Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 315
Filter
1.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442307

ABSTRACT

Background: Pregnancy is characterized as a physiological period with greater sensitivity to insulin resistance and changes in oxidative stress. Purinergic signaling is directly related to diabetes, as this condition modifies the concentration of extracellular ATP and the level of degradation of ATP to adenosine. Objective: Analyze oxidative stress and the purinergic system in pregnant women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) and compare them with low-risk pregnant women (LR). Materials and Methods: The research was of a quantitative approach of an experimental nature. The study was carried out at the Clínica da Mulher, which serves high-risk pregnant women, and at the Family Health Centers, which serves low-risk pregnant women, both located in Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Results: From the analysis, it was observed that oxidative stress was increased in pregnant women in LR compared to pregnant women with GDM by increasing the concentration of TBARS and reducing the concentration of Carbonyl Protein in pregnant women with LR. Regarding the purinergic system, there was a significant decrease in the hydrolysis of the nucleotides ATP, ADP, and AMP in pregnant women with GDM, and a significant increase in the hydrolysis of ADA, also in pregnant women with GDM. Conclusion: Therefore, pregnant women with GDM have less oxidative stress compared to pregnant women in LR concerning TBARS and Carbonyl Protein markers, thus allowing a greater antioxidant defense mechanism. Furthermore, concerning the purinergic system, there is an increase in the activity of ADA, which is directly related to the immunosuppression process, a necessary condition for the protection of the fetus during the gestational period (AU).


Introdução: A gravidez é caracterizada como um período fisiológico em que há uma maior sensibilidade a resistência à insulina e alterações no estresse oxidativo. A sinalização purinérgica está diretamente relacionada ao diabetes, pois esta condição modifica a concentração de ATP extracelular e o nível de degradação de ATP em adenosina. Objetivo:Analisar o estresse oxidativo e o sistema purinérgico em gestantes com Diabetes Mellitus Gestacional (DMG) e compará-los com gestantes de baixo risco (BR). Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa foi de abordagem quantitativa, de caráter experimental. O estudo foi realizado na Clínica da Mulher, que atende gestantes de alto risco, e nas Unidades de Saúde da Família, que atendem gestantes de baixo risco, ambas localizadas no município de Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Resultados: A partir das análises, observou-se que o estresse oxidativo apresentou-se aumentado em gestantes de BR quando comparado a gestantes com DMG. No que tange ao sistema purinérgico, houve uma diminuição significativa na hidrólise dos nucleotídeos ATP, ADP e AMP em gestantes com DMG, bem como um aumento significativo na hidrólise de ADA, também em gestantes com DMG. Conclusão: Portanto, gestantes com DMG possuem menor estresse oxidativo quando comparado a gestantes de BR, permitindo assim, um maior mecanismo de defesa antioxidante. Para mais, no que se refere ao sistema purinérgico, verifica-se o aumento da concentração de ADA está diretamente relacionada ao processo de imunossupressão, condição necessária à proteção do feto durante o período gestacional (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Purines , Diabetes, Gestational , Oxidative Stress , Antioxidants
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970487

ABSTRACT

In this study, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight high resolution mass spectrometer(UPLC-Q-TOF-HRMS) was used to investigate the effects of the active ingredients in Periploca forrestii compound on spleen metabolism in rats with collagen-induced arthritis(CIA), and its potential anti-inflammatory mechanism was analyzed by network pharmacology. After the model of CIA was successfully established, the spleen tissues of rats were taken 28 days after administration. UPLC-Q-TOF-HRMS chromatograms were collected and analyzed by principal component analysis(PCA), orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA), and MetPA. The results showed that as compared with the blank control group, 22 biomarkers in the spleen tissues such as inosine, citicoline, hypoxanthine, and taurine in the model group increased, while 9 biomarkers such as CDP-ethanolamine and phosphorylcholine decreased. As compared with the model group, 21 biomarkers such as inosine, citicoline, CDP-ethanolamine, and phosphorylcholine were reregulated by the active ingredients in P. forrestii. Seventeen metabolic pathways were significantly enriched, including purine metabolism, taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, and cysteine and methionine metabolism. Network pharmacology analysis found that purine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, and cysteine and methionine metabolism played important roles in the pathological process of rheumatoid arthritis. This study suggests that active ingredients in P. forrestii compound can delay the occurrence and development of inflammatory reaction by improving the spleen metabolic disorder of rats with CIA. The P. forrestii compound has multi-target and multi-pathway anti-inflammatory mechanism. This study is expected to provide a new explanation for the mechanism of active ingredients in P. forrestii compound against rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Periploca , Cysteine , Cytidine Diphosphate Choline , Network Pharmacology , Phosphorylcholine , Metabolomics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Biomarkers , Glycerophospholipids , Methionine , Purines , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981350

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the effect of tryptanthrin on potential metabolic biomarkers in the serum of mice with ulcerative colitis(UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) and predict the related metabolic pathways. C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into a tryptanthrin group, a sulfasalazine group, a control group, and a model group. The mouse model of UC was established by free drinking of 3% DSS solution for 11 days, and corresponding drugs were adminsitrated at the same time. The signs of mice were observed and the disease activity index(DAI) score was recorded from the first day. Colon tissue samples were collected after the experiment and observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. The levels of interleukin-4(IL-4), interleukin-10(IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6), and interleukin-8(IL-8) in the serum were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The serum samples were collected from 6 mice in each group for widely targeted metabolomics. The metabolic pathways were enriched by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that compared with the model group, tryptanthrin treatment decreased the DAI score(P<0.05), alleviated the injury of the colon tissue and the infiltration of inflammatory cells, lowered the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, and elevated the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines in the serum. The metabolomic analysis revealed 28 differential metabolites which were involved in 3 metabolic pathways including purine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and tryptophan metabolism. Tryptanthrin may restore the metabolism of the mice with UC induced by DSS to the normal level by regulating the purine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and tryptophan metabolism. This study employed metabolomics to analyze the mechanism of tryptanthrin in the treatment of UC, providing an experimental basis for the utilization and development of tryptanthrin.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Tryptophan , Arachidonic Acid/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Colon , Cytokines/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Metabolomics , Purines/therapeutic use , Dextran Sulfate/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Colitis/chemically induced
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of adriamycin (ADM), idelalisib or ADM and their combination on cell proliferation and intracellular concentration of ADM, and to explore the reversal effect of idelalisib on drug resistance to ADM.@*METHODS@#The K562 and K562/ADM cells were respectively treated with ADM and idelalisib at different concentrations. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC@*RESULTS@#The cell survival rates were significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner when the cells were treated with different doses of ADM (0.001-10.000 mg/L ). The IC@*CONCLUSIONS@#Idelalisib exerts effect on inhibition of the proliferation in myeloid leukemia K562 and K562/ADM cells, which may partially reverse the drug resistance of K562/ADM cells to ADM. The mechanisms for the effect of idelalisib may be related to increasing the accumulation of ADM and inducing the cell apoptosis in the K562 and K562/ADM cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Cell Proliferation , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid , Purines , Quinazolinones
6.
Biol. Res ; 52: 3, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011433

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gymnema sylvestre is a medicinal woody perennial vine known for its sweetening properties and antidiabetic therapeutic uses in the modern and traditional medicines. Its over-exploitation for the therapeutic uses and to meet the demand of pharmaceutical industry in raw materials supply for the production of anti-diabetic drugs has led to considerable decline in its natural population. RESULTS: An efficient system of shoot bud sprouting from nodal segment explants and indirect plant regeneration from apical meristem-induced callus cultures of G. sylvestre have been developed on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium amended with concentrations of cytokinins. Of the three growth regulators tested, N6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) was the most efficient and 2.0 mg L-1 gave the best shoot formation efficiency. This was followed by thidiazuron (TDZ) and kinetin (Kin) but, most of the TDZ-induced micro shoots showed stunted growth. Multiple shoot formation was observed on medium amended with BAP or TDZ at higher concentrations. The produced micro shoots were rooted on half strength MS medium amended with auxins and rooted plantlets acclimatized with 87% survival of the regenerates. CONCLUSIONS: The developed regeneration system can be exploited for genetic transformation studies, particularly when aimed at producing its high yielding cell lines for the anti-diabetic phytochemicals. It also offers opportunities for exploring the expression of totipotency in the anti-diabetic perennial vine.


Subject(s)
Plant Growth Regulators/pharmacology , Regeneration/drug effects , Plant Shoots/growth & development , Gymnema sylvestre/growth & development , Morphogenesis/drug effects , Phenylurea Compounds/pharmacology , Purines/pharmacology , Thiadiazoles/pharmacology , Benzyl Compounds/pharmacology , Plant Shoots/drug effects , Gymnema sylvestre/drug effects , Kinetin/pharmacology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773563

ABSTRACT

Several chemical compounds can restore pigmentation in vitiligo through mechanisms that vary according to disease etiology. In the present study, we investigated the melanogenic activity of six structurally distinct compounds, namely, scopoletin, kaempferol, chrysin, vitamin D, piperine, and 6-benzylaminopurine. We determined their effectiveness, toxicity, and mechanism of action for stimulating pigmentation in B16F10 melanoma cells and in a zebrafish model. The melanogenic activity of 6-benzylaminopurine, the compound identified as the most potent, was further verified by measuring green fluorescent protein concentration in tyrp1 a: eGFP (tyrosinase-related protein 1) zebrafish and mitfa: eGFP (microphthalmia associated transcription factor) zebrafish and antioxidative activity. All the tested compounds were found to enhance melanogenesis responses both in vivo and in vitro at their respective optimal concentration by increasing melanin content and expression of TYR and MITF. 6-Benzyamino-purine showed the strongest re-pigmentation action at a concentration of 20 μmol·Lin vivo and 100 μmol·Lin vitro, and up-regulated the strong fluorescence expression of green fluorescent protein in tyrp1a: eGFP and mitfa: eGFP zebrafish in vitro. However, its relative anti-oxidative activity was found to be very low. Overall, our results indicated that 6-benzylaminopurine stimulated pigmentation through a direct mechanism, by increasing melanin content via positive regulation of tyrosinase activity in vitro, as well as up-regulating the expression of the green fluorescent protein in transgenic zebrafish in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzodioxoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzyl Compounds , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cholecalciferol , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Kaempferols , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Melanins , Genetics , Metabolism , Monophenol Monooxygenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Pigmentation , Piperidines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Polyunsaturated Alkamides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Purines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Scopoletin , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Vitiligo , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Zebrafish
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812352

ABSTRACT

Several chemical compounds can restore pigmentation in vitiligo through mechanisms that vary according to disease etiology. In the present study, we investigated the melanogenic activity of six structurally distinct compounds, namely, scopoletin, kaempferol, chrysin, vitamin D, piperine, and 6-benzylaminopurine. We determined their effectiveness, toxicity, and mechanism of action for stimulating pigmentation in B16F10 melanoma cells and in a zebrafish model. The melanogenic activity of 6-benzylaminopurine, the compound identified as the most potent, was further verified by measuring green fluorescent protein concentration in tyrp1 a: eGFP (tyrosinase-related protein 1) zebrafish and mitfa: eGFP (microphthalmia associated transcription factor) zebrafish and antioxidative activity. All the tested compounds were found to enhance melanogenesis responses both in vivo and in vitro at their respective optimal concentration by increasing melanin content and expression of TYR and MITF. 6-Benzyamino-purine showed the strongest re-pigmentation action at a concentration of 20 μmol·Lin vivo and 100 μmol·Lin vitro, and up-regulated the strong fluorescence expression of green fluorescent protein in tyrp1a: eGFP and mitfa: eGFP zebrafish in vitro. However, its relative anti-oxidative activity was found to be very low. Overall, our results indicated that 6-benzylaminopurine stimulated pigmentation through a direct mechanism, by increasing melanin content via positive regulation of tyrosinase activity in vitro, as well as up-regulating the expression of the green fluorescent protein in transgenic zebrafish in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzodioxoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzyl Compounds , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cholecalciferol , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Kaempferols , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Melanins , Genetics , Metabolism , Monophenol Monooxygenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Pigmentation , Piperidines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Polyunsaturated Alkamides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Purines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Scopoletin , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Vitiligo , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Zebrafish
9.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 27: 80-83, May. 2017. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010415

ABSTRACT

Background: A protocol for the micropropagation of the grape (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivar 'Monastrell' was developed. Initial plant material was obtained from the sanitary selection of grapevine plants performed by real-time RT-PCR to confirm the absence of Grapevine fanleaf virus, Arabis mosaic virus, Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 1, Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3, and Grapevine fleck virus. Results: The effects of the salt composition (comparing Lloyd and McCown woody plant medium and Murashige and Skoog medium 1/2 macronutrients) and the growth regulator benzylaminopurine (BAP), at 0 and 8.9 µM, on plant propagation were evaluated using nodes as explants. The most efficient procedure consisted of bud induction in the medium with Lloyd and McCown woody plant salts and 8.9 µM BAP for 30 d along with elongation in cytokinin-free medium for 60 d, which gave 22 nodes/explant (174 plants/initial plant). A second cycle of propagation in a medium without BAP for another 60 d could give approximately 10,000 nodes, which can be obtained after an additional 2 months of culture. All plants acclimatized after the second cycle of multiplication were successfully transferred to soil. Conclusion: We developed an optimal protocol for V. vinifera cv. 'Monastrell' micropropagation, the first described for this cultivar.


