Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.473
Filter
1.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 70(1)Jan-Mar. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1537402

ABSTRACT

De acordo com a literatura, não há consenso sobre um tempo de atraso razoável desde o diagnóstico até a operação da prostatectomia radical (PR) sem piora do prognóstico. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência desse tempo no risco de recorrência da doença em pacientes com adenocarcinoma acinar da próstata tratados com PR. Método: Quatrocentos e doze pacientes submetidos à PR foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Destes, 172 foram excluídos por dados incompletos e outros 28, por estadiamento pré- -operatório como câncer de próstata de alto risco (PSA > 10 ng/mL ou escore de Gleason na biópsia > 7). Os estadiamentos pré e pós-operatórios foram comparados, e a análise de sobrevida feita pelo método de Kaplan-Meier para examinar a influência do tempo na discordância entre os estadiamentos pré e pós-operatórios. Resultados: Para os 212 pacientes da amostra, o tempo médio desde o diagnóstico até a PR foi de 176,1 ± 120,2 dias (mediana de 145,5 dias), variando de 29 a um máximo de 798 dias. A curva de Kaplan-Meier indicou que o câncer piorava quanto maior o atraso entre o diagnóstico e a operação. Pacientes submetidos à cirurgia dentro de 60 dias tiveram cerca de 95% de probabilidade de não aumentarem o risco inicial de recorrência. Esse número caiu para 80%, 70% e 50% nos pacientes operados em até 100, 120 e 180 dias, respectivamente. Conclusão: O atraso na realização da PR representa risco contínuo de recorrência da neoplasia. O tempo ideal para PR é de até 60 dias a partir da biópsia da próstata, uma vez que a probabilidade de upstaging é inferior a 5% nesse período.


There is no consensus in the literature on a reasonable delay time from diagnosis to radical prostatectomy (RP) surgery, without worsening the prognosis. Objective: To evaluate the influence of the delay on the risk of disease recurrence in patients with acinar adenocarcinoma of the prostate treated with RP. Method: Four hundred and twelve patients undergoing RP were retrospectively evaluated. Of these, 172 were excluded due to incomplete data and another 28 due to preoperative staging as high-risk prostate cancer (PSA > 10 ng/mL or Gleason score on biopsy > 7). Pre-and postoperative stagings were compared and survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method to investigate the influence of time on discordance between pre- and postoperative stagings. Results:For the 212 patients of the sample, the average time from diagnosis to RP was 176.1 ± 120.2 days (median 145.5 days), ranging from 29 to a maximum of 798 days. The Kaplan-Meier curve indicated that the cancer worsened the longer the delay between diagnosis and surgery. Patients undergoing surgery within 60 days had an approximately 95% probability of not increasing the initial risk of recurrence. This number fell to 80%, 70% and 50% in patients operated on up to 100, 120 and 180 days, respectively. Conclusion:Delay in performing RP represents a continuous risk of relapse. The ideal time for RP is up to 60 days from prostate biopsy, as the probability of upstaging is less than 5% in this period


Según la literatura, no existe consenso sobre un tiempo razonable de retraso desde el diagnóstico hasta la cirugía de prostatectomía radical (PR), sin empeorar el pronóstico. Objetivo: Evaluar la influencia de este tiempo sobre el riesgo de recurrencia de la enfermedad en pacientes con adenocarcinoma acinar de próstata tratados con PR. Método: Se evaluaron retrospectivamente 412 pacientes sometidos a PR. De ellos, 172 fueron excluidos por datos incompletos y otros 28 por estadificación preoperatoria como cáncer de próstata de alto riesgo (PSA > 10 ng/mL o puntuación de Gleason en la biopsia > 7). Se compararon las estadificaciones pre y posoperatorias y se realizó un análisis de supervivencia utilizando el método de Kaplan-Meier para examinar la influencia del tiempo en la discordancia entre las estadificaciones pre y posoperatorias. Resultados: Para los 212 pacientes de la muestra, el tiempo promedio desde el diagnóstico hasta la PR fue de 176,1 ± 120,2 días (mediana 145,5 días), oscilando entre 29 y 798 días. La curva de Kaplan-Meier indicó que el cáncer empeoraba cuanto mayor era el retraso entre el diagnóstico y la cirugía. Los pacientes sometidos a cirugía dentro de los 60 días tenían aproximadamente un 95% de probabilidad de no aumentar el riesgo inicial de recurrencia. Esta cifra cayó al 80%, 70% y 50% en los pacientes operados hasta 100, 120 y 180 días, respectivamente. Conclusión: El retraso en la realización de la PR representa un riesgo continuo de restablecimiento de la neoplasia. El momento ideal para la PR es hasta los 60 días desde la biopsia de próstata, ya que la probabilidad de upstaging es inferior al 5% en este periodo.


Subject(s)
Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Disease Progression , Time-to-Treatment , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390424, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533357

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To conduct a systematic literature review with meta-analysis to identify whether antibiotic prophylaxis after removal of the indwelling urinary catheter reduces posterior infections. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted in the databases PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, using the keywords "antibiotics" AND "prostatectomy" AND "urinary catheter." Results: Three articles were identified having the scope of our review, with 1,040 patients, which were subjected to our meta-analysis revealing a marginally significant decrease in the risk of urinary infection after indwelling urinary catheter removal (odds ratio-OR = 0.51; 95% confidence interval-95%CI 0.27-0.98; p = 0.04; I2 = 0%). No difference was found regarding the presence of bacteriuria (OR = 0.39; 95%CI 0.12-1.24; p = 0.11; I2 = 73%). Conclusions: In our meta-analysis, there was a significant decrease in urinary tract infection with antibiotic prophylaxis after indwelling urinary catheter removal following radical prostatectomy.


Subject(s)
Prostatectomy , Urologic Diseases , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Catheters , Anti-Bacterial Agents
3.
Med. lab ; 27(2): 131-138, 2023. ilus, Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435600

ABSTRACT

El tumor fibroso solitario (TFS) es una neoplasia mesenquimatosa de tipo fibroblástico que, a pesar de ser localizado principalmente en pleura, se ha observado en otros órganos como la próstata. Por su parte, el tumor fibroso solitario de la próstata es una neoplasia de baja incidencia, crecimiento lento y potencial maligno incierto, que generalmente se compone de células fusiformes de apariencia citológicamente benignas, dispuestas en una arquitectura desorganizada, mezcladas con colágeno y pequeños vasos sanguíneos. Establecer su diagnóstico se ha vuelto más reproducible desde la identificación de la fusión de los genes NAB2-STAT6 por biología molecular, que lleva a la sobreexpresión de STAT6 por inmunohistoquímica, el cual es un marcador muy sensible y específico para TFS. Presentamos el caso clínico de un paciente que debutó con síntomas de compresión vesical, en quien se identificó una masa con epicentro en la próstata que infiltraba la vejiga y llegaba a la pared rectal, y que luego de estudios de patología, inmunohistoquímica y pruebas moleculares se clasificó como un TFS de la próstata, finalmente tratado con cistoprostatectomía radical más derivación urinaria


Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm of fibroblastic type, which despite being located mainly in the pleura, has been observed in other organs such as the prostate. On the other hand, solitary fibrous tumor of the prostate is a rare neoplasm, slow growing, and of uncertain malignant potential, which is generally composed of spindle cells of cytologically benign appearance, arranged in a disorganized architecture, mixed with collagen and small blood vessels. Establishing its diagnosis has become more reproducible since the identification of the NAB2-STAT6 gene fusion by molecular biology, leading to the overexpression of STAT6 by immunohistochemistry, a very sensitive and specific marker for SFT. We present a clinical report of a patient who consulted with symptoms of bladder compression, in whom a mass was identified with the epicenter in the prostate infiltrating into the bladder and reaching the rectal wall. Following histopathology study, immunohistochemistry and molecular tests it was classified as a SFT of the prostate, finally treated with radical cystoprostatectomy plus urinary shunt


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , STAT6 Transcription Factor , Solitary Fibrous Tumors
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 756-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect between electroacupuncture at "four points of sacral region" and transurethral Erbium laser in treatment of moderate to severe stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 patients of moderate to severe stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy were divided into an electroacupuncture group (34 cases) and an Erbium laser group (34 cases, 3 cases dropped off) according to the settings. In the electroacupuncture group, electroacupuncture was applied at "four points of sacral region", i.e. points of 0.5 cun beside bilateral sacrococcygeal joints and bilateral Huiyang (BL 35), with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency, 60 min each time, once every other day, 3 times a week, 12 times as one course of treatment. In the Erbium laser group, transurethral Erbium laser technology was given, once every 4 weeks as one course of treatment. Both groups were treated for 5 courses. The scores of the International Consultation on Incontinence questionnaire-short form (ICI-Q-SF) and the incontinence quality of life questionnaire (I-QOL) were observed before treatment, after each course of treatment and in follow-up after 1 and 2 months of treatment completion, respectively, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those before treatment, the ICI-Q-SF scores were decreased while the I-QOL scores were increased after 5 courses of treatment and in follow-up after 1, 2 months of treatment completion in the two groups (P<0.01). The ICI-Q-SF score in follow-up after 2 months of treatment completion were higher than that after 5 courses of treatment in the Erbium laser group (P<0.05). After 3, 4, 5 courses of treatment and in follow-up after 1 and 2 months of treatment completion, the ICI-Q-SF scores in the electroacupuncture group were lower than those in the Erbium laser group (P<0.05, P<0.01); after 2, 3, 4, 5 courses of treatment and in follow-up after 1 and 2 months of treatment completion, the I-QOL scores in the electroacupuncture group were higher than those in the Erbium laser group (P<0.01). The change ranges of ICI-Q-SF score and I-QOL score between before treatment and after each course of treatment in the electroacupuncture group were lager than those in the Erbium laser group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The total effective rate was 61.8% (21/34) in the electroacupuncture group, which was superior to 19.4 (6/31) in the Erbium laser group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Both electroacupuncture at "four points of sacral region" and transurethral Erbium laser can improve the clinical symptoms and the quality of life in patients of moderate to severe stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. The short-term efficacy and long-term efficacy of electroacupuncture are superior to the Erbium laser technology.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/therapy , Sacrococcygeal Region , Electroacupuncture , Erbium , Prostatectomy/adverse effects
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 353-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985679

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze three different integrated scoring schemes of prostate biopsy and to compare their concordance with the scoring of radical prostatectomy specimens. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 556 patients with radical prostatectomy performed in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing, China from 2017 to 2020. In these cases, whole organ sections were performed, the pathological data based on biopsy and radical prostatectomy specimens were summarized, and 3 integrated scores of prostate biopsy were calculated, namely the global score, the highest score and score of the largest volume. Results: Among the 556 patients, 104 cases (18.7%) were classified as WHO/ISUP grade group 1, 227 cases (40.8%) as grade group 2 (3+4=7); 143 cases (25.7%) as grade group 3 (4+3=7); 44 cases (7.9%) as grade group 4 (4+4=8) and 38 cases (6.8%) as grade group 5. Among the three comprehensive scoring methods for prostate cancer biopsy, the consistency of global score was the highest (62.4%). In the correlation analysis, the correlation between the scores of radical specimens and the global scores was highest (R=0.730, P<0.01), while the correlations of the scores based on radical specimens with highest scores and scores of the largest volume based on biopsy were insignificant (R=0.719, P<0.01; R=0.631, P<0.01, respectively). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed tPSA group and the three integrated scores of prostate biopsy were statistically correlated with extraglandular invasion, lymph node metastasis, perineural invasion and biochemical recurrence. Elevated global score was an independent prognostic risk factor for extraglandular invasion and biochemical recurrence in patients; increased serum tPSA was an independent prognostic risk factor for extraglandular invasion; increased hjighest score was an independent risk factor for perineural invasion. Conclusions: In this study, among the three different integrated scores, the overall score is most likely corresponded to the radical specimen grade group, but there is difference in various subgroup analyses. Integrated score of prostate biopsy can reflect grade group of radical prostatectomy specimens, thereby providing more clinical information for assisting in optimal patient management and consultation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prostatectomy/methods , Biopsy , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 208-216, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971023

ABSTRACT

Given the dual role of autophagy presenting in tumorigenesis and inhibition, we established an autophagy-related gene prognostic index (ARGPI) with validation to well predict the biochemical recurrence (BCR), metastasis, as well as chemoresistance for patients with prostate cancer (PCa) who underwent radical radiotherapy or prostatectomy. Then, Lasso and COX regression was used to develop the ARGPI. We performed the whole analyses through R packages (version 3.6.3). Secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1), single-minded 2 (SIM2), serine protease inhibitor b5 (SERPINB5), aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), and acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain 3 (ACSL3) were eventually used to establish the ARGPI score. Patients were divided into two different-risk groups based on the median ARGPI score, high-risk patients with a higher risk of BCR than low-risk patients (hazard ratio [HR]: 5.46, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.23-9.24). The risk of metastasis of high-risk patients was higher than low-risk patients (HR: 11.31, 95% CI: 4.89-26.12). In The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset, we observed similar prognostic value of ARGPI in terms of BCR-free survival (HR: 1.79, 95% CI: 1.07-2.99) and metastasis-free survival (HR: 1.80, 95% CI: 1.16-2.78). ARGPI score showed a diagnostic accuracy of 0.703 for drug resistance. Analysis of gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) indicated that patients in the high-risk group were significantly positively related to interleukin (IL)-18 signaling pathway. Moreover, ARGPI score was significantly related to cancer-related fibroblasts (CAFs; r = 0.36), macrophages (r = 0.28), stromal score (r = 0.38), immune score (r = 0.35), estimate score (r = 0.39), as well as tumor purity (r = -0.39; all P < 0.05). Drug analysis showed that PI-103 was the common sensitive drug and cell line analysis indicated that PC3 was the common cell line of PI-103 and the definitive gene. In conclusion, we found that ARGPI could predict BCR, metastasis, and chemoresistance in PCa patients who underwent radical radiotherapy or prostatectomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prognosis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostatectomy , Drug Resistance , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 259-264, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971018

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the value of transrectal shear-wave elastography (SWE) in combination with multivariable tools for predicting adverse pathological features before radical prostatectomy (RP). Preoperative clinicopathological variables, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) manifestations, and the maximum elastic value of the prostate (Emax) on SWE were retrospectively collected. The accuracy of SWE for predicting adverse pathological features was evaluated based on postoperative pathology, and parameters with statistical significance were selected. The diagnostic performance of various models, including preoperative clinicopathological variables (model 1), preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI (model 2), and preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI + SWE (model 3), was evaluated with area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Emax was significantly higher in prostate cancer with extracapsular extension (ECE) or seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) with both P < 0.001. The optimal cutoff Emax values for ECE and SVI were 60.45 kPa and 81.55 kPa, respectively. Inclusion of mp-MRI and SWE improved discrimination by clinical models for ECE (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.031; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.002; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.018) and SVI (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.147; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.037; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.134). SWE is valuable for identifying patients at high risk of adverse pathology.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Seminal Vesicles/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Retrospective Studies , Extranodal Extension/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 223-229, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971017

ABSTRACT

We identified distinct senescence-related molecular subtypes and critical genes among prostate cancer (PCa) patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) or radical radiotherapy (RT). We conducted all analyses using R software and its suitable packages. Twelve genes, namely, secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (SFRP4), DNA topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A), pleiotrophin (PTN), family with sequence similarity 107 member A (FAM107A), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 14 (CXCL14), prostate androgen-regulated mucin-like protein 1 (PARM1), leucine zipper protein 2 (LUZP2), cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38), cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), vestigial-like family member 3 (VGLL3), apolipoprotein E (APOE), and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 family member (ALDH2), were eventually used to subtype PCa patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and GSE116918, and the molecular subtypes showed good correlations with clinical features. In terms of the tumor immune environment (TME) analysis, compared with cluster 1, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) scored significantly higher, while endothelial cells scored lower in cluster 2 in TCGA database. There was a statistically significant correlation between both CAFs and endothelial cells with biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free survival for PCa patients undergoing RP. For the GSE116918 database, cluster 2 had significantly lower levels of CAFs and tumor purity and higher levels of stromal, immune, and Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in MAlignant Tumor tissues using Expression data (ESTIMATE) scores than cluster 1; in addition, patients with high levels of CAFs, stromal scores, immune scores, and ESTIMATE scores and low levels of tumor purity tended to suffer from BCR. Based on the median of differentially expressed checkpoints, high expression of CD96, hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2 (HAVCR2), and neuropilin 1 (NRP1) in GSE116918 and high expression of CD160 and tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily member 18 (TNFSF18) in TCGA database were associated with a significantly higher risk of BCR than their counterparts. In conclusion, we first constructed distinct molecular subtypes and critical genes for PCa patients undergoing RP or RT from the fresh perspective of senescence.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Endothelial Cells , Ligands , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostate/pathology , Prostatectomy , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial , DNA-Binding Proteins , Transcription Factors
9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 345-349, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981944

ABSTRACT

The long-term survival outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP) in Chinese prostate cancer (PCa) patients are poorly understood. We conducted a single-center, retrospective analysis of patients undergoing RP to study the prognostic value of pathological and surgical information. From April 1998 to February 2022, 782 patients undergoing RP at Queen Mary Hospital of The University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China) were included in our study. Multivariable Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier analysis with stratification were performed. The 5-year, 10-year, and 15-year overall survival (OS) rates were 96.6%, 86.8%, and 70.6%, respectively, while the 5-year, 10-year, and 15-year PCa-specific survival (PSS) rates were 99.7%, 98.6%, and 97.8%, respectively. Surgical International Society of Urological Pathology PCa grades (ISUP Grade Group) ≥4 was significantly associated with poorer PSS (hazard ratio [HR] = 8.52, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42-51.25, P = 0.02). Pathological T3 stage was not significantly associated with PSS or OS in our cohort. Lymph node invasion and extracapsular extension might be associated with worse PSS (HR = 20.30, 95% CI: 1.22-336.38, P = 0.04; and HR = 7.29, 95% CI: 1.22-43.64, P = 0.03, respectively). Different surgical approaches (open, laparoscopic, or robotic-assisted) had similar outcomes in terms of PSS and OS. In conclusion, we report the longest timespan follow-up of Chinese PCa patients after RP with different approaches.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostate/pathology , Prostatectomy , Prognosis , Neoplasm Grading
10.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 13: 1-6, dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1414396

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar se os pacientes prostatectomizados são informados sobre a possibilidade de superação da perda da função erétil pelos benefícios da sexualidade humana após a intervenção cirúrgica. Métodos: A técnica utilizada foi a análise temática que consiste na busca dos núcleos de sentido para se construir uma comunicação. O estudo foi realizado em um hospital de referência no tratamento de câncer e envolveu pacientes prostatectomizados no pós-operatório mediato. Resultados: A perda da função erétil pode ser superada pela utilização da sexualidade humana materializada no amor, carinho e compreensão. Conclusão: A escassez de informações sobre os efeitos da prostatectomia em pacientes cirúrgicos inaugura uma contradição no processo de atenção à saúde aos portadores de câncer de próstata. A contradição, advém do fato de que a resposta a esta questão admite as duas possibilidades, mito e verdade. (AU)


Objective: To verify whether prostatectomy patients are informed about the possibility of overcoming the loss of erectile function due to the benefits of human sexuality after surgical intervention. Methods: The technique used was thematic analysis, which consists of the search for meaning cores to build communication. The study was carried out in a reference hospital for the treatment of cancer and involved patients undergoing prostatectomy in the immediate postoperative period. Results: The loss of erectile function can be overcome by the use of human sexuality materialized in love, affection and understanding. Conclusion: The scarcity of information about the effects of prostatectomy in surgical patients opens a contradiction in the health care process for patients with cancer of prostate. The contradiction comes from the fact that the answer to this question admits the two possibilities, myth and truth. (AU)


Objetivo: Verificar si los pacientes prostatectomizados están informados sobre la posibilidad de superar la pérdida de la función eréctil por los beneficios de la sexualidad humana tras la intervención quirúrgica. Métodos: La técnica utilizada fue el análisis temático, que consiste en la búsqueda de núcleos de significado para construir la comunicación. El estudio se llevó a cabo en un hospital de referencia para el tratamiento del cáncer e involucró a pacientes sometidos a prostatectomía en el postoperatorio inmediato. Resultados: La pérdida de la función eréctil puede superarse mediante el uso de la sexualidad humana materializada en el amor, el afecto y la comprensión. Conclusión: La escasez de información sobre los efectos de la prostatectomía en pacientes quirúrgicos abre una contradicción en el proceso de atención de la salud de los pacientes con cáncer de próstata. La contradicción proviene del hecho de que la respuesta a esta pregunta admite las dos posibilidades, mito y verdad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing , Prostatectomy , Sexuality , Work Engagement
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 328-335, March-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364937

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To compare thulium laser enucleation of prostate (ThuLEP) versus laparoscopic trans-vesical simple prostatectomy (LSP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods: Data of patients who underwent surgery for "large" BPH (>80mL) at three Institutions were collected and analyzed. Two institutions performed ThuLEP only; the third institution performed LSP only. Preoperative (indwelling catheter status, prostate volume (PVol), hemoglobin (Hb), Qmax, post-voiding residual volume (PVR), IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5) and perioperative data (operative time, enucleated adenoma, catheterization time, length of stay, Hb-drop, complications) were compared. Functional (Qmax, PVR, %ΔQmax) and patient-reported outcomes (IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5, %ΔIPSS, %ΔQoL) were compared at last follow-up. Results: 80 and 115 patients underwent LSP and ThuLEP, respectively. At baseline, median PVol was 130 versus 120mL, p <0.001; Qmax 9.6 vs. 7.1mL/s, p=0.005; IPSS 21 versus 25, p <0.001. Groups were comparable in terms of intraoperative complications (1 during LSP vs. 3 during ThuLEP) and transfusions (1 per group). Differences in terms of operative time (156 vs. 92 minutes, p <0.001), Hb-drop (-2.5 vs. −0.9g/dL, p <0.001), catheterization time (5 vs. 2 days, p <0.001) and postoperative complications (13.8% vs. 0, p <0.001) favored ThuLEP. At median follow-up of 40 months after LSP versus 30 after ThuLEP (p <0.001), Qmax improved by 226% vs. 205% (p=0.5), IPSS decreased by 88% versus 85% (p=0.9), QoL decreased by 80% with IIEF-5 remaining almost unmodified for both the approaches. Conclusions: Our analysis showed that LSP and ThuLEP are comparable in relieving from BPO and improving the patient-reported outcomes. Invasiveness of LSP is more significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Laparoscopy , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy , Quality of Life , Thulium/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 212-219, March-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364948

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Despite the neuroanatomy knowledge of the prostate described initially in the 1980's and the robotic surgery advantages in terms of operative view magnification, potency outcomes following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy still challenge surgeons and patients due to its multifactorial etiology. Recent studies performed in our center have described that, in addition to the surgical technique, some important factors are associated with erectile dysfunction (ED) following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). These include preoperative Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) score, age, preoperative Gleason score, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). After performing 15,000 cases, in this article we described our current Robotic-assisted Radical Prostatectomy technique with details and considerations regarding the optimal approach to neurovascular bundle preservation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/complications , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/prevention & control , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 363-364, March-Apr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364954

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Reports in the literature describe lymphocele formation in up to half of patients following pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) (1) in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), with 1-2% requiring intervention (2). The advantage of surgical approach is permanent excision of the lymphocele capsule and fewer days with pelvic drains compared to percutaneous drainage. This study aims to describe the step-by-step surgical management of symptomatic lymphoceles using a less invasive robotic platform, the Da Vinci® Single Port (SP). Material and Methods: We describe the technique of lymphocelectomy and marsupialization with the Da Vinci® SP for symptomatic lymphocele. For this study, several treatment modalities for symptomatic lymphoceles were available, including percutaneous drainage, sclerosing agents, and surgical marsupialization. All the data for this study were obtained through the procedure via Da Vinci® SP. Results: Operative time for the case was 84 minutes. Blood loss was 25ml. No intra- or post- operative complications were reported. The patient had his drain removed in under 24 hours after surgery. The mean follow-up period was 7.7 months. There were no complications or lymphocele recurrence. Conclusion: Da Vinci® SP lymphocelectomy is safe and feasible with satisfactory outcomes. The SP enables definitive treatment of the lymphocele sac (3), reducing the number of days with abdominal drains and allows further decrease in surgical invasiveness with fewer incisions and better cosmesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Robotics , Lymphocele/surgery , Lymphocele/etiology , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 369-370, March-Apr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364947

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Over the years, since Binder and Kramer described the first Robotic-assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP) in 2000, different Nerve-sparing (NS) techniques have been proposed by several authors (1). However, even with the robotic surgery advantages, functional outcomes following RARP, especially erection recovery, still challenge surgeons and patients (2, 3). In this scenario, we have described different ways and grades of neurovascular bundle preservation (NVB) using the prostatic artery as a landmark until our most recent technique with lateral prostatic fascia preservation and modified apical dissection (4-6). In this video compilation, we have illustrated the anatomical and technical details of different grades of NVB preservation. Surgical technique: After the anterior and posterior bladder neck dissection, we lift the prostate by the seminal vesicles to access the posterior aspect of the prostate. Then, we incise the Denonvilliers layers and work between an avascular plane to release the posterior NVB from 5 to 1 and 7 to 11 o'clock positions on the right and left sides, respectively6. In sequence, we access the prostate anteriorly by incising the endopelvic fascia bilaterally (close to the prostate) until communicating the anterior and posterior planes. Finally, we control the prostatic pedicles with Hem-o-lok clips and then proceed for the apical dissection preserving the maximum amount of urethra length and periurethral tissues. Considerations: Potency recovery following radical prostatectomy remains a challenge due to its multifactorial etiology. However, basic concepts for nerve-sparing are crucial to achieving optimal outcomes, such as minimizing the amount of traction used on dissection, avoiding excessive cautery, and neural preservation based on anatomical landmarks (arteries and planes of dissection).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/methods , Penile Erection
15.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(1): 41-42, 15/03/2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1368852

ABSTRACT

Los agentes antifibrinolíticos, como el ácido tranexámico, por medio de su administración endovenosa se usan en distintos procedimientos quirúrgicos para prevenir la pérdida de sangrado perioperatorio.[1] Este medicamento es un derivado sintético análogo de la lisina que bloquea los sititos de unión de la lisina en el plasminógeno, inhibiendo su conversión a plasmina e interfiriendo en la fibrinólisis.[2] La aplicación del ácido tranexámico para disminuir el riesgo de sangrado ha sido utilizado en procedimientos urológicos como la resección transuretral prostática (RTUP), prostatectomía radical y nefrolitotomía percutánea (NLP),[3] [4] [5] también se emplea para disminuir las hematurias persistentes en pacientes con poliquistosis renal y en otras hematurias macroscópicas de origen urológico.


Antifibrinolytic agents, such as tranexamic acid, by intravenous administration are used in various surgical procedures to prevent perioperative bleeding loss.[1] This drug is a synthetic lysine analog derivative that blocks the lysine binding sites on plasminogen, inhibiting its conversion to plasmin and interfering with fibrinolysis.[2] The application of tranexamic acid to reduce the risk of bleeding has been used in urological procedures such as transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), radical prostatectomy and nephrolithotomy. The application of tranexamic acid to reduce the risk of bleeding has been used in urological procedures such as transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), radical prostatectomy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL),[3] [4] [5] it is also used to reduce persistent hematuria in patients with polycystic kidney disease and other macroscopic hematuria of urological origin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Plasminogen , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Fibrinolysin , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Antifibrinolytic Agents , Prostatectomy , Tranexamic Acid , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Administration, Intravenous , Polycystic Kidney Diseases , Lysine
16.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(1): 21-27, 15/03/2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1368865

ABSTRACT

Introducción y Objetivo La cirugía de próstata es un procedimiento frecuente en varones mayores. Existen diferentes técnicas, cuya elección depende de la patología a tratar, de la experiencia del especialista, y de la disponibilidad técnica. Entre sus complicaciones se encuentra la infección del tracto urinario, que ocasiona incremento en morbimortalidad y costos para el sistema de salud. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue evaluar los factores relacionados con la aparición de infección urinaria luego de este tipo de cirugía. Materiales y Métodos Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles en una población de pacientes sometidos a prostatectomía del 2018 hasta principios del 2020 en Medellín, Colombia. Los casos correspondieron a los pacientes que presentaron infección de vías urinarias hasta 30 días tras la prostatectomía. Se estimó la asociación entre casos y controles por medio del cálculo de la razón de disparidad (RD), la cual se ajustó con una regresión logística y con un modelo aditivo generalizado multivariado. Resultados Se identificaron 96 casos incidentes de infección del trato urinario luego de la prostatectomía, con una prevalencia de 8.99%. La frecuencia de solicitud de urocultivo preoperatorio fue de 52,92% (intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC95%]: 48,34­ 57,44%). Las variables independientemente asociadas con la aparición de infección urinaria fueron: solicitud de urocultivo prequirúrgico, número de dosis, y tipo de antibiótico usado para la profilaxis. Particularmente, se encontró como factor protector el uso de aminoglucósidos. En los pacientes con infección urinaria, los principales gérmenes aislados fueron: Eschirichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klepsiella pneumoniae, Enterococos faecalis y Serratia marcescens.


Introduction and Objective Prostate surgery is a common procedure among older men. There are different techniques, and the choice depends on the pathology to be treated, the experience of the specialist, and the technical availability. Among its complications is urinary tract infection, which causes increased morbidity and mortality and costs for the health system. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the factors related to the onset of urinary tract infection after prostate surgery. Materials and Methods A case-control study was conducted in a population of patients undergoing prostatectomy from 2018 to early 2020 in the city of Medellín, Colombia. The cases corresponded to patients who presented urinary tract infection up to 30 days after prostatectomy. The association between cases and controls was estimated by calculating the odds ratio (OR), which was adjusted with logistic regression and a multivariate generalized additive model. Results We identified 96 incident cases of urinary tract infection after prostatectomy, with a prevalence of 8.99%. The frequency of requests for preoperative urine culture was of 52.92% (95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 48.34 - 57.44). The independently associated variables were: request for preoperative urine culture, number of doses, and type of antibiotic used for prophylaxis. In particular, the use of aminoglycosides in prophylaxis schemes was found to be a protective factor. The main germs isolated were: Eschirichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klepsiella pneumoniae, Enterococos faecalis, and Serratia marcescens. Conclusion The present study shows that factors such as the preoperative request for urine culture and the use of aminoglycosides for surgical prophylaxis influence the probability of developing urinary tract infection after prostatectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatectomy , Urinary Tract , Urinary Tract Infections , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Serratia marcescens , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Protective Factors , Aminoglycosides , Anti-Bacterial Agents
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 122-130, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356274

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To analyze the association between obesity and urinary incontinence rate in men submitted to robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in a high-volume cancer center. Materials and Methods: We reported 1.077 men who underwent RARP as the primary treatment for localized prostate cancer from 2013 to 2017. Patients were classified as non-obese (normal BMI or overweight) or obese men (BMI ≥30kg/m2). They were grouped according to the age, PSA level, D'Amico risk group, Gleason score, ASA classification, pathological stage, prostate volume, salvage/adjuvant radiotherapy, perioperative complications, and follow-up time. Urinary continence was defined as the use of no pads. For the analysis of long-term urinary continence recovery, we conducted a 1:1 propensity-score matching to control confounders. Results: Among the obese patients, mean BMI was 32.8kg/m2, ranging 30 - 45.7kg/m2. Only 2% was morbidly obese. Obese presented more comorbidities and larger prostates. Median follow-up time was 15 months for the obese. Complications classified as Clavien ≥3 were reported in 5.6% of the obese and in 4.4% of the non-obese men (p=0.423). Median time for continence recovery was 4 months in both groups. In this analysis, HR was 0.989 for urinary continence recovery in obese (95%CI=0.789 - 1.240; p=0.927). Conclusions: Obese can safely undergo RARP with similar continence outcomes comparing to the non-obese men when performed by surgeons with a standardized operative technique. Future studies should perform a subgroup analysis regarding the association of obesity with other comorbidities, intending to optimize patient counseling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/complications , Obesity, Morbid , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Propensity Score
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 54-66, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356296

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The therapeutic role of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) in prostate cancer (PCa) is unknown due to absence of randomized trials. Objective: to present a critical review on the therapeutic benefits of PLND in high risk localized PCa patients. Materials and Methods: A search of the literature on PLND was performed using PubMed, Cochrane, and Medline database. Articles obtained regarding diagnostic imaging and sentinel lymph node dissection, PLND extension, impact of PLND on survival, PLND in node positive "only" disease and PLND surgical risks were critically reviewed. Results: High-risk PCa commonly develops metastases. In these patients, the possibility of presenting lymph node disease is high. Thus, extended PLND during radical prostatectomy may be recommended in selected patients with localized high-risk PCa for both accurate staging and therapeutic intent. Although recent advances in detecting patients with lymph node involvement (LNI) with novel imaging and sentinel node dissection, extended PLND continues to be the most accurate method to stage lymph node disease, which may be related to the number of nodes removed. However, extended PLND increases surgical time, with potential impact on perioperative complications, hospital length of stay, rehospitalization and healthcare costs. Controversy persists on its therapeutic benefit, particularly in patients with high node burden. Conclusion: The impact of PLND on biochemical recurrence and PCa survival is unclear yet. Selection of patients may benefit from extended PLND but the challenge remains to identify them accurately. Only prospective randomized study would answer the precise role of PLND in high-risk pelvis confined PCa patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Pelvis , Prostatectomy , Prospective Studies , Lymph Nodes/surgery
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 200-201, Jan.-Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The expansion of technology is leading to a paradigm shift in several urological fields (1, 2). In particular, the adoption of lasers within the surgical treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is considered one of the most relevant innovations (3-5). In this video, we aimed to report our experience with holmium laser for the ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) in patients with obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH. Materials and Methods: From 2018 to 2020, 10 patients with obstructive LUTS secondary to BPH were treated at our Institution with HoLAP (120W Holmium laser Lumenis® with Moses® technology). Main inclusion criteria were: 1) International Prostate Symptom Score ≥12; 2) prostate volume ≤65mL, 3) maximal flow rate (Qmax) ≤15ml/s at preoperative non-invasive uroflowmetry. Results: Mean patient age was 65 (range: 59-72) years. Preoperative mean prostate volume was 50 (range: 35-65) mL. Mean operative time was 66 (range: 45-85) minutes with a mean laser time/operative time ratio of 0.51 (range: 0.44-0.60). Voiding symptoms, Qmax and post voiding residual were significantly improved after 3 and 12 months (all p <0.05). No postoperative urinary incontinence was detected. Conclusions: The present findings suggest that HoLAP is a slightly time-spending procedure, thus its use should be limited to prostate volume <70-80mL. However, no postoperative complications were recorded at all. This technique showed to be a safe option in patients with low-intermediate prostate volume, also in patients whose antiaggregant/anticoagulant therapy is maintained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy , Technology , Holmium
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL