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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (IALL). Methods: A retrospective cohort study.Clinical data, treatment and prognosis of 28 cases of IALL who have been treated at Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University and Baoding Children's Hospital from October 2013 to May 2023 were analyzed retrospectively. Based on the results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), all patients were divided into KMT2A gene rearrangement (KMT2A-R) positive group and KMT2A-R negative group. The prognosis of two groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-Rank test were used to analyze the survival of the patients. Results: Among 28 cases of IALL, there were 10 males and 18 females, with the onset age of 10.9 (9.4,11.8) months. In terms of immune classification, 25 cases were B-ALL (89%), while the remaining 3 cases were T-ALL (11%). Most infant B-ALL showed pro-B lymphocyte phenotype (16/25,64%). A total of 22 cases (79%) obtained chromosome karyotype results, of which 7 were normal karyotypes, no complex karyotypes and 15 were abnormal karyotypes were found. Among abnormal karyotypes, there were 4 cases of t (9; 11), 2 cases of t (4; 11), 2 cases of t (11; 19), 1 case of t (1; 11) and 6 cases of other abnormal karyotypes. A total of 19 cases (68%) were positive for KMT2A-R detected by FISH. The KMT2A fusion gene was detected by real-time PCR in 16 cases (57%). A total of 24 patients completed standardized induction chemotherapy and were able to undergo efficacy evaluation, 23 cases (96%) achieved complete remission through induction chemotherapy, 4 cases (17%) died of relapse. The 5-year event free survival rate (EFS) was (46±13)%, and the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) was (73±10)%.The survival time was 31.3 (3.3, 62.5) months. There was no significant statistical difference in 5-year EFS ((46±14)% vs. (61±18)%) and 5-year OS ((64±13)% vs. (86±13)%) between the KMT2A-R positive group (15 cases) and the KMT2A-R negative group (9 cases) (χ2=1.88, 1.47, P=0.170, 0.224). Conclusions: Most IALL patients were accompanied by KMT2A-R. They had poor tolerance to traditional chemotherapy, the relapse rate during treatment was high and the prognosis was poor.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Prognosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Abnormal Karyotype , Recurrence
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 140-151, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007742

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T-cell therapy has achieved remarkable success in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Measurable/minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring plays a significant role in the prognostication and management of patients undergoing CAR-T-cell therapy. Common MRD detection methods include flow cytometry (FCM), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and next-generation sequencing (NGS), and each method has advantages and limitations. It has been well documented that MRD positivity predicts a poor prognosis and even disease relapse. Thus, how to perform prognostic evaluations, stratify risk based on MRD status, and apply MRD monitoring to guide individual therapeutic decisions have important implications in clinical practice. This review assesses the common and novel MRD assessment methods. In addition, we emphasize the critical role of MRD as a prognostic biomarker and summarize the latest studies regarding MRD-directed combination therapy with CAR-T-cell therapy and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), as well as other therapeutic strategies to improve treatment effect. Furthermore, this review discusses current challenges and strategies for MRD detection in the setting of disease relapse after targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , Neoplasm, Residual , Transplantation, Homologous/methods , Transplantation Conditioning/methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Recurrence , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 911-916, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012256

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the treatment response of a two-dose regimen of inotuzumab ozogamicin (inotuzumab), a monoclonal antibody targeting CD22, for patients with heavily treated relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R B-ALL), including those failed or relapsed after chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) -T-cell therapy. Methods: Pediatric and adult patients who received two doses of inotuzumab and who were evaluated after inotuzumab treatment were included. Antibody infusions were performed between March 2020 and September 2022. All patients expressed CD22 antigen as detected by flow cytometry (>80% leukemic cells displaying CD22) before treatment. For adults, the maximum dosage per administration was 1 mg (with a total of two administrations). For children, the maximum dosage per administration was 0.85 mg/m(2) (no more than 1 mg/dose; total of two administrations). The total dosage administered to each patient was less than the standard dosage of 1.8 mg/m(2). Results: Twenty-one patients with R/R B-ALL were included, including five children (<18 years old) and sixteen adults. Seventeen patients presented with 5.0% -99.0% leukemic blasts in the bone marrow/peripheral blood or with extramedullary disease, and four patients were minimal residual disease (MRD) -positive. Fourteen patients underwent both CD19 and CD22 CAR-T-cell therapy, four underwent CD19 CAR-T-cell therapy, and three underwent blinatumomab therapy. Eleven patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). After inotuzumab treatment, 14 of 21 patients (66.7% ) achieved a complete response (CR, one was MRD-positive CR), and all four MRD-positive patients turned MRD-negative. Four of six patients who failed recent CD22 CAR-T-cell therapy achieved a CR after subsequent inotuzumab treatment. Seven patients (33.3% ) demonstrated no response. Grade 1-3 hepatotoxicity occurred in five patients (23.8% ), one child with no response experienced hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD) during salvage transplantation and recovered completely. Conclusion: For patients with heavily treated R/R B-ALL, including those who had undergone allo-HSCT and CD19/CD22 CAR-T-cell therapy, the two-dose regimen of inotuzumab resulted in a CR rate of 66.7%, and the frequency of hepatotoxicity and HVOD was low.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Inotuzumab Ozogamicin , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Antigens, CD19 , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 980-984, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009953

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze 43 leukemia genes in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Yunnan province, and provide the basis for the diagnosis and treatment of children with ALL in this area.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 428 children with newly diagnosed ALL in Yunnan area from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Multiple nested PCR technology was used to detect 43 common leukemia genes.@*RESULTS@#Among the 428 children with ALL, 159 were positive for leukemia genes, with a positive rate of 37.15% (159/428), and a total of 15 leukemia genes were detected. Among the 159 leukemia gene-positive children, ETV6-RUNX1+ accounted for 25.79% (41/159), followed by E2A-PBX1+ and BCR-ABL+, accounting for 24.53% (39/159) and 23.27% (37/159) respectively. MLL+ accounted for 6.29% (10/159), WT1+ accounted for 4.40% (7/159), IKZF1 gene deletion and CRLF2+ accounted for 3.77% (6/159) respectively. The positive rate of MLL (46.15%) was the highest in <1-year old group, the positive rate of ETV6-RUNX1 (10.56%) was the highest in 1-10-year old group, and BCR-ABL+ rate (23.65%) was the highest in >10-year old group. The distribution of leukemia genes in different age groups was statistically significant (P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The most common fusion gene of children with ALL in Yunnan is ETV6-RUNX1, followed by E2A-PBX1 and BCR-ABL.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Retrospective Studies , China , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Genotype
5.
Rev. homeopatia (São Paulo) ; 84(1): 67-70, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1425554

ABSTRACT

Cuidados de apoio constituem um conjunto de suportes necessários e empregados em paralelo aos tratamentos específicos, durante doenças graves, sendo que a Homeopatia se integra perfeitamente nesses critérios, podendo ser usada com possibilidades e indicações no Câncer. Visto haver poucos relatos de tratamento homeopático em leucemia, apresentamos um caso de Leucemia Linfóide Aguda (LLA) em criança, já em cuidados paliativos, em que a ação homeopática é realizada como forma de auxílio ao cuidado. É discutido o raciocínio clínico de prescrição, tendo a paciente apresentado controle de dores e espaçamento de febre, com impacto positivo na sua qualidade de vida no momento da paliação. Médicos homeopatas podem e devem tratar pacientes sob diagnóstico oncológico, uma vez que a Homeopatia tem seu espaço nos cuidados de apoio e novos estudos com múltiplos casos devem ser realizados.


Supportive care constitutes a set of necessary supports and used in parallel with specific treatments, during serious illnesses, and Homeopathy fits perfectly into these criteria, and can be used with possibilities and indications in Cancer. Since there are few reports of homeopathic treatment in leukemia, we present a case of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) in a child, already in palliative care, in which homeopathic action is performed as a form of aid to care. The clinical reasoning behind the prescription is discussed, with the patient presenting pain control and fever spacing, with a positive impact on her quality of life at the time of palliation. Homeopathic physicians can and should treat patients under oncological diagnosis, since Homeopathy has its place in supportive care and new studies with multiple cases must be carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Palliative Care , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Homeopathy
6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 410-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985939

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for patients with acute leukemia who are positive for the SET-NUP214 fusion gene (SET-NUP214+AL). Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. Clinical data of 18 patients with SET-NUP214+AL who received allo-HSCT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Soochow Hongci Hematology Hospital from December 2014 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed to investigate treatment efficacy and prognosis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: Of the 18 patients, 12 were male and 6 were female, and the median age was 29 years (range, 13-55 years). There were six cases of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (three cases of myeloid/T, two cases of B/T, one case of myeloid/B/T), nine cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (one case of B-ALL and eight cases of T-ALL), and three cases of acute myeloid leukemia. All patients received induction chemotherapy after diagnosis, and 17 patients achieved complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy. All patients subsequently received allo-HSCT. Pre-transplantation status: 15 patients were in the first CR, 1 patient was in the second CR, 1 was in partial remission, and 1 patient did not reach CR. All patients were successfully implanted with stem cells. The median time of granulocyte and platelet reconstitution was +12 and +13 days, respectively. With a median follow-up of 23 (4-80) months, 15 patients survived, while 3 patients died. The cause of death was recurrence of SET-NUP214+AL after transplantation. After allo-HSCT, 5 patients relapsed. The estimated 3-year overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates were 83.3%±15.2% and 55.4%±20.7%, respectively. Among the 15 patients who achieved CR before transplantation, there was no significant difference in OS and RFS between haploidentical HSCT and matched sibling donor HSCT (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis and long-term survival rate of patients with SET-NUP214+AL. Disease recurrence is the most important factor affecting long-term survival.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Survival Analysis , Remission Induction , Acute Disease , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 388-394, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984634

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and prognostic factors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for treating T lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL/LBL) . Methods: This study retrospectively evaluated 119 adolescent and adult patients with T-ALL/LBL from January 2006 to January 2020 at Peking University Third Hospital and Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Patients were divided into chemotherapy-only, chemotherapy followed by allo-HSCT, and chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) groups according to the consolidation regimen, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates of each group were compared. Results: Among 113 patients with effective follow-up, 96 (84.9%) patients achieved overall response (ORR), with 79 (69.9%) having complete response (CR) and 17 (15.0%) having partial response (PR), until July 2022. The analysis of the 96 ORR population revealed that patients without transplantation demonstrated poorer outcomes compared with the allo-HSCT group (5-year OS: 11.4% vs 55.6%, P=0.001; 5-year PFS: 8.9% vs 54.2%, P<0.001). No difference was found in 5-year OS and 5-year PFS between the allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT groups (P=0.271, P=0.197). The same results were achieved in the CR population. Allo-HSCT got better 5-year OS (37.5% vs 0) for the 17 PR cases (P=0.064). Different donor sources did not affect 5-year OS, with sibling of 61.1% vs hap-haploidentical of 63.6% vs unrelated donor of 50.0% (P>0.05). No significant difference was found in the treatment response in the early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (ETP) and non-ETP populations. The ETP group demonstrated lower 5-year OS compared with the non-ETP group in the chemotherapy alone group (0 vs 12.6%, P=0.045), whereas no significant difference was found between the ETP and non-ETP groups in the allo-HSCT group (75.0% vs 62.9%, P=0.852). Multivariate analysis revealed that high serum lactate dehydrogenase level, without transplantation, and no CR after chemotherapy induction were independently associated with inferior outcomes (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Allo-HSCT could be an effective consolidation therapy for adult and adolescent patients with T-ALL/LBL. Different donor sources did not affect survival. Allo-HSCT may overcome the adverse influence of ETP-ALL/LBL on OS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Adolescent , Humans , Prognosis , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Retrospective Studies , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Unrelated Donors
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 315-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971079

ABSTRACT

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignant neoplastic disease in children. With the continuous improvement in diagnosis and treatment, there has been an increasing number of ALL children who achieve long-term survival after complete remission; however, a considerable proportion of these children have cognitive impairment, which has a serious adverse impact on their learning, employment, and social life. This article reviews the latest research on cognitive impairment in children with ALL from the aspects of the influencing factors, detection techniques, and prevention/treatment methods for cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Remission Induction , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 210-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971062

ABSTRACT

At present, the treatment of refractory/relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia is still in a difficult situation, and even if the intensity of chemotherapy is increased or it is combined with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, some children may have a poor prognosis and a short survival time. Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) immunotherapy uses genetically engineered T cells and does not rely on the human leukocyte antigen pathway to recognize tumor-specific antigens, and then CAR-T cells bind to target antigen cells to trigger immune response, thereby exerting a sustained anti-leukemia effect. As the most rapidly developed tumor immunotherapy, major breakthroughs have been made for CAR-T cells in the treatment of various hematological tumors, but there still lacks a comprehensive system for the research, development, and production of CAR-T cells and standardized diagnosis and treatment protocols in China. This article reviews the recent research on CAR-T cells in children with refractory/relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Immunotherapy , China , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 718-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) in the treatment of children with refractory/recurrent B acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-two patients with r/r B-ALL were treated by CAR-T, the recurrence and death respectively were the end point events to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CAR-T.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the patients was 7.5 (2-17.5) years old; 40 times CAR-T were received in all patients and the median number of CAR-T was 0.9×107/kg; efficacy evaluation showed that 2 cases died before the first evaluation. Thirty patients showed that 3, 6, and 9-moth RFS was (96.3±3.6)%, (81.4±8.6)% and (65.3±12.5)%, respectively, while 3, 6, and 9-month OS was all 100%, and 12, 24-month OS was (94.7±5.1)% and (76±12.8)%. BM blasts≥36% before reinfusion and ferritin peak≥2 500 ng/ml within two weeks of CAR-T cell reinfusion were associated with recurrence. Adverse reactions mainly included cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and CART-cell-related encephalopathy syndrome (CRES), CRS appeared in 26 patients within a week of CAR-T cell reinfusion. CRES reaction was detected in 12 patients. Eighteen patients received intravenous drip of tocilizumab, among them, 12 combined with glucocorticoid. CRS and CRES reactions were relieved within one week after treatment. Hormone dosage was related to the duration of remission in patients, and the cumulative dose of methylprednisolone≥8 mg/kg showed a poor prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#CAR-T is a safe and effective treatment for r/r B-ALL, most CRS and CRES reactions are reversible. BM blasts ≥36% before reinfusion and cumulative dose of methylprednisolone ≥8 mg/kg after reinfusion both affect the therapeutic effect. Ferritin≥2 500 ng/ml within two weeks after reinfusion is related to disease recurrence and is an independent prognostic risk factor.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Antigens, CD19 , Chronic Disease , Ferritins , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Methylprednisolone , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/metabolism , Recurrence , T-Lymphocytes
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 221-228, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929561

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether haplotype hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is effective in the treatment of pre transplant minimal residual disease (Pre-MRD) positive acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) compared with HLA- matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) . Methods: A total of 998 patients with B-ALL in complete remission pre-HSCT who either received haplo-HSCT (n=788) or underwent MSDT (n=210) were retrospectively analyzed. The pre-transplantation leukemia burden was evaluated according to Pre-MRD determinedusing multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) . Results: Of these patients, 997 (99.9% ) achieved sustained, full donor chimerism. The 100-day cumulative incidences of neutrophil engraftment, platelet engraftment, and grades Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 99.9% (997/998) , 95.3% (951/998) , and 26.6% (95% CI 23.8% -29.4% ) , respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD was 49.1% (95% CI 45.7% -52.4% ) . The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) of the 998 cases were 17.3% (95% CI 15.0% -19.7% ) and 13.8% (95% CI 11.6% -16.0% ) , respectively. The 3-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 69.1% (95% CI 66.1% -72.1% ) and 73.0% (95% CI 70.2% -75.8% ) , respectively. In the total patient group, cases with positive Pre-MRD (n=282) experienced significantly higher CIR than that of subjects with negative Pre-MRD [n=716, 31.6% (95% CI 25.8% -37.5% ) vs 14.3% (95% CI 11.4% -17.2% ) , P<0.001]. For patients in the positive Pre-MRD subgroup, cases treated with haplo-HSCT (n=219) had a lower 3-year CIR than that of cases who underwent MSDT [n=63, 27.2% (95% CI 21.0% -33.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 33.8% -60.2% ) , P=0.002]. The total 998 cases were classified as five subgroups, including cases with negative Pre-MRD group (n=716) , cases with Pre-MRD<0.01% group (n=46) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group (n=117) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.1% -<1% group (n=87) , and cases with Pre-MRD≥1% group (n=32) . For subjects in the Pre-MRD<0.01% group, haplo-HSCT (n=40) had a lower CIR than that of MSDT [n=6, 10.0% (95% CI 0.4% -19.6% ) vs 32.3% (95% CI 0% -69.9% ) , P=0.017]. For patients in the Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group, haplo-HSCT (n=81) also had a lower 3-year CIR than that of MSDT [n=36, 20.4% (95% CI 10.4% -30.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 29.2% -64.8% ) , P=0.004]. In the other three subgroups, the 3-year CIR was comparable between patients who underwent haplo-HSCT and those received MSDT. A subgroup analysis of patients with Pre-MRD<0.1% (n=163) was performed, the results showed that cases received haplo-HSCT (n=121) experienced lower 3-year CIR [16.0% (95% CI 9.4% -22.7% ) vs 40.5% (95% CI 25.2% -55.8% ) , P<0.001], better 3-year LFS [78.2% (95% CI 70.6% -85.8% ) vs 47.6% (95% CI 32.2% -63.0% ) , P<0.001] and OS [80.5% (95% CI 73.1% -87.9% ) vs 54.6% (95% CI 39.2% -70.0% ) , P<0.001] than those of MSDT (n=42) , but comparable in 3-year NRM [5.8% (95% CI 1.6% -10.0% ) vs 11.9% (95% CI 2.0% -21.8% ) , P=0.188]. Multivariate analysis showed that haplo-HSCT was associated with lower CIR (HR=0.248, 95% CI 0.131-0.472, P<0.001) , and superior LFS (HR=0.275, 95% CI 0.157-0.483, P<0.001) and OS (HR=0.286, 95% CI 0.159-0.513, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Haplo HSCT has a survival advantage over MSDT in the treatment of B-ALL patients with pre MRD<0.1% .


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens/genetics , Haplotypes , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, B-Cell/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Siblings
12.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(3): e1445, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341399

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Durante el tratamiento de inducción de la leucemia linfoide aguda en niños no siempre se identifican las reacciones adversas a medicamentos. Objetivo: Describir los eventos adversos y las reacciones adversas a medicamentos durante el tratamiento de inducción de la leucemia linfoide aguda, en niños tratados en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología de Cuba, durante 2012-2017. Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, de series de casos en farmacovigilancia, se utilizó la farmacovigilancia activa. Variables: sexo, edad, grupo pronóstico, semana de tratamiento, tipo de evento adverso, sistema de órgano afectado, severidad e imputabilidad. La información se obtuvo del registro nacional del protocolo ALLIC-BFM 2009 y las historias clínicas. Resultados: Se incluyeron 69 niños, 55,1 por ciento (38 casos) fueron masculinos, 56,5 por ciento (39 niños) tenía entre uno y seis años. El 52,2 por ciento (36 pacientes) pertenecían al grupo pronóstico intermedio. Se registraron 471 eventos adversos. El 50,5 por ciento (238/471) ocurrió en la primera semana de tratamiento. Los más frecuentes: anemia (17,8 por ciento; 84/471), neutropenia (16,1 por ciento; 76/471) y trombocitopenia (15,9 por ciento; 75/471). Los sistemas de órganos más afectados: hemolinfopoyético (57,54 por ciento; 271/471) y gastrointestinal (15,71 por ciento; 74/471). El 93,2 por ciento (439/471) se clasificó en reacciones adversas posibles. Según gravedad el 72,4 por ciento (330/456) fueron moderadas y el 27,4 por ciento (125/456) graves. Conclusiones: Todos los casos presentaron eventos adversos, predominaron las alteraciones hematológicas y los eventos reportados para fármacos incluidos en la quimioterapia. Se identificaron reacciones adversas clasificadas como posibles, con predominio de las moderadas y graves(AU)


Introduction: During the induction treatment of acute lymphoid leukemia in children, adverse drug reactions are not always identified. Aims: Describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of children with acute lymphoid leukemia who receive induction treatment at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology between 2012-2017. Characterize adverse events that occur during induction treatment. Describe adverse drug reactions during induction. Methods: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study of case series in pharmacovigilance, used active pharmacovigilance. Variables: sex, age, prognosis group, week of treatment, type of adverse event, organ system affected, severity and imputability. The information was obtained from the national register of the ALLIC-BFM 2009 protocol and the medical records. Results: 69 children were included, 55.1 percent belonged to the male sex, 56.5 percent were between one and six years old. 52.2 percent (36 children) belonged to the intermediate prognosis group. 471 events were recorded. 50.5 percent occurred in the first week of treatment. The most frequent: anemia (17.8 percent), neutropenia (16.1 percent) and thrombocytopenia (15.9 percent). The most affected organ systems: hemolinfopoietic (57.5 percent) and gastrointestinal (15.7 percent). According to the severity, 72.4 percent were moderate and 27.4 percent severe. Conclusions: The whole presented adverse events, hematological alterations and reported events for drugs included in chemotherapy predominated. Adverse reactions classified as possible were identified, moderate and severe predominated(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Remission Induction/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e242-e246, Junio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248200

ABSTRACT

La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) es la patología oncológica más frecuente en pediatría, y corresponde al 23% de las neoplasias en menores de 15 años. Alrededor del 20% de los pacientes con LLA presentan recaídas, en la mayoría de los casos, en la médula ósea. Las recaídas extramedulares son inusuales y las dos localizaciones más frecuentes son el sistema nervioso central (SNC) y los testículos. Cuando las recaídas ocurren en el SNC, suelen manifestarse con un síndrome meníngeo. El síndrome hipotalámico se define como la presencia de hiperfagia, obesidad y/o cambios en el estado de ánimo, y es una forma de presentación clínica inusual de las recaídas en el SNC y debe alertar al pediatra para mantener un alto índice de sospecha.Se describen cuatro casos que se presentaron con síndrome hipotalámico al momento de desarrollar una recaída de LLA en el SNC


Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in childhood, corresponding to 23% of cancer in children younger than 15 years old. About 20% of ALL cases will relapse, commonly in the bone marrow. Extramedullar relapses are unusual, and the two most frequent locations are CNS and testicles. ALL relapses, when diagnosed in the CNS, frequently present with clinical features of a meningeal syndrome. The hypothalamic syndrome, consisting of hyperphagia, obesity and / or behavior disturbances, corresponds to an unusual presentation of relapses in this location and should alert pediatricians to suspect it.We describe 4 ALL cases of hypothalamic syndrome at the time of CNS relapse


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Recurrence , Fatal Outcome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Hypothalamic Diseases/diagnosis
14.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(1): 28-34, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154296

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aberrant expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been detected in several types of cancer, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but lncRNA mapped on transcribed ultraconserved regions (T-UCRs) are little explored. The T-UCRs uc.112, uc.122, uc.160 and uc.262 were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR in bone marrow samples from children with T-ALL (n = 32) and common-ALL/pre-B ALL (n = 30). In pediatric ALL, higher expression levels of uc.112 were found in patients with T-ALL, compared to patients with B-ALL. T-cells did not differ significantly from B-cells regarding uc.112 expression in non-tumor precursors from public data. Additionally, among B-ALL patients, uc.112 was also found to be increased in patients with hyperdiploidy, compared to other karyotype results. The uc.122, uc.160, and uc.262 were not associated with biological or clinical features. These findings suggest a potential role of uc.112 in pediatric ALL and emphasize the need for further investigation of T-UCR in pediatric ALL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Diploidy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Bone Marrow , Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(1): 9-14, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154298

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: To assess the frequency of allergic reactions to asparaginase (ASP) and possible risk factors for reactions in a cohort of pediatric patients. Method: The study was performed based on retrospective data from patients under acute lymphoid leukemia treatment in a general university hospital located in southern Brazil. Information on patients who used ASP from 2010 to 2017 was collected. Allergic reactions were identified in electronic medical records. Results: Among the 98 patients included in the study, 16 (16.3 %) experienced an allergic reaction to native l-asparaginase (L-ASP). Of the 22 patients (22.4 %) that received only intravenous (IV) administration of l-ASP, 10 (62.5 %) had allergic reactions, while 48 patients (49 %) received intramuscular (IM) administration and 28 (28.6 %) received IV and IM administrations. The occurrence of allergic reactions differed between the groups (p < 0.001), and IV administration was associated with allergic reactions. Association was also observed between the severity of the reaction and the route of administration, with the IM route associated with grade 2 and IV route associated with grade 3. Occurrence of allergic reactions was higher when the commercial formulation of l-ASP, Leuginase®, was used (p = 0.0009 in the analysis per patient and p = 0.0003 in the analysis per administration). Conclusions: The IV administration and commercial Leuginase® presentation were associated with more allergic reactions in the study population, which corroborates the findings in the literature. The IV route was also associated with higher severity of reactions in the present study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asparaginase/toxicity , Child , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Hypersensitivity
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 648-652, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880128

ABSTRACT

B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is a common malignant tumor in hematopoietic system. Although the remission rate of the patients with adult B-ALL is similar to those with childhood B-ALL, the rate of long-term disease-free survival (DFS) rate is significantly lower, once recurrence, the remission rate of routine chemotherapy is low and the prognosis is so poor. Based on the expression of tumor cell surface antigens(such as CD19, CD20 and CD22), the specific monoclonal antibodies, bispecific antibodies and chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T), and other targeted immunotherapy can greatly improve the efficacy of B-ALL patients, especially for patients with relapse and refractory. In this review, the progress of immunotherapy against B-ALL cell surface antigen is summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Antigens, CD19 , Antigens, Surface , B-Lymphocytes , Burkitt Lymphoma , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 38-42, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the outcomes of the children suffered from philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph@*METHODS@#21 cases of firstly diagnosed Ph@*RESULTS@#Among 21 patients, 17 were male and 4 were female with a median age of 8 years old (range, 4-12 years), the median follow-up time was 30 moths (range, 10-133 months). All the patients were treated with chemotherapy induced by the high-risk project of CCLG-ALL 2008. Among 14 patients treated with TKI plus chemotherapy, nine patients achieved complete remission. During 3 months after treatment, patients without complete molecular response or with the second complete remission and intensity desire of transplantation were treated with allo-HSCT, among 9 patients with allo-HSCT, six patients achieved long term survival.@*CONCLUSION@#At TKI era, TKI combined with strong chemotherapy can make Ph


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 351-354, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect fusion gene with pathological significance in a patient with refractory and relapsed acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and to explore its laboratory and clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome sequencing was used to detect potential fusion transcripts. Other laboratory results and clinical data of the patient were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor TCF3 exon 17-ZNF384 exon 7 in-frame fusion transcript. The minimal residual disease (MRD) has remained positive after multiple chemotherapy protocols including CD19-, CD22- targeted chimeric antigen receptor T cells immunotherapy. The patient eventually achieved complete remission and sustained MRD negativity after allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcriptome sequencing can effectively detect potential fusion genes with clinical significance in leukemia. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL has unique laboratory and clinical characteristics, may not well respond to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, and is more likely to relapse. Timely allo-HSCT treatment may help such patients to achieve long-term disease-free survival. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL is not uncommon in pediatric patients but has not been effectively identified.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Laboratories , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcriptome
19.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 52(3): 91-100, Sept. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340908

ABSTRACT

Resumen El género Exserohilum corresponde a hongos dematiáceos, la mayoría fitopatógenos, saprobios, de los cuales solo tres especies serían patógenas para el hombre: Exserohilum rostratum, Exserohilum longirostratum y Exserohilum mcginnisii. Se han reportado infecciones localizadas y sistémicas causadas por estos agentes, tanto en pacientes inmunocompetentes como inmunosuprimidos. Se presenta un caso de infección cutánea por E. rostratum en un paciente pediátrico con inmunocompromiso.


Abstract The genus Exserohilum consists of dematiaceous or darkly pigmented fungi. Most of the species included in this genus are phytopathogens, saprobes and only three of these species would be pathogenic to humans: Exserohilum rostratum, Exserohilum longirostratum and Exserohilum mcginnisii. Localized and systemic infections have been reported both in immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients. A clinical case of cutaneous infection by E. rostratum in an immunocompromised pediatric patient is presented in this study.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Mitosporic Fungi , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Phaeohyphomycosis , Ascomycota , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/complications , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 198-203, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012169

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and predictors of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) in the treatment of T lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) . Methods: 41 patients with T-LBL who underwent auto-HSCT from April 2006 to July 2017 in the Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and the Department of Lymphoma, Peking University Cancer Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Results: ①Among 41 patients, there were 30 males and 11 females with median age of 24 (11-53) years old. According to the Ann Arbor staging, 33 (80.5%) patients were in stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ. 12 (29.3%) patients have mediastinal involvement, and 20 (48.8%) patients have bone marrow (BM) involvement. Before transplantation, there were 26 (63.4%) patients who achieved first complete remission (CR(1)) , the other 15 (36.6%) patients were in the non-CR(1) group, and there were 29 (70.7%) patients in the low-intermediate risk group (IPI<3 scores) , the other 12 (34.1%) patients were in the middle-high risk group (IPI≥3 scores) . ②The median follow-up was 29 (3-98) months. The 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for 41 patients were (64.3±8.2) % and (66.0±7.8) %, respectively. 3-year cumulative recurrence rate (CIR) was (30.7±7.4) %, and 3-year non-recurring mortality (NRM) was (4.8±4.6) %. ③The 3-year OS of the CR(1) group and the non-CR(1) group were (83.4±7.6) % and (38.9±12.9) % (P=0.010) , and the 3-year PFS of two groups were (83.8±7.4) % and (40.0±12.6) % (P=0.006) , respectively. The 3-year CIR of these two groups were (16.2±7.4) % and (53.3±12.9) % (P=0.015) , and the 3-year NRM were 0 and (14.3±13.2) % (P=0.157) , respectively. ④The 3-year OS of the IPI low-intermediate risk group and the high-intermediate risk group were (76.9±8.4) % and (35.7±15.2) % (P=0.014) and the 3-year PFS were (77.4±8.2) % and (40.0±14.6) (P=0.011) , respectively. The 3-year CIR of these two groups were (18.1±7.3) % and (60.0±14.6) % (P=0.006) , and the 3-year NRM were (5.6±5.4) % and 0 (P=0.683) , respectively. The OS and PFS of patients with low-intermediate risk group were significantly higher than the other group. Conclusion: Auto-HSCT could improve the survival of T-LBL. Pre-transplant status and IPI score are important predictors for survival T-LBL patients with auto-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
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