Subject(s)
Vitis/growth & development , Purines/metabolism , Benzyl Compounds/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Sodium Chloride/metabolism , Vitis/virology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Acclimatization
10.
Biol. Res ; 50: 20, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950891

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vegetative propagation of Fragaria sp. is traditionally carried out using stolons. This system of propagation, in addition to being slow, can spread plant diseases, particularly serious being viral. In vitro culture of meristems and the establishment of micropropagation protocols are important tools for solving these problems. In recent years, considerable effort has been made to develop in vitro propagation of the commercial strawberry in order to produce virus-free plants of high quality. These previous results can serve as the basis for developing in vitro-based propagation technologies in the less studied species Fragaria chiloensis. RESULTS: In this context, we studied the cultivation of meristems and establishment of a micropropagation protocol for F. chiloensis. The addition of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) improved the meristem regeneration efficiency of F. chiloensis accessions. Similarly, the use of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) in the culture media increased the average rate of multiplication to 3-6 shoots per plant. In addition, the use of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), had low levels (near zero) of explant losses due to oxidation. However, plant height as well as number of leaves and roots were higher in media without growth regulators, with average values of 0.5 cm, 9 leaves and 4 roots per plant. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time in Chilean strawberry, meristem culture demonstrated to be an efficient tool for eliminating virus from infected plants, giving the possibility to produce disease free propagation material. Also, the addition of PVP into the basal MS medium improved the efficiency of plant recovery from isolated meristems. Farmers can now access to high quality plant material produced by biotech tools which will improve their technological practices.


Subject(s)
Purines/pharmacology , Regeneration/drug effects , Benzyl Compounds/pharmacology , Plant Shoots/embryology , Meristem/growth & development , Fragaria/embryology , Chile , Plant Shoots/drug effects , Meristem/drug effects , Culture Media , Fragaria/drug effects
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-116476

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is related to metabolic syndrome, and is defined as an over-production or under-excretion of uric acid (UA), with increased UA serum concentration. Among other causes, Hyper-homocysteinemia (H-Hcy) can be responsible for hyperuricemia. The mechanisms underlying the association between these two conditions are unclear, but increased UA serum levels can be a consequence of renovascular atherosclerosis, with reduced UA excretion. An alternative hypothesis is the over-production of UA from adenosine (originating from S-adenosyl-homocysteine). Genetic polymorphism (C677T) of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) may contribute. A possible mechanism is purines biosyinthesis originating from this gene variant. However, the results obtained from several studies and meta-analyses of the relationship between H-Hcy and hyperuricemia are ambivalent, and broader research is needed.


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Atherosclerosis , Homocysteine , Hyperuricemia , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) , Polymorphism, Genetic , Purines , Uric Acid
12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 11-16, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the metabolic characteristics of lethal bradycardia induced by myocardial ischemia in rat's serum.@*METHODS@#A rat myocardial ischemia-bradycardia-sudden cardiac death (MI-B-SCD) model was established, which was compared with the sham-operation group. The metabolic profile of postmortem serum was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), coupled with the analysis of serum metabolic characteristics using metabolomics strategies.@*RESULTS@#The serum metabolic profiles were significantly different between the MI-B-SCD rats and the control rats. Compared to the control rats, the MI-B-SCD rats had significantly higher levels of lysine, ornithine, purine, serine, alanine, urea and lactic acid; and significantly lower levels of succinate, hexadecanoic acid, 2-ketoadipic acid, glyceraldehyde, hexendioic acid and octanedioic acid in the serum. There were some correlations among different metabolites.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is obvious metabolic alterations in the serum of MI-B-SCD rat. Both lysine and purine have a high value in diagnosing MI-B-SCD. The results are expected to provide references for forensic and clinical applications of prevention and control of sudden cardiac death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bradycardia/pathology , Coronary Artery Disease , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Disease Models, Animal , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/methods , Lysine/metabolism , Metabolomics/methods , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , Purines/metabolism
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(2): 533-540, June 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787033

ABSTRACT

Sildenafil is widely used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction with few studies are available on the protective role of propolis against its reproductive toxicity. The present study aims to investigate the hormonal biochemical and histomorphometric alterations induced in the testicular tissues by sildenafil overdoses. Four groups of rabbits were exposed to sildenafil with or without propolis as follows: Group I received the formulated vehicle, Group II received sildenafil (3 mg/kg), Group III received propolis (50 mg/kg), Group IV received sildenafil plus propolis. Sildenafil lowered body weight gain, testosterone and follicular stimulating hormone concentration but increased testis index while luteinizing hormone was almost not affected. Moreover, sildenafil treated rabbits showed degenerative seminiferous tubules and disturbance of spermatogenesis together with spermatocytes sloughing and nuclear alterations. Exposure to sildenafil plus propolis ameliorated tubular alterations, spermatogenesis disturbances, hormonal levels changes and partially protected spermatocytes from morphological nuclear alterations but could not ameliorate the effect on the body weight gain and testis index. The findings of the present work may indicate that propolis can ameliorate partially the reproductive toxicity induced by sildenafil overdoses with more need for further studies on the adverse effect of these doses on the other vital organs.


El sildenafil es un medicamento ampliamente utilizado para el tratamiento de la disfunción eréctil y existen pocos estudios disponibles referente a la función protectora del propóleo contra su toxicidad reproductiva. El objetivo fue investigar las alteraciones hormonales, bioquímicas e histomorfométricas, inducidas en los tejidos testiculares por sobredosis de sildenafil. Cuatro grupos de conejos fueron expuestos a sildenafil con o sin propóleo de la siguiente manera: grupo I recibió el sildenafil formulado, grupo II recibió sildenafil (3 mg/kg), grupo III recibió propóleo (50 mg/kg) y el grupo IV recibió sildenafil más propóleo. El sildenafil redujo el peso corporal, la testosterona y la concentración de la hormona foliculoestimulante, sin embargo, se observó un aumento del índice testicular mientras que la hormona luteinizante casi no se vio afectada. Por otra parte, los conejos tratados con sildenafil mostraron degeneración de los túbulos seminíferos, trastornos de la espermatogénesis y alteraciones nucleares de los espermatocitos. Con el uso de sildenafil más propóleo fue posible disminuir las alteraciones de los túbulos seminíferos, los trastornos de la espermatogénesis y los niveles de cambios hormonales; los espermatocitos fueron protegidos parcialmente de alteraciones nucleares morfológicas, pero no pudo mejorar el efecto de aumento de peso corporal e índice testicular. Los resultados indican que el propóleo puede aliviar, en parte, la toxicidad en la reproducción inducida por sobredosis de sildenafil. No obstante, existe la necesidad de realizar más estudios sobre los efectos adversos de estas dosis en otros órganos vitales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Organ Size/drug effects , Piperazines/poisoning , Propolis/pharmacology , Sulfones/poisoning , Testicular Diseases/prevention & control , Testis/pathology , Body Weight , Drug Overdose , Purines , Seminiferous Tubules/drug effects , Seminiferous Tubules/pathology , Sildenafil Citrate/poisoning , Spermatogenesis/drug effects , Testis/drug effects , Testosterone/blood
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(2): 570-574, June 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787038

ABSTRACT

Sildenafil is a strong peripheral vasodilator and is used to treat cardiovascular and neurosurgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the immunohistochemical and ultrastructural effects of sildenafil on dental pulp of rats. The study was performed with adult female Wistar-Albino rats. Control group (n= 7) were fed on standard laboratory diet until surgery. The study group (n= 7) were administered sildenafil orally with orogastric tube 10 mg·kg-1 once a day for 30 days. Each rat was anesthetized and incisor teeth were removed. This study examined the immunohistochemical and ultrastructural effects of sildenafil on the dental pulp in rats. The relaxation from the vessel, endothelial cell hyperplasia, moderate degeneration of collagen fibers were observed to cause degenerative changes in odontoblast with sildenafil. In the pulp tissue long-term use sildenafil is thought to cause degeneration and new vessel formation.


