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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e56924, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224444

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a incidência de complicações em feridas operatórias de mastectomia e identificar fatores associados. Método: estudo retrospectivo desenvolvido em uma coorte hospitalar de 545 mulheres mastectomizadas por câncer de mama no ano 2018 em um centro de assistência de alta complexidade em oncologia da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, após aprovação por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Os dados foram coletados a partir dos prontuários, permitindo cálculos da taxa de incidência e da razão da taxa de incidência para cada complicação. Resultados: a complicação que apresentou maior taxa de incidência foi o sangramento (57,14/100 mastectomias-dia), tendo como fatores associados a raça/cor da pele não branca (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 3,11) e a diabetes mellitus (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 0,48). Conclusão: os fatores associados ao sangramento da ferida operatória apontam para a necessidade de novas práticas no cuidado ao pós-operatório de mulheres mastectomizadas.


Objective: to describe the incidence of complications in mastectomy surgical wounds and to identify associated factors. Method: this retrospective study was conducted in a hospital cohort of 545 women mastectomized for breast cancer in 2018 at a high-complexity cancer care center Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil, after approval by the research ethics committee. Data were collected from medical records, allowing incidence rate and incidence rate ratio to be calculated for each complication. Results: the complication with the highest incidence rate was bleeding (57.14/100 mastectomies-day), associated factors being non-white race/skin color (incidence rate ratio 3.11) and diabetes mellitus (incidence rate ratio 0.48). Conclusion: the factors associated with bleeding from the surgical wound point to the need for new practices in post-operative care for women with mastectomies.


Objetivo: describir la incidencia de complicaciones en heridas quirúrgicas de mastectomía e identificar factores asociados. Método: estudio retrospectivo desarrollado en una cohorte hospitalaria de 545 mujeres mastectomizadas por cáncer de mama en 2018 en un centro de atención de alta complejidad en oncología de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, Brasil, previa aprobación del Comité de Ética en Investigación. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas, lo que permitió calcular la tasa de incidencia y el cociente de la tasa de incidencia para cada complicación. Resultados: la complicación que presentó mayor tasa de incidencia fue el sangrado (57,14 / 100 mastectomías-día), con factores asociados a la raza / color de piel no blanca (índice de tasa de incidencia: 3,11) y diabetes mellitus (índice de tasa de incidencia: 0,48). Conclusión: los factores asociados al sangrado de la herida quirúrgica apuntan a la necesidad de nuevas prácticas en el cuidado al postoperatorio de las mujeres con mastectomía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Wound/complications , Mastectomy/adverse effects , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Postoperative Hemorrhage/epidemiology
2.
Rev. argent. urol. (1990) ; 86(1): 12-18, 20210000. ^etab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1140724

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: analizar y presentar nuestros resultados en el tratamiento de la litiasis renal mediante Nefrolitotricia Percutánea (NLP) ambulatoria en un mismo centro. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: entre agosto de 2013 y mayo de 2017 se realizó una recolección prospectiva de datos de los pacientes sometidos a NLP ambulatoria tubeless con catéter doble J o totally tubeless por litiasis renal. Se excluyeron aquellos pacientes con score de ASA >3. Se analizaron los datos preoperatorios, intra- y posoperatorios. Se clasificaron las complicaciones de acuerdo con el sistema de Clavien modificado. Se compararon los valores de hematocrito, hemoglobina, creatininemia y uremia pre- y posoperatoria a las 48 horas. RESULTADOS: en total, se operaron 156 pacientes, a los cuales se les dio el alta el mismo día de la cirugía. La suma de los diámetros máximos de las litiasis, en promedio, fue de 26,6 mm, 32 casos de litiasis coraliforme. La posición más utilizada fue la ventral, con un tiempo promedio de cirugía de 50 minutos. Se realizó NLP tubeless en 125 pacientes y totally tubeless en 29 casos. A 40 pacientes se les colocó un tapón de Surgicel en el tracto de acceso percutáneo. La tasa libre de cálculos fue del 84%, y en pacientes con litiasis coraliforme fue del 53%. No hubo complicaciones intraoperatorias y el 80% de los pacientes no presentó complicaciones. La tasa de reinternación fue del 3%. Si bien se hallaron diferencias significativas entre los valores pre- y posoperatorios de hematocrito y hemoglobina (40% y 13,3 g/dl vs. 39% y 12,8 g/dl; p=0,0001 y 0,0001, respectivamente), estas no fueron clínicamente significativas y solamente un paciente requirió de transfusión de sangre (0,6%). CONCLUSIONES: en nuestra experiencia, la NLP ambulatoria fue segura, con tasas libres de cálculos y complicaciones similares a las realizadas con internación.


OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and feasibility of ambulatory percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) at a single institution. METHODS: Data collected prospectively of patients submit for ambulatory PCNL tubeless or totally tubeless between August 2013 and May 2017 were review. Exclusion criteria were patients with ASA score >3. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were collected. Complications were classified using the Clavien sistem modified for PCNL. Properative and 48hs postoperative value of hematocrit, hemoglobin, creatininemia and uremia were compare. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty five patients underwent ambulatory PCNL. All patients were discharge the same day of surgery. The median of the sum of the maximum stone diameter was 26,6mm, 32 patients had staghorn calculus. We performed the majority of the surgerys in ventral position with a median time of 50 minutes. One hundred and twenty five patients underwent tubeless PCNL and totally tubeless 29 patients. In 40 cases we used Surgicel for sealing the percutaneous tract. Overall stone-free rate was 84% and 53% in staghorn cases. There were no intraoperative complications and 80% of the patients did not have any complications. Readmission rate was 3%. There was a significant decrease in the postoperative hematocrit and hemoglobin level (40% y 13,3 g/dl vs. 39% y 12,8 g/dl; p=0,0001 y 0,0001), this was not clinically significant. Only one patient required blood transfusion (0,6%). CONCLUSION: Ambulatory PCNL is safe with a stone-free rate, readmisions and complications similar to standard PCNL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nephrolithiasis/surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. argent. urol. (1990) ; 86(1): 30-34, 20210000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1141498

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN/OBJETIVO: La estrechez uretral puede causar síntomas miccionales, dolor, disfunción vesical y eyaculatoria. La tasa de complicaciones en uretroplastía anterior es baja. El principal objetivo es evaluar complicaciones del posoperatorio (pop) inmediato (dentro de los 30 días pop). El objetivo secundario es valorar la relación entre complicaciones y la tasa de recaída. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de las uretroplastías anteriores realizadas entre octubre del 2012 y junio del 2017. Se valoró: reinternación, reingreso a cirugía, infarto agudo de miocardio, tromboembolismo de pulmón, trombosis venosa profunda, óbito, infecciones, dehiscencia de herida, hematomas, sangrados, etc. Se definió recaída a la necesidad de realizar cualquier instrumentación uretral secundaria a la uretroplastía. Las variables se analizaron estadísticamente con Chi square y Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 92 pacientes, con un seguimiento mínimo de 12 meses. Las edades fueron de 18 a 88 años (mediana, 61,5 años). En 58 pacientes, se utilizaron transferencia de tejidos (27 injertos y 31 colgajos). La longitud de la estrechez fue desde 1-15 cm (media, 3,25 cm). La iatrogénica (56%) fue la etiología más frecuente. 56 pacientes (63%) tenían tratamientos previos. La tasa de complicaciones pop inmediato fue del 32%, las infecciones fueron las más frecuentes. Según Clavien, se clasificaron: I: 40%; II: 47%; III: 10%; IV: 3%. Hubo 17 recaídas (18%), 13 dentro de los primeros 6 meses del pop. De los pacientes que presentaron complicaciones, recayó el 23%; solo 16% de los que no las presentaron (p: 0,4). Aquellos pacientes con complicaciones graves presentaron mayor tasa de recaída (p: 0,2). CONCLUSIÓN: La tasa de complicaciones pop inmediata de uretroplastía anterior fue de 32%; las infecciones fueron las más frecuentes. La mayoría fue Clavien I y II. La recaída fue mayor en aquellos pacientes que sufrieron complicaciones en pop inmediato.


INTRODUCCION/OBJECTIVE: Urethral stenosis can cause mictional symptoms, pain, bladder dysfunction and ejaculatory problems. Complications rate in anterior urethroplasty is low. Main objetive is to evaluate early post operatory complications Secondary objetive is to assess the relationship between complications and recurrence rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a restrospective review of our anterior urethroplasty database between October 2012 and June 2017. We recorded: patients readmission, return to operating room, acute myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis, death, infections, wound dehiscense, hematomas, bleedings, etc. We defined recurrence as any urethral instrumentation after urethroplasty. Variables were analyzed using Chi Square and Mann Whitney U test. RESULTS: 92 patients were included in the study with at least 12 months follow up. Age range was between 18-88 years. (median 61,5 years) Substitution urethroplasty were performed in 58 patients (grafts 27 and flaps 31) Urethral stenosis lenght range was between 1 and 15 cm (mean 3,25cm) Most frequent cause of urethral stenosis was iatrogenic (56%) 56 patients underwent previous treatment (63%) Complication rate in early post operative period was 32%, most of them infections. Clavien clasiffication: I: 40%; II: 47%; III: 10%; IV: 3%. There were 17 recurrences (18%), 13 during the first 6 months after surgery. 23 % of patients with complications had recurrence and only 16% of patients without, had recurrence (p:0,4) Patients with serious complications had greater recurrence rate (p: 0,2) CONCLUSION: Recurrence rate in early complications of anterior urethroplasty was 32%, most of them infections. Clavien I and II are the most frequent. Recurrence was greater in patients who suffered early complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Recurrence , Urologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202872, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250708

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: in Latin America, especially Brazil, the use of a robotic platform for thoracic surgery is gradually increasing in recent years. However, despite tuberculosis and inflammatory pulmonary diseases are endemic in our country, there is a lack of studies describing the results of robotic surgical treatment of bronchiectasis. This study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes of robotic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases by determining the extent of resection, postoperative complications, operative time, and length of hospital stay. Methods: retrospective study from a database involving patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis and undergoing robotic thoracic surgery at three hospitals in Brazil between January of 2017 and January of 2020. Results: a total of 7 patients were included. The mean age was 47 + 18.3 years (range, 18-70 years). Most patients had non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (n=5), followed by tuberculosis bronchiectasis (n=1) and lung abscess (n=1). The performed surgeries were lobectomy (n=3), anatomic segmentectomy (n=3), and bilobectomy (n=1). The median console time was 147 minutes (range 61-288 min.) and there was no need for conversion to open thoracotomy. There were no major complications. Postoperative complications occurred in one patient and it was a case of constipation with the need for an intestinal lavage. The median for chest tube time and hospital stay, in days, was 1 (range, 1-6 days) and 5 (range, 2-14 days) respectively. Conclusions: robotic thoracic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases is a feasible and safe procedure, with a low risk of complications and morbidity.


RESUMO Objetivo: na América Latina, especialmente no Brasil, a adoção da plataforma robótica para cirurgia torácica está aumentando gradativamente nos últimos anos. No entanto, apesar da tuberculose e doenças pulmonares inflamatórias serem endêmicas em nosso país, faltam estudos que descrevam os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico robótico das bronquiectasias. Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar os resultados cirúrgicos da cirurgia robótica para doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas, determinando a extensão da ressecção, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo operatório e tempo de internação hospitalar. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo a partir de um banco de dados envolvendo pacientes com diagnóstico de bronquiectasia e submetidos à cirurgia torácica robótica em três hospitais brasileiros entre janeiro de 2017 e janeiro de 2020. Resultados: foram incluídos 7 pacientes. A média de idade foi 47 + 18,3 anos (variação, 18-70 anos). A maioria dos pacientes apresentou bronquiectasia não fibrose cística (n=5), seguida de bronquiectasia tuberculosa (n=1) e abscesso pulmonar (n=1). As cirurgias realizadas foram lobectomia (n=3), segmentectomia anatômica (n=3) e bilobectomia (n=1). O tempo médio do console foi de 147 minutos (variação de 61-288 min.) e não houve necessidade de conversão para toracotomia. Complicação pós-operatória ocorreu em um paciente, tratando-se de obstipação com necessidade de lavagem intestinal. A mediana do tempo de drenagem torácica e internação hospitalar, em dias, foi de 1 (variação, 1-6 dias) e 5 (variação, 2-14 dias), respectivamente. Conclusões: a cirurgia torácica robótica para doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas é um procedimento viável e seguro, com baixo risco de complicações e morbidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Thoracic Surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202638, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287892

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is the main treatment for cases of severe obesity and body contour surgery to correct body dysmorphia resulting from weight loss. However, these procedures are associated with a significant number of postoperative complications. Objective: this study aims to analyze complications in post-bariatric patients undergoing body contour surgeries and correlating them with the age and BMI of these patients. Methods: the current study is a retrospective study evaluating 180 consecutive patients undergoing body contour surgery after bariatric surgery within a period of three years (2014-2016). Data such as age, gender, Body Mass Index before bariatric and plastic surgeries, type of surgery performed and complications were collected, and correlated the age as well as the BMI of the patients in the pre-bariatric (PB) and pre-plastic (PP) periods with the complications presented. Results: of the 180 patients evaluated, 91.7% were females (n = 165), and the mean age was 46.3 ± 1.7 years. The most performed surgery was abdominoplasty (48.9%), followed by mammaplasty (21.1%). Some complications occurred in 26.1% of the patients with partial dehiscence (40.4%) and seroma (14.9%) being the most frequent. Patients who presented complications had a higher mean age (50.8 years) than those who presented with no complications, and major complications accounted for 2.7% of the sample. Conclusions: a statistically significant number of surgeries progressed without complications and, when they occurred, there were minor complications in most of the sample. Complications were more frequent in older patients with some of them having a BMI over 30 Kg/m2.


RESUMO Introdução: a cirurgia bariátrica é o principal tratamento para os casos de obesidade grave e a cirurgia de contorno corporal trata a dismorfia corporal resultante desta perda de peso. No entanto, estes procedimentos estão associados a um número significativo de complicações pós-operatórias. Objetivo: analisar as complicações maiores e menores que ocorreram nos pacientes pós-bariátricos submetidos a cirurgias reparadoras do contorno corporal e correlacioná-las com idade e IMC destes pacientes. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo que avaliou 180 pacientes consecutivos submetidos a cirurgia de contorno corporal, após cirurgia bariátrica, no período de 3 anos (2014-2016). Foram coletados dados como idade, gênero, IMC pré-bariátrica e pré-plástica, tipo de cirurgia realizada e complicações, correlacionando a idade e o IMC dos pacientes nos períodos pré-bariátrica (PB) e pré-plástica (PP) com as complicações apresentadas. Resultados: dos 180 pacientes avaliados, 91,7% eram do gênero feminino (n=165) e a idade média foi de 46,3 ± 1,7 anos. A cirurgia mais realizada foi abdominoplastia (48,9%), seguida da mamoplastia (21,1%). Complicações ocorreram em 26,1% dos pacientes, sendo deiscência parcial a principal (40,4%) seguida de seroma (14,9%). Pacientes com complicações apresentaram média etária maior (50,8 anos) que os sem complicações, sendo que as complicações maiores ocorreram em 2,7% da amostra. Conclusões: a maioria estatisticamente significante das cirurgias cursou sem complicações e, quando ocorreram, foram complicações menores na maior parte da amostra. As complicações foram mais frequentes nos pacientes de idade mais avançada, dos quais alguns com IMC maior que 30kg/m2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Bariatric Surgery , Abdominoplasty , Body Contouring , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20212977, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287888

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: although preservation of bowel continuity is a major goal in rectal cancer surgery, a colorectal anastomosis may be considered an unacceptably high-risk procedure, particularly for patients with multiple comorbidities. We aimed to assess rates of surgical complications in rectal cancer patients according to the type of procedure they had undergone. Materials and Methods: this cohort included all rectal cancer patients undergoing elective resection at a referral academic hospital over 16 years. There were three study groups according to the type of performed operation: (1) rectal resection with anastomosis without defunctioning stoma (DS); (2) rectal resection with anastomosis and DS; and (3) Hartmann's procedure (HP). Postoperative complications and clinical outcomes were assessed. Results: four-hundred and two patients were studied. The 118 patients in group 3 were significantly older (>10 years), had higher Charlson Comorbidity Index scores, and more ASA class ≥3 than patients in the other two groups. Sixty-seven patients (16.7%) had Clavien-Dindo complications grade ≥ III, corresponding to an incidence of 11.8%, 20.9%, and 14.4% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively (p=0.10). Twenty-nine patients (7.2%) had major septic complications that required reoperation, with an incidence of 10.8%, 8.2% and 2.5% in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively (p=0.048). Twenty-one percent of the group 2 patients did not undergo the stoma closure after a 24-month follow-up. Conclusion: HP was associated with a lower incidence of reoperation due to intra-abdominal septic complications. This procedure remains an option for patients in whom serious surgical complications are anticipated.


RESUMO Introdução: embora a preservação do trânsito intestinal seja um dos objetivos principais na cirurgia do câncer retal, a anastomose colorretal pode ser considerada um procedimento de altíssimo risco, particularmente para pacientes com múltiplas comorbidades. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar as taxas de complicações cirúrgicas em pacientes com câncer retal de acordo com o tipo de procedimento a que foram submetidos. Materiais e Métodos: esta coorte incluiu todos os pacientes com câncer retal submetidos a ressecção eletiva em hospital universitário de referência ao longo de 16 anos. Houve três grupos de estudo de acordo com o tipo de operação realizada: (1) ressecção retal com anastomose, sem estoma desfuncionalizante (ED); (2) ressecção retal com anastomose e ED; e (3) procedimento de Hartmann (PH). Avaliamos as complicações pós-operatórias e os resultados clínicos. Resultados: estudamos 402 pacientes. O grupo 3 tinha 118 pacientes, estes sendo significativamente mais idosos (>10 anos), com pontuações mais altas no Índice de Comorbidade de Charlson e mais frequentemente classificados como ASA ≥ 3 do que os pacientes dos outros dois grupos. Sessenta e sete pacientes (16,7%) apresentaram complicações de Clavien-Dindo grau ≥ III, correspondendo à incidência de 11,8%, 20,9% e 14,4% nos grupos 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente (p = 0,10). Vinte e nove pacientes (7,2%) apresentaram complicações sépticas graves, necessitando reoperação, com incidência de 10,8%, 8,2% e 2,5% nos grupos 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente (p = 0,048). Vinte e um por cento dos pacientes do grupo 2 não foram submetidos ao fechamento do estoma após acompanhamento de 24 meses. Conclusão: o PH foi associado à menor incidência de reoperação por complicações sépticas intra-abdominais. Este procedimento continua sendo uma opção para pacientes com alto potencial de desenvolver complicações cirúrgicas graves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colostomy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectum/surgery , Reoperation , Anastomosis, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Elective Surgical Procedures
7.
Clinics ; 76: e2741, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of and main risk factors for postoperative infection in cancer patients who underwent spine surgery in the last 5 years in order to determine whether there is an association between postoperative infection and increased mortality during hospitalization. METHODS: All cancer patients who underwent surgical procedures between January 2015 and December 2019 at a single hospital specializing in spine cancer surgery were analyzed. The primary outcome of interest was postoperative infection. Bivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for each variable in relation to the occurrence of infection. RESULTS: We evaluated 324 patients, including 176 men (54.3%) and 148 women (45.7%) with a mean age of 56 years. The incidence of postoperative infection was 20.37%. Of the 324 patients, 39 died during hospitalization (12%). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical time greater than 4 hours, surgical instrumented levels greater than 6, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group of 3 or 4 were associated with an increased risk of postoperative infection, but these factors did not lead to an increase in mortality during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Spine/surgery , Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3496, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1347623

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the evidence available in the literature about postoperative complications in adult patients undergoing surgical procedures with confirmed infection by SARS-CoV-2. Method: an integrative literature review conducted in the CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases, as well as in the gray literature. The references identified were exported to the EndNote manager and, subsequently, to the Rayyan web application for study selection. The stages of sampling, categorization of studies, evaluation of the studies included, interpretation of the results and knowledge synthesis were performed by two reviewers independently and in a masked manner. The data were analyzed descriptively. Results: of the 247 articles identified, 15 were selected to comprise this review. The prevalent postoperative complications in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 were the following: cough, dyspnea and hypoxia, need for invasive mechanical ventilation or not, admission to the intensive care unit and death. Conclusion: the most reported postoperative complications in the studies evaluated were respiratory-related, followed by cardiovascular complications. The importance of preoperative screening for COVID-19 is highlighted, as well as of the monitoring and tracking of confirmed cases in the postoperative period, as these actions exert an impact on reducing the occurrence of complications related to SARS-CoV-2.


Objetivo: analizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre las complicaciones postoperatorias en pacientes adultos sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos con infección confirmada por SARS-CoV-2. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science y literatura gris. Las referencias identificadas se exportaron al administrador EndNote y luego a la aplicación web Rayyan para la selección de estudios. Las etapas de muestreo, categorización de los estudios, evaluación de los estudios incluidos, interpretación de los resultados y síntesis del conocimiento fueron realizadas por dos revisores de forma independiente y enmascarada. Los datos se analizaron de forma descriptiva. Resultados: de los 247 artículos identificados, se seleccionaron 15 para componer esta revisión. Las complicaciones postoperatorias prevalentes en pacientes infectados por SARS-CoV-2 fueron: tos, disnea e hipoxia, necesidad de ventilación mecánica invasiva o no, ingreso en la unidad de terapia intensiva y muerte. Conclusión: las complicaciones postoperatorias más reportadas en los estudios evaluados fueron las respiratorias seguidas de las cardiovasculares. Se destaca la importancia del cribado preoperatorio de COVID-19, así como también del monitoreo y seguimiento de los casos confirmados en el postoperatorio, ya que son acciones que reducen la aparición de complicaciones relacionadas con el SARS-CoV-2.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre as complicações pós-operatórias em pacientes adultos submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos com infecção confirmada por SARS-CoV-2. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e na literatura cinzenta. As referências identificadas foram exportadas para o gerenciador EndNote e, em seguida, para o aplicativo web Rayyan para a seleção dos estudos. As etapas de amostragem, categorização dos estudos, avaliação dos estudos incluídos, interpretação dos resultados e síntese do conhecimento foram realizadas por dois revisores de forma independente e mascarada. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva. Resultados: dos 247 artigos identificados, 15 foram selecionados para compor a presente revisão. As complicações pós-operatórias prevalentes em pacientes infectados com SARS-CoV-2 foram: tosse, dispneia e hipóxia, necessidade de ventilação mecânica invasiva ou não, internação em unidade de terapia intensiva e óbito. Conclusão: destacaram-se, como complicações pós-operatórias mais relatadas nos estudos avaliados, as respiratórias seguidas das cardiovasculares. Ressalta-se a importância da triagem pré-operatória para COVID-19, bem como de acompanhamento e rastreamento de casos confirmados no pós-operatório, por serem ações que impactam na redução da ocorrência de complicações relacionadas ao SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Respiration, Artificial , Perioperative Nursing , Coronavirus Infections , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(1): 36-42, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1151893

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en Cartagena, desde hace aproximadamente una década, se está realizando una nueva técnica de injerto dorsal denominada cartílago en puente (CEP), realizada en rinoplastias cerradas por un solo otorrinolaringólogo. No obstante, no existen estudios que caractericen las complicaciones de esta técnica. Objetivo del estudio: caracterizar las complicaciones posquirúrgicas del manejo del dorso nasal con CEP en pacientes sometidos a una rinoplastia. Metodología: estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal y de carácter retrospectivo, que abarca los registros clínicos de pacientes sometidos a una rinoplastia cerrada con la técnica CEP entre 2013 y 2016. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas, características del procedimiento y se registraron las complicaciones detectadas durante el seguimiento posoperatorio: aparición de infección, extrusión, desplazamiento y reabsorción del injerto Resultados: se identificaron 882 historias clínicas. La mediana de edad fue de 28 años, siendo el 81 % del género femenino. La rinoplastia fue primaria en 80,6 %, el material del injerto dorsal fue solo cartílago en 80,6 %, Gore-Tex® en 1,7 % y una combinación de cartílago y Gore-Tex® en 17,7 %. La mediana de duración de las rinoplastias fue de 78 minutos (rango intercuartílico [RIC]: 72-85), siendo el principal procedimiento adicional la septoplastia en 82,2 %. El 18,2 % de los pacientes presentaron complicaciones. El desplazamiento fue la principal complicación reportada (14,7%), seguida de la reabsorción (4,0 %) e infección (0,1 %). Conclusiones: la técnica CEP mostró como principales complicaciones el desplazamiento y la reabsorción del injerto, con una frecuencia similar a la descrita en otros estudios.


