Oriente Hospital was considered, obtaining clinical and demographic data through the unit's internal registry and the healthcare network information system. RESULTS: 82 patients were admitted, 32 women and 50 men, average age 64. The average number of days of hospitalization was 5, with the main admission diagnosis being viral pneumonia due to COVID-19. Frequent comorbidities were systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The most frequent complication was acute pulmonary thromboembolism. There was a high coverage of the delivery of information via telephone to relatives. Of the 82 admissions, 54 patients were discharged home and the rest to other units within the institution, less complex centers or health residences. One 75 years old female patient dies from concomitant pathologies, and she wasn't positive for COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: This experience was a challenge for the entire gynecological-obstetric health team, considering that we are facing other types of patients and a new pathology. The medical results are promising, the human experience and sense of teamwork was extraordinary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Bed Conversion , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Comorbidity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Length of Stay
9.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(7): 915-920, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139392

ABSTRACT

Background: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SSJ) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (NET) are infrequent and life-threatening mucocutaneous diseases, which occur predominantly as adverse drug reactions. Aim: To describe the frequency of SSJ and NET diagnoses at a national level, estimate their incidence and describe their distribution among the different regions of the country. Material and Methods: Analysis of hospital discharge databases available at the website of the Chilean Ministry of Health searching for the tenth version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD 10) codes for SSJ or NET, between 2001 and 2015. Results: We analyzed 24,521,796 hospital discharges nationwide. SSJ caused 855 discharges, with a lethality of 2%. NET caused 128 discharges with a lethality of 16%. The global cumulative incidence was 3.87 cases per million inhabitants per year nationwide, with a trend line to increase incidence towards the regions of higher latitude. Conclusions: SSJ and NET are dermatological emergencies with high mortality. The increase in incidence towards regions at higher latitudes may suggest an association between these conditions and lower levels of vitamin D, correlated with latitude and exposure to UV radiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Databases, Factual , Hospital Information Systems
10.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(2): 132-138, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115508

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La gestión actual de camas hospitalarias sigue un modelo de indiferenciación en el que existen camas quirúrgicas, médicas y de pacientes críticos. Las maternidades si bien no siguen este modelo, tienen egresos indiferenciados con pacientes que pueden egresar post parto o aún embarazadas (con patologías perinatales). OBJETIVO: Evaluar diferencias entre egresos con parto normal y aquellos con patologías de alto riesgo obstétrico (ARO) respecto a estancia media (EM) y el consumo de recursos cuantificado con el peso medio de los grupos relacionados con el diagnóstico (PMGRD). MÉTODO: Estudio transversal con egresos maternales periodo 2017-2018. Se usó Categoría Diagnóstica Mayor (CIE - 10) para definir dos grupos de egreso: 1. Con parto normal a término o 2. Con patología ARO. Se compararon 1.658 y 1.669 egresos del grupo 1 y 2 respectivamente. Las variables de resultado son EM y PMGRD. Se compararon variables cuantitativas con t de student y Kruskal Wallis. Se usó Odds Ratio con respectivo intervalo de confianza para evaluar asociación entre variables y regresión logística multivariada para ajustar asociación. RESULTADOS: La edad, proporción de gestantes tardías, EM y PMGRD fue mayor en los egresos ARO (p<0,05). Existe fuerte asociación de EM prolongada (>4 días) y PMGRD elevado (>0.3109) con los egresos ARO (ORa=3.75; IC95%=3.21-4.39 y ORa=1.28; IC95%=1.1-1.49 respectivamente). CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario diferenciar los egresos del servicio de maternidad porque los egresos de ARO muestran mayor complejidad. La evaluación del riesgo usando EM y PMGRD permite analizar con especificidad los egresos maternales para una mejor gestión de camas y del recurso humano.


INTRODUCTION: The current management of hospital beds in Chile follows an undifferentiation model in which there are surgical, medical and critical patient bed. Maternity hospitals although they do not follow this model, have undifferentiated discharges with patients who may leave poatpartum or still pregnant (with perinatal pathologies) OBJECTIVE: To assess differences between discharges with normal delivery and those with high obstetric risk pathologies (HOR) with respect to mean stay (MS) and the resource spending quantified with the average weight of the diagnosis related group (AWDRG). METHOD: Cross-sectional study with maternal discharges between 2017-2018 period. Major Diagnostic Category (ICD - 10) was used to define two discharge groups: 1. With normal term birth or 2. With HOR pathology. 1,658 and 1,669 egress from group 1 and 2 were compared respectively. The outcome variables are EM and AWDRG. Quantitative variables were compared with student t and Kruskal Wallis. Odds Ratio and respective confidence interval were used to evaluate association between variables and multivariate logistic regression to adjust association. RESULTS: Age, proportion of late pregnant women, MS and AWDRG was higher in HOR discharges (p <0.05). There is a strong association of prolonged MS (> 4 days) and elevated AWDRG (> 0.3109) with HOR discharges (ORa = 3.75; 95% CI 3.21-4.39 and ORa = 1.28; 95% CI 1.1-1.49 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to differentiate medical discharge of the maternity service because the HOR egress show greater complexity. The risk assessment using MS and AWDRG allows to analyze with specificity the maternal discharge for a better management of beds and human resources.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Delivery Rooms/economics , Patient Discharge/economics , Bed Occupancy , Confidence Intervals , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Maternal Age , Length of Stay , Natural Childbirth
11.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(4): e2020413, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124770

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar os fatores associados ao óbito em indivíduos internados por COVID-19 em hospitais do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com dados secundários. Modelos de regressão logística foram empregados para estimar razões de chance (odds ratio: OR) brutas e ajustadas. Resultados: Até 14 de maio de 2020, 200 indivíduos receberam alta e 220 foram a óbito. Do total de pessoas estudadas, 57,1% eram do sexo masculino, 46,4% maiores de 60 anos de idade, 57,9% foram notificados por instituição privada e 61,7% apresentaram mais de 1 comorbidade. Na análise ajustada, a mortalidade hospitalar foi maior entre aqueles nas faixas etárias de 51 a 60 (OR=4,33 - IC95% 1,50;12,46) e mais de 60 anos (OR=11,84 - IC95% 4,31;32,54), notificados por instituição pública (OR=8,23 - IC95% 4,84;13,99) e com maior número de comorbidades (duas [OR=2,74 - IC95% 1,40;5,34] e três [OR=2,90 - IC95% 1,07;7,81]). Conclusão: Observa-se maior mortalidade em idosos, com comorbidades e usuários de hospitais públicos.


Objetivo: Analizar los factores asociados con la mortalidad por COVID-19 en individuos ingresados en hospitales de Espírito Santo, Brasil. Métodos: Estudio transversal. Los modelos de regresión logística estimaron una asociación de la mortalidad con características sociodemográficas, clínicas y de hospitalización. Resultados: Hasta el 14 de mayo de 2020, 200 individuos fueron dados de alta y 220 murieron. Del número total de personas estudiadas, 57,1% eran hombres, 46,4% >60 años, 57,9% notificados por una institución privada y 61,7% tenía más de 1 comorbilidad. Con respecto a la mortalidad, fue mayor en los grupos de edad de 51 a 60 años (odds ratio, OR=4,33 - IC95% 1,50;12,46) y los mayores de 60 años (OR=11,84 - IC95% 4,31;32,54), notificados por institución pública (OR=8,23 - IC95% 4,84;13,99) y con más número de comorbilidades (dos [OR=2,74 - IC95% 1,40;5,34] y tres [OR=2,90 - IC95%: 1,07;7,81]). Conclusión: El análisis apunta a mayor mortalidad en adultos mayores, con comorbilidades y usuarios de hospitales públicos.


Objective: To analyze factors associated with the deaths of individuals hospitalized with COVID-19 in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using secondary data. Logistic regression models were used to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR). Results: As at May 14, 2020, 200 individuals had been discharged and 220 had died. Of the total number of people studied, 57.1% were male, 46.4% were >60 years old, 57.9% were cases notified by a private institution, and 61.7% had >1 comorbidity. In the adjusted analysis, hospital mortality was higher for the 51-60 age group (OR=4.33 - 95%CI 1.50;12.46), the over 60 age group (OR=11.84 - 95%CI 4.31;32.54), cases notified by public institutions (OR=8.23 - 95%CI 4.84;13.99) and cases with a greater number of comorbidities (two [OR=2.74 - 95%CI 1.40;5.34] and three [OR=2.90 - 95%CI 1.07;7.81]). Conclusion: Higher mortality was found in older individuals, those with comorbidities and users of public hospitals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Mortality , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Health Status Disparities , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cause of Death , Pandemics
12.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(5): e20180896, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1115357

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the effect of implementation of hospital discharge planning based on the taxonomies of NANDA-International, nursing interventions classification (NIC) and nursing outcomes classification (NOC) for patients with heart failure (HF) or diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: quasi-experimental quantitative study conducted in a public university hospital located in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Convenience sampling included 28 adult patients hospitalized for HF or DM with the nursing diagnosis Ineffective Health Management (00078), who received the following nursing interventions: Teaching: Disease Process, Teaching: Prescribed Medication and Teaching: Prescribed Diet. Before and after the intervention, the following nursing outcomes were evaluated : Knowledge: Diabetes Management and Knowledge: Heart Failure Management. Results: the score of the nursing outcome Knowledge: Heart Failure Management went from 2.05±0.28 to 2.54±0.30 (P=0.002), and of the nursing outcome Knowledge: Diabetes Management went from 2.61±0.55 to 3.21±0.57 (P=0.000). Conclusion: discharge planning based on the NIC improves the NOC score and may interfere in the health outcomes.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la implementación de un plan de alta hospitalaria basado en la taxonomía de NANDA-Internacional, clasificación de intervenciones de enfermería (NIC) y clasificación de resultados de enfermería (NOC), para pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) o diabetes mellitus (DM). Métodos: estudio cuantitativo cuasi experimental realizado en un hospital universitario público ubicado en el estado de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. El muestreo de conveniencia incluyó a 28 pacientes adultos hospitalizados por IC o DM con el diagnóstico de enfermería Gestión de Salud Inefectiva (00078), que recibieron las siguientes intervenciones de enfermería: Enseñanza: Proceso de la enfermedad, Enseñanza: Medicación prescrita y Enseñanza: Dieta prescrita. Antes y después de la intervención, se evaluaron los siguientes resultados de enfermería: Conocimiento: Control de la diabetes y Conocimiento: Control de la insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva. Resultados: la puntuación del resultado de enfermería Conocimiento: Control de la insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva pasó de 2.05±0.28 a 2.54±0.30 (P=0.002), y del resultado de enfermería Conocimiento: Control de la diabetes pasó de 2.61±0.55 a 3.21±0.57 (P=0,000). Conclusión: la planificación de alta basada en la NIC mejora la puntuación de NOC y puede interferir en los resultados de salud.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o efeito de um planejamento de alta baseado nas taxonomias NANDA-I, Classificação das intervenções de enfermagem (NIC) e Classificação dos resultados de enfermagem (NOC), implementado para pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) ou diabetes mellitus (DM). Método: Estudo quantitativo quase-experimental realizado em hospital público e universitário do Sul do Brasil. Amostragem por conveniência com 28 pacientes internados por IC ou DM com Diagnóstico de enfermagem Controle ineficaz da saúde, que receberam as intervenções Ensino: processo de doença, Ensino: medicação prescrita e Ensino: dieta prescrita. Antes e após, foram avaliados os Resultados Conhecimento: controle do diabetes e Conhecimento: controle da insuficiência cardíaca congestiva. Resultados: O NOC Conhecimento: controle da insuficiência cardíaca congestiva passou de 2,05±0,28 a 2,54±0,30 (P=0,002) e o Resultado Conhecimento: controle do diabetes passou de 2,61±0,55 a 3,21±0,57 (P=0,000). Conclusão: O planejamento de alta utilizando as intervenções NIC melhora a pontuação dos resultados NOC e pode interferir nos desfechos de saúde.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Discharge/standards , Classification/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/nursing , Heart Failure/nursing , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Standardized Nursing Terminology
13.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(3): e1544, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152624

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: In Brazil, the goal-based approach was named Project ACERTO and has obtained good results when applied in elective surgeries with shorter hospitalization time, earlier return to activities without increased morbidity and mortality. Aim: To analyze the impact of ACERTO on emergency surgery care. Methods: An intervention study was performed at a trauma hospital. Were compared 452 patients undergoing emergency surgery and followed up by the general surgery service from October to December 2018 (pre-ACERTO, n=243) and from March to June 2019 (post-ACERTO, n=209). Dietary reintroduction, volume of infused postoperative venous hydration, duration of use of catheters, probes and drains, postoperative analgesia, prevention of postoperative vomiting, early mobilization and physiotherapy were evaluated. Results: After the ACERTO implantation there was earlier reintroduction of the diet, the earlier optimal caloric intake, earlier venous hydration withdrawal, higher postoperative analgesia prescription, postoperative vomiting prophylaxis and higher physiotherapy and mobilization prescription were achieved early in all (p<0.01); in the multivariate analysis there was no change in the complication rates observed before and after ACERTO (10.7% vs. 7.7% (p=0.268) and there was a decrease in the length of hospitalization after ACERTO (8,5 vs. 6,1 dias (p=0.008). Conclusion: The implementation of the ACERTO project decreased the length of hospital stay, improved medical care provided without increasing the rates of complications evaluated.


RESUMO Racional: No Brasil, a abordagem baseada em metas foi nomeada de Projeto ACERTO e tem obtido bons resultados quando aplicada em operações eletivas com diminuição do tempo de internação, retorno mais precoce as atividades sem incremento de morbimortalidade. Objetivo: Analisar o impacto do ACERTO na assistência prestada em operações de emergência. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo de intervenção em hospital de trauma. Foram comparados 452 pacientes submetidos à operações de emergência e acompanhados pelo serviço de cirurgia geral no período de outubro a dezembro de 2018 (fase pré-ACERTO, n=243) e no período de março a junho de 2019 (fase pós-ACERTO, n=209). Foram avaliados: reintrodução da dieta, volume de hidratação venosa pós-operatória infundido, tempo de uso de catéteres, sondas e drenos, analgesia pós-operatória, prevenção de vômitos pós-operatórios, mobilização precoce e fisioterapia. Resultados: Após a implantação do ACERTO houve reintrodução mais precoce da dieta, foi atingido o aporte calórico ideal mais precocemente, retirada mais precoce da hidratação venosa, maior prescrição de analgesia pós-operatória, de profilaxia de vômitos pós-operatórios e maior prescrição de fisioterapia e mobilização precoce em todos (p<0,01); na análise multivariada não houve alteração nas taxas de complicações observadas pré e pós-ACERTO (10,7% vs. 7,7% (p=0,268) e houve diminuição do tempo de internação pós-ACERTO (8,5 vs. 6,1 dias (p=0.008). Conclusão: A implantação do projeto ACERTO diminuiu o tempo de internação hospitalar, melhorou a assistência médica prestada sem incremento das taxas de complicações avaliadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Surgical Procedures, Operative/standards , Elective Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Time Factors , Brazil , Clinical Protocols , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Hospitals, Public
14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4877, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039727

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the frequency of use of potentially inappropriate medication prescribed to elderly at hospital discharge from a public hospital, considering the Brazilian Consensus on Potentially Inappropriate Medication for Elderly, and to identify the associated factors. Methods Patients aged ≥60 years, admitted in clinical and geriatric units of a public hospital were invited to participate in the study. The information about the use of medicines was collected from the patient's electronic record and through telephone contact. The Brazilian Consensus on Potentially Inappropriate Medication for Elderly was used to classify the medication, regardless of the clinical condition. Results A total of 255 elders were included in this study. The frequency of use of potentially inappropriate medication by elderly was 58.4%. The potentially inappropriate medication use in elderly was positively associated with the presence of depression (odds ratio of 2.208) and polypharmacy (odds ratio of 2.495). The hospitalization in a geriatric unit showed an inverse association with the potentially inappropriate medication use in elderly (odds ratio of 0.513). Conclusion The frequency of potentially inappropriate medication prescription to elderly upon hospital discharge was high. The presence of depression and polypharmacy were directly associated with use of potentially inappropriate medication in the elderly. Admission to the geriatric clinic has become a protection factor for the use of potentially inappropriate medication in elderly. Strategies to improve the elderly pharmacotherapy should implemented aiming at healthcare quality and safety in the transition of care.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a frequência de uso de medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos na prescrição de alta hospitalar de idosos de um hospital público, considerando o Consenso Brasileiro de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropriados para Idosos, e identificar os fatores associados. Métodos Pacientes com idade ≥60 anos, internados nas unidades de clínica médica e geriátrica de um hospital público, foram convidados para participar do estudo. As informações sobre o uso de medicamentos foram coletadas do prontuário eletrônico do paciente e confirmadas por contato telefônico. O Consenso Brasileiro de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropriados para Idosos independente da condição clínica foi utilizado para a classificação dos medicamentos. Resultados Foram incluídos no estudo 255 idosos. A frequência de uso de medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos foi de 58,4%. O uso de medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos foi associado positivamente à presença de depressão (razão de chance de 2,208) e polifarmácia (razão de chance de 2,495). A internação em unidade de geriatria apresentou associação inversa com uso de medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos (razão de chance de 0,513). Conclusão A frequência de prescrição de medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos na alta hospitalar foi alta. Depressão e polifarmácia estiveram diretamente associadas ao uso de medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos. Ficar internado na clínica geriátrica mostrou-se fator protetor para uso de medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos. Estratégias para melhorar a farmacoterapia do idoso devem ser implementadas, visando à qualidade assistencial e à segurança na transição do cuidado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Inappropriate Prescribing/statistics & numerical data , Potentially Inappropriate Medication List , Health Services for the Aged/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Polypharmacy , Middle Aged
15.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4871, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039740

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze, from the pharmacotherapy perspective, the factors associated to visits of older adults to the emergency department within 30 days after discharge. Methods A cross-sectional study carried out in a general public hospital with older adults. Emergency department visit was defined as the stay of the older adult in this service for up to 24 hours. The complexity of drug therapy was determined using the Medication Regimen Complexity Index. Potentially inappropriate drugs for use in older adults were classified according to the American Geriatric Society/Beers criteria of 2015. The outcome investigated was the frequency of visits to the emergency department within 30 days of discharge. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify the factors associated with the emergency department visit. Results A total of 255 elderly in the study, and 67 (26.3%) visited emergency department within 30 days of discharge. Polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications for older adults did not present a statistically significant association. The diagnosis of heart failure and Medication Regimen Complexity Index >16.5 were positively associated with emergency department visits (OR=2.3; 95%CI: 1.04-4.94; p=0.048; and OR=2.1; 95%CI: 1.11-4.02; p=0.011), respectively. Furthermore, the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease were protection factors for the outcome (OR=0.4; 95%CI: 0.20-0.73; p=0.004; and OR=0.3; 95%CI: 0.13-0.86; p=0.023). Conclusion The diagnosis of heart failure and Medication Regimen Complexity Index >16.5 were positively associated with the occurrence of an emergency department visit within 30 days of discharge.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar, da perspectiva da farmacoterapia, os fatores associados à visita de idosos a departamentos de emergência em até 30 dias após a alta da internação índice. Métodos Foi realizado estudo transversal em hospital público geral, com idosos. Visita a departamento de emergência foi definido como a permanência do idoso nesse serviço por até 24 horas. A complexidade da farmacoterapia foi determinada usando o Medication Regimen Complexity Index. Os medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos foram classificados segundo os critérios American Geriatric Society/Beers , de 2015. O desfecho investigado foi a frequência de visita a departamento de emergência em 30 dias após a alta hospitalar. Regressão logística multivariada foi realizada para identificar os fatores associados à visita a departamento de emergência. Resultados No estudo, foram incluídos 255 idosos; 67 (26,3%) visitaram departamento emergência em 30 dias após a alta hospitalar. Polifarmácia e medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados para idosos não apresentaram associação estatística significante. O diagnóstico de insuficiência cardíaca e o índice da complexidade da farmacoterapia >16,5 apresentaram associação positiva com visita a departamento de emergência (RC=2,3; IC95%: 1,04-4,94; p=0,048; e RC=2,1; IC95%: 1,11-4,02; p=0,011), respectivamente. Ainda, o diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus e a doença renal crônica foram fatores de proteção para o desfecho (RC=0,4; IC95%: 0,20-0,73; p=0,004; e RC=0,3; IC95%: 0,13-0,86; p=0,023). Conclusão O diagnóstico de insuficiência cardíaca e o índice da complexidade da farmacoterapia >16,5 apresentaram associação positiva com ocorrência de visita a departamento de emergência dentro de 30 dias após a alta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Drug Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Polypharmacy , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Middle Aged
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290716

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La UTI de Temuco es el único centro que recibe pacientes críticos en toda la Novena Región, que tiene un alto número de población mapuche y el mayor índice de pobreza de Chile. Desde 2017 Temuco cuenta con una nueva Unidad de Pacientes Críticos. Queríamos mostrar nuestra realidad de enero a diciembre de 2018. MÉTODO: Se revisaron y analizaron los egresos del período de un año descrito: edad, sexo, etnicidad, procedencia, diagnóstico de ingreso, Apache II, comorbilidad, días de hospitalización, ventilación mecánica y mortalidad. RESULTADOS: de 683 altas en el período de estudio, se obtuvieron 500 (73,3%) expedientes clínicos con datos suficientes para revisión: 54,2% hombres. Edad media 57,8 (15-92), 14,4% etnia mapuche. El 49,4% de los pacientes procedía de cirugía, el 26,4% de Urgencias y el 13,8% de UTI. Los diagnósticos de ingreso fueron, 36% neurológico, 20% digestivo, 18% respiratorio. El Apache II de admisiones fue de 16,27 (0-52). Los días de hospitalización fueron 9,7. El 92% de los ingresos fueron pacientes que requirieron ventilación mecánica. CONCLUSIONES: Somos una unidad de alta complejidad, en parte, por la complejidad de las cirugías que aquí se realizan, lo que requiere estancia en UCI posquirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Ethnicity , Chile , APACHE
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(12): 1518-1526, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094185

ABSTRACT

Background The Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG) constitute a method of classifying hospital discharges. Aim To report its development and implementation in a Chilean University Hospital and global results of 10 years Material and Methods We included 231,600 discharges from 2007 to 2016. In the development we considered the physical plant, clinical record flow, progressively incorporated human resources and computer equipment for coding and analysis to obtain results. The parameters used were: average stay, average DRG weight, mean of diagnosis and codified procedures, behavior of upper outliers, hospital mortality, distribution by severity and its relationship with other variables. Results The global complexity index was 0.9929. The average of diagnoses coded was 4.35 and of procedures was 7.21. The average stay was 4.56 days, with a downward trend. The top outliers corresponded to 2.25%, with stable hospital days and average DRG weight. The median of hospital mortality was 1.65% with a tendency to decrease and stable DRG mean weight. Seventy two percent had a grade 1 severity, with low median hospital stay. They occupied 40% of bed days. Nine percent had a grade 3 severity with high median hospital stay and accounting for 31.5% of bed days. Conclusions DRG methodology is a valuable information tool for decision making and result assessment in hospital management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Mortality , Diagnosis-Related Groups/classification , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Severity of Illness Index , Chile , Diagnosis-Related Groups/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, University
18.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(5): 591-598, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058085

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En Chile, la hidatidosis, endémica a lo largo de todo el país e hiperendémica en algunas regiones, sigue siendo un problema de salud pública desatendido y poco abordado por el Estado. En la Región del Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, los casos reportados y los egresos hospitalarios aún muestran valores elevados, siendo esta zona representativa de riesgo medio. Objetivo: Estimar el riesgo de hidatidosis humana en esta región, estudiando la relación de las notificaciones y egresos con factores sociales y ambientales, tales como población, índice de pobreza, índice de escolaridad, alfabetización, temperatura media, precipitación media y masa ganadera ovina. Metodología: Se utilizaron regresiones de Poisson para estudiar los factores asociados a enfermedades de notificación obligatoria y egresos y el modelo Besag-York-Mollie para el riesgo relativo. Resultados: Los factores más relacionados con el riesgo absoluto fueron el índice de escolaridad como factor protector y las temperaturas medias como factor potenciador. La población ovina fue también un factor relevante especialmente al analizar la distribución del riesgo relativo. Las zonas de mayor riesgo en la región fueron La Estrella, Marchigüe, Litueche, Santa Cruz y Lolol según egresos, agregando a Pumanque y Peralillo según notificaciones. Éstas revelan una distribución de las zonas de riesgo de hidatidosis hacia la cordillera de la costa en esta región. Conclusiones: En esta región los principales predictores de riesgo de hidatidosis son el índice de escolaridad, la temperatura y la población ovina.


Background: In Chile, hydatidosis is endemic throughout the country and hyperendemic in some regions. It continues to be a public health problem that has been neglected and little addressed at the national level. In the Region of Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, reported cases and hospital discharges still show high values, this area being representative of medium risk. Aim: To estimate the risk of human hydatidosis in this region, studying the relationship of notifications and hospital discharge rates with social and environmental factors such as population, poverty index, schooling, literacy, average temperature, average rainfall and sheep population size. Methods: Poisson regressions were used to study the factors associated with reported cases and hospital discharge rates and the BYM model for relative risk. Results: We found that the factors most related to absolute risk were the schooling index as a protective factor and the average temperatures as an enhancing factor. The sheep population size was also a relevant factor, especially when analyzing the distribution of relative risk. The areas of greatest risk in the region were La Estrella, Marchigue, Litueche, Santa Cruz and Lolol according to discharge rates, adding Pumanque and Peralillo according to notifications. These reveal a distribution of the zones of risk of hydatidosis towards the coastal mountain range in this region. Discussion/Conclusion. The more relevant factors associated to hydatidosis were schooling index, temperature an sheep population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Echinococcosis/etiology , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Rain , Socioeconomic Factors , Temperature , Time Factors , Sheep , Linear Models , Poisson Distribution , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Spatio-Temporal Analysis , Geography
19.
São Paulo med. j ; 137(4): 369-378, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043437

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Older adults with a range of comorbidities are often prescribed multiple medications, which favors drug interactions. OBJECTIVES: To establish the frequency of potential drug interactions in prescriptions at hospital discharge among older adults and to identify the associated factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in a public hospital. METHODS: An initial face-to-face interview, data collection from the electronic medical records (covering sociodemographic, clinical, functional and drug therapy-related variables) and telephone follow-up after discharge were conducted to confirm the medication prescribed at discharge. Drug interactions were identified through the Micromedex DrugReax software, along with interactions that should be avoided among the elderly, as per the 2015 American Geriatric Society/Beers criteria. Multivariable logistic regression was performed. RESULTS: Potential for drug interactions was identified in the discharge drug therapy of 67.8% of the 255 older adults evaluated (n = 172), and 54.5% (n = 145) of the drug interactions were major. Among the drug interactions that should be avoided among older adults, those that increase the risk of falls were the most frequent. The drug interactions thus identified were independently associated with polypharmacy (odds ratio, OR = 12.62; 95% confidence interval, CI 6.25-25.50; P = 0.00), diabetes mellitus (OR = 2.16; 95% CI 1.05-4.44; P = 0.04), hypothyroidism (OR = 7.29; 95% CI 2.03-26.10; P = 0.00), chronic kidney disease (OR = 3.41; 95% CI 1.09-10.64; P = 0.03) and hospitalization in geriatric units (OR = 0.45; 95% CI 0.22-0.89; P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: The frequency of potential drug interactions in drug therapy prescribed at discharge for these older adults was high. Polypharmacy, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism and chronic kidney disease were positively associated with occurrences of drug interactions, while hospitalization in geriatric units showed an inverse association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Polypharmacy , Drug Interactions , Cross-Sectional Studies , Potentially Inappropriate Medication List , Hospitals, Public
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(7): 860-869, jul. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058615

ABSTRACT

Background: Gallbladder cancer is a relevant public health problem in Chile. Aim: To analyze the mortality trend due to gallbladder cancer and hospital discharges due to biliary disease between 2002 and 2014. To analyze the effect on these parameters of the new health system called explicit guaranties in health whose acronym in Spanish is GES. Material and Methods: Mortality and hospital discharge databases available at the website of the Ministry of Health were analyzed. Changes in crude and adjusted rates were evaluated, analyzing data by geographical regions, sex and age. The standardization was carried out using the direct method and using as reference the Chilean population in 2002. The trends were evaluated through the Poisson regression method. Results: There is a 4.5% trend towards a decreasing mortality at a national level, as compared with the figures before GES came into force. Mortality among people aged 35 to 49 decreased by 4% before GES, and by 8% after GES. The trend of hospital discharges varied from −1% before GES, to a 2% increase after GES. Discharges among people aged 35-49 years increased from 0.1% to 2.9%. Conclusions: The discharge rate increase after GES, does not yet show a break in the reduction of mortality at the national level, although it does benefit the group of 35 to 49 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patient Discharge/statistics & numerical data , Gallbladder Neoplasms/mortality , Cholecystectomy , Chile/epidemiology , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery
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