Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.134
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct an adenovirus vector expressing artificial splicing factor capable of regulating alternative splicing of Yap1 in cardiomyocytes.@*METHODS@#The splicing factors with different sequences were constructed against Exon6 of YAP1 based on the sequence specificity of Pumilio1. The PCR fragment of the artificially synthesized PUF-SR or wild-type PUFSR was cloned into pAd-Track plasmid, and the recombinant plasmids were transformed into E. coli DH5α for plasmid amplification. The amplified plasmids were digested with Pac I and transfected into 293A cells for packaging to obtain the adenovirus vectors. Cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were transfected with the adenoviral vectors, and alternative splicing of YAP1 was detected using quantitative and semi-quantitative PCR; Western blotting was performed to detect the signal of the fusion protein Flag.@*RESULTS@#The transfection efficiency of the adenovirus vectors was close to 100% in rat cardiomyocytes, and no fluorescent protein was detected in the cells with plasmid transfection. The results of Western blotting showed that both the negative control and Flag-SR-NLS-PUF targeting the YAPExon6XULIE sequence were capable of detecting the expression of the protein fused to Flag. The results of reverse transcription-PCR and PCR demonstrated that the artificial splicing factor constructed based on the 4th target sequence of YAP1 effectively regulated the splicing of YAP1 Exon6 in the cardiomyocytes (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully constructed adenovirus vectors capable of regulating YAP1 alternative splicing rat cardiomyocytes.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae/metabolism , Alternative Splicing , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Plasmids , RNA Splicing Factors/metabolism , Rats , Transfection
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1576-1588, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927802

ABSTRACT

In order to overcome the challenges of insufficient restriction enzyme sites, and construct a fusion-expression vector with flexible fusion direction, we designed an LB cloning system based on the type IIS and type IIT restriction enzymes LguⅠ and BbvCⅠ. The LB cloning system is constructed by inserting the LB fragment (GCTCTTCCTCAGC) into the multiple cloning site region of the broad-host plasmid pBBR1MCS-3 using PCR. The LB fragment contains partially overlapped recognition sites of LguⅠ and BbvCⅠ. Therefore, the same non-palindromic sequence will be generated by these two restriction endonucleases digestion. This feature can be used to quickly and flexibly insert multiple genes into the expression vector in a stepwise and directed way. In order to verify the efficacy of the cloning system, two glycosyltransferase genes welB and welK of Sphingomonas sp. WG were consecutively fused to the LB cloning vector, and the recombinant plasmid was transferred into Sphingomonas sp. WG by triparental mating. The results showed that gene fusion expression has little effect on sphingan titer, but enhanced the viscosity of sphingan. The viscosity of the sphingan produced by recombinant strain Sphingomonas sp. WG/pBBR1MCS-3-LB-welKB was 24.7% higher than that of the wild strain after fermentation for 84 h, which would be beneficial for its application. In conclusion, the application of LB cloning system were verified using Sphingomonas sp. WG. The LB cloning system may provide an efficient tool for fusion expression of target genes.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Fermentation , Plasmids/genetics , Sphingomonas/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1432-1445, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927791

ABSTRACT

Bacterial multi-drug resistance (MDR) is a global challenge in the fields of medicine and health, agriculture and fishery, ecology and environment. The cross-region spread of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) among different species is one of the main cause of bacterial MDR. However, there is no effective strategies for addressing the intensifying bacterial MDR. The CRISPR-Cas system, consisting of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR associated proteins, can targetedly degrade exogenous nucleic acids, thus exhibiting high application potential in preventing and controlling bacterial MDR caused by ARGs. This review briefly introduced the working mechanism of CRISPR-Cas systems, followed by discussing recent advances in reducing ARGs by CRISPR-Cas systems delivered through mediators (e.g. plasmids, bacteriophages and nanoparticle). Moreover, the trends of this research field were envisioned, providing a new perspective on preventing and controlling MDR.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacteriophages/genetics , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Plasmids/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1218-1226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927776

ABSTRACT

In order to develop a simple and efficient site-directed mutagenesis solution, the Gibson assembly technique was used to clone the cyclin dependent kinase 4 gene with single or double site mutations, with the aim to simplify the overlap extension PCR. The gene fragments containing site mutations were amplified using a strategy similar to overlap extension PCR. Meanwhile, an empty plasmid was digested by double restriction endonucleases to generate a linearized vector with a short adaptor overlapping with the targeted gene fragments. The gene fragments were directly spliced with the linearized vector by Gibson assembly in an isothermal, single-reaction, creating a recombinant plasmid. After the recombinant plasmids were transformed into competent Escherichia coli DH5α, several clones were screened from each group. Through restriction analysis and DNA sequencing, it was found that the randomly selected clones were 100% target mutants. Since there was neither tedious multiple-round PCR amplification nor frequent DNA extraction operation, and there was no need to digest the original plasmid, this protocol circumvents many factors that may interfere with the conventional site-directed mutagenesis. Hence, genes with single or multiple mutations could be cloned easily and efficiently. In summary, the major defects associated with overlap extension PCR and rolling circle amplification were circumvented in this protocol, making it a good solution for site-directed mutagenesis.


Subject(s)
Clone Cells , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Mutation , Plasmids/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1138-1148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927769

ABSTRACT

Loofah seeds ribosome inactivating protein luffin-α was fused with a tumor-targeting peptide NGR to create a recombinant protein, and its inhibitory activity on tumor cells and angiogenesis were assessed. luffin-α-NGR fusion gene was obtained by PCR amplification. The fusion gene was ligated with pGEX-6p-1 vector to create a recombinant plasmid pGEX-6p-1/luffin-α-NGR. The plasmid was transformed into E. coli BL21, and the target protein was isolated and purified by GST affinity chromatography. The luffin-α-NGR fusion gene with a full length of 849 bp was successfully obtained, and the optimal soluble expression of the target protein was achieved under the conditions of 16 ℃, 0.5 mmol/L IPTG after 16 h induction. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting confirmed the recombinant protein has an expected molecular weight of 56.6 kDa. Subsequently, the recombinant protein was de-tagged by precision protease digestion. The inhibitory effects of the recombinant protein on liver tumor cells HepG2 and breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 were significantly stronger than that of luffin-α. The Transwell and CAM experiment proved that the recombinant protein luffin-α-NGR also had a significant inhibitory effect on tumor cells migration and neovascularization. The inhibitory activity on tumor cells and angiogenesis of the recombinant luffin-α-NGR protein lays a foundation for the development of subsequent recombinant tumor-targeting drugs.


Subject(s)
Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Plasmids , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , Saporins/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 780-795, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927744

ABSTRACT

As a new CRISPR/Cas-derived genome engineering technology, base editing combines the target specificity of CRISPR/Cas and the catalytic activity of nucleobase deaminase to install point mutations at target loci without generating DSBs, requiring exogenous template, or depending on homologous recombination. Recently, researchers have developed a variety of base editing tools in the important industrial strain Corynebacterium glutamicum, and achieved simultaneous editing of two and three genes. However, the multiplex base editing based on CRISPR/Cas9 is still limited by the complexity of multiple sgRNAs, interference of repeated sequence and difficulty of target loci replacement. In this study, multiplex base editing in C. glutamicum was optimized by the following strategies. Firstly, the multiple sgRNA expression cassettes based on individual promoters/terminators was optimized. The target loci can be introduced and replaced rapidly by using a template plasmid and Golden Gate method, which also avoids the interference of repeated sequence. Although the multiple sgRNAs structure is still complicated, the editing efficiency of this strategy is the highest. Then, the multiple gRNA expression cassettes based on Type Ⅱ CRISPR crRNA arrays and tRNA processing were developed. The two strategies only require one single promoter and terminator, and greatly simplify the structure of the expression cassette. Although the editing efficiency has decreased, both methods are still applicable. Taken together, this study provides a powerful addition to the genome editing toolbox of C. glutamicum and facilitates genetic modification of this strain.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Corynebacterium glutamicum/metabolism , Gene Editing , Plasmids , RNA, Guide/metabolism
7.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2021. xviii, 99 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391586