El sildenafil es un vasodilatador periférico importante y se utiliza para tratar enfermedades cardiovasculares y en neurocirugía. El propósito de este estudio fue investigar los efectos inmunohistoquímicos y ultraestructurales del sildenafil sobre la pulpa dental de ratas. El estudio se realizó con ratas Wistar albinas, hembras adultas. El grupo de control (n= 7) fue alimentado con una dieta estándar de laboratorio hasta que se realizó la cirugía. El grupo de estudio (n= 7) fue tratado con sildenafil por vía oral y sonda orogástrica 10 mg·kg-1 una vez al día durante 30 días. Cada rata fue anestesiada y se extrajeron los dientes incisivos. Se examinaron los efectos inmunohistoquímicos y ultraestructurales del sildenafil sobre la pulpa dentaria. Con la administración de sildenafil se observó la relajación de los vasos, la hiperplasia de las células endoteliales y una degeneración moderada de fibras colágenas causando cambios degenerativos en los odontoblastos. En el tejido pulpar, el uso de sildenafil a largo plazo puede causar la degeneración y neoformación de vasos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Rats , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dental Pulp/ultrastructure , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Piperazines/administration & dosage , Immunohistochemistry , Purines , Rats, Wistar , Sildenafil Citrate , Sulfones
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1 and trastuzumab-resistance in gastric cancer.
@*METHODS@#We selected HER2-overexpressed human gastric cancer cell line NCI-N87 to establish trastuzumab-resistant NCI-N87/TR cell line by stepwise exposure to different doses of trastuzumab. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of trastuzumab and resistance index (RI) were calculated or analyzed by MTT assay. The expression levels of cdk2 and p27kip1 were detected by Western blot. After the treatment with cdk2 inhibitor (Purvalanol A), the expression levels of relevant proteins in NCI-N87/TR cells were detected by Western blot, and the sensitivity to trastuzumab was analyzed by MTT assay. 
@*RESULTS@#Compared with NCI-N87 cells, the expression of cdk2 was significantly increased in NCI-N87/TR cells (P<0.001), while the expression of p27kip1 showed a significant decrease (P<0.001). Restoration of the p27kip1 protein expression by cdk2 inhibitor (Purvalanol A) increased the sensitivity of NCI-N87/TR to trastuzumab.
@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulation of p27kip1 might be a mechanism for triggering trastuzumab resistance to gastric cancer cell line NCI-N87.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 , Genetics , Metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Purines , Pharmacology , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Trastuzumab , Pharmacology
16.
Rev. med. interna Guatem ; 19(3): [7], sept.-dic. 2015. tablas
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-996569

ABSTRACT

Gota proviene del latin Gutta es un término acuñado en el siglo V que significa exceso o derrame de flema por exceso de vino, comida y sexo. Llamada "Rey de las enfermedades yenfermedad de reyes" fue uno de los primeros desordenes reumáticos en ser reconocidos como entidad clínic a. Es la artritis por deposito de microcri s tales más común debida a desequilibrio en el metabolismo de las purinas que conlleva a hiperuricemia y el depósito de cristales de urato monosódico, caracterizada por ser de inicio monoarticular, que a fecta con mayor frecuencia la primera articulación metatarso de pie y que progresa en su forma crónica a poliarticular, asociada a destrucción progresiva y a la formación de tofos, falla renal y enfermedad cardiovascular. Predomina sexo masculino, su pr evalencia se calcula de 0.08% a nivel mundial, aumentando la frecuencia de sus ataques con el alto contenido de carnes, mariscos, cervezas y bebidas espirituosas. El objetivo de la presente revisión bibliográfica es proporcionar una guía dietética para lo s médicos enfatizando y destacando su contenido de purinas en alimentos de uso cotidiano en la población guatemalteca, para obtener un mejor control de la artritis gotosa y disminuir la frecuencia de sus ataques ...(AU)


Gota comes from Latin Gutta is a term coined in the fifth century that means excess or spill of phlegm for excess wine, food and sex. Called "King of diseases and disease of kings" was one of the first rheumatic disorders to be recognized as a clinical entity. Arthritis is the most common microcritical deposit due to imbalance in the metabolism of purines that leads to hyperuricemia and the deposition of monosodium urate crystals, characterized by monoarticular initiation, which most often occurs with the first metatarsal joint. standing up and progressing in its form chronic to polyarticular, associated with progressive destruction and the formation of tophi, renal failure and cardiovascular disease. Male sex predominates, its pr evance is estimated at 0.08% worldwide, increasing the frequency of its attacks with the high content of meats, seafood, beers and spirits. The aim of this bibliographical review is to provide a dietary guide for physicians emphasizing and highlighting their content of purines in foods of daily use in the Guatemalan population, to obtain a better control of gouty arthritis and to reduce the frequency of their attacks. .. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Purines/adverse effects , Arthritis, Gouty/diagnosis , Hyperuricemia/diagnosis , Hyperuricemia/prevention & control , /education , Gout/prevention & control , Uric Acid , Guatemala , Joints/pathology
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(2): 132-139, 02/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741181

ABSTRACT

The effects of tamoxifen (TAM) on anxiety and depression-like behavior in ovariectomized (OVX) and naïve female rats were investigated. The animals were divided into Sham-TAM, OVX-TAM, Sham and OVX groups. Tamoxifen (1 mg/kg) was administered for 4 weeks. In the forced swimming test, the immobility times in the OVX and Sham-TAM groups were higher than in the Sham group. In the open field, the numbers of central crossings in the OVX and Sham-TAM groups were lower than the number in the Sham group, and the number of peripheral crossings in the OVX group was lower than the number in the Sham group. In the elevated plus maze, the numbers of entries to the open arm among the animals in the Sham-TAM and OVX groups were lower than the number in the Sham group, while the number of entries to the open arm in the OVX-TAM group was higher than the number in the OVX group. It was shown that deletion of ovarian hormones induced anxiety and depression-like behavior. Administration of tamoxifen in naïve rats led to anxiety and depression-like behavior that was comparable with the effects of ovarian hormone deletion. It can be suggested that tamoxifen antagonizes the effects of ovarian hormones. It also seems that tamoxifen has anxiolytic effects on ovariectomized rats.


Foram investigados os efeitos do tamoxifeno (TAM) no comportamento semelhante a ansiedade de depressão de ratas ooforectomizadas (OVX) e controles. Os animais foram divididos em Sham-TAM, OVX-TAM, Sham e OVX groups. Tamoxifeno (1 mg/kg) foi administrado por quatro semanas. No teste de natação forçada, os tempos de imobilidade nos grupos OVX e Sham-TAM foram maiores que aqueles do grupo Sham. No campo aberto, os números de cruzamento no centro nos grupos OVX e Sham-TAM foram menores que aquele do grupo Sham, e o número dos cruzamentos na periferia no grupo OVX foi menor que o número no grupo Sham. No labirinto elevado, os números de entradas com braços abertos entre os animais nos grupos Sham-TAM e OVX foram menores do que aqueles do grupo Sham, enquanto o número de entradas com os braços abertos no grupo OVX-TAM foi maior que aquele no grupo OVX. Foi observado que a deleção dos hormônios ovarianos induziu comportamento similar a ansiedade e depressão. A administração de tamoxifeno em ratos controle induziu a um comportamento que era comparável aos efeitos da deleção do hormônio ovariano. Pode ser sugerido que o tamoxifeno antagoniza os efeitos dos hormônios ovarianos. Parece também que o tamoxifeno tem efeito ansiolítico nas ratas ooforectomizadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cocaine/pharmacology , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases/metabolism , Dendrites/drug effects , Dendrites/metabolism , Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors/pharmacology , Nucleus Accumbens/drug effects , Nucleus Accumbens/enzymology , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Microscopy, Confocal , Neurons/drug effects , Neurons/metabolism , Purines/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(1): 85-89, 01/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741125

ABSTRACT

Resistant hypertension (RHTN) is a multifactorial disease characterized by blood pressure (BP) levels above goal (140/90 mmHg) in spite of the concurrent use of three or more antihypertensive drugs of different classes. Moreover, it is well known that RHTN subjects have high prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), which leads to increased risk of heart failure progression. This review gathers data from studies evaluating the effects of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors (administration of acute sildenafil and short-term tadalafil) on diastolic function, biochemical and hemodynamic parameters in patients with RHTN. Acute study with sildenafil treatment found that inhibition of PDE-5 improved hemodynamic parameters and diastolic relaxation. In addition, short-term study with the use of tadalafil demonstrated improvement of LVDD, cGMP and BNP-32 levels, regardless of BP reduction. No endothelial function changes were observed in the studies. The findings of acute and short-term studies revealed potential therapeutic effects of IPDE-5 drugs on LVDD in RHTN patients.


A Hipertensão arterial resistente (HAR) é uma doença multifatorial caracterizada por níveis pressóricos acima das metas (140/90 mmHg), a despeito de tratamento farmacológico otimizado de 3 ou mais fármacos anti-hipertensivos de diferentes classes. Pacientes diagnosticados como hipertensos resistentes apresentam alta prevalência de disfunção diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo (DDVE) que proporciona risco aumentado para insuficiência cardíaca. Esta revisão reúne dados de estudos prévios avaliando os efeitos dos inibidores de fosfodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) (administração aguda de sildenafil e de curto prazo de tadalafil) na função diastólica e nos parâmetros bioquímicos e hemodinâmicos em pacientes com HAR. O estudo agudo com sildenafil demonstrou que a inibição da PDE-5 melhorou os parâmetros hemodinâmicos e de relaxamento diastólico. Além disso, o estudo curto prazo com o uso de tadalafil revelou melhora da DDVE e dos níveis de GMPc e BNP-32, independente de redução de pressão arterial. A função endotelial não apresentou alteração com ambos os tratamentos. Os resultados dos estudos agudo e de curto prazo sugerem efeitos terapêuticos potenciais dos fármacos inibidores da PDE-5 na disfunção diastólica em pacientes com HAR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure, Diastolic/drug therapy , Hypertension/drug therapy , /therapeutic use , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/drug therapy , Carbolines/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance , Diastole/drug effects , Heart Failure, Diastolic/physiopathology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Medical Illustration , Piperazines/therapeutic use , Purines/therapeutic use , Sildenafil Citrate , Sulfonamides/therapeutic use , Tadalafil , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1013-1020, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257033

ABSTRACT

CD38 is a multifunctional enzyme expressed in a variety of mammalian tissues, its catalytic activity was involved in a wide range of physiological processes. Based on the reported inhibitor of human CD38 NADase, 33 purine derivatives were designed and synthesized. The biological activity assay showed that compounds 20 and 38 exhibited almost the same extent of inhibitory activities on human CD38 NADase as the lead compound H2. The results also revealed that small substituents at C-6 of purine ring gave no obvious effect on inhibitory activity, but phenylpropionyl moiety at N-2 could affect the binding mode of the compound with CD38. This study provides a reliable basis for future rational design of inhibitors for CD38.


Subject(s)
Humans , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Enzyme Inhibitors , Chemistry , Purines , Chemistry
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 412-417, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248341

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of CAL-101, a selective inhibitor of PI3Kδ, in combination with bortezomib on the proliferation and apoptosis in human mantle cell lymphoma cell lines Z138, HBL-2 and Jeko-1 in vitro, to explore its mechanisms and provide the foundation for effective treatment strategies against mantle cell lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT assay was applied to detect the inhibitory effects of CAL-101 and bortezomib either alone or combined on Z138, HBL-2 and Jeko-1 cells. Calcusyn software was used to analyze the synergistic cytotoxicity. Western blot was used to detect the expression of PI3K-p110σ and p-Akt, Akt, p-ERK and ERK proteins after the cells were exposed to different concentrations of CAL-101. Flow cytometry was employed to assess the apoptosis rate. NF-κB kit was used to determine the changes of location of NF-κB P65, and Western blot was applied to detect the level of caswpase-3 and the phosphorylation of Akt in different groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CAL-101 and BTZ inhibited the proliferation of Z138, HBL-2 and Jeko-1 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. CAL-101/BTZ combination induced significantly synergistic cytotoxicity in the MCL cells. The results of Western blot assay showed that CAL-101 significantly blocked the phosphorylation of Akt and ERK in the MCL cell lines. In addition, CAL-101 combined with BTZ induced pronounced apoptosis (P < 0.01). For example, after the Z138 cells exposed to the drugs for 48 h, the apoptosis rates of the control, CAL-101, BTZ and CAL-101 + BTZ groups were: (2.6 ± 1.8)%, (40.0 ± 3.0)%, (34.0 ± 1.0)%, and (67.4 ± 1.0)%, respectively; and when drug treatment was given to HBL-2 cells over 96 h, the apoptosis rates of these four cell groups were (7.4 ± 0.6)%, (30.7 ± 5.7)%, (12.0 ± 1.0)%, and (85.0 ± 4.0)%, respectively. The combination therapy contributed to the enhanced inactivity of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and Akt inactivation in the MCL cell lines (P < 0.05), however, the casepase-3 activity was up-regulated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The combination of CAL-101 and bortezomib is muchmore effective in inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis of mantle cell lymphoma cell lines (Z138, HBL-2 and Jeko-1), which may be mediated through inhibiting PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and the transcription of NF-κB.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Boronic Acids , Bortezomib , Pharmacology , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Class Ia Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Synergism , Formazans , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Drug Therapy , Pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Purines , Pharmacology , Pyrazines , Quinazolinones , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Software , Tetrazolium Salts
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL