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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(2): 30628, 31 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509333

ABSTRACT

Mesmo em emergências sanitárias, quando terapias experimentais são empregadas, é importante prezar pela segurança e eficácia no uso de medicamentos, e a análise de prescrições médicas é uma das maneiras de monitorar aspectos de segurança. Objetivo: Quantificar e classificar as interações medicamentosas potenciais com hidroxicloroquina de acordo com o riscoem prescrições de pacientes com COVID-19 em pacientes com COVID-19 em uso de hidroxicloroquina admitidos em uma unidade de terapia intensiva de um Hospital de Ensino.Metodologia:Este estudo transversal baseou-se na análise de 162 prescrições de 38 pacientes admitidos em uma unidade de terapia intensiva de um Hospital de ensino entre abril e junho de 2020.O Micromedex® e o UpToDate® foram as bases de dados de apoio à conduta clínica utilizadas para estabelecer as interações medicamentosas potenciais. Resultados:A média de dias de internamento foi de 16,1 ± 14,0 e a média de dias em uso de hidroxicloroquina foi de 4,26 ± 1,74. 87,14% das prescrições apresentaram interações medicamentosas potenciais e a mais comum foi entre hidroxicloroquina e azitromicina. 76,4% das prescrições analisadas apresentaram interações medicamentosas potenciais com hidroxicloroquina. 73,5% das prescrições tiverampelo menos uma interação medicamentosa potencial entre medicamentos que prolongam o intervalo QT. Conclusões: Tendo em vista os riscos da exposição de pacientes críticos às interações medicamentosas, este estudo demonstra a necessidade de fortalecer nas instituições hospitalares a cultura de monitoramento de parâmetros de segurança e eficáciano uso de medicamentos, inclusive em terapias experimentais com a utilização de medicamentos off-labelpara minimizar riscos e ampliar possíveis benefícios (AU).


Even in health emergencies, when experimental therapies are employed, it is important to ensure the safety and efficacy of medicines, and the analysis of medical prescriptions is one of the ways to monitor safety aspects.Objective: Quantify and rank potential drug interactions with hydroxychloroquine according to risk in prescriptions of COVID-19 patients taking hydroxychloroquine admitted to an intensive care unit of a TeachingHospital.Methodology: This cross-sectional study was based on the analysis of 162 prescriptions of 38 patients admitted to an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital between April and June 2020. Micromedex® and UpToDate® were the clinical practice support databases used to establish potential drug interactions. Results: The mean number of days of hospitalization was 16.1 ± 14.0 and the mean number of days of days on hydroxychloroquine was 4.26 ± 1.74. 87.14% of the prescriptions presented potential drug interactions and the most common was between hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin. 76.4% of the analyzed prescriptions had potential drug interactions with hydroxychloroquine. 73.5% of prescriptions had at least one potential drug interaction between drugs that prolong the QT interval. Conclusions: In view of the risks of exposure of critically ill patients to drug interactions, this study interactions, this study demonstrates the need to strengthen in hospital institutions the culture of institutions the culture of monitoring safety and efficacy parameters in the use of medicines, including experimental therapies with the use of off-label drugs to minimize risks and increase possible benefits (AU).


Aunque en médio aemergencias sanitarias, cuando son empleadas terapias experimentales, es importante estimar la seguridad y eficacia en el uso de los medicamentos, y el análisis de prescripciones es una de las formas de acompanhar los aspectos de seguridad. Objetivo:Cuantificar y clasificar las interaciones farmacologicas potenciales con hidroxicloroquina de acuerdo com el riesgo em prescripciones de pacientes com Covid-19 em uso de hidroxicloroquina andmitidos em unidad de terapia intensiva de um Hospital Docente. Metodología: Este estudio transversal se asienta en el análisis de 162 prescripciones de 38 pacientes admitidos em uma unidad de terapia intensiva de um Hospital Docente entre abril y junio de 2020. El Micromedex®ï¸y el UpToDate®ï¸fueron las bases de datos de apoyo a la actuación clínica utilizadas para establecer las interacciones farmacológicas potenciales. Resultados:El promedio de días de internamiento fue de 16,1 ± 14,0 y el promedio de días en uso hidroxicloroquina fuede 4,26 ± 1,74. 87,14% de las prescripciones presentaron interacciones farmacológicas potenciales y la más común fue entre hidroxicloroquina y azitromicina. 76,4% de las prescripciones analizadas presentaron interaciones farmacológicas com hidroxicloroquina. 73,5% de las prescripciones tuvierion por lo menos uma interacción farmacológica potencial entre medicamentos que prolongam el intervalo QT. Conclusiones:Tenendo a la vista los riesgos de la exposición de pacientes críticos a las interaciones farmacológicas, este estudio demuestra la necesidad de reforzar em las instituiciones hospitalarias la cultura de monitoreo de parâmetros de seguridade y eficacio em el uso de medicamentos, incluso en terapias experimentales con utilización de medicamentos off-label, para minorar riesgos y ampliar los posibles beneficios (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Drug Utilization , Prescriptions , COVID-19/transmission , Hydroxychloroquine/analysis , Intensive Care Units , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Drug Interactions , Hospitals, Teaching
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1951-1961, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981415

ABSTRACT

This study systematically evaluated the clinical efficacy and safety of Fengliao Changweikang prescription for treating acute gastroenteritis(AGE). The databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, Medline, Cochrane Library and two clinical trial registration platforms were retrieved from inception to August 30, 2022, to collect randomized controlled trial(RCT) on Fengliao Changweikang prescription treating AGE. Two researchers independently conducted literature screening, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment according to pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for data analysis. Finally, 18 RCTs were included, involving 3 489 patients. Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional western medicine, Fengliao Changweikang prescription improved the relief rate of abdominal pain(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.17, 1.38],P<0.000 01); Fengliao Changweikang prescription + conventional western medicine increased the cure rate(RR=1.43, 95%CI[1.12, 1.82], P=0.004), shortened the duration of diarrhoea(RR=-1.65, 95%CI[-2.44,-0.86], P<0.000 1), abdominal pain(RR=-1.46, 95%CI[-2.00,-0.92], P<0.000 01), vomiting(RR=-2.16, 95%CI[-2.51,-1.81], P<0.000 01) and fever(RR=-2.61, 95%CI[-4.00,-1.23], P=0.000 2), down-regulated the level of interleukin-8(IL-8)(RR=-1.07, 95%CI[-1.26,-0.88], P<0.000 01), IL-6(RR=-8.24, 95%CI[-8.99,-7.49], P<0.000 01) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP)(RR=-3.04, 95%CI[-3.40,-2.69], P<0.000 01) and recurrence of AGE(RR=0.20, 95%CI[0.05, 0.90], P<0.04). In conclusion, Fengliao Changweikang prescription was safe in clinical application. It was beneficial to alleviate the clinical symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and fever, and down-regulate the levels of some serum inflammatory factors in AGE patients. However, considering that few high-quality studies have evaluated the efficacy and safety of Fengliao Changweikang prescription in treatment of AGE, further evidence is needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Gastroenteritis/drug therapy , Prescriptions
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1866-1875, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981405

ABSTRACT

According to the method of predicting the physical properties of oily powder based on the additive physical properties of Chinese medicinal powder, Dioscoreae Rhizoma and calcined Ostreae Concha with high sieve rate and good fluidity were mixed and crushed with Persicae Semen, Platycladi Semen, Raphani Semen, Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, and other typical oily materials with high fatty oil content in proportion to obtain 23 mixed powders. Fifteen physical properties such as bulk density, water absorption, and maximum torque force were measured, and the physical properties of typical oily powders were predicted. When the mixing and grinding ratio was in the range of 5∶1-1∶1, the r value in the correlation equation between the weighted average score of the mixed powder and the powder proportion ranged from 0.801 to 0.986, and the linearity was good, indicating that the method of predicting the physical properties of oily powder based on the additive physical properties of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)powder was feasible. The results of cluster analysis showed that the classification boundaries of the five kinds of TCM materials were clear, and the similarity of the physical fingerprints of powdery and oily materials decreased from 80.6% to 37.2%, which solved the problem of fuzzy classification boundaries of powdery and oily materials due to the lack of representativeness of oily material model drugs. The classification of TCM materials was optimized, laying a foundation for optimizing the prediction model of the prescription of personalized water-paste pills.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Prescriptions
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1711-1723, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981388

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM), a common chronic metabolic disease, is often accompanied by internal heat syndrome. Heat-clearing prescriptions are widely used to treat different heat syndromes of T2DM from the aspects of clearing stagnant heat, excess heat, damp heat, phlegm heat, and heat toxin, demonstrating remarkable effects. The mechanism of blood sugar-lowering agents has always been a hotspot of research. Recently, the basic studies of heat-clearing prescriptions from different perspectives have been increasing year by year. To clarify the mechanisms of heat-clearing prescriptions and find specific mechanisms, we systematically reviewed the basic studies of heat-clearing prescriptions commonly used for the treatment of T2DM in the past decade, intending to provide a reference for related research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Hot Temperature , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Syndrome
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2625-2629, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981366

ABSTRACT

The relationship between disease and syndrome is a research focus in integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Depending on the focus, the disease-syndrome combination for treatment is manifested as the different treatment methods for the same disease and the same treatment method for different diseases based on the syndrome, and different treatment methods for the same syndrome and the same treatment method for different syndromes based on the disease. The mainstream model is the combination of di-sease identification in modern medicine with syndrome identification and core pathogenesis in traditional Chinese medicine. However, current research on the combination of disease and syndrome and core pathogenesis tends to focus on the heterogeneity between disease and syndrome and the separation of syndrome and treatment. Therefore, the study proposed the research idea and model of core formulas-syndromes(CFS). According to the theory of formula-syndrome correspondence, the research idea of CFS deepens the research on core pathogenesis, which aims to summarize the core formulas and syndromes for diseases. The research fields include diagnostic criteria for the indications of formulas, distribution patterns of formulas and syndromes for diseases, the evolution of medicinal-syndrome based on formulas-syndromes, formula combination law based on formulas-syndromes, and the dynamic evolution of formulas-syndromes. Through the summary of ancient classics, clinical experience, and medical records, and with the methods of expert consultation, factor analysis, and clustering analysis, research on the diagnostic criteria for the indications of formulas aims to explore the diagnosis information such as the diseases, symptoms, signs, and pathophysiology. The research on the distribution patterns of formulas and syndromes for diseases tends to summarize the specific types of formulas and syndromes for the diseases through literature research and clinical cross-sectional studies based on the establishment of diagnostic criteria for the indications of formulas. The research on the evolution of medicinal-syndrome aims to clarify the medicinal-syndrome law through literature and clinical research. The formula combination law refers to the fact that the core prescriptions for a disease often appear in combination with other prescriptions on a regular basis. The dynamic evolution of formulas-syndromes refers to the continuous transformation and change of formulas and syndromes in the process of disease development with changes in time and space. The CFS is conducive to the unification of disease, syndrome and treatment and to the deepening of the research model of disease and syndrome integration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Syndrome , Cross-Sectional Studies , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
6.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 315-322, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The objectives of this study were to assess the quality of prosthetic prescriptions of removable partial dentures (RPDs) and to analyze the current situation of the communication and information delivery between clinicians and technicians.@*METHODS@#All RPD prosthetic prescriptions received by a major dental laboratory in 4 weeks were involved in a quality audit, and the prescriptions were divided into three groups in accordance with the grades of clients. The filling of prosthetic prescriptions was recorded. The items in the prescriptions for audit included the general information of the patient, the general information of the clinician, the design diagram information, other detailed information, and the return date. The prescriptions were categorized into four levels on the basis of their quality by two quality inspectors who have been working for more than 10 years.@*RESULTS@#A total of 916 prescriptions were collected and assessed. The names in the general information of the patient and the clinician were filled out best, both at the rate of 97.6% (n=894). The return date was filled out worst, only at the rate of 6.4% (n=59). Of those prescriptions, 86.8% (n=795) exhibited inadequate design diagram information. The results of the quality assessment demonstrated that 74.2% of prescriptions were assessed as noncompliant ones and failed to meet the acceptable clinical quality standard.@*CONCLUSIONS@#At present, the overall quality of RPD prosthetic prescriptions is poor. The responsibilities of clinicians and technicians are unclear, and the communication between them is not ideal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Denture Design , Denture, Partial, Removable , Prescriptions
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6225-6233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008821

ABSTRACT

This study aims to mine the regularity of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) prescriptions for sick sinus syndrome(SSS) and provide a reference for clinical syndrome differentiation and treatment. The relevant papers were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, and SinoMed with the time interval from inception to January 31, 2023. The relevant information from qualified papers was extracted to establish a library. Lantern 5.0 and Rstudio were used to analyze the latent structure and association rules of TCMs with the frequency ≥3%, which combined with frequency descriptions, were used to explore the rules of TCM prescriptions for SSS. A total of 192 TCM prescriptions were included, involving 115 TCMs with the cumulative frequency of 1 816. High-frequency TCMs include Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The high-frequency medicines mainly had the effects of tonifying, releasing exterior with pungent-warm, and activating blood and resolving stasis. The analysis of the latent structure model yielded 13 hidden variables, 26 hidden classes, 8 comprehensive cluster models, and 21 core prescriptions. Accordingly, the common syndromes of SSS were inferred as heart-Yang Qi deficiency, heart-spleen Yang deficiency, heart-kidney Yang deficiency, Yang deficiency and blood stasis, both Qi and Yin deficiency and blood stasis, and Yin and Yang deficiency. The analysis of association rules predicted 30 strong association rules, among which Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata had the highest support. SSS is a syndrome with Yang deficiency and Qi deficiency as the root causes and cold, phlegm, and stasis as the manifestations. The clinical treatment of SSS should focus on warming Yang and replenishing Qi, which should be supplemented with the therapies of activating blood and resolving stasis, warming interior and dissipating cold, or regulating Qi movement for resolving phlegm according to the patients' syndromes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sick Sinus Syndrome/drug therapy , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Rhizome/chemistry , Aconitum , Panax
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5659-5667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008763

ABSTRACT

This study explored the medication rules of Chinese herbal compound prescriptions for the treatment of angina based on the Chinese herbal compound patents in the patent database of the China National Intellectual Property Administration. The data of eligible Chinese herbal compound patents for the treatment of angina were collected from the patent database of the China National Intellectual Property Administration from database inception to November 10, 2022, and subjected to data modeling, analysis of main syndromes, medication frequency analysis, cluster analysis, association rule analysis, and data visualization by using Excel 2021, IBM SPSS Statistics 26.0, IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0, Cytoscape 3.9.1, and Rstudio R 4.2.2.2 to explore the medication rules for angina. The study included 636 pieces of patent data for angina that met the inclusion criteria, involving 815 drugs, with a total frequency of 6 586. The most common main syndromes were blood stasis obstructing the heart syndrome(222, 34.91%) and Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome(112, 17.61%). The top 10 most frequently used drugs were Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Carthami Flos, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Borneolum Syntheticum, and Corydalis Rhizoma. High-frequency drugs included blood-activating and stasis-resolving drugs(1 197, 18.17%) and deficiency-tonifying drugs(809, 12.28%). Cluster analysis identified eight drug combinations, including five new prescriptions suitable for clinical use and new drug development, and three drug pairs. The core drug combination of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Carthami Flos was identified through the complex co-occurrence network analysis of Chinese medicines. Association rule analysis yielded a total of 17 rules, including 13 drug pairs and 4 tripartite combinations. Common drug pairs included Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Chuanxiong Rhizoma(support degree 25.79%, confidence coefficient 69.49%, lift 1.30) and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma(support degree 22.01%, confidence coefficient 61.95%, lift 1.16). Common tripartite combinations included Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Astragali Radix(support degree 10.85%, confidence coefficient 73.40%, lift 1.37) and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma(support degree 10.69%, confidence coefficient 79.07%, lift 1.48). The results showed that the underlying pathogenesis of angina involved blood stasis obstructing the heart and Qi deficiency and blood stasis. The overall nature of the disease was characterized as asthenia in origin and sthenia in superficiality. In the prescription formulation, blood-activating and stasis-resolving drugs, such as Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and Carthami Flos were often used to resolve the excess manifestation, which were combined with tonifying drugs such as Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma to reinforce the deficiency. The syndrome, pathogenesis, disease nature, and medication were consistent with clinical practice. Additionally, the new compound prescriptions and drug combinations derived from the multiple data mining in this study could provide references and insights for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of angina and the development of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Prescriptions , Data Mining , Drug Combinations
9.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1444539

ABSTRACT

Analisar o perfil das intervenções farmacêuticas providas pelos farmacêuticos clínicos por meio da análise de prescrições médicas em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) adulto generalista. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, prospectivo e observacional, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado na UTI de um hospital público referência em urgência e trauma do estado de Goiás. Os dados foram coletados no período de junho a agosto do ano de 2022, por meio da análise diária das prescrições. Resultados: A população estudada compreendeu 74 pacientes, em sua maioria do sexo masculino (68,92%), hipertensos (27,03%), e diabéticos (14,86%). Foram analisadas 568 prescrições, e identificados 489 problemas relacionados a medicamentos, sendo os mais prevalentes: medicamento inapropriado/desnecessário ou contraindicado (30,67%) e necessidade de medicamento adicional (24,34%). As classes de medicamentos mais envolvidas nos problemas foram: anti-infecciosos gerais para uso sistêmico (23,72%), e agentes do sistema nervoso (23,11%). Das intervenções farmacêuticas promovidas, 84,25% foram aceitas, com maior frequência: suspender medicamento (30,67%) e iniciar terapia medicamentosa (23,72%). Conclusão: Diante dos resultados apresentados, nota-se a boa taxa de aceitabilidade das intervenções, destacando a importância da atuação do farmacêutico clínico dentro da UTI na prevenção de problemas relacionados à farmacoterapia, bem como na melhoria dos desfechos terapêuticos


To analyze the profile of pharmaceutical interventions provided by clinical pharmacists through the analysis of medical prescriptions in a generalist adult Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methodology: This is a cross-sectional, prospective and observational study, with a quantitative approach, conducted in the ICU of a public hospital that is a reference in emergency and trauma in the state of Goiás. Data were collected from June to August of 2022, through the daily analysis of prescriptions. Results: The population being studied comprised 74 patients, mostly male (68.92%), hypertensive (27.03%), and diabetic (14.86%). 568 prescriptions were analyzed, and 489 problems related to medication were identified, the most prevalent being: inappropriate/unnecessary or contraindicated medication (30.67%) and need for additional medication (24.34%). The drug classes most involved in the problems were: general anti-infectives for systemic use (23.72%) and nervous system agents (23.11%). Of the promoted pharmaceutical interventions, 84.25% were accepted, most frequently: discontinuing medication (30.67%) and starting medication therapy (23.72%). Conclusion: In view of the results presented, there is a good rate of acceptability of the interventions, highlighting the importance of the role of the clinical pharmacist within the ICU in preventing problems related to pharmacotherapy, as well as in improving therapeutic outcomes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pharmacists , Intensive Care Units , Prescriptions
10.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 30: e2023007, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430469

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo retrata os interesses de uma escritora inglesa do século XVII sobre cuidados médicos, e as razões que a levaram a publicar textos sobre essa matéria. Hannah Woolley tecia orientações sobre diversos assuntos do âmbito doméstico, entre os quais receitas para preservar a beleza e a saúde. O artigo investiga os princípios que regiam o preparo dessas receitas, as intenções de Woolley ao escrever sobre o tema, e a maneira como a medicina acadêmica era traduzida e praticada por mulheres no cotidiano da época. O delineamento dessas questões ajudará a elucidar o cenário de atuação das curadoras letradas e a natureza das relações que teceram com os médicos eruditos.


Abstract This article describes a seventeenth-century English woman writer's interests in medical care and the reasons that led her to publish texts on this topic. Hannah Woolley offered guidance on a wide variety of topics in the domestic sphere, including recipes for health and beauty. Here we investigate the principles that governed the preparation of these recipes, Woolley's intentions in writing on this topic, and the way in which academic medicine was translated and practiced by women routinely during this period. Defining these issues will help shed light on the scenario in which literate female healers worked and the nature of their relationships with learned physicians.


Subject(s)
Women , Medical Care , Prescriptions , History, 17th Century , England
11.
Buenos Aires; CEDES. Centro de Estudios de Estado y Sociedad; 1a ed; 2023. 36 p. il; tabl..
Monography in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1418768

ABSTRACT

El objetivo es presentar una descripción general de las diferentes estrategias normativas para la autorización de la prescripción, el uso y la dispensa de medicamentos por parte de obstétricas. Para ello, se ofrece un breve panorama de las recomendaciones de organismos de rectoría sanitaria y profesional para ese fin, así como de las regulaciones de diferentes países del mundo. Además, se presenta un análisis comparado de las regulaciones existentes en la Argentina, enfocando en las estrategias regulatorias y, en particular, la revisión de los vademécums obstétricos vigentes. Ello, con el fin de aportar argumentos y observaciones sobre su alcance, estructura y contenido, y para indicar las fortalezas y desafíos que cada una de estas estrategias de regulación comporta. Finalmente, aportamos algunas breves recomendaciones para la formulación de una regulación nacional y de un vademécum obstétrico nacional en el marco de la aprobación de alguno de los proyectos de ley nacional de regulación de las competencias profesionales de la obstetricia que cursan en el Congreso de la Nación actualmente.


Subject(s)
Pharmaceutical Preparations/supply & distribution , Obstetrics/organization & administration , Argentina , Prescriptions
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230171, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1505888

ABSTRACT

Aim This study aimed to examine the prescription of antibiotics for endodontic infections among undergraduate dental students. Methods Two government Iraqi dental schools [(the University of Baghdad (UOB) (n=99) and University of Babylon (UB) (n=70)], and one private dental school [Osouldeen University College (OUC) (n=103)] were included in this survey study. A paper-based questionnaire composed of seven questions was distributed to students, and collected. A chi-square test was used for data analysis, and the level of significance was set at 0.05 (P=0.05). Results A statistically significant difference (P<0.05) was identified between students' answers in the three dental schools regarding antibiotic selection for endodontic infections in which patients had no known allergies (P=0.001). In comparison to other dental schools, a statistically significantly higher proportion of respondents from UOB (32%) favored Azithromycin 500mg for treating patients with penicillin hypersensitivity (P=0.003). A high percentage of participants (62.1%) selected antibiotic prescription in cases with necrotic pulp and symptomatic apical periodontitis (with swelling and moderate/severe preoperative symptoms). However, there were no significant differences between the 3 dental schools (P>0.05). Conclusion In conclusion, a significantly greater percentage of UB chose amoxicillin for the treatment of endodontic infection in patients with no medical allergies. Azithromycin 500mg was selected by UOB as the preferred option in patients who were sensitive to penicillin. Our findings support the need for the implementation of strategies to raise awareness of good antibiotic prescribing practices among dentists in Iraq.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Students, Dental , Endodontics , Prescriptions , Infections , Anti-Bacterial Agents
13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22549, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447574

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study aimed to estimate and compare the prevalence and type of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs) between the STOPP/START original (v1) and updated version (v2) among older patients in various settings, as well as associated factors. The study included 440 patients attending a community pharmacy, 200 outpatients and 140 nursing home users. An increase in the prevalence of STOPP v2 (57.9%) compared to v1 (56.2%) was not statistically significant in the total sample and within each setting (p>0.05). A decrease in the prevalence of START v1 (55.8%) to v2 (41.2%) was statistically significant (p<0.001) in the total sample and within each setting (p<0.05). Drug indication (32.9%) and fall-risk medications (32.2%) were most commonly identified for STOPP v2, while cardiovascular system criteria (30.5%) were the most frequently detected for START v2. The number of medications was the strongest predictor for both STOPP v1 and v2, with odds ratio values of 1.35 and 1.34, respectively. Patients' characteristics associated with the occurrence of STOPP and START criteria were identified. According to both STOPP/START versions, the results indicate a substantial rate of potentially inappropriate prescribing among elderly patients. The prevalence of PIMs was slightly higher with the updated version, while the prevalence of PPOs was significantly lower


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Underregistration/classification , Prescriptions/classification , Potentially Inappropriate Medication List/statistics & numerical data , Health Services for the Aged/organization & administration , Prevalence , Geriatrics/instrumentation
14.
The Nigerian Health Journal ; 23(3): 837-843, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512115

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial resistance remains a threat to patient safety and healthcare outcomes and largely arises from inappropriate antimicrobial prescriptions. This study aimed to determine the pattern of antibiotic prescriptions in the Paediatrics department of Rivers State University Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt.Method:A point prevalence survey was conducted in the Paediatric wards and Special Care Baby Unit (SCBU) on 13 November 2021. Records of all children admitted before or at 8:00a.m. on the day of the survey were descriptively analysed using the protocol and web-based management system of the Global Point Prevalence Survey of Antimicrobial Consumption and Resistance, University of Antwerp.Results: The antibiotic prevalence in this study was 77.4%. The most common indication(s) for antibiotic use in SCBU was infection prophylaxis (81.3%) and in paediatric wards: Pneumonia, Ear Nose Throat and Soft tissue infections accounted for (23.1%) each. Third-generation cephalosporins and aminoglycosides were predominantly used in all wards and were empirical-based prescriptions. Regarding antibiotic quality indicators of prescriptions: In SCBU: 19 (90.5%) had indication(s) for antibiotics documented, 10 (46.7%) were guideline compliant, and 1 (4.8%) had documented review/stop date. In the paediatric medical and surgical wards, 17(85.0%) vs. 4(100%) had indication(s) for antibiotics documented, 6(30.0%) vs. 0(0%) were guideline compliant, and 1(5.0%) vs. 4(100.0%) had a review/ stop date.Conclusion:High prevalence of antibiotic use, suboptimal antibiotic quality indicators and absence of laboratory evidence for antibiotic prescriptions were observed in the paediatric units. There is a need to reorientate prescribers and institute strategic measures to improve antimicrobial stewardship


Subject(s)
Humans , Antimicrobial Stewardship , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Prescriptions , Integrative Pediatrics , Infections
15.
Ethiop. med. j. (Online) ; 61(1): 51-60, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1416377

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dialysis still remains the most common modality for the treatment of end stage kidney disease and it could be maneuvered to augment its dose, minimize complications and improve outcome. Dialysis prescription is a brief of how dialysis is to be given and involves adjustments in patients' characteristics, disease or dialytic procedure. This study aimed to assess the determinants of the prescribed dialysis and its relationship with intradialytic complications and the dialysis dose. Methods: A prospective study in which 1248 sessions for 232 consented participants with end stage kidney disease on maintenance hemodialysis were studied from 2017-2020. Biodata was taken, participants were examined and blood samples were taken to determine electrolytes, urea/creatinine and hematocrit. Pearson's correlation was used to determine the strength of association between dialysis dose and some variables. Results: Determinants of the prescribed dose were dialysis frequency (P<0.001), and predialysis systolic blood pressure (P<0.001) and packed cell volume (P<0.001). Dialysis sessions without significant intradialytic blood pressure changes were most likely to be completed, as sessions with intra-dialysis hypotension were most likely to be terminated. Participants dialyzed with high flux dialyzers, via an arterovenous fistula, higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates had higher dialysis doses (P<0.001 in all instances). Conclusion: Higher dialysis doses were achieved with higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates. Intradialytic hypotension was common with dialysis termination, higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates. Intradialytic hypertension was common with low flux dialyzers. An optimized dialysis prescription is needed to deliver an adequate dialysis dose and minimize complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Circulation , Renal Dialysis , Dialysis , Prescriptions , Kidney Diseases , Therapeutics
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1132-1136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970585

ABSTRACT

In observational studies, herbal prescriptions are usually studied in the form of "similar prescriptions". At present, the classification of prescriptions is mainly based on clinical experience judgment, but there are some problems in manual judgment, such as lack of unified criteria, labor consumption, and difficulty in verification. In the construction of a database of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), our research group tried to classify real-world herbal prescriptions using a similarity matching algorithm. The main steps include 78 target prescriptions are determined in advance; four levels of importance labeling shall be carried out for the drugs of each target prescription; the combination, format conversion, and standardization of drug names of the prescriptions to be identified in the herbal medicine database; calculate the similarity between the prescriptions to be identified and each target prescription one by one; prescription discrimination is performed based on the preset criteria; remove the name of the prescriptions with "large prescriptions cover the small". Through the similarity matching algorithm, 87.49% of the real prescriptions in the herbal medicine database of this study can be identified, which preliminarily proves that this method can complete the classification of herbal prescriptions. However, this method does not consider the influence of herbal dosage on the results, and there is no recognized standard for the weight of drug importance and criteria, so there are some limitations, which need to be further explored and improved in future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Algorithms , Databases, Factual , Prescriptions , Plant Extracts
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1108-1115, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970582

ABSTRACT

This study intended to evaluate the efficacy and safety of single Hirudo prescriptions in the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease(ICVD) by frequency network Meta-analysis and traditional Meta-analysis. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched to collect the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of single Hirudo prescriptions for ICVD from the inception of the databases to May 2022. The quality of the included literature was evaluated by Cochrane risk of bias tool. Finally, 54 RCTs and 3 single Hirudo prescriptions were included. Statistical analysis was conducted by RevMan 5.3 and Stata SE 15. Network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of the clinical effective rate, the surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) of intervention measures was as follows: Huoxue Tongmai Capsules+conventional treatment>Maixuekang Capsules+conventional treatment>Naoxuekang Capsules+conventional treatment>conventional treatment. Traditional Meta-analysis revealed that in terms of the safety of ICVD treatment, Maixuekang Capsules+conventional treatment had higher safety than conventional treatment alone. According to the network Meta-analysis and traditional Meta-analysis, it was found that conventional treatment combined with single Hirudo prescriptions improved the clinical efficacy of ICVD patients, and compared with that of conventional treatment alone, the incidence of adverse reactions of combined treatment was low and the safety was high. However, the methodological quality of the articles included in this study was generally low and there were large differences in the number of articles on the three combined medication. Therefore, the conclusion of this study needed to be confirmed by subsequent RCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Capsules , Network Meta-Analysis , Combined Modality Therapy , Leeches , Prescriptions , Cerebrovascular Disorders
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4275-4284, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008682

ABSTRACT

In order to prevent the maternal immune defenses to the semi-allogeneic fetus, the maternal body will present a special adaptive immune system change represented by acute thymic involution(ATI) during pregnancy, which can be quickly regenerated after delivery. The ATI during pregnancy is related to the level of sex hormones, which is mainly caused by progesterone. Pregnancy-induced ATI is manifested as the continuous shrinkage of thymus volume, especially the cortex, and the wrinkle and phagocytosis of the subcapsular cortical thymic epithelial cells(cTECs), while other thymic epithelial cells(TECs) remain unchanged. The postpartum thymus is regenerated by the co-mediation of forkhead box N1(FOXN1) as well as its target genes chemokine(C-C motif) ligand 25(CCL25), chemokine(C-X-C motif) ligand 12(CXCL12), δ-like ligand 4(DLL4), cathepsin L(CTSL), and serine protease 16(PRSS16). Once the postpartum thymus is poorly repaired, immune dysfunction of the maternal body and several puerperal diseases will be induced, seriously endangering the survival of the mother and the newborn. In traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), Qi and blood are the cornerstone of pregnancy, and the thymus plays a key role in regulating Qi and blood. The deficiency of Qi and blood during pregnancy and childbirth is closely related to the abnormal ATI during pregnancy and the poor regeneration of the postpartum thymus. Based on this theory, TCM has profound academic ideas and rich clinical experience in postpartum recuperation. Based on the systematic description of the mechanism of ATI regeneration during pregnancy, as well as data mining and analysis of two classic gynecological works of TCM, Wan's Gynecology and Fu Qing-zhu's Treatise on Gynecology, this study found that the commonly used TCM for postpartum included Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Chuanxiong Rhizoma. Among them, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, and Chuanxiong Rhizoma are high-frequency TCMs with positive effects on postpartum recovery.However, the mechanism of these TCMs in promoting postpartum thymus regeneration needs further investigation.


Subject(s)
Female , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Pregnancy , Ligands , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Postpartum Period , Chemokines
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5091-5101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008679

ABSTRACT

This study explored the prescription and medication rules of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the prevention and treatment of diabetic microangiopathy based on literature mining. Relevant literature on TCM against diabetic microangiopathy was searched and prescriptions were collected. Microsoft Excel 2021 software was used to establish a prescription database, and an analysis was conducted on the frequency, properties, flavors, meridian tropism, and efficacy classifications of drugs. Association rule analysis, cluster analysis, and factor analysis were performed using SPSS Modeler 18.0 and SPSS Statistics 26.0 software. The characteristic active components and mechanisms of action of medium-high frequency drugs in the analysis of medication rules were explored through li-terature mining. A total of 1 327 prescriptions were included in this study, involving 411 drugs, with a total frequency reaching 19 154 times. The top five high-frequency drugs were Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Poria, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Rehmanniae Radix. The cold and warm drugs were used in combination. Drugs were mainly sweet, followed by bitter and pungent, and acted on the liver meridian. The majority of drugs were effective in tonifying deficiency, clearing heat, activating blood, and resolving stasis. Association rule analysis identified the highly supported drug pair of Astragali Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix and the highly confident drug combination of Poria-Alismatis Rhizoma-Corni Fructus. The strongest correlation was found among Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Poria, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma through the complex network analysis. Cluster analysis identified nine categories of drug combinations, while factor analysis identified 16 common factors. The analysis of active components in high-frequency drugs for the treatment of diabetic microangiopathy revealed that these effective components mainly exerted their effects by inhibiting oxidative stress and suppressing inflammatory reactions. The study found that the pathogenesis of diabetic microangiopathy was primarily characterized by deficiency in origin, with a combination of deficiency and excess. Deficiency was manifested as Qi deficiency and blood deficiency, while excess as phlegm-heat and blood stasis. The key organ involved in the pathological changes was the liver. The treatment mainly focused on supplementing Qi and nourishing blood, supplemented by clearing heat, coo-ling blood, activating blood, and dredging collaterals. Commonly used formulas included Danggui Buxue Decoction, Liuwei Dihuang Pills, Erzhi Pills, and Buyang Huanwu Decoction. The mechanisms of action of high-frequency drugs in the treatment of diabetic microangiopathy were often related to the inhibition of oxidative stress and suppression of inflammatory reactions. These findings can provide references for the clinical treatment of diabetic microangiopathy and the development of targeted drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Prescriptions , Drug Combinations , Diabetic Angiopathies/drug therapy , Data Mining , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4812-4818, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008649

ABSTRACT

Mining data from traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) prescriptions is one of the important methods for inheriting the experience of famous doctors and developing new drugs. However, current research work has problems such as to be optimized research plans and non-standard statistics. The main problems and corresponding solutions summarized by the research mainly include four aspects.(1)The research plan design needs to consider the efficacy and quality of individual cases.(2)The significance of the difference in confidence order of association rules needs to be further considered, and the lift should not be ignored.(3)The clustering analysis steps are complex. The selection of clustering variables should comprehensively consider factors such as the frequency of TCM, network topology parameters, and practical application significance. The selection of distance calculation and clustering methods should be improved based on the characteristics of TCM clinical data. Jaccard distance and its improvement plan should be given attention in the future. A single, unexplained clustering result should not be presented, but the final clustering plan should be selected based on a comprehensive consideration of TCM clinical characteristics and objective evaluation indicators for clustering.(4)When calculating correlation coefficients, algorithms that are only suitable for continuous variables should not be applied to binary variables. This article explained the connotations of the above problems based on the characteristics of TCM clinical research and statistical principles and proposed corresponding suggestions to provide important references for future data mining research work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Data Mining , Cluster Analysis , Physicians , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
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