ABSTRACT

Em geral, a doença causada pelo vírus Zika (ZIKV) é clinicamente semelhante às de outros arbovírus. No entanto, ocasionalmente ela é associada a síndromes neurológicas como a síndrome de Guillain-Barré. Além disso, durante a gravidez a infecção pode causar a síndrome congênita do zika, com danos cerebrais e sistêmicos no feto e/ou bebês, incluindo microcefalia. O genoma do ZIKV codifica três proteínas estruturais, capsídeo, pré-membrana/membrana e envelope (E), e sete proteínas não estruturais (NS1-5). As proteínas E e NS1 são indicadas como antígenos promissores, sendo consideradas alvos importantes no desenho de vacinas contra diversos flavivírus. Nosso grupo construiu dois plasmídeos recombinantes que codificam o ectodomínio da proteína E (pZKectoE) e a proteína NS1 (pZKNS1) do ZIKV. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar a capacidade desses plasmídeos de mediar a expressão de proteínas recombinantes e induzir respostas imunes. Células BHK-21 foram transfectadas com estes plasmídeos e a expressão das proteínas recombinantes foi avaliada. Como esperado, o pZKectoE e o pZKNS1 mediaram a expressão das proteínas recombinantes E e NS1, respectivamente. A ativação das respostas imunes humoral e celular em camundongos foi avaliada por ELISA e por ELISPOT. Ambos os plasmídeos induziram títulos de anticorpos específicos significativamente mais elevados do que o plasmídeo controle (pcTPA). Além disso,induziram respostas de células T com produção de IFN-γ após estimulação com duas bibliotecas de peptídeos derivadas de E e NS1. O mapeamento de peptídeos imunogênicos através de ensaios de ELISPOT identificou cinco epítopos imunodominantes na proteína E e três na proteína NS1. A maioria dos modelos murinos para estudos de ZIKV usa animais imunocomprometidos, que fornecem infecções robustas e letais, mas talvez não sejam ideais para testes de vacinas. Portanto, a fim de estabelecer um modelo murino imunocompetente suscetível à infecção pelo ZIKV, iniciamos experimentos de neuroadaptação de um vírus isolado de um paciente no Brasil, por sucessivas passagens no cérebro de camundongos recém-nascidos. Grupos de camundongos Swiss, com idades entre três e nove dias, foram infectados pela via intracerebral com ZIKV. No sétimo dia após a infecção, os animais foram eutanasiados e os cérebros foram coletados. As amostras foram tituladas por ensaio de plaques em células Vero. Em cada passagem, a amostra com o título viral mais alto foi usada para inoculação subsequente no cérebro de outros camundongos recém-nascidos. Nossos resultados mostraram uma alteração na morfologia do plaque produzido pela infecção com o vírus em comparação àquelas observadas com a amostra inicial de ZIKV. Em relação à carga viral, houve um aumento de 4 log durante as primeiras quatro passagens, seguido por uma ligeira redução e o sequenciamento do genoma viral revelou algumas mutações pontuais. De modo geral, as vacinas pZKEctoE e pZKNS1 foram capazes de mediar a expressão das proteínas recombinantes E ou NS1 com ativação das respostas imunes humoral e celular. Até o momento, não foi possível o estabelecimento de um modelo murino imunocompetente. Para obtenção do vírus neuroadaptado, com capacidade de causar sinais clínicos da infecção em animais adultos, deverão ser realizadas mais passagens em cérebros de camundogos Swiss. (AU)


Subject(s)
Peptides , Plasmids , Recombinant Proteins , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Vaccines, DNA , Flavivirus , Zika Virus
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1406-1414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878642

ABSTRACT

The toxin-producing bacterium Vibrio cholerae can cause severe diarrhea and has caused seven global pandemics. Traditional viable cell counts and phage plaques are commonly used to evaluate the efficacy of virulent phage clearance of V. cholerae, but these operations are time-consuming and labor-intensive, and difficult to provide real-time changes. It is desirable to develop a simple and real-time method to monitor V. cholerae during phage lysis. In this study, a luminescence-generating plasmid pBBR-pmdh-luxCDABE was transformed into three O1 serogroup drug-resistant strains of V. cholerae. The results showed that the luminescence value as a monitoring index correlates well with the traditional viable cell count method. Monitoring the number of live cells of V. cholerae by measuring the luminescence allowed real-time analysis of the number of bacteria remaining during phage lysis. This method enables repeated, interference-free, continuous multiple-time-point detection of the same sample without the time delay of re-culture or plaque formation, facilitating real-time monitoring and analysis of the interaction between the phage and the host bacteria.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages/genetics , Luminescence , Plasmids , Vibrio cholerae
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 939-949, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878605

