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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 748-763, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399462

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes submetidos a grandes cirurgias abdominais apresentam riscos de complicações pós-operatórias. A mobilização precoce vem sendo implementada e cada vez mais aplicada, no intuito de prevenir esses eventos. Objetivo: Demonstrar se a mobilização precoce está associada à melhor funcionalidade no pós-operatório de cirurgias abdominais. Métodos: Revisão integrativa de literatura realizada por meio de uma busca bibliográfica junto aos bancos de dados: BVS, Scielo, PedRO e Pubmed por meio dos descritores: mobilização precoce, deambulação precoce, cuidados pós-operatórios, período pós-operatório, estado funcional, exercício físico, reabilitação, funcionalidade e cirurgia abdominal, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol. Resultados: A amostra final foi constituída por 08 artigos científicos, que foram estruturados em forma de quadro para apresentação de suas principais características, dos métodos e os principais resultados. Conclusão: A mobilização precoce está associada ao retorno rápido à funcionalidade da linha de base pré- operatória, as atividades de vida diária, independência funcional, além do tempo de internação mais curto e menor duração dos desagradáveis sintomas pós-operatórios.


Introduction: Patients undergoing major abdominal surgery are at risk of postoperative complications. Early mobilization has been implemented and increasingly applied in order to prevent these events. Objective: to demonstrate whether early mobilization is associated with better functionality in the postoperative period of abdominal surgeries. Methods: an integrative literature review carried out through a literature search in the following databases: BVS, Scielo, PedRO and Pubmed using the descriptors: early mobilization, early ambulation, postoperative care, postoperative period, functional status, physical exercise, rehabilitation, functionality and abdominal surgery, in English, Portuguese and Spanish. Results: The final sample consisted of 08 scientific articles, which were structured in the form of a table to present their main characteristics, methods and main results. Conclusion: Early mobilization interferes with the rapid return to preoperative baseline functionality, activities of daily living, functional independence, in addition to a shorter hospital stay and shorter duration of unpleasant postoperative symptoms.


Introducción: Los pacientes sometidos a cirugías abdominales mayores corren el riesgo de sufrir complicaciones postoperatorias. La movilización temprana se ha implementado y aplicado cada vez más para prevenir estos eventos. Objetivo: Demostrar si la movilización temprana se asocia con una mejor funcionalidad después de la cirugía abdominal. Métodos: Revisión bibliográfica integrativa realizada a través de una búsqueda bibliográfica en las siguientes bases de datos: BVS, Scielo, PedRO y Pubmed utilizando los descriptores: early mobilisation, early ambulation, postoperative care, postoperative period, functional status, physical exercise, rehabilitation, functionality and abdominal surgery, en inglés, portugués y español. Resultados: La muestra final consistió en 08 artículos científicos, que se estructuraron en forma de tabla para presentar sus principales características, los métodos y los principales resultados. Conclusión: La movilización temprana se asocia con un rápido retorno a la funcionalidad de base preoperatoria, a las actividades de la vida diaria, a la independencia funcional, así como a una estancia hospitalaria más corta y a una menor duración de los síntomas postoperatorios desagradables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Postoperative Care , Thoracic Surgery , Early Ambulation , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Rehabilitation , Exercise , Libraries, Digital , Abdomen , Functional Status
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 580-587, 20220906. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396342

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los colgajos del territorio de la arteria submentoniana pueden ser utilizados como un colgajo cutáneo, musculofacial y osteocutáneo, realizando cierres primarios del defecto del sitio donante, sin generar defectos funcionales ni estéticos mayores. Métodos. Describir la experiencia de nuestro equipo quirúrgico, las complicaciones relacionadas con el uso del colgajo y los resultados oncológicos, así como los desenlaces tardíos durante el seguimiento de los pacientes incluidos en el estudio. Resultados. Se incluyeron veintiún pacientes, con una edad media de 66 años (rango 52 - 86), con patología oncológica de lengua, labio inferior, paladar blando, nariz, órbita y orofaringe. Todos los pacientes fueron sometidos a disección selectiva ipsilateral del cuello, tras la extracción del colgajo y en todos los casos se preservó el nervio mandibular marginal. Se registraron complicaciones como la necrosis parcial. La estancia hospitalaria media fue de 8 días.Conclusiones. El colgajo de la arteria submentoniana ha mostrado resultados favorables debido a su uso versátil, amplio arco de rotación, color y baja morbilidad del sitio donante. Se recomienda realizar estudios más robustos, que incluyan la experiencia de diversos especialistas en países que compartan las mismas limitaciones técnicas y características sociodemográficas.


Introduction. Flaps from the territory of the submental artery can be used as a cutaneous, musculofacial and osteocutaneous flap, performing primary closure of the donor site defect, without generating major functional or aesthetic defects. Methods. To describe the experience of the same surgical team, the complications related to the use of the flap and the oncological results, as well as the late outcomes during the follow-up of the patients included in the study. Results. Twenty-one patients with a mean age of 66 years (range: 52-86), with oncological pathology of the tongue, lower lip, soft palate, nose, orbit, and oropharynx were included. All patients underwent ipsilateral selective neck dissection after flap removal, and in all cases the marginal mandibular nerve was preserved. Complications such as partial necrosis were recorded. The mean hospital stay was 8 days. Conclusions. The submental artery flap has shown favorable results due to its versatile use, wide arc of rotation, color, and low donor site morbidity. More robust studies are recommended, including the experience of various specialists in countries sharing the same technical limitations and sociodemographic characteristics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transplantation, Autologous , Myocutaneous Flap , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Postoperative Period , Tissue Transplantation
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 656-660, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394870

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To demonstrate the greater accuracy of panoramic radiographs of the lower limbs (long) in relation to short radiographs of the knee in the measurement of the mechanical axis of the lower limb after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of long and short postoperative radiographic images of 70 patients submitted to TKA in our service. The images were analyzed at random, at different times, by three orthopedists. In all images, the mechanical axis of the limb, femur and tibia were traced and femorotibial angles (FTAs) were calculated. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to evaluate the agreement of the measurement of the inter- and intra-observer mechanical axis. Results It was observed that there was high intra and interobserver agreement when panoramic radiographs were used, with minimum intra and interobserver ICC of 0.89, equivalent to a very strong agreement. On short radiographs in the anteroposterior incidence (AP) of the knee, the ICC showed moderate agreement, obtaining a maximum value of 0.75. Conclusion There is a significant difference in accuracy for the measurement of the mechanical axis of the lower limb, comparing long and short radiographs of the lower limb. Thus, for the proper measurement of the mechanical axis of the lower limb, we suggest the performance of long radiography in the postoperative period of TKA.


Resumo Objetivo Demonstrar a maior acurácia das radiografias panorâmicas de membros inferiores (longas) em relação às radiografias curtas do joelho na medida do eixo mecânico do membro inferior após a artroplastia total de joelho (ATJ). Métodos Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo para avaliar a acurácia de imagens radiográficas longas e curtas pós-operatórias de 70 pacientes submetidos à ATJ em nosso serviço. As imagens foram analisadas ao acaso, em momentos distintos, por três ortopedistas. Em todas as imagens, o eixo mecânico do membro, do fêmur e da tíbia foram traçado,s e os ângulos femorotibiais (AFTs) foram calculados. O coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI) foi calculado para avaliar a concordância da medida do eixo mecânico inter e intraobservador. Resultados Observou-se que houve alta concordância intra e interobservador quando utilizamos radiografias panorâmicas, apresentando CCI mínimo intrae interobservador de 0,89, equivalente a uma concordância fortíssima. Já nas radiografias curtas na incidência anteroposterior (AP) do joelho, o CCI mostrou-se com concordância moderada, obtendo valor máximo de 0,75. Conclusão Existe uma diferença significativa na acurácia para a medida do eixo mecânico do membro inferior, comparando-se radiografias longas e curtas do membro inferior. Assim, para a adequada mensuração do eixo mecânico do membro inferior, sugerimos a realização de radiografia longa no pós-operatório de ATJ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee/pathology , Knee/diagnostic imaging
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 159-166, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394419

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The optimal rectal cancer care is achieved by a multidisciplinary approach, with a high-quality surgical resection, with complete mesorectal excision and adequate margins. New approaches like the transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) aim to achieve these goals, maximizing the sphincter preservation ratio, with good oncologic and functional results. This report describes a way to implement TaTME without a proctor, presents the first case series of this approach in a center experienced in rectal cancer, and compares the results with those of the international literature. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of the first 10 consecutive patients submitted to TaTME for rectal cancer at our institution. The primary outcomes were postoperative complications, pathological specimen quality and local recurrence rate. The results and performance were compared with the outcomes of a known structured program with proctorship and with the largest meta-analysis on this topic. Results: All patients had locally advanced cancer; therefore, all underwent neoadjuvant therapy. A total of 30% had postoperative complications, without mortality or re-admissions. In comparison with the structured training program referred, no differences were found in postoperative complications and reintervention rates, resulting in a similar quality of resection. Comparing these results with those of the largest meta-analysis on the subject, no differences in the postoperative complication rates were found, and very similar outcomes regarding anastomotic leaks and oncological quality of resection were registered. Conclusion: The results of this study validate the safety and effectiveness of our pathway regarding the implementation of the TaTME approach, highlighting the fact that it should be done in a center with proficiency in minimally invasive rectal surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Health Profile , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Neoplasm Staging
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 185-192, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387980

ABSTRACT

Abstract Infection is one of the most feared complications in the postoperative period of knee arthroplasties. With the progressive aging of the population and the increased incidence of degenerative joint diseases, there is an exponential increase in the number of arthroplasties performed and, consequently, in the number of postoperative infections. The diagnosis of these should follow a hierarchical protocol, with welldefined criteria, which lead to diagnostic conclusion, thus guiding the most appropriate treatment. The aim of the present update article is to present the main risk factors, classifications and, mainly, to guide diagnostic investigation in an organized manner.


Resumo A infecção é uma das complicações mais temidas no pós-operatório de artroplastias do joelho. Com o envelhecimento populacional progressivo e o aumento da incidência de doenças degenerativas articulares, observa-se um aumento exponencial do número de artroplastias realizadas e, consequentemente, do número de infecções pós-operatórias. O diagnóstico destas devem seguir um protocolo hierarquizado, com critérios bem definidos, que conduzam à conclusão diagnóstica, orientando, assim, o tratamento mais adequado. O objetivo do presente artigo de atualização é apresentar os principais fatores de risco, as classificações e, principalmente, guiar de forma organizada a investigação diagnóstica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Surgical Wound Infection/classification , Surgical Wound Infection/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 243-250, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374727

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory condition of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses that requires multifactorial treatment. Xylitol can be employed with nasal irrigation and can provide better control of the disease. Objective: To evaluate the association between the effects of nasal lavage with saline solution compared to nasal lavage with a xylitol solution. Methods: Fifty-two patients, divided into two groups (n = 26 in the "Xylitol" group and n = 26 in the "Saline solution" group) answered questionnaires validated in Portuguese (NOSE and SNOT-22) about their nasal symptoms and general symptoms, before and after endonasal endoscopic surgery and after a period of 30 days of nasal irrigation. Results: The "Xylitol" group showed significant improvement in pain relief and nasal symptom reduction after surgery and nasal irrigation with xylitol solution (p < 0.001). The "Saline solution" group also showed symptom improvement, but on a smaller scale. Conclusion: This study suggests that the xylitol solution can be useful in the postoperative period after endonasal endoscopic surgery, because it leads to a greater reduction in nasal symptoms.


Resumo Introdução: Rinossinusite crônica é um quadro de inflamação da cavidade nasal e dos seios paranasais que necessita de tratamento multifatorial. O xilitol pode ser associado às irrigações nasais e pode prover melhor controle da doença. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre os efeitos da lavagem nasal com solução fisiológica em comparação à lavagem nasal com solução de xilitol. Método: Divididos em dois grupos (n = 26 no grupo Xilitol e n = 26 no grupo Soro), 52 pacientes responderam à questionários validados em língua portuguesa (NOSE e SNOT-22) sobre seus sintomas nasais e sintomas gerais, antes e depois de cirurgia endoscópica endonasal e após um período de 30 dias de irrigação nasal. Resultados: O grupo Xilitol apresentou melhoria significativa dos sintomas de dor e sintomas nasais após a cirurgia e a irrigação nasal com solução de xilitol (p < 0,001). O grupo Soro também apresentou melhoria dos sintomas, porém em menor escala. Conclusão: Este estudo sugere que a solução de xilitol pode ser usada no período pós-operatório de cirurgia endoscópica endonasal por levar a uma maior redução nos sintomas nasais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paranasal Sinuses/surgery , Rhinitis/surgery , Rhinitis/complications , Postoperative Period , Xylitol/pharmacology , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy , Nasal Lavage , Symptom Assessment
7.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1422, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1387065

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o tempo de jejum e tipo de dieta prescrita para reintrodução alimentar no pós-operatório de diferentes especialidades cirúrgicas. Método: estudo quantitativo, retrospectivo, documental e descritivo dos prontuários de pacientes cirúrgicos, com amostra randomizada e estratificada de 464 pacientes, realizado em hospital universitário público de grande porte no Paraná. Realizou-se análise estatística descritiva, apresentando medidas de tendência central e seus intervalos de confiança. Resultados: a média de jejum pós-operatório foi de 9:54h (DP: 6:89), variando de 8 a 30 horas. As clínicas que apresentaram maior tempo de jejum foram cirurgia cardíaca, cirurgia torácica e neurocirurgia, com médias de 18:25h, 14:45h e 12:22h, respectivamente. Quanto à prescrição de dieta no pós-operatório imediato, 51,3% dos pacientes receberam dieta geral, 15,3% dieta leve e 11,9% mantiveram jejum nas primeiras 24 horas após o procedimento cirúrgico. Conclusão: o tempo de jejum encontrado nessa instituição excede as atuais recomendações de protocolos nacionais e internacionais, o que implica aumento de desconfortos para o paciente cirúrgico, como sede, fome e estresse, além da insatisfação com o serviço prestado pela equipe de saúde.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el tiempo de ayuno y tipo de dieta prescrita para la reintroducción alimentaria postoperatoria de diferentes especialidades quirúrgicas. Método: estudio cuantitativo, retrospectivo, documental y descriptivo de historias clínicas de pacientes quirúrgicos, con una muestra aleatorizada y estratificada de 464 pacientes, realizada en un gran hospital universitario público de Paraná. Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo, presentando medidas de tendencia central y sus intervalos de confianza. Resultados: el ayuno postoperatorio medio fue de 9: 54h (DP: 6:89), con un rango de 8 a 30 horas. Las clínicas que mostraron mayor tiempo de ayuno fueron cirugía cardíaca, cirugía torácica y neurocirugía, con medias de 18: 25h, 14: 45h y 12: 22h, respectivamente. En cuanto a la prescripción de dieta en el postoperatorio inmediato, el 51,3% de los pacientes recibió dieta general, el 15,3% dieta ligera y el 11,9% ayuno durante las primeras 24 horas posteriores al procedimiento quirúrgico. Conclusión: el tiempo de ayuno encontrado en esta institución supera las recomendaciones vigentes de los protocolos nacionales e internacionales, lo que implica un aumento de las molestias para el paciente quirúrgico, como sed, hambre y estrés, además de insatisfacción con el servicio brindado por el equipo de salud.


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the fasting time and type of the diet prescribed for the food reintroduction during the postoperative period of different surgical specialties. Method: this is a quantitative, retrospective, documentary, and descriptive study with medical records of surgical patients. The study had a randomized and stratified sample with 464 patients carried out in a large public university hospital in Paraná. We performed a descriptive statistical analysis, presenting measures of central tendency and their confidence intervals. Results: the mean post-operative fasting was 9:54 hours (SD: 6:89), ranging from 8 to 30 hours. The cardiac surgery, thoracic surgery, and neurosurgery were the clinics that presented the longest fasting time with averages of 18:25, 14:45, and 12:22 hours, respectively. Regarding the diet prescription in the immediate postoperative period, 51.3% of the patients received a general diet, 15.3% a light diet, and 11.9% fasted for the first 24 hours after the surgical procedure. Conclusion: the fasting time found in this institution exceeds the current recommendations of national and international protocols, showing an increase in discomfort for the surgical patient such as thirst, hunger, and stress, in addition to dissatisfaction with the service provided by the health team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Retrospective Studies , Fasting , Patient Care Team , Postoperative Period , General Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, University
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 47-53, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375755

ABSTRACT

Background: There are many surgical approaches which described extent of resection of the colon for adequate surgicalmanagement of splenic flexure cancer, but up till now there is no established surgical procedure, this is because the presence of double lymphatic drainage of themesenteric vessels. Segmental resection of the colon for the management of splenic flexure cancer was a recently accepted surgical procedure. Objective: In the present study, we aimed to compare three surgical management techniques to clarify the best management approach of Egyptian patients with splenic flexure cancer regarding operative, clinical, and oncological outcomes: segmental resection, and extended left or right hemicolectomy,. Materials and Methods In the present study, we included 90 patients with splenic flexure cancer. Cases were divided into 3 groups. Each group included 30 patients in order to compare three surgical techniques: segmental resection, extended left hemicolectomy, and extended right hemicolectomy. Results: We have found no statistically significant differences between the three included groups regarding operative findings, postoperative complications, local recurrence, distant recurrence, disease progression, recurrence-free survival rate, progression-free survival rate, and overall survival rate. The operative time was longer, and the number of lymph nodes was higher in the extended right hemicolectomy group (p<0.001). Conclusion: We have shown that segmental resection of the splenic flexure is surgically and clinically suitable for the adequate management of operable cases of carcinoma of the splenic flexure. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Period , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. chil. neuropsicol. (En línea) ; 16(1): 28-36, ene. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362112

ABSTRACT

La craneotomía con paciente despierto (CPD) demanda un manejo multidisciplinario particular debido al componente de conciencia transoperatoria que aporta beneficios en la resección tumoral y preservación neurológica, pero también implica el manejo de los riesgos asociados a la necesidad de cooperación del paciente durante el procedimiento. En este trabajo se describen los beneficios y las complicaciones en pacientes operados bajo la modalidad de CPD. Además, se abordan los retos documentados tanto para el equipo profesional a cargo, como para los pacientes, los cuales tienen un rol activo durante la cirugía. En ese sentido, se exponen los criterios para la selección, preparación psicológica y neuropsicológica tanto previo como durante la cirugía. A su vez, se proponen las consideraciones para lograr un procedimiento exitoso y evitar las posibles secuelas psicológicas a largo plazo, como insumos para la protocolización de este tipo de procedimientos con base en nuestra experiencia.


Awake craniotomy (AC) requires a multidisciplinary management due to trans operative awareness, which benefits the tumor resection and neurologic preservation, but it also implies risks for the patient cooperation during the procedure. This article describes the benefits and complications in patients operated under AC. Besides, it approaches the documented challenges for both the professional team and patients, who have an active role during surgery. In this regard, the criteria for selection and psychological and neuropsychological preparation before and during surgery are set out. It suggests considerations to achieve a successful procedure and to avoid possible long- term psychological sequelae, as a resource for the protocol of this type of procedures based on our experience.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wakefulness , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Craniotomy/methods , Postoperative Period , Patient Compliance , Conscience
10.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 177-184, jan./jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354485

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: explorar a percepção de um paciente cirúrgico queimado em relação à sede e seu manejo no período pré-operatório e pós-operatório imediato. Relato de caso: trata-se de um estudo com abordagem qualitativa, exploratória, do tipo estudo de caso. Os critérios de inclusão foram: paciente estar internado no centro de tratamento de queimados, ser submetido a procedimento cirúrgico ou balneoterapia, ter experenciado a sede no período pré-operatório ou pós-operatório e ter recebido o manejo da sede. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se entrevista semiestruturada, gravada e transcrita. Paciente do sexo feminino, de 32 anos, admitida com queimaduras de segundo grau em extensão de tórax, membros superiores e pescoço por tentativa de autoextermínio com álcool. Passou por seis procedimentos e esteve internada por 15 dias até o momento da coleta. Experienciou o desconforto sede durante o jejum pré-operatório e pós-operatório, considerado intenso e muito estressante durante sua internação. Conclusão: a partir da identificação do desconforto sede, utilizou-se como estratégia o picolé de gelo, que fez diferença em seu tratamento. O modelo de manejo da sede é pioneiro no cuidado ao paciente queimado e apresenta benefícios para minorar a sede.


Objective: explore thirst perception of a burnt surgical patient and its management in the preoperative and immediate postoperative period. Case report: study with a qualitative and exploratory approach, named as case study. Inclusion criteria were: inpatient at burnt treatment unit, undergone surgical procedure or balneotherapy, experienced thirst in the preoperative or postoperative period and received thirst management. For data collection, semi-structured interviews were performed, recorded and transcribed. Female patient, 32 years old, admitted with second degree burns in extension of thorax, upper limbs and neck due to attempted self-extermination with alcohol. Underwent six procedures and was hospitalized for 15 days until the data collection. Experienced thirst discomfort during preoperative and postoperative fasting, which was considered intense and very stressful during his hospitalization. Conclusion: since the identification of thirst discomfort, the ice popsicle was used as a strategy, which made difference in her treatment. The thirst management model is pioneer in care of burnt patients and has benefits to alleviate thirst.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Patients , Thirst , Balneology , Burns , Ice , Postoperative Period , Therapeutics , Data Collection , Fasting , Preoperative Period , Hospitalization , Inpatients , Neck
11.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58739, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366303

ABSTRACT

To analyze the prevalence and characteristics of late postoperative complications of orthopedic surgeries by video arthroscopy.This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that evaluated, through its own instrument, local and systemic postoperative complications of patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries by video arthroscopy. The study included 270 patients, who were evaluated on days 30(without prosthesis) and 90(with prosthesis placement) of the postoperative period, by telephone service. The selection of participants occurred sequentially and population-based, within the data collection period, from February to July 2020, in a large hospital for medium and high complexity surgeries. Of the 270 procedures performed in the period, 4.4% (n = 12) presented late postoperative infection. The most frequent complications were erythema (83%), edema (75%) and secretion (67%) in the surgical wound. Most used antibiotic therapy (92%) and anti-inflammatory drugs (67%). Hospital readmission was not necessary concerning the complications. Only 50% required medical evaluation before the scheduled time.The need for practices that ensure the quality of perioperative care and improve the active search to assess surgical outcomes is reinforced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Arthroscopy/nursing , Arthroscopy/instrumentation , Infection Control/instrumentation , Orthopedic Procedures/nursing , Surgical Wound Infection/nursing , Bacterial Infections/nursing , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Nursing , Bodily Secretions , Orthopedic Procedures/instrumentation , Edema/nursing , Erythema/nursing , Infections/complications
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 150-158, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365739

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the techniques for the osteosynthesis of intertrochanteric fractures with dynamic hip screws (DHSs) through the Hardinge and minimally-invasive access routes of the hip, evaluating the operative time, the degree of pain in the immediate postoperative period, the hematimetric loss, and the functional aspects of active mobility. Methods A randomized, double-blinded clinical trial in which 66 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were submitted to osteosynthesis by DHS. The patients were divided into a test group, submitted to the minimally-invasive access, and a control group, in whom the surgery was performed through the Hardinge route. Results Patients submitted to the minimally-invasive treatment presented a lower degree of postoperative pain compared to the group treated by the Hardinge lateral route (p< 0.001), as well as lower hematimetric loss (p< 0.001), shorter operative time (p< 0.001), and improvement in immediate postoperative active mobility tests (p <0.05). Conclusion The study demonstrated the clinical superiority of the minimally-invasive access route parameters analyzed in relation to the Hardinge access for the fixation of intertrochanteric fractures when DHS is the choice osteosynthesis method. Level of evidence I.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar as técnicas de osteossíntese de fraturas intertrocantéricas com o parafuso dinâmico de quadril (dynamic hip screw, DHS, em inglês) pelas vias de acesso de Hardinge e minimamente invasiva do quadril, avaliando o tempo cirúrgico, o grau de dor no pós-operatório imediato, a perda hematimétrica, e os aspectos funcionais de mobilidade ativa. Métodos Estudo clínico randomizado e duplo-cego, em que 66 pacientes com fratura intertrocantérica foram submetidos a osteossíntese com DHS. Os pacientes foram divididos em um grupo teste, submetidos ao acesso minimamente invasivo, e um controle, em que a cirurgia foi realizada pela via de Hardinge. Resultados Os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento pela via minimamente invasiva apresentaram um grau de dor pós-operatória inferior em comparação ao grupo tratado pela via lateral de Hardinge (p< 0,001), assim como menor perda hematimétrica (p< 0,001), menor tempo operatório (p< 0,001), e melhora nos testes de mobilidade ativa pós-operatória imediata (p< 0,05). Conclusão O estudo demonstrou a superioridade clínica nos parâmetros analisados da via de acesso minimamente invasiva em relação ao acesso de Hardinge para a fixação de fraturas intertrocantéricas, quando o DHS for a opção de osteossíntese escolhida. Nível de evidência I.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Period , Control Groups , Clinical Trial , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Fractures
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 180-184, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365736

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although it is a versatile tendon, only 1% of surgeons choose to use the quadricipital tendon as a graft in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The present article aims to describe a quadricipital graft removal technique in which its deepest part is maintained. The technique consists of an approach in which the first incision is made in the medial part of the quadricipital tendon to prevent it from getting too short. This is due to its triangular design. The technique also addresses the depth and identification of the three layers of the quadricipital tendon so that it is possible to preserve its deepest part. This approach aims to preserve the extensor apparatus and to not communicate it with the joint environment, avoiding fluid extravasation both in the trans and postoperative periods.


Resumo Ainda que seja um tendão versátil, apenas 1% dos cirurgiões optam por utilizar o tendão quadricipital como enxerto na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA). O presente artigo tem o objetivo de descrever uma técnica de retirada do enxerto quadricipital na qual a sua porção mais profunda é mantida. A técnica consiste em uma abordagem na qual a primeira incisão é feita na porção medial do tendão quadricipital para evitar que ele fique muito curto. Isso acontece devido ao seu desenho triangular. A técnica também aborda a profundidade e a identificação das três camadas do tendão quadricipital para que seja possível preservar sua porção mais profunda. Esta conduta tem o objetivo de uma maior preservação do aparelho extensor e de não haver comunicação com o meio articular, evitando extravasamento de líquido tanto no trans- quanto no pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Transplants , Knee
14.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 31: e20210334, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1357480

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to map, in the scientific literature, the use of audiovisual aids as an educational strategy during the preoperative period of cardiac surgery. Method: a scoping review following the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology. Two independent reviewers analyzed the studies, applying the exclusion and inclusion criteria in the search by the audiovisual aid, cardiac surgery and preoperative care variables, including those that answered the research question. Results: final sample of nine studies, where the most used audiovisual aids were videos followed by apps, used because they are easily accessible and democratic. Such tools in health education optimize the team's time and promote patient education, improving the postoperative period, in addition to reducing risks and improving adherence to the treatment. Conclusion: it was possible to map the audiovisual aids used in the health education of surgical patients, such as videos, apps and information systems. These tools facilitate Nursing guidelines in the preoperative period of cardiac surgeries, increasing the patient's knowledge about the surgery.


RESUMEN Objetivo: mapear en la literatura científica el uso de recursos audiovisuales como estrategia educativa durante el período preoperatorio de cirugías cardíacas. Método: revisión de alcance que siguió la metodología del Instituto Joanna Briggs. Dos revisores independientes analizaron los estados, aplicando los criterios de exclusión e inclusión en la búsqueda por medio de las siguientes variables: recurso audiovisual, cirugía cardíaca y cuidados preoperatorios, incluyéndose los que respondían a la pregunta de la investigación. Resultados: la muestra final estuvo compuesta por nueve estudios, en los que los recursos audiovisuales más utilizados fueron los vídeos seguidos de aplicaciones, usados por ser de fácil acceso y democráticos. Estas herramientas de educación en salud optimizan el tiempo del equipo y promueven la educación del paciente, mejorando así el período postoperatorio, además de reducir riesgos y mejorar la adhesión al tratamiento. Conclusión: fue posible mapear los recursos audiovisuales utilizados en la educación en salud de los pacientes quirúrgicos, como ser vídeos, aplicaciones y sistemas de información. Estas herramientas facilitan las pautas orientadoras de la Enfermería en el período preoperatorio de cirugías cardíacas, incrementando así el conocimiento de los pacientes sobre las cirugías.


RESUMO Objetivo: mapear na literatura científica a utilização de recurso audiovisual como estratégia educativa durante o pré-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca. Método: revisão de escopo seguindo a metodologia do Instituto Joanna Briggs. Dois revisores independentes analisaram os estudos, aplicando os critérios de exclusão e inclusão na busca pelas variáveis recurso audiovisual, cirurgia cardíaca e cuidados pré-operatórios, tendo sido incluídos aqueles que respondiam à questão de pesquisa. Resultados: amostra final de nove estudos, nos quais os recursos audiovisuais mais utilizados foram os vídeos seguidos de aplicativos, usados por serem de fácil acesso e democráticos. Essas ferramentas na educação em saúde otimizam o tempo da equipe e promovem a educação do paciente, melhorando o pós-operatório. Além de reduzir riscos e melhorar a adesão ao tratamento. Conclusão: foi possível mapear os recursos audiovisuais utilizados na educação em saúde dos pacientes cirúrgicos, como vídeos, aplicativos e sistemas de informações. Essas ferramentas são facilitadoras das orientações de enfermagem no pré-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca, aumentando o conhecimento do paciente sobre a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Audiovisual Aids , Thoracic Surgery , Preoperative Care , Educational Technology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Period , Preoperative Period
15.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 12: e42, 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1392249

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as frequências das complicações em Sala de Recuperação Pós-Anestésica (SRPA) por especialidades cirúrgicas e sua associação com variáveis pré, intra e pós-operatórias imediatas. Método: estudo transversal, com 98 pacientes. Utilizaram-se dados perioperatórios, coletados por meio de entrevista, exame físico e prontuário eletrônico; e análises descritivas, bivariadas e regressão logística. Resultados: hipotermia foi mais frequente nas cirurgias geral e ginecológica em mulheres, sendo associada às anestesias geral ou raquidiana e ao posicionamento litotômico (p<0,05). Náuseas em cirurgias gerais e ginecológicas (p=0,05), e vômitos nas gerais (p=0,01). Dor nas cirurgias gerais, associada à anestesia geral e à prescrição de analgésicos no intraoperatório (p<0,05). Cirurgia geral aumenta 3,5 vezes as chances de dor em SRPA (p=0,01). Conclusão: encontrou-se maior frequência de hipotermia, dor e náuseas/vômitos, associadas às especialidades ginecológica e geral, ao sexo feminino, posicionamento cirúrgico litotômico, à prescrição de analgésicos no intraoperatório e às anestesias raquidiana e geral.


Objective: to analyze the frequencies of complications in the Post-Anesthetic Care Unit (PACU) by surgical specialties and their association with pre-, intra- and immediate postoperative variables. Method: cross-sectional study with 98 patients. Perioperative data were used, collected through interviews, physical examination and electronic medical records; and descriptive, bivariate and logistic regression analyses. Results: hypothermia was more frequent in general and gynecological surgeries in women, being associated with general or spinal anesthesia and lithotomy positioning (p<0.05); nausea in general and gynecological surgeries (p=0.05), and vomiting in general (p=0.01); pain in general surgeries, associated with general anesthesia and intraoperative prescription of analgesics (p<0.05). General surgery increased the chances of pain in the PACU by 3.5 times (p=0.01). Conclusion: there was a higher frequency of hypothermia, pain and nausea/vomiting associated with gynecological and general specialties, female sex, lithotomy surgical position, intraoperative analgesic prescription and spinal and general anesthesia.


Objetivo: analizar las frecuencias de las complicaciones en la Unidad de Cuidados Post Anestésicos (UCPA) por especialidades quirúrgicas y su asociación con variables pre, intra y postoperatorias inmediatas. Método: estudio transversal con 98 pacientes. Se utilizaron datos perioperatorios, recolectados a través de entrevistas, examen físico y prontuario electrónico; y análisis de regresión descriptiva, bivariada y logística. Resultados: la hipotermia fue más frecuente en cirugías generales y ginecológicas en mujeres, asociándose a anestesia general o espinal y posicionamiento litotómico (p<0.05). Náuseas en general y cirugías ginecológicas (p=0.05), y vómitos en general (p=0.01). Dolor en cirugías generales, asociado a anestesia general y prescripción intraoperatoria de analgésicos (p<0.05). La cirugía general aumenta las posibilidades de dolor en la UCPA 3.5 veces (p=0.01). Conclusión: hubo mayor frecuencia de hipotermia, dolor y náuseas/vómitos, asociados a especialidades ginecológicas y generales, sexo femenino, posicionamiento quirúrgico litotómico, prescripción analgésica intraoperatoria y anestesia raquídea y general.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Perioperative Nursing , Anesthesia Recovery Period
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927840

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a risk prediction model combining pre/intraoperative risk factors and intraoperative vital signs for postoperative healthcare-associated infection(HAI)based on deep learning. Methods We carried out a retrospective study based on two randomized controlled trials(NCT02715076,ChiCTR-IPR-17011099).The patients who underwent elective radical resection of advanced digestive system tumor were included in this study.The primary outcome was HAI within 30 days after surgery.Logistic regression analysis and long short-term memory(LSTM)model based on iteratively occluding sections of the input were used for feature selection.The risk prediction model for postoperative HAI was developed based on deep learning,combining the selected pre/intraoperative risk factors and intraoperative vital signs,and was evaluated by comparison with other models.Finally,we adopted the simulated annealing algorithm to simulatively adjust the vital signs during surgery,trying to explore the adjustment system that can reduce the risk of HAI. Results A total of 839 patients were included in this study,of which 112(13.3%)developed HAI within 30 days after surgery.The selected pre/intraoperative risk factors included neoadjuvant chemotherapy,parenteral nutrition,esophagectomy,gastrectomy,colorectal resection,pancreatoduodenectomy,hepatic resection,intraoperative blood loss>500 ml,and anesthesia time>4 h.The intraoperative vital signs significantly associated with HAI were in an order of heart rate>core body temperature>systolic blood pressure>diastolic blood pressure.Compared with multivariable Logistic regression model,random forest model,and LSTM model including vital signs only,this deep learning-based prediction model performed best(ACC=0.733,F1=0.237,AUC=0.728).The simulation via simulated annealing algorithm reduced the incidence of postoperative HAI.Moreover,the incidence decreased most in the case of reducing the initial annealing temperature and choosing the last 20% of surgery procedure. Conclusions This study developed a risk prediction model for postoperative HAI based on deep learning,which combined pre/intraoperative risk factors and intraoperative basic vital signs.Using simulated annealing algorithm to adjust intraoperative vital signs could reduce the incidence of postoperative HAI to some extent.


Subject(s)
Cross Infection , Deep Learning , Delivery of Health Care , Humans , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 193-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927610

ABSTRACT

With the breakthrough in surgical technology, pediatric liver transplantation (PLT) has achieved landmark development in China in recent years. In some high-volume centers, postoperative outcomes have even been comparable to the world-leading levels. However, postoperative infection remains a major factor affecting graft and recipient survivals. Thus, the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Committee of the Chinese Research Hospital Association organized experts from multiple disciplines and formulated the consensus to improve the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of postoperative infections in PLT recipients. This consensus is based on the progress of domestic and international researches in this field and followed the principles of evidence-based medicine. It covers general and transplantation-specific infection, and is expected to provide reference for centers conducting or planning to conduct PLT.


Subject(s)
Child , Consensus , Humans , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Transplant Recipients
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on laparoscope postoperative shivering in patients undergoing general anesthesia and explore its effect mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients with elective laparoscopic resection of intestinal tumor under general anesthesia were randomly divided into an EA group and a tramadol group, 40 cases in each group. Thirty min prior to the end of the operation, in the EA group, EA was exerted at Neimadian and Zusanli (ST 36), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in intensity, and lasting 30 min. In the tramadol group, tramadol hydrochloride injection was dropped intravenously, 1 mg/kg. The conditions of shivering, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and agitation were observed in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were observed before treatment (T0), at the moment of extubation (T1), in 3 min of extubation (T2) and 1 h after operation (T3). Using ELISA, at T0 and T3, the expression levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in plasma were detected separately. Choking and agitation were recorded during extubation.@*RESULTS@#① In the EA group, the incidence of shivering, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and agitation in the PACU was lower than that in the tramadol group (P<0.05). ②Compared with T0, HR, SBP and DBP were increased at T1 and T2 in the tramadol group (P<0.05). HR, SBP and DBP in the EA group were lower than the tramadol group at T1 and T2 (P<0.05). ③Compared with T0, the expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT in plasma were increased at T3 in the tramadol group (P<0.05). The expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT in the EA group were lower than the tramadol group at T3 (P<0.05). ④The incidence of choking and agitation during exudation in the EA group was lower than that in the tramadol group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can reduce the incidence of laparoscopic postoperative shivering under general anesthesia. The potential mechanism mays related to the modulation of the expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT caused by surgical trauma.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Laparoscopes , Postoperative Period , Shivering
19.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0031, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376778

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar, por meio de uma série de casos, a percepção de pacientes com opacidade corneana sobre a eficácia da tatuagem na melhoria estética de seus olhos, utilizando a combinação de duas técnicas. Métodos: Oito pacientes responderam a um inquérito sobre sua satisfação estética com o procedimento, o desconforto pós-operatório e o impacto social observado após a cirurgia. Resultados: Todos os pacientes consideraram-se muito satisfeitos com os resultados. Em relação ao grau de desconforto no pós-operatório, 75% disseram ter tido pouco desconforto, e 25% relataram desconforto moderado. Todos os pacientes relataram melhora significativa no bem-estar social e pessoal. Da mesma forma, todos os pacientes disseram que repetiriam o procedimento. Conclusão: A tatuagem corneana surge como um método alternativo às lentes de contato e às próteses oculares em pacientes cegos com leucomas, trazendo resultados estéticos satisfatórios, duradouros e que podem promover impactos sociais na vida desses pacientes.


ABSTRACT Objective: To report, through a case series, the perception of patients about the effectiveness of corneal tattooing in the cosmetic improvement of their eyes with leukomas, using a combination of two techniques. Methods: Eight patients answered a survey regarding their cosmetic appearance satisfaction regarding the procedure, postoperative discomfort, and social impact observed after surgery. Results: All patients considered themselves very satisfied with the cosmetic results. Regarding the degree of postoperative discomfort, 75% said they had little discomfort, while 25% reported moderate discomfort. All patients reported significant improvement in social and personal well-being. Likewise, all patients said they would repeat the procedure. Conclusion: Corneal tattooing appears as an alternative method to contact lenses and ocular prostheses in impaired eyes with leukomas, bringing satisfactory and long-lasting cosmetic improvement that can promote social impacts for these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tattooing/methods , Cornea/surgery , Corneal Opacity/surgery , Coloring Agents , Postoperative Period , Social Change , Tattooing/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cosmetic Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Esthetics
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 411-419, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364315

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Apesar de avanços em técnicas cirúrgicas e cuidados pós-operatórios em cardiopatia congênita, a morbidade cardiovascular permanece elevada. Objetivo Avaliar a associação do condicionamento pré-operatório de crianças e adolescentes com cardiopatias, mensurado por teste de caminhada de 6-minutos (TC6M) e variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC), com a ocorrência de choque cardiogênico, séptico e morte no período pós-operatório. Métodos Estudo clínico prospectivo e observacional de 81 pacientes de 8 a 18 anos. No período pré-operatório foram realizados o TC6M (distância caminhada e SpO2) e a VFC. O escore de risco ajustado para cirurgia de cardiopatia congênita ( RACHS-1 ) foi aplicado para predizer o fator de risco cirúrgico para mortalidade. A ocorrência de pelo menos uma das complicações citadas foi considerada como evento combinado. Valores de p<0,05 foram considerados significantes. Resultados Dos 81 pacientes, 59% eram do sexo masculino, com idade média de 12 anos; 33% eram cianóticos; e 72% já tinham realizado cirurgias prévias. O choque cardiogênico foi a complicação mais comum, e 31% apresentaram evento combinado. Cirurgia prévia, tipo de cardiopatia atual, RACHS-1 , SpO2 em repouso, durante e após recuperação do TC6M foram selecionados para o estudo multivariado. A SpO2 após o TC6M permaneceu como fator de risco independente para aumentar a ocorrência de evento combinado no pós-operatório (OR: 0,93, IC95% [0,88 - 0,99], p=0,02). Conclusão O SpO2 após o TC6M no período pré-operatório foi o fator independente preditor de prognóstico no pós-operatório em crianças e adolescentes submetidos à correção cirúrgica; a distância caminhada e as variáveis da VFC não tiveram a mesma associação.


Abstract Background Despite advances in surgical technique and postoperative care in congenital heart disease, cardiovascular morbidity is still high. Objective To evaluate the association between preoperative cardiovascular fitness of children and adolescents, measured by the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), and the occurrence of cardiogenic, septic shock and death in the postoperative period. Methods Prospective, observational clinic study including 81 patients aged from 8 to 18 years. In the preoperative period, the 6MWT (distance walked and SpO2) and HRV were performed. The adjusted risk score for surgeries for congenital heart disease (RACHS-1) was applied to predict the surgical risk factor for mortality. The occurrence of at least one of the listed complications was considered as a combined event. P values < 0.05 were considered as significant. Results Of the patients, 59% were male, with mean age of 12 years; 33% were cyanotic; and 72% had undergone previous cardiac surgery. Cardiogenic shock was the most common complication, and 31% had a combined event. Prior to surgery, type of current heart disease, RACHS-1, SpO2at rest, during the 6MWT and recovery were selected for the multivariate analysis. The SpO2at recovery by the 6MWT remained as an independent risk factor (OR 0.93, 95%CI [0.88 - 0.99], p=0.02) for the increasing occurrence of combined events. Conclusion SpO2after the application of the 6MWT in the preoperative period was an independent predictor of prognosis in children and adolescents undergoing surgical correction; the walked distance and the HRV did not present this association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Walking/physiology , Exercise Test , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Walk Test
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