Introduction: In Cartagena, a new dorsal graft technique called Cartilage in Bridge (CEP) has been carried out for approximately a decade, performed in rhinoplasties closed by a single otorhinolaryngologist. However, there are no studies that characterize the complications of this technique. Objective: To characterize postoperative complications of the management of the nasal dorsum with bridge cartilage in patients undergoing rhinoplasty. Methodology: Retrospective, descriptive, observational cross-sectional study, covering clinical records of patients who underwent closed rhinoplasty with the bridge cartilage technique between 2013 and 2016. Sociodemographic variables, characteristics of the procedure, and complications detected during follow-up were recorded postoperative: appearance of infection, extrusion, displacement, and reabsorption of the graft Results: 882 medical records were identified. The median age was 28 years, being 81 % female. Rhinoplasty was primary in 80.6 %, the dorsal graft material was only cartilage in 80.6 %, Gore-Tex® in 1.7 % and combination of cartilage and Gore-Tex® in 17.7 %. The median duration of the rhinoplasties was 78 minutes (ICR: 72-85), with the main additional procedure being septoplasty in 82.2 %. 18.2 % of the patients presented complications. Displacement (14.7 %) was the main complication reported, followed by reabsorption (4.0 %) and infection (0.1 %). Conclusions: The cartilage bridge technique showed graft displacement and reabsorption as main complications, with a frequency similar to that described in other studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the short-, mid-, and long-term outcomes in patients with esophageal cancer between minimally invasive esophagectomy via Sweet approach in combination with cervical mediastinoscopy (MIE-SM) and minimally invasive esophagectomy via McKeown approach (MIE-MC), and to evaluate the value of MIE-SM in the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#A prospective, nonrandomized study was adopted. A total of 65 esophageal cancer patients after MIE-SM and MIE-MC from June 2014 to May 2016 were included. Among them, 33 patients underwent MIE-SM and 32 patients underwent MIE-MC. Short-term outcomes (including the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay, reoperation, open surgery, number of dissected lymph nodes, and 30-day mortality), mid-term outcomes, [including Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and the esophageal site-specific module (QLQ-OES18)], long-term outcomes [including overall survival and disease-free survival] were compared between the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#Radical resection (R0) were achieved in all patients. There were no significant differences in the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, and postoperative hospital stay between the 2 groups (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#MIE-SM appears to be a safe surgical approach, which may get better quality of life, suffer less pain, and can achieve the same therapeutic effect as MIE-MC. Therefore, MIE-SM should be considered as a valuable approach for the treatment of middle and lower esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Mediastinoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 884-890, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143984

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In order to reduce readmission rates after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), its predictors should be known in different contexts. The objective of this study was to identify predictive factors of hospital readmission within 30 days after CABG in a Brazilian center. Methods: A secondary analysis of an electronic database of patients submitted to isolated CABG was performed. The relationship between readmission within 30 days and demographic, anthropometric, clinical, and surgery-related characteristics was investigated by univariate analyses. Predictors were identified by multiple logistic regression. Results: Data from 2,272 patients were included, with an incidence of readmission of 8.6%. The predictors of readmission were brown skin color (Beta=1.613; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.047-2.458; P=0.030), African-American ethnicity (Beta=0.136; 95% CI 0.019-0.988; P=0.049), chronic kidney disease (Beta=2.214; 95% CI 1.269-3.865; P=0.005), postoperative use of blood products (Beta=1.515; 95% CI 1.101-2.086; P=0.011), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Beta=2.095; 95% CI 1.284-3.419; P=0.003), and use of acetylsalicylic acid (Beta=1.418; 95% CI 1.000-2.011; P=0.05). Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis (Beta=0.742; 95% CI 0.5471.007; P=0.055) was marginally significant. Conclusion: The predictors identified may support a closer postoperative follow-up and individualized planning for a safe discharge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Patient Readmission , Coronary Artery Bypass , Data Analysis , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , United States , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 484-490, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142335

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernia is one of the most common surgical pathologies. The advent of minimally invasive surgery raised questions about the best technique to be applied, considering the possibility of reducing postoperative pain, a lower rate of complications, and early return to usual activities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of open and laparoscopic hernioplasties in Brazil from 2008 to 2018, analyzing the rates of urgent and elective surgeries, mortality, costs, and the impact of laparoscopic surgical training on the public health system. METHODS: Nationwide data from 2008 to 2018 were obtained from the public health registry database (DATASUS) for a descriptive analysis of the selected data and parameters. RESULTS: 2,671,347 hernioplasties were performed in the period, an average of 242,850 surgeries per year (99.4% open, 0.6% laparoscopic). The economically active population (aged 20-59) constituted the dominant group (54.5%). There was a significant reduction (P<0.01) in open surgeries, without a compensatory increase in laparoscopic procedures. 22.3% of surgeries were urgent, with a significant increase in mortality when compared to elective surgeries (P<0.01). The distribution of laparoscopic surgery varied widely, directly associated with the number of digestive surgeons. CONCLUSION: This study presents nationwide data on hernia repair surgeries in Brazil for the first time. Minimally invasive techniques represent a minor portion of hernioplasties. Urgent surgeries represent a high percentage when compared to other countries, with increased mortality. The data reinforce the need for improvement in the offer of services, specialized training, and equalization in the distribution of procedures in all regions.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Hérnias de parede abdominal são patologias cirúrgicas frequentes. O surgimento da cirurgia minimamente invasiva levantou questionamentos sobre a melhor técnica a ser aplicada, considerando a possível redução de dor pós-operatória e de complicações, e retorno precoce às atividades habituais. OBJETIVO: Avaliar frequência de hernioplastias abertas e laparoscópicas no Brasil entre os anos de 2008 e 2018, analisar taxas de cirurgias urgentes e eletivas, mortalidade, custos e o impacto do treinamento em cirurgia laparoscópica no sistema público de saúde. MÉTODOS Análise de banco de dados do registro de saúde pública (DATASUS) entre 2008 e 2018 para coleta dos dados e parâmetros selecionados. RESULTADOS: Foram realizadas 2.671.347 hernioplastias no período, média de 242.850 cirurgias/ano (99,4% abertas, 0,6% laparoscópicas). Predominou a faixa etária economicamente ativa (20-59 anos), 54,5% do total. Houve redução significativa das cirurgias abertas (P<0,01), sem aumento compensatório da laparoscopia. 22,3% das cirurgias foram de urgência, com aumento significativo da mortalidade em relação às cirurgias eletivas (P<0,01). Observou-se distribuição heterogênea da videolaparoscopia, diretamente relacionada com o número de cirurgiões digestivos. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo apresenta pela primeira vez os dados populacionais das cirurgias de hérnia no Brasil. As técnicas minimamente invasivas representam uma parcela pouco significativa das hernioplastias. As cirurgias urgentes apresentam percentual elevado comparado a outros países, com aumento significativo na mortalidade, reforçando a necessidade de políticas que permitam aumento da oferta do serviço, treinamento especializado e equalização na distribuição dos procedimentos em todas as regiões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Laparoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Femoral/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Mesh , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/statistics & numerical data , Hernia, Femoral/epidemiology , Hernia, Inguinal/epidemiology , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(3): e631, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138884

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El aumento de la expectativa de vida determina un incremento en la incidencia de enfermedades con indicación quirúrgica. El avance en las técnicas quirúrgicas, los cuidados intensivos y el conocimiento más profundo del proceso de envejecimiento tiende a favorecer la disminución de la morbimortalidad perioperatoria del paciente geriátrico. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de complicaciones intra y posoperatorias en pacientes geriátricos durante la cirugía abdominal mayor electiva. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal a 373 pacientes geriátricos programados para intervención quirúrgica abdominal mayor desde enero de 2017 hasta diciembre de 2019 en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez. Se registró la incidencia de complicaciones perioperatorias relacionándolas con las variables de estudio. Resultados: Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron las cardiovasculares. La mortalidad fue escasa. Conclusiones: Las complicaciones perioperatorias detectadas en los pacientes geriátricos estudiados, se relacionan con las enfermedades previas, el tipo y la envergadura de la cirugía y con el tiempo quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: The increase in life expectancy determines an increase in the incidence of diseases with surgical indication. Advances in surgical techniques, intensive care and deeper understanding of the aging process tend to favor the reduction of perioperative morbidity and mortality among geriatric patients. Objective: To determine the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications among geriatric patients during elective major abdominal surgery. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was carried out with 373 geriatric patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery from January 2017 to December 2019 at Dr. Miguel Enríquez Clinical-Surgical Hospital. The incidence of perioperative complications was recorded, relating them to the study variables. Results: The most frequent complications were the cardiovascular ones. Mortality was low. Conclusions: The perioperative complications identified among the geriatric patients studied are related with previous diseases, with the type and extent of surgery, and with the surgical time(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Perioperative Care/methods , Abdomen/surgery , Intraoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Aging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1573-1576, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143630

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing public health problem associated with many comorbid diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and complications of thyroidectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy between January 2015 and December 2018 were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups, i.e., BMI <25 (group A) and BMI≥ 25 (group B). Demographics, operative time, and complications were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The study included 145 patients (66 in Group A and 79 in Group B). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age (p=0.330) and gender (p=0.055). No surgical site infection and bleeding complications were observed in any patients. The mean operative time was 148.4 minutes (90-235) in Group A and 153.4 minutes (85-285) in Group B (p=0.399). Transient hypocalcemia was observed in 25 (37.9%) patients in group A, and 23 (29.1%) patients in Group B (p = 0.291). Permanent hypocalcemia was not observed in any patient in group A, and in 2 patients in Group B (2.5%) (p = 0.501). Transient recurrent nerve palsy was observed in 1 (1.5%) patient in Group A and in 3 (3.8%) patients in Group B (p=0.626). None of the patients had permanent recurrent nerve palsy. Parathyroid autotransplantation was performed on 1 patient (1.5%) in group A and on 7 (8.9%) patients in Group B (p=0.055). CONCLUSION: We think there is no relationship between a high BMI and thyroidectomy complications, and surgery can also be performed safely in this patient group.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A obesidade é um crescente problema de saúde pública associado a muitas doenças comórbidas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a relação entre o índice de massa corporal e as complicações da tireoidectomia. MÉTODOS: Os pacientes submetidos a tireoidectomia total entre janeiro de 2015 e dezembro de 2018 foram incluidos. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois como IMC <25 (grupo A) e IMC . 25 (grupo B). Demografia, tempo operatorio e complicacoes revisadas retrospectivamente. RESULTADOS: O estudo incluiu 145 pacientes (66 no grupo A e 79 no grupo B). Não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos em termos de idade (p = 0,033) e sexo (p = 0,055). Nenhuma infecção do sítio cirúrgico e complicações hemorrágicas foram observadas em nenhum paciente. O tempo operatório médio foi de 148,4 minutos (90-235) no grupo A e 153,4 minutos (85-285) no grupo B (p = 0,399). Hipocalcemia transitória foi observada em 25 (37,9%) pacientes do grupo A e 23 (29,1%) do grupo B (p = 0,291). Hipocalcemia permanente não foi observada em nenhum paciente do grupo A e em 2 pacientes do grupo B (2,5%) (p = 0,501). Paralisia nervosa recorrente transitória foi observada em 1 (1,5%) paciente no grupo A e em 3 (3,8%) pacientes no grupo B (p = 0,626). Nenhum dos pacientes apresentou paralisia nervosa recorrente permanente. O autotransplante de paratireóide foi realizado em 1 paciente (1,5%) no grupo A e em 7 (8,9%) pacientes no grupo B (p = 0,055). CONCLUSÃO:: Acreditamos que não há relação entre um IMC alto e as complicações da tireoidectomia e a cirurgia pode ser realizada com segurança também neste grupo de pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Operative Time , Hypocalcemia/etiology
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1493-1497, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143650

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common cause of surgical acute abdomen. Postoperative complications in emergency care are reflections of the surgical procedure and pre- and postoperative factors. OBJECTIVE: Define prognostic factors for patients who underwent appendectomy, comparing them with the literature. METHODS: Descriptive observational study with a cross-sectional design based on data from the emergency/urgency appendectomy records between September 2018 and April 2019. Variables of interest were considered based on intrinsic patient data, clinical status, and perioperative management factors. Primary outcomes considered: postoperative complications from hospital admission discharge and prolonged hospital stay for > 2 days. Secondary outcome: death. The results were evaluated by Fisher's exact test (p <0.05). RESULTS: We identified 48 patients undergoing an appendectomy. Young adults accounted for 68.7%. From the total, 58.3% were males, 6 (12.5%) had hospitalization> 2 days, 4 (8.3%) had complications and no deaths. Among the variables, the stage of AA, the time of complaint up until seeking care, and advanced age were correlated with worse prognosis during hospitalization (p <0.05). The emergence of immediate postoperative complications was correlated with longer hospital stay (p <0.05). DISCUSSION: The descriptive data of the sample converge with the epidemiological profile of patients with AA in the literature, corroborating the applicability of conventional guidelines. The results strengthen the hypothesis that the patient's flow with abdominal manifestations is complicated from the first contact with SUS to the resolution of the condition. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the epidemiological profile and perioperative predictors that are most related to complications favor the appropriate management of patients.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Apendicite aguda (AA) é causa mais comum de abdome agudo cirúrgico. Complicações pós-operatórias na emergência são reflexos do ato cirúrgico e fatores pré e pós-operatórios. OBJETIVO: Definir fatores prognósticos para paciente pós apendicectomia, comparando com a literatura. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional descritivo e analítico com formação de base transversal de dados dos prontuários de apendicectomias de emergência/urgência entre setembro de 2018 e abril de 2019. Variáveis de interesse foram consideradas a partir dos dados intrínsecos ao paciente, quadro clínico e manejo perioperatório. Desfechos primários combinados considerados foram complicações pós-operatórias da internação até alta hospitalar e prolongamento da internação > dois dias. Desfecho secundário foi óbito. Resultados avaliados pelo teste exato de Fisher (p<0,05). RESULTADOS: Identificaram-se 48 pacientes submetidos à apendicectomia. Adultos jovens corresponderam a 68,7%. Do total, sexo masculino (58,3%), seis (12,5%) tiveram internação > dois dias, quatro (8,3%) cursaram com complicação e nenhum óbito. Dentre as variáveis consideradas, fase de apresentação da AA tempo de queixa até procura do atendimento e idade avançada correlacionaram com pior prognóstico durante internação (p<0,05). Surgimento de complicações pós-operatórias imediatas correlacionou-se com maior tempo de internação (p<0,05). DISCUSSÃO: Dados descritivos da amostra convergem com perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com AA na literatura, corroborando aplicabilidade das diretrizes convencionais. Resultados fortalecem a hipótese de que o fluxo do paciente com manifestações abdominais é complicado desde o primo-contato com o SUS até a resolução do quadro. CONCLUSÃO: Conhecimento do perfil epidemiológico e dos preditores perioperatórios que mais se relacionam com complicações favorecem manejo adequado dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
16.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(5): 407-413, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139720

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: During a surgical procedure, patients are often subjected to fasting for times that are more prolonged than the ideal, which may lead to complications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the duration of perioperative fasting and its association with postoperative complications, length of hospital stay (LOS) and mortality among gastric and colorectal cancer patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort study developed in a surgical oncology hospital in the city of Natal (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil). METHODS: Patients aged over 18 years were included. The Clavien-Dindo surgical complication scale was used to evaluate occurrences of postoperative complications. LOS was defined as the number of days for which patients stayed in the hospital after surgery, or until the day of death. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients participated (59.8 ± 11.8 years; 54.5% females; 70.1% with bowel tumor). The incidences of postoperative complications and death were 59.7% and 3.9%, respectively. The duration of perioperative fasting was 59.0 ± 21.4 hours, and it was higher among non-survivors and among patients with prolonged hospital stay (≥ 6 days). For each one-hour increase in the durations of perioperative and postoperative fasting, the odds of prolonged hospitalization increased by 12% (odds ratio, OR = 1.12; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.04-1.20) and 5% (OR = 1.05; 95% CI 1.02-1.08), respectively. CONCLUSION: Prolonged perioperative fasting, especially in the postoperative period, was observed in a sample of patients with gastric and colorectal cancer, and this was an independent predictor of LOS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Fasting/adverse effects , Perioperative Period , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Cohort Studies
17.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 122-132, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138525

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Describir los resultados inmediatos y alejados de la cirugía coronaria sin circulación extracorpórea (CEC) y comparar los resultados de la estrategia de indicación de la técnica en dos períodos. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo de 428 pacientes intervenidos de cirugía coronaria sin CEC entre 2004 y 2019 en el Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente. Se dividen en Grupo 1, período 2004-2008 (N=216) y Grupo 2, período 2009-2019 (N=212). Se estudiaron sus características clínicas, resultados quirúrgicos, morbi-mortalidad operatoria y eventos adversos al 31 de junio de 2019 y se compararon los resultados de los grupos a 5 años. RESULTADOS: No hubo diferencias en la distribución por sexo, edad, factores de riesgo y patologías asociadas entre los grupos. Hubo diferencias en las lesiones coronarias entre los Grupos 1 y 2: lesión de un vaso en 45 (20,4%) versus 125 (59%) y tres vasos en 75 (34,5%) versus 19 (9%) respectivamente (p<0,001). El riesgo operatorio por EuroSCORE logístico fue 3,3±3,95 versus 5,4±7,7 (p<0,001). Se confeccionaron 2,3±0,9 anastomosis distales en el Grupo 1 versus 1,3±0,6 en Grupo 2 (p<0,001). La tasa de complicaciones fueron 17,6% en el Grupo 1 y 5,7% en el 2 (p<0,001). La mortalidad operatoria globral fue 4 pacientes (0,9%). El seguimiento comprendió 9,2±3,8 años. La sobrevida a 10 años fue 76,9% y tasa de eventos cardiovasculares mayores 37,6%. No hubo diferencia entre los grupos a los 5 años. CONCLUSIONES: La selección de pacientes con anatomía más favorables o de mayor riesgo operatorio tuvo tasas de sobrevida y eventos similares a los observados con la estrategia menos selectiva a 5 años de seguimiento.


AIM: To describe the immediate and long-term results of off pump coronary artery surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass (OPCABG) comparing the results observed in two consecutive periods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 428 patients undergoing OPCABG between 2004 and 2019 at the Guillermo Grant Benavente Hospital. Group 1 patients operated between 2004 - 2008 (N = 216) and Group 2 operated between 2009 and 2019 (N = 212). RESULTS: There were no differences in sex, age, risk factors and co morbidities between groups. There were differences in the number of coronary lesions between groups: one vessel disease in 45 (20.4%) versus 125 (59%) and three vessels in 75 (34.5%) versus 19 (9%) in Group 1 vs Group 2, respectively (p <0.001). The operative risk for logistic EuroSCORE was 3.3 ± 3.95 in Group 1 versus 5.4 ± 7.7 in Group 2 (p <0.001). 2.3 ± 0.9 distal anastomoses were performed in Group 1 compared to 1.3 ± 0.6 in Group 2 (p<0.001). Adverse events occurred in 17.6% o patients in Group 1 compared to 5.7% in Group 2 (p<0.001). Overall, 4 patients died (0.9%). Mean overall survival at 10 years was 76.9% and the rate of major cardiovascular events was 37.6%, no differences being observed between groups. CONCLUSIONS: At 5 years of follow-up the selection of patients with more favorable anatomy or greater operative risk had similar survival rates and events than those observed with the least selective strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Time Factors , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Cause of Death , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/mortality
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 249-253, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137252

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the incidence of postoperative complications (PC) between diabetic and nondiabetic patients undergoing cardiovascular surgeries (CS). Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study, based on the analysis of 288 medical records. Patients aged ≥ 18 years, admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) between January 2012 and January 2013, and undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or vascular surgeries were included. The population was divided into those with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and then it was evaluated the incidence of PC between the groups. Results: The sample included 288 patients, most of them being elderly (67 [60-75] years old) male (64%) subjects. Regarding to surgical procedures, 60.4% of them were undergoing vascular surgeries and 39.6% were in the postoperative period of CABG. The incidence of T2DM in this population was 40% (115), just behind hypertension, with 72% (208). Other risk factors were also observed, such as smoking in 95 (33%) patients, dyslipidemias in 54 (19%) patients, and previous myocardial infarction in 55 (19%) patients. No significant difference in relation to PC (bleeding, atrial fibrillation, cardiorespiratory arrest, and respiratory complications) between the groups was observed (P>0.05). Conclusion: T2DM has a high incidence rate in the population of critically ill patients submitted to CS, especially in the elderly. However, in this small retrospectively analyzed study, there was no significant increase in PC related to diabetes for patients undergoing CS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
19.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 391-397, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126177

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: En pacientes con Síndrome de Hipoplasia de Ventrículo Izquierdo (SHVI) la primera etapa hacia una fisiología univentricular de Fontan es la operación de Norwood, cuya mortalidad es 10-30%. En estos pacientes la extubación fallida se presenta en un 18% y se ha asociado a aumento de la mortali dad. Objetivo: Describir la frecuencia de extubación fallida y sus factores de riesgo en pacientes con SHVI operados (Norwood). Pacientes y Método: Estudio de casos y controles que incluyó a todos los pacientes con SHVI manejados con cirugía de Norwood en el Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Católica (enero-2000 a febrero-2018). Se define como casos a pacientes con falla en la extubación y como controles a los pacientes sin esta complicación. Se registraron variables demográficas, quirúrgicas, y post-quirúrgicas, y se realizó análisis univariado y multivariado (regresión logística) para determinar los factores de riesgo asociados a la falla en la extubación. Resultados: De un total de 107 pacientes, 26 pacientes tuvieron extubación fallida (24,3%). En el análisis univariado los factores asociados a extubación fallida fueron: mayor tiempo de ventilación mecánica postquirúrgico, desarrollar atelectasias, derrame pleural, quilotórax, tener otras comorbilidades respiratorias (apnea y traqueítis), y mayor tiempo de uso de morfina y midazolam. En el análisis multivariado, la presencia de quilotórax, otras comorbilidades respiratorias, y mayor tiempo de uso de midazolam fueron variables asociadas a extubación fallida (p<0,03). La extubación fallida no se asoció a mayor mortalidad. Conclusiones: La presencia de quilotórax, complicaciones respiratorias y uso de mida zolam prolongado deben considerarse para definir el momento de la extubación, con el objetivo de evitar su fracaso.


Abstract: Introduction: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is the main cause of mortality due to congenital heart disea se. The Norwood surgery is the first procedure of the surgical staging process towards a single ventri cle physiology or Fontan-type operation and has a mortality rate of 10% to 30%. Extubation failure during the postoperative period occurs in up to 18% of these patients and is associated with increased mortality. Objective: To describe extubation failure rates and risk factors in pediatric patients with HLHS who underwent Norwood procedure. Patients and Method: Case-control study that included all the patients with HLHS managed with Norwood surgery at the Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Catolica between January 2000 and February 2018. Cases and controls were defined as patients with extubation failure and as patients without this complication, respectively. The following variables were recorded demographic, surgical, and post-surgical ones, and univariate and multivariate analyses (logistic regression) were performed to determine risk factors associated with extubation failure. Results: Out of 107 patients, 26 of them presented extubation failure (24.3%). In the univariate analysis, longer mechanical ventilation time during the postsurgical period, atelectasis, pleural effusion, chylothorax, other respiratory morbidities (i.e. apneas and tracheitis), and longer infusion times of morphine and midazolam, all were associated with a higher extubation failure rate in this population. In the multivariable analysis, chylothorax, other respiratory comorbidities, and longer infusion time of midazolam remained associated with this complication, however, it was not associated with higher mortality. Conclusions: Chylothorax, respiratory comorbidities, and longer use of Midazolam should be addressed before planning airway extubation in order to avoid failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Postoperative Care/statistics & numerical data , Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome/surgery , Norwood Procedures , Airway Extubation/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Failure
20.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(1): 13-16, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114886

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: El objetivo principal de este estudio fue determinar la incidencia de complicaciones post cirugía bucal. METODOLOGÍA: Se desarrolló un estudio observacional, descriptivo, con el uso del registro prospectivo de la totalidad de pacientes ingresados para cirugía bucal del Complejo Hospitalario San Borja-Arriarán durante doce meses de observación (abril 2017 a marzo 2018). RESULTADOS: La muestra estuvo conformada por 532 pacientes sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos de cirugía bucal y 29 casos de complicación postquirúrgica. La incidencia de complicaciones alcanzó un 5,5% y se observó de manera predominante en intervenciones de tipo exodoncia. La complicación mayormente observada fue la alveolitis alcanzando un 2,5% de las cirugías de terceros molares y un 3,7% de las exodoncias de otros dientes. Las hemorragias postoperatorias se observaron en un 1,1% de las cirugías de terceros molares. Otras complicaciones postquirúrgicas fueron abscesos de espacios faciales, parestesia del nervio alveolar inferior, hematomas, equimosis y periostitis. CONCLUSIÓN: Los resultados fueron similares a los reportados en la literatura tanto en su frecuencia como en el tipo de complicación.


OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this investigation was to determine the incidence of postoperative complications in oral surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational and descriptive study was developed with the use of the prospective registry of the patients admitted for oral surgery in the San Borja Arriarán Hospital Complex for a twelve-month period of observation (April 2017 to March 2018). RESULTS: The sample consisted of 532 patients undergoing surgical procedures of oral surgery and 29 cases of postoperative complications. The incidence of complications reached 5,5% and it was observed predominantly in interventions of tooth extraction. The most commonly observed complication was dry socket, reaching 2,5% of third molar surgeries and 3,7% of extractions of other teeth. Postoperative hemorrhages were observed in 1,1% of third molar surgeries. Other postoperative complications were facial spaces abscesses, paresthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve, bruising, ecchymosis and periostitis. CONCLUSIONS: The results were similar to those reported in the literature both in their frequency and in the type of complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Oral Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgery, Oral , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Postoperative Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Abscess/epidemiology , Dry Socket/epidemiology
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