ABSTRACT

Pichia pastoris is one of the most widely used recombinant protein expression systems. In this study, a novel method for rapid screening of P. pastoris strains capable of efficiently expressing recombinant proteins was developed. Firstly, the ability to express recombinant proteins of the modified strain GS115-E in which a functional Sec63-EGFP (Enhanced green fluorescent protein) fusion protein replaced the endogenous endoplasmic reticulum transmembrane protein Sec63 was tested. Next, the plasmids carrying different copy numbers of phytase (phy) gene or xylanase (xyn) gene were transformed into GS115-E to obtain recombinant strains with different expression levels of phytase or xylanase, and the expression levels of EGFP and recombinant proteins in different strains were tested. Finally, a flow cytometer sorter was used to separate a mixture of cells with different phytase expression levels into sub-populations according to green fluorescence intensity. A good linear correlation was found between the fluorescence intensities of EGFP and the expression levels of the recombinant proteins in the recombinant strains (0.8<|R|<1). By using the flow cytometer, high-yielding P. pastoris cells were efficiently screened from a mixture of cells. The expression level of phytase of the selected high-fluorescence strains was 4.09 times higher than that of the low-fluorescence strains after 120 h of methanol induction. By detecting the EGFP fluorescence intensity instead of detecting the expression level and activity of the recombinant proteins in the recombinant strains, the method developed by the present study possesses the greatly improved performance of convenience and versatility in screening high-yielding P. pastoris strains. Combining the method with high-throughput screening instruments and technologies, such as flow cytometer and droplet microfluidics, the speed and throughput of this method will be further increased. This method will provide a simple and rapid approach for screening and obtaining P. pastoris with high abilities to express recombinant proteins.


Subject(s)
6-Phytase/genetics , Pichia/genetics , Plasmids , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Saccharomycetales
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 321-330, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878565

ABSTRACT

To construct a prokaryotic promoter report system with wide applicability, a series of pFGH reporter vectors based on lacZ gene and pUC replicon were constructed from plasmid pFLX107 through the replacement of multiple cloning sites and sequence modifications. The plasmid with the lowest background activity was selected as the final report system with the lacZ gene deletion strain MC4100 as the host bacterium, following by testing with inducible promoter araBAD and the constitutive promoter rpsM. The background activity of pFGH06 was significantly lower than that of other plasmids of the same series, and even lower than that of reference plasmid pRCL at 28 °C (P<0.01). Further evaluation tests show that the plasmid pFGH06 could be used to clone and determine the activity of inducible promoter or constitutive promoter, and the complete recognition of the target promoter could be achieved through blue-white selection in the simulation test of promoter screening. Compared with the reported prokaryotic promoter report systems, pFGH06 has the advantages of smaller size, more multiple clone sites, adjustable background activity, high efficiency of promoter screening and recognition, thus with a wide application prospect.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli/genetics , Genes, Reporter/genetics , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Lac Operon/genetics , Plasmids/genetics , beta-Galactosidase/genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 178-186, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878552

ABSTRACT

In order to establish an infectious clone for CDV-3, a commercial vaccine strain of canine distemper virus for mink, to provide reference for the studies of pathogenesis and novel vaccine development of CDV. Thirteen pairs of primers were used to amplify the full-length genome of CDV-3 strain. Five long fragments were obtained based on single restriction site analysis of the whole genome of CDV-3 by RT-PCR. Five fragments were successively inserted into the multiple clone sites in the modified eukaryotic vector of pcDNA3.2 by restriction enzymes and splicing. Meanwhile, the hammerhead ribozyme and hepatitis delta virus ribozyme sequences were added to the beginning of F1 fragment and the ending of F5 fragment, respectively. Then, the full-length cDNA recombinant plasmid of CDV-3 was obtained and named as pcDNA3.2-CDV-3. In addition, three helper plasmids, expressing the N protein, P protein and L protein of the CDV-3 strain respectively, were constructed. The 293T cells were transfected with the full-length cDNA recombinant plasmid and three helper plasmids by Lipofectamine™ 2000. At 3 days post transfection, the supernatant was added to the monolayer of Vero cells to observe the typical syncytium of CDV. Indirect immunofluorescence and artificial label identification of recombinant virus rCDV-3 were conducted after the occurrence of lesions. Finally, the growth characteristics of wtCDV-3 and rCDV-3 were compared after passaging of rCDV-3. The identification of the full-length cDNA recombinant plasmid and three helper plasmids by restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing were consistent with expected. The Vero cells infected with the recombinant rCDV-3 showed typical syncytic. The identification of indirect immunofluorescence and labeled marker, and observation under electron microscope proved that the rCDV-3 was indeed rescued from the recombinant plasmid of pcDNA3.2-CDV-3. In comparison of the virus titers of wtCDV-3, rCDV-3 replicated massively and rapidly and reached the maximize virus titer of 10⁷·⁶⁶⁷ TCID₅₀/mL within 36 h post infection (p.i.) in Vero cells, while wtCDV-3 grew gradually to 10⁶·⁶⁶⁷ TCID₅₀/mL at 72 h p.i. in Vero cells. This reverse genetic system of CDV-3 strain has been established successfully, to provide reference for the studies of pathogenesis and novel vaccine development of CDV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Clone Cells , DNA, Complementary , Distemper Virus, Canine/genetics , Plasmids/genetics , Vero Cells
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 559-570, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887691

ABSTRACT

Prostaglandins are a class of poly-unsaturated fatty acids-derived bioactive lipids with important physiological function by binding to specific receptors. Prostaglandin receptors lack specific antibodies, which greatly impedes the research on our understanding of the signaling of prostaglandins. The aim of this study was to identify nine mouse lines with amino terminal (-NH2, -N) HA-tagged prostaglandin receptors by using the combination of artificial sperm and CRISPR-Cas9 technology. The guide RNA expression plasmid and labeled targeting vector plasmids were transferred into "artificial sperm cells". The "artificial sperm cells" containing labeled proteins were selected and injected into mouse oocytes, and implanted into pseudopregnant mice to obtain labeled mice. The genomic DNA of the prostaglandin receptor tagged mice was extracted, and the genotypes of mice were detected by PCR method. We also isolated mouse peritoneal macrophages to verify the protein expression of HA-labeled prostaglandin receptor by Western blot. Specific DNA bands were amplified in prostaglandin receptor labeled mice, and specific HA protein bands were detected in macrophage proteins, which was not detected in wild type mice. In summary, we successfully constructed 9 mouse lines with HA-tagged prostaglandin receptors, providing a powerful tool for further study of the pathophysiological functions of prostaglandin signaling both in vivo and in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Oocytes , Plasmids , RNA, Guide , Receptors, Prostaglandin
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct an acute myeloid leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123-CLL1 so as to provide an "in vitro" model for studying the role of CD123 and CLL-1 in leukemia and the treatment targeting CD123 and CLL-1.@*METHODS@#The recombinant plasmid of lentivirus was constructed by synthesizing CD123 and CLL-1 sequences and PCR homologous recombination. The lentivirus vector was packaged by three-plasmid packaging system. After collecting the supernatant of lentivirus, the virus titer was determined by quantitative PCR. K562 leukemia cells were collected and transtected with virus supernatant. Leukemia cell line stably expressing the target gene were screened by purinomycin. The expression levels of CD123 and CLL-1 were detected by RT-PCR and flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The lentiviral vector was successfully constructed, and identified by agarose gel electrophoresis and gene sequencing, then the virus titer of the supernatant was up to 5.81×10@*CONCLUSION@#Lentiviral vector expressing CD123-CLL1 has been successfully constructed, and K562 leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123 and CLL-1 has been successfully obtained.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , K562 Cells , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Plasmids , Transfection
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e20190524, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136925

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The aac(6')-Ib-cr and bla KPC genes are spreading among Enterobacteriaceae species, including Providencia stuartii, in some countries of world. METHODS: These genes were investigated in 28 P. stuartii isolates from a public hospital in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, by PCR and sequencing. RESULTS: The aac(6')-Ib-cr gene was detected in 16 resistant isolates, and the bla KPC gene was seen in 14. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of these genes in P. stuartii multi- and extensively drug-resistant isolates indicates that the resistance arsenal of this species is increasing, thus limiting the therapeutic options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enterobacteriaceae Infections , Plasmids , beta-Lactamases/genetics , Brazil , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Providencia , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
15.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 22(4): 465-472, 2021.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1342117

ABSTRACT

Background: AmpC or class C or group 1 beta lactamases are class C cephalosporinases that hydrolyse a wide variety of beta-lactam antibiotics including alpha methoxy beta-lactams (cefoxitin), narrow and broad spectrum cephalosporins. This study was conducted to characterize plasmid-mediated AmpC producing enteric Gram- negative bacteria from patients with lower respiratory tract infections in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex (OAUTHC) Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria Methodology: A total of 149 patients with clinical features of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) were selected by simple random sampling for the study. All Gram-negative isolates recovered from standard microbiological cultures of respiratory specimens of these patients were tested against cefoxitin, third generation cephalosporins (3GCs), and other antibiotics using the disc diffusion AST method, and also screened for production of AmpC beta-lactamases phenotypically by the CLSI method. Plasmid DNA extraction was carried out on twenty-nine cefoxitin-resistant selected isolates using the Kado and Lin method, while genotypic detection of plasmid-mediated AmpC gene was carried out by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. Results: The results showed that 204 (43.3%) of 471 isolates recovered from the 149 selected patients were resistant to 3GC in the AST assay, among which 121 (59.3%) were resistant to cefoxitin, and 189 of the 471 isolates (40.1%) were AmpC producers. The AmpC producers concurrently showed multiple resistance pattern to other antibiotics tested in this study. Ninety six percent of the 29 selected isolates for plasmid analysis contained plasmids, 45% of which amplified positive on PCR for CMY, 38% for FOX, and 31% for ACC types of AmpC genes. Conclusion: This study showed a high degree of antibiotic resistance among enteric Gram-negative bacteria recovered from patients with LRTIs, as well as high degree of plasmid-encoded AmpC genes responsible for this high antibiotic resistance among the isolates. Proper antibiotic policy and regulation are required to limit the spread of plasmid mediated AmpC ß-lactamase


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmids , Respiratory Tract Infections , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tertiary Care Centers , Nigeria
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1258-1262, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131512

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou descrever o aspecto hematológico de seis onças-pardas (Puma concolor) infectadas pelo Cytauxzoon felis. Os seis casos de infecção foram identificados durante o manejo sanitário de 11 animais de um centro de reabilitação de animais silvestres. Estruturas compatíveis com piroplasmídeos foram observadas durante a avaliação do esfregaço sanguíneo e confirmadas como Cytauxzoon felis pela técnica de PCR. A análise estatística demonstrou diferença significativa (P<0,05) no número absoluto dos linfócitos entre os grupos dos animais infectados e não infectados. Assim, expressivas alterações hematológicas e bioquímicas entre os grupos investigados alertam para a dificuldade de identificação de onças-pardas infectadas por C. felis, apoiada apenas em exames de rotina, bem como para o risco, sobretudo, da reintrodução desses animais na natureza.(AU)


This Cytauxzoon felis by the PCR technique. Statistical analysis showed a significant difference is study aimed to describe the hematological appearance of six puma (puma concolor) infected with cytauxzoon felis. The six cases of infection were identified during the sanitary management of 11 animals from a wild animal rehabilitation center. Piroplasmid compatible structures were observed during the blood smear evaluation and confirmed as (P<0.05) in the absolute number of lymphocytes between the groups of infected and uninfected animals. Thus expressive hematological and biochemical alterations between the groups investigated alert to the difficulty of identifying infected brown jaguars by C. felis, supported only by routine examinations, and the risk especially when aiming at the reintroduction of these animals in the wild.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Plasmids , Lymphocytes/chemistry , Puma/blood , Hematologic Tests/veterinary , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Animals, Wild/blood
17.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18327, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132053

ABSTRACT

Hypericum sinaicum L. is an endangered Egyptian medicinal plant of high importance due to the presence of naphthodianthrones (hypericins), which have photodynamic properties and pharmaceutical potential. We sought to assess H. sinaicum ability to develop hairy roots that could be cultured in contained conditions in vitro and used as a source for hypericin production. We used four A. rhizogenes strains differing in their plasmids and chromosomal backgrounds to inoculate excised H. sinaicum root, stem and leaf explants to induce hairy root development. Additionally, inoculum was applied to shoots held in Rockwool cubes supporting their stand after removal of the root system. All explant types were susceptible to A. rhizogenes although stem explants responded more frequently (over 90%) than other explant types. The A4 and A4T A. rhizogenes strains were highly, and equally effective in hairy root induction on 66-72% of explants while the LBA1334 strain was the most effective in transformation of shoots. Sonication applied to explants during inoculation enhanced the frequency of hairy root development, the most effective was 60 s treatment doubling the percentage of explants with hairy roots. However, shoot transformation was the most effective approach as shoots developed hairy roots within 10 days after inoculation. Molecular analyses confirmed that the established hairy root cultures in vitro were indeed obtained due to a horizontal gene transfer from bacteria. These cultures grew fast and the hypericin content in hairy roots was about two fold higher than in H. sinaicum plants as determined by HPLC.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/classification , Plant Roots/adverse effects , Hypericum/adverse effects , Agrobacterium/metabolism , Plasmids , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning Transmission/methods
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1232-1240, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826854

ABSTRACT

Overlap extension PCR is a common method for site-directed mutagenesis. As objective gene sequence growing longer, it is often difficult to obtain the target product in the second round of PCR, and it is highly possible to introduce unexpected mutations into a long gene fragment by PCR. To circumvent these problems, we can only amplify a small gene fragment which contain the target mutation by overlap extension PCR, and then ligate it with vector to get target plasmid. If the restriction site at the end of the amplified fragment was not a single one on plasmid vector, double fragments ligation method could be used to construct target plasmid. Partial amplification, combined with double fragments ligation, could solve lots of problems in long gene mutagenesis. Taking retinoblastoma gene 1 S780E mutagenesis as an example, it is difficult to amplify whole retinoblastoma gene 1 by overlap extension PCR because of long fragment interfering the overlapping extension of second round PCR. However, it is relatively easy to amplify the F3 (1 968-2 787) fragment which contains target mutation S780E. There is a Nhe I site which can be used for ligation on 5' end of F3 fragment, but another Nhe I site on the plasmid restrained from doing so directly. In order to circumvent this obstacle, we ligated F3 fragment, combining with F2 (900-1 968) fragment which was digested from wild type plasmid, with the vector which contain F1 (1-900) fragment of the gene. That double fragments ligated with one vector at the same time, though less efficient, can recombine into a complete plasmid. The sequences of the two selected recombinant plasmids were consistent with the target mutation, which verified the feasibility of this scheme. As an improvement of overlap extension PCR, partial amplification and double fragments ligation methods could provide solutions for site directed mutagenesis of many long genes.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Methods , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Plasmids , Polymerase Chain Reaction
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with hereditary spherocytosis.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 17 members of the pedigree. Genomic DNA of the proband was subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by co-segregation analysis. pCAS2(c.5798+1G) and pCAS2(c.5798+1A) plasmids were constructed by homologous recombination and transfected into 293T cells. Reverse transcription PCR, TA cloning and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing. Meanwhile, peripheral blood RNAs were extracted to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing in vivo.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to carry a c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene. The variant has co-segregated with the phenotype in the pedigree. In vitro and in vivo splicing experiments confirmed that the mutation has significantly affected the splicing, resulting in shift of reading frame and produced a premature termination codon.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene probably underlies the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Genetics , Genetic Variation , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Plasmids , RNA Splicing , Spectrin , Genetics , Spherocytosis, Hereditary , Genetics , Transfection
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL